柏克萊大學校長田長霖的成功之路 -- Chang-Lin Tien@不知名平台|PChome 個人新聞台
2005-12-13 15:22:07| 人氣365| 回應0 | 上一篇 | 下一篇

柏克萊大學校長田長霖的成功之路 -- Chang-Lin Tien

推薦 0 收藏 0 轉貼0 訂閱站台

國著名學府柏克萊大學分校首任華裔校長田長霖,曾被媒體譽為“現代大學史上學術領導的典範”,是物理領域中“熱輻射”的權威。

1998年,田長霖應香港行政長官董建華之邀, 擔任創新科技委員會顧問,為香港發展高增值產業制訂藍圖。

田長霖有何過人之處,從貧窮的家庭,用借來的300美元買了一張單程機票隻身赴美,到後來成為美國著名學府的首位華裔校長,田長霖走過的人生路是怎樣的呢﹖

懮患中經歷世情

1935年7月24日,在武漢一個富裕家庭,田家第6個孩子出世了,改名“長霖”,喻意天降甘霖。

那時正值日本侵華的驚慄歲月,周遭環境動蕩不安,田家被逼放棄家產,全家逃難到上海。後來,內戰爆發,舉家又再遷往台灣。父親不久病逝,生活陷入了困境。

經歷滄桑炎涼的世情,他鍛煉出傲岸不屈、堅苦卓絕的性格。14歲的田長霖投考建國中學插班生,700多名只錄取9個,他成功獲得錄取;繼而升讀台灣大學。

後來,田長霖考獲獎學金,借得300美金,購買赴美的單程機票,就告別家人。

窮學生的求學路

在美國求學,為了更省錢租閣樓為宿舍,他非常用功,每天讀書18個小時,連吃飯也捧著書,分秒都不肯浪費,以20個月的時間攻下了博士。

春風化雨,獨特的教學方式嶄露頭角

因為指導教授翟克的一句話:“如果你不去柏克萊,我就不想和你說話了。”原本不想在柏克萊任助教的田長霖卻因“尊師重道”,而向柏克萊出發了。

剛開始任教時,學生抱怨聽不懂他講英文,為了改進英文,他還把自己上課的內容用錄音機錄下來,一遍遍的重聽,再一字字的修改。他心想既然用講聽不懂,那麼就在黑板、講義上做突破,終於他的講課方式在學校出了名,不到三年的光景,即榮獲全校票選為“最佳教授”。

雖然他待學生親切溫暖,視如己出,但在指導學生時,卻要求學生“培養出獨立思考的推理能力與研究中開創出獨創的思想及概念”。這對於平日讀書囫圇吞棗的學生有很大的啟發,尤其是“獨創”的思想。大家只知道自己在求學問的過程中,總害怕踏出自己的步子,思緒也是傾向安全與保守的,充其量也只是個人云亦云的半調子或複印機,真正的學問思考推理是嚴謹的。

玻璃框框的限制──向平權政策的挑戰

玻璃天花板或是玻璃框框是一種種族膚色的無形限制,在昇遷中會受到阻礙,在白人優勢的美國,即使是有十分的實力,卻因有色種族的無形限制,只能得到8分的評價,即使在求學階段,就必須忍受白人教授Chinaman(中國佬)的譏諷。而他既能挑戰玻璃框,而以震驚白人社會的眼光榮膺柏克萊加大名校的校長,在在地顯現出其無人能及的學術實力。

在柏克萊大學, 他提出“多元而卓越”作為治校的方針,他相信,置身在多元文化的環境中,可讓學生不斷超越。他更相信,置身在多元的環境中,可讓學生更快成長且不斷超越。

田長霖在思想激進的柏克萊校園,默默地推行一個先進的社會工程實驗,欲引起一些人的不滿。1992年,一名身穿深藍色衣服的女子蜷曲身子爬入田長霖所住的校長官邸,再伸手從窗外拿進一把長刀和另一把彎形鐮刀。

她躡手躡足走上二樓,輕輕轉動主臥室的門把,將門打開,未料眼前出現的是兩張鋪設整齊的空床。女刺客又在第三層樓搜索,並在通往屋頂的閣樓上觸動了警鈴。

聞訊而來的警員包圍了刺客藏身的主臥室,一名警員在牽引警犬進入浴室搜索時,出奇不意地看見刺客揮舞鐮刀朝他砍殺,他在順勢倒退,摔進浴缸同時開槍擊斃了女刺客。

當天晚上,田長霖夫婦睡在主臥室隔壁的客房,故此幸免於難。警方經過調查後獲知,女刺客是一名在柏克萊“人民公園”終日游蕩的政治活動份子。田長霖曾要求警方掃蕩這一地區,因此觸怒了“人民公園”的無家可歸者,甚至視田長霖為人民公敵, 最終釀成充滿荒謬的暗殺一幕。

新華人‧兩不像

身在他鄉的華人,大多對自己身份疑惑,環境使他們覺得自己既不像美國人,又不像中國人。對於這種“兩不像”的挑戰,田長霖要求三名子女“面對美國人時,要覺得自己是美國人;面對中國人時,要覺得自己是中國人。”覺得自己兩者都像,自信心也會更強。

田長霖告訴3個孩子要以中國人的血統為榮,他帶他們上中文學校、看中國電影,到中國、台灣、香港旅行,讓他們了解中國的傳統文化。但是在美國社會生活,便一定要和美國人打成一片。

3個孩子雖在美國長大,但生活習慣卻很中國化,會講華語。教育子女認識自己的身份,不僅可消除他們的疑慮,並可吸收東西文化的優點,這是他切身之談。

Chang-Lin Tien, UC Berkeley Chancellor and Scientist Dies
By Sam Chu Lin
Special to AsianWeek
Professor Chang-Lin Tien, former Chancellor of UC Berkeley, died on Tuesday, Oct. 29. He was 67.

The death of the renowned educator, administrator, scientist and unofficial diplomat has sent shock waves around the world.

“We have really lost a big star in the Asian Pacific American community,” said Los Angeles attorney Angela Oh. “He was so young, and he had so much more to offer. It’s hard to believe he’s gone.”

On Labor Day weekend in 2000, Tien was diagnosed with a brain tumor and suffered a debilitating stroke during a medical procedure. He never recovered and officially retired on June 30, 2001. Recently Tien contracted pneumonia. He was hospitalized at Kaiser Permanente hospital in Redwood City and passed away there.

Tien, a mechanical engineer and an expert in heat transfer, was UC Berkeley’s seventh chancellor, serving from 1990 to 1997. He made history by becoming the first APA to ever head a major U.S. research university.

During his tenure at Berkeley, Tien was instrumental in launching many successful fund-raising campaigns to help to generate badly needed funds for the university when the school faced financial problems and budget cuts from the state. The campus raised more than $1 billion under his leadership.

“Chang-Lin was an exceptional leader during one of UC Berkeley’s most challenging periods, a time of severe budget cuts and political changes,” said current UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert M. Berdahl. “His energy and optimism, his willingness to fight for the principles he cherished, and his loyalty and love for this campus made it stronger and better.”

David Lee, a UC Regent and a Silicon Valley computer manufacturer, was a long-time friend.

“Chancellor Tien had so much energy,” Lee said. “He helped everyone and restored the spirit at Berkeley. He made a lot of changes to help minority students. Many times I sat in meetings with him. He fought for the students. He did an outstanding job and will be greatly missed.”

In 1993, Tien vowed to not allow the university’s quality and credibility to diminish, despite an 18 percent drop in its operating budget and 27 percent loss in its active faculty.

“It’s not a matter of whether we can survive,” he said. He asked the public to lobby their legislators to stop the dismantling of the campus and added, “It’s a matter of being excellent or mediocre!”

Renowned cellist Yo-Yo Ma, who recently performed at the campus in a fund-raiser to name the school’s East Asian center after the chancellor, recalled Tien’s tenacity.

“I once saw his daily schedule,” Ma said. “Every half hour. He had an appointment for the next 12 to15 hours. I just saw this and said, ‘Okay, thank you for fitting me in your busy schedule.’ He made you feel very, very important. Chancellor Tien has been such a great cheerleader for so many people. I would like to thank the chancellor and Mrs. Tien for all that they have done for all of us.”

The former chancellor and his wife, Di-Hwa, often attended football games and other school events, with Tien running out onto the football field with the players and walking the sidelines as a vocal cheerleader. Tien greeted students at Sather Gate and Sproul Plaza, and could always be seen talking and walking with students on campus. He’d often visit students who were studying at campus libraries and labs late at night.

Former Cal students said Tien went out of his way to make the campus more accessible to minorities. Others praised him for his accessibility, adding, “He often came around and said, ‘Hi!’”

Born in Wuhan province, China, on July 24, 1935, Tien emigrated from Taiwan to the United States. He earned his first master’s degree at the University of Louisville in Kentucky and a second master’s and a doctorate at Princeton. Tien first joined the UC Berkeley faculty in 1959 as an assistant professor of mechanical engineering. In 1988, he was appointed as UC Irvine’s chancellor, but returned to Berkeley in 1990.

Tien’s support for affirmative action stemmed from his own experiences. While attending school in the South, he was so angered that blacks were forced to sit in the back of city buses that he walked to school for a year. He also stopped a professor in Louisville from addressing him only as a “Chinaman.”

He believed students should be on “a level playing field” when it came to educational opportunities. When the UC Regents banned affirmative action, Tien launched the Berkeley Pledge, a partnership between UC Berkeley and California’s K-12 schools. Now called Schools/University Partnerships, the program works to improve the academic performances of students before they apply for college. It has become a national model found in almost every state.

There was also a humorous side to the professor. He often bragged that he had earned both his second master’s degree and a doctorate at Princeton University in record time because he was trying to win the heart of one girl.

“I was told if you want to marry Di-Hwa, you first have to get a Ph.D.,” Tien said in a speech before the Committee of 100 in Santa Clara, Calif. “I worked like mad to get that degree!”

Among his many scientific accomplishments, Tien helped to solve the heat shield problems on board a space shuttle and contributed to the design of the Saturn booster rocket. He was a consultant at a the nuclear power plant disasters at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. The Japanese used Tien’s formulas for super insulation to design their fast-moving levitation trains.

He wrote more than 300 research journal and monograph articles, 16 edited volumes and one book. He received many prestigious honors, including the Max Jakob Memorial Award, the highest international award in heat transfer. Tien was the first recipient of the UC Presidential Medal.

The Chinese named a newly discovered asteroid after him, and Chevron christened one of the world’s largest oil tankers The Chang-Lin Tien.

Because he was so highly respected as an educator, administrator and scientist, Tien also served as an unofficial diplomat, communicating directly with President Clinton and Chinese leaders in Beijing and Taipei. He was also one of the early members of the Committee of 100, a group of prominent Chinese Americans, who worked to improve dialogue between all parties concerned.

Tien is survived by his wife, Di-Hwa, of Berkeley; a son, Norman, who is on the engineering faculty at UC Davis; and daughters Phyllis, a physician at the UC San Francisco; and Christine, the deputy city manager of Stockton. Tien was a proud grandfather of four.

The university has planned a memorial service for Tien on the UC Berkeley campus on Nov. 13.

台長: SD.S.P.
人氣(365) | 回應(0)| 推薦 (0)| 收藏 (0)| 轉寄
全站分類: 藝文活動(書評、展覽、舞蹈、表演)

是 (若未登入"個人新聞台帳號"則看不到回覆唷!)
* 請輸入識別碼:
請輸入圖片中算式的結果(可能為0) 
(有*為必填)
TOP
詳全文