The third philippine republic
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The Third
Philippine
Republic
PRMalitIII
• The Third Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated on
July 4, 1946. It marked the culmination of the peaceful
campaig...
Manuel A. Roxas
Last President of the
Commonwealth
Term: May 28, 1946- July 4, 1946
First President of the Third
Republic ...
• In an effort to solve the massive socio-economic problems of
the period, President Roxas reorganized the government, and...
• President Roxas moved to strengthen sovereignty by
proposing a Central Bank for the Philippines to
administer the Philip...
• The Roxas administration also pioneered the foreign policy of
the Republic. Vice President Elpidio Quirino was appointed...
Elpidio Quirino
• Second President,
Third Republic of the
Philippines
• Term:
April 17, 1948-
November 10, 1953
• President Quirino established the Action Committee on
Social Amelioration through Administrative Order No.
68, in order ...
• The Labor Management Advisory Board, established by
Executive Order No. 158, formulated labor policies and
conducted stu...
Ramon Magsaysay
• Third President of the Third
Republic of the Philippines
• Term: December 30, 1953-
March 17, 1957
• Bes...
• Among the accomplishments of the Magsaysay
administration were the Social Security Law of 1954 or
Republic Act No. 1161....
Magsaysay’s Death
• Magsaysay's term, which was to end on December 30, 1957,
was cut short by a plane crash. On March 16, ...
Carlos P. Garcia
• Fourth President of the
Third Republic of the
Philippines
• Term: March 18, 1957-
December 30, 1961
• F...
• The Garcia administration promoted the “Filipino First”
policy, whose focal point was to regain economic
independence; a...
• The Anti Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, through
Republic Act No. 301, aimed to prevent corruption, and
promote honesty...
Diosdado Macapagal
• Fifth President of the Third
Republic of the Philippines
• Term: December 30, 1961 -
December 30, 196...
• Among the laws passed during the Macapagal
administration were: Republic Act No. 3844 or the
Agricultural Land Reform Co...
• On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued
Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared June 12
a special ...
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From Roxas to Macapagal Administration

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The third philippine republic

  1. 1. The Third Philippine Republic PRMalitIII
  2. 2. • The Third Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated on July 4, 1946. It marked the culmination of the peaceful campaign for Philippine Independence—the two landmarks of which were the enactment of the Jones Law in 1916 (in which the U.S. Congress pledged independence for the Philippines once Filipinos have proven their capability for self-government) and the Philippine Independence Act of 1934 (popularly known as Tydings-McDuffie) which put in place a ten-year transition period during which the Philippines had Commonwealth status.
  3. 3. Manuel A. Roxas Last President of the Commonwealth Term: May 28, 1946- July 4, 1946 First President of the Third Republic of the Philippines Term: July 4, 1946- April 15, 1948
  4. 4. • In an effort to solve the massive socio-economic problems of the period, President Roxas reorganized the government, and proposed a wide-sweeping legislative program. Among the undertakings of the Third Republic’s initial year were: The establishment of the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation (which would be reorganized in 1958 as the Development Bank of the Philippines); the creation of the Department of Foreign Affair and the organization of the foreign service through Executive Order No. 18; the GI Bill of Rights for Filipino veterans; and the revision of taxation laws to increase government revenues.
  5. 5. • President Roxas moved to strengthen sovereignty by proposing a Central Bank for the Philippines to administer the Philippine banking system which was established by Republic Act No. 265.
  6. 6. • The Roxas administration also pioneered the foreign policy of the Republic. Vice President Elpidio Quirino was appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs. General Carlos P. Romulo, as permanent representative of the Philippines to the United Nations, helped shape the country’s international identity in the newly established stage for international diplomacy and relations. During the Roxas administration, the Philippines established diplomatic ties with foreign countries and gained membership to international entities, such as the United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labor Organization (ILO), etc.
  7. 7. Elpidio Quirino • Second President, Third Republic of the Philippines • Term: April 17, 1948- November 10, 1953
  8. 8. • President Quirino established the Action Committee on Social Amelioration through Administrative Order No. 68, in order to efficiently promote the welfare of citizens in the rural districts. He established the Social Security Study Commission by virtue of Executive Order No. 150, to investigate socio-economic problems of the working class and formulate legislation developing social welfare.
  9. 9. • The Labor Management Advisory Board, established by Executive Order No. 158, formulated labor policies and conducted studies on the ways and means of preventing, minimizing, and reconciling labor disputes. The Agricultural Credit and Cooperative Financing Administration, established by Republic Act. No. 821, assisted farmers in securing credit as well as developing cooperative associations to efficiently market their agricultural commodities.
  10. 10. Ramon Magsaysay • Third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines • Term: December 30, 1953- March 17, 1957 • Best known for successfully defeating the communist led Hukbalahap (Huk) Movement. Idol of the masses, champion of democracy, and freedom fighter.
  11. 11. • Among the accomplishments of the Magsaysay administration were the Social Security Law of 1954 or Republic Act No. 1161. In an effort to solve the problems of communism and insurgency, President Magsaysay sought to protect the farmers, through the creation of laws such as: the Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines or Republic Act No. 1199; the Land Reform Act of 1955 through Republic Act No. 1400; the formation of the Court of Agrarian Relations through Republic Act No. 1267; and the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) through Republic Act No. 1160. The administration achieved victory over insurgents with the surrender of Huk leader Luis Taruc in 1954.
  12. 12. Magsaysay’s Death • Magsaysay's term, which was to end on December 30, 1957, was cut short by a plane crash. On March 16, 1957, Magsaysay left Manila for Cebu City where he spoke at three educational institutions. That same night, at about 1 am, he boarded the presidential plane "Mt. Pinatubo", a C-47, heading back to Manila. In the early morning hours of March 17, the plane was reported missing. By late afternoon, newspapers had reported the airplane had crashed on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu, and that 36 of the 56 aboard were killed. The actual number on board was 25, including Magsaysay. Only newspaperman Néstor Mata survived. Vice-President Carlos García, who was on an official visit to Australia at the time, assumed the presidency to serve out the last eight months of Magsaysay's term.
  13. 13. Carlos P. Garcia • Fourth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines • Term: March 18, 1957- December 30, 1961 • Famous for his austerity program and policy. He maintained the strong tradition ties with the United States and sought closer relation with non- communist Asian countries.
  14. 14. • The Garcia administration promoted the “Filipino First” policy, whose focal point was to regain economic independence; a national effort by Filipinos to “obtain major and dominant participation in their economy.” The administration campaigned for the citizens’ support in patronizing Filipino products and services, and implemented import and currency controls favorable for Filipino industries. In connection with the government’s goal of self-sufficiency was the “Austerity Program,” which President Garcia described in his first State of the NatIon Address as “more work, more thrift, more productive investment, and more efficiency” that aimed to mobilize national savings.
  15. 15. • The Anti Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, through Republic Act No. 301, aimed to prevent corruption, and promote honesty and public trust. Another achievement of the Garcia administration was the Bohlen–Serrano Agreement of 1959, which shortened the term of lease of the US military bases in the country from the previous 99 to 25 years
  16. 16. Diosdado Macapagal • Fifth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines • Term: December 30, 1961 - December 30, 1965 • Poet, politician, lawyer, diplomat, statesman, economist and intellectual. • Born to poverty but rose due to diligence and brilliance. • Best known as the "Champion of the Common Man” and “The poor boy from Lubao”
  17. 17. • Among the laws passed during the Macapagal administration were: Republic Act No. 3844 or the Agricultural Land Reform Code (an act that established the Land Bank of the Philippines); Republic Act No. 3466, which established the Emergency Employment Administration; Republic Act No. 3518, which established the Philippine Veterans Bank; Republic Act No. 3470, which established the National Cottage Industries Development Authority (NACIDA) to organize, revive, and promote the establishment of local cottage industries; and Republic Act No. 4156, which established the Philippine National Railways (PNR) to operate the national railroad and tramways. The administration lifted foreign exchange controls as part of the decontrol program in an attempt to promote national economic stability and growth.
  18. 18. • On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence." On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed July 4 holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed June 12 as "Philippine Independence Day", and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.
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From Roxas to Macapagal Administration

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