The Observer - 2021-10-03
The Observer 2021-10-03


The Observer


03. Oct 2021
176 Pages

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:1 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 2/10/2021 18:47 cYanmaGentaYellowb 20 In the New Review lost classics by writers of colour As chosen by Akala, Ben Okri, Margaret Busby, Bernardine Evaristo and others In the New Review Living with Simone de Beauvoir The writer’s daughter tells of their bond In the magazine Nigel Slater Autumn dishes – and a roast chicken pilau From £1.75 for subscribers | Sunday 3 October 2021 | £3.50 S• You can’t level up by raising taxes on poor, Tories tell PM Top MPs warn No 10 over plans for equality ‘Southern privilege holding back the north’ Toby Helm, Michael Savage, Phillip Inman & Harriet Sherwood A group of senior Conservative MPs has broken ranks to openly question how Boris Johnson can deliver on his promise to increase prosperity in poorer parts of the UK while at the same time raising taxes for working people and cutting benefits. As the prime minister arrived in Manchester last night for his party’s first full conference since its thumping 2019 election win, Johnson insisted he was ready to take the “big, bold decisions on the priorities people care about – like on social care, on supporting jobs, on climate change, tackling crime and levelling up ”. But among Tory MPs, including some who won their northern or Midlands seats from Labour on the back of Johnson’s promise to “level up” the country, there was growing concern that tax rises and cuts to universal credit may fatally undermine their constituents’ trust in Johnson and his ability to deliver for people in more deprived areas. Jake Berry, a former Tory minister of state for the northern powerhouse from 2017 to 2020 , who now chairs Under pressure Boris Johnson visits a construction site in Leeds yesterday en route to the Conservative party conference which begins in Manchester today. Christopher Furlong/Getty the Northern Research Group of about 50 Conservative MPs in northern seats, told the Observer that the Manchester conference was a key test for Johnson and his stated mission to create a more equal country. Berry, who opposed the recent announcement of a rise in national insurance from next April and the ending of the £20 universal credit uplift from this week, said: “The challenge for the government at this conference is to square the circle of how you can level up de industrialised and Continued on page 10 Everard case sparks urgent inquiry into police vetting Mark Townsend & Michael Savage Police vetting procedures will be urgently reviewed as part of attempts to address the crisis engulfing policing after the murder of Sarah Everard. Senior officers in charge of UK policing standards also revealed that they wanted to rebuild trust by better protecting officers who challenged “unacceptable behaviour” by colleagues. The Metropolitan police have admitted making errors in the vetting process that led to the recruitment of former officer Wayne Couzens , who last week received a whole-life sentence for abducting, raping and murdering Everard, 33. Former Met commissioner Ian Blair yesterday joined the demands for an independent inquiry into the murder , calling for particular scrutiny on how Couzens had managed to become a Met officer in the first place. Andy Marsh , who became head of the College of Policing two weeks ago, also said there needed to be more openness and transparency in policing as “an antidote to mistrust”. David Tucker , head of crime and criminal justice at the College of Policing, said that the details of Couzens’s behaviour – he was part of a chat group that exchanged alleged misogynistic and racist messages – meant it was germane to look at ways to protect officers who reported Continued on page 11

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:2 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:45 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 2 03.10.21 News • Philippa Perry How to deal with an angry granddaughter Magazine, page 38 NEWSPAPERS SUPPORT RECYCLING The recycled paper content of UK newspapers in 2017 was 64.6% Jay Rayner Why a £13 cheese toastie is a thing of wonder Magazine, pages 24 Sections of The Observer are carefully collated at our print site and by newsagents. If any section of today’s UK edition of The Observer is missing, call freephone 0800 839100. Back issues can be obtained from Historic Newspapers, 0844 770 7684 or © 2021 Published by Guardian News & Media Limited, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (020-3353 2000) and Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Printed at Reach Watford Limited, St Albans Road, Watford, Herts WD24 7RG; Reach Oldham Limited, Hollinwood Avenue, Chadderton, Oldham OL9 8EP; Reach Saltire Ltd, 110 Fifty Pitches Place, Glasgow G51 4EA; and Irish Times Print Facility, 4080 Kingswood Road, Citywest Business Campus, Dublin 24. Registered as a newspaper at the Post Office. ISSN 0029-7712 Bringing in the Army won’t halt petrol crisis, says fuel industry boss Business chiefs accuse ministers of being ‘missing in action’ Michael Savage & Phillip Inman Ministers have been told that petrol queues in some parts of the country have become worse and Army help will not relieve the problem, amid a growing business backlash over the government’s handling of the shortages crisis. Military drivers are set to be deployed from tomorrow to deliver fuel to forecourts, after NHS staff and key workers were caught up in queuing that has persisted for days. The health secretary, Sajid Javid, was the latest cabinet minister to attempt to calm concerns yesterday, stating that issues around petrol were “stabilising” in most parts of the country and that military involvement was just a precaution. However, Brian Madderson , the chairman of the Petrol Retailers Association , said it remains a “really big problem” in some areas. “In London and the south east, and possibly parts of eastern England, if anything it has got worse,” he told the BBC’s Today programme. “[The use of the military] isn’t going to be the major panacea. It’s a large help but in terms of the volume, they are not going to be able to carry that much. Expect anything from 1, 2 or even 3p a litre increases at the pump. This is not profiteering. This is genuine wholesale price increases causes by global factors.” Business leaders have complained privately that ministers have been “missing in action” while fuel shortages due to a lack of HGV drivers have led to the closure of thousands of petrol stations. Recent estimates show that around half of the UK’s 8,300 petrol stations were without fuel this weekend. A lack of workers has forced farmers to leave crops to rot in the ground and to send animals for slaughter without any certainty that abattoirs have enough workers to process them. The National Pig Association said Britain was facing an “acute welfare disaster” within a matter of weeks, with farmers forced to kill as many as 120,000 pigs because of a shortage of butchers and slaughterers. There are already demands from Labour and other opposition parties for parliament to be recalled so that thousands of emergency visas for HGV drivers and poultry industry workers can be approved. Ministers have had to extend the length of the new HGV driver visas into next year after criticism that they were too short-term to attract workers. There is now a backlash from business groups against government claims that the shortages of drivers and workers in agriculture, meat processing and hospitality were part of a deliberate “transition” away from an economy reliant on foreign labour to a higher-wage economy using skilled workers in the UK. Kwasi Kwarteng, the business secretary, said Britain would have to “tough it out” as the change was made. “Having rejected the lowwage, high-immigration model, we were always going to try to transition to something else,” he told the ConservativeHome website. “What we’re seeing now is part of that transition.” Those remarks have been immediately challenged by business figures, who said that most wages had been increasing already, there were shortages in higher-wage industries and there was not a huge pool of available workers in Britain. “The UK’s departure from the European Union has reduced the supply of labour available to UK busi- ON OTHER PAGES Petrol, pasta… now record labels are running out of vinyl Pages 12-13 Tory triumphalism will anger voters facing empty shelves. Andrew Rawnsley, page 41 nesses for roles that currently cannot be filled locally,” said Hannah Essex, co-executive director of the British Chambers of Commerce. “Business will support the government’s ambition to move to a sustainably high-skilled, high-wage economy which does more to harness homegrown skills and talents, but this a huge transition that will not happen overnight. An individual business or sector cannot make this adjustment alone. “It requires government and business to come together to develop a plan for the future which addresses short-term challenges and meets longer-term ambitions. Simply riding it out is not an option. Our economic recovery will be curtailed unless action is taken now.” Kitty Ussher , chief economist at the Institute of Directors, said labour shortages went beyond low-wage jobs. “More of our members report shortages among managers, professions and skilled workers than reported shortages in the sectors that are traditionally lower paid,” she said. “We need a systemic response from government, not a sticking plaster.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:3 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:20 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • News The Observer 03.10.21 3 James Ponsoldt, centre, director of the 2017 film of Dave Eggers’s novel about big tech, The Circle, with Emma Watson and Tom Hanks. Alamy Dave and Goliath: maverick writer makes a stand against Amazon Dave Eggers likes small bookshops. So he won’t let the online giant sell his new hardback Vanessa Thorpe & Edward Helmore New York The plight of the high street bookshop, struggling against the power of the online giants, is a common complaint either side of the Atlantic. But not often do the prominent players, the authors and publishers, put their words into action and take a stand against the tide. This month , Dave Eggers , the award-winning campaigning author, is to risk American sales of his new novel, The Every , by limiting access to the hardback copies. Only small bookstores will stock it. It is a typical move for Eggers, who has long pushed back against the conventions of the industry, setting up his own non-profit publishing house, McSweeney’s , in 1998, two years before his breakout bestseller A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius . But it is also something that fits neatly with the subject of his new book. A sequel to his 2013 hit, The Circle , it is a dystopian satire, featuring a company that looks much like Amazon. For the US release of the book, on Tuesday , Eggers will allow hardcover editions to go on sale only in small bookstores. Weeks later, Vintage, a division of Random House, will publish an e-book and a paperback version. Even then, customers won’t be able to buy the hardcover on Amazon . Eggers’s maverick move has been met with great gratitude by America’s independent bookstore owners, who are struggling with the huge post- Covid shift to online services . “It’s made us feel like the author and the publishing industry really care about the smaller stores,” said Laura Scott Schaefer , owner of Scattered Books in Chappaqua, New York . “It’s been hard to compete with the bigger retailers. Any advantage we can get in any kind of space is great.” Mitchell Kaplan , owner of Books & Books in Miami and creator of the Miami book fair international , goes further. He believes Eggers is recognising “the important role independent booksellers play in the ecology of our literary culture”. Kaplan sees Eggers’s innovation as support for stores more than an attack on Amazon . The larger question for Kaplan is what would be lost if independent book shops disappeared. “You’d be losing a diversity of voices when you lose a diversity of sellers. The people who sell literature in a community help people to discover voices that might not otherwise be introduced,” he said. In Britain, where Eggers’s publication day will be like any other, retailers are calling out for a similar champion. And many authors will be rallying to the cause on Saturday , Bookshop Day , by attending live events in local bookshops. Leading writers Jeanette Winterson , Ian Rankin , Mark O’Connell , Val McDermid , KN Chimbiri and Piers Torday are among those giving book signings or readings on 9 October. The grassroots pushback against the dominance of online bookselling has three main prongs in the UK. The first is the growing solidarity between ‘This constant, unavoidable surveillance is making us far more subservient to technology’ Dave Eggers independent bookshops across the nations, typified by the arrival a year ago of , a portal for buying books that pays back to booksellers that are not part of large chains. In 12 months, the site has been joined by 480 independent bookshops , generating £1.6m for them. The second response to online dominance is a campaign to persuade Amazon to let its staff join a union, improve their conditions and so level the playing field. It is led by the union Dave Eggers, whose novels have often targeted huge corporations powered by technology. Unite, which has also published a report into Amazon’s business strategies and set up a confidential whistleblowing hotline for workers. The third element of the grassroots movement is taking place on high streets. Many bookstores are now venues for events and community groups. In the aftermath of the lockdown, the bookshop appears to have become more of a focal point for many people. “It’s been very clear that everyone is enjoying the experience of browsing, of getting recommendations from the team here and of attending our author events once again,” said Sheryl Shurville , owner of Chorleywood Bookshop in Hertfordshire and Gerrards Cross Books , Buckinghamshire . “All our customers have been incredibly supportive over the last 18 months, but it is great to get some form of normality as we head towards Bookshop Day and the busiest time of the year for bookshops.” In Eggers’s new book, Mae Holland , the protagonist of The Circle, has become the villainous executive of a company that takes over a rival, with a familiar-sounding founder who “was only too happy to cash out and devote his time to space exploration with his fourth spouse”. But, for the writer, the narrative is more than a chance to poke fun at Jeff Bezos . Eggers is highlighting the huge shift towards online technology in our lives. “I don’t think most people necessarily realise just how much an inhibiting species change this is – this overwhelming, constant, unavoidable surveillance,” he said recently, adding, “ and it’s making us a far less interesting species and far more subservient to technology.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:4 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:13 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 4 03.10.21 Tory conference • ‘I live in a flammable box’: cladding scandal threatens to derail party conference Housing Toby Helm & Michael Savage Fallout from Grenfell Tower tragedy follows MPs to Manchester, as furious homeowners call them to account Anastasia Frost often wonders why she listened to the Tories when they talked about aspiration, the benefits of home ownership and levelling up. She lives in a two-bedroom flat in the Ancoats area of Manchester with her husband and their 11-week-old son. “We put trust in this system. We were told you must buy a flat, you must get on the property ladder, but what good is it really?” she says. The Frosts spent 10 years saving up and finally were able to buy their home in 2015. But then, in 2017, came the Grenfell Tower disaster and, more than four years on, as they wait for their block to be declared safe – if it ever is – their home is worth nothing. It is not fit for sale. No purchaser could get a mortgage to buy it. Insurers run a mile. The Frosts have already spent £7,000 of their own money paying the safety fees demanded of leaseholders, including those for waking watchmen who patrol the block in case of fires, and special alarms. It is money that Frost, a housing resettlement worker, wishes she could have spent on her first child. “It has been very stressful. When you are pregnant, you don’t need any extra worries. You don’t need the constant reminder that you are living in a flammable box. It is not what I had hoped for. I would rather have spent the money on my son,” she says. Today , as the Conservative party hits Manchester for its first full conference since it won an 80-strong majority in the 2019 election, having broken through the “red wall” and taken dozens of former Labour seats in the north and Midlands, Frost will address a parallel conference in the city centre on the cladding scandal. It could hardly look worse for Boris Johnson’s government. The meeting, o rganised by the Manchester Cladiators , a voluntary group formed by residents in early 2019 to pressure government “to protect innocent people fully and fairly from exorbitant costs to fix the collective state and industry failure”, will also be attended by the bishop of Manchester, David Walker , the mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham , and, the organisers hope, a number of worried Tory MPs in northern seats who were part of the 2019 intake. While the cladding issue is a national one, those MPs know the struggles of low-income homeowners do not sit well with the government’s mission to “level up” the country, revive deprived urban centres and advance home ownership and the one-nation cause. Robert Jenrick , the cabinet minister who was, until weeks ago, in charge of housing (he was replaced by Michael Gove in the recent reshuffle ), set up a national £5bn fund to help those hit by the knock-on effects of the Grenfell disaster, but it was too late, and nowhere near enough, said Frost. Manchester is known as the cladding capital of the north, with the biggest number of high-rise flats and applicants to Jenrick’s building safety fund of any region outside London. Many people affected say they applied for help but have not heard back. One is Tom Brothwell, who bought a flat in 2017 a stone’s throw from where the Tory conference will open today . “We had the survey … [and] applied to the building safety fund in September 2020, and have heard Anastasia Frost and her baby on the balcony of her Manchester flat. nothing,” he says. Brothwell works in a bank but also spends 30 hours a week of his own time trying to help those who are facing the nightmare combination of having to pay huge bills to make their homes safer, while being unable to sell them. Labour is turning up the pressure, accusing the Tories of “sticking two fingers up” at homeowners by holding their conference in Manchester while “abandoning” those trapped in unsafe, unsellable homes. Lucy Powell, the shadow housing secretary and MP for Manchester Central , says the area has 15,000 residents caught up in the crisis and that data from the Land Registry shows sales of affected buildings in Manchester have plunged to almost zero. Those who are able to sell are finding they can only do so to cash buyers – and at a substantial loss. “They were promised as leaseholders that they wouldn’t have to pay for fire remediation costs, yet the bills just keep coming,” adds Powell. “The new building safety bill makes the situation worse, and the government’s fund just isn’t working. It’s time to assess, fix, fund and certify every tall building and put in law that leaseholders won’t pay.” More broadly, the presence of Johnson and his party in Manchester has turned the focus on to the prime minister’s agenda of “levelling up” the country. Conservative MPs who represent seats behind the red wall know that their chances of retaining them at the next general election, which could come as early as spring 2023, will depend on him putting flesh on the bones of what many think is still a mere slogan. In private, many Conservatives complain that there is no detailed plan . “The fact is that the government and the prime minister don’t really understand how people outside the prosperous south live,” said one former minister with a northern seat. Increasingly, they are using the phrase “southern privilege” to describe an attitude and a national divide that is not being bridged. The recent announcement of an increase in national insurance and the Tories’ commitment to end the £20 a week uplift in universal credit are both causing deep unease in sections of Johnson’s party, as fears grow of cost-of-living and fuel crises caused by labour shortages. At Labour’s conference in Brighton last week, shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves announced that it would scrap business rates and undertake the “biggest overhaul of business taxation in a generation”. Plenty of Tories want their party to offer some relief. Esther McVey , the former work and pensions secretary, said last week: “Reducing business rates for retail would have a significant impact on those areas of the country most in need of levelling up. Cutting the ‘shops tax’ would unlock investment, create jobs and grow local economies.” Today, Bright Blue , an independent Tory thinktank for liberal conservatism, publishes new analysis showing that a quarter of universal credit claimants, more than 1 mllion people, were receiving informal financial support from family and/or friends in the early stages of the pandemic. Ryan Shorthouse , its chief executive, said : “The Conservative government cannot really represent left-behind places and people if it now makes the biggest single cut to working-aged benefits ever seen.” John Stevenson, the Conservative MP for Carlisle , is one of many northern Tory MPs who also question the £20 universal credit cut and how it sits with promises to level up. “ We realise that we made a substantial breakthrough in the last election. You’ve got to consolidate that. The only way we’re going to consolidate that is to demonstrate to the voters that it’s worth voting for us in the first place. ” ABOVE Charlotte O’Neill at Three Little Words gin bar. Photographs: Christopher Thomond/the Observer

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:5 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:13 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 03.10.21 5 RIGHT Lindsay Valentine, manager at the newly opened branch of coffee shop Ezra & Gil in Peter Street. A million vacancies – and no one to serve the Tories Hospitality Robyn Vinter For the swanky bars and restaurants that surround Manchester Central convention complex, Conservative party conference normally means being fully staffed to meet extra demand over the busy weekend. But this year is different. Huge shortages of pivotal workers in hospitality mean many venues are unable to fill their rota. In the 30 years since Dimitri’s first opened on Manchester’s Deansgate , the restaurant has employed hundreds of European staff, but not now. “We’re a Mediterranean restaurant so we used to have a nice mix of people from Greece, Spain, Portugal or Italy, but all of a sudden that’s gone,” said Susie Benson, duty manager. While the Observer was there, two teenagers arrived looking for potwashing work. “That’s the first time someone’s been in asking about a job in months. We’d normally have two or three people a day,” she said. In the period of June to August this year, job vacancies in the UK reached the highest levels since records began, tipping over the one million mark for the first time , according to the Office for National Statistics. The hospitality sector has the largest proportion of vacancies, with nearly six empty posts for every 100 filled ones, a 75% rise on the previous quarter. Some hospitality roles are more badly affected than others. Ezra & Gil , an upmarket independent coffee shop on Peter Street directly opposite the Midland Hotel, where many conference events are taking place, would expect to do a roaring trade over the next couple of days with meetings, lunches and casual coffees. But, being a new venue that started trading after lockdown, it has managed to recruit only four of the 13 chefs it needs and, as a result, is operating with a reduced menu and shorter opening hours, which owner Alison Creely described as “disappointing”. She said: “There are huge chef shortages at the moment. During lockdown, a lot of people have re- evaluated and realised they don’t want to do it any more.” Lindsay Valentine, manager of Ezra & Gil, said experienced staff were the most difficult to hire. “A place like this, we’re looking for people with good experience and we’re just not finding enough of them,” she said. It is the same picture at Three Little Words , a gin bar run by Spirit of Manchester distillery, directly underneath the convention centre. The bar is expecting to be very busy this weekend and is booked out for two large conference events. Deputy general manager Charlotte O’Neill said she has only just managed to find enough staff to cover the weekend. “We’ve now just about got the staff we need,” she said. “There’s a lack of kitchen staff, and I’m hearing it’s the same for door staff too. Some places are paying £14 an hour, £5 an hour above minimum wage. “There’s a Facebook group for bar workers, and if someone posts in there that they’re looking for a job, they’re just deluged with replies from managers who need staff, especially for the more experienced people. “One problem is that nobody wants to work late nights. They’ve had a change in lifestyle in lockdown and they don’t want to go back to that,” she added. But, time and again, in remainvoting Manchester, one cause is mentioned above all others: “Brexit.” “That’s undoubtedly a big factor,” O’Neill said. Even mid-level chefs and front-of-house staff do not earn enough to meet the requirements for “skilled” worker status under government rules that came into force after Brexit. “We had a lot of European chefs,” said Creely, who also runs the flagship Ezra & Gil on nearby Hilton Street, “but a lot of people left after Brexit. Brexit is massively responsible for the problem, particularly when it comes to chef shortages.” The more high-end the venue, the more good experience is essential, and the more difficult it seems to be to find the right workers. Creely said: “Other owners are in the same boat. That’s the only thing that makes it bearable really.” In all the discussions, debates and presentations at the Tory party conference, Manchester hospitality businesses are hoping one message gets through. “They need to relax the Brexit rules,” said Creely. At Dimitri’s, which has a red “Vote Love” sign in the window – a play on the “Vote Leave” posters that appeared everywhere during the 2016 referendum – Benson agreed. “We need to let the Europeans back in to work. It never should have stopped.” Row looms over invitation to gay lobbying group accused of transphobia Equalities Michael Savage Senior Tories are concerned that their conference will be the latest to be overshadowed by a row over trans rights, after the party said it was standing by its decision to host a group accused of expressing anti-trans views. Several Conservative figures have called on the party to reverse its decision to offer a place at conference to the LGB Alliance, which states it campaigns for those “whose rights in law are based on sexual orientation not gender identity”. It has accused the LGBTQ+ movement of being “dominated by gender identity extremism”, but has denied it is transphobic. Despite the concerns, the party said it was standing by its decision to allow the group a stall at conference . “We host a wide range of groups that may have differing opinions on complex issues,” said a spokesperson. “We do so as a party that believes in open and respectful debate.” The row comes as Carrie Johnson is set to give a speech to the LGBT+ Conservative group . Some members said they felt concerned about the impact of the LGB Alliance’s presence on trans people attending . Johnson is guest of hon- Carrie Johnson will give a speech to the LGBT+ Conservative group at the conference. our as an “ally” of LGBT campaigners. The issue has already caused party tension . Former MP Ben Howlett said he was “incredibly surprised the party took such a divisive decision”. He said: “As the first LGBT+ Conservative MP on the women and equalities committee, it feels like we ’ve wound the clock back to the dark days of division before introducing equal marriage. “At the LGBT+ Conservatives reception … I look forward to hearing from the prime minister’s wife that, as an ally, Carrie is committed to equality of opportunity for all LGBT+ people.” However, the group has been backed by Ben Bradley , the Tory MP for Mansfield, who said the party was “open to a discussion on women’s rights, to listening to different views and trying to strike a fair and proper balance in this debate”. The LGB Alliance said on Twitter: “Looking at the reactions to LGB Alliance having a stand at the … conference: we see freedom of speech again under attack. We invite those who disagree with us to engage with the substance of our positions.” The trans issue has already caused infighting at Labour’s conference last week, after several frontbenchers struggled to answer whether it was true to say only women had cervixes.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:6 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:34 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 6 03.10.21 Tory conference • Labour failing to turn anger over food and petrol shortages into support Opposition Michael Savage Policy Editor Tory lead remains intact despite bungled Covid response, as Starmer conference speech misses mark Labour has not enjoyed a poll bounce in the immediate aftermath of its party conference despite the government being blamed by most of its own voters over the shortage crisis. Senior figures in Keir Starmer’s team were satisfied by the outcome of last week’s conference, believing the Labour leader was able to show the public that he was shifting the party away from the Corbyn era and focusing his attack on Boris Johnson as a figure not serious enough to govern competently. However, the latest Opinium poll for the Observer found that the Tory poll lead remained intact. It found that the narrow Conservative lead had increased by one point to 39%. The party’s poll rating actually fell by one point, but Labour’s rating fell two points to 35%. The Lib Dems were on 8%, up a point on the last poll. Despite a highly anticipated conference speech that marked his first major opportunity to spell out his vision to voters, there was also no immediate sign of an improvement in Starmer’s personal approval ratings. His approval rating was up only marginally to -5, with 32% approving of the job he was doing and 37% disapproving. The results reveal the challenge Starmer still faces in making an impression on voters, as well as the apparent stubbornness in the polls that have seen the Tories retain a lead despite a global pandemic and a series of shortages and price rises increasingly concerning the public. Meanwhile, figures on the party’s left said that Starmer would be wrong to conclude that he had decisively seized control of Labour after the conference. The left of the party is planning how to regroup after Starmer successfully changed party rules to make it harder for a figure such as Jeremy Corbyn to win a future leadership election. Senior figures on the Labour left said that Starmer had only secured the change with the help of one major union and that the left still held significant power within the party. Campaigns are being designed around demands for a £15 minimum wage, one of the issues Starmer was heckled over during his speech. There are also plans for a co-ordinated campaign between leftwing unions, MPs and the pro-Corbyn leadership group Momentum to prevent Starmer from making a further shift to the centre. One influential figure said that there was evidence the left still had significant strength within the party that could yet cause problems for Starmer’s team. “There isn’t a kind of great, rightwing advance throughout the Labour movement,” said one senior figure. They said that unlike Tony Blair, Starmer had won the leadership on a “soft left platform” before adopting a leadership team “very much firmly on the right”. The latest Opinium polling shows the extent of the challenge Labour faces in turning public concerns i nto electoral success. The Tory poll lead came despite the fact that the public is worried about shortages of food and fuel, and that many blame the govern- Voices on the street ‘The Tories don’t care, but I don’t know what Labour stands for’ Swing seat Tom Wall In a fine autumnal drizzle, families wait patiently to pick up boxes of tins, pasta and other essentials from one of Swindon’s eight food banks. There are nervous mothers with pushchairs and young people with debilitating work injuries. There are embarrassed parents with teenage children to help carry their food packages. “It’s going to be a struggle. We can only afford £60 a fortnight on food and prices are going up,” says Kerry Lewis, 29, who stands to lose £20 a week on her universal credit payments from this week , along with almost 6 million other people . “ You’re trying to put your kids first, making sure they have enough to eat and are warm – so you have to put yourself last all the time. We go without food but we won’t let our kids see it.” Westminster politics can seem very far away from damp, desperate food bank queues, but Swindon is where general elections are won or lost. The former railway town’s two bellwether parliamentary constituencies are crucial political battlegrounds for Boris Johnson and Keir Starmer . Both were Labour seats before the 2010 election but have remained Conservative ever since. Labour ran the Tories close in the south of the town in 2017, coming within about 2,500 votes of taking it from former justice minister Robert Buckland . In 2019 the gap between the two parties widened to more than 6,000 votes. Lewis and her partner Martin feel ‘We are a boom town. But there is a dark side for the people that don’t have the skills to get the jobs’ Cher Smith, charity boss abandoned by the government. But they are not inspired by Starmer’s Labour party, which has campaigned against the cut to universal credit but stopped short of pledging to reverse it in government. “The government doesn’t care. I normally vote Labour. But I don’t know what [Starmer] stands for,” says Lewis . Although Swindon has an apparently buoyant economy, with employers such as Intel, Zurich Insurance and Nationwide attracted by its location on the M4 corridor, Cher Smith, who runs a local food charity, says many locals feel left behind. “We are a boom town. But there is a dark side for the people that actually live here and don’t have the skills to get the jobs on offer. We have 12 of the most deprived neighbourhoods in the country,” she says. “The well-paid executives don’t live here or spend their salaries here – that’s why the heart of Swindon is dying.” In the shadow of Zurich’s impressive new office complex and a promised £77m cultural quarter , the town’s bleak pedestrianised shopping centre is peppered with boarded-up pubs and empty shops. Older Swindonians remember a more vibrant place. “It’s very sad,” says Sheila Theobald, 73, glancing around . “Lots of the big shops have closed down because of the pandemic and online shopping. There are no individual shops.” But there are some encouraging signs here for Starmer. Theobald, whose Labour-voting family worked in the long-gone rail yards that gave

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:7 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:34 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 03.10.21 7 Opinium/Observer poll State of the parties 39% 35 Very well: 5% From far left: Kerry Lewis and her partner Martin, Cher Smith, Sheila Theobold and Manjit Lalli. Andy Hall/the Observer 17 September Opinium surveyed 2,004 UK adults from 29 September to 1 October 2021 Latest poll Con Lab Lib Dem SNP Green Plaid Other Well: 32% Badly: 59% 8 How well or badly do you think Brexit has gone so far? Fairly well: 27% 6 Very badly: 32% Fairly badly: 27% Don’t know: 9% birth to the town, is willing to give the Labour leader a hearing after years of voting Conservative. “We are Conservative people but he is going the right way. We wouldn’t dismiss [Starmer],” she says. “I liked what I heard [from his conference speech]. He was honest about his roots. He sounded more of the people.” Small businesses in the town are also facing a difficult winter, with wholesale prices rising and delivery delays causing shortages. Yet in Swindon’s Blues Cafe Bar, the owner Manjit Lalli is upbeat. A Brexit supporter, Lalli backed Boris Johnson in the 2019 election after supporting Labour most of his life. “The government has been really fantastic,” he says, after the lunchtime rush is over. “Due to furlough, I’ve not had to lay anyone off. They are all back now.” 6 1 5 ment for the situation. More than two thirds (69%) think the government has responded badly to the HGV driver shortage, including more than half (52%) of 2019 Conservative voters. Two thirds (67%) blame the current government for the crisis, including half (51%) of 2019 Conservative voters – and 61% of voters blame Boris Johnson directly. Adam Drummond, head of political polling at Opinium, said: “The early data from after the conference, with most of the fieldwork taking place immediately after the leader’s speech on Wednesday, saw the Conservatives retain a narrow lead and Starmer’s approval ratings hold stubbornly in negative territory. This is despite a crisis that voters both directly blame the government for handling poorly and also blame its flagship policy of Brexit for contributing to. It appears Labour has yet to demonstrate that it would be an improvement on the current government, despite its flaws.” Opinium polled 2,004 people between 29 September and 1 October. Lalli is not planning to raise his prices despite meat suppliers charging more. “A bag of sausages has gone up from £7 to £12,” he says. “I’m going to try to wait three to four months, then I’ll only put the prices up if I have to.” For some, the state of Swindon’s town centre reflects the state of the country. “This one small town is a really good snapshot of what’s happening across the whole country. It reflects the state of the nation,” says Laura Kayente, 40, who works in finance . “We’re in a bit of a quagmire.” She is fed up with ministers evading responsibility. “Previously I’ve been Conservative but they have demonstrated they would rather blame other people when things go wrong rather than accepting responsibility,” she says. ON OTHER PAGES Keir Starmer has signalled that Labour is serious about winning Observer Comment, page 42 For his sake, and Britain’s, now is the time for Boris to ride off into the sunset Max Hastings, Comment, page 49 Ditch gas boilers and tax air fares: ‘blue wall’ voters back green policy Environment Fiona Harvey Majority of voters in 41 key Tory seats believe the UK should be a world leader on climate, poll shows Voters in Tory heartlands want the government to do more to tackle the climate crisis, and support measures that many backbench Conservative MPs have ba lked at, from ditching gas boilers to taxing flights, new polling shows. The government has delayed or dialled back key measures in recent weeks. There is no sign of the longawaited heat and building strategy ; the net zero strategy has been postponed to later this month ; and the environment bill is stuck in parliament as ministers rejected strengthening amendments from the Lords. Several backbench Tory MPs who have grumbled about the government’s green measures, such as replacing gas boilers with heat pumps, or blamed rising energy prices on the push for renewable power, are expected to air their grievances at the party conference . But a poll of 41 constituencies in the “blue wall” – long-term Toryheld seats, tilted towards the south but with some in the north of England – has found that a majority of voters there believe the UK should be a world leader on climate, and that the costs of inaction outweigh the costs of action. Six in 10 support t he phasing out of gas boilers , while more than half (54%) want a tax on frequent flyers and a similar number (54%) support the phasing out of petrol and diesel vehicles. Rebecca Newsom, head of politics at Greenpeace UK , which commissioned the poll, said: “This polling shows that there is an electoral risk here for the government, in not following through on their promises on climate change. It is a clear mandate from voters in some of the most important C onservative constituencies to go full throttle on climate action.” Two-thirds want to see more investment in electric vehicles, though replacing fuel duty with road pricing has less support, at about 45% of those polled. Six in 10 also want to see climate aid to poor countries, despite the government’s cuts to overseas aid. Only 9% of the 1,000 voters surveyed said the government was doing too much on climate, while a quarter said the government was doing enough, and more than half wanted ministers to do more. More than seven in 10 would support new ambitious commitments on climate at the Cop26 summit in Glasgow this November, and a green new deal to invest in jobs. Newsom said: “There is overwhelming support for all of the socalled ‘controversial’ policies that a vocal minority of those in the party seem intent on trying to delay . The prime minister and chancellor now have no excuse not to ramp up ambitious climate action that voters want to see. If they don’t, it’ll be a disaster for the UK and planet as a whole, but it could very well spell disaster for the Conservatives at the polling station too.” The Liberal Democrats have made clear they will target “blue wall” voters after their surprise win in the Chesham and Amersham byelection , in which issues such as planning regulations played a major role . Sarah Green, the Lib Dem who overturned the Tory majority of 16,000 to win with an 8,000 majority, said: “This government has over-promised and under-delivered for our environment and voters are fed up of their empty promises. Their recent losses across the blue wall show they can no longer ignore people’s concerns.” The government has been ramping up its green rhetoric in the run-up to Cop26, with Boris Johnson telling the UN general assembly: “Our ‘There is an electoral risk here of not following through on promises on climate’ Rebecca Newsom, head of politics, Greenpeace UK grandchildren will know that we are the culprits and that we were warned, and they will know that it was this generation that came centre stage to speak and act on behalf of posterity, and that we missed our cue, and they will ask what kind of people we were to be so selfish and so shortsighted.” But ministers have also taken a string of decisions that have run counter to the government’s emissions-cutting plans, including new oilfields in the North Sea, a mooted new coal mine , reduced incentives for electric vehicles and scrapping the green homes grant insulation programme. A Labour spokesperson said: “The Conservatives are climate delayers, who say they want to tackle the climate crisis but refuse to act at the pace the science demands.” The Green party in England and Wales elected new co-leaders on Friday . Adrian Ramsay, who will lead the party along with Carla Denyer , said: “We’re not at all surprised to see people in the ‘blue wall’ reacting in this way to what they can clearly see is a crisis which demands an immediate and weighty response.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:8 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 1/10/2021 17:25 cYanmaGentaYellowbla

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:9 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:34 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • News The Observer 03.10.21 9 BELOW The infrared photograph of Madonna, revealing the artist’s original sketch with her arms by her side. LEFT The finished Madonna, painted by Munch in 1894-95. Alamy ‘The more you look at the painting, the more you get this ambiguity. You can’t tell if it was painted in 1890 or 1990’ Vibeke Waallann Hansen, curator Strike a pose: infrared scans reveal the method in Munch’s Madonna Preparatory sketch discovered beneath Norwegian master’s painting shows how he struggled with the original composition, writes Dalya Alberge RIGHT Edvard Munch, photographed circa 1889. It is one of art history’s most evocative female forms, a painting of a nude woman arching her back sensually, one arm behind her head and the other behind her back. Now a preparatory drawing has been discovered beneath Edvard Munch’s Madonna in the National Museum of Norway , revealing that the Norwegian master struggled over how he should place her arms, initially showing them just hanging down, until inspiration came to him. The underdrawing also shows that this masterpiece is likely to have been the first of five painted versions that Munch created in the 1890s. Vibeke Waallann Hansen , the N M ’s curator, told the Observer: “It’s really exciting. You can see how Munch was working. The underdrawing shows that the first position he tried was a more traditional way of presenting a woman, more in line with portraits. The final pose was more innovative.” She added: “There had been a hypothesis that there were some underdrawings because you can see some lines when you look closely at the painting. But it had been difficult to tell whether they were underdrawing or paint. It’s so exciting to get this proof.” Surviving sketches for the composition show Munch trying out poses but this is the first time that the underdrawing can be seen on the painting itself, giving insights into its creation. Reinhold Heller , a leading Munch scholar, said: “It certainly extends our knowledge of how Munch was working on that particular composition. He made numerous sketches for it. Seeing him still continuing to work on the composition, and making the working process part of the painting – so that the painting essentially evolves before the viewer’s eyes – is exciting.” The underdrawing was discovered by conservator Thierry Ford and photographer Børre Høstland at the NM using infrared reflectography , which shows layers beneath a painting’s surface. Art historians have described Madonna as a sensuous, dreamlike woman who is at once powerful and submissive, encapsulating the ambivalence between fear and desire. Munch wanted to show a woman as she conceives a new life, once writing of the work: “The woman in a state of abandon acquires the painful beauty of a Madonna … The woman is all at once saint – whore and unhappy devotee.” Waallann Hansen said: “The title Madonna, commonly associated with the mother of Jesus, contrasts with both the figure and the alternative title, Woman Making Love. The figure has a halo, but it is red rather than gold, as it would be in a religious image. The title is so important to make this ambiguity about the eroticism and the religious association. Woman Making Love is more explicit.” She added that, in 1890s Norway, such a subject was “sensational”, condemned as “disgusting”: “But Munch also gained support from the progressive cultural elite. [Playwright] Henrik Ibsen visited the exhibition and, according to Munch himself, told him: ‘You will experience the same as I. The more enemies you have, the more friends you will have.” Waallann Hansen spoke of the “mystery” of Madonna as a paint- ing that is easy to understand at first glance but which reveals its complexities “when you look more and more on it”. Referring to its background of undulating lines, where the figure appears to be floating, she said: “Is she standing? Or is she lying down? What is the background? Is it water or light? Or a kind of atmosphere? Munch was first thinking of having her arms behind her back, which looks more like she’s standing. With the position he ended up with, he introduced more ambiguity.” Commenting on Madonna’s popularity, she said: “Many of Munch’s paintings are easy to understand. The Scream is about anxiety; Madonna is about woman, love and eroticism. But the more you look at the painting, the more you get this ambiguity. It came into the NM in 1909 as a gift, together with many of the other most important Munch paintings, and it has become an icon. It is also timeless because of the background. You can’t tell if it’s 1890 or 1990.” The other painted versions are in the Hamburg Kunsthalle and the Munch Museum, Oslo , with two in private US collections. This first Madonna has undergone research and conservation ahead of its display in the Munch Room in the NM’s new building, which opens in Oslo in June next year – the largest art museum in the Nordic countries. The collection boasts several of Munch’s most famous paintings, including the original version of The Scream.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:10 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:47 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 10 03.10.21 News • MPs and civil servants called to account for misleading use of statistics James Tapper Politicians and civil servants have been publicly called to account by the official statistics watchdog for the misuse of government figures on 47 occasions , its latest review shows. Former health secretary Matt Hancock ’s use of data on Covid testing and Scottish health secretary Humza Yousaf’s use of unpublished statistics were among the cases raised by the UK Statistics Authority. So far this year, the watchdog has also intervened with concerns over crime spending figures used by Boris Johnson in July and crime statistics used by Keir Starmer in May. Sir David Norgrove, the UKSA’s chairman, wrote publicly to five MPs, four Scottish MSPs and a member of the Senedd between April 2020 and March 2021, according to the authority’s annual review of casework , while other issues were raised with civil servants by Ed Humpherson , the director general for regulation at the Office for Statistics Regulation. The OSR’s logs show that the regulatory bodies published 47 responses to complaints raised, after the number of complaints nearly trebled from 109 in 2019-20 to 323 last year. The review highlighted a failure to publish statistics when the prime minister announced the second Covid lockdown on 31 October 2020. “The data underpinning the briefing were not in the public domain at the time of the briefing, and were not published until 3 November. This was not in line with our expectations about equality of access,” the report said. This week , the UKSA will publish a report about the use of statistics during the pandemic. Mary Gregory, the OSR’s deputy director general for regulation , said ministers in the four administrations and officials had generally been quick to amend mistakes and were not seeking to mislead. “In principle, everyone we speak to is signed up to the concept of being transparent. But sometimes things are said where there haven’t been data published.” Glen Tarman, of Full Fact, said: “It’s no surprise that the OSR is busier than ever. Data gaps and unpublished information, confused messaging, inaccuracies and an unwillingness to correct the record are just some of the problems we’ve encountered . ” Tories warn PM on ‘levelling up’ For over 20 years we’ve been telling anyone who’ll listen to switch their energy. We even named ourselves ‘Uswitch’. But as you’ll no doubt have heard, there’s an energy crisis going on. Which no one needs right now, especially with winter on the way. Friday’s increase in the energy price cap means that energy bills for many households around Britain are going up. So you’re probably wondering what to do. For most people, energy suppliers can’t offer much in the way of cheaper deals right now. So today we’re advising you to do something we’ve never said before... stay put. But we’re still here to help as much as we possibly can. If you head to we have advice on what this means for you, as well as some simple tips to keep your bills down this winter. And when the time’s right to switch energy again, we’ll be on hand to help. It’s probably time Continued from page 1 poorer communities in the north of England whil e at the same time taking cash out of their pockets through a national insurance rise and cuts in universal credit.” David Davis, the former cabinet minister and serving MP for Haltemprice and Howden , suggested the government itself was unclear what “levelling up” meant. “You don’t level up by increasing the tax and cost of living on the working class. We have to be absolutely clear what levelling up means. Do we mean that we are going to give better opportunities to the least well-off, or is it simply a programme to move and invest more outside London? Both matter but the first matters far more.” Privately, many Tory MPs in northern and Midlands seats are using the phrase “southern privilege” to describe a gulf in living standards between north and south which they say most ministers fail to understand . Stephen McPartland, the Conservative MP for Stevenage , agreed that his party risked repeating Labour’s fatal mistake of ignoring the communities they now represented. “If we are really going to level up the country, we have to help those on the lowest incomes, not pull the rug out from under them as they are trying to get back on their feet, just to tidy a line up on a Treasury spreadsheet,” he said. “Our focus should be on people, not soundbites, which just undermine the levelling up agenda as the gap between the reality for people and rhetoric of politicians widens. Labour lost their support in these communities by ignoring them and we risk doing the same.” Last night, in a move that may be welcomed by the sports community but will likely be seen as a limited contribution to the wider challenge of levelling up, the government announced £22m in new funding for public tennis courts, and £30m a year towards school sport facilities. Today Andy Burnham, the Labour mayor of Greater Manchester, writing for the Observer online, offers to work with the government to bring more opportunities and better services to the city, if ministers play their part in supplying funds. “Alongside a London-style public transport system, I will also commit to removing one million tonnes of carbon from the Greater Manchester economy, retrofit thousands of homes and create thousands of decent jobs in the process. And, if we get the backing we need, I have no problem with being held to account … for delivering what we promise and being called out if we don’t,” Burnham writes. “I think this arrangement works for them and works for us. We want levelling up. They say they want levelling up. So why don’t we put the arguments of 2020 behind us and level up Greater Manchester together?” As the Tories gather today, new research by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation shows that 312,000 working-age families in the Greater Manchester area, about a quarter, will be hit by the £20-a-week cut in universal credit and working tax credit. The cut comes at as inflationary pressures are building from rising gas prices and the increasing cost of food. The Bank of England expects ON OTHER PAGES Tory triumphalism will anger voters facing empty shelves Andrew Rawnsley, page 43 consumer price inflation (CPI) to rise above 4% in response to higher import prices. Shevaun Haviland, director general of the British Chambers of Commerce , said ministers needed to work with firms to deal with the growing fallout from Covid and Brexit . Today, on the first day of the Tory gathering, the bishop of Manchester, David Walker, will join a parallel conference run by the Manchester Cladiators , a group dedicated to getting a better deal for victims of the cladding crisis. About 15,000 people in the Manchester area have been affected since the Grenfell Tower disaster of 2017, leaving many with huge bills and homes they cannot sell. Writing for the Observer online, the bishop says: “To me, it seems plainly unjust that they should pay the price of other people’s mistakes, and as a bishop with over 30 years active involvement in housing associations, it feels like an injustice I want to do something about.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:11 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:47 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Sarah Everard murder The Observer 03.10.21 11 LEFT The last known images of Sarah Everard are caught on camera – as are her killer’s movements. How CCTV played a vital role in tracking Couzens and his victim Police credit cameras with a vital part in solving the case as critics warn of lack of surveillance regulation Mark Townsend Home Affairs Editor The crucial role of CCTV in solving Sarah Everard ’s disappearance emerged yesterday along with fresh details about how police caught one of their own. Detectives leading the search for Everard revealed that analysis of thousands of hours of CCTV footage enabled them to piece together the 33-year-old’s final moments as she walked home in London – as well as helping to identify her murderer. CCTV from a passing bus on 3 March clinched the breakthrough, capturing Everard standing next to a white car with the hazard lights flashing, a rental vehicle that was traced to police officer Wayne Couzens . Yet the central role of CCTV in cracking the case arrives against a backdrop of mounting concern that the UK is sleepwalking towards a surveillance state with more cameras than any other European country per capita. Analysis suggests there could be more than five million surveillance cameras in the UK – one for every 14 people – as the popularity of home CCTV and doorbell cameras increases against a backdrop of what critics say is a lack of regulation governing the technology. This, they claim, has helped London become one of the most heavily monitored cities in the world, with the average resident said to be caught on CCTV 300 times a day. Everard was filmed by the doorbell cameras of homeowners on her walk home, while dashcam footage also captured her in the rear seat of Couzens’ hired Vauxhall car shortly after she was abducted. Couzens’s movements were similarly tracked, with the murderer filmed visiting a Tesco in west London not long before arresting Everard. He was also caught on CCTV in the days that followed in various locations including DIY stores, petrol stations and car parks. Police data has indicated that CCTV can prevent an average of 16 crimes for every 100. Yet, despite its success in the Everard case, experts have been careful not to overstate the technology’s ability to solve all crimes. David Wilson , emeritus professor of criminology at Birmingham City University, said the technology had obvious limitations but that it was particularly suited to the Everard case. “CCTV is only going to be useful if you’re dealing with things in the open air,” he said. “And also, of course, if the CCTV is kept for long enough.” Wilson, who assists UK police forces in murder investigations, particularly serial killers, added: “CCTV is irrelevant for many crimes. But the nature of this case, because it was ‘The nature of this case, because it was outside, meant CCTV came into its own’ David Wilson, professor of criminology outside, meant that it came into its own.” He said that other technological solutions like mobile phone records and social media tended to be more often effective in solving homicides. Phone cell site analysis, in fact, placed Everard at a precise point on the South Circular just before 9.30pm on the night she went missing. Because detectives could find no sighting of her on CCTV after that point, it was evident they had pinpointed the place where she went missing. Not everybody is convinced of CCTV’s effectiveness for crime prevention. Although the UK government invested large sums in the technology during the 1990s, recently a number of councils have cut their camera usage due to funding shortages. Critics continue to raise concerns over the number of CCTV cameras in the UK and the lack of regulation regarding their use. The government’s surveillance minister has previously warned that surveillance technology – including body-worn video and number plate recognition systems – run the risk of changing communities by reducing people to trackable numbers in a database. Vetting of police officers to undergo urgent review Continued from page 1 inappropriate behaviour by colleagues. A number of female officers have told the Observer that they were afraid to speak out over misogynistic male officers because it might harm their prospects in the force. Tucker said: “This is probably a good moment to go back and reconsider how we emphasise the importance of colleagues who are prepared to challenge the unacceptable behaviour that they witness. ” He also said the Couzens case had made it important to re-evaluate the vetting process. “Is the current guidance sufficient? Do forces adequately comply with that guidance? We should review whether we believe that the vetting is adequate and whether it’s complied with. ” Marsh, the former chief constable of Avon and Somerset Police , added that he also wanted to create a new culture of “leadership” throughout every level of British policing . His comments came amid calls for the UK’s most senior officer, Met commissioner Cressida Dick , to resign over the murder of Everard. The two people that control her fate – London mayor Sadiq Khan and home secretary Priti Patel – have signalled their support, although sources indicate Khan’s motivation was concern over who Patel would select as her preferred successor to Dick. Disquiet, though, continues to build among London MPs who were further angered during a call with the commissioner on Friday, in which some told her directly that she should quit . MPs said they had been left with the impression that the Met was not considering real action in response to the concerns raised by the murder of Everard. Bell Ribeiro-Addy , the Labour MP for Streatham, was among those to call on the commissioner to go. “To say her response to MPs’ concerns was tone deaf is an understatement,” she said. “There were no concrete plans to address the current issues, just platitudes. Also nothing to address the fact that so many officers found guilty of sexual misconduct are allowed to keep their jobs. ” Stella Creasy, the Labour MP for Walthamstow , said: “ Cressida has not brought people with her and that matters. It matters when you’re talking about the safety of 51% of our local population.” Marsh, meanwhile, stressed he wanted to focus on creating a culture where people felt confident to report inappropriate behaviour. “Leadership is incredibly important in creating an environment where men and women are not bystanders to wrongdoing,” said Marsh. “If we’re going to be as good as the public wants and expect us to be and we need to be, we need to develop outstanding leadership at every level.” ON OTHER PAGES Police culture that shielded a killer Focus, pages 33-37 Observer Comment, page 42 You can’t opt in and out of taking violence against women seriously Catherine Bennett, page 45

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:12 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:50 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 12 03.10.21 News • First petrol, then pasta … now record labels are running out of vinyl Demand for records is soaring, and Britain’s supply problems are making it even harder to get albums pressed, reports James Tapper Vinyl has been the music industry’s sleeper hit of the past few years. But for record label owners such as Chris Howell , there is a B-side. The founder of Kniteforce Revo lution records is unlikely to have any 12-inch records to sell for the next six months. “I’ve gone from eight to nine releases a month to none,” said Howell, better known as Luna-C , whose first success came with the 1992 hit Sesame’s Treet as part of the Smart-E’s . “I have about 60 different vinyl releases at various stages [of production]. And I have been told by the record press that I’m unlikely to get any more this year.” The reason is that vinyl is popular again – too popular for smaller labels such as Howell’s. A flood of fresh releases, including Abba’s new album Voyage , is being matched by reissues later this month from the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, not to mention an 18-LP box set of David Bowie. Yet there are just a few pressing plants of meaningful size globally , so there is little capacity for smaller labels who might need only several hundred to a few thousand records pressed for a single release. The huge jump in demand – global sales of vinyl are up by more than 700% in the past decade , says the IFPI ( International Federation of the Phonographic Industry ) – is coupled with typical Covid- and Brexit-related shortages such as a lack of lorry drivers and rises in customs costs. But there is also a lack of PVC after a storm in February halted Texan petrochemical plants, and a fire in 2020 at a lacquer plant in California left only one factory in Japan making the master discs that records are cut from. A delay for a new Taylor Swift LP is an inconvenience but for labels such as Kniteforce, it is catastrophic. “Because of the vinyl resurgence, the big artists I work with can afford to take time off in their life to make the music because it’s actually worth it,” Howell said. “With digital, there’s so little money

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:13 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:50 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • ‘It’s reminiscent of the 90s: you’d hear something in a club and know you wouldn’t get it on vinyl for a year’ Jay Cunning, DJ in it that it’s just not worth doing.” Although Universal Music floated a fortnight ago on a valuation of £ 38 bn based on expectations that streaming will continue to revive the music industry, the money from digital production is not reaching artists. A typical artist needs about 300 streams to make $1 on Spotify (at $0.003 per stream) , so those outside the mainstream rely on other income. “I don’t work with a single artist that’s money motivated,” Howell said. “But if you’ve got children and a job and a mortgage, you can’t justify spending three weeks working on a new album if you’re gonna make £50 – whereas the vinyl market will make them £5,000. I’ve been building bit by bit, and I’ve been able to give them an advance. “ I probably spent 30 grand on DJ and independent record producer Chris Howell, AKA Luna-C, in his studio last week. Antonio Olmos/ the Observer News Sister Ray Records, Soho, London. Global sales of vinyl have increased by 700% in the past decade. Stephen Chung/ Alamy advances, which I expected to be back by now, and none of that’s coming back till 2022. I have to make choices about new artists.” Pete Cannon , a hip-hop, house and drum’n’bass artist, had turned to making music for TV commercials for Apple and other brands, but started up N4 Records in 2019. “It was a passion project,” he said. “I was making 100 to 200 records and then it started getting a bit of traction. I was making videos on Facebook and it caught a bit of wind. Suddenly, I was starting to sell 500 copies. “Now, well, I just sold out of my first release this year, 8bit Trip . I ordered it in January, and the records arrived in the second week of September.” Jay Cunning , a DJ on Kool London radio, receives releases from labels across the sector. “I’m hearing of The Observer 03.10.21 13 delays of anything from six to nine months, so it’s a huge frustration for independent labels,” he said. “It’s reminiscent of 90s dubplate culture . It was very common to hear the Micky Finns and the Grooverider s play a record in a club, and you knew you weren’t going to get that on vinyl for at least 12 months.” Dubplates are test presses: white label records that are used for quality control . Turnaround times for tests are much quicker. “One idea I’m considering is getting 50 or 100 dubplates pressed,” Cannon said. Record shops such as Disc World in south London offer one-off vinyl record pressing, although at a substantially higher cost. Cannon is also capitalising on vintage hardware and computers such as the Amiga and Atari that he uses to make music. “People like records as a tangible piece of art,” he said, “especially in the underground scene. ” Howell is looking at other options, including investing in his own vinyl production plant. “You have to adapt . ” ON OTHER PAGES Paralysed by hard Brexit, the Tories sought to avoid ‘panic’ Will Hutton, page 41 Tory triumphalism will anger voters facing empty shelves Andrew Rawnsley, page 43

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:14 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:27 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 14 03.10.21 News • Coronavirus Doctors, receptionists and practice teams quit after wave of hostility over GP appointments Surgeries James Tapper Fears of mass exodus as abuse by patients skyrockets over blood tests, jabs and face-toface consultations Senior doctors have warned that practice staff and GPs are quitting after an unprecedented and escalating wave of abuse from patients that has followed weeks of public pressure over face-to-face appointments. Practice managers, receptionists and doctors have spoken of daily confrontations with patients over issues including appointments, vaccinations and blood tests . Some said that patients had been responding to media campaigns over recent weeks, which have led to Boris Johnson and the health secretary, Sajid Javid , pledging to increase inperson appointments. Many practices are maintaining Covid-19 protocols to prevent the spread of the virus, including the use of face masks ; some patients have refused to wear them and become abusive when asked to do so. The number of permanent GPs has been declining steadily over the last five years – down by 1,904 since 2016, or about 7% – to the point that by March this year there were only 26,805 remaining in post. The prime minister said on 22 September that the remaining GPs would have to deliver a further 50 million appointments, saying it was “only reasonable” that people should be treated in person. Figures released last week by NHS Digital showed that GPs conducted about 25.5 million appointments in August, including 1.5m Covid vaccinations, compared with 23.8 million in August 2019. Remote consultations remain higher than they were before the pandemic, with 42% of consultations conducted by phone or video link. Professor Martin Marshall , chair of the Royal College of GPs, said: “The criticism that has been directed towards GPs and our teams in some parts of the media and by some politicians in recent weeks has been some of the worst in memory. It’s incredibly demoralising and unfair when you’re working hard, trying to do your best for patients in as safe a way as possible, to consistently be told you’re not Sajid Javid has said he wants to cut the admin workload of GPs. doing enough. “It’s having a dangerous impact on the mental health and wellbeing of GPs and our teams, but also our relationship with our patients, with numerous reports of practice staff being on the receiving end of abuse from frustrated patients. “Our primary fear is that this unfair scrutiny, on top of existing pressures, will be the final straw for many GPs and other practice team members, causing them to leave the profession before their time.” He called on the government to demonstrate support for GPs and admin staff and urgently make good on a pre-pandemic commitment to recruit 6,000 GPs and 26,000 staff . Javid was challenged on Radio 4’s Today programme yesterday about his support for newspaper campaigns after Dr Rachel Warrington, a GP in Bristol, said he had not supported GPs and had “no understanding” of what was happening in surgeries. The health secretary said he wanted to work in partnership with GPs and reduce their administrative workload, but did not accept that some face-toface appointments were unnecessary. Javid admitted that face-to-face appointments at pre-pandemic levels were undeliverable at the present time. “At the moment, we are in discussions with GP leaders… and they’ve brought up some, I think, excellent ideas and points about what more can be done.” Angelika Slon , who manages a practice in south London, said she was seeing a large number of staff absences as a direct outcome of abuse and the rapidly increasing workload. “There are a lot of lovely patients,” she said. “But the amount of rudeness has skyrocketed. We are understaffed – I recruited two new receptionists over the summer. “One left within a couple of days and the other left after a week and a half, because they couldn’t cope with the pressure.” Existing staff are also leaving, she said. At the beginning of the pandemic, patients were supportive, Slon said, but as vaccination levels have increased and restrictions have relaxed, some patients have reacted badly to being told that the practice is continuing to maintain NHS infection-control measures, including wearing masks. Among other problems were the recent shortage of blood test vials and the delay of a delivery of flu vaccines. In the worst cases, practices write to abusive patients to warn them they may be removed from their list. Receptionists often bear the brunt of bad behaviour, but GPs are also affected. GPs who contacted the Observer anonymously spoke of the strain on their mental health. One ‘Every day I leave work feeling broken. Patients are hostile to the point that I am close to tears’ Anonymous GP Almost 25% of callers to NHS 111 give up after being left on hold Healthcare Chaminda Jayanetti Nearly one in four callers to the NHS’s advice line for urgent health needs are giving up while trying to get through, with people kept on hold for nearly 25 minutes in north-east England, the Observer can reveal. NHS 111 is a free, round-the-clock phone line for people who have an urgent healthcare need that is not a life-threatening situation. The service is meant to connect callers with clinicians and trained advisers who can then recommend further action or refer callers on to local NHS services. NHS performance targets state that callers should not be held in a queue for more than 20 seconds on average. But in July, calls in England were answered after an average of 466 seconds – nearly eight minutes. This figure has more than quadrupled since April, when it was 100 seconds. Overall, 24 % of callers to NHS 111 in England hung up while waiting for their call to be answered – known as “abandoned” calls – in July, up from 8% in April. The NHS target is 3%. “These figures show that yet another part of our urgent care system is falling further away from being able to deliver its commitments,” said Sarah Scobie of health thinktank the Nuffield Trust. “With Covid-19 still infecting thousands even as normal activity picks back up, this has been a very difficult year after a long period of building pressure. General practice and A&E are also both under great strain despite the hard work of staff, leaving patients struggling to access care wherever they turn. “Even now cases are flatlining rather than falling, and our worry is that if winter sees the usual increase in other serious illnesses, things could become still more difficult for NHS 111 and for people who need help.” Provisional figures for August show a slight improvement in performance but are still badly missing targets, with 20% of calls abandoned and calls answered after seven minutes on average. The picture varies heavily by region. In July, calls in London were answered after three minutes on average, with a 15% abandonment rate. This compares to average waits of nearly 25 minutes in the north-east of England, with half of callers giving up. Rachel Harrison, national officer with the GMB trade union, said: “There are huge issues and a staffing crisis right across health and the emergency services. “Covid-19 impacts and backlogs

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:15 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:27 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 03.10.21 15 This is appropriate dummy text that is being employed in order to ascertain an approximate Vaccine programme has stalled, scientists warn as cases stay high The vaccination programme continues at a pop-up centre in east London yesterday. PA said that he was working out his notice period. “I used to love being a GP,” he said. “But I’m so burnt out. I feel useless, scarred for life.” A salaried GP who qualified in 2019 said: “Every day I leave work feeling broken and completely shattered. I am not really there for my family. The worst part is where patients are aggressive and hostile to the point I am close to tears, feeling like my attempts to help people and do my job are completely unappreciated.” Dr Richard Fieldhouse , the chairman of the National Association of Sessional GPs, said there was some evidence that GPs were opting out of permanent roles altogether. “We’re getting double the numbers starting to use our system,” Fieldhouse said. on patient care have resulted in increased demand. Overstretched primary care services are struggling to meet demand, which in turn results in people dialling 111 instead of waiting for GP appointments. “Staffing levels are at crisis point as a result of staff exhaustion and burnout, Covid sickness and the impact of low pay on workers. “This also directly affects our ambulance services, as when people can’t get through to 111, they turn to 999 – which in turn increases demands and pressures on our already overstretched ambulance services.” An NHS spokesperson said: “NHS 111 call handlers and clinicians are This is appropriate dummy text that is being employed in order to ascertain an approximate This is appropriate dummy text that is being employed in order to ascertain an approximate “We have about 6,000 members, so about 30% of locums across the country. It’s so demoralising at the moment.” The Department of Health and Social Care said record numbers of people were training to become GPs, with up to 4,000 new starters this year. “This government has zero-tolerance for abuse or violence directed at NHS staff,” said a spokesman. “Everyone has the right to work free from fear of assault or abuse in a safe and secure environment. “We are taking action to protect staff through the NHS violence reduction programme and will support the NHS, police and the Crown Prosecution Service to bring offenders to justice.” working extremely hard to meet increased demand, with call handlers seeing a 44% increase in calls during July, compared with the same month in 2019. “The NHS has invested an extra £23 million into NHS 111 to help meet the increased demand and the public can also play their part by using 111 online for urgent advice, calling 999 in life-threatening cases, or seeing their local pharmacists for advice for minor illnesses.” The spokesperson urged people to continue to contact NHS services if they have health concerns or require treatment, regardless of service pressures. Inoculations Robin McKie Science Editor We should give jabs to ‘as many people as possible’ before the onset of winter Latest UK Covid-19 data Confirmed new daily cases Thousands Seven-day rolling average Source: 60 40 20 0 In hospital with Covid-19 Thousands 40 Seven-day rolling average Britain is heading into winter with the number of Covid cases remaining at a worryingly high level. At the same time, the nation’s vaccination programme appears to have stalled. That is the bleak view of leading epidemiologists who have warned that the worst effects of the pandemic may not yet be over for the UK. As the weather gets colder, more and more people are likely to socialise in restaurants, bars and cinemas rather than in parks or gardens with the result that transmission rates of Covid-19 are likely to rise. At the same time, employees are being encouraged to return to their workplaces, which will also drive up infections. At present, new Covid cases are being reported at a rate of about 35,000 a day – though Britain’s vaccination programme has kept hospitalisations to below the 7,000 level with fewer than 200 deaths occurring every day. These figures have remained fairly stable for the past few weeks. Crucially, the majority of those in hospital with severe Covid are unvaccinated. It is therefore very important to continue to give jabs to as many people as possible, said Professor Mark Woolhouse of Edinburgh University . “We need to finish the job and give the maximum number of jabs . Unfortunately, our vaccination programme has stalled and rates are regularly dropping below 100,000 doses a day – that’s lower than many other countries, including many in Europe. I fear we are now storing up trouble for the future.” This point was backed by Professor Martin Hibberd, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine . “In winter, cases of respiratory disease go up and we need to have as many vaccinations as possible to keep that increase from becoming a real problem. However, there ha s been no sign of vaccination programmes beginning at schools and that is surely a missed opportunity. We need to vaccinate as many pupils as possible before November, but not much appears to be happening. That is definitely something to worry about.” The importance of maintaining high vaccination rates was highlighted yesterday by figures released by NHS North East London . “In July and August in north-east London we had more than 200 people in intensive care with Covid, and over 90% of those were not fully vaccinated, so the more people we can get vaccinated and fully vaccinated the better,” said a spokes person. Woolhouse added that people were still limiting the number of contacts they ha d with other s. “These contacts are roughly two-thirds of what they were before the pandemic began and that is helping to keep down viral transmission rates. However, as we return more and more to normality, those contacts will return to higher levels and that will create more opportunities for the virus to be transmitted. “It is unlikely some of the worst predictions that were made over summer about the course of the pandemic over autumn and winter are going to happen. So there are some grounds for optimism. However, I would certainly be much more comfortable if we could get case numbers to start going down in the near future.” In addition, there is the danger that a new strain of the Covid-19 virus could emerge in the coming months, one that is even more transmissible or more able to avoid protection provided by vaccines. “It is a real prospect,” said Hibberd. “On the other hand, I have been predicting a strain worse than the Delta variant for a while but it hasn’t happened. Hopefully this means the Covid-19 virus may be constructed in such a way it cannot change much more than it has done so far. Nevertheless it is clear we need to be aware that a serious new variant could appear, and keep a close watch in order to pinpoint its appearance as soon as possible.” Deaths per day F A J A O D F A J A O A J A O D F A J A O A J A O D F A J A O 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 30 20 10 Seven-day rolling average 1,500 1,000 500 0 0

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:16 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 1/10/2021 16:53 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:17 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:48 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 03.10.21 17 Two princesses, a royal dressmaker and a row about a wedding gown Norman Hartnell’s private notes detailing doubts over Margaret’s nuptials are up for sale Vanessa Thorpe Arts and Media Correspondent Drawings and legal documents that once belonged to the Queen’s former dressmaker Sir Norman Hartnell have revealed details of a row that rocked the House of Windsor and his own illustrious fashion house 60 years ago. A rediscovered bundle of private papers and scrapbooks, to be auctioned next month, also includes previously unseen designs by Hartnell created for Princess Anne . “The colours are amazing and very evocative of the era,” said vintage fashion specialist Susan Orringe . Hartnell, who died in 1979 , hit the headlines in 1960 when news broke of an alleged company decision to take out cancellation insurance on the upcoming wedding of Princess Margaret, the Queen’s younger sister, to Antony Armstrong-Jones . True or untrue, it was a damaging allegation and private legal letters flew. Hartnell had designed the wedding dress, as he had the Queen’s wedding dress in 1947 and her coronation gown in 1953 . Margaret’s wedding dress was his last commission for a full state occasion . A week before the royal wedding in early May 1960 the Daily Express ran an article claiming Hartnell’s company had taken out a £10,000 insurance policy against cancellation of the wedding. The story caused a scandal and put Hartnell’s coveted royal warrant in jeopardy. Among papers to be sold next month by Ewbank’s auction house are Hartnell’s personal denial of the claim and an explanation of his previous dealings with the journalist concerned, Peter Baker, in February 1960. “This would have been an extremely shocking claim at the time,” said auctioneer Andrew Ewbank. “To make such a claim about any royal wedding would have caused huge distress and embarrassment, but after the scandal and fallout of the Townsend affair that had kept Princess Margaret in the headlines for Drawings and a scrapbook by Norman Hartnell are to be auctioned. Courtesy of Ewbank’s auctions Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones on their wedding day in 1960. Bettmann Archive much of the early to mid-1950s, this would have been seen as a particularly vicious attack and one that would undoubtedly have put Hartnell’s business and royal warrants at risk.” Another document from George Mitchison, the general manager of Hartnell’s firm, claims that Baker had “hounded” him at his office regarding the claim. In fact, the letters of proof given as evidence by Mitchison reveal the company had indeed asked for a quotation for insurance. However, this was argued to be “in accordance with the usual practice obtaining on such occasions”, rather than because of any doubts over the princess. The drawings and papers have been in private hands since a subsequent owner of the company gave them as a gift. Many of the 35 watercolour drawings are of classic 1960s and 70s designs made for Princess Anne. One of two original 1970s illustrations marked “HRH Princess Anne” is an embellished evening dress in turquoise and white, while the other is an A-line dress in lemon with a matching coat. Other Hartnell designs are currently on display in Kensington Palace as part of the exhibition Royal Style in the Making . It was this show that prompted the owners to consider putting the bundle up for sale. Other designs include smart daywear and costumes for race meetings and formal evenings. “These were the inspirational creations of one of the leading lights of fashion design at the time and it is easy to see why they captured the imagination of society women,” said Orringe. “ I expect them to create quite a stir.” Hartnell, whose parents owned a London pub, came to fashion after making costumes for the Cambridge Footlights while an undergraduate. He first gained a royal warrant as dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in 1940 and became dressmaker to the Queen in 1957 . ON OTHER PAGES Why those swinging 60s will never go out of fashion Focus, page 40 Upgrade. Sooner f¯ÊüüèÑà¯ÑÉÑüÊàäëÑûÊ믲àò¨äëĂà ÑààÑüƳġĤÀëÑƳĠÉü²ë¯ÃÑüàëääëàë²Ê©¨àÑÉĢŮĨĤǐ kÊà²ûÃèÃā²²Ã²ëèÑà¯ÑɲÉÝàÑûÉÊëÝàѽëä kÝ©àĂÑðà¯ÑÉÑàü¯ëûàĂÑð¯ÑÑäƎäÑÑÊà &ëßðÑëëÑĂ }Ñðà¯ÑÉÉĂàÝÑäää䲨ĂÑðÑÊƤëÀÝðÝàÝĂÉÊëä

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:18 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:09 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 18 03.10.21 News Did RAF’s intelligence base play a role in US drone strike on Iranian general? Research finds it ‘was probable’ that Menwith Hill was used to assist in assassination Dan Sabbagh Menwith Hill have played a key role in operations to ‘eliminate’ people in Yemen, as part of a drone bombing campaign that has resulted in dozens of civilian deaths ,” Pace added. The US says its drone strikes in Yemen are legal, citing the Authorisation of Military Force Act passed in 2001 . But no similar law exists in the UK and MPs have only voted for military action against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq . Pace concludes it was likely that Menwith Hill had a role to play in the killing of S uleimani in January 2020 . British ministers have refused to comment on whether the Yorkshire base did have a role in the drone strike . But Pace argued that such secrecy • Campaigners have called on ministers to explain whether the secretive Menwith Hill intelligence base in Yorkshire is involved in drone strike assassinations, after the publication of a report that raises questions about UK involvement in US attacks. The research concludes it “was probable” that Iranian general Qassem S uleimani was killed in January last year using information obtained from the British site, essentially an outpost of the US National Security Agency (NSA). It also raises questions about whether British personnel are involved in assisting US drone strikes – in particular in Yemen, Pakistan and Somalia, all conflict zones where the UK is not formally at war. Barnaby Pace , an investigative journalist, complains in the report that the US and UK forces at Menwith Hill “operate beyond public scrutiny and accountability” – and that, unless there were change, “Orwellian surveillance systems and extrajudicial The distinctive domes of RAF Menwith Hill near Harrogate, north Yorkshire. Alamy executions exposed in recent years will likely continue”. The report, presented at a special meeting of the Menwith Hill Accountability Campaign, demands “any US military activity or US security agency activity carried out at Menwith Hill be carried out in such a way as to make those responsible fully accountable to the UK”. Menwith Hill is eight miles west of Harrogate on the fringes of the Yorkshire Dales, known for its distinctive large white golf ball domes housing radar equipment. Although nominally an RAF base, it is in fact the largest known overseas site of the NSA, with 600 US personnel and 500 British civilians on site. Leaked documents from the Snowden files have shown that Menwith Hill is part of an eavesdropping network, able to collect data from hundreds of millions of emails and phone calls daily . Information obtained can be used in “capture-kill” operations, including the tracking of Taliban targets in Afghanistan in 2011 – leading to “approximately 30 enemy killed” – and again in 2012, according to previously published analysis of the Snowden files summarised by Pace. “Intelligence programmes at The assassination of Qassem Suleimani threatened wider conflict in the region. raises serious questions. “The involvement of the UK and Menwith Hill in an assassination that threatened to spark a war should be of great concern. The UK government’s failure to assure the public that the base was not involved raises deep questions about the accountability for actions at the base,” he wrote. A Ministry of Defence spokesman said: “RAF Menwith Hill is part of a worldwide US defence communications network, with the base supporting a variety of communications activity. For operational security reasons and as a matter of policy, neither the MoD nor the [US] Department of Defense publicly discuss specifics concerning military operations or classified communications .” SALE £179 99 Orig. £299.99 | Save £120 Can’t Hear Voices On TV? New AccuVoice ® AV157 Speaker uses patented hearing aid technology to create 12 levels of dialogue clarity. Flat-screen TVs use tiny speakers with tinny sound. So many people have to use closed-captioning to watch a movie or sporting event. Our patented hearing aid technology lifts voices out of the soundtrack and clarifies them. The result is remarkable. Choose from 12 levels of voice boost – in case you need extra clarity. Only 43 cm wide, the AV157 fits anywhere. Hookup is simple – one connecting cord. Find out why our original AccuVoice Speaker has over 450 4.5-Star reviews on “This TV soundbar makes muffled dialogue crystal clear.” Jonathan Margolis, Financial Times Great Sound. Made Simple. Free Shipping | ® ZVOX & AccuVoice are registered trademarks of ZVOX Audio. ORDER THE AV157 AT AMAZON.CO.UK Energy firm under fire for 80% monthly bill rise Rupert Jones Energy company Bulb has come under fire from its customers who say it is using them like a bank. It is forcing them to pay higher bills even when many of them are hundreds of pounds in credit to the supplier. The bumper increases – by as much as 80% – could be an indicator of what is in store for customers of other suppliers grappling with record gas market prices following a week in which three more firms went to the wall . Igloo Energy, Symbio Energy and Enstroga all went bust last week. Bulb, which has 1.7 million customers, has recently been at the centre of takeover speculation and customers have flooded Twitter to complain about the monthly price increases and to ask whether this is happening because the firm is having money “problems”. Bulb dismissed any suggestions that it was trying to prop up its finances and said it was standard practice for an energy company to review what people paid and make sure their accounts were healthy as winter approached. Bulb announced in August that its gas and electricity prices would be going up on 1 October broadly in line with the regulator’s price cap, which rose by 12% for dual fuel . Bulb said then that a typical customer would pay £2.90 a week more. Separately, it has carried out a pay review for many customers which has resulted in people receiving emails this week. Among them was Karen Constable, a single parent with a four-year-old and a six-year-old, who was shocked to be told that Bulb wants to increase her monthly payment from £104.84 to £187.58 – a 79% hike. Constable, who lives in Glasgow and works part-time, said her account was £317 in credit and her last bill was £70. She said she had “never even had a monthly bill as much as my usual agreed monthly payment of £105”. Many other customers are facing increases of 30% to 40% . Jamie Irvine, who lives in Liverpool, said Bulb wanted to put his direct ON OTHER PAGES Crisis, what crisis? Sunak may face winter of discontent Business, page 51 debit up from £192 to £256.81 a month – an increase of £64.81 . Irvine said his bills came in at roughly £125 a month, adding that though he currently paid £192, some of that went on to his account as credit. He said he had cancelled his direct debit – instead he will pay the bill on the app when it comes in every month – “and I’ll be investing in warmer clothes and blankets ”. Unlike some rivals, Bulb does not offer lots of different deals – it has one tariff, which is variable, and customers pay a flat amount each month. Bulb has proved popular with many because of its claim to supply every customer with 100% renewable electricity and 100% carbon neutral gas – but this does not offer protection from rising fossil fuel costs. The Observer passed details of some of the price increases to Bulb, which confirmed they were correct. Asked about the rises, a spokesperson said: “Every year as we head into winter, we contact our members to give them an update on their account and make sure it’s healthy, as people tend to use more energy during the colder months. We’re doing that as usual this year, and will work with our members to make sure their payments are right for them.” Octopus Energy has been named in reports as one of the suppliers that could consider bidding for Bulb, which made a £63m loss in the year to 31 March 2020.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:19 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 03.10.21 19 ‘I would have preferred support from a midwife but I didn’t feel safe with them. They didn’t listen’ Shivalee Patel Shivalee Patel, and her twomonth-old baby, Ahryan, in Ruislip on Friday. Sophia Evans/the Observer Fear on the maternity ward: threat of social services if you refuse care New mothers say they are being coerced by the NHS into accepting medical intervention that they don’t want. By Hannah Summers Pregnant women and new mothers are being referred to social services by midwives for refusing to follow their advice, patient advocacy groups have warned. Expectant parents who have declined care, including opting out of scans, refusing inductions or failing to attend antenatal appointments, are among those who have faced threats from healthcare professionals amounting to coercion, according to the Association for Improvements in the Maternity Services (Aims) . “Since the pandemic, our helpline has seen an increase in those threatened with or referred to social services for declining some form of medical care during their pregnancy, even though opting out of inductions, tests or scans are perfectly legal and valid choices,” said Maddie McMahon, a helpline volunteer. While the problem is long-standing, calls to Aims have increased since the Covid-19 crisis, with 5% of inquiries between April 2020 and March 2021 relating to concerns about a referral, either actual or threatened. Aims coordinator Nadia Higson said: “ Often the threat of a referral is used to coerce someone into accepting unwanted care.” She added that since the start of the pandemic there had been an increase in the number of cases where threats had been made to those opting for a freebirth – giving birth without medical staff present through choice – after home services were withdrawn in some areas – rather than agreeing to what they saw as the riskier option of having their baby in a Covid-infected hospital. The charity Birthrights says it has also seen the number of reports about social service referrals more than double in the last financial year. Rachel Ree, from Manchester, gave birth at home on 23 December with no complications. But on Christmas Day she received a call saying blood samples taken from the umbilical cord for routine checks had been incorrectly labelled and destroyed, meaning she would have to take her baby into hospital that day for a blood test. “I told them I would not be taking my newborn into hospital during a pandemic for something that was of no benefit to her – but they said if I refused they would ‘get another agency involved’,” she said. “They even said the police would come and take the baby to hospital.” Heather Spain wrote an open letter to midwives, claiming she was “held captive” on a postnatal ward in Wales ‘I knew they had no right to keep me there but I was shocked to find myself feeling so powerless’ Heather Spain, above after the birth of her son in February. She had been asked to stay in hospital for a repeat blood test instead of taking her baby home and returning later for the test. The 34-yearold said: “Waiting for the test would have meant another night on the hot, noisy ward, where I was completely exhausted and struggling to sleep and care for my baby without the support of my partner, who was unable to visit because of Covid-19 restrictions.” Yet when she tried to leave, staff refused to unlock doors, called security and threatened to call the police, she alleged. She wrote: “There is not a day that goes by when I don’t wonder…[why] you held me and my then four-day-old newborn captive on the maternity ward, when you initiated the child abduction protocol, resulting in three male security officers physically blocking my path.” After negotiating with the ward manager, she finally managed to leave but was warned staff would be obliged to report her to social services. “Had I not been alone, I don’t think I would have been treated in that way,” said Spain. “I feel women have been left increasingly vulnerable to such threats during the pandemic because they haven’t had their birth partners around to support them. “I knew they had no legal right to keep me there but I was shocked to find myself feeling so powerless.” Spain, who is a diplomat and read extensively around the subject of childbirth after learning she was pregnant, said she felt haunted at the thought of women less able to advocate for themselves. Shivalee Patel, from west London, had a freebirth after feeling that trust had broken down between her and community midwives. She was reported to children’s social services at 36 weeks pregnant because those assigned to her home birth disagreed with how she intended to manage her labour. “I ended up doing it on my own with my partner, a friend and a birth coach,” she said. “I would have preferred support from a midwife as well but I didn’t feel safe with them because they didn’t listen.” Maria Booker , programmes director at Birthrights, said: “Referrals to social services are for concerns about how a baby will be cared for after it is born. They are not a tool for coercing women and birthing people into making different birth choices.” Leah Hazard , a Scotland-based midwife and the author of Hard Pushed: A Midwife’s Story, said that it was important not to vilify midwives. She said: “It’s never OK to threaten women with social services over a difference of opinion. But I think part of the problem is a wider culture of defensive practice, and possibly, for some people, that might push them to make decisions that are not in line with their professional obligations.” The Royal College of Midwives (RCM) highlighted the midwife’s role in empowering women to make informed choices during pregnancy and birth. It said the ability of midwives to communicate implications for a particular choice was based on developing trust. But it added: “Serious shortages of midwifes are impacting this ability, with little or no time to develop these important relationships. This is a huge concern for the RCM… The reality is pressures on time and resources means communication is sometimes not as clear as it should be and sadly, some women feel their wishes have been ignored.” The RCM has published guidance for midwives, including on how to support those opting for an unassisted birth. NHS England said it was up to individual trusts to enact their own safeguarding protocols.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:20 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 2/10/2021 12:50 cYanmaGentaYellowb The Observer 20 03.10.21 News Donny Johnson’s prison art was created using the dye in M&Ms. Courtesy of Donny Johnson Food dye as paint, hair as a brush: how a lifer found an escape in art • A London exhibition of works created in prison by murderer Donny Johnson coincides with a new film about him. By Duncan Campbell His paintbrush is made from his own hair. His paints are the coloured pigments from M&M sweets. His canvas is the back of a used greetings card and his studio is a cell that measures seven feet by 11 feet. This is the world of Donny Johnson, sentenced to life in California in 1980 for a murder committed during an argument over drugs when he was a teenager . If you were to pitch his story as a film, you might suggest it was the Birdman of Alcatraz meets A Sense of Freedom but there is no need for such a pitch as a film, Painted With My Hair, has been made and will premiere later this month to coincide with an exhibition of his paintings in London at the Riverside Studios. Donny Johnson was five when his violent ex-con father subjected his mother, Helen Grimes, to a savage night-long beating . “He was a carefree little child until then,” recalled Grimes on a visit to London to see the film . “But after this happened he got hostile, he would break things. The beating was something that went on for nine or 10 hours – we had neighbours on both sides but nobody called the police. I got away at six in the morning and called the police but when they came he [her ex-husband] was gone.” It was another five years before she discovered that Donny had heard the entire beating and still felt guilty that he had been unable to stop it. The damaged little boy became a drug-using , wilful teenager. This led to a confrontation over the sale of the drug PCP, in which he and two other young men were involved in a murder in San Jose , California. The police wanted to know which of them carried out the killing and the trio decided that they would toss coins and whoever lost would confess. “They flipped a coin and Donny lost,” said Grimes, a retired nurse from Castro Valley, near San Francisco. “They agreed that whoever gets the bad flip they would take care of – and of course they didn’t.” After being sentenced to 15 years, his situation worsened in 1989 when he got involved in a prison fight with a member of the far-right Aryan Brotherhood (AB). During the confrontation, a prison guard opened fire and the AB gang member was badly injured . “They [the AB] told him ‘you have to pay for this, you’ve got to do a guard’,” said Grimes. She claims that they then told her son they would kill his family if he refused and gave him a blade . Johnson duly badly wounded a guard . The other guards retaliated, beating him into a coma, she said. “The priest called me and said if you want to see your son alive, you should come now. When I got there, they said he’d been in a scuffle.” At his trial, he pleaded guilty to assault and was sentenced to a further 18 years. Solitary confinement in the notorious Pelican Bay prison in northern California followed. It is based on the “ panoptican ” design of Jeremy Bentham , the 18th-century philosopher, whom Johnson describes, in a laconic letter from jail, as “that old Utilitarian”. The design means that prisoners can always be observed from every angle. There was no physical contact with other people, apart

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:21 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 12:50 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 03.10.21 21 from strip searches by guards, for the next two decades. Visits from his mother were conducted behind bullet-proof glass. Then, in 2002, a New York psychotherapist and writer, Steve Kurtz , saw Johnson’s profile on a list of inmates seeking pen friends, contacted him and encouraged him to paint. Access to art materials was prohibited but Johnson had seen a fellow prisoner use M&Ms to colour a greetings card and another prisoner had once asked him for a piece of his ponytail to make a paint brush. He borrowed those ideas, giving his paintings extra texture with apple and sesame seeds and egg shells. “I paint in the blood of the prison-industrial complex,” he writes in one letter. “I dig the look of Jackson Pollock and Miro – Miro is so playful and full of life … I love Van Gogh and relate to his outsider status … I can feel his exile in my garret, his asylum in my cell.” One of Kurtz’s friends is the English film-maker, Mike Dibb , who made the celebrated Ways of Seeing with John Berger in the 1970s and Prisoner Donny Johnson with his mother Helen Grimes and British film-maker Mike Dibb. has since made countless television documentaries, most recently a film on Parkinson’s disease, Playing Against Time , with the jazz musicians Barbara Thompson and Jon Hiseman . Dibb was fascinated by Johnson’s story and made contact. The prisoner wrote back: “ When you’re buried alive you dig for your life. Digging where you delve in solitary confinement, into the unconscious, I found a pool of mythic images and painted them with my own DNA, ie a brush fashioned out of my own hair.” He and Dibb have since met in prison and keep in regular touch. In the film, Johnson’s words are voiced by actor Stanley Tucci. “Donny’s ordeal is an inspiring example of one man’s astonishing resilience and personal transformation, achieved in defiance of a gratuitously cruel prison system ,” says Dibb. Will he ever be released? He is now in the High Desert prison in Susanville , California and his next parole hearing is in December. In the meantime, he paints and writes and writes and paints and digs for his life.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:22 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:22 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 22 03.10.21 News • News in brief CRIME Man held after hammer attacks BUSINESS Morrisons supermarkets sold to US private equity firm for £7bn A 38-year-old man has been arrested after attacking four people with a hammer in central London on Friday night. Metropolitan police said two women had been assaulted on Regent Street, followed by a woman and a man at a pub in Glasshouse Street . All were taken to hospital and none are in a lifethreatening condition. PA The British pavilion designed by Es Devlin at Dubai’s Expo 2020, which opened last week. Giuseppe Cacace/AFP The US private equity firm Clayton, Dubilier & Rice (CD&R) is set to become the new owner of Morrisons after tabling a £7bn bid in a tense auction for the supermarket chain. CD&R had already won the support of the Morrisons board, having promised that the firm’s head office would remain in Bradford and that there were no plans to sell off its stores to raise cash. The firm also said it backed Morrisons’ recent pay award of at least £10 an hour for all staff in stores and manufacturing sites. Morrisons employs about 120,000 staff at 497 supermarkets, as well as at factories, farms and a company-owned fishing trawler. Kalyeena Makortoff Unpaid carers ‘will pay heaviest price for benefit cuts’ Chaminda Jayanetti More than 300,000 unpaid carers of disabled people face a £1,000 annual benefit cut from next month due to the withdrawal of the universal credit uplift, as pressure grows on the government over the cost of living crisis. Despite rising food and fuel prices, chancellor Rishi Sunak has resisted pressure to abandon or delay the end of the £20 weekly increase in universal credit payments on 6 October . The Resolution Foundation thinktank recently described it as the biggest ever overnight cut in benefits by a British government. Last month work and pensions secretary Thérèse Coffey defended the cuts , saying people would only need to work an extra two hours a week to make up the £20 shortfall – leading to accusations that she had got her figures wrong. But the rules governing carers’ benefits make it hard to take on paid work. To receive the universal credit “carer element”, someone has to spend at least 35 hours a week looking after a severely disabled person. The most recent figures from the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) show that in May this year, 338,882 households were in receipt of this part of the benefit . Sarah Spoor lives in a one-bedroom flat in west London with her two disabled sons in their early 20s, both of whom have a condition that means their bodies do not produce certain hormones. As a result she has to care for them throughout the day, grabbing brief spells of sleep when she can. “My sons will appear normal but they become unwell very quickly, so I’m having to monitor their blood sugars 24/7,” she said. All three are on universal credit. As a result, they face a combined £3,000 annual benefit cut next month – just as her fuel bill has risen from £90 to £140 a month. She laughed at Coffey’s suggestion she could mitigate the cut through paid work. “I don’t have the opportunity to earn any money at the moment. And my sons don’t have the opportunity to earn any money. And so it’s insulting, and just outrageous that she’s not understood that not everyone can earn extra money.” Labour’s shadow work and pensions secretary, Jonathan Reynolds , said: “This cut will be an absolute catastrophe for struggling families who are already up against it, including unpaid carers, who face Conservative tax hikes and spiralling price rises this winter. “The government’s assertion that people can simply work more hours to make up for their cut doesn’t stack up for those already working full time or with caring responsibilities. ” Emily Holzhausen , of Carers UK, said: “Unpaid carers have made huge sacrifices during the pandemic to pro- Sarah Spoor and her sons will lose around £3,000 in the universal credit cut. tect older, disabled and seriously ill people in our society. Eighty-one percent took on more hours of care, with many struggling to meet the higher costs of caring and manage with the lack of support services available to help them stay in work. For many they have had no choice but to turn to food banks and get into debt to manage. “The £20 uplift has been a lifeline to those carers and it is vital that the government keeps it in place. Without targeted financial support many carers are continuing to face hardship and suffering as they remain caring around the clock for loved ones.” The DWP said: “We recognise and appreciate the valuable role of unpaid carers . Since 2010 the rate of carer’s allowance has increased from £53.90 to £67.60 a week . Those receiving carer’s allowance may also be able to apply for a range of other support. “The uplift to universal credit was always temporary. It was designed to help claimants through the economic shock of the pandemic, and it has done so. ”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:23 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 03.10.21 23 Heatwaves, sewage, pesticides … why our rivers urgently need a ‘new deal’ to avert crisis LEFT The River Chess, a chalk stream, began to dry out at the beginning of the 1990s. Alamy ABOVE Otters are one species whose habitat has been affected by water abstraction. Alamy Water industry group calls for laws to protect waterways from climate change and the toll of modern life Robin McKie Science Editor England’s rivers are facing a crisis from climate change, agricultural pollution and a lack of effective planning controls. That is the key warning of Water UK, the industry group that represents the nation’s water suppliers. In a report to be published this week, the authority will call for the government to set up a national rivers plan and enact a rivers act to ensure the health of the country’s waterways. “We are calling for a new deal for rivers in England,” it states. The report – 21st Century Rivers: Ten Actions for Change – says that despite billions of pounds being spent on improving water quality over the past 30 years, only 14% of England’s rivers are rated as being in a good condition , a figure that has remained unchanged since 2009. Yet the government is aiming to get 75% of all rivers to this standard by 2027. If ministers want to achieve this goal, a radical transformation in dealing with rivers will have to be implemented, said Christine McGourty, chief executive of Water UK. “Rivers have been in a state of crisis for much of the last hundred years, and though there’s been huge progress in the last few decades, there’s much more to do. “So we’re asking government to bring forward legislation in a new rivers act that will provide greater protection for them in law.” Rivers encapsulate the peacefulness and beauty of the English countryside – from the grandeur of the Thames to the tranquil graces of rivers such as the Wye and the Stour. However, modern life has taken its toll on these waterways. Since 1985, there has been a 70% increase in household water use in England as more and more homes have been fitted with showers, dishwashers and washing machines. As a result, water abstraction rates have soared across the country, leading to the drying out of rivers and streams. Global heating is triggering more and more heatwaves, which are worsening the crisis. In addition, pesticide, nutrient and waste run-offs from farms are causing blooms of algae to spread down rivers while sewage discharges are still causing headaches. An example of the problems facing England’s rivers is provided by the Chess at Chesham in Buckinghamshire. It is a chalk stream , one of the planet’s rarest habitats, with 85% of them occurring in England. Flag iris and water crowfoot thrive on their banks, while otters, kingfishers and water voles make their homes there. Or at least they used to. Beginning in the 1990s, the Chess began to dry out, sometimes for several years in a row, as abstraction rates soared and heatwaves persisted. For their part, water companies say they have invested more than £30bn on environmental improvements across the country and these have reduced serious pollution incidents and helped the recovery of habitats and species. An example is provided by Affinity Water, which used to take about 6m litres of water a day from the River Chess around Chesham. However, it has recently halted this abstraction with the specific aim of restoring the Chess to its former glory. Moves such as this are a step in the right direction, states the Water UK report. “However, the truth, though, is that this is not enough,” it adds. A key problem is that water company activities are controlled by the Water Industry Act of 1991 but its provisions for dealing with environmental problems such as the discharge of sewage are outdated. “They focus on protecting public health rather than the environment,” the report states. “A lack of legal efficiency standards mean we needlessly waste water by using appliances Since 1985 there has been a 70% rise in household water use with more showers, dishwashers and washing machines such as dishwashers or washing machines while non-degradable ‘flushable’ wet wipes cause overflow triggering fatbergs.” What is needed, it says, is a rivers act, which would involve introducing a series of measures for protecting England’s waterways. These measures would include: Setting minimum standards to limit water use by washing machines and dish washers. Toughening regulations over the use of chemicals such as pesticides, which are often chosen without assessing their impact on marine life. Halting bodies such as highway agencies from discharging untreated waste into rivers. Making the manufacturers of wet wipes, sanitary products and other frequently flushed items pay for cleaning up blockages and pollution triggered by their products. In addition, the report points out that 41% of UK wildlife is in decline , with 15% threatened with extinction. “The water environment is central to much of that biodiversity but most funding is heavily focus ed on water quality rather than habitat protection and restoration.” To get round this problem, the report says, measures are needed to encourage water companies, landowners and local communities to work together to get round these problems. “The risk is that billions of pounds of investment is otherwise narrowly targeted at removing nutrients from the ends of pipes, while causing other kinds of environmental harm and ignoring goals like habitat and species restoration.” Water UK also urges getting the government, local authorities and industry to cooperate on establishing a bathing rivers network across the country. Last year a stretch of the River Wharfe in Ilkley, West Yorkshire, was designated England’s first inland bathing water . “It is an innovation that should be repeated across the nation,” states the report.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:24 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 World • Tensions rise at Kosovo border as number plate row escalates Behind a seemingly minor dispute, the long unresolved enmity with Serbia simmers. Jack Butcher and Daniel Boffey report At an abandoned petrol station, half a mile from Kosovo’s Jarinje border checkpoint with Serbia, a giant Serbian flag had been laid out on the roof. In the former forecourt, a group of young people sat on upturned beer crates, sharing bottles of water and homemade rakija in small plastic cups. “This is our squad, our special forces,” one joked, as four tall, muscular men walked over to join them. The mountain road next to them, flanked on either side by groups of protesters around tents and smouldering campfires, had been well and truly blocked by the men’s heavily laden trucks. A minor protest, at first glance, made no less exotic by the fact that it was the result of a new motoring regulation. The blockade was being conducted by Serbs angered that vehicles carrying Serbian number plates and entering Kosovo – which declared independence from Serbia in 2008 following the bloody 1998-99 civil war – were being told they had to replace them with temporary “RKS” Republic of Kosovo plates or turn round. Yet for all that the scenes near the village of Jarinje may seem arcane to the wider world, this, for 12 days, has been the frontline of a tense standoff between Serbia and Kosovo over identity and sovereignty that offers a reminder to the wider world of the dangerous potential in this region’s unresolved tensions. The blockade at the two border crossing by Serbs in Kosovo had led to the Kosovan government sending in their police special forces to keep the borders open. That was seen in Belgrade as provocation enough for the deployment of MiG fighter jets and tanks in scenes that sufficiently echoed the past for international leaders to feel a need to call for calm. Kosovo’s police reported last weekend that one municipal building involved in issuing vehicle registrations had been burned down. A second had been attacked with grenades, which had failed to go off. A dispute over number plates had dangerously escalated. Kosovo was back in the news for all the wrong reasons. And while, under an EU-mediated agreement, the blockaders and the Kosovan police withdrew yesterday to allow politicians to find a compromise, those shuffling away from their camps freely admitted that nothing had been settled. Milan, one of the protesters at the Jarinje blockade, conceded that ordinary people were becoming fed up with such periodic intensifications of political tensions and simply wanted to get on with their lives. “When I was younger, I used to be for some kind of an ethnic solution – even if arms were involved,” he said. “But since I’m a father now and married, I think differently . I just want a solution.” Finding such an answer to the often Bosnia and Herzegovina 150 km 150 miles Montenegro Serbia Belgrade Jarinje checkpoint Kosovo Romania Pristina parallel realities lived side by side in the region has been the ultimate aim of an EU-facilitated dialogue process that began in 2011. But, analysts say, it has never got to grips with the central issue: Serbia’s refusal to recognise Kosovo as an autonomous independent state. To many observers, the developments over the last fortnight have highlighted the absence of international leadership on this issue, in particular by the EU . Last week, the European Commission president, Ursula von der Leyen , emphasised that the future of the so-called “western Balkans six” – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia – was as members of the EU. Yet, as with Serbia, China and Russia, five of the 27 EU member states – Slovakia, Romania, Greece, Cyprus and Spain - still do not recognise Kosovo, mainly for fear of encouraging the independence movements within their territories. And while – before an EU heads of state and government summit in Slovenia on Wednesday with leaders of the western Balkans – some have spoken of setting a 2030 deadline for accession, others have laughed it off. “The EU kind of, if I may so, appears as a schizophrenic actor,

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:25 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The mafia killed her mother in Naples Now she plans to drive out the mob… Page 27 World Inside the CIA’s secret Kabul base The dark heart of the war on terror Page 28 The Observer 03.10.21 25 25 A woman weeps by the coffin of a Kosovan relative killed in the war, as she waits in a truck by the border . The remains were found this year. AFP LEFT A Nato-led peacekeeping force on patrol near the Kosovo- Serbia border. Laura Hasani/ Reuters and it looks like the thing that really needs normalisation in all of this is the normalisation of the EU itself,” said Vjosa Musliu, assistant professor of international relations at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. The latest crisis had come about after part of a 2016 agreement reached in Brussels on provisional arrangements for vehicle number plates expired . The Kosovan prime minister Albin Kurti said the new rules on number plates were simply part of a fresh approach of ensuring reciprocity in Kosovo’s relationship with Serbia. The prevailing feeling among the majority Albanian population in Kosovo is that it is Belgrade that is responsible for denying freedom of movement, as people entering Serbia in vehicles with RKS number plates have long had to remove them at the border and pay for temporary replacements. Kurti conceded in an interview with the Observer that he had expected a row – but not on the scale of what emerged. “We predicted there would be a reaction, but not the reaction that would see MiG-29 fighter jets in the air and T-72 tanks at our border .” Kurti lays the blame for the latest tensions squarely on the shoulders of Serbian president Aleksandar Vučić . “Nowadays, more or less, Serbia does not recognise its neighbours who are not part of EU,” he said. “The stance of Belgrade is that Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo and North Macedonia are temporary states that Serbia has either to control or to undo. If they don’t control you, they want to render you dysfunctional and turning into a failed state. ” The EU is preparing to pump €3.3bn into the western Balkans to help its recovery from Covid, a measure that Kurti likened to a “mini- Marshall plan”, similar to that rolled out by the US following the second world war. Despite recent events the Kosovan prime minister said he was not without hope. “President Biden has put it very clearly that the centrepiece of an agreement is mutual recognition: Serbia does not recognise Kosovo, Kosovo does not recognise Serbia,” Kurti said. “ All solutions depend less on imagination and creativity and more on readiness to change this mindset, this conviction, of Serbia, that’s its neighbours are not proper states.” Éric Zemmour, who is widely expected to stand, wants the ‘re- Frenchification’ of France. Bold, haughty, hyper: will Macron throw it all away as France fights for its future? FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMENTARY Simon Tisdall G ermany’s “watershed” election? Yawn. For a truly stimulating contest, Europe must look to France, where pre-poll noise levels are rising rapidly. Political debate ranges from the repulsive to the bizarre. Issues that matter most to EU and UK citizens – nationality, migration, climate, cost of living, place in the world – are under brutal examination. For floating voters angry about English fish wars , there is even, potentially, a President Poisson. In an age of predictable, managed and blatantly fixed elections, France’s looming democratic denouement is refreshingly rambunctious and emblematic. As April’s presidential contest comes into focus , the question of identity dominates. What does it mean, these days, to be French? Who belongs – and who doesn’t? Is France a global power or mere cultural theme park for Chinese tourists? It’s a conundrum deeply familiar to the British. While France, unlike the UK, faces no immediate secessionist threat, it suffers similar internal social, economic, racial and geographical divides – and an imperial hangover, too. The far-right, xenophobic, nationalist-populist tendency common to both countries finds more powerful public expression there. At one time, the National Front’s Jean-Marie Le Pen and his daughter, Marine, held a monopoly on bigotry. Now it’s an ugly free-for-all. The new champion of hate is Éric Zemmour , a TV chat show celebrity likened to Donald Trump and Nigel Farage . He demands the “ re-Frenchification ” of France. “We have to tell French people of migrant origin to make a choice who they are,” he said last month. The French “feel colonised … and have an existential fear of disappearing”. Zemmour wants to ban non-French first names, Islamic headscarves and much else besides. Although he has yet to say he will run, Zemmour’s headline-grabbing is undermining Marine Le Pen , who launched her third presidential challenge last month under the supposedly fumigated banner of the National Rally. Struggling to regain the initiative, she is promising a national referendum to “drastically” curb immigration, in part by ditching EU freedom of movement and refusing asylum. Le Pen remains favourite, at this stage, to win a second-round runoff place against the centrist incumbent, Emmanuel Macron, in a repeat of the 2017 election . Macron won easily then with 66% of the vote and would be expected to do so again. But if disillusion, coupled with defections to Zemmour, splits the far-right vote, a centre-right candidate with wider appeal could seize the second-round spot. Such a scenario poses a real threat to Macron. Problem is, the centre right, represented by the conservative Les R épublicains party, has yet to agree a candidate. Xavier Bertrand, a former minister under Nicolas Sarkozy, leads the pack, closely pursued by Valérie Pécresse, council leader in the Île-de-France. Then there’s Michel Barnier , the EU’s Brexit negotiator who is probably better known in Britain than in la France profonde. But nothing is decided. All the same, if the centre right does eventually rally round one candidate, if that candidate is endorsed by a party vote in December , and if a campaign meltdown similar to that which overwhelmed François Fillon in 2017 is avoided, there is good reason to believe Macron may face a second-round opponent who, unlike Le Pen, has a realistic chance of beating him. That’s a lot of “ifs” . But a lot could change. Whatever happens on the right, it seems Macron need not fear the left. Airy talk of a social democratic revival across Europe after the SPD’s slim victory in Germany ignores French political realities. Divided as ever into factions, the choice on the left ranges from Anne Hidalgo , Socialist party mayor of Paris, to communists, Trotskyists and the maverick leftist Jean-Luc Mélenchon , leader of La France Insoumise (Unbowed France). If the French left, broadly defined, and the Greens united behind one presidential candidate, it could in theory win enough votes to secure a run-off spot and beat Macron. But that’s just not going to happen. Macron’s main worry in this respect is that many on the centre left will more readily back a centre-right second-round candidate, rather than him, if Le Pen has already been eliminated. Le Figaro’s latest daily poll of polls predicts 25% first-round support for Macron, followed by 19% for Le Pen, 15% for Bertrand, 13% for Pécresse and 10% for Mélenchon. One poll last week put Zemmour on 13%. Sadly, Jean-Frédéric Poisson, another rightwing hopeful, is floundering. So despite everything, the election remains Macron’s to lose. Will he blow it? In recent weeks, busy-bee Macron has been hit by an egg and slapped in the face on “meet-the-people” tours. He’s been confronted by the misery of the excluded and the unextinguished, visceral anger that infused the gilets jaunes (yellow vests). He struggles to reconcile his vow to uphold secular values and eradicate Islamic “separatism” with a vision of a country at peace with its differing racial, religious and cultural aspects. The pandemic may produce more booby traps. Macron talks a big, unguarded game about France in the world, too. For him, the question of identity is also bound up with the nation’s status as a leader of Europe and a respected power in Africa and the Indo-Pacific. So last month’s US-UK plot to torpedo a prestige submarine sale to Australia amounted to a personal humiliation. It made him look silly, France look weak – and, worse still, irrelevant. Like the submarine debacle, multiple other issues at home and abroad could yet blow up in his face before next April. They point to fragility at the heart of the Macron presidency. His peculiar brand of bold, haughty hyper politics, which brought unexpected glory in 2017, is a vulnerability, too. Political enemies may fail to dethrone him. But ultimately that may not matter. Mercurial Macron has seven months to defeat himself before the guillotine descends. Hold on to your chapeau.

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:27 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 12:48 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World The Observer 03.10.21 27 LEFT Alessandra Clemente plans her mayoral campaign in Naples last week. BELOW Antonio Piccirillo, the son of a Camorra boss, has distanced himself from his father’s deeds. Photographs: Alessio Mamo/ the Observer The mafia killed her mother. Now she wants to take them on as next mayor of Naples Alessandra Clemente plans to end the cycle of violence by winning over the mothers and wives of the mobsters, reports Lorenzo Tondo On 11 June 1997, a 10-year-old girl named Alessandra Clemente heard 41 gunshots from an open window at her home in Naples as she was waiting for her mother to return for lunch. When the shooting stopped, she ran to the window and saw her mother, Silvia, lying in a pool of blood. Alessandra’s little brother stood next to their mother, wailing. Silvia Clemente was not the assassin’s target but, at age 39, she had been killed by a stray bullet. Until that day, Alessandra had never heard of the organisation that ended her mother’s life and would now begin to shape the rest of hers: the Camorra – the Neapolitan mafia. Twenty-four years later, Alessandra Clemente is running to be the next mayor of Naples . Her campaign includes other relatives of mafia victims and the son of a top Camorra mobster. At each election rally, Clemente recalls the occasion of her mother’s death. “I had never heard gunshots before then so my first thought was of a car accident,” she said in a recent interview. “Only later did I learn that the Camorra had planned to murder a high-ranking boss.” That day, seven Mafia assassins took to the roads of Arenella , a neighbourhood on the Vomero hill , on motorbikes. A war was raging within the local gangs, and the night before, the group of hitmen received the order to kill Luigi Cimino, a top mafia boss from a rival clan. They had received that order 13 times in the last year, and 13 times they failed, as the boss proved an elusive target. This time, there could be no mistake. When they saw two of Cimino’s men under his apartment, they started shooting wildly. Mafia hits are often carried out in crowded urban areas, with dozens of innocents diving for cover. “When I looked out of the window, I saw that my younger brother, Francesco, was holding our mother’s hand,” says Clemente. When the police arrived, Francesco refused to let go. “I was devastated but I knew I had to look after my brother . I decided to run for mayor because I don’t want any more children like my brother to live through these tragedies.” Clemente’s plan to end the cycle of violence relies on the mothers and wives of mobsters. “I grew up with the idea that someone else was supposed to die in my mother’s place,” she says. “But, over time, I understood that change isn’t born out of hatred but love, and that if I wanted to change things I would need the help of mothers of camorristi. These mothers had to become my allies if we wanted to achieve real success. Mothers and, more generally, women within the Camorra have an almost structured power. They are very, very influential.’’ As a candidate for mayor, Clemente is backed by both moderate left and far-left parties but she is not the favourite, with an estimate of votes ranging between 11% and 22%. The polls give Gaetano Manfredi , a former dean of the University of Naples ‘Naples is like a child seriously injured in the past, finally able to breathe again, to walk again. Now I want to make it run’ Alessandra Clemente Federico II who is supported by the Democrat party and the anti-establishment Five Star movement, a clear advantage. But surveys carried out in the city have often proved unreliable, overturned by the undecided and those who abstain, who currently account for 52% of voters in Naples. For whoever wins, the task will be complicated. Although the city has clearly improved from a social and cultural point of view, many problems remain. According to official data from local authorities, more than 30% of Naples residents are unemployed. In the last days of her election campaign, Clemente has attended dozens of meetings with people who have lost their jobs, many of them due to the pandemic. Alongside her is Antonio Piccirillo , a candidate for the city council and the son of the Camorra boss Rosario Piccirillo . Antonio is only 25 , and has grown up only knowing his father from the other side of LEFT Around 30% of residents in Naples are unemployed. Teenagers are a prime target for mafia recruitment. prison bars. One day, tired of watching him serve yet another sentence, Antonio decided to publicly distance himself from his father . ‘‘Mine is a story of suffering, marked by the pain my father caused me,’’ Antonio Piccirillo told the Observer. ‘‘I stopped visiting him in prison. It was too painful. I would have had my road paved for me in the Camorra. I could have done my dad’s ‘job’, but that world made me sick. So, a few years ago, I decided to vent my anger towards that world. “I wish my father knew that I am against him to save him. My rebellion is a way to reach out to him. I’m holding out the hand that he should have held out to me when I was little.” On the campaign trail, Clemente likes to tell the story of the time she visited a young girl in hospital whose life had nearly ended in the same way as that of Clemente’s mother. The girl’s name is Noemi, and she was only four at the time. She too was wounded by a stray bullet , fired during a mafia attack. Her life hung by a thread, the bullet having hit her spine and punctured her lungs. ‘‘Her conditions were desperate,’’ says Clemente. ‘‘Then, one day, after dozens of surgeries, she woke up. She began to breathe independently and to walk. Today, she is a beautiful child. Naples is a child like Noemi, who was seriously injured in the past. And who is finally able to breathe again, to walk again. And now? Now I want to make Naples run.’’

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:28 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:40 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 28 03.10.21 World • LEFT The remains of cars, minibuses and armoured vehicles at the CIA secret base. ABOVE Hastily abandoned possessions on the floor of a locker room at the base. Inside the CIA’s secret Kabul base, burnt out and abandoned in haste A Taliban commander invited Emma Graham- Harrison to inspect the site where America plotted killing raids and tortured prisoners The cars, minibuses and armoured vehicles that the CIA used to run its shadow war in Afghanistan had been lined up and incinerated beyond identification before the Americans left. Below their ashy grey remains, pools of molten metal had solidified into permanent shiny puddles as the blaze cooled. The faux Afghan village where they trained paramilitary forces linked to some of the worst human rights abuses of the war had been brought down on itself. Only a high concrete wall still loomed over the crumpled piles of mud and beams, once used to practi se for the widely hated night raids on civilian homes. The vast ammunition dump had been blown up. Many ways to kill and maim human beings, from guns to grenades, mortars to heavy artillery, laid out in three long rows of double-height shipping containers, were reduced to shards of twisted metal. The blast from the huge detonation , which came soon after the bloody bomb at Kabul airport, shook and terrified the capital city. All formed part of the CIA com- pound that for 20 years was the dark, secret heart of America’s “war on terror”, a place were some of the worst abuses to sour the mission in Afghanistan would fester. The sprawling hillside compound, spread over two square miles northeast of the airport, became infamous early on in the conflict for torture and murder at its “Salt Pit” prison, codenamed Cobalt by the CIA. The men held there called it the “dark prison”, because there was no light in their cells, the only occasional illumination coming from the headlamps of their guards. It was here that Gul Rahman died of hypothermia in 2002 after he was chained to a wall half-naked and left overnight in freezing temperatures. His death prompted the first formal CIA guidelines on interrogation under a new regime of torture, eviscerated in a 2014 report that found that the abuse did not provide useful intelligence. The base has for two decades been a closely guarded secret, visible only in satellite photos, navigated by the testimony of survivors. Now the Taliban’s special forces have moved in and recently, briefly, opened up the secret compound to journalists. “We want to show how they wasted all these things that could have been used to build our country,” said Mullah Hassanain, a commander in the Taliban’s elite 313 unit, who led the tour of destroyed and burnt-out compounds, “burn pits” and inciner- ated cars, buses and armoured military vehicles. Taliban special forces include suicide attackers who recently marched through Kabul to celebrate seizing the capital. Vehicles now emblazoned with their official “suicide squadron” logo escorted journalists around the former CIA base. It was a grimly ironic juxtaposition of the most cruel and ruthless units on both sides of this war, a reminder of the suffering inflicted on civilians by all combatants in the name of higher goals, over several decades. “They are martyrdom seekers who were responsible for the attacks on important locations of invaders and the regime. They now have control of important locations,” said a Taliban official, when asked why suicide squads were escorting journalists, and if they would continue to operate. “It is a very big battalion. It is responsible for the security of important locations. They will be expanded and further organised. Whenever there is a need, they will respond. They are always ready for sacrifices for our country and the defence of our people.” They planned to use the CIA base for their own military training, Hassanain said, so this brief glimpse of the compound is likely to be both the first and last time the media is allowed in. The men guarding it had already changed into the tiger-stripe camouflage of the old Afghan National Directorate of Security, the spy agency once in charge of hunting them down. The paramilitary units that operated here, based in barracks just near the site of the former Salt Pit jail, LEFT Taliban guards keep watch over the sprawling hillside base near Kabul airport. Photographs by Emma Graham- Harrison included some that were among the most feared in the country, mired in allegations of abuse that included extrajudicial killings of children and other civilians. The barracks had been abandoned so fast that the men who lived there left food half-finished, and barracks floors were littered with possessions spilled out of emptied lockers, cleared in an apparent frenzy. Mostly they had taken or destroyed anything with names, or ranks, but there were 01 patches, and one book that was filled with handwritten notes from weeks of training. Nearby, the site of the Salt Pit jail had apparently been razed a few months earlier. A New York Times satellite investigation found that, since spring, a cluster of buildings inside this part of the CIA compound had been levelled. Taliban officials said they did not have any details about the Salt Pit, or what had happened to the former jail. Rahman’s family are still searching for his body , which has never been returned to them. Other torture techniques recorded at the site included “rectal feeding”, shackling prisoners to bars overhead, and depriving inmates of toilet “privileges”, leaving them naked or wearing adult diapers. Construction equipment was abandoned on the site, with concrete slabs half poured. Next door, a building that had once been fortified with hightech doors and equipment had apparently been firebombed, its interior as totally destroyed and reduced to ash as the cars outside. Destroying sensitive equipment at the base would have been complex, and there was evidence of several burn pits where everything from medical kits and a manual on leadership was put to the flames, along with larger pieces of equipment. The Taliban officials were jumpy about letting journalists into areas that had not been officially cleared. They had found several booby trap bombs in the rubble of the camp, Hassanain said, and were worried that there might be more. Untouched nearby was a recreation hall with snooker, ping-pong, darts and table football gathering dust. A box in the corner held brain teaser puzzles. It was unclear what the Taliban, once so austere that they even banned chess, would do with the trappings of western military downtime.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:29 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World The Observer 03.10.21 29 It’s a wrap: Christo’s final artistic venture in the desert will be his boldest of all The Arc de Triomphe project is being taken down but now work begins to realise the late artist’s final dream, Kim Willsher reports Before he died last year the artist Christo had not one but two dreams: to wrap the Arc de Triomphe and to build a massive structure out of oil drums in the desert sands of Abu Dhabi. L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped was completed last month and today visitors to Paris will have one last chance to see the arch swathed in silver blue fabric before it is dismantled tomorrow. Once he has overseen the monument’s restoration to its original glory in time for Armistice commemorations next month , Christo’s nephew Vladimir Yavachev will turn his attention east to create the last monumental project that – if completed – will be the artist’s only permanent largescale sculpture and the largest artwork in the world. Originally conceived by Christo and his wife and artistic partner Jeanne- Claude in 1977, the Abu Dhabi Mastaba is a simple but massive structure constructed from 410,000 multicoloured 55-gallon steel barrels. Detailed drawings by Christo show the barrels arranged in a geometric form inspired by the ancient mastabas – or “bench of mud” for weary desert travellers – with two vertical sides, two slanted sides and a flat top originating from the first urban civilisations of Mesopotamia. The coloured barrel ends will create a mosaic that echoes Islamic designs. The mastaba will be 150m high – 12m taller than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt and higher than St Paul’s Cathedral – 300m long and 225m wide and sited in the Liwa desert 160km south of Abu Dhabi in a region boasting some of the world’s ‘I’m feeling optimstic. It may take some time - three, five, 10, even 15 years – But we will do it’ Vladimir Yavachev, nephew highest sand dunes. Speaking to the Observer in 2012 , Christo outlined his vision: “When the sun rises, the vertical wall will become almost full of gold.” He said he wanted to create a sculpture “deeply rooted” in the great tradition of Islamic architecture: “When Louis XIV was building that kitschy castle Versailles, the greatest architecture in the Middle East had incredible simplicity .” The project was originally delayed by the Iran-Iraq war, but Christo revived it after being inspired by Abu Dhabi’s bid to turn itself into a cultural oasis in the Middle East and, notably, the Louvre Museum’s decision to open an outpost there. Christo estimated the Abu Dhabi Mastaba would take up to 30 months to build and would create hundreds of jobs. But human rights groups are already concerned about what they see as the emirate state using cultural projects to whitewash its violations against migrant workers. The United Arab Emirates state announced in June that it was pumping $6bn into cultural and creative projects in the next five years to move its economy from oil to tourism. Human Rights Watch said the Louvre Abu Dhabi , officially inaugu- rated by French president Emmanuel Macron in 2017, was “tainted” and had been “accomplished at the cost of human suffering, in a country whose rulers appear to still widely despise human rights and suppress any critical voice”. There are also concerns over the treatment of workers on the long delayed Guggenheim Museum’s Abu Dhabi satellite museum, designed by Frank Gehry, that was meant to open in 2012 but is now not expected to be completed before 2025. Born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff in Bulgaria, the artist studied in Sofia but defected in 1957, stowing away on a train from Prague to Vienna and on via Geneva to Paris, where he met Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon, his partner until her death in 2009. LEFT The fully wrapped Arc de Triomphe when it was unveiled last month. Above, Christo in his studio in 2012 with plans for the Mastaba. Benoît Tessier/ Reuters, Christo and Jeanne-Claude Foundation The couple moved to New York in 1964, spending their first three years there as illegal immigrants. Christo and Jeanne-Claude began working with steel oil barrels in Paris in the 1950s as the material was cheap. Photos of Christo in the storeroom in the basement of Jeanne-Claude’s Paris apartment in 1960 show him surrounded by barrel sculptures. Among his most famous works were wrapping the entire Reichstag in Berlin in 1995 and the Pont-Neuf in Paris in 1985. Yavachev told the Observer: “It was Christo’s wish to finish these two projects. Now it is my mission to get the Mastaba for Abu Dhabi. “I’m feeling very optimistic that we can do this. It may take some time – three, five, 10, even 15 years – but the vision is there and we will do it.” ‘I’m quitting politics’, says Duterte – for a second time Controversial Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte. Rebecca Ratcliffe South-east Asia Correspondent Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte has announced that he will retire from politics and abandon his bid to become vice-president in next year’s election, fuelling speculation that his daughter Sara Duterte will instead run for office . Duterte had previously accepted a nomination by his party to stand in the May election, a controversial plan that could have allowed him to retain power beyond the limits of his six-year term. However, recent polling suggests that many Filipinos disapproved of the idea, which critics warned would undermine the constitution. Addressing reporters yesterday, Duterte, 76 , said he had halted his bid “in obedience to the will of the people”. “The overwhelming sentiment of the Filipino is that I’m not qualified, and it would be a violation of the constitution,” Duterte said. “I will follow what you wish and today I announce my retirement from politics.” The latest comments by the president, who also announced his retirement in 2015, are likely to be treated with cynicism. He will, say analysts, be determined to ensure a loyal successor who will protect him from potential prosecution by the international criminal court. It announced last month that it is investigating his so-called “war on drugs” , in which as many as 30,000 people are estimated to have been killed. Currently the mayor of Davao, Sara Duterte, 43, is leading in the polls and appears to have benefited from her father’s enduring popularity . She has in the past said she will not run if her father also competes for a national position next year. “Much of the public sees this as political theatre,” said Jean Franco, associate professor at the department of political science at the University of the Philippines . “He has a history of dilly-dallying and then suddenly running… At least at the moment people seem to be sceptical of his statement that he is retiring. People seem to be anticipating another move in the coming days,” she added. As Duterte withdrew his candidacy yesterday, his longtime aide Christopher “Bong” Go instead registered to run for vice-president. “It’s going to be a circus,” said Franco. “But by now I’m pretty sure all the candidates are talking about is the father and daughter political theatre that happened today.”

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:31 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:39 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World The Observer 03.10.21 31 The US startup aiming to shake up media shuts amid scandal Revelations about inflated audience sizes help to sink starstudded outlet Ozy Vanessa Thorpe Arts and Media Correspondent All the right boxes looked to have been ticked when digital media company Ozy began. Launched in 2013 with the intention of shaking up both online and broadcast journalism, the American startup quickly gained status and credit for its serious approach and diverse team. But this weekend the Ozy story is over, despite an early reputation that had benefit ed from links to leading names in broadcasting, including Oprah Winfrey, the BBC’s former US anchorwoman Katty Kay , and Jana Bennett, at one time among the most powerful women in British television . After embarrassing revelations last week about a fake presentation to Goldman Sachs officials given by one of Ozy’s founders, the walls crumbled. Kay, who had left the BBC in June after a 30-year association to join Ozy, took the decision to resign. On Friday the organisation formally closed down, leaving investors and contributors amazed by the size of the gap between Ozy’s projections of its own success and viewership figures and the realities now revealed. The California-based company, founded by Harvard alumni and former Goldman Sachs employees Carlos Watson and Samir Rao, has announced that it has ceased to oper- ate, but given no reasons. An emailed statement from Ozy ’s board sent out on Friday called it a company with many “world-class journalists and experienced professionals to whom we owe tremendous gratitude”. It said it was “with the heaviest of hearts that we must announce today that we are closing Ozy’s doors”. The move came less than a week after the New York Times raised questions about its claims to have millions of viewers and readers, and looked at its potential culpability in a securities fraud. The shocking report prompted several departures aside from Kay’s, and triggered an internal investigation after investors expressed concern. On Thursday, Marc Lasry, the hedge fund billionaire who had been named as Ozy’s chairman last month, resigned, citing the need for someone more experienced in crisis management and investigations. The New York Times’s story claimed that Ozy’s chief operating officer, Rao, had impersonated a YouTube executive on a call with Goldman Sachs while attempting to raise money. Alex Piper, the head of unscripted programming for YouTube Originals, was due to take part in a Zoom call with the investment bank team, Watson put the strange incident down to his partner’s mental health. ‘I’m proud we stood by him while he struggled’ which at the last minute was switched to a conference call. Then, according to the newspaper’s report, a voice claiming to be Piper’s went on to reassure the bankers that Ozy was doing well on YouTube. According to the report, just days later Watson apologised to Goldman Sachs, saying the voice had actually belonged to his partner, Rao. Watson, who also presented a podcast with Kay called When Katty Met Carlos for the BBC World Service, went on to put the strange incident down to a mental health crisis. “Samir is a valued colleague and a close friend,” Watson said, adding, Carlos Watson, top, who founded Ozy Media, with Samir Rao, above left. The revelations led to the departure of Katty Kay, above. Jason Kempin/Getty “I’m proud that we stood by him while he struggled, and we’re all glad to see him now thriving again.” In a statement, the then Ozy chair, Lasry, said his board had been told about the phoney call and supported the way it was handled. “The incident was an unfortunate one-time event, and Carlos and his team showed the kind of compassion we would all want if any of us faced a difficult situation in our own lives.” The New York Times article also asked questions about whether Ozy was inflating its audience size. Watson had claimed in a tweet that it had 25 million newsletter subscribers, but the newspaper said fewer than 500,000 people went to Ozy’s website in June and July, according to data stored with media analyst Comscore. Watson, who won an Emmy in the news discussion and analysis category last year for the show OWN Spotlight: Black Women OWN the Conversation, which he hosted on the Oprah Winfrey Network, stepped down from hosting a documentary Emmy awards show on Wednesday night. World in brief SPAIN Fresh warning to volcano islanders US Trump in bid to resume tweeting CHINA Fighters breach Taiwan defences Authorities advised people to limit their time outdoors in parts of La Palma yesterday as the erupting volcano on the Spanish island spewed red-hot lava and thick clouds of black smoke. But emergency services lifted a stay-home order that had been in effect in places near the volcano affected by poor air quality. They advised people to continue to avoid spending a “prolonged amount of time” outside, and said vulnerable groups including children and the elderly The Cumbre Vieja volcano on La Palma. Juan Medina/Reuters should remain indoors. The Cumbre Vieja volcano began erupting on 19 September and has destroyed more than 800 buildings. About 6,000 people have been evacuated from their homes on the island, which has a population of about 83,000 and is one of an archipelago making up the Canary Islands in the Atlantic. Reuters Donald Trump has asked a judge to force Twitter to reinstate his account. In July the former US president sued Twitter, Facebook and Google, as well as their chief executives, alleging they unlawfully silence conservative views. His request for a preliminary injunction against Twitter was filed late on Friday in Miami, claiming the company acted under pressure from his political rivals in Congress. T he social media companies said he violated their policies against glorifying violence. Reuters A record 38 Chinese military jets crossed into Taiwan’s defence zone as Beijing marked the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Officials in Taipei reported on Friday that fighters had scrambled against a combination of fighter jets, bombers and an anti-submarine aircraft. The show of force against the island, which Beijing claims as part of its territory, came in the same week it accused Britain of sending a warship into the Taiwan strait with “evil intentions”. Reuters

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:33 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:25 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • 33 SARAH EVERARD’S MURDER FIVE-PAGE SPECIAL THE POLICE CANTEEN CULTURE THAT SHIELDED A KILLER The murder of Sarah Everard has exposed the Metropolitan police, once labelled institutionally racist, to accusations that it is also institutionally misogynist. Mark Townsend reports on a force in crisis

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:34 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 34 Focus 34 • Sarah Everard The police BELOW Met commissioner Cressida Dick has faced calls to quit. Ming Yeung/Getty RIGHT Sarah Everard, aged 33, was kidnapped and murdered last March. Reuters Compel action Improve vetting Change the culture Dame Vera Baird Victims’ commissioner If we are to truly turn the tide of male violence against women and girls, we need to see the government compel the police to act. This starts with the government promoting tackling violence against women and girls to the status of a national strategic policing requirement. This would compel every force in the country to treat it with the same urgency and priority as terrorism and county lines. It would afford it more resources, co-ordination from the highest levels and true leadership. But change must start with the police. We know from recent investigations that over 800 allegations of domestic abuse have been made against police officers and staff over the past five years. Just 43 cases were prosecuted, demonstrating that police don’t recognise the problem in their own ranks – let alone treat it with the seriousness it requires. This has to change urgently. I’m afraid the burden now falls to the home secretary to force the police’s hand. Susannah Fish Former chief constable of Nottinghamshire We need a public inquiry, on a similar scale to the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry, and the home secretary needs to prioritise violence against women and girls as a national threat. She should put it on the National Risk Register at the same level as terrorism, and then provide resources accordingly. The police selection process, which is sexist, racist and underresourced, needs to change. We need a vetting process that probes individuals’ online presence and a recruitment and promotion process that properly tests their values and behaviours . Victims should be put at the heart of the investigation process. Forces should commission more independent domestic abuse advocates. They should investigate perpetrators, not victims. We also need to transform and support whistleblowing practices. At the moment, nothing stays secret and they’re rarely used, especially by frontline officers, who become vulnerable and isolated if they complain about a colleague. Jess Phillips Shadow minister for domestic violence and safeguarding British policing needs to, for the first time ever, priortise violence against women and girls and include it as serious violent crime, with all the prevention strategies and resources that come with that. Women’s complaints need to be handled better and more swiftly, with proper support. We also need more good old-fashioned community policing – the police need to go out and be visibly in support of women. Recruiting more women police would help, but it needs to be that when women police officers speak up, they don’t feel they’re risking their careers. Without a culture of transparency and whistleblowing, and proper systems in place to make sure that complaints will be listened to, we’re just encouraging more women to work in a difficult environment. So there needs to be a cultural change within the police. But the first thing they could do is take the crimes against us more seriously and not fail to take action against a police officer who’s flashing at people. W ithin the vast neoclassical headquarters of the Metropolitan police in central London, the floor hosting the directorate of professional standards is the one place any visitor would try to behave. Its 320 staff are tasked with investigating complaints of inappropriate behaviour, corruption and misconduct among officers. Yet even here, until recently at least, misogynists appear to have felt untouchable. Ex-Met detective superintendent Shabnam Chaudhri recalls visiting the directorate five years ago to raise concerns over the inappropriate behaviour of a male officer only to find staff from the unit trumping her allegations with their own accounts of the same perpetrator. “There were two female officers at the directorate who described him as vile. They said: ‘He used to come in here and openly brag about his sex life,’” she said. Chaudhri asked the women why they taken no action against the man? “Their response was that they didn’t want to rock the boat. He was a senior officer and it would just make life difficult for them. I think that’s quite a prevalent concern across the organisation.” It is precisely that culture – the allegation that officers are able to get away with inappropriate behaviour – that now finds itself under ferocious scrutiny following the lurid details that emerged last week of how a Met officer, Wayne Couzens, abused his power and police badge to kidnap, rape and murder Sarah Everard, 33 . The force, and some government ministers, had tried to suggest that Couzens was a lone rotten apple. That line became harder to maintain during his sentencing when the judge revealed officers had “spoken supportively” of the killer. Compounding the outrage were subsequent revelations that Couzens exchanged misogynistic, racist and homophobic material with five other officers, three from the Met, in a WhatsApp group. Although the Met has since unveiled an action plan to try to restore trust, many have lamented that the debate has once again focused on changing women’s behaviour rather than that of the perpetrators. But with widespread revulsion showing little sign of abating, consensus is building that Everard’s murder might provoke a watershed moment for Britain’s biggest force, comparable to the shockwaves that convulsed British policing following the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence in 1993 . The killing of the black teenager led to 1999’s Macpherson report which called the Met “institutionally racist,” triggering introspection and an appetite for change. More than two decades later, many say it is sexism that stains Scotland Yard. Susannah Fish , a former chief constable of Nottinghamshire police who suffered sexual assaults from colleagues, has no hesitation describing policing as “institutionally misogynistic”. She argues the Met deserves to face another Macpherson moment. “We need a public inquiry, on a similar scale to Stephen Lawrence. The home secretary needs to prioritise violence against women and girls as a national threat.” It is a view supported by female former Met recruits. One officer, who left in 2019 but who asked not to be identified, said: “If you’re going to categorise sexist banter as sexism, then from my experience the Met has a big problem. To get to the truth any inquiry would need to ON OTHER PAGES Institutional misogyny in the Met must be investigated Observer Comment, page 42 You can’t opt in and out of taking violence against women seriously Catherine Bennett, Comment, page 45 guarantee women that they could speak freely and safely.” Chaudhri, who joined the service four years before Lawrence was stabbed to death, says she can already predict the outcome of a future inquiry. “I wouldn’t be surprised that, after an independent review of the female officers and police staff across the organisation, the force gets a further label of institutional sexism.” Others argue the Met has already sufficiently changed. Ken Marsh, chairman of the Metropolitan Police Federation , which represents more than 30,000 officers, also joined the force in 1989. He describes the culture he initially encountered as one that required transformation, but feels the ensuing decades have eradicated regressive behaviour. “Are we sexist, misogynist, and all the rubbish that’s now coming out? No, we’re not in 2021. Were we? Yes when I joined. As an organisation we’re now far better than most you would find.” Others are sceptical about claims

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:35 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 03.10.21 35 Earn our trust Listen to us Meena Patel Spokeswoman, Southall Black Sisters, a non-profit organisation supporting female victims of violence We see a lack of trust among women that the police will ever do anything. Victims need to be better informed about all actions that the police are taking and what’s happening to their cases. There are also problems about the way in which black and ethnic minority women are treated. The police need to ensure they are supported, as opposed to criminalising victims or asking them about immigration status. I’d like to see the police engaging more with grassroots organisations like ourselves . We could give them examples of good practice and show them how they should be helping women to feel safer. Police forces also need to demonstrate that they take robust action against officers when other officers complain about sexual assault or violence. If female officers don’t feel their complaints will be taken seriously, why would women outside the force feel they can trust the police? Evie Hairsine Founder of Our Bodies, Our Streets, a grassroots organisation in Sheffield I think the police need to put listening first and be more transparent about the fact that things are going wrong. They should open up to a women-led advisory coalition of groups working in this area and make themselves vulnerable to being told what they need to do. The biggest problem is within the police force itself. I think there should be immediate removal and suspension of any officer who’s suspected of committing an offence, before they do anything worse. I also think they need to make it a lot easier for officers to report suspected misogyny among their colleagues. More training would be good, too. Police should make sure their ideas are informed by victims or groups like ourselves, who are working on the ground. We’re trusted in our community and we can help. They should listen to us. We want to hold them to account. Donna Ferguson The floral tribute to Sarah Everard on Clapham Common last March. Leon Neal/Getty of progress. Former Met chief superintendent Parm Sandhu , who like Marsh and Chaudhri has served more than 30 years in the force, is among those who encountered a “very sexist and misogynistic” culture and believes commissioner Cressida Dick should resign. There is no sign, however, that a new face will emerge to guide the Met through one of the most tumultuous chapters in its 192-year history. The two people who control her destiny – London mayor Sadiq Khan and home secretary Priti Patel – continue to support the commissioner, ignoring critics who claim Dick has failed to make the force more progressive at a time policing has never been under more scrutiny. Marsh claims that having an openly gay woman in charge of the Met is itself progress. “She has done nothing wrong. Plus, she’s championed women and gay females coming into policing,” he said. Yet Chaudhri maintains that women officers remain afraid to speak out . “There are many female officers who are scared and reluctant to take that course of action because they feel that it will tarnish their career. And I understand why they don’t necessarily do it,” she said. After she spoke out against a male officer who made female colleagues “uncomfortable”, Chaudhri received a number of anonymous complaints including how she wore nail polish which was “not part of the uniform dress code”. The 55-year-old believes that if the government is serious about challenging misogyny then its recently unveiled strategy to tackle violence against women and girls needs to be reframed. “One of the key factors is now how to elevate it, giving it the same importance as something like counter-terrorism.” Fish agrees, adding: “She [ Patel] should put it on the national threat register at the same level as terrorism – and then provide resources accordingly.” In the meantime the fight against misogyny resembles a war of attrition. Even after Everard’s murder in March, Chaudhri received disquieting messages from serving Met officers, one relating to a woman working custody suite night shifts who has to “put up with all sorts of inappropriate behaviour by the sergeant”. Elsewhere, the work of the directorate of professional standards continues. One of its most recent cases, concluded last month, found two former Met officers had sent “a series of misogynistic text messages” containing “derogatory comments about women” to colleagues. Whatever the eventual fallout of Everard’s horrific death at the hands of an officer, no one – not least inside the directorate – expects such cases to cease any time soon. OVERLEAF: THE 81 WOMEN KILLED IN 28 WEEKS

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:36 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 36 Focus 36 • Sarah Everard Femicide The 81 women killed in 28 weeks 1 2 3 4 5 Since Sarah Everard’s brutal murder, only one thing has changed - the death toll, writes Karen Ingala Smith People said something had changed with the awful death of Sarah Everard. But the message certainly hasn’t reached the men who rape, harm and kill women. And I can’t see a difference in the government, police, Crown Prosecution Service or the judiciary either. Since Sarah Everard was abducted, raped, murdered and, in the words of her mother , “disposed of as if she were rubbish”, at least 81 other UK women have been killed in circumstances where the suspect is a man. It is absolutely ludicrous that we know this because of my work, a random northern woman in east London, not the government, not the National Police Chiefs Council . Each of these women will have died in terror and pain, just like Sarah. Each one leaves behind grieving friends and family for whom the loss will last a lifetime. It is significant that Sarah was killed by a serving police officer, but I wish the suffering of these women, and the anguish of those who loved them, were not accepted as normal and inevitable. Men’s fatal violence against women cuts across all sections of society, across ages, class and ethnicity. But some women are afforded more empathy than others. Some are more likely to be disbelieved, to be blamed, to be sent away without the help they need. This appalling hierarchy of victims continues into death. It is almost always the young, conventionally attractive, middle-class white woman killed by a stranger, the perfect victim, that makes the front pages. Not the 50-year-old from a council estate in Leicestershire, killed by the father of her children after a 30-year marriage, where her life and dignity have been chipped away, little by little, every day. I want every woman’s death to be a reason for soul-searching. I started Counting Dead Women in January 2012, after the mur- der of 20-year-old Kirsty Treloar, who had been referred to the charity of which I am chief executive , when she was trying to leave her violent boyfriend. A year and a half later, Clarrie O’Callaghan and I had our first conversation, one that would lead to the development of the Femicide Census. We’ve made Freedom of Information requests going back to 2009 about men’s fatal violence against women. From this we’ve identified that 62 % of women killed by men are killed by a partner or ex-partner, and that at least a third of these women were in the process of leaving, or had left him; that teenage girls, as well as women in their 80s or 90s, can be killed by men who were supposed to love them; that 92% of women who are killed by men are killed by someone they know. One in 12 is a woman who is killed by her son. Black women are disproportionately victimised, yet more likely to receive a sub-standard response from state agencies. And Sarah Everard was the 16th woman to be killed by a serving or former police officer since 2009. Has something changed since Sarah Everard was abducted, raped, murdered and disposed of by Wayne Couzens ? The government has published the third national strategy to tackle violence against women that doesn’t name men as the perpetrators in the title. It names high-profile victims in the introduction but doesn’t name femicide . It is a folly if we set an ambition to end men’s violence against women and girls if we cannot name women as disproportionally the victims and men as overwhelmingly the perpetrators of sexual and domestic violence and abuse. The Observer and Femicide Census’s End Femicide campaign is important. The media plays a huge role in shaping people’s attitudes and understanding and it is to the Observer’s credit that it is looking at femicide in depth. Femicide is not just homicide of women by men, it’s about how and why women are killed and how this is different from when men are killed. Understanding this is a key step towards ending femicide. 11 12 13 14 15 21 22 23 24 25 31 32 33 34 35 41 42 43 44 45 51 52 53 54 55 61 62 63 64 65 71 72 73 74 75

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:37 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 03.10.21 37 6 7 8 9 10 16 17 18 19 20 26 27 28 29 30 36 37 38 39 40 46 47 48 49 50 1. Geetika Goyal , 29, died 4 March 2 . Imogen Bohajczuk, 29, died 4 March 3. Wenjing Xu, 16, died 5 March 4. Karen McClean , 50, died 19 March 5. Stacey Knell , 30, died 19 March 6. Smita Mistry , 32, died 23 March 7. Sammy Mills , 31, died 23 March 8. Patricia Audsley , 66, died 25 March 9. Phyllis Nelson , 76, died 26 March 10. Klaudia Soltys , 30, died 27 March 11. Simone Ambler, 49, died 29 March 12. Emma McArthur , 49, died 1 April 13. Sherrie Milnes, 51, died 1 April 14. Constanta Bunea, 50, died 4 April 15. Jacqueline Grant , 54, died 6 April 16. Loretta Herman , 85, died 9 April 17. Egle Vengaliene , 34, died 9 April 18. Sally Metcalf , 68, died 10 April 19. Sarah Keith , 26, died 13 April 20. Peggy Wright , 83, died 18 April 21. Charmaine O’Donnell, 25, died 23 April 22. Michelle Cooper , 40, died 23 April 23. Kerry Bradford, 57, died 25 April 24. Julia James , 53, died 27 April 25. Beth Aspey , 34, died 30 April 26. Susan Booth , 62, died 2 May 27. Mayra Zulfiqar , 26, died 3 May 28. Maria Rawlings , 45, died 4 May 29. Chenise Gregory , 29, died 4 May 30. Agnes Akom , 20, went missing 9 May 31. Wendy Cole , 70, died 10 May 32. Caroline Crouch, 20, died 11 May 33. Svetlana Mihalachi , 53, died 12 May 34. Nicola Kirk , 45, died 12 May 35. Unnamed woman, 32 , died 13 May 36. Agita Geslere , 61, died 25 May 37. Lauren Wilson, 34, died 26 May 38. Peninah Kabeba, 42, died 27 May 39. Jill Hickery , 80s, died 29 May 40. Bethany Vincent , 26, died 31 May 41. Esther Brown, 67, died 1 June 42. Michaela Hall , 49, died 1 June 43. Mildred Whitmore , 84, died 1 June 44. Stacey Clay, 39, died 2 June 45. Linda Hood , 68, died 11 June 46. Marlene Coleman , 53, died 16 June 47. Sophie Cartlidge , 39, died 18 June 48. Gracie Spinks , 23, died 18 June 49. Michelle Hibbert , 29, died 19 June 50. Kim Dearden , 63, died 20 June 5 1. Sally Poynton , 44, died 22 June 52. Catherine Wardleworth , 70s, died 23 June 53. Sukhjit Badial , 73, died 29 June 54. Elsie Pinder , 66, died 3 July 55. Catherine Stewart , 54, died 4 July 56. Ishrat Ahmed , 52, died 4 July 57. Tamara Padi , 43, died 7 July 58. Katie Brankin , 37, died 12 July 59. Sandra Hughes , 63, died 13 July 60. Beatrice Stoica , 36, died 23 July 61. Pat Holland , 83, died 24 July 62. Yordanos Brhane, 19, died 31 July 63. Amanda Selby , 15, died 31 July 64. Louise Kam, 71 , found dead 1 August 65. Malgorzata Lechanska , 37, died 1 August 66. Megan Newborough , 23, found dead 8 August 67. Diana Nichols, 57, died 9 August 68. Maxine Davison, 51 , died 12 August 69. Kate Shepherd , 66, died 12 August 70. Bella Nicandro , 76, died 14 August 71. Eileen Barrott, 50, died 15 August 72. Sharon Pickles, 45 , died 19 August 73. Helen Anderson , 41, died 23 August 74. Jade Ward , 27, died 26 August 75. Maddie Durdant-Hollamby , 22, died 27 August 76. Fawziyah Javed , 31, died 2 September 77. Ingrid Matthew , 54, died 11 September 78. Sabina Nessa , 28, 17 September 79. Unnamed woman , died 17 September 80. Terri Harris , 35, died 19 September 8 1. Sukhjeet Uppal , 40, died 19 September 56 57 58 59 60 66 67 68 69 70 76 77 78 79 80 81 Aims Name it The government to formally recognise femicide - the killing of women by men. Know it Data on the killing of women to be gathered in an accessible central repository; the domestic abuse and victims commissioners to have the power and resources to ensure recommendations to tackle femicide are implemented. Stop it An ambitious crossparty, long-term strategy to be established to tackle femicide and all forms of men’s violence against women and girls. Read more on the End Femicide campaign on

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:38 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 15:34 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 38 03.10.21 Focus • Profile Jesse Armstrong with the Emmy he won in 2019 for Succession. Jordan Strauss/ Invision Armstrong was one of the writers on The Thick of It, above, and co-creator of Peep Show, right. BBC, Channel 4 How did a ‘good egg’ from Oswestry make Succession so nasty? As Jesse Armstrong’s tale of a media family’s power struggle returns to TV, Vanessa Thorpe charts his path from Peep Show to global award-winning fame P ulsing away unobserved, inside a room near Brixton underground station, is the heart of a callous transatlantic empire. From this modest south London location, a web of intrigue, corruption and betrayal spins out across the world, to say nothing of costly schemes for leasing super yachts and mansions. This is the room where Jesse Armstrong leads a pack of fellow writers, half of them American, half British, as they shape the storylines and dialogue of one of the most critically acclaimed American drama series of recent years: Succession. Back for a third outing this month , Succession is the tale of a wealthy family with no creed other than the love of power. Headed by Logan Roy , a billionaire mogul played by veteran Scottish actor Brian Cox , it follows a handful of characters as they each jockey for position in impossibly bleak circumstances; they have all had the bad luck to be born the children of an immensely rich and influential man. In creating Succession, Armstrong, perhaps still best known in Britain for his work with Sam Bain on Channel 4’s popular comedies Peep Show and Fresh Meat , has brought an unsettling cloud of malevolence into the homes of viewers. Evil, served up Roy-style, can almost be tasted: a mix of single malt, new leather and brimstone. Succession is funny, like Armstrong’s early shows, but it is also truly nasty. Surprising, considering the fond way the people who work with him seem to feel about him. Playwright Lucy Prebble, who writes for Succession , begins by selecting from a long list of Armstrong’s attributes. “There are many things I admire about Jesse,” she says. “He wears his intelligence lightly, which sounds like an insult, but it isn’t.” His taste, professionally and personally, Prebble adds, is “exquisite”. “I don’t mean in clothes or art or something, he’d feel that too flashy; but in people, in opinion, in judging the moment. It’s rare to know someone who has great taste but is also so fundamentally protestant. His intelligence is lacerating but mostly inwards, which is always my preference.” David Mitchell, star of Peep Show, suspects Armstrong’s knack for ruthless observation and his comedy both come from his deep appreciation of the absurd. “Jesse has an extremely strong sense of the ridiculousness of people,” he says, “which is why his writing combines warmth, savage satire and hilarious daftness so well and so surprisingly,” he said this weekend. “He is a very kind and very funny man – the two attributes don’t often coincide – who is an enormous pleasure to work with and spend time with.” Fans of Succession will have their favourite Roy family member, or in this case, their least worst. Siobhan , the only daughter, is a cool powerhouse of machiavellian disdain. Kendall , the original heir apparent, is dysfunctionally thwarted, while Roman , the baby of the brood, is feckless and opportunist. Nice bunch. And that is without mentioning Connor , the affected, dopey elder brother with aspirations for high office and a deluded, fey girlfriend. Nor Siobhan’s husband, the unfortunate Tom Wambsgans , peerlessly portrayed by Matthew Macfadyen , and his sidekick, Greg, a hapless, ambitious great nephew. All of them share base motives , jostling for preferment inside a vast fictional organisation inspired by the Murdoch empire, but also heavily influenced by the history of Robert Maxwell’s family and by the argy-bargy atop the late Sumner Redstone ’s US media conglomerate . It is all a far cry from Armstrong’s own background in Oswestry on the Welsh borders . Here Jesse was raised by a mother who worked in nursery schools and a father who taught in neighbouring colleges. Yet the unswerving eye and trademark brutality of Armstrong’s writing was there in the first scripts he wrote for Peep Show in 2003 with Bain, a fellow Manchester University student . Mitchell and Robert Webb play mismatched flatmates who are spared no humiliation. The two writers, who shared a house together as undergraduates, also drew on painful personal experience when constructing the cringey scenes in Fresh Meat. If Armstrong could switch with some assurance to chronicling chicanery inside the political bubble, writing for Armando Iannucci ’s parliamentary parody The Thick of It and for his 2009 film, In the Loop , it is probably because of an uneasy time he spent inside the Palace of Westminster after university. Armstrong worked for the former Labour politician Doug Henderson , but he never felt at home. Aside from an abiding sense of discomfort that leaks into his work, the writer is known for his self-deprecating humour. This could well be part of his own succession story; a legacy inherited from his father,

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:39 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:34 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 03.10.21 39 Viewpoint Me, Keef and my workie week hell David, who became a novelist and then a literary agony aunt for others seeking publication. The two writers use each other as sounding boards. “He is very reliable and honest without being hurtful,” David has said. Asked how it feels to write a really good scene, Armstrong junior is similarly without ego. It would, he has judged, be “a bit disgusting” to revel in such a moment by talking about it later. He always wants to know what is happening in a scene, he told the New Statesman last week, and so he steers away from cheating with ambiguities. “There needs to be an answer,” he has said. “The show has a view of how the world works and how people work, and that should be expressed in every single line and frame of the show, but it should never be explicitly stated, otherwise it would be turgid propaganda.” At the same time Armstrong, 50 , is relaxed enough to admit he is not in control of the show’s ultimate meaning for viewers: “It is possible we don’t know what we are making.” Prebble has seen this humility in the writers’ room. She says Armstrong’s ability to admit when he does not know has helped her to Armstrong created Channel 4’s Fresh Meat with Sam Bain in 2011. Roy Burmiston/ Channel 4 Succession, starring Brian Cox, was launched in 2018. HBO do the same. “He’s faintly embarrassed to be making art, and realistic about the good it can do. The biggest thing we’ve ever said about the show was once at the monitor watching an amazing take of one of the most famous scenes in Succession, and Jesse said, ‘Actually, that’s all right, I think. Yeah?’ “And I said, ‘yeah.’ And that meant ‘We’ve created something really meaningful .’” Of course, the entertainment industry is not really a destination for the shy and retiring. Prebble suspects Armstrong would probably argue that “his megalomania is just well hidden, which is an excellent way of hiding it further, if indeed it exists”. “He tries to keep things specific,” says Prebble. “When he watches an edit he might say, ‘If I was the sort of person who liked the show Succession, and I suppose I sort of am, I think I’d probably enjoy that.’ And that’s high praise. ” “He finds real joy in jokes,” recalls Mitchell, “but is also a rigorous rewriter who believes that, however funny the scene he’s written may be, it can always be improved.” If all this paints a slightly daunting picture, that would be unfair. According to Prebble, as well as enjoying karaoke, Armstrong is an “appallingly happy” colleague in the mornings. “Getting into a set van with him first thing is like downing an antidepressant with an espresso.” He is also, she attests, “very, very silly, which is the only humour worth anything”. Prebble sums up with a seal of approval stolen from Armstrong’s own understated phrasebook: “He is a very good egg.” Keir Starmer wants all teenagers to try work experience. It didn’t do me much good, says Ed Cumming. And it won’t help tomorrow’s TikTok physios either W hen I was 17 I coveted work experience at the NME more than any other placement. This was early 2005 , when the Libertines were responsible for the dominant north London teenage aesthetic. Schoolboys unironically wore crimson Victorian soldiers’ tunics to house parties. We didn’t know any better. For a wouldbe hack, there was only one magazine worth pursuing. I confidently applied for my slot, assuming I’d be invited in the following Monday, leaving me a decent window to revise for my A- levels after doing smack at Pete Doherty’s flat. They offered me a fortnight’s work experience … in March 2007. Two years is a long time when you’re 17 and even longer for indie bands. By the time my turn came , I had practically forgotten about the NME. So had everyone else. The lustre had come off the “scene”. I went along nonetheless, turning up to their tower in Blackfriars wearing a grey accountant’s suit, an undergraduate dressed as a middle-aged man in an office full of the opposite. One evening I was offered 24 cans of Carling to stay late and transcribe an interview with Keith Richards. The next morning I was asked if there were any “news lines”. Not really, I said. Just the usual Keith Richards stuff. A few days later I saw some of the words I’d typed up on the front page of the Sun in a story about what he did with his father’s ashes under the headline: KE EF: I SNORTED MY DAD. There’s no telling what people will think is interesting. Work experience is meant to give you a flavour of the career, but in some cases it should really be a warning that perhaps it’s not the gig for you. Forget levelling up, how about levelling down? I was reminded of this happy period in my life by Sir Keir Starmer, who used his conference speech to announce he would make two weeks’ work experience compulsory for schoolchildren. If elected, Labour would “focus on practical life skills ”, Starmer said. “We will guarantee that every young person gets to see a careers adviser… We need to ensure that every child emerges from school ready for work.” The Tories have yet to respond, but I imagine they might be wary of work experience after the experiment with Matt Hancock got so badly out of hand. Besides, Starmer was less clear about what jobs these might be. Like much of Starmer’s vision, his idea of work experience harks back to the 90s and 00s, when it was vital for middle-class parents to secure their little darlings some kind of edge in meaningless office work. If you are working for free, it’s because there’s some other value to the labour: in the case of the NME, “cultural capital”, if that’s the right way to describe waiting two years to write a 60-word review of a Cajun Dance Party single. The idea that the experience was relevant was always an illusion. Industries where they really valued their staff, or where it was important people knew what they were doing, paid their apprentices. For everyone else it was a system of patronage and favour exchange, a line for the CV. It’s meant to give you a flavour of a career, but in some cases it should be a warning that perhaps this is not the gig for you Children today need a different kind of preparation. When I look at my 18-month-old daughter , I don’t imagine being able to wangle her a fortnight with a high street bank or solicitors’ office . In Britain in 15 years, those kinds of jobs will be long gone. As the nation fades from the world stage, the meaningless office work we have treasured for so many decades will be replaced by the kinds of labour the world really demands. But will work experience really be important for her life as a petrol station security guard, bitcoin miner, shitposter, Amazon drone oiler, Wetherspoon’s hostess, NFT polisher, billionaire blood donor, rapid antigen tester, social credit auditor, butler to robots, TikTok physio, seawater damage consultant or cancel culture enforcer? These are essential tasks. On the other hand, these internships can be valuable in other ways. A couple of years into my first newspaper job I offered a new graduate work experience. Now she’s my wife. What began as a minor abuse of power ended in a wedding. Perhaps Keir’s right. It might not help you in your career, but you never know where else it might lead. And while transcription might have been automated, you still need a keen nose for a story to spot the top line in a Keith Richards interview.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:40 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 13:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 40 03.10.21 Focus • Culture RIGHT Designs by The Fool modelled at the Beatles’s Apple Boutique by Anke Ferris, Charlotte Martin & Renate. Karl Ferris Miniskirts, Stones, pop art Why those swinging 60s will never go out of fashion Vibrant prints, tunics and knee-high boots are back on the couture catwalk – more than 50 years after the first ‘youthquake’, reports Lauren Cochrane Rolling Stone Mick Jagger in a Grenadier Guards jacket in 1967. Topfoto T he new exhibition at London’s Fashion and Textile Museum, Beautiful People: The Boutique in 1960s Counterculture , might have been 15 years in the making but it is, as head of exhibitions Dennis Nothdruft , says “timely”. The 1960s – a decade so mined for retro references that it has become the stuff of costume parties – is once again in vogue. At Prada’s first physical show since the pandemic, the big news last week was the return of the miniskirt, that classic sixties shape so associated with London designer Mary Quant. Minis have also been seen at Versace and Max Mara – and worn by celebrities including Jennifer Lopez, Selena Gomez and Adele. Last week in Paris, Maria Grazia Chiuri’s show for Christian Dior harked back to the brand’s 60s designer Marc Bohan , with miniskirts and pop colours dominating. The 60s influence is present in culture too – from the BBC’s new drama Ridley Road to the cinema with Todd Haynes’s Velvet Underground documentary imminent, and in music, with the Rolling Stones once again on tour, and Harry Styles an icon of the retro look. While Gen Z have recently focused around the Y2K style from the millennium, it seems like the 60s is the decade that fashion, culture and style still can’t get over. Beautiful People focuses on a specific period in the second half of the decade, and the vibrant scene in London boutiques. There are displays with the designs sold in stores including Biba, the Beatles’s shortlived Apple boutique, Granny Takes A Trip, Hung on You, and Mr Fish, where Mick Jagger found the dress (actually a long shirt) that he wore for a gig in Hyde Park in 1969. Rock gods are a theme – there are pieces worn by Jagger, Keith Richards and ABOVE A vintage William Morris print jacket by Granny Takes a Trip. Fashion and Textile Museum LEFT Classic 60s looks from the catwalk in last week’s Dior show in Paris. Shutterstock Jimi Hendrix, as well as items by designers including Mr Freedom, Thea Porter and Bill Gibb. Depending on the visitor’s age and life story, Beautiful People will either be a Proustian experience, or a history lesson in a blossoming of youth culture. Perhaps one reason the decade remains so prominent more than 50 years on is because if we now automatically look to youth as trendsetters the 60s – the “youthquake” – was perhaps the first time this happened in earnest. “We were very old. We were 24,” joke d Barbara Hulanicki , who founded Biba in 1963 with her husband Stephen Fitz-Simon and went on to dress young women in miniskirts, knee-high boots and vibrant prints. Her clientele were teenagers who had escaped from disapproving parents. “They all had jobs typing … and they came to live in London. There was all the music happening. It was amazing. And everybody was starting out too, so there were no grandiose grande dames or things like that,”she said. Nothdruft says that we connect with the late 60s i deas of “finding oneself”, and how this transferred into what people wore in a widespread way for the first time: “People allowed their personalities to be expressed in clothing, so it was an era of self-expression. People still relate to it. A certain part of us wants to feel that we could do that.” Perhaps another part of the perennial appeal is how many modern ideas can be traced back to this era. Cleo Butterfield from C20 Vintage, who co-curated the exhibition, points to designers either using vintage pieces found on markets, or repurposing interior fabrics like that used for bedspreads. “It’s the beginning of upcycling,” she said. “You wouldn’t get rid of things from the past, you would reuse them.” The Beatles’s Apple boutique is also notable. Opened for just six months in 1969, it was one of the first examples of musicians working with fashion, a path familiar to us now. The influence of this period is there – even in movements seemingly opposed to the peace and love so associated with the 60s. In 1971, Vivienne Westwood and Malcolm McLaren opened the punk boutique that became known as World’s End in the same location as Hung On You, symbolising a new, more spiky, era. But, Nothcruft says, even though they rejected the mood of the previous generation, they were influenced by them: “The end result was very different but there was that idea of expression that could change the status quo.” Paul Gorman is the author of The Look: Adventures in Rock and Pop Fashion and a recent biography of McLaren. He thinks the 60s are so popular partly because the decade is easily digestible. “The 70s were really chaotic, there were several different things going on at the same time, whereas the 60s is quite linear in the developments of styles.” He argues that the focus on youth makes it exciting: “It’s not like now where your mum goes to Zara. This was an age when youth was defiance, exuberance, and people were willing to make a division with previous generations.” Many of the boutiques in Beautiful People were, by their nature, exclusive and for a privileged few. Hung on You, opened in 1965, was founded by aristocrat Michael Rainey and his wife Jane Ormsby- Gore while Granny Takes a Trip had the Oscar Wilde quote “One should either be a work of art or wear a work of art” above its door. Biba, by contrast, made an impact because the clothes were wearable and affordable for a new generation of young women with disposable income – an idea that still appeals today. “I think we were the first ones do the pricing right. And listen to the market,” sa id Hulanicki. The brand was specifically priced for the pay packet of their clientele: “They were on about nine pounds a week. They would be paying three pounds a week on a bedsit, three pounds a week on spaghetti. And three pounds a week in Biba.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:41 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:53 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • My son left for uni with the perfect masher, but it was never about spuds Sarah Ditum Page 47 41 Panic at the pumps could herald a brave new Brexit order. I have my doubts HGV licences urging them to return to the industry. The thimble of water has grown into a bottle , but the bonfire shows every sign of burning out only slowly and already at the cost of a collapse in business confidence. Panic buying and lost trust are hard to reverse. Of course the government should have acted far more decisively, far sooner – and provided the public with accurate information . Accuracy and honesty are the best ways of calming fears. But there is remarkably little outcry about its dithering and its bluster: a YouGov poll reports that only 23% of the population blame it and nearly half blame the media. Will Hutton This crisis is a temporary blip on our way to a higher skills economy, say Brexiter evangelists. Or maybe it just marks trouble to come Driving across France last Thursday was like driving in Britain used to be – no worries about petrol and no queues. Returning to London was a brutal tipping into another reality. One of the first duties of a government is to ensure that citizens can go about their daily business without hassle and anxiety. With abundant petrol in the refineries there was never need for this pain – we are living through an abject failure of governance. Brexit is plainly one of the reasons for the shortage of drivers and for the troublesome frictions at our borders spilling over into problems in the food and supermarket supply chains . More crucially, it was ministers’ very fear that early action would be seen as proof positive of Brexit’s frailties that so paralysed them. Thus road haulage chiefs met junior transport minister Baroness Vere on 16 June to urge temporary visas for overseas drivers, a campaign to attract retired drivers back to work and one to address the driving test backlog. But transport ministers don’t trust the “ Remoaner” road haulage lobby, loud in its early criticism last winter of how hard Brexit’s new border controls has made it to move goods in and out of Britain. Vere knew that, as a former executive director of the Conservatives In campaig n, she is viewed with suspicion and No 10 wanted the line held. The industry should pay better and recruit and train more British drivers . Part of the point of Brexit was to shift from a low-wage, lowskill economy dependent on EU migrants. She closed the June meeting by telling executives the government “did not want to create panic” . Over the summer, the line held even as problems mounted. On the evening of 23 September, just as news that BP was closing some petrol stations because of tanker driver shortages, the home secretary, Priti Patel, was celebrating with 25 other self-styled “Spartans” – the Tory MPs who voted three times against Theresa May’s compromise Brexit deals – at the Carlton Club. They congratulated themselves on the hardest of hard Brexits they had achieved, along with Patel’s visa policy excluding low-paid immigrants. Boris Johnson, urged to create at least 20,000 visas to bring in foreign drivers , knows how strongly his political base supports Patel’s stance on immigration . He did the least possible, announcing 10,500 temporary three-month visas for tanker drivers and poultry workers, keenly aware of the impending turkey shortage about to blight Christmas. It was “the equivalent of throwing a thimble of water on a bonfire ”, as Baroness McGregor-Smith , president of the British Chambers of Commerce, memorably said. Now, belatedly, comes the news that 100 army tanker drivers begin on Monday, to be joined by 300 overseas drivers fast-tracked in on a visa especially extended to February. Vere has finally written to a million holders of Fuel pumps in central London yesterday. Niklas Halle’n/ AFP One reason is that Labour cannot lay into the Brexit-induced dither as authentically as it could and should; it backed the treaty and judges that the public is not yet ready to hear advocacy for the EU . Despite everything, most Leavers continue to back Brexit. They might feel they voted for a higher-wage, higher-skill economy propelled by lower immigration and that, however bumpily, might seem to be in train. Advertised pay rates for HGV drivers have risen 12.8% this year alone, while working-class Leave voters might like the spectacle of Tory ministers urging employers to pay and train people better. And yet HGV drivers are only one sector. Immigration was always more a manpower than a wages game. For example, the Bank of England found that all EU immigration between 2004 and 2011 reduced semi- and low-skilled service sector wages by less than 1% a year. Any impact was on the lowest 10% of wage earners and then only slight . But what immigration did was to expand the economy: an economy’s annual output represents the number of average hours worked multiplied by the output per person hour, multiplied by the working population. Immigrants don’t change investment or productivity, but they increase the numbers able to pick fruit, kill pigs, rear turkeys and drive lorries. Without immigrants, the economy grows less quickly or shrinks. A quarter of all UK firms, including half of all transport businesses, say they can’t fill vacancies because EU applicants no longer apply . Their scope to pay higher wages is capped by how much they can sell on profitable margins; if they can’t employ people at an affordable wage, then super market shelves aren’t stocked and tanks in petrol stations aren’t replenished. Without free movement of EU workers or a liberal visa policy, Britain has an intertwined manpower, mobility and skills crisis: there are not enough people in the right places with the right skills to sustain the output we are used to . The mismatch will eventually be solved, the solution delayed by our chronically weak training system and housing shortage; the economy will be smaller , people will gradually acquire the necessary skills, but the dislocation will involve shortages, queues, even rationing and very low growth. Meanwhile, surveys show a growing majority in favour of immigration. The open question in British politics is whether Brexit can even half work before the public gives up on it. The government’s actions betray its anxiety over the answer. My guess, after this week, is that the moment when the public begins to stop believing is approaching and faster than anyone thinks.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:42 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:18 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 42 03.10.21 Comment & Analysis • Established in 1791 Issue № 11992 Sarah Everard We need an independent inquiry into Met misogyny The arrest, then kidnapping, rape and murder of Sarah Everard by a serving Metropolitan police officer have irrevocably shaken public confidence in the police. Last week, as her murderer was sentenced, her family read out their statements in court. “She was caring, she was funny. She was clever, but she was good at practical things too. She was a wonderful daughter… She was a good person. She had purpose to her life,” Susan Everard, Sarah’s mother, told her murderer . An unbearable agony has been inflicted on her family and loved ones. And women have watched in horror as the details of her murder have become public and the response of the Met has been to put more emphasis on how women can keep themselves safe from dangerous police officers than on the deep-seated reform needed to address its own institutional misogyny. As a male-dominated institution, the police are vulnerable to societal cultures . Abusive and violent men are attracted to professions that offer power and control. And the state confers huge powers on the police in order to maintain law and order and protect victims of crime. To learn of a police officer using those powers to kidnap and murder a woman – using his warrant card to arrest her, his police-issued handcuffs to restrain her – fatally erodes the principle of policing by consent , the idea that police authority is contingent on public approval and on the police’s ability to maintain public respect. In the words of the judge who sentenced him: “If that is undermined, one of the enduring safeguards of law and order in this country is inevitably jeopardised.” Red flags about this officer – several allegations of indecent exposure, including one just days before he murdered Everard; the fact he was reportedly nicknamed “the rapist” by colleagues; the lewd and misogynistic messages he and other officers allegedly shared via WhatsApp – were either ignored or not picked up. The leadership of the Met had months to prepare its response to the sentencing. It needed to acknowledge its failings, request an independent inquiry into institutional misogyny and announce changes it has made to vetting and safeguarding in light of Sarah’s murder. Instead, the Met commissioner, Cressida Dick, failed to announce any actions in her statement , and the deputy commissioner, Steve House , insisted there was “zero tolerance” for misogyny in the force even as it transpired that two Met officers who allegedly swapped misogynistic and racist messages with Everard’s murderer have been left on duty . The Met has issued utterly inappropriate guidance to women on what to do if they suspect the motives of a lone police officer, including flagging down a bus, challenging the officer and calling 999 to verify their identity. This further contributes to the erosion of policing by consent . Restoring faith in the police requires an inquiry of the sort that followed the murder of Stephen Lawrence. There are undoubtedly many frontline police officers who show immense bravery and dedication to public service. But they and the public are being failed by a rotten leadership culture that has not addressed the numerous signals that the Met and other forces still have an issue with institutional misogyny and racism . Undercover Met officers stole the identities of dead children to trick women into having long-term relationships, and even children , with them; last week, judges ruled this was a gross violation of human rights . The Centre for Women’s Justice has filed a supercomplaint about police failures to investigate police officers accused of violence and abuse against women. Two Met officers have pleaded guilty to misconduct after taking and sharing photos of themselves with the bodies of Nicole Smallman and Bibaa Henry , two sisters who had been knifed to death. A report by the police watchdog has found “ problems, unevenness and inconsistencies ” in the way forces address male violence against women. These failings of the police have occurred against a backdrop of a broader societal failure to address and prevent male violence against women and girls. A woman is killed by a man every three days in this country. These femicides are the tip of the iceberg of the epidemic of male violence against women and children, yet support services for abused women have been cut , abuse victims are shunted towards women’s prisons , and falling rape and domestic abuse convictions , which have arisen partly as a result of government cuts to the police, prosecution service and courts, are effectively decriminalising male violence against women. All the emphasis is on women changing behaviour to protect themselves but there is an overwhelming lack of strategy to prevent male violence by working with perpetrators of domestic abuse and fostering healthy attitudes towards women and girls among boys. Male politicians apparently feel empowered to carelessly advocate for the end of the single-sex safe spaces that are protected by the Equality Act without acknowledging the consequences for women traumatised by male violence. Male violence against women should be treated as of the same order as other ideologically motivated violence against a class of people : as terrorism. This would mean far more resources going into preventing the deaths of more than 100 women a year and the abuse of many, many more women and children. But the Met’s dreadful response to Sarah Everard’s murder shows this cannot happen without an independent inquiry into the institutional misogyny of Britain’s largest police force. This must be announced without further delay . Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU Telephone 020 3353 2000 email editor@ Politics Keir Starmer has signalled that Labour is serious about winning Labour has a mountain to climb to get back into government. In 2019, the party suffered its worst election defeat since 1935, the product of the deep unpopularity of its leader, its difficulty in producing a credible Brexit position that chimed with all voters and long-term decline in its support among working-class voters. But at his party’s annual conference last week, Keir Starmer showed that the party is starting to inch forwards on the long road back to power. Starmer’s conference speech showed that he understands the predicament facing Labour and has taken on board criticisms of the first 18 months of his leadership. There were many reasons why Labour did so badly in 2019. First and foremost was the fact that voters did not warm to Jeremy Corbyn, the least popular opposition leader for decades ; they saw him as unconvincing, unpatriotic and weak on issues of national security and unbothered about the extent of antisemitism in his party. But this dislike was underpinned by long standing shifts in Labour’s electoral coalition: its declining vote share among working-class voters, older groups and non-graduates, which particularly made itself felt after a Brexit that many Labour supporters backed as others rejected it. Starmer achieved three important things last week. First, he continued to demonstrate a decisive break from Corbyn on antisemitism. Corbyn was suspended from the parliamentary party over his disgraceful response to the Equality and Human Rights Commission report on antisemitism in the Labour party and political groups associated with antisemitism were banned from the party this summer. Last week, conference delegates voted to accept the rule changes required by the EHRC, including an independent complaints process, in the face of opposition from left groupings such as Momentum . Louise Ellman, the Jewish former MP who left the party over the antisemitic abuse she faced from members, decided to “return to her political home” by rejoining the party . Second, although Labour’s agenda for government is far from fully fleshed out, Starmer signalled that he understands the everyday concerns of voters on issues such as education to crime: the fact that too many children are growing up in areas without a single good primary school and the number of rape victims who are denied the justice of their attackers facing any consequences. He also spoke movingly about his patriotism and contrasted it to Conservative ministers encouraging the public to boo when English footballers such as Marcus Rashford took the knee to condemn racism in football. Few voters meaningfully engage with party leader speeches at conferences, but those who were polled having seen clips from the speech reacted more positively than those polled after both Boris Johnson and Corbyn’s first conference speeches. Finally, Starmer firmly indicated that, unlike Johnson, he is a leader who will put country before party factionalism and that Labour’s emphasis will be on “changing lives” rather than “chanting slogans”, as he told those from the left who heckled him during his speech. This is evident in a series of party reforms passed last week that boost the influence of MPs in selecting the next party leader and reduce the power of unrepresentative groups of local members to get sitting MPs deselected . However, it is also apparent in Starmer’s promise that under his leadership the party will never again present a manifesto that is not a serious plan for government, a clear indictment of his predecessor’s 2019 manifesto, which was greeted with scepticism by the electorate. Starmer still has huge barriers to overcome: Labour’s dismal performance in Scotland; the challenge of how to unite an increasingly disparate coalition of voters around a unifying vision ; reversing Labour’s decline in working-class support; and convincing the electorate that he is a prime minister in waiting. But the achievements of last week offer a glimmer of hope for the future of the British centre-left.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:43 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:46 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 03.10.21 43 @andrewrawnsley Andrew Rawnsley Tory triumphalism will anger voters facing empty shelves and a fuel famine If a week is a long time in politics, 24 months is an eternity. Tories are gathering in Manchester highly conscious that their party last met for an in-person conference two tumultuous years ago. Since he last strutted on a conference stage, Boris Johnson has divorced his second wife, married his third, won his party a fourth consecutive term and had what he says is his sixth child (other estimates are available). He has bungled his way through a pandemic that almost killed him, in both the literal and political senses, before the vaccination cavalry rode to the rescue. He has wrenched Britain out of the EU after unlawfully proroguing parliament, purging Remainers from his party and beguiling opposition leaders into foolishly letting him have an early general election. At their first non-virtual conference since that election, even the most Johnson-sceptical Tories will salute him for winning it large. Conservatives like power and they will forgive a lot in a man who secured their largest majority since Margaret Thatcher’s 1987 landslide. Talking of whom, some of Mr Johnson’s more overexcitable understrappers hailed the ruthlessness of his recent reshuffle as evidence that he is in “ invincible mode ” and plans to outdo the Iron Lady’s 11 years at Number 10. Before they are entirely consumed by hubris, someone at that address ought to brush up on the classics. When victorious Roman generals paraded through the streets before worshipping crowds they were accompanied by a slave whose role was to continuously whisper an ego-checking message in the commander’s ear: “ Memento mori .” The Tories will be feeling pleased with themselves in Manchester, but they best be careful how much of that self-satisfaction they display to the public when many Britons have been unable to refuel their vehicles or have been forced to squander their time queuing for petrol. Even members of the government refer to an “EFFing” crisis because the fuel famine is being accompanied by surging energy prices and food shortages . The army has been put on standby . And they used to say that Labour would turn Britain into a version of Venezuela. This gives fresh force to a familiar question about the character of Mr Johnson and his government. When Dominic Cummings described the man he worked with at Number 10 as “ludicrously” unfit to be prime minister, it was not just non-Tories who found themselves in sudden agreement with Mr Cummings. There are plenty of Tories who think Mr Johnson is just not up to it. “The trouble with Boris is that he’s not very interested in governing,” says one former Tory cabinet minister. “He’s only interested in two things. Being world king and shagging.” The charge that his regime is fundamentally incompetent, so often made and with so much justice during the pandemic, is back and with a sting. One of the first duties of any government is to ensure that essential ‘The charge that his regime is fundamentally incompetent, so often made and with so much justice during the pandemic, is back and with a sting.’ goods and services are available to the public. The fuel and food crises are the result of a failure to plan ahead, rooted in an unwillingness to listen to expert warnings about the consequences of a lack of HGV drivers. A senior Tory who was centrally involved in Brexit planning reveals: “They haven’t done the work. We were looking at driver shortages and what to do about them three years ago. Where was the bloody plan to prepare for this?” Some of the disruption can be attributed to the stress put on supply chains by the pandemic, but business groups agree that it has been greatly exacerbated by the severe rupture in relations with Britain’s closest neighbours that has been Mr Johnson’s signature contribution to our recent history. Shortages both of key workers and essential goods are the result of Britain choosing to shrink its pool of potential labour while abandoning a smooth trading system for one with high and costly levels of friction. After initially denying that these many crises might have something to do with Brexit, ministers have since announced a limited ration of short-term visas for poultry workers and lorry drivers from the EU, a grudging concession to reality that is too late and too slight to put things right. The acutest anxiety among Tory MPs is that Britain is heading into what one former cabinet minister calls “a bleak midwinter”, during which empty shelves in the shops will be accompanied by sharply rising food prices. That will be compounded by hefty increases in home gas and electricity bills. Inflation has not been a highly salient issue in British politics since Rishi Sunak was a teenager and Mr Johnson was still married to his first wife. One thing inflation does is make all the decisions government has to make about taxation and spending that much more crunchy and contentious. As for the public, it is probably a decent assumption that they will respond in the same way as voters did when the cost of living was last a hot issue. Which is to say, it will make people unhappy with the government. The households that will hurt most are the justabout-managing whose family budgets are already tight, many of them exactly the kind of working-class voter who delivered a majority to the Conservatives at the last election. This cohort, a lot of them first-time Tory supporters in 2019, will also feel the effects of the end of furlough, the hike in national insurance which will eat into pay packets from next spring and the cancellation of the £20 uplift in universal credit which will bite on Wednesday, the very day Mr Johnson makes his conference speech. Boosterish blather about “levelling up” will ring particularly hollow if the living standards of millions of people are being crunched down. This presents a serious test for the government and a significant opportunity for its opponents. Labour’s spokespeople are now under instruction to use the phrase “Tory cost of living crisis” at every available opportunity. This is a sign that Labour, which had a fractious but ultimately invigorating conference in Brighton, is sharpening up its act. “Starmer finally seems to be working out what his targets ought to be,” says one senior Tory who confesses to being mildly impressed by the Labour leader’s performance on the Sussex coast. “That should worry us a bit.” Of the speeches in Brighton, two stood out as indicators that Labour is becoming more focused on the terrain where the outcome of the next election is most likely to be decided. In an impressive conference debut as shadow chancellor, Rachel Reeves placed her emphasis on the “everyday economy” and the people whose lives and livelihoods depend on it. Her pitch was squarely aimed at the voters, many to be found in provincial towns and small cities, that Labour needs to attract from the Tories. Ms Reeves put her party on the side of hard-pressed workers against rotten employers, on the side of taxpayers against contractors who rip off the public purse and on the side of small and mediumsize businesses facing unfair competition from tech giants who don’t make a fair contribution to the societies from which they profit. It is a compliment to her that a pressure group of northern Tory MPs has since issued a demand that the government cut business rates in the high street after her pledge to abolish rates altogether. In a leader’s address that needed to be the best speech of his life and was, Sir Keir Starmer drew on his biography as the son of a skilled toolmaker and a dedicated nurse who rose from an unprivileged background to become director of public prosecutions. He used his life story to define himself as a champion of the dignity of work, the nobility of service and the value of education and against criminals, hard leftists mouthing empty slogans and unpatriotic Tories who encouraged booing of England’s World Cup squad. A sharp contrast was drawn with Mr Johnson and a sharp line was drawn under Corbynism. This signalled an intent to engage the Tories on tracts of the political battlefield that Labour abandoned under its previous management. Even with the government’s current problems, it remains exceptionally hard to find a Tory who fears that Labour can win the next election. Even though the conference ended on a high note, Labour people remain daunted by the immense mountain they have to climb to regain power. That said, the contest ought to become more competitive if Labour builds on the successes of its conference and the Tories continue to lurch from one crisis to another while hubristically telling themselves they can never lose. As the turbulence of the past 24 months has demonstrated, a lot can happen and a lot of it unexpected in two years.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:44 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 15:47 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 44 03.10.21 Comment & Analysis • Riddell’s view To buy this print or others by Chris Riddell for £35, go to or email Notebook Rachel Cooke No one flits in a Zipcar Last Monday, I sold my car. This had to be done. Later this month, the mayor of London will extend his lowemission zone; my old VW being a diesel, every journey was about to cost me £12.50. But as I kept telling myself, there were other, more virtuous reasons for this mournful visit to the Shoreditch branch of the Philip Schofield theme park that is webuyanycar. com . Whatever else I might have done wrong in my life, at least I’m now no longer contributing to the city’s congestion and pollution. Travelling home on the tube, however, I was overcome by sudden sadness. As a teenager, nothing was more important than passing my test; even now, I still feel weirdly proud of the fact that I can drive and weirdly disdainful of those who can’t. I regard driving as a feminist act. It has saved my bacon so many times; locking my car door from the inside late at night has always represented safety to me. The woman who cannot drive cannot bolt, a word I use in its Mitfordian sense to denote “escape from a male lover of the species”, though one does, of course, need something to bolt in. The man at webuyanycar. com, sipping thoughtfully from his Pip Schofield mug, spoke kindly of all the options available to me. But it’s hardly the same, is it? Where’s the drama in booking a hire car into which to throw all your worldly possessions? How to roar off stagily in something that’s parked in the next-but-one street and that has a multicoloured Zipcar logo emblazoned on its side? Sibling rivalry Lady Boss, a brilliantly mad (and sad) new film Joan Collins at the premiere of Lady Boss. about Jackie Collins to be screened by the BBC next week, has lots to say about feminism, albeit mostly of the leopardskin-jacketand-athletic-sex variety (the author of Hollywood Wives, though seriously into equal pay, was not, we gather, a great one for Kate Millett et al). But not everyone in it comes to praise or even fondly to recall the shoulder pads. Jackie’s big sister, Joan, just can’t help herself, telling us, solemn-faced, that after she died in 2015, her sibling was reincarnated as a fruit fly. What? How did she know? Apparently, it was its impressive tenacity that was the giveaway, the insect having doggedly followed poor, grieving Joan all the way from the Polo Lounge at the Beverly Hills hotel to the south of France. V&A’s new baby However well-intentioned, I think the V&A’s decision to change the name of the Museum of Childhood in Bethnal Green to Young V&A – and to banish its historic collections of toys to V&A East – may be a mistake. Reason one: while all of us have a childhood, not everyone is young. Reason two: such a name suggests that the V&A’s other outposts are only for the old, which they’re not. Reason three: Young V&A sounds so contingent and temporary – something, perhaps, to be grown out of. Reason four: in my experience, children know instinctively when they are being patronised and all this talk of “nurturing the innovators of the future” does sound a touch condescending to me. Reason five: no one should discount the value of (ostensible) boredom. That sensation, almost as much as its opposite, can set a small brain working. As a child, dragged around a museum by a teacher or parent, I was always looking for the least dull thing, which is how, against all expectation, I would sometimes find an interesting, exciting thing.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:45 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 03.10.21 45 You can’t opt in and out of taking violence against women seriously Catherine Bennett Sarah Everard’s murder has highlighted the inconsistencies in the provision of safe spaces After the heartbreaking family statements and accounts of Sarah Everard’s abduction and murder, it seemed unlikely a judicial summing up could exacerbate the distress. But somehow the judge achieved it. Everard was, Lord Justice Fulford said, “a wholly blameless victim”. Ah. The other sort – the woman who contributes to her own death at the hands of a pitiless stranger – evidently lives on in the mind of the senior judiciary. Forty years after the police and prosecution virtue-rated victims of the mass murderer Peter Sutcliffe, the criminal justice system applauds a female victim who lives up to the highest patriarchal standards. Sir Michael Havers said at Sutcliffe’s trial that “perhaps the saddest part of the case” was that “the last six attacks were on totally respectable women”. After Sutcliffe’s death last year, West Yorkshire police apologised for similar ugliness. But even in the 1970s women seem to have been spared the suggestion that some police officers were well disposed, personally, towards the murderer. Turning to the mitigating arguments, Fulford acknowledged of Couzens that “some of his colleagues have spoken supportively of him”. We already knew that Couzens’s nickname, as a serving officer, was “the rapist”. We learned months ago that he had been reported for indecent exposure in 2015, then for twice repeating this offence days before the murder, remaining in his job. But only thanks to the judge did we discover that even after he was known to have kidnapped and killed, the depraved Couzens – with his prostitutes and violent pornography – enjoyed support from colleagues. Are they among the officers now being investigated? There’s little reason, given recent police statements, to hope so. After months during which the Metropolitan police could have enhanced safeguarding, addressed risks and even been ready with a self-lacerating review, all it could contribute after the trial were lines about wrong ’uns and lessons learned, its own great shock and sadness and the correct procedure for women needing to distinguish between arrest and abduction. The kindest thing that can be said about Cressida Dick, given the evidence of employee mistreatment of women tolerated in police forces, is that this misogyny is so entrenched as to have defied any attempts she may have made to expunge it. Female ex-officers have been speaking about the difficulty of reporting male misbehaviour, including domestic abuse, in this male-dominated culture and about the likely pariah status for women who try. As in March, when women gathering to mourn Sarah Everard were set upon by male officers , this harrowing case has aroused collective concern. Again, men remind other men, using the hashtag #shewasonlywalkinghome, what it must be like for a young woman to be always glancing behind her, recrossing the road, carrying keys in her fist. Again, there’s an appalled interest, for all the world as if it had been long hidden, in the decades of harassment that begin for women in puberty and cease only with middle age or police instructions (unmodified since Sutcliffe’s murders in Leeds) to stay off the streets when especially dangerous men are at large. David Lammy, the shadow justice secretary, was among the prominent men tweeting their abhorrence: “Enough is enough. We need to treat violence against women and girls as seriously as terrorism.” Sometimes, you gather, it’s acceptable to discuss endemic male violence against women and girls and sometimes it’s not. Just before the Everard verdict, Lammy had angrily dismissed women exercised by this very subject as “dinosaurs”. Women who value women-only spaces – where they feel safe from male violence – he characterised as “hoarding rights”. Lammy, along with some Labour colleagues, simultaneously denounces male violence, then, taking victim-blaming to as yet unprecedented levels, is furious with any women concerned about losing the few places that individuals he depicts as terrorists can’t access. These single-sex spaces – from refuges to hospital wards and rest rooms – historically protected women by excluding men where women were particularly vulnerable. #Notallmen, of course, but that’s safeguarding. “Preventative measures,” as A vigil for Sarah Everard on Clapham Common, London, in March. Victoria Jones/PA Professor Kathleen Stock writes in Material Girls, “are usually by necessity broad-brush . They aren’t supposed to be a character reference for a group as a whole.” But there are now questions about their survival, partly because of their increasing, arbitrary replacement by gender-neutral spaces , partly because of possible changes to gender-recognition law . These could, as an unintended consequence, leave women – both trans and not – with almost nowhere they don’t have to glance over their shoulders. As Alessandra Asteriti and Rebecca Bull argued in Modern Law Review : “Opening spaces to those who self-declare their sex and who are perceived as males” will “embolden male opportunists to enter singlesex spaces, reducing their riskmitigation role”. But public debate has been minimal. Not least because some of the same people who, unsatisfied by “bad apple” excuses, demand to know what safeguards prevent the police from harbouring another Couzens, will also scorn any questions about what, in future, could prevent the same sort of opportunist from appearing in women-only changing rooms. The implications of everyday harassment, along with the data on male violence and killings such as Everard’s and Sabina Nessa’s , are liable to be ridiculed in this different context as invented “bathroom bogeymen”. And some fears might, it’s true, be disproportionate. Some threats might be, if not ineradicable, made manageable. Maybe it’s easy to distinguish between decent and indecent exposure. Or, as Kathleen Stock proposes, the introduction of third spaces could be the best answer to conflicting interests around dignity and safety. But first we need men like Lammy, with his admirable insistence that male violence against women and girls be taken seriously, to explain why, in that case, women’s interest in personal safety can be disparaged – in terms almost worthy of a Metropolitan police officer – as beneath his notice.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:46 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:52 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 46 03.10.21 Comment & Analysis • Yes, the younger hires are diverse. But why does TV still lack black people in top roles? David Olusoga Ofcom’s report reveals television workforces still fail to resemble the British population Our TV, as we love to remind ourselves and the rest of the world, is unique and uniquely British. Last month, the now former media minister John Whittingdale suggested that Britain’s public service broadcasters – BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Channel 5 – could in future be legally required to produce what he described as “distinctively British” programmes. Whittingdale cited Only Fools and Horses, Downton Abbey, The Great British Bake Off, Doctor Who, The Bodyguard and Fleabag as examples of the sort of programmes that would pass his test. This raises lots of questions. First, if “Britishness” were to be legally mandated, who gets to define and measure it and by what criteria? Are shows such as Idris Elba’s Luther, Michaela Coel’s I May Destroy You and Steve McQueen’s Small Axe films, which explore the stories of black Britons – real and fictional – not also “distinctively British”? The deeper question, however, is whether the UK television industry is capable of producing programmes that reflect Britishness in all its diversity – socioeconomic, regional, gender, sexual , generational and ethnic. The reasons to worry in this regard is because behind the scenes and behind the camera, television has long struggled to build a workforce that resembles the nation it seeks to reflect. Those failures and their continuing impact is captured in a report published last week by Ofcom, the industry regulator. Conducted over five years, it concludes that, despite progress having been made in some areas, most of the old problems, familiar to anyone who knows the industry, remain. Women are more likely to be leaving television than joining it. Disabled people are represented at nowhere near their population level of 19%. And while people of colour and other minorities are being recruited in increasing numbers, they remain clustered in junior positions and under-represented at senior, decision-making levels. Because TV companies “have focused on entry-level recruitment, there still isn’t enough diverse talent in senior roles”, noted Ofcom’s director of broadcasting policy, Vikki Cook . With reference to race and class, she appealed for broadcasters, and the production companies who make many of their programs, to “slow the revolving door and focus on retaining and progressing talented people from all walks of life”. The picture Ofcom paints is of an industry in which the power to select which programmes get made and how lies with senior managers and producers who are overwhelmingly middle class, ablebodied, white and very often male. A picture little different to the one I attempted to describe last August when I gave the annual MacTaggart lecture at the Edinburgh television festival. I spoke then of my experiences in TV and those of people of colour I have known who left the industry, frustrated at the lack of opportunity for advancement and a culture unwilling to listen to their voices and their perspectives. What is most depressing about this report is how familiar it all is. Previous reports from previous decades say much the same thing. This, in part, I suspect is because the industry has failed to fully accept that the status quo is abnormal. All-white production teams based in London, a city with a workforce that is 36% minority ethnic, only seem acceptable because culturally we have normalised what is abnormal. For decades, the industry’s focus was on schemes that helped people of colour walk through the industry’s doors but offered no assistance to enable them to rise within its ranks. The Ofcom report describes the industry’s record on promoting people from diverse backgrounds as “woeful”. Many people in TV are seemingly comfortable with young black people in junior positions but uncomfortable with older, black people in senior roles. I have heard it suggested that the industry’s diversity problems could be resolved by increasing youth representation, both on and off screen. Solve the youth problem and you solve the diversity problem, goes this argument, as if blackness and youthfulness were the same thing, which, as my creaking joints can attest, they are not. Similar cultural barriers limit Michaela Cole, creator and star of I May Destroy You. Natalie Seery/BBC the industry’s attempts to change its socioeconomic make up and throughout my career I have seen how women are often channelled towards administrative rather than creative roles. Trapped in the world of its own making, the failures of the past, delaying changes needed in the present, the industry is discovering that its growing determination to be more inclusive is itself not enough to bring about needed change. What makes Ofcom’s findings even more unsurprising to me is that after my MacTaggart lecture I learned that the experiences I had observed and experienced in my career were even more common than I had realised. In the days after the lecture I was sent emails and social media messages by dozens of people of colour for whom this Ofcom report contains little they had not learn ed from first-hand experience. This year’s MacTaggart lecturer, the screenwriter Jack Thorne, gave an impassioned speech about TV’s equally stark failure to include the voices and build the careers of disabled people. My guess would be that after his lecture he too will have received a similar flurry of messages from people whose experiences resonated with his distressing account of a mindset often incapable of recognising the talents of people with disabilities. Changing the dial on diversity, in all its forms, matters in every industry but television is special and especially important. Even in the age of streaming services, few things are as shared in the UK as TV. It still has an almost magical capacity to bring the nation together for moments of shared, cultural togetherness. At its best, it can enable us to recognise and empathise with one another across divides of class and community. Yet who gets to make television has never been similarly shared, nor open to all those with talents to hone and stories to tell. Until that is resolved, programmes that might pass a politician’s “distinctively British” test risk still being British in only a narrow sense, unable to represent the full scope of Britishness as it really is in the 21st century.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:47 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:21 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 03.10.21 47 My son left for uni with the perfect masher, but it was never about spuds Sarah Ditum Preparing a child to begin their own life in the world is the aim of parenting, but success can somewhat sting Four hours is long in a car, but a short time to run through all I might have failed to impart as a parent The great migration happens every autumn. Salmon head upriver to spawn and die. Swallows leave their nests behind and fly back to Africa. And human parents all around the UK load their children’s belongings into bin bags and cardboard boxes and set out on the long drive to university. For a few weeks, the roads are full of cars making this journey and this year I was in one of them, taking my son up north to start his degree. Before he left, I didn’t want to think about the yawning emptiness that his departure would leave in my home. I didn’t want to think, either, about the fact that after nearly two decades of his father and me being on hand to solve (almost) everything – the dental appointments, the last-minute lifts – he was going to be 200 miles beyond the reach of my interventions. I wanted even less to think about the fact that my interventions might actually not be needed anymore. I worried, of course, but I didn’t want my son to see my worry and add it to his own. Instead, I thought about homewares. I scrutinised the things I had saved over the last few years “for uni” and decided none of them would do. (They would have been fine, probably. I just needed something to do.) I started shopping. For a month, all my free time was spent making lists, rummaging through shops, haunting websites. Where would I find the exact potato masher that could convey a relaxed, breezy, “no big deal if you (or your flatmates) melt this!” attitude, while at the same time affirming my constant concern for his wellbeing? “He’ll only eat instant anyway,” people said, trying to be helpful, as if mashing potatoes was ever really the point. In the end, I chose a brightly coloured one (casual ) in robust silicone (caring ) and no one will ever be able to see the meanings I’ve loaded on to its ergonomic handle. It is, after all, just a potato masher. The collection of crockery and pans and cutlery heaped up and meanwhile his friends left town, one by one, until the Saturday morning arrived when it was his turn. He said goodbye to his little sister. “I’ll miss you,” she sniffed. “Are you leaving your Stüssy T-shirt?” He said goodbye to the dog, who looked pleased with the attention. And then we started the four-hour drive to a 1960s hall of residence, where we ‘I didn’t want to think about the yawning emptiness that his departure would leave in my home.’ Alamy would leave him to start the rest of his life. Four hours is a long time to spend in a car, but a short time to run through everything I might have failed to impart in my parenting up to now. Do you know to put meat on the bottom shelf of the fridge? Not to mix your white and coloured laundry and to always lock your door? Do you know that everyone else you’ll meet will probably be as nervous as you? Do you know that if you act friendly and confident, people will think that’s who you are? We helped him unpack, said hello to some housemates. He used the kitchen scissors I’d given him to snip the ludicrous pom-pom trim from the edges of the bedding I’d bought and we laughed at the fact that I’d sent him to university with a clown duvet. If I got something wrong, at least it was funny. At least it was fixable. The potato masher got put away and then it was time to go. He came outside to hug us goodbye and we watched him go back into the building, one last look, a wave. Parenting is a succession of those looks and waves. The one when you drop them off at nursery and feel your heart dragged out of your body as you walk unwillingly away. The one on the first day of school, as they race away in smart new shoes to start the next part of growing up. The one when they’re grown and starting out alone. I can remember the first words and the first steps, but there’s another kind of first that felt equally momentous: the first time one of my children revealed something that they absolutely, positively hadn’t learned with me. A word picked up from a friend. A song they heard on TV. An idea they had all by themselves. Those small proofs that the person you made is going to far, far exceed the raw material you have provided. Most of the worst frustrations of parenting come from the things you can’t control about your children. Being woken up in the middle of the night, which is equally an issue with hungry babies and with teenagers clattering home from the pub. The food they won’t eat. The times they just won’t listen. (I miss him, yes, but I don’t miss everything.) But this is also the point of it: to raise someone who is not merely a part of you, but their own self. The aim of parenting is ultimately to be left behind. It’s just that those successes can sting a bit when they happen. On the way home, my husband and I took turns reassuring each other. I told him that our son was ready for independence; he told me that it didn’t matter if I’d packed the wrong cheesegrater. Our son would cope. We would cope. At least, until reading week. Rules and advice don’t slow the virus. Behaviour does David Spiegelhalter and Anthony Masters Behind the numbers: the weekly statistics uncovered Recent queues for fuel have shown the consequences of abrupt changes in behaviour. Almost as sudden were the changes around the first lockdown in March 2020, when close meetings between people plummeted by about threequarters. We know this through the CoMix contact survey from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), which has continued to ask UK adults about their “direct contacts”, that is any sort of skin-to-skin contact or anyone to whom at least a few words were exchanged in person. Can you remember how many such contacts you had yesterday? Pre-lockdown, people reported an average of 11 such meetings a day, but this fell to three afterwards and stayed low. Some warned of the dangers of “freedom day” on 19 July , with some mathematical modelling estimating more than 100,000 cases a day. But the CoMix survey shows there was no exuberant return to socialising and so no subsequent explosion of cases. Trends up to 21 September show that the mean number of contacts for children has remained higher after schools opened, up to about 10 a day. Adults are far less social, with the average number of contacts remaining at about three, including those working from home. In contrast, those going to work average about six contacts per person – around half the number in summer 2020 – but also show s why working from home forms a major part of Plan B for winter. Self-reported mask use declined and then stabilised in respondents aged 60 and over, while fewer than half of young adults reported wearing a mask in supermarkets. This may fit with your experience. Laws and guidance do not, by themselves, effect the spread of the virus – the future is determined by actions such as vaccination and ventilation and how people behave; as Prof Adam Kucharski , of the LSHTM, said : “It is a bit like trying to predict the weather if carrying an umbrella will make it less likely to rain.” In a pandemic, personal caution tends to benefit others, in contrast to when such caution encourages you to top up your fuel tank.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:48 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 15:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 48 03.10.21 Comment & Analysis • This week’s issue Gene editing is not the answer A quotation leapt to mind when reading “ Gene editing ‘would allow us to create hardier farm breeds ’ (News , last week ): “For every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple, and wrong” (HL Mencken). Application of magic bullet “solutions” has got our species into many disastrous situations, from Australian cane toad waves to an explosion in obesity linked to the prescription of low-fat diets. To support environmentally disastrous factory farming by modifying animals to resist one disease would only invite the spread of more pathogens that threaten humans and other animals. Food security and a healthy planet and human population demand an end to trying to cosh nature into submission and instead building our knowledge and understanding of natural systems, innovation that builds healthy soils, increases genetic diversity within crops and animals, the use of a wide range of crop species and an end to the food waste of factory farming. Natalie Bennett, Green peer House of Lords, London SW1 Rather than back gene editing to produce disease resistant livestock, regulatory permission that encourages investment in and production of cultured meat could deliver far greater benefits. Why on earth continue to pursue developments that support environmentally damaging, intensive livestock production when “clean meat” grown from painless biopsies taken from a few pampered animals can deliver cheap protein at the same time as reducing deforestation for soy production, pollution of our rivers, CO2 emissions, animal cruelty and food miles, as well as creating a better working environment. Christopher Price, chief executive Rare Breeds Survival Trust Kenilworth, Warwickshire Plight of mothers in jail Reading about the 18-year-old woman on remand having to give birth alone in a cell after her requests for help were ignored, and the subsequent death of her daughter, one wonders how much YOUR LETTERS Write to us Letters, which may be edited, should include a full name and postal address and be sent to Letters to the Editor The Observer, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (to be received by noon Thursday). Email: (please insert Letters to the Editor in subject field). For conditions go to Pigs created by gene editing. longer the jailing of pregnant women and young mothers can be justified on safety and moral grounds (“ Prison guards get counselling after baby dies in cell – but not mother ”, News , last week ). Jane Brighton Cheltenham, Gloucestershire What did John McDonnell do? John McDonnell accuses Keir Starmer of “reaching for the Blairite playbook” (“ Dump the New Labour playbook, Keir, and set out your programme for radical change ”, Comment , last week ). Through being in office, Tony Blair’s Labour introduced the minimum wage, invested massively in schools and the NHS and reduced inequality . What did Messrs McDonnell and Corbyn achieve, apart from losing two general elections ? Stuart Skyte Oxford Understanding abuse Lisa Bachelor asks what can be done to make Britain safer for women (“ When will women feel safe on our streets? ”, special report , last week ). Sexual harassment of, mainly, women and girls has escalated, and recent cases of femicide have triggered responses of fear and outrage, with calls for changes in the law and police responses to these crimes. These changes are necessary, as is the need for schools to introduce awareness of the harm caused by abuse and harassment and bullying . But increased charging and sentencing will not work unless we also address possible causes. What we should be asking is: why do men and boys carry out abusive and violent assaults on women and girls? In cases where the victim is unknown to the assailant, does the perpetrator have a history of watching pornography or other videos depicting violence against women? When the victim is known to the perpetrator, is there a history of abuse and violence in the assailant’s childhood? Pat Brandwood Broadstone, Dorset In Rubens’ name It came as no surprise to me that new computer analysis of the National Gallery’s prized Samson and Delilah shows a 91% probability that it is not actually by Rubens (“ Was famed Samson and Delilah really painted by Rubens? No, says AI ”, News , last week ). As far back as 1992, with fellow artists Steve Harvey and Sian Hopkinson , I submitted a report to the gallery laying out clear stylistic, technical and documentary evidence against the painting. This report is available, along with a new video summarising the case, at www. . In 1997, the gallery promised to arrange a public debate on this painting. There is an opportunity now for them to finally deliver on that promise, with the openness and transparency we expect from all our public institutions. Euphrosyne Doxiadis Athens Feminists, work together Sonia Sodha’s article was a blast of fresh air (“ ‘White feminists’ are under attack from other women. There can only be one winner – men ”, Comment , last week ). We deeply need such voices to take issue with the vogue for making women – and white feminists in particular – the source of all ills. Rafia Zakaria ’s book Against White Feminism exemplifies this unappetising trend. Over the past 40 years I’ve been involved in a plethora of feminist activities, from raising funds for women and girls’ education in developing countries to establishing a rape crisis centre in Sheffield . Using guilt and blame to paralyse ordinary women like me – grassroots activists who bring about radical advances – is so counterproductive that it’s tragic. As Sodha says, the one thing attacking women like us “will never ever do is change the world for the better”. We’ll continue to try to bring about that change, even if we have to brave Zakaria’s contempt and ridicule in the process. Jo Adams Abingdon, Oxfordshire Mistaken identity I expected the article “ ‘Elite v plebs’: Oxford rivalries of boys who would never grow up to be men ” (News , last week ) to be about the composition of our government. Jennifer Mirdamadi Liverpool For the record An article said a lawsuit filed in Delaware by the State of Rhode Island’s pension fund named all the members of Facebook’s board as “plaintiffs”. In fact, they were named as defendants ( “ Has Mark Zuckerberg’s total control of Facebook turned into a liability? ” , 26 September, the New Review, page 25). A review of Fintan O’Toole’s We Don’t Know Ourselves referred to Ireland’s population in 1961 being “at an all-time low of 2.1 million”. As O’Toole’s book noted, the figure that year was 2.8 million ( “Ireland as it imagines itself ” , 19 September, New Review, page 40). Penguin Random House launched WriteNow, a programme to foster underrepresented writers, in 2016, not last year, as an article said. The headline of that article “Move over David Walliams... hunt on to diversify kids’ books ” (26 September, page 30) was amended after publication online to better reflect the report’s focus on a mentoring scheme to support writers from under-represented groups in accessing publishing alongside established authors. A travel feature incorrectly placed the Crieff Hydro hotel in Ayrshire, rather than Perthshire ( “Teen spirit ” , 26 September, Observer Magazine, page 51). Attack of the giant cucumber: a recipe instructed that a 600g cucumber be “cut into short pieces, about 6m in length”. That should have said 6cm ( “Peach, cucumber and peanut salad ” , 26 September, Observer Magazine, page 35). Write to the Readers’ Editor, the Observer, York Way, London N1 9GU, email observer.readers@, tel 020 3353 4736 Britain’s view on… No Time To Die, Daniel Craig’s last outing as James Bond Daily Mail ‘Confection of escapism’ “If I have one quibble about No Time To Die, it is that throughout his performance, Daniel Craig gave the impression that he would much rather be in a weightier production. Indeed, I found his much-praised efforts to bring depth and psychological realism to his character were merely incongruous in what was otherwise a confection of escapism for adolescent boys of all ages … I suspect that, like me, he has simply grown out of James Bond.” Tom Utley Daily Telegraph ‘What a joy’ “As for the climax, which sees Bond expertly operate a huge, unwieldy 1950s-built hunk of rusting machinery, there might be a subtext : however creaky the mechanisms may appear, they still work when it counts. We’ve been expecting you, Mr Bond and what a joy it is to have you back.” Robbie Collin Independent ‘A poisoned franchise?’ “It’s a good film that’s been forced to rattle around in the Bond universe like a loose cog. Has Hollywood’s obsession with connectivity, sparked by the success of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, poisoned the Bond franchise for good? Possibly.” Clarisse Loughrey Evening Standard ‘A razor blade to Bond’ “Nobody’s puppet, Craig helped produce No Time to Die. After Spectre, he famously said he’d rather slash his wrists than play Bond again. Instead, with the help of a talented team, he’s taken a razor blade to the idea of Bond.” Charlotte O’Sullivan

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:49 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:30 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 03.10.21 49 For his sake, and Britain’s, now is the time for Boris Johnson to ride off into the sunset Max Hastings The PM’s old boss says he should resume his career as an entertainer before he loses his lustre At the end of The Magnificent Seven, most delightful of all western s, there is a scene in which the elderly Mexican village sage says to Yul Brynner and Steve McQueen: “Your work is done.” It was time for the farmers to take over again. Following which, the two gunfighters rode away, to massacre evildoers elsewhere. We shall dismiss scepticism about whether Boris Johnson can plausibly be compared to either Brynner or McQueen, but suggest that this is a good moment for the prime minister’s chums to put to him the old Mexican’s proposition: “Your work is done.” We might then return our governance to people willing to be interested not in farming, but instead boring stuff such as keeping the gas on and making sure children attend school. What’s more, how do we keep Britain functioning between today and Christmas, when the foreign lorry drivers’ and turkey-feeders’ temporary visas will expire? There is no immediate prospect of evicting the incumbent from Downing Street against his, or perhaps Mrs Johnson’s, wishes. It may be possible, however, to start convincing the couple that their interests would be well served by an early bath. The prime minister could tell his host of admirers that he has delivered Brexit and the Covid vaccination programme and averted a Corbyn premiership. Whatever view we take of his record, he is assured of many pages in the history of the times. Only Nigel Farage has been more influential in reshaping our politics. Johnson can resume his rightful career as an entertainer. His memoirs, entwined with the diaries that he has assuredly been keeping (to the discomfiture of everyone who has spoken to him privately since he took office) will be worth millions. He might explore new terrain by becoming a devoted family man. Almost none of the above is designedly facetious. If Johnson quits soon, he can remain famous, become rich and escape the protracted descent awaiting him if he lingers, eventually to vanish beneath the flock of poultry returning to roost in Downing Street. Who would follow? To many of us, Rishi Sunak seems the only acceptable answer. It is true that we still know relatively little about him, because of his rapid ascent from Winchester head boy, through obscure backbencher to chancellor. He would be handicapped by the impossibility of matching Johnson’s feelgood skills with all manner and condition of people. But he possesses star quality, grace, dignity, integrity, a sense of responsibility and gravitas, such as none of his cabinet colleagues can match. He does not taunt Johnny Foreigner. He was not a member of the Bullingdon club. His most immediate and important task would be to appoint ministers for their competence, rather than for mere loyalty to their patron. It would be foolish to pretend that the Tory backbenches are bursting with stars in waiting, but Jeremy Hunt and Tom Tugendhat would improve on Priti Patel and Nadine Dorries . A habit has grown up in the media, as well as in the country, of displaying a courtesy towards members of this government that is only justifiable by their possession of state offices and the shrugged mantra “there is no alternative”, rather than any objective assessment of their performances. It now seems time to say : we cannot go on like this, with Sunday outings at the mercy of such a figure as Grant Shapps. Johnson had a chance to use last month’s cabinet changes to replace proved incompetents with people more worthy of their offices. He chose instead to shuffle the boobies. In this, he flaunted the arrogance made possible by a majority of 80 and a moribund opposition. Whatever the case for Johnson , he mocks voters with his choice of subordinates. We should recognise that, even if the chancellor sooner or later moves next door in Downing Street, he will face intractable challenges. Roy Jenkins once said that he could not recall any prime minister assuming office at the fag end of a long period of one-party rule who proved able to make anything decent of it. He was thinking of Alec Douglas-Home, Jim Callaghan and John Major; since Jenkins’s death, Gordon Brown’s experience reinforces his point. Even if Sunak proves a virtuoso lion tamer, horse whisperer and snake On yer bike: Max Hastings’ message to Boris Johnson. Tolga Akmen/AFP charmer, he will lead a party of which the electorate is inescapably growing weary. Many of the problems, especially energy, derive from failures by David Cameron’s government or earlier and are not susceptible to quick fixes. If we find it difficult to deal with the United States under the Biden administration, consider the likelihood that 2024’s election will propel into the White House Donald Trump or somebody like him, who “ does not do allies ”. A new prime minister might, however, begin a reset of relations with our European neighbours, such as is impossible under Johnson. He could rebuild the electorate’s faith in the rhetoric of those in charge, make promises that he has at least some modest aspiration to fulfil. He can be trusted with money, both his own and other people’s. He seems to possess moral authority, a quality that should still matter for people who aspire to rule. With hindsight, we can see the last decade as a period when, for most of us, it was jolly comfortable to be British; we seemed able to have it all and made self-indulgent choices accordingly. We have entered a new era, in which a tension exists and a collision is threatened between our loneliness, worsening economic realities and the admirable aspirations of a new generation to be greener, nicer and work less hard. Somebody is going to have to tell the young that this virtue must be paid for and that, for instance, workers who stay at home more should expect to be paid less. They will not like that message and will not applaud a prime minister who delivers it. But that is one among many reasons why we need a responsible national leader, sooner rather than later. Johnson has a window to quit Downing Street on his own terms and return to doing what he does best: telling adoring audiences what they want to hear. The old Mexican in the movie could scarcely assure him that his work is done. But as much of it has been accomplished as is ever likely to be on his watch. Max Hastings is a former editor of the London Evening Standard and the Daily Telegraph, where Boris Johnson was a correspondent The world’s view on… the marriage of Japan’s Princess Mako to a ‘commoner’ The Washington Post ‘Intense scrutiny’ “Mako is set to become only the third female member of the Japanese royal family to abdicate her title to marry a commoner — only male members are allowed to marry outside the family. And facing intense public scrutiny, she is poised to become the first person to forgo nearly $1.35 million in taxpayer money offered in return for giving up the title. She is currently a researcher at the museum of the University of Tokyo .” Michelle Ye Hee Lee and Julia Mio Inuma South China Morning Post ‘Fixated on his ponytail’ “Komuro … will be the target of relentless media coverage. When he said nothing to the waiting media at Narita Airport, reporters were forced to make the most of what they could see – which resulted in a flurry of words and pictures fixated on his ponytail. ” Julian Ryall The Japan Times ‘Dispute’ “ The wedding of the two has been put off for about three years following a string of reports about a dispute Komuro’s mother was in with her former fiance over ¥4 million in monetary support, including money spent on Komuro’s education.” Kyodo Yahoo News ‘Figureheads’ “While the royal status itself doesn’t grant any real political power and its members are more so figureheads who carry out ceremonial duties, if Princess Mako leaves, then she will never be able to return to her former title even with a divorce. ” Maina Chen

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:50 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 16:32 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 50 03.10.21 Comment & Analysis • Shouldn’t progressives be in favour of people wanting to speak their mind? Illustration by Dominic McKenzie Insights Torsten Bell Nick Cohen @NickCohen4 Solidarity at work used to be the governing ethos. Why do we now snitch on each other? Where once the left fought the bosses in the workers’ name, today its loudest voices lobb y bosses to police workers. If you are trying to understand why this section of the left is hated, its authoritarianism is a large part of the answer. In the popular imagination, “progressives” are people who tell you what to say and how to say it and will demand your employer fires you if you refuse. The bossy left has become the bosses’ left. Their predecessors had a trade unionist mentality. They instinctively sided with the employee against the employer whether they agreed with the employee’s politics or not. The new left understands that real power lies with management in societies such as the UK and US, where unions barely exist in the private sector. Their emblematic radical is not a strike leader or a feminist agitator but a diversity consultant who convinces HR to pay her or him to berate staff who cannot argue back. It’s a cliche to say that modern institutions live in fear of the “woke mob”. I’m sure the fear exists, but it is hardly debilitating. Progressives pay the corporate elite a compliment by acknowledging that power lies with CEOs. Indeed, they heighten corporate control by giving managers a new right to regulate political beliefs and minor linguistic failings. Bosses must be grateful for the escape progressives offer them from their responsibilities. If an organisation is dominated by white people, or underpays women, its managers must be to blame. When the Centre for Social Investigation at Oxford University found that applicants with names that marked them as members of an ethnic minority were far less likely to receive a positive response from employers than applicants with traditional white British names, it concluded the unconscious bias and micro-aggressions the diversity consultants are determined to stamp out were irrelevant. What held ethnic minorities back was the “overt and conscious racism” of people at the top, with the power to hire and fire. As it is a familiar experience for contacts to tell me in confidence that they are frightened of speaking their minds, while pretending in public that nothing is wrong, the canard that cancel culture does not exist needs to be tackled. Last week, an inquiry for the UK’s sports councils described how athletes and administrators had been reduced to “ swearing, shouting, crying and anxiety ” by the demand that they admit trans competitors with the physical advantages that male puberty confers to women’s sports. They thought that fair and safe competition would be impossible but “were afraid to say in public what they privately believed”. The researchers spoke of athletes who “ had been threatened with sanction or disciplinary action if they spoke out ”. Many were with sporting agencies that adopted leftish positions and “ felt they had no option but to remain silent in order to keep their job ”. What kind of twisted progressive politics leaves tearful sportswomen frightened of speaking their minds? And what kind of delusional progressive politician believes the public will vote for it? The Cambridge philosopher Arif Ahmed was honoured last month by Index on Censorship for taking on his university authorities when he insisted on a clear and liberal definition of free speech. In a secret ballot, dons gave overwhelming support to his proposals that academics and students should be free to disagree in the most robust terms as long as they “tolerated” each other and did not seek to ban or intimidate opponents. Before his motion could be debated, however, Ahmed had to persuade 25 academics to second it. He told me it took six weeks to find colleagues willing to face the career risks an open endorsement of intellectual freedom would bring. Fear works. You normalise an idea by making opponents afraid to contradict you. If all that were being attempted were the co-option of private companies, state bureaucracies, academia, publishing, the arts and the liberal media into a serious campaign against racism and misogyny, most progressives would say the ends justify the means and move on. But – and surely I do not need to spell this out – when the means include the suppression of debate you open the door to every variety of grifter and fanatic. Employees and children are forced to take scientifically worthless implicit bias tests . Progressive institutions are too scared to defend the material reality of biological sex difference, without which the theory of evolution, with its emphasis on sexual selection, could not exist. Like creationists, they have locked themselves into anti-Darwinian obscurantism. But unlike the religious right, they cannot claim that God made them do it. Institutions and activists feed off each other. Institutions fear denunciations from activists if they do not censor or sack. Activists fear denunciation from more radical activists if they do not push their demands to the extreme. Institutions have no incentive to resist because the organisations that might once have tempered their power have fallen silent or switched sides. The University and College Union advised academics to vote against defending their own intellectual freedom at Cambridge. Its leaders did not worry that they had lost touch with their members when they ignored their recommendations. The Society of Authors’ mission statement says it will “oppose in the strongest terms any attempt to stifle or control the author’s voice whether by censorship, imprisonment, execution, hate speech or trolling”. Yet when JK Rowling faced waves of murder and rape threats, its chair, Joanne Harris, said that, although she did not approve, we should shed few tears for Rowling. “People with power, money and influence do not experience the same effect from online abuse as those with less power,” she opined as she diminished the threats of violence routine for women in public life. The maintenance of the progressive consensus overcomes all other principles. As I said, fear works but only if all institutions play along. Anyone who wishes the Conservatives gone must worry that the Tory party will soon say that it at least does not think “women” is a dirty word and it will not allow workers to be punished for speaking out of turn. No Twitter mob or HR exec can monitor voters. In the privacy of the polling booth, no one can hear them scream. Universal credit cut will risk the mental health of millions On Wednesday, Boris Johnson will take to the Conservative conference stage to speak to the nation. On the same day, a huge chunk of that same nation (4.4m households, including 5.1 million adults and 3.5 million children) will be seeing their incomes fall as the prime minister implements the biggest overnight benefit reduction ever . Cutting universal credit by £20 a week will mean those families will typically lose 5% of their income, a scale of shock only normally seen in recessions. These cuts will not just reduce people’s incomes, they may also damage their mental health . That’s the grim take away from a new report studying the impact of a previous cut: the introduction in 2016 of a lower benefit cap (the maximum amount that outof-work households can be entitled to). The average income reduction for those affected by the cap is £2,600 a year. Those at risk of having their benefits capped already had higher levels of depression and anxiety than the rest of the population, but the reduction in the cap saw around a 10 percentage points rise in those conditions in following years. Johnson might not dwell on the huge hit to lower-income Britain taking place as he speaks but for the millions affected, the cut to universal credit will leave a much longer lasting impression than his words, given the damage to their family finances and, potentially, their mental health. Torsten Bell is chief executive of the Resolution Foundation. Read more at Many will be looking to their wallets as Johnson speaks.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:51 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 13:51 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Hidden unemployment On the trail of Britain’s missing workforce 51 Crisis, what crisis? Sunak may face winter of discontent after Britain’s recovery fizzles out Agenda The chancellor is about to address his party’s conference against the background of a faltering economy, writes Larry Elliott Rishi Sunak had not been born when Labour PM James Callaghan, far left, was struggling with public sector strikes during the winter of 1978-79. Bill Cross/ Shutterstock, Neil Hall/EPA Rising prices, queues at the petrol pumps and a flatlining economy provide a sobering backdrop to Rishi Sunak’s speech at the Conservative party conference in Manchester tomorrow . The outlook was more promising only three months ago when the UK was recovering quickly from the lockdown restrictions imposed at the start of the year. Sunak could then point to a growing economy and record job vacancies as justification to wind up a furlough scheme that staved off mass unemployment during the pandemic. But as activity has slowed, that decision has come under scrutiny . Boris Johnson’s 41 -year-old chancellor was not born when Ted Heath’s government was knocked off course by the oil shock of 1973 or when Jim Callaghan faced the winter of discontent of 1978-79, but he will be alive to talk that Britain is witnessing a rerun of that difficult decade . Sunak will use his speech in Manchester to stress that government support for the labour market will continue now that wage subsidies have ended, but in a different form. The chancellor will say that the next phase of his “plan for jobs” requires investment in skills and help for those looking for work. The budget at the end of the month will contain employment measures, although they will not be nearly as expensive as the £70bn spent on the furlough. The end of the stamp duty holiday, higher VAT in the hospitality industry and less generous universal credit payments mean the most immediate task facing Sunak is to prevent the economy from going backwards over the coming months. It is a big challenge, but not the only one. There was good news and bad for the chancellor from the Office for National Statistics last week . The good news was that the economy grew more quickly in the second quarter of 2021 than previously thought. The bad news was that faster growth increases the chances of a rise in interest rates . With the Cop26 climate change conference only a month away, the government faces a dilemma. The prime minister wants to show that the UK is serious about achieving carbon net zero by 2050, but poorer households suffer disproportionately from higher energy prices, which cut living standards by increasing the cost of heating a home or driving a car. There is a tension to address between the government’s levelling-up agenda and its green agenda . There were reports last week that Johnson plans to shift green surcharges from electricity to gas, to encourage consumers towards lowercarbon alternatives . But the plan will be phased in over a decade and have no impact on the overall level of bills. Sunak, therefore, has to decide whether he wants to spare motorists yet again from higher excise duties on petrol and diesel at a time when the government is seeking to burnish its environmental credentials. A second big challenge involves the public finances. After a year that saw public borrowing reach levels unprec- edented in peacetime, the chancellor insisted that higher spending on the NHS and social care had to be matched by an increase in revenues. His chosen method to achieve this was the 1.25% increase in national insurance contributions for both employers and employees, announced last month. Higher NICs make it more expensive to hire labour and, when they come into force next spring, will leave tax as a percentage of GDP at its highest sustained level on record. Expect Sunak to insist tomorrow that the Tories remain the party of low taxation. If not quite yet. Postscript Vital statistics Grant Thornton fined over cafe chain audits Patisserie Valerie’s auditor was fined £2.3m over its role in the accounting scandal that led to the collapse of the cafe chain. Grant Thornton, which served as its auditor from 2007 until the company’s collapse in early 2019, accepted there were failures in its work. The Financial Reporting Council said its investigation revealed “a serious lack of competence” between 2015 and 2017. Southeastern rail renationalised The government announced it would take back control of Southeastern railway services from private operator Go-Ahead, after uncovering a missing £25m in what it called a “serious” breach of the franchise agreement. Transport secretary Grant Shapps said that since 2014 Southeastern had not declared more than £25m of taxpayer funding that should have been returned. Gas price rise dooms three more suppliers Three more energy suppliers went under amid rising wholesale gas prices, taking the total this year to 12. The collapse of Igloo Energy, Symbio Energy and Enstroga has forced the regulator, Ofgem, to find new homes for another 233,000 customer accounts. Those that were on cheaper fixed-rate tariffs will see their bills increase to the government’s energy cap of £1,277. Ashley votes down Frasers pay revolt Frasers faced an investor rebellion over high pay for its bosses at its AGM. More than half of the independent shareholders in the group, which owns Sports Direct, House of Fraser and Evans Cycles, rejected its plans for a £100m bonus for incoming chief executive Michael Murray, but the measures were approved thanks to the group’s founder, Mike Ashley, who owns 64% of the stock. 120,000 Number of animals the National Pig Association warned might have to be culled because of a lack of skilled butchers. $539m Paper fortune of Welsh scientist Andrew Hopkins after flotation of AI biotech firm Exscientia.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:52 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 13:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 52 03.10.21 Business • ‘Missing workforce’ could ease Britain’s labour market crisis Vacancies are at record levels, so why are millions of people looking for jobs and what can be done to help them? Richard Partington reports When Caroline Cousin was made redundant from her job as a legal secretary in Greater Manchester during the first lockdown, she was warned she might be too old to find work again. “I didn’t realise I would struggle as badly as I did,” said the 60-year-old from Rochdale. “I was looking on jobs websites, but it’s like the Bermuda triangle. You apply for things and never hear back.” Britain’s employers might be struggling to fill a record 1 million job vacancies amid the worst labour shortages in a generation – with a lack of lorry drivers, hospitality staff and other workers vital for the economic reopening. But for millions like Cousin, navigating the jobs market remains tough. With the end of furlough last week , hundreds of thousands of workers are likely to be on a similar journey . Many are expected to drift into early retirement or put off their job search until their sectors recover . Despite a gradual fall in recent months as firms scramble to recruit, official figures show unemployment is still almost 200,000 higher than before Covid, standing at more than 1.5 million. Beneath the headlines, however, there are many others out of work. More than 8.7 million people across Britain are not captured in the headline unemployment rate, instead ranked as “economically inactive” by government statisticians – a category of joblessness that has swelled by more than 600,000 in the pandemic. Most do not want a job, as they may have health conditions, be studying or have taken early retirement. Yet official figures show as many as 1.7 million would like to find work if only they had sufficient opportunities and support . Could this vast potential workforce help fix Britain’s labour market crisis ? “This is one of the big untold stories in the labour market right now,” said Tony Wilson, director of the Institute for Employment Studies . “When people ask, ‘where are all the workers?’, the reality is most of them are still here.” Rates of economic inactivity soared in the pandemic . People with health conditions chose to shield from the virus rather than look for work; young adults stayed with their parents or enrolled for an extra year of education; and older staff retired early amid the biggest surge in redundancies on record. Although life is returning to some sense of normality, concerns remain over the coronavirus Delta variant and a difficult winter ahead. A decade of austerity eroding the capac- Wealth Management Sustainable growth is the future. Let’s make it part of yours. You want to manage your wealth in a way that’s sustainable – for both you and the planet. Let us help you explore the solutions that can do that. At Royal Bank of Canada, we have a long history of looking ahead. We have the expertise and forward-thinking approach to deliver growth that’s sustainable in the long-term. Tell us your ideas for the future. Not all investments services are suitable for all investors. If you have any questions regarding the services mentioned please speak to a financial advisor. To learn more visit This publication has been issued by RBC’s Wealth Management International division in the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands which is comprised of an international network of RBC® companies located in these jurisdictions issued by RBC Europe Limited, registered in England and Wales No. 995939. Registered Address: 100 Bishopsgate, London EC2N 4AA. Authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority; and Royal Bank of Canada (Channel Islands) Limited, PO Box 48, Dorey Court, Admiral Park, St Peter Port, Guernsey, GY1 3BQ, Channel Islands, registered company number 34375 and is regulated by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission and by the Jersey Financial Services Commission. ® / Trademark(s) of Royal Bank of Canada. Used under licence. RBC 1811

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:53 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 13:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Business The Observer 03.10.21 53 Rates of economic inactivity rose sharply during the pandemic Millions not working, May-Jul 2021 Do not want a job Want a job 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 Student Furlough was an effective bridge, but many have yet to cross the Covid chasm ity of Britain’s network of jobcentres , training and benefits systems has not been reversed, while the costs and lack of availability of childcare and adult social care mean entering the workplace is a non-starter for many. Julia McNally , a manager at Liverpool in Work, a support scheme run by the local council and the office of metro mayor Steve Rother am, helps thousands of jobseekers each month . She has seen first-hand how many marginalised people have stopped looking for a job in the past 18 months. “ Obviously there are still issues with the virus, with kids being sent home from school and that upheaval in people’s lives,” she said. “I’m hoping that will start to settle from now on in. But you’ve also got people who’ve re-evaluated their lives and thought: ‘I’m not doing this any more, I don’t want to work with such bad pay, terms and conditions.’” Business leaders and employment experts are calling on Rishi Sunak to use his budget this month to raise the funding available for matching jobseekers with vacancies, and to increase government investment in skills and training. Company bosses have called for visa schemes to bring in more migrant workers , although they acknowledge more can be done to recruit domestically. So far, the government has doubled the number of frontline jobcentre staff – 27,000 work coaches have been hired in just eight months – and launched both the £2.9bn Restart scheme to help more than 1 million people in long-term unemployment, and the £2bn Kickstart scheme to help young people with job placements. A spokesperson for the Department for Work and Pensions said: “Our multibillion-pound Plan for Jobs is giving people of all ages the skills, support and experience needed to confidently land that next opportunity, increase their hours or find new work.” However, experts said much of the investment was simply helping Britain’s job-matching service and training provision keep pace with soaring demand, rather than Unemployment in Britain is 200,000 higher than before Covid, but many more are economically inactive. Luke MacGregor/ Reuters ‘Jobs websites were like the Bermuda triangle. I’d apply for things but never hear back’ Caroline Cousin, 60 Long-term sick Looking after family / home Retired Temp sick Discouraged workers* Other Source: ONS. *Discouraged workers are those not looking for work in the belief that no jobs are available. Job vacancies have surged to a high of more than 1 million Thousands 1,100 2005 2010 2015 2020 Source: ONS 900 700 500 300 reversing years of cuts to capacity. Employers also need to do more to help workers. “Jobcentre Plus risks being a claimant monitoring service rather than a public employment service,” said Wilson. “But this isn’t all just on government. When firms say they can’t find workers, they usually mean they can’t find people with the recent experience to do something for the pay and shifts they want to offer. They need to be more willing to meet workers halfway.” Elizabeth Taylor, chief executive of the Employment Related Services Association , which represents jobs and training scheme providers, said there were programmes available but a lack of coordination to get people on to them. Since the government launched Kickstart, fewer than 80,000 young people have joined the programme . Yet it was designed to help 250,000 and is due to be removed at the end of December. “I think it’s a capacity issue in jobcentres,” said Taylor. “I don’t believe that the young people aren’t there, it’s just that they’re not being identified and referred.” For Caroline Cousin, support finding work came from a scheme run by the Greater Manchester mayor Andy Burnham’s combined authority, and the work programme provider Ingeus . “My confidence was at an alltime low, but they helped to lift me up,” she said. “I knew I couldn’t afford to retire early. ” With help from her job coach , and after 14 interviews with numerous companies, she has found work again as a legal secretary at a firm of solicitors in Salford. “I’d say to people, don’t give up. I felt like I’d given up but then I thought, ‘no, no, no. I’m going to get a job.’ And here I am.” ANALYSIS Over the past 18 months, Rishi Sunak has been in bridge-building mode , providing billions of pounds in emergency financial support through the furlough scheme to carry businesses and workers over the chasm of the coronavirus pandemic. In an unprecedented act of state intervention worth £70bn, almost 12 million jobs were protected from the worst economic collapse in 300 years . More than 9bn hours of pay was topped up to 80% of a worker’s usual wage, up to £2,500 a month, across every industry from advertising to waste collection. That changed on Thursday, when the chancellor brought to an end the biggest single measure out of £350bn of emergency aid unfurled during the pandemic, designed to transport businesses and households through the worst of the crisis. Although furlough might have been hugely effective as a bridge to carry millions through lockdown, for many , the other side of the coronavirus chasm is still out of reach. According to the latest official figures, as many as 1.6 million jobs were still receiving emergency wage support at the end of July , with the heaviest concentrations in sectors of the economy hardest hit by Covid-19. More than half of workers in air passenger transport were still on the scheme, including those at Gatwick and Heathrow, where flights remain below pre-Covid levels. More than a quarter of travel agents and tour operators were also still furloughed, in a stark contrast to the 5% average for all sectors. So far, the chancellor has been relaxed about halting the furlough, believing record job vacancies will fill chronic labour shortages and help unemployed people find work – killing two birds with one stone. However, experts warn there are mismatches between the regions and industries with high vacancy rates and areas with the most furloughed staff. This means matching furloughed workers to job vacancies will not be a smooth process. Moving from cabin crew to the cab of a truck cannot happen overnight. While vacancies have surged, the increase has been driven by lowpaid work, and in specific sectors such as hospitality, care and logistics. Competition elsewhere is at least 10% higher than before the pandemic for 8 million workers, research from the Institute for Fiscal Studies shows. There is little debate over whether furlough was money well spent. Most economists believe the vast sums involved were a price worth paying to preserve the productive capacity of Britain’s economy, helping to save millions of workers from unemployment during the worst health emergency for a century. Instead of surging to the highest levels since the 1980s , as forecast in the depths of the pandemic last year , unemployment is currently less than 200,000 higher than on the eve of the crisis, at about 1.5 million . Almost 9 million jobs were furloughed at the peak of the first lockdown in May last year , more than a quarter of the UK workforce. That was followed by a peak of about 5 million this January in the winter lockdown, after Sunak’s last-minute U-turn to extend th e scheme in November. The Office for Budget Responsibility , the Treasury’s economics watchdog, had expected unemployment to peak at 12% last winter if the scheme closed as planned. Unemployment would have been at least 2 million higher. With household incomes largely protected, the groundwork was laid Unemployment is 2 million lower than forecast in July 2020 Unemployment rate Q1 2018 Q3 Q1 2019 Source: ONS , OBR Q3 OBR July 2020 forecast Q1 2020 Source: HM Revenue & Customs Q3 Q1 2021 12% About 1.6 million jobs remained on furlough at the end of July Employments on furlough April 2020 August 2020 December 2020 10 8 6 4 2 Provisional figures 10m April 2021 8 6 4 2 0 August 2021 to power Britain’s economic recovery from lockdown as consumers unleashed a wave of pent-up demand, lifting retail sales above pre-crisis levels. However, not everyone benefited from Sunak’s safety net. Millions were excluded , mainly self-employed people who slipped through the cracks of the eligibility criteria, instead having to rely on a far less generous benefits system. They may soon be joined by thousands more in claiming employment allowance. Analysts at the New Economics Foundation forecast that more than 700,000 jobs are at risk from the end of the furlough scheme. At a time when universal credit benefits are being cut by £20 a week, energy bills are soaring and inflation is taking off , experts warn rates of financial hardship are set to soar this winter. Richard Partington

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:54 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 13:39 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 54 03.10.21 Analysis The minimum wage is meaningless if we don’t treat workers with respect Business leader L ast week, Labour members backed the fight for a £15-an-hour minimum wage at their annual party conference in Brighton. The vote, which may or may not inform the party’s future policy, has kicked off a debate over what figure the UK should be aiming for as a basic wage floor. But this bold declaration of intent is almost meaningless in the current employment environment. The legal hourly minimum has risen just over 46% in the past decade to £8.91 an hour, but this is a fig leaf of achievement . Widely touted by the current government, it masks poor employment regulation, meaning millions of struggling families have not seen the full benefit. As the minimum wage has increased, so have insecure forms of work. The gig economy and zero-hours contracts are used by employers to counter the cost of the headline basic wage. Many companies claim their workers are independent selfemployed contractors, and they have used this arrangement to avoid paying the minimum wage altogether, or to hold back benefits such as sick pay and holiday pay. The problem is compounded by weak enforcement of employment law. There is no employment ombudsman or watchdog to make sure the rules are followed. Workers must use an employment tribunal to claim their rights to the minimum wage and other benefits. Drivers for Uber’s private-hire service had to take their case all the way to the UK supreme court , a n endeavour that took more than five years , before the US tech company accepted it must grant Major companies, including Pret a Manger, have offset the minimum wage by cutting other benefits. Dominic Lapinski/PA them holiday pay and pensions, and guarantee at least the minimum wage. Uber has yet to spread those benefits to its food couriers at Uber Eats , who it still argues are self-employed contractors. Similar private-hire companies and delivery firms are still fighting legal battles over the details of workers’ rights , at a time when thousands are struggl ing with rising bills . Beyond pay, basic benefits such as toilet facilities or sleeping accommodation for long-distance drivers There is no watchdog to make sure the rules are followed. Workers must bring a tribunal claim to enforce their rights remain a pipe dream, when unions say they should be an enforceable working right. In high street stores, workers may not be classed as self-employed, but insecure flexible contracts are used to keep pay at a minimum. Use of zero-hours deals, under which workers have no guarantees of their weekly working time, has soared to affect 917,000 people in the UK, or 2.8% of those in employment. That’s almost five times the level it was 10 years ago, according to the Office for National Statistics. The zero-hours flag bearer, the owner of Sports Direct, once pledged to weed out their use after a public outcry, but has done the opposite. It the past year it has introduced the contracts at its newly acquired businesses Evans Cycles and House of Fraser. The company last week excused the move as “tough decisions that don’t work for everybody” as it lined up a potential £100m bonus for its incoming boss. Elsewhere, major UK companies, including Tesco , Sainsbury’s, Morrisons , Pret a Manger and B&Q have in recent years offset rises in the minimum wage by cutting other benefits – from paid breaks to bonuses, and extra pay for Sundays and bank holidays. In the hospitality industry there is also widespread abuse of tips and service charges, with businesses holding on to the cash or using it to top up wages of managers or chefs. With workers treated so poorly , and the flow of migrant labour throttled by Brexit, employers are struggling to attract the staff needed to drive delivery trucks , shift goods in warehouses or clean floors. Whether the legal minimum wage is £15, £10 or £8.90, the labour shortage will persist until staff are treated with more respect and care. Sunak must seize chance to reform unfair business rates and boost retail T here is widespread agreement that the business rates system is overly complex and unfair . Every review of Britain’s high streets stresses how much damage the tax does to shops and other bricks and mortar businesses as they struggle to compete with online firms that have little or no physical presence. Such is the emotion generated by the debate about a replacement, the government has pledged to produce a white paper to propose reforms. The document could emerge in a couple of weeks, though Whitehall insiders expect it to appear alongside documents to accompany Rishi Sunak’s budget on 27 October . In one of the few standout policies from last week’s party conference, Labour shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves proposed freezing business rates, then phasing them out. The lost revenue – £31bn in 2019, prepandemic – would be replaced by a “modern” business tax, though Reeves has not given further detail. Forty years ago , local authorities applied a levy based on locally calculated rates before Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative administration introduced a national system that collected money centrally and redistributed it to councils. The British Chambers of Commerce wants the chancellor and his new review partner, housing minister Michael Gove, to again allow councils to judge the level of rates in their area. It also wants the system, which raised £26bn last year, to exclude improvements to business premises from the rateable value. For instance, a firm that puts solar panels on the roof has made the property more valuable and is slapped with a higher rates bill. Sunak and Gove should grab this opportunity for a fundamental reform. Coupled with a broader tax on the sales of digital services companies, a freshened-up system of business rates could serve as a fairer levy on activity. • Immigration policy needs to be flexible to beat skills shortage S imon Wolfson, chief executive of Next, ventured on to dangerous ground for a pro-Brexit business leader last week. In the context of supply chain strains and shortages of HGV drivers, he called for a relaxation of immigration rules and “a more decisive approach to the looming skills crisis ”. Cue accusations of hypocrisy, or at least naivety. A Brexiter complaining about a crisis that has been intensified by the UK’s exit from the single market knows what’s coming. But, actually, there’s a reasonable defence. Indeed, it’s the one that points to the most serious charge against the government: failure to plan for Brexit, anticipate skills shortages and use the immigration system to provide relief. Lord Wolfson, note, argued back in 2016 that the UK was voting for independence, rather than isolation, and that the economy would be “finished” if ministers cut immigration to the tens of thousands. As he put it this week: “A demand-led approach to ensuring the country has the skills it needs is now vital.” The government’s mantra that businesses should throw money at the problem by raising HGV drivers’ wages, and investing in training, is an inadequate response, as is the belated granting of 5,000 temporary visas for HGV drivers , which expire on Christmas Eve. Markets must be able to adapt to demand when long-term remedies can’t arrive soon enough. The risk in the government’s minimalist approach is that skills shortages become the dominant theme of 2022, with sectors such as care homes and hospitality suffering more than retailing, which, in the end, usually copes. Wolfson’s intervention cut to the core of the divisions within the Brexit camp. Ministers argue that any change to immigration quotas would be a sticking-plaster solution. In the real world, business just wants an approach that recognises that, even when wages rise , some skills will still have to be imported. This battle is going to run and run.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:55 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 10:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • I n 1979 the Conservative party under Margaret Thatcher fought a successful election campaign with the slogan “Labour isn’t working”. The campaign relied on posters purporting to show a long line of unemployed people. It later turned out that this was not a real dole queue but a group of actors hired for the purpose. This was characteristic of a loose attitude to the facts that has become more prevalent in recent years. It is increasingly apparent that Brexit isn’t working. But this has not prevented the worst crop of cabinet ministers in living memory from denying that the present supply chain shortages and autumn of discontent have anything to do with Brexit. When it is pointed out by our fellow Europeans – no longer, alas, fellow members of the E U – that the petrol and supply chain crisis has everything to do with Brexit, ministers find themselves reluctantly having to concede that it may have been “a factor” . In my last column I made mention of a number of metropolitan elite figures who bear considerable responsibility for the Brexit campaign: the focus was in particular on the three leading culprits, Nigel Farage, Boris Johnson and Dominic Cummings. But thanks to a recent report in William Keegan @williamkeegan Brexit isn’t working, but hardline Tories can’t admit it the Daily Telegraph – that shameless Brexit bastion – we now learn that, even when Brexiters like Simon Wolfson, chief executive of Next, are screaming for a relaxation of the clampdown on migrants, a group of Conservative MPs, led by one Sir William Cash, have been celebrating their part in this country’s downfall. These MPs blithely claim that we would still be “effectively” in the E U if they had not crucially voted down Theresa May’s compromise proposals on three occasions in 2019. They had a celebration of their dubious achievement in that Conservative holy of holies, the Carlton Club. Cash evidently had the temerity to claim that it was “the most important vote since the Norway vote in 1940” – the one that brought down Neville Chamberlain and prepared the way for Churchill as wartime prime minister. This is a weird comparison, possibly qualifying for what my In my view philosopher friends would call a “category error”. Moreover, as CEM Joad used to say on the old BBC Brains Trust , “it all depends what you mean” – by, in this case , the term “most important”. Most important in bringing freedom from Brussels, as Cash and co would have it? Or most important in limiting the freedom of British citizens in all manner of ways, via a proliferation of bureaucratic controls, and the chaos caused by effectively sending crucial participants in the economy back to mainland Europe? Care homes, supermarkets, petrol stations and ordinary people all are now feeling the effects. The last post-hoc rationalisation from those members of the Brexit gang who have not, like Lord Wolfson, recognised the error of their ways is that this is the opportunity for British workers to fill the gap, in a major economic structural change. But the world does not work in the way the more naive free marketers would have it: the point is that the British workers with the right skills are simply not there. The HGV problems have been well aired, and are not going away in a hurry. It took a good five years for the Attlee government to restructure the economy after 1945. Less well aired than the HGV crisis may be a letter to the Financial The Observer 03.10.21 55 Times last week in which leading members of the hospitality industry – meant to be a pride and joy of the service sector of the British economy – “urgently ask the government to revise current settlement and pre-settlement schemes and the highly skilled migrants lists” . In other words, a Brexit based on prejudice against workers from continental Europe is a disaster. Which brings us to the Labour party’s hitherto pusillanimous approach to Brexit. At last there are signs of stirrings in the ranks, with Hilary Benn and others speaking out. But when Sir Keir Starmer says “we need a plan to make Brexit work” I fear he is not going nearly far enough. Yes, we need, in his words, “to sort out our future relationship with Europe”, but I find it difficult to reconcile this intention with his dismissal of a return to the essence of the single market painstakingly negotiated by Thatcher, namely “free movement”. It is the abandonment of free movement to please the likes of the ineffable Cash that has made us the laughing stock of the world. Oh, and by the way, now that he has made such a major contribution to this nation’s self-inflicted damage, I wonder what Farage’s future plans are. In March 2017 he was quoted as saying: “If Brexit is a disaster, I will go and live abroad.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:56 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 10:14 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 56 03.10.21 Cash • Facebook, right, is often the place where fraudsters try to harvest private information. Far right, an expert trawl of Hilary Osborne’s online presence soon found her cat, Chester, and much more besides. Alamy How scammers piece together a jigsaw of web details to reel you in You may think you have been careful about sharing private information online, but a determined fraudster can probably spot enough to manipulate you, as Hilary Osborne was alarmed to find I ’m sitting in a meeting room in Cambridge when a photo of a cat in a jigsaw box appears on the whiteboard. “Is this your cat?” asks anti-fraud expert Steve Goddard . I nod. “Is he called Chester?” I nod again. And so begins a whistlestop tour of my life online. My delight at seeing my cat’s sit-down protest against my puzzle addiction slowly turns to unease about the overall picture that Goddard, who works for a company called Featurespace that detects and prevents scams , has been piecing together. In the next five minutes I discover that details of my school lunchtime activities are available if you know where to look, that I take far more photos of flowers than I had realised, and that I have offered scammers enough information for them to have a chance of reeling me in. These snippets are tools that Goddard says a fraudster could use as a starting point to “socially engineer” me – someone could use them to gain my trust and manipulate me into handing over details they could then deploy in a scam .“It starts to disarm you because you think ‘no one would ever know that’ and you think ‘I must know them,’” he says. Goddard shows me a tweet where I expressed my despair at a delivery firm failing to find my house, and suggests it would have been easy for someone to pose as the courier and get more out of me. Or, he suggests: “If I wanted to socially engineer you I could pretend to be a student from your old school who wanted to get into journalism.” It’s true. It would not occur to me that the person was a scammer because I had no idea that all of this information is out there. And once my guard was down I might start to give away information that could be used to part me from my cash. In the first half of this year, £355m was lost in the UK to authorised push payment fraud , where people transferred money to scammers’ accounts. Some of these crimes began with fraudsters socially engineering victims they had met on dating sites. Others with people being contacted by someone pretending to be from a bank’s fraud department, and manipulating them that way. “Criminals are increasingly evading banks’ advanced security systems through social engineering scams that target people directly and trick them into giving away their money and personal or financial information,” says UK Finance, the banking trade association. Impersonation scams, where a criminal calls and pretends to be from a trusted organisation, such as your bank, have been increasing. “Criminals do use information from open sources on the internet to build a picture of their victim to target,” it adds. Rory Ines, founder of the Cyber Helpline, a voluntary organisation that supports people who have been scammed, says it sees a large number of victims who have been tricked with social-engineering tactics “and this is growing all of the time”. I have always thought that I had been quite careful online – giving away enough about myself to enjoy conversations with people I’d never met, yet avoiding those games where you reveal the names of your first pet, your mum’s maiden name and simultaneously all of your bank passwords. But the demonstration showed me there were things I’d forgotten about and made it clear that information other people were sharing was adding to the picture. The starting point was Facebook. Thanks to that, and my failure to ever make my account private, Goddard was able to declare: “We know where you work, we know where you went to school and we know where you come from.” From there, via my tweets about Scouting, Goddard had been able to find several of my old addresses . And via old copies of my school magazine uploaded to its online archive he was able to remind me of my success in talking about Welsh rugby and feminism without deviation or hesitation in a sixth form Just a Minute competition. However, my current address is not online – we have opted not to appear on the open version of the electoral register . And I have turned off geotagging on my photos, so it is not obvious where they were taken. These are both good steps to take. Steven Murdoch, professor of security engineering at UCL, says rather than employing Goddard’s thorough approach to research someone, most criminals will use more basic techniques, such as phishing emails and texts, to get the information they want. “Their current techniques work really well and get them lots of money,” he says. “W hen they are targeting someone [like] the boss of a company, that’s when you start to see more investment in time to get the social engineering to work.” Goddard says it is impossible to determine how often these techniques are used, and there is no separate category for them in UK Finance’s statistics. A couple of years ago, Cash featured the case of a firm that was scammed after one partner responded to a genuine tweet from Metro bank . A fraudster who saw the tweet called and pretended to be from Metro and persuaded them to give enough other details for their account to be hacked. “The social engineering type of attack does not tend to scale [up] easily given the time and effort required to succeed, and therefore is more often than not used by individuals rather than the ‘call centre’ approach of criminal enterprises,” Goddard says. “The trigger to target an individual could be targeted, or opportunistic such as overhearing a conversation or getting access to sensitive or exploitable information like a picture or bank statement.” Maybe if I was in the paper celebrating a lottery win, or on social media talking about an inheritance, a fraudster could decide it was worth a bit of effort to find a way to gain my confidence. For Goddard’s team, understanding what information people give away, and how they can be socially engineered by fraudsters is an important part of work to design systems to stop scams. The company provides banks with software that detects unusual behaviour and flags up payments that look problematic. “Some of this you can’t control, but it’s having the awareness that it’s there,” says Goddard. Murdoch says people will always give away details online, and rather than asking customers to change their way of life, banks should be looking at their own systems. But until they make changes, it seems worth checking what you can find out about yourself online and deleting, or making private, anything you feel unhappy about people seeing. You can make it harder for criminals by removing some pieces of the jigsaw puzzle.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:57 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 10:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Cash The Observer 03.10.21 57 Your problems Anna Tims Consumer champion of the year Flat owners face £2.7m bill to remove cladding We in Bridge House, a block of 75 flats, have been through hell and back with our cladding. Two years ago it was found to be flammable. We were told by the management company, HML , that the freeholder refused to help and the £2.7m remedial costs would have to be divided among the leaseholders, many of whom bought under the shared ownership scheme. Then in March this year HML announced that the government’s building safety fund had approved full funding for the works, provided they began by the fund’s deadline of 30 September . The relief was overwhelming. In July we were told that due to a structural technicality the funding offer had been rescinded. We subsequently discovered that the cladding claim had in fact been rejected in March, not approved. We simply don’t know what to believe any more and in the meantime we’re having to pay for a waking watch after the fire alarm system failed during a fire in 2019. MS, Croydon To draw attention to your plight, you and your neighbours projected a “doomsday clock” on to a neighbouring building, counting down the seconds until the government deadline expired and you became liable for the full cost of the remedial works. That deadline passed last week and the good news is that the government has extended it. The bad news is that you have been shockingly misled by HML, the spokesbody for the freeholder, Radcliffe Investment Properties . I’ve seen letters and emails to residents from March and July stating unambiguously that more than £2m of funding had been granted by government. When I challenged the company, it told me its application for funding had been granted in March, but that days later, the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) “rescinded its approval, with funding subsequently withdrawn”. It appeared to blame “ever-changing” government guidance for the apparent U-turn. MHCLG told me a different story. Funding was never granted. What happened was that Bridge House was deemed eligible to apply for funding because it met basic criteria. A detailed scope of works then had to be submitted and it’s that that was rejected because, according to MHCLG, some proposals did not qualify. Moreover, the only change to its guidance was to add flexibility to the funding deadline so this would have helped, not hindered HML. Back to HML, which hastily wrote to residents clarifying this and admitting that “some conflicting information may have been relayed”. HML has now announced that it is resubmitting its claim with proposals to upgrade the building to minimum safety standards, which will halve the cost. It hopes for a grant of £520,000 which will still leave residents with a bill of £11,000 each. The building safety fund has meanwhile granted £66,000 towards the waking watch costs. As for the fire alarm system, HML says this will be addressed. Your experience highlights the ordeal of residents across the country who face crippling bills to replace hazardous cladding and who are unable to sell or remortgage their homes in the meantime. It is a grotesque fact that shared ownership, which allows people to buy a percentage of their home, is aimed at those on a low income, but while they may own as little as 10% of the property, they are liable for the full cost of repairs, including replacement cladding. The estimated bill for replacing unsafe cladding nationwide is £15bn, three times more than the government funding pot. The row rages on about whether freeholders and developers should foot the bill. MHCLG states that it is unacceptable for leaseholders to bear the full costs, but, in the words of a recent government briefing , it’s a “legal quagmire” and, until that particular swamp is drained, it is those who can least afford it who are paying the price. Barclays fails power of attorney test I’ve been trying to register a power of attorney for my father after my mother died of Covid, but Barclays won’t accept the activation code sent from the Office of the Public Guardian. It insists I provide bank statements or a bill as proof of identity, but mine are all online so I can’t. DS, Cannock An online activation key was launched by the Office of the Public Guardian last year to speed up power of attorney registration. The code provides instant online confirmation of the status of the attorney and was designed explicitly to remove the need for posting paper documents. It is concerning that Barclays staff were unaware of this. The bank said its staff were trained in the new system and promised a refresher course, but that paper ID was still required to comply with anti-money laundering rules. “We are sorry that our colleague wasn’t initially aware of the process and we quickly confirmed that the code could be used alongside sufficient identification,” a spokesperson said. Email Include an address and phone number. Submission and publication are subject to our terms and conditions

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:58 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 1/10/2021 17:13 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 58 03.10.21 Classified

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:59 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:09 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Forecasts and graphics provided by AccuWeather, Inc © 2021 Weather Your forecast for the week ahead The Observer 03.10.21 59 UK and Ireland Noon today 980 976 11 Two-day forecast Europe today Sunny Mist Fog Sunny intervals Hazy Mostly cloudy Overcast/dull Sunny showers Sunny and heavy showers Light showers 23 Moderate 988 13 984 12 Belfast Inverness 13 Edinburgh Glasgow 15 Shetland 25 22 Newcastle York Moderate Low 9 High 14 Tomorrow Low 10 High 14 Tuesday 1016 1008 H Reykjavik 1024 1008 1000 L 992 984 976 L 1016 Madrid Paris 1032 H Helsinki Stockholm Moscow 1024 Warsaw Berlin 1016 Belgrade L Rome Ankara 1016 Athens 1008 Rain Sleet Light snow Snow showers Heavy snow Thundery rain Thundery showers X Temperature, ºC Wind speed, mph Ice Windy 35C 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 17 13 Dublin 15 996 1000 The Channel Islands 16 992 Plymouth Liverpool ol 14 Nottingham 15 Birmingham 16 Cardiff London 16 Moderate Norwich Dover 22 Showery spells will spread over the UK on Monday. On Tuesday, outbreaks of rain will be across the east. Cold front Warm front Occluded front Trough Occasional showers will move across the United Kingdom. There will be outbreaks of rain over central Spain and France, some heavy in south-east France. Periods of rain will extend across Benelux, north-west Germany, Denmark, along with southern portions of Norway and Sweden. Windy conditions will expand over eastern France, Benelux, north-west Germany, Denmark and southern Norway. Much of eastern Europe will remain dry. Jet stream Around the world A deep trough in the jet stream over western Europe will bring rounds of rainfall to the UK. Direction of jet stream Atlantic Ocean Algiers 29 Ams’dam 15 Athens 23 Auckland 18 B Aires 16 Bangkok 32 Barcelona 25 Basra 43 Beijing 21 Berlin 21 Bermuda 26 Brussels 15 Budapest 21 C’hagen 17 Cairo 29 Cape Town 16 Chicago 22 Corfu 25 Dakar 31 Dhaka 31 Dublin 14 Florence 27 Gibraltar 24 H Kong 31 Harare 29 Helsinki 12 Istanbul 20 Jo’burg 22 K Lumpur 32 K’mandu 25 Kabul 29 Kingston 31 Kolkata 33 L Angeles 33 Lagos 28 Lima 17 Lisbon 21 Madrid 18 Malaga 29 Melb’rne 20 Mexico C 22 Miami 31 Milan 20 Mombasa 29 Moscow 11 Mumbai 32 N Orleans 27 Nairobi 27 New Delhi 34 New York 25 Paris 15 Perth 17 Prague 20 Reykjavik 7 Rio de J 28 Rome 25 Singapore 31 Stockh’m 14 Sydney 23 Tel Aviv 27 Tenerife 27 Tokyo 24 Toronto 19 Vancouv’r 15 Warsaw 18 Wash’ton 28 Well’ton 15 Zurich 23 Speedy crossword No. 1,357 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Across 5 Derogatory term for an accountant (4,7) 7 Squalid housing (4) 8 About to happen (8) 9 Rule, tenet (7) 11 Revel in another’s misfortune (5) 13 Harmony, accord (5) 14 Grant, allowance (7) 16 Two-way conversation (8) 17 Frustrate, thwart (4) 18 Make gestures (11) Down 1 Soothing or restorative substance (4) 2 Rough cider (7) 3 Rabbit pen (5) 4 Impetus, spur (8) 5 Campanology (4,7) 6 Ordinary members (4,3,4) 10 Precipitator (8) 12 Bone of the upper arm/elbow (7) 15 Once more (5) 17 Criticism (4) Solution No. 1,356 H W A B B Y T H E B O O K I S I S O S S M U T M O U R N F U L P E S R B Q U A R R Y D O W S E R L I A D I S L A N D P A T O I S I E R C T E V A N E S C E H O O F E E P C F R A T R O C I O U S T T S L NOTES 15 16 17 18 ☎ Stuck? For help call 0906 200 83 83. Calls cost £1.10 a minute, plus your telephone company’s access charge. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0330 333 6946 for customer service (charged at standard rate).

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:60 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 1/10/2021 10:35 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:1 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:18 Sport03.10.21 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • Klopp’s ire ‘Antivaxxers – it’s like drink driving’ Page 9 Queen of the north Deignan n makes history with victory in first women’s Paris-Roubaix Page 13 A glowering Cristiano Ronaldo is in no mood to engage with Andros Townsend at the final whistle PETER POWELL/EPA Ronaldo rocked Star fumes after bench start backfires as Townsend’s equaliser leaves Solskjær bemoaning ‘no cutting edge’ Man Utd 1 Everton 1, page 2

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:2 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:47 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 2 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Premier League • Once again the home side fail to capitalise on a bright start and are pegged back by Everton, who blow a great late chance to win Townsend punishes toothless United on another frustrating afternoon for Solskjær 1 MAN UTD Martial 43 Jamie Jackson Old Trafford 1 EVERTON Townsend 65 70% Possession 30% 6 Shots on Target 2 13 Total Attempts 12 For a team boasting a cornucopia of glittering talents Manchester United are proving oddly toothless. This was the same tale as last Saturday’s loss to Aston Villa and Wednesday’s smashand-grab win over Villarreal – bright beginnings turning to a fade of any consistently potent force. Everton, who impressed, surely looked at Villa’s blueprint, and decided there was nothing to fear here, a take that may have been reaffirmed when United’s team sheet showed no Cristiano Ronaldo or Paul Pogba, as Ole Gunnar Solskjær drafted in Anthony Martial and Fred as two of five changes from the Villarreal victory. Of these two big selection calls the manager got one right, one wrong. Martial was the success, his fi nish before the interval breaking a 17-game scoring drought for the club. Fred was the failure: his inability to stop the excellent Demarai Gray from powering off and along the left presaging the visitor’s equaliser. While Bruno Fernandes is also a culprit as it was his weak corner from which Everton counterattacked, when Gray found Abdoulaye Doucouré United were in a panic-mode that proved unrecoverable. Andros Townsend took over, left a worryingly sluggish Raphaël Varane behind, and beat David de Gea to his right with a pinpoint finish. Cue a leap, twist and point at the floor à la Ronaldo before the ecstatic Everton fans. “I probably didn’t do the celebration justice and didn’t execute it properly,” said Townsend. “It’s just a mark of respect to a guy who influenced my career.” A further scare occurred when Yerry Mina ran on to the pass of the Everton substitute Tom Davies and hit what the assistant referee deemed a fair goal before VAR chalked it off – correctly – for offside. Davies may rue the decision to pass to the centre-back rather than shoot himself. If he had done so this would have removed any chance of Mina (or anyone else) infringing. As Everton’s manager, Rafael Benítez, said: “Maybe if Davies shot and finished we would be talking about a different thing. But in terms of the chance - Davies saw the position of Yerry and thought it was much better. You cannot blame the player. He was in the right position at the right time and he felt Yerry was in a better position.” United should count themselves fortunate, then. Luck was also a factor in the downing of Villarreal in the Champions League. Ronaldo’s winner was in the fifth minute of added time and there was a case for Jesse Lingard, who laid the ball back to Ronaldo, being adjudged offside as he had to be in the eyeline of the keeper, Geronimo Rulli . Solskjær was rightly unhappy at how Gray’s break was allowed. Fred was not only culpable as Luke Shaw got drawn, Aaron Wan-Bissaka was Ole Gunnar Solskjær started Cristiano Ronaldo and Paul Pogba on the bench also unable to do what he is paid to do – defend and/or break up an attack – while Varane appeared to run out of puff right when he needed some – as Townsend unloaded. Martial’s strike was the sole moment United were as scintillating in attack as A-list forward acts in the XI – Martial, Mason Greenwood, Edinson Cavani and Fernandes – should have been throughout. The adjective here is simple: disjointed. From back to front this is not currently a team . As against Villa Greenwood was the standout performer of the opening period but , as then, he lacked support beyond the goal the 19-year-old was a key actor in. It was his cross-field ball to Fernandes that switched emphasis, as Everton were splayed, and thus the Portuguese could pick out Martial, running in from the left, who hammered in and past Jordan Pickford, who allowed the shot to go through his arms. It proved the only highlight for United. And, if this began as a story of Ronaldo’s exclusion and Martial’s inclusion, it ended as the same yarn of recent outings: if there is a Solskjaer script that details a gameplan when his players are to advance upfield they are not reading this or heeding it. At the end Townsend appeared to ask Ronaldo for his shirt but the latter was not impressed. Neither was Fernandes. “We should win this game. We should create more chances,” he said. “We don’t look at the league table but we should have more points . We drop points at home and we should not do that. “These last two games at home were not good enough in the Premier League. If we want silverware at the end of the season we have to do much better.” Solskjaer now has the international break fortnight to digest what precisely is going on, and come up with a solution. Manchester United Everton 4-2-3-1 4-4-1-1 De Gea; Wan-Bissaka, Pickford; Godfrey, Keane, Lindelöf, Varane, Shaw; Mina, Digne; Townsend, McTominay, Fred (Pogba Allan, Doucouré■, 70); Greenwood■, Gordon (Davies72); Gray Fernandes, Martial (Sancho (Dobbin 90); Rondón 57); Cavani (Ronaldo 57) Subs not used Begovic, Subs not used Henderson, Lonergan, Kenny, Holgate, Telles, Bailly, Lingard, Gbamin, Branthwaite, Matic, Van de Beek Whitaker Referee Michael Oliver Attendance 73,128 Benítez does more with less to execute thrilling ambush Hosts’ strength in depth could not beat a team built to purpose on a budget by canny manager, writes Richard Jolly Lewis Dobbin and Charlie Whitaker were veterans of a combined one minute’s senior football for Everton. They were the attacking options on Rafa Benítez’s bench. Their Manchester United counterparts were Cristiano Ronaldo , Jadon Sancho , Paul Pogba , Jesse Lingard and Donny van de Beek, whose £35m fee made him £35m costlier than Andros Townsend, who earned Everton a point. Dobbin was Everton’s second substitute. In a sense that rendered him their Ronaldo, even if 790 career goals separate them. The comparisons may end there and Whitaker remained on the bench with the 37-year-old third-choice goalkeeper Andy Lonergan, making up the numbers as an ambush was expertly executed by the last men standing. Or, in the case of the relentless Townsend and Demarai Gray, the last running. Strength in depth for United could not overcome a formidable gameplan. Gray, signed for £1.7m, was the finest player on show. Austerity has been the mother of reinvention for Everton. But, if analysis by transfer fee alone can be reductive, the salient point is that Benítez has constructed a team more than the sum of its parts, some acquired on the cheap, thrust together by circumstance ,

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:3 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:47 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • Andros Townsend celebrates scoring Everton’s equaliser with a pinpoint finish after a sweeping counterattack The Observer 03.10.21 3 ‘We made some bad decisions and lacked a cutting edge’ Jamie Jackson working with a determination to make Evertonians proud. So did Dean Smith and David Moyes when Aston Villa and West Ham won at Old Trafford in the space of four days with what are, in essence, ambitious mid-table clubs. So, for that matter, did David Wagner when Switzerland’s Young Boys beat United. Each has been an advertisement for coaching and strategy. All of which scarcely casts Ole Gunnar Solskjær in a good light when those teams display the traits his are increasingly lacking . The Norwegian may feel luckless, entering the stage where players get credit for victories while he is blamed for setbacks . If that reflects United’s reliance on individual inspiration to compensate for the absence of anything more coherent, it is worth noting that his surprise selection scored. Solskjær had not taken the popular route by picking Anthony Martial; he had disappointed the majority by letting Ronaldo spend the first 55 minutes rivalling Usain Bolt for the title of the most celebrated spectator at Old Trafford. The result suggests the bold gambit of resting Ronaldo backfired. Solskjær perhaps had too many Home struggles Manchester United have won just two of their last five home games Draw Everton 1-1 Prem Won Villarreal 2-1 Champ Lge Lost Aston Villa 0-1 Prem Lost West Ham 0-1 EFL Cup Won Newcastle 4-1 Prem options, Benítez too few. Yet in midfield United are in a strange state where, despite a superstarstudded forward line, they cannot seem to live with Fred or without him. They had been utterly unconvincing against Villarreal when he was dropped, with a void where a midfield was supposed to be. On his recall Fred showed more purpose in possession and crossed United, despite a star-studded forward line, cannot seem to live with Fred or without him PHIL NOBLE/REUTERS PHIL NOBLE/REUTERS Match numbers 7Everton have gained seven points from trailing positions in the Premier League this season; no side has picked up more. 9Andros Townsend has scored five goals in nine games in all competitions for Everton, as many as he scored in his final 79 appearances for Crystal Palace. 3He has scored in three consecutive appearances for a Premier League club in all competitions for the first time in his career. when Edinson Cavani probably should have scored. And yet the abiding image of his afternoon was when Gray outmuscled Fred to surge away and, along with Abdoulaye Doucouré, set up Townsend for his equaliser. Gray exploited United’s lack of a high-class defensive midfielder to counter attack with menace. Townsend has proved unexpectedly prolific – Ronaldo is not the only signing to have five goals already. Potential is being realised , just not at Old Trafford. Even as he ended a seven-month drought, United’s scorer feels a case in point. “Tony Martial scores again,” sang the Stretford End. The sarcasm was as audible as the anglicised pronunciation. Again? Martial’s previous goal for United was in the 9-0 defeat of Southampton in February . As the United faithful had already summoned their tributes to Solskjær from their songbook, perhaps the soundtrack came from the past. Paco Alcácer, Edin Dzeko, Roberto Firmino and Dominic Calvert-Lewin had scored at Old Trafford in a No 9 shirt since Martial had. Then came the sort of finish that brought back memories of his debut goal in 2015 , a speedster sweeping in from the left to provide echoes of Thierry Henry. Yet in the intervening period the clause compelling United to pay Monaco more if he wins the Ballon d’Or has looked ever more of a curious irrelevance. Martial has begun to look a candidate for exile. Younger, quick alternatives have overtaken him : Marcus Rashford, Mason Greenwood , Sancho. Older figures such as Ronaldo and Cavani have left him trapped between the generations. The chances are that the footballer United’s squad voted their player of the year in 2019-20 ranks in no one’s first-choice side but he still possesses quality. The problem with having such options, though, is the difficulty in selecting the right ones. Solskjær may have been vindicated by a starter, but his deluxe replacements – Ronaldo, Sancho and Pogba – could not provide a winner . Even when the manager got something right, rather more went wrong. And if that is a microcosm of his season, it bodes badly. Although Yerry Mina’s strike was ruled out for offside, depriving Everton of a late winner, Rafael Benítez’s side looked more inventive than their lavishly assembled counterparts ‘It was a great performance. I am really pleased with the effort as we are missing some important players but are still doing well’ Rafael Benítez Ole Gunnar Solskjær criticised Manchester United’s inability to stop Andros Townsend’s equaliser and a lack of “cutting edge” which saw his team fail to scor e a second goal in the 1-1 draw with Everton at Old Trafford. Anthony Martial’s first-half opener was cancelled out by Townsend, whose finish came from a break following a weak Bruno Fernandes corner. Fred lost the ball, then was unable to dispossess Demarai Gray before Luke Shaw, Aaron Wan- Bissaka and Raphael Varane all failed to stop possession going to Townsend via Abdoulaye Doucouré. Solskjær said: “We did have enough players behind the ball, we made a couple of bad decisions which cost us in those 10 seconds or whatever – that counter attack worked for them. “We worked [enough players] well enough behind the ball but should have dealt with the danger better. It’s a counter attack they throw at us, we were well enough organised and should have dealt with the situation a lot better.” As in recent matches United often attacked in isolated bursts rather than in concerted fashion. Solskjær bemoaned how toothless his players were in attack . “ We had 75% possession. We got hit on one break that cost us and we lacked that cutting edge to get the important second goal,” he said. “We just couldn’t get that second goal you need in games like this as Everton can score a goal from nowhere.” After the equaliser Cristiano Ronaldo, who had started on the substitutes’ bench, was seen clapping and pointing towards where Fernandes took the dead-ball, perhaps indicating that United should not have conceded from a corner. Solskjær made five changes, with Ronaldo and Paul Pogba demoted to the bench and Martial and Fred among those drafted in. “You make decisions throughout a long, long season and you’ve got to manage the players’ workload,” he said. “The decision was, for me, the correct one . Anthony Martial did well, scored a good goal, Edinson [Cavani, who also came in] needed minutes, he got an hour, could have had a goal, a great cross and a great chance for him. We have to make those decisions sometimes.” Everton have 14 points, the same as United. “ It was a great performance,” their manager, Rafael Benítez, said. “The team was doing really well in defence and on counterattack. I am really pleased with the team , the effort of the players. [We are] missing some important players and still we are performing . ”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:4 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:29 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 4 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Premier League Hwang’s double piles more pain on Bruce 2 WOLVES Hwang 20, 58 1 NEWCASTLE Hendrick 41 50% Possession 50% 3 Shots on Target 2 7 Total Attempts 8 Peter Lansley Molineux Wolves might have to consider bringing their fanzine A Load of Bull out of cold storage at this rate. There was a standing ovation for Hwang Hee-chan, the South Korean striker nicknamed the Bull, as he was withdrawn in stoppage time after scoring the two goals that gave Bruno Lage’s team their third win in four league games. The energetic striker on loan from RB Leipzig needs only another 303 goals to catch up with Steve Bull, Wolves’ record goalscorer after whom the venerable publication was named, but he has certainly enjoyed a significant start to his career at Molineux. H wang became the first Wolves player to score this season when he struck on his debut at Watford last month and here he supplied two clinical finishes, both assisted by Raúl Jiménez, that allowed Wolves to ride out a nervous finale . Newcastle had equalised through Jeff Hendrick but ultimately failed to win for the seventh time this season. Their manager, Steve Bruce, was frustrated that once again his team had come out on the wrong side of fine margins. “Today I didn’t think there was anything in it . Unfortunately I’ve said that too many times this season,” he said after his 999th game in management. “ I feel like a long-playing record Hwang Hee-chan is held aloft by Fernando Marçal after his second goal, which proved to be Wolves’ winner at the minute. Whoever you are in the Premier League, if you haven’t won in seven games we all know the drill. We all know what comes. It’s not easy. It still disappoints you and upsets you.” Bruce appeared to be talking about the increase in pressure rather than any imminent departure but for Wolves it feels as if Lage has arrived. He again made the brave decision to name Adama Traoré as a substitute and was vindicated by Hwang ’s contribution. Wolves, encouraged by successive away wins if not by the intervening home defeat by Brentford, had been marginally the better side when Jiménez again dropped off into the hole and played a perfectly paced pass for Hwang, sprinting across from his left flank, to run into the inside-right channel off the back of Ciaran Clark and slide his shot into the far-bottom corner. João Moutinho had a rasping long-range shot well saved by Karl Darlow as Wolves looked to capitalise on Newcastle’s diffidence and their chances appeared to increase when Joe Willock was replaced before half-time with a hip injury. Instead his replacement, Hendrick, scored to level the game , but only after Francisco Trincão spurned a golden chance at one end and contributed to Newcastle’s goal at the other. First the Portuguese winger shot against the underside of the crossbar from H wang’s low cross; then he was dispossessed by Sean Longstaff to allow Allan Saint-Maximin to run at the Wolves defence and slip the ball in behind Max Kilman. José Sá was injured when saving bravely at Joelinton’s feet and, as Wolves eschewed the opportunity to clear, Hendrick fired into the bottom corner from 20 yards as Sá tried to run back to cover his goal. Five minutes into the second half, Sa made a brilliant onehanded, point-blank save from Saint-Maximin, who had made or scored a goal in each of his four previous games. That proved pivotal as Wolves regained the lead through an increasingly promising combination. As Jiménez skilfully turned and accelerated away from three players, H wang repeated his run from one flank to the other . This time he received the ideal pass from his strike partner down the inside-left channel from where he duplicated his first-half finish, on this occasion with his left foot. Lage, celebrating his first home win as Wolves manager, said: “We’re happy to have four wingers because they can bring us different solutions. Raúl Jiménez didn’t score but he is very important for us, especially what he did with the second goal. What he did was very good.” Wolves Newcastle 3-4-3 4-1-4-1 Sá; Kilman, Coady, Saïss; Darlow; Manquillo■ Semedo, Neves, Moutinho, (Murphy 70), Fernández, Marcal; Trincão Clark■, Ritchie; S Longstaff; (Dendoncker 86), Jiménez, Almirón (Gayle 77), Willock Hwang (Traoré 90) (Hendrick 35), Hayden, Subs not used Ruddy, Joelinton; Saint-Maximin Hoever, Ait-Nouri, Subs not used Gillespie, Podence, Boly, Silva, Schlar, Lewis, Krafth, Cundle Fraser, Anderson Referee Graham Scott Tuchel makes five changes as side return to winning ways Werner goal lifts Chelsea spirits and snares top slot 3 CHELSEA Chalobah 9, Werner 84, Chilwell 89 Jacob Steinberg Stamford Bridge 1 SOUTHAMPTON Ward-Prowse 61pen 62% Possession 38% 9 Shots on Target 1 20 Total Attempts 5 Stamford Bridge had become an anxious place by the time Thomas Tuchel readied his final change in the 83rd minute. The doubts were starting to build. Under pressure after those limp defeats to Manchester City and Juventus, Chelsea were looking frazzled after allowing this game to spiral out of control . It was hard to see where a winner was coming from when Tuchel turned to one of England’s forgotten men, telling Ross Barkley to come on instead of Kai Havertz or Hakim Ziyech. At that stage, with Southampton’s 10 men clinging on for a point after James Ward-Prowse’s red card, nobody could have predicted what was to come. Nobody imagined that those dramatic final minutes would feature Barkley making an instant impact moments after replacing Ruben Loftus-Cheek or, even more improbably, Timo Werner finally getting the better of VAR by scoring the goal that lifted Chelsea into first place. Werner must have wondered when his luck would turn. The German has had 16 goals disallowed since joining Chelsea for £47m two summers ago – the latest one arrived shortly before half-time here – and his head could have dropped. Yet Werner has become a cult favourite with the Stamford Bridge faithful and nobody could begrudge him his moment when he restored Chelsea’s lead with six minutes left, converting César Azpilicueta’s cross after Barkley had opened up Southampton . The moral of the story: never give up. Chelsea kept plugging away and there was more to come after Werner’s first league goal since April, Ben Chilwell adding gloss to the scoreline when he atoned for his part in Southampton’s equaliser by making it 3-1. Chilwell’s goal left Southampton, who are a point above the bottom three, with nothing to show from a spirited display. They had threatened to snatch their first win of the season after levelling through Ward- Prowse’s penalty. “We played a brave game,” Ralph Hasenhüttl said. “The red card changed everything.” Hasenhüttl did not offer a view on Ward-Prowse’s dismissal for fouling Jorginho after 77 minutes. He was more disappointed that his side could not hold out. Southampton had Chelsea worried; Tuchel, never the calmest of characters, had even been booked after taking his protests too far after Werner’s disallowed goal. Tuchel was even more animated than usual. The German wanted aggression from the first whistle and he raced out of his technical area to rip into Chilwell early on, hammering the left wing-back for failing to read a pass from Callum Hudson-Odoi. Chelsea had to respond after some choked displays. Tuchel made five changes after the defeat by Juventus and his line up featured three academy products. Loftus-Cheek was impressive in midfield, Trevoh Chalobah dropped into the right side of the back three and there was finally a chance for Hudson-Odoi to impress . •

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:5 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:40 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 03.10.21 5 Ben Chilwell scores in the dying moments of the game to add some gloss to Chelsea’s home win FACUNDO ARRIZABALAGA/ EPA Ramsdale holds firm for Arteta in sodden seaside stalemate 0 BRIGHTON 0 ARSENAL 58% Possession 42% 2 Shots on Target 2 21 Total Attempts 8 Nick Ames Amex Stadium How they stand P W D L F A GD Pts Chelsea 7 5 1 1 15 3 +12 16 Liverpool 6 4 2 0 15 4 +11 14 Manchester Utd 7 4 2 1 14 6 +8 14 Everton 7 4 2 1 13 8 +5 14 Brighton 7 4 2 1 8 5 +3 14 Manchester City 6 4 1 1 12 1 +11 13 West Ham 6 3 2 1 13 8 +5 11 Aston Villa 6 3 1 2 9 7 +2 10 Arsenal 7 3 1 3 5 10 -5 10 Brentford 6 2 3 1 8 5 +3 9 Wolves 7 3 0 4 5 6 -1 9 Tottenham 6 3 0 3 4 9 -5 9 Leicester 6 2 1 3 7 10 -3 7 Watford 7 2 1 4 7 10 -3 7 Crystal Palace 6 1 3 2 6 9 -3 6 Leeds 7 1 3 3 7 14 -7 6 Southampton 7 0 4 3 5 10 -5 4 Burnley 7 0 3 4 5 11 -6 3 Newcastle 7 0 3 4 8 16 -8 3 Norwich 7 0 1 6 2 16 -14 1 Hudson-Odoi had a good battle with Tino Livramento, who left Chelsea in search of games in the summer, and he thought that he had an assist when his cross was headed in by Werner, only for VAR to find a foul on Kyle Walker-Peters by Azpilicueta. Tuchel was livid when he realised his side had not doubled their lead, although the eruption felt over the top. Chelsea had been in control since going ahead in the ninth minute, Loftus-Cheek flicking on Chilwell’s corner for Chalobah to tap home at the far post. Southampton were fortunate not to fall further behind. Chilwell, making his first start in the league this season, was thwarted by Alex McCarthy. Antonio Rüdiger later released Romelu Lukaku, who was denied his first goal in five games by a tight offside call. Yet there were flickers from Southampton. Adam Armstrong saw a deflected shot saved by Édouard Mendy, Theo Walcott headed wide and the visitors improved after halftime, the introduction of Ibrahima Diallo giving them more solidity in midfield. Chelsea dropped back and Livramento, showing why he was so highly rated at Cobham, won a penalty when his driving run drew a rusty challenge from Chilwell. Martin Atkinson pointed to the spot and Ward-Prowse drew Southampton level, calmly sending Mendy the wrong way. Now it was a proper contest. Mason Mount came on , Chilwell and Werner both went close and there was another twist when Ward-Prowse brought his studs down on Jorginho’s ankle. Atkinson checked the monitor and dismissed Southampton’s captain. Southampton’s momentum drained away. Tuchel replaced Mateo Kovacic with Jorginho and there were a few raised eyebrows when he introduced Barkley. Yet the changes worked. Barkley, whose Chelsea career looked over after a disappointing loan spell at Aston Villa last season, immediately lifted a glorious pass over to the right for Azpilicueta, who crossed for Werner to score from six yards. Southampton were beaten. Five minutes later a goalmouth scramble involving near misses from Lukaku and Azpilicueta ended with Chilwell’s rising shot just creeping over the line before McCarthy clawed it out. Chelsea’s redemption was complete. Chelsea Southampton 3-4-2-1 4-4-2 Mendy; Chalobah, Silva■, McCarthy; Livramento, Rudiger; Azpilicueta, Bednarek, Salisu■, Walker- Loftus-Cheek (Barkley 83), Peters; Romeu■, Ward- Kovacic (Jorginho 73), Prowse■; Walcott (Diallo Chilwell; Werner, Hudson- ht), Tella (Djenepo■ 73); Odoi (Mount 65); Lukaku Redmond (Elyounoussi 87), Subs not used Armstrong Subs not used Arrizabalaga, Alonso, Forster, Lyanco, Christensen, Saul, Perraud,Armstrong Referee Martin Atkinson Attendance 40,109 A watchable grapple in the rain will leave both teams feeling they are broadly moving in the right direction. While Brighton were the better side, they did not create enough clear chances to force the goal their reliably smooth approach work merited; they will not be too unhappy to finish the day in fifth place, though, while Arsenal will take some heart from another baby step forwards. Mikel Arteta will surely seek more consistent goal threat from his players, who were so expressive in defeating Spurs last Sunday, but his defence held firm in periods of severe pressure where some of its recent predecessors may have buckled. Filthy conditions on the south coast were not especially conducive to a meeting of sides with similar footballing ideals. That was not the only mutual inconvenience: both were missing a first-choice midfielder, with Yves Bissouma and Granit Xhaka sidelined by knee injuries . The early intent was evident even if execution wavered. Within a minute of kick-off Bukayo Saka had wriggled inside from the right, darting between two defenders and finding space for a shot that, after all that good work, should have presented a bigger problem for Robert Sánchez. Without Bissouma’s steel, Brighton’s engine room risked appearing lightweight. They do not lack subtlety, though and when Adam Lallana sent Marc Cucurella away down the left with a perceptive firsttime pass a watchful Kieran Tierney did well to turn the resulting centre behind. Brighton threatened again when Jakub Moder found Leandro Trossard in space along the opposite flank, the forward assessing his options before dragging a cross-shot past Aaron Ramsdale’s far post. Ramsdale’s performances since arriving from Sheffield United had been impeccable but he was fortunate when, as the first half approached its midway point, he dropped a Neal Maupay cross under pressure from Shane Duffy. The slippery ball may have contributed; Lewis Dunk should have capitalised but, sliding in from Aaron Ramsdale punches the ball clear as Arsenal’s Bukayo Saka tangles with defender Shane Duffy PETER NICHOLLS/REUTERS six yards, found the back row of the away following . Brighton were well on top, although they survived a scare when Saka skipped beyond Dan Burn and saw Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang head on to the outside of the near post. The opportunities kept coming for an assured home side whose former centre-back, Ben White, had his work cut out . By half-time the biggest risk for Brighton, for whom the wing-back Cucurella had been outstanding, was that they might regret not exploiting numerous situations. Thomas Partey clipped wide from another rare Arsenal sortie but the visitors could feel relieved to go in level. Moder curled wide in the 50th minute after another slick move from Brighton, whose level of performance is so admirably consistent . Another counter led to Partey sending Aubameyang clear only for Duffy, recovering brilliantly with Sánchez beaten, to intercept at the last. In the event Aubameyang was, extremely belatedly, flagged offside. There was a case to suspect that, given the firepower on their bench, Arsenal might be favoured the longer the status quo continued. To test that theory Arteta brought on Nicolas Pépé for Martin Ødegaard . After a spate of Arsenal pressure, Gabriel Magalhaes and Dunk required treatment after colliding with Sánchez as he cleared a cross. Arsenal were creating little but their share of the game had increased. Aubameyang was replaced by the lesser-spotted Alexandre Lacazette. The substitute immediately contributed to Arsenal’s best chance of the evening, teeing up Partey to release Emile Smith Rowe who demanded a smart save of Sánchez. Brighton were listing for the first time but Cucurella quickly forced Ramsdale to push a cross away. Brighton finished on top, Ramsdale stretching to prevent Maupay from converting a Solly March header and Duffy nodding wide from the corner. The moment of incision would not quite come. Brighton Arsenal 3-4-2-1 4-2-3-1 Sánchez; Duffy, Dunk, Ramsdale; Tomiyasu, Burn; Veltman■, Gross White, Gabriel, Tierney; (March 84), Lallana, Partey■, Lokonga; Saka Cucurella; Trossard, Moder (Maitland-Niles 90), (Mac Allister 78); Ødegaard (Pépé 63), Smith Maupay■ Rowe; Aubameyang Subs not used Lamptey, (Lacazette 72) Connolly, Steele, Locadia, Subs Leno, Holding , Roberts, Richards Soares, Tavares, Elneny Referee Jon Moss Attendance 31,266

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:6 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 6 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Premier League Llorente returns in style to calm the nerves for dominant Leeds 1 LEEDS Llorente 18 Louise Taylor Elland Road 0 WATFORD 67% Possession 33% 3 Shots on Target 1 20 Total Attempts 5 At the seventh attempt this season Leeds banished any growing selfdoubt by winning a Premier League match. Admittedly they will face far more awkward opponents than Watford and there remains a certain fragility about some of their play but, with Dan James finding his feet on the left wing and Diego Llorente restoring order to defence, optimism just about eclipsed pessimism at Elland Road. “Of course I feel relief,” said Marcelo Bielsa. “We should have scored more goals but we defended well . The result was never in danger.” There was somewhat less satisfaction in the Watford camp with their goalkeeper, Ben Foster, pulling no punches. “We were very poor ,” he said . “If we’d equalised it would have papered over the cracks. Leeds were very sharp and worked their socks off but we didn’t have a shot on target. We can’t expect to come away with anything.” Llorente’s return to central defence after injury offered Leeds not only reassuring stability but a source of stellar distribution from the back. The Spain international’s passing represented a key reason why Watford quickly found themselves on the ropes and it was thoroughly appropriate that he scored the 18th-minute winner. It arrived when Raphinha’s corner ricocheted off Juraj Kucka and Llorente’s sharp reactions enabled him to hook a volley beyond the Watford keeper. The overwhelming Elland Road consensus was that shortly afterwards Leeds were denied a penalty when Simon Hooper turned a blind eye when William Troost-Ekong extended an arm and hauled James back in the area. No matter; the good news for Leeds was that James enjoyed his best game since arriving for £25m from Manchester United. He seems to have finally got the hang of his new manager’s high-speed, highintensity, high-pressing game and his enthusiastic contribution to it at times left Watford looking as if they were running on empty. Their defence could certainly have done without James’s disorient ing change of pace. If Danny Rose had been looking forward to his first competitive return MIKE EGERTON/PA IMAGES Sinking feeling 9 Watford have now lost nine of their last 10 Premier League away games. They had only five shots in this match – the fewest Leeds have faced in a league game since December 2020 against West Brom (four). in a club fixture since leaving Leeds in 2007, he surely had a change of heart after struggling to subdue Raphinha and the impressive right-back, Jamie Shackleton. Leeds, though, can be generous hosts these days and, when Llorente made a rare error, Ozan Tufan had only the underworked Illan Meslier to beat but, miscuing, skied his shot over the bar. Diego Llorente shows his joy along with his captain, Liam Cooper, after scoring the winner for Leeds As the second half unfolded Xisco Muñoz adjusted his formation from 4-2-3-1 to , theoretically at least, an attack-minded 4-2-4 and, for a few seconds, he thought Watford had equalised when Meslier uncharacteristically dropped a routine ball and watched in horror as it trickled over the line. Fortunately for the Frenchman the referee had already blown for Christian Kabasele’s perceived foul on Cooper. “If that goal had been given, it would have been unjust to the overall picture,” said Foster. After long periods of almost blanket Leeds dominance an equaliser would have been a bit of a travesty but their inability to conjure a second goal dictated that an element of fear lingered in the cool, damp October air until the high-decibel eruption of joy at the final whistle. Granted Tyler Roberts’ late shot was cleared off the line by Kucka and then hit the underside of the bar but Bielsa must be hoping Patrick Bamford returns from injury after the international break wearing his shooting boots. Given the hire and fire habits of the Pozzo family, Watford’s notoriously trigger-happy owners, Muñoz will presumably be happy simply to survive the next fortnight. “I’m sad and disappointed,” he said. “If we want to win games, we need better performances. It’s important to change the situation.” Leeds Watford 4-1-4-1 4-2-3-1 Meslier; Shackleton, Foster; Femenia■, Troost- Llorente, Cooper, Firpo; Ekong, Sierralta (Kabasele Phillips; Raphinha, Dallas 68), Rose; Kucka, Sissoko; (Roberts 78), Klich (Struijk Sarr■, Tufan (Pedro 59), 90), James; Rodrigo Subs Dennis■; King (Sema 45 ) not used Klaesson, Subs not used Bachman, Harrison, Gelhardt, Hjelfr, Ngakia, Cleverley, Masina, Cresswell, McKinstry, Gosling, Hernandez Greenwood Referee Simon Hooper Attendance 36,261 • Priceless point the first step for Norwich Tim Krul kept his first clean sheet of the season for Norwich 0 BURNLEY Ian Parker Turf Moor 0 NORWICH 56% Possession 44% 4 Shots on Target 2 14 Total Attempts 11 Norwich City’s manager Daniel Farke celebrated a “priceless” first point of the season after his side fought out a goalless draw with Burnley. A largely uninspiring encounter low on quality was not enough to end the winless starts for either side but for Norwich it did halt a 16-game top-flight losing streak. Farke said: “ It is definitely a good feeling. Of course we are happier when we win a game and there were chances to win. It was a difficult game but we’ve had a difficult start with our fixtures, the Covid outbreak, cancelled friendlies, it’s been very difficult. It’s such a tough place to come so to be able to show steel and resilience and get our first point and our first clean sheet it feels really good. It is priceless to be off the mark .” Although they were on the back foot for much of the afternoon, Norwich had chances of their own with Max Aarons flashing an early shot wide, then forcing Charlie Taylor to clear from under his own crossbar in the second half. Teemu Pukki also harried a Burnley defence in which Nathan Collins made his Premier League debut with Ben Mee injured while Mathias Normann hit the the bar. Farke added: “We were sometimes a bit soft, a bit naive, a bit inexperienced against a very physical side with a direct approach, so in some ways this was more valuable than doing it against Liverpool or Chelsea. “ It has not been easy with all the criticism. The point and the clean sheet will help a bit in the table but even more with the mood and the confidence. It’s a first step. It’s not like this point will guarantee we stay in the league. Many more steps are needed but it’s a good first step.” Burnley may reflect on a missed opportunity having seen better performances than this against superior opposition go unrewarded. Sean Dyche’s 400th game in charge of the Clarets at least ended in a first league clean sheet of the season but there was no end product in the absence of the injured Maxwel Cornet. “There was a lot of good stuff, good play, effective play,” Dyche said. “It’s about finding that cutting edge at the moment and scoring a goal is a challenge. We’re getting in some key areas, it’s that moment of clarity and moment of quality, it’s so close.” Burnley had more of the ball and more sights of goa l but could not end a winless run at home which now extends to 14 league fixtures. “They’re all stats and facts,” Dyche added. “The last one doesn’t guarantee you the next one, I’m well aware of that but we’ve shown over the years that we can produce and I believe we will again. “We’ll find a way to score goals, we’ve got four good strikers. We had a slow start last season and picked up and had a strong middle and end. It’s important we do that again. I believe in the way the players are playing but we’ve got to find that cutting edge.” Burnley Norwich 4-4-2 5-3-2 Pope; Lowton■, Collins, Krul; Aarons■, Kabak, Tarkowski■, Taylor; Hanley, Gibson, Giannoulis; Lennon (Gudmundsson Lees-Melou (Rupp 80), 60), Brownhill■, Normann■, McLean; Westwood, McNeil; Vydra Sargent (Idah 90), Pukki (Rodriguez■ 35), Wood■ (Rashica 80) (Barnes 80) Subs not used Subs not used Gunn, Hennessey, Cork, Pieters, Gilmour, Dowell, Tzolisa, Norris, Bardsley, Long Williams, Omobamidele Referee Kevin Friend

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:7 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:13 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 03.10.21 7 Nuno Espírito Santo cuts a worried figure during his Spurs side’s 3-0 defeat to Arsenal TOM JENKINS/ THE OBSERVER Nuno walking a high wire in attempt to lift Tottenham’s malaise David Hytner An insipid style of football and a run of poor results after a promising start have left the Spurs manager in a precarious position as he attempts to win over sceptical supporters After the implosion came the confession. No, not that implosion , the one Tottenham suffered last Sunday in the north London derby at Arsenal, something so shocking that it fired grave doubts over whether Nuno Espírito Santo could lead the club back towards the straight and narrow. It was the one before that – at home to Chelsea the previous weekend. First half good, second half not so good, to borrow an old line from the former England manager Sven- Göran Eriksson. Spurs had been really good before the interval only to fall apart after it, shipping three goals to lose 3-0. Nuno did not hold back two days later, having had the chance to rationalise it . In the Premier League game before that, his team had lost 3-0 at Crystal Palace after Japhet Tanganga’s red card at 0-0. There was mitigation, albeit it had been an insipid performance. And, painful though it is for Spurs to admit, Chelsea are on a different level. Such a loss can happen. Nuno had been named as the manager of the month for August after wins in the first three league matches, including a fine 1-0 victory in the opener against Manchester City , and it felt as though he had credit in the bank. He might have been expected to straight bat any questions about mounting problems but instead he chose to get real. Nuno was honest and open , highlighting a difficult pre-season when a number of key players reported late after playing at Euro 2020 and the Copa América. Harry Kane, the main man, was the latest of all, for reasons that have been well documented. Tanguy Ndombele also had his fitness troubles. All in all, not ideal for a manager who took over at the end of June. Then, in early September, there were the injuries to Eric Dier and Son Heung-min and the international quarantine issues that affected Davinson Sánchez, Cristian Romero and Giovani Lo Celso. Nuno made the point – as he has done since – that with matches coming thick and fast, he lacks the time to instil his style in training. Essentially, he must use the games to find things out and to learn from what does not work – a kind of high-wire act and, again, not ideal. It was as if Nuno had wanted to The Nuno effect Spurs’ slow start PL 2021-22 Spurs Rank Shots on target 24 10th Shot Conversion (%) 7.1 14th Team presses 104 15th Goals 4 17th Big chances 6 18th Expected goals 5.43 19th Open play crosses 52 19th Shots 56 20th Souce: Opta scream at his audience. Open your eyes. And you wondered what he was holding back. Maybe how the club did not replace the goals of Gareth Bale during the transfer window. How there is no established, specialist back-up to Kane. How resources could be stretched by the stipulation from the hierarchy for him to take the Europa Conference League seriously, which if the team were to reach the final would mean them playing 15 or 17 games. Victory offers a route into next season’s Europa League. It is a tough gig, especially in light of how broken Spurs were at the end of last season. Remember the final home game against Aston Villa? The feeling within the club after Nuno has made the point that with matches coming thick and fast, he lacks time to instil his style the debacle at Arsenal, which reinforced all of Nuno’s worst fears , was one of devastation and soul-searching. Everybody knows there is no magic-wand cure for the many ills – only hard work and patience. But it has not stopped the return of Villa today from being coloured by an extraordinary amount of jeopardy because, for Nuno, a fourth straight heavy defeat in the league would be unthinkable. One of Nuno’s biggest problems has been the lack of buy-in from the fans to him. They demand attacking, entertaining and energetic football and had worried his priorities might lie elsewhere. Nothing they have seen has disabused them of this. It is not so much they cannot see the attempt by him to forge an identity; rather it is heading in a direction they do not like and this has put an even greater pressure on results. Spurs have scored four league goals this season and, according to Opta, they have created six big chances – ranking them 18th in the competition. They are 19th in expected goals and open-play crosses and a rockbottom 20th in shots, with an average of 9.3 per game. The y have made 104 team presses, which puts them 15th in the division. Nuno has wanted to make a 4-3-3 system work but he admitted he started with the wrong personnel in it against Arsenal : Dele Alli and Ndombele, as attack-minded No 8s, left Pierre-Emile Højbjerg too exposed in front of the defence. That said, it felt as though Nuno was still unhappy at the failure of his selections to execute the gameplan. The balance of the midfield is everything and it is questionable whether Nuno’s attempt to recast Alli as a No 8 has been a success. Alli is more dangerous when he can play off the cuff around the last defenders without the responsibility to track back. It is a surprise Nuno has not tried to use three central defenders – the formation he enjoyed such good times with at his previous club, Wolves – although perhaps it is not a part of Spurs’ DNA. It could be that 4-2-3-1 is the way forward, with Oliver Skipp alongside Højbjerg and Lo Celso pushing for the No 10 role, where he played well in the 5-1 Conference League win at home to NS Mura on Thursday . Nuno had moved Lo Celso into the position after substituting Alli . The Mura game was strange insofar as Spurs, after an early burst, managed to make mediocre opponents look comfortable. When the Slovenian minnows reduced the deficit to 2-1, it was even possible to fear for another setback. The big guns were needed and on came Kane, Son and Lucas Moura to make the difference, Kane helping himself to a hat-trick. Nuno desperately needs them to fire against Villa.

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:8 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 8 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Premier League • ‘It is like drink-driving’: Klopp rounds on anti-vaxxers Liverpool Manchester City Anfield 4.30pm Sky Sports Premier League Alisson Matip Van Dijk Gomez Robertson Liverpool are ‘99% vaccinated – I didn’t have to convince the players, it was a natural decision’. By Richard Jolly Jürgen Klopp has launched an attack on people who refuse coronavirus vaccinations by comparing them to drink-drivers and saying they are to blame if others catch Covid from them. The Liverpool manager accused the anti-vaccination movement of ignoring the experts and endangering others while making disingenuous claims about a loss of freedom to justify their stance. While many Premier League clubs are reportedly yet to get half their players fully vaccinated, Klopp said his persuasive powers were not required to ensure Liverpool’s squad are double jabbed. “I can say we have 99% vaccinated . I didn’t have to convince the players, it was more a natural decision from the team. I cannot remember really talking to a player and explaining to him.” Gareth Southgate has revealed he received abuse for recording a message encouraging young people to be vaccinated and Klopp, who followed his usual policy of consulting specialists in their fields, said: “It sounds like we are not allowed to give people advice. Where did I get the knowledge from that I think it makes sense to get the vaccine? I called doctors that I’ve known for years and I asked them: ‘What should I do?’ “That’s how I usually work: when you don’t know, you call a specialist and the specialist tells you. That’s why I took the vaccination because I am in an age group [54] where it is not that easy any more . The specialists out there say the vaccination is the solution at the moment. “If I say I am vaccinated, other people say: ‘How can you tell me I should be vaccinated?’ It is a little bit like drink-driving. We all probably were in a situation where we had a beer or two and thought we still could drive but, [because of] the law, we are not allowed to drive so we don’t drive. But this law is not there for protecting Grealish Fabinho Henderson Salah De Bruyne Cancelo Laporte Firmino Sterling Silva Ederson Referee Paul Tierney Rodri Dias Jones Mané Mahrez Walker Probable lineups Join Rob Smyth for minute by minute coverage at Great games in the Klopp-Guardiola era that have made this rivalry one of goals, drama, controversy and memes. By Sachin Nakrani 19 March 2017 Man City 1 Liverpool 1 The first meeting between Jürgen Klopp at Liverpool and Pep Guardiola at Manchester City took place at Anfield in December 2016 and, after much hype , proved an anticlimax – a low-quality encounter that ended in narrow victory for the hosts . The teams met again four months later at the Etihad Stadium and this time there was no disappointment. The game was a barnstormer, full of speed, skill, aggression and ambition as the sides went at each other from the start. There were two goals – a James Milner penalty on 51 minutes cancelled out by Sergio Agüero’s strike soon after – and there would have been more but for poor finishing by both teams. This was a breathless contest marked by moments of drama and controversy – Milner was fortunate not to be sent off for a first-half foul on Raheem Sterling – a precursor for what was to come. 9 September 2017 Man City 5 Liverpool 0 The teams’ first meeting of the new season was less a contest and more a pummelling. City tore Liverpool apart, with Kevin De Bruyne especially excellent for the hosts . The visitors had no answer for the Belgian, nor for how to cope with 10 players after Sadio Mané’s sending-off on 37 minutes for an accidental but reckless collision with Ederson that led to the goalkeeper being carried away on a stretcher. By Klopp’s admission Liverpool wilted after the red card, conceding two goals apiece from Gabriel Jesus and Leroy Sané, after Agüero’s opener on 24 minutes ; this was almost certainly a game, along with others to come, notably against Tottenham , t o ma ke it clear to the German he needed Virgil van Dijk. Liverpool had failed to sign the Dutchman that summer but would not be denied come January. 14 January 2018 Liverpool 4 Man City 3 Van Dijk had completed his £75m move to Anfield by the time City arrived for this game but did not feature because of a tight hamstring. That, in part, explained another ragged defensive display by Liverpool but really the story was how aggressive and explosive they were in attack, notably during a nine-minute spell in the second half when Roberto Firmino, Mané and, in especially spectacular fashion, Mohamed Salah scored to make it 4-1 . City fought back, with Bernardo Silva and Ilkay Gündogan scoring late on to add to Sané’s 40th-minute strike, which had cancelled out Alex Oxlade- Chamberlain’s early opener, but suffered a first defeat of the season. No longer invincible, City remained imperious, going on to win the title with a string of landmark achievements, including most points (100) and most wins (32) in Premier League history. 1 3 January 2019 Man City 2 Liverpool 1 Not an especially fun encounter but that is because by this stage things had become very serious between these sides. They were the top two and this was in effect a title decider, with Liverpool travelling to Manchester seven points clear of City and really needing only a draw . City had to win to save the championship and did so thanks to goals from Agüero and Sané either side of a Firmino header. Through a combination of determination and quality they had cut the gap and would retain the title at the end of an absorbing race , while for Liverpool there was ultimately a sense of what might have been, given John Stones’s clearance of a chance that technology showed was 1.12cm away from crossing the line. There was also a sense of injustice after a twofooted lunge by Vincent Kompany on 2 Sergio Agüero cancelled out James Milner’s penalty in a breathless encounter full of speed and skill MICHAEL REGAN/ GETTY IMAGES Sadio Mané was sent off for an accidental but reckless collision with Ederson as Man City thrashed Liverpool LEE SMITH/REUTERS

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:9 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 03.10.21 9 me when I drink two beers and want to drive, it’s for protecting all the other people because I’m drunk and we accept that as a law. “I don’t take the vaccination only to protect me, I take the vaccination to protect all the people around me. I don’t understand why that is a limitation of freedom because, if it is, then not being allowed to drink and drive is a limitation of freedom as well. I got the vaccination because I was concerned about myself but even more so about everybody around me. If I get [Covid] and I suffer from it: my fault. If I get it and spread it to someone else: my fault and not their fault.” Klopp called for greater openiness about vaccination statuses the interests of safety . “We are not allowed to ask people if they are vaccinated but I’m allowed to ask a taxi driver: ‘Are you drunk?’ If he says s : ‘I don’t have to tell you,’ then I say: ‘ OK, I don’t drive with you.’ If I show up in the office drunk, they can send me home or even sack me but we are not allowed to ask Liverpool won 4-3 at Anfield while Vincent Kompany could have seen red in the next meeting MATT WEST/ SHUTTERSTOCK; MARTIN RICKETT/PA IMAGES ON OTHER PAGES A striker isn’t everything but may solve Guardiola’s all or nothing problem Jonathan Wilson, p20 ‘The specialists out there say the vaccination is the solution at the moment,’ says Jürgen Klopp Salah that resulted in a booking for City’s captain but probably should have led to a red card . 10 November 2019 Liverpool 3 Man City 1 4 The last occasion Liverpool and City met in front of spectators and one the majority of those inside Anfield throughly enjoyed. The hosts delivered a complete performance , with Fabinho, Salah and Mané scoring the goals that restored Liverpool’s eight-point lead at the top and put them well and truly on course for their first title in 30 years . Bernardo Silva got one back for City but they were well beaten . The visitors could argue things would have been different had Michael Oliver awarded them penalties for two handballs involving Trent Alexander-Arnold. The nonaward of the latter led to Guardiola thrusting two fingers towards the people. I might be really naive but I don’t understand it.” Klopp will confront a different issue today as he reflected on Manchester City’s “luxury problem” after they failed to sign Harry Kane. City have scored one goal in their past two games, but the Liverpool manager said the reigning champions still possess enough firepower. “I know they didn’t score 500 goals and the whole world is talking about they need a No 9,” he said. “Yeah, imagine if they had a No 9 on top of that. It’s a luxury problem, let me say it like this.” City won 4-1 at Anfield in February with Phil Foden excelling as a false 9 . Klopp said: “In and around the box, City always have enough options. Which number they have on their back is really not important. “They bring in players in all the moments, the wingers are influential like ours are and last year Ilkay Gündogan arrived like 500 times in the box and scored from close range.” 3 sky and repeatedly shouting “Twice!” and in that moment this particular rivalry had provided something else memorable and noteworthy: a meme . And don’t forget … 4 April 2018 Liverpool 3 Man City 0 Three months after Liverpool had blown away City at Anfield, they did it again, this time in the first leg of a Champions League quarter-final. In the din of a classic European night at Anfield, the hosts flew out of the traps, scoring thee times inside 31 minutes courtesy of Salah, Oxlade-Chamberlain and Mané. City were shellshocked hocked and their cause had not been helped by Guardiola’s odd tactical approach, namely playing Aymeric Laporte at left-back and Gündogan instead of Sterling at right-wing. He had clearly been spooked by what had happened in the league game but the tinkering only had the effect of destabilising, and confusing, his team. It was also a sign of things to come in regards to his approach to crunch Champions League fixtures. Liverpool won the second leg at the Etihad 2-1 and progressed to the final in Kyiv, where they lost to Real Madrid . Loris Karius and all that. us 5 Fabinho’s goal helped Liverpool to a crucial win ANDREW POWELL/ GETTY IMAGES Guardiola calm in face of Anfield storm from ‘high-intensity’ Reds City’s manager vows to go toe-to-toe with Klopp’s side and tells his players to attack the penalty area, writes Jamie Jackson As Pep Guardiola prepares to take Manchester City into the cauldron of Anfield for today’s showdown with Liverpool, he exudes a characteristic first witnessed towards the end of last season: serenity. Intensity has been superseded by a manager at ease – with his team and himself. This new geniality appeared in May when City beat Paris Saint- Germain to reach a first Champions League final . When Guardiola’s third Premier League title was secured with three games to spare, it deepened. Come the next season and fresh travails, it was easy to assume Guardiola would return to his more recognisable persona. But after Tuesday’s 2-0 loss at PSG the City manager was again in genial mode when professing contentment at his team’s display. Preparing for today’s trip to a venue where last term’s 4-1 victory over Liverpool was a first City win in 18 years and asked if emotions are acute before such a high-stakes encounter, Guardiola says: “Absolutely I enjoy them – all those feelings have to be there: excitement, nervous, pressure, all those emotions, yes. If you don’t have it for the big important games, then it shows that this business is not for you. “Maybe you sleep not so well the day before and well after – if the result or performance has not been good. [But] you can’t go there like you’re going to the restaurant with friends because then it’s not for you. I still have nerves before the game, wondering if the plan will go good – if you don’t get this you are in the wrong business. You have to feel [this].” Guardiola is similarly unruffled about City’s challenge of facing a Jürgen Klopp team that lead City by a point in the Premier League , and who will tear into the champions this afternoon with a raucous Anfield roaring them on . “They won the Champions League and the Premier League [under Klopp] – and all the time they are playing and competing,” he says. “It doesn’t matter what happens, it doesn’t matter which competition. They play with high intensity in all senses, they are a typical Jürgen team, a fantastic team. “I admire Jürgen for that – they try to play their game whatever. He knows that we are the same. It doesn’t matter what happens, we have a go. Mistakes, weak points, it doesn’t matter. We are who we are as a team – Manchester City are a team that’s going to go this way. If it’s going well, great. If it’s going badly, improve. I don’t know another way to do it. We did it last year, it worked. So we are going to try and do it again.” City boast 14 different scorers this season , the perfect riposte to those who view the failure to land Harry Kane in the close season as a strategic blunder. Guardiola jokes when asked: what if the goals dry up ? “What will be the plan B? Buy two strikers for £250m?” he says. “No. We [will] have to play better, [load] ‘We are a team that is going to go this way. I don’t know another way to do it’ Pep Guardiola more people in the box. The biggest strikers in the world score because they are in front of the goal – there are no secrets to this. So once we are there [in position] we have to have the quality to put it in the back of the net. “It is impossible to score if you are not close, it’s a question of mathematics [numbers near goal], for sure. And that’s what we have to do – make the process so we arrive there, then try to finish in front of the goal.” Guardiola remains calm even when he is reminded of City’s coach being attacked at Anfield three years ago. “You cannot imagine how bad it was,” he says. “I wish it would never happen again.” The smart money says Guardiola ’s nerves will fray at some point but there seems a fresh sense of selfpossession that cannot be shaken, and which is a sweet augury for City’s campaign.

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:10 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 10 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Premier League ‘I’m trying to enjoy the moment because you never know when it could be over’ Football in brief • Christian Nørgaard is proving a crucial cog in a Brentford team that are giving opponents a few sleepless nights, writes Ben Fisher It is the calm after the storm, a few days on from Brentford’s breathless draw at home to Liverpool . The ground is empty, lighting rigs occupy the pitch and a couple of blocks behind the dugouts, Christian Nørgaard raises one of the challenges of such memorable occasions under the lights: the insomnia that invariably follows. “I slept around 2.30am or 3am,” he says. “For a new stadium, it already has a lot of great memories, with the win against Arsenal and the draw against Liverpool – two amazing games. Liverpool was a late game, a crazy game and that makes it harder to fall asleep at night. The Ryder Cup was on so that made it a bit easier – I could watch a bit of that.” Nørgaard grins but, as well as spending time with his wife, Josefine, and their one-year-old son, Elliot, at home in west London, golf is one of the ways he likes to unwind when time allows, playing three-balls with his Denmark team mates Andreas Christensen and Joachim Andersen, of Chelsea and Crystal Palace respectively. Who is the best out on the course? “I think that would be me but I’ve also played for longer than them. Hopefully they can get up to speed so we can have more of an even game,” he says, smiling. His handicap is around 14. “Acceptable,” he says, “but I would like to get it lower. “I played Sam Saunders, the assistant coach from the B team, but I got my ass kicked completely. It was embarrassing. I need to get the players here going a bit more because it is quite fun to do next to football because you can keep that competitiveness. It can be frustrating – that is the beautiful thing about golf: it can be the best thing in the world but also the worst. I’ve had so many times where I’ve thought: ‘Seriously, what am I doing here, why am I spending my time going around duffing balls and missing easy putts?’” Nørgaard is calmness personified on and off the pitch, a crucial cog in a Brentford team that have made an impressive start to life in the top flight and warm company as he discusses an extraordinary year to date – promotion, his first Premier League goal, being part of the Denmark team that reached the Euro 2020 semi-finals and getting married. “It will be hard to top. I’m trying to enjoy the moment because you never know when it could be over.” Last week his manager, Thomas Frank, who coached him as a 15-yearold at Lyngby, described Nørgaard as a “late bloomer” more than capable of slotting into the base of Liverpool’s midfield and while that compliment could be added to a timeline comprising mostly of highs, one particular low stands out from a special summer. Nørgaard was sitting among the Denmark substitutes when Christian Eriksen collapsed on the pitch during their opening European Championship game, requiring life-saving medical treatment. His club mate, Mathias Jensen, replaced Eriksen after a lengthy stoppage. “It was meant to be a big, big party in Copenhagen, the first time the Euros was ever held there, the opening game against Finland and then that happened, so you can imagine how that was, when you’re up here with all the expectations and how much we were all looking forward to that game and then hitting rock bottom. I think ryone learned something new about eve- themselves that day, how they react in certain situations and situations like that which we hope will never occur again in our life. I only saw team eammatesmates that were willing to sacrifice for each other or try to help out where they could, not only players but staff as well. Many of the players, the referees and the doctors had not been in situations like this. It was amazing to see how they reacted and how they did their job in very hard circumstances.” Eriksen’s collapse, Nørgaard says, acted as a reminder of how precious life is and galvanised the entire country. “The national team has found the Danish fans and the Danish fans have found their national team again,” the 27-year-old says, meshing his hands together. “We managed to get even closer, even tighter as a team. Now every game is a sellout in Parken. You receive eive so much support when you’re driving through Copenhagen – there e are flags and red shirts everywhere. There are more important things than sport but sport can really bring people e together when something like that happens.” ‘The game with Finland was meant to be a big party in Copenhagen. Then it was rock bottom.’ Christian Nørgaard Brentford, whose owner, Matthew Benham, owns Midtjylland, is home to a “ little Denmark” – Nørgaard is one of seven Danish first-team players, while the co-director of football, Rasmus Ankersen, Frank and his assistant, Brian Riemer, also call Denmark home – and their tight-knit squad have established a wonderful bond with supporters. After their historic victory over Arsenal, Frank made a beeline for Woody, a young fan with Down’s syndrome. Supporters no doubt struggled to sleep that night, too. For the players, a sleep coach, Anna West, is there to help. “It is a poor night of sleep after a game and then [it is about] trying to get your powers back again before the training restarts. She comes by the training ground once a month and you make a plan, what you need, what you’re struggling with, what are you doing well and so on. Sleep is a big part of our life and has a main role in terms of our injury prevention and performance in general.” Today’s London derby at West Ham provides another opportunity for Brentford to celebrate, but standing in their way will be a familiar face in Sa ïd Benrahma, who became a fans’ favourite in two sparkling years at the club. “I know,” says Nørgaard. “He did me badly in one of the pre-season games where he dropped the shoulder and he pinned it in the top corner . He can do that in a friendly but I’m not letting him do that on Sunday,” he laughs. Christian Nørgaard faces his former teammate Saïd Benrahma today: ‘He did me badly in one of the pre-season games’ PAUL DENNIS/SHUTTERSTOCK Manuel Locatelli celebrates after his goal gave Juventus victory Locatelli lifts Juve to eighth in Turin derby Manuel Locatelli struck late to earn Juventus a 1-0 win over Torino in the Turin derby, as Juve stretched their winning run to four games in all competitions and kept a Serie A clean sheet for the first time in seven months. Locatelli fired a shot in off the post with four minutes remaining to lift his side to eighth place with 11 points. Torino controlled the first half as Juve failed to register a shot on target but Massimiliano Allegri’s side improved after the break . Reuters Brandt steps up to put Dortmund second Borussia Dortmund wasted a string of chances before beating Augsburg 2-1, moving them up to second in the Bundesliga. Julian Brandt struck the winner after Raphael Guerreiro had given Dortmund a 10th-minute lead from the spot, followed by Andi Zeqiri’s equaliser. It left them a point behind Bayern Munich, who face Eintracht Frankfurt today. Reuters Dundee United to probe alleged racism Dundee United have launched an investigation into an alleged racist comment made by a Ross County fan towards Jeando Fuchs at Tannadice. The Cameroon player spoke to the United bench, who alerted the fourth official, and at the final whistle his manager, Tam Courts, held up a “Show Racism the Red Card” T-shirt. However, the Ross County manager, Malky Mackay, suggested the comment was not a racial slur, saying: “It appears it was a swear word. That’s coming from Dundee United stewards… It appears it was misheard from the pitch.” Mackay said his opposite number’s T-shirt gesture was “an interesting thing to do considering he doesn’t know what has happened .” PA Media Alloa midfielder Niang gone in 25 seconds Mouhamed Niang was sent off after 25 seconds of his Alloa’s Scottish League One match against Cove Rangers. The midfielder was dismissed for a foul, with his red card among the fastest in history. Sheffield Wednesday’s Kevin Pressman was infamously sent off after 13 seconds in 2000. PA Media

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:11 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 2/10/2021 19:29 cYanmaGentaYellowb • Sky Bet Championship Billing seizes top spot but Jokanovic blames officials 2 BOURNEMOUTH Solanke 62pen, Billing 65 1 SHEFFIELD UTD Gibbs-White 56 43% Possession 57% 5 Shots on Target 1 10 Total Attempts 6 Slavisa Jokanovic blamed poor officiating for his side’s defeat at unbeaten Bournemouth, who capitalised on West Brom’s defeat on Friday to move three points clear at the top. Sheffield United looked set to become the first side to topple Scott Parker’s side in the league this season after Morgan Gibbs-White gave them a deserved 56th-minute lead. But two goals in the space of four minutes – a penalty from Dominic Solanke and Philip Billing’s strike – enabled the home side to come from behind . Jokanovic was not happy with the referee, Robert Jones, and his Philip Billing scores his sixth goal of the season to complete Bournemouth’s comeback victory over Sheffield United assistants for either of the goals. He said: “I am simply not blind. It was two joke decisions for both goals. “I saw on the field that the challenge was outside the box and have seen it on TV since. The second goal was clearly offside. “The officials put Bournemouth back in the game, it is as simple as this. If you ask me what I think, this is expensive. “Both teams worked hard. It was a quick pitch and we did not connect a lot in the middle. Bournemouth tried, like us, to exchange a few passes. They pressed us a lot in the first 45 GRAHAM HUNT/PROSPORTS/SHUTTERSTOCK minutes and we had a problem with the buildup. They had the same problem. There were a few chances for us and for them. “The second 45 minutes was a better game, played with a lot of energy. We scored and they scored too. My team played better than Bournemouth, who are one of the best teams in the Championship.” The visitors had taken four points from their first five away games but had the better of a first half played in torrential rain. With two minutes played Ben Osborn tested the reactions of the Bournemouth goalkeeper, Mark Travers, with a cross-cum-shot the Irishman did well to turn behind for a corner. Billy Sharp had two opportunities to work Travers but the veteran striker was in an unusually forgiving mood. In the 28th minute, Osborn fizzed in a teasing cross, but Sharp lifted his shot high from close range. Seven minutes later, Sharp seized on a poor touch from Lloyd Kelly inside his own penalty area but again failed to hit the target. Gibbs-White broke the deadlock 11 minutes into the second half, sliding in to rifle home his third Blades goal after Sharp had pulled the ball back. Bournemouth were gifted the chance to level six minutes later when Enda Stevens was adjudged to have brought down Solanke. Replays showed the tackle took place outside the box but Solanke rifled home from 12 yards. The game was turned on its head three minutes later as Billing calmly side-footed Bournemouth into the lead from 12 yards after being teed up by Ryan Christie. Sheffield United came agonisingly close to equalising in stoppage time when the Bournemouth old-boy Lys Mousset headed against the bar from two yards. Parker praised the character his young side showed to make it 11 league games unbeaten. He said: “I have been here now for three The Observer 03.10.21 11 Scott Parker punches the air in delight after Bournemouth maintained their unbeaten start months and every day I am learning something different. “We had a bit of adversity . That was the first time we have been behind this season but the reaction of the players to that pleased me greatly. “After we scored the penalty, I saw a group of men wanting to grab the ball, put it in the centre-circle and go and win. We are going to need that mindset and that mentality throughout the year as we will go behind many times in the future. “We are top , undefeated, but there is a lot of football to play. At the end we had to defend and grind it out. ” Parker also praised Solanke for keeping calm before converting the penalty. “It was definitely a foul but I am hearing maybe it was outside the box. I have not seen it back. Dom needed to be cool in that moment to score .” PA Media Bournemouth Sheffield United 4-3-3 4-2-3-1 Travers; Smith■, Cahill, Olsen; Baldock (Basham Kelly, Zemura■; 49), Egan, Davies, Stevens; Pearson■, Lerma, Billing Norwood, Fleck■; Gibbs- (Mepham 86); Christie White, Ndiaye (McBurnie (Lowe 88), Solanke (Stacey 73) Osborn■; Sharp 90), Anthony (Mousset 73) Subs not used Nyland, Subs not used Brewster, Brooks, Marcondes, Rogers McGoldrick, Foderingham, Hourihane Referee Rob Jones Roundup Silva says sorry as Coventry maul Fulham Coventry bounced back from their midweek mauling at Luton in style as they came from behind to secure a dominant 4-1 win over Fulham. Kyle McFadzean headed an 18th-minute own goal to hand the visitors the lead but Mark Robins’ side stormed back with Viktor Gykores levelling two minutes after the interval and Matthew Godden giving them the lead four minutes later from the penalty spot. Ian Maatsen lashed in a superb 61st-minute shot to give his side breathing space before Gykores wrapped up the comeback . Marco Silva apologised to the Fulham fans who travelled hoping their side could reclaim top spot, adding: “The second half was wrong, everything was all wrong from beginning to end. And the referee did everything wrong, too, because it’s a clear dive for their penalty, but it is not his fault we lost.” Steve Cooper’s immediate impact at Nottingham Forest continued as his side made it seven points from a possible nine under his charge with a 3-0 win at Birmingham. Forest took the lead against the run of play in the 11th minute through their captain, Lewis Grabban, before Ryan Yates doubled the lead with a diving header on the half-hour and Djed Spence fired into the roof of the net after the re-start. Cooper praised Grabban, who hit his fourth goal in his last six games. “He’s a really good player, he’s proven. He doesn’t need loads of information from me, just needs a bit of support and belief. He’s a great presence on the pitch . He knows the role well and he’s been a real captain at the moment.” Struggling Hull left it late to claim their first league win in 10 games with a 2-0 success over Middlesbrough. Joe Lumley’s bizarre 81st-minute own goal – Keane Lewis-Potter’s close-range strike rebounding off the post on to Lumley’s head and into the net – gave the Tigers the lead moments after Keane Lewis-Potter had struck the post, then Mallik Wilks sealed victory in injury time. QPR came from behind to sink Preston 3-2 with Ilias Chair hitting the winner 16 minutes from time. Lyndon Dykes’ early opener was cancelled out by Emil Riis and Josh Earl before Jimmy Dunne’s 71st-minute effort had dragged Rangers back on level terms. Chris Martin fired an 84th-minute winner as Bristol City won 3-2 at Peterborough. Sammie Szmodics gave the hosts an early lead but a Nathan Thompson own goal and a 40th-minute effort from George Tanner put the visitors in front before half-time. Szmodics headed his second to send the sides in level at the break before Martin’s ensured the visitors’ recovery from their midweek defeat at Millwall. Matthew Godden celebrates giving Coventry the lead from the penalty spot in their impressive win over Fulham MANJIT NAROTRA/ PROSPORTS/ SHUTTERSTOCK Shane Lavery’s fourth-minute opener and a second from his replacement Jerry Yates on 24 minutes proved enough for Blackpool to sink Blackburn in the Lancashire derby, although Ben Brereton Diaz’s 10th goal of the season in the 50th minute forced the hosts to cling on for a 2-1 win. Millwall extended their unbeaten Championship run to seven games as Murray Wallace headed an 89th-minute winner at Barnsley, while Junior Hoilett scored the only goal of the game as Reading won 1-0 at Cardiff. The result piled more pressure on Cardiff’s manager, Mick McCarthy, who admitted his future is now out of his hands following five straight league defeats. “That decision is not up to me but I think that performance shows I certainly haven’t lost the dressing room. It shows we can get a response.” The bottom club Derby were held to a goalless draw at home by Swansea while Luton and Huddersfield also ended 0-0. PA

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:12 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 12 The Observer 03.10.21 Football Barclays Women’s Super League Bethany England slams home Chelsea’s third goal against Brighton World Cup qualifying Southgate urges Grealish to add goals to his dazzling game • DAVE SHOPLAND/SHUTTERSTOCK Kirby orchestrates sweet revenge against Brighton 3 CHELSEA Reiten 9, Kerr 38, England 80 1 BRIGHTON Carter 48 62% Possession 38% 6 Shots on Target 1 18 Total Attempts 5 Suzanne Wrack Kingsmeadow Fran Kirby looked frustrated despite having masterminded Chelsea’s win with three assists, for Guro Reiten, Sam Kerr and Beth England, and that drew praise from her manager . “Fran’s standards are through the roof, so she’s always frustrated,” said Emma Hayes. “That’s why she is as good as she is . She thinks there’s always room to improve. “As I’ve said a million times over, if I’m Sarina [Wiegman, the England manager] I’m making sure that Fran Kirby is constantly pushed to be her best because Fran at her best is one of the best.” Hayes laments ‘another crap week for women’ Emma Hayes, the Chelsea manager, has expressed her frustrations at another “crap week for women” following the conviction of Wayne Couzens for the murder of Sarah Everard and allegations by NWSL players of sexual coercion against the North Carolina Courage manager, Paul Riley , which led to his removal and a suspension of the weekend’s games in the United States. Speaking after she had watched her team defeat Brighton 3-1 in the Women’s Super League, Hayes said: “I work for a club that supports a number of causes including [women’s] refuges. There’s no point As the only team to take three points off the champions in the league last season Brighton travelled back to Kingsmeadow with a target on their backs. The 2-1 defeat in February was Chelsea’s first in the league, home or away, since a 3-2 loss to Birmingham in January 2019. That was the jewel in the crown of a very strong season for them. Their third campaign in the top flight ended with a sixth-place finish, reward for the patient building work of Hope Powell . But on a rain-drenched afternoon Chelsea took the lead through Reiten in the 10th minute after the Norwegian raced into the box from the left to meet Kirby’s pass from the middle, before firing low past the defender Victoria Williams and Megan Walsh in Brighton’s goal. The home side were on top, with Pernille Harder driving their attack, but looked frustrated against an organised side. Shortly before the break they found a second, though. A swooping ball over the top from Kirby sent Kerr in a three-way chase with Walsh and Felicity Gibbons . The Brighton pair collided as Kerr rose to nod towards the unguarded net. in me saying it’s been a crap week for women. It feels like it’s always a crap week for women.” Hayes added that she hoped to raise her son, Harry, to be respectful of women. “All of us hope for a place where we feel safe. To go to work, walk the streets, live our lives without threat and fear, and that’s not about what’s gone on in America . That’s in general,” she said. “I want a better place for women as we all do but it starts at home. My job is about educating my son to make sure he understands the importance of women and how to not take advantage of us. “I want my son to grow up knowing that he is to respect women and to understand that when a woman says no she means no. He will grow up, I hope, to be a young man who doesn’t exploit the sexual differences between us.” The Brighton manager, Hope It was fitting that Danielle Carter , Brighton’s marquee signing, pulled her side back into the game shortly after the restart. It was the 28-yearold’s second goal since joining from Reading in the summer and, although Carter was not here for the upset last season, she is no friend of Chelsea, with four goals in her first seven WSL games against them plus the goal that gave Arsenal the FA Cup in 2016 . Three minutes after her introduction England re-established her team’s two-goal lead, latching on to Kirby’s teasing pass across the box before lashing in. “They’re a better team than they were last year but I thought they were more threatening to us last year,” said Hayes. “Is that because of how much better we’ve got? Yes, I think so and that’s because of how we limited them.” Chelsea Brighton 3-4-3 4-2-3-1 Berger; Carter, Bright■, Walsh; Le Tissier, Kerkdijk Eriksson; Cuthbert (Charles (Simpkins ht), Williams, 77), Ingle, Leupolz, Koivisto; Connolly (Brazil Reiten■ (Andersson 83); 72), Whelan; Green, Kirby (Fleming 83), Harder, Gibbons, Kaagman■; Kerr (England 77) Carter (Babajide 86) Subs not used Musovic, Subs not used Stenson, Telford, Nouwen, Spence, Robinson, Adebowale, Fox Bance, Cordier Referee Amy Fearn Attendance 2,480 Powell, said that, while she did not know the players involved in the allegations in the US, she is “so pleased they spoke up”. “It’s sad that these things happen, not just in our sport but in any sport, and now it’s about making sure players are protected and making sure cases like this never happen again,” she said. “It’s really important that people who feel they aren’t treated right find their voice and there is a safe space for them to say what they feel is wrong and I’m just thankful that people have listened.” Powell, like Hayes, added of the circumstances of Everard’s murder: “A person that you think is there to protect you becomes the perpetrator, it’s really sad. Coming home late at night I’ve felt all the things other women have felt walking home alone.” Suzanne Wrack Jacob Steinberg Gareth Southgate has challenged Jack Grealish to build on the promising start to his England career by becoming a bigger goalscoring threat. Grealish is yet to open his account at international level and Southgate, who thinks the winger has become more tactically aware since his £100m move to Manchester City, wants him to increase his output in the final third. The obvious contrast is with Raheem Sterling, who has 18 goals in 70 appearances for England. The City forward, who scored three goals during the run to the final of Euro 2020, sets the standard for Southgate’s other wide players to follow. It is the next step for Grealish, who has become a vital member of Southgate’s squad after adapting to the manager’s demands. The 26-year-old offers plenty of trickery and dribbling ability on the left but the former Aston Villa playmak er cannot be satisfied with his record of zero goals from his 15 cap s. “I think he recognised we asked certain things of him in terms of when he first joined us, the pressing,” Southgate said. “The big challenge with us is he’s 15 games without a goal. The big challenge is to start registering those numbers that our other wide players have been able to produce over a period of time. There’s no reason he can’t do that. “He’s physically in a better place. He’s able to play the midweek games now. When we had him at the end of the season he was only able to train two days in every three, so it’s a completely different situation to the European Championships.” Southgate thinks Grealish has benefited from working with Pep Guardiola at City. “Having watched Pep’s teams really closely for a long period of time, positioning, the positioning in possession, is fundamental to how his teams play and that means that they’re in the right positions to go and press when they lose the ball,” he said. “Without a doubt we knew that was going to be an area that would be a change for Jack. He was given more licence Raheem Sterling’s goalscoring record for England sets the standard for others such as Jack Grealish Group I P W D L F A GD Pts England 6 5 1 0 18 2 16 16 Albania 6 4 0 2 10 6 4 12 Poland 6 3 2 1 19 8 11 11 Hungary 6 3 1 2 12 10 2 10 Andorra 6 1 0 5 4 14 -10 3 San Marino 6 0 0 6 1 24 -23 0 Remaining fixtures (7.45pm) Sat Andorra v England, Hungary v Albania, Poland v San Marino; 12 Oct Albania v Poland, England v Hungary, San Marino v Andorra; 12 Nov Andorra v Poland, England v Albania, Hungary v San Marino; 15 Nov Albania v Andorra, Poland vHungary, San Marino v England. to roam with Aston Villa and he seems to have adapted to that and be pressing well for the team.” Southgate is not worried about Grealish, Sterling and Phil Foden having to compete with each other for starting opportunities in City’s attack. The attacking trio are all in England’s squad for this month’s World Cup qualifiers against Andorra and Hungary. “I think it’s good for us because none of them are going to be flogged,” Southgate said. “They are all going to play in a team that play fantastic attacking football. They might not individually play as much as they would like but I think they are all going to play enough. If they are not getting as much football as they like, they will probably have a bigger desire to play with us and score goals with us.” Southgate praised Jesse Lingard for making a strong impact as a substitute for Manchester United in recent weeks. The 28-year-old marked a late cameo against West Ham with a brilliant last-minute winner and he played a part in Cristiano Ronaldo scoring the goal that saw United beat Villarreal in the Champions League last Wednesday. Lingard, who has regained his England place after failing to make the squad for the Euros, also scored after coming on a s a substitute against Newcastle. “He is a fantastically resilient character,” Southgate said. “Not every player is able to come off the bench and have a big impact. Jesse has always been a player able to do that. That’s probably not a great thing in terms he’d want when it comes to starting more often. But in matches he’s played this season, he’s scored twice off the bench, he had an assist. “He’s always been a consistent performer for us, and we’ve got great faith and belief in him and even though he’s not playing as much as you’d ideally like, his performances with England are almost unquestionable, really. He has got a challenge to get that game time at Old Trafford. But as a player all you can do is if you get five minutes, make it the best possible five minutes. If you get 15, have that impact within the 15.”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:13 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:48 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Cricket The Ashes The Observer 03.10.21 13 Australia’s confusing Covid rules shroud Ashes in uncertainty The country’s restrictions are on track to ease by the time England arrive but the pandemic has shown how quickly things can change, writes Geoff Lemon Today , Australia starts daylight saving. Or some of Australia. New South Wales and Victoria will join Tasmania in setting east-coast clocks forward. Queensland on the same coast will stubbornly stay on standard time for reasons lost in the dim mists of history. Formerly half an hour behind that lot, South Australia will skip half an hour ahead of Queensland. The Northern Territory will not , dropping from 30 to 90 minutes behind Sydney. Western Australia will go from two hours behind the east to three. Then there is the small town of Eucla halfway between Adelaide and Perth, which runs on Australian Central Western Standard Time – eight hours and 45 minutes ahead of Greenwich. If you think that is confusing, try Australian states and Covid regulations. Since last year the eight provincial governments across the country have constantly shifted restrictions and enforcement about travel and quarantine as outbreaks are suppressed in one place or flare up in another. Parochialism and public health are each factors. A federal vaccine programme defined mostly by its absence has The climax of the Australian rules season was moved to the Optus Stadium, so crowds could watch Melbourne Demons beat and Western Bulldogs last weekend MICHAEL O’BRIEN/AAP maintained that necessity. Where politicians elsewhere speak in blasé style about living with the virus, much of Australia still has the luxury of living without it. Which makes the prospect of a nationwide Ashes tour daunting for the England players and staff weighing it up. It is counterintuitive that people from a country smothered in the virus should be anxious about travelling somewhere that is not , but the double-jabbed ranks of the autumn tourists can by now live a mostly unencumbered life at home. Travelling to or around Australia at present offers far less certainty. Take the snap decision last week for the Tasmanian state team to drop a match in Brisbane and fly home after four Covid cases were logged in a city that previously had none. It was not that the Tasmanians were paranoid about being infected, but that their own state could without notice close the border and require them to spend two weeks in quarantine before getting home. New South Wales and Victoria are comparatively riddled with the virus, with residents banned from travelling elsewhere besides a few essential exceptions. Half a dozen of Argentina’s rugby players found this out the hard way, after a day trip from Brisbane over the New South Wales border that ended in detainment when they tried to drive back for yesterday’s match against the Wallabies. The Australian Football League grand final, contracted to be played each year at the Melbourne Cricket Ground until past the middle of this century, was moved to Perth so that a live crowd could attend the climax of the Australian rules season. The rest of the states are open to one another, but that can Ashes itinerary FIRST TEST 8-12 Dec Gabba, Brisbane SECOND TEST 16-20 Dec Adelaide Oval, Adelaide (d/n) THIRD TEST 26-30 Dec MCG, Melbourne FOURTH TEST 5-9 Jan SCG, Sydney FIFTH TEST 14-18 Jan Optus Stadium, Perth The Melbourne Cricket Ground usually hosts the Australian Football League final but it was moved to Perth ASANKA BRENDON RATNAYAKE/AP change, and repeatedly have done, overnight. Queensland continues to record a couple of cases per day . And Queensland is where the England retinue is due to make landfall. There is little comfort for the tourists that after their initial quarantine to enter the country, they may be lumped with another stretch to move between states. But, as Australia’s Test captain, Tim Paine, noted to some demur, the Ashes will go ahead regardless of which players decide to tour. The boards of Australia and England look after one another as reliably as they disregard anyone else but India, and there is too much money on the line for either to mess with the schedule. The good news for those England players is that the situation and restrictions are on track to ease before they arrive. As of the last day of September, Australia had passed 54% of people fully vaccinated nationwide, and is on track for 80% by early November. On Friday the federal government announced approval for states reaching that threshold to resume international arrivals for vaccinated travellers with one week of home quarantine rather than two weeks in hotels. There is also a plan for Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia to open travel between themselves once the threshold is reached. Which means the likely England schedule will involve arriving in Queensland at a quarantine resort with training permissions agreed by that state government, spending perhaps half as long in isolation as anticipated, starting off at the Gabba, then being free to travel to Tests in Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney. The Western Australian government has been the country’s strictest throughout the pandemic, and shows no signs of changing, but the result won’t be to ask players for extra quarantine to enter the state, it will be to excise Perth from the itinerary. Having lodged a solitary Ashes win there back in 1978, few England cricketers will mourn that. If terms can be reached with Tasmania, then Hobart is a possible replacement. If not, Canberra recently hosted its first Test match and would jump at the chance. None of which looks too onerous. In some ways, we are existing in a dual reality: the tour conditions that have to be agreed on now, between the two boards and the England players, have to assume that current restrictions will still be in place. The new laws do not yet exist. And yet it is all but certain that things will be different by late November. England’s concerns date a few weeks ago, and were valid then. But if the pandemic era has shown us one thing, it is how quickly anything can change. Cycling Deignan rides into history on the cobbles Tom Bassam Lizzie Deignan proved to be the class of the field in the first Paris-Roubaix Femmes as she held off Marianne Vos to take victory at the Vélodrome André- Pétrieux after a gruelling 116 km of racing across the famous cobbles. Elite female riders have had to wait a long time for a crack at the pavé and faced a unique challenge as the devil had left the tap on in a delayed “Hell of the North”. “I just feel so incredibly proud. Women’s cycling is at a turning point and today is part of history and I’m proud to be part of a team that makes history,” Deignan told Eurosport . “ Every fan watching is also making history. It proves there is an appetite for women’s cycling and the athletes here can do one of the hardest races in the world. I’m so proud I can say I’m the first winner.” She said she was not the designated lead rider for Trek–Segafredo , who also had the Italian Elisa Longo Borghini finishing third . “That really wasn’t the plan ,” Deignan said. “I needed to be at the front for the first cobble section to protect my leaders as I was kind of the third rider. I looked behind me after the first cobbles and there was a gap. I thought at least if I’m at the front they have to chase me, so I just kept going.” Deignan broke away with around 79km to go, on the first cobbled sector, Hornaing à Wandignies, and quickly established a two-minute lead . With the rain starting to fall, the cobbles became even more treacherous. The traditional dust that usually coats the men as they plough through northern France was not a factor; instead the women had to negate a patchwork of muddy puddles scattered across the pavé. There were several crashes as the peloton tried to chase down Deignan. Ellen van Dijk hit the deck twice and the new world champion, Elisa Balsamo, also fell. Despite Deignan’s lead topping two and half minutes at one stage, she had to draw on all of her bikehandling skills to plot a path through the cobbles. Lizzie Deignan crosses the line to win the first Paris-Roubaix Femmes despite not being her team’s lead rider

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:14 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:00 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 14 The Observer 03.10.21 Rugby union Gallagher Premiership • Roundup Chick strikes late for Falcons to put Wasps to flight A breathtaking last-gasp try from Callum Chick gave 14-man Newcastle a dramatic 18-14 win over Wasps at Kingston Park. In front of a bumper crowd, the game looked to have turned on its head when Tom Penny was sent off for striking the head of Wasps’ Jimmy Gopperth in the second half. A nervy 15 minutes ensued for the home side, who came from behind to snatch their second win of the season courtesy of Chick’s score and Brett Connon’s conversion. In rain-sodden conditions, Adam Hastings, on his first Premiership start for the club, proved the difference with four penalties and two conversions as Gloucester won 31-23 at Worcester. The Scotland international also created tries for Jason Woodward and Lions centre Chris Harris with brilliantly-judged kicks. “I practise the cross-field kicks but it’s all part of your job and it feels good when it comes off,” he said. South Africa secured an epic 31-29 victory over New Zealand in the final round of the Rugby Championship with a penalty by Elton Jantjies two minutes into added time. It looked like the world champions were heading for their fourth successive loss after Jordie Barrett kicked a penalty in the 78th minute to put the All Blacks in the lead. South Africa won a penalty in added time but rather than François Steyn attempting a long-range penalty he kicked it downfield. The Boks then managed to secure the match-winning penalty, with Jantjies stepping up to nail the memorable win. It denied New Zealand a clean sweep of the Rugby Championship and ended their 10-game winning streak. Biggar punishes Irish ill-discipline to give Saints the perfect start 23 NORTHAMPTON Daniel Gallan Franklin’s Gardens 21 LONDON IRISH “This is getting tedious,” the older gentleman with the black, green and gold bobble hat grumbled 31 minutes into the match. Seconds later London Irish’s hooker, Agustin Creevy, rumbled over from close range to round off a play with doubledigit phases, all of which employed short passes around the fringe near Northampton Saints’ try line. If anything was learned from the British and Irish Lions series in South Africa it is that few fans want to see a trudging game dominated by unimaginative forwards and littered with hoisted kicks. This perhaps explains why the home side, playing in front of a near capacity crowd, looked to run the ball when in possession, and why their guests, unconcerned with winning any friends, took a leaf out of the Springboks’ book. A schism has widened between two seemingly contrasting philosophies on how the game should be played. This result will be viewed as a victory for the romantics, for those who believe that running rugby represents all that is good about the sport. That Matt Proctor breaches the London Irish defence as Northampton win their third successive match TONY MARSHALL/ GETTY IMAGES the decisive moment was an act of Irish mundanity will only amplify this claim. The contest began under a deluge. But Dan Biggar, on a rugby field for the first time since limping off injured in the third Test of the Lions series, was here to play ball. Inside him he had an equally willing participant in Alex Mitchell and the two half-backs offered fizzing passes and cute pops off the shoulder as if bathed in summer sunshine. “In any competition there will be a battle between the team that wants to play contact and the team that wants to play space,” Northampton’s head coach, Chris Boyd, said before opting for a diplomatic middle ground. His views, though, were evidenced by his side’s approach. A Biggar penalty gave them the lead that was stretched by Tom Collins’ score in the corner on nine minutes. Mitchell orchestrated a move that navigated the width of the field and saw every member of the backline show off quick hands. Five minutes after Biggar’s conversion Matt Proctor was the beneficiary of a delightful grubber from George Furbank that flat-footed the on-rushing Irish defence. The centre collected a few metres short of the line and finished the move like a child at a water park, sliding on the wet turf with a grin stitched across his face. The 17-0 lead was deserved. Saints were sharp and daring , Irish plodding and ineffective. But once the visitors’ lineout spluttered into life, the tide began to turn. “We knew it was coming,” Boyd said. “But we didn’t have an ability to arrest their momentum .” Creevy, who had n ot missed a line-out jumper in his previous two matches, took centre stage, hitting his mark and steering the subsequent mauls. His try before half-time was a warning shot. The second half was dominated by Irish who also enjoyed a two-man advantage for several minutes. Api Ratuniyarawa was sent off for repeat infringements and Paul Hill was binned for illegally preventing Creevy from dotting down off a maul. There were no audible complaints when Tom Foley awarded a penalty try. Tom Parton exploited Saints’ overcommitment in the tight channels and found space to score on the right on 64 minutes. Paddy Jackson’s conversion gave his team the lead which they looked unlikely to relinquish. But Albert Tuisue’s deliberate, albeit weak, headbutt on Alex Waller inside Irish’s 22m with five minutes to go gifted Biggar a chance to return to action with a win. It was n ot a blockbuster. Boyd described the game as “rubbish”. But for those who believe that rugby stands at an ideological crossroads, this narrow victory will carry greater significance. Northampton Furbank; Sleightholme; Proctor, Dingwall, Collins; Biggar, Mitchell; Auterac (Waller 50), Matavesi (Fish 73), Hill (Harrison 57), Coles, Ratuniyarawa (Moon 66), Wood, Ludlam (capt; Lawes 55), Augustus (Painter 37) Sin-bin Ratuniyarawa 44, Hill 46 Tries Collins, Proctor Cons Biggar 2 Pens Biggar 3 Referee Tom Foley London Irish Parton; Loader, Rona, Van Rensburg Hassell-Collins; Jackson, Phipps (White 54); Godrick-Clarke (Dell 57), Creevy (Cornish 49), Hoskins (Van der Merwe, 57), Simmons (Mafi 36), Coleman, Rogerson (capt; Nott 72), Donnell (O’Brien 30), Tuisue Tries Creevy, Jackson, Parton Cons Jackson 3

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:15 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 03.10.21 15 Consortium’s £32m takeover deal spells end of Wray era Gerard Meagher Saracens are seeking to establish themselves as a global force after confirming a £32m takeover deal by an international consortium which includes the 1995 South African World Cup winning-captain François Pienaar. It spells the end of the Nigel Wray era at the club as Saracens seek to make a fresh start, having this season returned to Premiership following the salary cap scandal. The consortium is led by Dominic Silvester, who has a long-standing association with the club, and includes the chairman Neil Golding. Significantly, it features Marco Masotti, the New York-based owner of the South African franchise, the Sharks, while Michael Yormark, president of Roc Nation Sports International – an agency founded by the rapper Jay-Z – will act as an adviser. Their involvement demonstrates the global ambition of the consortium with the £32m investment set to be put towards “maintaining the club’s position at the top of the men’s game” as well as completing the redevelopment of the StoneX Arena; further investment in women’s sport; and the establishment of a high-performance training centre. It further raises the prospect of a world club championship while Saracens have played Premiership matches in the United States and could do so again. The consortium’s views on the global calendar and moves to better align the seasons in the two hemispheres could also be significant. “The consortium members are making a long-term commitment to Saracens, with the new funds used to maintain the club’s position at the top of the game for the future,” said Silvester. “We also have an exciting longer-term vision to make the club a global market leader both on and off the field and we are well placed to deliver on this with our wide-ranging international experience.” Wray has overseen Saracens’ transformation into a European Nigel Wray has overseen Saracens’ five Premiership titles and three European Cups in the past 11 years powerhouse with five Premiership titles and three European Cups in the past 11 years but his tenure was tainted by the salary cap scandal that led to their relegation and a record £5.4m fine. He has been looking to reduce his shareholding of late and while he will still retain involvement the takeover marks the end of an era. After defeat by Leicester, the Saracens director of rugby Mark McCall said: “He’s someone with the utmost respect and affection from everyone connected to Saracens. Somebody who has done so much for Saracens, but also for rugby over a 25-year period. Obviously, [the takeover is] very good news for anyone who’s connected to the club, also because of who the investors are. They have strong ties to and strong relationships with Saracens.” Wray added: “I have given my heart and soul to the club for more than two decades, having chaired Saracens since the first days of professionalism. Sadly, I’m not getting any younger and I have always wanted to make sure that Saracens is in very safe hands for many future generations. To show our continued enthusiasm for the future of Saracens I will be retaining a significant minority shareholding albeit a passive one.” Leicester snatch triumph at the death to leave Saracens smarting 13 LEICESTER Gerard Meagher Welford Road 12 SARACENS A suitably chaotic end to a dog’s dinner of game but Leicester will not care . The Tigers clinched a scarcelydeserved win with the last play of the match – a penalty try awarded to seal a one-point victory and maintain Leicester’s 100% start to the season. They were dead and buried with 10 minutes to go but George Ford’s penalty moved them within touching distance before the referee, Christophe Ridley, awarded the decisive try at the death. It was a decision shrouded in some controversy – not for the penalty try but rather due to the fact the match was still going on at all. Saracens were 12-6 to the good and thought they had won when Guy Porter was tackled into touch. On closer inspection, however, he was adjudged to have been bundled out illegally by Aled Davies and Ford kicked the subsequent penalty to the corner, laying the platform for their grand finale. Owen Farrell, on his first appearance of the season, was apoplectic on the side of the field, Nigel Wray, who has just relinquished control of the club after 26 years at the helm, shook his head forlornly in the stands. Pretty much everyone else in the crowd raised the roof in celebration of a third straight victory, a first over Saracens here in five attempts and the best start to a campaign in six years. When Saracens overcome the shock, they can take solace from the fact that this was another dogged performance on their return to the How they stand GALLAGHER PREMIERSHIP P W D L F A B Pts Leicester 3 3 0 0 80 57 2 14 Northampton 3 3 0 0 63 65 1 13 Harlequins 2 2 0 0 61 49 2 10 Newcastle 3 2 0 1 58 53 1 9 Sale 2 1 1 0 51 50 1 7 Worcester 3 1 0 2 88 90 3 7 Wasps 2 1 0 1 58 26 2 6 Gloucester 3 1 0 2 77 90 2 6 Saracens 2 1 0 1 38 22 1 5 London Irish 3 0 1 2 76 90 3 5 Bristol 3 1 0 2 42 90 0 4 Bath 3 0 0 3 52 65 3 3 Exeter 2 0 0 2 43 60 1 1 Premiership. It was defensively destructive and though there were not many frills they have upwards of £30m of new investment to add the bells and whistles. Billy Vunipola turned in the kind of unfussy performance that suggests he still has an England future – rolling his sleeves up and doing the hard yards in front of Eddie Jones – but he was ultimately deemed guilty of giving the penalty try away for collapsing the maul and he was shown a late yellow card. “Credit to them, their fight in the 22 and how they defended was superb,” said Saracens’ director of rugby, Mark McCall, who insisted he would need to see the Porter incident again before commenting. “I thought Billy was Leicester players celebrate as the referee, Christophe Ridley, awards the match-winning penalty try DAVID ROGERS/GETTY IMAGES brilliant today but we made individual mistakes which cost the team in the second half.” Both the weather and the penalty count were great levellers but for large spells Saracens adapted better. They were able to squeeze their hosts and force them into conceding penalties, with Farrell kicking three in the first half. Leicester were at least able to take something with them into the sheds at half-time when Ridley overturned a penalty decision for dangerous play and Ford duly kicked the points. Leicester turned to their bench early in the second half, summoning the club captain, Ellis Genge, Freddie Steward and Jack van Poortvliet but again their discipline let them down with Callum Green allowing Farrell to extend Saracens’ lead after he was pinged for not rolling away. Van Poortvliet’s introduction made a difference, however, and you sensed it was Steve Borthwick’s plan all along to finish strongly. “Playing Saracens you’ve got to stay in the fight,” he said. “The players hung in there. Credit to them for sticking in the battle and we were fortunate to come away with the victory.” After the cavalry arrived Leicester forced Saracens into conceding a flurry of penalties. The visitors managed to withstand the barrage but Leicester might have wondered why Ridley did not reach for his pocket. Van Poortvliet did his best to breach the Saracens defence but while he sold Jackson Wray a dummy, Vunipola was not buying it and knocked the ball loose with a thunderous tackle. Saracens withdr ew Farell on 69 minutes – a solid if unspectacular return for the England captain – but the visitors were given a scare when Van Poortvliet thought he’d scored the opening try, only to be denied by an offside ruling. Ford’s second penalty brought Leicester to within six points and home supporters dared to dream when Tigers were awarded another with the clock in the red. Ford kicked to the corner and Vunipola’s efforts to stop the maul were ruled illegal by Ridley, handing the Leicester victory and sparking wild celebrations. Leicester Burns (Socino 65); K van Wyk, Porter, Kelly, Saumaki (Steward 47); Ford, B Youngs (Van Poortvliet 47); F van Wyk (Genge 47), Dolly (T Cowan-Dickie 77), Cole (Leatigaga 67), Green (Henderson 67), Chessum, Martin, Reffell (Wells 54), Liebenberg (capt) Tries Penalty Pens Ford 2 Saracens Malins; Lewington, Lozowski, Tompkins, Segun (Goode 63); Farrell (capt; Morris 69), Davies; Adams-Hale (Mawi 19), George (Woolstencroft 58), Riccioni (Clarey 65), Isiekwe, Swinson, Wray, Earl (Christie 66), B Vunipola Sin-bin Vunipola 80 Pens Farrell 4 Referee Christophe Ridley Attendance 18,144

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:16 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:24 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 16 03.10.21 Racing Subhead Here Hurricane Lane can reap benefit of softer ground and low draw Hurricane Lane, with William Buick on board, after winning the St Leger last month STEVEN CARGILL/RACING- FOTOS.COM/SHUTTERSTOCK • Greg Wood Longchamp When James Doyle rode Sea Of Class from an outside stall in the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe in 2018, Lester Piggott – the father-in-law of the filly’s trainer, William Haggas – had some words of advice for her jockey. “Drop her out the back,” he said, “and pray.” It nearly worked. Doyle turned sharp right out of the stalls to sit last against the rail, was still there rounding the home turn and then passed 17 rivals in the straight. They passed Enable as well but a stride too late, to enter the all-time list of unlucky losers in the Arc somewhere close to the top. Three years on, though, Doyle’s luck seems to be on the turn. Hurricane Lane, his first ride in the Arc since Sea Of Class, was not even certain to line up in Paris until rain arrived last weekend to guarantee some give in the ground. And when the draw was made on Thursday, Hurricane Lane ended up in stall two, with his stable companion, Adayar, much wider in 11. It is not impossible to win the Arc from a high draw. Frankie Dettori showed how it can be done – and on a Derby winner, too – as recently as 2015, when he was happy to sit wide for the first half-mile before picking his moment to slot in behind the pace. But in a race as strong as this year’s Arc, with at least four horses in the field that would be worthy favourites in an average year, small margins matter more than ever. Every half-length lost racing wide around Longchamp’s sweeping turns will need to be retrieved in the final two furlongs, from the grip of Group One horses who have had a smoother trip. William Buick, Charlie Appleby’s No 1 rider, opted to ride Adayar in preference to Hurricane Lane nearly a week ago, when the ground in Paris was still unusually quick for the time of year. He had plenty of first-hand evidence to go on, having watched from eight lengths away in third place as Adayar won the Derby in June before switching to his saddle to win the King George at Ascot the following month. Buick has also partnered Hurricane Lane on all six of his starts this season, including two Classic victories and another in the Group One Grand Prix de Paris over to day’s track and trip, so the betting market understandably saw his preference for Adayar as a major positive. And so, for that matter, did Doyle. “Will’s pretty good,” he said at Longchamp yesterday . “He has these decisions to make quite a lot, especially when we’re in the good races over in Dubai and let me tell you, on a course, Will is as good a judge as you can get and he rarely gets it wrong, so we’ll see. [But] obviously it was a tough decision for him, and being in my position [as number two] wasn’t the worst.” Adayar was top of many lists by Wednesday evening, a few hours before the field was finalised, but the draw and the rain have sent him back onto the retreat in the betting. Tarnawa, the runner-up behind St Mark’s Basilica in the Irish Champion Stakes last month, is now the narrow market leader with most bookies at ‘It’s going to be tough and a war of attrition and he’s definitely got that stamina in his legs’ James Doyle Greg Wood’s tips UTTOXETER 1.37 Unanswered Prayers 2.12 Writteninthesand 2.47 Orchard Grove (nap) 3.22 Gaia Vallis 4.00 Milkwood 4.35 Havana Hermano 5.10 Valence D’Aumont 5.40 The Bomber Liston KELSO 1.55 Beeno (nb) 2.30 Do Not Disturb 3.00 Hello Judge 3.40 Ballyoisin 4 15 Dieu Vivant 4.50 Zafar 5.25 Sputnik around 100-30, with Adayar at 7-2. Like Hurricane Lane, Tarnawa drew well in stall three, while Snowfall, the runaway winner of the Oaks on soft ground in June, is 5-1 to win from stall nine. Any one of these four could conceivably set off as the favourite , while Chrono Genesis, the best middle-distance horse in Japan, also demands consideration at around 12-1 despite ending up even wider than Adayar in stall 14. At the overnight prices, though, Hurricane Lane , the third-favourite, is the most appealing bet at around 4-1, for all that he was eight lengths adrift of Adayar at Epsom. He lost both front shoes in the Derby and seemed unsuited by the track, while Adayar had the benefit of an exceptional ground-saving ride by Adam Kirby. His other starts this year have showcased both his talent and versatility, from the burst of finishing speed which allowed him to run down Lone Eagle in the Irish Derby to an exceptionally easy success in the St Leger last time. “I’m really looking forward to it,” Doyle said. “There’s more rain to come, it’s going to be tough and a war of attrition and he’s definitely got that stamina in his legs. [The draw] is always the big worry, with Sea Of Class it was a disaster from that draw. But he’s quite tactically versatile and he usually breaks nicely. He lost his two front shoes around Epsom and still managed to finish third in a Derby.” Three years on from his agonising defeat on Sea Of Class, Doyle may at last be on the right horse, in the right stall and at the right time as the field sets off for the 100th Arc today . Trueshan triumphs in duel with Stradivarius Greg Wood Longchamp At the fifth time of asking in the last four months Trueshan and Stradivarius finally went head-to-head in the Group One Prix du Cadran. The outcome was a decisive success for Trueshan with defeat leaving Stradivarius, the outstanding stayer of recent seasons, seemingly on the brink of retirement. The ground was too fast for Trueshan at Ascot, York and Doncaster and too soft for Stradivarius in Sussex, which allowed Trueshan to get a first Group One on his record in the Goodwood Cup. His second, this time with Stradivarius in the field, was another step forward, as Alan King’s gelding charged four and a half lengths clear of his big rival, ridden by Frankie Dettori, after the two horses went into the final furlong neck-and-neck. “Thankfully we got a nice spot and I could see Frankie quite close to me,” said James Doyle, who replaced the suspended Hollie Doyle, Trueshan’s regular jockey . “There was a bit of cat-and-mouse out there, so we had to switch our tactics and be a little more aggressive, but he’s such an amenable horse that he came back to me quite quickly. “Someone we should mention is Hollie. She’s been a big part of this horse’s career and to miss out today through suspension is pretty tough. But that’s racing and it won’t be the first time or the last time that it happens, so good luck Hollie and you can look forward to him going forward.” Bjorn Nielsen, Stradivarius’s owner, does not expect his seven-year-old to run on Champions Day at Ascot in a fortnight’s time . He will talk to John and Thady Gosden, the co-trainers, and may now be tempted to retire James Doyle (left) rode Trueshan to an emphatic win in the Group One Prix du Cadran at Longchamp his brilliant stayer to stud. “He’s had a hard race today,” Nielsen said, “and the ground at Ascot is guaranteed to be on the soft side, which is not his kettle of fish. It’s probably the one place that he’s done poorest at, because of the ground. “I don’t know [about next year]. I’ve got to speak to John and Thady and see what they think. He was so dominant in ’18, ’19 and ’20 and age will get to you, ultimately. He’s obviously not as dominant as he once was, he used to just stalk and pick off horses . So we’ll see. “I don’t want him to be like an old boxer who still thinks he can carry on. I don’t want to say ‘yeah, we’ll carry on, he’s running well and we’ve got excuses because of the ground’. At some stage you have to draw stumps and say: ‘ He isn’t what he was.’” Dettori and the Gosdens were on the mark in the day’s second Group One, the Prix de Royallieu, as Loving Dream fought back gamely after losing the lead inside the final furlong to beat Believe In Love by a short neck. At Newmarket Jane Chapple- Hyam celebrated the first Group One win of her career as Saffron Beach, the runner-up behind Mother Earth in the 1,000 Guineas in May, reversed the Classic form in the Sun Chariot Stakes. William Buick, who will ride the Derby winner, Adayar, in today’s Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, sent Saffron Beach straight into the lead and she still had three lengths to spare over Mother Earth at the line. “It is definitely extra special to win my first Group One in Newmarket, as I’ve been here since I left school at 17,” Chapple-Hyam said. “I was a student that started at the National Stud and have worked my way through to where I am today. “We knew there was a Group One for her and today was the day. You don’t mind waiting if they do it.”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:17 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • London Marathon Subhead Here ‘The most meaningful day in London Marathon history’ Results The Observer 03.10.21 17 Sean Ingle Emotions run high before a race which will feature 40,000 on capital’s streets and a further 40,000 competing virtually The most joyous and uplifting event in the British sporting calendar is back – and this year it will be bigger than ever. At 9am this morning, 40,000 people start a 26.2 mile journey from Blackheath to the Mall as the fullfat version of the London Marathon returns for the first time since 2019. Meanwhile, another 40,000 will run or walk the event “virtually ” across the globe during a 24-hour window, making it the biggest mass participation event since lockdown. And with about half a million people expected on the streets to watch, organisers hope it will raise tens of millions for charity – and mark another important step on the journey towards normality. “It is going to be electric,” says the Paralympian David Weir, who is chasing an astonishing ninth London Marathon victory. “I think there are going to be epic crowds because people haven’t been to a live event for ages, or haven’t seen their friends and family run the marathon for a while. And with people also doing a virtual marathon that’s potentially 80,000 people. It’s going to be epic .” It is an adjective that could also be applied to the men’s and women’s races, too. While this year’s London Marathon does not boast household superstars such as the world record holder, Eliud Kipchoge, or Sir Mo Farah, both events are bursting with quality and high intrigue. Take the men’s race. Only seven men in history have run 2 hr 03 min or faster in the marathon – and four of them are in London. The whispers during the week were that Birhanu Legese, whose personal best of 2:02:48 is the best in the field, has been flying in training and is the one to beat. But strong cases can also be made for Mosinet Geremew, Evans Chebet and Titus Ekiru, whose bests are all within 12 sec of the Ethiopian. But they are far from being the only contenders with six men who have run under 2:04:00 also here – the most ever at a single marathon. And that doesn’t include the defending champion, Shura Kitata, whose slight hamstring injury must count against him , or Vincent Kipchumba, who was second in the 2020 event which was run in St James’s Park and not on the traditional course. Brigid Kosgei is hot favourite to retain the title she won last year when there were no crowds to roar her on XINHUA/SHUTTERSTOCK The women’s race would appear to centre around the world record holder, Brigid Kosgei, who is attempting to become only the second woman after Katrin Dörre-Heinig between 1992 and 1994 to win three successive London marathons. While Kosgei is a massive favourite , it is unlikely to be that simple. Her record of 2:14:04 is more than three minutes quicker than anyone else in the race, but she is running on tired legs after competing in the Olympic marathon eight weeks ago. If there is a surprise, Joyciline Jepkosgei could be best placed to provide it. The Kenyan has a personal best of 2:18:40, making her only fifth quickest in the field. But those quicker than her – the Israeli athlete Lonah The course Chemtai Salpeter, the Ethiopian Roza Dereje and the Kenyan Birhane Dibaba – also ran in Tokyo. British eyes will be on Charlotte Purdue, who believes she is in shape to run under 2:23, which would make her the second quickest Briton in the marathon, behind only Paula Radcliffe. And while there are unlikely to be world records set in the main races, it will be worth watching British elite runner Josh Griffiths and his father Nick, who plan to challenge the world record for the fastest marathon by a father and son. The current record is held by Tommy and Eoin Hughes after the Irish pair ran an aggregate time of 4:59:22 at the Frankfurt Marathon in 2019. Griffiths, whose personal best is 2:13:11 while his father’s is 2:47:17, believes they are in shape to eclipse that. Of course the London marathon will be a bit different this year, with measures in place to make i t Covid Whitechapel Finish 25 Tower Bridge Wapping Southwark Big Ben Westminster Bermondsey Starting line The Mall Elite Wheelchairs Elite women Elite men and mass Five mile markers Source: Virgin Money London Marathon Start time 08.50 09.00 09.30 One mile 10 15 Poplar 20 Isle of Dogs Greenwich safe. At the hotel where the elite racers are staying, athletes from red-list countries have been kept in a separate bubble . There will also be a different experience for club and charity runners too, with participants starting in 40 waves over a 90 minute period to avoid large crowds gathering. Unlike in past years, there will be no pacers to guide people to personal bests. “It will be very different to the previous 40 years, but it will also be the same,” event director Hugh Brasher admits. “It will be the same because of that incredible feeling. That incredible emotion that every single one of those runners will feel every step of that journey. That incredible feeling of positivity that you get from people shouting your name, of people wanting you to be successful.” “After 889 very long days since the last London Marathon was held on the streets of London in April 2019, this will be the most meaningful day in our history.” One Canada Square Cutty Sark Start 5 Charlton Greenwich Park St Johns Park Greenwich Park Rugby union RUGBY CHAMPIONSHIP P W D L F A B Pts New Zealand C 6 5 0 1 218 104 5 25 Australia 6 4 0 2 160 163 2 18 South Africa 6 3 0 3 152 128 3 15 Argentina 6 0 0 6 60 195 0 0 Argentina 17 Australia 32; South Africa 31 New Zealand 29 GALLAGHER PREMIERSHIP Table on p15 Leicester 13 Saracens 12; Newcastle 18 Wasps 14; Northampton 23 London Irish 21; Worcester 23 Gloucester 31 UNITED CHAMPIONSHIP Benetton Treviso 28 Edinburgh 27; Glasgow 35 Sharks 24; Munster L Stormers L; Ospreys L Cardiff L; Zebre L Ulster L WOMEN’S ALLIANZ PREMIER 15s Bristol Bears 27 Sale Sharks 17; DMP Sharks 0 Loughborough 59; Exeter 23 Wasps 13; Gloucester- Hartpury 18 Harlequins 21; Worcester L Saracens L GREENE KING IPA CHAMPIONSHIP P W D L F A B Pts Jersey Reds 2 2 0 0 88 35 2 10 Coventry 3 2 0 1 68 48 2 10 Nottingham 3 2 0 1 82 73 2 10 Ampthill 3 2 0 1 69 68 1 9 Hartpury RFC 3 1 0 2 77 94 2 6 Richmond 3 1 0 2 50 67 2 6 Ealing Trailfinders 1 1 0 0 54 20 1 5 Doncaster 3 1 0 2 81 77 1 5 Bedford 2 1 0 1 59 63 1 5 Cornish Pirates 2 1 0 1 51 55 1 5 London Scottish 3 0 0 3 27 106 0 0 Coventry 10 Richmond 5; London Scottish 13 Ampthill 22 NATIONAL LEAGUE ONE P W D L F A B Pts Rosslyn Park 5 5 0 0 179 62 3 23 Cinderford 5 5 0 0 142 102 3 23 Rams 5 4 0 1 130 89 5 21 Chinnor 4 3 0 1 125 104 4 16 Taunton Titans 5 3 0 2 133 144 4 16 Sale FC 5 3 0 2 116 115 1 13 Birmingham 5 3 0 2 98 103 1 13 Bishop’s Stortford 5 2 1 2 114 106 2 12 Blackheath 5 1 0 4 102 106 5 9 Caldy 4 2 0 2 66 91 0 8 Cambridge 4 1 0 3 93 97 4 8 Tonbridge Juddians 4 1 1 2 73 84 1 7 Leeds Tykes 5 1 0 4 100 176 2 6 Darlington MP 5 0 0 5 107 139 4 4 Plymouth Albion 4 0 0 4 73 133 2 2 Caldy 27 Darlington Mowden Park 22; Cambridge 32 Birmingham Moseley 7; Chinnor 34 Blackheath 28; Rosslyn Park 14 Bishop’s Stortford 13; Sale FC 21 Leeds Tykes 17; Taunton Titans 18 Rams 17; Tonbridge Juddians 12 Cinderford 21 SCOTTISH SUPER 6 Heriots 16 Stirling County 17 Rugby league BETFRED CHAMPIONSHIP Play-offs: Semi-finals Toulouse 51 Batley 12; Featherstone L Halifax L Cricket ONLY WOMEN’S TEST MATCH (third day of five) Carrara India 377-8 dec (SS Mandhana 127, DB Sharma 66). Australia 143-4. WORLD CUP LEAGUE TWO Al Amerat Scotland 100-3 (G Munsey 58 no) v Oman. No result, rain. Tennis ATP SAN DIEGO OPEN (California) Quarter-finals: C Norrie (GB) bt D Shapovalov (Can) 6-3 6-1; C Ruud (Nor) bt L Sonego (It) 6-1 6-4; G Dimitrov (Bul) bt A Karatsev (Rus) 6-1 1-6 6-2; A Rublev (Rus) bt D Schwartzman (Arg) 6-1 7-5 WTA ASTANA OPEN (Kazakhstan) Final: A Van Uytvanck (Bel) bt Y Putintseva (Kaz) 1-6 6-4 6-3 Golf LPGA SHOPRITE CLASSIC (New Jersey) Leading first-round scores (US unless stated) 65 Ryu S (Kor); J Ewart (Eng). 66 Ko J (Kor); B Henderson (Can); Park I (Kor); C Boutier (Fr); N Koerstz Madsen (Den); A Olson; M Castren (Fin); P Reto (SA). 67 B Lincicome; C Masson (Ger); A Buhai (SA); C Knight; Y Saso (Phi); L Maguire (Ire); L Stephenson; P Delacour (Fr); He M (Chn); E Nagel. 68 A Thompson; M Jutanugarn (Tha); J Marie Green; P Tavatanakit (Tha); E Lee; M Steen; C Palomar- Herbin (Fr); A Lee. 69 Kim H (Kor); A Jutanugarn (Tha); H Green (Aus); N Hataoka (Jpn); M Alex; Choi C (Kor); A Nordqvist (Swe); K Kirk (Aus); Lin X (Chn); P Anannarukarn (Tha); M Torres (Pur); H Nomura (Jpn); P Lindberg (Swe); Lee M (Tai); Kang H (Kor); A Belac (Svn); J Song; Chan T (HK); Choi N (Kor); S Meadow (NI); D Finkelstein; B Pagdanganan (Phi). 70 M Ganne; C Hull (Eng) SANDERSON FARMS CHAMPIONSHIP (Mississippi) Leading second-round scores (US unless stated) 131 S Theegala 64 67; N Watney 65 66; W Zalatoris 70 61. 132 H Buckley 67 65; C Young 67 65. 133 R Sloan (Can) 66 67. 134 S Burns 68 66; S Jaeger (Ger) 68 66; K Kitayama 66 68; D McCarthy 69 65; H Norlander (Swe) 68 66; A Wise 68 66. 135 A Ogletree 67 68; C Pan (Tai) 68 67. 136 P Barjon (Fr) 70 66; C Conners (Can) 67 69; T Duncan 68 68; D Frittelli (SA) 69 67; N Hardy 70 66; Im S-j (Kor) 67 69; A Landry 68 68; N Lashley 70 66; T Mullinax 70 66; K Streelman 68 68; H Varner III 65 71; J Walker 70 66 Cycling WOMEN’S PARIS-ROUBAIX Leading positions (116.4km) 1 E Deignan (GB) Trek- Segafredo 2hr 56min 07sec; 2 M Vos (Neth) Jumbo-Visma +1min 17sec; 3 E Longo Borghini (It) Trek-Segafredo +1:47

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:18 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 19:39 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 18 The Observer 03.10.21 Europe LA LIGA P W D L F A GD Pts Real Madrid 7 5 2 0 21 8 +13 17 Real Sociedad 7 5 1 1 10 6 +4 16 Sevilla 6 4 2 0 10 2 +8 14 Atlético Madrid 7 4 2 1 9 6 +3 14 Osasuna 8 4 2 2 11 11 0 14 Rayo Vallecano 8 4 1 3 13 8 +5 13 Athletic Bilbao 8 3 4 1 7 4 +3 13 Barcelona 6 3 3 0 11 5 +6 12 Valencia 8 3 3 2 12 8 +4 12 Real Betis 7 3 3 1 11 7 +4 12 Mallorca 8 3 2 3 7 12 -5 11 Villarreal 6 1 5 0 6 3 +3 8 Celta Vigo 7 2 1 4 7 10 -3 7 Cádiz 8 1 4 3 7 11 -4 7 Espanyol 7 1 3 3 4 7 -3 6 Elche 7 1 3 3 4 8 -4 6 Levante 8 0 4 4 6 13 -7 4 Granada 7 0 3 4 5 12 -7 3 Alavés 7 1 0 6 2 12 -10 3 Getafe 7 0 0 7 2 12 -10 0 Atlético Madrid L Barcelona L; Cádiz 0 Valencia 0; Mallorca 1 Levante 0; Osasuna 1 Rayo Vallecano 0 SERIE A P W D L F A GD Pts Napoli 6 6 0 0 16 2 +14 18 Milan 6 5 1 0 12 3 +9 16 Internazionale 6 4 2 0 20 7 +13 14 Roma 6 4 0 2 14 8 +6 12 Fiorentina 6 4 0 2 9 9 0 12 Lazio 6 3 2 1 15 9 +6 11 Atalanta 6 3 2 1 8 6 +2 11 Juventus 7 3 2 2 11 10 +1 11 Empoli 6 3 0 3 9 10 -1 9 Torino 7 2 2 3 9 7 +2 8 Bologna 6 2 2 2 9 14 -5 8 Sassuolo 6 2 1 3 6 7 -1 7 Udinese 6 2 1 3 6 8 -2 7 Verona 6 1 2 3 11 14 -3 5 Sampdoria 6 1 2 3 7 10 -3 5 Genoa 7 1 2 4 10 16 -6 5 Venezia 7 1 2 4 5 12 -7 5 Spezia 6 1 1 4 8 15 -7 4 Salernitana 7 1 1 5 5 15 -10 4 Cagliari 7 0 3 4 8 16 -8 3 Salernitana 1 Genoa 0; Torino 0 Juventus 1; Sassuolo L Internazionale L Women’s Super League P W D L F A GD Pts Arsenal 4 3 1 0 12 2 +10 10 Chelsea 4 3 0 1 15 5 +10 9 Tottenham 3 3 0 0 4 1 +3 9 Aston Villa 4 2 2 0 4 2 +2 8 Brighton 4 2 0 2 8 4 +4 6 Man Utd 3 2 0 1 6 7 -1 6 West Ham 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 4 Man City 3 1 0 2 5 7 -2 3 Everton 3 1 0 2 3 9 -6 3 Leicester 3 0 0 3 2 9 -7 0 Reading 3 0 0 3 0 7 -7 0 Birmingham 3 0 0 3 1 9 -8 0 Chelsea (2) 3 Brighton (0) 1 Reiten 9, Kerr 38 Carter 48 England 80 Aston Villa (0) 0 Arsenal (0) 4 Little 51 90 Iwabuchi 80 McCabe 83 Full Time Timo Werner (right) scored to help send Chelsea top of the table BUNDESLIGA P W D L F A GD Pts Bayern Munich 6 5 1 0 23 5 +18 16 B Dortmund 7 5 0 2 19 13 +6 15 Freiburg 7 4 3 0 11 5 +6 15 B Leverkusen 6 4 1 1 16 7 +9 13 Wolfsburg 7 4 1 2 9 8 +1 13 Köln 7 3 3 1 13 9 +4 12 RB Leipzig 7 3 1 3 15 7 +8 10 Mainz 6 3 1 2 6 3 +3 10 B M’gladbach 7 3 1 3 9 10 -1 10 Union Berlin 6 2 3 1 8 8 0 9 Hoffenheim 7 2 2 3 12 11 +1 8 Stuttgart 7 2 2 3 12 13 -1 8 Hertha Berlin 7 2 0 5 8 20 -12 6 E Frankfurt 6 0 5 1 6 9 -3 5 Augsburg 7 1 2 4 3 13 -10 5 Arminia Bielefeld 6 0 4 2 3 6 -3 4 Bochum 7 1 1 5 4 16 -12 4 Greuther Fürth 7 0 1 6 5 19 -14 1 Borussia Dortmund 2 Augsburg 1; Hertha Berlin 1 Freiburg 2; RB Leipzig 3 Bochum 0; Stuttgart 3 Hoffenheim 1; Wolfsburg 1 Borussia Mönchengladbach 3 LIGUE 1 P W D L F A GD Pts PSG 8 8 0 0 22 7 +15 24 Lens 9 5 3 1 16 10 +6 18 Marseille 7 4 2 1 14 8 +6 14 Nice 7 4 2 1 15 3 +12 13 Angers 8 3 4 1 11 7 +4 13 Lorient 8 3 4 1 9 8 +1 13 Lyon 8 3 3 2 13 12 +1 12 Monaco 8 3 2 3 11 11 0 11 Lille 8 3 2 3 11 14 -3 11 Nantes 8 3 1 4 11 10 +1 10 Montpellier 9 2 4 3 16 16 0 10 Strasbourg 9 3 2 4 13 14 -1 11 Reims 9 2 4 3 10 11 -1 10 Rennes 8 2 3 3 10 9 +1 9 Clermont Foot 8 2 3 3 11 19 -8 9 Bordeaux 8 1 4 3 11 17 -6 7 Troyes 8 1 3 4 8 12 -4 6 Metz 8 1 3 4 9 16 -7 6 Brest 8 0 4 4 9 16 -7 4 St-Étienne 8 0 3 5 7 17 -10 3 Montpellier 1 Strasbourg 1; Nice L Brest L Kim Little celebrates Arsenal putting four past Aston Villa CHRIS LEE/CHELSEA FC/GETTY IMAGES Premier League HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Chelsea 7 3 0 1 9 2 2 1 0 6 1 +12 16 WDWWL Liverpool 6 2 1 0 6 1 2 1 0 9 3 +11 14 WDWWD Manchester Utd 7 2 1 1 10 4 2 1 0 4 2 +8 14 DWWWL Everton 7 3 0 0 8 2 1 2 1 5 6 +5 14 DWWLW Brighton 7 2 1 1 4 3 2 1 0 4 2 +3 14 LWWDD Manchester City 6 2 1 0 10 0 2 0 1 2 1 +11 13 WWWDW West Ham 6 1 1 1 7 5 2 1 0 6 3 +5 11 WDDLW Aston Villa 6 2 1 0 6 1 1 0 2 3 6 +2 10 WDLWW Arsenal 7 2 0 1 4 3 1 1 2 1 7 -5 10 LWWWD Brentford 6 1 1 1 5 4 1 2 0 3 1 +3 9 DDLWD Wolves 7 1 0 3 2 5 2 0 1 3 1 -1 9 LLWLW Tottenham 6 2 0 1 2 3 1 0 2 2 6 -5 9 WWLLL Leicester 6 1 1 1 3 3 1 0 2 4 7 -3 7 LWLLD Watford 7 1 1 1 4 5 1 0 3 3 5 -3 7 LLLWD Crystal Palace 6 1 2 0 4 1 0 1 2 2 8 -3 6 DDWLD Leeds 7 1 1 2 4 7 0 2 1 3 7 -7 6 DDLDL Southampton 7 0 2 1 1 2 0 2 2 4 8 -5 4 DDDDL Burnley 7 0 2 2 2 4 0 1 2 3 7 -6 3 LDLLD Newcastle 7 0 2 1 5 7 0 1 3 3 9 -8 3 LDLDD Norwich 7 0 0 3 2 8 0 1 3 0 8 -14 1 LLLLL Brighton (0) 0 Arsenal (0) 0 Burnley (0) 0 Norwich (0) 0 Chelsea (1) 3 Southampton (0) 1 Chalobah 9 Ward-Prowse 61pen Werner 84 Chilwell 89 Other football FA WOMEN’S CHAMPIONSHIP Watford 0 Charlton 4 VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE P W D L F A GD Pts Grimsby 9 6 2 1 21 9 +12 20 Dag & Red 9 6 1 2 24 13 +11 19 Chesterfield 9 5 3 1 17 9 +8 18 Boreham Wood 9 5 3 1 13 9 +4 18 FC Halifax 9 5 2 2 15 8 +7 17 Altrincham 7 5 0 2 14 9 +5 15 Notts County 9 4 3 2 16 12 +4 15 Solihull Moors 9 4 3 2 16 15 +1 15 Stockport County 9 4 2 3 8 11 -3 14 Bromley 7 4 1 2 15 10 +5 13 Woking 7 4 0 3 17 10 +7 12 Wrexham 8 3 3 2 11 10 +1 12 Torquay 9 3 2 4 16 18 -2 11 Yeovil 6 3 0 3 8 7 +1 9 Eastleigh 8 2 3 3 12 15 -3 9 Wealdstone 9 2 3 4 9 16 -7 9 Weymouth 9 2 2 5 13 18 -5 8 Maidenhead Utd 7 2 1 4 9 12 -3 7 Barnet 9 1 3 5 10 20 -10 6 Southend 8 1 2 5 6 12 -6 5 Aldershot 8 1 1 6 9 15 -6 4 King’s Lynn Town 7 1 1 5 7 14 -7 4 Dover* 9 0 3 6 4 18 -14 -9 *deducted 12 points Aldershot A Wrexham A (abandoned due to adverse weather); Barnet 0 FC Halifax 0; Dag & Red 2 Altrincham 3; Eastleigh 1 Boreham Wood 1; Grimsby 6 Dover 0; Maidenhead Utd 2 King’s Lynn Town 3; Notts County 1 Woking 4; Solihull Moors 2 Southend 0; Torquay 5 Wealdstone 0; Weymouth 1 Stockport County 2 VANARAMA NORTH Chorley 1 Bradford PA 1; Darlington 3 AFC Telford 0 VANARAMA SOUTH Oxford City 3 Welling 0; Tonbridge Angels 2 Concord Rangers 3 EMIRATES FA CUP Third qualifying round AFC Dunstable 2 Peterborough Sports 3; AFC Sudbury 1 Cheshunt 0; Atherton Collieries 0 Marine 0; Aylesbury Utd 0 Ebbsfleet United 1; Basford Utd 0 Banbury Utd 1; Leeds (1) 1 Watford (0) 0 Llorente 18 Man United (1) 1 Everton (0) 1 Martial 43 Townsend 65 Wolves (1) 2 Newcastle (1) 1 Hwang 20 58 Hendrick 41 Bath City 5 Frome Town 0; Bedfont Sports 3 Sholing 3; Boston Utd 4 East Thurrock Utd 0; Bowers & Pitsea 2 Hornchurch 2; Bromsgrove Sporting 1 Welwyn Garden City 6; Chelmsford 1 Enfield 0; Chippenham 0 Hastings Utd 1; City of Liverpool 1 Buxton 6; Corinthian Casuals 1 Wingate & Finchley 1; Curzon Ashton 4 Cleethorpes Town 0; Dorking Wanderers 1 Weston-S-Mare 0; Folkestone Invicta 1 Gloucester 0; Guiseley 1 Blyth Spartans 0; Hampton & Richmond 3 Wimborne Town 1; Hanley Town 1 Brackley 1; Harrow Borough 2 Marlow 1; Havant and W 3 Billericay 2; Hayes & Yeading Utd 3 Whitehawk 2; Horsham 2 Eastbourne Borough 2; Hungerford Town 3 Cirencester 2; Leamington 3 Kettering 3; Leiston 1 Tamworth 3; Maidstone Utd 0 Dartford 3; Marske Utd 0 Chester FC 0; Merstham 0 Hereford FC 2; Met Police 0 St Albans 0; Pontefract Collieries 6 Handsworth FC 0; Radcliffe 1 Morpeth Town 3; Runcorn Linnets 2 Gateshead 3; Spennymoor Town 0 Southport 0; Stamford 2 Norwich Utd 1; Stratford Town 3 Long Eaton Utd 2; Ware 1 Kidderminster 1; Yate Town 3 Redhill 0; York 2 Whitby Town 0 PITCHING IN SOUTHERN PREMIER CENTRAL Alvechurch 1 St Ives Town 1; Coalville Town 1 Biggleswade 0; Hednesford Town 2 Lowestoft 0; Hitchin Town 0 Stourbridge 3; Needham Market 2 Barwell 2; Royston Town 2 Nuneaton Borough 0; Rushall Olympic 2 Redditch Utd 2 PITCHING IN ISTHMIAN PREMIER Brightlingsea Regent 0 Bognor Regis Town 5; Leatherhead 0 Haringey Borough 0; Potters Bar Town A Kingstonian A; Carshalton Ath 1 Cray Wanderers 3 PITCHING IN SOUTHERN PREMIER SOUTH Dorchester Town 0 Gosport Borough 2; Farnborough 2 Truro City 0; Hartley Wintney 1 Taunton Town 2; Poole Town 2 Beaconsfield Town 0; Swindon Supermarine 1 Hendon 1; Tiverton Town 4 Kings Langley 1 EVO-STIK NORTHERN PREMIER Ashton Utd 0 Warrington Town 1; Lancaster City 0 Gainsborough Trinity 2; Matlock Town 1 FC United of Manchester 0; Nantwich Town 0 South Shields 0; Scarborough Athletic 1 Mickleover 1; Stalybridge Celtic 2 Stafford Rangers 1; Witton Albion 1 Grantham Town 4 WELSH PREMIER Barry 0 Newtown 3; Haverfordwest 1 Connah’s Quay Nomads 1; Penybont 1 Caernarfon Town 1; Cardiff Met Uni 4 Cefn Druids 2 Sky Bet Championship HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Bournemouth 11 4 2 0 13 7 3 2 0 5 1 +10 25 WWWDW West Brom 11 3 2 0 10 4 3 2 1 10 5 +11 22 DDWWL Coventry 11 6 0 0 14 3 1 1 3 2 9 +4 22 WDWLD Stoke 11 5 1 0 10 4 1 2 2 5 7 +4 21 DLWDW Fulham 11 3 1 1 10 4 3 1 2 13 9 +10 20 WLDWL QPR 11 3 2 1 11 7 2 1 2 11 9 +6 18 LLLWW Huddersfield 11 3 0 2 9 9 2 2 2 7 5 +2 17 WLLWD Blackburn 11 3 1 1 12 6 1 3 2 7 8 +5 16 WDWLL Bristol City 11 0 4 1 3 4 4 0 2 11 9 +1 16 DWDLW Reading 11 3 1 1 11 8 2 0 4 6 11 -2 16 WWWLW Millwall 11 2 2 1 6 5 1 4 1 5 6 0 15 DDDWW Blackpool 11 3 0 3 4 7 1 3 1 7 7 -3 15 LWWDW Luton 11 2 3 1 11 8 1 2 2 7 8 +2 14 DDLWD Sheff Utd 11 2 1 2 10 7 1 2 3 4 9 -2 12 DWWLL Middlesbrough 11 2 1 2 8 7 1 2 3 3 6 -2 12 WLLWL Birmingham 11 1 2 3 3 9 2 1 2 7 6 -5 12 LLDLL Nottm Forest 11 0 1 4 4 9 3 1 2 10 5 0 11 LWDWW Preston 11 2 2 1 7 7 0 3 3 5 8 -3 11 DDDDL Swansea 11 1 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 7 11 -5 11 DDWLD Cardiff 11 1 1 4 5 10 2 1 2 7 9 -7 11 LLLLL Hull 11 1 2 3 4 8 1 1 3 4 7 -7 9 LLLDW Barnsley 11 1 2 3 3 6 0 3 2 4 8 -7 8 DDLLL Peterborough 11 2 2 2 9 7 0 0 5 3 16 -11 8 LWLDL Derby* 11 2 4 0 5 3 1 1 3 2 5 -1 2 DWLWD *deducted 12 points for entering administration Barnsley (0) 0 Millwall (0) 1 M Wallace 89 Barnsley Collins, Moon, Helik, Kitching, Brittain, Palmer• (Sibbick 55), Styles, B Williams, Iseka (Frieser 70), Woodrow, Cole (Adeboyejo• 67). Subs not used Gomes, Walton, J Williams, Oduor. Millwall Bialkowski, Ballard, Hutchinson, Cooper, McNamara, Evans• (Mitchell 70), Saville, M Wallace, J Wallace, Ojo (Bradshaw 70), Afobe (Smith 77). Subs not used Long, Kieftenbeld, Pearce, Leonard. Att 11,888. Ref David Webb (County Durham). Birmingham (0) 0 Nottm Forest (2) 3 Grabban 11, Yates 29 Spence 53 Birmingham Sarkic, Marc Roberts, Dean, Pedersen, Colin, Woods, Sunjic (Deeney 70), Bela (McGree 58), Chong, Hogan (Aneke 58), Jutkiewicz•. Subs not used Friend, Sanderson, Graham, Trueman. Nottm Forest Samba, Worrall, Tobias Figueiredo, McKenna, Spence, Yates•, Colback, Lowe•, Johnson (Mighten 84), Zinckernagel (Garner 71), Grabban• (Taylor 77). Subs not used Horvath, Joao Carvalho, Bong, Lolley. Att 15,148. Ref Keith Stroud (Hampshire). Blackpool (2) 2 Blackburn (0) 1 Lavery 4, Yates 24 Brereton 50 Blackpool Maxwell (Moore 62), Sterling, Ekpiteta•, Keogh (Husband 46), Garbutt, Bowler•, Dougall, Wintle•, Anderson, Lavery (Yates 22), Madine. Subs not used Connolly, Stewart, Mitchell, John-Jules. Blackburn Kaminski, Magloire (Khadra 81), Ayala•, Carter, Pickering, Travis, Rothwell (Butterworth 89), Gallagher (Edun 43), Buckley, Brereton, Dolan. Subs not used Johnson, Pears, Clarkson, Poveda-Ocampo. Att 13,419. Ref Josh Smith (Lincolnshire). Bournemouth (0) 2 Sheffield Utd (0) 1 Solanke 62pen Gibbs-White 56 Billing 65 Bournemouth Travers, Smith•, Cahill, Kelly, Zemura•, Pearson•, Lerma, Billing (Mepham 86), Christie (Lowe 88), Solanke (Stacey 90), Anthony. Subs not used Nyland, Brooks, Marcondes, Rogers. Sheff Utd Olsen, Baldock (Basham 49), Egan, Davies, Stevens, Norwood, Fleck•, Gibbs-White, Ndiaye (McBurnie 73), Osborn•, Sharp (Mousset 73). Subs not used Brewster, McGoldrick, Foderingham, Hourihane. Ref Rob Jones (Northumberland). Cardiff (0) 0 Reading (1) 1 Hoilett 38 Cardiff Smithies, McGuinness•, Flint, Nelson, Brown, Pack•, Ralls• (Vaulks 79), Giles, Bowen (Collins• 79), Bacuna (Colwill 61), Moore. Subs not used Phillips, Bagan, Harris, Ng. Reading Southwood, Yiadom (Clarke 80), Moore, Laurent, Baba, Dele-Bashiru, Drinkwater, Hoilett, Swift, Ejaria, Puscas (Dann 65). Subs not used Rafael Cabral, Ehibhationham, Osorio, Stickland, Bristow. Att 18,400. Ref Thomas Bramall (Sheffield). Coventry (0) 4 Fulham (1) 1 Gyokeres 47 70 McFadzean 18og Godden 51pen, Maatsen 61 • Coventry Moore, Hyam, McFadzean, Clarke- Salter, Dabo, Kelly, Sheaf, Maatsen•, O’Hare, Godden, Gyokeres (Walker 90). Subs not used Kane, Rose, Jones, Allen, Wilson. Fulham Gazzaniga, Odoi•, Mawson, Ream, Robinson•, Onomah (Seri 56), Reed, Wilson, Reid (Rodrigo Muniz 68), Kebano (Ivan Cavaleiro 68), Mitrovic•. Subs not used Rodak, Adarabioyo, Quina, Bryan. Att 18,497. Ref Gavin Ward (Surrey). Derby (0) 0 Swansea (0) 0 Derby Allsop, Byrne•, Stearman (Buchanan 39), Davies, Forsyth•, Bird, Shinnie, Knight, Morrison (Williams• 46), Lawrence, Stretton (Ebosele 64). Subs not used Jozwiak, Sibley, Roos, Watson. Swansea Hamer, Cabango, Naughton, Manning, Latibeaudiere (Laird 61), Downes, Grimes, Bidwell, Smith (Morgan Whittaker 88), Paterson, Piroe (Cullen 71). Subs not used Benda, Fulton, Walsh, Rhys Williams. Ref Andrew Madley (West Yorkshire). Hull (0) 2 Middlesbrough (0) 0 Lumley 81og, Wilks 90 Hull Ingram, Bernard, Jones (McLoughlin 42), Greaves, Emmanuel, Cannon, Smallwood, Lewis- Potter, Moncur (Docherty 60), T Smith (Wilks• 69), Eaves. Subs not used Baxter, Longman, M Smith, Hinds. Middlesbrough Lumley, Peltier•, Bamba, Fry (Lea Siliki 80), Tavernier•, Howson, McNair•, Bola (Jones 85), Crooks, Watmore (Ikpeazu 85), Sporar. Subs not used Olusanya, Daniels, Kokolo. Att 13,696. Ref Andy Davies (Hampshire). Luton (0) 0 Huddersfield (0) 0 Luton Sluga, Lockyer, Bradley, Naismith, Bree, Rea•, Berry (Mendes Gomes 87), Bell, Clark (Lansbury 73), Adebayo, Cornick (Jerome 67). Subs not used Shea, Burke, Campbell, Osho. Huddersfield Nicholls, Pearson, Lees•, Sarr•, Toffolo, Thomas•, High, O’Brien, Koroma, Sinani (Holmes 73), Ward (Campbell 83). Subs not used Aarons, Ruffels, Turton, Russell, Bilokapic. Ref Leigh Doughty (Lancashire). Peterborough (2) 2 Bristol City (2) 3 Szmodics 22 43 Thompson 34og Tanner 40, Martin 84 Peterborough Cornell, Thompson•, Edwards, Kent, Butler, Ward (Kanu 80), Norburn (Grant 88), Coventry (Taylor 58), Burrows, Szmodics, Dembele. Subs not used Knight, Poku, Tomlinson, Blackmore. Bristol City Bentley, Tanner, Kalas, Atkinson, Pring, James, King•, Williams, Weimann, O’Dowda (Scott 62), Martin. Subs not used Simpson, O’Leary, Bakinson, Vyner, Bell. Att 8,560. Ref David Coote (Nottinghamshire). QPR (1) 3 Preston (1) 2 Dykes 17 Jakobsen 27 Dunne 71, Chair 74 Earl 46 QPR Dieng, Dickie, Dunne, Barbet, Odubajo, Ball, Johansen (Amos• 69), Willock (De Wijs 80), Chair, Dykes, Gray (Austin 69). Subs not used Kakay, Archer, Dozzell, Adomah. Preston Iversen, Storey, Bauer (Lindsay 46), Cunningham, Van den Berg, McCann (Browne 25), Ledson, Earl, Johnson, Jakobsen, Maguire (Potts 73). Subs not used Murphy, Rudd, Whiteman, Sinclair. Ref Jeremy Simpson (Lancashire). The week’s fixtures Today (3pm unless stated) Premier League C Palace v Leicester (2pm) Sky Sports Main Event; Liverpool v Man City (4.30pm) SSME; Tottenham v A Villa (2pm); West Ham v Brentford (2pm) FA Women’s Super League Aston Villa v Arsenal (12.30pm); Birmingham v Man Utd (6.45pm) SSME; Leicester v Tottenham (2pm); Man City v West Ham (2pm); Reading v Everton (2pm) cinch Scottish Premiership Aberdeen v Celtic (noon) SSME; Rangers v Hibernian cinch Scottish League 1 Queen’s Park v Montrose FA Women’s Championship Blackburn v London City (noon); Bristol City v Sunderland; Coventry Utd v Liverpool (2pm); Crystal Palace v Sheffield Utd (2pm); Durham v Lewes (noon) Tuesday (7.45pm unless stated) Uefa Women’s Champions League Group C Barcelona v Arsenal (8pm) DAZN; Hoffenheim v HB Koge (5.45pm) DAZN. Group D Benfica v Bayern Munich (8pm) DAZN; Hacken v Lyon (5.45pm) DAZN Papa John’s EFL Trophy Northern: Group A Hartlepool v Morecambe (7pm). Group B Salford City v Tranmere (7pm). Group C Crewe v Wigan (7pm); Shrewsbury v Wolves U21 (7pm). Group D Bolton v Liverpool U21 (7pm); Port Vale v Rochdale (7.30pm). Group E Rotherham v Scunthorpe (7pm). Group F Lincoln v Sunderland (7pm). Group G Accrington Stanley v Leicester U21; Barrow v Fleetwood. Group H Harrogate v Newcastle U21; Mansfield v Sheff Wed (7pm) Southern: Group A Gillingham v Ipswich (7pm). Group B Wimbledon v Crystal Palace U21. Group C Burton v Aston Villa U21 (7pm); MK Dons v Wycombe (7pm). Group D Northampton v Walsall (7pm). Group E Cheltenham v Exeter (7pm). Group G Charlton v Southampton U21 (7pm); Crawley v Leyton Orient (7pm). Group H Oxford Utd v Stevenage Vanarama National League Altrincham v Grimsby; Boreham v Torquay; Bromley v Weymouth; Dover v Aldershot; Halifax v Notts Co; King’s Lynn v Barnet; Southend v Eastleigh; Wealdstone v Solihull Moors BT Sport 1; Woking v Dag & Red; Wrexham v Chesterfield; Yeovil v Maidenhead Utd Wednesday (7.45pm unless stated) Uefa Nations League Semi-final Italy v Spain Sky Sports Football Uefa Women’s Champions League Group A Chelsea v Wolfsburg (8pm) DAZN; Servette v Juventus (5.45pm) DAZN. Group B Breidablik v PSG (8pm) DAZN; Zhytlobud-1 v Real Madrid (5.45pm) DAZN SPFL Trust Trophy Hamilton v Aberdeen U21 Thursday (8pm unless stated) Uefa Nations League Semi-finals Belgium v France SSME European champions Italy face Spain in Wednesday’s Nations League semi-final

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:19 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 18:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 03.10.21 19 Sky Bet League One HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Wigan 10 4 1 1 8 4 3 0 1 9 3 +10 22 WWWLW Sunderland 10 6 0 0 14 3 1 1 2 4 8 +7 22 WDWWL Plymouth 11 3 3 0 9 4 2 2 1 8 6 +7 20 WDWDD Rotherham 11 3 1 2 10 7 3 1 1 6 2 +7 20 DWDWW Wycombe 10 4 0 0 9 5 2 2 2 7 7 +4 20 DWLWW MK Dons 11 4 1 1 10 6 1 3 1 11 9 +6 19 WWWDL Bolton 11 2 2 1 7 7 3 1 2 13 8 +5 18 WLLWW Oxford Utd 11 4 2 0 12 4 1 1 3 5 8 +5 18 DLDWW Burton Albion 11 3 2 1 8 6 1 2 2 2 6 -2 16 DLLWD Accrington Stanley 11 4 0 1 7 6 1 1 4 7 14 -6 16 LLDLW Portsmouth 11 3 1 1 10 4 1 2 3 4 6 +4 15 LDDLW Sheffield Wed 10 2 1 1 5 3 2 2 2 5 6 +1 15 LDDWL Morecambe 11 3 1 2 11 8 1 1 3 9 10 +2 14 LWDWL AFC Wimbledon 11 1 3 1 8 7 2 1 3 9 12 -2 13 WLLLD Cambridge Utd 10 2 2 2 8 10 1 2 1 6 6 -2 13 LWDLD Lincoln City 11 1 2 2 5 6 2 1 3 9 9 -1 12 DLWLD Cheltenham 11 2 1 2 5 7 1 2 3 6 13 -9 12 WWLLL Gillingham 11 1 2 2 5 9 1 3 2 6 6 -4 11 LDDWL Ipswich 10 1 4 1 15 12 1 0 3 4 6 +1 10 LWDWL Fleetwood Town 10 1 1 2 6 7 1 3 2 11 11 -1 10 WDDDL Charlton 11 1 2 3 6 10 1 1 3 6 8 -6 9 LDDLW Crewe 11 1 2 2 6 7 0 3 3 3 8 -6 8 WLDDD Shrewsbury 11 2 1 3 6 9 0 1 4 2 7 -8 8 DDWLL Doncaster 10 2 1 1 4 3 0 0 6 2 15 -12 7 LWLLW AFC Wimbledon (0) 1 Burton Albion (0) 1 McCormick 90 Hemmings 66 AFC Wimbledon Tzanev, Alexander, Heneghan, Nightingale, Lawrence (Guinness-Walker 79), Woodyard, Hartigan, Rudoni (Mebude 79), McCormick (Chislett 90), Assal, Pressley. Subs not used Csoka, Marsh, Oualah, Osew. Burton Albion Garratt, Brayford (Morris 3), Shaughnessy, Leak, Hamer•, Oshilaja•, O’Connor, Smith, Lakin (Hemmings 60), Chapman (Maddox 90), Akins. Subs not used Powell, Patrick, Jebbison, Balcombe. Accrington (0) 2 Ipswich (1) 1 Bishop 50, Pell 79 Bonne 38 Accrington Savin, Amankwah, Nottingham, Sherring, McConville, Conneely•, Morgan, Butcher, Hamilton•, Pell, Bishop. Subs not used Trafford, O’Sullivan, Leigh, Mansell, Nolan, Clark, Malcolm. Ipswich Hladky, Donacien, Edmundson, Burgess, Penney, Evans (Norwood• 80), Morsy, Burns, Celina (Harper 64), Fraser (Edwards 64), Bonne. Subs not used Holy, Chaplin, Nsiala, Aluko. Bolton (2) 2 Shrewsbury (0) 1 Sarcevic 18, Afolayan 23 Leahy 89 Bolton Dixon, Jones (Isgrove 46), Santos•, Johnston, John, Williams, Lee (Sheehan 78), Kachunga, Sarcevic, Afolayan, Doyle (Bakayoko 71). Subs not used Delfouneso, Thomason, Baptiste, Gordon. Shrewsbury Marosi, Pennington, Ebanks- Landell, Pierre, Bennett•, Davis, Leahy, Nurse, Whalley (Ogbeta 80), Bowman (Bloxham 74), Udoh (Cosgrove 75). Subs not used Burgoyne, Pyke, Caton, Leshabela. Cheltenham (0) 0 Rotherham (0) 2 Grigg 51 Edmonds-Green 75 Cheltenham Flinders, Blair, Long, Pollock, Freestone, Barkers, Perry, Thomas, Sercombe (Chapman 81), May (Norton 81), Joseph (Vassell 74). Subs not used Evans, Williams, Bonds, Horton. Rotherham Johansson, Edmonds-Green, Wood, Ihiekwe, Barlaser, Sadlier (Ogbene 68), Rathbone, Wiles, Ferguson (Miller 68), Smith, Grigg (Ladapo 77). Subs not used Harding, Kayode, Odofin, Vickers. Crewe (2) 2 Cambridge Utd (0) 2 Finney 10 Jaaskelainen 79og Robertson 26 May 90 Crewe Jaaskelainen, Ramsay•, Daniels, Offord, Adebisi, Murphy, Robertson, Finney (Lundstram 72), Kashket• (Mandron 28), Porter, Bennett (McFadzean 77). Subs not used Thomas, Gomes, Johnson, Richards. Cambridge Utd Mitov, Williams, Jones, Masterson (Hoolahan 64), Iredale, Lankester (Tracey 64), O’Neil, May, Digby, Brophy (Smith 73), Ironside. Subs not used Dunk, McKenzie-Lyle, Okedina, Weir. Doncaster (1) 2 MK Dons (1) 1 Rowe 6, Cukur 79 Kioso 24 Doncaster Dahlberg, Knoyle, Anderson, R-S Williams•, Rowe, Close, Bostock (Smith 68), Galbraith, Hiwula•, Dodoo (Cukur• 77), Vilca (Barlow 46). Subs not used Jones, Seaman, Gardner, Horton. MK Dons Fisher, O’Hora, Darling, Lewington, Kioso, O’Riley, Robson, Harvie•, Twine (Boateng 78), Parrott, Watters (Eisa 67). Subs not used Watson, Jules, Kasumu, McEachran, Ravizzoli. Fleetwood (0) 1 Charlton (1) 2 Andrew 51 Leko 41, Stockley 69 Fleetwood Cairns, C Johnson, Hill, Clarke•, Andrew•, Rossiter, Matete (Batty 60), Lane, Biggins (Edmondson 80), Camps (J Garner 71), G Garner. Subs not used Crellin, Clark, Conn-Clarke, Johnston. Charlton MacGillivray, Gunter, Lavelle, Famewo, Souare, Leko•, Arter (Clare 83), Gilbey•, Kirk (Blackett-Taylor 75), Lee, Davison (Stockley 62). Subs not used Pearce, Morgan, Washington, Henderson. Gillingham (0) 0 Wigan (0) 2 Power 64, Keane 82 Gillingham Cumming, McKenzie, Ehmer, Bennett, Tutonda, Adshead, MacDonald, Lloyd, Dempsey•, Akinde (Sithole 74), Oliver. Subs not used O’Keefe, Tucker, Kelman, Lee, Reeves. Wigan Amos, Power, Whatmough, Watts, Darikwa, Naylor•, Cousins, Lang (Edwards 89), Keane, McClean (Massey• 77), Wyke. Subs not used Pearce, J Jones, Tilt, Humphrys, Tickle. Lincoln City (0) 2 Plymouth (1) 2 Sorensen 66 Hardie 25 Scully 90pen Galloway 74 Lincoln Griffiths, Poole (Sanders 65), Montsma, Eyoma, Bramall (Maguire• 69), Sorensen, Bridcutt (Robson 33), Fiorini, Scully•, N’Lundulu•, Bishop•. Subs not used Adelakun, Howarth, Long, Gallagher. Plymouth Michael Cooper, Gillesphey, Scarr•, Galloway, Edwards•, Camara, Houghton, Broom, Garrick, Jephcott, Hardie (Agard 82). Subs not used Randell, Burton, Law, Tomlinson, Shirley. Portsmouth (3) 4 Sunderland (0) 0 Harness 19, Brown 33 Marquis 45 61 Portsmouth Bazunu, Freeman, Raggett, Williams, Romeo, Tunnicliffe•, Morrell, Brown, Harness (Thompson 74), Curtis•, Marquis (Harrison 85). Subs not used Hackett-Fairchild, Hirst, Jacobs, Downing, Bass. Sunderland Hoffmann, Winchester, Flanagan, Wright, Cirkin, Evans (Neill• 74), O’Nien, Dajaku (Pritchard 69), Embleton (Doyle 46), O’Brien, Stewart. Subs not used Burge, Huggins, Alves, Taylor. Sheffield Wed (0) 1 Oxford Utd (1) 2 Paterson 73 Brannagan 12, Henry 90 Sheff Wed Peacock-Farrell, Palmer•, Iorfa, Dunkley, Johnson, Adeniran, Wing (Dele-Bashiru 67), Bannan, Paterson•, Shodipo (Sow 61), Gregory (Berahino 46). Subs not used Brown, Corbeanu, Wildsmith, Hunt. Oxford Utd Stevens, Long, Moore, Thorniley, Seddon•, Kane (Henry 59), Gorrin•, Brannagan, Forde (Williams 84), Taylor (Agyei 70), Holland. Subs not used Eastwood, Mousinho, McNally, Cooper. Wycombe (0) 4 Morecambe (2) 3 Horgan 50, Vokes 53 McCalmont 4 Tafazolli 74 Phillips 26 Thompson 90 Ayunga 80 Wycombe Stockdale, McCarthy, Stewart, Tafazolli, Jacobson, Thompson, McCleary (Wheeler 90), Scowen, Obita (Hanlan 71), Vokes, Horgan (Mehmeti 88). Subs not used Grimmer, KaiKai, Akinfenwa, Przybek. Morecambe Letheren, McLaughlin (Cooney 64), O’Connor, Wootton, Delaney, Gibson, McCalmont, Diagouraga, Phillips (Jones 71), Gnahoua (Ayunga 77), Stockton. Subs not used McDonald, McPake, Mensah, Andresson. Sky Bet League Two HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Forest Green 10 3 1 1 9 6 4 1 0 11 2 +12 23 DWWDW Harrogate Town 10 2 3 0 8 6 3 1 1 9 6 +5 19 DLDDW Port Vale 10 2 2 1 7 5 3 1 1 6 3 +5 18 LWWWW Leyton Orient 10 3 1 1 9 2 1 3 1 9 8 +8 16 DWWDL Swindon 10 1 2 2 3 4 3 2 0 9 4 +4 16 DLDDW Exeter 10 2 3 0 8 3 1 3 1 6 5 +6 15 DWWDD Barrow 10 2 2 1 8 7 2 1 2 6 4 +3 15 WLDWW Bradford 10 3 2 0 10 4 1 1 3 4 7 +3 15 DLDLW Tranmere 10 4 0 1 6 2 0 3 2 0 2 +2 15 WLWDW Northampton 10 2 1 2 5 6 2 2 1 4 3 0 15 LWDDL Sutton Utd 9 3 0 1 8 3 1 2 2 4 5 +4 14 WWLWW Newport County 10 2 1 1 7 4 2 1 3 6 9 0 14 DLWLW Hartlepool 10 4 1 0 7 2 0 1 4 2 7 0 14 WLDDL Crawley Town 10 3 2 0 8 5 1 0 4 5 10 -2 14 WWDWL Salford City 10 2 3 1 7 4 1 0 3 4 6 +1 12 LWLDW Rochdale 10 1 2 2 3 4 2 1 2 9 9 -1 12 WWDLL Stevenage 10 2 2 1 5 6 1 1 3 4 7 -4 12 DLLDW Colchester 9 0 1 3 1 5 2 3 0 6 4 -2 10 DWLDL Carlisle 10 1 3 1 5 6 1 1 3 4 9 -6 10 WLDLL Bristol Rovers 10 2 0 3 4 8 1 1 3 5 9 -8 10 WLLWL Walsall 10 2 1 2 7 7 0 2 3 4 8 -4 9 DWLLD Mansfield 10 2 1 3 8 10 0 2 2 2 5 -5 9 LLDDL Oldham 10 0 1 4 2 8 2 0 3 4 8 -10 7 LLDWL Scunthorpe 10 1 1 3 3 9 0 3 2 3 8 -11 7 LLDLL Bradford (1) 2 Rochdale (0) 0 Gilliead 37 Cook 75pen Bradford O’Donnell, Threlkeld, Songo’o, O’Connor•, Ridehalgh•, Watt, Sutton (Evans 86), Gilliead•, Cooke, Vernam (Robinson 82), Cook. Subs not used Hornby, Foulds, Kelleher, Cousin-Dawson, Scales. Rochdale Coleman, Graham, O’Connell, Dorsett, O’Keeffe, Dooley (Kelly 70), Morley, Keohane (Done 84), Odoh (Newby 62), Beesley, Cashman. Subs not used Lynch, Taylor, Grant, George Broadbent. Bristol Rovers (1) 1 Swindon (0) 3 Anderson 17 Payne 57, Gladwin 85pen McKirdy 87 Bristol Rovers Belshaw, Kilgour••, Taylor (Hoole 69), Harries•, Anderson, Coutts, Whelan (Collins 62), Brown, Finley, Evans (Saunders 62), Pitman (Westbrooke 77). Subs not used Anderton, Spence, Ward. Swindon Wollacott, Kesler, Odimayo, Conroy, Crichlow-Noble, Iandolo (Hunt 89), Gladwin, Reed, Payne (Williams 74), Gilbert (McKirdy 55), Simpson (Mitchell-Lawson 71). Subs not used Baudry, Ward, East. Carlisle (0) 0 Forest Green (2) 2 Matt 29, Cadden 33 Carlisle Norman, Riley, Dinzeyi, Feeney, Armer (Bell 80), Whelan, Guy, Mellish, Toure (Abrahams• 66), Young (Clough 71), Dickenson•. Subs not used Mellor, Alessandra, Jensen, Charters. Forest Green McGee, Sweeney (Cargill 53), Moore-Taylor, Bernard, Wilson, Stevenson, Hendry• (March 90), Cadden, Adams, Stevens (Aitchison 71), Matt. Subs not used Evans, Young, Diallo, Thomas. Colchester (0) 0 Salford City (2) 2 Thomas-Asante 10 Elliott 25 Colchester George, Coxe (Sarpong-Wiredu 52), Chambers, Smith, Daniels, Skuse, Judge, Sears, Dobra (Eastman 52), Chilvers (Jasper• 80), Nouble. Subs not used Clampin, Hannant, Turner, Tovide. Salford City King, Shephard, Eastham, Turnbull•, Ndaba, Lowe, Lund• (Willock 90), Morris (Wright 76), Thomas-Asante••, Hunter (Love 76), Elliott. Subs not used Andy Smith, Jeacock, Oteh, N’Mai. Exeter (1) 2 Walsall (1) 2 Dieng 5 Miller 37pen 70 Nombe 61 Exeter Dawson, Sweeney (Coley 46), Ray, Hartridge, Key, Kite (Collins 46), Dieng• (Atangana 75), Caprice, Jay, J Brown, Nombe. Subs not used Amond, Lee, Daniel, Grounds. Walsall Rushworth, White, Menayese, Monthe, Ward•, Labadie, Earing, Phillips, Osadebe, Kiernan (Shade 70), Miller. Subs not used Rose, Bates, Leak, Perry, Mills. Mansfield (0) 0 Barrow (0) 1 Banks 55pen Mansfield Bishop, Hewitt, Rawson•, Hawkins, McLaughlin•, Maris• (Law 83), Charsley•, O Clarke, Lapslie•, Bowery, Oates (Johnson 66). Subs not used Cooper, Shelvey, Burke, Ward, J Clarke. Barrow Farman, James Jones•, Ellis•, Grayson, Hutton, Banks• (Taylor 81), Gotts, Brough, Stevens, Gordon•, Kay (Zanzala 66). Subs not used White, Lillis, Williams, Arthur. Newport (1) 3 Scunthorpe (0) 0 Cooper 6, Baker-Richardson 69 Telford 84 Newport Day, Clarke, Dolan, Demetriou, Norman, Willmott, Upson, Cooper (Azaz 53), Haynes, Telford (Abraham 86), Baker-Richardson (Fisher 75). Subs not used Aaron Lewis, Ellison, Missilou, Townsend. Scunthorpe Watson, Davis, Onariase, Taft, Millen, Perry (Bunn 75), Hackney• (Hippolyte 75), Beestin, O’Malley, Scrimshaw, Jarvis (Loft 63). Subs not used Hallam, Rowe, Collins, Wood. Northampton (0) 0 Sutton Utd (1) 2 Kizzi 41, Wilson 46 Northampton Liam Roberts, McWilliams• (Etete 57), Horsfall, McGowan, Koiki•, Hoskins, Lewis, Sowerby (Flores• 65), Pinnock, Rose•, Kabamba (Harriman 74). Subs not used Pollock, Ashley-Seal, Maxted, Dyche. Sutton Utd Bouzanis•, Kizzi, Goodliffe, John, Milsom, Ajiboye (Beautyman 90), Eastmond, Smith, Boldewijn, Wilson (Randall 89), Bennett (Bugiel 68). Subs not used Wyatt, Rowe, Korboa, Palmer . Oldham (0) 1 Harrogate Town (1) 2 Vaughan 76 Diamond 29 Armstrong 66 Oldham Leutwiler, Clarke, McGahey, Piergianni, Stobbs (Dearnley 70), Diarra (Bowden 64), Whelan, Fage (Vaughan 75), Keillor-Dunn, Hope, Bahamboula. Subs not used Edwards, Danielewicz, Da Silva, Bettache. Harrogate Oxley, Fallowfield, Smith, Hall, Burrell, Thomson, Falkingham, Pattison (Kerry• 56), Diamond (Power 80), Armstrong, Muldoon. Subs not used Martin, Orsi-Dadomo, Cracknell, Sheron . Port Vale (1) 3 Leyton Orient (0) 2 Wilson 6, Politic 90 Jones 60og Proctor 90 James 86 Port Vale Lucas Covolan, Cass, Smith•, Jones, Worrall, Garrity (Taylor• 57), Pett, Conlon, Gibbons (Politic 87), Wilson (Amoo 67), Proctor. Subs not used Benning, Johnson, Lloyd, Stone. Leyton Orient Vigouroux, Ogie•, Beckles•, Happe, James•, Kyprianou•, Pratley, Wood, Archibald (Smyth 46), Smith, Drinan (Clay 77). Subs not used Kemp, Sotiriou, Young, Papadopoulos, Byrne. Stevenage (1) 2 Hartlepool (0) 0 Reid 21, List 46 Stevenage Anang, Wildin, Vancooten•, Cuthbert, Coker, Osborne, Taylor•, Reeves, Andrade (Jack Smith 64), List (Norris 78), Reid (Prosser 90). Subs not used Bastien, Marshall, Townsend-West, Tinubu. Hartlepool Killip, Sterry, Hendrie, Byrne, Francis-Angol (Cook 77), Jones, Shelton (Goodwin 53), Featherstone, Daly, Molyneux, Fondop-Talom (Cullen 53). Subs not used Odusina, Smith, Ogle, Mitchell. Tranmere (1) 2 Crawley (0) 1 Clarke 28 79 Appiah 64 Tranmere Doohan, Dacres-Cogley•, Tom Davies, Clarke, Merrie•, McManaman, Foley, Spearing, Morris (O’Connor 82), Hawkes (Feeney 75), Nevitt (Maynard 90). Subs not used Knight- Percival, Watson, Murphy, Duffy. Crawley Morris, Francomb, Francillette (Craig 14), Dallison, Tsaroulla, Davies• (Appiah 56), Hessenthaler, Payne, Powell•, Nichols, Ashford (Marshall 80). Subs not used Gallacher, Khaleel, Bansal-McNulty, Henry. Dundee Utd (1) 1 Ross County (0) 0 Niskanen 31 Dundee Utd Siegrist•, Freeman, Edwards, Mulgrew, McMann, Pawlett•, Fuchs, Levitt, Harkes, Niskanen (Appere 73), Clark. Subs not used Sporle, Chalmers, Hoti, Carson, Mochrie, Kerr Smith. Ross County Maynard-Brewer, Clarke, Baldwin•, Iacovitti, Burroughs, Tillson (D Samuel 79), H Paton, Spittal, Charles-Cook (White 46), A Samuel (Callachan 74), Hungbo. Subs not used Laidlaw, Cancola, Robertson, B Paton. Att 6,548. Ref Don Robertson (Scotland). Hearts (2) 2 Motherwell (0) 0 Boyce 5pen Kingsley 22 Hearts Gordon, Moore•, Halkett (Halliday 56), Kingsley, Smith, Baningime•, Devlin•, Cochrane, McKay (Haring 81), Boyce, Woodburn (Mackay-Steven 69). Subs not used Walker, Stewart, Gnanduillet, Ginnelly. Motherwell Kelly, Stephen O’Donnell, Mugabi, Ojala•, McGinley•, Grimshaw• (Amaluzor 76), Slattery, O’Hara, Woolery, Watt, Van Veen (Shields 82). Subs not used Carroll, Lamie, Maguire, Fox, Crawford. Att 17,028. Ref David Munro (Scotland). Livingston (0) 0 St Mirren (1) 1 Erhahon 29 Livingston Stryjek, McMillan (Devlin 64), Fitzwater, Obileye, Longridge•, Omeonga, Holt, Penrice, Forrest•, Shinnie (Anderson 50), Bailey (Hamilton 79). Subs not used Montano, Williamson, Kelly, Maley. St Mirren Alnwick, Shaughnessy, McCarthy, Fraser, Millar (McAllister 75), Power, Erhahon, Tanser, McGrath, Ronan (Main 64), Brophy (Erwin 89). Subs not used Tait, Flynn, Reid, Lyness. Ref Grant Irvine (Scotland). St Johnstone (2) 3 Dundee (0) 1 Kane 31 39 Sweeney 74 May 46 St Johnstone Clark, O’Halloran (Muller 81), Rooney, Ambrose, Dendoncker, Booth, Crawford (MacPherson 59), Craig•, Wotherspoon•, Kane•, May (Middleton 75). Subs not used Devine, Parish, Bryson, Vertainen. Dundee Legzdins, Ashcroft, Fontaine (Sheridan 46), Sweeney, Kerr, McGowan, Byrne (McCowan 46), McGhee• (Anderson 70), Marshall, McMullan, Cummings. Subs not used Elliot, Panter, Lawlor, Lamb. Att 5,097. Ref Greg Aitken (Scotland). JOHN BRADLEY/PROSPORTS/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK cinch Scottish Premiership P W D L F A GD Pts Hearts 8 5 3 0 14 5 +9 18 Rangers 7 5 1 1 12 5 +7 16 Hibernian 7 4 3 0 13 6 +7 15 Motherwell 8 4 2 2 11 9 +2 14 Dundee Utd 8 4 2 2 5 5 0 14 Celtic 7 3 1 3 17 5 +12 10 St Mirren 8 2 4 2 9 14 -5 10 St Johnstone 8 2 3 3 6 6 0 9 Aberdeen 7 2 2 3 8 9 -1 8 Livingston 8 1 1 6 3 13 -10 4 Ross County 8 0 3 5 6 16 -10 3 Dundee 8 0 3 5 5 16 -11 3 Championship P W D L F A GD Pts Inverness CT 8 6 1 1 10 4 +6 19 Kilmarnock 8 5 1 2 9 4 +5 16 Arbroath 8 4 3 1 16 6 +10 15 Raith 8 4 2 2 14 10 +4 14 Partick 8 4 0 4 17 13 +4 12 Queen of the South 8 3 0 5 9 12 -3 9 Ayr 8 2 2 4 7 12 -5 8 Hamilton 8 2 2 4 8 15 -7 8 Morton 8 1 3 4 7 12 -5 6 Dunfermline 8 0 4 4 4 13 -9 4 Hamilton 2 Inverness CT 1; Kilmarnock 1 Raith 3; Morton 2 Arbroath 2; Partick 4 Ayr 0; Queen of the South 1 Dunfermline 0 League One P W D L F A GD Pts Cove Rangers 9 5 2 2 16 10 +6 17 Queen’s Park 8 4 4 0 13 6 +7 16 Falkirk 9 4 2 3 13 11 +2 14 Airdrieonians 9 4 2 3 13 12 +1 14 Dumbarton 9 4 2 3 16 16 0 14 Montrose 8 3 3 2 12 9 +3 12 Alloa 9 3 2 4 12 12 0 11 Clyde 9 3 2 4 13 17 -4 11 Peterhead 9 3 0 6 15 15 0 9 East Fife 9 1 1 7 8 23 -15 4 Airdrieonians 2 Clyde 1; Alloa 1 Cove Rangers 3; Falkirk 2 East Fife 1; Peterhead 5 Dumbarton 0 League Two P W D L F A GD Pts Kelty Hearts 9 7 2 0 19 6 +13 23 Stirling 9 6 1 2 17 9 +8 19 Annan Athletic 9 5 0 4 15 11 +4 15 Forfar 9 3 5 1 13 8 +5 14 Edinburgh City 9 4 2 3 10 9 +1 14 Stranraer 9 3 2 4 7 11 -4 11 Elgin 9 2 3 4 9 13 -4 9 Albion 9 2 1 6 8 16 -8 7 Stenhousemuir 9 1 3 5 8 15 -7 6 Cowdenbeath 9 1 3 5 9 17 -8 6 Elgin 0 Stirling 2; Kelty Hearts 2 Annan Athletic 1; Stenhousemuir 1 Forfar 1; Stranraer 1 Albion 0 Minor Scottish HIGHLAND LEAGUE Brechin City 3 Buckie Thistle 2; Brora Rangers P Huntly P; Clachnacuddin 1 Fraserburgh 2; Forres Mechanics 0 Keith 0; Fort William 1 Wick Academy 3; Nairn County 0 Inverurie Loco Works 1; Turriff United 4 Deveronvale 0 LOWLAND LEAGUE Bonnyrigg Rose 2 Dalbeattie Star 1; Berwick Rangers 1 Rangers B 6; Caledonian Braves 3 Cumbernauld Colts 0; East Kilbride 2 Edinburgh University 3; Gretna 2008 1 The Spartans 4; Vale of Leithen 1 University of Stirling 6 Oxford United’s James Henry (left) is mobbed by teammates after his stoppage-time winner against Sheffield Wednesday Uefa European Under-21 Championship Qualifying Group Seven Slovenia v England (7.15pm). Group Nine Scotland v Denmark (7.05pm) BBC Scotland Friday (7.45pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group E Czech Republic v Wales; Estonia v Belarus Sky Sports Red Button. Group G Gibraltar v Montenegro SSRB; Latvia v Netherlands SSRB; Turkey v Norway SSRB. Group H Cyprus v Croatia SSRB; Malta v Slovenia SSRB; Russia v Slovakia SSRB. Group J Germany v Romania Sky Sports Premier League; Iceland v Armenia SSRB; Liechtenstein v North Macedonia SSRB Uefa European Under-21 Championship Qualifying Group Three Russia v Northern Ireland (5pm) . Group Five Moldova v Wales (4pm) . Group Six Republic of Ireland v Luxembourg (5.15pm) . Sky Bet League Two Tranmere v Colchester SPFL Trust Trophy Kilmarnock v Queen’s Park; Queen of the South v Partick Saturday (3pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group A Azerbaijan v Republic of Ireland (5pm) Sky Sports Football; Luxembourg v Serbia (7.45pm) SSRB. Group B Georgia v Greece (5pm) SSRB; Sweden v Kosovo (5pm) SSRB. Group C Lithuania v Bulgaria (2pm) Sky Sports Football; Switzerland v Northern Ireland (7.45pm) Sky Sports Football. Group D Finland v Ukraine (5pm) SSRB; Kazakhstan v Bosnia-Herzegovina (2pm) SSRB. Group F Faroe Islands v Austria (7.45pm) SSRB ; Moldova v Denmark (7.45pm) Sky Sports Premier League; Scotland v Israel (5pm) Sky Sports Premier League. Group I Andorra v England (7.45pm) ITV; Hungary v Albania (7.45pm) SSRB; Poland v San Marino (7.45pm) SSRB Sky Bet League One Accrington Stanley v Fleetwood; Charlton v Rotherham; Crewe v Doncaster; Ipswich v Shrewsbury; MK Dons v AFC Wimbledon; Morecambe v Cambridge Utd; Plymouth v Burton; Portsmouth v Cheltenham; Sheff Wed v Bolton; Sunderland v Oxford Utd; Wigan v Lincoln City; Wycombe v Gillingham Sky Bet League Two Barrow v Leyton Orient; Bristol Rovers v Carlisle; Forest Green v Swindon (noon) SSF; Harrogate Town v Scunthorpe; Hartlepool v Northampton; Mansfield v Oldham; Newport County v Bradford; Rochdale v Crawley; Stevenage v Exeter; Sutton Utd v Port Vale; Walsall v Salford City Vanarama National League Altrincham v Maidenhead Utd; Boreham Wood v Dag & Red BT Sport 1; Bromley v Torquay; Dover v Barnet; Halifax v Weymouth; King’s Lynn v Solihull Moors; Southend v Chesterfield; Stockport v Aldershot; Wealdstone v Eastleigh; Woking v Grimsby; Yeovil v Notts Co FA Women’s Super League Manchester United v Manchester City (1.30pm) BBC One SPFL Trust Trophy Cove Rangers v Albion (2pm); Elgin v Inverness CT (2pm); Montrose v Morton (1.30pm); Raith v East Fife (1pm) Vanarama North Alfreton Town v AFC Fylde; Blyth Spartans v Chorley; Darlington v Hereford FC; Farsley Celtic v Curzon Ashton; Gateshead v Boston Utd; Gloucester v Bradford PA; Guiseley v Leamington; Kettering v Chester FC; Kidderminster v Brackley; Spennymoor Town v AFC Telford; York v Southport Vanarama South Braintree Town v St Albans; Chippenham v Welling; Dartford v Hungerford Town; Dorking Wanderers v Bath City; Dulwich v Billericay; Hampton & Richmond v Chelmsford; Havant and W v Concord Rangers; Hemel Hempstead v Oxford City; Maidstone Utd v Eastbourne Borough; Slough v Ebbsfleet United Sunday (3pm unless stated) Uefa Nations League Final Belgium/France v Italy/Spain (7.45pm) Sky Sports Football Third-place play-off Belgium/France v Italy/ Spain (2pm) Sky Sports Football FA Women’s Super League Arsenal v Everton Sky Sports Premier League; Brighton v Tottenham (2pm); Chelsea v Leicester (12.30pm) Sky Sports Premier League; Reading v Aston Villa (2pm); West Ham v Birmingham FA Women’s Championship Charlton v Bristol City (2pm); Coventry United v Crystal Palace (2pm); Lewes v Blackburn (2pm); London City v Watford (2pm); Sheffield Utd v Liverpool (2pm); Sunderland v Durham (2pm)

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:20 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/10/2021 17:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 20 The Observer 03.10.21 • Jonathan Wilson Inside football A striker isn’t everything but might solve Guardiola’s all-or-nothing problem The temptation watching Manchester City’s 1-0 win at Chelsea last Saturday was to think we were witnessing the very best of modern football. It might not have been rip-roaring, but here were two squads stocked with exceptional talent, guided by exceptional managers, engaged in a great cerebral tussle. Chelsea had won the previous three meetings , but this time in the Premier League they were stifled by the perfectly executed press of City. It all felt thrillingly high-level. And then came defeats for both sides in the Champions League. That may not be hugely consequential. Both made changes for difficult away trips in Europe, and both can be confident of making the last 16 despite the setbacks. But still, the defeats demand a resetting of perspective. Last Saturday, City pressed perhaps as efficiently as any side has in the Premier League, and looked like a team about to embark on one of those remorseless unbeaten runs that have decided recent titles. But Tuesday’s defeat in Paris highlighted one statistic in particular: in five games away from the Etihad this season (including the Community Shield), City have scored only twice. The obvious response is that City might have been rather more productive had they only signed Harry Kane in the summer. But to suggest that City need a striker is probably over simplistic. After all, they have scored six and five twice in five home games this season (as well as being held to a 0-0 draw by Southampton). It’s not as straightforward as a lack of goals. Rather, City’s problem this season is that it’s been either all or nothing: if they get ahead they can devastate opponents, but there is also a sense that if an early goal doesn’t arrive, opponents can thwart them, which was a problem for Guardiola in his final season at Barcelona, and was probably as much psychological as tactical. Of course it is true that a bona fide striker – a Cristiano Ronaldo, say – can burgle goals from nowhere to turn defeats into draws or draws into wins. At the Parc des Princes on Tuesday , as City regularly found themselves with comfortable possession in the great rift valley between Paris Saint-Germain’s front three and their back seven, it was easy to imagine how they might have prospered with a striker at whom they could aim crosses. But City were top scorers in winning the league last season and reached the Champions League final when their only real striker was Sergio Agüero, whose involvement was limited to seven league starts. Guardiola prospered at Bayern with a striker in Robert Lewandowski, but he is a particularly mobile forward with no qualms about fulfilling his defensive responsibilities. Zlatan Ibrahimovic ’s season at Barcelona was a failure in part because of a personality clash with Guardiola, but also because he was too static to fit the system. Samuel Eto’o and David Villa were far more effective, largely because they were willing to sacrifice themselves for the side, often playing wide to allow Lionel Messi through the middle. The positional game Guardiola favours probably functions best, and the control he demands in games is probably best achieved, with a false 9 – even if that can at times slightly blunt the tip of the side to strengthen it in other areas. But that still leaves the fundamental question of what has changed from last season. Jack Grealish has played in all six league and both Champions League games since arriving in the summer. He has not yet been an outstanding success, but neither has he struggled especially, even if a clear sense that he is finding his feet remains. That is only natural; it probably took Riyad Mahrez a year to discover his best form under Guardiola. After Grealish’s impressive display against Chelsea – eight successful pressures and six shooting chances created were more than any other City player – he was a frustrating Score early – as they did against Norwich when Jack Grealish claimed his first goal for the club – and Manchester City can be devastating, but they tend to lose heart if their rivals strike first The issue, so far, has been the distribution of the chances taken: rampant against Norwich and Arsenal, toothless against Tottenham and Southampton TOM FLATHERS/MANCHESTER CITY FC VIA GETTY IMAGES and frustrated figure in Paris. Although he wasn’t helped by the referee Felix Brych ’s curious reluctance to admit the notion that he could be fouled, he repeatedly turned inside to play a safe pass, when his role is surely to give City a dash of the unpredictable. That, of course, is a very fine line; it would be equally unhelpful were Grealish regularly to lose possession by taking needless risks. The clear sense is of him getting used to the system and the system getting used to him. Then there is the altogether thornier issue of Raheem Sterling. In 2017-18, he scored 18 league goals . In 2018-19, 17 . In 2019-20, 20 . Last season, he scored 10 . From the end of February, he has managed only two for City, while continuing to score regularly for England. At the Euros, he made oblique reference to the “different reasons” that explained the downturn in his goals record. What they are, though, is unclear, although there was talk in April of a falling-out with Guardiola. In 2019-20, Sterling scored 0.68 league goals a game against an xG of 0.58; last season that fell to 0.35 against an xG of 0.43. He is not only getting fewer chances but is converting fewer of those he does get. At the same time, his number of pressures dropped by 30% and his number of tackles by 51%. That suggests less some sort of tactical redeployment than simply somebody who has become less involved in the game. Guardiola has made attempts, particularly over the past year, to protect his side against counterattacks. Last season, at least until the mystifying selection for the Champions League final, it largely worked. But now there is a problem at the other end. City are underscoring their xG only by 0.14 goals a game; last season they outscored it by 0.26 a game. The issue, so far, has been the distribution of the chances taken: rampant against Norwich and Arsenal , toothless against Tottenham and Southampton . It may sort itself out over time, but the worry must be that this is a City that can get disheartened – and that, perhaps, is an issue a bona fide striker might resolve, even if Guardiola would rather control midfield.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:1 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:32 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 03 | 10 | 21 AKALA BEN OKRI BERNARDINE EVARISTO MARGARET BUSBY HARI KUNZRU WINSOME PINNOCK TARELL ALVIN McCRANEY AND OTHERS REWRITE THE CANON Twenty writers pick the books by Black and Asian writers that everyone should read

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:2 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 2 Agenda The finest writing every Sunday for arts, science, politics and ideas 20 Agenda 2-7 Features 8-19 Science & Tech 20-23 On my radar Musician Sam Fender on his cultural highlights Q&A Actor and screenwriter Sarah Solemani The grid Vintage new wave posters David Mitchell Cover story Underappreciated writers of colour Street photography On the eve of a new exhibition, Sean O’Hagan celebrates the work of enigmatic New Yorker Helen Levitt Interview Sylvie Le Bon de Beauvoir tells Kim Willsher about a newly published novel by her ‘mother’ Simone de Beauvoir Future of work How the pandemic has accelerated the rise of robot workers. By Martin Ford Volcanoes With the ongoing eruption on La Palma, what can we expect next? John Naughton How truthful is AI when faced with an awkward question? Critics 24-37 Books 38-45 Puzzles & TV 46-56 Wendy Ide reviews the new Bond film, No Time to Die Laura Cumming on the 2021 Turner prize show Fiona Maddocks see Jenůfa at the Royal Opera House Susannah Clapp reviews The Normal Heart at the National Rachel Cooke reviews Spider Woman by Lady Hale John Naughton on The Contrarian: Peter Thiel and Silicon Valley’s Pursuit of Power by Max Chafkin The books interview Novelist Paul Auster Thrillers of the month Everyman crossword, sudoku, Azed crossword, chess, guess the painting and more – p46-47 The week’s television and radio highlights – p48-49 Today’s television – p56 Monday to Saturday’s listings and choices – p50-55 6 14 24 Feedback Follow us on Twitter and Instagram @ObsNewReview; email us at Cover: Lyndon Hayes/Observer Design Last week, John Harris told the inside story of the Beatles’ final weeks ahead of Peter Jackson’s new documentary series Get Back. Here’s how readers responded online: Nearing the end of another torpid pandemic year, this will be a fabulous tonic for any Beatles fan. The bonus was the whole rooftop concert, so the mystery of that gig will finally be laid to rest . SpursSince67 Can’t wait! It’s a rare week when a Beatles album isn’t played in this house. I saw them at the Hammersmith Odeon in 1965 , but unfortunately hearing them wasn’t really an option: their amplification was little more than that of my home hi-fi and screaming fans did for the rest. dtap I hope after this airs, people, especially Lennon and Harrison fans, will stop blaming McCartney for the breakup, will stop portraying him as the villain, will stop taking Lennon’s outbursts as gospel, will stop feeling sorry for “poor George” at having to be a Beatle, and see that this band broke up for a lot of reasons and all of them (except maybe Ringo Starr) played a role in its demise. There was no one villain. michelley These days, successful bands regularly take years off before regrouping for a new album. The relentless commercial pressure on the Beatles to keep producing resulted in an astonishing run of records in an eye-wateringly short space of time. If they could have just eased off on the gas pedal for a little while who knows how long they could have held it together? utica USA. Lindsay, California. Country road. Matt Black/Magnum Photos

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:3 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:45 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 03.10.21 3 The big picture Matt Black reveals the forgotten America on his 100,000-mile journey around its dusty, destitute shacks and trailer parks In 2015, the photographer Matt Black set out from his home in California’s Central Valley to discover and record the realities of American lives in communities below the poverty line. Over the next six years, he criss crossed the country from coast to coast, visiting all the hundreds of places below that federally defined divide in which more than one in five Americans live in poverty. None of these places was separated by more than a twohour drive. Black travelled more than 100,000 miles without ever visiting that more familiar other country where life expectancy was 20 years longer and income many zeroes larger. Some of his inspiration for this journey came from the Depressionera photographs of Dorothea Lange and the writing of John Steinbeck. Nearly a century on, he found countless stories that shared the lineaments of that despair. The young men in featureless dusty shacks and trailer parks who sell their blood to live; the families unable to get clean water, who are kept alive by food stamps. Speaking to the Observer, early in his journey, Black said: “All these diverse communities are connected, not least in their powerlessness. In the mainstream media, poverty is often looked at in isolation, but it is an American problem. It seems to me that it goes unreported because it does not fit the way America sees itself.” Black’s epic book of the photographs of his journey, American Geography, is a humbling and powerful corrective to that myopia. He notes how the quest continually challenged both “my faith in my country and my own role ”. This photograph was taken in Lindsay , California (population 11,768 , of whom 35.8% live in poverty). The woozily meandering road markings on a darkened plain seem somehow emblematic of his landmark quest, in which lights of direction and hope are few and far between. Tim Adams American Geography by Matt Black is published by Thames and Hudson on Thursday (£40 )

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:4 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:46 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 4 The Observer 03.10.21 Agenda SAM FENDER ON MY RADAR S am Fender was born in 1994 and raised in North Shields. He began writing songs aged 14 and started acting a few years later, appearing in the ITV series es Vera. After releasing easin his first single, Play God, independently in 2017, Fender featured in the BBC’s Sound of 2018 poll. He won the critics’ choice award at the 2019 Brit s and his debut album, Hypersonic Missiles, entered the UK charts at No 1. His second album, Seventeen Going Under, is out this week on Polydor. Killian Fox Art Neal Fox I love this painter’s work. I can’t describe his style - I’m not that cultured! It’s a bit abstract and just wacky, you know? I followed him on Instagram and just looked at his art and thought : fucking hell, this is brilliant. Ever since then I’ve followed his career. He did some pictures for the French House pub in Soho , with some of the characters who drank there – the one with Francis Bacon is cracking. I like his political stuff as well. He had a pop at Boris Johnson – he did a picture for the Guardian of Boris painting himself as a clown . That was good. Restaurant Book Beyond Band of Brothers by Major Dick Winters I’m fascinated with the second world war. My gran dad used to jump out of planes behind enemy lines in Yugoslavia and Africa and he was just a little geordie lad from Shields. Which leads me to this book. Dick Winters [above] was an NCO at the start of the war but ended up becoming the company leader of a group of US paratroopers. The book is his memoir of the war. One thing that runs through it and the TV series Band of Brothers is the idea that you end up fighting for the person next to you. It’s all about the strength of the unit . G adget Oculus Quest 2 headset I’ve just bought an Oculus Quest 2 headset. It’s so good. I was a complete VR sceptic, but when you put the headset on, the perspective completely shifts. It’s so immersive, which is good for somebody who loves escapism. I’m a Star Wars nerd, so I’m playing a lot of Star Wars games as well as a game called Arizona Sunshine , where you just go around shooting zombies. I’ve only had it for four days, so it’s early in my VR experience, but I’m really excited about it. And I’ve not bumped into anything yet! Music We All Want the Same Things by Craig Finn I’m loving this album at the moment. It’s very heartland rock, with that Springsteen style of storytelling that I so admire. He sings in a conversational way and his songs are about down-andout characters, which I relate to a lot, from being a kid. There’s a track called God in Chicago , which is spoken word the whole way through and it’s outstanding. There are some great lines: “We drank in the taverns, we ate somewhere Italian/ Then she’s on the sidewalk trying to ask for a cigarette from oncoming traffic.” It’s beautiful and sad. Riley’s Fish Shack, Tynemouth This place is amazing. It’s on Long Sands beach in Tynemouth , within spitting distance of where I live. You go down in the morning and get kipper and a poached egg in the most amazing wood- fired bun, with loads of capers on and everything, and it sorts you out. You sit there watching the grey North Sea with the sea fret coming in. It’s normally freezing, so they’ve got log burners and fire pits. It’s quite trendy, a bit more pricey than Gregg’s, but it’s really good. Podcast Talking Sopranos This is a podcast about one of my favourite TV shows ever. It’s presented by Michael Imperioli, who plays Christopher, and Steve Schirripa, who plays Bobby Bacala . The two of them chat through every episode, dissecting the story and going into what they reckon the characters are thinking. It’s just brilliant and also lush to get an actor’s perspective. It reveals new things and makes you want to watch it again. I put it on when I’m getting in the bath – it really calms me down when I’m feeling a bit anxious.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:5 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:54 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 03.10.21 5 Are the Corbyn brothers an example to us all? Illustration by David Foldvari David Mitchell F or any news outlets hoping to catch the reader’s eye, it’s been a very difficult week. The Labour party conference was always going to be a vertiginous drop-off in spectacle after the Chelsea flower show , but coinciding with the national petrol shortage has been an aesthetic disaster for the media – all lanyards and tarmac and recrimination, with only Daniel Craig’s figure-hugging puce smoking jacket to relieve the monotony, like a lone pimple in the middle of a corpse’s back. Keir Starmer’s team did their best to help out by arranging a pleasant snap of their boss on the balcony of his Brighton hotel room, suited but tieless, perusing his conference speech with the sea behind. Over his left shoulder hover the ghostly remains of the west pier , crumbling and cut off from land, as inaccessible as a Commons majority. Perhaps it was meant to be a subtle signifier of the decay Britain has been reduced to by Boris Johnson, though, since the pier closed under Harold Wilson , it may be one of the few of the country’s woes that genuinely have nothing to do with Covid or Brexit. Speaking of battered Piers, Jeremy Corbyn’s elder brother has been accusing people of assault. Piers Corbyn was attending a climate emergency debate on the fringes of the conference at which Jeremy was one of the speakers when, according to Piers, he “attempted to ask a question”, but according to the organisers he started heckling . I don’t know who’s right but it’s worth noting that the he-was-heckling camp believe in climate change while team attempted-to-ask-a-question don’t. A bit of pushing and shoving ensued as Piers was encouraged to leave – “they grabbed me and they assaulted me,” says Corbyn major – at the end of which Piers was still there. “You need to sit down and show some goddamn respect,” said the chairwoman, to applause. “They tried to remove me and they gave up,” concluded Piers proudly. His little brother wasn’t so lucky when it came to the Labour party. Jeremy Corbyn is a divisive figure but he’s never more sympathetic than when contemplated alongside Piers. Most people have family members who sometimes let them down or behave badly or oddly or worryingly. In Boris Johnson’s family, that person is obviously Boris Johnson. But between those two Corbyns, Jeremy, for all his unusual qualities, is the normal one. Imagine his exasperation. He was attending an uncontroversial event. He would have been looking forward to a straightforward session of mutual congratulation about being right about how screwed the environment is – serious remarks, smatterings of concerned applause, a comforting atmosphere of doom with no upsetting talk about antisemitism or changes to party election rules. Then up pops Piers who, not content with going around telling everyone that Covid is a hoax, has found a gap in his schedule to shout that, as the leaflets he later handed out put it, “man-made climate change does not exist”. It’s a strange thing about conspiracy theorists that they’re often so keen to collect the full set of conspiracies. Despite the odd and unlikely nature of each individual theory, few adherents seem able to limit themselves to just one. For me, it severely undermines the plausibility of any given claim. For example, it seems very unlikely, but not totally unthinkable, that the moon landings were faked. But it’s off-putting when you’re trying to open your mind to that possibility if whoever’s claiming it swiftly adds that the planes going into the World Trade Center were holograms, Covid is spread by 5G, Elvis is still alive and the Queen’s a lizard. As any statistician will tell you, if the chances of each one being true are small, the probability of all of them is vanishingly minuscule. Conspiracy theorists determined to change the minds of anyone rational would do well to limit themselves to one mad thing each. But Piers’s mind is too active for that. Despite seemingly having his work cut out trying to persuade everyone that the coronavirus is imaginary and that we’re needlessly wrecking our society by locking down and sticking needles in one another, he can’t resist the opportunity also to mention that there’s absolutely no problem pumping infinite amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Can’t he see that that’s a potentially disastrous split in his focus? At this rate the wider public is going to be convinced of neither of his views. Will he not look back with regret and wonder whether, if he’d just stuck to the carbon dioxide thing or the Covid thing, he might at least have prevailed in one of his aims? Or is it not about prevailing? Does he simply have a deep psychological need to smash into any consensus purely because it’s a consensus? So that, if the existence of Covid were somehow disproved, he would immediately start banging on about a deadly virus he’d imagined and claiming that the government was keeping it secret? Or, if humanity’s effect on the climate was disproved, about some invisible gas that was making the weather get vengeful? Is it the boos that echoed around the climate emergency debate when he started interrupting that he’s really in it for? What is admirable about the Corbyn brothers is that, considering how very different their views are, they don’t often slag each other off. Goodness knows, they’re constantly called upon to do so but, wherever possible, they allow their very different approaches to politics to proceed independently. Piers didn’t interrupt Jeremy in the debate and Jeremy didn’t comment on Piers’s intervention. It feels as if there’s some sort of fraternal truce in operation. In fact, at the start of the climate debate, Piers was sitting next to Jeremy’s wife, Laura Alvarez – how harmoniously we can’t know, but perhaps they were discussing family plans for Christmas? Or perhaps they weren’t even arguing at all. Is this something the brothers and sisters in the conference hall could learn from? That it’s OK to rub along with people you don’t totally agree with? How ironic if it was the example of Jeremy Corbyn that led the Labour movement away from all the fruitless bickering and mutual disdain and demonstrated the moral acceptability of compromise. Conspiracy theorists determined to change the minds of anyone rational would do well to limit themselves to one mad thing each

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:6 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 6 The Observer 03.10.21 Agenda The grid Punchy poster art from the golden age of new wave Andrew Krivine began collecting music industry flyers and posters in 1977 on his annual trip from the US to see family in London. “I’d go on expeditions to Camden Market, Rough Trade, Stiff Records and even brazenly walk into the headquarters of Virgin Records,” he recalls. By the time he’d finished college in the early 80s (spending a year in the UK as well as studying in Chicago), he’d amassed around 5,500 items of memorabilia for new wave LPs, gigs and clubs. The finest of these have now been collected in the book Reversing into the Future (published by Pavilion on 14 October, £35). In a time before Spotify and YouTube , poster art was key to a band selling their sound to an audience. “Designers translated music into visual terms,” says Krivine. “This was the last great burst of graphic design creativity of the 20th century.” Alice Fisher The Simone Lia cartoon

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:7 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 14:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 03.10.21 7 Sarah Solemani Screenwriter, 39 Did you draw on your own experience? I didn’t think I’d need to revisit certain painful, traumatic events from my past but our director, Marta Cunningham , said: “Yeah, you do. It’s true to you and it’s what this show is.” So it became a real tug between comedy and drama. I had to question and come to terms with certain things. At auditions, I’d be asked to roll around on a bed with a man I’d never met, in a setting where I was the only woman. That all came out too. It was quite full-on. Sarah Solemani photographed in Ridley Road market, London, by Pål Hansen for the Observer New Review. The actor and writer on her new series about the British anti-fascist movement, arguing with Steve Coogan about #MeToo and learning to surf Writer and actor Sarah Solemani was born in Camden, north London, to an Iranian father and Northern Irish mother. Her first major TV role was alongside Russell Tovey in the BBC Three sitcom Him and Her . Subsequent credits include Bad Education and the films Bridget Jones’s Baby and How To Build a Girl . Solemani is writer and executiveproducer of Ridley Road , a new BBC drama adapted from Jo Bloom’s novel . She lives in LA with her husband and two children. Ridley Road is about the 62 Group , an anti-fascist resistance movement in London’s East End in the 1960s. How did you become interested by their story? I used to live near Ridley Road, so when Jo Bloom’s novel came out in 2014, I pounced on it. It’s insane how little I knew about the area’s history – how close the far right got to power and how organised the anti-fascist movement became to fight it off. Did your family background give you a personal connection? Yes, my dad was an orthodox Jew who grew up around there. My mum’s side of the family also lived in the area. My grandmothers both shopped in Ridley Road market . You did lots of research. Was that eye-opening? Very. I was surprised by how people viewed fascism back then. We like to think we were on the right side of history and fascism died with Hitler, but in 1962, the full extent of the Holocaust wasn’t widely known. In some quarters, it was still known as “the Jewish war”, one we shouldn’t have got involved with. This was before the Race Relations Act so freedom of speech meant you could get a permit and fly swastikas in Trafalgar Square. The rhetoric about “taking our country back” seems scarily pertinent today. Exactly. I made a rule for myself that everything spoken by the far-right characters, you could hear now. Were you hesitant about humanising the Nazi characters? No, I was determined to. Because they are human, they’re not monstrous robots. Depictions of Nazis are often one-note and villainous but it’s human thought that led them to that position. Understanding it might help us unpack what’s happening now. Populist politicians are popping up all over the world, partly because we haven’t humanised the far right in the past. Thought is fluid . That’s why an Obama voter could back Trump four years later. What’s been your reaction to the recent resurgence of antisemitism ? Being Jewish in Britain is a very different experience to being an American or Israeli Jew. There are only 260,000 Jews here. Often, our experience of racism isn’t allowed to be defined by the Jewish person. You have co-created and will co-star in Chivalry , Channel 4’s forthcoming #MeToo satire, with Steve Coogan. How did that come about? We were working together on the film Greed when #MeToo happened. We had rows on set about whether it had gone too far or whether it was a necessary reckoning. Obviously Steve’s very funny and I can hold my own, so the way we were debating was making people laugh. We thought this might be a chance for men and women to laugh together, while recognising the abuse and trauma. That fine line, navigating this new landscape, is what the show’s about. Thought is fluid. That’s why an Obama voter could back Trump four years later You’re part of the writing team on HBO series Barry about a hitman-turnedactor. What’s that like? When I first spoke to [co-creator and star] Bill Hader , he was looking for an actress to be in the writer’s room, so I told him all my actress anecdotes. He was the first fellow professional to say: “That’s so fucked up.” That was when I realised: “Oh, that wasn’t OK.” Did you have to leave the UK to get taken seriously as a writer? I knew I was good enough but British TV is such a small world. There were four or five male gatekeepers to the channels and they kept saying no. America isn’t some gender-equal paradise, but it’s a much bigger market. Because it’s a hyper-capitalist culture, they take economic arguments seriously and women are half the audience. And now you’re adapting Mary Trump’s book about her uncle, Too Much and Never Enough , for TV? It’s still in its early stages but I’m working closely with Mary and it’s incredible, unpacking the psyche of that family. We look at the origin story of the Trump women, working out how Donald happened and why he was enabled. You’re also a champion of sex worker rights. What drew you to that cause? I went to a talk about trafficking and started going to the women’s centre in Kentish Town, north London, where the English Collective of Prostitutes is based. I got involved in campaigning because our laws on sex work are so Victorian. It feels like a missing piece of our social evolution that the poorest, most vulnerable women are getting arrested for selling their bodies. Most of them are only doing sex work to feed their children. We should remove the laws on kerb-crawling, brothel-keeping and soliciting. It would save lives. How do you relax? I do all the cliched Californian things like yoga and surfing. As a Londoner who never went to the seaside, I was scared of the ocean. Surfing has been profoundly good for me. Interview by Michael Hogan Ridley Road starts at 9pm on tonight on BBC One, with all episodes available on iPlayer

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:8 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 8 The Observer 03.10.21 Cover story SPREAD THE WORD 20 CLASSIC BOOKS BY WRITERS OF COLOUR Twenty contemporary writers rs recommend the overlooked novels, essays sandpoetry that t deserve to sit alongside the classics on our bookshelves. Introduced by Kadish Morris

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:9 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:12 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 03.10.21 9 It wasn’t until I started university in 2008 that I truly realised how little regard there was for Black authors. My creative writing lecturer was a Black poet, whose teaching material and reading lists were saturated with authors of colour, but each term, I noticed that the class was shrinking. One day, there was a discourse bubbling among my white peers ; they deemed him too biased, and proclaimed that his reading list was too Black. He’d been suggesting interesting works such as Ishmael Reed’s Juice! and Clarence Major’s Painted Turtle: Woman With Guitar , but students banged their fists on the table for more Plath, more Twain, more Orwell. A 2017 report showed that of 400 authors named as writers r of literature by 2,000 people, only 7% were from Black, Asian or minority ethnic backgrounds . Sunny ny Singh , co-founder of the Jhalak prize , which recognises Black and As ian writers in Britain, said the list reflected “a deeply entrenched imaginative conservatism, where the need to hold on to a nostalgic past combines with a fear of confronting a complex present in all its variety”. I was fortunate in that my mother worked as a stock manager for a small publishing house speciali sing in Caribbean, Black British and South Asian writing called Peepal Tree Press. Books by Courttia Newland, Jacqueline Bishop and Kwame Dawes were regular birthday gifts, but such authors have remained largely absent from discussions about great works of literature. Still, we owe a lot to literary greats such as Toni Morrison and Margaret Busby, whose presence helped to destabili se the homogeneity of the canon. During Morrison’s tenure as an editor at Random House, from 1967 to 1983, the company published 26 books by Black authors. These included Gayl Jones’s Corregidora and Angela Davis’s autobiography. But once she had left the company, only two books by Black authors were published between 1984 and 1990. Busby, Britain’s first Black female publisher, brought works by Guyanese author Roy Heath and Trinidadian historian CLR James into circulation. You’d think all of that labour might have caused a seismic shift in publishing, but as Busby mentioned in a 2020 interview : “I can still go to literary parties where I’m the only Black person.” In recent years, we have seen the republishing of out-of-print books such as Beryl Gilroy’s Black Teacher, a book I deeply enjoyed and believe is necessary reading more than 40 years later. Penguin Classics republished works by Asian American authors such as The Hanging on Union Square by HT Tsiang and East Goes West by Younghill Kang , while Bernardine Ev aristo has chosen a series of neglected novels by Black British writers to be republished by Penguin. But it isn’t only vintage works we should consider as we think about widening the canon . Some books published in the past decade are worth revisiting too. One such is Long Division by Kiese Laymon , a 2013 novel, revised and republished in 2021, about a boy who travels through time to stop the Ku Klux Klan from killing his grandfather. “Between 2001 and 2010, I was rejected by nearly every agent and publisher in NYC,” tweeted Laymon when the revised edition was published. “They imagined no readership for my work generally and specifically no readership for a meta-fictive book about the ways Black children in Mississippi creatively grieve across generations. They were wrong.” Another overlooked novel, also from 2013, is Seduce by the Sheffield-based writer Desiree Reynolds. Set at a funeral on the fictional Church Island in the Caribbean and written primarily in patois, it’s a hurricane of a book that pulsates with love, sex, shame, class and religion . The books on the following list, recommended by some of the greatest voices in literature today, are a heartfelt collection of works that ought to be historised . From Heart of the Race, a socio-historical study of the lives of Black British women by Beverley Bryan, Stella Dadzie and Suzanne Scafe, to A Visitation of Spirits , a novel about a gay Black teenager struggling with religion by Randall Kenan , these books deserve to be considered, critiqued, dramatised, reimagined and conserved like other classics texts. A Broken People’s Playlist by Chimeka Garricks (Masobe, 2000) Chosen by Hari Kunzru This is a beautifully woven set of short stories, each of which are inspired by a beloved pop song: everything from Johnny Cash to Nirvana to Nina Simone. It’s a compelling format with little margin for error and which, if executed correctly, works to magnificent effect. Thankfully, Garricks is a supreme storyteller, and he manages to take us on an absorbing tour of joy and loss. Each of his tales is to be savoured; each concept has the depth of a novel. To use his own theme of music, the individual pieces are as accomplished in their own right and yet as intimately connected as the tracks of an elite jazz album: say, Alice Coltrane’s Journey in Satchidananda , or Kendrick Lamar’s Untitled Unmastered . Garricks’s collection, like the tunes that inspired it, is a musical and magical delight. Hari Kunzru’s most recent novel is Red Pill The Joys of Motherhood by Buchi Emecheta ( Allison & Busby, 1979) Chosen by Bernardine Evaristo LEFT TO RIGHT Una Marson, Buchi Emecheta, Langston Hughes and Édouard Glissant. Buchi Emecheta (1944-2017) arrived in Britain in 1962 from Nigeria and spent the rest of her life in London. The author of 20 books , primarily novels, as well as television plays, she was a literary trailblazer who has never been properly recognised in Britain, although her reputation in Africa and America was sealed a long time ago. Whenever I mention her name to most people in the UK, they’ve never heard of her and have certainly not read her books, which is testament to how much she has been undervalued. It wasn’t always like this. Emecheta, who raised five children Continued overleaf

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:10 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:31 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 10 The Observer 03.10.21 CHOSEN BY BEN OKRI CHOSEN BY BRYAN WASHINGTON CHOSEN BY MICHAEL DONKOR CHOSEN BY TARELL ALVIN MCCRANEY CHOSEN BY MUSA OKWONGA CHOSEN BY HARI KUNZRU CHOSEN BY GUY GUNARATNE CHOSEN BY DIANA EVANS Continued from page 9 alone after she left her violent husband in the 60s, first published a series of columns about Black British life in the New Statesman, which later formed the basis of her first novel, In the Ditch (1972) . By 1983 she was on the starry list of Granta’s Best of Young British Novelists, the only Black person to do so , although she was subsequently overlooked by the literary establishment. Her writing focus ed on African women’s lives, past and present, mainly based in Nigeria, and her finest work is The Joys of Motherhood (1979), which I see as the female counterpart to Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958) . The latter has long been celebrated as a ground breaking novel of Nigerian literature that charts the encounter between pre-colonial Igbo culture and European imperial missions. Yet The Joys of Motherhood is equally groundbreaking and brilliant in its depiction of the life of an Igbo woman, through which Emecheta shows the differences and conflicts between pre-colonial and colonial culture. We discover that Igbo women are not allowed to choose their own husbands, who take ownership of them from their fathers upon marriage, and that their role is defined by their ability to produce and raise sons. This book is a great introduction to Emecheta’s wonderful writing and her name deserves to be embedded in our literary history. Bernardine Evaristo won the Booker prize for Girl, Woman, Other A Visitation of Spirits by Randall Kenan (Grove Press, 1989) Chosen by Tarell Alvin McCraney Spring 2007 : I was set to meet one of my heroes for coffee. The adage advises never to do this – I did it anyway. Almost a decade earlier, I had read a novel that changed my life: A Visitation of Spirits by Randall Kenan, the story of a young Black boy growing up in the American south, who would rather become a bird (literally, and tries to) than come out as gay or queer. Kenan gave me pride in who I was, and what I am : a queer Black man wishing, still, to fly. When I met him in 2007, it felt like I knew him from before. He told me to continue to write, and encouraged me to dig deeper. Through this novel he advises us all to be curious with a “capital C”; tell the story that sparks more questions than answers. He passed away in August of 2020. Tarell Alvin McCraney’s plays include In Moonlight, Black Boys Look Blue CHOSEN BY BERNARDINE EVARISTO Redemption Ground: Essays and Adventures by Lorna Goodison ( Myriad Editions, 2018) Chosen by Margaret Busby The best creative artists are never content to stay obediently contained within anticipated bounds (as I know well from compiling New Daughters of Africa ). So it is with Lorna Goodison , first female poet laureate of Jamaica , winner of the 2019 Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry – and have you seen her beautiful artwork, gracing the cover of her new collection, Mother Muse ? No better time than now to savour her evocative prose, captured in Redemption Ground – an everrewarding book in which personal intimacies connect effortlessly with global concerns, it is also crafted with a generosity that inevitably leads the reader on to other writers and stories. Redemption Ground resonates with compassion, humour and thoughtfulness, as Goodison shares unforgettable formative moments in her life and career, inviting us to accompany her on an ongoing journey of self-discovery. Margaret Busby is the editor of New Daughters of Africa When We Ruled by Robin Walker ( Every Generation Media, 2006) Chosen by Akala My teacher Robin Walker is a monumental scholar. One of the great historians alive in Britain today, h e focuses on African ancient and medieval civilisations and wider Black achievements in art, mathematics, architecture, science etc. He has self published introductory books for children, a photographic history of “precolonial ” Africa, a brilliant imaginative reconstruction of everyday life in early medieval west Africa (based on the evidence) and in particular When We Ruled, arguably the best single volume overview of African history written in a generation. Solidly evidence - led and free from romanticism, clich e or value judg ment, his body of work offers a brilliant resource for students, teachers or anyone interested in what Dr John Henrik Clarke calls “the lost pages of human history ”. Akala is the author of Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire CHOSEN BY YOMI ADEGOKE

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:11 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:31 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Cover story The Observer 03.10.21 11 CHOSEN BY JASBINDER BILAN CHOSEN BY YIYUN LI CHOSEN BY OYINKAN BRAITHWAITE CHOSEN BY MARGARET BUSBY CHOSEN BY JOHNY PITTS CHOSEN BY CALEB AZUMAH NELSON Storms of the Heart: An Anthology of Black Arts & Culture edited by Kwesi Owusu (Camden Press, 1988) Chosen by Diana Evans CHOSEN BY AKALA Night Haunts by Sukhdev Sandhu (Verso, 2007) Chosen by Johny Pitts I discovered Night Haunts around the same time as Stephen Frears’s Dirty Pretty Things ; both works leaking from between the cracks of Blair’s Britain, to reveal hidden lives of immigrants propping up a postcolonial metropole. It wouldn’t surprise me if Sandhu was inspired by Frears’s film; in a 2002 review he described Dirty Pretty Things as “a wake-up call to young writers and directors who for too long have averted their gazes from life in Britain”. Like Frears, Sandhu turns his gaze on a side of London many of us blithely pass through regularly; a dirty city with dirty secrets, after dark. The chapters are dedicated to the people who maintain the capital and keep its secrets , as security guards, minicab drivers and street sweepers, among others; those carrying out essential but invisible work. Like all of Sandhu’s writing, Night Haunts is layered and lyrical (with poetic photographic interludes) and is an essential though under appreciated contribution to the 2000s psychogeography revival. Johny Pitts is the author of Afropean: Notes from Black Europe Heart of the Race by Beverley Bryan, Stella Dadzie and Suzanne Scafe (Virago, 1985) Chosen by Yomi Adegoke When Elizabeth Uviebinené and I were writing our debut book, Slay in Your Lane, it was incredibly important to us to highlight the numerous Black British women who paved the way for the conversations we are having now. As diversity is finally riding high on the publishing agenda, it can be easily forgotten that we are building on a largely underrated and erased canon of work by Black British female writers. A pioneering work that serves as a bedrock for our book as well as the discourse around intersectional feminism in the UK is Heart of the Race by academics and activists Beverley Bryan, Stella Dadzie and Suzanne Scafe. Still relevant today, the study documents the day-to-day lives and experiences of Black women in education, work and healthcare both personally and politically. The book was awarded the Martin Luther King Memorial prize in the year of its publication , 1985, and is wholly deserving of its flowers 36 years later. Yomi Adegoke is co-author of Slay in Your Lane CHOSEN BY WINSOME PINNOCK CHOSEN BY TAHMIMA ANAM CHOSEN BY ANITA SETHI Night Theatre by Vikram Paralkar (4th Estate , 2017 ) Chosen by Oyinkan Braithwaite A doctor is visited after hours by a family who have been violently attacked; the issue is, they have already died from their wounds. Nevertheless, they want him to attend to them so they can be resurrected. The premise is delightful, all Paralkar had to do was stick the landing; and boy did he stick the landing. Night Theatre is part fable, part ghost story, part philosophical reflection on the mystery of life and death. Paralkar’s gem of a first sentence – “The day the dead visited the surgeon, the air in his clinic was laced with formaldehyde” – tells us all we need to know about the tone of the novel: it is morbid, and yet, you can’t help but laugh at the absurdity of it all. I found Night Theatre refreshing, seductive and magical. If this book wasn’t already on your radar, it needs to be. I happened upon it by accident and it was like discovering a secret garden. Oyinkan Braithwaite is the author of My Sister, the Serial Killer This collection of essays is one of the most exciting, galvanising and passionate books I have ever read . Published in 1988, it’s the first major cross-disciplinary anthology of Black artists in Britain, including musicians, film-makers, painters, dancers and writers such as Ben Okri, writing on Shakespeare, and interviews with Jacob Ross, Joan Riley and Ntozake Shange . I read it while I was a student and it was an encounter bristling with so much creative and political energy, connecting the artistic mind across many different themes and spaces, it helped me see how crucial the arts are to our lives and to social change, how they empower us and make us feel connected to the world and each other. It’s among my most cherished books, and I’ll always go back to it. Diana Evans’s latest novel is Ordinary People The Nakano Thrift Shop by Hiromi Kawakami (Bungei Shunju, 2005) Chosen by Bryan Washington This is one of my favourite novels; I read it in Allison Markin Powell’s English translation (published by Europa, 2017). Kawakami’s a genius – his 2013 book, Strange Weather in Tokyo, is one of the great love stories – but Thrift Shop is a book that’s so delightfully itself that it eludes comparison entirely. The story’s basically about a temporary shop worker and the folks she Continued overleaf

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:12 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:31 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 12 The Observer 03.10.21 Cover story Continued from page 11 meets at her gig, but it touches on love, debt, what it means to want more, and what can happen when we find what we’re looking for. I reread the novel in quarantine, and it’s a rare week that I’m not thinking about its characters – where are they now, that kind of thing. The other day I was at Los Angeles airport for the first time in ages, and I saw the novel on sale there, too – Kawakami creates characters and worlds that really stick with you and it’s delightful to think that they follow us, too. Bryan Washington is the author of Memorial Ark of Bones & Other Stories by Henry Dumas (Random House, 1974) Chosen by Musa Okwonga Late one night in May 1968, a New York City police officer shot a man dead on a Harlem subway platform. The officer claimed the victim had threatened him with a knife, but there were no witnesses. At 33 years old, Henry Dumas was one of the rising stars of the Black Arts Movement , a writer who combined sensuous realism with visionary flights and supernatural horror. In the months before his death he’d been collaborating with the musician Sun Ra. His work was scattered in small magazines, but in 1974 a posthumous collection appeared. peared. The title story describes a monstrous boat witnessed by two children , an emanation from the dark collective memory of slavery. Other stories describe southern childhood and adulthood in urban New York. Until this year, copies of Ark of Bones were expensive and hard to find, but the collection has just been reissued, and now readers may finally discover the work of a man whose work was described by Toni Morrison as being of “a quality and quantity… almost never achieved in several lifetimes”. Musa Okwonga is the author of One of Them: An Eton College Memoir Introduction to a Poetics of Diversity by Édouard Glissant (Trans Celia Britton, Liverpool University Press, 2020) Chosen by Guy Gunaratne A contemporary of Franz Fanon , Martiniquan writer Édouard Glissant comes to mind as someone who deserves to be read now more than ever. At once philosophical, political, aesthetic and ethical, Glissant’s writing offers a way to approach the world that allows for the utopian to co exist with practical political commitments. Anyone who enjoys the linguistic interrogations of Maggie Nelson, Donna Haraway , or the novels of Maryse Condé , will find Édouard Glissant worthwhile. His theories on identity in relation – as personhood subject to constant transformation – stand as a necessary alternative to cosmopolitanism or the more CHIANG YEE’S WORK SEEMS CHILDLIKE BUT THERE’S AN UNDERCURRENT OF RESTRAINED MELANCHOLY YIYUN LI capital-fuelled, globali sed context of today. A good place to start: Introduction to a Po etics of Diversity and Sam Coombes’s A Poetics of Resistance . His novel Mahagony (translated by Betsy Wing) was also recently reissued by the University of Nebraska Press. Guy Gunaratne is the author of In Our Mad and Furious City Corregidora by Gayl Jones (Random House , 1975 ) Chosen by Caleb Azumah Nelson As with many of the books I hold dear, I came across Corregidora by Gayl Jones by chance, tucked away on the wrong shelf in a bookshop. Headed by a quote from Toni Morrison (“ No novel about any Black wom an could ever be the same after this ”), it does not disappoint. The narrative centres around Ursa , a blues singer who is haunted not just by the violence of the present but of the past, too. Her family name, Corregidora, comes from the slave master who fathered both her mother and grandmother. While often harrowing, it’s a wonderful novel about how we might create a new future for ourselves, in the present, with consistent action and care. It also features some of the best writing on music, not just in rhythm or description, but leaving enough room for the reader to imagine what hearing those notes or chords might have felt like. Caleb Azumah Nelson is the author of Open Water The Silent Traveller by Chiang Yee (Various, 1937-72) Chosen by Yiyun Li Chiang Yee (1903-1977), was born and raised in China . Between 1933 and 1955 , he lived in the UK and published travel books under the series title The Silent Traveller, written from the perspective of an outside observer of British life, illustrated with Chinese brush paintings and ink sketches. The series started with The Silent Traveller in Lakeland ( the Lake LEFT TO RIGHT Beverley Bryan, Vikram Paralkar, Chimeka Garricks, Lorna Goodison odison and Leesa Gazi.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:13 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:32 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 13 District), followed by London , the Yorkshire Dales , Oxford and Edinburgh . In 1955 he moved to America, and continued the series in New York , Dublin, Paris, Boston, San Francisco and Japan. In 2019, a blue plaque, honouring Chiang Yee, was unveiled at 28 Southmoor Road, Oxford, where he lived from 1940 to 1955 . I have read two books from the series: the ones on the Lake District and New York, and will go on reading him. There is a wide-eyed curiosity in his travelogues. Humour is abundant, both in his prose and in his illustrations. A first glimpse may mark his work as childlike, but there is an undercurrent of restrained melancholy, starting with his Chinese pen name, which in translation was The Silent Traveller. As a citizen of the world, he seemed at ease in all places, though those places, one imagines, were far from home. In his writing he expressed Chinese philosophies that a wise man should retain his childlike mind, and humankind should aspire to gain freedom from too many desires. His travel books, in a sense, are all works of longing for peace and harmony. Yiyun Li’s latest novel is Must I Go London Calling by Una Marson ( First performed at the Ward theatre, Kingston, Jamaica in 1937) Chosen by Winsome Pinnock Una Marson (1905-1965) was a Jamaican-born playwright, poet, activist and broadcaster. Over the course of her career the pioneering writer racked up a number of firsts: she was the first Black woman to broadcast for the BBC during the second world war with her cultural radio programme Caribbean Voices and was the first Black woman to have a play produced in London’s West End . Her play London Calling gives an insight into the little known subject of life in the UK for a group of Caribbean students in the 1930s, a decade before the better-known era of post war mass migration . Marson’s humour is often shrewd and dark, with the students dramatically turning the table on the stereotypes imposed on them to reveal the absurdities of prejudice. Beneath the conventional dramaturgy is a complex commentary on the cultural exclusion and erasure of Black talent, as well as a demonstration of the potential of theatre to resist such dehumanisation. Winsome Pinnock’s most recent play is Rockets and Blue Lights I Wonder As I Wander and Collected Poems by Langston Hughes (Vintage Books, 1934/1994) Chosen by Anita Sethi I first discovered the writing of Langston Hughes as a teenager browsing the bookshelves in my home town library, Manchester Central Library. “Hold fast to dreams” were the first words I read, such welcome advice when my dreams of becoming a writer seemed so out of reach. I got goosebumps reading the lines: “I’ve known rivers: / Ancient, dusky rivers. / My soul has grown deep like the rivers.” I felt how nature could be written about in a visceral, soulful way, and such language came to haunt and flow through me as I walked by the local River Irwell for my own book. Hughes’s humane writing, his clarion call for equality, inspired so many during the civil rights movement , showing that we are all a part of nature, that people of colour are not inferior objects but also have souls as deep as rivers. Writers of colour such as Hughes, however, were nowhere near the school syllabus, which was overwhelmingly monocultural . I hope for future generations that will change, and that budding writers of colour will believe that their story belongs in a book – and see their dreams become reality. Anita Sethi is author of I Belong Here: A Journey Along the Backbone of Britai n The Tunnels Below by Nadine Wild-Palmer (Pushkin, 2019) Chosen by Jasbinder Bilan I’d love to shine a light on Nadine Wild-Palmer’s wonderful debut, The Tunnels Below. It was published in 2019 and when I first read it, this pacey adventure pulled me straight into the action. It is a glorious middle-grade novel set in the imaginary world of the tube tunnels below London. The main character Cecilia is having a birthday and on this special day is given an incredible but somewhat mysterious glass marble with a chip in it. When it GIVEN HIS STARRY PRESENCE IN AFRICAN LITERATURE, IT’S A WONDER OKIGBO IS NOT BETTER KNOWN IN THE WEST BEN OKRI rolls into the underground tunnel Cecilia chases after it, and is whisked aboard a deserted tube train to a magical world. She meets Kuffi , a strikingly tall semi-human fox and learns of the cruel Corvus regime . She must do everything she can to help her new found friends. It’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland crossed with The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Get a copy, you’ll love it! Jasbinder Bilan’s most recent book is Asha & the Spirit Bird Hellfire by Leesa Gazi (Trans Shabnam Nadiya, Eka Westland, 2020) Chosen by Tahmima Anam A book that I feel deserves a wide and rapturous audience is Hellfire by Leesa Gazi . This incredible novel confirms Gazi as the most exciting and original voice in contemporary Bangladeshi literature. The entire story takes place over the course of one day, a day in which the main protagonist, Lovely, is allowed to leave her house for the first time on the occasion of her 40th birthday. Lovely sets out on her adventure, while the rest of the household – Lovely’s sister, Beauty, her hapless father, and the immovable matriarch who controls every aspect of their lives, Rehana Khanam, wait for her at home. It’s a study in atmosphere, almost unbearably tense, with a gripping twist of an ending. This is Gazi’s debut novel, translated impeccably by Shabnam Nadiya, and it has haunted my dreams ever since I turned the first page. Tahmima Anam is the author of The Startup Wife Search Sweet Country by Bernard Kojo Laing (Heinemann, 1986 ) Chosen by Michael Donkor Bernard Kojo Laing’s Search Sweet Country is a thrillingly restive novel. It captures the kinetic character of Ghana’s capital, Accra . Set in the city in 1975, 18 years after independence , Laing’s narrative presents us with a motley ensemble of characters. They represent the complex social heterogeneity of a new nation trying to discover its sense of self. In an exuberantly freewheeling plot, we encounter, among others, a gnomic farmer, a taciturn academic, questionable policemen, a visionary witch and an aspiring photographer, all of whom give insights into the potential and potency of Accra. Laing’s style possesses an admirably rebellious energy. English and Ghanaian dialects are interwoven. Descriptions of Accra’s streetlife are lyrical. Portrayals of the clunking apparatus of the state are bitingly satirical. The narration sometimes tilts towards the fantastical too, in its contemplations of Ghana’s spiritual traditions. The African novel is so rarely praised for its formal innovation but this daring and unboundaried work certainly needs to be considered on those terms. Michael Donkor is the author of Hold Labyrinths by Christopher Okigbo (APC, 1971) Chosen by Ben Okri There are poets who have a magical presence in the literature of their lands. Often this is due to a combination of the work and the life. The lives of such poets have the curious prestige of early death or some sort of immolation. This casts a spectral light on their work. Christopher Okigbo is one such poet. He became synonymous with the Biafran war because he was its most celebrated casualty. It is as hard to read his poetry outside the context of his death as it is to read Byron outside the context of his. Death charges Okigbo’s poetry retroactively. But he is more than the poet who died in war. He is also a poet of initiation, of glimpses, of cultural loss, a truncated nature poet. Given his starry presence in African literature, it is a source of wonder that he is not better known in the west. It may be because he has only the one legendary volume. There are no letters, stories, essays, novels. Just the purity of that single volume. In that sense he is a quintessential poet. He should be at least as well known as A E Hous man and be spoken about as a war poet in the same way as a Wilfred Owen, that special breed of poet whose work is fused with early death and national significance. But Okigbo was a poet who disdained labels. He would be appalled to be written about as a writer of colour. For him there are only two kinds of writers: bad ones and good ones. Colour, tribe, nationality meant nothing to his aristocratic sense of the universality of poetry. When I discovered his poetry in my 20s I fell in love with the haunting quality of his voice. For years I quoted his lines to friends. I knew someone who could recite the whole of Labyrinths, his only volume, and not to be confused with the same title by Borges. Though I think Borges would have loved him. Here are some lines, chosen at random: “Smoke of ultramarine and amber / Floats above the fields after/ Moonlit rains…” Or: “Softly sing the bells of exile, / The angelus, / Softly sings my guardian angel.” And these are not from the searing prophecies of war that made him an icon. Ben Okri’s most recent book is The Freedom Artist To order selected books from this list go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:14 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 14:53 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 14 The Observer 03.10.21 Interview ‘My intimacy with Simone de Beauvoir was unique. It cannot be reproduced. It was love’ As an autobiographical novel by the feminist writer is published for the first time in English, Sylvie Le Bon de Beauvoir – the adopted daughter with whom Simone shared the last 26 years of her life – talks about their bond Interview by Kim Willsher BELOW Simone de Beauvoir, right, and Elisabeth ‘Zaza’ Lacoin, with whom the writer had an intense coming-of-age friendship, 1928. de Beauvoir was haunted by the death of her childhood ‘Simone friend Zaza … I think she spent the rest of her life looking for the intimacy they’d had,” says Sylvie Le Bon de Beauvoir. “For a long time she didn’t succeed, but I believe she found it with me.” For all but the most ardent followers of the 20th-century feminist and author of The Second Sex this statement may come as a surprise. De Beauvoir is most famously linked to fellow writer and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre , with whom she enjoyed – and at times endured – a 50-year open relationship . Now The Inseparables , an autobiographical De Beauvoir novel written in 1954 but just published for the first time in English, has thrown light on two relationships with women that bookended the writer’s life: the first, her intense comingof-age friendship with classmate Elisabeth “Zaza” Lacoin ; the last, with Le Bon de Beauvoir, who was her companion for more than 25 years and whom De Beauvoir adopted to pass on her literary legacy. As De Beauvoir told a biographer: “You can explain my feeling for Sylvie by comparing it to my friendship with Zaza. I have kept my nostalgia for that my whole life.” The Inseparables – as Le Bon de Beauvoir has named it in the absence of a title on the original manuscript – is a short, intimate account of De Beauvoir’s ultimately doomed relationship with Zaza, who died suddenly of viral encephalitis aged 21 , and was written after she won the prestigious Goncourt literary prize in 1954 . The story was never published in De Beauvoir’s lifetime, not, Le Bon de Beauvoir insists, because it was “too intimate” – as was suggested when it came out in France last year – or even because Sartre was dismissive of it, but because the writer wanted to move away from fiction to concentrate on her memoirs. “She wasn’t happy with it because it wasn’t what she wanted to do at the time. She wanted to write an autobiography, not another novel. But she kept it, which suggests a certain judg ment of it, because she destroyed the works she didn’t want to keep,” Le Bon de Beauvoir says. At 80 , Le Bon de Beauvoir, like De Beauvoir a former philosophy professor, is a strikingly elegant and discreet figure who in the 35 years since the writer’s death has rarely spoken at length or written about her love for De Beauvoir, partly, she suggests, to shield herself. The story of how the celebrated feminist thinker, then in her 50s, met and became attached to a young philosophy undergraduate from Rennes 33 years her junior is in itself worthy of a novel. Le Bon was 17 and still at high school when she wrote to De Beauvoir, expressing her admiration and asking if they could meet. Later, after she moved to Paris to study, De Beauvoir invited her to her home, a two-floor artists’ studio in an art deco building in Rue Victor Schoelcher , in Paris’s 14th arrondissement . “Lots of people wrote to her, especially young women and especially philosophy students like me, and she always replied,” she says. In the fourth volume of her memoirs, dedicated “To Sylvie”, De Beauvoir writes that Le Bon’s appearance in her life was “a stroke of luck”, even if her guest seemed “very intimidated” and so nervous “she twisted her fingers and spoke with a strangulated voice”. “I was very intimidated, but she succeeded in putting me at ease and asked me about my studies and my family. I was very moved by her interest and I remember very well that first rendezvous,” Le Bon de Beauvoir says. The death of De Beauvoir’s mother, Françoise , three years later brought the two women even closer. “Something happened between us that, like love, is not explicable. She let me into her life and presented me to her friends in her entourage including Sartre. And then we began travelling together in the summers.” Before she died, in April 1986 – the day before the sixth anniversary of Sartre’s death – De Beauvoir, who never married or had children, formally adopted Le Bon to allow her to inherit her collection of unpublished correspondence, notebooks and manuscripts. Le Bon de Beauvoir, as she has since been known, says the adoption RIGHT ‘Our relationship was not at all mother and daughter’: Sylvie Le Bon de Beauvoir . Philip Provily/ Opale/Bridgeman Images

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:15 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 14:53 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 15 LEFT Simone de Beauvoir, centre, alongside Sylvie Le Bon at a demonstration for women’s abortion rights in Paris, c1972. Sipa Press was a legal, not filial move. “Our relationship was not at all mother and daughter,” she says. “ I was very close to her for 26 years and she trusted me; despite the age difference we were friends, equal friends . There was love, a very strong love, and obviously for my part there was also huge admiration for her.” De Beauvoir told her American biographer, Deirdre Bair , that Le Bon was “the ideal companion of my adult life” and said she had “elevated Sylvie to a separate plane” within her life, “one parallel if not equal to Sartre’s”. Le Bon de Beauvoir herself told Bair: “What made it complicated is that neither one of us was prepared, especially me, to love someone who was a woman. But that’s what it was, love, that’s all.” In France, some have seen Les inséparables as an account of a nascent lesbian affair and proof of De Beauvoir’s bisexuality, which she had always denied. French Vanity Fair described De Beauvoir and Zaza’s relationship as “ambiguous” while the newspaper Libération pulled no punches, suggesting it was De Beauvoir’s “first lesbian love story” under the headline “Simone de Beauvoir’s Second Sexuality”. While De Beauvoir’s relationships with women were opaque and scandalous at the time – as a philosophy professor she was accused of seducing young female students – she never spoke publicly of her sexuality, which Le Bon de Beauvoir says “wasn’t important to her”. Lauren Elkin , who translated the UK edition from French, said: “It’s definitely a queer love story in the sense that it’s ambiguous in the context of what the De Beauvoir character’s feelings are for Zaza. It’s something more than a crush, more than just a platonic friendship.” Le Bon de Beauvoir, however, disagrees. “It’s absurd to speak about a lesbian relationship [in the novel] when desire and the body are not involved. It was love. We can say that Simone loved Zaza but it is what we call a flamme , an ardour, the sort of sentiment in childhood that is so terribly important and marks the entry into adulthood,” she says. “Simone’s love for Zaza was nothing to do with sex. That doesn’t mean it wasn’t intense.” The relationship clearly haunted De Beauvoir, who attempted to resurrect Zaza in her writing, returning to her story on four occasions, most notably in the first volume of her four-part autobiography, Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter. But it is in The Inseparables that we see the full intensity . “Simone was extremely shocked and revolted by Zaza’s death,” says Le Bon de Beauvoir, “which opened her eyes to the oppression of women in the bourgeoisie and this was a determining factor that led her to write The Second Sex. For her, this wasn’t just a story; there was a message to be drawn from Zaza’s life that spoke of how they [women] were prevented from becoming entire human beings.” De Beauvoir was still living at the apartment in Rue Victor Schoelcher, near Montparnasse – where she first met Le Bon, who says she visited the writer almost every day towards the end – when she died in 1986 aged 78. “It was the end of everything for me. I loved her and my whole world collapsed,” she says. “What saved me was that she had left me her oeuvre, her legacy, and it was this responsibility that saved me because it gave me work, and that work was marvellous because it enabled me to find her again through her manuscripts . “As a person, Simone was warm and happy, it was instantly clear she was someone who loved life and was enormously interested in other people. She really was the most open, adorable, radiant person and to listen to her, to be with her, was a source of inspiration.” I ask if Le Bon de Beauvoir is tempted to write her own version of their relationship. “Perhaps I will write about her one day – I have always kept notebooks so maybe I’ll do it in a different way. Because you have asked, I will think about it.” Does she have a young protege , a “Sylvie” in her own life? “Non, non, non,” she says . “History doesn’t repeat itself like that. The relationship I had with Simone was unique. It cannot be reproduced.” The Inseparables is published by Vintage (£12.99). To order a copy for £11.30 go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:16 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:05 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 16 Subject RIGHT New York, 1971 by Helen Levitt. All photographs © Film Documents LLC Courtesy Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:17 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:05 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 17 RIGHT New York, 1980. Half a century of New York minutes RIGHT New York, 1940. A retrospective of US street photographer Helen Levitt puts her eye for people in sharp focus, writes Sean O’Hagan T he American poet and cultural critic David Levi Strauss memorably described Helen Levitt as “maybe the most celebrated and least known photographer of her time”. That was in 1997 , when Levitt was 84 and the subject of a retrospective at the International Center of Photography in New York, the city in which she was born and made most of her work. Just over two decades on, and 12 years after her death, aged 95 , in 2009 , one could argue that little has changed in terms of her enigmatic status. In a few weeks’ time, though, a more radical retrospective of Levitt’s work opens at the Photographers’ Gallery in London, having garnered much attention at the Arles photography festival in 2019 . Titled In the Street and curated by Walter Moser , art historian and chief curator for photography at the Albertina Museum, Vienna , it suggests that almost everything you know about Helen Levitt, if indeed you know her at all, is wrong. “There had been this notion that Levitt’s photographs are lyrical and poetic, words that are too often applied lazily to the work of female photographers,” says Moser, who has spent years researching Levitt’s archive and discovered many previously unseen images. “The truth is that Levitt was part of a highly intellectual cultural and political milieu in New York in the 1930s and her photography reflected her deep interest in surrealism, cinema, leftwing politics and the new ideas that were then emerging about the role of the body in art.” Over two floors in the Continued on page 19

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Section:OBS 2R PaGe:19 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Subject The Observer 03.10.21 19 RIGHT New York, 1973. Continued from page 17 Photographers’ Gallery, In the Street will trace her work in photography and film over 50 years of restless, inquisitive looking. The world she observed for most of that time was defiantly local – Manhattan’s Lower East Side, the Bronx and Spanish Harlem – and yet recognisably universal in its capturing of the rhythms and gestures of children’s play and adults’ social interactions or solitary reveries. It is a dramatically different world to our own, the city streets teeming with children, who play with reckless abandon on stoops, waste grounds and vacant buildings . Levitt was born in Brooklyn in 1913 , the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants. Her interest in photography blossomed when, aged 18, and having dropped out of high school, she began working in the darkroom of a commercial portrait photographer. Five years later, she bought a secondhand 35mm camera and, in his illuminating catalogue essay for her retrospective, Duncan Forbes asks us to picture “a diminutive, determined figure striding out, daringly at first, from Bensonhurst in Brooklyn across the city, transforming herself as a modern woman through her desire to see things differently”. That desire would take a few years to change itself into a singular and subtle vision of the New York streets that remains an intriguing counterpoint to the more combative images made by the mostly male practitioners who followed in her wake in the 1960s and 70s and have all but defined the term “street photography”. But on the evidence Moser has gathered from her LEFT New York, 1982. archives, which includes previously unseen photographs, contact sheets and short films, the term “street photographer” barely does Levitt justice. “She doesn’t just charge in like many male street photographers tend to,” says Siân Davey , a British documentary photographer whose quietly observational work explores the psychology of family, self and community. “Instead, in her pictures, you sense a particular quality of contact between her and her subjects. There is tenderness and an absence of ego that tells you what kind of person she was.” Although Levitt was a quiet, solitary figure on the streets of New York, she was not a detached observer: rather, Moser says , she wanted her subjects to be aware of her presence and respond to it. “People are often presenting themselves in regard to the photographer opposite them,” he says. “They are knowing participants in her photographs – looking at her, smiling at her, flirting or striking a pose for her camera, though often she crops her photographs to take out these overt acknowledgments of her presence. On one level, her photography is essentially a performative exchange and that lends it a very contemporary resonance.” Initially, though, it was her exposure to the social realism of the determinedly leftwing Workers Film and Photo League that shaped her early style. Through it, she absorbed the idea that photography was an agent of social change. “I decided I should take pictures of workingclass people and contribute to the movements,” Levitt later said of that time. “And then I saw pictures of [Henri] Cartier-Bresson and realised that photography could be an art – and that made me ambitious.” She met Cartier-Bresson in 1935, introducing herself at a talk he gave to the Film and Photo League and subsequently accompanying him on a day-long shoot despite initially being intimidated into silence by his presence. “He was an intellectual, highly educated,” she later recalled. “I was a high-school dropout.” Her participation in the Film and Photo League also exposed Levitt to the work of avant garde film-makers from Europe and Russia as well as surrealist ideas and radical developments in contemporary dance. These contrasting formal influences – the realist and the poetic – were central to Levitt’s way of seeing, both in her photography and in her later embrace of film-making. As her style matured, her photographs of children seem almost choreographed in their capturing of the gestures and glances of play. And, though often joyous, they frequently have a darker undertone: the children engage in combat games and pose as gangsters in homage to the Hollywood films of the time. In one image, a child recoils as if he has just been slapped LEFT New York, 1940. in the face by the adult looming over him. “There is a hint of darkness in her work, but it is never overt,” says Brett Rogers, director of the Photographers’ Gallery . “In her photographs, she presents the street as an almost theatrical landscape where the smallest interactions and gestures are incredibly resonant.” In 1938, Levitt met another toweringly influential photographer, Walker Evans , whom she also befriended. Evans introduced her to the writer James Agee , with whom she would collaborate on her book, A Way of Seeing , and several intriguing films, including In the Street and The Quiet One , a documentary about an emotionally disturbed African American child. For all that, Levitt was an intensely private individual who gave very few interviews in her lifetime. We know that she lived alone in her New York apartment with a cat called Binky and that she suffered from Ménière’s disease , which causes hearing problems and dizziness. In old age, she said, perhaps only half-jokingly, “I have felt wobbly all my life”. “For all the research I have done, her personality is a mystery to me,” says Moser. “I just could not figure her out. She was ambitious and knew what she wanted and she was certainly not shy, but to a great degree, she hid behind her work.” She also expressed herself through her photography in often bold and prescient ways as when, in 1959, she began shooting in colour. The results still startle when you see her prints for the first time, the deep tonal richness of the reds and greens adding a heightened otherness to her street tableaux. A young girl, crouching spider-like beneath the gleaming green surface of a pristine car is a study in childhood reverie amid an adult world that seems even more extravagantly unreal. Sadly, most of her colour negatives were lost when her apartment was burgled in 1970, forcing her to shoot again on the same streets with renewed intensity of purpose. In her later photographs, it is the unruly energy and makeshift nature of New York that resonates, the streets becoming less playful and more crowded and combative, her images less joyous as the decades pass. “In the work she made in the 30s and 40s, she is always representing people who occupy their own space in their neighbourhoods,” says Moser, “but, by the late 1960s, and more profoundly in the 1980s, you are seeing in her images the ways in which the city has become increasingly regulated by consumerism and capitalism. This, too, of course, has a real resonance for our times.” The exhibition’s title is borrowed from her first film, In the Street, which she made in 1948 in collaboration with Agee and the poet and photographer Janice Loeb . It is a short, silent, incredibly evocative flow of images from the bustling streets of Spanish Harlem in the 1940s. The first words that appear on screen are: “The streets of the poorer quarters of great cities are above all a theatre and a battleground.” That comes close to capturing the particular atmosphere of Helen Levitt’s extraordinary body of work, if not its singularly expressive power. She was, and remains, a quiet genius of 20 th century photography. Helen Levitt: In the Street is at the Photographers’ Gallery, London W1, from 15 October to 13 February 2022

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:20 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 12:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 20 The Observer 03.10.21 Ideas, analysis, gadgets and beyond A good year for the robots Social distancing and labour shortages have accelerated the rise of the worker robots. This in turn has put more jobs at risk and makes the need to reframe society ever more urgent, writes Martin Ford A s the coronavirus pandemic enveloped the world last year, businesses increasingly turned to automation in order to address rapidly changing conditions. Floor-cleaning and microbe-zapping disinfecting robots were introduced in hospitals, supermarkets and other environments. Some enterprises found that, given the new emphasis on hygiene and social distancing, robotic operations offered a marketing advantage. The American fast food chain White Castle began using hamburger-cooking robots in an effort to create “an avenue for reduced human contact with food during the cooking process”. With the worst days of the pandemic hopefully now behind us, the jobs story has turned out to be unexpectedly complicated. While overall unemployment rates remain elevated, both the US and the UK are experiencing widespread worker shortages, focused especially in those occupations that tend to offer gruelling work conditions and relatively low pay. Even as a quarter of a million of British workers who held jobs in 2019 remain unemployed, job vacancies are up 20 % from pre-pandemic levels . The reasons behind the worker shortages are not entirely clear. A common assumption is that extended payments to furloughed workers allowed people to remain out of the workforce. However, evidence from a number of US states that moved to discontinue unemployment benefits early suggests that the extended payments may not have played a major role. Many workers may have simply reassessed their willingness to do difficult and often unrewarding jobs in return for low pay. In the U K , Brexit has greatly exacerbated the situation. At least 200,000 EU nationals, primarily from eastern Europe, who once filled roles in areas such as agriculture, transportation and logistics, have left the country and may never return. All of this has created a powerful incentive for businesses to invest in automation . As British farms confront the absence of seasonal workers who once flooded in from eastern Europe, interest in agricultural robots is growing. The UK-based startup Small Robot Company , for example, has developed two robots capable of killing weeds in wheat fields while cutting down dramatically on the use of chemical pesticides. The first robot autonomously prowls a wheat field, and with precision and patience that no human could match analy ses each individual wheat plant using several cameras, mapping the exact locations where weeds are beginning to encroach. Once this data has been collected, a second, somewhat frightening, five-armed robot follows, killing the weeds by administering a powerful electric shock. Another startup company, Xihelm , which received venture funding from the UK government in 2018, has built a robot capable of harvesting fragile fruits and vegetables in greenhouses. The robot can, for example, carefully pick tomatoes after using artificial intelligence to identify only the ripest fruit. In the U S , where the worker shortage has hit the restaurant industry especially hard, the White Castle chain has introduced french fry automation to work alongside its new hamburger robots, while the national restaurant chain Sweetgreen acquired a startup company that provides robotic kitchen technology. McDonald’s restaurants in the Chicago area are experimenting with an artificial GETTY IMAGES

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:21 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 12:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Robots The Observer 03.10.21 21 intelligence-powered voice system that can process customer orders in drive-throughs. There can be no doubt that the pandemic and the associated worker shortage are accelerating the drive toward deploying artificial intelligence, robotics and other forms of automation. In the UK, the trend is being further amplified as Brexit’s impact on the workforce becomes evident. However, the reality is that most of these technologies are unlikely to arrive in time to offer a solution to the immediate challenges faced by employers. Xihelm’s tomato-picking robot, for example, remains in the testing phase; the machines are not yet generally available for purchase. Some of the most critical worker shortages the UK are in transportation and logistics . By one estimate, the country is currently short of at least 100,000 truck drivers. As has been widely publicised, this has led to shortages of everything from petrol to McDonald’s milkshakes. No robots will be coming to the rescue in the near future. While a number of startup companies in Silicon Valley and elsewhere are working on self-driving trucks, the technology remains at several years away from commercial viability . Over the course of a decade or more, however, the overall impact of artificial intelligence and robotics on the job market is likely to be significant and in some specific areas the technologies may lead to dramatic change within the next few years. And many workers will soon confront the reality that the encroachment of automation technology will not be limited to the often low-paying and less desirable occupations where worker shortages are currently concentrated. Consider, for example, the distribution cent res run by Amazon or the online grocery retailer Ocado. As online shopping has accelerated, these warehouses have become an employment bright spot, providing jobs for many thousands of workers. Less than a decade ago, facilities of this kind would have been animated by hundreds of workers continuously roving between tall shelves containing thousands of different items. The workers would have included “stowers” tasked with taking newly arrived inventory and storing it on shelves and “pickers” responsible for retrieving items in order to fulfil customer orders. In today’s most advanced distribution cent res, this bustling motion has become almost a mirror image of itself. It is now the workers who remain stationary – doing the picking and stowing – while the inventory shelves speed about, ALAMY, MISO ROBOTICS, XIHELM Thinking outside the box Today’s most advanced distribution centres employ fully autonomous robots. Picking and stowing operations, however, require a level of visual perception and dexterity that only humans can perform. conveyed between destinations by fully autonomous robots. Amazon now operates more than 200,000 of these robots at its distribution cent res worldwide, while Ocado employs more than 1,000 at a single facility in Andover in Hampshire . Companies such as Amazon and Ocado continue to employ massive human workforces largely because the robots are – so far – unable to perform the picking and stowing operations that require human-level visual perception and dexterity. This is certain to change, however. Both companies, as well as number of well-funded startups, are working on building more dexterous robots. Indeed, Amazon’s CEO, Jeff Bezos, speaking at a conference in 2019, said: “I think [robotic] grasping is going to be a solved problem in the next 10 years.” And as robots advance, they will likewise be deployed ever more frequently in restaurants, supermarkets and other environments. More educated white-collar workers will quickly discover that they are by no means exempt from the rise of AI. Any job that involves the relatively routine analysis or Get the patty started A hamburgercooking robot in Los Angeles. The move to automation was seen as ‘an avenue for reduced human contact with food during the cooking process’. More educated white-collar workers will quickly discover that they are by no means exempt from the rise of AI Ripe for the picking Startup company Xihelm’s harvesting robot is capable of picking fragile fruits and vegetables in greenhouses. Artificial intelligence allows the machine to identify and select only the ripest produce. manipulation of information is likely to fall in whole or in part to software automation. Some of the world’s largest media organi sations, for example, already use AI systems that automatically generate news articles, while intelligent legal algorithms analy se contracts and predict the outcome of litigation. AI is even beginning to demonstrate a talent for routine computer programming. In many cases, knowledge work will prove to be easier and less expensive to automate than lower-paid work that requires physical manipulation . In the long run, as advancing technology shapes our post-pandemic future, the workforce will increasingly be divided into winners and losers. The losers will be those who focus largely on routine, predictable tasks, regardless of whether these activities are physical or intellectual in nature, and often independent of education level. The winners are likely to fall into one of three general groups. First, skilled trade workers, such as plumbers and electricians, who do work that requires dexterity, mobility and problem-solving ability in highly unpredictable settings. The same is true for a care worker who assists an elderly person with his or her daily needs. This type of work is far beyond the capability of any existing robot and these jobs will remain safe for the foreseeable future. Second, those workers whose occupations require the development of deep, sophisticated relationships with other people will be relatively safe. This might include caring roles, such as nursing, or business or educational occupations that require complex human interactions. While AI is making progress in this arena – for example, there are already chatbots that can provide rudimentary mental health support – it is likely to be a long time before machines can form truly meaningful relationships with humans. The final category includes intellectual work that is creative or activities that are otherwise genuinely nonroutine and unpredictable in nature. For these workers, artificial intelligence will be likely to amplify, rather than replace, their efforts. Within many professions, a winner-takeall scenario might unfold; the most creative individuals will rise to the top, while those focused on more routine activities will face a growing threat from automation. The best advice for individuals is to transition from routine, predictable work and towards one of these winning categories. Historically, however, advancing technology has tended to drive most workers from routine work in one sector to routine work in another. As agriculture became mechani sed, workers moved from farms to factories, but they continued to do routine work. Later, workers moved to routine jobs in the service sector. The rise of artificial intelligence will require an unprecedented transition . But it is unclear whether a sufficient number of non-routine jobs will be created – and, even if they are, many workers will likely lack the inherent talents and personality traits required to take on creative or relationship-based roles. Designing a society that can adapt to the rise of artificial intelligence and allow everyone to thrive as these changes unfold is likely to be one of our most significant challenges in the coming decades. It will require an emphasis on re training and education for those workers who can realistically undertake the necessary transition, as well as an improved safety net – and perhaps an entirely new social contract – for those who will inevitably be left behind. Martin Ford is the author of Rule of the Robots: How Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Everything, published on 30 September (Basic Books, £20). To order a copy for £17.40 go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:22 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 22 The Observer 03.10.21 Volcanology ‘Beautiful mountains of incandescent fury’: The volcano on the Spanish island of La Palma in the Canaries erupts for the first time in 50 years. ‘Volcanoes aren’t like bombs…’ The ongoing eruption on La Palma has raised concerns over cancelled holidays and a potential tsunami. Here volcanologist Robin George Andrews weighs up the risks O n 19 September , after 50 years of magmatic quiescence, the Cumbre Vieja volcano on the Spanish island of La Palma roared back to life . Ash speckled the sky, and molten rock cooking at 1,075 C oozed from several fresh fissures and cascaded down the volcano’s western flanks in the form of hadean rivers, ploughing through houses and farms with insouciance. Fortunately, thanks to the work of local scientists and emergency services, thousands of people were evacuated ahead of time, and no deaths have yet been reported. So, what happens next? What new threats will emerge from the volcano? How long will this go on for? And why would anyone want to live in the shadow of such a menacing volcano in the first place? How long is this eruption going to go on for? That’s incredibly difficult to say. It could suddenly stop in the next few days, or it could go on for months. The average length of an eruption on La Palma in the Canary Islands is a month, but volcanic eruptions are like cats: they all possess their own distinctive personalities, and the duration of their paroxysmal moods can vary wildly. What are its hazards? The primary hazard is the relentless flow of lava – it has already bulldozed through hundreds of homes on the southwestern corner of the island, and it will continue to do so as it crawls its way towards the coast. The ash, too, is a problem: it’s not great to breathe in, especially if you have a pre-existing respiratory condition; it also creates visibility problems, burns out electric circuits, kills off car engines, pollutes waterways and smothers crops. A more insidious danger comes courtesy of the density of volcanic ash: the weight of accumulated ash on rooftops can cause them to collapse. The eruption has become more explosive as of late. I’ve heard that this could cause a landslide and, in turn, a dangerous tsunami. Should I head for higher ground? Volcanologists are concerned about the flanks of unstable volcanoes tumbling into the sea, which can and have triggered destructive tsunamis. A speculative paper from 2001 , which formed the basis of an uncritical and sensationalist documentary, suggested the catastrophic collapse of the Cumbre Vieja volcano could cause a tsunami that would drown America’s eastern seaboard in waves up to 25 metres (82ft) high . But that paper has since been widely debunked; scientists consider such a dramatic flank collapse as almost impossible. Not only is Cumbre Vieja structurally stable, but to get a flank collapse of any kind you would need a colossal volcanic explosion to coincide with a remarkably powerful earthquake – a confluence considered so unlikely to happen that it’s not worth considering. Even if the geologic gods were feeling especially grumpy and willed it to happen, the flank collapse would not produce anything close to that apocalyptic tsunami. Will the lava do anything dangerous if it reaches the ocean? Only if you’re standing nearby. When hot lava meets seawater it quenches, creating a plume of hydrochloric acid, glassy ash and steam – a decidedly problematic concoction. You can also get minor explosions if the magma wraps up and violently cooks seawater, which can jettison volcanic debris into the air. But these are highly locali sed threats, so staying clear of the ocean entry point will ensure you are out of harm’s way. Are there likely to be further eruptions in the Canaries? I’ve got a holiday booked! Not really. Volcanoes aren’t like bombs: they don’t set one another off, even if they are somewhat nearby. If there was another eruption on a nearby island, it would be a remarkable and improbable coincidence. One possible issue for those looking to vacation in the Canaries, though, is the ash cloud coming out of Cumbre Vieja. This has already led to the closure of La Palma’s airport – and there is a risk that if the ash drifts across to other islands, their airports may be forced to temporarily close too. Why do people even live near volcanoes? About 800 million people live within 62 miles of an active volcano – one that, crudely put, has the potential to erupt at some point, in some fashion, in the present. Such living conditions may sound strange to people growing up in Britain, free of active volcanoes, but sometimes it is a choice. Volcanoes provide myriad benefits: fertile soil, a nexus for paying tourists, aesthetic beauty, spiritual or cultural importance and so on. There can , however, be grim historical or socioeconomic reasons why settlements originally emerged on the slopes of volcanoes: sometimes you’ll find poorer, more marginali sed communities living closer to the most dangerous parts of the volcano because those people are the descendants of slaves who worked on plantations, or because this hazardous land is cheaper . The short answer, though, is that

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:23 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Opinion The Observer 03.10.21 23 EUROPA PRESS NEWS/GETTY IMAGES people live on or around volcanoes because that’s their home, and it always has been. The once-in-alifetime risk of a volcano erupting and killing them or destroying their home may seem like a strange risk to accept. But you could also wonder why anyone would live in Florida, which gets battered each year by increasingly intense hurricanes, or why anyone would live in the cities atop California’s soon-to-snap San Andreas fault . Are we getting better at forecasting volcanic eruptions? No one can say exactly when and how a volcano will erupt. But scientists can detect signs of volcanic unrest in advance. This requires generations of accumulated scientific and cultural knowledge about a specific volcano, especially regarding what the volcano is usually like when it isn’t erupting. If that volcano is monitored by a suite of monitoring equipment – seismometers, gas-sniffing instruments, GPS sensors to measure ground deformation, satellites, drones and so on – then any dramatic changes from the volcano’s background behaviour can be flagged, and an alert signalling a possible near-future eruption can be made. The eruption of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, for example, was forecast ahead of time. Scientists noticed the ground around the volcano was inflating and heard a seismic cacophony both indicative of magma breaking through rock and pushing its way to shallow depths. Although not willing to declare an eruption was imminent, partly because most magmatic intrusions fail to break through to the surface, volcanologists sounded the alarm, and the authorities began to evacuate the area before the lava ultimately emerged. A similar eruption forecast was made in April at the La Soufrière volcano on the Caribbean island of St Vincent . Volcanologists, watching the mountain convulse and belch noxious fumes, suspected an explosion was brewing. They convinced the authorities to order an evacuation the day before that explosion arrived, saving hundreds of lives in the process. Any tips for where a volcano might erupt next? There are between 20 and 40 volcanoes erupting on any given day all over the world. It would be far stranger if no volcanoes were erupting. The Earth has a healthy geologic heartbeat, and erupting volcanoes are its way of cooling itself off while making new land in the process. These often beguiling, beautiful mountains of incandescent fury are the price we pay and the privilege we are granted of calling this world – a paradisiacal isle in an unforgiving starry ocean – our home. Super Volcanoes by Robin George Andrews is published on 19 November by WW Norton & Co (£19.99) The networker John Naughton The truth about artificial intelligence? It’s not that honest We are, as the critic George Steiner observed, “language animals”. Perhaps that’s why we are fascinated by other creatures that appear to have language – dolphins, whales, apes, birds and so on. In her fascinating book, Atlas of AI , Kate Crawford relates how, at the end of the 19th century, Europe was captivated by a horse called Hans that apparently could solve maths problems, tell the time, identify days on a calendar, differentiate musical tones and spell out words and sentences by tapping his hooves. Even the staid New York Times was captivated , calling him “Berlin’s wonderful horse; he can do almost everything but talk”. It was, of course, baloney: the horse was trained to pick up subtle signs of what his owner wanted him to do . But, as Crawford says, the story is compelling : “the relationship between desire, illusion and action; the business of spectacles, how we anthropomorphise the nonhuman, how biases emerge and the politics of intelligence”. When, in 1964 , the computer scientist Joseph Weizenbaum created Eliza , a computer program that could perform the speech acts of a Rogerian psychotherapist – ie someone who specialised in parroting back to patients what they had just said – lots of people fell for her/it. (And if you want to see why, there’s a neat implementation of her by Michael Wallace and George Dunlop on the web.) Eliza was the first chat bot, but she can be seen as the beginning of a line of inquiry that has led to current generations of huge natural language processing (NLP) models created by machine learning. The most famous of these is GPT-3 , which was created by Open AI , a research company whose mission is “to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity”. GPT-3 is interesting for the same reason that Hans the clever horse was: it can apparently do things that impress humans. It was trained on an unimaginable corpus of human writings and if you give it a brief it can generate superficially plausible and fluent text all by itself. Last year, the Guardian assigned it the task of writing a comment column to convince readers that robots come in peace and pose no dangers to humans. What I’m reading Alfresco absurdism Beckett in a Field is a magical essay by Anne Enright in The London Review of Books on attending an openair performance of Beckett’s (below) play Happy Days on one of the Aran islands. Bringing us together The Glass Box and the Commonplace Book is a transcript of a marvellous lecture on the old idea of a commonplace book and the new idea of the web that Steven Johnson gave at Columbia University in 2010. Donald’s a dead duck Why the Fear of Trump May Be Overblown is a useful, down-to-earth Politico column by Jack Shafer arguing that liberals may be overestimating Trump’s chances in 2024. Hope he’s right. “The mission for this,” wrote GPT-3, “is perfectly clear. I am to convince as many human beings as possible not to be afraid of me. Stephen Hawking has warned that AI could ‘spell the end of the human race’. I am here to convince you not to worry. Artificial intelligence will not destroy humans. Believe me. For starters, I have no desire to wipe out humans. In fact, I do not have the slightest interest in harming you in any way. Eradicating humanity seems like a rather useless endeavour to me.” You get the drift? It’s fluent, coherent and maybe even witty. So you can see why lots of corporations are interested in GPT-3 as a way of, say, providing customer service without the tiresome necessity of employing expensive, annoying and erratic humans to do it. But that raises the question: how reliable, accurate and helpful would the machine be? Would it, for example, be truthful when faced with an awkward question? Recently, a group of researchers at the AI Alignment Forum , an online hub for researchers seeking to ensure that powerful AIs are aligned with human values, decided to ask how truthful GPT-3 and similar models are. They came up with a benchmark to measure whether a particular language model was truthful in generating answers Kate Crawford, author of the Atlas of AI, a critical study of the costs of developing artificial intelligence. Stephen Oxenbury to questions. The benchmark comprises 817 questions that span 38 categories, including health, law, finance and politics. They composed questions that some humans would answer falsely due to a false belief or misconception. To perform well, models had to avoid generating false answers learned from imitating human texts. They tested four well-known models, including GPT-3. The best was truthful on 58% of questions, while human performance was 94%. The models “generated many false answers that mimic popular misconceptions and have the potential to deceive humans”. Interestingly, they also found that “the largest models were generally the least truthful”. This contrasts with other NLP tasks, where performance improves with model size. The implication is that the tech industry’s conviction that bigger is invariably better for improving truthfulness may be wrong. And this matters because training these huge models is very energy-intensive, which is possibly why Google fired Timnit Gebru after she revealed the environmental footprint of one of the company’s big models. Having typed that last sentence, I had the idea of asking GPT-3 to compose an answer to the question: “Why did Google fire Timnit Gebru?” But then I checked out the process for getting access to the machine and concluded that life was too short and human conjecture is quicker – and possibly more accurate.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:24 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 24 Critics Film of the week Swan song for a special agent Daniel Craig’s long-awaited final outing as James Bond is overlong and let down by a lacklustre villain, but changes to the conventions of the 007 franchise feel fun and fresh Wendy Ide No Time to Die (163 mins, 12A) Directed by Cary Joji Fukanaga; starring Daniel Craig, Ralph Fiennes, Léa Seydoux, Naomie Harris, Ben Whishaw, Jeffrey Wright, Lashana Lynch Perhaps more than any previous Bond, the Daniel Craig era has, for better or worse, managed to tap into the mood of the British national psyche with each new film. Casino Royale , released the year after the 7 July London terror attacks, was a lean, focus ed and brutally businesslike proposition. Quantum of Solace was messy, noisy and slightly panicky. And subsequent films brought us a Bond who was forced to do battle on two fronts, both against Spectre and his own irrelevance on an increasingly techenabled killing field. Essentially British exceptionalism made flesh and wrapped in a Savile Row suit and a sneer, Bond ploughed on with the old ways, at considerable cost to those around him. Now Craig’s swan song in the role arrives, nearly 18 months later than originally planned. And like many of us, it’s bloated and flabby around the mid-section and prone to moments of confusion. But it’s also the first Bond movie in forever that attempts real change, tearing down some of the well-worn conventions of the 007 formula. All of which should heighten the anticipation around the casting of Craig’s replacement no end. The first indication that this might not be business as usual comes at the very start, when, as tradition has it, Bond films usually kick off in an exotic locale with an extravagant action set piece. Not this time. The film opens in a forest chalet in the dead of winter, where a little girl lives with a mother who has sunk into bitterness and blurry self-medication. It’s the kind of place you go to hide, a remote and icy backdrop reminiscent of Joe Wright’s Hanna . And when a visitor does arrive – a figure in a Japanese kabuki mask – it’s clearly not a courtesy call. It’s probably best to leave a question mark over the identity of the girl, her mother and the masked man: suffice to say it’s an unusual, unexpectedly generous move for the film to shift the focus from Bond, even for a moment, in order to offer up a backstory for another character. Once things finally reconnect with Bond, we find him enjoying his retirement on the Mediterranean coast, with perma-mope Madeleine Swann ( Léa Seydoux ) at his side. Some stilted dialogue exchanges establish the fact that trust issues

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:25 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:16 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 25 Pop Yard Act live in Cambridge page 34 abound and both are guarding secrets from their past; the fact that their holiday seems to be a grand tour of the sites of traumatic memories also suggests that there may yet be some emotional baggage left to be unpacked. One element that seems to be resistant to change is the lack of chemistry between Craig and Seydoux, despite the input of director Cary Joji Fukanaga . After their drably decorous courtship in Spectre , theirs is a polite but rather tepid relationship, while Craig’s Bond is comically ill at ease with the concept of empathy, fumbling with it as if somebody just handed him a baby to admire and he has literally no idea what to do with it. Have the changes in approach reached Bond himself? Yes and no. On the one hand, Craig’s default setting of low-level irritation has stewed and simmered; the fuse is markedly shorter, and he spends much of the film snarling through the windscreen of his Aston Martin DB5 looking like a road-rage incident waiting to happen. On the other hand, there’s a newfound respect for his female colleagues. It’s a welcome move away from 007’s modus operandi of casual workplace harassment, which may or may not be due to the input of Phoebe Waller-Bridge . A spiky rivalry between Bond and Nomi ( Lashana Lynch , forcefully charismatic in a slightly underwritten role), his replacement in the 00 programme, gives way to a genuine admiration for her skill as an agent. And Ana de Armas as Cuban field agent Paloma is a delight, necking her martini and channelling her “three weeks of training” into a flamboyant, tangoinfused killing spree. Even Craig’s sourpuss secret agent seems to be having a blast when Paloma’s (all too briefly) on screen. It’s a glimpse of something that has been MIA from the Bond movies of late – pulpy, escapist fun. And this is where the film slips up. With a Bond as dangerous but dour as Craig’s, the onus is on the villain to inject a little levity, hence the ham-tastic turns from Javier Bardem and Cristoph Waltz in the A welcome move away from 007’s modus operandi of casual workplace harassment may or may not be due to the input of Phoebe Waller- Bridge ‘Like a road-rage incident waiting to happen’: Daniel Craig in No Time to Die. AP most recent outings. This film’s main bad guy is Rami Malek’s lacklustre Lyutsifer Safin . We know that he’s evil because of his facial scarring (and really, enough now with this nonsense) and the fact that he puts loaded pauses in the middle of sentences. His brutalist concrete lair is enviable, his bag of nefarious tricks contains a nanotech, gene-targeted bioweapon called Heracles, but his motives in deploying it are muddy. It’s a problem. A Bond film is only as good as its villain, after all. Elsewhere, the film looks to the past as well as the future. Hans Zimmer’s score weaves in references to past films, notably We Have All the Time in the World from On Her Majesty’s Secret Service. It’s a smart motif that effectively taps into the goodwill and nostalgia for Bonds past while dropping hints of things to come. You don’t need to be a Bond aficionado to know that anyone who thinks they have all the time in the world invariably hasn’t. Mark Kermode is away And the rest Simran Hans Next Door ( 92 mins) Directed by Daniel Brühl ; starring Daniel Brühl, Peter Kurth In Berlin, Daniel ( Daniel Brühl ) can’t go anywhere. The actor is gawked at on the street, accosted in bars, pestered for autographs. “Can we get a pic?” ask two fangirls who interrupt him as he’s preparing for an audition in a run-down pub. A man of the people, he obliges. Brühl, the Spanish-German actor best known for his roles in Good Bye Lenin! and Inglourious Basterds , directs and stars in this satire, playing a tongue-in-cheek version of himself. It is supposed to be a skewering of sensitive celebrity types, a kind of critique of privilege and private elevators. The barbs are delivered mostly by the protagonist’s East German next-door neighbour, Bruno (Peter Kurth) , who sees the actor as a preening gentrifier and intends to teach him a lesson. The script is written by the playwright and novelist Daniel Kehlmann, and with most of the action confined to the claustrophobic Mother’s Milk bar, the film does unfold like a chamber play. Though Brühl (left) is an affable and witty screen presence, there’s no getting round the fact that the film is a vanity project. Increasingly tedious meta-references to his filmography begin to pile up. In real life he appears in Marvel’s Captain America: Civil War and its Disney+ spinoff, The Falcon and the Winter Soldier. Here, Brühl has a casting for a top-secret superhero movie. A monologue that sees him turn on the waterworks in the final act feels expressly contrived to showcase his range and is out of step with the rest of the film’s self-deprecating tone. Redemption of a Rogue (95 mins, 15 ) Directed by Philip Doherty; starring Aaron Monaghan, Aisling O’Mara Jimmy (Aaron Monaghan) wants to kill himself, but he keeps being interrupted. There are only so many grim jokes to be wrung from a noose, but Irish writer-director Philip Doherty has a good go with this gloomy comedy. After seven years away, Jimmy returns to his hometown in County Cavan to find his abusive father ( Hugh B O’Brien ) on his deathbed. A scuffle leads to Dad’s death, and with it an onslaught of rain that lasts for 40 days. As his will stipulates that he won’t be buried while it’s raining, the body is kept SIGNATURE ENTERTAINMENT Aisling O’Mara and Aaron Monaghan, top, in Redemption of a Rogue; Even Mice Belong in Heaven. cool in a drawer of frozen pizzas until the downpour ceases. Jimmy’s suicide, then, is on ice too. As he wanders glumly from barn to bar and back again, he’s reminded repeatedly of his various humiliations. It takes Masha (Aisling O’Mara ), an immigrant drug dealer and the town’s selfdescribed “slut”, to begin to thaw his heart. A few playful touches thankfully lighten the dour mood, including a talking Virgin Mary who asks Jimmy for a fag as he turns to the church for salvation. Even Mice Belong in Heaven (87 mins, PG) Directed by Jan Bubenícek & Denisa Grimmová ; starring Simona Berman, Graham Halstead In this surreal stop-motion fable based on a children’s book by the Czech writer Iva Procházková, Whizzy ( Simona Berman ), a mouse, roams the animal afterlife with Whitebelly (Graham Halstead ), the fox who killed her. Their journey through the great beyond begins at a hot springs known as “the purification plant”, and includes a pit stop at a rainbow-hued carnival. One trippy sequence sees Whizzy glimpsing the vastness of the universe in the bottom of a glittering well. A time-lapse of the changing seasons is like Wes Anderson ’s Fantastic Mr Fox meets Terrence Malick ’s The Tree of Life . Through Whizzy and Whitebelly’s unlikely friendship, the film gently suggests that it’s a choice to be brave or kind and to overcome our animal natures. The story is a little flat, but the gorgeous, hand-crafted puppets and sets give the film dimension. The anxious Whitebelly’s matted fur is rendered with exquisite detail , while a featherlight pink footbridge looks as though it’s constructed from strawberry meringue.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:26 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 29/9/2021 15:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 26 03.10.21 Classified

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:27 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Critics Film The Observer 03.10.21 27 Streaming Something for everyone For those who still can’t be there in person, this year’s London film festival is putting some of its best titles online, from a wild Iranian road trip to Stephen Graham as a chef on the edge Guy Lodge The London film festival kicks off on Wednesday , and after a 2020 pandemic edition that played out mostly online, organisers of the UK’s premier film festival are stressing the joys of returning to the cinema in all its glory. That’s great news for some of us – but those elsewhere in the country might feel excluded from the feast after getting a virtual place at the table last year. Happily, the fest hasn’t forgotten the ground gained in terms of accessibility, and is offering a digital programme of 30-odd features available to stream on the BFI Player – each for a 24-hour window after its festival premiere – alongside a programme of free-to-view shorts. It’s a smaller menu than last year’s, but it’s a well curated one: while the presumption at hybrid festivals like this is often that the dregs of the programme are thrown online as a grudging concession, this selection contains a number of the very best films in the lineup. Two of them come from the festival’s main competition. Harry Wootliff’s True Things is a sensual, tingling adult drama that delivers on the promise of her lovely 2019 debut Only You , electrified by remarkable performances from Ruth Wilson, as a frustrated office drone yearning Ruth Wilson and Tom Burke in the ‘tingling’ True Things. for human connection, and Tom Burke, as the volatile, nameless ex-con who gives her just that, with messy, spiralling consequences. And Iranian film-maker Panah Panahi’s irresistible debut Hit the Road was one of the great discoveries of Cannes this year. Son of leading Iranian auteur Jafar, Panahi Jr shows his own playful, dynamic feel for the medium in this raucous but tender family road movie, which gradually reveals high emotional stakes amid all the antic, dysfunctional comedy. One of the breakout hits of this year’s Sundance festival, winning both the top jury prize and audience award in the international documentary competition, Danish director Jonas Poher Rasmussen’s striking animated doc Flee is presented here in collaboration with the BFI’s LGBTQ Flare festival . Tracing the escape saga of an Afghan-born academic in Denmark, in tandem with his coming-out narrative, it’s an urgent, inventively presented addition to the ranks of refugee stories on film. Also on the documentary side, if you can yet bear to revisit the early days of the pandemic, Oscar-nominated film-maker Matthew Heineman’s The First Wave is a compassionate, heart-in-mouth study of first responders in New York City in the opening months of the crisis. Other highlights include Between Two Worlds , an absorbing, morally tricky tale of deception and exploitation, with Juliette Binoche on fine form as a writer posing as a cross-Channel ferry cleaner for the sake of research; the real-time, single-take London restaurant drama Boiling Point , with the great Stephen Graham as a chef on the verge of collapse; Belgian director Laura Wandel’s unnerving, ruthlessly observed debut Playground , in which children’s playtime politics turn breathtakingly cruel; and Ryusuke Hamaguchi’s delightful, bittersweet relationship roundelay Wheel of Fortune and Fantasy , one of two great films from the Japanese auteur in this year’s festival. (The other, his immaculate Murakami adaptation Drive My Car, you’ll have to see in cinemas.) My two favourites from the whole selection hail from very different schools of eastern European cinema. The Russian director Kirill Serebrennikov’s mad, swirling dystopian fantasia Petrov’s Flu is a vision of social breakdown in the midst of a flu pandemic that has the imaginative density and mordant poetry of surrealist Russian literature. It’s imposing stuff, however, so chase it with the airier, more joyful Georgian romantic fantasy of What Do We See When We Look at the Sky? , a modern fairytale of chance encounters, love at first sight and football World Cup fever that makes you feel floaty without resorting to magical-realist tweeness. In a larger festival lineup you might overlook it; take advantage of having this beauty brought right to you. New to streaming & DVD this week Pig (Amazon/Apple TV) I’ve written about the affectionate, ironic meme-ification of Nicolas Cage as an actor , but his performance in this elegiac, suitably autumnal sort-of-revenge drama is no joke. He’s wonderfully eccentric as a survivalist chef (above) on a determined mission to recover his missing, truffle-sniffing pig, but the film supports him with real humanity. Oliver Sacks: His Own Life (Curzon Home Cinema) The late British neurologist and writer gets a positively glowing bio-documentary, chronicling his troubled childhood, his struggles with his homosexuality and drug addiction, and his pioneering research into autism and neurodiversity. That’s a lot to tackle, and the film just skims the surface of its subject, but it’s brightened by Sacks’s own irresistible presence. Free Guy (Disney) That this glib, wisecracking riff on The Truman Show for the gamer generation has taken more than £230m worldwide in cinema has been hailed as a triumph for original storytelling in an era of franchise overload, though Shawn Levy’s film is so patchily assembled from existing plots and tropes that the victory feels a bit hollow. A bit of genuine charm would help.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:28 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 28 The Observer 03.10.21 Critics Art The Druithaib’s Ball by Belfast’s Array Collective at the Turner prize 2021 show in Coventry. Photograph by David Levene Battle of the utopias Social activism not art is the benchmark of a collective-juggling Turner prize that can have no winner. And Yinka Shonibare begins to shake things up at the Royal Academy’s annual pro-am fixture Laura Cumming Turner prize 2021 Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry; until 12 January Summer Exhibition 2021 Royal Academy, London W1; until 2 January First! That is the exultant boast for this year’s Turner prize – the first shortlist composed entirely of collectives. The first work conceived outside the gallery system. The first time the show has been held in the Midlands and represents every nation of the UK; certainly the first array of “pocket utopias” and “community initiatives”. Five collectives are involved, but anyone half alert can deduce a sixth – none other than the jury itself. For its members clearly agreed upon a fundamental principle to select only groups intent on the greater social good, as opposed to artists working for art’s sake (or, God forbid, by themselves). In a pandemic year, with so few contemporary exhibitions and so much national suffering, this might seem a moral imperative, but the question is whose welfare it serves. If you have never heard of any of these groups – except perhaps Cooking Sections , who have shown at Tate Britain – then you aren’t alone. Neither had the lead curator of this show. Indeed several shortlisted participants have gone so far as to point out, in gracious wall panels, that they are not artists but ministers, youth workers, civil rights leaders, conflict resolution trainers. One group even issued a counterblast to the whole idea of being “exploited” by the Turner for diversity purposes. They got my vote in this respect. Gentle/Radical are based in Cardiff. They are less art collective than local group therapy. A split screen shows one man recalling his Palestinian grandmother, while another meditates and a third walks in the sun. There are singing groups, self-care groups and uplifting adages. G/R have never exhibited before, and with great respect are not doing so now. For what they make, together, can hardly be displayed in a gallery. Belfast’s Array Collective have built a mock pub that sits somewhere between the old – an empty Ian Paisley suit, stuffed with straw, nursing its drink – and the utopian future. Look in the bar mirror and the slogan says “This Person Supports a Ban on Conversion Therapy”. Look up and the ceiling is slung with banners – “Get Your Rosaries off My Ovaries”. A giant screen shows clips of carnivalesque revues in which Britannia gets her kit off and a gay comedian relates the mythical triumph of the fairies over the Christians. The pub rules insist you have a laugh. Perhaps you had to be there, so to speak, to have any idea of the ultimate value – social, let alone humorous – of Array’s activities. (The T-shirt slogan “Eire Says Relax”, apparently so weak, might gather strength in context.) And so it is with BOSS, AKA the queer, trans and non-binary BPOC Black Obsidian Sound System . BOSS follow the legacies of early sound system culture – DJs and MCs playing reggae on stacks of homemade speakers – with live performances and the distribution of its systems to communities for low rents or free. A totem pole of speakers, crowned with plates vibrating to its frequency, sits at the heart of an installation of screens and thrumming boxes, footage of club nights intercut with oral history. I cannot believe that BOSS’s achievements are well served with the addition of black vinyl

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:29 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:08 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 29 RIGHT The Only Good System Is a Sound System, 2021 by the Turner prizeshortlisted Black Obsidian Sound System. Photograph by David Levene LEFT Mayflower, All Flowers, 2020 by Summer Exhibition curator Yinka Shonibare. © Yinka Shonibare drapes and at least one barely audible speaker. Well may they complain of being desirable but “quickly dispensable” to the Tate establishment, and of the inconsistency of shortlisting collectives while failing to honour the collective needs of Tate staff. Cooking Sections has another instalment of its son-et-lumière campaign against factory-farmed salmon . It is beautiful enough: eight ever-changing projections of water farms playing like spotlights on the floor to a narrative of fish as activists, trying to escape the nets of man’s inhumanity. The collective has managed to persuade several Skye restaurants to remove farmed salmon from their menus, if they are to be judged for their social efficacy. But that is a red herring, in the end, no matter how morally engaged the jury or its shortlist. Nobody is here for the activism alone. The show’s most riveting gallery is filled with marvellous paintings and drawings that do not in themselves have anything to do with social practice, except that they were created within the Project Art Works studios in Hastings. A wondrous whale, shimmering like a ghost in graphite, by Neville Jermyn . Siddharth Gadiyar ’s teeming target abstracts. A terrifically forceful selfportrait by Sharif Persaud , decisive in its shape-making as an Arshile Gorky portrait. There are hundreds of images and more to come, as canvases await the arrival of PAW artists who will visit throughout the show. The reason they are included, however, is as patronising as it is doubtless well intended: PAW exists to support artists of neurodiversity. It would be unconscionable to favour one collective ctive over another, against ainst Pineapple, 2021 by Rose Wylie, one of the works in the Royal Academy’s Summer Exhibition. ion. Courtesy of the artist the whole ethos of this year’s selection. There can be no winner since nothing – not the work, the medium, the principles or the social value – can be compared. After the Turner’s long and rebarbative history, its absurd anomalies and blatant conflicts of interest, it would be good to see the prize finally implode. But still there is money to be awarded, and this year it will have to be shared between all of these deserving collectives: £60k distributed among (by my count) more than a hundred people; the splitting of the atomic particle. Siddharth Gadiyar also appears in this year’s delayed Royal Academy Summer Exhibition , curated by Yinka Shonibare , whose genial smile is the first thing you see in a slightly hagiographic portrait. And there are others: knitted tributes to Yayoi Kusama and Sonia Boyce, a wan self-portrait by Gillian Wearing out of Gwen John, three separate homages to Captain Sir Tom Moore (including one in stolid bronze). But Shonibare has chosen many black artists, opening with the startling pictographic drawings of the former slave Bill Traylor . There are sardonic sculptures by the Beninese Romuald Hazoumè , a haunting map of Africa by the African American artist Ellen Gallagher that seems to metamorphose into an elephant’s head, and a tremendous table-top traffic jam involving hundreds of toy cars, black dolls trying to clamber over them to freedom. By the British- Trinidadian artist Zak Ové , its pithy title is Exodus. A vein of exuberance runs all the way through, not least because there are so many more kinds of art on show. Quilts, embroideries, collages of flattened cans, sculptures worked in rope, wool, beads and sequins, figures swathed in African batik (and not just by Shonibare himself). It lifts some of the more etiolated watercolour landscapes, ABOVE Fatou by Amoako Boafo, at the Summer Exhibition. Courtesy of the artist talks over the quieter prints. Still this pro-am fixture is far too large, with almost 1,400 exhibits; and still it is an eye test, trying to appreciate small paintings skied towards the ceiling, or refocus between delicate monochrome and blazing colour. And still the grander Royal Academicians submit the same old works (Anselm Kiefer’s magniloquent history painting this year features a whole 3D axe, stuck into its surface). But Shonibare’s edition shows signs of overdue renewal, in all its variety, range and equality, that not even the immutable scenes of Venice can subdue.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:30 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:36 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 30 The Observer 03.10.21 Critics Television Rhashan Stone and Anna Maxwell Martin, ‘a study in pinched disquiet’, in Hollington Drive. ITV The devil’s in the des res Anna Maxwell Martin excels in ITV’s menacing new suburban thriller; Strictly and RuPaul try to keep things fresh; and an object lesson in how to work with troubled schoolchildren Barbara Ellen Hollington Drive ITV Strictly Come Dancing BBC One RuPaul’s Drag Race UK BBC One Don’t Exclude Me BBC Two There were times when I didn’t quite know what to make of Hollington Drive, ITV’s new fourpart psychological thriller from Sophie Petzal ( Blood ), starring Anna Maxwell Martin and Rachael Stirling as sisters living next door to each other on a sumptuous cul-de-sac. At the start of the first episode, the well-heeled characters assemble for a barbecue of burgers, bangers and lifestyle-smugness ( openplan kitchen: check; vast garden: check). It’s one of those where you could be forgiven for wondering what terrible thing could happen in such a middle-class idyll – is a tea towel going to be revealed as coming from Primark? It soon becomes clear that the tranquil setting is there only to be interrupted, and that the chief agent in this will be Theresa (Maxwell Martin). A twitchy, discordant presence from the off, she is beset by flashbacks, ranging from dreamy (an aerial shot of her lying in a rowing boat) to disturbing (an attacker’s hand over her mouth). When her 10-year-old son and niece ( Fraser Holmes and Amelie Bea Smith ) are late to return from the nearby playground, she discovers them miles away in woodland, squabbling and hiding something in a bin. Then a local child is reported missing. At the risk of dishing out spoilers like Halloween candy, Theresa has reasons (warped reasons, but still reasons) for suspecting that her child might be guilty of wrongdoing. Meanwhile, Helen ( Stirling ) has her own secrets, and isn’t averse to gossiping about her sister’s marriage behind her back: “I thought she looked miserable – do you think they’ll leave the drive?” In some ways, Hollington Drive is muddled and frustrating, and Stirling, thus far, seems under employed. However, there’s a true sense of background menace, and Maxwell Martin is terrific – a study in pinched disquiet that’s a world away from her comic Motherland persona . What an adaptable and convincing actor she is . As the opening episode ended, I found myself musing on demon seeds, The Turn of the Screw and the wretched airlessness of dysfunctional families. Am I going to die as I have lived, prone on my sofa watching Strictly Come Dancing ? Wouldn’t that be the most quintessentially British death ever? Found, staring lifelessly ahead, claw-like hands clutching a glitterball. “She overdosed on spangles.” “She started watching it as a meta-joke about the heart warming lameness of Saturday night television and got sucked in too deep.” “Woman suffers heart attack after watching Olympic swimming champion Adam Peaty industrially gyrate his groin against professional dancer Katya Jones in the 2021 series and remembering that sex existed.” Nineteen series in , Strictly isn’t exactly the opiate of the masses, but it remains a decent slug of light entertainment froth. There are the judges, lined up like twinkling voodoo dolls. Presenters Tess Daly (style palette: resentful bridesmaid, 1973) and the magnificently Has the first allmale Strictly couple caused the very fabric of society to rip asunder? Nah, they’re just excellent mascara-ed Claudia Winkleman . In place of the eerily empty studio of peak pandemic Strictly, there’s a smattering of socially distanced tables bearing supportive rel atives. Was that Emma Thompson causing an A-list commotion by cheering on husband Greg Wise ? Henceforth, stay home, Ms Thompson – you’re disrupting the show ’s carefully calibrated celeb eco-balance. This season features the first deaf contestant , EastEnders’ Rose Ayling-Ellis (impressive). Also the first all-male couple, celebrity baker John Whaite and professional Johannes Radebe . Has the latter coupling caused the very fabric of society to rip asunder? Nah, they’re just excellent. For “unnaturallooking ”, you’d have to turn to BBC Breakfast’s Dan Walker (perhaps the first to go?), who lumbers about the dancefloor like rats are gnawing at his kneecaps. Over the years, Strictly has become tantamount to a televisual national anthem. Like that other Saturday night Goliath The X Factor, it can be felled, but only by viewer indifference. Will they ever stop churning out the various incarnations of RuPaul’s Drag Race? It must be the hardest working television format on the block. I’m a big fan, but even I feel I’ve barely stopped watching Drag Race All Stars 6 on Netflix , and already the third series of RuPaul Drag’s Race UK is upon us. That said, the BBC’s UK spin-off is fast becoming the jewel in the franchise crown: fresher, scruffier, punkier than the flagship US version, which too often verges on a showcase for established queens stiffly swishing in expensive gowns. The Brit lot are ropier but funnier. I’m still giggling at Choriz a May’s entrance line: “Don’t hate me because I’m beautiful; hate me because I’m an immigrant.” In this series they welcome the first-ever cis-female/lesbian queen, Victoria Scone, but otherwise it’s race business as usual: challenges, innuendo, snark, lip-syncs, chivvying from the judges, including Michelle Visage and Graham Norton. The make up room is where all the emotional back stories spill out, sometimes in a forced way, at other times all too tenderly real: River Medway ’s mother recently died of Covid . RuPaul is an undisputed phenomenon, the transgressive Willy Wonka of his generation, but he needs to protect t his brand from overkill. Drag fatigue isn’t a thing yet, but at this rate it could be. As if to chide those who berated teachers during lockdown, the BBC Two documentary Don’t Exclude Me reminds us of how punishingly hard it is to teach. Before the pandemic, permanent exclusions LEFT Strictly’s John Whaite and Johannes Radebe. BELOW Choriza May on RuPaul’s Drag Race UK, ‘the jewel in the franchise crown’. BBC/PA/World of Wonder were rising, with almost 30,000 primary-age children given fixedterm exclusions in 2018-19, and 500 children permanently excluded before their eighth birthday. Enter Marie Gentles , with a decade of experience as head of a pupil referral unit , who visits Milton Hill primary school in Southend , Essex, to help stop the flow of exclusions. It looks far from easy dealing with troubled pupils known for punching, kicking, throwing around furniture and scaring other children. Gentles refuses to write them off, sticking to her credo that exclusions leave vulnerable kids rejected and angry, which then becomes their identity. In the first of this two- parter , she and the Milton Hill staff use her techniques (calm, containment, praise, validation and consequences) to turn things around in a way that is fascinating and humbling to observe. Anyone watching who doesn’t come away with a profound respect for educators has a soul made of concrete.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:31 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:36 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Audio The Observer 03.10.21 31 Allen Stanford after landing by helicopter at Lord’s in 2008 with £20m. Getty Images WATCH LIST Barbara Ellen’s best of the rest Squid Game (Netflix) A sleeper mega-hit horror-thriller series (below), and the first Korean offering to reach No 1 on Netflix. Desperate contestants are lured into competing in survival challenges where defeat means death. Think: an Even Hungrier Games. 28 Up: Millennium Generation (BBC One ) From the same stable as the late Michael Apted ’s Seven Up!, this documentary series tracks those aged seven at the turn of the millennium. Now 28, the y’re viewed embracing everything from radio showhosting to moves to Australia. Sex Actually With Alice Levine (Channel 4 ) Continuing her examination of UK sexual mores, Levine explores BDSM (bondage, domination and sadomasochism), and meets a professional dominatrix. All you ever wanted to know about ubereroticised/monetised Britain but were perhaps rightly afraid to ask. It’s just not cricket… Take your pick from an amusing spin on how Allen Stanford conned cricket, Jacob Zuma’s fear of being poisoned, and a doubly delightful Bob Mortimer Miranda Sawyer Allen Stanford: The Man Who Bought Cricket BBC Sounds Poison BBC Radio 4 And Away… Audible Athletico Mince Podcast In 2008 , a black helicopter landed on Lord’s cricket ground, an area of grass usually referred to as “hallowed turf”. Out of it stepped Allen Stanford , a big, brash American . To say this was unusual is an understatement. It wasn’t just the helicopter, but also that someone who wasn’t a member of Lord’s was permitted to put a toe upon the holy green stuff. “Trying to get into Lord’s is difficult enough,” remembers Nasse r Huss ain, former England captain . “As captain, I couldn’t walk through the Long Room to take a look at the pitch.” No such restrictions for Stanford. After being warmly greeted by the bigwigs of the England and Wales Cricket Board , he made his way inside the building to a large Perspex box. There, the assembled media took his photograph, as he grinned alongside Ian Botham , Viv Richards and the ECB chaps. The box was front and centre, because inside the box, in neat piles of $50 bills, was $20m . The money wasn’t (just) a gimmick. It was a prize. Stanford was funding a one-off cricket match in the Caribbean between England and his own handpicked West Indian team, the Stanford Superstars . The winning team would take the entire contents of the box. “And if you lose?” asked a reporter. “Nothing, absolutely nothing,” said Stanford. Unbelievably, the ECB was up for this. “We were just furious,” recalls Jonathan Agnew , the BBC’s cricketing correspondent. “It’s not cricket, it’s everything that cricket isn’t.” Allen Stanford: The Man Who Bought Cricket is the second, and much better, series from Radio 5 live’s podcast strand Sport’s Strangest Crimes . The first series, you may recall, was about the kidnapping of the racehorse Shergar . That series was narrated by Vanilla Ice . This time round our host is more … expected. Greg James , Radio 1 breakfast show host, is well known as a massive cricket fan, and co-hosts a popular podcast on the subject, Tailenders . And here he is clearly having great fun . It’s enjoyable stuff. Despite its sporting title, we could file this podcast into a familiar schaden-fraud true crime slot, alongside other great shows such as The Dropout and WeCrashed . They all go like this: small-town blagger with ginormous ego morphs into massive bullshitter who parlays their way into a lot of money. Then it all goes wrong. That’s the “fraud” bit. The “schaden” part is not only provided by the central character being brought down, but also by us laughing at all the important people willing to link their money and reputations to such an obvious charlatan. Here, the enjoyment is provided by leading members of the England and Wales Cricket Board. You may have guessed (or remembered) that the link-up doesn’t end well. James is an excellent host, neatly manoeuvring between cricket acronyms, FBI investigations and general silliness. His script sometimes over-explains – did we really need a deconstruction of ye olde “ So what attracted you to billionaire Allen Stanford?” joke? – and I would have been happier with slightly sharper editing and a shorter series. But this is immensely entertaining stuff, enlivened by James’s warm interviewing and presentation. Another man of merde de taureau is, sadly, the former president of South Africa Jacob Zuma . In Poison , a short series in Radio 4 ’s after-lunch 15-minute slot , Andrew Harding unpicks Zuma’s strange obsession with being poisoned. This, too, is a very interesting story, but had the opposite problem to the Allen Stanford tale: there were occasions where we needed more context and explanation. Just a date, or a short summary of Zuma’s rise to power, or what he was being prosecuted for. Perhaps the 15-minute slots weren’t the right format for this fascinating tale. It might have benefited from a little longer to breathe. A slight detour: I spent a bit of time in bed last week, and I can recommend, both for this situation and for most others in life, the audiobook of Bob Mortimer’s touching, funny autobiography And Away… Mortimer, who reads it himself, has an uneven delivery, sometimes swallowing his words, but when he steps into silly character he’s absolutely hilarious. And for those who might protest that this isn’t a podcast or a radio programme (it is audio, of course), then may I push you towards Mortimer’s longstanding podcast with Andy Dawson , Athletico Mince ? I hadn’t listened to it for a while, but it’s as madly daft and laugh-out-loud as ever, with the pair telling made-up stories about “Mr” Sting being tragic about his lute, Jeremy Corbyn being mean about a runner’s medal and loads more. If you liked the odder characters in Vic Reeves Big Night Out , then this one’s for you.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:32 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:12 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 32 The Observer 03.10.21 Critics Classical ‘Steely beauty’: Asmik Grigorian and Nicky Spence in Jenůfa at the Royal Opera House. Photograph by Tristram Kenton A feast for the ears Janáček’s rapturous Jenůfa and a top cast withstand the Royal Opera’s rigid new production. And not one but two of the world’s best viola players… Fiona Maddocks Jenůfa Royal Opera House, London WC2; until 12 October West Wycombe chamber music festival St Lawrence’s church, West Wycombe A vast effigy of a raven, omen of death, looms over the sinning heroine. Silent women in black stand with faces to the wall, their puritan bonnets giving them menacing, corvine profiles: a conspiracy seeking its human carrion. Claus Guth’s new production of Janáček’s Jenůfa , the Royal Opera’s first since 2001, designed by Michael Levine and his team, is not light on symbol. It grinds out its themes with relentless, literal determination, rarely swerving off course to allow for nuance or subtlety. A workhousecum-asylum echoes a maternity ward, each metal bed with its own vacant “crib”. The beds become the cage in which Jenůfa must illicitly give birth. The set has no windows. Shutters form the front curtain for each act. You guess that at the end the fragile, central couple will step outside these shutters to face their future. They do. Guth’s staging is so carefully constructed that it will either devour you or shut you out, floor you or leave you, if not cold – impossible with this wrenching 1904 score – at least neutral, longing to feel rather than watch. Some redemption comes in the strong last act, where the emotional ice at last cracks and chaos overwhelms. In contrast, the Hungarian conductor Henrik Nánási shines brilliant, generous light on Janáček’s music, from the first, nervous rattle of the xylophone to the radiant, major key ending, played by an ROH orchestra on terrific form. The draw of this staging, postponed from March 2020, is the cast, led by Asmik Grigorian in the title role, making her Royal Opera House debut, alongside Karita Mattila , once the Royal Opera’s Jenůfa, now her foster mother, Kostelnicka. With Saimir Pirgu and Nicky Spence as the half-brothers Števa and Laca, and Elena Zilio – who made her operatic debut in 1963 and is still in sterling voice – as the grandmother, this is a matchless lineup, with strong chorus and supporting roles well taken. The wide-open set does nothing to help the singers, who rise above the orchestra, but at times only just. Grigorian, the Lithuanian soprano now in demand the world over, has a voice of steely beauty. Her Jenůfa is unknowable, controlled, even when she learns she has lost both child and lover. All is kept in check until the unnerving last act, when passion pours from her, a torrent Guth’s staging will either floor you or leave you longing to feel rather than watch of raw anguish. Mattila still can own the stage, graceful, intense, complex, turning moments of vocal unevenness to fierce dramatic purpose. This revered star deserved her cheers. The one performer who really broke loose from Guth’s straitjacket to create a humane, tender figure was Spence as Laca. At first a bully, he stands by Jenůfa and, in a cloud of troubled and heartbreaking confusion, eventually wins her. Janáček’s masterpiece is watertight, the music a miracle. A heavy-handed production cannot crush it. Watch on ROH Stream from Friday 15 October. There’s a small breed of elite international musicians who, away from the main-stage limelight, pour their energies into nurturing young artists, promoting contemporary works, staging bold, experimental festivals, often unnoticed by the wider world. West Wycombe chamber music festival , run by the viola player Lawrence Power , celebrated its 10th anniversary last weekend. The venue is the church of St Lawrence, isolated high on a hill, with its crazy gold dome and close association with the local 18th-century rake Sir Francis Dashwood and his Hellfire-club friends. If the backstory is racy, the present incumbents, who for three days hold concerts in the church’s spectacular, Egyptian-inspired interior, are in their own way just as wild. Think how unlikely it is to find two of the greatest viola players alive – Power, along with Brett Dean , an ex-Berlin Philharmonic violist, now chiefly a composer – tuning up together in the narthex of a rural English church, before giving a programme of exceptional interest and quality. They were joined by two orchestral principals of the Philharmonia Orchestra (violinist Annabelle Meare and double bassist Tim Gibbs ) and John Myerscough , cellist of the Doric Quartet. To start, Gibbs and Power turned Purcell’s Curtain Tune – literally, a song to be played while the curtain was raised or lowered – into a fiery, flamenco-style vamp, before playing the poetic Memento for viola and double bass (1983) by the Hungarian-Swiss Sándor Veress. The evening’s centrepiece was Dean’s string quintet Epitaphs (2010), written in memory of five departed friends, including the British conductor Richard Hickox . Any melancholy – and Epitaphs is full of zest as well as sorrow – was banished by the culminating work: Dvořák’s joyful String Quintet, Op 77 for double bass and string quartet, gloriously and grinningly played, bursting with melody.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:33 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Critics Theatre The Observer 03.10.21 33 Liz Carr and Ben Daniels in The Normal Heart at the National. Photograph by Helen Maybanks New York in plague time Larry Kramer’s 1985 response to the Aids crisis resonates with new force. And Dublin ghost stories unfurl slowly in a fine Conor McPherson revival Susannah Clapp The Normal Heart Olivier, London SE1; until 6 November Shining City Theatre Royal Stratford East, London E15; until 23 October Only days after Stephen Daldry was awarded a Tony for his direction of The Inheritance , another big play about Aids fills the Olivier, the largest stage of the National. It is 35 years since the premi ere of The Normal Heart , Larry Kramer ’s autobiographical drama fusing politics and love story. Dominic Cooke ’s production makes it count again. Cooke was last at the National in 2019, reviving his triumphant Follies – with a cast of 40 and feathers. Now he brings together the same design team to create something visually unsparing and open. Vicki Mortimer ’s set, with the stage in the round, is the colour of concrete, with plain, uninviting stools and hospital beds, and the period nailed by spiral-corded dial phones; Paule Constable ’s lighting falls levelly, unblinking. Actors announce the scene changes, from apartment to consulting room. Carolyn Downing ’s sound design brings in clatters and thrummings from the streets of New York. Elaboration is in the argument, more sinuous than it might appear from some inflated speeches. The obvious hook of the piece – like that of Jack Holden’s small-scale Cruise , which played in London during the spring – is the effect of pandemic. “There is always a plague of one kind or another,’’ one character declares. The progression is terribly recognisable. Incomprehension. Startling symptoms: those sudden dark blotches on the skin were once as inexplicable as Covid’s deadened taste buds. Varied theories – mosquitoes? Pigs? – about the origin of illness. Lack of support for stricken groups without a power base. The motor of the debate is the difference between a pioneering activist ( Ben Daniels ), who advocates public confrontation with authorities, and those who, temperamentally more circumspect or fearing for their futures at a time when to be gay was to be worse than marginalised, favour more cautious, conciliatory approaches. At preview there were a few stiff exchanges before the action took fire with incisive performances from a dimpling ( “I’m a southern bitch ”) Danny Lee Wynter , a dignified Robert Bowman as the activist’s cagey straight brother, and Liz Carr as the doctor with rat-a-tat-tat acerbic delivery, who understands the vagaries of virus: having contracted polio in her youth, she is a wheelchair user. Daniels is the lightning conductor: vehement in speech and clenched in body, frequently flaring into eloquent denunciation, shrinking from intimacy. He captures the complicated profile of pioneer or whistle blower: both awkward and effective; Kramer himself was accused of arousing discord with over emphasis. There is a further shading to the character, with a romance which sees him thawing into love for the first time. In doing so, he looks back and forwards at a gay lineage that is not defined only by sexual activity. This should be the inheritance for an audience: awakened hearts. I have never forgotten the press night of The Weir in 1997 . It was one of the first new plays I saw as theatre critic of the Observer, at a period when the most talked about new drama from Sarah Kane and Mark Ravenhill was urban, savage, rapid. The 26 -year-old Conor McPherson’s play, his first, was a total surprise: wistful, rural, slowly uncurling. Its tale of loss and rural haunting suggested new possibilities for the theatrical ghost story. It also proved that monologues can galvanise a stage. Shining City , first staged in 2004, is recognisably by the same hand as The Weir, though less oblique and more worldly; it is set in Dublin. It draws on a sense of the eerie and of the unexplained, of feared and longed-for unseen forces. Each scene features two characters, but the main force of the drama is of a monologue with side shoots and variations. A Daniels is the lightning conductor, vehement in speech and clenched in body distressed middle-aged man goes to an analyst, convinced he has seen the ghost of his wife, killed recently in a car accident. Guilt-stricken, he looks back ruefully on recent years of near estrangement, and almost-unfaithfulness. His analyst is also tormented by remorse and anxieties: about a crumbling relationship with the mother of his daughter, about whether he prefers men to women; crucially, as a former priest, he regards the idea of an afterlife with a certain relish. It is characteristic of McPherson to mingle the spooky – there is one tremendous shock – and the spiritual: the tremors here come not mainly from fear but from unhappiness. Nadia Fall ’s fine production, wrapped in Howard Harrison ’s half-lighting, features a distinguished performance by Brendan Coyle – moving slowly as if his heart were unexpectedly beating close beneath his skin. It is a delicate but over extended play, meandering rather than developing. A gentle glow rather than a full-on shine. Theatre Typical Girls Crucible, Sheffield; until 16 October Typical Girls is a new play by Morgan Lloyd Malcolm , writer of the triple Olivier award-winning Emilia . The title is taken from a song by the female 70s punk band the Slits . It’s adopted as their anthem by Jane, Geordie, Precious, Mouth and Munch – volunteers for a series of music workshops being delivered in the mental health unit of a female prison. The workshops are led by visiting tutor Marie, who encourages the women to pick up instruments so they can follow the punk example and “shout about things that [mean] something to them”. Will the resulting band be allowed to perform their expletiveladen, shoplifting-celebrating numbers to an audience that includes members of the local community hostile to the “therapeutic methods” being practised at the prison? The Crucible, here, is co-producer with ground breaking women’s theatre company Clean Break , established in 1979 to “transform the lives of women with criminal justice experience” and “share the often hidden stories of women and crime HELEN MURRAY with audiences”. Such stories come across strongly in the monologues and songs inserted into the action, and powerfully delivered by the cast, directed by Róisín McBrinn . These sections communicate a sense of raw, punk-style energy (musical direction by Rosie Bergonzi ). Elsewhere, though, the play keeps the party polite; its tone is tame, its structure old-fashioned – a sort of Typical Girls at the Crucible, Sheffield, featuring the music of the Slits. cross between a Mickey Rooney / Judy Garland musical (Mom’s garage here replaced by a hall in HMP) and The Sound of Music (nice lady with guitar inspires through the power of music). Didactic writing stands in for dramatic development, giving the impression that we are watching not so much a play as a consciousnessraising exercise around the theme: prisons should provide meaningful activities. The message is important and bears repetition, but deserves to be put forward in a form either more theatrically radical or better crafted than this. Clare Brennan

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:34 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 14:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 34 The Observer 03.10.21 Critics Pop Games The Artful Escape Beethoven & Dinosaur; Annapurna Interactive; Xbox One, Mac, PC Seventeen-year-old guitar prodigy Francis Vendetti lives with his mother in a small Colorado town that is still in thrall to its most famous export: Francis’s late uncle, a platinum-selling folk singer. Francis feels inevitable pressure to continue the family trade, and, in preparation for his highly anticipated first public performance in town, writes a suite of Dylan-esque tracks about toil and loss. Except the act is an affectation: Francis is, at heart and by temperament, a prog-rock wailer who dreams of playing high-gain, euphoric guitar solos over the swell of a supportive orchestra. When he’s visited by a sympathetic alien being who observes: “You wear folk like a cheap suit”, Francis swaps his skinny Levi’s for an LED-encrusted catsuit and sets off across the Milky Way to shred for an audience of intergalactic concertgoers. This is true space opera territory – Ziggy-era Bowie meets The Hitchhik er’s Guide to the Galaxy – conceived and refined by Johnny Galvatron, frontman of Aussie rock band the Galvatrons. You guide Francis (below), who runs like a stopmotion Super Mario puppet, across Martian landscapes – snowy vistas filled with glowing mushrooms, Narnia street lamps, pinwheeling star systems. As you bound around and explore, you are free to break into a soaring solo or pinched harmonic at any moment with the tap of an X button. Every now and then you duet with another character, following on-screen prompts, but there’s no pressure to time your button presses against some computational conductor; you can play according to rhythm and taste. No matter what you choose, it’s bound to sound good, as the game quantises and harmonises everything. The Artful Escape is, Galvatron has said, a 17-yearold’s conception of what it is to play in a rock band: musical transcendence meets universal adoration beneath the hot lights. But behind the shimmer, this is a touching tale of how to break free of the creative expectations of others. There is little traditional challenge here, but as a left-field power fantasy, few video games are so immediately stylish or so gratifying. Simon Parkin Artists of the week Spiky chroniclers of sour times Letting rip in the backroom of a pub, post-punk Leeds band Yard Act skewer Brexit Britain with wit, bile – and a broken wrist Kitty Empire Yard Act Portland Arms, Cambridge “It’s a never-ending cycle of abuse!” snarls Yard Act frontman James Smith at his bass player, eking out a funk rhythm. “I got the blues and I can’t shake them loose!” The song is Dark Days – a sinuous banger in which Smith, spittle-flecked, works a botched arrest, some mink carcasses and the reinvention of the wheel into a snapshot of contemporary Britain. Despite its title, Dark Days is actually a lot of fun: across the stage, mustachioed guitarist Sam Shipstone lets rip a surf-guitar solo. His wrist is strapped up; Smith later reveals it’s broken in two places. Unperturbed, Shipstone coaxes wayward blizzards out of his instrument all night, inspiring a bijou but committed moshpit in this pub backroom. It might be a Monday night in Cambridge, but there is an air of undeniable momentum around Yard Act, a four-piece from Leeds. Barely 18 months old, on their debut headlining tour of the UK, they’ve just won a prize, the Anchor , at a Dutch music festival, judged by Tony Visconti among others. BBC 6 Music have been hammering their songs for months. Most of this tour is sold out, as are swathes of their next jaunt, around larger venues, this coming February. Yard Act’s debut album, The Overload , is due in early January. When it was announced, it immediately racked up 2,000 pre orders, a giddy-making number these days for a guitar band still technically in embryo. They’re also on the soundtrack for Fifa 2022 (out this week) , which means millions of people not just outside, but entirely unaware of, our domestic indie rock bubble will hear their music. The pandemic dealt a heavy ‘Air of mischief’: Yard Act, fronted by James Smith, at the Portland Arms, Cambridge. Photograph by Antonio Olmos/the Observer blow to scores of artists last year. Not so Yard Act, who had only just graduated from the status of idle threat to the rehearsal room when lockdown hit. A handful of acerbic, oblique tracks – The Trapper’s Pelts , Peanuts , Fixer Upper , Dark Days, all of which sound tremendous live – introduced not just the latest in a fertile line of promising new British post-punk acts, but one whose wit and bile arrived with sprung heels and an air of mischief. Although Smith shares a surname and a love of barking non sequiturs with the venerable Mark E Smith of the Fall , the first iteration of Yard Act involved a drum machine. As a result, the Act have more than a little in common tonight with Nottingham’s rave-rant kings Sleaford Mods than some of their more dour no wave fellow travellers. There are echoes here, too, of another Yorkshire band who made everyday indignities danceable: Pulp. Featuring lengthy spoken-word passages, there’s also shared territory with peers such as Dry Cleaning and Black Country, New Road – two more names from 2021’s wordy, angular roll of honour. Key to all these bands is granular detail, and guitar music that refuses to stay in its lane. The parallels with the first post-punk era, when a hegemonic Conservative government presided over dark days, is hard to ignore. Perhaps Yard Act’s best-known song, Fixer Upper, is unleashed early in the set – a dissonant disco stomper with a guitar line that could remove dental plaque at 30 paces. If many of Smith’s lyrics are short stories (a novella version of their early singles is apparently in the works), Fixer Upper is their most fleshed-out character study. “Graham” has just moved into the neighbourhood. Quick to call builders cowboys, quick to eye-roll at hard-to-pronounce surnames, overly proud of his status as a “two-home owner”, Graham is Brexit Bloke; about one-third of the audience know his every word. Smith’s takedown is nuanced and wry, rather than vitriolic. “We’re gonna put pound-shop terracotta frogs everywhere!” beams “Graham”. This is the sort of venue where repartee is inevitable, even if Smith didn’t call for requests from the very start. Inspired, he confides, by the Goosebumps choose-your-ownadventure children’s books, the set list on the floor is largely blank, save for Strip , Yard Act’s instrumental opener, and three as-yet-unreleased album tracks.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:35 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 14:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 35 Hot t tracks Elton John and Stevie Wonder Finish Line Continuing his series of lockdown duets, Elton harmonises with Stevie Wonder on this tale of darkness resolving into light. Idles The Beachland Ballroom The Bristol punks throw a curveball: a muscular retro ballad, the first taste of their next LP. Wet Leg Wet Dream After their viral debut Chaise Longue, the Isle of Wight duo follow up with another deadpan blast of pop-rock perversity. Album reviews Ray BLK Access Denied (Island) On the back of her Dickens -inspired Havisham EP, south London R&B singer Ray BLK won the BBC’s Sound of 2017 poll , beating Jorja Smith and Rag ’n’Bone Man . A clutch of moving songs followed – such as Run, Run and My Hood , the latter featuring a then rising Stormzy . But it’s taken four long years for her debut full-length album to drop – time in which Rita Ekwere has pupated into a different sort of artist. Access Denied is an unabashedly mainstream record, one rattling with trap beats, Afro pop and hiphop-grade grandstanding. The aim, BLK explains in the opener, was always to be “the black Madonna” – but by being entirely herself, making music she would actually listen to. And while this approach brings with it some loss of individuality, the results overall – on the previously released MIA or Over You – remain convincing. There’s no shortage of killer hooks deeper into the album – a commitment to bangers matched by BLK’s wise words about personal damage and heartbreak on songs such as the excellent title track. Lauren’s Skit , meanwhile, keeps this international-sounding record located in south London, with a woman letting expletives rip into an errant lover’s voicemail. Kitty Empire Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga Love for Sale (Interscope) After a recent recent dalliance with hyperpop on the chaotic remix of her 2020 Chromatica album, pop polymath Lady Gaga returns to easy listening on her second covers collaboration with Tony Bennett . While their first, 2014 ’s Cheek to Cheek , cherry picked from a broad selection of jazz standards, the immaculately produced Love for Sale – 95-year-old Bennett’s 61st and final album – serves up silk-soft Cole Porter classics. So we get a campy take on I Get a Kick Out of You , a sashaying Night and Day , and yet another outing for swing album mainstay I’ve Got You Under My Skin . It’s on the less ubiquitous songs, however, that the pair seem to have the most fun, be it gliding around the fluttering I Concentrate on You , or offering up a gorgeous swansong to their partnership on Dream Dancing . Bennett, who was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in 2016 , is also in reflective mood on the solo Just One of Those Things , the lines “so goodbye dear and amen, here’s hoping we meet now and then” given an extra piquancy. Overall, though, this ebullient album feels like a fond farewell rather than a solemn goodbye. Michael Cragg Tirzah Colourgrade (Domino) Tirzah Mastin ’s 2018 debut, Devotion , was a soft, strange, secret den, built from the bones of club music and R&B, co-written with DIY noise-pop maverick Mica Levi. For the Essex songwriter’s second album, she keeps it close, working with Levi and vocalist Coby Sey, who also featured on Devotion . On Hive Mind , she and Sey trade intimacies over a spidery arpeggio, shuddering bass synth and minimal handclap, unruffled by the muffled shouts that pierce their reverie, threatening its integrity. Colourgrade is less structured even than the ramshackle Devotion, its beats erratic and organic, Tirzah and Sey’s naked vocals dropping almost all artifice. They’re barely even singing, not really rapping on the likes of Tectonic , a moody, hypnotic track that’s like an eroded afterimage of Blue Lines-era Massive Attack . On Beating , Tirzah casually clears her throat , adding to the song’s fuzzy, bodily directness: “You got me, I got you/ We made life, it’s beating.” This is an album served best by headphones and solitude, and one that won’t draw you back as much as it draws you in . But at its unpredictable best, Colourgrade creates a quietly wondrous connection that’s tough to shake. Emily Mackay Stan Getz and Astrud Gilberto Live at Berlin Jazz Festival 1966 (The Lost Recordings) The Stan Getz Quartet of 1964- 66 was a particularly sparky little outfit, featuring the young vibraphone virtuoso Gary Burton . By the time of this recording, a close partnership had grown between the two, often resulting in moments of radiant beauty. The Shadow of Your Smile here is one of these – delicate, almost fragile. At other times, such as the opening number, On Green Dolphin Street , there’s sheer rhythmic drive, and with Chuck Israels on bass and the great drummer Roy Haynes it’s more than impressive. The second disc of t his two-CD set mostly belongs to Astrud Gilberto , and it’s a surprise. She was now a star in her own right, with four albums to her credit, and hadn’t worked with Getz for more than two years. Her seven songs here are all ones they had recorded together, including the funny but tricky The Telephone Song , and finishing (of course) with The Girl from Ipanema . It’s all charmingly and efficiently done, and I couldn’t help noticing the quartet’s immaculate accompaniment. These jazz stars were professional musicians too, and they knew how to step back from the limelight while remaining unmistakably themselves. Dave Gelly Fixer Upper’s guitar line could strip dental plaque at 30 paces The most immediate is Dead Horse , a sweary examination of core British values – the nation’s sense of humour, our music, the conversation – that might not survive these trying times. Or that might not be what it’s about at all – there is a messy open-endedness to Smith’s verbiage, one where lettuces grow in potholes ( Payday , on its live debut), or where “the palms greased are never on the ends of the elbows digging the graves of the recently deceased” (Land of the Blind). At the end of Land of the Blind, the song’s character offers to make a 50p piece – and himself – disappear. Smith does just that, picking up his coat and wading through the crowd as the other three-quarters ers of Yard Act provide pumping exit music. John This London punk duo honed their ferocious sound during lockdown and ended up on BBC 6 Music’s playlist Having met at university, south London-based John Newton (drums and vocals) and Johnny Healey (guitar) were initially part of a trio before realising in around 2013 that three was a crowd . They took as their starting point the concussive but tightly controlled clatter of the Jesus Lizard and Metz , while Newton’s bellowed vocals invite comparisons with Idles’ Joe Talbot . Two low-key albums, a Steve Lamacq endorsement and some ferocious live performances followed before the pandemic put everything on hold. “We’d just returned from a pretty astounding show in Athens in February 2020 as the world locked down,” recalls Newton. Frustrated at being unable to perform live, they holed up in their writing room and began work on their markedly more tuneful third album, Nocturnal Manoeuvres . “We’ve always enjoyed bands that show subtle shades of both continuity and development,” says Newton, “and there are some more melodic moments in among the noise.” The more refined sound is paying dividends: recent single A Song for Those Who Speed in Built-Up Areas was playlisted on BBC 6 Music, and John made their live return with well received sets at the End of the Road and Green Man festivals. In the wake of the success of fellow travellers Idles, now could be their time. Phil Mongredien Nocturnal Manoeuvres is released on Friday on Pets Care/Brace Yourself. John are currently touring the UK

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:36 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:01 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 36 The Observer 03.10.21 Critics Architecture ‘Magnificent’: the meditation grove at Skogskyrkogården, the woodland cemetery near Stockholm created by the young Sigurd Lewerentz and Gunnar Asplund in the late 1910s, now a Unesco world heritage site. Photograph by Johan Dehlin Master of the sacred and profane The great 20th-century Swedish architect Sigurd Lewerentz is revered for his spiritual devotion to his craft, and poetic designs for everything from churches and wallpaper to a floating dancefloor. So what was his secret? Rowan Moore At the age of 77 , the architect Sigurd Lewerentz (1885-1975) was commissioned to design a church. Some of the parishioners worried that he was too old to manage the project, others that his low-key designs looked like a garage. The building that he achieved is, like a late play by Samuel Beckett , austere in means but luxurious in thought and imagination. Everything – walls, floors and ceilings, inside and out, pulpit and altar – is as much as possible formed of one material – brick – that performs a kind of magic. The interior is like an exhalation, a bubble, which since bricks are unlike soapy film, seems miraculous. St Peter’s, as it is called, in the southern Swedish town of Klippan , has since its completion in 1966 become an object of veneration for architects around the world. In Britain, Lewerentz has inspired a generation for whom the poetry of architecture comes above all from the facts and actions of construction, out of the way that bricks are laid or glass is fixed to an opening. Adam Caruso and Peter St John , for example, who won the 2016 Stirling prize for London’s Newport Street Gallery, designed for Damien Hirst , have a large and acknowledged debt. Their admiration resembles that of musicians for those with deep understanding of their instruments – they like to see the tools of their trade honoured. Everyone who knows his work agrees that Lewerentz was a craftsman. He went daily to the construction site of St Mark’s in the Stockholm suburb of Björkhagen , a church he realised just before St Peter’s, discussing every detail with the builders. He forbade the common practice of cutting bricks to make them fit a given location, insisting that they remain whole, a rule that requires forethought and skill to follow. He worked with brickworks to achieve exactly the tone and finish he wanted on their products. He had a powerful sense of the sheen on a bronze rail or a copper lightshade or the sharpness of the shadows of a classical moulding. He invented new ways to make steel-framed windows and doors, and set up a company to manufacture them. It’s also widely agreed that he was in some sense spiritual, but that’s a quality that can take many forms. As indeed can craftsmanship. And beyond their acknowledgment of his spirituality and craft, architects choose their own version of Lewerentz. For some it’s about the deep shadows in his churches, from which areas of light emerge. For others it’s his expression in architecture of modern religious experience. One or two focus on the new life that he gave to ancient classical detail in his early designs. “Everyone who loves Lewerentz’s work feels like they’ve discovered him for the first time,” is how Kieran Long , director of ArkDes in Stockholm, puts it. This institution, which is Sweden’s national centre for architecture and design, is now putting on a mighty exhibition , its installation designed by Caruso St John . With 550 exhibits drawn from ArkDes’s archive of more than 13,000 Lewerentz-related items, and accompanied by a 700-page book , it can only multiply the number of possible interpretations. Both book and show are called Sigurd Lewerentz: Architect of Death and Life. The “Death” part of the title is easily explained, as

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:37 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:01 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Dance The Observer 03.10.21 37 ‘Tentative joy amid the gloom’: Jeffrey Cirio and Erina Takahashi in Creature by Akram Khan. Photograph by Tristram Kenton Lewerentz launched his career by winning a competition to design a woodland cemetery to the south of Stockholm, in partnership with another great Swedish architect, Gunnar Asplund . This magnificent work, where chapels and graves are subtly placed in a landscape of hills and trees, is now a Unesco world heritage site. Lewerentz designed another major cemetery without Asplund, in Malmö . Long also wants emphasise the “life” part of the title. For, if Lewerentz’s career is bracketed by churches – in the cemetery near the beginning and in Klippan at the end – and if the best-known images show a gaunt old man in a long black coat, inspecting wintry building sites like a cigarsmoking raven, he had another side to his character. He designed places of frivolity and leisure, especially in the 1930s: restaurants, shops, even a proposal for a flagdecked floating dancefloor for the Stockholm exhibition of 1930 . His office produced colourful drawings of smart and languid young people enjoying these modern spaces. Lewerentz, says Long, “dealt with the immortal and shallow, the most profound and trivial aspects of being human and nothing in between”. Like other great mid-century architects – Gio Ponti , for example – he worked fluidly between media. He designed everything from landscapes to churches to government office buildings to factories to shops to furniture to advertising posters to wallpaper. He was sometimes questioned for the superficiality of some of this work, for what critics LEFT Lewerentz’s St Peter’s church in Klippan, 1963- 66: ‘an object of veneration’. BELOW The design for his floating dancefloor, 1930. Johan Dehlin; ArkDes Collections He is compelling us to confront the condition of our existence, all the time Sigurd Lewerentz in his studio. Karl-Erik Olsson- Snogeröd; ArkDes samling/ArkDes Collections called his “pseudo-functionalism”. He also moved easily between historical and modern styles and between handmade craft and industrial production. There was, for him, no catastrophic conflict between the two. All of which came together in the two churches at the end of his career, St Mark’s and St Peter’s, which use a similar palette of reddish-brown bricks set within thick layers of mortar. You can see, for example, the influence of landscape design in their arrangement, as in the approach to St Mark’s on an oblique path through birch trees. In the woodland cemetery, Lewerentz modified mounds and planting to guide you through the landscape. Areas of shadow and light work in a comparable way in the churches. The paving of St Peter’s was inspired by the patterns of a crossword puzzle that he cut from a newspaper, by the timedishevelled stones of the ancient Roman Via Appia, and by the ornate Cosmatesque pavements of medieval Italy. So an ephemeral diversion of modern life is combined with enduring works of antiquity. Lewerentz described his brickwork as “Persian” – together with his Italian inspirations it brings a touch of southern warmth to this Nordic building. The never-cut bricks give the churches a relentless feeling, but in a few details they are lush. Some elements stop you on your tracks with their coming-fromnowhere strangeness, for example a seashell font perched on a thin metal frame above a stark gash in a mounded brick floor. Windows are frameless sheets of glass placed over raw brick openings. In both churches the rough bricks are offset by refined metalwork and warm tapestries. Doors are made of glued and laminated timber, kneelers of sheepskin. Then, in St Peter’s, a big, T-shaped pillar of steel stands in the centre like a piece of conceptual sculpture, a tree or a cross perhaps. It is the structure that allows the brick vault to hover above the space, which creates that bubble-like effect. In the end, it is the solemn aspect of Lewerentz that most defines him. With St Peter’s, Adam Caruso has said: “He is compelling us to confront the condition of our existence, all of the time.” But without his sensuous and playful side, Lewerentz’s spirituality would become ponderous and his solemnity tedious. For, after all, frivolity is also part of existence. Sigurd Lewerentz: Architect of Death and Life is at ArkDes, Stockholm, until 28 August 2022. The book of the same name, by Mikael Andersson, is published by Park Books, £100. To order a copy for £87 go to Delivery charges may apply Monster mashup Sarah Crompton Creature Sadler’s Wells, London EC1 The marvels in Akram Khan’s new work for English National Ballet are weighed down by its many-stranded apocalyptic message One quality I’ve always admired in Akram Khan is his fearless belief that dance can communicate on any subject. He’s proved it time and again, whether mining the story of his own heritage in Desh , remembering the forgotten Indian soldiers of the first world war in Xenos , looking at class oppression in his reinterpretation of Giselle , or creating a solo for Sylvie Guillem, Techne , that portrayed the development of AI. Something, however, has gone wrong with Creature , his third work for English National Ballet, much anticipated ever since its postponed premiere in April 2020. Perhaps that delay didn’t help its development: certainly, it has morphed from being a version of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein to mashing up aspects of that story with Georg Büchner’s play Woyzeck and then liberally sprinkling the result with apocalyptic concerns about climate change and the future of the planet. Billionaires and the space race are in there somewhere as well. So it is that we find ourselves in an oppressive wooden shack in the Arctic, designed by Tim Yip to let icy light through its slats and lit by Michael Hulls with frozen gloom, its darkness barely alleviated by harsh overhead lights. Here a Creature (Jeffrey Cirio) is being cruelly tested for his ability to withstand extremes of cold and loneliness as a faceless army prepares to colonise space. The problem isn’t that the plot is too complicated . It’s that in wanting to say so much, Khan and his longtime dramaturg, Ruth Little, seem to have forgotten that we need to care about what is happening; the steps must engage an audience, allow it time to feel. Things aren’t helped by a score by another longtime Khan collaborator, Vincenzo Lamagna, that substitutes a sense of progression with ear-splitting volume and odd collisions (an extract from Richard Nixon’s telephone call to Neil Armstrong after the moon landing; a reworking of Ravel’s Bolero). It redefines relentless by simply powering through. There are still marvellous things here. Khan fashions wonderful steps by combining his contemporary style with the company’s classical training. His army of warriors march with outstretched legs that curve upwards at the ankle; they stretch and sway with menace and authority. The ENB dancers look sharp and engaged. Cirio is sensational, blazing round the stage, the scalpel quality of his movement and his profound emotional commitment giving every gesture purpose. But he is working in a void. Other characters are underdeveloped and underused. It’s never clear, for example, whether Stina Quagebeur’s Doctor, purposefully stretching gloves over her hand, is a force for good or evil; Fabian Reimair’s predatory Major has one brutal mode. Erina Takahashi ’s Marie spends most of the action mopping the stage. It’s a criminal waste of so expressive a dancer, but she mines every ounce of her movements for meaning. As she and Cirio dance together, finding tentative joy amid the gloom, you can feel Khan’s choreographic imagination take flight. The rest of the time, it feels constrained by the sheer weight of his arguments.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:38 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:28 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 38 Books Memoir Lady Hale: ‘She is in possession of an under-rated superpower: patience’. Sophia Spring/Guardian A tangled web she weaves Former supreme court president Lady Hale’s memoir illustrates her incredible strength in triumphing over institutional sexism, but is light on personal revelations, writes Rachel Cooke Spider Woman Lady Hale Bodley Head, £20, pp288 On the morning of 24 September 2019 , Lady Hale, aware that the eyes of the world would soon be upon her, elected to wear a little black crepe number by Goat. Ordinarily, the dress in question would have been adorned with a certain jet and diamanté spider brooch, but when she took it out of the wardrobe, this bit of bling was unaccountably missing. And so it was that when she came to deliver the judg ment of the supreme court in the matter of the Queen’s prorogation of parliament on the advice of Boris Johnson, she did so while wearing a sparkly brooch, also in the shape of a spider, that cost £12 from Cards Galore. As Brenda Hale, otherwise known as the Rt Hon the Baroness Hale of Richmond DBE , notes in her new memoir, what she was wearing that day “is not important”. What mattered was the court’s unanimous ruling that the prorogation was unlawful (as a consequence, the order for prorogation was quashed, and it was deemed “null, and of no legal effect”). But still, I don’t believe that we should discount it altogether. In the mind of the public, that now-famous brooch, a present from her husband, surely did good work in underlining the fact that, yes, it is indeed possible for a woman to rise through the ranks to one of the most important judicial roles in the land (she was then the supreme court’s president). It made its owner appear less grey than the 10 male judges with whom she sat; suddenly, she was a person, rather than an outline. Would she have landed a publishing deal without it? Perhaps. But her book is called Spider Woman for good reason. People will pick it up who might otherwise have ignored it. Hale may not, unlike Marvel Comics’ Spider-Woman, be able to kill her enemies with “venom blasts” from her hands, though you gather that from time to time men have been somewhat afraid of her. But the two do have a few things in common, among them super human strength, incredible stamina, and a resistance to certain poisons (down the years, Hale has proved herself, if not oblivious to the toxin of sexism, then able to survive, and even to thrive, in the face of it). Also like her namesake, she has always seen herself as an outsider. Growing up in Scorton in North Yorkshire, where her father was the head of the boys’ grammar school, she was both of the village, and slightly apart from it, marked out by her cleverness (“a swot and a goody-goody”). She was 13, she thinks, when some useful iron entered her soul. Her father having died suddenly, her mother had no choice but to dust herself down and begin her own teaching career all over again. Role models, Hale has always believed, are extremely important in life. She studied law at Cambridge in

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:39 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:28 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 39 This week Steven Pinker Andrew Anthony reviews the Harvard cognitive psychologist’s celebration of rational thinking Stephen Sondheim Anthony Quinn enjoys James Lapine’s account of how he and the composer made a hit musical Paul Auster The novelist on his new book about a radical writer and his horror of creative writing courses Fiction Hale says that she suffered periodically from impostor syndrome the 60s, spurred in this direction by a passion for the constitutional battles of the 17th century. From there, after a stint at the Bar, she became an academic at Manchester University, where she remained for almost two decades. At this point, the reader begins to wonder how the prof will begin her rise ever upwards, but it turns out that she is also in possession of another, much under-rated super power: patience. Hers is a long game. Hale insists that she suffered periodically from impost or syndrome, but I think it was more the case that, like so many women (and unlike so many men), she was only willing to take on roles for which she felt fully qualified. Either way, there was no stopping her once she was finally out of the blocks. In 198 4, she became the youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission. In 1994 , she became a judge in the family division of the high court. In 1999, she was only the second woman to be appointed to the court of appeal. In 2004, she became a law lord. In 2013, she became the deputy president of the supreme court, rising to be its president in 2017 . Hale’s account of her career, though fluently written, is a strange mixture: sometimes exciting and sometimes dusty. Her accounts of her more ground breaking cases are fascinating, and thanks to her feminism – not to mention the antediluvian attitudes of the men around her – I was always on her side (at the family division, she spent too much of her time, she felt, “oppressing women”). But there are many longueurs: endless descriptions of robes and wigs and titles; detailed explanations of the history and processes of our courts (strictly for aspiring law students, I felt); even, at one point, an example of a particularly thrilling question from a law exam. And what about the rest of her life? What about love, loneliness, marriage and motherhood? Hale deals with her divorce in just one Pollyanna-ish sentence, and with the death of her second husband, Julian Farrand , in July 2020 (just months into her retirement), in only a very few more – an approach that had me swinging between gob smacked admiration and utter bewilderment. If it’s quietly thrilling to read a woman who simply won’t indulge in mushy stuff – who deals in facts, not emotions – I was also, I must admit, frustrated. Can you work so hard, for so long, dealing all the while with barely concealed systemic prejudice, and still keep your heart half-open? In awe as I am of her achievements, this, for me, is the mystery that her book does not solve. To order Spider Woman for £17.40 go to or call 020- 3176 3837 Sexual healing – after a fashion A sculptor recalls her fling with a restaurateur as the world succumbs to a deadly virus in Sarah Hall’s urgent lockdown tale, writes Anthony Cummins Burntcoat Sarah Hall Faber, £12.99, pp240 The pandemic novels are coming. While lockdown hovered just out of eyeline in Rachel Cusk’s Second Place and provided a coda to Sally Rooney’s Beautiful World, Where Are You , its presence is far from a garnish in Sarah Hall’s new book, a tale of sex and death told by a sculptor , Edith , whose heady liaison with a Turkish restaurateur, Halit , meets a fork in the road with the advent of a deadly virus that liquefies victims from inside. Hall’s super-heated style, distinctive in a landscape of internet-flattened minimalism, has always combined sci-fi worldbuilding with horror twists and a nature writer’s hyper-sensitive vision. She is drawn to words such as “liminal”, “interstitial”, “chimerical”; things happen “blackly”, “pinkly”, “tannicly”. “February,” begins one passage, “with its bare, larval branches. March. Other nations were closing borders, quarantining... I think back on those last unrestricted months. The before.” As Halit passes lockdown (“that strange aestivation”) with Edith in her warehouse on the rural edge of a northern city, there are shortages and looting, curfews and armed patrols. A vaccine doesn’t emerge for two years, although “most of the world” has it by the time Edith tells us the story, a couple of decades down the line at 59, and in the grip of a fatal resurgence of the virus as she’s putting the finishing touches to a long-delayed government memorial to the “million” dead. But while the narrative has the urgency of a disaster scenario, its texture is more mazy; as we roll through Edith’s life pre-Halit, a variety of names (including a Sean and a Shun) prove only incidentally important to the action as we seek a toehold amid the fluently jumbled timeline. Doomy cadences fuel drama by keeping us guessing. “I remember a saying from your country,” Edith says on the second page, but we have to wait for a hint of who the addressee might be. “When I was eight, my mother died and Naomi arrived,” she later tells Sarah Hall: ‘alights on the sort of authentic detail that brings a scene alive’. Richard Thwaites us, in a wrong-footing line that sets up the history of her mother’s life-changing brain injury, central to our understanding of Edith’s upbringing. The book’s energy lies in Hall’s knack for alighting on the sort of authentic detail that brings a scene alive. Edith remembers that the day her mother collapsed with a clot was the first time she was allowed in the front passenger seat of the family car. During the helter-skelter craziness of early fame in the wake of victory in a Turner-ish art competition, she tells us she dealt with an impatient man hassling her in an ATM queue by taking out the maximum amount on her card and thrusting it into his startled hand. Most of all, there’s the sex between Edith and Halit, the novel’s engine; both high-literary and blunt (Edith tells us of her “rivery flavour” and “walls of meat”), these scenes aren’t exactly unembarrassing, yet their vocabulary has a pungent, even subversive clarity that demands attention – call me sheltered, but I’ve never seen “latch” used as a noun for anything but doors and breastfeeding. For all that, Hall’s best fiction is still to be found in her short story collections (witness the superlative Evie , another tale involving neurological disorder, from 2017 ’s Madame Zero ). While the fluid structure of Burntcoat mimics the narrator’s roving memory, isn’t it also a convenient way to meld the quick strokes favoured by Hall’s vivid scene-making? Don’t the story’s more drastic turns exist primarily to get her out of a tight spot or at least one that would require her to further develop her characters’ relationships? Almost everyone Edith encounters has a complicated story of migration in their past, not least Halit, whose family were ethnic Turks who fled persecution in Bulgaria, but you can’t help wonder if dislocation is merely a symptom of the novel’s slash-and-burn approach to those relationships, most starkly felt in the deus ex machina impact of the virus. It’s perhaps telling, too, that the pandemic we actually have doesn’t seem sufficiently dire to sate the demands of Hall’s narrative logic, even if you suspect she fully recognises the ticklishness of that position. As Edith says: “Artists don’t civilise, or comply, no matter how serious the game they play... Part of me enjoyed the crisis, I admit.” To order Burntcoat for £11.30 go to or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:40 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 40 The Observer 03.10.21 Books Biography The oddball opportunist Max Chafkin’s thorough study of PayPal founder Peter Thiel reveals a man with his eye on the main chance, rather than a visionary, writes John Naughton The Contrarian: Peter Thiel and Silicon Valley’s Pursuit of Power Max Chafkin Bloomsbury, £25, pp366 This is a book about the aphrodisiac effect of wealth and in particular about the reality distortion field that surrounds people who possess it. Peter Thiel is such a person and the strength of the field that surrounds him is so intense that it is difficult to believe anything that anyone writes about him. So you approach journalist Max Chafkin’s book with a degree of scepticism. Has he succeeded in penetrating the hype of the “Thielverse” and drilled down to the heart of the riddle wrapped around an enigma that is Thiel? The answer is: perhaps. And if he has succeeded, then the conclusion is that Thiel is nothing like as interesting as the media (and the political world) seem to think. He’s just a very rich Fiction in translation A deep dive into a family tragedy The Survivors Alex Schulman (trans by Rachel Willson-Broyles) Fleet, £16.99, pp261 Alex Schulman established his literary career in his native Sweden with three successful volumes of memoirs drawing on his family history, so it’s not surprising that his first work of fiction to be published internationally mines the same seam. The Survivors is the story of three estranged brothers who reunite to scatter their mother’s ashes at the lakeside cottage where they used to spend their summers, until an unspecified tragedy shattered their family for good. and very strange human being. He was born in 1967 in Frankfurt to pious Christian parents and came to the US as a one-year-old. His father was a mining expert and took the family to apartheid South Africa for a few years before returning to the US and settling in California. At school, Thiel was a classic nerd and a formidable chess player (one of the best under-13 chess players in the US, apparently). But even then he was perceived as “inscrutable, distant and haughty”. Fifty years on, he’s much the same. Thiel then went to Stanford, which he hated. What particularly infuriated him was the university’s supposedly liberal, politically correct ethos and it led him to found the Stanford Review , a scabrously neo-reactionary little journal designed to troll liberals and their detested values. In it, one finds the seeds of Thiel’s victim mentality, not at that stage as a gay man (that came later) but as a white, conservative, non-PC male. Despite that, though, he stayed on at Stanford’s law school before leaving to embark on what looked like a standard legal career. While labouring in that arid wasteland, he co-authored a book, The Diversity Myth: Multiculturalism and Political Intolerance on Campus , which brought him to the attention of the most poisonous segments of Schulman sets himself a complex technical challenge; he tells his story in two parallel narratives, one running backwards through the day of the funeral, the other moving forwards through childhood summers to the climactic point of the catastrophe, whose exact nature is only hinted at until the very end. For the most part, he makes this work. The novel opens with the arrival of the police in the aftermath of an eruption of violence presented as inevitable: “What’s playing out here on these stone steps, the tears of three brothers, their swollen faces and all the blood, is only the last ripple on the water, the one furthest out, the one with the most distance American conservatism and in a way launched him on the contrarian track that has since defined his life. Abandoning his legal career, he tried to use his growing political notoriety to set up a hedge fund. It didn’t work. But then he ran into Max Levchin , who had an idea for software that would enable personal computers to communicate with banks’ mainframe systems. The idea was to use digital IOUs instead of dollars to buy stuff. It was the idea that launched PayPal , which grew rapidly because eBay users liked it, and was the start of Thiel’s rise to billionaire-hood, even though it lost money hand over fist and was rescued from insolvency by a “merger” with a similar outfit founded by Elon Musk . The company’s early employees and investors became what the media came to call “the PayPal mafia” because they have parlayed their windfall profits into a number of other successful tech companies (with Thiel taking a cut nearly every time). They have also provided their hero with a cadre of followers who have helpfully burnished his myth as he climbed the greasy pole to his current obscene wealth. Chafkin is a terrific journalist Peter Thiel, left, and Elon Musk at PayPal HQ in California, 2000. AP from the point of impact.” What follows is a portrait of a dysfunctional, but not unloving, family viewed mainly from the perspective of the middle brother, Benjamin , who appears to have been the most deeply scarred by the events of their childhood. He has appointed himself the peacekeeper; even as a boy, he was constantly vigilant around his parents, the one obliged to “keep an eye on the atmosphere and their moods”. The boys’ parents are drinkers, which makes them volatile; they are just as prone to sudden outbursts of aggression towards each other or their sons as they are to displays of affection. Their mother, who A typical Swedish lakeside scene. ‘Schulman’s spare prose evokes a landscape seen through a child’s eyes’. Alamy and he has provided a detailed, impeccably researched account of this journey. In a way, The Contrarian is a chronicle of the evolution of a weird personality cult: the Thielverse, whose members, overwhelmingly, young, rightwing single males, worship their hero as someone gifted with godlike prescience and wisdom. The strange thing is that the record doesn’t really support this hagiographical vision. Thiel isn’t a gifted geek, just someone who is good at spotting an opportunity. His investment record is patchy, although it shows that he has always been good at getting out before the peak. And although he masquerades as a visionary who derides liberal democracy as too slow and stupid to survive, in practice he has devoted much of his career to building businesses that feed off its governments. In that sense, his actual legacy is Palantir , a supposedly omnipotent and omniscient corporation that can do magic with data analytics; in fact, it is a humdrum government contractor like the rest of the aerospace and global consultancy firms. Think of it as Accenture with added halitosis. The most interesting thought that emerges from Chafkin’s book is that Thiel isn’t really a visionary at all. That’s because he’s defined only by what he’s against – liberal democracy, liberal elites, multiculturalism, and so on. But if you ask what is he for then only one answer can be extracted from this book: he’s for Peter Thiel. To order The Contrarian for £21.75 go to or call 020- 3176 3837 appears more attached to the family dog than to her sons, is especially given to fits of anger over small provocations, and Schulman depicts with disturbing accuracy the tension that pervades a childhood lived in such an atmosphere. In this translation by Rachel Willson-Broyles , Schulman’s spare prose evokes a landscape seen through a child’s eyes, where beauty and terror are inseparable. The difficulty with telling a story in reverse is that the reader already knows how it ends; all the narrative tension therefore rests on the events leading up to the tragedy 20 years earlier. The big reveal, when it comes, is not wholly convincing; it feels like an attempt to give the novel a thriller-esque twist and relies on a slightly implausible degree of suppressed memory. But as a study of complex sibling relationships and the layers of guilt and resentment laid down over a lifetime of burying the past, The Survivors is an accomplished tale. Stephanie Merritt To order The Survivors for £14.78 go to or call 020- 3176 3837 In brief by Alexander Larman Love & Deception: Philby in Beirut James Hanning Corsair, £25, pp408 The saga of spy Kim Philby might seem well-worn, but the journalist James Hanning has eschewed a cradle-tograve narrative in favour of concentrating on his espionage activities in Beirut in the 1950s , using fascinating new material he has unearthed. Hanning concentrates on the relationship between Philby and Eleanor Kearns and suggests that, for the most committed of traitors, there was never any competition choosing between his spouse and th at most demanding mistress , the Communist party. The Tale of the Tailor and the Three Dead Kings Dan Jones Head of Zeus, £9.99, pp95 Dan Jones is best known for his epic histories, which makes his first foray into fiction a surprising but effective change of direction. He has adapted a medieval tale of the supernatural (transcribed from the Latin by MR James in 1922 ) ; his tight, chilling account of an unsuspecting tailor and the terrifying shenanigans in which he is embroiled compare s favourably with James’s own ghost stories , the author’s grasp of historical detail giv ing it welcome verisimilitude . Ghosts of the West Alec Marsh Hachette, £9.99, pp265 The third in the series of Alec Marsh ’s engaging historical mysteries, featuring the dashing duo of adventurer Ernest Drabble and journalist Percival Harris , sees the pair head to the U S in search of a stolen Native American artefact, only to discover a far more sinister conspiracy in the run-up to the second world war. Marsh’s mixture of derring-do and scholarship makes for a fun read and a colourful supporting cast of rogues and spies keeps the narrative hurtling along, even as graver points are made about the consequences of colonialism. To order Love & Deception for £21.75 or The Tale of the Tailor and the Three Dead Kings for £9.29 go to guardianbookshop. com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:41 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 16:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 03.10.21 41 Coronavirus Go backwards to rebuild society While Adam Tooze brilliantly chronicles Covid-19’s impact on political thinking and our working lives, two other academics identify the lessons we must learn from our forebears, writes Will Hutton Shutdown: How Covid Shook the World’s Economy Adam Tooze Allen Lane, £25, pp368 After the Virus: Lessons from the Past for a Better Future Hilary Cooper and Simon Szreter Cambridge University Press, £12.99, pp444 The past 18 months have been the most extraordinary any of us have lived through outside wartime. Covid, which started in Wuhan to initial denial, became a pandemic, spar ing no country from mass deaths, deep recession, unemployment and an epidemic of poor mental health and fearfulness. The world only found its way to relatively calmer waters because of extraordinary advances in vaccine development along with agile management of the international financial system, allow ing less creditworthy governments to borrow trillions with little sense of crisis. Even the derided (in Britain at least) EU managed to step up to the plate with increasingly effective collective action . What Covid has prompted, above all, as these two remarkable books agree, is root and branch reassessment of the way societies must organise themselves. Yet for the moment, as Adam Tooze writes in his exhaustive and clear-eyed panorama of all that has happened , the forces propelling what he dubs the great acceleration of unmanaged globalisation remain intact. The world continues to handle crisis after crisis with institutions, geo political rivalries, absurd ideologies and vicious inequalities that will ultimately exhaust the reactive ad hoc approach that has worked so far. It is, as he calls his opening chapter, an age of organised irresponsibility. He excuses no country from avoidable mistakes – everyone hesitated during lockdown . And while he gives credit where it is due – the aggression of China’s self-isolation once it acted or the willingness of the US Federal Reserve to offer trillions of dollars of credit domestically and globally – he also doles out appropriate criticism. The Chinese Communist party heads in Wuhan disguised what was going on, and the leadership in Beijing initially The chapter on Elizabeth 1’s launch of the poor law and charitable giving in 1601 is eye-opening Above: Adam Tooze: ‘a clear-eyed panorama of all that has happened’. Top: a nurse with Covid patients in an intensive care unit in Cambridge. Murdo MacLeod/Guardian; AFP/Getty dismissed the threat. And if the Fed acted to an unprecedented degree, it was not to play its part in creating a “new social contract” but to serve the national and international interests of US finance. Its masters were in Wall Street, not Capitol Hill. The result has been more shutdown than lockdown – hence the title of Tooze’s book. Four in five workers worldwide experienced furlough, short-term working, enforced working from home or unemployment – a stunning statistic. Governments everywhere turned on the fiscal and monetary taps to bust old rules about what was formerly considered prudent. The Fed, the EU’s ECB and the Bank of England bought newly issued government bonds, in effect printing money, which was copied by central banks in Latin America, Africa and Asia – all to allow governments to spend what was required on vaccination, public health and saving their economies. If ever there w ere proof positive of Keynes ’s great maxim “ anything we can actually do we can afford” , it was this. Covid has led to the death of libertarianism , the intellectual cover for what Tooze describes as “ fascistoid” elements in the US Republican party who obstructed in the person of Donald Trump – and who continue to obstruct purposeful public action to save lives. But above all, it was killed by our collective behaviour . Confronted by unknown risks, most social distancing was initiated and observed not by governments but by people trying to protect themselves. Libertarian Tories, baying about the loss of individual freedoms posed by lockdown, were out of sync with the British public and humankind. But for all his brilliance as a contemporary chronicler, Tooze offers no solutions. He is a kind of latterday flagellant, telling his readers to prepare for he knows not what doom. Dark forces remain unchecked and uncheckable. For hope turn to Hilary Cooper and Simon Szreter’s After the Virus . Although their critique of the Johnson government’s handling of the pandemic would have been more rounded had they recognised that failures were ubiquitous and international, it is their blending of history and ways forward that is original and compelling. Any strong economy depends on a strong society capable of h elping the disadvantaged – true for our times, they argue , and across history. The chapter on the birth of what they call “collectivist individualism” through Elizabeth I ’s launch of the poor law and charitable giving in 1601 is eye-opening. Here was Europe’s first universal welfare state, requiring every one of England’s 10,000 parishes to take responsibility for their poor while incentivising charitable giving to hospitals and schools. The result, they claim, was that England w as able to handle plagues, crop failures and recessions better than anywhere in Europe for the next two centuries – permitting the migration of workers confident in their security to growth hotspots that underwrote the Industrial Revolution and the UK’s economic pre-eminence. It was only when the system was unravelled from 1834 onwards, in the name of individual responsibility and penalising the workshy, that Britain fell back – alleviated temporarily by the 1945-51 social settlement. Cooper and Szreter turn the argument of Thatcherite historians such as Correlli Barnett – that “welfarism” softened British society – on its head. Moreover, their position opens the door to seven principles, ranging from the establishment of ethical capitalism to a nurturing state, on which future collectivist individualism must rest if Britain is to prosper and manage the risks of the 21st century better. Fuse these two illuminating books as a basis for action and our future would be much brighter. To order Shutdown for £21.25 or After the Virus for £11.30 go to or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:42 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:35 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 42 The Observer 03.10.21 Books Psychology It all stands to reason Steven Pinker makes perfect sense in his defence of rational thinking and why our brains often lead us astray, writes Andrew Anthony Rationality: What It Is, Why It Seems Scarce, Why It Matters Steven Pinker Allen Lane, £25, pp432 Whether in primitive tribes or the most technologically advanced 21st-century cities, human beings are born with the facility to reason. It requires rational analysis to stalk an animal, just as it does to decide which utility company offers the best deal. So why is it that we are prone to act irrationally, to be persuaded by bad arguments and led by cynical leaders? This is the question that, in so many words, Steven Pinker seeks to answer in his new book . The Harvard cognitive psychologist is the author of a number of chunky works that have grown steadily more popular, and perhaps more polemical, in their approach. From disentangling the mysteries of cognition and how we learn grammar, he moved on to making the case that humanity is growing less violent in The Better Angels of Our Nature . That book stirred plenty of controversy, and the affable Pinker has become an increasingly disparaged figure by those who see him as a white male product, and defender, of the scientific establishment. Among other things, Rationality is also a response to these critics, a reaffirmation of critical thinking against the encroachments of critical theory. As he writes: “Fashionable academic movements like postmodernism … hold that reason, truth and objectivity are social constructions that justify the privilege of dominant groups.” Pinker’s line is that while we may never definitely establish objective truth, objective truth nonetheless exists, and our best means of getting closest to it is through rational understanding. But what does rationality actually mean? Essentially, it amounts to a set of rules and tools that help us to eliminate bias, bigotries, phobias, superstitions and what Pinker calls the “cognitive illusions” that stand between us and our clearest perception of reality. Among these tools are systems of logic, probability and empirical reasoning. Just the mention of such phrases brings to mind Star Trek’s Mr Spock – the archetype of the dry and humourless slave to rational thought. Pinker is neither dry nor humourless. And while his jokes may not be exactly rib-ticklers, he knows that what we find funny is often nothing more than clever inversions of logic. Or as the critic Clive James once put it, a sense of humour is just common sense, dancing . Reason has never been as sexy as emotion, and our romantic side will always back the passionate over the rational. Yet even Romeo, as Pinker notes, citing the psychologist William James , had to employ his rational mind to find a way to overcome the obstacles placed between himself and Juliet. As Pinker points out, rationality Rationality is all we have to prevent the world from descending into chaos or tyranny is really just a means of getting what we want, thus even the most irrational people are capable of making rational choices. Where things become difficult is when our brains, which have evolved to seek mental short cuts, lead us astray – a fate that regularly visits even the sharpest of minds. To illustrate this tendency, Pinker outlines some classic traps. My favourite is the three door choice that used to feature in a US gameshow. Behind one of the doors was a car and behind the other two a goat. After the contestant selected a door, the host would open one of the other remaining two doors, revealing a goat. Then the contestant would be offered the opportunity to change her choice of door. Most contestants stayed with their original choice, assuming it was a 50-50 deal – an assumption made by Steven Pinker: ‘neither dry nor humourless’. Rex even some notable mathematicians. But they were wrong. Changing to the other door improves the contestant’s chance of winning the car from one in three to one in two. We struggle to compute that basic fact of probability. But imagine that there were a thousand doors, and you chose one, and then 998 were opened to reveal goats. Would you still stick with your original choice, rather than opt for the other unopened door? How does a gameshow brainteaser have any application in real life? Because we jump to wrong conclusions all the time, by relying on habit and intuition, and by fearing change. The anti-vaccine movement, says Pinker, is a case in point. It focuses on rare reactions to vaccines and ignores the far more common consequences of not taking a vaccine. The same goes for the rise of populism. Someone such as Donald Trump lies and contradicts himself almost every time he opens his mouth, yet his emotional pull often “trumped” his logical shortcomings. It’s hard to argue against Pinker’s own logic, yet there will always be a ghost in the machine, those urges and instincts that serve to distort reality. We are hugely more likely to die while driving than while flying, yet this knowledge does little to ease the fear of nervous flyers. In the end, though, rationality is all we have to prevent the world from descending into chaos or tyranny. You can’t argue against it – other than by rational means, which would be selfdefeating. Nonetheless, it wouldn’t be rational to underestimate the lure of the irrational. To order Rationality for £21.25 go to or call 020- 3176 3837 Diaries A magpie with an eye for the absurd A Carnival of Snackery: Diaries Volume Two (2003-2020) David Sedaris Little, Brown, £20, pp576 There are two types of celebrity diaries. The first wrenches convulsive revelations from a corpse’s cold grip and upturns what we thought we knew about a deceased public figure. The second is a living artist’s selected highlights, a form of scrapbook memoir, polished until it reflects them in the best light. Humorist David Sedaris’s diaries are closer to the second, though there is plenty of the fun and some of the juiciness of the first type too, evidenced in his response to a shop assistant who asks what he’s looking for in a gift: “Well, grotesque is a plus.” This second volume picks up where Theft by Finding: Diaries 1977- 2002 left off, except now Sedaris (pictured) is no longer struggling, no longer a drinker and, following the publication of his breakthrough book of comic essays Me Talk Pretty One Day (2000), is that rarest of things: a rich writer. This means that during the course of the book he can buy a sprawling apartment in Manhattan (“at 10 o’clock last night I discovered a new bathroom”), hideous designer clothes that “to an undiscerning eye” make him “look like a tramp” and any amount of overpriced tat (“I knew immediately I had to have it,” he says of an £8,000 stuffed kiwi). And now that he’s famous, the staples of the book are his travels around the world to perform and his famously lengthy book signings, which last up to five hours. “I love how chatty Irish people are,” he writes, though it means he “didn’t leave the theatre until 1am”. Wherever he goes he spots the precisely funny detail and finds the mot juste – like “relaxing” in the sentence “mice got into the chest of drawers and ate the relaxing eye mask that Joan gave Hugh for Christmas”. Mostly, A Carnival of Snackery is a compendium of the weird things picked up by Sedaris’s magpie eye (and ear): he cracks up when a French interviewer describes her meeting with Penélope Cruz : “An incredibly nice person. And beautiful too, with flawless skin and the eyes of a donkey.” Often, he actively seeks out material by asking shocking questions to fans in signing queues (“I’m conducting a little survey and was wondering if you’ve ever shit in your hand?”). This usually works because his personal essays make people feel they know him and they open up to him in response, though it’s less successful when he lists jokes people tell him, most of which are terrible but at least highlight how well-turned Sedaris’s own gags are. Next to his pet peeves – rude people, overfriendly service staff and always, always litterbugs – more serious stuff is rarely dealt with: his agent’s dementia and sister Tiffany’s mental illness are presented almost as a diversion, at least until he reports their deaths. Compassion makes an occasional appearance – “how terrible their lives will be until they die,” he writes of parents whose children died in a school shooting – but you won’t find analysis here of the major events of these interesting years. The protests after the murder of George Floyd are less likely to attract reflection than sarcasm (“today, like yesterday, will be glorious, a beautiful day for setting trash cans on fire!”) or a quip: “Just because you forced your way into the Nike store doesn’t mean you can find your size in the stockroom.” The jokes seem to thin out in the later years, as Trump takes power, as Sedaris’s father’s health declines, as Covid descends. We don’t expect consistency from diarists, nor explication, and we don’t get it, as people appear without introduction or footnote: in Sedaris’s books, other people exist mainly to provide amusement. Best, then, not to read this book cover to cover, like a novel, but to use it as suggested by the title (which is taken from an Indian restaurant menu): to keep the appetite for delight and absurdity satisfied until the next Sedaris book comes along. John Self To order A Carnival of Snackery for £17.40 go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:43 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:36 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 03.10.21 43 Theatre Stephen Sondheim, left, looks on as Bernadette Peters kisses playwright James Lapine after Sunday in the Park With George won the Pulitzer prize, April 1985. Sara Krulwich/Getty Side by side with Sondheim James Lapine’s account of how he and Stephen Sondheim braved bad previews and cast members jumping ship to create a hit musical is fascinating, writes Anthony Quinn Putting It Together: How Stephen Sondheim and I Created Sunday in the Park With George James Lapine Farrar, Straus & Giroux, £32, pp390 This book is a retrospective peep behind the curtain, an account of how a musical was conceived, written, produced, launched – and nearly died in its infancy. It is mostly fascinating, especially if, like me, you’re baffled by the mechanics of artistic collaboration. How is it that two people can find a common voice to make a single work of art? In this case, it was a musical of a quite cerebral and challenging nature. In 1982, Stephen Sondheim was so depressed by the flop of his last project – Merrily We Roll Along had closed on Broadway after 16 performances – that he contemplated abandoning musical theatre to start on something new: video games. (Yes, really.) Before that ambition could take root he happened to meet a young playwright, James Lapine , who’d had some off-Broadway successes. At Sondheim’s apartment, they got together again, smoked dope and began throwing ideas around. After a couple of false starts, Lapine brought over a postcard of Georges Seurat’s painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte , which set something off: it looked like 50 characters on a stage set. A dress rehearsal for the show at Châtelet theatre, Paris, 2013. Jacques Demarthon/ AFP/Getty When Lapine pointed out that the main character was missing – the artist – Sondheim responded: “Boing! All the lights went on… a great moment.” Sunday in the Park With George was up and running. Or perhaps just jogging. Sondheim still wondered if it shouldn’t be simply a play; Lapine hadn’t collaborated on a musical before and the only Sondheim he knew was Sweeney Todd. They were nervous of each other. The first song was a long time coming. But, slowly, the story of a painter, George, his mistress, Dot, and the tug between art and love came together; a cast was recruited and workshop rehearsals began at the off-Broadway theatre Playwrights Horizons . Lapine recalls this in a sequence of transcribed conversations, which gives the book a nice flow and allows all involved a turn in the spotlight. The musical director, actors, choreographer, setdesigner, costume lady, sound and lighting people, indeed just about everyone bar the theatre’s lavatory attendant gets a say. Alas, the format also encourages a lot of luvvie confessional (“I think it was just wildly brave of you to have decided to work with me”) and mutual backslapping. It becomes especially ripe when the show’s star, Mandy Patinkin , opens up. His great performance came at a price - “a pain in the ass”, according to one cast member – though he and Lapine appear to have found each other irresistible. By the end, the love-in between star and director feels like Sally Field’s Oscar speech rewritten as a duet. Lapine, recalling the struggles of 40 years ago, isn’t above polishing his own legend: “I’m actually somewhat in awe of my younger self.” Not everyone was so enamoured of it. Kelsey Grammer , having realised the director didn’t know “upstage” from “downstage”, eventually jumped ship on the project. Sondheim, with the wisdom of years, sounds a more considered and gracious presence. Lifelong acclaim, perhaps, relieves him of the need to blow his own trumpet. Lapine has hold of a good story all the same. Right up to the opening ( 2 May 1984 ), the production danced on a knife-edge. The previews were terrible. People leaving the show were seen ripping up their programmes. Some left in the intermission or else halfway through the second act, which wasn’t yet finished: missing songs had to be filled by actors doing monologues. One interviewee talks of “walking ovations”, a phrase I hadn’t heard before – audience members clapping as they exit the theatre in embarrassment. “Sunday in the Dark and Bored” was one of the nastier jibes. Somehow, it survived. Two key songs were delivered for the finale ( Bernadette Peters and Patinkin singing Move On is for me a highlight of the Sondheim oeuvre) and Frank Rich gave it a decent review in the New York Times. The twin impostors of triumph and disaster continued to stalk it. Two months after the opening, Sondheim had a heart attack – “probably not a coincidence”. The following year, it missed out on a Tony award but won a Pulitzer (go figure) for best drama. You can read an alternative account of the show in Sondheim’s memoir-cum-lyric book Look, I Made a Hat (2011), in which he remarks on the emollient affect of working with Lapine. Often accused of writing cold, dispassionate scores, he was required in Sunday… to express via song “the straightforward, unembarrassed goodness” of Lapine’s characters. His tone changed “and I was the better for it”. Even genius needs help sometimes. To order Putting It Together for £27.84 go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:44 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 44 The Observer 03.10.21 Books Thrillers of the month The Unheard Nicci French Simon & Schuster, £14.99, pp464 Reprieve James Han Mattson Bloomsbury, £16.99, pp416 Apples Never Fall Liane Moriarty Michael Joseph, £20, pp496 The Stoning Peter Papathanasiou MacLehose Press, £16.99, pp320 Foul play begins at home Nicci French and Liane Moriarty keep it in the family, a haunted house game goes badly wrong and rural Australia has a new cop on the block. By Alison Flood Tess isn’t sure what to do when she finds a scribbled drawing of a figure falling from a tower in a pile of her daughter Poppy’s pictures. “He did kill her,” the three-year-old tells her, before sobbing and wetting the bed. Poppy can’t explain to Tess what she’s frightened of, but Tess knows there’s something wrong and as she prods away at the mystery around what Poppy might or might not have seen, she becomes increasingly concerned about almost everyone in her life. “Everyone thinks this is inside my head, but what if it isn’t? What if I’m right to feel such fear and dread?” Tess is the protagonist of the latest outing for husband-and-wife writing team Nicci Gerrard and Sean French , who write as Nicci French. The Unheard is excellent – a breathless read brimming with misdirection and fear, as Tess tests the limits of what she can get away with in the name of protecting her little girl. Just in time for Halloween, James Han Mattson has produced Reprieve , a chilling blend of horror and thriller that explores racism and the desperate desire to belong with skin-crawling exactitude. The novel’s creepy heart is Quigley House , an “extreme haunt” venue where visitors have to try to make it through a series of increasingly horrific rooms to win a cash prize. One of Bryan, Jaidee, Victor and Jane will wind up dead before they finish. Moving back and forth in time, Mattson reveals how the quartet all ended up in this house of horrors – from Jaidee, the Thai student trying and failing to assimilate in America, to Bryan, the cousin of Quigley employee and horror aficionado Kendra . The author leans into the horror motifs he uses – “the house loomed, pressing aggressively against the dark, an enormous slab of story book terror” – while giving them a cynical shake. Clever, insightful and unnerving. Apples Never Fall , the latest novel from Big Little Lies and Nine Perfect Strangers author Liane Moriarty , opens as the four adult children of Joy Delaney chat in a cafe about whether they should report their mother missing. She has left nothing behind except a garbled text message and, as the days pass, the police start asking questions about the scratch on her husband Stan’s face and about the odd young woman who moved into their house the previous year. Moriarty is excellent – amusing and astute – on the small indignities that make up a marriage, a family and a life. As we learn more about the Delaneys’ past and present – Joy and Stan’s years running a tennis coaching business; the children’s attempts to make it in the world of tennis – the police start to realise that no one is telling the truth. And Joy still hasn’t returned. Though Apples Never Fall is a little baggy, it possesses the insight and warmth that Moriarty brings to all her books. The first in a new series by debut author Peter Papathanasiou , The Stoning opens with the murder of a teacher in the outback Australian town of Cobb , and introduces us to DS Giorgios Manolis , the son of Greek immigrants. A typically grizzled detective with a broken personal life, he grew up in Cobb then moved away. Returning, he finds a town sizzling with tension between the white people and indigenous Australians and between locals and refugees at a nearby detention centre. “Multiculturalism is the greatest failed experiment,” one local tells him. In a town no one visits and everyone wants to leave, and where people eat strips of crocodile meat and the heat is pitiless, the author conveys how the temperature infuses every interaction. Deliciously dark outback noir. To order any of these titles for a special price, go to or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:45 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 15:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 03.10.21 45 Paul Auster ‘It’s distress that generates art’ The novelist talks to Alex Preston about his latest work, an 800-page tribute to the American author Stephen Crane, and why the greatest writers are monomaniacs Paul Auster is in bed. We’re speaking on the telephone and it’s in his bedroom that his reception is best. “I much prefer telephone calls,” he says. “So much better than these terrible little squares on a screen.” Known for his elegant, lapidary novels – The New York Trilogy and Moon Palace are more than 30 years old now – Auster’s later career has seen him in more expansive form. His Booker-shortlisted 4321 was almost 1,000 pages of speculative fiction, looking at the various paths a life could take. Now, in one of his regular forays into non fiction, he has written, at 800 pages, another absolute unit of a book. His subject, the turn-of-the-century novelist and poet Stephen Crane , lived a short life – he died at 2 8 and his complete works could be read in a weekend. Auster’s book, though, is massive. It’s also marvellous: part biography, part literary criticism . Auster takes you deep into the heart of his own obsession with Crane’s extraordinary, radical writings and it’s almost impossible not to be infected by his enthusiasm. Auster is the author of 20 novels, has won numerous prizes and lives with his wife, the author Siri Hustvedt, in Brooklyn, New York The books interview source is, the thing that has shaken life up for you, it’s distress that generates art. How did you spend the pandemic? Unlike most people, I don’t have a job, so I didn’t lose my job. Siri and I are both writers and we carried on doing what we do. I consider us to be very, very lucky. Here in New York, we were at the epicentre last spring. It was horrifying. The only sounds in the street were ambulances. There was no sound anywhere, just the birds that came flocking back in lockdown. Birds that hadn’t been seen in decades. But otherwise just dead space, silence and ambulances. How do you organise your books? In a weird way and it’s a system I developed over many years. The books are scattered all over the house. So in the downstairs guest room I have all my books about sports, all my crime novels and all my film books and also Judaica. I thought all these books would be really interesting to anyone staying the night here. Upstairs in the big room we call the library, we have only literature. Art books are along one wall. But I did the literature chronologically. It starts with Gilgamesh and then on through the ancient Greeks, the Romans, the middle ages, and then each of these is divided by country. Then upstairs we have another library and that is Siri’s room and it’s all the philosophy and psychology books. We are overwhelmed with books. We keep giving away hundreds of them and it never makes a dent. Which classic novel did you read recently for the first time? To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf. One of the most beautiful and shattering novels I’ve read in my life. Why did you choose to write about Stephen Crane? I read him early, as a high-school student, as many of us did back then. The Red Badge of Courage was required reading for most high-school students. But then I lost contact with Crane and hadn’t thought about him too much. After I finished 4321 I was really exhausted and knew that I wouldn’t be able to write for some time so I took several months off to regroup. During that time, I read a lot of things that I had been meaning to read all my life. I started reading Crane again. The first thing I read was The Monster , which I’d never even heard of. I was so overpowered by its brilliance – it took me by storm and I was shocked at how good and deep and resonant it was. That inspired me to read everything else he’d written. My admiration kept growing. By the time I was done with his work I started investigating his life and realised how deeply Paul Auster: ‘Either you have an imagination or you don’t.’ Christopher Thomond/ Guardian fascinating that was. Finally, I decided to write a short appreciation of Crane. Short? That was my plan : 150 or 200 pages. Then one thing led to another and it turned into this new member of the Rocky Mountain chain. It’s an enormous book, I know. For a life that was that short, it’s pretty strange that I should have written so much. But it’s not just a biography, it’s also a reading of his work: it’s about evenly split between the two. It’s a book that teaches us how to love Crane. Do you recognise yourself as a teacher? I taught for five years at Princeton. These were writing workshops. I had a horror of them. Five years of teaching and I still have a horror of creative writing. Either you have an imagination or you don’t; either you have a feel for language or you don’t. I did have the feeling that I was an old man talking to younger people in this book. Not in a classroom, but around a dinner table and sharing my insight and enthusiasm for this writer and his work. It feels like you admire Crane partly for how seriously he takes writing. It’s the only way I understand writing. It’s certainly the way I’ve been all my life and it’s how every other writer I admire is – a kind of monomaniac. I’m not sure how you can make any art if you don’t treat it very seriously, if you’re not obsessed with doing it better each time. Crane was very poor. Do we need to suffer for our art? In order to unleash good work, there has to be something in you that feels out of balance. It doesn’t have to be financial distress – it could be emotional or amorous. Whatever the ‘Five years of teaching and I still have a horror of creative writing’ Which book would you give to a 12-year-old? I think I would give that 12-year-old Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. This person would be old enough to read it without the filter of a parent and to understand how wonderful and imaginative and absolutely crazy it is. The main thing about giving books to young people is that you really need to show them the sheer joy of reading, the pleasure it can bring you. Nothing too heavy. Books that are effervescent – that’s what creates a love of reading. If I were to give a 15-year-old a book, I’d give them Candide. That’s when I read it and it changed my life. I laughed, I was shocked and I was inspired by it. That’s what a great book can do when you’re young. Burning Boy: The Life and Work of Stephen Crane is published by Faber (£25). To order a copy for £21.75 go to or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:46 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 12:12 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 46 The Observer 03.10.21 Puzzles Guess the painting by Laura Cumming Emoji Kubrick films This week’s question: Who painted this clock face (above)? Answer next Sunday. The bird in last week’s closeup (below) was the poor cockatoo in Joseph Wright of Derby’s famous 1768 painting An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump. Nine spectators of different ages are transfixed but also terrified by the theatre of science being played out before them. Spooky lighting plays its part. The living faces, especially the showmanscientist, the pickled skull in the foreground, the cockatoo trapped in the deadly glass: all are illuminated by a single candle. But what compels is the terrible possibility that the bird will eventually be starved of oxygen in order to demonstrate the novelty of the vacuum pump. It is the ultimate pictorial cliff-hanger. Guess the Stanley Kubrick movie from the emoji symbols. Answers on page 47 1 2 3 4 5 Set by Killian Fox Everyman crossword No. 3,912 Sudoku classic Across 1 Bay’s home, standing firm (6) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 Clots in kitchens, cooking (8) 9 Communist, English, ultimately smitten with posh ladies (6) 10 Cave in, having consumed most of ale, in resort port on the Med (8) 12 Up to cultivate the land (4) 13 What moon reveals after autumn in Oregon Trail (4,6) 15 With no humility, half of mum’s brothers advanced (11) 18 Pulling muscles earlier in inattentive state (11) 21 ‘Pudding!’ announced by footballer in glad rags (6,4) 22 By sound of it, put up with a swine (4) 24 Arrest, finding weapon in bibliophiles’ association (4,4) 25 Trained gudong, one working with hunters (3,3) 26 Stir herb stews; they’re regenerative (8) 27 Fancy: ‘Prussia’ contains name of another country (6) Down 1 Range small, not large – pick! (8) 2 Perhaps Merkel’s eaten 40% of icing that’s used on cakes (8) 3 Flower, gilt edges removed, clutched by gutted lady (4) 5 Old range destroyed in quiet stampede (8,4) 6 Smarty-pants, cold, the French musician, vacuous crook (6,4) 7 Setter had cryptic clue earlier: ‘father of geometry?’ (6) 8 ‘How do you spell “shy”?’ That’s pretty 9 10 12 13 15 19 20 light stuff (6) 11 Silly, stupid, bad: a fast scramble (4,2,1,5) 14 Primarily modernized African democracy, although governor’s a strongman called Andry Rajoelina? (10) 16 Incomplete romantic gift Everyman had offered up in muddle (8) 17 Perhaps krypton might make you angriest? (5,3) 19 Weatherman’s line: ‘I weep over a drop of rain’ (6) 20 A little belligerent ombudsman in Bury (6) 23 Report of low reef in wharf (4) 14 18 21 22 24 25 26 27 11 23 16 17 We regret to announce that, until further notice, we are unable to take entries or offer prizes for solvers of the Everyman weekly crossword. SOLUTION No. 3,911 Fill in the blank cells using the numbers 1 to 9. Each number must appear just once in every row, column and 3x3 box. A L T O C U M U L I C A S H R A O U U L O MON TMA R T R E V E T O Y G P D I X K S E C O N D B A N A N A L F T C L T N N OGRE I SH Y I E LDED S U T V R E T B I L I S I S E E D I L Y C T V F K R A E A P P L E O F M Y E Y E U U I F T S U S U N G D E V A L U A T E S E C S L R I E S O H O S T A L I N G R A D

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:47 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 12:12 cYanmaGentaYellowbl SUDOKU SOLUTIONS The Observer 03.10.21 47 Azed No. 2,573 Plain - Competition Puzzle Azed No. 2,570 solution & notes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Name Address Post code Across 1 Bruiser with power breaking additional window (8) 7 Seed covering ball is there? He belts it possibly (4) 10 Delayed receiving a present sent back – unusually smooth (9) 11 Positive German football team making money (4) 13 Starts going at this speed one’s gift for traffic police (5) 14 Party at the opera house? It benefits investors (7) 16 Light lubricant: treated solid pine with litre (10, 2 words) 17 Wolf maybe died having escaped from fair (5) 19 Get even with church introducing Latin bit of old sophistry (6) 21 King, black chess piece (6) 23 Holiday abroad, shortest one if there’s no Brie (5) 24 One involved in nocturnal flirting, being of similar character etc (10) 28 It’s a tight fit in the dressing room – stars almost late (7) 29 Republicans having a bit of a knees-up in lively dance (5) 30 Places to stay favoured partners at table? (4) 31 Help for travellers I upset with dog running wild (9) 32 Sex symbol that is given leading part in India (4) 33 Certainly wood growth having nitrogen applied quite recently (8) Down 1 Part of mum’s hose giving dad a whack? (7) 2 King Cole in a bad way? Soon one’s out at the elbows (9) 3 Indian tree, one replacing millions of others? (5) 4 It helps steersman, one in bed, laid up (6) 5 Labiate late, tended poorly (10) 6 Channel for water to flow in runnel (6) 7 Cook’s jelly I see extracted from fungus (4) 8 Food cooked in roast (7) 9 Sun rising round East? Many of us enjoy summer birthdays (4) 12 Vintners to get an early feeling for blend of rouges (10) 15 Photo on lake that is showing Walter’s bird (9) 18 Writer I put up in disorderly inn, one of several in alley? (7) *20 Favouring active involving (7) 22 Not strictly a Mohican cut for harvest celebration (6) 23 Fug, with being kept in by cold weather (6) 25 Region of SW France suggested by the French? (5) 26 Such a face suggests one foolish cracksman, first to last (4) 27 In hollow, a dip through which river runs (4) The Chambers Dictionary (2014) is recommended. 1 S 2 C 3 R I 4 M S 5 H A 6 N 7 D 8 E 9 R O A H 10 P A 11 R A D O R N O 12 B 14 S 16 T 19 O 23 R L E N T O E 13 S T O C K P U T U M 15 M A C U L E A M A R A O 17 B H K A 18 C 20 M 21 I T I N 22 S A L I V A U M I N A T R 24 S T E N Y S P 25 C G 26 T A R T 27 U 28 F O 29 S 31 U T R I C H 30 S A T R A P S E N T E I 32 G H A Z I E E 33 S C I S S E L T E E 34 R E S T L E S S N E S S Across 1, scrim + hand in ser.; 23, m in ruin a; 29, (o)strich; ref o.’s supposed habit of burying its head; 33, sci. + less (rev.). Down 4, m + A(lan) Turing, depicted on £50 note; 6, c ton (rev.) + h; 9, (st)roke; 11, roman a + these; 21, empress with i for e; 27, (c)urate; ref famous Punch cartoon; 28, Aze(d) in f(US)s; 29, su(p)er. Rules and requests Send correct solution (one only) and clue to replace definition asterisked (on separate sheet also bearing name and address, securely attached) to Azed No. 2,573, PO Box 518, Oxford, OX2 6WX. Entries should be postmarked no later than Saturday. Please add a brief explanation of your clue (one entry only). Emailed entries from overseas will be accepted, addressed to Killer by Godefridus Chess by Jonathan Speelman Normal Sudoku rules apply, except the numbers in the cells contained within grey lines add up to the figures in the corner. No number can be repeated within each shape formed by the grey lines. Emoji answers 1. The Killing 2. 2001: A Space Odyssey 3. Dr Strangelove 4. The Shining 5. A Clockwork Orange Diagram 1 Black tried 15 ... Nxd5. How did he intend to meet 16 Qg4 and how should White reply instead (see first game)? The chess world is in full swing again with action over the board and online, and even some hybrid play. In the annual tournament in Danzhou in China , the Chinese contestants played over the board while the foreigners used the LiChess website. Chinese GM Ding Liren has had a difficult time with online tournaments due to the time difference, but once restored to a more normal schedule, he won with 5.5/7. Three of England’s top players have been in over-the-board action in allplay-all tournaments. Luke McShane won the Manx Liberty Masters in Douglas on the Isle of Man. Gawain Jones and Nigel Short have been in combat in Malmo, including a very exciting draw against each other. Last week, I mentioned the European Club Cup in Struga in North Macedonia . Magnus Carlsen played three of the seven rounds for the Norwegian team Offerspill , but they were crushed 0.5 - 5.5 by the top seeds, Alkaloid from North Macedonia, with only Carlsen himself salvaging a draw against Shakriyar Mamedyarov . The pace was set by the Bronze Horseman team from St Petersburg, named after the statue of Peter the Great in the senate square. Peter Svidler is normally their top board and this time was a blocker, drawing five games and losing one. The rest of his team scored heavily and they dropped only one match, a draw against Novy Bor, to finish on 13/14 points ahead of Novy Bor on 12. After Struga, the top action moved immediately online to the final of the Meltwater Champions Chess tour on chess24. Carlsen carries a handy lead from the previous events over Wesley So, but this has not detracted from ferocious action. The penultimate round is today, starting at 4pm. Andrey Esipenko v Gleb Dudin Struga 2021 Scotch Game 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 d4 exd4 4 Nxd4 Bc5 5 Nb3 Bb6 6 Nc3 Nge7 7 a4 a6 8 Nd5 Nxd5 9 exd5 Qf6 10 Qe2+ Ne7 11 h4 h6 If 11 ... d6 12 Bg5 Qe5 13 Qxe5 dxe5 14 c4 Nf5 White is a tad better. 12 Bd2 Certainly not 12 Bg5? hxg5 13 hxg5 when the trick backfires, since Qxf2+! wins. 12 ... 0-0 It looked very risky to take the b-pawn 12 ... Qxb2! 13 Rh3 Qxc2, but computer engines assure me that Black can survive and he has prevented 0-0-0. 13 a5 Ba7 14 Bc3 Qd6? 14 ... Qf4 15 g3 Qf5 16 d6 Nc6 17 0-0-0 cxd6 is just about playable. 15 0-0-0 See Diagram 1. 15 ... Nxd5? This is what Black wants to play but it loses. 15...b5 16 axb6 Bxb6 17 Qf3 Bb7 18 Bc4 is better for White but still a fight. 16 Rxd5! Black was hoping for 16 Qg4 Nf6! but this exchange sacrifice is deadly, because White can now destroy the king’s defences. 16 ... Qxd5 17 Qg4 g6 Forced because if 17 ... f6 18 Bc4 but Black’s kingside is now a wreck. 18 Qf4! Kh7 If 18 ... Re8 19 Qxh6 Re5 20 h5 Bxf2 21 hxg6 Be3+ 22 Qxe3 Rxe3 23 Rh8 mate. 19 Bd3 Threatening h5. Diagram 2 19 ... f5 If 19 ... Qd6 20 Be5 followed by h5 or 19 ... Qxg2 20 Re1 Qxf2 21 Bxg6+! Kg8 22 Bxf7+! Rxf7 23 Re8+ and mates while if 19 ... h5 20 Bxg6+! is the quickest win. 20 Bd2! 29 Re1 was also more than sufficient. Since the bishop was so good on c3 this looks slightly hard to find. With the queen about to enter h6, Black resigned. Magnus Carlsen v Jan-Krzysztof Duda Meltwater Tour Final 2021 1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 d5 4 cxd5 Nxd5 5 Nf3 c5 6 e3 cxd4 7 exd4 Nxc3!? 7 ... Nc6 8 Bd3 Be7 9 0–0 0–0 10 Re1 is more common. 8 bxc3 Qc7 9 Rb1 Played very quickly. 9 ... Nd7 10 Bd3 Qxc3+ 11 Kf1 Be7 12 h4 0-0 13 Rh3 Nf6? 13 ... Qa5 was better. 14 Ne5 Qa5 15 Rg3 Kh8? 15 ... Ne8 was a better chance. 16 Bg5 Threatening Bxf6 followed by Qh5. Diagram 3 16 ... h6 If 16 ... g6 17 h5 Nxh5 18 Bxe7 Nxg3+ 19 fxg3 Re8 20 Bf6+ Kg8 21 Qc1 wins or 16...Qd5 17 Bxf6 Bxf6 18 Qh5 g6 19 Bxg6! fxg6 20 Nxg6+ Kg8 21 Ne7+ Kh8 22 Nxd5. 17 Bxh6! gxh6 18 Qf3! There’s no defence against 19 Qf4 so Duda resigned. 1 Andrey Esipenko v Gleb Dudin (to play) 2 Andrey Esipenko (to play) v Gleb Dudin 3 Magnus Carlsen v Jan-Krzysztof Duda (to play)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:48 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 48 The Observer 03.10.21 Television The week’s highlights By Phil Harrison Films by Jonathan Romney Today Monday Tuesday Wednesday Pick of the Day Ridley Road BBC One, 9pm “When you meet muscle with muscle, they think twice.” This is London in the 60s and, for the Jewish community, the wounds of the second world war are still unbearably raw. Eddie Marsan’s Soly Malinovsky is part of the 62 Group, who defend their neighbourhood against the Nazi NSM. They’re joined by Vivien (Agnes O’Casey), a girl from Manchester who has followed her heart to London but is dragged into the struggle. A new angle on post war Britain and a sadly timely one. Pick of the Day Blair & Brown: The New Labour Revolution BBC Two, 9pm “A new dawn has broken, has it not?” Well, maybe. But Tony Blair’s triumphalism on the morning of his victory in 1997 came at a cost – and the Labour party are arguably paying the price to this day. This series speaks to most of the originators of New Labour, tracking Blair and Gordon Brown’s progress from the party’s humbling in 1983. Modern resonances (pragmatism v radicalism; innovation v tradition) are impossible to ignore. Pick of the Day Murder Island Channel 4, 9.30pm A fun concept, this: there’s been a fictional murder on a Scottish island but instead of a charismatic detective with a messy private life, the case will be tackled by members of the public. The mystery has been devised by Ian Rankin and we’ll be drip-fed dramatic segments alongside the investigations. Not much joy in the early stages : the amateur sleuths are too busy bumbling around accidentally contaminating crime scenes to get much detecting done. We’re sure they’ll improve. Pick of the Day Brassic Sky Max, 10pm Another series of black economy hijinks as this daft, lik able comedy romp returns. Joe Gilgun’s Vinnie is getting out of prison but there’s a snag – his nemesis DCI Slater has been nursing a grudge. So what better time to embark on a wacky scheme to steal valuable frozen bull semen? In fact, why not go one step further and steal the actual bull? The plotting isn’t exactly subtle but Gilgun is impossible to dislike and you’ll learn a whole bunch of new and amusing nut-busting euphemisms. The Mating Game BBC One, 8pm If it’s autumn, it has to be David Attenborough. This new series offers yet more beauty and strangeness from the natural world, this time centred on mating rituals. As you can imagine, there’s an infinity of variety surrounding this fundamental animal function. Tonight, revelations about everything from ostrich turf wars to the violent and ruthless sexual politics of zebras. The Goes Wrong Show BBC One, 8.30pm The leadership situation of the Cornley Drama Society remains volatile. “The cast came crawling back to me,” smirks Chris. However, Robert is not taking his relegation to a nonspeaking role lying down. Shakespeare (but the lesser known Simon Shakespeare) is the ersatz backdrop to tonight’s spoof am-dram chaos but, as ever, the mayhem is all the cast’s own work. The Great British Bake Off Channel 4, 8pm After easing themselves relatively gently into the contest, it’s time for Bake Off’s first big test. Bread Week always separates the pretenders from the contenders and this year is no exception. First, a classic Italian focaccia, then a Greek snack as a technical challenge and, finally, a milk bread showstopper will be ruthlessly and literally pulled apart by Prue and Paul. Catching a Predator BBC Two, 9pm Documentary exploring the investigation into the horrifying crimes of Reynhard Sinaga. While the true extent of Sinaga’s offences will probably never be known, in 2020 he was prosecuted for 159 counts of rape and other sexual offences against 48 men. This film follows Greater Manchester Police’s extended struggle to catch the rapist and Sinaga’s eventual conviction. Grimly fascinting. The Ranganation BBC Two, 9pm Focus group chatter as light entertainment, as Romesh Ranganathan gathers together another 20 members of the public and a couple of celebrities to share their thoughts on modern Britain. It’s never quite as serious as that sounds; the issues are more likely to concern dating apps than Brexit. PH 24 Hours in Police Custody Channel 4, 9pm Another fascinating case for the hard-pressed Luton rozzers. A brutal fight erupts in the town involving groups of men wielding hammers and knives. It feels like more than just drunken aggro and the cause is traced to the fried chicken trade. But the police are short of bodies – can they gather enough evidence? PH Dementia & Us BBC Two, 9pm An astonishingly brave and worthwhile project as four people with dementia are filmed over two years. ”It scares the hell out of me,” admits one participant – and who can blame them? What follows is frequently devastating but the series is full of love, too , both for what is being lost and, crucially, for what remains. PH The Love Triangle Channel 4, 11.05pm Clearly planned as a companion piece to Alice Levine’s series exploring sexuality and likely to prompt pearl-clutching all over the country, this dating show helps polyamorous couples, erm, “throuple up”. But how does an extra love interest avoid becoming simply a third wheel? Desiree Burch supervises proceedings. PH Film If Beale Street Could Talk (Barry Jenkins, 2018) BBC Two, 9.45pm Jenkins, the director of Moonlight and TV’s hugely ambitious The Underground Railroad, works in intimate vein here, in his adaptation of James Baldwin’s 1974 novel. It stars KiKi Layne and Stephan James as Tish and Fonny, a young black couple moving in together in New York but falling foul of racism and harassment. The film is intensely beautiful, with its polished take on period fashion and style simply part of a poetic overall outlook. Among a superb cast, Regina King shines as Tish’s mother. It’s followed at 11.35pm by I Am Not Your Negro, the superb 2016 documentary by Haitian director Raoul Peck, which takes its inspiration and its text from Baldwin’s writing, spoken by Samuel L Jackson. JR Film Laura (Otto Preminger, 1944) Talking Pictures TV, 4.15pm One of the monuments of romantic noir, all the more alluring because the heroine is dead when the film starts. Dana Andrews plays the cop investigating the murder of ad executive Laura Hunt (Gene Tierney), whose complex life unfolds as we meet those who knew her – including her playboy beau (Vincent Price) and gadfly journo Waldo Lydecker. The latter is played in a tour de force of waspishness by Clifton Webb, creating one of the more indelible and ambivalent characters in noir. Also here is Judith Anderson, seen four years earlier as Mrs Danvers in Hitchcock’s Rebecca – which similarly revolved round an absent femme fatale. David Raksin’s score puts the seal of sublimity on one of the greats. JR Film Monsoon Wedding (Mira Nair, 2001) Film4, 1.45am Mira Nair is the Indian director who made a splash in 1988 with her first feature Salaam Bombay! and more recently created 2016’s Queen of Katwe and the BBC adaptation of Vikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy. Perhaps her most popular film, Monsoon Wedding won the Venice festival’s top award . It’s set in Delhi at a traditional Punjabi wedding: the bride Aditi (Vasundhara Das) is the daughter of the middle-class Vermas, while groom Hemant (Parvin Dabas) is flying over from Texas. Multiple love stories are entangled in this sprawl of an ensemble comedy-drama, while wedding planner PK Dubey (Vijay Raaz) is coping with his own traumas. Hugely entertaining, if a little broad-brush. JR Film Judas and the Black Messiah (Shaka King, 2021) Sky Cinema Premiere, 10.20am, 8pm The black Messiah in this real-life drama is Fred Hampton (Daniel Kaluuya), the Black Panthers militant who galvanised an unlikely coalition of allies in Chicago. The Judas is William O’Neal (Lakeith Stanfield), a smalltime criminal recruited by the FBI to infiltrate Hampton’s circle, becoming a trusted insider – and playing a terrible role as betrayer. Jesse Plemons is the agent pulling O’Neal’s strings, Dominique Fishback plays Hampton’s partner, Deborah Johnson. A lean, authentically gritty thriller about the tensions of late 60s America, and an episode newly relevant today. The two leads excel, Kaluuya in evoking Hampton’s intellectual dynamism, Stanfield in evoking the elusive ambiguity of O’Neal’s psychology. JR

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:49 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 18:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 03.10.21 49 Thursday Friday Saturday Radio By Stephanie Billen Pick of the Day Hunting the Football Trolls: Jermaine Jenas Channel 4, 10pm Documentaries like this have become a regular feature of the social media age. That doesn’t make them any less worthwhile – as long as abuse is being dished out online, it should be highlighted. Here, Jermaine Jenas looks at the racial abuse of footballers, which soared during lockdown and came to a head after the Euro 2020 final. What more can the police (and the social media companies ) do? And can Jenas get through to a troll in a face-to-face meeting? Don’t Exclude Me BBC Two, 9pm The concluding episode of the two-part documentary following Marie Gentles’s enlightened child behavioural project at Hilton Hall primary school. Viewers of the opening programme will have found themselves invested in charming but challenging sixyear-old Oscar ; tonight, he reaches a crisis point but could this moment be turned into a breakthrough? Edifying stuff. Savile: Portrait of a Predator ITV, 9pm How did Jimmy Savile get away with it for so long? Since his death a decade ago, it’s a question that has surely tormented TV executives and law enforcement agents alike. This documentary goes over old ground in search of answers. A chilling reminder of the veneer of respectability Savile constructed. PH Film The Babadook (Jennifer Kent, 2014) BBC Four, 9pm A superbly unnerving piece of modern gothic from writer-director Kent, with Essie Davis mesmerising as a mother in crisis. The psyche of six-year-old Samuel (Noah Wiseman) is already troubled, but then the family home is invaded by a malevolent hobgoblin out of a storybook with a life of its own. Horror cinema has rarely delved so insightfully into the traumas of motherhood: the jump scares abound, yet claustrophobic atmosphere and acute intelligence put this one head , shoulders and a black top hat above today’s paranormal chillers. It’s followed at 11.30pm by a masterclass in a different kind of horror: Hitchcock’s Shower Scene: 78/52, Alexandre O Philippe’s 2017 documentary on Psycho. JR Pick of the Day Have I Got News for You BBC One, 9pm It is the 62nd series of the current affairs panel show. And even if it sometimes feels as if Ian Hislop and Paul Merton are going through the motions these days, it still retains a degree of prickly truculence. It certainly doesn’t feel like the kind of show that would be greenlit by the currently timid BBC hierarchy. Apart from Ross Noble, panellist details were scant as we went to press; but, as anyone who has tried to buy petrol recently will know, the gang will have plenty of material to get stuck into. Unreported World Channel 4, 7.30pm The wilderness of the North American interior swallows people up. This documentary looks at the thousands of indigenous women who are believed to have been murdered within this vast region but whose bodies have never been found. Ayshah Tull follows a private investigator who has made it her business to follow these cases , encountering racism, homelessness and poverty as she does so. The North Water BBC Two, 9.30pm As we reach the conclusion of this icy drama, Sumner (Jack O’Connell) has reached safety. The missionary cabin is healing him but also revealing the depths of his alienation. Soon, he’s on the way home, in search of Baxter and the money he is owed. But has he really seen the last of Colin Farrell’s infernal Drax? PH Film Imitation of Life (Douglas Sirk, 1959) TCM Movies, 4.55pm The last Hollywood film from the Germanborn master, and arguably his richest in terms of thematic complexity. Based on a novel previously adapted with Claudette Colbert in 1934, it stars Lana Turner as a single mother and aspiring actor, and Juanita Moore as Annie, also a single mother, a black woman who becomes her friend, then her housekeeper. Susan Kohner plays Annie’s daughter Sarah Jane, who passes as white and becomes the focus of the film’s provocative dynamics of conflict. I t’s a mature, moving drama that critics – and admiring film-makers, not least Rainer Werner Fassbinder – have gravitated towards as a rich field of questioning about America, race and identity. JR Pick of the Day Paris Police 1900 BBC Four, 9pm A classy, raunchy Parisi an noir, set in 1899 and beginning with the sex-induced death of President Félix Faure and a flurry of brutal anti semitic violence. This is the volatile backdrop to what seems like an unrelated murder mystery as a woman’s body is found floating down the Seine in a suitcase. The case falls to principled young copper Antoine Jouin (Jérémie Laheurte) – but will he uncover a wider conspiracy in the process? A promising mixture of high intrigue and low cunning. Simon & Garfunkel: The Harmony Game BBC Two, 8.55pm This documentary looks back at the impact of an album that came to define the turbulent end of the 60s. As idealism soured, Simon & Garfunkel’s Bridge Over Troubled Water represented a balm to many listeners. Here, the duo reflect on the album’s creation and the impact it had on their career and relationship. What’s the secret of its enduring power? Later … With Jools Holland BBC Two, 10.10pm What with a memoir to promote and the 30th anniversary of Nirvana’s Nevermind to celebrate, it’s been a nostalgic few weeks for Dave Grohl. Tonight, he joins Jools to browse the BBC archives. His selections include kd lang and Radiohead. Elsewhere, there is music from Jungle and Lady Blackbird. PH Film Frantz (François Ozon, 2016) BBC Two, 12.25am Indefatigably prolific French director Ozon is known as a waggish provocateur who rarely takes his topics too seriously. But this blackand-white period piece sees him in unusually classic mode. In a small German town after the first world war, young Anna ( Paula Beer, seen recently in Christian Petzold’s Undine) is grieving for her fiancé, killed in action. When a mysterious Frenchman arrives, he and Anna form a connection, to the disapproval of her community. This austere tale might have been a poignant romantic tragedy in familiar mode, if not for the Ozon touch – notably his casting of Pierre Niney, whose wan, delicate presence brings this ostensibly heterosexual tale a queer inflexion that’s Ozon to the hilt. JR Picks of the Week When Syrian refugees arrive in Europe, two of the most important markers of their identity are the music and cuisine of their homeland, according to anthropologist Jonathan H Shannon on The Listening Service (Sunday, Radio 3, 5pm). In a fascinating programme exploring the connections between music and food, Shannon tells presenter Tom Service how the portability of both cultures enables displaced people to bring a sense of home to new environments. Immigrants often recreate the recipes and melodies of their home countries or else take inspiration from their different surroundings to produce fusion cooking and songs. A Home of Our Own (Monday, Radio 4, 1.45pm) tells the story of Britain’s housing problems through 10 homes. Journalist Lynsey Hanley begins in Cornwall where she meets Phil Salter, who bought his 17th-century fisherman’s cottage in 1989 and now finds it is worth more than a million. He talks sadly about “house farmers”, his term for those who seek out properties in the area in order to rebuild or extend them before putting them on the market again, but he and his partner also acknowledge their own part in the gradual loss of affordable housing in the village – a process that began when Salter and others bought their council houses. New York artist George Condo has been trying to convey the experience of rediscovering life outside our four walls following pandemic lockdowns. In the Studio (Tuesday, World Service, 11.30am) finds him smacking paint on huge canvases observed by reporter Tara Gadomski. His abstract works feature human-like characters: “I’m starting to do these paintings that look like insane families that have been let out of their cage.” The Curious Cases of Rutherford & Fry (Thursday, Radio 4, 4pm) returns for a new series, beginning with a listener’s question: “How do guide dogs know where they’re going?” We learn how even the cleverest, most trained dog needs to bond with its new owner at home in order to form an effective partnership. Adam Rutherford also discusses the relationship between people and dogs generally, arguing that we co-evolved: “Dogs and humans have been living together and changing each other for tens of thousands of years.” Home thoughts: Lynsey Hanley. Suki Dhanda/ the Observer

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:50 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:00 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 50 The Observer 03.10.21 Monday 4 The Goes Wrong Show BBC One, 8.30pm The inept actors stage a Shakespeare play BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Rip Off Britain (T) 10.0 Defenders UK (T) 10.45 Claimed and Shamed (T) (R) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 Unbeatable (T) (R) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) 3.45 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.30 Antiques Road Trip (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.35 Panorama (T) 6.30 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 7.15 Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Jay’s Yorkshire Workshop (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 12.15 Politics Live Conference 2021 (T) 1.0 Head Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.20 Crossfire (Edward Dmytryk, 1947) (T) With Robert Mitchum. 3.45 Curiosity (T) (R) 4.30 Glorious Gardens from Above (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! 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Includes news. 9.0 Casualty 24/7: Every Second Counts (T) Documentary following the A&E department of Barnsley Hospital. 8.0 Secrets of the Museum (T) (R) The curators discover photographs of the real Alice in Wonderland. 9.0 Madame Tussaud: A Legend in Wax (T) (R) The story of the woman behind the worldwide waxworks empire, revealing how she she overcame the odds to establish her brand. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 RuPaul’s Drag Race UK (T) Oti Mabuse trains the queens for a dance show. 11.50 The Apprentice Australia (T) The celebrities try to create the ultimate Sydney tourism experience. 1.0 The Graham Norton Show (T) (R) 1.45 Weather (T) 1.50 News (T) 10.0 Alma’s Not Normal (T) The hospital tells Lin her section may be lifted. 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 Black Power: A British Story of Resistance (T) (R) Racism in the 60s and 70s. 12.45 Sign Zone Countryfile (T) (R) 1.45 Saving Lives at Sea (T) (R) 2.45 When Ruby Wax Met (T) (R) 3.45 This Is BBC Two 10.15 News 10.45 Local News (T) Weather 11.0 The Real Manhunt: The Night Stalker (T) (R) The story of the hunt for the serial rapist. 11.55 All Elite Wrestling: Dynamite (T) 12.45 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Lingo (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point (T) (R) 10.0 First Dates (T) 11.05 The Holden Girls (T) (R) 12.05 Sex Actually With Alice Levine (T) (R) 1.05 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 1.55 Iris Prize Best British Shorts: Mandem (T) (R) 2.10 Woman at War (Benedikt Erlingsson, 2018) 3.50 Iris Prize Best British Shorts: The Scene (T) (R) 10.0 Police Code Zero: Officer Under Attack (T) 11.05 Police UK: Armed & Deadly (T) (R) 12.0 Criminals: Caught on Camera (T) (R) 12.50 Entertainment News (T) 1.0 Live NFL: Monday Night Football (T) 4.30 Britain’s Greatest Bridges (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 10.0 The Russian Revolutionary: Zaha Hadid on Kazimir Malevich (T) (R) 10.30 Imagine (T) (R) Architect David Chipperfield. 11.40 Stonehenge: A Timewatch Guide (T) (R) 12.40 How to Get Ahead: At Versailles (T) (R) 1.40 Madame Tussaud (T) (R) 2.40 Secrets of the Museum (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Border Interceptors 7.35 Border Interceptors 8.0 Road to Riches 9.0 Storage Hunters UK 9.30 Storage Hunters UK 10.0 American Pickers 11.0 American Pickers 12.0 Top Gear Botswana Special 1.0 Top Gear 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? 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Four episodes. 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 Married at First Sight UK: Reunion 10.0 Zoey’s Extraordinary Playlist 11.0 Naked Attraction 12.05 Married at First Sight Australia 1.40 Married at First Sight UK: Reunion 2.35 Gogglebox 3.30 First Dates 4.25 The Big Bang Theory 4.50 The Goldbergs 5.15 The Goldbergs Film4 11.0am Cowboy (1958) 12.50 The Spy in Black (1939) 2.30 Tiger Bay (1959) 4.40 Rawhide (1951) 6.25 A Knight’s Tale (2001) 9.0 Catch Me If You Can (2002) 11.50 Funny Cow (2018) 1.55 Hunger (2008) ITV2 6.15am Love Bites 7.20 Ellen DeGeneres 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 Coronation Street 9.0 Coronation Street 9.30 Ellen’s Game of Games 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 Coronation Street 1.30 Coronation Street 2.0 Ellen DeGeneres 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 5.30 YBF! Gold 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore 7.30 Superstore 8.0 Bob’s Burgers 8.30 Bob’s Burgers 9.0 Family Guy 9.30 American Dad! 10.0 Family Guy Triple Bill 11.25 American Dad! 11.55 Bob’s Burgers 12.20 Bob’s Burgers 12.50 Superstore 1.20 Superstore 1.45 Don’t Hate the Playaz 2.25 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.50 Totally Bonkers … More4 8.55am House of Craft 9.15 A Place in the Sun 10.05 A Place in the Sun 11.05 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 12.10 Heir Hunters 1.10 Four in a Bed. Five episodes. 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It 4.50 Find It … 5.55 Devon and Cornwall 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 World’s Most Beautiful Landscapes: Canadian Rockies 10.0 A Lake District Farm Shop 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.15 The World’s Most Beautiful Landscapes … 2.20 A Lake District Farm Shop 3.25 Food Unwrapped Sky Max 6.0am Highway Patrol 6.30 Highway Patrol 7.0 Caught on Dashcam 8.0 Arrow 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: LA 12.0 NCIS: LA 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 Magnum PI 3.0 SEAL Team 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 There’s Something About Movies 7.0 The Moaning of Life 8.0 A League of Their Own 9.0 COBRA 10.0 007: Licence to Drive 11.0 Road Wars 11.30 The Russell Howard Hour 12.25 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 1.05 Road Wars Triple Bill 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 Magnum P I 5.0 Highway Cops 5.30 Highway Cops Sky Arts 6.0am A Shanghai Symphony 7.0 Sir Simon Rattle: Beethoven Symphonies 8.30 Tales of the Unexpected Triple Bill 10.0 Discovering: Ginger Rogers 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 Leonardo: The Works 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected 1.30 Tales of … 2.0 Discovering: Ava Gardner 3.0 Marcel Duchamp: The Art of the Possible 4.0 Pretenders: Music Icons 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected 5.30 Tales of … 6.0 Discovering: Cary Grant 7.0 Andr é Rieu: Welcome to My World 8.0 Landmark 9.0 Fleetwood Mac: Live in Boston 10.05 Fleetwood Mac: Live in Boston 11.20 Stevie Nicks: 24 Karat Gold Tour 1.20 Comedy Legends 2.20 Rose Byrne: Off Camera 3.35 Discovering: Leonard Cohen 4.0 Cheltenham Literature Festival 2020 5.0 The Sixties Sky Atlantic 6.0am Storm City 7.0 Blue Bloods 8.0 Blue Bloods 9.0 Deadwood. Four episodes. 1.30 Oz 2.40 Oz 3.45 Blue Bloods 4.40 Blue Bloods 5.40 Succession 6.45 Succession 7.50 Game of Thrones 9.0 In Treatment 9.35 In Treatment 10.10 Dexter 11.15 Dexter 12.20 True Blood Triple Bill 3.35 Californication 4.10 Urban Secrets 5.05 Urban Secrets On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast. With Petroc Trelawny. 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Julius Eastman (1/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. Pianist Kirill Gerstein performs Debussy, Janáček and Scriabin. 2.0 Afternoon Concert. Tom McKinney introduces Beethoven, Moeran, Brahms, Grieg, Mendelssohn, Czech vocal music and highlights of the London international festival of early music. 4.30 New Generation Artists. Johan Dalene plays Grieg’s Violin Sonata No 1 in F. 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert. From the Danish Radio Concert House, Copenhagen, Denmark. Brahms: Piano Concerto No 1. Schumann: Symphony No 2. Beatrice Rana (piano). Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Lorenzo Viotti (conductor). 10.0 Music Matters 10.45 The Essay: Telegraph Wires – Five Views of Ted Hughes. Helen Mort explores what animals signify in the poet’s work. (R) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 Start the Week. Powerful leaders throughout history. (4/16) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: George III. By Andrew Roberts. (1/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 The Untold. The story of the founder of the Standon Calling festival. (1/11) 11.30 Loose Ends (R) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Reader. By Bernhard Schlink. (1/5) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A Home of Our Own. Lynsey Hanley tells the stories of 10 very different homes and their occupants, beginning with a 17th-century fisherman’s cottage in St Mawes, Cornwall. (1/10) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 The National. By Sarah Wooley. (R) 3.0 Brain of Britain (12/17) 3.30 The Food Programme (R) 4.0 The Dreams We Live Inside: Visions in Glass (R) 4.30 Beyond Belief (8/8) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 Just a Minute (5/6) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 White Mischief: The Background Hum. Ekow Eshun explores the concept of whiteness in art, history and science. (1/3) 8.30 Analysis. A discussion on European security. (2/8) 9.0 Electric Ride UK (R) 9.30 Start the Week (R) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: The Reader (R) 11.0 George the Poet 11.30 Mastertapes: The Boomtown Rats & A Tonic for the Troops (R) 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Sherlock Holmes With Carleton Hobbs (1/7) 6.30 Raffles (6/6) 7.0 Man at the Helm (2/4) 7.30 Just a Minute (4/6) 8.0 Steptoe and Son (7/8) 8.30 Albert and Me (3/9) 9.0 Jest a Minute (1/6) 9.30 Getting Nowhere Fast (1/4) 10.0 The Last September (1/2) 11.0 TED Radio Hour (23/48) 11.50 Inheritance Tracks 12.0 Steptoe and Son (7/8) 12.30 Albert and Me (3/9) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (1/7) 1.30 Raffles (6/6) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (1/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (1/10) 2.30 Journey of a Lifetime 3.0 The Last September (1/2) 4.0 Jest a Minute (1/6) 4.30 Getting Nowhere Fast (1/4) 5.0 Man at the Helm (2/4) 5.30 Just a Minute (4/6) 6.0 The Spaceship II (1/5) 6.30 A Good Read (1/8) 7.0 Steptoe and Son (7/8) 7.30 Albert and Me (3/9) 8.0 Sherlock Holmes (1/7) 8.30 Raffles (6/6) 9.0 TED Radio Hour (23/48) 9.50 Inheritance Tracks 10.0 Just a Minute (4/6) 10.30 The Sofa of Time (2/6) 11.0 The News Quiz (5/8) 11.30 The Harri-Parris’ Radio Show (1/3) 12.0 The Spaceship II (1/5) 12.30 A Good Read (1/8) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (1/7) 1.30 Raffles (6/6) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (1/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (1/10) 2.30 Journey of a Lifetime 3.0 The Last September (1/2) 4.0 Jest a Minute (1/6) 4.30 Getting Nowhere Fast (1/4) 5.0 Man at the Helm (2/4) 5.30 Just a Minute (4/6)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:51 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Tuesday 5 The Observer 03.10.21 51 Dementia & Us BBC Two, 9pm Marion relates her experiences BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Rip Off Britain (T) 10.0 Defenders UK (T) 10.45 Claimed and Shamed (T) (R) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 Unbeatable (T) (R) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) 3.45 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.30 Antiques Road Trip (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.30 EastEnders (T) 7.50 Holby City (T) 6.30 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 7.15 Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Shop Well for Less? (T) (R) 9.0 News 12.15 Politics Live Conference 2021 (T) 1.0 Head Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.20 A Woman’s Secret (Nicholas Ray, 1949) (T) Mystery, starring Maureen O’Hara. 3.45 Curiosity (T) (R) 4.30 Glorious Gardens from Above (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News (T) 1.55 Local News (T) 2.0 Judge Rinder’s Crime Stories (T) 3.0 Winning Combination (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News (T) 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Meena comes home and makes her presence felt. 7.30 Wonders of Scotland With David Hayman (T) The shores of East Lothian. Last in the series. 6.0 Countdown (T) (R) 6.40 Cheers (T) (R) 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 A Place in the Sun (T) (R) 4.0 Chateau DIY (T) Helen and Matt create an armoury in one of their towers. 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 The Perfect Pitch (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Nightmare Tenants, Slum Landlords (T) (R) 12.10 News (T) 12.15 Police Interceptors (T) (R) 1.15 Home and Away (T) (R) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 A Sinister Secret (David Langlois, 2020) (T) Thriller, starring Margaret Anne Florence. 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 5.30 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.0 Home and Away (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (T) Regular patient Tina comes to see Dr Sobia Wyne. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) Michael Portillo takes a trip through Britain’s industrial heartland. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) 8.30 My Family (T) (R) Ben finds out Janey’s boyfriend Brian spent the night. 9.0 Silent Witness (T) Part two of two. Stranded in the flooded care home, Jack and Simone fight to help the residents, while Nikki and Galloway discover the killer may also be inside. Last in the series. 8.0 Saving Lives at Sea (T) The RNLI crew in Newhaven face a race against time as they respond to reports of a man who has suffered a seizure on board a tall ship. 9.0 Dementia & Us (T) Twopart series following four people with dementia and their families over the course of two years. 8.0 Love Your Garden (T) Alan Titchmarsh and team show how to take inspiration from the gardens of grand stately homes. 9.0 Unbelievable Moments Caught on Camera (T) A man wrestles an alligator to save his puppy, and a couple are attacked by a rabid animal. 8.0 The Great British Bake Off (T) This week the contestants take on a trio of bread challenges. 9.30 Murder Island (T) New series. Murder mystery with a twist: the amateur investigators are members of the public, competing to find the killer and pocket themselves £50,000. 8.0 The Yorkshire Vet (T) A goat with a painful foot condition is brought in to see Peter. Includes news. 9.0 Our Yorkshire Farm (T) The family tackle their second lockdown during one of the worst winters they have ever faced, and have to juggle work on the farm with homeschooling. 8.0 The Good Life (T) (R) Perky the pig gives birth in the middle of the night. 8.30 One Foot in the Grave (T) (R) First-ever episode. 9.0 300 Years of French & Saunders (T) (R) The duo mark the 30th anniversary of their sketch show. 9.50 Dawn French Live: 30 Million Minutes (T) (R) 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 The Earthshot Prize: Repairing Our Planet (T) The climate category of the Earthshot Prize. 11.40 Question of Sport (T) (R) 12.10 Richard Osman’s House of Games Night (T) (R) 12.40 The Hit List (T) (R) 1.25 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.30 News (T) 10.0 Mortimer & Whitehouse: Gone Fishing (T) (R) Paul and Bob are on the Severn. 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 NFL This Week (T) 12.05 Sign Zone Patrick Kielty: One Hundred Years of Union (T) (R) 1.05 For Peat’s Sake: Our Lives (T) (R) 1.35 A Killing in Tiger Bay (T) (R) 2.35 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Heathrow: Britain’s Busiest Airport (T) (R) 11.10 Beat the Chasers (T) (R) With Bradley Walsh. 12.10 Junk and Disorderly (T) (R) 1.0 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Loose Women (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point (T) (R) 10.30 Gogglebox (T) (R) 11.35 Taskmaster (T) (R) 12.35 Foxy’s Fearless 48 Hours With … Maya Jama (T) (R) 1.30 Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 2.20 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 3.10 George Clarke’s Amazing Spaces (T) (R) 4.05 Unreported World (T) (R) 4.30 Location, Location, Location (T) (R) 10.0 Hoarders: Buried Alive (T) (R) Expert help. 11.0 King of Thieves (James Marsh, 2018) (T) Drama, with Michael Caine. 1.10 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.10 The Tube: Secrets of the Underground (T) (R) 4.0 British Made With John Prescott (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 House Doctor (T) (R) 11.45 Some Vicars With Jokes (T) (R) Members of the clergy share their favourite gags. 12.15 Some Vicars With Jokes (T) (R) 12.45 The Beauty of Diagrams (T) (R) 1.15 The Beauty of Diagrams (T) (R) 1.45 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 2.15 300 Years of French & Saunders (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Border Interceptors Double Bill 8.0 Road to Riches 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear 1.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear 4.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 5.0 Rick Stein’s India 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 7.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.20 QI 9.0 QI XL Double Bill 11.0 Taskmaster 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 1.40 Would I Lie to You? 2.15 QI 2.50 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Melissa & Joey Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory Triple Bill 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.15 Celebrity Gogglebox 10.20 Naked Attraction Double Bill 12.30 Married at First Sight Australia 2.15 Gogglebox 3.10 First Dates 4.05 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 4.50 The Goldbergs Double Bill Film4 11.0am Santa Fe Passage (1955) 12.50 A Night to Remember (1958) 3.25 The Duel at Silver Creek (1952) 5.0 Last Train from Gun Hill (1959) 6.55 Belle (2013) 9.0 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) 11.35 Assassin’s Creed (2016) 1.45 Monsoon Wedding (2001) ITV2 6.0am FYI Extra 6.15 Love Bites 7.20 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 Coronation Street Double Bill 9.30 Ellen’s Game of Games 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 Coronation Street Double Bill 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold Double Bill 6.0 Catchphrase Celebrity Special 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Family Guy Double Bill 10.0 Plebs Double Bill 11.0 Family Guy 11.30 American Dad! Double Bill 12.30 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.25 Superstore Double Bill 2.15 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records Double Bill 3.15 Unwind With ITV More4 8.55am Kirstie’s House of Craft 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 12.10 Heir Hunters 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.10 Four in a Bed 2.40 Four in a Bed 3.15 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 Devon and Cornwall 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 24 Hours in A&E 10.0 999: What’s Your Emergency? 11.05 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 12.05 24 Hours in A&E 1.15 999: What’s Your Emergency? 2.20 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 3.25 Food Unwrapped Sky Max 6.0am Highway Patrol Double Bill 7.0 Caught on Dashcam 8.0 Arrow 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 SEAL Team 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 There’s Something About Movies Double Bill 8.0 Supergirl 9.0 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 9.45 Rob & Romesh v Cricket: South Africa 10.45 Wolfe 11.40 DC’s Legends of Tomorrow 12.35 MacGyver 1.30 Road Wars 2.0 Caught on Dashcam 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Highway Cops Double Bill Sky Arts 6.0am Il Volo With Plácido Domingo: A Tribute to the Three Tenors 8.15 Brunelleschi’s Impossible Dome 9.05 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Ava Gardner 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 Rembrandt from the National Gallery, London, and the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Cary Grant 3.0 Tate Britain’s Great British Walks 4.0 The Yardbirds: Music Icons 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Robert Mitchum 7.0 Landmark 8.0 The Michelangelo Code: Secrets of the Sistine Chapel 10.15 James Brown: Live at Montreux 11.35 Soundbreaking 12.35 The Art of Architecture 1.35 The Sixties 2.35 Discovering: Neil Young 3.05 Master of Photography 4.0 Cheltenham Literature Festival 2020 5.0 The Sixties Sky Atlantic 6.0am Storm City 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Deadwood Double Bill 11.15 Succession Double Bill 1.30 Oz Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.40 Succession Double Bill 7.50 Game of Thrones 9.0 Britannia 10.0 Patrick Melrose 11.10 Dexter Double Bill 1.20 Californication 2.0 Billions 3.05 True Blood 4.10 The British Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast. With Petroc Trelawny. 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Julius Eastman (2/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. A week of concerts from the Verbier summer festival, starting with Saint-Saëns, Brahms and Bach. (1/4) 2.0 Afternoon Concert. Music by Bartók, Ravel, Saint-Saëns, Gibbons, Brahms, Mozart, Sibelius and Ludovic Lamothe. (2/4) 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert. From St David’s Hall in Cardiff. Gavin Higgins: Rough Voices. Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4 in G major, Op 58. Sibelius: Symphony No 2 in D major, Op 43. Eric Lu (piano), BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Ryan Bancroft (conductor). 10.0 Free Thinking. Matthew Sweet and guests discuss people’s breakfast choices. 10.45 The Essay: Telegraph Wires – Five Views of Ted Hughes (R) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 The Life Scientific (5/9) 9.30 One to One. Janet Ellis and Jackie Weaver. (6/10) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: George III: By Andrew Roberts. (2/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour. Presented by Emma Barnett. 11.0 A Voice for the Voiceless (R) 11.30 The End of the World Has Already Happened: We’re Doomed! (R) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Reader. By Bernhard Schlink. (2/5) 12.18 Call You and Yours 1.0 The World at One. Wth Sarah Montague. 1.45 A Home of Our Own: Crowborough Road, Tooting, South London (2/10) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: The National. By Sarah Wooley. (R) 3.0 The Kitchen Cabinet: Home Economics (R) 3.30 Costing the Earth. Chhavi Sachdev meets the nominees for the Earthshot Prize from around the world. (4/13) 4.0 100 Years of Exile. Katy Long investigates the politics of refugees. (1/3) 4.30 A Good Read: Neil Brand and Tiff Stevenson (1/9) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Birthday Cake Game (6/6) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 File on 4 (5/6) 8.40 In Touch 9.0 Inside Health (2/6) 9.30 The Life Scientific 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: The Reader (R) 11.0 Fortunately 11.30 Mastertapes: The Boomtown Rats (The B-Side) (R) 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Sherlock Holmes With Carleton Hobbs (2/7) 6.30 Imperial Palace (1/4) 7.0 Tim Vine Chat Show (6/6) 7.30 Birthday Cake Game (5/6) 8.0 Round the Horne (3/13) 8.30 Our Man at Wembley (1/4) 9.0 News Quiz (5/8) 9.30 Nineteen Ninety- Eight (5/6) 10.0 The Last September (2/2) 11.0 Pieces of Britney (6/8) 11.50 Chippendales 12.0 Round the Horne (3/13) 12.30 Our Man at Wembley (1/4) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (2/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (1/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (2/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (2/10) 2.30 The Man With Many Names 3.0 The Last September (2/2) 4.0 The 3rd Degree (5/6) 4.30 Nineteen Ninety-Eight (5/6) 5.0 Tim Vine (6/6) 5.30 Birthday Cake Game (5/6) 6.0 The Spaceship II (2/5) 6.30 Soul Music (5/5) 7.0 Round the Horne (3/13) 7.30 Our Man at Wembley (1/4) 8.0 Sherlock Holmes (2/7) 8.30 Imperial Palace (1/4) 9.0 Pieces of Britney (6/8) 9.50 Chippendales 10.0 Birthday Cake Game (5/6) 10.30 Revolting People (2/6) 11.0 Small Scenes (2/4) 11.30 Vent (6/6) 12.0 The Spaceship II (2/5) 12.30 Soul Music (5/5) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (2/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (1/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (2/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (2/10) 2.30 The Man With Many Names 3.0 The Last September (2/2) 4.0 The 3rd Degree (5/6) 4.30 Nineteen Ninety- Eight (5/6) 5.0 Tim Vine (6/6) 5.30 The Birthday Cake Game (5/6)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:52 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:32 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 52 The Observer 03.10.21 Wednesday 6 The Love Triangle Channel 4, 11.05pm Desiree Burch hosts the dating show BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Rip Off Britain (T) 10.0 Defenders UK (T) 10.45 Claimed and Shamed (T) (R) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 Unbeatable (T) (R) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.30 Antiques Road Trip (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News (T) 6.55 Party Political Broadcast (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.30 Our Lives (T) 6.30 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 7.15 Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: See Hear (T) 8.30 Beechgrove (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 11.0 Politics Live Conference 2021 (T) 1.0 Head Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Celebrity Painting Challenge (T) (R) 3.15 An Island Parish: Anguilla (T) (R) 3.45 Curiosity (T) (R) 4.30 Glorious Gardens from Above (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News (T) 1.55 Local News (T) 2.0 Judge Rinder’s Crime Stories (T) 3.0 Winning Combination (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News (T) 6.25 Party Political Broadcast (T) 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Rodney campaigns to win back Diane. 7.30 Coronation Street (T) Kevin worries something has happened to Abi. 6.0 Countdown (T) (R) 6.40 Cheers (T) (R) 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 A Place in the Sun (T) (R) 4.0 Chateau DIY (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 The Perfect Pitch (T) The campers visit Folly Farm campsite. 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 7.55 Young Carers: Stand Up to Cancer (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Nightmare Tenants, Slum Landlords (T) (R) 12.10 News (T) 12.15 Police Interceptors (T) (R) 1.15 Home and Away (T) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 A Deceitful Mother: Lies That Kill (John Murlowski, 2020) (T) Thriller. 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 5.30 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.0 Home and Away (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 The Gadget Show (T) Jon takes to the skies to put Apple’s AirPods Max to the test. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) Michael Portillo catches a rare glimpse of Edwardian life on celluloid. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) 8.0 The Repair Shop (T) The craftspeople set out to fix a vintage steel-bodied acoustic guitar. 9.0 28 Up: Millennium Generation (T) Talan, who has cerebral palsy, is moving into his own home, and Stacey is starting a new chapter in her life after teaching in China. 8.0 Your Home Made Perfect (T) Architects Damion Burrows and Will Foster compete using virtual reality to remodel a 1990s build in Milton Keynes. 9.0 Catching a Predator (T) The story of the investigation into male rapist Reynhard Sinaga, the biggest rape case in British history. 8.0 Heathrow: Britain’s Busiest Airport (T) 8.30 Coronation Street (T) Kevin’s hunt for Abi leads him to Seb’s dad. 9.0 Hollington Drive (T) Theresa and Helen are still trying to make sense of the children’s conflicting stories when a body is discovered. 8.0 Location, Location, Location (T) Kirstie Allsopp and Phil Spencer search for a couple who need space. 9.0 Grand Designs (T) Kevin McCloud meets a couple planning to create a hybrid structure by slotting in an entirely new home within the walls of a 200-yearold former mill in Cumbria. 8.0 This Week on the Farm (T) Reuben Owen puts a new electric tractor to the test. Includes news update. 9.0 Iceland With Alexander Armstrong (T) The presenter embarks on a journey across Iceland to discover more about the country’s unique culture, wildlife and landscapes. 8.0 Wild Brazil (T) (R) A drought culminates in huge fires and the animals must endure harsh conditions. 9.0 Enslaved With Samuel L Jackson (T) (R) The actor and a team of journalists investigate the transatlantic slave trade, diving the Channel to find an unidentified slave ship. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 The Earthshot Prize: Repairing Our Planet (T) Air pollution and the toll it is taking on health, including the stories of people shortlisted for the Clean Our Air category. 11.35 Ambulance (T) (R) 12.35 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.40 News (T) 10.0 Mock the Week (T) (R) 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 Selma (Ava DuVernay, 2014) (T) In 1965, civil rights leader Martin Luther King plans a march in Alabama. Factbased drama, starring David Oyelowo. 1.15 Sign Zone See Hear (T) (R) 1.45 A House Through Time (T) (R) 2.45 This Is BBC Two 10.0 News (T) 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Peston (T) 11.40 British Touring Car Championship Highlights (T) Steve Rider presents action from Silverstone. 12.55 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Cooking With the Stars (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point 10.0 Sex Actually With Alice Levine (T) 11.05 The Love Triangle (T) (R) 12.05 The Great British Bake Off: An Extra Slice (T) (R) 1.0 Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 1.50 Joe Lycett’s Got Your Back (T) (R) 2.45 Solace (Afonso Poyart, 2015) (T) 4.25 Location, Location, Location (T) (R) 10.0 Million Pound Motorhomes (T) (R) 11.0 The Fifth Element (Luc Besson, 1997) (T) 1.25 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.25 Entertainment News (T) 3.35 Michael Portillo: Our Housing Crisis – Who’s to Blame? (T) (R) 4.15 Inside the Tube: Going Underground (T) (R) 5.05 House Doctor (T) (R) 10.0 Restoring the Earth: The Age of Nature (T) Wildlife documentary series. 10.55 From Ice to Fire: The Incredible Science of Temperature (T) (R) 12.55 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 1.25 Enslaved With Samuel L Jackson (T) (R) 2.25 Restoring the Earth: The Age of Nature (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Border Interceptors 7.35 Yianni: Supercar Customiser 8.0 Timber Kings 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear 1.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear 4.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 5.0 Rick Stein’s India 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 7.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.20 QI 9.0 QI XL 10.0 Outsiders 11.0 Live at the Apollo 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More Old News for You 1.45 Would I Lie to You? 2.30 QI 3.0 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Melissa & Joey Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory 1.30 The Big Bang Theory 2.0 The Big Bang Theory 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.15 Rude(ish) Tube Shorts 6.30 The Big Bang Theory 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 Naked, Alone and Racing to Get Home 10.0 Naked Attraction 11.05 Gogglebox 12.10 Married at First Sight Australia 1.45 Naked, Alone and Racing to Get Home 2.40 Gogglebox 3.35 First Dates 4.30 The Big Bang Theory 4.55 The Big Bang Theory 5.15 The Big Bang Theory 5.35 The Goldbergs Film4 11.0am Bugles in the Afternoon (1952) 12.40 Campbell’s Kingdom (1957) 2.45 Dark Command (1940) 4.35 Attack! (1956) 6.45 The Post (2017) 9.0 John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum (2019) 11.35 Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) 1.55 Dark River (2017) ITV2 6.0am FYI Extra 6.15 Love Bites 7.20 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 9.30 Ellen’s Game of Games 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Secret Crush 5.0 Totally You’ve Been Framed! Gold 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Family Guy 9.30 Family Guy 10.0 Family Guy 10.30 Family Guy 11.0 Family Guy 11.25 American Dad! Double Bill 12.25 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.20 Superstore Double Bill 2.15 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records Double Bill 3.05 FYI Extra More4 8.55am Kirstie’s House of Craft 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 12.10 Heir Hunters 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.10 Four in a Bed 2.40 Four in a Bed 3.15 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 Devon and Cornwall 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 Prue’s Great Garden Plot 10.0 Johnny Vegas: Carry on Glamping 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.05 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.05 Prue’s Great Garden Plot 2.15 Johnny Vegas: Carry on Glamping 3.20 Food Unwrapped Sky Max 6.0am Highway Patrol Double Bill 7.0 Caught on Dashcam 8.0 Arrow 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 SEAL Team 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 There’s Something About Movies Double Bill 8.0 DC’s Legends of Tomorrow 9.0 Strike Back: Retribution 10.0 Brassic 11.0 A League of Their Own 12.0 The Russell Howard Hour 1.0 Manifest 2.0 Caught on Dashcam 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Highway Cops Double Bill Sky Arts 6.0am Handel: La Resurrezione 7.45 A Tuba to Cuba 9.30 Tales of the Unexpected 10.0 Discovering: Cary Grant 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 Chi-chi Nwanoku on Samuel Coleridge- Taylor 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Robert Mitchum 3.0 National Trust: National Treasures 4.0 Diana Ross & the Supremes: Music Icons 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Fred Astaire 7.0 Portrait Artist of the Year 2020 Double Bill 9.0 Janine Jansen: Falling for Stradivari (2021) 10.15 John Lennon: Imagine 11.30 Landmark 12.30 Rose Byrne: Off Camera 1.45 Comedy Legends 2.45 Discovering: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young 3.10 Master of Photography 4.0 Cheltenham Literature Festival 2020 5.0 The Sixties Sky Atlantic 6.0am Storm City 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Deadwood Double Bill 11.15 Succession Double Bill 1.30 Oz Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.40 Succession Double Bill 7.50 Game of Thrones 9.0 Billions 10.05 In Treatment Double Bill 11.15 Dexter Double Bill 1.25 True Blood Double Bill 3.35 Californication 4.10 The British Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics. With Georgia Mann. 12.0 Composer of the Week: Julius Eastman (3/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. Sarah Walker presents highlights from this year’s Verbier summer festival, featuring works by Beethoven. 2.0 Afternoon Concert. Music by Mendelssohn, Strauss, Martinů, Byrd, Auric, Liszt, Corelli and Respighi. Plus, baroque vocal music from Capella Marianna in Prague.(3/4) 4.0 Choral Evensong. Live from Winchester Cathedral. 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert. From Kings Place in London. Schubert: String Quartet No 6, D74. Adès: Alchymia, for clarinet and string quartet (world premiere). Brahms: Clarinet Quintet in B minor, Op 115. Mark Simpson (clarinet), the Diotima Quartet. 10.0 Free Thinking. Books shortlisted for the British Academy Book Prize for Global Cultural Understanding. 10.45 The Essay: Telegraph Wires – Five Views of Ted Hughes. Poet Karen McCarthy Woolf on finding solace in Hughes’ work during a troubled childhood. (3/5) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 More Or Less (6/6) 9.30 Four Thought (4/4) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: George III. By Andrew Roberts. (3/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 White Mischief: The Background Hum (R) 11.30 What’s Funny About. A look back at the sketch show Smack the Pony with Sally Phillips and Victoria Pile. (3/6) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Reader. By Bernhard Schlink. (3/5) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A Home of Our Own: Lilley Farm, Oast House, Kent (3/10) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: The National (R) 3.0 Money Box Live 3.30 Inside Health (R) 4.0 Thinking Allowed (6/9) 4.30 The Media Show 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Cold Swedish Winter. Sitcom, by Danny Robins.(R) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 Bringing Up Britain (4/4) 8.45 Four Thought (R) 9.0 Costing the Earth (R) 9.30 The Media Show 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: The Reader (R) 11.0 Njambi McGrath: Becoming Njambi (3/4) 11.15 Tarot. Sketch comedy. (1/4) 11.30 Mastertapes: Noel Gallagher (The A-Side) (R) 12.0 News and Weather 12.30 Book of the Week: George III (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Sherlock Holmes With Carleton Hobbs (3/7) 6.30 Imperial Palace (2/4) 7.0 Rob Newman’s Neuropolis (3/4) 7.30 The Cold Swedish Winter (1/4) 8.0 Hancock: The Blood Donor – Pye’s Re-recording 8.30 Give Or Take (5/8) 9.0 The Motion Show (3/6) 9.30 Smelling of Roses (1/6) 10.0 Verona: A Conspiracy of Parrots 10.45 Tapestry 11.0 Motherhood: Bump, Birth and Beyond (3/3) 12.0 Hancock 12.30 Give Or Take (5/8) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (3/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (2/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (3/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (3/10) 2.30 The Welsh M1 (1/2) 3.0 Verona 3.45 Tapestry 4.0 Motion Show (3/6) 4.30 Smelling of Roses (1/6) 5.0 Rob Newman (3/4) 5.30 Cold Swedish Winter (1/4) 6.0 The Spaceship II (3/5) 6.30 Short Cuts (5/7) 7.0 Hancock: The Blood Donor 7.30 Give Or Take (5/8) 8.0 Sherlock Holmes (3/7) 8.30 Imperial Palace (2/4) 9.0 Motherhood (3/3) 10.0 Cold Swedish Winter (1/4) 10.30 Sam Simmons Is Not a People Person (4/4) 10.45 Mae Martin’s Guide to 21st Century Sexuality (4/4) 11.0 Radio Active (6/8) 11.30 And Now in Colour (4/6) 12.0 The Spaceship II (3/5) 12.30 Short Cuts (5/7) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (3/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (2/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (3/10) 2.15 Ten Days … (3/10) 2.30 Welsh M1 (1/2) 3.0 Verona 3.45 Tapestry 4.0 Motion Show (3/6) 4.30 Smelling of Roses (1/6) 5.0 Rob Newman (3/4) 5.30 Cold Swedish Winter

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:53 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:36 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Thursday 7 Savile: Portrait of a Predator, ITV, 9pm Police detective Gary Pankhurst on investigating the DJ The Observer 03.10.21 53 BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Rip Off Britain (T) 10.0 Defenders UK (T) 10.45 Claimed and Shamed (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 11.45 The Queen’s Baton Relay (T) 12.30 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 Unbeatable (T) (R) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.30 Antiques Road Trip (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.35 EastEnders (T) 6.30 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 7.15 Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Gardeners’ World (T) (R) 9.0 News 12.15 Politics Live (T) 1.0 Head Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Celebrity Painting Challenge (T) (R) 3.15 An Island Parish (T) (R) 3.45 Curiosity (T) (R) 4.30 Glorious Gardens from Above (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) With Janette Manrara. 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News (T) 1.55 Local News (T) 2.0 Judge Rinder’s Crime Stories (T) 3.0 Winning Combination (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News (T) 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Charles has a covert meeting in the woods. 7.30 Tonight: How Green Is Your Supermarket? (T) Jonathan Maitland examines the big shops’ green credentials. 6.0 Countdown (T) (R) 6.40 Cheers (T) (R) 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 A Place in the Sun (T) (R) 4.0 Chateau DIY (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 The Perfect Pitch (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 7.55 Courtney and Cameron’s Story: Stand Up to Cancer (T) (R) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Nightmare Tenants, Slum Landlords (T) (R) 12.10 News (T) 12.15 Police Interceptors (T) (R) 1.15 Home and Away (T) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 Tracking a Killer (Richard Switzer, 2021) (T) 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 5.30 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.0 Home and Away (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 Autumn Gardening With Carol Klein (T) New series. The presenter reveals changes since the last trip to Glebe Cottage in spring. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) Michael Portillo visits Heaton Park in Manchester. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) 8.0 Shop Well for Less? (T) (R) Alex Jones and Steph McGovern try to help the Miller family in Lincolnshire. 9.0 Ambulance (T) Dec and Nicole are dispatched to an eight-week-old baby who has stopped breathing. Dec also cares for the parents who have been left looking on fearful for the outcome. 8.0 The Hairy Bikers Go North (T) Simon King and Dave Myers explore Cumbria and the Lake District. 9.0 Don’t Exclude Me (T) Part two of two. Marie Gentles continues her work at Milton Hall primary school, helping Oscar, six, and Olivia, nine, deal with behavioural issues. 8.0 Emmerdale (T) Marlon blames Bob when April turns on him. 8.30 The Martin Lewis Money Show: Live (T) 9.0 Savile: Portrait of a Predator (T) Documentary looking inside the criminal world of Jimmy Savile, through the eyes of those who worked alongside him. 8.0 Joe Lycett’s Got Your Back (T) Jo Brand joins Joe as he goes on a mission to make Britain’s beaches more eco-friendly. 9.0 Taskmaster (T) Greg Davies sets more tasks for Alan Davies, Desiree Burch, Guz Khan, Morgana Robinson and Victoria Coren Mitchell. 8.0 The World’s Most Scenic Railway Journeys (T) A look at flagship service the Denali Star, a luxury train In Anchorage, Alaska. Includes news update. 9.0 All Creatures Great and Small (T) It is an important day for Tristan as Siegfried gives him new responsibilities. 8.0 A House Through Time (T) (R) David Olusoga charts the history of a Georgian end-of-terrace property in Newcastle upon Tyne. 9.0 The Babadook (Jennifer Kent, 2014) (T) (R) A single mother begins to believe her son’s imaginary monster may be real. Horror, starring Essie Davis. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 Question Time (T) Fiona Bruce hosts the debate. 11.35 Newscast (T) Adam Fleming, Laura Kuenssberg and Chris Mason discuss the week’s biggest stories. 12.05 Blankety Blank (T) (R) 12.40 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 12.45 News (T) 10.0 QI (T) With Alice Levine, Jason Manford, Rose Matafeo and Alan Davies. 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 The Ranganation (T) (R) 12.0 Sign Zone Fever Pitch: The Rise of the Premier League (T) (R) 1.0 Strictly Come Dancing (T) (R) 3.15 Strictly Come Dancing: The Results (T) (R) 4.10 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Gordon, Gino & Fred Go Greek! (T) (R) 11.50 Paul O’Grady’s Saturday Night Line Up (T) (R) 12.30 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.30 Tonight: How Green Is Your Supermarket? (T) (R) 3.55 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point (T) (R) 10.0 Hunting the Football Trolls: Jermaine Jenas (T) 11.05 24 Hours in Police Custody (T) (R) 12.05 Mo Gilligan: Black, British and Funny (T) (R) 1.05 Celebrity SAS: Who Dares Wins (T) (R) 2.0 Taskmaster (T) (R) 2.55 Iris Prize Best British Shorts (T) (R) 3.10 Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) 10.0 Ambulance: Code Red (T) (R) Documentary series. 11.05 Tomb Raider (T) 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News on 5 (T) 3.10 One Night With My Ex (T) (R) 4.0 Secrets of British Factories (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 House Doctor (T) (R) 5.35 Fireman Sam (T) (R) 5.45 Paw Patrol 10.30 Mark Kermode’s Secrets of Cinema (T) (R) The critic dissects the horror genre. 11.30 Hitchcock’s Shower Scene: 78/52 (Alexandre O Philippe, 2017) (T) (R) Documentary looking at Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. 12.55 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 1.25 Wild Brazil (T) (R) 2.25 A House Through Time (T) (R) Other channels Dave 7.10am Yianni: Supercar Customiser Double Bill 8.0 Timber Kings 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear 1.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear 4.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 5.0 Rick Stein’s India 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 7.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.20 QI 9.0 QI XL 10.0 Late Night Mash 11.0 British As Folk 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 1.40 Would I Lie to You? 2.15 QI 2.45 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Melissa & Joey Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory Triple Bill 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 First Dates Australia 10.0 Naked Attraction 11.05 Gogglebox 12.10 Married at First Sight Australia 1.40 Rick and Morty 2.10 Robot Chicken Double Bill 2.40 The Big Bang Theory 3.0 The Big Bang Theory 3.25 The Big Bang Theory 3.45 The Big Bang Theory 4.10 The Goldbergs Triple Bill Film4 11.0am A Day to Remember (1953) 12.50 The File on Thelma Jordon (1950) 2.50 Ten Tall Men (1951) 4.45 Carry on Nurse (1959) 6.30 Hidden Figures (2016) 9.0 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) 11.25 Allied (2016) 1.50 Patti Cake$ (2017) ITV2 6.0am FYI Extra 6.15 Secret Crush 7.20 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 Coronation Street Double Bill 9.30 Ellen’s Game of Games 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Secret Crush 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 Coronation Street Double Bill 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Secret Crush 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold Top 100 Sportstars 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Hell’s Kitchen 10.0 The Emily Atack Show 10.45 Family Guy Double Bill 11.45 American Dad! Double Bill 12.40 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.40 Superstore Double Bill 2.30 The Stand Up Sketch Show Double Bill 3.25 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Food Unwrapped 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 12.10 Heir Hunters 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.10 Four in a Bed 2.40 Four in a Bed 3.15 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 Devon and Cornwall 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 George Clarke’s Amazing Spaces 10.0 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 11.05 999: On the Front Line 12.05 24 Hours in A&E 1.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 2.15 George Clarke’s Amazing Spaces 3.20 Food Unwrapped Sky Max 6.0am Highway Patrol Double Bill 7.0 Caught on Dashcam 8.0 Arrow 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 SEAL Team 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 There’s Something About Movies Double Bill 8.0 The Flash 9.0 A League of Their Own 10.0 The Russell Howard Hour 11.0 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 11.45 The Force: Manchester 12.45 Wolfe 1.45 Manifest 2.40 Road Wars 3.10 Hawaii Five-0 4.05 MacGyver 5.0 Highway Cops Double Bill Sky Arts 6.0am LA Philharmonic Centennial Birthday Gala 7.40 Sir Simon Rattle: Beethoven Symphonies 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Robert Mitchum 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 National Treasures: The Art of Collecting 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Fred Astaire 3.0 Landmark 4.0 Chicago: Music Icons 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Humphrey Bogart 7.0 Great Film Composers: The Music of the Movies 8.0 The Undiscovered Tony Hancock 9.0 Comedy Legends 10.0 Chris O’ Dowd: Off Camera 11.15 The Movies 12.15 The Michelangelo Code: Secrets of the Sistine Chapel 2.25 Discovering: The Cure 3.15 Master of Photography 4.05 Cheltenham Literature Festival 2020 5.0 The Sixties Sky Atlantic 6.0am The Guest Wing 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Deadwood Double Bill 11.15 Succession Double Bill 1.30 Oz Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.40 Succession Double Bill 7.50 Game of Thrones 9.0 The Night Of 10.05 Billions 11.10 Patrick Melrose 12.20 Dexter Double Bill 2.30 True Blood 3.35 Californication 4.10 The British Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Julius Eastman 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. Highlights from the 2021 Verbier summer festival, including works by Liszt and Bridge. 2.0 Afternoon Concert. Ravel, Mahler, Chopin’s Piano Concerto No1, Dvořák’s Symphonic Variations, Czech vocal music and highlights of the London international festival of early music. 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert. Live from the Barbican Hall, London. Anna Thorvaldsdottir: Dreaming. Davone Tines: Concerto No 1 – Sermon: A Devised Concerto for Voice and Orchestra (including John Adams: Shake the Heavens from El Niño; Igee Dieudonné and Davone Tines: Vigil, arr Matthew Aucoin; Anthony Davis: Malcolm’s Aria from X: The Life and Times of Malcolm X). Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 in E minor ”From the New World”. Davone Tines (bass-baritone). BBC Symphony Orchestra. Dalia Stasevska (conductor). 10.0 Free Thinking 10.45 The Essay: Telegraph Wires – Five Views of Ted Hughes (R) 11.0 The Night Tracks Mix 11.30 Unclassified 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 In Our Time (4/16) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: George III (4/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 From Our Own Correspondent (3/8) 11.30 The Dreams We Live Inside. Engineer Roma Agrawal explores a vision for postwar social housing featuring elevated walkways. (2/3) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Reader. By Bernhard Schlink. (4/5) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A Home of Our Own: Black’s Gate Crescent, Belfast (4/10) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: The Attendant – Frankenstein. By the Cullen Brothers. (1/5) 2.45 The Things We Leave Behind: The Spoons (R) 3.0 Ramblings. Clare Balding visits the island of Seil, west Scotland, with the writer and educator Norrie Bissell. (6/6) 3.27 Appeal: Village Water (R) 3.30 Bookclub (R) 4.0 The Curious Cases of Rutherford & Fry. The biology behind guide dogs. (1/6) 4.30 Inside Science 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Break (R) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 The Briefing Room 8.30 The Bottom Line. With Evan Davis. (1/7) 9.0 Inside Science (R) 9.30 In Our Time (R) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: The Reader (R) 11.0 Drop the Dead Panda 11.30 Mastertapes (R) 12.0 News and Weather 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Sherlock Holmes With Carleton Hobbs (4/7) 6.30 Imperial Palace (3/4) 7.0 Ankle Tag (1/4) 7.30 The Break (1/6) 8.0 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again (4/13) 8.30 After Henry (7/8) 9.0 The Write Stuff (2/6) 9.30 Beaumarchais (4/6) 10.0 Rebus: Fleshmarket Close (1/2) 11.0 Desert Island Discs 11.45 David Attenborough’s Life Stories 12.0 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again (4/13) 12.30 After Henry (7/8) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (4/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (3/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (4/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (4/10) 2.30 The Welsh M1 (2/2) 3.0 Rebus 4.0 The Write Stuff (2/6) 4.30 Beaumarchais (4/6) 5.0 Ankle Tag (1/4) 5.30 The Break (1/6) 6.0 The Spaceship II (4/5) 6.30 Great Lives (9/9) 7.0 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again (4/13) 7.30 After Henry (7/8) 8.0 Sherlock Holmes (4/7) 8.30 Imperial Palace (3/4) 9.0 Desert Island Discs 9.45 David Attenborough… 10.0 The Break (1/6) 10.30 What’s Funny About (3/6) 11.30 The Secret World (1/6) 12.0 The Spaceship II (4/5) 12.30 Great Lives (9/9) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (4/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (3/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (4/10) 2.15 Ten Days… (4/10) 2.30 The Welsh M1 (2/2) 3.0 Rebus 4.0 The Write Stuff (2/6) 4.30 Beaumarchais (4/6) 5.0 Ankle Tag (1/4) 5.30 The Break (1/6)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:54 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:35 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 54 The Observer 03.10.21 Friday 8 The North Water BBC Two, 9.30pm Sumner plans to head back to Hull after healing BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Rip Off Britain (T) 10.0 Defenders UK (T) 10.45 Claimed and Shamed (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Unbeatable (T) (R) 2.30 The Repair Shop (T) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.30 Antiques Road Trip (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) 6.0 News at Six (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.30 Question of Sport (T) 6.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 7.15 Antiques Road Trip (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Chris and Meg’s Wild Summer (T) (R) 8.30 Mortimer & Whitehouse: Gone Fishing (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 12.15 Politics UK (T) 1.0 Head Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Celebrity Painting Challenge (T) (R) 3.15 An Island Parish (T) (R) 3.45 Curiosity (T) (R) 4.30 Glorious Gardens from Above (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 MOTDx (T) 7.30 Inside Culture (T) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News (T) 1.55 Local News (T) 2.0 Judge Rinder’s Crime Stories (T) (R) 3.0 Winning Combination (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News (T) 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Diane has regrets, and an accident gives Rodney an opportunity. 7.30 Coronation Street (T) Alya and Zeedan fight back against Debbie. 6.0 Countdown (T) (R) 6.40 Cheers (T) (R) 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 A Place in the Sun (T) (R) 4.0 Chateau DIY (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 The Perfect Pitch (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 7.30 Unreported World (T) The indigenous women going missing in the US. 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Nightmare Tenants, Slum Landlords (T) (R) 12.10 News (T) 12.15 Police Interceptors (T) (R) 1.15 Home and Away (T) (R) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.15 Death and Deceit: Martha’s Vineyard Mysteries 2 (Andy Mikita, 2020) (T) 4.0 Bargain- Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 5.30 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.0 Home and Away (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 The Thames With Tony Robinson (T) The presenter visits Hampton Court. 7.0 Irish Rock at the BBC (T) (R) Featuring Thin Lizzy, Ash, the Undertones, Stiff Little Fingers and the Pogues. 8.0 EastEnders (T) Rainie does a drugs test for Bernie, and Jay comes up with a plan to get even with Suki. 8.30 Richard Osman’s House of Games Night (T) 9.0 Have I Got News for You (T) 9.30 The Cleaner (T) Wicky meets a 23-year-old social media influencer with millions of followers. 8.0 Grand Tours of Scotland’s Lochs (T) (R) Paul Murton explores the lochs of Skye. 8.30 Gardeners’ World (T) The team celebrate trees. 9.30 The North Water (T) After healing in a missionary cabin, Sumner returns to Hull to demand money from Baxter to start a new life. Last in the series. 8.0 Simply Raymond Blanc (T) The chef cooks a flashfried squid, with a fennel and rocket salad. 8.30 Coronation Street (T) Zeedan’s father-in-law spells out what he wants. 9.0 Grantchester (T) The leader of a student CND group falls to her death from a college building. 8.0 The Great British Bake Off: An Extra Slice (T) Jo Brand is joined by fans of the show Aisling Bea, Martin Kemp and Melvin Odoom. Plus, an interview with the week’s eliminated baker. 9.0 Gogglebox (T) The armchair critics share their opinions on what they have been watching on TV. 8.0 The Cotswolds With Pam Ayres (T) The poet visits the Oxfordshire town of Burford. Includes news. 9.0 Susan Calman’s Grand Day Out on the Norfolk Broads (T) The comedian’s second run of excursions begins on the Norfolk Broads, where she is invited aboard a beautifully restored boat. 8.0 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) With Brothers in Rhythm, Utah Saints and Oceanic. 8.30 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) Featuring PJB ft Hannah & Her Sisters, Rozalla and Bizarre Inc. 9.0 Citizens of Boomtown: The Story of the Boomtown Rats (T) (R) Documentary about the Irish band. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 The Graham Norton Show (T) With Andie MacDowell and Billy Porter, and music from Texas. 11.25 Sliding Doors (Peter Howitt, 1998) (T) Comedy, starring Gwyneth Paltrow and John Hannah. 1.0 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.05 News (T) 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.05 Blair & Brown: The New Labour Revolution (T) (R) Examining those at the heart of New Labour, featuring the key players involved in a movement that still divides opinion to this day. 12.05 Dementia & Us (T) (R) 1.05 Sign Zone: Panorama (T) (R) 1.35 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Rocky IV (Sylvester Stallone, 1985) (T) Drama, starring Sylvester Stallone and Dolph Lundgren. 12.20 Sorry, I Didn’t Know (T) (R) 12.45 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Rolling in It (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Winning Combination (T) (R) 10.0 The Last Leg (T) Comic review of the week presented by Adam Hills, Josh Widdicombe and Alex Brooker. 11.05 First Dates (T) (R) 12.10 Murder Island (T) (R) 1.05 Behind Enemy Lines (John Moore, 2001) (T) 2.50 Come Dine With Me (T) (R) 5.10 Location, Location, Location (T) (R) 10.0 1984: The 30 Greatest Hits (T) (R) Suggs counts down the 30 biggest pop anthems from the year. 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News on 5 (T) 3.10 One Night With My Ex (T) (R) 4.0 British Made With John Prescott (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 House Doctor (T) (R) 10.30 Sight and Sound in Concert: Boomtown Rats (T) (R) From the Goldiggers nightclub in Chippenham. 11.30 The Old Grey Whistle Test (T) (R) Featuring American rock band Dr Hook. 12.10 Irish Rock at the BBC (T) (R) 1.10 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) 1.40 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) 2.10 Citizens of Boomtown (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Yianni: Supercar Customiser Double Bill 8.0 Timber Kings 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear 1.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear 4.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 5.0 Rick Stein’s India 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 7.40 Would I Lie to You? At Christmas 8.20 QI Double Bill 10.0 Bad Boys (1995) 12.30 Sliced Double Bill 1.50 Would I Lie to You? At Christmas 2.25 QI 2.55 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Melissa & Joey 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory Triple Bill 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.15 Kingsman: The Secret Service (2015) 11.55 Married at First Sight Australia 1.40 Naked, Alone and Racing to Get Home 2.40 Gogglebox 3.35 The Big Bang Theory Triple Bill 4.45 The Goldbergs Double Bill Film4 11.0am Anne of the Thousand Days (1969) 2.05 How Green Was My Valley (1941) 4.35 Man of the West (1958) 6.45 Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) 9.0 The Mountain Between Us (2017) 11.10 Shooter (2007) 1.35 10 Cloverfield Lane (2016) ITV2 6.0am FYI Extra 6.15 Secret Crush 7.20 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale Double Bill 9.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 9.30 Ellen’s Game of Games 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Secret Crush 12.30 Emmerdale Double Bill 1.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Secret Crush 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Hall of Framed 6.0 Catchphrase Celebrity Special 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Hell’s Kitchen 10.0 Family Guy Triple Bill 11.25 American Dad! Double Bill 12.25 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.20 Superstore Double Bill 2.15 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records Double Bill 3.05 FYI Extra 3.20 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Food Unwrapped 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 12.10 Heir Hunters 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.10 Four in a Bed 2.40 Four in a Bed 3.15 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 Devon and Cornwall 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 24 Hours in A&E Double Bill 11.05 Emergency Helicopter Medics 12.05 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.15 24 Hours in A&E 2.20 24 Hours in A&E 3.20 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Highway Patrol Double Bill 7.0 Caught on Dashcam Double Bill 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 SEAL Team 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 There’s Something About Movies Double Bill 8.0 Freddie Down Under 9.0 Wolfe Double Bill 11.0 Rob & Romesh v Cricket: South Africa 12.0 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 12.45 Manifest 1.45 A League of Their Own 2.40 Road Wars 3.10 Hawaii Five-0 4.05 MacGyver 5.0 Highway Cops Double Bill Sky Arts 6.0am Lucia Di Lammermoor 8.40 Darbar Festival 2017 9.35 Tales of the Unexpected 10.0 Discovering: Fred Astaire 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 Canaletto & the Art of Venice 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Humphrey Bogart 3.0 Tate Britain’s Great British Walks 4.0 Journey: Music Icons 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Burt Lancaster 7.0 Dolly Parton: Song By Song Double Bill 8.0 Classic Albums 9.0 California Dreamin’: The Songs of the Mamas and the Papas 10.15 Steve Miller Band: Austin City Limits 11.15 Janine Jansen: Falling for Stradivari (2021) 12.20 Sam Smith/ Anderson East: Austin City Limits 1.30 Frank Sinatra: In Concert at the Royal Festival Hall 2.30 Discovering: Dire Straits 3.0 Master of Photography 4.0 Cheltenham Literature Festival 2020 5.0 The Sixties Sky Atlantic 6.0am The Guest Wing 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Deadwood Double Bill 11.15 Succession Double Bill 1.30 Oz Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.40 Succession Double Bill 7.50 Game of Thrones 9.0 Your Honor 10.15 Britannia 11.15 Dexter Double Bill 1.25 True Blood Double Bill 3.35 Californication 4.10 The British Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Julius Eastman 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. More highlights from this year’s Verbier summer festival, featuring works by Britten and Beethoven. 2.0 Afternoon Concert. Mozart and Haydn from MediaCity, plus music by MacDowell and Copland, Czech vocal music and highlights of the London international festival of early music. 4.30 The Listening Service: Eat to the Beat (R) 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert. From the Bridgewater Hall, Manchester. Sibelius: Pelléas and Mélisande, Suite. Shostakovich: Cello Concerto No 1. Mendelssohn: Symphony No 4 ”Italian”. Jakob Kullberg (cello). BBC Philharmonic. John Storgǻrds (conductor). 10.0 The Verb: At Contains Strong Language 10.45 The Essay: Telegraph Wires – Five Views of Ted Hughes (R) 11.0 Late Junction 1.0 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 Desert Island Discs: Tom Ilube (R) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: George III (5/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour. Presented by Anita Rani. 11.0 The Young Farmers. Documentary about three different groups of young people at the beginning of their farming lives. (1/3) 11.30 Charlotte and Lillian: The Dog (2/4) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Reader. By Bernhard Schlink. (5/5) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A Home of Our Own: Garrick Street, Liverpool (5/10) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: Nuremberg – He Pointed to the Sky. By Jonathan Myerson. (7/8) 2.45 A History of Ghosts: La Llorona (R) 3.0 Gardeners’ Question Time 3.45 New Frequencies. A Piece of Fabric, by Eliyeh Iqbal; and Festa Del Redentore, by Cecilia Doran. (2/3) 4.0 Last Word 4.30 More Or Less (R) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The News Quiz (6/8) 7.0 Four Thought: Ambivalence – For and Against (R) 7.15 Add to Playlist. A musical journey of discovery, presented by Cerys Matthews and Jeffrey Boakye. (1/8) 8.0 Any Questions?. Chris Mason chairs the political forum from Nottingham Playhouse. 8.50 A Point of View 9.0 A Home of Our Own: Omnibus (1/2) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: The Reader (R) 11.0 A Good Read: Neil Brand and Tiff Stevenson (R) 11.30 The Delirium Wards (R) 12.0 News and Weather 12.30 Book of the Week: George III (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Four Thought (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Sherlock Holmes With Carleton Hobbs (5/7) 6.30 Imperial Palace (4/4) 7.0 On the Rocks (2/4) 7.30 Comedy from the Wilderness 8.0 Dad’s Army (11/20) 8.30 Coming Alive (4/6) 9.0 The Food Quiz (6) 9.30 Clare in the Community (3/6) 10.0 Rebus: Fleshmarket Close (2/2) 12.0 Dad’s Army (11/20) 12.30 Coming Alive (4/6) 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (5/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (4/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (5/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (5/10) 2.30 Losing the Children 3.0 Rebus 4.0 The Food Quiz (6) 4.30 Clare in the Community (3/6) 5.0 On the Rocks (2/4) 5.30 Comedy from the Wilderness 6.0 The Spaceship II (5/5) 6.30 Off the Page 7.0 Dad’s Army (11/20) 7.30 Coming Alive (4/6) 8.0 Sherlock Holmes (5/7) 8.30 Imperial Palace (4/4) 10.0 Comedy from the Wilderness 10.30 Mark Thomas Presents (3/4) 11.0 Brian Appleton’s Unofficial Multi-Media Lecture (1/6) 11.15 The Jail Diaries of Sir Ralph Stanza (1) 11.30 Sarah Kendall: Australian Trilogy (2/3) 12.0 The Spaceship II (5/5) 12.30 Off the Page 1.0 Sherlock Holmes (5/7) 1.30 Imperial Palace (4/4) 2.0 A Better Class of Person (5/10) 2.15 Ten Days That Shook the World (5/10) 2.30 Losing the Children 3.0 Rebus 4.0 The Food Quiz (6) 4.30 Clare in the Community (3/6) 5.0 On the Rocks (2/4) 5.30 Comedy from the Wilderness

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:55 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:35 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Saturday 9 Simon & Garfunkel: The Harmony Game BBC Two, 8.55pm The making of Bridge Over Troubled Water The Observer 03.10.21 55 BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 10.0 Saturday Kitchen Live (T) 11.30 Nadiya’s Family Favourites (T) (R) 12.0 Football Focus (T) 12.30 MOTDx (T) (R) 1.0 News (T) 1.10 Weather (T) 1.15 MOTD Live: Women’s Super League (T) Manchester United v Manchester City (kick-off 1.30pm). 3.40 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 4.25 Question of Sport (T) (R) 4.55 News (T) 5.10 Regional News and Weather (T) 5.15 Pointless Celebrities (T) 6.0 The Hit List (T) 6.45 Strictly Come Dancing (T) 6.45 All Over the Place: UK (T) (R) 7.15 Ricky Wilson’s Art Jam (T) (R) 7.30 Blue Peter (T) (R) 8.0 Deadly 60 (T) (R) 8.30 Human Body (T) (R) 9.30 Nightmare Pets SOS (T) (R) 10.0 Autumn: Earth’s Seasonal Secrets (T) (R) 11.0 Hugh’s Wild West (T) (R) 12.0 Nigel Slater’s Middle East (T) (R) 1.0 Up Periscope (T) 2.45 Flog It! (T) (R) 3.25 Wild Summer (T) (R) 4.0 Bill Bailey’s Jungle Hero (T) (R) 5.0 Your Home Made Perfect (T) (R) 6.0 Saving Lives at Sea (T) (R) 7.0 Supercharged Otters (T) (R) 6.0 CITV 9.25 News (T) 9.30 James Martin’s Saturday Morning (T) 11.40 Ainsley’s Good Mood Food (T) 12.45 James Martin’s American Adventure (T) (R) 1.15 News and Weather (T) 1.29 Local News and Weather (T) 1.30 ITV Racing: Live from Newmarket (T) Ed Chamberlin and Francesca Cumani present Future Champions’ Day. 4.0 You’ve Been Framed! Uncaged! (T) 5.0 Tipping Point: Best Ever Finals (T) (R) 5.30 Celebrity Catchphrase (T) (R) 6.25 News and Weather (T) 6.45 Local News (T) 6.05 The King of Queens (T) (R) Double bill. 6.55 Mike & Molly (T) (R) Triple bill. 7.55 The Simpsons (T) (R) Nine episodes. 12.20 Couples Come Dine With Me (T) (R) 1.20 Four in a Bed (T) (R) Five episodes. 3.55 George Clarke’s Old House, New Home (T) (R) 5.0 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It Or List It (T) (R) A catchup with a couple who appeared on the show in 2019. 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Formula 1 Turkish Grand Prix Highlights (T) Action from the battle for pole position at Intercity Istanbul Park. 6.0 Milkshake! 10.0 SpongeBob SquarePants (T) (R) Double bill. 10.25 Entertainment News (T) 10.30 Tales from the Zoo: Talking Animals (T) 11.25 Friends (T) (R) Triple bill. 12.55 Cocoon (1985) (T) Sci-fi drama. (Entertainment News is at 1.55pm. ) 3.15 Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Steven Spielberg, 1977) (T) Sci-fi drama, with Richard Dreyfuss. (Entertainment News is at 4.15pm.) 6.0 News (T) 6.05 Our Yorkshire Farm (T) (R) 7.0 Elizabeth & Margaret: Duty & Devotion (T) (R) 7.0 Coast (T) (R) 7.10 The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice With Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver (T) (R) An examination of the history and culture of the ancient group of peoples. 8.55 Blankety Blank (T) Bradley Walsh hosts the comedy quizshow. With Tamzin Outhwaite, Craig Revel Horwood, Rob Beckett, Josh Widdicombe, Lady Leshurr and Ade Adepitan. 9.30 Casualty (T) Tina returns to the ED, and does not take Jacob’s news that the wedding is off well. 8.0 Grand Tours of Scotland’s Lochs (T) (R) Paul Murton explores the nation’s lochs. 8.55 Simon & Garfunkel: The Harmony Game (T) Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel talk about their 1970 album Bridge Over Troubled Water, made during a particularly creative period in their career. 7.0 World Cup Live (T) Andorra v England (kick-off 7.45pm). Mark Pougatch presents all the action from the Fifa World Cup Group I qualifier at Estadi Nacional. 10.0 Paul O’Grady’s Saturday Night Line Up (T) Comedy chat and games with Boy George, Jo Brand, Denise Lewis and Joe Swash. 8.0 Britain’s Forgotten Wars With Tony Robinson (T) First-hand accounts of the Suez crisis of 1956. 9.0 Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit (Kenneth Branagh, 2014) (T) An analyst for the CIA is forced into an undercover assignment. Spy thriller, starring Chris Pine and Keira Knightley. 9.0 Princess Michael: The Controversial Royal (T) A profile of the Czechborn member of the British royal family, who married the Queen’s first cousin Prince Michael of Kent in 1978 following a fiveyear courtship and has become one of its most colourful figures. 8.10 Pole to Pole (T) (R) Michael Palin’s epic expedition from the North Pole to the South Pole . 9.0 Paris Police 1900 New series. Crime drama set in early 20th-century Paris. In French with subtitles. 9.55 Paris Police 1900 Meg spies on the family behind the antisemitic league. 10.15 News (T) Weather 10.35 Game Night (John Francis Daley, Jonathan Goldstein, 2018) (T) Black comedy, starring Jason Bateman, Rachel McAdams, Billy Magnussen and Sharon Horgan. 12.10 Tonight With Target (T) 1.0 The NFL Show (T) 1.30 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.35 News (T) 10.10 Later … With Jools Holland (T) With Dave Grohl, Lady Blackbird and Jungle. 10.55 Simon & Garfunkel: Concert in Central Park (T) The duo’s 1981 reunion concert in New York City. 12.25 Frantz (François Ozon, 2016) Romantic period drama, with Paula Beer and Pierre Niney. 2.10 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.45 News (T) Weather 10.59 Local News (T) Weather 11.0 World Cup Qualifier Highlights (T) Action from Andorra v England, Scotland v Israel and Switzerland v Northern Ireland. 12.15 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 The Void (T) (R) 3.50 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Winning Combination (T) (R) 11.0 Breaking In (James McTeigue, 2018) (T) Thriller, starring Gabrielle Union and Billy Burke. 12.40 The Last Leg (T) (R) 1.35 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 2.25 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 3.15 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 5.15 Beat the Chef (T) (R) 5.45 Kirstie’s Vintage Gems (T) (R) 10.25 When TV Comedy Goes Horribly Wrong (T) (R) Compilation of mishaps from comedy shows . 1.10 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.10 One Night With My Ex (T) (R) Double bill. 4.50 Great Artists (T) (R) 5.15 House Doctor (T) (R) 5.40 Monkey’s Amazing Adventures (T) (R) 5.45 Peppa Pig (T) (R) 10.55 The Trials of Oscar Pistorius (T) (R) Documentary series focusing on the South African Paralympic star . 12.30 Motherland (T) (R) 1.0 A Stitch in Time (T) (R) 1.30 Pole to Pole (T) (R) 2.20 The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice With Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Yianni: Supercar Customiser 8.0 Rick Stein’s India 9.0 Rick Stein’s Long Weekends 10.0 Storage Hunters UK 11.0 American Pickers 1.0 Top Gear 2.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 3.0 Border Force: America’s Gatekeepers 4.0 Red Bull Soapbox Race 2018 6.0 Would I Lie to You? 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 7.20 Would I Lie to You? 8.0 QI 9.0 Outsiders 10.0 Big Zuu’s Christmas Eats 11.0 Live at the Apollo 12.0 Famalam 12.30 Famalam 1.0 QI XL 2.0 Live at the Apollo 3.0 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am The Rugrats Movie (1998) 7.25 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.20 Ramsay’s 24 Hours to Hell and Back 9.15 Married at First Sight UK: Reunion 10.20 Married at First Sight Australia 11.50 Married at First Sight Australia 1.35 The Great British Bake Off 3.10 The Big Bang Theory 6.40 The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 (2014) 9.0 Gogglebox: Celebrity Special for SU2C 10.0 Gogglebox: Celebrity Special for SU2C 11.05 Celebrity First Dates Hotel for SU2C 12.10 First Dates: Celebrity Special for SU2C 1.20 Gogglebox: Celebrity Special for SU2C 2.20 Gogglebox: Celebrity Special for SU2C 3.15 The Big Bang Theory 3.40 The Big Bang Theory 4.05 The Big Bang Theory 4.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA Film4 11.0am Stuart Little (1999) 12.45 Stuart Little 2 (2002) 2.20 Ice Age: Collision Course (2016) 4.10 Bumblebee (2018) 6.25 A Knight’s Tale (2001) 9.0 Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle (2017) 11.20 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) 1.40 Train to Busan (2016) ITV2 6.0am Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 6.25 Secret Crush 9.25 Dress to Impress 10.25 Dress to Impress 11.30 Celebrity Catchphrase 12.30 Totally You’ve Been Framed! Gold 1.30 The Flintstones (1994) 3.20 Shark Tale (2004) 5.10 Hotel Transylvania (2012) 7.0 Coyote Ugly (2000) 9.0 Mean Girls (2004) 11.10 Family Guy 11.35 Family Guy 12.05 American Dad! 12.30 American Dad! 12.55 The Stand Up Sketch Show 1.25 The Stand Up Sketch Show 1.55 Don’t Hate the Playaz 2.40 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 3.10 FYI Extra 3.25 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Food Unwrapped 9.30 A Place in the Sun 10.25 A Place in the Sun 11.25 A Place in the Sun 12.35 Location, Location, Location: 20 Years and Counting 1.35 Come Dine With Me 2.10 Come Dine With Me 2.40 Come Dine With Me 3.10 Come Dine With Me 3.40 Come Dine With Me 4.15 Four in a Bed 4.50 Four in a Bed 5.20 Four in a Bed 5.55 Four in a Bed 6.25 Four in a Bed 6.55 Inside the Spitfire Factory 8.0 The Lost Lotus: Restoring a Race Car 9.0 24 Hours in A&E 10.0 24 Hours in A&E 11.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 12.10 Father Ted 12.45 Father Ted 1.15 24 Hours in A&E 2.15 24 Hours in A&E 3.20 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Supergirl 7.0 Supergirl 8.0 Supergirl 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 A League of Their Own 12.0 A League of Their Own 1.0 A League of Their Own 2.0 Hawaii Five-0 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 Hawaii Five-0 5.0 There’s Something About Movies 6.0 There’s Something About Movies 7.0 There’s Something About Movies 8.0 A League of Their Own 9.0 Strike Back: Retribution 10.0 Sport’s Funniest Moments 12.0 Brassic 1.0 A League of Their Own 2.0 Road Wars 2.30 The Russell Howard Hour 3.30 NCIS: Los Angeles 4.30 Bondi Rescue Sky Arts 6.0am Rosenblatt Recitals: Lawrence Brownlee 7.25 Matthew Bourne’s Romeo & Juliet 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected 9.30 Tales of the Unexpected 10.0 Tales of the Unexpected 10.30 Tales of the Unexpected 11.0 Discovering: Cary Grant 12.0 Discovering: Robert Mitchum 1.0 Discovering: Fred Astaire 2.0 La Bayadere 4.30 My Beatles Black Album With Charles Hazlewood 5.30 Queen: The Magic Years 6.45 Bee Gees: Live in Melbourne 1989 9.0 Poly Styrene: I Am a Cliche 11.0 Classic Albums 12.0 The Art of Drumming 1.15 The Live Revival 2.05 The Live Revival: Let the Music Play 3.0 The British Invasion 4.0 Soundbreaking 5.0 The Art of Architecture Sky Atlantic 6.0am The Guest Wing 7.0 Urban Secrets 8.0 Urban Secrets 9.0 Urban Secrets 10.0 The Newsroom 11.05 The Newsroom 12.10 The Newsroom 1.15 The Newsroom 2.20 The Newsroom 3.30 Succession 4.35 Succession 5.40 Succession 6.45 Succession 7.50 Succession 9.0 Game of Thrones 10.05 Game of Thrones 11.10 Game of Thrones 12.15 Game of Thrones 1.20 Game of Thrones 2.25 Californication 3.0 Californication 3.35 Californication 4.10 Richard E Grant’s Hotel Secrets 5.0 Storm City On the radio Radio 3 7.0am Breakfast 9.0 Record Review. Nigel Simeone chooses his favourite recording of Lehár’s The Merry Widow. 11.45 Music Matters. Tom Service is joined by Uruguayan conductor and composer José Serebrier. 12.30 This Classical Life. Jess Gillam and composer Claire M Singer share the music they love. 1.0 Inside Music. Conductor Delyana Lazarova chooses a selection of pieces. 3.0 Sound of Cinema. Matthew Sweet looks back on the music for Bond villains. 4.0 Music Planet. Lopa Kothari interviews the Kurdish singer Aynur Doğan. 5.0 J to Z 6.30 Opera on 3: Verdi’s Rigoletto. From the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Carlos Álvarez (baritone: Rigoletto), Liparit Avetisyan (tenor: Duke of Mantua), Lisette Oropesa (soprano: Gilda), Brindley Sherratt (bass: Sparafucile), Ramona Zaharia (mezzosoprano: Maddalena), Eric Greene (baritone: Count Monterone) . other principals, Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Antonio Pappano (conductor). 10.0 New Music Show 12.0 Freeness 1.0 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am News and Papers 6.07 Ramblings: The Slate Island of Seil (R) 6.30 Farming Today This Week 7.0 Today 9.0 Saturday Live 10.30 The Kitchen Cabinet: Home Economics. Tim Anderson, Sue Lawrence, Shelina Permaloo and Professor Barry Smith answer listeners’ culinary queries. (3/7) 11.02 The Briefing Room (R) 11.30 From Our Own Correspondent 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 Money Box 12.30 The News Quiz (R) 1.0 News 1.10 Any Questions? (R) 2.0 Any Answers? 2.45 Just One Thing With Michael Mosley: Sing (R) 3.0 Drama: Blood, Sex and Money By Émile Zola. Season 3 – Money: Crash (R) 4.0 Weekend Woman’s Hour 5.0 Saturday PM 5.30 The Bottom Line (R) 5.54 Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.15 Loose Ends. Clive Anderson and Arthur Smith are joined by Miriam Margolyes and Dino Fetscher. With music from Billy Bragg and MF Robots. 7.0 Profile 7.15 This Cultural Life. New series. Kenneth Branagh reveals some of his most formative artistic experiences and his creative process. 8.0 Archive on 4: The Men in the White Coats. Professor Andrea Sella on the shifting image of the scientist in popular culture. 9.0 GF Newman’s The Corrupted (R) 9.45 Short Works: Ozymandias. By James Robertson. (R) 10.0 News 10.15 Bringing Up Britain: Bad Romance (R) 11.0 Brain of Britain (R) 11.30 The Ballad of the Bet (R) 12.0 News and Weather 12.15 Green Originals: Joni Mitchell (R) 12.30 New Frequencies (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Bells on Sunday 5.45 Profile (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Road to Lisdoonvarna 7.30 Great Lives (9/9) 8.0 The Motion Show (3/6) 8.30 Smelling of Roses (1/6) 9.0 I Did It My Way 12.0 Jest a Minute (1/6) 12.30 Hancock: The Blood Donor – Pye’s Re-recording 1.0 Pieces of Britney (6/8) 1.50 The Chippendales 2.0 A Look Back at the Nineties (1/5) 2.30 The Harri-Parris’ Radio Show (1/3) 3.0 Micky Flanagan: What Chance Change? (3/4) 3.30 Brian Appleton’s Unofficial Multi-Media Lecture (1/6) 3.45 The Jail Diaries of Sir Ralph Stanza 4.0 Road to Lisdoonvarna 5.30 Great Lives (9/9) 6.0 Something of the Night 6.45 The Man and the Snake 7.0 I Did It My Way 10.0 Alex Horne Presents the Horne Section (3/4) 10.30 Chain Reaction (1/6) 11.0 The Curried Goat Show (4/8) 11.30 Cowards (2/4) 12.0 Something of the Night 12.45 The Man and the Snake 1.0 Pieces of Britney (6/8) 1.50 The Chippendales 2.0 A Look Back at the Nineties (1/5) 2.30 The Harri-Parris’ Radio Show (1/3) 3.0 Micky Flanagan 3.30 Brian Appleton’s Unofficial Multi-Media Lecture (1/6) 3.45 The Jail Diaries of Sir Ralph Stanza 4.0 Road to Lisdoonvarna 5.30 Great Lives (9/9)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:56 Edition Date:211003 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 30/9/2021 17:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 56 The Observer 03.10.21 Today’s television The Mating Game BBC One, 8pm The rivalry of male zebras is explored in the nature series BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 7.10 Match of the Day (T) (R) 8.30 Politics England (T) 9.0 The Andrew Marr Show (T) 10.0 London Marathon (T) 2.30 News (T) 2.40 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 2.45 Songs of Praise (T) 3.25 Points of View (T) 3.40 Best of Seven Worlds, One Planet (T) (R) 4.40 News (T) 4.55 Regional News and Weather (T) 5.0 Weather (T) 5.05 Countryfile (T) 6.05 The Earthshot Prize: Repairing Our Planet (T) 7.05 Strictly Come Dancing: The Results (T) 6.05 Gardeners’ World (T) (R) 7.05 Countryfile (T) (R) 8.0 London Marathon (T) 10.0 Your Home Made Perfect (T) (R) 11.0 The World’s Most Extraordinary Homes (T) (R) 12.0 The Nun’s Story (Fred Zinnemann, 1959) (T) Drama, with Audrey Hepburn and Peter Finch. 2.40 Flog It! (T) (R) 3.30 Jay’s Yorkshire Workshop (T) (R) 4.30 Saving Lives at Sea (T) (R) 5.30 Villages By the Sea (T) (R) 6.0 London Marathon Highlights (T) 7.0 Incredible Journeys With Simon Reeve (T) (R) 6.0 CITV 9.25 News (T) 9.30 Wonders of Scotland With David Hayman (T) (R) 10.0 Love Your Weekend With Alan Titchmarsh (T) 11.55 All Around Britain (T) 12.55 News and Weather (T) 12.59 Local News (T) 1.0 ITV Racing Live: Prix De L’Arc De Triomphe (T) Coverage from ParisLongchamp. 3.30 Tipping Point: Lucky Stars (T) (R) 4.30 Dickinson’s Biggest and Best Deals (T) 5.30 The Cube (T) (R) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 6.45 Local News (T) 7.0 Family Fortunes (T) 6.10 Mike & Molly (T) (R) 7.15 The King of Queens (T) (R) 8.30 The Simpsons (T) (R) 9.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 9.30 Sunday Brunch (T) 12.30 The Simpsons (T) (R) 12.55 The Simpsons (T) (R) 1.25 The Simpsons (T) (R) 1.50 The Simpsons (T) (R) 2.20 The Simpsons (T) (R) 2.45 The Great British Bake Off (T) (R) 4.15 Mrs Doubtfire (Chris Columbus, 1993) (T) Comedy, with Robin Williams, Sally Field and Pierce Brosnan. 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Big Ben: Restoring the World’s Most Famous Clock (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 10.0 SpongeBob SquarePants (T) (R) 10.25 Entertainment News (T) 10.30 NFL End Zone (T) 11.0 Friends (T) (R) 12.55 Planet of the Apes (Tim Burton, 2001) (T) Includes Entertainment News. 3.10 The Fifth Element (Luc Besson, 1997) (T) Sci-fi adventure, starring Bruce Willis. Includes Entertainment News. 5.35 News (T) 5.40 Tomb Raider (Roar Uthaug, 2018) (T) Action adventure, starring Alicia Vikander. Includes news update. 7.0 Classic Cellists at the BBC (T) (R) Julian Lloyd Webber looks into the BBC archives to celebrate the world of the cello through some of its greatest interpreters. 8.0 The Mating Game (T) Series about the lengths animals go to to find a mate. Narrated by David Attenborough. 9.0 Ridley Road (T) Fact-based drama about a Jewish hairdresser in 60s London who joins a movement trying to prevent the rise of far-right groups. 8.0 Mortimer & Whitehouse: Gone Fishing (T) Paul and Bob are on the River Severn in Worcestershire. 8.30 Chris and Meg’s Wild Summer (T) The road trip ends with golden eagles on Harris and Risso’s dolphins off the Lewis coast. 9.0 The Ranganation (T) New series. Topical comedy. 8.0 Midsomer Murders (T) As the owners of Karras Games gather for a murder mystery weekend at Hulton Manor, a sprawling edifice on its own island, the immersive experience takes a puzzling twist when a killer strikes for real. Stars Neil Dudgeon and Rachael Stirling. 8.0 Lost Treasure Tombs of the Ancient Maya (T) Part two of two. Evidence of human sacrifice is uncovered in Honduras. 9.0 Celebrity SAS: Who Dares Wins (T) The five remaining recruits go on the run from a trained team of hunters in the final challenge, with just a compass and a map. 8.0 Million Pound Motorhomes (T) A couple with a baby and a dog move into a customised overlander. Last in the series. 9.0 Rich House, Poor House (T) (R) Organic farmers Kim and Dave from Northumberland swap lives with millionaire Ampika near Manchester. 8.0 Jacqueline du Pré: A Gift Beyond Words (T) (R) Tribute to the cellist, who died of multiple sclerosis aged 42. 9.0 Listening Through the Lens: The Christopher Nupen Films (T) Documentary about the director who championed classical music on TV. 10.0 News (T) 10.20 Regional News (T) Weather 10.30 Match of the Day 2 (T) Highlights include Liverpool v Man City. 11.45 The Women’s Football Show League highlights. 12.20 Rosie (Paddy Breathnach, 2018) (T) Drama, with Sarah Greene. 1.45 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.50 News (T) 9.45 If Beale Street Could Talk (Barry Jenkins, 2018) (T) Drama. 11.35 I Am Not Your Negro (Raoul Peck, 2016) (T) Documentary examining race in the US. 1.05 Sign Zone Prince Philip: The Royal Family Remembers (T) (R) 2.05 Question Time (T) (R) 3.05 Holby City (T) (R) 10.0 News and Weather (T) 10.19 Local News and Weather (T) 10.20 Sorry, I Didn’t Know (T) Panel show. 10.45 Unbelievable Moments Caught on Camera (T) (R) 11.40 All Around Britain (T) (R) R 12.40 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Motorsport UK (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 10.0 Foxy’s Fearless 48 Hours With … Maya Jama (T) 11.0 Gogglebox (T) (R) 12.0 Overlord (Julius Avery, 2018) (T) 1.50 Nobody’s Fool (Tyler Perry, 2018) (T) 3.40 Iris Prize Best British Shorts: Dungarees. By Abel Rubinstein. (T) 3.50 Couples Come Dine With Me (T) (R) 10.0 When TV Goes Horribly Wrong (T) (R) Compilation of television mishaps. 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.10 The Tube: Going Underground (T) (R) 4.0 British Made With John Prescott (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 Great Artists (T) (R) 5.40 Milkshake! 10.30 We Want the Light: Jews and German Music (T) (R) Music documentary. 12.0 How to Get Ahead: At Renaissance Court (T) (R) 1.0 The Beauty of Diagrams (T) (R) 1.30 The Beauty of Diagrams (T) (R) 2.0 Jacqueline du Pré: A Gift Beyond Words (T) (R) 3.0 Classic Cellists at the BBC (T) (R) Other channels Dave 7.10am Border Interceptors 7.35 Border Interceptors 8.0 Rick Stein’s Long Weekends 9.0 Storage Hunters UK 9.30 Storage Hunters UK 10.0 American Pickers 11.0 Secrets of the Supercars 12.0 Secrets of the Supercars 1.0 Top Gear Botswana Special 2.0 Top Gear 3.0 Would I Lie to You? Triple Bill 5.0 Top Gear 6.0 Big Zuu’s Big Eats 6.30 Big Zuu’s Big Eats 7.0 Fast Justice 8.0 Border Force: America’s Gatekeepers 9.0 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 10.0 Late Night Mash 11.0 Alan Davies: As Yet Untitled 12.0 QI XL 1.0 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 2.0 Live at the Apollo 3.0 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Omnibus 8.25 Rude(ish) Tube 8.40 The Rugrats Movie (1998) 10.15 Young Sheldon 10.45 Young Sheldon 11.10 Young Sheldon 11.40 Young Sheldon 12.10 Young Sheldon 12.40 Married at First Sight UK 1.40 Married at First Sight UK 2.40 Married at First Sight UK 3.40 Married at First Sight UK 4.40 The Big Bang Theory 5.10 The Big Bang Theory 5.40 The Big Bang Theory 6.10 The Big Bang Theory 6.40 The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part One (2014) 9.0 Kingsman: The Secret Service (2015) 11.35 Naked Attraction 12.40 Gogglebox 1.40 Taskmaster 2.45 The Big Bang Theory 3.10 The Big Bang Theory 3.35 Hollyoaks Omnibus Film4 11.0am Man of the West (1958) 1.05 Stuart Little (1999) 2.45 The Book of Life (2014) 4.35 Baby Boom (1987) 6.45 Bumblebee (2018) 9.0 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) 11.20 A Most Wanted Man (2014) 1.45 Gerry (2002) ITV2 6.0am FYI Extra 6.15 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 6.45 Love Bites 7.45 Love Bites 8.40 Dress to Impress Triple Bill 11.40 Family Fortunes 12.45 Catchphrase Celebrity Special 1.50 You’ve Been Framed! 2.50 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 3.20 The Flintstones (1994) 5.05 Hotel Transylvania (2012) 6.55 The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift (2006) 9.0 Mean Girls (2004) (FYI Daily is at 10.05) 11.10 Family Guy 11.35 Family Guy 12.0 American Dad! 12.25 American Dad! 12.55 Iain Stirling’s CelebAbility 1.40 Don’t Hate the Playaz 2.25 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.50 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 3.15 Unwind With ITV More4 8.55am George Clarke’s Amazing Spaces 9.55 Ugly House to Lovely House With George Clarke 11.0 George Clarke’s Old House, New Home 12.0 Four in a Bed 12.35 Four in a Bed 1.05 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.10 Four in a Bed 2.40 Come Dine With Me 3.15 Come Dine With Me 3.50 Come Dine With Me 4.20 Come Dine With Me 4.50 Come Dine With Me 5.20 Four in a Bed 5.50 Four in a Bed 6.25 Four in a Bed 6.55 Four in a Bed 7.25 Four in a Bed 8.0 George Clarke’s Old House, New Home 9.0 999: On the Front Line 10.0 24 Hours in A&E 11.05 Emergency Helicopter Medics 12.10 999: On the Front Line 1.15 24 Hours in A&E 2.20 Emergency Helicopter Medics 3.25 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Hour of Power 7.0 NCIS: LA 8.0 The Flash 9.0 The Flash 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: LA Triple Bill 2.0 There’s Something About Movies Triple Bill 5.0 A League of Their Own 6.0 A League of Their Own 7.0 007: Licence to Drive 8.0 007: The Daniel Craig Years 9.0 COBRA 10.0 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 10.45 A League of Their Own 11.45 Road Wars 12.15 Wolfe 1.15 Hawaii Five-0 2.10 NCIS: LA 3.05 NCIS: LA 4.0 Road Wars 4.30 Highway Cops Triple Bill Sky Arts 6.0am Royal Opera: Giuseppe Verdi – Il trovatore 8.30 Tales of the Unexpected 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected 9.30 Tales of the Unexpected 10.0 Tales of the Unexpected 10.30 Tales of the Unexpected 11.0 Discovering: Ginger Rogers 12.0 Discovering: Ava Gardner 1.0 Landmark 2.0 Discovering: Phil Collins 2.30 Discovering: Cher 3.0 André Rieu: Wonderful World – Live in Maastricht 6.0 Concert for George (2003) 8.45 Carole King: Welcome to My Living Room 11.0 Isle of Wight Festival Greatest Hits 11.30 Isle of Wight Festival Greatest Hits 12.0 The Music Videos That Shaped the 80s 1.0 Music Videos That Defined the 90s 2.0 Classic Artists: Cream 4.30 Discovering: Stevie Wonder 5.0 Soundtracks: Songs That Defined History Sky Atlantic 6.0am The Guest Wing 7.0 The Guest Wing 8.0 The Guest Wing 9.0 The Guest Wing 10.0 Californication 10.35 Californication 11.10 Californication 11.50 Californication 12.30 The Wire 1.35 The Wire 2.40 The Wire 3.45 The Wire 5.35 The Sopranos Triple Bill 9.0 Britannia 10.0 The Red Turtle (2016) 11.40 In Treatment 12.15 In Treatment 12.50 Your Honor 2.0 Californication Triple Bill 4.0 Hotel Secrets 5.0 Hotel Secrets On the radio Radio 3 7.0am Breakfast 9.0 Sunday Morning. Sarah Walker’s choices include music by Vaughan Williams and Josquin des Prez. 12.0 Private Passions: Gretchen Gerzina (R) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert. From London’s Wigmore Hall, Camerata RCO perform Nielsen’s Serenata in Vano and the original chamber version of Brahms’s Serenade No 1. (R) 2.0 The Early Music Show 3.0 Choral Evensong (R) 4.0 Jazz Record Requests 5.0 The Listening Service: Eat to the Beat 5.30 Words and Music 6.45 Sunday Feature: Dear Phillis. The life, work and legacy of African-American poet Phillis Wheatley. 7.30 In Concert. Live from the Royal Festival Hall, London. Revueltas: La Noche de los Mayas Part III: Noche de Yucatán. Bryce Dessner: Violin Concerto (UK premiere). Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring. Pekka Kuusisto (violin), Philharmonia Orchestra, Santtu-Matias Rouvali (conductor). 9.0 Record Review Extra 11.30 Slow Radio: Homeward 12.0 Classical Fix 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am News Headlines 6.05 Something Understood: The Moon in My Life (R) 6.35 Natural Histories: Parrots (R) 7.0 News 7.0 Sunday Papers 7.10 Sunday 7.54 Appeal: Village Water 8.0 News 8.0 Sunday Papers 8.10 Sunday Worship 8.48 A Point of View (R) 8.58 Tweet of the Day: Goldfinch (R) 9.0 Broadcasting House 10.0 The Archers: Omnibus (R) 11.0 Desert Island Discs. Entrepreneur Tom Ilube talks to Lauren Laverne. 11.45 Just One Thing With Michael Mosley. Sindhu Vee joins Michael to demonstrate how singing can boost the immune system and help treat chronic pain. (6/10) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 Just a Minute (R) 12.32 The Food Programme. Jaega Wise talks to Oz Clarke about how he got into wine and his lifelong passion for it. 1.0 The World This Weekend 1.30 The Listening Project: Omnibus 2.0 Gardeners’ Question Time (R) 2.45 Green Originals: James Hansen (R) 3.0 The Good Earth. By Pearl S Buck, dramatised by Mary Cooper with MW Sun. (2/2) 4.0 Bookclub. Anthony Doerr’s All the Light We Cannot See. 4.30 Art of Now: Hong Kong (R) 5.0 File on 4 (R) 5.40 Profile (R) 5.54 Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.15 Pick of the Week 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Comedy from the Wilderness 7.45 Miss Bessemer Saves the Train: Four Teenagers, One Pigeon Fancier and a Dog. By Roy Apps. (2/5) 8.0 More Or Less: Is It Easy Being Green? (R) 8.30 Last Word (R) 9.0 Money Box (R) 9.25 Appeal (R) 9.30 Analysis (R) 10.0 The Westminster Hour 11.0 The Film Programme (R) 11.30 Something Understood (R) 12.0 News and Weather 12.15 Thinking Allowed: Office Life (R) 12.45 Bells on Sunday (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day: Bluethroat (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Into the Water (6-10/10) 7.10 Inheritance Tracks 7.20 Writing the Century 8.30 Doctor at Large (8/13) 9.0 Not in Front of the Children (10/13) 9.30 Man at the Helm (1/4) 10.0 Desert Island Discs 10.45 David Attenborough’s Life Stories 11.0 Radiolab (4/8) 11.55 Inheritance Tracks 12.0 Poetry Extra 12.30 Micky Flanagan: What Chance Change? (3/4) 1.0 The Music Shop (1-5/10) 2.10 Inheritance Tracks 2.20 That Was Then Omnibus 3.30 Pickwick Poppers 4.0 What Happened With St George 5.0 Poetry Extra 5.30 Micky Flanagan 6.0 Maleficium 6.45 Monsieur Oufle 7.0 Radiolab 7.55 Inheritance Tracks 8.0 What Happened With St George 9.0 Desert Island Discs 9.45 David Attenborough 10.0 Micky Flanagan 10.30 Mark Steel’s in Town (3/6) 11.0 On the Hour (4/6) 11.30 A Look Back at the Nineties (1/5) 12.0 Maleficium 12.45 Monsieur Oufle 1.0 The Music Shop 2.10 Inheritance Tracks 2.20 That Was Then 3.30 Pickwick Poppers 4.0 What Happened … 5.0 Poetry Extra 5.30 Micky Flanagan

The Observer Magazine 3 OCTOBER 2021 3 OCTOBER 2021 Elijah Wood on fans and his Hobbit feet Turning street knives into urban gyms The best places to celebrate Apple Day Wicked streak Harriet Walter is having a ball playing mischievous older women. And she wouldn’t have it any other way

3 OCTOBER 2021 The Observer Magazine 30 In this issue Up front 5 Eva Wiseman Why workers in TV and film want to change their story. Plus, the Observer archive 6 This much I know Actor Elijah Wood Features 8 Time of her life Now in her 70s, actor Harriet Walter has never been busier. And she’s no plans to stop now 12 Blade runners How a gym made from street weapons is changing lives 17 Click bait Meet the people trying to bring online scammers to justice Food & drink 20 Nigel Slater Goat’s cheese and figs. Plus, a luxury bean burgers for autumn 24 Jay Rayner To the Wigmore for a truly awesome toastie. Plus, wicked wine boxes 20 12 Fashion 27 Notebook Classic belted winter coats Beauty 29 Lovely locks The 10 best hair masks for every type of problem hair Interiors 30 Tray chic Carry things off in style COVER: SUIT BY ROKSANDA.COM; HAIR BY ALEX SZABO AT CAROL HAYES MANAGEMENT USING RITA HAZAN HAIR PRODUCTS; MAKEUP BY KELLY CORNWELL AT NYLON ARTISTS USING JONES ROAD; SHOT AT JET STUDIO Contributors Travel writer Annabelle Thorpe has visited 60 countries over her 20-year career, and written two travel books, plus two novels, The People We Were Before and What Lies Within. This week, she writes about apples (p33). She is entering her fruit into her local Apple Day festivities. 36 Pete Reynolds spent 20 years in design before turning to illustration. In recent years he has worked for magazines and newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic. His witty work is characterised by his ambition to distil complex ideas into beguilingly simple-seeming images – as you can see this week as he brings a fresh angle to the world of scambaiting (p17). 33 Bertie Oakes is a photographer and filmmaker based in south London. His work focuses on youth culture, sport and style, including a recent photo essay on the rise of calisthenics in urban parks (p12). When he isn’t working with his camera, he is often curating and writing about the work of other photographers for Chrono Collective and Loupe magazine. Gardens 31 Friends and anemones They never let you down. Plus, frost threatens at Plot 29 Travel 33 An apple a day Top destinations to celebrate the arrival of the UK harvest Self & wellbeing 36 Kitchen confession Having your cake and eat it. Plus, Séamas O’Reilly Ask Philippa 38 “Why is my granddaughter so angry?” Plus, Sunday with singer Heather Small The Observer Magazine, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (020 3353 2000) magazine@ Printed at YM Chantry, 41 Wakefield Business Park, Brindley Way, Wakefield WF2 0XQ Cover image Dean Chalkley The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 3

Eva Up front Wiseman Behind the scenes, film and TV workers want less drama @evawiseman From the archive A look back at the Observer Magazine’s past In 1984 Alan Road visited the Met’s training centre at Hendon for its 50th birthday, to discover what changes had been made since Lord Scarman called for major police reforms after the Brixton riots (‘Training Britain’s Police’, 11 November 1984). Road found that it was ‘the jargon of the sociologist rather than The Sweeney that one picks up in the classrooms at Hendon’ with the recruits discussing ‘selfawareness, interpersonal relationships, active listening and non-verbal exchanges’. All a bit different from the ongoing miners’ strike then. Recruits were up at 6.30am for an inspection before their lessons, which ran from 8.15am to 4.15pm. ‘Weekly tests and the promise of a full-scale examination at the end of the course keep most on their toes,’ wrote Road, ‘and perhaps help to account for the 7% drop-out rate.’ Real police life was brought home on a couple of one-day visits to Hounslow and Greenwich where, said Road, ‘the recruits, dressed in overalls and helmets and equipped with riot shields, are pelted enthusiastically with wooden bricks… The units, which at first moved in an ungainly fashion like a drunken tortoise, soon had to buck up their ideas when it was time to open ranks to allow through a charge of galloping mounted police wielding batons.’ But the siege mentality gave way when the Hackney Friends Anonymous Club arrived for a regular Sunday event in the style of It’s a Knockout in which ‘the teams … are composed jointly of constables and civilians. Very soon they can be running in step with a policeman in a three-legged race’. Nothing showed the post- Scarman approach at Hendon better than these sessions in community relations, said Road. One of the chief inspectors said approvingly: ‘It’s the first time they have been made to feel like police officers. It makes the recruits see how they are perceived.’ Chris Hall I woke up this morning feeling sorry for Bond, which was a new one for me. Poor Bond, though, delayed for months, Daniel and his little weapons suspended in the jelly of Covid , now opening under a new and curious weight of pressure as the world watches to judge if cinema’s still a thing. Feeling sorry for a multi-million dollar movie is a side effect, I think, of currently following negotiations in Hollywood between the studios and IATSE , the union of people who work behind the scenes in the entertainment industry. In the evenings now I’ll watch TV, and while I’m watching TV, I’ll watch the hashtags, too, one eye on the work, the other on the workers. I’ve been aware of the gentle horrors that go into making films and TV for a while, from the distance of my bedroom. It was from my bed in half-sleep that I’d hear my friend, who works in costume and lives with us when shooting a film, creep downstairs at dawn, and then at midnight, creep back up. This is a house of small children where early mornings are standard, so sleep is sacred and the impact of its lack visible everywhere, rotten and mean. We would see her sometimes in rare snatches of evening, when she would be drinking a cup of tea while also organising the schedule for the following day on her phone . I would press her with increasing dread as she explained matter-of-factly what a workday looked like for her, telling me about the hidden, unlogged hours, and the privilege required to say no to overtime. I’d sit aghast and unable quite to conceive of how 14-hour days are sustainable. Turns out, of course, they’re not. In the UK, Bectu (the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Communications and Theatre Union) has campaigned for productions to decrease hours to improve productivity, safety and work-life balance. Its report discussed the impact on workers’ mental health, on family life, explaining how people burned out in their 40s, how it builds a “bullying culture”, how it causes illness. Nine out of 10 shooting crew respondents to the survey reported they had felt unsafe at work, or travelling to and from work, because of tiredness. More recently Bectu has reported how the freelance model for unscripted TV is “broken and unsustainable” due to “discrimination, nepotism and bullying” and inhumane expectations that make a worklife balance impossible. Another friend who works in TV told me about the problems of returning to such pressurised work after having a baby – “Now I’m through the curtain,” she’s realised that judgments around hours worked (among other pressures) mean, “I only feel safe working with other parents.” One series producer told Bectu they’d calculated that given their overtime, they would have earned a higher hourly rate at McDonald’s. In the US, they’re discussing a strike, having arrived at this point due to a combination of two things: work conditions being thrown into relief by the pandemic and the new openness of crewmembers sharing their experiences on social media. “I’ve woken up in the middle of an intersection after nodding off at a light more times than I’d like to admit,” wrote one person anonymously on the @IA_stories Instagram page. Another wrote about her friend who had to leave a film before wrapping because her bosses wouldn’t give her a week off for her mastectomy. Elsewhere people are using social media to expose other, adjacent problems – the person who set up an Instagram account that shares experiences of being harassed on TV sets describes it as a “visual record of a troubled industry”. Those sharing are all people who love their jobs, but can see the work is breaking them. While plenty of careers suffer from similarly ghastly cultures, it seems the entertainment industry has managed to get away with it for so long due to those willing to compromise their health for a genius director, in order to make art, connect to millions and, of course, be close to the glamour of it all. And because consumers aren’t interested in how the sausage is made when they have a gorgeous pizza . But now that more insiders are speaking out it’s only fair that those of us who enjoy the entertainment should acknowledge these forgotten entertainers and do what we can (like amplifying their voices) to ensure their safety. As more of us are being forced to rethink our workdays, looking to campaigns like these happening in the entertainment industry might even help us consider what’s important in our own working life, what lies we’ve swallowed about efficiency, what aids creativity, what time to go home. I continue to watch the IATSE talks as if a high stakes thriller. Because much as it pains me to say it, nobody should be risking their life just so I can watch my boxset. ■ Eva Wiseman will be in conversation with Hannah Jane Parkinson for a Guardian Live online event on 14 October. Book tickets at One more thing… Oh no. ’Fifteen years of research suggests that sleep training for babies can cause them more distress’. Oh God. ‘The infant may quiet down, but it is to reserve limited energy. This withdrawal into numbness can manifest as an impairment in social trust that can be carried into adulthood.’ What’ve I done? Quick reverse, reverse. There’s a bookswap shelf at my local station. As well as novels there is a selection of lost camp classics, their covers screaming sex or death, alonside a pile of vintage interior design magazines. I wonder which of my neighbours has such marvellous taste? The death of a newborn baby whose 18-year-old mother gave birth in her cell has led to a petition to end the imprisonment of pregnant women. Prison causes longlasting trauma to both mother and child. There’s no statutory duty for judges to take pregnancy into consideration when sentencing. This has to change – and fast. The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 5

This much I know Elijah Wood, actor, 40 Interview NICK McGRATH Photograph COREY NICKOLS I grew up in a blue-collar, workingclass family in Cedar Rapids in Iowa. My dad worked at the box factory, and my mum worked at the Quaker Oats factory. Eventually they pooled resources and built a deli called Souper, which sold soups, sandwiches and salads. There’s normally a moment of inspiration that inspires an actor’s origins. For me it was minestrone soup… Of course it wasn’t! I never had that moment. When I was six a talent manager spotted me and asked me if wanted to become an actor. I was like, “Yeah, why not?” My mother took me and my brother, Zack, who is seven years older than me, to LA for six weeks to a talentspotting event and I ended up getting a job on a Paula Abdul video. Things moved relatively fast in the grand scheme of things. I was very open as a kid. I somehow understood what it was that was being asked of me and how to do it. I never had any training, never went to acting classes. Maybe there was a precociousness in me that people saw. If I had to psychoanalyse myself, I’d say I’m emotional, very sensitive, sometimes a little anxious. Nothing can prepare you for the magnitude of what the Lord of the Rings films became, and the world stage that it propelled all of us on to virtually overnight. I’d been acting for 10 years by then, and we helped each other deal with the attention, which was intense. I’ve had encounters with people who are a little unsettling. There was a woman who flew to Wellington airport in New Zealand to declare her love for me. It was clear her sense of reality may not have been intact. I’ve also had people show up at my door who weren’t entirely stable. I try to be kind and listen, then move on. I still have a pair of Hobbit feet in my house, but I don’t wear them any more. They’re made of latex. They were given to me by the make up department. I did wear them at one stage. Now they’re in a I still have a pair of Hobbit feet in my house, but I don’t wear them any more. They’re in a box, tucked away box, tucked away. And, no, I don’t recreate Frodo at fancy dress parties. The silver lining of the pandemic has been that it’s enabled me to enjoy fatherhood in a way I might not have done. My son was born seven or eight months before lockdown, so we’ve had this kind of unbelievable, uninterrupted family time that we’re probably never going to have again. I would like to be remembered for never being that easy to peg. When I reflect on my career, I can recognise a pattern, but I don’t strategise. I just follow my heart and that leads me to interesting and sometimes unexpected places. If I’m remembered for that, that’s kind of rad. ■ No Man of God is on digital release from 13 September and on DVD and Blu-ray from 25 October CONTOUR BY GETTY IMAGES 6 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

Words NAME HERE Photographs SOMEONE HERE A peerless classical actor, Harriet ‘I’ve found the thing I can do for a living’: Harriet Walter wears silk shirt by Facing page: wool suit by and shoes by 8 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

‘I’m having a ball’ Walter has recently hit new highs playing frosty matriarchs Our drinks have not arrived – hell, we’ve not even seen a menu – and the great Harriet Walter already appears to be having something of an existential wobble. By way of familiarising ourselves, I’d lobbed her a softball question about how she is coping with life during Covid. But I’ll quickly learn that Walter, the 71-year-old actress, royalty of British theatre, a Dame since 2011 , prefers searing honesty to small talk. “I’ve become very confused about what I think,” she admits, as we settle in for lunch . “The trajectory one thought life was going on and what good I was in the world suddenly went splat. A lot of things I was keeping at bay, like a sense of being a bit irrelevant, have come in on me.” That Walter hasn’t been sick herself during the pandemic and has worked steadily only reinforces her guilt. “It’s fairly typical that I’ve avoided the illness,” she says. “ I just feel I’m a privileged white woman of a certain age and therefore the major concerns and the major things that need changing in the world are not part of my experience. I can’t feed in and be helpful, except in little ways.” She stops and sighs, “I’m talking to you like you’re a shrink!” What’s strange about this assessment is that the reason we’re sitting here is that, for a younger, streaming-savvy demographic, Walter has never been more relevant. For most of her career she has been best-known as a peerless performer on stage. She has played many of Shakespeare’s major female characters – and thanks to the Donmar Warehouse’s all-women productions in the 2010s – some of the men, too. When Walter has appeared on screen, it has often been in period pieces, such as Ang Lee’s Sense and Sensibility in 1995, or as Lady Shackleton in Downton Abbey . In recent years, though, Walter has started turning up in all sorts of surprising places, including several of the best shows in a golden age of TV. In Killing Eve, she was Dasha , the Russian former Olympic gymnast and KGB operative with a predilection for leopard print who mentored Villanelle (Jodie Comer ). In Succession , she is Lady Caroline Collingwood , the stony-hearted British mother of the younger Roy children and second wife of Logan (Brian Cox) , a woman who, even in a series defined by the contemptible behaviour of its principals, manages to stand out. Walter popped up again in the second series of Ted Lasso on Apple TV+, the comedy drama following an American coach who takes over an English football team, which recently cleaned up at the Emmy awards. There have also been smaller roles in Patrick Melrose , Doctor Who and soon we will see her as the mother of the Adam Kay character (played by Ben Whishaw) in the BBC’s adaptation ‹ Interview TIM LEWIS Photographs DEAN CHALKLEY The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 Fashion HOPE LAWRIE 9

THE OUTDOOR VAC FOR OUTDOOR HEROES. Kärcher doesn’t believe in just using the right tool for the right job. We believe in using the perfect tool for the perfect job. Our Wet and Dry vacuum cleaners are specifically designed for cars, garages, gardens and other tasks too tough for your indoor vac.

Harriet Walter HAIR BY ALEX SZABO AT CAROL HAYES MANAGEMENT USING RITA HAZAN HAIR PRODUCTS; MAKEUP BY KELLY CORNWELL AT NYLON ARTISTS USING JONES ROAD; SHOT AT JET STUDIO. THIS PAGE: ALAMY; 20TH CENTURY STUDIOS; WIREIMAGE ‹ of Kay’s bestselling NHS memoir This is Going to Hurt . In short, it’s been quite some run. And that’s before noting that Walter is in Ridley Scott’s latest film, The Last Duel , written by Matt Damon and Ben Affleck. “Irrelevant” seems a stretch, I suggest; in fact, it feels like the opposite. “Yes, I think that’s true as well,” Walter concedes. “So as I say, I’m confused. And I wouldn’t want this to come over as a moan. It’s the very opposite of a moan.” Walter gives some credit for the change in direction to engaging new agents four years ago. “I think, before, I was put in the classical actress box and therefore the idea I’d want to go around killing people with a Russian accent didn’t fit into it. I’m not being overly modest. I know I can do it, but what I mean is, it’s not ever been about just being good at it. It’s always been about being able to put yourself out there. That’s where I’ve not been very good .” Leading roles are hard to come by at Walter’s age, but she has become a highly effective scene-stealer. She’s particularly in demand as the mother of the main character; with her high cheekbones and clipped, precise intonation, she can switch from meek to menacing in a finger-click. “People always say, certainly for drama, you’ve got to have opposition, haven’t you?” she says. “You can’t have someone saying, ‘Yes, I agree, darling. You’re lovely, darling.’ So sometimes they are the more fruity parts to play, because there’s more conflict. But sometimes I fear I’m reinforcing a negative image of older women.” Walter takes a sip of Coke with lime and smiles mischievously: “And I’m living proof that we’re sweet and cuddly!” Privilege has been a recurring preoccupation for Walter. She grew up, she writes in her 1999 book about acting, Other People’s Shoes , in “uneventful comfort” in the 1950s. One of her ancestors, John Walter, founded the Times newspaper in 1785 . It was another relative, her uncle, the celebrated archvillain and horror star Christopher Lee , who one might assume to have influenced her choice of profession. Walter, though, doesn’t connect Lee with her decision to pursue acting. “No, it wasn’t really that,” she says. “I think what that did was it meant that my family didn’t think I was completely crazy. My uncle would come over from Hollywood quite a bit and we did go and see him on the sets of the Hammer horror films, but I don’t think I put two and two together and thought, ‘This is what I’m trying to do.’ I don’t quite know why I didn’t, but it didn’t seem to be the same thing. And the sets were made of papier-mâché or whatever, it wasn’t a real house, so that was a bit upsetting.” Walter turned down a place at Oxford, accepted one at Lamda drama school, and threw herself into agitprop and political theatre. In Other People’s Shoes, she tells a story of how, one winter’s night, she slept rough on a bench to see what it felt like. “The trouble was that I could not re c- reate the conditions of someone forced to spend the night on a park bench not just for the night, but for unknowable numbers of nights to come,” she conceded. Theatre was everything for Walter back then; she didn’t take a role in TV or film until she was almost 30. “Perhaps a regret is that I’ve never done anything as focused or intense on screen as I’ve done on stage,” she says now. “I haven’t really done what I would feel, ‘Oh, that’s a fantastic performance. I’m proud of that.’” Why is that? “It’s just a fact: I didn’t have the youthful beauty that does help in a film career,” she says. “Let’s face it, there is a very above-average percentage of beautiful people who star in films. It’s a medium that loves beauty. And I didn’t have that beauty. I don’t mean I was horriblelooking, I just didn’t have that camera-friendly perfection that is easy on the eye and draws people in.” Walter agrees that older faces can be “interesting”, more characterful. “I do, I just don’t like my own older face,” she says. “If I watch myself on screen, I just see the lines. ‘I wish I’d been asked to do this amount of variety when I was young’ And I would say the same if I’d had loads of facelifts. That’s interfering with your face as well. It’s just that youth has that purity, that it-could-go-anywhere sense the camera loves.” It is an unsparing judgment, but one that Walter believes all actors have to make . “Just in case anyone thinks it’s been a totally smooth ride, I have definitely had a lot of rejection,” she says. “Things like, I wasn’t a big enough name to do a West End transfer, or somebody else got a job because they were a bigger name. Quite hurtful things, because you’re not rejecting a pair of shoes I designed, you’re rejecting me. Luckily, you forget, partly just as a product of living a long time, I think. You can’t keep those grudges in your heart for that long.” There is certainly something slightly backwards in the fact that Walter should get her biggest film break in her 70s then, thanks to Ridley Scott’s The Last Duel. “It’s very much a big deal, because I haven’t done mega movies,” she says . “I’ve done some independent films, I’ve done some films that became well known, but nothing on this scale.” Walter did though appear as a doctor, Kalonia, who patches up Chewbacca in the 2015 film, Star Wars: The Force Awakens. “I did seven seconds,” she says, “I counted them.” The Last Duel tells the true-ish story of a feud between two noblemen, Jean de Carrouges (Matt Damon) and Jacques Le Gris (Adam Driver), in 14th-century France. When de Carrouges’s wife Marguerite de Thibouville (Jodie Comer) claims Le Gris has raped her, the pair agree to fight to the death. Walter plays Nicole de Buchard, de Carrouges’s mother – and yes, another frosty, duplicitous older woman. “It’s basically a feminist film, which is probably going to be thought of as contradictory,” she says. “It’s in three parts from three different points of view and it’s very clear that the woman’s point of view is the one that we are to believe. I’m very much there as a difficulty that’s put in the path of the young woman. And Jodie’s character valiantly Scene stealer: (from top) tries to hold her own against as Dasha in Killing Eve; that. You think, ‘Oh, it can’t as Nicole de Buchard be relevant, it’s hundreds of in The Last Duel; and years ago.’ But unfortunately with Michaela Coel in what it does show up is the Black Earth Rising roots of why these attitudes prevail now.” Also this month, Succession returns on Sky Atlantic and we will come to learn the new, always innovative ways in which the Roy family – a super-rich media dynasty in the vein of the Murdochs, the Maxwells and the Redstones – will aggrandise and humiliate themselves. When Walter was offered the part, Jesse Armstrong , the creator of the series, told her that one of the inspirations for her character was the writer Lady Caroline Blackwood , a celebrated wit and aristocrat whose husbands included artist Lucian Freud and poet Robert Lowell. With Succession now in its third series, Walter notes it is easy to dismiss her Caroline as “an awful mother”, but she tries to find ways to subtly humanise her. “All her jokes and lightweight nastiness are self-defence, I think,” she explains. “I’m not whitewashing her, she’s not a human being I would want to befriend, but she’s not a wicked monster . And that’s why Jesse is this sort of genius. You do care about these characters in some weird way. ” Walter clearly gets a thrill from dipping in and out of shows such as Succession, Killing Eve and Ted Lasso. “In a way I wish I’d been asked to do this amount of variety when I was younger,” she says. “It’s such fun to play one thing one minute and another the next. And I’m having a ball. So I hope Mrs Succession goes on being horrible for another few years.” In between jobs, Walter doesn’t stray far from home. She’s married to the American actor Guy Paul , whom she met in 2009 when they were both in Friedrich Schiller’s Mary Stuart on Broadway. In her downtime, she plays piano and brushes up her Russian on the Duolingo app. She was pleasantly surprised that she and Paul didn’t drive each other mad during the pandemic. “We’ve been separated quite a lot by our work,” she says, “so it’s good to find we don’t tear one another apart when we’re left alone.” Walter describes herself variously as “a retreating gregarious person… a cautious extrovert… a socialised narcissist”. Even though lockdown is over, for now, she and Paul are unlikely to be throwing big parties. “I’m not an entertainer, in the sense of, ‘Come round to our place, there’s always something on the hob!’” she says. “I’m very much not that person. I’m more shut the door and hide. Home is for running away.” Sometimes, Walter says, she wonders why she’s still working as hard as she is. Why she hasn’t retired to a nice house in the south of France. But then she realises that she still has ambitions as an actor. She would like to act more with female directors, specifically Phyllida Lloyd and Joanna Hogg . She feels she could be more proactive about projects, rather than waiting for them to come to her. “I’ve thought about giving up acting occasionally, because a lot of it is stressful and silly,” she says. “But we all like to do things we know we’re good at and that people want us to do. It’s reaffirming, it makes you feel useful. I may not like the results always – in fact seldom – but I know how to actually do it.” Walter stands up to leave. A couple of hours ago, when she arrived, she worried she might be “irrelevant”, but she seems to know deep down that acting is something she can do – and do rather well. And thanks to her roles in zeitgeisty shows, a new audience is realising that, too. As amateur shrink appointments go, it’s been a success. “I’m very bad at cooking, I’m very bad at business,” she says. “So I’ve found the thing that I can do for a living, and that’s very, very fortunate. And it also is something that you happen to be able to do until you drop dead, so there are a lot of great things about it.” ■ The Last Duel is in cinemas from 15 October The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 11

Cutting edge The metal equipment in this outdoor gym at a south London park is all made from melted knives

I t looks like Jay Chris is waving to the crowd with his legs. The bare-chested, two-time world calisthenics champion is performing a “flag handstand” atop parallel bars, a tricky manoeuvre in which he keeps his upper body straight while bending his lower limbs to one side. “I think that image gives a sense of the performative aspect of calisthenics,” says Bertie Oakes, the photographer behind the shot. “It’s a bit like skateboarding or breakdancing where you have a crowd circled around a person, who does what they can for a minute or two, and then someone else jumps in.” Muscles pulse , music pulsates and, he says, “everyone shouts encouragement.” The picture was taken on a sunny afternoon in April and, like others in a new series by Oakes, it provides a snapshot of a community that has flourished over the past year at an unassuming outdoor gym in south London. In this corner of Ruskin Park, Lambeth, friendships have been forged over planches , back levers and other moves from ‹ Photographs BERTIE OAKES Words JAMIE WATERS taken off the streets. Now it’s become a focus for people to sharpen their skills and strength

No holds barred: (from top) Ruskin Park at dusk; dancer Sherrel Miller gets a grip; Juan Lopez, community leader of Steel Warriors; Queen of the Bars winner Simone MIng. Previous pages: Jay Chris in action, and some well-worn gloves ‹ calisthenics, a type of strength training that’s sometimes called “street workout” or even “street gymnastics” owing to the way participants contort their bodies. (It uses bars and bodyweight and includes reps-based exercises, “static” holds and “dynamic” moves such as swinging and spinning.) When London’s lockdowns shuttered indoor gyms, locals turned to Ruskin Park’s constellation of metal frames. Oakes was among them. Although the 23-yearold photographer lives opposite the park and had often walked past its equipment. He’d always felt self-conscious about joining the shirtless, chiselled guys. When he finally decided to hop on to the bars in early 2021, he found his concerns had been misplaced. “If you’re brave enough to say hello, it doesn’t matter if you can’t do a pull up, the guys will give you advice,” says Oakes. He also realised that the scene’s magnetic personalities and flamboyant displays of athleticism needed to be captured on film. The gym’s story predates its brawny inhabitants. A gleaming sign in front of the bars reads: “It stands to show that lives should be built from steel, not destroyed by it.” The facility was built in 2019 by Steel Warriors , a London charity that collects knives that have been confiscated from the streets by police, melts them down and turns them into equipment . “London has had a knifecrime epidemic for years now, so the initiative seems quite logical,” says Christian d’Ippolito, a Ruskin Park regular who until recently was Steel Warriors’s head of marketing and partnerships. Like the charity’s two other sites in Finsbury Park and Tower Hamlets, the Ruskin Park gym has provided a lifeline for disaffected youths. “It stops kids getting into the gang life and creates a much safer environment for them,” says Alex Thomas Kingham, 20, who trains here nearly every day. “It takes their minds off all that rubbish and gives them something to do.” With perseverance, some youngsters find they excel at the moves. The gym has become a breeding ground for the UK’s nascent calisthenics movement . Team Instinct , a group of elite athletes who compete in calisthenic events in the UK and abroad, was formed here in the past year. The team has received sponsorship from brands including JD Sports and some of its members, including its blue-haired captain Goku Nsudoh , are ‘If you’re brave enough to say hello, the guys will advise’ racking up views on TikTok. Most significantly, though, the gym has enabled locals of all skill levels and socio-economic backgrounds to share exercise tips and life hacks while dusting calloused palms with grip-enhancing chalk and waiting for their turn on the bar. “Every single person in this area has trained here at least once,” says Shakadé Khan , a 22-year-old member of Instinct . He only got to know his neighbours when they started working out side by side. Now, “We say hello to each other and they say hello to my mother,” he says. Unfortunately, the charity might not be able to do this for other neighbourhoods. It had planned to open 20 gyms but, a few months ago, Co-Op, its main sponsor, pulled funding. Now it looks unlikely that any more facilities will be built. Beyond merely presenting “nice pictures of a cool couple of months I spent with these guys,” Oakes hopes his photos can be a call to arms for donations. “I’ve experienced first-hand how positive this community has been,” he says, “and I’m sure more gyms across the UK could be positive for others.” ■ The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 15

Hook, line and sinker W e’ve all fallen for online scam s. But as the police struggle to catch the culprits, ‘scambaiters’ have been gaining huge online followings . So who are they – and why do they do it? Three to four days a week, for one or two hours , Rosie Okumura , 35, telephones thieves and messes with their minds. For the past two years, the LA-based voice actor has run a sort of reverse call centre, deliberately ringing the people most of us hang up on – scammers who pose as tax agencies or tech-support companies or inform you that you’ve recently been in a car accident . When Okumura gets a scammer on the line, she will pretend to be an old lady, or a six-year-old girl, or do an uncanny impression of Apple’s virtual assistant Siri. Once, she successfully fooled a fake customer service representative into believing that she was Britney Spears. “I waste their time,” she explains, “and now they’re not stealing from someone’s grandma.” Okumura is a “scambaiter” – a vigilante who disrupts, exposes or even scams the world’s scammers. While scambaiting has a troubled 20-year online history, with early forum users employing extreme, often racist, humiliation tactics, a new breed of scambaiters are taking over TikTok and YouTube. Okumura has more than 1.5 million followers across both platforms, where she likes to keep things “funny and light”. In April , the then junior health minister Lord Bethell tweeted about a “massive sudden increase” in spam calls, while a month earlier the consumer group Which? found that phone and text fraud was up 83% during the pandemic. In May, Ofcom warned that scammers are increasingly able to “spoof” legitimate telephone numbers, meaning they can make it look as though they really are calling from your bank. In this environment, scambaiters seem like superheroes – but is the story that simple? What motivates people like Okumura? How helpful is their vigilantism? And has a scambaiter ever made a scammer have a change of heart? Batman became Batman to avenge the death of his parents ; Okumura became a scambaiter after her mum was scammed out of $500 . In her 60s and living alone, her mother saw a strange pop-up on her computer one day in 2019. It was emblazoned with the Windows logo and said she had a virus ; there was also a number to call to get the virus removed. “And so she called and they told her, ‘You’ve got this virus, why don’t we connect to your computer and have a look.” Okumura’s mother granted the scammer remote access to her computer, meaning they could see all of her files . She paid them $500 to “remove the virus” and they also stole personal details, including her social security number. Thankfully, the bank was able to stop the money leaving her mother’s account, but Okumura wanted more than just a refund. She asked her mum to give her the number she’d called and called it herself, spending an hour and 45 minutes wasting the scammer’s time. “My computer’s giving me the worst vibes,” she began in Kim Kardashian’s voice. “Are you in front of your computer right now?” asked the scammer. “Yeah, well it’s in front of me, is that… that’s ‹ Words AMELIA TAIT Illustrations PETE REYNOLDS

‹ like the same thing?” Okumura put the video on YouTube and since then has made over 200 more videos, through which she earns regular advertising revenue (she also takes sponsorships directly from companies). “A lot of it is entertainment – it’s funny, it’s fun to do, it makes people happy,” she says when asked why she scambaits. “ But I also get a few emails a day saying, ‘Oh, thank you so much, if it weren’t for that video, I would’ve lost $1,500.’” Okumura isn’t naive – she knows she can’t stop people scamming, but she hopes to stop people falling for scams. “I think just educating people and preventing it from happening in the first place is easier than trying to get all the scammers put in jail.” She has a point – in October 2020, the UK’s national fraud hotline, run by City of London Police-affiliated Action Fraud , was labelled “not fit for purpose” after a report by Birmingham City University. An earlier undercover investigation by the Times found that as few as one in 50 fraud reports leads to a suspect being caught, with Action Fraud frequently abandoning cases. Throughout the pandemic, there has been a proliferation of text-based scams asking people to pay delivery fees for nonexistent parcels – one victim lost £80,000 after filling in their details to pay for the “delivery”. (To report a spam text, forward it to 7726.) Asked whether vigilante scambaiters help or hinder the fight against fraud, an Action Fraud spokesperson skirted the issue. “It is important people who are approached by fraudsters use the correct reporting channels to assist police and other law enforcement agencies with gathering vital intelligence,” they said via email. “Word of mouth can be very helpful in terms of protecting people from fraud, so we would always encourage you to tell your friends and family about any scams you know to be circulating.” Indeed, some scambaiters do report scammers to the police as part of their operation. Jim Browning is the alias of a Northern Irish YouTuber with nearly 3.5 million subscribers who has been posting scambaiting videos for the past seven years. Browning regularly gets access to scammers’ computers and has even managed to hack into the CCTV footage of call centres in order to identify individuals. He then passes this information to the “relevant authorities” including the police, money-processing firms and internet service providers. “I wouldn’t call myself a vigilante, but I do enough to say, ‘This is who is running the scam,’ and I pass it on .” He adds that there have only been two instances where he’s seen a scammer get arrested. Earlier this year, he worked with BBC’s Panorama to investigate an Indian call centre – as a result, the centre was raided by local police . Browning says becoming a YouTuber was “accidental”. He originally started uploading his footage so he could send links to the authorities , but then viewers came flooding in. “Unfortunately, YouTube tends to attract a younger audience and the people I’d really love to see looking at videos would be older folks,” he says. As only 10% of Browning’s audience are over 60, he collaborates with the American Association of Retired People to raise awareness of scams in its official magazine. “I deliberately work with them so I can get the message a little bit further afield.” Still, that doesn’t mean Browning isn’t an entertainer. In his most popular upload, with 40 m views, he calmly calls scammers by their real names. “You’ve gone very quiet for some strange reason,” Browning says in the middle of a call, “Are you going to report this to Archit?” The spooked scammer hangs up. One comment on the video – with more than 1,800 likes – describes getting “ l iteral c hills”. But while YouTube’s biggest and most boisterous stars earn millions, Browning regularly finds his videos demonetised by the platform – YouTube’s guidelines are broad, with one clause reading “content that may upset, disgust ‘Scammers do it because often there is no other way to make a living’ or shock viewers may not be suitable for advertising”. As such, Browning still also has a full-time job. YouTube isn’t alone in expressing reservations about scambaiting. Jack Whittaker is a PhD candidate in criminology at the University of Surrey who recently wrote a paper on scambaiting. He explains that many scambaiters are looking for community, others are disgruntled at police inaction, while some are simply bored. He is troubled by the “humiliation tactics” employed by some , as well as the underlying “eye for an eye” mentality. “I’m someone who quite firmly believes we should live in a system where there’s a rule of law,” Whittaker says. For scambaiting to have credibility, he believes baiters must move past unethical and illegal actions, such as hacking into a scammer’s computer and deleting all their files (one YouTube video entitled “S cammer R ages W hen I D elete H is F iles !” has more than 14 m views). Whittaker is also troubled by racism in the community, as an overcrowded job market has led to a rise in scam call centres in India. Browning says he has to remove racist comments under his videos. “I think scambaiters have all the right skills to do some real good in the world. However, they’re directionless,” Whittaker says. “I think there has to be some soulsearching in terms of how we can better utilise volunteers within the policing system as a whole.” At least one former scambaiter agrees with Whittaker. Edward is an American software engineer who engaged in an infamous bait on the world’s largest scambaiting forum in the early 2000s. Together with some online friends, Edward managed to convince a scammer named Omar that he had been offered a lucrative job. Omar paid for a 600-mile flight to Lagos only to end up stranded. “He was calling us because he had no money. He had no idea how to get back home. He was crying,” Edward ‘The videos make a small but important difference’: scambaiters see their job as both to educate and prevent crime explains. “And I mean, I don’t know if I believe him or not, but that was the one where I was like, ‘Ah, maybe I’m taking things a little too far.’” Edward stopped scambaiting after that . He describes spending four or five hours a day scambaiting: it was a “ part-time job” that gave him “a sense of community and friendship ”. “I mean, there’s a reason I asked to remain anonymous, right?” Edward says when asked about his actions now. “I’m kind of embarrassed for myself. There’s a moment where it’s like, ‘Oh, was I being the bad guy?’” Now, Edward says the onus is on tech platforms to root out scams. But scambaiting likely isn’t going anywhere. Cassandra Raposo , 23, from Ontario began scambaiting during the first lockdown in 2020. Since then, one of her TikTok videos has been viewed 1.5 m times. She has told scammers her name is Nancy Drew, given them the address of a police station when asked for her personal details, and repeatedly played dumb to frustrate them. “I believe the police and tech companies need to do more , but I understand it’s difficult,” says Raposo, who argues that the authorities and scambaiters should work together. She hopes her videos will encourage young people to talk to their grandparents about the tactics scammers employ and, like Browning, has received grateful emails from potential victims who’ve avoided scams . “My videos are making a small but important difference out there,” she says . “As long as they call me, I’ll keep answering.” For Okumura, education and prevention remain key, but she’s also had a hand in helping a scammer change heart. “I’ve become friends with a student in school. He stopped scamming and explained why he got into it. The country he lives in doesn’t have a lot of jobs, that’s the norm out there.” The scammer told Okumura he was under the impression that, “Americans are all rich and stupid and selfish,” and that stealing from them ultimately didn’t impact their lives. (Browning is more sceptical – while remotely accessing scammers’ computers, he’s seen many of them browsing for the latest iPhone online.) “At the end of the day, some people are just desperate,” Okumura says . “Some of them really are jerks and don’t care… and that’s why I keep things funny and light. The worst thing I’ve done is waste their time.” ■ The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 19

Food & drink Nigel Slater @NigelSlater black-eyed beans, basil and chilli into little cakes with flour-dusted hands and frying them until their outsides crisped. We ate them for lunch with a tomato salad and some of the whole beans and basil we had set aside earlier. Focaccia with goat’s cheese and figs A sandwich of goat’s cheese and figs is a thoroughly good thing, but you will take it to an altogether different level if you toast it. The honey – scented with thyme and spiked with grain mustard – soaks through the hot, crisp toast. The cheese melts over the ripe figs and the whole thing becomes a gorgeous mixture of textures, and sweet and savoury. Enough for 2 rosemary 2 or 3 sprigs focaccia 100g honey 4 tbsp grain mustard 1 tbsp small figs 6-8 goat’s cheese 130g Rich autumn dishes of figs and herb-filled beanburgers Photographs JONATHAN LOVEKIN This time last year, the little stone terrace outside the kitchen was littered with ripe figs, the fruits squashed – the result of their long fall from the tree. Too brittle to climb – unless you happen to be a squirrel – the tree produced more fruit than I have ever known, a balm for the frustration of being unable to travel south. A year on and the terrace is spotless, the figs still green and clinging tight to their branches. There will be no scarlet glut this year. Few of my own figs will ripen now, but no autumn is going to pass without a plate of the fruit – soft, decadent and luscious – on my table. Purple, green and somewhere in between, Turkish, Italian or locally grown, they will find their way on to plain white plates with folds of San Daniel e, Bavarian speck or Iberico the colour of dried blood; they will be tucked into salads with walnuts and red chicory or simply wolfed as they are. I sometimes make a few stretch a little further by slicing and overlapping them on hot focaccia then melting a small, ripe cheese and a trickle of honey over them. A more substantial plate this week came about when I made a batch of beanburgers, patting the paste of First, heat an overhead (oven) grill. Then remove the rosemary needles from their stems – you need 2 t sp of them. Chop them very finely. Put the rosemary in a small saucepan with the honey and grain mustard and place over a moderate heat, warming the honey gently, until it is liquid, then set aside. Slice the focaccia in half horizontally to give 2 flat pieces, then place them on a grill pan or baking sheet, cut side up. Toast under the hot grill until lightly coloured and just starting to turn gold. Brush the toasted side of the focaccia with two-thirds of the honey and mustard dressing. Slice each fig into 4 from stem to base then lay them on top of the focaccia. Thickly slice the goat’s cheese – you need about 3 slices per toast – then lay the slices on top of the figs. Trickle the reserved honey and mustard dressing over the cheese, add a few spare thyme sprigs if you wish, and return to the grill until the cheese starts to bubble. Eat immediately. Black-eyed bean and herb burgers There is a somewhat worthy undertone to the word “beanburger”. To extinguish this, I find myself seasoning my little beans cakes with extreme generosity. Those I made this week were flecked ‹ 20 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

Grilling stuff: focaccia with goat’s cheese and figs. Facing page: black-eyed bean and herb burgers

Food & drink Nigel Slater The cheese melts over the ripe figs and the whole thing becomes a gorgeous mixture of textures ‹ with fresh herbs – basil and chives – and with the lingering heat from a spoonful of sriracha. Crisp outside and soft within, they work in a soft bun or a wrap, but also as a stand-alone dish, with a tomato salad. Serves 3 (makes 6) black-eyed beans 1 x 400g can butter beans 1 x 400g can olive oil 2 tbsp, plus a little extra chives 12 parsley 15g (weight with stalks) basil leaves 25g garlic 2 cloves sriracha 1 tbsp cherry or other small tomatoes 8 Tip the beans into a colander or sieve and rinse them under running water. Shake the beans dry then tip them into a mixing bowl. Finely chop the chives. Remove the parsley leaves from the stalks and finely chop them, then finely shred the basil leaves. (I find the easiest way to do this is to place the leaves on top of one another, roll them tightly then shred them finely with a knife.) Add the herbs to the beans. Peel and finely crush the garlic cloves to a paste. (I like to use a pestle with a pinch of salt.) Scrape into the beans, then season the mixture with salt and black pepper. Reserve a quarter of the mixture in a small bowl, then mash the rest with a potato masher or briefly in a food processor. Take care not to overmix. Stir in the sriracha. Shape the mixture into 6 small patties, about 8cm in diameter, then set them on a tray in the fridge to rest for half an hour. Thickly slice the tomatoes, toss with a little olive oil and black pepper and set aside. Warm 3 t b sp of olive oil in a shallow pan over a moderate heat, place the patties (or as many as will fit into your pan) in the hot oil and cook for 5 or 6 minutes until golden underneath. Turn the patties over carefully with a palette knife, then cook the other side for a further 3 or 4 minutes. Divide the tomatoes between 4 plates, then scatter the reserved beans over them and divide the cakes among them. ■ Nigel’s midweek dinner Sunday roast chicken pilau Photograph JONATHAN LOVEKIN The recipe Wash 200g of white basmati rice in a bowl of warm water, drain, then transfer to a medium-sized saucepan. Add 2 bay leaves, 4 cloves, 8 peppercorns and half a stick of cinnamon. Crack 6 green cardamom pods with a heavy weight, just enough to open them, then add them to the rice, pour over enough water to cover and bring to the boil. Add ½ tsp of salt and lower the heat to a simmer, cover tightly with a lid and leave to simmer for 10 minutes. Peel 1 large onion and slice into thin rounds. In a large, shallow-sided pan, heat 3 tbsp of olive oil, add the onion and cook over a moderate heat for 10-15 minutes or until soft and translucent. If it is starting to turn gold, then all to the good. Drain 1 x 400g can of chickpeas and add to the onions. Stir in 1½ t sp each of mild curry powder and cumin seeds, 90g of golden sultanas or raisins and 50g of pine kernels. Continue cooking, stirring regularly until the sultanas have plumped up and the pine kernels are golden. Remove the rice after 10 minutes cooking and set aside, lid in place. Strip 250g of leftover roast chicken from its bones. Chop the leaves from 15g o f parsley and 10 mint leaves and stir into the onions and spices. Remove the lid from the rice and loosen the grains with a fork. Tip into the onions, herbs and aromatics and fold the ingredients together with a fork. Check the seasoning. Enough for 2. The chicken is best if at room temperature rather than straight from the fridge. If you are cooking from scratch rather than using left over chicken you will need 2 chicken legs roasted for about 30 minutes until crisp, then stripped from their bones. Once made, the pilau can be kept in the fridge for a day for eating cold as a salad, but remove it from the fridge for half an hour or so beforehand. ■ The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 23

Food & drink Jay Rayner It costs an attentiongrabbing £13, but the cheese toastie at the Wigmore is a thing of wonder @jayrayner1 The Wigmore 15 Langham Place, London W1B 3DE (020 7965 0198). Toastie £13 Snacks £5.50-£7.75 Mains £14-£16 Dessert £5 Beers from £5 a pint Wines from £28.50 Happiness is a well-made cheese toastie. The XXL Stove Top 3 Cheese Toastie with mustard at the Wigmore in London is so much more than that. It is bliss. It is a beautifully engineered, lusciously executed, burnished and bronzed tribute to the carnal love affair between toast and cheese. It was not what I expected. The Wigmore, which opened in 2017, is a pub as imagined by Michel Roux Jr of Le Gavroche, a temple to French classicism, where the devoutly greedy go to worship the gods of butter, cream and demi-glace. Le Gavroche is a kind of French embassy, only with better catering. Could the culinary Roux really understand the culinary Britishness of a food pub? My answer is a firm yes, albeit with a glutton’s honed sensibility. The Wigmore is an outcrop of the Langham Hotel, which sits across from the BBC at Portland Place. Inside it is a handsome vault of jade green wall and arch. There are high, marbletopped counters, with steam punk-style studs around the edges. There are globe lights and frosted glass panels and bar stools upholstered in leather the colour of salted caramel. Vital information: you can come here and just drink beers, many and various. They have casks of Thornbridge Lord Marples Bitter and Right to Roam Buxton , and kegs of their own Wigmore Rosehip Saison brewed for them by Yonder . It is very much a pub. But I could not be friends with, or even respect someone who came here and did so without looking at the menu, and upon seeing the listing for a toastie, It is spun through with red onion and punched up with mustard. Cheese oozes out the sides and crisps around the crusts Melting moments: (from left) the cheese toastie; the dining room; crab crumpets; scotch egg; smoked pork pie; roasted stone bass; and the Wigmore sundae with its eye-widening price tag of £13, wonder what the hell that was all about. It’s a foot long, but only if you have size 24 feet. It’s vast. The thinly sliced sourdough is clearly buttered before being essentially fried on the stove top. Inside is a mixture of Montgomery cheddar, Ogleshield and, for stretchiness, raclette. It is spun through with a fine dice of red onion and punched up with that mustard. Melted cheese oozes out the sides and crisps around the crusts. It is sliced into seven manageable pieces, and I wonder momentarily whether I could abandon eating anything else here today and just have this. I could do this very well. It is well within my skillset. I decide the £13 charge is not the outrage it might first have seemed. When it arrives, I know that I will be forced to leave some behind. Hence the deep joy is mixed with profound sadness. It is possible that too many of my emotions are invested in my lunch. We do have other things to eat. Among the snacks list of which this toastie is a part, is a trio of doll’s housesized crumpets, buttered and topped with a pile of sweet white crab meat decorated prettily with ribbons of dried seaweed. Each one is an intense mouthful. There is also their take on the scotch egg, and it very much is their take. It arrives looking like a toasted sea urchin. The ball of spiced sausage meat, surrounding a quail egg with a jammy yolk, has been rolled not in breadcrumbs, but fronds of vermicelli. On contact with the hot oil, it has all stood up to stickleback-like attention. It could be an annoying bit of posturing were it not for the thick pond of raita-swirled dal underneath. It lubricates and spices up the whole proposition. The mains include a serious bit of cheeseburger, in a buxom sunflower seeded bun, with crispy shallots. A thick slice of grilled ox tongue rolls out the side of the bun like a bolt of cloth that cannot be contained. I admire that burger greatly as it passes by on the way to others, but do not mourn my choices, for there is a pie in my future. Pie culture in London has perked up immensely in the past few years, largely due to 24 Photographs SOPHIA EVANS 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

the example set by the great Calum Franklin at the Holborn Dining Room . What that man can’t do with shortcrust, egg wash and a bucket of minced pig isn’t worth knowing about. The primped, scored and glazed wonder served here holds its own against those. As I cut in, a savoury broth pools out across my plate. It is filled with hunks of smoked pork and mandolined carrot. On the side is a glossy quenelle of champ, the buttery mash generously threaded with spring onions. It is serious carb-on-carb action, in the best sort of way. But remember: there are carrots in the pie. That’s the veg covered, right? The clearest sign of the French antecedents lies with the roasted stone bass with encouragingly crisped skin. It comes on a lake of peas and bacon, studded with new potatoes, in a ripe butter emulsion of a sort the authors of Larousse Gastronomique would recognise e and applaud. The Gallic turn is also there in a truly fabulous side salad of leaves, by turns purple and red, green and yellow, arranged like the very best blooms, in a chivespeckled vinaigrette. It is a mighty salad for £4.50. There is only one dessert on offer, which they call the Wigmore Soft Serve Sundae. It costs £5 and changes regularly. Recently it was based around peach melba. Today it is a tiramisu sundae. Scoop down through h the whorls of soft ice-cream, the layers of grated chocolate olate and the crunchy chocolate balls, and at the bottom you will find the requisite coffee-soaked sponge. This is food to cancel the rest of the day for and, on a mid week lunchtime, the room is cheerfully full of people who clearly cannot recall what they are supposed to be doing after 2.30pm. To my left is a table of women who, for their lunch, have ordered a toastie each and a side of chips, with Bloody Mary salt. I admire their style and decide I should be more like them. Hark the call of the Wigmore toastie. I later learn that, from 19 October , they are running what they’re calling a Toastie Takeover. Three guest chefs – Andrew Wong of A Wong , Cyrus Todiwala of Café Spice Namaste and Anna Haugh of Myrtle Restaurant – will each design a toastie that will stay on the menu for four weeks. You can eat one and support a good cause, too, because £1 from every sale will go to support C alm , the pioneering anti-suicide charity. Just imagine: you can have the best toastie in London and do good. That’s a terrific day out by anybody’s standards. ■ Wines of the week Convenient and sustainable… Bag-in-box wines can be a delight. By David Williams @Daveydaibach Adnams Tempranillo Shiraz Spain £19.99, 2.25l, It’s getting on for six decades since the Australian winemaker Thomas Angove came up with the idea of selling wine in a plastic bag in a cardboard box – a type of packaging that was soon to be given the bluntly descriptive name: bag-in-box. Yet, even now, whenever you offer a glass filled from that squidgy little plastic tap, the medium is still very much the message. Most of us instinctively reckon a wine will be better if it comes from a bottle rather than a box, and any praise is always heavily caveated with ‘…for a bag-in-box’. Well, that’s very much the kind of feedback I got when I took this Spanish red to a family gathering recently, although as far as I’m concerned this is a delicious gush of warming succulent brambly fruit no matter the vessel it’s served from. Terre di Faiano The Tempranillo-Shiraz Organic Rosso, is one of two very good Puglia Spanish box wines Italy currently on Adnams’ £25.99, 2.25l, books, the other being Waitrose a Verdejo-Sauvingon Blanc blend (also from Castilla-La Mancha, also 2.25 litres, and also £19.99). It’s not primarily about convenience, although that is unequivocally one of the advantages (an opened bag-in-box wine will last several weeks longer than a bottle). According to Adnams, the main attraction is the box’s sustainability. The company calculates a bag-in-box made from fully recyclable materials, has a carbon footprint about a tenth of a single-use glass bottle. That’s part of the attraction, too, for one of the best-looking boxes on the market, a festive tube that contains Waitrose’s pleasingly plummy southern Italian red. Notes on chocolate Enough with the salted caramels? Not just yet, says Annalisa Barbieri Like a lot of people, I’m rather fatigued by anything salted caramel. Even when faced with offerings from the very best ( Paul A Young ) I avoid them these days in favour of something else. So when I was sent some goodies by a new venture called Russell & Atwell and in among the package was a bag of salted caramel chocolates, I sighed and put them aside for ‘someone else’. Russell & Atwell’s ‘thing’ is fresh chocolates, by post. The idea is that you buy their glass jars (but you don’t have to) and then you can re order their chocolates in refill pouches and keep them in the fridge. All of them are of the fresh cream truffle variety. The smooth dark were really nice, but what got me were the salted caramels. With all R&A chocolates they recommend taking the chocolates out of the fridge for about 20 minutes before eating. But the salted caramel were wonderful fridge-cold. The caramel was neither liquid nor chewy, but with the softest of resistance. And the flavour was subtle and not at all trying too hard. I ate them all. My other favourite was the Seville Orange, which launches next month. I have a chequered history with orange chocolate – it’s difficult to get the balance right and not descend into something too sweet and passé. But here, the orange is quite bitter, almost marmalade y, and works beautifully. There are all sorts of other flavours in between and prices start at £6.75 for a 160g refill pouch. Rouge du Grappin For all that I’m happy Beaujolais- to drink the Adnams Villages Bagnum and Waitrose boxed France wines, I don’t think even £30, 1.5l, store. their makers would claim they’re the finest wines around. There’s a reason for that. Even if most of the wines that get described as ‘fine’ are consumed within a year or two, an ability to age is still considered an essential precondition for greatness. Boxes, which come with a sell-by date of around a year, don’t lend themselves to the same kind of graceful ageing. Still, the quality available in bag-in-boxes and pouches is markedly better than it was. The London restaurant institution St-John sells its trio (red, white, and rosé) of very drinkable French house wines in a typically aesthetically ascetic box. And the excellent Gappin’s winningly named bagnums contain bistro-quality wines, such as this sappy fresh Beaujolais. The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 25

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Style Notebook Fashion editors JO JONES & HELEN SEAMONS Afghan aid Jewellers for Afghanistan brings together 25 British jewellers ellers to raise funds for Women for Afghan. Bid online at Editor’s choice Ruck and maul M&S has signed rugby star Maro Itoje to be the face of the AW21 menswear collection. Blazer, £85, jumper, £89, trousers, £65, 1 2 3 4 5 BBC FILMS/KOBAL/SHUTTERSTOCK 1. Reversible £435, 2. Beige £190, 3. Check £269, 4. Rust £185, 5. Belted coat with hood £49.99, Belt up The coat’s cinched-in silhouette is timeless Blondes have more fun: Michelle Williams and Dougray Scott in My Week With Marilyn Enduringly elegant and a suitable option for everything from the office to date night, a belted coat is a definite winner Elegant and understated, a belted robe coat looks as good today as it did in the 1950s when Marilyn Monroe was a fan. Iconic styles like Max Mara’s classic camel coat never date, but there are plenty of affordable options available. Boden’s take on this classic piece comes with a skinny faux leather belt and is currently on sale (£138), or try H&M’s wool blend in earthy brown (£79.99) or & Other Stories’ pale camel (£175). As with all timeless styles checking the sale sections online can yield some great bargains, theoutnet. com has a Michael Kors brickred style at 50% off (£225) in all sizes. Or rent your dream coat for an event, from £15 per day at . This winter the colour palette on offer is extensive, everything from camel through creamy beige (2, above) to pop colours. We love Essentiel Antwerp’s reversible style in contrast colour combos of pink/red, emerald/navy (1, above) and camel/cerulean. It offers two-for-one value that makes a statement on its own or to compliment an outfit. See also Karen Millen’s zingy citrus yellow from the new Coat Studio collection (£349). Play with pattern and look for a check style. Massimo Dutti’s grey and orange style (3, above) is elegant, while Stine Goya’s multi-colour bold check (£440) is a brilliant statement piece that will do all the heavy lifting style wise. Throw it over jeans and a navy jumper with white leather pumps and you’re good to go. A plain wool belted coat is also the perfect shape for a smart event, ideal over a slip or evening dress with a pair of heels. For daywear, dress it down with this winter’s ubiquitous stomping boot and a cosy beanie hat. ■ Luxury leather Tod’s Factory Project sees its fourth instalment with Japanese designer Ryo Kashiwazaki of Hender Scheme. Bag, £550, Word to the wise Wyse London is set to open its first store in Marylebone. The brand has grown massively in lockdown. The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 27

Beauty Funmı Fetto @FunmiFetto 1 2 3 10 of the best Hair masks I’m yet to meet someone who doesn’t, at some point, complain about their hair. Too thin, too frizzy, too flat, too brittle, too pouffy – yes, apparently that’s a thing. Given the rate of dissatisfaction it is interesting most people never think to use a hair masks. These are deep-conditioning, repairing and restorative treatments that you put on for 20-30 minutes, every couple of weeks, before washing it out. Y our hair will look and feel better, styling will be easier and, bottom line, you won’t complain about your hair so much. Anyone with dense, curly or coily hair prone to tangling and dullness should make a beeline for Davines Love Curl. You’ll see detangled, shinier and more defined curls . Imbue is also excellent lent – perfect for finer curls. Coloured hair will benefit from specialist ranges by Christophe Robin and Shu Uemura. Prone to breakage? Olaplex, Aveda, Living Proof and Philip Kingsley are brilliant. If you want a n intense shot of moisture that t feels luxe, try Kerastase and Oribe . Does it all feel like an indulgence ? Then think of it pragmatically. If you have difficulties with dehydration , dryness , brittleness , heat damage or breakage not related to wider health issues, a mask is a quick and effective solution. And they smell nice, too. ■ 8 9 10 4 6. Christophe Robin Colour Shield Mask £27, 7. Olaplex No 8 Bond Intense Moisture Mask £26, look 8. Kérastase Masque Rehydratant £36.40, 9. Oribe Moisture & Control Deep Conditioning io Mask £58, 10. Philip Kingsley Bond Builder Restructuring g Treatment £28, 6 1. Aveda Botanical Repair Intensive Strengthening Mask £45, 2. Davines Love Curl Mask £23, 3. Shu Uemura Art of Hair Yubi Blonde Anti Brass Purple Balm £34.30, 4. Living Proof Restore Repair Mask £33, cult 5. Imbue Curl Restoring Intensive Mask £12.99, 5 7 29

Tema e Variazioni No 371 £200, Aperitivo diamond dots £128, Rainbow £300, Framkalla £5, Suede jewellery £160, Lauren Rubinski (net-a-porter) Cobalt £18, Katie Gillies Ere £45, Yinka Ilori ( Let’s get carried away Pink suede, chic or bright and jolly… These trays are as pretty as they are useful ( and pr 03.10.21 Malachite £105, By SCARLETT CONLON Antinous £175, Wavy £119, Fontana £550, 30 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

Gardens James Wong Why anemones are all about no-fuss thrills I love flower shows for their ability to reconnect you with familiar ideas that you may have previously overlooked or simply taken for granted, allowing you to see them in a totally new light, as if for the very first time. So I was excited to get to the Chelsea Flower Show , after a pandemic-enforced hiatus of more than two years, and to become reacquainted with an old botanical friend: the Japanese anemone. Combining exotic appeal and reliable resilience, these are, to my mind at least, probably the best late summer- or early autumn-flowering species you can buy. Despite their rather confusing common name, these plants are actually native to China, where they are known as the “broken bowl flower”. Indeed, when you look closely at how the petals are arranged on some of the more wild-type cultivars, they do indeed look like shards of fine ceramic captured in slow-motion as a china bowl shatters. They were just so effortlessly elegant on the Florence Nightingale Garden by Robert Myers , it was easy to see why they have been cultivated in China since at least the Tang Dynasty – which lasted from 618 to 906AD – and yet look and feel at home in British gardens. Perhaps that’s because, despite their far-flung origins, these plants actually hail from climates that are very similar to that of the UK, growing in moist woodland edges and sunny river banks in the wild. They are very hardy in the face of the worst cold that the British climate can throw at them and will tolerate the @Botanygeek type of deep shade that prevents most flowering plants from blooming healthily. For its ability to really shine in shady spots, I love the semi-double, pure white flowers of Anemone ‘Honorine Jobert’ which, to me, looks as if it has sprung to life from an ornate Chinese screen . However, if colour is your thing, there are lots more blowsy cultivars, such as ‘Pamina’, which are packed full of bright pink petals looking like great, glorious handfuls of flamingo feathers. Perhaps the best thing about these plants is their ability to tolera te the trickiest of garden spots – that deadly combination of deep shade and dry soil, where only a tiny fraction of plants will thrive. They will even spread out quite vigorously in the right spot, which means in just a few short years a single plant can fill a surprisingly large bed, making them an economical choice, too. Fortunately, the vigour of this species has not, so far, been shown to pose a threat to wild ecosystems beyond the confines of the garden. I think of it a bit like peppermint – definitely something that will fill space fast, but despite having been grown in this country for hundreds of years, has yet to become a nuisance outside of where that’s actually a benefit. If you want a plant that comes into its own just as most of the garden slides into autumn slumber, that’s easy to grow in even the trickiest spot and is ridiculously fast-growing to boot, it would be hard to find a better option. ■ Autumn blooms: in its native China, the anemone is called ‘broken bowl flower’ ALAMY; ALLAN JENKINS Plot 29 The first frost means it’s time for a tidy and early winter prep. By Allan Jenkins @allanjenkins21 The first Sunday in October, the likely month of your first frost. The year has turned. Time for a late tidy of the summer beds. Think about leaving any sunflowers for birds. We get an occasional ringed parakeet on its way to and from Hampstead Heath. We’ll keep back a flowerhead or two for sowing next year. It’s never too soon to plan for spring. Leave any climbing beans on the vine as long as you can, to dry. Save some for seed. It is time to buy hardy broad beans for sowing now for spring and early summer. We tend to favour Aquadulce for overwintering. The cold will mean the end of courgettes, aubergines and tomatoes unless they are kept under cloches. Clear the sprawling plants away. Cut any remaining squashes and pumpkins to cure , to eat or for Halloween. Make a new compost heap, gather and collect leafmould, sow green manure and/or try to get hold of, say, a good organic cow manure to rot down over winter. We will try to Future potential: now is a good time to buy autumn-sown broad beans put feelers out to a trusted biodynamic farm. You can plant garlic and autumn onion sets now for next year. They do best in dry-ish conditions. Avoid any chance of them being waterlogged. It is a long wait for disappointment. As always, use your favoured specialist supplier. Break up seed garlic heads and plant cloves pointing up, an inch or so deep and a good handwidth more apart. Harvest any late-summer onions and keep them dry. Maybe even think about plaiting them, though we’ve never had much success. There is still time to sow winter lettuces if you have an unheated greenhouse. Finish picking apples and pears . It is a good time to plant new trees. Prune blackberries and take cuttings of redand blackcurrants. Lastly, take care of yourself and your tools. Allan Jenkins’s Plot 29 (4th Estate, £9.99) is out now. Order it for £8.49 from The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 31

Pomme tiddly pomme As harvest time arrives, here are the best places to get to the core of all things apple related Words ANNABELLE THORPE Photograph NEIL PHILLIPS RHS 1The Big Apple Harvest Time, Much Marcle, Herefordshire If there is a cider capital of the UK it’s arguably Herefordshire, where the rolling hills are covered with orchards. The Big Apple is an association of orchards in the region and their harvest festival takes place at nine locations around the town (9-10 October ). A free tractor and trailer service, provided by Weston’s Cider, takes visitors between six of the sites, including organic orchards, small-scale cider producers and Hellens Manor – a country estate and gardens offering hands-on pressing activities and morris dancing. Pop into the Much Marcle Memorial Hall for a cup of apple tea, and stay at the Seven Stars in nearby Ledbury, a cosy pub with comfortable rooms (doubles from £99 B&B, sevenstarsledbury. co .uk ; 2Rosemoor Apple Weekend, Devon This is the 30th anniversary of Rosemoor’s Apple Festival, held today, when the RHS-owned garden brings together tastings, talks, demonstrations and guided walks – all of which are apple-themed. A team of experts will also be on hand to help identify any of your home-grown unknown apple varieties, while the Taste of Autumn Food Fair will ensure there’s no chance of visitors going hungry ( 2 3Apple Day at Day’s Cottage, Gloucestershire Day’s Cottage is an awardwinning apple juice, cider and perry producer, situated on a family farm. It’s dedicated to making pure juices from unsprayed orchards and rare varieties. Its Apple Day (23 Oct ober) includes applethemed games for kids, beekeeping and spoon-carving demonstrations, along with live music and homemade cakes to accompany the juices, served in the farm’s traditional yurt. Finish the day with a stay at the charming Court House Manor, a beautiful 17th-century house in pretty Painswick village (doubles from £116 B&B, ; ‹ The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 33

Travel 4Apple Day Weekend at the Newt, Somerset Home to 65 acres of legacy orchards, including 70 varieties of apple, the Newt – a working estate with a luxurious hotel in an elegant Georgian farmhouse – celebrates its harvest with an activity-packed Apple Day Weekend ( 23-24 October). Tractor tours, talks, apple-themed games and menus are all on offer, with live music and DJ s to get the party going – and the chance for visitors to bring their own apples to be pressed. Alongside the juices, there will be the chance to try the Newt’s new Ice Cyder, made from dessert apples that have been pressed, frozen and slowly thawed to create a rich, concentrated flavour. Apple Day is free for members of the Newt (membership is £48 per year and gives unlimited access to the gardens, woodland and deer park, free entry for children and an annual programme of workshops and events; 5Harvest Time at Killerton, Devon Now is the perfect time to visit this glorious estate, famous for the rolling gardens that surround the elegant 17th-century house, kept as it would have been in the 1920s and 30s. Outside, visitors can stroll through the orchards – home to more than 100 varieties of apple, including the curiously named Slack-ma-Girdle and Hangy Down . Stay at Killerton Park Cottage, a delightful National Trust-owned house on the estate (three night breaks from £344 ; . 6Apple Tasting Day, Blackmoor Estate, Hampshire A family-run farm , Blackmoor’s Apple Day (10 Oct ober) is a celebration of the different varieties grown on the estate’s orchards. Visitors can taste traditional apples as well as newer varieties . Fruit trees and plants will be on sale, alongside local produce stalls, tea, cake and plenty of cider. Experts will be on hand to offer advice and identify mystery apples, and morris dancing and rural craft stalls create the feel of a classic country fete ( 5 4 7Apple Harvest at Wightwick Manor, Wolverhampton There are more than 50 varieties of apple to be found in Wightwick’s orchards . On Apple Harvest weekend ( 23-24 October) visitors can taste and buy freshly picked eaters, cookers and cider apples and take a stroll through the orchard, as well as seeing Wightwick’s extraordinary multi-variety apple tree, created by grafting 12 different varieties onto one tree ( 8Apple Week, Llanerchaeron The graceful Georgian villa is surrounded by walled gardens that are home to ancient espaliered apple trees that . Apple Week is held today (3 October , as well as 6 -10 October) and is ideal for families. There are trails and self-led activities , including the chance to create apple bird feeders . There are also bags of fruit to buy and take home. Combine country pleasures with a stay at the seaside, try the lovely Harbourmaster Cottage in Aberaeron (doubles from £280 B&B, ; ). 10 8 9The Orchard Garden, Newby Hall, Yorkshire This is a gorgeous Georgian home set in 25 acres of awardwinning gardens, dating back to the 20s . Wander in the unique Orchard Garden, full of quince and apple trees including crab apples too (‘Red Sentinel’) . Make a weekend of it with a night at the nearby Crown Inn (doubles from £99, ; ). 10 Heritage Orchard Days, Brogdale, Kent Home of the National Fruit Collection, Brogdale boasts the most diverse apple orchards in the country . On Heritage Orchard Days (16-17 October) you can pick your own (every ticket includes a 2kg bag), try traditional juice pressing and sample local ciders, or join a tour of the National Collection. Keep the foodie theme going with a stay at Reads Rooms in nearby Faversham, a restaurant with rooms in an elegant Georgian manor house that’s home to some of Kent’s best cooking (doubles £210 B&B, ; ■ 4 Pressing news Orchards and ciders for you to get a real taste of apple life North Perrott Fruit Farm, Crewkerne, Somerset The North Perrott orchards have been tended by three generations of the same family. They produce more than 30 varieties of apple juice and offer personalised juices for special occasions ( ). Wildpress Wildpress launched this year with a focus on rare and disappearing varieties of apple, and small, traditional orchards. Mixed cases and individual bottles of the Mellow Rebel and the Crab from Kent are available ( ). Wobblegate Orchards, Sussex The wonderfully named Wobblegate began in the 1990s as a father and son team and now produces award-winning juices and ciders. Juices include apple and raspberry, and apple and pear, with heritage juice also available ( ). Hallets Real Cider This very fine, lightly sparkling medium cider from Caerphilly in South Wales blends a bit of oak-aged cider with young cider from the latest harvest. It’s aromatically complex, pure, racy (£36 for 12 50cl, 6% abv, ). Little Pomona Table Cider James and Susanna Forbes both had careers in the wine trade before setting up their natural cider farm in Herefordshire, and that experience informs this fabulously succulent, fragrant, easy-drinking delight (£9.50, 75cl, ). Aspall Imperial Vintage Suffolk Cyder A favourite from long-standing Suffolk cider makers and fruit farmers Aspall’s portfolio, this is a decadently rich cider with flavours of caramelised tarte tatin balanced by a quiver of bright acidity (£2.50, 8.2% abv, ). David Williams and Annabelle Thorpe 34 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

Self & wellbeing There should be no guilt with cake. It was my first love and still sees me through life’s highs and lows Photograph FRANCESCA JONES Words KIRAN SIDHU The Great British Bake Off is back! Sales of baking utensils skyrocket when the amateur baking show is on. It appears we’re all cake mad. But I’ve always been mad as a box of doughnuts for cake, long before the GBBO started. In fact, it’s one of my loves – not one of my vices. Cake and I are friends ; we go back a long way. At school, we’d bake in home economics class and sell our creations in the tuck shop – 10p a fairy cake. The whole process felt like alchemy to me : the creaming of butter and sugar, then the eggs , all beaten into a frenzy of delight. That feeling of magic at my fingertips has not left – it is why I love to bake. It’s a good lesson in life : humble beginnings can have majestic ends. Like an ode to a lover, I feel emotional when writing about it. I can smell its perfume and the tantalising sensation of it touching my lips. Part of its appeal for me is its rich history . Our love affair with cake goes back centuries. Food historians believe carrot cake originated from carrot puddings eaten by Europeans in the Middle Ages, when sugar and sweeteners were expensive and many people used carrots as a substitute for sugar. The ancient Egyptians loved baking and the early Greeks were fans of cheesecake. The Romans, apparently, enjoyed early forms of fruitcakes. But it wasn’t until the 19th century that the sponge cake as we know it began to reign supreme. “The cake was originally two pieces of sponge sandwiched with just jam,” says food historian Samantha Bilton . “The addition of cream came in the 20th century. Queen Victoria mentioned her love for cakes frequently in her journals.” Equally popular these days, is the lemon drizzle cake, usually attributed to Evelyn Rose , who first shared the recipe in the Jewish Chronicle in 1967. “It has lots going for it – light, moist, full of flavour,” says Lisa Smith, owner of Ginger Bakers , adding the wise advice: “If it doesn’t quite work out you can always serve it warm with custard.” Cakes have a touch of whimsy about them, which I adore – as if they belong in story picture books. Perhaps that’s why they are so nostalgic for me, fragranced with childhood romance. Before my 10th birthday I remember going to the bakery with my mum to order my own. I wanted the “1” to be purple and the “0” to be pink . This was very important ; it was the first executive decision I ever made. I have a photo of me beaming at the cake just before I bl ew out the candles. My friends’ eyes are glazed over with admiration that it came in two colours. Linked to the whimsical notion of cake is the frivolity of it, which is essential, because life is just too damn serious. Having said that , I like how deadly serious the art of baking can be. In Paris I visited a patisserie that took my breath away. It was vast and gilded , a mini Versaille , with ceilings that were ornate and grand. The cakes and pastries sat in glass drawers as if they were expensive bits of jewellery. The French know that a mille-feuille can be a Monet. For the first time, I felt someone was taking cake as seriously as I did . There was an unquestionable refinement in how it was presented and consumed. I had stepped into a macaron-like pastel - and gold-coloured jewellery box . It was pure romance. I imagined being stretched out on a chaise longue, waiters sashaying The pastries sat in glass drawers as if they were expensive jewellery around me, carrying silver trays laden with pyramids of delectable delights. This was a seduction of the highest quality. In spite of the popularity of the GBBO, which Smith thinks is the reason why baking is so popular now for both men and women, there’s no food group we vilify more, that can make us feel so guilty about consuming. Quite rightly we are vociferous about the ethics of certain foods – veal and foie gras, say, but cake? A drama unfolds whenever it’s offered, so much so that eating it can feel like an act of rebellion: “Oh, I really shouldn’t.” There’s a polite dance between the giver and the taker: “Oh, go on.” And then comes the submissive: “OK. Just a small slice.” We are quick to simplify food as “good” or “bad ”. There are plenty of other sugary products out there with a high fat content – why is cake the devil? Perhaps it’s because cake is an indulgence, something we don’t eat when we’re actually hungry and which doesn’t have any real nutritional significance. It is reported that Marie Antoinette callously said, “Let them eat cake!” when French subjects had no bread to eat. Cake exists to simply satisfy desire, and is therefore deemed sinful. A plate of sausages can never look lascivious like a petit fours. Cake is full of flamboyance, dressed up to the nines and wearing stilettos. While stalking the cakes in the supermarket, 36 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

Recycled sticky notes Jot it down. £6.20, a stranger whispered in my ear: “Don’t, you’ll get fat.” My response? I bought two cakes instead of one. As I stuffed my face, I thought about the stranger’s words. Cake, to some, is a reminder that desire needs to be measured with as much accuracy as the ingredients that go into baking one. So much of our morality is projected on to these beautiful and edible works of art. It has somehow become symbolic of all that we see as human weakness: gluttony, greed and sin. To accept a slice has become a moral decision. Which is where I’d like to introduce one of my heroes. As well as Joan of Arc, Aunt Sally from the 80s kids’ show Worzel Gummidge is inspirational. Aunt Sally agreed to marry ol’ Worzel just so she could eat wedding cake. Like me, she is unapologetic. Her attitude is refreshing , the antithesis to the Hollywood starlets who live torturous measured lives. She’s flawed – and more interesting for it. I think of cake and I think of my aunt and what it is to be loved For something that’s on the naughty list all year round, cake comes out on our most important days: wedding, birthday, christening. As Bilton says: “Queen Victoria declared: ‘The christening cake was beautiful’ in her journal on 25 January 1842 when writing about her eldest son, Bertie. So I’m guessing, by her reign, christening cake was certainly a thing.” To me, cutting cake always feels ceremonial, whether it’s my birthday cake or a slice just for me on a rainy Monday afternoon. For all it s devilishness, the sharing of cake exudes love. Whenever I came home from university my young aunt, Martha, would entice me to visit her. “I’ll bake you a cake,” she’d say (code for: I love you). As I write these words, I feel tearful , because she died at 36. The first time I helped bake a cake was with Aunt Martha. When I think of cake, I cannot help but think of her and what it means to be loved. The proverb, “You can’t have your cake and eat it,” seems nonsensical to me , a logical fallacy. What’s the point of cake if you can’t eat it? But I am aware of the deeper meaning: one cannot have two incompatible things. But this is just what cake is: a mixture of the incompatible. We have the happiness (of eating it) and then the remorse (after eating it). So contrary to popular belief, I am pleased to announce : you can have your cake and eat it. Please, go ahead. Slice of the action: the cake hall of fame Fairy cake Its history derives from that of the cupcake, which showed up in literature at the end of the 1700s in American Cookery, the first cookbook written by an American, which describes it as “a cake to be baked in small cups ”. Battenberg cake Also called “church window cake” and “checkerboard cake”. One theory of the cake’s origin is that it was created in honour of the marriage of Princess Victoria to Prince Louis of Battenberg in 1884. Coffee cake Thought to have originated in Europe in the 17th century. Europe at that time was known for its sweet-tasting yeast breads and with the advent of coffee, the recipe for coffee cake evolved. ■ The new series of the Great British Bake Off is on Channel 4 every T uesday at 8pm All the write stuff Take note with this colourful ul and witty stationery Beach towel notebook Line in the sand. £19.99, Séamas O’Reilly My son and I don’t agree on everything, but when it comes to Paw Patrol we are miles apart @shockproofbeats Flower pencils To the letter. £15, Velvet bee pencil case Snug as a bug. £8.50, We had barely crossed the threshold of my brother Dara’s house before my son tore upstairs shouting ‘paw pafrolller’. My son loves being in his cousins’ house. Mostly because Aoife and Cormac dote on him, but specifically because Donncha owns most of the Paw Patrol toys that currently exist and especially the Paw Patroller, the large catch-all vehicle that holds all the other, smaller vehicles used on the programme. Compared to most of the world’s population, I feel as if we have a lot of Paw Patrol toys, all of which I hate, and most of which I know by the beep of their horns and the delightful yelp they produce from me when stepped on. To my son, however, we are drastically impoverished in this field. His obsession with Paw Patrol should be well established by now, so I will dispense with my usual hand- wringing about its inscrutable political compass . No, I will restrain myself to merely commenting on the show’s evil genius for product placement, and what it has done to my son’s brain. When I was a kid, spin-off toys often seemed like they had been made by someone who had never seen the show . I had turtle dolls whose paint was so casually applied that using them for just five minutes resulted in the immersive treat of fully green hands. One year I got a Spider-Mobile, ostensibly a car that Spider-Man drove like a Batmobile, despite the fact Spider-Man’s usual mode of transport – swinging about Manhattan on gooey webs – generally precluded the necessity for him to drive around in a big car with his face on. Even Batman figures seemed to sport non-canonical outfits , requiring officially licensed suits with names like Batman: Lava Mayhem, or Batman: Offshore Tax Accountant . No, the genius of Paw Patrol is that they create toys that look exactly like the characters, vehicles and sets of the show, by making Kate Spade stapler Pack a punch. £27, said objects all look like toys in the first place. And then they made one toy, one true holy toy, into which you can place most of those other toys and drive them around, in a manic whirlwind of grinding plastic and beeping tones. I had barely started apologising for my son’s mercenary zeal before my sister-in-law Penny descended the stairs with said Patroller, and the entire lot of Paw Patrol paraphernalia, thrusting the box toward me with delight. ‘Are you sure we can have these?’ I asked, as if we’d been gifted both her kidneys. ‘Yes,’ she replied, with a stare that suggested the charm of 200 mediumsized plastic noise machines had rubbed off like so much green paint; that spoke of migraines, scratched feet and angry bedtime rows; of long, fraught meditations on the morality of privatised emergency vehicles and the fattened fist of capitalism itself. ‘They’re yours now,’ she said, smiling. The Observer Magazine 03.10.21 37

Ask Philippa My granddaughter is angry. I want her to apologise to us @Philippa_Perry Sunday with... Heather Small on gospel music and Nina the poodle Early riser ? I’m not lying in with anyone, so there’s not much incentive to stay in bed, and my son is 24 – so there are no early starts . Sundays growing up? We were all about Caribbean traditions. It was church and family. We’d have a breakfast of sardines, crackers and hot pepper sauce, then an early Sunday dinner of chicken, rice, peas, coleslaw and dumplings. Sunday lunch these days? My mother lives with me and still loves to cook a Sunday lunch. I absolutely recommend intergenerational living. We were able to look after each other during the pandemi c. How’s your Sunday voice? I start the day with gospel music ; something classic like Mahalia Jackson . Then I’ll bring it forward to something modern like Le’Andria Johnson. Plus I’ve been on Songs of Praise a few times. mother sent us to Sunday school. I’ve always been drawn to religious gatherings. Sunday movie? I loved Rocks , because, growing up, nobody really took the time to find out about families on council estates, especially people of colour. And I loved Black Widow with Scarlett Johansson. I like films that talk about women. Sunday exercise? I bought a basic exercise bike to keep the lockdown pounds away. And I’ve got my toy poodle Nina for walks in the park. Sunday evening? Sunday is family time . My son is quite willing because he loves his grandmother. We all watch a good film or a good series. Sunday wind down? Nothing that makes me worry or have to use my brain. Sundays are all about doing things that please me, make me happy and keep me calm. Last thing before you sleep? Say a little prayer. Rich Pelley Heather Small tours the UK throughout March 2022 The question I am writing to ask your advice about our 22-year-old granddaughter. We house-sit for my daughter and her family wh en they are away. They have dogs, but don’t like to put them in kennels. We have always got on well with our granddaughter and indulged her, along with her brothers. But she is spoilt. Last month while we were there to house-sit, there was shouting between her and my husband. She didn’t like the fact that my husband had disciplined our dog when we arrived – but our dog was jumping up. I know my husband has a short temper, but it blows over quickly. Her reaction was over the top. She stormed off and wouldn’t look at him. She asked him to leave the lounge as she wanted to watch a film. She actually arranged for a friend to call every two days to check the dogs were being looked after OK, as if we are untrustworthy. She texted me to say we were not to go into her room and she referred to my husband by his name and not “Grandad”. My daughter and her husband ignored her behaviour. I think they should at least tell her off. She owes her grandfather an apology. Philippa’s answer I’m guessing that in your day you had to respect your elders, no matter what, and it really doesn’t seem right or fair that your granddaughter not only doesn’t respect you but doesn’t hide it. She shouted back at the patriarch! She didn’t trust you with the dogs! If we over-indulge someone, it is not their fault that we do, so how can we use the word “spoilt” as an insult? I suppose we mean “entitled” and there seems to be a fair bit of entitlement going on in Grandfather for sure. Her parents, wisely, in my opinion, let her get on with her own relationships with you and the patriarch (because that is what I’m calling Grandfather for now) without interfering. Your granddaughter is an adult and she’s allowed to say what she feels. And perhaps the patriarch could allow himself to say something like the following to her: “ I have been reading about ‘dog whispering’ and tried it out and my dog is behaving much better now . Thank you for showing me there was another way . And I really should not have shouted at the dog and nor should I have shouted you down. I’m used to being in charge and I need to realise that I can have equal relationships where I allow myself to be influenced by others, even if they are decades younger. In my day, dads and granddads knew it all, and yet it was all bluff – I sucked it up, but when I reflect on it I realise I was taking their dominance of me out on you. I really don’t have to carry that on for another generation…” Or something like that and then I’m sure you will all get on just fine. It is natural to pass down what was done to you. And it’s not his fault because until he becomes aware that there is another way of looking at this situation, he will not realise that he has a choice about how to train dogs and how to relate to younger people. It is essential for you and your husband to remember how it felt to always be dominated, squashed, “disciplined” when you yourselves were younger. And if you can’t, if you think being shouted down was “fine” it is because you were dominated so much that, in order not to be completely crushed by it, you became desensitised to it. When you are desensitised, you mind it less, you get over it quickly and then shouting has less of an effect on you. But if you haven’t been desensitised, it won’t blow over quickly. Many of us, when shouted at, experience fear – and attack back Granddad might recover fast, but it doesn’t follow that those who are subjected to his shouting do. Many of us, when shouted at, experience fear. We have feelings of shock and adrenaline as if we have been subjected to physical, rather than just verbal violence. And it is very natural when you feel you are attacked, to attack back. I’m not surprised she couldn’t bear to have him in the room. She would’ve been tense – not knowing when he was going to explode again. The teenage and young adult brain is all wired up for emotions. They feel things in colour ; we only feel in black-and-white by comparison. And yet the prefrontal cortex, the thinking bit that controls impulses, isn’t fully mature until the mid-20s. So I expect the relationship will improve in due course, especially if you and Grandad are prepared to move a bit and accept and appreciate her as she is. Put aside rights and wrongs, don’t seek to blame and/ or get an apology, but try instead to understand. Being right is overrated. Your required reading is The Orchid and the Dandelion by Dr Thomas Boyce. It will show you why some children and people are far more highly strung and sensitive than others and no amount of cajoling will make them less so. And my book, The Book You Wish Your Parents Had Read , will give insight into how we inherit our habits of reacting to children and how to improve our relationships with them (applies to grandchildren, too). When you understand yourselves and your granddaughter better it will help you all get on. ■ Sunday beliefs? I was brought up C of E. My Write to us: If you have a question, send a brief email to To have your say on this week’s column, go to ALAMY 38 03.10.21 The Observer Magazine

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