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Asia Facts

Our Asia Facts for Kids shall provide lots of interesting and fun facts on the Asian continent.


Asia is the largest continent of our planet, both in size and also when we consider the population.

The Asian continent includes 48 countries, that are members of the United Nations. Asian countries are mainly located in the eastern Hemisphere and in the northern Hemisphere.

Did you know that in China alone as many people live as in Australia, New Zealand, North America, South America and Western Europe combined?

Top 20 Asia Facts 

1. There are 48 countries in Asia (see list on the right of the 10 biggest countries) that are recognised by the United Nations. Two of the Asian countries also share part of their territory on the European continent; these countries are Russia and Turkey. 

2. More than 4.6 billion people live on the continent. (2021) Asia is thus the most populous continent.

Click on the flags to learn more about the following countries:

3. Largest Country: Russia by area, even though roughly 40% of the country belongs to the European continent. China is the largest country by population. 

4. Asia Facts - Largest City: Tokyo in Japan. With more than 38 million inhabitants Tokyo is the largest city and has the largest metropolitan area. This city has more inhabitants than the whole country of Canada!

5. Asia Facts - Smallest Country: Maldives. The Indian ocean country is one of the smallest countries in the world and Asia's smallest country. It consists of 26 coral atolls which in total consist of more than 1,190 islands.

6. There are 12 landlocked countries in Asia. The landlocked countries in Asia are: Armenia, Bhutan, Laos, Nepal, Mongolia as well as the seven central Asian countries ending in -stan: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

These landlocked Asian countries are located in the interior of the continent and do not have access to any ocean.

7. Biggest Island: Borneo in South-East Asia is also the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. The island belongs to three countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north while Indonesia claims the southern part of the island. Borneo is home to vast rainforests and many animals only live on this island such as the Bornean Orang-Utan.

Orang utan with babyOrang Utan in Borneo

8. Longest River: Yangtze River is the longest on the Asian continent. It is in China and is 6,300 metres/ 3,915 miles long. The Yangtze is the third longest river in the world after the Amazon and the Nile.

Asia's longest river Yangtze River FishermanYangtze River

9. Highest Mountains: Mount Everest. The mountain is located in the Himalayan mountain range and the highest peak is 8,849 m/ 29,035 ft high. The Himalayas between Nepal and China are the world's highest mountains.

Read our facts about China here.

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in AsiaMount Everest in the Himalaya mountains

10. Asia Facts - Biggest Lake: Caspian Sea. The coastline is shared by five countries: Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The lake is also among the deepest lakes in the world with a maximum depth of more than 1,000 m/ 3,300 ft! Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, is located at the Caspian Sea.

Baku at the Caspian Sea - shutterstock imageBaku at the Caspian Sea

11. Driest Place: The Gobi desert is the largest desert in Asia and the fifth largest desert in the world. This is a cold desert where the temperatures can be very low and sometimes even snow can occur.

Yurt in the Gobi Desert

A yurt is a typical round tent covered with mats or fabric and is built by the nomads living in and travelling through the Gobi desert.

More Asia Facts

12. Clima: The Asian continent has a very diverse climate ranging from arctic climate in Siberia (Russia) to tropical climates in South-East Asia. Siberia is also one of the coldest places on earth.

In the tropical regions of South-East Asia, also the most tropical storms occur. Cyclones occur mainly in the Philippines and south of Japan. Some countries in Asia are at high risk for negative impacts of climate change. In 2004, a tsunami hit the coast in India, Thailand, Indonesia and other countries and killed more than 250,000 people in more than 14 countries.

Street in Vietnam

13. People of Asia: There are many ethnic groups in Asia. This is a huge continent, where vastly different cultures are practiced. In India and China, the most populous countries in Asia, there are many different ethnic groups all with their own distinct language and culture. Imagine that in India more than 850 different native languages are spoken and used in daily conversations!

India is not only the second most populous country in Asia, it has also the largest number of poor people and child labourers. One in four Indians cannot read or write. Then there are the Arabs, the Russians, Koreans, Japanese, Indians, Indonesians and so many more different cultural groups. There are also vast differences in living standards and poverty. In South-East Asia, most people live in rural areas outside the big cities which are underdeveloped. In fact, four out of ten poor people who live with only $1.9 per day, live in Asia!

However, there is also the tiny country of Singapore which is one of the richest, most modern and influential cities in the world. Singapore is a city state and leading country in modern technology and innovation and a major financial centre. Read more about Singapore here.

zǎo ān

14. Languages in Asia: In Asia more than 2,300 languages are recognised. The most spoken languages are Chinese (all dialects) has more than 1.39 billion speakers while Hindi-Urdu languages (used in India and Pakistan) are spoken by more than 588 million people and there are many different languages in the Hindi-Urdu language group, more than 1,600 languages exist alone in India. In Indonesia, 600 languages are spoken and in the Philippines over 100 languages.

15. Asia Facts: Religion: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are the main religions in Asia. Many religions originate in Asia, such as the Islam which is also the most widely followed religion in Asia. Judaism and Christian faith is practised by smaller population groups in the region.

16. Tourist attractions in Asia: The most popular attractions are:

  • Great Wall in China
  • Grand Palace in Thailand
Grand Palace in Bangkok Thailand at night - image by ShutterstockGrand Palace in Bangkok/Thailand
  • Kyoto and the cherry bloom in Japan
  • St Basil's Cathedral and Kremlin in Russia
  • Hagia Sophia in Turkey
  • Gardens by the Bay in Singapore
  • Taj Mahal in India
  • Petra in Jordan
  • Petronas Twin Towers in Malaysia
  • Jeju island in South Korea
  • Bali island in Indonesia
Temple in BaliWater temple in Bali

17. Biggest Cities: China has the most cities that house more than 1 million inhabitants, there are 160 of such big cities in China! In comparison in the USA there are only 10 cities with more than 1 million inhabitants.

Other countries with big cities in Asia are:

  • China: Shanghai (26 million inhabitants)
Shanghai in China is one of the world's most populous cities!
  • Pakistan: Karachi (24 million people)
  • India: Delhi (22 million inhabitants)
  • Bangladesh: Dhaka (19 million people)
  • Turkey: Istanbul (14 million people) - this city is located on two continents and thus has an Asian part and an European part

18. Animals: In Asia, there are monkeys, tigers, Asian elephants and many other animals. Due to the different climates were are snow leopards and polar bear in the north and tropical species such as the Komodo dragons in the South. On some Indonesian islands, there are the largest living lizards, the Komodo dragons, which can eat very large animals such as a whole buffalo! Did you know that the Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants? Tip: You can easily recognise them as such as they have much smaller ears see the Asian elephant below.

Asian elephantAsian elephant

Asia is also home to many endangered animals such as the orang-utan in Borneo, the Chinese river dolphin or the dugong.


19. Main natural resources in Asia are minerals such as aluminium, tin, coal, gold and iron ore. Arab countries also are rich in fossil fuels as they have the world's largest deposits of natural gas and oil. Saudi Arabia is the world's largest oil producer. Interesting fact: The country of Bhutan in the Himalayas produces most of the renewable energy through hydropower!

20. Seven of the Asian countries belong to the Commonwealth States. Queen Elizabeth II of England is the head of the Commonwealth. The Asian nations belonging to the Commonwealth are: Bangladesh, Brunei, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore and Sri Lanka.

Singapore Gardens by the Bay By Hatchapong Palurtchaivong/Shutterstock.comSingapore Gardens by the Bay - By Hatchapong Palurtchaivong

Read our Singapore Facts for Kids here

Did you know? The only country in Asia that is located entirely in the Southern Hemisphere is Indonesia!

Test your knowledge with our Asia Quiz now

Useful Resources for Asia Facts:

  • Central Intelligence Agency. "Asia: China." World Fact Book. Last updated 5 February 2021. Last accessed 11 February 2021
  • National Geographic: World Atlas for Young Explorers. Washington: 2010
  • Worldvision: Poverty in Asia. Last accessed: 31 August 2018
  • Earth Condensed. The World Atlas by Millennium House. 2009

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Image Credits on Asia facts page: and wikipedia commons

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Asia Facts for Kids 

Asia Facts

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