Hans (name)

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PronunciationEnglish: /ˈhɑːnz/ HAHNZ
Danish: [ˈhænˀs]
German: [ˈhans]
Dutch: [ˈhans]
Name dayOctober 25 (Germany)
August 29 (Sweden)
June 24th (Norway, Estonia, Denmark)
December 27 (Finland)
Word/namePet form of Johannes
Meaning"YHWH has been gracious"[1]
Region of originGerman, Dutch, Scandinavian
Other names
Related namesHanni, Hanno, Hánno, Hannu, Hánsa, Hansi, Hanski, Hanssi, Hanse, Hansu, Hensar, Hampe, Hanseraq, Hansinnguaq, Hasse

Hans is a Germanic masculine given name in German, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Faroese, Norwegian, Icelandic and Swedish-speaking populations. It was originally short for Johannes (John),[2] but is now also recognized as a name in its own right for official purposes. The earliest documented usage was in 1356 in Sweden,[3] 1360 in Norway,[4] and the 14th century in Denmark.[5]

The name "Hansel" (German: Hänsel) is a variant, meaning "little Hans". Another variant with the same meaning is Hänschen, found in the German proverb "Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr", which translates roughly as: "What Hansel doesn't learn, Hans will never learn".

Other variants include: Han, Hawns, Hanns, Hannes, Hanse, Hansi (also female), Hansele, Hansal, Hensal, Hanserl, Hännschen, Hennes, Hännes, Hänneschen, Henning, Henner, Honsa, Johan, Johann, Jan, Jannes, Jo, Joha, Hanselmann, Hansje.

Alternate forms[edit]

Pet, diminutive, alternative and other language forms are:

Feminine forms are:

  • Hansina
  • Hanne/Hanna(h)
  • Ioana
  • Jana
  • Jane
  • Joana (Portuguese and Catalan)
  • Jeanne (French)
  • Joanne
  • Joan
  • Johanna
  • Johanne (Norwegian)
  • Jean
  • Janice, Janet, both shortened as "Jan"
  • Non-English variants adopted as English names include Jeanette
  • Seònaid, Sinéad, Seònag

Notable people[edit]





Politics and military[edit]


  • Hans Albert Einstein (1904–1973), professor of hydraulic engineering, son of Albert Einstein
  • Hans Ankum (born 1930), Dutch legal scholar
  • Hans Avé Lallemant (1938–2016), Dutch-born American geologist
  • Hans Bethe (1906–2005), Nobel laureate in physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis
  • Hans Bos (born 1950), Dutch biochemist and cancer researcher
  • Hans Capel (born 1936), Dutch physicist
  • Hans Cohen (born 1923), Dutch microbiologist
  • Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields
  • Hans Freeman (1929–2008), German-born Australian protein crystallographer who elucidated the structure of plastocyanin
  • Hans Geiger (1882–1945), Inventor of the Geiger counter
  • Hans Hass (1919–2013), Austrian diver, naturalist and film-maker
  • Hans Adolf Krebs (1900–1981), German born, British physician and biochemist. Identified citric acid cycle
  • Hans Küng (1928–2021), Swiss Catholic theologian and author
  • Hans Lauda (1896 - 1974), Austrian industrialist
  • Hans Lowey, Austrian-American chemist
  • Hans Steffen (1865–1937), German geographer and explorer of Patagonia
  • Hans Trass (1928–2017), Estonian ecologist and botanist



  • Hans Werner Aufrecht (born 28 December 1936 in Großaspach, Germany) was in 1967 along with Erhard Melcher one of the founders of AMG Engine Production and Development, a current subsidiary of Mercedes-Benz
  • Hans Biebow (1902–1947), German chief of Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto executed for war crimes
  • Hans Rudolf Giger (1940-2014), Swiss painter, sculptor, and set designer
  • Hans Wegner (or Hans Jørgensen Wegner, 1914–2007), Danish furniture designer
  • Hans Holbein the Younger (1497–1543), German Renaissance portraitist
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille (1919–1942) German captain and fighter pilot, flying ace during the World War II
  • Hannes Meyer (or Hans Emil Meyer, 1889–1954) Swiss architect and 2nd Director of the Bauhaus
  • Hans Seyffer (1460–1509), German sculptor
  • Hans Wittwer (1894–1952), Swiss architect and Bauhaus teacher

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "John" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Dahl, Árni (2005). Navnabókin. ISBN 9789991849393.[page needed]
  3. ^ Otterbjörk, Roland (1979). Svenska förnamn. ISBN 9789121109373.[page needed]
  4. ^ Stemshaug, Ola; Kruken, Kristoffer (1995). Norsk Personnamnleksikon. ISBN 978-8252120363.[page needed]
  5. ^ Meldgaard, Eva Villarsen (2004). Den store navnebog. ISBN 9788711160435.[page needed]

External links[edit]

  • Hans on BehindTheName.com