The Observer - 2021-11-07
The Observer 2021-11-07

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The Observer - 2021-11-07

07. Nov 2021
English
208 Pages

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:1 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 6/11/2021 19:19 cYanmaGentaYellowb ‘ I like to be provocative’ Why your phone might know how you feel – even before you do In the magazine Is nothing out of bounds for queen of comedy Katherine Ryan? In the New Review From £1.75 for subscribers www.observer.co.uk | Sunday 7 November 2021 | £3.50 Johnson sleaze crisis deepens amid pressure on Covid deals Ambassadors’ plea S• Major attacks PM’s actions as ‘shameful’ Poll shows slump in Tory support Toby Helm, Michael Savage & Jon Ungoed-Thomas The row over Tory sleaze reached new heights last night as MPs demanded details of any lobbying by Owen Paterson of government ministers on behalf of a company that won almost £500m of Covid-19 related contracts last year . The crisis facing Boris Johnson also worsened after the former Tory prime Disgraceful affair Paterson is just the latest exhibition of the pathology of the Johnson government Andrew Rawnsley, p 53 minister Sir John Major described his successor’s attempts to block Paterson’s suspension from parliament last week for breaching paid advocacy rules as “shameful”. A new Opinium poll for the Observer today shows ratings for Johnson and his party have slumped dramatically since last weekend, with the prime minister’s personal approval figures hitting their lowest ever level. With Tory MPs already fearing their party is regaining its reputation for financial impropriety following last week’s chaotic events involving Paterson, all the main opposition parties turned up the pressure . Labour, the SNP, the Liberal Democrats and the Green party all switched their focus to the award of pandemic contracts, demanding investigations by the cabinet secretary, Simon Case , or the parliamentary commissioner for standards, Kathryn Stone , into Paterson’s contacts with ministers during the pandemic. Paterson, who announced his resignation as an MP last week, was paid more than £8,000 a month for 16 hours’ consultancy work by Randox Continued on page 2 Actor Idris Elba and his wife Sabrina, who are UN goodwill ambassadors, told a Cop26 audience in Glasgow yesterday that African voices are ‘central to the solution’ of climate change. (Cop26 report, pages 6-9) Michael Mayhew/Allstar Fury, and optimism, in the Glasgow rain Libby Brooks, Fiona Harvey, Nina Lakhani & Robin McKie Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets yesterday to demand stronger climate action from world leaders as the Glasgow climate crisis summit reached its halfway stage. Protests were also held in London and other parts of Britain. There were rallies in South Korea, Indonesia, the Netherlands and France. Environmental groups, char- ities, climate activists, trade unionists and indigenous people all joined the Glasgow march in heavy rain. Extinction Rebellion activists dressed as Ghostbusters while another group, Scientist Rebellion – wearing white lab coats – blocked King George V bridge, one of the city’s busiest routes . Organisers claimed more than 100,000 people turned up for the march, which began in Kelvingrove Park in the city’s west end and finished at Glasgow Green in the east. Lucy Bell, who works for the Vegan Kind, an online vegan supermarket based in Rutherglen , said: “There are so many people here from different backgrounds. It’s easy to get discouraged by the negotiations going on behind closed doors, but I’m feeling optimistic .” Cop26 delegates were also scattered among the huge crowds. Tracy Sonny, 37, a negotiator from Botswana, said Continued on page 8

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:2 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:18 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 2 07.11.21 News • Sleaze crisis deepens as focus turns to contracts Continued from page 1 Labor atories, until he resigned from the role on Friday. Randox was awarded two Covid testing contracts last year worth nearly £480m without the normal competition. Government officials cited the urgency of the pandemic as grounds for not advertising the contracts. The company insists Paterson “played no role in securing any Randox contract”, but on 9 April last year the MP had a telephone meeting with the firm and Lord Bethell , then a health minister, about Covid testing. Yesterday , Labour’s deputy leader, Angela Rayner, said she had written to Case demanding “the publication of all correspondence and details of all meetings between ministers and the businesses that were paying Mr Paterson to lobby on their behalf.” The Observer has been told that before Paterson resigned as an MP on Thursday, Conservative whips understood that Stone was seriously considering launching an investigation into the former Northern Ireland secretary’s lobbying of ministers since the pandemic began. She is also believed to be considering an inquiry into the controversy over the prime minister’s refurbishment of his Downing Street flat. Over the coming days, the opposition parties are determined to raise the pressure. Rayner said: “It is particularly brazen that Randox were awarded £347m of taxpayers’ money after already failing to deliver on a previous contract that resulted in the recall of 750,000 unsafe testing kits and care homes being left without regular testing. Ministers need to set out how they will claw back taxpayers’ money that was wasted on duff PPE and failed testing contracts.” The SNP leader Ian Blackford said he had also written to the cabinet secretary demanding “full transparency about Paterson’s lobbying, particularly relating to Covid-19 contracts involving huge sums of money”, while the Lib Dem chief whip, Wendy Chamberlain, called for “a full and thorough investigation by the standards commissioner” into the links between Paterson, Randox and former health secretary Matt Hancock. The Lib Dems have secured a threehour debate on the issue tomorrow in which the way Covid contracts were awarded will be central. Johnson’s poll ratings slump to record low after lobbying affair Michael Savage Policy Editor Boris Johnson’s personal approval rating has slumped to its lowest level on record after his botched attempt to scrap Westminster’s standards system and spare a Tory MP from being suspended. According to a new Opinium poll for the Observer, the prime minister’s personal ratings have now fallen to -20, down from -16 last week. It surpasses the previous low of -18 that Johnson recorded a month ago, suggesting he was already experiencing a low point in his popularity in recent weeks. The Tory lead has also fallen to a single point in the past week, according to the poll that is the first to be conducted entirely after the resignation of Owen Paterson. The former Tory cabinet minister quit as an MP after No 10 ordered an embarrassing U-turn over its attempt to spare him from a 30-day Commons suspension for breaching lobbying rules. There was also a significant shift in who voters see as the best prime minister. An 11-point lead for Johnson has shrunk to just 2 points. No 10 had backed an amendment suspending Paterson’s punishment and creating a new standards body with a built-in Tory majority. The next day, after intense criticism, the government backed down. It has caused fury among Tories at all levels of the Opinium polls State of the parties Last week Conservative Labour Lib Dem 9 Green 7 This week 36 37% party, many complaining of a backlash from constituents. However, the Tories still lead in terms of overall voting intention at 37%, down 3 points on last week. Labour is up one point on 36%. Thirty per cent approve of the job Johnson is doing, while 50% disapprove. Starmer’s approval rating is unchanged at -9, with 29% approving and 37% disapproving. The results will anger Tory MPs and cause alarm in Downing St . The Tories are regarded as more corrupt than other parties, with 39% saying a Conservative government would be more corrupt, and 14% saying Labour would be. However, 26% think they ’d be as bad as each other. As to Paterson’s punishment, 59% think the 30-day suspension was correct , 10% think it was wrong, and 31% did not know. A majority (60%) think the government was wrong to try to overturn the suspension. “ Johnson’s approval rating has been slipping for months but this is the lowest we have ever recorded for him,” said Adam Drummond of Opinium . “By two to one, voters think the prime minister and the government and party he leads are corrupt rather than honest. Nevertheless, after another week of torrid headlines, the question is why Labour still haven’t managed to pull ahead.” Opinium polled 1,840 people online between 5 and 6 November. Approval ratings Boris Johnson 30% Approve Disapprove 50% Keir Starmer 29% Approve Disapprove 37% Who would make the better PM Boris Johnson 28% (-5) Keir Starmer 26% (+4) Source: Opinium. Note: Opinium interviewed 1,840 UK adults between 5-6 November 2021 Paterson is the bad apple – but it was Johnson who spread the rottenness COMMENTARY Chris Bryant T his week’s appalling parliamentary shenanigans prove the saying about bad apples. As Benjamin Franklin put it, “the rotten apple spoils his companions” . That’s exactly what happened with Owen Paterson. Nobody doubts that what he did was wrong. He took more than £9,000 a month – more in a year than the average cost of a house in the Rhondda – to lobby on behalf of Randox and Lynn’s Foods. Dozens of Tory MPs – including some of his closest friends – told me that my committee’s report was crystal clear and he was caught “bang to rights”. Yet 250 MPs voted for a motion that would suspend judgment on the matter. Let’s leave aside for a moment the fact that the motion changed the rules in the middle of a disciplinary process, which is surely the polar opposite of due process and natural justice – and that it did so for a named individual (ditto). Let’s focus on the bullying and determination with which the government machine set about trying to give Paterson a “get out of jail free” card. For months, they lobbied anyone they could find. They spread noxious rumours about members of the committee. They tried to get the speaker to block the publication of our report. They endlessly misrepresented the process, claiming that witnesses statements were ignored (they weren’t), that Paterson was denied a fair hearing (he wasn’t), that the commissioner decides the sanction (she doesn’t), and that there was no appeal ( there was). They lobbied individual members

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:3 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 6/11/2021 19:19 cYanmaGentaYellowb • News The Observer 07.11.21 3 The latest Opinium poll suggests the sleaze rows are hitting the Conservatives. The Tory lead has fallen to just one point, from five points a week ago, while Johnson’s personal rating has dropped to -20 from -16 last week passing a previous low of -18 recorded a month ago. There has also been a significant shift in views of who would make the best prime minister. An 11-point lead for Johnson last week has shrunk to just two points. Johnson is regarded as the best candidate by 28% of voters, down five, with Labour leader Keir Starmer on 26%, up four. ON OTHER PAGES The return of the Sleazy party Focus special, pages 43-46 Trust in parliament is poisoned Observer Comment, page 52 Johnson’s contempt for integrity Andrew Rawnsley, page 53 Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme , Major was scathing about Johnson’s government, the damage it was doing to the UK’s reputation, and the way it treated parliament. Referring to efforts to block Paterson’s suspension, Major said: “I think the way the government handled that was shameful, wrong and unworthy of this or indeed any government. It also had the effect of trashing the reputation of parliament.” He added: “There is a general whiff of ‘We are the masters now’ about their behaviour. I’m afraid that the government, with their over-large majority, do tend to treat parliament with contempt. And if that continues, it will end badly.” Writing in the Observer, shadow justice secretary David Lammy also takes aim at the business secretary over his suggestions last week that Stone should consider her position because of the way she conducted her inquiry into Paterson’s lobbying activities prior to February last year. “ Kwasi Kwarteng’s attempt to bully Kathryn Stone out of her job was yet another breach of the ministerial code, and the latest example of the Tories’ slide into corruption and moral bankruptcy. Boris Johnson has already had multiple run-ins with the standards commissioner. It is clear he simply wants revenge and impunity from the rule of law,” he wrote. “This level of flagrant normshattering and proud lawbreaking demands more than tut-tutting. That’s why we need the adviser on ministerial interests to launch an inquiry into Mr Kwarteng’s threats. And it is why Labour has urged the standards commissioner to open an investigation into the prime minister over the financing of the refurbishment of his Downing Street flat.” LEFT Boris Johnson defending Owen Paterson at prime minister’s questions on Wednesday. Jessica Taylor/PA ABOVE Then health secretary Matt Hancock at Randox Labs, for which Paterson was paid to lobby. Niall Carson/PA of the committee – which is itself a breach of the rules of the House . Apparently some Conservative WhatsApp groups are full of libellous comments about the commissioner, who has been repeatedly and viciously calumniated in the press. I have worked closely with some of these MPs . A tiny part of me even admires their loyalty to their friend and political ally. But I say this to them: your friendship has blinded you to the truth. In the eyes of the public, this may have damaged the whole of parliament and not just the Tories who voted for the nonsensical. I tried to warn the house that the government was leading us into a quagmire. Some brave Conservative souls warned the prime minister. But he doubled down and dragooned his MPs through the lobbies, spoiling 250 MPs with the Paterson rottenness and tarnishing parliament. Even after Paterson resigned, again preposterously claiming his innocence, Downing St refuse s to rule out the idea that he has been or may be offered a peerage. What needs to happen next? The bare minimum is that the Commons rescinds Wednesday’s motion and approve the standards committee’s report on Paterson. That may seem unnecessary. Paterson is no longer an MP, so the House can’t sanction him any longer . When Denis McShane resigned after an adverse committee finding in 2012, that report was never put to the house. But in this case the house has considered the report – and parked it in an ambiguous layby. The Commons must now declare beyond doubt that Paterson’s conduct was corrupt and unacceptable and abandon the ad hoc committee the government wanted to set up under John Whittingdale. I hope that can happen on Tuesday. The prime minister has to admit that he got it badly wrong and call off the troops, who still seem intent on attacking the commissioner. Jacob “grand old duke of York” Rees-Mogg needs to apologise for the damage he has done to parliament’s reputation. As for the standards system, my guess is that voters want more independence, not less. We have few enough checks and balances as it is. The standards committee has been looking at proposals and will produce a report on possible changes before Christmas. But above all everyone needs to respect the rule of law and the independent process. Chris Bryant is chair of the standards committee and MP for Rhondda

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:4 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbla

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:5 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 12:10 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • News The Observer 07.11.21 5 Inverness Loch Ness Highland A9 Cairngorms national park Nairn Culloden battlefield Site of the 1746 battle FAR LEFT A painting of The Battle of Culloden, 1746. Alamy BELOW Re-enactors perform the Jacobite battle charge. NTS 10 km 10 miles Culloden reveals its secrets as campaign grows to stop ‘Manhattan on the moor’ LEFT The Culloden Memorial Cairn overlooking the battlefield. Alamy Historians launch bid to prevent battlefied site of the Jacobite rebels’ last stand from being built on Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart), the Jacobite leader, c.1737. Alamy Robin McKie It was the last pitched battle fought on British soil, and its outcome determined the future of the newly formed United Kingdom and its fledgling empire. However, the land around the Culloden battlefield near Inverness is now under threat – from spreading housing estates and other developments. As a result, historians and archaeologists have launched a campaign aimed at boosting protection for the site where Britain’s last civil war came to an end on 16 April 1746 , when the Jacobite troops of Bonnie Prince Charlie were decisively defeated by an army of government soldiers. The researchers, backed by the National Trust for Scotland (NTS) which owns and manages a significant part of Culloden Battlefield, have launched a series of digs to establish the exact boundaries of the battlefield and to discover, in greater detail, how the conflict unfolded. “We know where the handto-hand fighting occurred in the battle but there were other important manoeuvres and encounters in the area,” said Catriona McIntosh , estate manager for Culloden Battlefield. “If we can pinpoint these, we will be better able to protect the area.” The battle of Culloden marked the end of the Jacobite rising of 1745 , an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James, who was – in turn – the son of the deposed monarch, James II of England. The Jacobites won their opening battles of this campaign but, after returning from a brief invasion of England, they met government troops with a fresh British commander, the Duke of Cumberland. He had devised new tactics – including special training with bayonets – to take on the Jacobites at Culloden. Cumberland also had a larger army: 8,800 soldiers to the Jacobites’ 6,000, men who had also been exhausted after attempting – and then aborting – a surprise attack on the government soldiers’ camp the night before the battle. “There have been several puzzles about the battle, including the fact that the government troops lined up to face the south-east,” added Raoul Curtis-Machin , operations manager at Culloden. “Strategically, you would have expected them to face east. “However, recent research, including laser-ranging techniques, suggests that these troops were avoiding an area that would have then been ‘We’re besieged by plans for houses on all six sides. We’ll end up looking like Central Park’ Raoul Curtis-Machin treacherously boggy – it was drained not long after the battle – and this would have affected their deployment. The current dig would appear to support this thinking.” Such conditions would also have had an impact on the Jacobites’ ability to charge their enemies’ lines, a favoured technique for them. However, these head-on tactics would have foundered in the mire that was then Culloden moor. “We see from our research that the government troops must have been very well drilled and could manoeuvre quickly, something that Cumberland had been working on very carefully,” added Derek Alexander , head of archaeology at the NTS. Research has revealed that each government soldier was ordered to thrust his bayonet not at the man opposite him but at the exposed underarm of the clansman to his right, for example. The result of these tactics was a battle that lasted only 60 minutes and led to the slaughter of a vast number of Jacobite soldiers. “We know that 60 government troops died on the field and a further 200 died later of their wounds,” added McIntosh. “By contrast, around 1,500 Jacobites died either on the day or later of their wounds. So the ratio of deaths was about 5 to 1 for the Jacobites. It was very one-sided.” The battlefield commemorates this grim slaughter and marks a turning point in British history. However, the site is now suffering because it is being heavily encroached by housing schemes. “For example, just beyond the Culloden Battlefield Memorial Cairn you can see Viewhill estate where 16 five-bed executive houses have just been built,” said Curtis- Machin. “It is an entirely inappropriate development for this landscape. “The problem is that we have been besieged by planning applications for further developments on land on all six sides of Culloden. If this sort of thing continues, then we will be hemmed in and will end up looking like Central Park in Manhattan. “And that would be wrong. By putting something there that is so out of place, it becomes incredibly difficult to experience history in a meaningful way.” After the battle of Culloden was over, Prince Charles fled and spent five months on the run before escaping Scotland for France in September 1746 . He never returned and died a broken alcoholic without an heir in Rome in 1788 . Had he triumphed at Culloden, however, Britain and its fledgling empire would have had very different destinies. “A Stuart monarchy might have had a very different view of Britain’s colonies, and so we might not have had an American revolution,” said Curtis- Machin. “Similarly, Highland Scots who suffered during the Clearances , which dramatically accelerated after the battle, would not have been forced to emigrate to Canada and other parts of the world. Culloden made a great difference to the world and we should acknowledge that.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:6 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 6 07.11.21 Cop26 • Nearly 300 flights within UK taken by government staff … every day Faces from the streets Green campaigners are aghast as report shows increases in a number of departments despite a drive to cut emissions Jon Ungoed-Thomas Ministers and civil servants took nearly 10 7,000 domestic flights in Britain in just one year despite a drive to reduce carbon emissions, reveals a new official report on “greening government ”. The environmental audit reveals 22 Whitehall departments and government agencies took 106,824 internal flights in the year to 31 March 2020, an average of 293 flights a day . Some departments have increased the number of flights they take across the country compared with a decade ago, including the Department for International Development (DfID); the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO, as it was until September 2020, when it became the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office); and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). The figures are published as Boris Johnson came under fire last week for flying by private jet from the Cop26 summit in Glasgow to London. New ‘The government is increasingly good at lecturing other people while doing the opposite itself’ Norman Baker departmental guidelines will now “require lower carbon options to be considered first as an alternative to each planned flight”. Norman Baker, a former transport minister and an adviser at the Campaign for Better Transport charity, said: “The government is becoming increasingly good at lecturing other people while doing the opposite itself. There is no excuse for this number of internal flights.” The Campaign for Better Transport has called for a ban on all UK domestic flights where the equivalent journey by rail can be completed in under five hours. It says cheap domestic flights are a “climate disaster” and can generate about seven times more greenhouse emissions than the equivalent rail journey. The Greening Government annual report for the year to 31 March 2020 says that the government has cut the number of domestic flights taken by 38% since 2009/10, but 12 departments missed their targets. The number of domestic flights taken by the DfID rose from 3,610 in 2009/10 to 4,098 in 2019/20; the number taken by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) rose from 1,517 to 2,055 over the same period; the number taken by the FCO rose from 735 to 791; and by the DCMS, from 169 to 303. The government published new “greening government commitments” alongside its annual report on departmental performance. It wants departments to reduce emissions from domestic flights by 30% by 2025 from a 2017/18 baseline, and to start reporting the distance travelled by international flights. The new figures have been published after the chancellor, Rishi Sunak, announced in his autumn budget that he was halving air passenger duty to £6.50 from April 2023. Labour said the cut was “astonishing” and would be cheered by bankers on short-haul flights “sipping champagne”. A government spokesperson said: “Officials are required to make domestic and international trips to conduct government business. We are setting the world’s most ambitious climate change target to reduce emissions by 78% by 2035 compared with 1990 levels.” A spokesperson for the Office for National Statistics said: “The ONS has reduced its carbon emissions by 58% over the past five years and we’re on course to achieve another 38% by 2025. Air travel is occasionally the only practical option for a UK-wide organisation, but we aim nevertheless to reduce it substantially.” Wins and losses in week one of Glasgow climate summit Robin McKie Science Editor ON OTHER PAGES Why the left must ditch its self-defeating pessimism Comment, page 51 Pledges In terms of national carbon pledges, India provided the best news last week, with prime minister Narendra Modi announcing that the country – currently a major polluter – intends to generate half its electricity from renewables by 2030 and achieve net zero emission status by 2070. Most experts rate the latter target as extremely ambitious and, according to the journal Nature, many suspect it is more likely that India’s plan is to reach net zero only for carbon dioxide by 2070, with other greenhouse gases coming later. Nevertheless, the move is significant and contrasts sharply with the poor emission commitments made to date by Saudi Arabia, the planet’s second-biggest oil producer, and by Russia, its second-biggest gas provider. Much, in short, remains to be done. Forests Felling trees contributes to climate change because it depletes forest cover, which is vital for absorbing carbon dioxide. Forests are, it’s said, being cleared at a rate of 30 football pitches’ worth a minute. An agreement to call a halt to this staggering level of deforestation – reached on Tuesday – was one of the high points of Cop26’s first week. As part of the deal, more than 100 world leaders agreed to reverse deforestation by 2030. Crucially, Brazil – which has cut down huge stretches of the Amazon rainforest in recent years – was among the signatories.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:7 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:59 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 7 LEFT A Scientist Rebellion member is removed, far left; and members of activist group the Red Rebel Brigade. Murdo MacLeod/the Observer, AFP However, observers have pointed out that a previous international agreement, in 2014, failed to slow deforestation in any way. On the other hand, the latest pledge is being backed with some serious money: almost £14bn ($19.2bn) of public and private funds. Some of this money will go to developing countries, to restore damaged land and help tackle wildfires. Methane Carbon dioxide may be the principal driver of global warming, but methane is also a potent greenhouse gas, and atmospheric levels have surged over the past decade. The commitment – by an alliance of more than 90 nations, representing two-thirds of the global economy – to reduce methane emissions by at least 30% from current levels by 2030 is therefore considered an important, albeit belated, step forward. “Cutting back on methane emissions is one of the most effective things we can do to reduce nearterm global warming and keep it to 1.5C,” said European Commission LEFT Members of the Amazonian Minga people at yesterday’s protest. Hannah McKay/Reuters ABOVE Thousands took to Glasgow’s streets for the Climate Justice march. Getty president Ursula von der Leyen. Methane is emitted from gas and oil wells, pipelines, livestock, and municipal landfill sites, and much of the effort – to be led by the US – will involve companies being obliged to plug leaks in more than 3 million miles of pipelines. Significantly however, China, India and Russia have not pledged to cut their methane emissions. Coal Greenhouse gases produced by burning coal are the single biggest contributor to climate change. Weaning the world off coal is considered critical in limiting temperature rises across the planet. “I think we can say the end of coal is in sight,” said Alok Sharma, British president of the two-week summit, detailing an agreement to phase out existing coal-fuelled power plants and stop building new ones. Signatories of the non-binding pledge include major banks and, he said “ 46 countries … 23 of which are making commitments on ending coal for the first time”. ABOVE Singer Ellie Goulding addressing Cop26 yesterday. Michael Mayhew/Allstar LEFT A young protester at the Climate Justice march yesterday. Christopher Furlong/Getty However, the absence of Australia, India, the US and China from the pledge to drop coal has drawn criticism. “The key point in this underwhelming announcement is that coal is basically allowed to continue as normal for years yet,” said Jamie Peters, director of campaigns at Friends of the Earth. Future warming The International Energy Agency (IEA), the world’s energy watchdog, reacted fairly enthusiastically to the pledges made so far. “New @ IEA analysis shows that fully achieving all net zero pledges to date & the Global Methane Pledge by those who signed it would limit global warming to 1.8C,” the agency’s director, Fatih Birol, wrote on Twitter last Friday. But Selwin Hart, the special adviser to the UN secretary-general on climate action, challenged the assertion. “Fatih, I heard your numbers,” he said in Glasgow. “But based on the nationally determined contributions that have been submitted, the world is on a 2.7 degree pathway – a catastrophic pathway.” What the young think of Cop26 Nathan Harris, 10 Leeds I first heard about the Cop conference watching the news with my dad; it felt really good that we were taking some action. We’ve been focusing on it in school for a long time now, and on Friday we had a day when we had a whole-school strike against the curriculum, because there’s nothing in the national curriculum about climate change, and there needs to be. As well as learning about what’s happening in Glasgow, we made individual promises: mine are to turn off the taps while I’m doing my teeth, and to turn off the lights whenever I can. I know there are lots of dark and worrying things around climate change, but I’m learning how I and my friends can work to make a difference, and that makes me hopeful. I think, together, we can turn this around. Petra Todd, 18 Guildford I think Cop was set up to fail and I think it is failing: some of the stuff they’re talking about sounds OK, better than nothing, but in general it’s all talk and no action. The targets they’re talking about are nowhere near good enough, and we all know this is the last Cop that can make a difference. So this has to be good, but it doesn’t seem to be going well at all. I’m a trustee of Zero Carbon Guildford – we’re about to open a community space which will be a focus for action on climate change. I’ve taken part in eight school strikes over the last two years, and this week I took part in a mock Cop. So yes, I’m very involved: but one thing that frustrates me is when people, especially in the media, think it’s all young people who are working like this, that we all care and we’re all taking action. A lot are, but a lot more don’t care – and we all need to care. And it really winds me up when politicians say things like, thank goodness the young people are sorting things out – because, as Greta says, “it’s all blah, blah, blah”. This week I said to my mum, I don’t think I’ve ever felt so depressed. We are not going to meet the 1.5C [target] – and yet we have to, there is no other way. I’ve been asking friends and some of them say: “It terrifies me – and it terrifies me so much I can’t even engage with it.” Matthew McLennan, 12 Glasgow My mum cares a lot about climate change – she’s always telling me to put things in the right bin. But what I really feel is that I can’t do a lot by myself – this is about everyone combining to change things. And everyone is affected now, so world leaders need to figure out what to do. It’s good that Cop is making everyone think about the issues, but it annoys me that world leaders aren’t taking a lot more action – it’s not their world that’s being destroyed, it’s our world. It seems they can’t be bothered spending the money because they won’t be around for when the bad things happen. It’s been cool being in Glasgow , there’s a real buzz about the place – and all these cool people around like David Attenborough , Emma Watson and Leonardo DiCaprio . One thing I think we need is more on the media about the progress that’s being made: they’ve gone in hard on the gloom and doom, but we need the stories of success as well, to give us hope that we really can change things here. Joanna Moorhead

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:8 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:52 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 8 07.11.21 Cop26 • Hunting, shooting and taxing: call for grouse estates to pay green levy Move would encourage landowners to repair peatlands, restore woods and cut carbon emissions, says conservation group Robin McKie Science Editor Taxing deer and grouse estates for failing to ensure their land properly locks up carbon dioxide could play a crucial role in fighting the climate crisis, a leading conservation group has said. The John Muir Trust , a charity set up to protect wild places in Britain, says such a plan could help to absorb millions of tonnes of carbon every year, and help the UK – in particular Scotland – achieve its goal of reaching net zero emissions as soon as possible. The trust argues that many grouse and deer estates are run in ways that minimises the carbon dioxide the land could absorb. In the case of deer estates, stags and hinds eat shoots that would otherwise grow into carbon-absorbing plants and trees. Other landowners have farmed intensively, damaging peatlands and cutting back woods that would otherwise lock up carbon dioxide. A solution would be to impose a carbon emissions land tax – with estates banded according to the land type and size. The poorer an estate’s ability to lock up carbon, the greater would be its tax bill. This would force landowners to make major improvements in the way they run their estates and could have a major impact on the battle against climate change, argued the trust’s policy advis er, Alan McCombes . “In the long term, we could save up to 13m tonnes of carbon being emitted every year by repairing our damaged peatlands and restoring woodlands, and that could be achieved by taxing estates for the carbon they produce. Such a reduction would equate to taking every vehicle in Scotland off the road.” The impact of a carbon emissions land tax would have a particularly marked impact in Scotland, added McCombes: “Proportionate to its population, Scotland has an exceptionally large land mass. It has six and a half times as much land per head of population as England. “Crucially, much of that land is not agriculturally productive. As a result, a lot of Scottish land has ended up being used for grouse-shooting and deer-stalking. The tax we are proposing would make them improve the way that they absorb carbon dioxide.” The trust argues that only estates and farms bigger than 1,000 hectares would be liable for the tax. This A shoot in Scotland on 12 August – the ‘Glorious Twelfth’ – marking the start of the grouse season. Murdo MacLeod/the Observer means that, with the average farm size in Scotland standing at around 270 hectares, most would escape the tax. The trust says a pilot scheme that would target estates larger than 10,000 hectares should be started , and it is pressing the Scottish parliament to discuss the proposal next year. However, Stephen Young, head of policy at Scottish Land & Estates , which represents estate owners in Scotland, dismissed the proposal. “Such a tax would be hugely costly to administer and would almost cer- tainly be unworkable due to the need for extensive soil sampling, woodland and peatland surveys, and would almost certainly cost far more to measure than the tax income it would potentially generate. “By measuring the ecological value of land purely on the basis of the carbon it sequesters, there is a danger that biodiversity habitats suffer by simply measuring success through a single metric,” said Young, who argued that owners of rural land were already playing a huge role in helping Scotland to meet climate change targets. “Encouraging further progress on good environmental outcomes from hugely valuable sectors such as agriculture would seem more sensible than introducing punitive tax measures,” he added. Protesters at Cop26 demand urgent action over threat of global heating Continued from page 1 he was taking part to show solidarity and to call for more unity. “We need to see more political will and a change in mindset ... we’re already feeling the impact of climate change; we need to respond now, people are drowning,” he said. The mood was “celebratory, positive and punchy”, according to Mary Martin from Coatbridge . She was “walking the walk”, she said, shivering against the strong wind. As for the progress of the climate talks, “I’m holding my breath,” she said. In London, thousands of protesters, including trade unionists, refugee rights groups, students and environmentalists, marched from the Bank of England to Trafalgar Square, banging steel drums, chanting “one solution”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:9 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:53 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 9 A reforestation project in Kenya’s Nakuru county: poor countries say they can do more if they have the funding. James Wakibia/ Rex ANALYSIS Fiona Harvey Environment Correspondent T omorrow, the Cop26 summit will focus on the need for countries around the world to adapt to the effects of the climate crisis. Adaptation has long been an overlooked issue at the annual Cop meetings, with the focus more on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For many years, there w ere fears that talking about adaptation would distract from the urgent need to cut emissions , or even that it would be a “cop-out” – by suggesting that countries could adapt their way out of trouble as a cheaper alternative to shifting away from fossil fuels. Those fears have fallen away as the climate emergency has become apparent in the form of extreme weather events , which scientific Do we need to adapt to the changing climate? Just ask a poor country… advances have allowed us to link clearly to global heating. Last week in Glasgow, U N secretary general António Guterres said that nearly 4 billion people suffered climaterelated disasters in the past decade . Adaptation can take the form of seawalls, flood barriers, storm drains and shelters for displaced people, but there is also scope for “nature-based solutions” such as tree planting to prevent landslips, restoring wetlands to act as sponges for heavy rainfall and planting crop varieties that are more resilient to higher temperatures and water shortages. All require investment, however, and most poor countries cannot raise the necessary finance s. But little of the cash needed has so far been forthcoming, and donor efforts through “climate finance” have tended to focus on projects, such as renewable energy plants, that reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also turn a profit. Sonam Wangdi , chair of the Least Developed Countries group, which represents more than a billion people, said : “Adaptation is extremely important. We need to adapt now, and for that we need money. But that money is not coming, currently. How it’s going to come, I don’t know, but we need the money.” He pointed to increasing evidence of the effects of climate breakdown around the world: in Madagascar , where people are suffering what is being called the first climate-related famine; and in Bangladesh, where rising sea levels combined with storm surges are threatening lowlying areas, and cyclones are becoming more frequent and intense. In his own country, Bhutan, glaciers are retreating, which is causing both flood s and water shortages. Poor countries were given about $80bn (£60bn) in climate finance in 2019 , the latest year for which full data is available, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development . But only about a quarter of th at was for projects that help countries adapt to the impact of the climate crisis . Guterres has called for half of climate finance to be devoted to adaptation efforts . “Public and multilateral development banks [such as the World Bank] should start as soon as possible,” he added. And Wangdi warned that without swift action to protect countries’ vital infrastructure, the effects of climate breakdown will cause potentially irrevocable damage and could reverse decades of progress on lifting people out of poverty . Poor countries emphasise that they are taking measures for themselves, even without donor assistance. “It is not that we are sitting around waiting for money ,” said one negotiator. “We know we have to do this . We are putting our own budgets towards this, but we do not have enough and could do so much more if we had some help.” P atrick Verkooijen , chief executive of the Global Centre on Adaptation , pointed to the Africa Adaptation Acceleration programme , which aims to attract $2.5bn annually from the developed world to add to $6bn a year already coming from hard-pressed African nations. The money is “a drop in the bucket” of what developed countries are capable of providing, he said, but would make a vast difference . He said projects that help communities adapt to the changing climate could also create new jobs and safeguard existing ones, and help fragile economies recover from the Covid-19 pandemic. Teddy Mugabo , chief executive of the Rwanda Green Fund , pointed to Green Gicumbi , a project involving 250,000 Rwandans in a region prone to flooding and landslides. “That they face these risks is no fault of their own,” she said. “They are among the millions whose lives have already been fundamentally altered by global warming.” The project involves forest management, watershed protection, sustainable energy and using “climate-smart” techniques to manage water and soil resources and plant the right crops in ways that make the most of the soil and climate. Developed countries are also facing the need to adapt to the changing climate. US agriculture secretary Thomas Vilsack said the his government was working on climatesmart agriculture that would help American farmers cope with changing weather , water scarcity, higher temperatures and longer dry spells. and waving Extinction Rebellion banners reading “tell the truth”. Cop26 delegates focused on nature yesterday, with a slew of pledges being made by UK supermarkets, which promised to halve their impact on the natural world. Partnerships between developed and developing countries to conserve biodiversity and initiatives to promote sustainable agriculture were announced, while the governments of 26 countries including India, Germany, Australia, Ghana and Vietnam set out new commitments to make their farming policies less polluting. They also agreed to invest in scientific research on how to protect food supplies against the impacts of the climate crisis. “We are going low-carbon and high-nature,” Tony Juniper, chair of Natural England , said. “Sometimes there has been a sense of a trade-off, trying to sacrifice nature while going low-carbon. They were seen as separate, but there is a growing body of evidence showing people how you can do both.” Juniper pointed to recent reviews that have shown how clean water, clean air, food and a healthy environment were not valued adequately under current economic systems. “Now we are having a different conversation about nature – we can see the economic necessity, the social necessity of protecting nature, as well as the ethical and moral drivers.” Developing countries coming to Glasgow could draw a lesson from the scars of industrialisation all around the UK , in the pollution of upland areas, the despoliation of for- ests and other natural habitats, and the toxic legacy of old mines, Juniper added. “They can leapfrog these dirtiest stages of development we went through and go directly to sustainable development,” he said. He also rejected the idea that moving to a low-carbon lifestyle would involve sacrifice. “The way I would look at it is not to think about sacrifice but about gain. We gain human ‘We gain human health, wellbeing, social cohesion. We gain jobs and peace and security’ Tony Juniper health, wellbeing, social cohesion. We gain jobs and peace and security .” The actor Idris Elba warned policymakers and the media that they risked ignoring a continent “that is central to the solution” of climate change if they did not include African voices in public debate. The star of The Wire and Luther, accompanied by his wife Sabrina, joined a panel on sustainable food production at the climate talks. The couple are both goodwill ambassadors for the UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development . Also present was Ugandan climate activist Vanessa Nakate . Asked why it was important that the voices of people of colour are heard as the world attempts to decarbonise food production, Elba replied: “I think Sabrina and I stand here as human beings first, but absolutely, yes, it is important for us as proud Africans to be a part of this debate.” As the conference enters its final week, Boris Johnson urged delegates “to drive for the line”. “We have seen nations bring ambition and action to help limit rising temperatures, with new pledges to cut carbon and methane emissions, end deforestation, phase out coal and provide more finance to countries most vulnerable to climate change,” he said. “But we cannot underestimate the task at hand to keep 1.5C alive. Countries must come back to the table this week ready to make the bold compromises and ambitious commitments.” Additional reporting by Jonathan Watts , Matthew Taylor and Weronika Strzyżyńska

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:10 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

• Section:OBS 2N PaGe:11 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 6/11/2021 18:18 The fatalities among those aged 60 and over in the past decade is horrifying but, even worse, many cases are dismissed as accidents, not investigated or go unpunished. To launch the Observer’s End Femicide campaign, Yvonne Roberts finds out why society is failing these victims Observer campaign t the beginning of the out of his wife. Her neck was fractured in five places. He said he had first lockdown, a year ago, Ruth Williams, found lockdown “really hard”, and aged 67 , was strangled by her 70-year- him to “get over it”. he’d attacked his wife after she told old husband, Anthony He had no documented history Williams , at her home in Brynglas, of depression. During the trial, one Cwmbran . Judge Paul Thomas psychologist said Williams had an called the killing, “an act of great impaired ability to exercise selfcontrol. A second psychologist violence”. A fortnight ago, Williams was sentenced to five years for said the defendant “knew what he manslaughter on the grounds of was doing at the time”. The judge diminished responsibility. He may said Williams was suffering from be free within a year. depression, an obsession about Williams said he had “snapped” and “choked the living daylights” Continued overleaf 37 cYanmaGentaYellowb • News The Observer 07.11.21 11 Nominations and awards 278 DEAD HIDDEN SCANDAL OF OLDER WOMEN KILLED BY MEN A The End Femicide campaign began in March. Several Observer writers have been nominated in the shortlist for the British Journalism Awards. Our End Femicide campaign, led by Yvonne Roberts, is up for Campaign of the Year, and James Tapper has been shortlisted in the health journalism category. Columnist David Olusoga is nominated for Comment, while Jessie Williams’s feature on women who clear mines and Aniefiok Ekpoudom’s interviews with John Boyega and Ariyon Bakare are also in contention. Elsewhere, Miranda Sawyer has been made a fellow of the Radio Academy – only the second radio critic to have received that honour. Yvonne Roberts James Tapper David Olusoga Jessie Williams Miranda Sawyer Aniefiok Ekpoudom NEWSPAPERS SUPPORT RECYCLING The recycled paper content of UK newspapers in 2017 was 64.6% Sections of The Observer are carefully collated at our print site and by newsagents. If any section of today’s UK edition of The Observer is missing, call freephone 0800 839100. Back issues can be obtained from Historic Newspapers, 0844 770 7684 or www.observer.backissuenewspapers.co.uk. © 2021 Published by Guardian News & Media Limited, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (020-3353 2000) and Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Printed at Reach Watford Limited, St Albans Road, Watford, Herts WD24 7RG; Reach Oldham Limited, Hollinwood Avenue, Chadderton, Oldham OL9 8EP; Reach Saltire Ltd, 110 Fifty Pitches Place, Glasgow G51 4EA; and Irish Times Print Facility, 4080 Kingswood Road, Citywest Business Campus, Dublin 24. Registered as a newspaper at the Post Office. ISSN 0029-7712 Fears grow at delay in campaign to halt attacks on women Mark Townsend & Lisa Bachelor The government’s much-hyped information campaign targeting perpetrators of violence against women will not be launched until next year, the Observer has learned. This comes just as new research indicates the vast majority of females have experienced unwanted violent, aggressive or sexual behaviours on UK public transport. As part of the home secretary’s strategy to tackle violence against women and girls launched in July, Priti Patel promised a “multimillion communications campaign with a focus on targeting perpetrators and harmful misogynistic attitudes ”. However, concern is growing that the campaign will not be up and running until 2022, with sources saying it remains at a “concept” stage more than three months after it was unveiled. The delay means it will not be launched until after Christmas – a period that tends to witness a rise in domestic violence – but also comes against a backdrop of concerted calls for the government to start prioritising measures to tackle violence against women and girls. “When it comes to domestic abuse, you see increases around holiday periods, and we know the Christmas party season can be fraught with dangers,” said MP and chair of the women and equalities select committee , Caroline Nokes . “So if I was the government, I’d be looking at the opportunities right now and thinking this could be a really good time to launch a public awareness campaign.” Meanwhile, new research reveals a “concerning prevalence” of unwanted violent, aggressive or sexual behaviours against women and girls travelling on public transport over the last five years after a survey by the Suzy Lamplugh Trust . In the absence of official statistics chronicling the scale of the problem throughout the public transport network, the trust says the findings offer a strong indicator of the true scale of the problem. Kathleen Spencer Chapman , head of policy, advocacy and research at the children’s charity Plan International UK , said the findings, released on “national personal safety day” this Tuesday , were sobering. “These findings paint a stark picture of the relentless public sexual harassment that women and girls face. Sadly, they confirm what we already know – girls as young as 10 are being harassed, followed and touched. As a result, they are missing school, avoiding exercise, staying indoors and carrying keys between their fingers when they walk home.” Chapman added: “We also know that one in six are avoiding public transport at night – all to shield themselves from the constant tide of public sexual harassment. ” Indications that the Home Office’s information campaign – believed to be the first one to explicitly target perpetrators – will not be ready this year has prompted disquiet. A source said: “The reality is that it is still at concept stage and isn’t in the right place at the moment.” Saskia Garner , head of policy and campaigns at the Suzy Lamplugh Trust, said there was a pressing need to act but also conceded that the messaging needed to be correct. “There is an urgent need to address these issues that have been de prioritised for so long. However, the messaging needs to be right, it’s about getting that balance.” A Home Office spokesperson said they were working to launch the campaign by the end of March next year at the latest : “The government committed to launch a communications campaign this financial year that targets and challenges perpetrators of these heinous crimes and ensures victims can recognise abuse and receive support.” ON OTHER PAGES End femicide campaign: inside the minds of men who abuse Special report, pages 21-23 Crime bill must make preventing domestic abuse a priority Observer Comment, page 52

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:12 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 14:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 12 07.11.21 News • Lightbulb moments: why stately homes have turned to illuminations Deprived of revenue by Covid, venues are embracing the soaring popularity of winter light trails, writes Robyn Vinter Winding along the wintry footpath at Audley End House in Essex, visitors might be forgiven for thinking they had entered a fairytale kingdom. Glittering strings of festoon lights decorate trees, the reflection of thousands of sparkling bulbs dance on the surface of the River Cam and the formal gardens are bathed in ethereal colours. The grounds, designed by Capa bility Brown and maintained by English Heritage, are one of dozens of venues across the country playing host to magical family-friendly light trails this winter – a trend that is becoming increasingly popular. Deprived of revenue in the pandemic, more and more stately homes, parks and gardens are turning to light trails to boost income over the winter and provide much-needed cheer. The National Trust said its winter light trails were “incredibly popular” last year at venues such as Belton House in Lincolnshire and Gibside in Tyne and Wear. So much so, in fact, this year the organisation has added Polesden Lacey in Surrey, which will be lighting its Edwardian gardens, and Killerton in Devon, which will display more than a million lights on its illuminated trail. Katherine Hamlett, the National Trust’s project manager for the winter ABOVE A Christmas lights trail at the National Motor Museum at Beaulieu in Hampshire. Chris Moorhouse RIGHT Visitors enjoy a 70-metre-long illuminated tunnel at Kew Gardens’ light trail. Guy Bell/Rex

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:13 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 14:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 13 ABOVE Trees at Beaulieu. Trails are popular with families who want a special outing. illuminations, said there was something “inherently festive” about the trails. “Not only do they provide some much-needed festive cheer, but every single event provides valuable income for the participating properties, helping to keep these gardens and parks special for generations to come .” English Heritage has been running illuminated events since 2017 across its historical sites and has also seen a steep increase in their popularity. Emma Fernandes-Lopes, its head of historic properties for the east of England , said they were particularly designed around families. This year’s events at Audley End and Eltham Palace in London will feature elements such as projections, soundscapes and even a fire pit, complete with marshmallows. “It’s definitely a bit of magic,” Fernandes- Lopes said. “I’ve been there with my own children and just seeing their faces light up when the tree starts talking to them and telling them jokes is really quite special. So it’s definitely about making those memories together, as well as really seeing some of these historic properties after dark. It’s really a unique experience for people to be able to come in through our gates at that time of night. ” And while there has been a general increase in visitors booking to see light trails, the pandemic has definitely boosted it, Fernandes-Lopes said. “They’re really starting to gain real popularity, particularly this year, because families are looking for an opportunity to go out and about .” There is no shortage of events around the UK, with some kind of light trail or festival in most towns and cities over the winter . But tickets are selling fast and booking in advance is essential, she added. Though popular in Europe for decades, the UK is really only just coming round to light festivals and trails, according to Libby Battaglia , artistic director of Light Up Trails , which is running Christmas at Cowdray, an illuminated interactive walk at the Cowdray estate in the South Downs. She said the UK was “quite behind because we’ve always had a preference for fireworks”, but added: “I think because of the environment, that’s fading away. For example, the French have had a light festival in L yon since 1852 , so they’re ahead in that way, but it is growing. And it’s probably more than likely because it’s so accessible and it appeals to lots of different generations.” She said British festivals started in north ern English cities such as Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds, and have trickled down south, with audiences more than doubling in just a few years . Leeds’s Light Night , a free event that happens every October over two evenings, is attended by 150,000 people a year and Manchester Lightopia, a ticketed lantern festival, expects a similar number this year. On a smaller scale, Battaglia has seen her projects grow dramatically. The Light Up Poole festival she runs has risen from 20,000 visitors to more than 50,000 in a couple of years. Events usually take a year to plan but shortages of lorry driver s and difficulties bringing equipment from overseas has made the past couple of years a little more difficult, Battaglia said. Last year lighting that was supposed to arrive in October eventually came in February. “But all of our lighting has arrived now for this year, so we are very happy about that.” She added: “Now we can’t wait for people to come and see.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:14 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:54 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 14 07.11.21 Coronavirus • Latest UK Covid-19 data Confirmed new daily cases Thousands Source: data.gov.uk Seven-day rolling average S N J M M J S N 2020 2021 60 40 20 0 In hospital with Covid-19 Thousands Seven-day rolling average S N J M M J S N 2020 2021 60 30 20 10 0 Deaths per day Seven-day rolling average S N J M M J S N 2020 2021 1,500 1,000 500 0 Care boss blasts ministers for treating NHS as ‘favoured child’ Health James Tapper Head of Care England says Tory policy has widened gulf between the two services since start of pandemic Ministers have deepened the split between social care and the health service since the pandemic began, the chief executive of trade group Care England has said. In a devastating attack on the government, Professor Martin Green said that ministers tested out controversial policies on social care and treated it “like the child they are irritated with” while the NHS was “the favoured child”. Green, head of England’s largest care body, representing 3,800 homes and more than 50,000 residents, said policies introduced during the pandemic had “fragmented the two systems”. Ministers are reportedly planning to introduce mandatory vaccinations for NHS staff next April, after first introducing the policy for social care. From Thursday , all staff working in care homes need to be fully vaccinate d . “If they introduced it when they introduced it for us, there would have been lots of staff in the NHS leaving,” Green said. “And that would then cause a problem for the NHS over winter. But they’re quite happy to cause a problem for us over winter. But of course, because the accountability trail goes back to the secretary of state’s desk, they don’t want it to be happening in the NHS. “Throughout this pandemic, the government has not understood the essential role social care has. We saw at the start of the pandemic that the entire focus was on an organisation, the NHS, rather than thinking about where the most vulnerable people were, which was in social care.” Green listed other ways that the system had become more fragmented: paying NHS trusts, but not care providers, up to £7,000 to help recruit nurses from overseas ; asking care homes and their staff to pay more national insurance to fund the NHS without any financial support; and capping the cost of agency nurses for the NHS but not for social care. “If you look at what they’ve done, everything that causes a problem, they do it in social care first,” Green said. “Anything that enables more resources to flow, they do to the NHS. And they have never understood the link between the two systems. They treat one as the favoured child and the other as the child they are irritated with.” Many within the NHS, including its former chief executive Sir Simon Stevens , have pleaded with the government to fund care properly, so that people do not stay too long in hospital and do not need to return quickly because of a lack of care and support. Green said mandatory vaccinations were causing a “very big problem” for social care providers, which is in the midst of a workforce crisis with 160,000 vacancies. A total of 492 older adult care homes have more than one in five staff who have had no Covid vaccinations at all, according to the latest NHS figures. When the decision to make it mandatory for care staff to be fully vaccinated came into effect on 22 July, there were 470,712 staff working in older adult care homes. Only 412,815 have had a second dose by 31 October, and the total number of staff has dropped by nearly 9,000. The Care Quality Commission has said that it will implement the mandatory vaccination policy “fairly and proportionately”, and if it was made Professor Martin Green says the Tories are using the care sector to test controversial policies. aware that some staff were refusing vaccinations, it would assess each situation individually. Care England today publishes its response to the government’s plans for social care, which include what it calls a “health and social care levy” (a 1.25% increase in National Insurance contributions) introduced next April. “None of that is going to social care – it’s all going to the NHS,” Green said. “Millions are being taken out of care providers’ pockets and the pockets of the people who actually work in social care because of the levy.” The increase in the minimum wage which providers will pay staff was not being accompanied by an increase in money paid by local authorities for care packages, he added. “We appreciate the dedication and tireless work of health and social care staff throughout the pandemic,” said the Department of Health and Social Care. “We are providing another £36bn in health and care over the next three years – including £5.4bn for social care – which will allow us to begin a comprehensive programme of reform for the care sector.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:15 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 15 Protests and death threats stoke Yorkshire cricket’s racism scandal Demonstrators at ground joined by son of former captain Rafiq amid unconnected claims that staff have been targeted, reports Robyn Vinter The continuing racism scandal at Yorkshire County Cricket Club intensified this weekend with protests outside the ground yesterday and claims staff have received death threats. The club was plunged into turmoil last week after a report carried out into a culture of racism described the use of the p-slur against former Yorkshire captain Azeem Rafiq as “ banter ” that, it said, warranted no further action. A protest outside the stadium in Headingley yesterday saw cricket fans, including Rafiq’s young son, his sister and his father, call for the release of Yorkshire CCC’s full report and an end to racism in cricket. As heavy rain lashed down on the gathered protesters, Rafiq’s father held a homemade sign that read “Racism is not banter”. Addressing the crowd, Leeds University lecturer Dr Abdul-Bashid Shaikh said: “We call upon Yorkshire CCC to do the right thing and acknowledge that racism exists and it has fallen short of the standards we expect from such a prestigious club.” He called for Yorkshire to take “concrete steps” to eliminate institutional racism. Mohammed Patel, a human rights lawyer who organised the protest, told the Observer: “Yorkshire County Cricket Club failed in their duty. No doubt about it. To drag an ex-player through everything that he has endured, to the brink of him thinking of taking his own life, there’s no excuse for that. That’s why everyone is here today.” Rafiq, who played for Yorkshire for two spells between 2008 and 2018 , has said he was left feeling suicidal after his treatment by fellow players and a failure to investigate complaints of racism by the Yorkshire CCC board. On Thursday night the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) suspended all internationals and other big games at Yorkshire’s ground and the club’s main sponsors withdrew their support after a public backlash. The former England batsman Mark Ramprakash called for Yorkshire CCC to be “dragged into 2021” after what he said was a “disappointing” reaction to accusations of racism. Ramprakash told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme yesterday : “The attitudes of the board show... a lack of contrition and a lack of understanding of the gravity of what happened. That is what is so disappointing.” A source at the club said that extra security has now been brought in to protect staff working at the cricket RIGHT Azeem Rafiq, the cricketer at the centre of the racism storm, pictured in 2018. Rex/Shutterstock ground after some of them received death threats. It is not suggested any of the protesters were involved. The events come in the face of anger from cricket fans in Yorkshire over what many see as blatant attempts by the club to sweep the problem of systemic racism under the carpet. The report, which took 12 months to complete and remains unpublished, upheld seven of Rafiq’s 43 allegations and accepted he had faced “racial harassment and bullying”. Yorkshire announced last week that no current employees would face action as a result. Rafiq will give evidence to parliament’s digital, culture, media and sport select committee on 16 November . A second player, Rana Naved-ul- Hasan, has said he too had experienced “systematic taunting” and racism at Yorkshire and an additional investigation at the club ‘Yorkshire Cricket Club failed in their duty. No doubt about it. That’s why everyone is here’ Mohammed Patel, protester is now taking place into claims by another unnamed Asian player that he suffered racism and was urinated on by another player. The club’s chairman, Roger Hutton , stood down on Friday along with two other board members. In interviews, he accused the ECB of failing to act and not providing necessary support to Yorkshire while it attempted to investigate the racism claims. The ECB has now launched its own investigation to decide whether further sanctions need to be taken. LEFT Azeem Rafiq’s son Ayaan and his niece Rahila at yesterday’s protest. Gary Calton/the Observer ABOVE Michael Vaughan was removed by the BBC from tomorrow’s Tuffers and Vaughan radio show. On Friday evening it emerged the Equality and Human Rights Commission had also made contact with Yorkshire requesting access to the full independent report into Rafiq’s claims and was considering whether or not to pursue action against the club. Hutton has been replaced by Kamlesh Patel , who said there was “much work to do” to redress the damage caused by the botched investigation. After his appointment, Lord Patel spoke out about how he had experienced “loads” of racism growing up in Bradford and playing cricket, particularly the use of the p-slur. “When I was a boy I developed into a very fast runner,” he said in an interview with ESPNcricinfo . “Do you know why? Because gangs of skinheads used to delight in what they called ‘P aki-bashing’ and you either learned to run or you took a beating. “So that word – the ‘Paki’ word – has real meaning for me. I don’t need to be told it’s not banter.” Large sponsors such as Nike, Emerald group and Yorkshire Tea withdrew their support for the club with immediate effect. Tetley’s brewery and David Lloyd Clubs said they would not renew their contracts with Yorkshire, while Leeds Beckett University , which teaches at the ground, pulled its branding from Yorkshire CCC’s website. Ripples from the allegations have hit Michael Vaughan, who was removed by the BBC from Radio 5 live’s The Tuffers and Vaughan Cricket Show on Monday after two cricketers said they heard the former England captain make racist comments while playing for Yorkshire in 2009. The decision came after Vaughan, who has worked as an expert summariser and analyst on Test Match Special for 12 years, was accused of telling three players of Asian descent that there were “too many of you lot, we need to do something about it” before a county match in Nottingham. Yorkshire CCC did not respond to requests for comment. Vaughan strongly denies allegations of racism . ON OTHER PAGES Jonathan Liew: Racism storm is about structures, not individuals Sport, pages 14-15

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:16 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Our Christmas crackers are back. Quality Street ® The Purple One Latte After Eight ® Hot Chocolate Quality Street ® Toffee Penny Latte Terry’s Chocolate Orange ® Hot Chocolate

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:17 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:37 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 17 Wild heirs of Britain’s lost native honeybee found in woodlands of Blenheim Palace Donna Ferguson Thousands of rare forest honeybees that appear to be the last wild descendants of Britain’s native honey bee population have been discovered in the ancient woodlands of Blenheim Palace. The newly discovered subspecies, or ecotype , of honeybee is smaller, furrier and darker than th ose found in managed beehives, and is believed to be related to the indigenous wild honeybees that foraged the English countryside for centuries. Until now, it was presumed these bees had been wiped out by disease and competition from imported species. While feral honeybee colonies – usually created by swarms of nonnative bees that have left a nearby managed hive – are occasionally found in the UK, there was no evidence that self-sustaining colonies of native, tree-nesting honeybees still existed in England . Filipe Salbany , a bee conservationist who found 50 colonies of the rare honeybees in Blenheim’s 400-acre estate, said: “These bees live in nests in very small cavities, as bees have for millions of years, and they have the ability to live with disease. They have had no treatment for the varroa mite – yet they’re not dying off.” The varroa mite, a parasite that feeds on and attacks honeybees , arrived in Britain in 1992 and decimated the UK’s population. Salbany believes the bees he has found have evolved to survive. Unusually, the bees swarm with multiple queens to ensure the colony’s survival, and have been recorded foraging for honeydew on the treetops in temperatures as low as 4 C . Most bees will stop flying at 12 C . “A wild bee that has adapted to the environment is called an ecotype , and this bee could be a very precious ecotype – the first wild bee that is completely adapted to living in the oak forest.” The results of DNA samples taken from the bees are expected within three to four weeks, but Salbany is confident it will show the bees are descendants of an ancient native species. “I think the majority of the genetics are going to be of an old English bee, of something that was here many, many years ago.” One of the nests he found was at least 200 years old, and he estimates that the bees have been living on the Blenheim estate for “quite a few” centuries. Unusually, they have built their nests in tree cavities a quarter of the size of a normal beehive, 15 to 20 metres off the ground, and “nobody knew they existed”. There are no managed beehives on the estate, which Salbany thinks has played a critical role in the wild bees’ survival, while imported bees from hives nearby are likely to have been deterred from flying to Blenheim to forage by the landscape. “It’s a closed environment, in terms of bee s, because there are damp and humid valleys which form physical barriers.” The woodlands are not open to visitors and no gardening takes place there. The wild honeybees found on the Blenheim estate (below) are unusually relaxed and easy to handle. Paul Sharkey “There’s very little human interaction.” The wild bees seem able to live in balance with the environment and in harmony, not only with each other but with wasps and bumblebees . Remarkably, Salbany found two colonies of wild bees living within five metres of each other, in a single tree – right next to a wasps’ nest. He thinks wasps don’t try to rob the bees because the bees build their nests very high up the trees and make their entrances so small: “There’s enough forage for the wasps in the forest not to go and bother the honeybees.” As a result, the bees are extremely relaxed and he does not need to wear any protective equipment around them. Salbany suspects there may be other colonies of wild, tree-nesting bees in the UK : another reason, he says, that “we need to protect our ancient woodlands .” Dr Rob Stoneman , a director at the Wildlife Trust, said the discovery was “extraordinary” and demonstrated the value of the UK’s ancient woodlands. “These kinds of stories give us motivation to create a wilder future.”

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:19 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 19 adultery charges – just because she could not give Henry a male heir, only a daughter, the future Elizabeth I. The falcon is to be placed on long-term loan to Hampton Court by Paul Fitzsimmons, a Devon antiques dealer, who spotted it in an auction. Tracy Borman , a leading Tudor historian and joint chief curator for Historic Royal Palaces , the charity that manages Hampton Court, said: “The irony is that Anne Boleyn is the most popular of the six wives and she’s probably the one with the least surviving evidence … because she was obliterated by Henry. So that makes this really quite special and obviously I’m very excited about it. ” Boleyn was the second of six wives of England’s most famous king, a marriage that led him to break with the Roman Catholic church and brought about the English Reformation. Borman believes that, after Boleyn’s fall from grace, it would have been taken down and kept by one of her supporters: “It is a remarkable survivor. The really interesting thing is that somebody obviously wanted to save it for posterity. So it’s likely to have been a supporter of Anne.” She noted that two falcons in the Great Hall ceiling at Hampton Court are so high up – and would have been blackened by smoke from the roar- RIGHT The falcon was the emblem of Henry VIII’s wife, Anne Boleyn, inset. Paul Fitzsimmons/ Marhamchurch Antiques This old bird? Well, actually it’s the long-lost royal crest of Anne Boleyn The carved wooden falcon sold for £75 at auction. Now it’s worth £200,000, and the new owner is loaning it back to Hampton Court Palace. Dalya Alberge reports tion and the eradication of all traces of her. Its true worth is believed to be about £200,000. The exquisite and richly decorated oak carving is in such extraordinary condition that it even bears its original gilding and colour scheme. In 1536 , barely three years after it was made, Boleyn was beheaded on bogus It was catalogued as an “antique carved wooden bird” when it was auctioned for £75 in 2019. Now it has been identified as Anne Boleyn’s heraldic emblem, the 16th- century royal falcon that probably adorned her private apartments at Hampton Court Palace – only to be removed after Henry VIII ordered her execuing fire – that Henry would not have noticed them, but that this one is more likely to have been in Anne’s private apartments, within easier reach of whoever wanted to save it. She said: “They’re not exactly the same as this one, but similar. This is a crowned falcon. It’s fascinating because all of this decorative scheme was before Anne actually became queen. But it’s when she and Henry had absolute ambition that she was about to become queen. “So they set to work, busily decorating Hampton Court, ready for that glorious day. Of course, it all went rather horribly wrong.” Fitzsimmons, of Marhamchurch Antiques in Buckfastleigh , “knew it was a good thing”. “I didn’t know immediately that it was the badge of Anne Boleyn, but I knew that it had some sort of royal connection because it had the crown and sceptre, and it was a royal bird.” Its discovery will be included in Borman’s forthcoming book, Crown & Sceptre , a comprehensive history of the monarchy, to be published on 18 November . She writes: “ Although [Henry] ordered all traces of Anne to be removed from his palaces, a few can still be seen today. One of the most extraordinary is a richly decorated falcon (Anne’s heraldic badge) that once adorned Hampton Court.” Fitzsimmons said: “It needs to go back to the institution from where it came .”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:20 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 20 07.11.21 News • Social media helped me face cancer – author Vanessa Thorpe Arts and Media Correspondent Social media can be a force for good when it becomes a place for honest discussion about illness, author Joanne Harris is to argue in a candid radio interview. Harris, known for her bestselling 1999 book Chocolat, suffered panic attacks when she became famous and would pass out in public. She will tell host Lauren Laverne today she is glad she overcame her nerves and shared the news she had been diagnosed with breast cancer last year. Speaking Joanne Harris says she feels ‘connected to the world’ by having shared her life online. on BBC Radio 4’s Desert Island Discs, the writer said that she felt “so connected to the world” because she had “shared so much online”. Harris said she initially posted on social media about her illness so she would not have to tell people individually about her recovery : “But then I realised that, actually, as I was getting feedback, there were a whole lot of people who were also going through the same experience and who felt empowered by the fact I’d come out and talked about it. ” She added that the illness had not “been an entirely negative experience ” because it was caught early, thanks to a routine mammogram. Harris uses the platform to repeat her social media message to attend mammogram appointments. “It could save your life. It could have saved mine.” Making light of her treatment on social media also helped her deal with her recovery . “It’s one of the coping mechanisms the human mind has, to poke fun at something terrifying,” she said. “I brought out the funny side of some of the things that were happening.” Harris gave her cancer the name Mr C and created the hashtag GoodbyeMrC. When Juliette Binoche was cast to star in the Oscar-nominated film of Chocolat released in 2000, the actor stayed at Harris’s home in Barnsley . The panic attacks began in America. “I would just pass out, suddenly and without any warning, at a premiere or a glitzy event. It was strange because I didn’t feel I wasn’t coping .” You’ll never have a drug-free society, expert warns UK Mark Townsend Home Affairs Editor The Home Office should climb off its “high horse of oppression and prohibition” and stop pursuing the “fantasy” of a drug-free society, the chair of an influential international consortium on drug policy has said. As a new global index is set to rank each country’s approach to tackling narcotics, former New Zealand prime minister and chair of the Global Commission on Drug Policy, Helen Clark, said that the UK was fixated with a “self-defeating” strategy to the issue that bred misery. Clark also said that the Home Office’s approach to drug policy meant it deterred police and crime commissioners in England and Wales who might otherwise advocate for a more liberal strategy. “The Home Office is a major problem. It’s not thinking outside the box. In the UK, you have crime commissioners and there’s more scope for discretion at the local level with some prepared to push the boundary,” Clark told the Observer. “But to get that consistently across the United Kingdom, you need the Home Office to get off its high horse of oppression and prohibition and say: ‘Look, we’ve had this wrong, our prisons are thronged with people on drug offences, marginalised swathes of people. It’s costly and self-defeating,” added Clark, whose commission is made up largely of world leaders. By contrast, she praised Scotland for recognising it had problems – the country has the highest per capita number of deaths relating to drug use in Europe – and signalling that it wanted to look for new solutions. “Scotland knows it’s shameful. After the last set of [fatality] figures came out, the Scottish government wants to [make a] move,” said Clark. Her comments come just before the inaugural edition of the global drug policy index which ranks countries according to indicators such as health and harm reduction rather than the traditional law enforcement measures of arrests or drugs seized. According to the latest National Crime Agency annual report , more than 150 tonnes of drugs were seized at a time when deaths from drug poisoning in England and Wales have hit a record high, prompting charities to warn of a public health emergency. The index, headed by the International Drug Policy Consortium , a global network of 192 organisations, is intended to question the ambition of achieving a “drug-free society”, which Clark says is futile. “It’s a fantasy, the total elimination of drugs? Dream on, there’s never been a time in history where human beings haven’t resorted to some kind of substances that will take them out of their current reality ,” she said. The index arrives 50 years after the UK’s Misuse of Drugs Act came into force , which still forms the basis of its anti-drug strategy – separating illicit substances into classes which carry different penalties – but which is facing increasing calls for reform. Helen Clark, chair of the Global Commission on Drug Policy, has hit out at the Home Office. A number of prominent campaigners are pushing for the decriminalisation and regulation of drugs with more than 60 MPs supporting a campaign to review current legislation. Despite this, the UK is expected to sit in the top 10 of the index’s most progressive countries when it is launched tomorrow in London , a ranking that Clark says articulates the current failures of global drug policy. The index is composed of 75 indicators including criminal justice and extreme responses of the state to the issue. Of the 30 countries featured in its first iteration, eight had decriminalised drug use and just three managed to divert people away from the criminal justice system. A Home Office spokesperson said: “Drugs damage communities and ruin lives. We must prevent drug use in our communities, support people through treatment and recovery, and tackle the supply of illegal drugs.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:21 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Special Report INSIDE THE MINDS OF MEN WHO ABUSE Early intervention and greater funding is needed to end violence against women and girls.Yvonne Roberts reports on a pioneering project in Cumbria that aims to challenge and change male behaviour Andy *, 30, a painter and decorator, says he has known violence for much of his life. “I want a relationship but I don’t know how,” he says. “I was told if you want someone else to be comfortable in your company, you first have to be comfortable in your own company. It’s hard, but I’m trying.” He has been in and out of prison since he was a teenager. On one occasion, he was jailed when he found his then girlfriend with another man – “I saw red.” He attacked the man and bit off his ear. He says she intervened: “I grabbed her by the throat and pushed her to get her off me. She banged her head.” Six months ago, Andy denied any responsibility for hurting his ex-girlfriend. Now, he says he was wrong and he shouldn’t have done it. Denial, minimisation and victim blaming have been established for more than 40 years as the standard male perpetrator’s response to violence towards women. On another occasion, Andy was recalled to prison because he cheated on a different girlfriend, she confronted him and, Andy says, attacked him. No charges were brought but he was recalled. “It was my chaotic lifestyle. Always drinking, always fighting,” he says. He served another three years and Continued overleaf

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:22 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 22 07.11.21 Special Report • Continued from page 21 Male violence in figures A woman is killed by a man every three days in the UK (Source: Femicide Census 2021) In the year to March 2020, there were an estimated 1.6 million female victims (aged 16-74) of domestic abuse in England and Wales; 618,000 female victims (aged 16-74) of sexual assaults (including attempts); and 892,000 female victims (aged 16-59) of stalking (source: Crime Survey for England and Wales ). There are approximately 400,000 medium- to high-harm perpetrators: less than 1% receive specialist intervention to change their behaviour (source: driveproject.org.uk ). The National Domestic Abuse Helpline saw an 80% increase in calls during the first lockdown compared with the same period the year before. ine the role of agencies after a death. “Where the alleged or convicted perpetrator has mental health issues and/or addiction there are too few interventions,” he says. “If we don’t act early enough, the conveyor belt of men who abuse and kill will keep on coming.” Wayne Couzens, the killer of Sarah Everard, unlocked the scale of largely unpunished misogyny and abuse within the police, not the only institution in which perpetrators operate. “When it comes to reports of men killing, abusing and controlling women, the passive voice prevails. Women are assaulted, women are threatened. The perpetrator has disappeared,” says. Davina James-Hanman, a specialist in the reduction of male violence against women. “When the victim-survivor is the only one visible, it is she who is judged, blamed, held accountable. We need to flip the switch so that instead of, ‘Why doesn’t she leave?’, we ask ‘Why doesn’t he stop?’” In England and Wales, three out of four domestic abuse offences ‘If we don’t act early, the conveyor belt of men who abuse and kill will keep coming’ Frank Mullane, campaigner ON OTHER PAGES Crime bill must make preventing domestic violence a top priority Observer Comment, page 52 acquired a drug addiction, but is now clean. Andy has just completed an innovative 12-week programme for men who are assessed as a moderate risk to women and have expressed a willingness to change. Turning the Spotlight, (TTS), run by Cumbria Victim Support also offers help for the men’s families. The course is skilfully led by female and male facilitators, Joanne Nelson and Richard Cupid, a therapist who previously worked as an engineer in Barrow-in- Furness shipyard. “The men believe they should be ‘a man’, which causes damage and prevents them from being themselves,” Cupid says. At the end of the programme participants are assessed on their ownership and understanding of their behaviour and why change is required. “The course has been massive for me,” Andy says. For the first time, this month he has completed his licence in the community without recall to jail. “Women bear so much pressure,” Laraine Carr , TTS coordinator, says. “They are told to leave . If they don’t leave, they risk their children being put into care. If a couple want to make the relationship work, and many do, we need to make that possible if we can, in a safe way.” D ata drawn up by the Femicide Census , founded by Karen Ingala Smith and Clarrie O’Callaghan, covering the period 2009 -2018, found at least 1,419 men killed 1,425 women in the UK in the period 2009-2018. Almost half the perpetrators were known to have histories of violence against women. Ryan Ingham , 27, killed Caroline Finegan, 29, in 2014, with “a devastating blow”. He had 23 previous convictions, many for domestic abuse. Twenty-nine perpetrators had killed previously. Gary Arthur Allen , 47, killed two women 21 years apart, in 1997 and 2018. Allen first strangled and inflicted 33 injuries on Samantha Class, 29, including driving his car over her. In 2018, Alena Grlakova, 38, also suffered multiple injuries. “The pleasure of hurting builds from the planning stage,” he told a probation officer. “Prostitutes are easy targets.” “Too often we risk assess victims but not the perpetrators,” says campaigner Ingala Smith . “Factors such as mental ill health, addiction, loss of status, unemployment could be potential intervention points if prevention counted. We know from the evidence that it doesn’t.” “Femicide is not just homicide of women by men,” adds O’Callaghan . “It’s about how and why women are killed and abused and how this is different to the circumstances in which men are killed.” Frank Mullane , founder of the charity Advocacy After Fatal Domestic Abuse (AAFDA), supporting families, has quality assured more than 900 domestic homicide reviews (DHRs) for the Home Office. DHRs examreported to the police resulted in no further action . Convictions have dropped 35% over five years and convictions for coercive control and rape are minuscule. Approximately 400,000 perpetrators per year cause medium and high levels of harm , yet fewer than 1% receiv ed specialist intervention that might stop the carnage. Perpetrators have a passport to offend. Currently, a myriad uncoordinated taskforces, inquiries, initiatives, strategies and small pots of funding are flowing out of government to address male violence against women and girls . This month, the government’s first domestic abuse strategy is published that also contains a “perpetrator pillar”. In the budget, the chancellor, Rishi Sunak , allocated £185m to tackle domestic abuse and rape, described as “a drop in the ocean” . Jo Todd, founding chief executive of Respect ,

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:23 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:07 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 23 Richard Cupid and Joanne Nelson offer counselling to abusive men. Gary Calton/ the Observer a charity that has worked with perpetrators over 25 years, says: “Violence against women and girls costs £66b n a year. A £66b n problem needs a £66bn solution.” It’s not just a question of funding and resources as the police, refuges and charities fight deep cuts, it’s also about a move from flawed risk management of victims and abusers to a serious investment in prevention. The government’s serious violence strategy does not define domestic and sexual abuse as serious violence, even though it makes up 40% of police work. The police, crime, sentencing and courts bill contains a new serious violence prevention duty which will require a range of public bodies such the police, health, housing, education and probation to work together in a public health framework to prevent serious violence. Violence against women and girls was not included. In the House of Lords, Tory peer Gabrielle Bertin and crossparty peers successfully included it in an amendment to the bill at the end of October . Campaigners hope that by December, the government may have made what Nicole Jacobs , the first domestic abuse commissioner for England and Wales , calls “an historic shift”. Currently, home secretary Priti Patel prefers local areas to make their own decisions about prevention strategies. Only half of 18 violence reduction units set up as the forerunners of the new duty have domestic abuse and violence as part of their strategy. Zoe Billingham was lead inspector on the police’s response to domestic abuse for 12 years at Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services , until her tenure came to an end in September. She is now free to speak her mind as a campaigner. “Whether it’s in Cumbria or Camden, there is no excuse for such extraordinary variation in the police response to domestic abuse across the country. We have to end the postcode lottery that costs women’s lives,” she says. Billingham’s final report on the Aims Gary Allen, top, killed two women. Ryan Ingham, bottom, was jailed for murder in 2014. Name it The government to formally recognise femicide - the killing of women by men. Know it Data on the killing of women to be gathered in an accessible central repository; the domestic abuse and victims commissioners to have the power and resources to ensure recommendations to tackle femicide are implemented. Stop it An ambitious crossparty, long-term strategy to be established to tackle femicide and all forms of men’s violence against women and girls. Read more on the End Femicide campaign on theguardian.com police response to violence against women and girls, published in September, praised some improvements and innovations but it said that police needed “clearer focus, better funding, a relentless pursuit of perpetrators and a sense that these are urgent national policing priorities”. For the report, a small number of forces were each asked to identify their five highest risk perpetrators. Thirty-four of the total of 40 men identified as repeat offenders of violence against women and girls were not being tracked by the police. Fourteen had offended against three or more women, some as many as nine; over half had been offending for more than five years. “Why haven’t all the forces homed in on what their intelligence is telling them and taken out these highrisk offenders?” asks Billingham. “If this was organised crime you would see strongly focused covert tactics to apprehend the offender. ” The report called for a statutory duty on all agencies to prevent such violence, including schools, health, housing and social care. “That’s the really big prize.” Billingham says. “ We need a joined-up strategy and a set of minimum standards. What gets measured gets done.” Crucially, the report recommended that violence against women and girls is included in the strategic policing requirement that dictates the top priorities for all 43 police forces in England Wales along with counterterrorism, serious organised crime and child sexual exploitation. “That signals to chief constables and police and crime commissioners the government’s prioritisation. The broad spectrum of crimes that disproportionately impact on women don’t get anywhere near top priority,” Billingham says. “If this opportunity is squandered, we all lose.” O n a wet Tuesday evening in a community centre in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, five men, including Andy, discuss the issues they have covered during Turning the Spotlight’s previous two-hour sessions. They include “the Man Box”, the negatives and positives of how boys are taught to be men; the Power Wheel, devised in the 1980s, which illustrates the tools men utilise including isolation, intimidation, physical abuse and threats to control women; the red flags that trigger conflict; and, through role play, what a healthy, equal relationship might look like. Nelson is also lead for They Matter , a 27-week Cumbria Victim Support pilot for high-risk men, mainly mandated to attend by the police and other agencies. “A lot of the men we see go from 0 to 100 like a Ferrari,” Nelson says. “We help to join up the dots between thinking, feelings and behaviour. It’s about being comfortable with the uncomfortable. That’s where the anger comes out. A lot of the men are on the defensive, in attack mode. They say, it’s because of how people see them, but it’s often how they see themselves.” Andy is now attending the sixmonth They Matter programme. “I witnessed domestic abuse from a young age,” he says. As a child, his mother left him with his father, taking Andy’s sister. His violent father was later jailed for the sexual abuse of his daughter. “My dad taught me that emotions are a sign of weakness,” he says. “I wasn’t shown values towards women. When I was five years old, my dad taught me the five ‘Fs’ – ‘Find ’em, feel ’em, finger ’em, fuck ’em and forget ’em’. I used to sleep with women so I didn’t have to be on my own. Now, I want to have kids one day and a stable relationship. “I’ve only dipped my toe in the water of all this stuff. I’ve got a lot to learn,” he says. Respect, the charity SafeLives and the not-for-profit Social Finance, in 2016 set up the Drive Partnership, a three-year pilot programme for highrisk, high-harm perpetrators unwilling to change . Drive worked with the police and a range of agencies to disrupt perpetrators’ opportunities to abuse and control. “Men who have experienced childhood trauma and who want to change, we can help,” Todd says. “The ones who are calculating, cold and controlling and get off on it, require a different response.” An evaluation of the impact on 506 perpetrators and whether change was sustained over 12 months showed significant reductions in physical and sexual abuse and jealous and controlling behaviour. In another study by the University of Northumbria, an intervention was found to have caused a 65% reduction in domestic and violent offending and a social return of £14 “saved” for every £1 spent. But programmes are scarce and the unanswered question is “does change last?” In England and Wales only one in five women report partner abuse and one in six report sexual assault to the police. Police Scotland’s campaign Don’t Be That Guy highlights casual male sexual entitlement and underlines that it’s the responsibility of everyone to call out and act to end men’s violence against women. But that will still not be enough. “We are only at the edges of understanding,” Jo Todd of Respect says. “Society and every institution in it has to change, otherwise the difference made will be time limited and small. We’ve yet to see those in power really willing to take on misogyny.” “Men who harm and kill have to be held to account and assisted to change in a way that does not put women at risk,” Ingala Smith adds. “It’s not useful to hear that perpetrators had difficult upbringings, if we cannot explain why women who were also damaged in childhood have not abused on the same scale. And then we need to act on what we have learned.” *Some names have been changed

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:24 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:25 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:36 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 25 Long waits for hospital beds now the norm, doctors warn Snapshot A siamang – an endangered black-haired gibbon – after its release back into the wild in Indonesia yesterday, following treatment by the country’s conservation agency. Chaideer Mahyuddin/Getty Calls for facemasks to be mandatory again as wards run out of space James Tapper & Toby Helm In numbers 5,025 Number of patients who waited more than 12 hours to be admitted to hospital in England in September. 85% Hospital bed occupancy in England between April and June. 34 Hospitals at above 90% occupancy. Long waiting times in emergency departments are becoming normal, with some patients spending days in A&E wards before they can be moved into other hospital beds , emergency physicians have warned. Leaders of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM) and the Society for Acute Medicine (SAM) said that some hospitals had effectively run out of space, meaning patients could not receive the right care until a bed became free. NHS figures for September show that 5,025 patients waited for more than 12 hours to be admitted to hospital in England. That is only 1% of the 506,916 admitted via A&Es, but it is more than 10 times as many as the 458 waiting more than 12 hours in September 2019 and nearly twice as many as the January peak of 2,847. Scientists at the Zoe Covid study said last week that UK cases of coronavirus may have peaked . But the React study at Imperial College found that the R number was between 0.9 and 1.1, with Covid cases at their highest levels. Pressures on hospitals have prompted the Royal College of Nursing to call for a return to compulsory mask-wearing, while Sadiq Khan , the mayor of London, said that ministers should reimpose a legal obligation to wear masks on public transport, allowing police to enforce the law. Last week, Roland Sinker , chief executive of the trust running Addenbrooke’s hospital in Cambridge, told his staff that the situation was so serious that it was “ceasing to function as a hospital” and that they were “thinking about restricting access to care” . Leeds Teaching hospitals trust also cancelled a large number of planned operations last week . Dr Ian Higginson , RCEM’s vicepresident, said that the national picture was grim. “Our staff are still turning up for work and still doing their best … But we are in a vicious spiral. We’re seeing more patients than we can cope with.” Hospitals have seen ambulances queueing outside waiting for patients to be treated, and when they arrive in emergency departments, more are facing long waits for treatment. “Now, in some parts of the country, patients are waiting days before they can be admitted to hospital,” Higginson said. “There are patients in emergency departments for one, two, and in some cases, many more days. And that’s becoming accepted as the norm. It’s totally wrong.” Dr Susan Crossland , the president of the SAM, said the annual winter crisis affecting the NHS was lasting longer and longer. “Since Covid, it has been like one long, eternal winter. Our members are reporting that their trusts are running at over 100% capacity. All the beds that they normally have available are full. And they’re scrabbling around looking for other places.” Hospital bed occupancy was at 85% for England between April to June, as the second wave of Covid reached its lowest point. Even then, nine hospitals reported that more than 95% of their acute beds were occupied, and the trusts running Leeds and Addenbrooke’s were among a further 34 at above 90% occupancy. The government’s decision to end all Covid restrictions on 19 July was criticised at the time by the Royal College of Nursing. Rose Gallagher , the RCN’s professional lead for infection prevention and control, said: “It was extremely shortsighted of the government to end compulsory public mask-wearing, and they can’t say they weren’t warned – it must be re instated without further delay to prevent avoidable transmission.” Sadiq Khan said: “ I continue to urgently lobby ministers to bring back this [mask-wearing] requirement and enable British Transport Police officers to enforce the wearing of face coverings across all TfL services.” The NHS said: “Staff have gone above and beyond over the last year, contending with record levels of A&E attendances, all while treating more than 470,000 seriously ill Covid patients, and this has inevitably le d to increased pressure on emergency departments. ”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:26 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 13:25 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • In Britten’s footsteps, Nitin Sawhney’s requiem will mark Coventry’s rebirth Composer says his music for 60th anniversary of cathedral aims to break down cultural barriers Dalya Alberge The 1962 premiere of Benjamin Britten’s War Requiem marked the consecration of the new Coventry Cathedral after the original building was destroyed in the Luftwaffe bombing raids of 1940 . The monumental choral masterpiece was inspired by the traditional Latin mass and the war poetry of Wilfred Owen , who was killed in the last days of the first world war. Now, as part of Coventry’s city of culture year, leading British composer Nitin Sawhney has been commissioned to compose a requiem to mark the 60th anniversary of the cathedral. Titled Ghosts in the Ruins , it is a work of remembrance for all contemporary conflicts . In a spirit of postwar reconciliation, Britten had originally intended that the solo parts would be performed by singers from Germany, Britain and Russia. Sawhney’s composition will itself draw on different cultures . He told the Observer: “ Music is without borders or boundaries. It’s a universal language, while spoken languages are much more restrictive. Music can touch us in so many different ways, even with different traditions.” Sawhney is a composer, guitarist and pianist, who has won many international prizes, including an Ivor Novello lifetime achievement award . He has scored more than 60 films and his collaborat ors have ranged from Sir Paul McCartney to the London Symphony Orchestra . His latest commission – from Coventry Cathedral and Coventry City of Culture Trust – has its world premiere in January. Following the destruction of the old cathedral in the blitz, its provost, Richard Howard, vowed not to seek revenge, but to strive for forgiveness. Sir Basil Spence designed the new cathedral alongside the old, symbolising destruction and resurrection. Ghosts in the Ruins takes its inspiration from Coventry as a city that rose from the flames and as a place of sanctuary, helping refugees and migrants. Sawhney, who was born to Indian parents in London , went to school in Rochester , Kent, and experienced racist bullying growing up in the 1970s. “The ways in which people are trying to justify blatant racism is horrific. I grew up watching that. Now I feel, sadly, we live in a time where people think this is actually quite acceptable.” Ultimately, through music, he believes that “people from many different backgrounds can come together and find a collective voice”. His own music transcends cultural barriers and styles, from Bach to Bollywood, flamenco to funk. “I’ve always spent time trying to understand and work with different traditions and see how they can work in a new context,” he says. “There’s so much to learn from them.” His new composition also embraces all faiths, he said: “ When I visited the cathedral and wandered around the ruins [of the old cathedral], I was really moved. I don’t RIGHT Nitin Sawhney. His new work will be performed in January. LEFT The ruins of the cathedral after the 1940 bombing. Above, Spence’s new building. Getty, Joseph Witcombe really have a faith as such, apart from I think I’m quite spiritual. I grew up reading a lot about Christianity and Abrahamic faiths as well as Hinduism. For me, it felt like a place that was quite spiritual. So I want to respect that. ” He added: “We’re going to be incorporating local choirs. Some of those people will be walking around within the cathedral itself and singing. The idea is that they’re like ghosts.” Artist Mark Murphy will also project old photographs, collage and text on to the walls .

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:27 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:16 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 27 What’s the one thing Beijing Winter Games won’t have? Real snow With 49m gallons of water needed to simulate conditions, anger grows at environmental cost Jon Ungoed-Thomas The mountains that will be the setting for the forthcoming Winter Olympics in Beijing boast spectacular scenery and breath taking runs, but lack just one vital ingredient: real snow. Between January and March , the National Alpine Ski Centre in Yanqing , about 55 miles north-west of Beijing, had just 2cm of snow. London, Paris and Madrid all recorded greater snowfalls, according to the website worldweatheronline.com . The International Olympic Committee (IOC) now faces mounting questions about the environmental cost of the Games . It has been calculated that Beijing 2022 will need about 49 million gallons of water to create the required artificial snow. A photographer looks at the downhill course for the 2022 Winter Games, in Yanqing. Left, skier Martin Bell. Kevin Frayer/Getty ‘These could be the most unsustainable Winter Olympics that have ever been held’ Professor Carmen de Jong “These could be the most unsustainable Winter Olympics ever held,” said Professor Carmen de Jong , a geographer at the University of Strasbourg. “These mountains have virtually no natural snow.” She said artificial snow was water- and energyintensive, damaging soil health and causing erosion. IOC officials warned in 2015 that Yanqing, the venue for downhill skiing and slalom, and Zhangjiakou , the venue for cross-country skiing, ski jumping and snowboarding , had meagre annual snowfalls. “[They] have minimal annual snowfall and for the Games would rely completely on artificial snow,” they said. About 200 snow cannons will create artificial snow in Yanqing. A network of pipes and trenches will supply water from a reservoir to the snow-making machine. Beijing has scarce water resources, but said in its bid there would be adequate supplies from stored run-off and existing reservoirs. Justin Francis ,a member of the UK government’s Council for Sustainable Business and chief executive of holiday firm Responsible Travel , said: “This is the world’s showcase of winter sport and it’s extraordinary to host it in a place dependent on artificial snow. The Olympics inspires us about sport, but also about doing our bit to sustain the planet. This is the ideal platform and it’s the wrong message.” Beijing published its sustainability report for the Games last year, pledging to meet the goals set out in the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development . It said it would use renewable energy for the venues and recycle water resources. Climate change means that ski resorts increasingly rely on artificial snow. According to a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2007, global warming could jeopardise as many as two-thirds of ski areas in the Alps. Martin Bell , an Alpine skier who competed in four Olympics, said modern innovations helped ensure artificial snow was more environmentally friendly. “Snow-making is now part of the sport and you just have to make sure it’s done in a careful way,” he said. The IOC said: “Locations for Winter Games depend on a number of considerations, not just snowfall. A series of water-conserving and recycling designs have been put into place to optimise water usage for snowmaking, human consumption, and other purposes. Yanqing is rich in water resources in comparison with neighbouring areas. “Beijing 2022’s mission is being green, open, inclusive and clean. Beijing 2022 will use renewable energy for all competition venues.” The Beijing Organising Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games did not respond to a request for comment.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:28 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 28 07.11.21 News • Antisemitism row forces Royal Court to change name of character Vanessa Thorpe Arts and Media Correspondent Al Smith may not be the first British playwright to ask “What’s in a name?”, but this weekend he had cause to ponder Shakespeare’s famous line. Smith, the author of a new play coming to the Royal Court theatre this week, had given a lead character the name of Hershel Fink. But publicity for the production prompted angry complaints about Jewish stereotyping. In response, the famous venue on Sloane Square in London has now apologised and agreed to change the name, admitting that it was “unconscious bias” that had led to the Silicon Valley billionaire in the work being given this identity. In an official statement, the theatre management added that the character in Smith’s play, Rare Earth Mettle , which stars former Doctor Who actor Arthur Darvill , is not Jewish and that there is no reference to his faith or Jewishness in the show. Among those to question the planned use of the name Hershel Fink were Adam Lenson , the director and producer, and David Baddiel , the writer and comedian. Comedian David Baddiel criticised Al Smith’s choice of name for the businessman in his play. “The Royal Court claims they didn’t realise ‘Hershel Fink’ was a Jewish name. Hmmm. Somehow it just sounded so right for a worldconquering billionaire,” Baddiel posted on Twitter. This February, Baddiel’s new book, Jews Don’t Count , argued that antisemitic bias is the MoD pays millions in Iraq war claims over Army ‘cruelty’ Dan Sabbagh The Ministry of Defence has quietly settled 417 Iraq compensation claims and paid out several million pounds to resolve accusations that British troops subjected Iraqis to cruel and inhumane treatment, arbitrary detention or assault. Individual claims that have been settled run into the low tens of thousands and follow high court rulings that concluded there were breaches of the Geneva conventions and the Human Rights Act, during the military operation that followed the invasion in 2003. Martyn Day, a senior partner with Leigh Day, the solicitors who brought the action, said: “While we’ve had politicians like David Cameron and Theresa May criticising us for supposedly ambulance chasing, the MoD has been quietly settling claims. “The settlements here cover a mix of cases, instances of false imprisonment, assault,” the lawyer added. “What this shows is that when it comes to what amounts to policing in a foreign state, the military are simply not the right people to do it.” Many of the details of the cases remain confidential, although one involved the death of a 13-year-old boy. But the financial settlements were based on four test cases concluded in the high court in 2017. The four were awarded a total of £84,000 based on three separate incidents. At the time, one claimant was awarded £33,000 by Mr Justice Leggatt for unlawful detention and a beating he suffered in 2007, by “one or more implements”, probably rifle butts. Two Iraqi merchant seamen received payments after their detention in 2003: one was awarded £28,000 after an assault and hooding; while a second was awarded £10,000 because they were hooded. Many of the fresh claims involve hooding – where a sandbag or other hood is thrown over a detainee’s head . The practice was banned in 1972 by prime minister Ted Heath , although some British soldiers said they were not aware of the order while in Iraq. The MoD has made no public announcement about the claims, but an official disclosure last week showed that the civil actions had been resolved. It noted that 417 “Iraq private law” claims had been settled during 2020/21 and a further 13 relating to Afghanistan. But there is no prospect of any criminal action following 417 civil settlements, after several years of often politically charged debate about the conduct of British soldiers in Iraq during combat operations, which ended in 2011. The government shut the Iraq historic allegations team in 2017, following the conclusion of the controversial al-Sweady inquiry three years earlier. That inquiry found that allegations that British troops had murdered detained Iraqis and mutilated their bodies were fabricated. The lead lawyer who brought those claims, Phil Shiner, was subsequently struck off. In April the government passed the Overseas Operations Act, which intro- ON OTHER PAGES The asylum seekers caught in a lethal game on Europe’s frontiers World, pages 36-37 duced a presumption against criminal prosecutions for five years after the event and a longstop to prevent civil claims being brought after six years. At one point, Day and two colleagues were also accused of professional misconduct for how they had brought claims. But the three were exonerated following a hearing at the solicitor’s disciplinary tribunal. An MoD spokesperson said: “Whilst the vast majority of UK personnel conducted themselves to the highest standards in Iraq and Afghanistan, we acknowledge that it has been necessary to seek negotiated settlements of outstanding claims in both the Iraq civilian litigation and Afghan civil litigation.” They added that service police and the Service Prosecuting Authority remained open to considering criminal allegations should new evidence emerge.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:29 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 29 one prejudice that remains largely unpoliced in the “culture wars”. Lenson was also critical on Twitter about the Royal Court taking “a character so clearly based on Elon Musk ” and giving him “an obviously Jewish name”. He added: “Casually making a Silicon Valley billionaire Jewish perpetuates antisemitic stereotypes and will cause ideological harm.” The writer Laura McGrady questioned the venue’s claim to be unaware of the connotations of the name. “If I’m believing that no one noticed the problem here … which, I’m not. I’m not believing that at all. Then am I supposed to believe that writers give characters names from specific cultures or origins without even noticing? Seems a reach to me.” Set on a salt flat in South America, Rare Earth Mettle is a campaigning piece about the damage inflicted by powerful tech industries. The original Fink character was the chief executive of an electric car company and has been compared to Elon Musk in interviews with Smith . The Royal Court said: “ We acknowledge that this is an example of unconscious bias and we will reflect deeply on how this has happened in the coming days. We and the writer are deeply sorry for harm caused. In response the writer has changed the name, as of last night.” Smith said that he had deliberately aimed at a wide array of targets while writing Rare Earth Mettle, covering racism as well as many of the challenges facing both the global economy and ecology. Baddiel later recognised that the theatre and playwright had subsequently done the correct thing in responding to public dismay and changing the name. Stop-and-search figures ‘withheld to hide rise in discrimination’ Data delayed as police and borders bills pass through parliament Mark Townsend Home Affairs Editor The Home Office has failed to release its annual stop-and-search data, prompting concern that the figures will reveal a further increase to disproportionate targeting of black people . At the same time, the department is refusing to publish the results of its own public consultation into its heavily criticised “anti-refugee” legislation. Campaigners said the withholding of key data appeared to be an attempt to avoid negative headlines while the Home Office’s two controversial legislative proposals – the policing bill and the borders bill – pass through parliament. The government’s official stopand-search statistics, covering the year up to April 2021, should have been published last month. The Home Office has failed to do so, saying that the three-week delay is because of a “ record level ” of data, and extra time being required to “resolve data quality issues”. Critics believe the real reason is because the statistics show that the use of stop and search that disproportionately affects black communities has widened – findings that would provoke fresh scrutiny on the policing bill, which seeks to expand the use of the contentious measure at a time when trust in policing is under scrutiny. Black people are already nine times more likely to be stopped and searched by police than white people, official figures for England and Wales show. Emmanuelle Andrews , policy and campaigns officer at human rights group Liberty , said: “Transparency over the use and abuse of police powers is critical, yet this government has shown time and time again that it will do anything to evade scrutiny and undermine accountability.” Meanwhile, the Home Office is refusing to share the results of its own research into what the public think of its nationality and borders bill, which has been heavily criticised and recently was found to breach international and domestic law in at least 10 different ways. The unveiling of the borders bill was preceded by a public consultation asking people to forward their views on its proposals, which include the provision to send asylum seekers overseas. The bill has been described as ruthless and pernicious. Despite almost 7,500 responses from the public – compared to 1,120 stakeholders – the Home Office is refusing to publish the results, raising questions over what it is trying to hide. Using a Freedom of Information exemption, officials argue that the “balance of the public interest lies in… withholding the information”, seeming to overlook that the data is from a public consultation on an issue of widespread national debate. However it did concede: “Disclosing the full reports would increase public awareness of the issues, accountability and transparency.” Sonya Sceats , chief executive at Freedom from Torture , which submitted the FoI, said: “Opposition to this government’s cruel and lawbreaking anti-refugee bill is growing. The Home Office’s refusal to publish findings from its own public consultation begs the question: what exactly has the British public told them that they want to keep hidden from us? ” ‘Transparency over police powers is critical, yet this government is evading scrutiny’ Emmanuelle Andrews, Liberty Sceats called on the home secretary, Priti Patel, to release the report, adding that her group has instructed solicitors to draft an internal review into the decision. The policing bill has also come under recent and sustained criticism , including from former police leaders, with Patel keen to add new protest-related stop-and-search powers. Andrews added: “The government is facing growing opposition to its policing bill, which will expand stop and search in a way it knows will lead to more discrimination, more dangerous interactions with the police for people of colour, especially black men, and will exacerbate the underlying conditions that lead to serious violence. The government must listen to these warnings and scrap the bill before it puts more people in danger.” The unpublished data covers part of the first lockdown when the Metropolitan police increased its most discriminatory form of stop and search – section 60 – despite a fall in crime. The Home Office has been contacted for comment.

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:31 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:12 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 31 Anger over ‘grotesque abuse’ of £600,000 case to keep Mountbatten papers secret LEFT Lord and Lady Mountbatten at Broadlands, their Hampshire home, in 1958. Slim Aarons/ Getty Images BELOW Mahatma Gandhi and the Mountbattens in Delhi in 1947. Topical Press Agency/Getty Images David Owen condemns Cabinet Office’s ‘waste of public money’ in four-year bid to stop part of archive’s release. By Jon Ungoed-Thomas The Cabinet Office has been accused of a “grotesque abuse” of public funds in a freedom of information battle over the personal diaries of Lord and Lady Mountbatten in which costs are now expected to exceed £600,000. Andrew Lownie , the author and historian, has fought a four-year legal battle over the papers that are in an archive saved for the nation after a fundraising campaign. They are now held at Southampton University. The university initially blocked the release of the diaries and correspondence between the Mountbattens covering historical events from the abdication of Edward VIII to the independence of India, after seeking advice from the Cabinet Office. Lownie, author of a 2019 biography of the Mountbattens , has successfully forced the release of the vast bulk of papers. The Cabinet Office and the university are still fighting Lownie in an information tribunal over the material not yet released. Lownie’s legal costs for the case and an appeal hearing due to be heard next week are now at about £350,000. His legal team says a “conservative estimate” for the total legal costs for the Cabinet Office, university and the Information Commissioner’s Office is £300,000. Lord David Owen, the former foreign secretary who has left his own archive of papers to Liverpool University, said: “This has been a grotesque abuse of public money. It’s an absolutely disgraceful interference by the government and Mr Lownie should be paid back his costs.” Mountbatten, who was born to the German Battenberg family , became one of the most trusted advisers to the royal family and was a mentor to Prince Charles. He and his wife, Edwina , were influential figures in London society in the 1920s, mixing with the royal family and Hollywood stars such as Charlie Chaplin and Fred Astaire. They both had affairs during their marriage and their personal lives were described as “messy and complex”. Mountbatten served as the last viceroy in India. Edwina struck up a close friendship with Jawaharlal Nehru , the first prime minister of independent India, and there was speculation they had an affair. Mountbatten was chief of the defence staff, head of the armed forces in Britain, from 1959 to 1965. He was assassinated in August 1979 by a bomb planted on his fishing boa t ‘These diaries offer an invaluable insight into some of the most significant events of the last century’ Andrew Lownie, historian LEFT Mountbatten inspects the troops as he takes up his position as viceroy of India in March 1947. Getty Images in County Sligo , Ireland. Lownie, who is raising funds for the case on the legal funding website CrowdJustice, said: “These diaries and the correspondence contain fantastic detail and are a unique and invaluable insight into some of the most significant historical events of the last century. “The government and the university have gone from a position where nothing could be released to where almost everything can be released. We want to try and recover our costs, but they still haven’t admitted the game is up.” The diaries covering the period from 1920 to 1968 are part of a larger collection of 4,500 boxes of documents and photographs, known as the Broadlands Archives , which were kept for years at the Mountbattens’ Hampshire estate. They include the papers of the 19th-century prime minister Lord Henry Palmerston and 1,200 letters from Queen Victoria. The documents were moved on loan to Southampton University in 1989 through an agreement with Trustees of the Broadlands Archive, a Mountbatten family trust. The trustees subsequently decided to sell the archive and they were saved for the nation in 2011 with a £2m grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund. Lownie requested access to the diaries and correspondence in 2017, but was told the papers were sealed on advice from the Cabinet Office. The Information Commissioner’s Office ruled in December 2019 that the documents should be released, but the university, supported by the government, appealed. Rupert Earle, a partner at legal firm Bates Wells who is acting for Lownie, said: “The documents were transferred to the university on the basis they would be open to the public, but the Cabinet Office has a default setting of secrecy. It has been an outrageous waste of public money.” The Cabinet Office said it is not appropriate to comment during legal proceedings, but has said in parliamentary response that Mountbatten accepted his diaries should not be disclosed without first being vetted. Officials are still deciding whether to release details of the government’s legal costs . A Southampton University spokesperson said: “99.8% of the Broadlands Archives, which consist of 4,500 boxes, is publicly available . We were directed [in 2011] to keep a small number of the papers closed until otherwise advised. ”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:32 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 13:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 32 07.11.21 News • Why colour is the new black as designers look to a bright future Once the epitome of cool, the dark and moody look is out of favour among a generation tired of bad news and restrictions, writes Lauren Cochrane From the classic little black dress to a forever cool biker jacket, black has long been fashion’s last word in chic. “I love black because it affirms, designs and styles,” Yves Saint Laurent once said. “A woman in a black dress is a pencil stroke.” But, in a post-restriction world, even this stamp of approval has been undermined. Because, in 2021, colour is the new black. Last week Harper’s Bazaar ran a feature titled How Gen Z killed basic black, in which writer Isabel Slone argued that “utilitarianism has been replaced with a spirit of experimentation” in fashion. Black, such a useful and versatile staple in wardrobes, is the fall guy. “An all-black wardrobe is no longer shorthand for a mysterious and brooding individual,” wrote Slone. “More and more, it telegraphs that a person is, well, old-fashioned.” The take-up of colour is widespread. Scroll through any fashionable Instagram feed and you will find influencers dressed in brights ranging from pumpkin orange to primrose yellow, aqua blue, neon pink and grass green, sometimes all in the same outfit. The trend can also be seen in street style and on celebrities – like Rihanna in bright green on a dinner date in New York , and Kim Kardashian in head-to-toe highlighter pink when hosting Saturday Night Live recently. In the 48 hours following Kardashian’s appearance, searches for pink rose 82% on the fashion search platform, Lyst. Colour is on the catwalk, too. Tagwalk, a fashion search engine which documents catwalk trends, reports that colourblocking at the

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:33 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 13:26 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • News The Observer 07.11.21 33 The new black From left: pink and red from the Gucci Love Parade in Hollywood last week. Kelly green from Regina Pyo and Kim Kardashian at the Saturday Night Live afterparty. Rex, Antonio Salgado, GC images spring/summer 2022 shows was up 273% compared with the previous year. Gucci’s Love Parade show in LA last week was a veritable rainbow of pinks, yellows and reds, while K elly green – a shade similar to Rihanna’s coat and also found in collections of brands ranging from Rejina Pyo to Bottega Veneta – has been declared “ the colour of now ” by Elle magazine . This shift away from black is partly down to easing of restrictions in most countries. Colour expresses joy and allows its wearer to look dressed up – an appealing concept after 18 months at home in grey marl sweatpants. Fashion psychologist Dr Dawnn Karen said that “people are dressing for their best life” and this comes with a certain abandon. “We’re going to layer that clash. ‘I’m going to put this on, don’t care if it matches’,” she said. “They are receiving that internal validation. We no longer are looking towards others, we’re looking towards ourselves.” The rise of colour in fashion also reflects the celebration of personal style that dominates fashion now, particularly online. Rosanna Falconer , a brand consultant and co-founder of FashMash, is known to her followers on Instagram for brightly coloured outfits. She says fashion’s embrace of colour “started with the digital revolution. A pink dress photographed much better for e-commerce than a black one.” But, while screen pixilation means this has been rectified, colour still stands out. “ A colourful design conveys so much more in a 10-second TikTok video and might just stop the scrolling and result in a like,” she said. Wearing colour isn’t just about gaining attention, though . It can be a way to boost your own mood, at a time when uncertainty remains. “People are trying to dress themselves happy,” said Karen, “because of that uncertainty, that anxiety, that melancholy.” Falconer also believes in the power of colour to make its wearer feel better. She says she wears it “as much for the effect it has on those around me as the effect it has on me … on dull grey autumn days it’s tempting to cocoon away in neutral colours. But I promise, even 10 minutes in a bright colour tricks the mind into a better day.” Influencer Nicole Ocran describes herself as “a pink person” and her Instagram account features yellow, orange and green and lilac. She says black, for her, recalls an older idea of fashion based around rules. “In the era of fashion that I grew up in, it was definitely associated with like, ‘this is the only way you can be chic’, and , minimal wardrobes.” Now, she steers away from black: “It feels a little bit too safe. I’m in this this kind of stage of my life where I want to be more playful.”

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:35 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 15:22 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 35 Comment & Analysis PEOPLE Lady Gaga Suffering for art has gone too far Steve Buscemi A Halloween treat for all his fellow kids Mariah Carey marked the end of Halloween as only she could, releasing a video of herself with a candycane-striped baseball bat, pulverising a pumpkin as the bells of All I Want for Christmas beg in to chime. There is a brief window in which a Halloween postmortem is acceptable. Evaluating celebrity Halloween costumes is on a par with watching the most prestigious red-carpet events. It’s better than a gown or a tux because it’s a window into that person’s psyche or at least into the psyche of the assistant they paid to create the look for them. This year has been a selfreferential one. The most intriguing trend was wellknown people dressing as themselves. I like it. It is, at least, eco-friendly, preferring recycling over panic-purchasing a flimsy plastic skull mask. Cast your minds back to 2011, when Sophia Grace and Rosie , two tiny children from Essex, became world famous after a shaky clip of them performing Nicki Minaj’s Super Bass in tutus went viral and got them on The Ellen Show. Now, 10 years later, at 15 and 18, they’ve gone (mildly) viral again, for dressing as themselves in their viral days. But king of the costumes was Steve Buscemi , who not only dressed as himself, but as a meme of himself. His line, “ How do you do, fellow kids?”, from 30 Rock, is an internet classic and he reportedly recreated the look for his neighbours in Brooklyn, complete with backwards baseball cap and “Music Band” T-shirt. It sets a high bar for next year. Around the early days of the pandemic, I joined the many readers who devoured Station Eleven, Emily St John Mandel’s novel , which begins with a quick-spreading global virus that ends up wiping out the bulk of humanity. It was a hit when it was first published in 2014, but it experienced a boost in sales, much to the surprise of its author. “I don’t know who in their right mind would want to read Station Eleven during a pandemic,” she said. Now it has been turned into a television series, starring Himesh Patel and Mackenzie Davies, among many others. The trailer , released last week, begins with a scene in which Patel’s character stocks up on food and water in an already deserted supermarket. “Is this because of that thing?” asks a stunned checkout worker in a Santa hat. I wondered whether, at this stage of the pandemic – hard months ahead in the UK, according to Jonathan Van-Tam , our own Santa hat looking perilously askew – the thought of watching a drama about a virus that brings about the apocalypse still held any appeal. After the initial flurry of Zoombased dramas and phone-shot oneoffs that appeared at the very start of lockdown, there have been a couple of attempts to directly reckon with Rebecca Nicholson The stories behind the names in the news the pandemic on British television. Dennis Kelly’s Together followed Sharon Horgan and James McAvoy through the horrifying thick of it; Jodie Comer and Stephen Graham took on the care home disaster in Jack Thorne’s devastating Help . I found that deciding to watch them required a degree of steeling oneself beforehand. It felt unfamiliar, to have to work up to watching a drama and, ultimately, both were upsetting and infuriating, as they Lady Gaga, who plays Patrizia Reggiani in the Ridley Scott-directed, eagerly awaited, knitwearadvocacy fashion biopic House of Gucci, gave a fantastically freewheeling interview to British Vogue about her role . “I lived as [Reggiani] for a year and a half,” she said, “and I spoke with an accent for nine months of that.” (Oh to have overheard her ordering a cup of tea at the local cafe.) She said that towards the end of the shoot she had “some psychological difficulty” as a result; she went for a walk, she explained, and thought she was on a movie set. I have met actors who go full method, to the extent that they will only speak in their character’s accent and, often, it is hard to keep a straight face when witnessing it. The Station Eleven gang Has the pandemic given us a thirst for culture that’s out of our comfort zone? intended to be. They asked for endurance and rewarded it. Maybe reward isn’t quite right. But they asked for more from the audience and they got it. In New York, the Metropolitan Opera is currently staging Wagner’s Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg , which is almost six hours long. “There is always an appeal for huge events,” its general manager, Peter Gelb , told the New York Times . It is certainly bold of him to put on its I have never before encountered a woman who does it ; it always struck me as self-indulgent and commitment-free to check out of real life for such an extended period of time. Despite the thespy, airyfairy comedy factor, though, it speaks to a bleak fantasy of performance or art requiring suffering to seem real and surely not even a fabulous film should require that. Himesh Patel and Matilda Lawler in Station Eleven. Ian Watson/ HBO Max longest opera during a pandemic while many theatres are considering shorter plays with no intervals, to get bums back on seats. Whether the risk will pay off remains to be seen. But I wonder if we will emerge from this, when we eventually do, with a different kind of resilience and an appetite for art and culture that asks more of us. Station Eleven is a brilliant story and has the potential to be an outstanding series, if we have the strength to look.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:36 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 15:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 World • On the frozen eastern frontiers of Europe with the migrants caught in a lethal game Asylum seekers are pawns in a conflict between Poland and Belarus. By Urszula Glensk in Hajnówka and Ed Vulliamy On the outskirts of the Białowieża forest – which bestrides the border between south-east Poland and Belarus – a group of seven Iraqi Kurds make their weary way towards the Polish hamlet of Grodzisk. The latest miles of their journey have been from Belarus – crossing back and forth twice, deported after their first and second attempts. Now a third time: through sub-zero temperatures, across the primeval forest’s marshy terrain. Among them are two children: an eight-month-old girl and a two-year-old boy. When we came upon them, they were afraid to get up off the ground and begged us not to call the police, whispering: “They’ll kill us.” The infant was still, though not asleep. They looked like waxen figures, their faces blank, though one woman’s face was covered in bruises. This is one group among the thousands of migrants trapped between Belarus and Poland, as gateway to the European Union, where they seek refuge and asylum. That gate has slammed shut, claiming eight known migrant lives so far. Poland’s rightwing government has secured parliamentary authority to build a Donald Trump-style wall the length of its frontier with Belarus, and meanwhile patrols the territory with a force of some 17,000 border police reinforced by military personnel. The Polish government argues that it is a deliberate policy by Belarus to undermine the EU’s south eastern border by encouraging refugees to pour in. The government has also established a two-mile militari sed zone adjacent to the frontier, from which medical services, volunteer aid workers and reporters are banned. Crystal van Leeuwen , a medical emergency manager with Médecins Sans Frontières, told the Guardian last week that NGOs must urgently gain access to the secure zone for migrants’ claims and international protection to be respected. The migrants are part not only of the exodus in flight from war and other tribulation where they began their journeys – across the Middle East and Africa – but also pawns in a game between Belarus and Poland. Lithuania Minsk Hajnówka Belarus Warsaw Brest Poland Ukraine 300 km 300 miles Many are lured by Belarusian travel bureaux, controlled by the authoritarian government of Alexander Lukashenko , which, as middlemen, organise trips from the Middle East to Minsk, promising passage to the EU. The Iraqi Kurdish group is from Duhok, near the Turkish border. It is the scene of intense recent intra-Kurdish fighting, and Turkish strikes against the Kurdish PKK organisation. The mother of the children, 28-year-old Amila Abedelkader, said that the group was lured to Belarus by a travel agency that would arrange travel by plane from Istanbul to Minsk, and access to the Polish border. Migrants are charged €15,000 - €20,000 when they reach Belarus. Airport photos show their arrival wearing shorts and T-shirts, clearly unaware of the temperatures await- ing them. They are then installed in state hotels managed by the regime, from which officially assigned buses and even taxis transfer them to the Polish or Lithuanian border. Belarusian guards then shove them past the fence. “Some migrants we saw had their faces sliced with barbed wire,” says volunteer aid worker Katarzyna Wappa. “We have amateur films showing how the Belarusians drive the migrants forward. The border guards stand there with snarling attack dogs in full battle gear.” Abdelkader says her group had made their first crossing into Poland in early October, but were forced back by guards. Trapped between borders, they were given nothing to drink or eat. “The Polish guards caught us and pushed us back . They said: ‘Go back to Belarus.’ And the Belarusian soldier said: ‘No, no go back to Poland.’ When the water was all finished, my brother asked Polish soldiers for some water to drink. Every day we asked about water. They say: ‘No, no.’” The guards refused to supply milk for the baby. The migrants drank rainwater or from puddles . This was their third attempt. Whether they have since been successful is unclear. But every morning we receive news on WhatsApp from people held in the border guards’ cells. Bulletins such as: “Yesterday a family and their sick son staying with us were taken by the police back to the border.” And: “We are so frightened of going to the border because my baby is too small. Please help us.” Back home in the nearest town of Hajnówka, Wappa says: “We are creating a network, trying to do what we can, but it’s too much to bear. People

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:37 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 15:57 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World Nicaragua election Sandinista songsmith denounces Ortega regime from exile page 39 The Observer 07.11.21 37 Off-court drama Michael Jordan’s ‘best teammate’ takes his revenge page 42 37 LEFT Polish soldiers build a razor wire fence along the border with Belarus. Attila Jusejenow/ Sopa Images Notebook Barcelona Stephen Burgen ABOVE Iraqi children surrounded by border guards and police at the Belarusian- Polish border. Kacper Pempel/ Reuters RIGHT Alexander Lukashenko, whose authoritarian government controls many of the travel bureaux that lure migrants. Sergei Sheleg/AP are dying in the forest and the Polish state offers no help apart from bringing in more troops, rounding them up, and deporting them back to no man’s land . And if we reach those people, what can we give them? A flask of tea, some warm clothes, then leave them in the darkness and cold?” In the forest last week, volunteers found Mustafa, a 46-year-old man from Morocco, taken in by a volunteer named Mila. Speaking Spanish, Mustafa told us: “As I made my way through the forest, I saw a man lying on the ground. I don’t know if he was alive or dead. I walked two nights until I could go no further. I was walking at night, trying to sleep during the day. I was in a vacuum. “Belarusian soldiers beat people,” he continued. “They beat me in Belarus. There are gangs that stand behind the army and attack us. They beat you, take your money, and split it 50-50, part for the gangs, part for soldiers. This border is like a river of death. What are you to do? Where to go, I do not know.” Once on the Polish side, migrants are tracked down by border guards, police, army, and territorial defence forces; in the Hajnówka region, practically every second car on the road belongs to law enforcement officers. Others have darkened windows – either protecting or smuggling the migrants. “We’re in a parcelled-off, isolated world,” adds Kamil Syller, initiator of the Green Light project, which aims to put green lights in windows to signify homes where refugees can find help, discreetly, and not be handed over to the police. At the Mantiuk Hospital in Hajnówka, a boy from Somalia tells how he watched his two brothers freeze to death. “It’s impossible to say where it happened,” he says . “Apparently he’s losing contact with reality,” say the doctors. “He often asks: ‘But where am I?’” The refugees who reach the hospital receive professional medical care, yet the hospital is patrolled by border guards, and as soon as someone’s health is restored, guards take them back to the border and leave them in the forest. Medics on the Border, a group of doctors with an ambulance, operates in the “open” areas, but are not allowed in the off-limits zone. “We need passes to the zone,” says Jakub Sieczko, a paramedic. “But this is impossible.” Syller says that the refugees are freezing, succumbing to hypothermia and shaking from fear and cold. “The children are having reactions similar to epileptic attacks. The suffering and terror here can only remind you of wartime,” he explains. Wappa feels that she is “witnessing scenes like out of a war, but at least in a war things are clear. “This is worse, because here half the society denies what’s going on. They think it’s all a big sham, that there are politics behind it. People say of the refugees : ‘Why did they even leave home and why take their children?’” This land is steeped in dark history of flight and deportation. And there e are few reminders so cogent as in the village of Narewka, where a row of houses from before the second world war is adorned with enlarged photographs of the Jewish residents who lived here until the Holocaust. The pictures show people posing in their finest clothes: an elderly couple, an Orthodox family, a girl in a polkadot dress with bows in her hair, a sophisticated lady wearing a cap. Now, past those houses in memoriam for Jews deported from here, e, military and police vehicles pass, carrying migrants for deportation. Macho jobs such as matadors are still championed by the far right. From the birthplace of machismo, lessons in real masculinity It’s hard work maintaining the macho image of the Spanish man. But help is at hand in the shape of Barcelona’s new Centre for Plural Masculinities , which offers men the chance to cast off the machista straitjacket. “This isn’t a place for men to come and beat themselves up for being bad men,” says Laura Pérez , the Barcelona councillor for feminism and LGBTI, who has overall responsibility for the project. “It’s a place to talk about sexuality, without taboos, a place to explore masculinity. It’s all to do with how boys are educated to be men. Men have to be heroes, boys don’t cry. This doesn’t allow for the many different versions of masculinity .” While the centre aims to confront misogyny and homophobia, the emphasis is on encouraging men to explore other ways of being, beyond traditional role models . Through exhibitions and events in museums, libraries and other cultural institutions it hopes to raise the debate about masculinity. It will also be active in the city’s numerous sporting associations. Pérez sees sport as being one of the last areas where men cannot be open about their sexuality . The centre will also attempt to fill the void of discussion about gender roles and identity in school by involving parents and teachers. Pérez says there is little sex education and almost no discussion of sexuality in the Catalan education system. “We have taboos about talking about sex but, at the same time, we have access via the internet to every kind of sexual activity,” she says. Some of the programmes pre- date the centre and one of the most successful and popular of them pre- pares fathers-to-be with discussions about fatherhood, childcare and sharing domes- tic chores . A survey by the national statistics institute shows that Spanish men spend an average of 23 hours per week on childcare and 11 on household chores, compared with 38 and 20 hours respectively for women. On gender issues, for some time Spain lagged behind other European countries because of the legacy of Franco’s dictatorship, says Viviana Waisman , president of Women’s Link Worldwide, a not-for-profit organisation that uses the law to advance women’s rights. “Increasingly, we see young Spanish men and women understanding the need to break with gender stereotypes,” she says, but adds that some of the country’s institutions lag behind. This was thrown into stark relief in 2018 with the so-called la Manada [wolf pack] case when three judges acquitted five men of gangraping an 18-year-old woman at the running of the bulls festival in Pamplona on the grounds that the video the men recorded on their phones showed the woman offering no resistance. “The case marked a turning point in Spain, especially as Trump was in power, and when someone is so blatantly misogynist it helps people to understand how laws and policies are so antiwomen,” says Waisman. “Here was a young woman who was the victim of a crime and the judges’ focus was on her and not the defendants. She was being asked to explain her behaviour although she was the victim. It broke the collective silence about how women experience violence and discrimination in society.” Old ideas remain entrenched, however, and have found their champion in Vox, the far-right party that espouses traditional family values and whose leader, Santiago Abascal , is a supporter of pursuits such as hunting and bullfighting. “The ideas about how women can be have advanced a lot. Not so much in the case of men,” says Pérez. “Gender stereotypes affect us all,” says Waisman . “If we only focus on women being feminists and fighting for equality and don’t do the same for men, we’re leaving out half the population.” Pérez agrees. “Barcelona has been promoting feminist policies since 2015, and it’s important we consolidate the topic of masculinity within these,” she says. “If not, it’s just the sound of one hand clapping.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:38 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:51 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 38 07.11.21 World • Pompeii slaves’ room gives rare insight into ‘precarious’ Roman life Discovery of cramped sleeping quarters in villa excavation hailed as major archaeological treasure Angela Giuffrida A perfectly intact room that was lived in by slaves has been discovered in a suburb of the ancient Roman city of Pompeii. Three wooden beds, a chamber pot and a wooden chest containing metal and fabric items were among the items found in the cramped living quarters of what was a sprawling villa in Civita Giuliana , about 700 metres north-west of Pompeii’s city walls. The discovery comes almost a year after the remains of two victims of the AD79 eruption of Mount Vesuvius, believed to have been a master and his slave, were found in the same villa. A chariot shaft was also found in the room , which archaeologists said had served as the humble lodgings of, possibly, a small family who carried out day-to-day work in the villa, including preparing and maint aining the chariot. The only natural light in the 16-square-metre space came from a small upper window, and there is no evidence of any wall decorations. Gabriel Zuchtriegel, director of Pompeii’s archaeological park, said the discovery was “exceptional”, especially as it gives a rare insight “into the precarious reality of people who seldom appear in historical sources, that were written almost exclusively by men belonging to the elite”. Several personal objects were found under the beds, including large amphorae, used for storing personal possessions, and ceramic jugs. The three beds, one child-size, were made of rope and wooden planks. “What is most striking is the cramped and precarious nature of this room, which is something between a dormitory and a storage room,” said Zuchtriegel. “It is certainly one of the most exciting discoveries of my life as an archaeologist, even without the presence of great ‘treasures’. The true treasure here is the human experience – in this case of the most vulnerable members of ancient society – to which this room is a unique testimony.” Excavations on the site of the Civita Giuliana villa began in 2017 and several relics have been found, including a ceremonial chariot and a stable containing the remains of three harnessed horses. In May, three frescoes looted from the villa in 2012 were returned to the archaeological park. Casts were created of the remains Amphorae, beds and other possessions found in a perfectly preserved room in Villa Giuliana. Getty ‘The true treasure here is the human experience of ancient society’s most vulnerable members’ Gabriel Zuchtriegel of the two Vesuvius victims found in the villa last November. The two men, lying close together, are believed to have escaped the initial phase of the eruption, when the city was blanketed in volcanic ash and pumice, only to then be killed by a further blast the following day. Experts said the younger man, who was probably between 18 and 25, had several compressed vertebrae, which led them to believe that he was a manual labourer or slave. The older man, aged between 30 and 40, had a stronger bone structure, particularly around his chest , and was wearing a tunic. They were found lying in what would have been a corridor in the villa. In August, the partially mummified remains, including hair and bones, of a former slave who rose through the social ranks were found in a tomb at the necropolis of Porta Sarno , one of the main gates into Pompeii. The tomb is believed to date from the decade before the city was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Last month, the partially mutilated remains of a man buried by the eruption were found on what would have been the beach at Herculaneum , the ancient Roman town a few miles north of Pompeii. Archaeologists said the man, believed to have been between 40 and 45, was killed just steps from the water as he tried to flee the eruption.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:39 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 12:23 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World The Observer 07.11.21 39 Sandinistas’ exiled troubadour warns: ‘The revolution failed. I have to denounce it’ Four decades ago, Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy sang for Ortega. Now, as Nicaragua goes to the polls, he has changed his tune LEFT Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy in Costa Rica last week. Carlos Herrera/ the Observer Tom Phillips San José, Costa Rica His songs provided the soundtrack to the Sandinista revolution : patriotic, nostalgia-filled odes to the rebels and rifles that saved Nicaragua from imperialist tyranny. “Mine are simple, brotherly, kind folk who sow and defend their revolución ,” Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy sang in one of his most famous tributes to the armed 1979 insurrection that ended decades of US-backed dictatorship in the Latin American country. Fast-forward four decades, however, and Mejía is no longer singing the praises of Nicaragua’s Sandinista leaders who will today seek to extend their rule in an election much of the world has condemned as a fraud. “It was a failed revolution – unfulfilled dreams,” the 76-year-old composer lamented at his home overlooking Costa Rica’s capital, San José, this weekend . Mejía has lived in exile since August 2018 when he fled Nicaragua after its increasingly authoritarian leaders, Daniel Ortega and his vice president and wife Rosario Murillo, crushed a student-led uprising with a crackdown that left hundreds dead. “The situation touched the deepest depths of my conscience and I said to myself: ‘I have to denounce this. I have to speak out,’” remembered the silver-haired troubadour who lived in Costa Rica during the final stages of the Somoza family dictatorship before returning home to join the revolution in 1979. Mejía’s brother Carlos, another cherished composer whose songs eulogised the Sandinista rebels, has also gone into exile, in the US, after denouncing Ortega’s “apocalyptic” regime. Mejía has written hundreds of tracks about his troubled homeland in a career spanning more than half a century but the post-crackdown phase has proved one of his most prolific, with the artist recording dozens of politically charged songs championing the young protesters who tried to topple Ortega – and the hundreds of “martyrs” who died trying. One song salutes the Nicaraguans gunned down during the 2018 rebellion “whose names have been engraved on the homeland’s shrine”. Another celebrates the courage of the mothers of slain demonstrators. In a third, Blues de la Patria (Homeland Blues), Mejía insists: “Killed, wounded, disappeared, arrested, kidnapped – but not defeated.” ‘Ortega and Murillo never left the 80s – never accepted the idea of democratic change without guns’ Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy Daniel Ortega, whose rule is described d by Mejía as ‘tyrannical’ and ‘arrogant’. Other recent compositions target Nicaragua’s “tyrannical” presidential couple, whose security forces have jailed 39 political opponents in the run-up to this weekend’s election in an apparent bid to ensure victory. “Everyone knows it’s going to be a sham – a shameless robbery,” Mejía said, urging Nicaraguans to boycott a vote in which Ortega, in power since 2007, hopes to win another five-year term. One recent recording, Locos de Poder (Power Crazies), describes the edgy authoritarian bubble inside which many believe Nicaragua’s leaders now exist within the El Carmen compound in Managua . “They live in paranoia ... even their shadows have bodyguards,” Mejía sings. “They mistrust everyone, they have no friends, they struggle to sleep, they fear wak- ing up at their own funeral.” In Este Pueblo Ya Votó (The People Have Already Voted), Mejía laments Nicaragua’s transformation into a police state but assures listen- ers: “There’s no evil that lasts a hundred years … The days of Ortega’s regime are numbered.” Older songs, written in the 1970s to denounce the Somoza dictatorship, have gained new life, with Mejía tweaking his lyrics to make clear they now allude to Ortega. “I’m the com- poser and I have the right to do whatever I want with my work,” he said with a laugh. RIGHT Daniel Ortega, centre, leading a march in support of Sandinista in Managua in 1979. Bettmann Archive More than 40 years after Sandinista guerrillas drove Anastasio Somoza Debayle from power, Mejía still has fond memories of that internationally celebrated triumph over authoritarianism. Despite the bloodshed, “it was a moment of certain joy … Nicaragua in the 1970s was Latin America’s hope ”, remembered the musician, who was a member of Costa Rica’s Vanguardia Popular communist party at the time. But now, looking back, Mejía also believes there were early hints that Ortega and Murillo harboured antidemocratic instincts and dreams of “eternal” power. During the 1980s, the composer was a member of the Sandinista Association of Cultural Workers, where Murillo was secretary general, and he remembers an ambitious, manipulative character “who always sought to impose her views”. “I don’t think they ever left the 80s. They never really accepted the idea of democratic change without guns, through free, honest, clean, observed and transparent elections,” he said of Ortega and Murillo, condemning the “madness and arrogance” of two leaders seemingly obsessed with clinging to power. As one of Central America’s bestknown songwriters, Mejía said he felt a duty to protest with his six-string guitar. “It’s a risk but it’s also a privilege,” he said, pledging to be “the voice of the dead, the disappeared, the imprisoned, the tortured and the exiles”. After three years of repression, Mejía urged leftwing foreigners – who once flocked to Nicaragua to show solidarity with the Sandinista – to consider that times had radically changed. “This isn’t about left or right,” he said. “It is about violence and state terrorism against … democracy, peace and freedom.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:40 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 40 07.11.21 World • BELOW Joe Biden at Cop26 in Glasgow last week. Evan Vucci/AFP, ‘Welcome to my world. This is the Democratic party. We are not a lockstep party’ Nancy Pelosi Biden scores big budget win after warning signals from the voters President gets his $1tn infrastructure bill but loss in Virginia shows damage ‘culture wars’ can cause. David Smith in Washington reports Joe Biden hailed a badly needed political win yesterday, after Democrats passed trillion-dollar legislation to repair airports, roads and bridges – and potentially his political fortunes. The US president welcomed the reversal after a week in which his agenda was in jeopardy, his approval rating continued to slide and voters in New Jersey and Virginia delivered a warning to his Democratic party. “The American people have made clear one overwhelming thing,” Biden told reporters . “All the talk about the elections and what do they mean. They want us to deliver. They want us to deliver. Democrats, they want us to deliver. Last night we proved we can on one big item. We delivered.” Just before midnight on Friday the House of Representatives, controlled by Democrats, passed a $1tn infrastructure bill already approved by the Senate . Biden will oversee the biggest upgrade of transport infrastructure in a generation while also expanding broadband internet service. He has promised the plan will create jobs and boost US competitiveness with China. The president said: “We did something that’s long overdue, that has long been talked about in Washington but never actually been done.” In addition, a sweeping $1.75 trillion social safety net and climate bill passed a procedural hurdle in the House, although it remains unclear when it will get a final vote. But the legislative breakthrough did not come easily. Infighting between moderates and progressives culminated in hours of closed-door meetings . Nancy Pelosi, the House speaker, said: “Welcome to my world. This is the Democratic party. We are not a lockstep party.” The point was illustrated later when six leftwing members of the party, known as “the squad”, voted against the infrastructure bill because they did not think they had assurances that the social spending package, with provisions for education, childcare and prescription drug pricing, will pass later this month. Pelosi had to rely on 13 Republican votes to get the legislation across the line by 228 to 206. It had also received bipartisan support in the Senate in August with 19 Republicans voting alongside all 50 Democrats. Despite securing a $1.9tn coronavirus relief package early in his tenure, the president’s approval ratings have dropped steadily – to 50% disapproval and 41% approval in the latest Emerson College national poll – amid the pandemic, rising inflation, a chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan and the standoff in Congress. The malaise deepened last week when Republican Glenn Youngkin beat Democrat Terry McAuliffe in the ON OTHER PAGES Michael Cohen: Biden’s best hope of retaining power is… Trump Comment, page 57 race for governor of Virginia, a state Biden won by 10 percentage points a year ago . In New Jersey, Democratic Governor Phil Murphy narrowly won reelection . In both cases, Republicans made inroads with suburban voters, especially women, who were crucial to Biden’s victory over Donald Trump. Among the explanations was Youngkin’s use of a new weapon to which Democrats had no answer: a culture war over children and racism. The businessman turned politician promised to ban critical race theory from Virginia’s schools on his first day in office. It mattered little that CRT, an academic discipline that examines the ways in which racism operates in US laws and society, is not taught in Virginia’s schools. Controversy over CRT has been fuelled by Rupert Murdoch’s Fox News and other rightwing media, an apparent backlash to racial justice protests after the police murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis last year. “It is a very convenient soundbite for encapsulating everything about the reckoning after George Floyd’s

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:41 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • World The Observer 07.11.21 41 Snapshot The scene of an air crash in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in which Marília Mendonça, the Brazilian singer with 38 million Instagram followers, died on Friday, aged 26. Her uncle, producer and two pilots were also killed in the crash. Getty LEFT Speaker Nancy Pelosi after the infrastructure bill was passed on Friday night. Kent Nishimura/ LA Times death and the Black Lives Matter movement,” said Tanya Hernández, a law professor at Fordham University in New York. “It is a way to gag and suppress any kind of reconsideration of our status quo.” Youngkin turned the controversy into a seductive argument, even citing civil rights leader Martin Luther King on the stump. He told supporters: “What we don’t do is teach our children to view everything through a lens of race, where we divide them into buckets – one group is an oppressor and another group is victim – and we pit them against each other and we steal their dreams. We will not be a commonwealth of dream-stealers.” Youngkin tapped into parents’ frustration after months of school closures . This included grumbles about teachers’ unions and mask mandates . Republicans also stoked controversy over transgender bathroom access. A self-declared outsider with a suburban dad persona, albeit with a background in private equity, Youngkin promised to empower parents even as his Democratic rival, McAuliffe – a career politician who launched his campaign with the slogan “Our kids. Our schools. Our future” – vowed to keep them away from the curriculum. Tara Setmayer, a senior adviser to the Lincoln Project, a group opposed to Donald Trump and Trumpism, said: “Republicans are the masters at finding an issue playing on the racial resentment and grievance within the Republican party base and creating this perception that somehow this is a threat to children, to white America, and some type of invasion of the education system. “Critical race theory doesn’t even exist here and most people don’t know what it is. But it is a masterclass in how perception is reality and, when propaganda isn’t pushed back on, it can metastasise in ways that become problematic in campaigns. That’s exactly what happened in Virginia.” Youngkin’s success makes CRT likely to become a core part of Republican strategy for next year’s midterm elections. The House minority leader, Kevin McCarthy, has announced support for a parents “bill of rights” opposing CRT. Democrats are expected to contend that many top Republicans’ underlying goal is cutting funding from public schools and giving it to private and religious alternatives. The vast majority of children attend public schools. Karine Jean-Pierre, White House principal deputy press secretary, said : “Republicans are lying … They’re not being truthful about where we stand. And they’re cynically trying to use our kids as a political football. They’re talking about our kids when it’s election season but they won’t vote for them when it matters.” In many ways, it is the return of a culture wars playbook that has served Republicans for more than half a century. In 1968, Richard Nixon’s “law and order” campaign wooed the south by appealing to racial fear without using overtly racist language. In 1988, a committee linked to George HW Bush’s campaign funded an advert blaming Michael Dukakis, the Democratic nominee, for the case of Willie Horton, an African-American convict who committed rape during a furlough from prison. Bush’s campaign manager, Lee Atwater, bragged that he would make Horton “Dukakis’s running mate”. Setmayer, a former Republican communications director on Capitol Hill, said: “Lee Atwater understood that racial resentment animates white suburban voters and you can manipulate that to get people to the polls. Critical race theory is the modern-day version of the southern strategy.” Republicans are masters at simplifying messages and repeating them until they become a mantra, she said, while Democrats lecture about policy. “Republicans are predictable in their methods but Democrats still haven’t figured out how to beat them because Democrats don’t do well in the culture war battle. They should learn from this election cycle that you cannot show up to a political guerrilla warfare fight with a policy pen.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:42 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 42 The Observer 07.11.21 World ‘How dare Michael treat us that way’: Jordan’s 90s teammate exposes bitter rivalry of basketball duo • Former Chicago Bull Scottie Pippen hits out in revealing memoir Edward Helmore New York During the 1990s, the Chicago Bulls dominated US basketball, winning six championships, never losing a final , and helping to propel the NBA into becoming a multibillion-dollar global business. But behind the scenes, the dynastic partnership of Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen , presented at the time as harmonious and brotherly, was anything but, Pippen reveals in an unusually bitter memoir, Unguarded , published this week. As with many sporting disputes before it, Pippen’s anger arises from the sense that he was only partially credited for the team’s success during its historic run. The Last Dance , last year’s 10 -episode Netflix-ESPN documentary , he writes, “glorified Michael Jordan while not giving nearly enough praise to me and my proud teammates ”. “I was nothing more than a prop. His ‘best teammate of all time’, he called me. He couldn’t have been more condescending if he tried,” he fumes, according to an extract published in GQ last week. “Michael deserved a large portion of the blame” for the omissions, he writes, saying that the producers of the series had granted the player editorial control. “He was the leading man and the director.” “Michael was determined to prove to the current generation of fans that he was larger than life during his day – and still larger than LeBron James , the player many consider his equal, if not superior.” “How dare Michael treat us that way after everything we did for him and his precious brand,” Pippen writes, adding, “to make things worse, Michael received $10m for his role in the doc, while my teammates and I didn’t earn a dime.” But the player rationalised the characterisation of Jordan in an interview with the New York Times. “I think he’s always separated himself a little bit from what I consider the traditional team concept, in some sense. And I think The Last Dance just put the icing on the cake. “Each episode was the same: Michael on a pedestal, his teammates secondary, smaller, the message no different from when he referred to us back then as his ‘supporting cast’.” Pippen’s accusations, to which Michael Jordan, left, and Pippen in their 1990s heyday with the Chicago Bulls. Andrew Bernstein/Getty Jordan has yet to respond , is not the first to expose the reality behind creative, competitive relationships once thought to be harmonious . Newscaster Katie Couric came out with a stinging autobiography depicting rivalry and backstabbing during her time in TV news. Paul McCartney’s The Lyrics: 1956 to the Present opens up about a rough patch in his relationship with John Lennon. “When we broke up and everyone was now flailing around, John turned nasty,” McCartney writes. “I don’t really understand why. Maybe because we grew up in Liverpool, where it was always good to get in the first punch of a fight.” But Pippen has gone farther than most in unburdening himself of his disappointment with his creative partner, and there are undercurrents of other, more entrenched differences. Jordan grew up with three siblings and a stable family life . Pippen, by contrast, grew up in Arkansas with 11 older siblings. His father worked in a paper mill until he was paralysed by a stroke. Early in his career, in 1991, Pippen signed himself into a seven-year contract that eventually made him only the 122nd highest paid player in the NBA. “I felt like I couldn’t afford to gamble myself if I got injured,” he says in the film. “I needed to make sure that people in my corner were taken care of.” In the 1997-98 season , Pippen took time out for tendon surgery and Jordan accused him of being “selfish” . Pippen hits back: “You want to know what selfish is? Selfish is retiring right before the start of training camp when it is too late for the organisation to sign free agents” – a reference to Jordan’s unexpected first retirement, aged 30, in 1993 . “It’s not because I don’t love the game. I love the game of basketball,” Jordan said at the time. “I just feel that I have reached the pinnacle of my career. ” To Pippen, abandoning his team was selfish. “Seeing again how poorly Michael treated his teammates, I cringed, as I did back then.” SALE £179 99 Orig. £299.99 | Save £120 World in brief SIERRA LEONE Oil tanker blast kills at least 99 GERMANY Three hurt in train stabbing AUSTRALIA Shark attack fear prompts search Can’t Hear Voices On TV? New AccuVoice ® AV157 Speaker uses patented hearing aid technology to create 12 levels of dialogue clarity. Flat-screen TVs use tiny speakers with tinny sound. So many people have to use closed-captioning to watch a movie or sporting event. Our patented hearing aid technology lifts voices out of the soundtrack and clarifies them. The result is remarkable. Choose from 12 levels of voice boost – in case you need extra clarity. Only 43 cm wide, the AV157 fits anywhere. Hookup is simple – one connecting cord. Find out why our original AccuVoice Speaker has over 450 4.5-Star reviews on Amazon.co.uk. “This TV soundbar makes muffled dialogue crystal clear.” Jonathan Margolis, Financial Times Great Sound. Made Simple. Free Shipping | info@zvox.com ® ZVOX & AccuVoice are registered trademarks of ZVOX Audio. ORDER THE AV157 AT AMAZON.CO.UK An oil tanker exploded after colliding with a bus in the capital of Sierra Leone, Freetown, killing at least 99 people and severely injuring dozens of others. People whose clothes had burned off lay naked on stretchers as nurses treated their injuries yesterday. Videos shared online appeared to show people running through clouds of smoke as fires lit up the night sky. AP US Eight die in crush at festival At least eight people were killed and scores of others hurt when fans at a soldout music festival in Texas surged towards the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott . The chaos unfolded during Friday evening at Astroworld , a two-day event with an estimated 50,000 crowd at the NRG Park stadium in Houston . AP A knife attack on a highspeed train in Germany left three people severely wounded . A 27-year-old Syrian man was arrested in connection with the morning attack on board a service at the station in Seubersdorf, police said . A spokesperson for the Bavarian Red Cross confirmed that they had helped three “severely injured” people. Reuters Rescue services in western Australia were last night searching for a man who had gone missing after apparently being attacked by sharks, police said. Two teenagers on a boat witnessed what they believed was a shark attack at Port Beach in the North Fremantle suburb of Perth yesterday and alerted other swimmers. The 57-year-old victim was said to be a regular at the beach. AP An ambulance at the scene in Houston on Friday night. Reuters

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:43 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • 43 THE RETURN OF THE SLEAZY PARTY As No 10’s botched tactics allowed the Owen Paterson scandal to spread last week, newer Tory MPs voiced their anger. But was this about saving a veteran Brexit ally – or more about protecting the PM himself? Toby Helm, Jon Ungoed-Thomas, Michael Savage and Tom Wall report

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:44 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:04 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 44 07.11.21 Focus Five Johnson scandals Downing Street flat Details of funding for the refurbishment of the Downing Street flat continue to follow the PM. The £50,000 costs were initially met by Tory donor Lord Brownlow, below . Johnson has since stated he has paid for the work. Johnson’s ministerial standards adviser, Lord Geidt , concluded the ministerial code had not been broken, but an Electoral Commission inquiry will publish soon - which could trigger a standards commissioner probe. • The Mustique holiday Johnson headed to a luxury villa , above, in December 2019 following his election victory. He initially registered Tory donor David Ross as funding the accommodation. However, a spokesman for Ross said he had facilitated the trip, but not funded it. Standards commissioner Kathryn Stone ruled Johnson had breached the Commons code of conduct. However, after new information, the standards committee concluded Ross had been the ultimate donor of the trip, but criticised Johnson’s handling of it. A Conservative MP who entered parliament in 2010 began to receive what he described as a series of “unusually persistent” texts from his Tory whip last week. The member in question had been part of the Conservative intake that followed the parliamentary expenses scandal of 2009. The arrival of this new group at Westminster – many of them with impressive previous careers outside politics – was supposed to demonstrate, as David Cameron said at the time, that his party was reforming its ways, ridding itself of sleaze. By Sunday the MP in question says the texts became phone calls and the level of pressure he was being placed under was becoming uncomfortable. In parliament on Monday and Tuesday he was pulled aside, to have his arms twisted in a way he had not experienced before. “I was told this was coming direct from the chief whip. The message was, if you don’t back the government you will be one of very few who will be letting your colleagues and your party down. It was the full treatment.” But it was not the pressure that concerned him so much as the cause he was being asked to support. To his astonishment, the whips were telling him and other backbenchers to back the government in moves aimed at blocking the suspension from parliament of their colleague, the former cabinet minister and Tory old-stager Owen Paterson. “It was all about how appallingly Owen had been treated by the standards commissioner,” he said. “I replied saying, but hang on I need time to look at this. Have we not had a formal procedure that is pretty conclusive here?” He and everyone in parliament, irrespective of party, knew that an official two-year inquiry by the parliamentary commissioner for standards, Kathryn Stone , had just found Paterson guilty of some of the most “egregious” breaches of parliamentary lobbying rules seen in many years and that parliament’s own standards committee, set up in the aftermath of the expenses scandal, had examined the case and recommended that Paterson be suspended for 30 days. On a personal level there was plenty of sympathy for Paterson. Last year his wife, Rose, who ran Aintree racecourse, had taken her own life as the investigations into her husband continued. But it seemed to most MPs that due process had been followed and the evidence against him was pretty conclusive. Paterson had repeatedly lobbied ministers on behalf of two companies – the clinical diagnostics firm Randox and Lynn’s Country Foods – who were together paying him more than a £100,000 a year. His actions breached rules which ban MPs from taking part in paid advocacy. In addition, Paterson had, on 16 occasions, used his House of Commons office for meetings relating to his private business interests, and failed on a number of occasions to declare those interests . So given the list of breaches what, MPs wondered, was going on? By Tuesday there was little doubt who was driving the “save Paterson” effort. It was coming from No 10. Since the weekend, after his old boss at the Daily Telegraph Charles Moore had written a piece saying his pal Paterson had been terribly treated by Stone’s investigation, Boris Johnson had been determined to act. On Tuesday evening Johnson and Moore had dinner at the Garrick Club and the Paterson issue was discussed. Things were moving at pace. The chief whip, Mark Spencer , and the leader of the House, Jacob Rees- Mogg, were already hatching a plan to hold off Paterson’s punishment and reform the parliamentary standards committee, now chaired by Labour MP Chris Bryant, replacing it with a new committee with a Tory chair and majority. There were also vicious briefings taking place against Stone by some senior Tories, who questioned whether she should stay in post given what they alleged had been her failure to give Paterson a fair hearing. A former Conservative minister who had become aware by Tuesday that an operation was under way to overturn the findings of the investigation into Paterson said: “When it became clear what was going on it was one of those moments where you want to encourage the whips’ office to take a step back, take a walk round the block, get some air and a sense of perspective. It was so unethical. I thought do I really want to be associated with these people?” Accusations have also emerged that Tory whips threatened MPs with the loss of local funding unless they fell into line. On Wednesday afternoon the plan was put to a vote of MPs. Johnson ordered his own troops to be put on a three-line whip. The government won by a margin of 250 to 232, but several dozen Tories refused to back the government. The damaging rebellion saw 13 vote against and 60 abstain, including former prime minister Theresa May, having been encouraged to stay away. Chaos ensued. Labour and the other opposition parties quickly said they would have nothing to do with the new committee that they said would inevitably be a Toryrun sham. Without opposition MPs, parliamentary standards would be upheld and investigated by a body on which only Tories would sit. It was unsustainable and everyone except those who masterminded the idea knew it. On Thursday morning the Daily Mail turned on Johnson and his party. “Shameless MPs sink back into sleaze,” it said, declaring it a “dark day for democracy”. The next morning, amid predictable levels of public uproar, Rees- Mogg stood up and announced a complete U-turn, dropping the plan to pause Paterson’s suspension and, it seemed, the idea of setting up a new standards committee. “It was a total farce,” said a former minister. “The stench of sleaze and the mindblowing incompetence could be massively damaging to us.” Paterson heard the news that the plug had been pulled on him after all, despite Johnson’s efforts, while shopping in a supermarket and quickly announced that he would step down as an MP. Conservative backbenchers who had been press ed to vote for the plan against their better judg ment and had taken flak for doing so in their constituencies were furious. Senior ministers were also tearing their hair out. “This has gone straight into my top 10 fuck-up chart,” said one. Conservative backbenchers railed at the prime minister and what they said had been a small old guard of ageing hardline Brexiters whose sense of entitlement knew no bounds. “Owen Pat erson was from a certain group of MPs from a certain period of time who had a sense of entitlement and large majorities who thought they could browbeat parliament into doing what they wanted,” said one Tory backbencher who voted against the government. “You don’t use an 80 majority in this way. They are out of touch. A lot of us are very pissed off about it. Many of those who abstained now think they should have voted against. It backfired massively.” But if a desire to help a fellow hardline Brexiter who suffered personal tragedy was part of the motivation, and part of what tempted Johnson down such a disastrous path, many MPs believe there may have been other important and arguably darker factors at play. Early on Thursday – after parliament had voted but before Rees-Mogg announced the U-turn – business secretary Kwasi Kwarteng appeared to call into question Kathryn Stone’s suitability to stay on as parliamentary commissioner for

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:45 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:05 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 07.11.21 45 Jennifer Arcuri Arcuri, left, received public grants for her business and had access to foreign trade missions led by Johnson during his time as London mayor. She later revealed that they had had a sexual relationship . Johnson has denied any conflict of interest and the Independent Office for Police Conduct has said that it will not carry out a criminal investigation. Arcuri gave evidence to a London assembly inquiry in September. The findings could embarrass Johnson. The Spanish villa Johnson has admitted receiving a free holiday at a Spanish villa owned by the family of Zac Goldsmith, below, the former MP who received a peerage from the prime minister. However, No 10 has said Johnson will not declare last month’s trip in the register of MPs’ interests – meaning he does not have to reveal its value. The luxury property appears to be marketed online for rentals for as much as £25,000 a week. Patel allegations Alex Allan , Johnson’s ministerial code adviser, quit last year after the PM overruled his conclusion that the past behaviour of home secretary Priti Patel, left, can be described as bullying”. The conclusion would effectively have led to Patel’s removal. Philip Rutnam , the former permanent secretary at the Home Office, had also quit, claiming he had been the victim of a “vicious and orchestrated” briefing campaign after challenging Patel. standards. Kwarteng told Sky News: “I think it’s difficult to see what the future of the commissioner is, given the fact that we’re reviewing the process, and we’re overturning and trying to reform this whole process, but it’s up to the commissioner to decide her position.” Labour immediately cried foul again, suspecting an effort to force Stone out. Deputy leader Angela Rayner leader fired off a letter to Christopher Geidt , Johnson’s independent adviser on ministers’ interests, saying: “For the business secretary to use this entirely corrupt process to bully the independent parliamentary commissioner is disgusting. This type of behaviour has no place in our democracy.” She suggested Kwarteng could be in breach of a section of the code which requires ministers to “treat all those with whom they come into contact with consideration and respect” and for working relationships with civil servants, ministerial and parliamentary colleagues and parliamentary staff to be “proper and appropriate”. The suspicion in Labour circles, and some Tory ones, was that Johnson wanted Stone out of the way because she is known to have been considering whether to launch a separate investigation into the refurbishment of the prime minister’s flat , which reportedly cost £200,000 and was initially funded by a Tory donor. Stone has said she will decide whether to launch a separate probe into “wallpapergate” once the Continued overleaf The Tories reveal yet again their belief that the rules are for little people, not for them COMMENT David Lammy A s the Conservative party decided to selfimmolate in sleaze last week, one of the most jaw-dropping aspects was the insistence from Owen Paterson and his supporters that the investigation which found he had “egregiously” breached lobbying rules “did not comply with natural justice”. The idea he has been denied justice is laughable. The process for regulating the conduct of MPs has multiple safeguards to ensure fairness. Any investigation will be carried out by an independent standards commissioner. After that, a committee of MPs and lay members recommends whether sanctions should be imposed, and MPs approve or reject those sanctions. Our system is regarded as an example of best practice across the world. For purposes of political expediency and sheer mendacity, the Tories decided this system must be scrapped immediately, only to U-turn when their nefarious scheme backfired spectacularly . It is uncontroversial that Paterson was in breach of the rules – he was handsomely remunerated by two companies and he approached public bodies and government departments on their behalf. The witnesses whom he complains were not interviewed by the standards commissioner were overwhelmingly character witnesses and their testimonials did not require interrogation, so they were not interviewed. Nothing they could have said could have changed the facts. The investigation process he was subjected to was determined by parliamentarians – including him. The obvious truth is that Paterson wanted to dictate to the commissioner who would be heard, when and by what means. If you face criminal charges, try dictating the terms of trial to the judge in the same way. He also claims he was not given a right to an appeal, yet in its report the committee clearly notes: “A member is entitled to contest, even vigorously contest, the commissioner’s interpretation of the rules and her findings.” He must have forgotten that he was invited to appeal against the commissioner’s findings both in writing and in person, and did so. It’s a familiar pattern of behaviour from the Tories – whether it’s Dominic Cummings racing to Barnard Castle to test his eyesight or Matt Hancock putting his libido above lockdown – the rules are for little people, not for them. It is no surprise that Tory MPs lined up to trash the rule of law and undermine our democracy. They also sought to threaten the standards commissioner with the sack for having the temerity to do her job. Kwasi Kwarteng’s attempt to bully Kathryn Stone was yet another breach of the ministerial code, and the latest example of the Tories’ slide into corruption and moral bankruptcy. Boris Johnson has had multiple run-ins with the standards commissioner. It is clear he simply wants revenge and impunity from the rule of law. This level of flagrant lawbreaking demands more than tut-tutting. That’s why we need the adviser on ministerial interests to launch an inquiry into Kwarteng’s threats. And it is why Labour has urged the standards commissioner to open an investigation into the prime minister over the financing of the refurbishment of his Downing Street flat. However, we know that such breaches mean little to the PM – from Priti Patel’s bullying to Robert Jenrick’s liaisons with Richard Desmond and to rehiring Gavin Williamson , there is no outrage the PM is unwilling to excuse. How’s that for natural justice? David Lammy is shadow justice secretary

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:46 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 46 07.11.21 Focus • Continued from page 45 Electoral Commission has completed its own investigation into the matter. The commission’s report is understood to have arrived at the headquarters of the Conservative party on Monday. Former Tory attorney general Dominic Grieve said on Friday that replacing the entire standards procedures as they exist at present “might be quite convenient because the prime minister himself might be the subject of its scrutiny shortly over his issues of non-declaration”. Just as concerning for Johnson’s government would be investigations – now being demanded by all the main opposition parties – into Paterson’s other lobbying activities, particularly his work on behalf of Randox during the pandemic. While Paterson was still being paid more than £8,000 a month by Randox for 16 hours’ work, the company won more than £500m of Covid-related contracts from the government. Labour is leading calls for all his meetings and contacts with ministers to be made public.The former Northern Ireland secretary forged connections with executives at Randox Laboratories, a global healthcare company based at Crumlin, Count y Antrim, because of his interest, while he was still in government, in the campaign for a lower corporation tax rate for Northern Ireland. The proposal was unsuccessful, but the veteran MP and the company’s founder, Peter Fitzgerald , struck up a friendship. When Paterson was sacked from the cabinet by David Cameron in July 2014, there was some consolation: a plum consultancy role with Randox that would allow him to use his connections spanning the corporate and medical worlds and politics. Fitzgerald and Paterson shared a love for racing. It was while they were out riding that the MP raised the question of sponsorship of the Grand National. Randox has sponsored the event for the past four years. Paterson’s wife was also on the board of the Jockey Club, which owns Aintree, along with Dido Harding, who became head of the government’s test and trace programme. Matt Hancock, the former health secretary whose West Suffolk constituency includes Newmarket, has been referred to as the MP for horse-racing and has received significant donations from the industry. In March last year when the Covid pandemic was declared, Randox emerged as one of best-placed companies for landing contracts. Hancock had visited its hi-tech new headquarters at the Randox Science Park in Antrim in March 2019 and one of its senior executives had participated in a “war-gaming” exercise in Downing Street shortly before lockdown. On 30 March 2020, Randox was awarded a £133m contract to test for Covid-19. The government said it awarded the contract without being advertised because of the urgency of the situation. The company said Paterson was not involved in winning the contract, but 10 days later Lord Bethell , then a health minister, had a telephone meeting with Randox and Paterson to discuss Covid testing. The government has declined to give further details of this meeting under freedom of information laws. Hancock has singled out Randox for praise. “Randox has played a vital role in building our global-scale diagnostics capacity,” he tweeted in summer 2020. In October last year, the firm was awarded a £346.5m testing contract. Again, the contract was awarded without being advertised. Jolyon Maugham, a barrister and founder of the Good Law Project, a campaign organisation which is taking legal action over some of the contracts awarded during the pandemic, said: “Randox was given the red-carpet treatment and the government must now provide full disclosure on how the contracts were awarded. “The government has been far too contemptuous for far too long of the public interest in ensuring that public money is spent for public purposes. Every time you try and establish how a contract was awarded you are blocked by this government.” Martin Bell, the former BBC correspondent and independent MP for Tatton from 1997-2001, who beat the Tory MP Neil Hamilton on an anti-sleaze ticket, said the government would pay a “heavy price” over Wednesday’s vote. On Friday there were suggestions from opinion polls and the Tory shires that Bell may be right. In the affluent heart of Rees-Moggs’s Somerset constituency, there were stirrings of discontent among the previously loyal. Next to a handsome parade of honey-coloured stone shops in Chew Magna, Mike Brooks, 75, explained how he was considering – for the first ever – not voting. “It was an enormous error of judgment for Boris Johnson. I think he’s done a lot of damage to the credibility of parliament and the Conservative party,” he said outside the post office. “It was obviously partial. They were changing the rules to suit their friends.” Johnson and Rees-Mogg had gone down in his estimation. “Normally I vote Conservative. But I’m quite likely to withhold my vote,” he said. “I think Johnson is a buffoon. This is just confirmation of what I think of him and his cronies.” The village’s younger voters were troubled but not completely shocked by the latest scandal to hit the government. Clare Foster, 37, who was taking her son for a hot chocolate at a local cafe, found it all very depressing. “It’s just one thing after another. I find it frustrating and miserable really but I don’t expect anything better ,” she says. “They are looking after their own.” ON OTHER PAGES Sleaze poisons trust in parliament Observer Comment, p52 PM’s contempt for integrity is at the heart of this affair Andrew Rawnsley, Comment, p53 Interview George the Poet ‘It’s easier to change the lives of offenders in prison than it is outside’ The spoken word artist has worked with inmates for years. He tells Vanessa Thorpe why we need a revolution in education and training to transform their lives A weary raised eyebrow is the usual response to the ideal vision of a prison, where inmates can take stock and improve themselves. We hear enough, after all, about the poor mental health, the violence, the cramped conditions and the illicit substances that circulate. But one persuasive voice is about to take to a public platform to argue that a prisoner really can press the reset button during a sentence – and, furthermore, that the outside world could learn lessons from the successes achieved inside. George the Poet , the award-win-

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:47 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:09 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 07.11.21 47 LEFT George the Poet, who is giving this year’s Longford Lecture. Antonio Olmos/ the Observer BELOW Inmates at Feltham Young Offenders Institution. Matthew Fearn/ PA ning podcaster and spoken-word performer, has been working with prisoners for much of his 20s. As a broadcaster, a visitor and a speaker, he has gained insight into the mind s of incarcerated men and believes the time is right to point out how much could be done with a new approach. “Instead of assuming these guys have nothing to contribute, my lecture is about asking what assumptions we can make that would lay a foundation for them to optimise their time; so they will look back, not with shame, but with gratitude and relief,” George explains. On Thursday , the 30-year-old from Neasden, real name George Mpanga , is to give the annual L ongford Lecture, staged by the trust that works to develop the education of prisoners. Before the event – which is entitled “Change from the inside: what is possible in prison that is not possible outside?”, and is to be live streamed and broadcast on prison radio – the poet spoke of his hope of affecting government thinking on prisoners. “We can’t afford to lose the potential of all those younger people who are not yet engaged with education. So much richness has come out of ex-offenders it indicates that there is so much more,” he said. And the suggestion from Westminster that mere positive thinking can provide the answer worries him. “That is exactly what an Oxbridge-graduate MP would say, someone who is not under the kind of pressure that makes them desperate. You can’t meet someone’s desperation with theory. You have to live it with them.” George will call instead for investment in training that will inspire – “in other words, not training in things that make people feel they are at the end of the line and these are the scraps that are left for them”. The poet will also explain the way prisons have shaped his views on rehabilitation, as well as on creativity and the true value of learning. “When I talk to prisoners about creativity now, I talk about it not only as a human right, but as a human condition,” he said. For him the old, romantic idea of pent-up talent inside a prison cell is more than jus t cant . “I’ve seen a lot of it. But it is difficult to understand the relationship between creativity and struggle. I don’t know that struggle inspires creativity, but I am certain human beings are innately creative and I do suspect harsh conditions force people to look inwards for solutions and that drives creativity.” ‘These kids in Feltham feel like they could be rappers, and that is less and less of a pipe dream’ When it comes to education, the path is clearer, he argues. “There are two ways to think about education: either as a means or as a lifestyle. Getting a qualification in plumbing or bricklaying is a respectable thing, but some people are uninspired by that kind of education. “In contrast, education as a lifestyle means getting into the notion of learning and of transforming your thought patterns by reflecting on other people’s experiences and reaching for the wealth of knowledge available to us through books.” George regularly finds a receptive crowd when he visits prisons. “When you talk to ex-offenders or prisoners, you are meeting people who have already spent a lot of time reflecting. My work is written from deep reflection, so that actually helps. Outside, it is difficult to have those conversations, because people are not often ready for it.” George has worked with the organisation Key4Life , visiting Feltham Young Offenders Institute and honing his own craft with broadcasting shifts on National Prison Radio . “These kids at Feltham feel like they could be rappers. They are obsessed with music. And that is less and less of a pipe dream. Rap is big business now in this country,” he said. “It bothered me for years that Feltham didn’t have even the most basic radio training provisions. Now these things are changing. Building up professional careers in music is under way, not just for performers. It is not just me dreaming alone.” The sport and music industries can offer a route out, he believes. “There is a trope that it is an insult for black people to be pigeonholed into these things. And obviously pigeonholing is a problem, but the potential we see in those industries is unparalleled as far as the black diaspora is concerned.” George, who has Ugandan parents, says lessons from the black world can be transposed into other prison cultures. “When I come into prison, my messaging isn’t the same as it is in the podcast. That focuses primarily on black culture, as I am at a point in my life where this needs explaining . But if I’m speaking to a mixed audience, I talk about the universal opportunities for transformation.” His own early experience, at a selective London grammar school and then at Cambridge, give him an instinct about not handing down life lessons in a patronising way. “That top-down approach to education, the idea that smart, cultured, well-off people are going to share with you how to be like them, does not work. I can say that because that was almost imposed upon me, and I struggled with it for a long time. “It did not make as much sense as sticking with what I started with. I was in a school that was very different from the environment I grew up in and the messaging I received was that the way guys like me talked, and what we valued, was just not going to cut it. If I hadn’t stayed in my own environment and discovered a form of music that kept me rooted there, it would have been hard to remain connected, and to champion the culture I came from.” His first prison visit was at the suggestion of a deacon and he recalls it as a “pivotal moment”. “Many of my black leadership heroes spent time in prison, unfortunately, and their influence across the prison world is still felt today. They provided a space for people who were outlawed, or outcast, in their darkest moments, and I wanted to continue that tradition.” Religio n is one way to offer positive framing inside a prison, but not the only way. George believes any consistent set of rules can work in prison. But he is wary of the notion prison is ever “an easy ride on the taxpayers’ dime”. “It’s just not true. Being locked up with people whose lives have not panned out as they’d hoped is not fun. And if your preference is for being in prison, then fun is no longer in the equation: it is probably a question of life or death.” He experiences guilt from memories of walking away from prisoners he has begun to work with: “I do not want to do the ad hoc thing any more, where I come in and we talk and are all inspired and practically in tears, then I’d have to go.” George is working on a PhD with University College London about how to fund a better system. “People have come and gone for decades and said nice, clever things about prison. If you got all those people over the past 200 years of prison reform together, we would all agree for the most part. But it is about not letting that consensus just exist in the space of ‘people who care’.” Rather, he wants to “accelerate to a public investment conversation”. “It is now about what government is willing to commit to. We need the budget to reflect a transformed vision of the prison system.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:48 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:51 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 48 07.11.21 Focus • Rubens, Manet, Bruegel... curator picks his gems from a restored collection of treasures Culture A coterie of the bestknown faces in art has returned to the banks of the Thames, ready for public scrutiny this month . Paul Cézanne’s card players have been in Norway, while a bandaged Vincent van Gogh has been visiting Amsterdam . Claude Monet’s image of a sun-drenched tree on a beach in Antibes took a summer trip to Hull. Now back home together, they are hanging in the Courtauld Gallery in Somerset House, on the Strand in central London, after a three-year refurbishment that has let in light and created space. The building work, estimated to have cost about £57m , including arranging the loan of exhibits to other galleries, has brought the large first-floor Great Room, the setting for Britain’s first Royal Academy summer exhibitions, between 1780 and 1836 , back to its original stately grandeur. The gallery and its academic institute have been based at Somerset House since 1989, 9, displaying a collection the core of which was once owned by textile industrialist Samuel Courtauld. He co-founded the institute that bears his name only 90 years ago, bequeathing his entire store of international art to the nation on his death in 1947 . The man now in charge of the collection is art historian Ernst Vegelin van Claerbergen (below), the Dutchborn , English-educated head of the gallery. He follows former notable directors of the past associated with the institute, such as Peter Lasko and the Soviet spy Anthony Blunt . The Observer asked Vegelin to pick out a few of his favourite images from the walls of the Courtauld. Among them are several beloved works, together with a blast of anar chy from the avant-garde vorticist movement created by a British female artist with a reputation that is on the ascent. Édouard Manet: A Bar at the Folies-Bergère (1882) Am I allowed to have the Manet? The bar? I can say, hand on heart, it never ceases to intrigue and excite me. We are most famous for our impressionists, and this is one of the most famous of those. It was acquired by Samuel Courtauld himself for £22,600, the most he ever paid for a painting, or at least equal top with Renoir’s La Loge, which he bought the year before. It is now going to be at the centre of our display in the reclaimed Great Room, but we had quite a lot of discussion about how to present it. We didn’t want our visitors to see it immediately they enter the gallery. We knew that the barmaid, Suzon, would dominate the space, so we have put the painting around the side. She looks directly at you, the viewer, making you part of the painting. The gold band that runs behind is the frame of the mirror and laid out in front are sophisticated mandarins, peppermint liqueur and unopened champagne bottles. The two white globes are thought to be early electric lights. The great puzzle remains her reflection, which he has moved from the logical position. It’s a dislocation that catches the eye. People also wonder about her expression. Now it is interpreted as looking bored or alienated, but that’s quite a contemporary lens. In the past people felt she was more enigmatic or even jolly. She is a later equivalent of the Mona Lisa. Helen Saunders: Composition with Figures, Black and White (1915) Now a drawing. They are always compelling for their immediacy and somehow much more approachable than a fully completed complex painting, which it can be hard to imagine someone creating. The drawing process is clearer to us. We have 7,000 drawings in total, and we’ve just received a wonderful gift of 25 modern and postwar drawings. The one I’ve picked is a blackand-white pen-and-ink example by a member of the vorticist movement, Helen Saunders. In 2016 we were given 20 of her drawings, the largest group of her work in any collection. She is a very interesting artist, and overlooked for decades. In recent years she has come to the attention of scholars and curators and, hopefully, now also the public. She started off attached to the Bloomsbury group and to the artist Roger Fry, then switched allegiance to a more radical group: the vorticists. They were led by Wyndham Lewis and only really operated for two years. They were determined to communicate a sense of modern life with machinery, and show the importance of the 20th-century city. Saunders signed her name on the movement’s 1915 manifesto, printed in its magazine, Blast, but spelled her name differently because she didn’t want her family to know of the association. I have picked a very characteristic work of hers. A pen and ink that is a very tough-edged abstraction with geometric shapes. It seems to be a group of figures, and there are two abstract figures at the top, but they may be machine forms, and there are rays of light going downwards. It is a really accomplished piece of work which is completely uncompromising in its abstractions. An exhibition in the Pompidou Centre in Paris this year featured her work, but there is going to be much more to say about Helen Saunders.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:49 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 14:33 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Focus The Observer 07.11.21 49 Lucas Cranach the Elder: Adam and Eve (1526) I came to know this picture 30 years ago when I first visited the Courtauld, and it’s one that has stayed with me: more even than the Cézannes, Van Goghs and Monets. It’s very seductive and beguiling. It has a sophistication to it as there is no sense of moralising or condemnation of this dramatic moment for the whole of humanity . There is not a cloud in the sky, and Cranach has obviously delighted in depicting all the animals, clearly drawn from life – except for the lion, which appears to have been copied, with the result that it’s rather timid and sweet and pet-able. And then there is Eve’s quite fantastic great spray of curly hair. And Adam is scratching his head, as if he is thinking, “This is wrong, but I can’t resist this apple.” The serpent is already slithering through the branches above them and the grapes are there as a symbol of the eucharist, the blood of Christ and the suggestion of redemption. There are multiple versions of this work but this is very much the finest. ‘The boy is in a cavalier outfit. My 13-year-old would be in shorts, with a football, off to the park’ Ernst Vegelin van Claerbergen Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Landscape with the Flight into Egypt (1563) Rubens admired his friend Jan Brueghel ’s father and collected his works. He owned about 10 paintings, although they are very rare. We have one of those. This is a delightful landscape, with the holy family in the foreground, but almost secondary to the beautiful panoramic background. They are fleeing persecution and being led by Joseph, with the Madonna cradling the Christ child. The group have just passed a pagan shrine and you can see that it has toppled, which aligns with the legend that when the true Christ passed by, all pagan symbols would fall. And to the left at the bottom of the picture we can see they are going to have to navigate a gorge via a bridge. This is an indication of the arduous journey they are going to have. Pieter Brueghel the Younger was one of the first northern artists to cross the Alps, in about 1604. And it was said that he swallowed all of the mountains and brought them back to spill them out in Antwerp. In his landscapes he uses the formula of painting in brown at the front, then green in the middle and blue for the background, further away. It gives wonderful perspective. It is very nice to think that Rubens had this painting hanging in his home and that it was important to him. It was first owned by Cardinal Anto ine Perrenot de Granvelle , quite a tough guy who was minister of the Spanish crown in the Netherlands. In fact, we also have a portrait of him in the gallery. Peter Paul Rubens: Family of Jan Brueghel the Elder (c. 1613-15) I love this. It has an immediacy that speaks across 400 years. As a husband and a father myself, the personal element is something I relate to. And my love of the picture is also born of my admiration for Rubens, both as a collector and as one of the greatest artists ever to pick up a brush. He brings everything with him from the Renaissance and then looks forward to what art was to become. We have 25 of his paintings, 201 original letters and an inventory handwritten after his death, much of which will now be on display in one room. But this painting, made in 1615 in Antwerp, somehow covers his full range. It’s a portrait of the wife and children of his friend Jan, son of the painter Pieter Brueg el, and it’s about family and friendship. Interestingly, he does not show his friend as a painter, but as a father, although the two friends worked together, with Rubens painting the figures and Jan Brueghel the landscape. It’s a very touching depiction of the children. The daughter, Elizabeth, is gazing up at her mother, while the boy, Peter, is wearing almost a cavalier outfit. I have a 13-year-old son, so it would have been more realistic for me, I suppose, if he’d been in shorts, holding a football, off to the park. This is such an ingenious composition, with Catharina, the wife, with her stiffer neck ruff, at the heart of the picture, while her husband has his arm protectively around her and their son. The image comes together around this affectionate knot of hands, with the son touching, or indicating, his mother’s bracelet. This piece of jewellery seems to have meant a lot to the family, as it appears with them in other portraits , some painted by Jan himself. Ernst Vegelin van Claerbergen, head of the Courtauld Institute, was talking to Vanessa Thorpe, Arts and Media Correspondent

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:50 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 12:25 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 50 07.11.21 Focus • Wildlife Clockwise from left: a swan comes in to land; Renaissance depiction of the Leda and the Swan myth; a poster for Disney’s 1939 Ugly Duckling; and Natalie Portman as Nina in the film Black Swan. Allstar, Getty, Alamy Heartbreak in the Bard’s home town for bird that inspires a myriad myths such a huge and noticeable bird, swans feature more than almost any other species in myths and legends, art and literature, across much of the northern hemisphere. Ancient swan myths include Leda and the Swan. This dates back to ancient Greece , when the all-powerful god Zeus supposedly turned himself into a swan so that he could approach – and then seduce – Leda, Queen of Sparta. This story has featured prominently in art , poems and music by, among others, Michelangelo , Leonardo da Vinci, WB Yeats and Lou Reed, all of whom were seemingly captivated by the taboo subject of sex between a swan and a woman. Swans have long held a special place in the nation’s heart and imagination. But now they are dying in alarming numbers, writes Stephen Moss T o the British, the swan is not so much a bird as a national treasure – the avian equivalent of Dame Judi Dench or Sir David Attenborough . Its unique status is a result of its long and complex history living alongside us, a relationship that goes back well over a thousand years. Alarm at reports last week that dozens of swans and cygnets have died of bird flu in Shakespeare’s home town of Stratford-upon-Avon – up to half of the town’s population – reminded us just how passionate the British public are about the bird. Swans are both more vulnerable than many other birds to the disease, and being so large and obvious, when they do have symptoms more likely to get noticed. The town’s former mayor, Cyril Bennis , who has been campaigning on behalf of the local swans for four decades, has described the deaths as “heartbreaking”. The Stratford swans – and the species we usually see on our park ponds, lakes, rivers and gravel pits – are mute swans; yet despite this name, they can and do make a wide range of sounds. “Mute” was chosen to contrast with the whooper swan which, as its name suggests, makes a loud, honking call when in flight. What is not so well known is that the mute used to be called the “tame swan”. This was partly to distinguish it from the two species of “wild swan” – the whooper and its smaller cousin, the Bewick’s – winter visitors to Britain from Iceland, Scandinavia and Siberia. The description “tame” was applied because, for more than a millennium from the Anglo-Saxon era through to the 19th century, swans were farmed in swanneries. Today, only one, in Abbotsbury, Dorset , survives. Swans were kept not simply as a source of feathers and meat (the tender cygnets being preferred to the adults’ much tougher, gamier flesh), but also as a status symbol; owning them was in the gift of the monarch, who would bestow on favoured nobles the right to keep swans . Such was the value of these magnificent birds that to kill a swan was classed as treason, and taking even a single egg could result in a year’s imprisonment. The fact that swans were in the gift of the crown led to another myth – that all Britain’s swans are owned by the Queen. They are not; although the annual swan-upping ceremony on the River Thames, in which the year’s new cygnets are caught and marked, does denote royal ownership of some . Unlike most birds, swans are indeed very tame. Sometimes they may approach closer than you would prefer, especially if you are on their territory in the breeding season. And although the belief that a swan can break a man’s arm with a single blow of its wing is another myth, when a large male fles towards you with shuf- wings outstretched, ed, hissing loudly, it can be scary. As the Queen’s official swan warden, Professor Christopher Perrins, points out, not everybody likes swans. Not surprisingly for In popular culture Fans of the glam rock star Marc Bolan ( below) leave model swans at the roadside shrine in Barnes, London, where he died in a car crash – a reference to his song Ride a White Swan . In Edgar Wright’s comedy film Hot Fuzz, two hapless policemen, played by Simon Pegg and Nick Frost, try to catch a rogue swan. The sequence was filmed in Wright’s home city of Wells in Somerset, where the swans at the Bishop’s Palace famously ring a bell when they want to be fed – a custom dating back to the Victorian era. But surely the best-known swan in popular culture is the title character of the Hans Christian Andersen fairytale The Ugly Duckling, about a dull grey cygnet who, having been shunned by the other birds, transforms into a beautiful white swan. Written in 1843 , its popularity was boosted more than a century later when Danny Kaye sang the song of that name in a 1952 film about the Danish author. Perhaps the most celebrated depiction of swans is in Tchaikovsky’s stunning Swan Lake, the most performed, and possibly best-loved, ballet of all time. As well as the wonderful music, its popularity is surely also due to the visual beauty of the white swan at the heart of the story. A darker side to swans was explored in the 2010 film Black Swan, starring Natalie Portman , a tale of rivalry and madness, which swept the board at the following year’s Oscars. Am id all this history, mythology and culture, it is easy to forget the swan is a real bird which, despite its size, can also be extremely vulnerable. As well as suffering from bird flu, swans can die from dog attacks, plastic waste, discarded fishing tackle, collisions with pylons or wind turbines, and – a very current threat – waterways polluted with raw sewage. At the end of the first lockdown in summer 2020, there was also a steep rise in the number of swans being deliberately killed with airguns and catapults – often leaving behind cygnets to starve to death. As a nation we may love swans, but we also cause them untold harm. The Swan: A Biography , by Stephen Moss (Square Peg) is out now

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:51 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Social media fuels narcissists’ worst desires, making reasoned debate near impossible Sonia Sodha Page 56 51 Want to change the world? Then you’d better give up on self-defeating pessimism Kenan Malik A fatalistic worldview was once the preserve of conservatives. Now, from racism to the climate crisis, it has come to colonise much of the left Ahmaud Arbery , racism dominates much of the news. Central to the debate is the insistence on the need to root out “institutional racism”. And yet, for all such talk, many, whether columnists or corporations , see racism as the property not of social structures but of white people. Once racism is rendered the product of whiteness, it becomes, in the words of Robin Di Angelo , author of White Fragility and doyenne of the “white people are the problem” school, “unavoidable”, something that will endure as long as white people exist. That is why “progressives” confronting racism “cause the most damage to people of colour” because of their dreams of eradicating racism. Di Angelo has a nice line in monetising white guilt, but serious black thinkers have equally made the case for taking a bleak view. The US writer Ta-Nehisi Coates was acclaimed by the late Toni Morrison as the new James Baldwin for his challenging arguments and exquisite prose. White supremacy, Coates suggests, is like a natural force beyond reach of human solutions. “The earthquake cannot be subpoenaed. The typhoon will not bend under indictment”, as he puts it in his book Between the World and Me . Coates is part of a school of thought, sometimes called “ Afropessimism ”, nurtured by writers such as Frank Wilderson and Patrice Douglass , who argue that little can change for black people and that, in Wilderson’s words , “Blackness is coterminous with slaveness”. He quickly apologised for his crassness but the archbishop of Canterbury’s comparison of politicians who fail to tackle climate change with those in the 1930s who appeased the Nazis was not simply crass. It illustrated how many imagine that the best means of arousing political concern is by painting as dark a picture as possible of social problems. And few things today speak more of evil than the Holocaust. The kind of facile optimism that a figure such as Boris Johnson exudes is deeply obnoxious. It’s a way of avoiding the issues, of pretending that we can resolve our problems by not thinking deeply about them, but by simply asserting “we can do it”. There is something equally objectionable about unthinking pessimism. About the insistence that a social problem is so beyond control that we cannot avoid catastrophe or so deeply rooted that it cannot be dug out. Yet this often seems to be the default setting for so many political discussions , from racism to the refugee crisis. And on no issue more so than climate change. Roger Hallam, co-founder of Extinction Rebellion , has given “ Advice to Young People as They Face Annihilation”. Describing social collapse after unchecked climate change, he warned that “this is what is going to happen to your generation”: “A gang of boys will break into your house demanding food. They will see your mother, your sister, your girlfriend and they will gang rape her on the kitchen table… They’ll take a cigarette and burn out your eyes with it… That is the reality of climate change.” It’s difficult to know what such nihilistic despair is supposed to achieve or how imagining the world as a Mad Max film would make people more willing to take action. The novelist Jonathan Franzen insisted in the New Yorker magazine that people need to stop “denying reality” and tell “ourselves the truth” that climate change “can’t be solved”. “Every day, instead of thinking of breakfast,” he suggested, “they have to think about death.” Not surprisingly, this sense of bleakness and futility has seeped into wider culture. A recent international survey of young people found that 75% believed “the future is frightening”, 56% thought “humanity is doomed” and 39% were “hesitant to have children” . Climate change is a critical issue and one that will require considerable political will and social resolve to challenge . Hallam and Franzen and similar thinkers insist that only an apocalyptic vision will persuade people to take action. In reality, as the environmental journalist Hannah Ritchie has observed : “Once anger transitions into hopelessness, we struggle to achieve much at all.” Telling people that there is no future is hardly conducive to getting them to act to change it. It’s not just on climate change that pessimism has colonised the debate. Consider discussions of racism. From the widening scandal over Yorkshire County Cricket Club’s treatment of former player Azeem Rafiq to the trial in America of three white men for the death of jogger Illustration by Dominic McKenzie Such arguments are not, of course, part of everyday, mainstream discussion. Yet the success of figures such as DiAngelo and Coates and the entrenchment of the view of racism as an issue of whiteness show how these ideas can infect wider circles. It might seem odd to talk of pessimism or despair in the age of Black Lives Matter and Extinction Rebellion. However, a paradox of our time is that passionate protest often co exists with a sense of fatalism about possibilities of change. Much has been made of the disruption caused by Insulate Britain’s tactics of closing off motorways. All protests cause some disruption . The real problem with Insulate Britain is that it has become an end in itself, protesters seemingly unconcerned about alienating people, rather than winning them over . Underlying much of this is a sense of despair about human beings, who, in the the words of philosopher David Benatar , not only constitute “the most destructive species” but whose lives are “filled with dishonesty, betrayal, negligence, cruelty, hurtfulness, impatience, exploitation”. It is, he says , best that no human is born because of “the harm that the created person will (likely) do”. Again, most people probably abhor the better-neverto-have-been-born argument and yet that sense of cynicism about human activity finds a wider hearing. There is a long history of misanthropic pessimism, largely within the conservative tradition. For them, the flaws of human nature are reason to shun what they regard as utopian schemes for social change. “Those who struggle to change the world,” the philosopher John Gray suggests , are merely seeking “consolation for a truth they are too weak to bear”. What is different today is that such pessimism and misanthropy have come to colonise much of the left, too. This, as much as climate change or racism, is an issue to confront. Otherwise, despair about challenging such problems will become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:52 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:13 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 52 07.11.21 Comment & Analysis • Established in 1791 Issue № 11997 Boris Johnson Sleaze defines this PM and poisons trust in parliament Former prime ministers tend to avoid engaging in personal criticism of their successors, particularly if they served as leader of the same party. Sir John Major’s verdict on Boris Johnson’s handling of the Owen Paterson affair – “shameful and wrong” and “politically corrupt” – is an extraordinary and devastating intervention that shows how low the prime minister’s reputation has sunk with senior members of his party. Major has even gone so far as to say that he would face a dilemma were he to have to consider voting for Johnson at the next general election. Johnson’s handling of the standard committee’s findings and recommendations on Paterson has been disgraceful. The Commons committee, comprised not just of cross-party MPs but members of the public, upheld findings by the parliamentary commissioner for standards that Paterson had egregiously breached the rules on several occasions, by lobbying ministers as a paid consultant for two private companies. It was a clear example of an MP using his elected office for financial gain to the benefit of private interests. Had the government not intervened, the Commons would have almost certainly voted to impose a 30-day suspension on Paterson, as recommended by the committee. Instead, the government interfered in what should have been a free vote to insist Conservative MPs vote to overturn the committee’s recommendations and support an amendment to reform the standards system, reportedly threatening that if they failed to back the government, they would lose funding for their constituencies . When it was clear the reaction this engendered even among the sympathetic press was far worse than the government expected, it U-turned. This unedifying episode merely confirms what we already knew of Johnson: that he is a man utterly lacking in integrity, with no regard for standards in public life. Johnson has already been investigated by Kathryn Stone , the parliamentary standards commissioner, more than any other MP in the last three years and has previously faced sanctions for breaching parliamentary rules around registering his financial interests. The Electoral Commission is investigating the redecoration costs of his Downing Street flat based on the fact there are “reasonable grounds” to think many offences may have been committed; once this concludes, Johnson could face his fourth investigation by Stone into the same matter. It was therefore a gross conflict of interest for the business secretary, Kwasi Kwarteng, to launch an attack on Stone in the wake of her thorough and impartial investigation into Paterson’s conduct and gives the impression of a government looking to neuter an independent system for monitoring parliamentary standards . Johnson faces other questions over his personal integrity, including over the value of a free luxury holiday he accepted as a gift in recent weeks in Spain. His attitude infects standards right across government. When an investigation found Priti Patel had broken the ministerial code by bullying civil servants, it was not she who resigned, but the independent adviser on ministerial standards. The National Audit Office found last year that those with personal ministerial contacts were far more likely to win lucrative, pandemic-related contracts for personal protective equipment . This is not just about corruption in the processes of government. It goes to the very heart of what this government is about. Johnson was elected on a platform of getting Brexit done, after having led a referendum campaign that made deliberately misleading claims to voters: that leaving the EU would result in an extra £350m a week for the NHS (a claim the UK Statistics Authority later ruled was a clear misuse of official statistics ) . These are the false promises of populism: abjectly disrespecting voters by pretending that there are easy solutions to big challenges . It takes a certain kind of charlatan, driven chiefly by the desire for power, not the national interest, to embrace this kind of politics as Johnson has done. Since becoming prime minister, he has expelled from his party his colleagues who disagree with him on Brexit, unlawfully shut down parliament to try to force through his Brexit deal against parliamentary opposition , lied about the consequences of the Northern Ireland protocol and threatened to break international agreements to get his way. A disregard for the rules and a lack of probity is not some byproduct of Boris Johnson’s tenure in No 10: it is the defining aspect of his character, his career and his politics. This means that tightening up the rules can only achieve so much. The UK has a more lax approach to lobbying than many other parliamentary democracies; there is no question that tougher rules should be introduced, including a comprehensive register of all political lobbying and an agency to regulate the revolving door between ministerial and government office and lucrative private sector contracts . Parliamentarians should consider introducing a cap on their additional earnings and an approval system for any additional income they earn. But the problem goes much wider: a culture of impunity within this government and the erosion of an unwritten honour code, which new rules cannot by themselves wholly fix. The damage goes beyond the ratings of a particular party or leader. Just as the expenses scandal did 12 years ago, the sleazy cronyism of this government will further erode public trust in our democratic institutions . Boris Johnson serves at the pleasure of Conservative MPs: they have the power to topple him. They should be examining their consciences as to whether his rotten and corrupt leadership is really the best their party can offer Britain. Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU Telephone 020 3353 2000 email editor@ observer.co.uk Femicide Prevention should be a priority in halting violence against women A Call to Action was published in January 2020 demanding a domestic abuse perpetrator strategy for England and Wales. Police and crime commissioners, academics and organisations including Respect, SafeLives and Women’s Aid, all added their signatures. The report pointed out that, while there were at least 400,000 serious perpetrators, fewer than 1% received specialist intervention to challenge and change their behaviour. So why is there so little provision? As the Observer reports today in the latest article in our End Femicide campaign, the epidemic of male violence against women and girls (VAWG) makes up 40 % of police business, yet prevention – stopping perpetrators before they inflict psychological, physical, sexual, economic and digital damage (utilising social media ) – is given a low priority. Convictions for domestic abuse offences have dropped 35% in five years; a woman is killed by a man every three days, according to the Femicide Census, whose data has helped to inform our campaign , a terrible statistic unchanged for 10 years. Zoe Billingham , former lead inspector on the police’s response to domestic abuse at Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services , says that if this was organised crime, police would be using all the covert tactics at their disposal to arrest offenders. According to the Crime Survey for England and Wales in the year ending March 2020, there were an estimated 1.6 million female victims of domestic abuse, aged 16 to 59. Men are victims too, but women are far more likely to become victims of sexual and psychological violence. Data on police recorded crime based on information from 36 forces in the year to March 2021 shows that 82% of sexual grooming offences are against women and girls and 80% of victims o f stalking, voyeurism and exposure are female. This month, the government will publish its first statutory domestic abuse strategy. Influenced by the Call to Action, it also addresses perpetrators. That is welcome – if the strategy is comprehensive, well funded, properly evaluated and monitored and does not drain resources from victims. Prevention begins in early childhood to counter the toxic culture that breeds misogyny and male sexual entitlement. Sex and relationship education is compulsory in schools, but what works best to engender respect and empathy is far from understood. A teenage boy who is concerned about his behaviour will find few resources if he seeks help. Perpetrators are hugely diverse, but missed opportunities for intervention include childhood trauma, mental ill health, a history of criminal behaviour and substance misuse. The abhorrent actions of police officer Wayne Couzens , killer of Sarah Everard, have triggered several investigations into our institutions, including the police and army, which reveal the appalling scale of abuse of women and a shameful lack of action by those in authority. BBC research revealed that UK police forces received more than 800 allegations of domestic abuse against officers and staff in the last five years, yet only 5% were prosecuted. What does that say about our culture and a shameful lack of accountability? Femicide and abuse won’t end until misogyny is recognised for what it is and eliminated. Two steps would make a difference. First, VAWG must be included in the new Serious Violence Duty , part of the police, crime, sentencing and courts bill , which requires public bodies such as police, health, housing and education to work together to end violence. Second, VAWG needs to be included in the strategic policing requirement that dictates the top priorities for all 43 police forces in England and Wales, along with counter-terrorism, serious organised crime and child sexual exploitation. As Billingham says: “If this opportunity is squandered now, we all lose.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:53 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 07.11.21 53 @andrewrawnsley Andrew Rawnsley Boris Johnson’s contempt for integrity is at the rotten heart of the Paterson affair Boris Johnson is a law unto himself. His housemaster at Eton noted his belief that he should be treated as “an exception, one who should be free of the network of obligation which binds everyone else”. He rarely encounters a rule without feeling the urge to break it. Know this and you are well on the way to understanding why the government engaged in grubby scheming to undermin e parliament’s anticorruption safeguards, then brutish bullying of Tory MPs to make them follow the prime minister’s orders, before the intensity of the backlash forced an abject retreat over the Owen Paterson affair. For what cause did Mr Johnson bring so much opprobrium, humiliation and recrimination on his government’s head? The independent commissioner for parliamentary standards found Mr Paterson guilty of serial and egregious breaches of the rules when he lobbied ministers and officials on behalf of two companies together paying him more than a £100,000 a year . The all-party standards committee agreed that he had brought parliament into disrepute. Three of its four Conservative MPs endorsed that verdict. The fourth recused himself because he was a close friend of the accused. The committee recommended a 30-day suspension from the Commons, a sanction that many looking on from outside will consider lenient. In the normal world, bringing your employer into disrepute is customarily a sackable offence. The suicide of his wife engendered sympathy among MPs and perhaps his constituents too. Had he expressed contrition and accepted his punishment, rather than defiantly insisting that he was innocent and would do it all again, many of his colleagues think Mr Paterson would have stood a good chance of carrying on as an MP. This could have been a very small footnote in the life of this parliament. It was choices made in Downing Street that turned a lobbying affair involving one former cabinet minister into an utterly disreputable episode for the entire government. “The chief whip is not to blame,” says a Tory MP who has held the position himself. “The decisions on these things are always made in Number 10.” First came the preposterously outrageous scheme, fronted by Andrea Leadsom and Jacob Rees-Mogg , the most lethal comedy duo since Arsenic and Old Lace, to secure a reprieve for the prime minister’s friend. This sought to retrospectively rewrite the rules under which Mr Paterson was convicted by setting up a sham committee chaired by a Conservative MP for whom the prime minister’s wife once worked . Many Tories understood how appalling this looked and were queasy about supporting such a shabby trick. So next came highly aggressive whipping, which is alleged to have included threats to cut funding to the constituencies of any Tory MP who refused to fall in with the plot. That’s Owen Paterson: ‘Had he accepted his punishment, he would have stood a good chance of carrying on in parliament.’ not parliamentary government – that’s government as an extortion racket. Mark Harper was once the Tory chief whip . Privy as they are to parliament’s darkest secrets and dirtiest deeds, former chief whips are hard to shock. So you know really ugly stuff went on when Mr Harper describes it as “one of the most unedifying episodes I have seen in my 16 years as a Member of Parliament. My colleagues should not have been instructed, from the very top, to vote for this.” Note “from the very top”. It was predictable to anyone living outside the Boris Johnson bubble that fiddling with the rules in this nakedly partisan fashion would trigger a tsunami of condemnation. Lord Evans of Weardale, the former head of MI5 who chairs the committee on standards in public life , rightly called it “a very serious and very damaging” attack on “the best traditions of British democracy”. Tory MPs became highly agitated by the public outrage flying into their inboxes . The opposition parties united to denounce the government, as did newspapers of every political complexion. Someone extremely close to events says: “I think it was when he saw the headlines on Wednesday night that Boris decided he had to order the retreat.” Conservative MPs seethe with fury. “The whole thing is a total fuck-up of the first order,” says one senior Tory who voted with the government and now feels “like a complete twit”. He’s got lots of company. All those Tories who went along with the attempt to subvert the standards regime have been left looking stupid for making themselves complicit with the squalid scheme, only to see the government retreat less than 24 hours later. They are going to remember that next time they are ordered to support something they don’t like. Some Conservative MPs saw how dreadful this was from the start and appreciated how vulnerable it made them to the charge of corruption levelled by the opposition. The 51 who did the right thing may feel vindicated, but that is the only reward they are likely to get. When a party gets a reputation for being sleazy, voters don’t tend to discriminate between the saints and the sinners . The taint clings to all. So the rebels also have reason to be furious with their government. Then there are the friends of, and apologists for, Mr Paterson, largely older Brexiters like himself, who are bitter that he was abandoned to his fate and has now quit as an MP. “Support for Boris from that lot has evaporated pretty much,” remarks one senior Tory. Another source of anger among Conservative MPs is that this affair will sharpen questions about why they are permitted to moonlight for commercial interests at all when the public might reasonably expect them to be fully devoted to the interests of their constituents. The multi-jobbers are cross because they fear that the government’s grotesque handling of the affair makes it more likely that one day there will be an outright ban on MPs trousering nice big earners from outside interests. “Boris now has enemies on two sides of the parliamentary party,” says one Tory . “He’s made enemies of people who have been terrified by their postbags. He’s made enemies of people who think he has abandoned an essentially decent man. This could be the start of a serious fracture in the foundations of Boris’s support.” People close to Mr Johnson confirm that he ditched the attempt to meddle with the anti-corruption rules because he was taken aback by the scale of the opposition. That is very telling. He failed to appreciate why others would attach importance to standards in public life because he cares so little about them himself. His personal history is punctuated with instances of bending, flouting or ignoring rules whenever they get in the way of his appetites, ambitions or interests. Dominic Cummings has popped up to allege that the plot to discredit the policing of standards was “really about the PM and his own lies” over the lavish refurbishment of the Downing Street flat. The commissioner, Kathryn Stone , has conducted three investigations in the past three years into Mr Johnson , twice finding him in breach of the rules on declarations of benefits. The make over of the Number 10 pad is widely expected to be the subject of another inquiry, once the Electoral Commission has completed its separate delve into that murky business. I hear that it handed the findings of its preliminary inquiry to the Conservative party last Monday, just before the government launched its attempt to nobble the standards regime. This contemptible episode is not a one-off, but the latest exhibition of the pathology of the Johnson government. There’s a pattern of trying to bend the guardrails designed to keep our democracy clean and undermine independent scrutiny of the government’s conduct. The examples are piling up. When an ethics invigilator finds Priti Patel guilty of bullying civil servants, ignore the report. When the Electoral Commission has discomfited you and your chums, plan to compromise its independence by placing it under the heel of a Conservative-dominated committee. When courts repeatedly rule that the government has acted unlawfully, seek to weaken judicial review of ministerial decisions. This is a government that chafes against restraints on the abuse of its power led by a man who has never grown out of his schoolboy habit of behaving as if the rules should never apply to him. In comparison with many other democracies, and in the absence of a written constitution, Britain lacks all that many checks and balances to curb bad behaviour by the ruling party. The forced retreat over the Paterson affair is not only a very deserved humiliation, it is also a very necessary defeat.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:54 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 15:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 54 07.11.21 Comment & Analysis • Riddell’s view To buy this print or others by Chris Riddell for £35, go to guardianarchive.theprintspace.co.uk or email guardianprintsales@theprintspace.co.uk Notebook Rowan Moore Student halls from hell Sometimes, an idea seems so transparently and hyperbolically awful that you wonder if there is some secret brilliance to it. Such is the one for Munger Hall, the plan to build a dormitory at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where 94% of the 4,500 students will live in rooms without windows . Glowing screens that mimic sunlight are promised instead. Some contrarian minds have tried to justify it, not least Charlie Munger, the 97-year-old billionaire who is the building’s donor and designer. He has compared the rooms to the berths inside cruise ships, a view that seems to ignore the difference between a short holiday, where your windowless cabin might be compensated for by the tropical paradises you visit, and an academic year. The university has tried to make a virtue of the fact that students won’t have to go to the trouble of opening windows as they will get all the oxygen they need from a ventilation system. One urban planner justified the project as a response to the shortage of residences caused by nimbies . The problem with this argument – let’s address housing need by making dwellings ever more miserably confined – is that it knows no bottom. Perhaps in the future students can be cryogenically frozen at night, then efficiently stacked using the storage and retrieval systems of an Amazon distribution centre, before being defrosted in time for their morning slurp of laboratory-made food substitute. But we don’t have to go that far to see what a shrivelled vision of humanity it is that gives no value to sunlight or to the rhythms of night and day and where this approach is willingly accepted by The Garage Museum, Moscow. a university seemingly because it comes with a large dollop of cash. On reflection, Munger Hall is as terrible as it looks. An exhibition too far An “international PR firm” sends me “a special invitation to Moscow”. It wants me to see “a meshframed eco-pavilion filled with plastic water bottles”, installed at the Garage Museum of Contemporary Art. The pavilion, designed by a Moscow-based practice called Lipman Architects , is about “inviting conversation around topics such as material recycling and the environmental impact of temporary architecture”. But the climate emergency is surely past the point where “inviting conversations” will do much good. You will also have spotted the conceptual flaw in organising 3,000- mile, carbon-intensive round trips for journalists to witness this worthy work. Marketing slavery? Plantation Wharf is a residential development in Battersea, south-west London, which includes addresses such as Cotton Row and Molasses Row. Now, 26 years after it was built, the local MP, Marsha de Cordova, has called for the names to be changed . “They’re quite sickening and in many respects almost glorify what was an abhorrent enslavement of Africans,” she says. When it comes to cloth ears, it is hard to beat the marketing blurb for Plantation Wharf that local councillor Aydin Dikerdem found on the website of estate agent Eden Harper. Alongside breathy tales of local celebrities, it tells of “a harmless chap of anomalous habits” who lived on a dilapidated barge. One night, “with plans afoot for gentrification, a mystery blaze destroyed the eyesore vessel and the eccentric inhabitant was never heard of or seen ever again”. What a piquant tale this is, what a value-enhancing piece of local colour: a man made homeless and possibly burned to death in the interests of real estate. Perhaps the development’s “expansive glazed sections”, as Eden Harper calls them, offer good views of the scene of the crime.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:55 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:50 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 07.11.21 55 Satire really has left the building when we’re asked to be kind to Ghislaine Maxwell Catherine Bennett The socialite as innocent martyr? Try telling that to one of Jeffrey Epstein’s victims In the long run-up to Ghislaine Maxwell’s now imminent trial on charges of procuring teenage girls for her late friend, Jeffrey Epstein, her lawyer has repeatedly objected to the accused’s living conditions. Last week, Bobbi C Sternheim returned , again, to similarities between the Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn and conditions invented by Thomas Harris for his imaginary psychopath. “The surveillance,” she wrote, in another bid for bail, “rivals scenes of Dr Hannibal Lecter’s incarceration as portrayed in the movie, Silence of the Lambs, despite the absence of the cage and the plastic face guard.” No offence to Maxwell’s lawyer, but you wonder if Lecter’s made-up ordeal is the ideally telling comparator and not only because in Harris’s book we meet the affected cannibal lounging cell-side with “the Italian edition of Vogue”. Further equipped with a fabulous fictional brain, Lecter is able, regardless of glossies, to “amuse himself for years at a time”. The idea of some connection between Lecter and Maxwell could be, even for the purposes of outrage-generation, unhelpful to a campaign portraying her as a lovable innocent whose martyrdom has lessons for us all. “Kindness is spreading sunshine in other people’s lives regardless of the weather,” her family, tweeting @RealGhislaine , volunteer. More prosaically: “Have a great family recipe that reminds you of Fall? Why not share that recipe with a friend or neighbor and spread some good? #SAK.” (SAK stands for Simple Acts of Kindness.) Also: “Expressing gratitude regularly is an easy way to bring kindness into play on a daily basis. Have you expressed gratitude to someone today?” And: “Be a friend. Be Thankful. Be Positive. Be Supportive. A #SAK comes in many forms.” Very true. Though this does seem to be the first time the invocation of kindness, a theme that has become a little threadbare since its emergence in the 1990s, has been urged by campaigners advancing, as Maxwell’s siblings are now doing, the interests of an alleged madam for whom Epstein was “ a thoughtful, kind, generous loving man ”. Scattered between bits of legal argument and pointed references to miscarriages of justice, the many maxims of RealGhislaine might still, I suppose, be inspiring for anyone who knows little about Maxwell’s family and less about the sex offender. But given the rarity, as stressed earlier by her defence , of people unfamiliar with that association, and unaware of or unmoved by the photograph of Maxwell beaming as Prince Andrew rests his paw on a teenager’s bare midriff, the kindness homilies might be better saved for after her trial. Even a guilty verdict might not preclude a future narrative that combines the spiritual insights of De Profundis and twee sententiousness of The Water Babies with the wellbeing offer of Gwyneth Paltrow’s Goop . In fact, everything , if she’s cleared , points to a future Maxwell lifestyle site. Kindness, says @RealGhislaine, “eases anxiety, is good for your heart and reduces stress”. Something to bear in mind if you’re ever unexpectedly tracked down to an obscure New Hampshire address by federal agents. Offer them a favourite fall recipe? But there’s still the question, with the Maxwell siblings reinvented as kindness missionaries, of what their involvement could do to a movement shortly to be celebrated in World Kindness Day . After all, David Cameron’s simple act of pocket-lining was enough to close down further consideration of the “big society” in which people better than himself were to run libraries for nothing. Outside the kindness cult, its extinction courtesy of the Maxwells might seem a conclusion yet more desirable than its rival appropriation by Simple, the Unilever-owned cosmetic business. Before watching Succession the other night, I was urged in a commercial that might have been scripted by team Ghislaine to select and perform a “Simple act of kindness”, thus virtuously internalising its brand. Not unusually for these campaigns, the kindness bar is set low – so very low that you might find you’ve been inadvertently kind for years, banking enough credit after all the smiling, litter disposal, Ghislaine Maxwell with Jeffrey Epstein in 2005. Patrick McMullan/Getty cooking meals, paying compliments or bringing others a “hot beverage” that you could probably live the rest of your life very kindly without further exertion. By, in this way, reducing acts of kindness to virtually the minimum of civic or neighbourly behaviour, Simple’s and @RealGhislaine’s campaigns cheapen the very quality they supposedly promote. If smiling is a noteworthy act of simple kindness, what does a more complicated one, such as volunteering in a charity shop, make you? Little Nell? Over at @RealGhislaine we discover it probably does: “Hold the door open for a stranger and wish them a kind day!” But well before Simple and @RealGhislaine adopted, unhappily for at least one of them, this identically unchallenging approach, kindness was in difficulties and not just because of the perceived success of “ a kinder politics ”. The popularity of #BeKind as a Twitter synonym for “shut the fuck up”, sometimes from individuals underlining this kindly message with, for instance, a raised baseball bat, confirms its meaning has become , at best, infinitely adaptable. Returning to its old-fashioned sense, anyone who can persuade the authors of @RealGhislaine to cease lecturing people who have never personally hung out with a sex offender would, however, be entitled to claim this as a bona fide kindness, with appropriately spectacular health benefits. Edifying as it is to see Maxwells identifying the family name with kindness, rather than with their father’s unforgivable theft from UK pensioners, this philosophy has so far been, judging by their public in terventions, only modestly translated into action. If the Maxwells aspire, as on @ RealGhislaine, to make “kindness the norm”, the project should embrace Epstein’s under age victims, as Maxwell’s attorney did not want them called in the trial. Unkindly, she also wanted these victims named: also overruled. “A hint of a smile, a dash of warmth, a few kind words – the perfect recipe for a simple act of kindness,” we were recently advised on Ms Maxwell’s behalf. Her trial promises to be a moral education. Five million Covid deaths is a massive underestimate David Spiegelhalter and Anthony Masters Behind the numbers: the weekly statistics uncovered On 1 November, news organisations reported the global Covid-19 death toll had exceeded 5 million. But, as these articles highlight, this figure is likely to be a massive underestimate. Johns Hopkins University collates official daily statistics on Covid deaths, but there is no unified global definition : Belgium’s high reported death rate partly reflects its including all probable Covid deaths in all settings, whil e Hungary only publishes hospital deaths with a positive test. Turkmenistan and North Korea have, apparently , not experienced a single Covid death. The UK surveillance death count based on positive tests was around 140,600 on 1 November , but the number of death certificates mentioning Covid is higher, at about 164,500. Even that figure could be too low, with underdiagnosis in early months. A more robust method is to estimate the “excess” over the number who would have died in normal times. Of course, pandemics may increase deaths from other causes, say through disruption to healthcare, although restrictions can reduce deaths too. The Office for National Statistics uses an average between 2015 and 2019 as a baseline and in recent weeks finds a worrying excess of many hundreds of deaths not involving Covid . However, the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries adjusts for a changing population to create an alternative baseline, which yields fewer than 100 non- Covid “extra” deaths in the latest week. To get an uncertain answer to the right question, the Economist built a model to estimate global excess deaths. Russia has reported 230,000 Covid deaths, but may have about four times as many excess deaths. India’s estimated excess mortality is around 10 times higher than its Covid surveillance death count of 460,000, although the uncertainty interval is wide . Inadequate death registration hampers this analysis . The Economist’s model estimates 10 to 19m extra deaths around the world during the pandemic. Five million deaths is a grim milestone, but humanity passed that long ago.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:56 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 56 07.11.21 Comment & Analysis • Social media fuels narcissists’ worst desires, making reasoned debate near impossible Sonia Sodha Online victory is often about abusing others rather than winning hearts and minds If you could press a button and eliminate social media platforms from the world, would you do it? Listen to the testimony of Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen over the last month and it might appear that turning back the clock is a no-brainer. Haugen revealed to legislators in the US and UK how Facebook pursued policies it knows to be harmful – algorithms that push out a diet of misinformation, rage and hate – in the cause of profit. Many of us feel the toxic impacts of social media even as we enjoy its benefits: the natural inclination to harden your position after being subjected to a torrent of abuse from people on the other side . The attraction of reading and lik ing content that shores up, rather than challenges, your beliefs. The knowledge that much of your motivation in sharing those holiday snaps is showing off. But it’s unhelpful to talk about social media harms as though its users are a homogenous mass. Not everyone is equally susceptible and an emerging research base points to traits such as low self-esteem, insecurity and anxiety that might make some people more vulnerable to social media’s darkest corners: radicalisation into ideologies such as the far right, Islamist extremism or violent misogyny; the social contagion of self-harm; and the conspiracy theories that underpin contemporary anti-vax sentiment. However, this only takes us so far in understanding social media harms . One of the most worrying aspects in terms of the polarisation of political debate is its interplay with a psychological trait not typically associated with vulnerability: narcissism. People with narcissistic traits tend to have an inflated sense of self-importance and entitlement, crave admiration, expect special treatment, don’t take criticism well and lack empathy . Narcissism manifests in two forms : grandiose narcissism, typified by the charming and charismatic extrovert, and vulnerable narcissism, characterised by anxiety, hypersensitivity to the perceptions of others, insecurity and shyness. In its most extreme form, it is a personality disorder. A dash of grandiose narcissism in our public sphere is not a bad thing. Saintliness is a rare character trait: most good in the world is achieved as a result of mixed motivations , people who want to do good things because of how it makes them feel and what it does for their status, as well as what it does for others. But social media has elevated narcissism far beyond what is healthy. Social media is the narcissist’s playground. Through likes and shares, it re-engineers their social feedback loop towards the superficiality they thrive on, fuelling a sense of superiority and rewarding manipulative tendencies. Perhaps it is little wonder that narcissists are more likely to become addicted to social media. Interestingly, studies suggest that narcissists on the right show greater tendencies towards entitlement and those on the left towards exhibitionism, craving validation. Narcissists are also, perhaps unsurprisingly, more likely to engage in online bullying ; for those purporting to be in it for moral causes the ends justify the means . And there is evidence that a platform such as Facebook itself increases narcissistic tendencies in people. This online elevation of narcissism has profound realworld consequences. People with narcissistic traits have always been more likely to be politically engaged ; social media has amplified these effects, affecting who dominates the public discourse within political parties and media debates. The ability to command vast numbers of likes is often seen as a reliable indicator of someone’s level of insight and potential contribution. On the left, it plays into an emerging divide about how to bring about progressive social change. One way is to build solidarity between different groups in a way that emphasises common belonging and making people feel good about themselves for joining socially just causes . Another is to make imperfect people feel guilt and shame for their moral ineptitude, for their failure to see the world through the right lens. Social media narcissists pull left-leaning movements towards the latter model of hating on people perceived to think the wrong way, which is destructive to social change but much more thrilling than the boring, old-fashioned work of building alliances across divides. Victory is people being shamed and bullied for minor or non existent transgressions, rather than winning Detail from Echo and Narcissus by John William Waterhouse (1903). Google Art Project hearts and minds. No matter if the punishment far exceeds the crime: a narcissist’s moral certainty dehumanises those who fall foul of their creed. Not only that, there is a risk that performative virtuesignalling becomes a displacement activity for working to achieve real change. Liking a post or signing an online petition delivers the feelgood hit of being on the right side of history, without any of the realworld impact. And the more that activists model this form of branddriven campaigning, the more it lets the rest of civil society off the hook. It helps multinational corporations to get away with signalling their commitment to LGBT inclusion in Pride month or to antiracism in Black History Month on social media in countries where this is brandand sales-enhancing, while doing no such thing in countries where human rights abuses are rife. A core tenet of political liberalism is that the only way for societies to arrive at the right answer is to air all sides of the debate. A long underemphasised aspect of this is that changing people’s minds is almost always more about how an argument is framed than its content. Take the successful referendum campaign for abortion reform in Ireland: the case for liberalising abortion was presented to those who were sceptical in pragmatic, rather than rights-based terms; the terrible cost of an abortion ban for people’s mothers, sisters and daughters, rather than an abstract woman’s right to choose. The most successful campaigns for social change win people round by making the case in terms that resonate with them, not with a campaign’s most ardent backers. But in a world where the economics of social media platforms are increasingly driving a more narcissistic form of campaigning that is characterised by a lack of empathy and generosity, that becomes ever harder.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:57 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 07.11.21 57 Biden’s best hope of retaining power is Trump, the ogre under the bed Michael Cohen Despite Friday’s win, in Congress little is going right. But with the ex-president around, anything is possible If there is one truism of modern American politics, it’s that good fortune is a fleeting thing. Almost a year to the day after Joe Biden defeated Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election, his Democratic party was dealt a body blow on election day 2021. In Virginia , former Democratic governor Terry McAuliffe lost to Republican candidate, Glenn Youngkin , as the Republicans w on every statewide race and t ook control of the state’s house of delegates. In New Jersey , incumbent governor, Phil Murphy , barely held on in a state that went for Biden by 16 points. Meanwhile, the powerful Democratic president of New Jersey ’s state senate was defeated by a Republican truck driver who spent a mere several thousand dollars on his campaign. Does this mean that the bloom is off the rose for Biden and America is on its way to another Trump presidency? It’s too soon to tell, but it does not look great for Democrats, even though the House passed the $1 trillion infrastructure bill on Friday. While social media sizzled with red-hot takes on why the party underperformed in Virginia and New Jersey, the reality is more boring. For 40 years, the candidate of the president’s party has gone down to defeat in Virginia’s off-year gubernatorial election. From that perspective, McAuliffe losing in Virginia was the expected outcome. Moreover, the approval ratings of the president have a trickle-down eff ect on party candidates and, right now, Biden is deeply unpopular. His approval ratings , at this point in his presidency, are the lowest in modern polling history, save one past president – Donald Trump. That’s not good company to keep. Since the end of August, Biden has been buffeted by one bad news story after another. The image of ignominious US withdrawal from Afghanistan cast a pall over his presidency and punctured his aura of competence. As Covid vaccinations levelled off, cases again began to rise, forcing many Americans, who believed just a few months ago that the pandemic would be soon over, to go back to masking and social distancing. Meanwhile, in Washington, Democrats bickered among themselves about the size of Biden’s “build back better” agenda, and the president who ran on his ability to get things done in Washington looked like a helpless bystander. In short, this White House has not had a good story to tell for months and in Virginia and New Jersey they paid the price. But if there is one silver lining for Democrats, it’s that midterm elections are a year away and there is time to right the ship. For all the sturm und drang in Congress over the president’s massive, multitrillion spending packages, a second major bill is also likely to pass, joining the infrastructure bill. The second would devote an estimated $1.75tn to much-needed social safety net programmes, including universal prekindergarten subsidies for childcare, an expansion of Medicare benefits for senior citizens and Medicare coverage for the poorest citizens and, potentially, billions for the country’s first paid family and medical leave programme. Half-atrillion dollars are also budgeted for fighting climate change. Passage of both bills will not only thrill Democratic voters but could spur further economic growth. While September was the worst month for Covid cases and deaths since vaccines became readily available, there was a significant decline in new cases in October. More than 70% of eligible adults are now fully vaccinated and vaccines for children aged five to 1 1 were rolled out last week. However, the combination of strong economic growth, a return to pre-pandemic normal ity and legislative success will not guarantee political success. Indeed, the same traditional political forces that contributed to Democratic underperformance on Tuesday will weigh on the party next year. Historically, the party in power gets shellacked in midterm elections, losing an average of 26 House seats . With Democrats holding a razorthin majority in the House, it’s hard to imagine the party outrunning that history. And as much as Biden’s legislative agenda might seem like a winner for Democrats, voters don’t always reward the party in power for getting stuff done, particularly if they don’t feel it. The 63 House Democrats who lost their seats in 2010, months after the passage of Obamacare, can attest to that. Democrats also face a larger set of structural problems: a constitutional system that favours small rural states (usually won by Republicans); a rival political party that is restricting voting rights and aggressively Joe Biden at a press conference at the White House yesterday. Samuel Corum/Getty gerrymandering congressional maps to maintain power; and an energised Republican electorate. Ultimately, what should perhaps be most disturbing for Democrats about Tuesday’s elections is that their voters came out in droves, but they couldn’t overcome huge Republican enthusiasm. All this may change in 2022, when Trump will probably play a more prominent role and Democratic candidates can use him as a foil to attack Republican s. In fact, one of the likely reasons Youngkin prevailed in Virginia is that he successfully distanced himself from Trump and made it difficult for McAuliffe to link him to the ex-president. That may be harder to do for Republican congressional candidates, many of whom regularly boast about their support for Trump. Trump is likely to remain the gift that keeps on giving for Democrats – the living, breathing bogeyman under the bed who keeps their voters up at night. As much as Democrats may want to run on their legislative agenda, the spectre of Trump could be their most effective strategy for maintaining power and is probably Biden’s best hope for re-election. The structural impediments to electoral success will remain, however, particularly as Senate Democrats, led by West Virginia ’s Joe Manchin , seem unwilling to enact the kind of far-reaching political reforms that would undo them. Moreover, the Republicans’ unabashed assault on democratic norms and voting rights is likely to continue. The short-term road ahead for Democrats is rocky. Still, as John Maynard Keynes famously quipped, in the long run we are all dead and if Trump is the path to Democratic success, so be it. After all, there is one other important truism of all politics – winning is better than losing. Michael Cohen’s most recent book, co-authored with Micah Zenko, is Clear and Present Safety May I have a word? Jonathan Bouquet The shifting patterns of English: why I’m not a dedicated follower of fashion I confess that I’m not an avid reader of the Court Circular section of the papers, so I’m glad that my attention was drawn to the following. The Prince of Wales attended a “Sustainable Markets Initiative Fashion Taskforce Digital ID Commitment Presentation”. Delving further , I discover that “the members of the task force have committed to begin to digitally identify the products within their brands and to adopt a circular data protocol with immediate effect”. Not being at fashion’s cutting edge, this left me further bewildered. I think it means that clobber manufacturers are striving to make their products more environmentally friendly, but I admit that I’m stumped by a circular data protocol. Altogether more explicable is that “vax” has been enshrined as word of the year by the Oxford English Dictionary. The word was used 72 times more in September than in the previous Could this be a vaxanista? year. New to me, though, were vaxxie, vax-a-thon and vaxanista, someone, according to the Urban Dictionary, who gets the vaccine and flaunts it with high-end shopping, trips and parties. What we used to call a swank pants in my day. We’ll leave the issue of whether antivaxxers is spelt with one X or two. Too vexatious, or should that be vexxatious? I was pleased to get a letter from reader Andrew Bunbury, who wrote: “We recently visited the British Museum’s Becket exhibition and found it to be very well presented. However, I was shocked to read one of the historical notes that referred to ‘three decapitated heads’. One would expect the country’s senior museum to demonstrate a sounder use of our national language. The offence is so severe that I feel heads must roll – but please ensure that you sever them this time!” A very good point well made.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:58 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 15:24 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 58 07.11.21 Comment & Analysis • This week’s issue Alliances can work and here’s how Nick Cohen makes a persuasive case for unity candidates to overcome Tory electoral hegemony, at least in England, but an alliance needs to be based on a firmer foundation than simply a desire to get the Tories out (“ Mock progressive alliances all you like, but they’ve never been more essential ”, Comment , last week ). There are at least three prerequisites: an acceptance, principally by the Labour leadership, that an overall Labour majority at the next election is implausible; agreement with the Lib Dems and Greens on a minimum common programme ; and cooperation between the activists of the local parties in constituencies where the numbers suggest two of them should withdraw. Almost certainly, a fairer voting system would have to be an outcome of any such unity government, preferably combining the constituency link with a proportional top-up, as in the Scottish and Welsh parliaments, and backed by a constitutional convention to ensure popular support. Such a radical change cannot be achieved by a last-minute stitch up or the usual exhortations to vote tactically. Dr Anthony Isaacs London NW3 Can I add a modest example from local government to Nick Cohen’s thoughtful article in favour of progressive alliances? Swale borough council is led by a “rainbow alliance” of five groups – Labour, Liberal Democrats, Greens and two independent groups. Since 2019, we have successfully followed an agreed progressive agenda that focuses on tackling local inequality, providing more affordable homes, climate change and engaging more seriously with the community and voluntary sector. Electoral success did not come from explicit pacts, but each party went into the 2019 elections with a well-informed awareness of others’ target seats. Within our coalition, the need for tolerance is a strength and our only concerns come from party tribalism outside our council groups. Roger Truelove , leader of Swale borough council Sittingbourne, Kent YOUR LETTERS Write to us Letters, which may be edited, should include a full name and postal address and be sent to Letters to the Editor The Observer, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (to be received by noon Thursday). Email: observer.letters@observer.co.uk (please insert Letters to the Editor in subject field). For conditions go to gu.com/letters-terms The memorial plaque to Dame Diana Rigg. Rigg remembered It was wonderful to see the lovely article about the late, great Dame Diana Rigg (“ ‘Ma didn’t suffer fools: she exploded them at 50 paces’ ”, The New Review , 24 October ). But, with her clever line – “no one ever sat on my ma” – Rachael Stirling somewhat inadvertently misled people as to the availability of memorial plaques at the Actors’ Church in Covent Garden. It is actually space for benches in the garden that we have run out of. Great stars of the profession are still awarded memorial plaques – and a very beautiful one has been installed in memory of Rigg. We also have a memorial book and can now dedicate our brand new pews – comfy at last! – to members of the profession. In this way, we hope we will be able to continue to remember the stars of our profession for many decades to come. The Rev Simon Grigg, rector St Paul’s Church London WC2 We need a local paper As a long-term resident of Harlow, I think a big barrier to cohesion in this sprawling town (“ Revealed: the towns at risk from far-right extremism ”, News , last week ) is the absence of a proper local newspaper, the sort of newspaper that includes obituaries, club news and civil announcements. The online offering of local news lacks the opportunity of lucky finds. So if a resident in one part of the town has no knowledge of the happenings in another, apathy, it seems, is all too easy. Elaine McCarthy Harlow, Essex Bring back joy to the office Torsten Bell is right to point out the value of control and respect in our careers (“ A good job is about much more than pay. Workers also value respect ”, Comment , last week ). But it’s not necessarily the job itself that is the deciding factor. It’s the ways in which roles are controlled that has disillusioned people. Human resources management has squeezed out the joy that used to be found in the workplace. Its practices shackle employees to an assembly line of appraisals, targets and endless data collection to prove their worth to the organisation. Perhaps employers could attract more high-calibre employees by eliminating the stultifying performance culture. Returning control and respect to employees could improve their quality of life; for the employer, it could improve retention, thus cutting employment costs, and raise productivity through the enhanced motivation of a happy staff. Yvonne Williams Ryde, Isle of Wight Too many flying visits How horrifying, at the beginning of Cop26, to read in Séamas O’Reilly ’s column that his young son has already made a dozen journeys by plane (“ Flight might be a fantasy, but to my three-year-old, a bus beats a plane any day ”, The New Review , last week ). I know it can be difficult when families are separated, but there is a ferry between England and Northern Ireland. And if that doesn’t suit, perhaps a sacrifice or two could be made by reducing the number of visits to family abroad; we do have phones and Zoom. Perhaps Séamas could begin to teach his son the link between transport and climate change. After all, it is his little boy’s future that is at stake. Laraine Thompson Tamworth, Staffordshire Nature knows best In your article on tree planting (“ ‘How can we grow new forests if we don’t have enough trees to plant?’ ”, News , last week ), I was surprised to see no mention of the obvious solution… rewilding. If land is left to its own devices, it will pass through successional stages and eventually become forest all by itself. It’s cheap, efficient and ecologically coherent, more so than planting millions of young trees that need care and management. Tree planting makes us feel good, but nature has been planting her own forests for millennia. She just needs the space to do so. Miranda Davies, Wychwood Forest Trust, Kidlington, Oxfordshire My miaow for Margaret If there is such a thing as reincarnation, then I would like For the record An article about UK-France relations misrepresented an excerpt from a letter sent by the French prime minister, Jean Castex, to the European commission president, Ursula von der Leyen. We reported that Castex told her the UK must be shown that it causes more damage to leave the EU than to remain. He was referring to what the EU should make clear “to European public opinion”, not specifically the UK ( “ France and UK told: end dispute or you’ll wreck Cop26 summit ” , 31 October, page 1). An interview with the actor Nicholas Braun misnamed Mark Mylod, a director on the TV show Succession, as “Mike Mylod” ( “ ‘How is it that I have ended up here?’ ” , 31 October, Magazine, page 8). We misnamed Robert Aske, the leader of the 1536 Pilgrimage of Grace revolt, as Richard Aske and said that he was “hung, drawn and quartered”. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, he was hung in chains ( “Hilary Mantel tells a great tale – but our ruined abbeys tell another, says English Heritage expert ” , 24 October, page 7). A recipe for apple and sultana pastries omitted to specify the kind of pastry to be used – it is puff (“ Nigel’s midweek treat ”, 24 October, Magazine, page 36). Write to the Readers’ Editor, the Observer, York Way, London N1 9GU, email observer.readers@ observer.co.uk, tel 020 3353 4736 to return as a future cat of a reincarnated Margaret Atwood, just so long as Margaret Atwood is reincarnated as Margaret Atwood, of course, and providing, of course, that Margaret Atwood doesn’t disapprove of me being her cat (“ Cats, a love story ”, The New Review , last week ). Stefan Badham Portsmouth Britain’s view on… Yorkshire cricket club’s treatment of Azeem Rafiq The i ‘Disgraceful’ “You do not need to have read the report to conclude Yorkshire’s behaviour... has been disgraceful. They failed to act when Rafiq reported racial abuse. They held off handing over the report into their inquiry to the England & Wales Cricket Board for months. They released a summary of the report on the morning England’s Test against India… was called off. The report conceded Rafiq suffered racial abuse but it was deemed that nobody in the club was worthy of facing disciplinary action.” Chris Stocks The Times ‘Debacle’ “This debacle is in a region that could - and should - have set a new standard in English cricket for being diverse. Yorkshire has long had a huge scope for diversity yet it only fielded its first ethnic-minority player, Sachin Tendulkar, in 1992, long after rival counties.” Matt Dickinson and Tusdiq Din The Daily Telegraph ‘Wider than Yorkshire’ “The Yorkshire I love is a club that only wants to produce the best players and win games of cricket. Clearly, there are issues in English cricket, spread wider than Yorkshire, about why so many young Asian players are not graduating through to the professional game.” Michael Vaughan The Guardian ‘Institutionally racist’ “Is Yorkshire CCC institutionally racist? The view from the outside, based on the report findings, has to be yes. Does that mean that all those in the club are racists? No . It means that they don’t have the processes in place … and they don’t acknowledge what has to change.” Tanya Aldred

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:59 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Comment & Analysis The Observer 07.11.21 59 Britain owes an apology to my father and millions of other Indonesians Kartika Sukarno The daughter of the first president of Indonesia writes an impassioned response to the Observer’s revelations about the secret Foreign Office propaganda war that helped to bring her father down My father, Sukarno, the first elected president of Indonesia, was put under house arrest in March 1967 a few days after I was born . He was 67 . In the months before , there had been a bloodbath in the country in which he lost many trusted friends and allies. The year before, he had sent my mother, who was pregnant with me, to Japan, her homeland, advising her to return to Indonesia when the situation improved. It never did. Three years later, in 1970, I saw my father for the first time, on his deathbed . My mother and I had not been allowed to return to the country and we had been living in France. My father died a few hours after our plane from Paris landed. Thanks to the despotic rule of the second president – General S uharto – I was not able to see my father alive, although my mother had tried repeatedly to enter Indonesia . I am now 54 and still suffering deep pain at the thought of my father’s lonely years under house arrest, being denied medical care and family visits because S uharto did not want to take any chances by giving him the opportunity to speak out. S uharto had seized control of the mass media and my father, whose voice was once regularly heard over the radio, was silenced. His voice was so muted that he could no longer communicate with the members of his own family. After the Second World War, we can argue that colonialism in Indonesia was replaced with US and British imperialism. They saw the Special Report SLAUGHTER IN INDONESIA BRITAIN’S SECRET PROPAGANDA WAR non-aligned movement, of which my father was a founder, as a threat to their empire-building and business interests . The US government refused to see the difference between nationalism and communism. The British government wanted the removal of my father due to its business interests, as did the Americans and their allies in the region, which is rich in natural resources. ( West Papua has the biggest gold mine in the world .) My father had also angered the British by launching “konfrontasi” , a limited military border campaign to show Indonesia’s opposition to the newly formed Malaysia, which he saw as a colonial creation and threat. The American strategy in toppling my father was so successful that the US government later replicated it in Chile under the codename “Operation Jakarta”. The tragic fate of my father was shared by millions of Indonesians whose lives were destroyed by the 1965 bloody military coup , which I believe was backed by the American, ed documents reveal how in 1965ashadowydirtytricksarmofthe ce incited anti-communist massacresthatlefthundredsof thousands dead. By Paul Lashmar, Nicholas Gilby and James Oliver News In early 1965 Ed Wynne, an official from the Foreign ce in London in his late 40s, arrived at the door of a two-storey villa set in the discreet calm of a genteel housing estate in colonial Singapore. - cial. A specialist from the Foreign Office’s cold war propaganda arm, the Information Research Department (IRD), he had been assigned to lead a small team. A jun- “IRD ladies”, seconded to the unit from London, would join him. The arrival of Wynne and his colleagues in the Winchester Road culde-sac marked the beginning of what would later be claimed, by those who led it, as one of the most successful propaganda operations in postwar British history. A top secret operation that helped overthrow the leader of the fourth most populous country in the world and contributed to the mass murder of more than half a million of its citizens. The proof of Britain’s role in inciting what the CIA later described as “one of the worst mass mur- ders of the 20th century” lies in another leafy suburb. In declassified Foreign Office documents – held far beyond the 20-year rule – in The Observer’s Special Report last month on Britain’s role in Indonesia. Continued overleaf The Observer 17.10.21 23 British and Australian governments. From the documents recently declassified , we found out that, starting in the 1950s, the CIA had kept Sukarno under surveillance. In 1965, the United Kingdom incited the mass killings under the pretext that the communist people were responsible for the murder of six leading Indonesian generals. Today, there is still debate about who was behind these murders. My father knew the communists did not kill his six generals; he also knew the intent of the British and American governments to see him toppled. He had been very outspoken with his rather aggressive motto, “Amerika kita setrika, Inggris kita linggis” (Let’s iron out America and bash the English). However, he was somehow powerless when facing his own countrymen. Thus, when an unknown military general, S uharto, took over and ordered the killings of all communists and Sukarno’s followers, many civilians who did not even know the meaning of the communist ideology were also arrested, tortured, murdered. For generations , the victims’ family members were also persecuted. They were marked out with a symbol on their ID cards that prevent ed them from finding employment. They could not attend public schools and it was difficult for their children to attend private schools except for several Catholic ones. Even my own sister, Megawati Sukarno Putri, was not able to finish her university studies. When talking about Suharto, we would whisper, out of fear that the walls could listen, such was the reach of his surveillance state. The press was heavily censored, with redacted passages covering the “negative” press about his dictatorship. We had to ask for special permission to pray at our father’s grave. Our names were called one by one by the military officers guarding the fences of his grave as we approached to pay our respects . Some cynical western views may look down on newly independent countries because they did not know what to do with their freedom. However, they seem not to be aware that several western governments have played a major role in destroying millions of lives under a fake communist propaganda threat. Communism was allowed in European countries, but in so-called third world countries civilians related to communism or suspected of being communist were killed. Unfortunately, this dark history of Indonesia remains largely hidden. The European and American history curriculums do not mention their role in the dark periods of colonialism and western imperialism during the cold war. Instead, most textbooks still largely offer selfglorifying roles in this history. As the Observer story showed, the British were complicit in the mass murders and enabling the 32-year reign of the despotic S uharto. It is time that the British government apologised to the Indonesian people for the enormous harm it did. The world’s view on… the worsening civil war in Ethiopia Al Jazeera ‘Deepen divisions’ “In Ethiopia, where ethnic divisions run deep, and intercommunal conflicts coupled with environmental disasters have already displaced close to two million people, the collapse of the government can lead to genocide, the disintegration of the country, and mass migration. All this would not only cause much more suffering for Ethiopians but also destabilise the region. Even if the government can avoid total collapse, the inevitable reduction in government expenditure in basic services… would disproportionately harm the poor, and deepen existing divisions.” Kassahun Melesse The Africa Report ‘Regional implications’ “Ethiopia’s conflict could also have other regional implications. The potential fall of Abiy Ahmed would most likely mean the end of its young peace deal with Eritrea. It could also change relations with Mogadishu, where President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Farmaajo’ is facing multiple crises of his own, many of his own making.” Morris Kiruga The Washington Post ‘Era of war’ “The limiting of the humanitarian response and apparent targeting of noncombatants throughout the conflict have drawn condemnation from Western powers that once saw Abiy as a democratizing influence on Ethiopia and the region. Abiy was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his overtures to Eritrea. In retrospect, one Western official said, that peace deal ‘may have been the start of an era of war in the region’.” Max Bearak

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:60 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:28 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 60 07.11.21 Comment & Analysis • The Tories’ big idea for staying in power? Endless conflict with the EU Nick Cohen @NickCohen4 The key goal of the government is to placate the right by sustaining foreign quarrels In his dying words, Shakespeare’s Henry IV tells his son, the future Henry V, that he must divert the attention of the barons before they threaten his rule. “Therefore, my Harry, be it thy course to busy giddy minds with foreign quarrels.” Like Plantagenet warlords, Conservative leaders need foreign quarrels lest the voters realise they have presided over the stagnation of British life. Real wages in 2024 will be just 2.4% higher than 2008, compared with a 36% rise in the 16 years before the financial crisis . We are a sluggish, depressed and declining country, where hard work brings few rewards and most people cannot get on, however strenuously they try. If the UK were a person, it would be a punch-drunk boxer, staggering round the ring. Henry V just invaded France to keep his subjects from turning on him. Boris Johnson needs a perpetual war with the entire EU. On Ireland and fishing, we can see the battle lines, but there are many more to come. The truth that supporters of Britain remaining in the EU never properly communicated was that Brexit can never end. The EU has a population of 445 million people and the UK has 68 million. In any economic fight, there can only be one winner. Disputes the dilettantes of the Johnson administration may not even have foreseen over financial services, data sharing and carbon pricing are on their way. Former Irish prime minister John Bruton therefore only got it half right when he said the other day: “I think there is a big incentive for the Conservative party to maintain conflict with the European Union.” Obviously, Johnson needs to bellow and growl. Opposition to the EU bound the conservative right, middle-class nationalists and working-class voters together in the 2016 Brexit referendum and 2019 general election. His career has taught him that conflict brings personal profit. The stories he made up about Brussels for the Telegraph in the 1990s turned him from a disgraced junior reporter into a Fleet Street star and finally into a prime minister. He presides over a wider right filled with men and women who have spent their lives hating the EU. They will not stop now just because we have left. To keep party members who are not so much Eurosceptic as Euroneurotic on side, to stop the right of the party destroying him as it destroyed the premierships of his predecessors, and to prevent a resurgence of Farageism, Johnson needs foreign quarrels to ensure his survival. When the battles are over subjects as inconsequential as Channel Island shellfish, few need care. Emmanuel Macron and Johnson can pose as tough guys to please their voters and sensible people can say the snobs are diverting the mob with scallops and circuses. When Johnson starts a fight over the jurisdiction of the European court of justice in Northern Ireland, however, he risks inciting sectarian violence, which returned last week, and the EU responding by suspending the Brexit trade deal and delivering yet another haymaker to our economy. It is hard to decide on the worst feature of Johnson. Rational people can reach different conclusions in good faith. But his willingness to endanger the peace in Ireland strikes me as the most repellent. Louise Haigh, Labour’s Northern Ireland spokesperson, describes it as a cynically political act designed to please his supporters in England without a care for the consequences in Belfast. Nothing better illustrates the collapse of the Conservative party from a great political movement into a toadying personality cult than the failure of his colleagues to stop him. However tempting it is to deplore Johnson, the UK’s debilitation is not only the fault of the fanaticism of its leaders but a consequence of Brexit itself. We could have a new prime minister tomorrow and our decline would continue. For example, after 2016, the EU’s indulgent attitude towards the City puzzled observers. Financial services are Britain’s last worldleading industry. EU countries clearly wanted a slice of the market Fishing wars: boats vie for territory off the coast of Jersey in May. Oliver Pinel/AP and had an interest in stopping an intermittently hostile foreign state trading the continent’s wealth. Yet the EU was happy to allow City firms to carry on as before as long as they sent a token number of workers to the continent. Now, the European Central Bank is demanding largescale transfers of capital and jobs. A City executive told the Financial Times his firm thought the ECB could not mean it when it told his bank to move hundreds more people to the EU. “Turns out they did mean that and they’re pretty good at enforcing it.” Finance is just the beginning. Researchers at the Centre for European Reform have a list of future fights . For the moment, the EU allows UK firms to store their European customers’ data. But neither the European parliament nor civil rights campaigners are happy about the privacy risks and are likely to demand change. Meanwhile, the EU could introduce a carbon border with the UK and tell British exporters to prove their goods have not damaged the environment or pay a tariff. Arguments over gene-editing technologies, food safety standards and state aid to industry all threaten to turn toxic. Johnson’s political imperative is to keep the right on side by inciting conflict. The UK’s economic imperative is to make whatever concessions are needed to stop the loss of European markets. That we would have to make concessions is indisputable because the EU is larger and stronger than we are. When the arcane arguments about trade deals and technical standards have finished, that is all you need to remember. In 1969, Pierre Trudeau , then the Canadian prime minister , told an American audience: “Living next to you is like sleeping with an elephant. No matter how friendly and even-tempered the beast, one is affected by every twitch and grunt.” The same applies to living next to the EU. It can hurt us without meaning to or noticing our pain. Mass delusion produced Brexit; a denial by millions of the UK’s true standing in the world. The right convinced the country that Britain was the elephant and the EU was the mouse. One day, we will pay for the mistake when it rolls over us. Insights Torsten Bell Poor sick pay is bad for ill workers and society at large We’ve talked about sick pay before in this column , unsurprisingly, given that a pandemic means lots of ill workers. But while we’ve needed those with Covid to stay at home, it’s been hard, thanks to the lowest statutory sick pay in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, which protects only a quarter of our earnings on average. It’s worth asking why overall sick pay levels are so bad. Firms and workers have the option of negotiating employerprovided sick pay beyond the legal minimum. Many do, but two-fifths of workers in caring, leisure and service jobs rely on the statutory minimum. New research helps us understand why we have a problem. Surveying more than 12,000 UK residents, it found that workers who come into more contact with others are least likely to have sick pay and most likely to work when ill. We know some firms are reluctant to offer sick pay because of the challenge of verifying whether workers are really ill. But workers also don’t prioritise sick pay, with almost half unwilling to sacrifice 2% of pay for it. That makes some sense for individuals prepared to work while sick but it’s rubbish for society: everyone else bears the cost if I turn up to work with the flu. Our sick sick pay system isn’t going to resolve itself because it’s one big market failure. The blindingly obvious answer ? The state has to step in . Torsten Bell is chief executive of the Resolution Foundation. Read more at resolutionfoundation.org Others bear the cost if a sick colleague goes to work.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:61 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 11:05 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • All change at Barclays Is Jes Staley’s departure good or bad for the bank? 61 Airlines look forward to fistfuls of dollars as transatlantic flying makes longed-for return Agenda The reopening of US routes saw improved forecasts and rising shares, but there may still be turbulence to come. By Gwyn Topham JFK airport in New York, shortly to be welcoming back more UK travellers. Angela Weiss/ AFP The golden goose is airborne again. The reopening of the US border to leisure travellers from the UK and most of Europe – with the accompanying fattening of transatlantic schedules – has finally given the long-haul airlines something to be cheerful about. The first flights for non-essential foreign visitors – holidaymakers, friends and family – will take off tomorrow morning . For British Airways owner IAG, not to mention rival Virgin Atlantic and other carriers, it will feel like Christmas, Thanksgiving and all their birthdays rolled into in one. In the wake of the reopening , IAG predicted a narrower loss – €3bn this year , down from €4.3bn in 2020 – and a possible return to profit by Easter. Transatlantic travel is the bedrock business for long-haul airlines, and location and shared language has traditionally put UK carriers in pole position in the European market. In the pre-pandemic days, when airlines turned a profit, the bulk of IAG’s returns came from BA, and the fat end of BA’s came from the US. On short-haul routes, BA has been firmly pushed off its perch by the low-cost airlines. Apart from those who have a connecting flight, live next to Heathrow or particularly like smartly dressed stewards and free biscuits, there is little reason to pay the national carrier’s fares to Europe. The US, though, is different. Norwegian, which tried to grab a slice of this market, has retreated , and the full-service airlines have all made partnerships, joint ventures and alliances – Virgin in particular opting for the strong arms of Atlanta-based Delta. Next week, both British carriers expect full planes as passengers also benefit from easier, cheaper testing requirements. BA says Zoom-weary business travellers are booking too . It’s almost enough to make investors forget the billions in losses and an uncertain future: shares in IAG rebounded on Friday after an initial dumping when the group reported third-quarter results and its fullyear forecast. Analysts don’t see the returns coming quite so soon. There is still trouble ahead: the industry was obsessed with oil prices a decade ago as the dollars-per-barrel skyrocketed, and they are rising sharply again. The cost of the massive borrowing that pulled carriers through the past 18 months also looks set to rise. And it remains to be seen whether the opening of borders and loosening of travel restrictions is a one-way trend – not least when you consider how the UK’s laissez-faire politics and relatively high case rates are being viewed by more cautious governments. Nonetheless, for now, it’s the season of goodwill, and BA and Virgin have come out of their old trenches to stand together and gang up on their common frenemy: Heathrow. The ritual pantomime of circling the regulator every few years and hurling overegged demands for increases or cuts to the airport’s landing charges has taken on a particular edge this time around. Not only does the pandemic mean that all the parties really are skint, but Heathrow has gone the full Eben ezer by attempting to double what it charges. The Civil Aviation Authority, playing the hapless sad sack, has said that “only” a 56% increase in average charges – about £35 per passenger – would be permissible. The wrangling continues. IAG boss Luis Gallego indicated on Friday that he would consider moving IAG investment abroad if charges meant the airline could make no decent return on capital in the UK. But in another breath, Gallego admitted that BA had only turned a profit at cheap old second-choice Gatwick once in a decade. Virgin has handed back its slots at the West Sussex alternative. IAG is, however, continuing with plans to start a cunningly disguised BA subsidiary for short haul, allowing it to cut costs and fend off expansion by rivals. For the big bucks, though, there is clearly only one game in town. One in four flights between Europe to the US goes via Heathrow – albeit 40% fewer now than two years ago. After an 18-month course of survival rations, both IAG and Virgin will be aiming to fill their boots on packed planes heading across the pond from Heathrow . Postscript Vital statistics Meat firms forced to use EU butchers Meat processors in Great Britain are exporting carcasses destined for British consumption to the EU for butchering because of the shortage of skilled workers in the industry. Beef producers were exporting carcasses to Ireland for butchering and packing, said Nick Allen, chief executive of the British Meat Processors Association, before the products were sold in British supermarkets. Oxford college under fire for taking oil cash Vietnam’s first female billionaire, Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao, is to have an Oxford College named after her following a £155m donation. Linacre College said it would change its name to Thao College after signing a memorandum of understanding with Sovico, which “Madam Thao” chairs. This has caused disquiet as Sovico’s interests include oil and gas exploration and fossil fuel financing. BT axes bid to find Openreach partner BT scrapped plans to find a joint venture partner to help fund the rollout of its next-generation broadband network to an extra 5m homes, before a potential take over move by investor Patrick Drahi next month. The company said it had abandoned the plan to find a partner for its subsidiary Openreach because the cost of rolling out the new network had dropped significantly. Covid support scheme fraud totalled £5.5bn HM Revenue and Customs said that more than £5.5bn of taxpayer money from the government’s coronavirus assistance scheme was paid out to fraudsters or given incorrectly. Its annual report revealed about 8.7% of the £60bn it paid out under the furlough scheme in the 2020-21 tax year ended up in the hands of crime gangs or fraudsters, or was awarded erroneously. £68m Amount Harrods plunged into the red last year after pandemic lockdowns halved its revenues. 15% Percentage of the UK’s adult workforce now employed in the gig economy.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:62 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 5/11/2021 11:45 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:63 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 12:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Business The Observer 07.11.21 63 The task was to restore Barclays’s reputation, but will Staley’s scandals undo his work? The investigation that led to the boss’s resignation was just the latest in a series of upsets during his stint at the bank, writes Kalyeena Makortoff In August 2012, while sailing off Sweden in his 28-metre yacht the Bequia, Jes Staley took a series of calls that left him with the impression he was about to become chief executive of Barclays. The American had been in discussions with the outgoing Barclays chairman, Marcus Agius, and his successor . Staley was passed over for the post at the time, and wouldn’t be appointed to the top job for another three years . While this gave him more time for sailing, in 2015, he made one trip he may wish he hadn’t: to see convicted sex offender and disgraced financier Jeff rey Epstein on his private Caribbean island . That visit was at the centre of the scandal that last week saw Staley fall on his sword after a run-in with City of London regulators. The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the Prudential Regulation Authority had started investigating Staley’s dealings with Epstein. The late financier, who died in prison in 2019, had been a client when Staley was running JP Morgan’s private banking division, but the two men stayed in contact after Staley left the bank and after Epstein was convicted of procuring a minor for prostitution in 2008. “Obviously I thought I knew him well, and I didn’t,” Staley told reporters last year when the in quiry was made public. “ With hindsight … I deeply regret having had any relationship with Jeffrey Epstein .” The investigation’s findings have yet to be released , but Staley’s resignation suggests regulators were not happy with his ties to the disgraced financier. Staley has already decided to challenge, rather than accept, the regulator’s judgments. Staley’s arrival in 2015 was meant to herald a fresh start for the beleaguered bank . Barclays had ousted two bosses in less than four years, and a third was under investigation over a deal with Qatari investors . It needed an experienced pair of hands to revive its investment bank and restore its wider reputation, particularly in the wake of the Libor scandal. Enter Staley , then 58 and the first outsider to lead Barclays in nearly a decade. H is strong track record included 30 year s at JP Morgan, where he was once seen as a credible successor to boss Jamie Dimon . Staley declared he was ready and willing to clean up Barclays’s image. “I feel keenly we must continue to strengthen trust in Barclays,” Staley Key players Jes Staley The 64-year-old American banker spent 30 years at JP Morgan before joining Barclays as chief executive in late 2015. He met Jeffrey Epstein in 2000 while he was running JP Morgan’s private banking arm, but stayed in contact with his former client for seven years after Epstein was convicted in 2008 of soliciting prostitution from a minor. Staley stepped down on 1 November after seeing preliminary findings in the regulator’s investigation into his relationship with the late sex offender. He plans to contest its conclusions. said in a memo after his appointment . He promised a “cultural transformation” and an end to the kind of behaviour that led to the Libor scandal and forced his predecessor Bob Diamond to resign. He said he wanted to foster a “collaborative, not adversarial” relationship with the City watchdogs. Barclays had become what author Philip Aug ar called a “full-throttle capitalist machine” – a far cry from its roots as a Quaker bank founded on London’s Lombard Street 300 years earlier. Staley’s declared ambition was to “restore Barclays to its rightful standing – successful, admired ‘I thought I knew him well. With hindsight … I deeply regret having had any relationship with Jeffrey Epstein’ Jes Staley and well regarded by all”. But in his six years as chief executive, Staley added three more controversies to the mix, and arguably left the bank nursing more wounds than he was able to heal. The Epstein investigation was not his first run-in with the FCA. In 2018, Staley was fined almost £650,000, and ordered to repay £500,000 of his bonus, for having attempted to unmask a whistleblower in 2016. Staley was found to have deployed the bank’s internal security to try to discover the author of letters to the board flagging a new hire who was a former friend of Staley’s at JP Morgan. This caused embarrassment for the bank , which now has to report annually to regulators on its handling of whistleblowers. Investors expressed anger both about the incident and about the board’s unanimous backing for Staley . A second controversy emerged in late 2017, when Staley caused a rift between private equity giant KKR Jeffrey Epstein The disgraced financier and sex offender met Staley while he was a client at JP Morgan and maintained a relationship with him after Staley left the bank, even inviting him to his private Caribbean island in 2015. Epstein is believed to have killed himself in prison in August 2019 . Nigel Higgins Barclays’ chair joined in spring 2019 from Rothschild’s, where he had been for 36 years . He took over from John McFarlane but, like his predecessor, signalled public support for Staley despite the regulatory investigation into the chief executive’s relationship with Epstein . and Barclays by backing his brotherin-law in a complicated legal dispute with the buyout house. While Staley argued that he was involved in a personal capacity, rather than as chief executive of Barclays, it strained the bank’s relationship with a long-time client and raised further concerns over how private matters were affecting his work . In the wake of the se scandals, one shareholder went so far as to declare at the subsequent annual general meeting that, particularly following the whistleblower scandal, Staley’s role as chief executive was “irrevocably tarnished”. Then chairman John McFarlane dug his heels in, insisting that Staley did “not deserve to resign”. Unlike in Diamond’s case, Staley’s alleged misjudgment had not drawn the kind of public and political pressure that would potentially force a high-profile resignation . What’s more, Staley was making better progress on turning around the group’s investment banking arm than Diamond’s Nikhil Rathi The FCA has promised a more aggressive approach to City wrongdoing , but the Staley case will be a first test for its new chief executive . Rathi joined nearly a year after the investigation was launched, but its outcome will show how seriously the regulator is taking its duties. CS Venkatakrishnan Barclays’s head of global markets took over as chief executive as soon as Staley stepped down . Seen as a safe pair of hands, he had, according to Barclays, been identified as its preferred successor to Staley . Venkatakrishnan, like Staley, had worked for JP Morgan for many years. replacement, Antony Jenkins, had. Staley has been riding a strong investment banking cycle, which helped push the bank’s year-to-date profit to an all-time high of £6.9bn in September , but even so, analysts have praised his success in helping solidify and diversify the Barclay s model. “The most significant mark he left on Barclays is having transformed it into a global corporate and investment banking powerhouse,” said John Cronin of stockbroker Goodbody . Barclays ha s this year overtaken Credit Suisse in terms of investment banking revenue , and outlasted activist investor Edward Bramson, who for years pushed for a winding-down of its investment banking activities. Staley’s reputation has undoubtedly been called into question. While he joins Diamond and Jenkins in the list of recently ousted chief executives, only time – and the outcome of his battle with regulators – will decide whether he is remembered for harming or restoring Barclays’s fortunes.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:64 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 11:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 64 07.11.21 Analysis Big oil wisely acts as a climate ally, but the rising price of crude is far from net zero Business leader E xecutives at big oil and gas companies, at least the European ones, have spent the past two years trying to change the narrative. The likes of BP and Shell have trumpeted their net zero plans, declared themselves to be “transitioning” to a cleaner energy future and talked up the historical significance of new targets. Think of us as part of the solution, was the message. To climate activists and politicians demanding faster decarbonisation, the industry’s reply has been that switching off investment in oil and gas too quickly would create a supply crisis: instead what’s needed are “integrated” energy companies that can recycle cashflows from hydrocarbons and build the green infrastructure of tomorrow. And, up to a point, the pitch has worked. The heaviest pressure has been directed instead at those industry giants viewed as disengaged laggards or refuseniks. Remember how tiny hedge fund Engine No 1 managed to get transition-minded candidates on to the board at ExxonMobil , while at Chevron, 61% of investors backed a proposal from Dutch campaign group Follow This to force faster cuts in emissions. But a year on from BP and Shell’s big announcements, their boards are mistaken if they think they now have a clear run to 2050 and that it’s just a matter of executing shareholder-backed plans. Trouble is bubbling on at least three fronts. First, note the absence of oil executives, even the transitioning sort, in formal roles at Cop26 in Glasgow. Executives were confined to side meetings because their net-zero goals aren’t deemed to be science- Petroineos’s Grangemouth refinery in Scotland. The traditional oil business is generating cash once again. Getty based . That’s because the measurement methodology doesn’t yet exist, the companies would argue. But they are open to the charge of marking their own homework. Governments or voters may yet conclude that last year’s grand declarations simply don’t go far enough. Second, Shell has been challenged on its integration-is-best thesis. High-profile US hedge fund Third Point says the company has “too many competing stakeholders pushing it in too many different directions, resulting in an incoherent, conflicting set of strategies attempting to appease multiple interests but satisfying none ”. It suggests an alternative : split Shell into several standalone units and allow the renewables-focu sed arm to invest more aggressively, backed by a united set of shareholders . The climate would benefit, it argues. That last point is debatable, it should be said. The legacy upstream and refining business wouldn’t necessarily cut capital expenditure, as Third Point assumes. And Shell’s renewables business isn’t yet large and may require years of backing from oil and gas cashflows. Jessica Uhl, Shell’s chief financial officer , also argued recently that 120 years of accumulated technical expertise in energy is vital for delivering complex technological projects such as integrated carbon capture, biofuels and hydrogen facilities. An activist hedge fund like Third Point primarily just wants, one suspects, a higher share price, but it has ignited a debate. It s argument that “sentimental” attachment to a “super major legacy” results in “incrementalism” may run and run. Third – and far less nuanced – it’s impossible to miss the vast sums of cash currently being generated by oil companies when a barrel of Brent fetches $85. “ We’re a cash machine at these types of prices ,” said BP chief executive Bernard Looney last week, promising investors $1bn-aquarter share buybacks as long as the price remained above $60. According to this script, none of the spoils of the unexpected cash bonanza will be redirected towards extra investment in renewables, beyond the increase to $5bn a year by 2030 that BP has already pledged. Is that fair? It’s what was agreed with investors, Looney might argue, but that answer would appear very self-satisfied. Expectations change. What sounded like a big strategic re set a year ago feel less impressive today. Even under its own definition of transitioning, big oil can afford to pick up the pace. To properly change the narrative, it should. Bailey must learn how to raise and lower expectations, as well as rates • A ndrew Bailey went on a media blitz after Thursday’s meeting of the Bank of England’s monetary policy committee. It wasn’t just the usual short clips either; Threadneedle Street’s governor did a long turn on Radio 4’s Today programme the next morning. Nothing unusual in that, it might be thought. But the Bank normally goes to these lengths only when it has actually done something, whereas Bailey was popping up everywhere to try to explain why he and his colleagues had left policy unchanged. That’s a measure of how bad the Bank’s communications have been. At one point in the press conference announcing the decision to leave interest rates at 0.1%, Bailey said it was “not our responsibility to steer markets on interest rates” – a comment that would raise eyebrows at the US Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank (ECB), where managing expectations is part of the job description. What’s more, when Bailey said last month that the Bank would have to act to curb inflationary pressure , it was a clear attempt to steer markets. As it turns out, a rather ham-fisted one. Nor is anything much clearer now. After surprising the markets by its inaction, the Bank’s current message is that interest rates will need to rise in the coming months – but only if post-furlough data from the labour market is strong enough to warrant such a move. Bailey deserves to be cut some slack. He is still relatively new to the job and deciding what to do about interest rates is not easy when the economy is both slowing and being hit by cost increases for the most part beyond the control of the Bank. That said, he needs to study how other bank governors communicate . Mario Draghi, former head of the ECB, was an absolute master at getting his message across. By comparison, Bailey looks a novice. London’s flotations look a lot less buoyant than they did T wo months ago, London’s crop of newly floated businesses appeared in fine fettle. In September, THG , Britain’s great e-commerce hope formerly known as The Hut Group, was valued at £8.3bn, while Darktrace , the cybersecurity firm set up by mathematicians and former spies, had a market capitalisation of £7bn. Today, investors value both combined at barely north of £6bn. Shares in loss-making THG, which runs retail websites such as Lookfantastic and Zavvi , have cratered as investors reassess the prospects of the business model and the level of control held by its leader and 22% shareholder, Matt Moulding . From a high of 800p in January, the shares hit a low of 19 8p last week, far below last September’s 500p launch price – at the time the biggest London Stock Exchange debut since Royal Mail in 2013. The same is true of Darktrace, which floated in April at a conservative 250p , before racing in value from £1.7bn to £7bn. However, a recent critical analysts’ note and fears of a mass sell-off of stock by insiders have seen its share price almost halve . While the LSE still has some winners – notably fintech firm Wise , which has held its value since becoming the largest-ever listing of a UK tech company earlier this year, and the stellar debut of biotech firm Oxford Nanopore in September – there is now caution in the air. Last week, industrial products provider Rubix Group canned a planned IPO in London, citing “difficult ongoing conditions”, having announced the intention to float only last month. Similarly Marley , the biggest producer of roof tiles in Britain, abandoned its £500m IPO – blaming “market volatility” – less than three weeks after announcing it. Add the experience of Czech fleet services firm Eurowag , described as the Uber of trucking, which endured a disastrous debut last month, and it would appear that investors fuelling the red-hot IPO market could be leaving London in the cold.

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:65 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 11:00 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • R ishi Sunak says his tax and spending plans, outlined in the budget , will boost the outlook for private sector jobs, wages and growth. The Bank of England’s most recent review of the economy begs to differ. It might appear that the recovery is strong and that companies can barely keep pace with customer demand. Sadly, appearances can be deceptive. If anything, the archetypal mainstream UK business – the one that stays out of the limelight, doesn’t attend award ceremonies or even join the local chamber of commerce – will continue to look and behave like a zombie, staggering along with the same old equipment and outmoded technology. These are the firms that kept workers furloughed up to the last day of the government’s job subsidy scheme in September before deciding whether to make them redundant or not. Mostly small in size, they are simultaneously the bedrock of the business community and a drag on innovation in what is now rightly seen as the only worthwhile economic utility – green growth. Sunak spent much of the budget talking up the rebound from Covid and promising to deliver an economy built on research and development with the practical benefit for Phillip Inman @phillipinman Zombie firms won’t be revived by Sunak’s shocks Economics workers of higher productivity and higher wages in years to come. This reward for voting Tory and backing Brexit will also, Tory strategists believe, keep people voting Conservative at the next election and ease their growing fears that hard Brexit was a major mistake that will damage the economy. Yet looking ahead to 2023 and 2024, when Covid is expected to be no more than a mild irritant, the UK’s forecasts for business investment and GDP growth are among the lowest in the developed world. According to the Bank of England’s latest predictions, business investment will jump next year by 17%, to make up for a 13% fall over 2020 and 2021. In 2023, business investment growth falls to 1% and in 2024, the presumed year of the next election, it goes into reverse, tumbling by 4%. Much of the initial rise can be attributed to Sunak’s “super deduction” on private sector investment, offering 30% tax relief against purchases of new equipment. Due to run out in 2023, it s ought to encourage a rush of spending that would bring momentum to his plan for investment in a more innovative, high-skill economy. According to Sunak’s supporters, he was strapping rocket boosters to the side of the economy . A more accurate image might be a sparkler borrowed from one of this weekend’s Bonfire Night revellers: GDP growth will slump back to 1.5% in 2023 and 1% in 2024, according to the Bank of England. The Office for Budget Responsibility, the Treasury’s independent forecaster, agrees with the Bank that investment will rise next year before falling into negative territory at -1% in 2024. The British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) says its members think the super deduction policy is a dud and the rate of growth will peak at 6.5% next year before falling , though not quite below zero. The BCC’s chief economist, Suren Thiru , says the continuation of a decade or more of low investment is probably connected to the uncertainty surrounding so many of the government’s economic plans, from “levelling up” the regions to reforming business rates. There are statements of intent from ministers about the need for change, he says, The Observer 07.11.21 65 but no one has a clue as to how these plans will be implemented. In aggregate, businesses have more cash in reserve than they did when the pandemic started, but there is a huge divide between large firms that found their goods in high demand over the past 18 months and those that have suffered shock after shock – first lockdowns, then labour shortages and more recently the prospect of spiralling inflation. Which brings us back to the long tail of indebted zombie firms that the Bank of England’s former chief economist, Andy Haldane, said went some way to explaining the UK’s long-running productivity gap with the rest of the developed world. This type of firm probably won’t go bust. And it may provide a generous income for its owners. But there are no mega pay rises for workers on offer here, if only because the se firms don’t think they can afford to innovate more than is absolutely necessary to stay in business. The y will answer the jobs-shortage question by not doing so much work, or by asking customers to delay their plans – building up backlogs, which is what we see in the data at the moment. The only compensation for workers at these firms is cheap credit – which goes some way to explaining why the Bank of England has yet to find a good time to raise interest rates .

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:66 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 11:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 66 07.11.21 Cash • District heating networks need better maintenance, say users. Alamy Group of Tenants Organisation , says any added heating costs are particularly concerning given the recent cut in universal credit and rising energy prices. “We will continue to lobby the council to implement immediate payments to compensate for the cost of additional heating measures,” he says. Residents’ fears grow over risks from district heating networks Central systems that serve a whole community are seen as a green option, but many are poorly maintained. Anna Tims reports It was during a night in June that two radiators exploded in Luca’s house, jetting scalding water across the bedroom of his six-year-old son and bringing down the ceilings of the ground-floor rooms. By a fluke the family was away. “If my son had been in his bed he would have been severely burned,” says Luca. “The disaster was inevitable. In the 10 years since I bought the house, not once have the pipes and radiators been serviced, and similar things have recently happened in neighbouring properties.” The London housing estate where Luca lives is supplied with heating and hot water by a district heating network (DHN) operated by Southwark council. DHNs generate heating from a central source to a whole community via a network of insulated hot water pipes, eliminating the need for individual household boilers. There are about 14,000 in the UK run by councils, housing associations and private companies, supplying nearly 500,000 homes. They’re considered to be a cheaper, greener alternative to traditional systems, and the Climate Change Committee has estimated they need to account for 18% of the UK’s energy supply if the country is to meet its 2050 net zero target. Many DHNs have successfully cut emissions and prices for households. However, those that are poorly designed and inadequately maintained have left some customers enduring freezing homes and enormous bills. They are unable to switch supplier because they are locked into contracts of 25 years or longer, as soon as they buy a property supplied by a DHN. And they cannot get redress for poor service via the energy ombudsman because the sector is largely unregulated. Campaigners have warned that thousands more people risk being trapped with unaccountable providers, as more networks are rolled out without statutory regulations. Currently there are no controls on consumer tariffs and no technical standards to which new networks must adhere. Developers who are required to install DHNs as a planning condition are free to choose the cheapest option, which may not be suiable, and some councils, which run their own networks, lack resources and expertise. “There are good, well-run networks, but we cannot be confident this will become the norm, even when legislation is belatedly brought in to cover this growing sector,” says Ruth London of the campaign group Fuel Poverty Action . The damage to Luca’s home was so extensive because DHNs operate at higher pressure and temperatures than ordinary systems, and already leaking pipes were overwhelmed. Since the flood, the family has been living in temporary accommodation funded by their insurer. He says that he heard nothing from the council for the first three months, until the Observer intervened. Southwark has now offered to replace the radiators, but until the malfunctioning network is overhauled, the family fears they could burst again. Luca asked to be disconnected from the scheme so he could switch to a private supplier, but was told that, as a freeholder, he would have to pay a £39,500 fee. With this type of scheme, leaseholders and social housing tenants are not allowed to switch because their share of the costs would have to be passed to other residents. Councillor Stephanie Cryan, Southwark’s cabinet member for council homes and homelessness , told the Observer: “I am very sorry this issue has taken some time to resolve for this family. “While we identified a leak back in January, and we can replace all of the radiators, the wider issue is much more complex and, to date, we have been unable to come to a solution in terms of disconnection from the district heating system.” Seventeen other Southwark residents who approached the Observer reported spending weeks in unheated homes during winter, and five-figure bills to maintain the system that let them down. Giancarlo Niccoli was asked to pay £13,700 towards repairs of the network on his estate, after his onebedroom flat was left without fully functioning heating for six months. He was still billed the annual tariff of £1,000, plus a 10% administration charge , while paying for electric heaters to see him through the winter. “The council sends multiple engineers to do the same job poorly, and then it needs repair again, at our expense, months later,” he says. “I once had to move out while my flooring was pulled up because a botched repair caused leaks.” Southwark insists the costs are allowable within the terms of his lease, irrespective of service standards, a fact supported by a tribunal to which Niccoli took his complaint. In April, the council launched a compensation scheme which awards residents £3 for each day the system isn’t working, a sum residents claim is inadequate to cover electric heaters. Jack Lewis, from the Southwark ‘If my son had been in bed he would have been severely burned. Not once have the radiators or pipes been serviced’ Luca, Southwark resident Southwark council, which supplies a number of council estates via DHNs, admits its systems are not of a good enough standard. It is estimated that it would cost £350m to modernise its networks, some of which date back to the 1960s. The council told the Observer that the money was not available, partly because of government policy. Increased discounts to encourage council tenants’ right to buy their homes, and the abolition of “rent convergence” – which allowed councils to increase social housing rent – have dented its budget. The borough has the largest concentration of social housing in the capital. “We have always played catch-up on maintenance across a huge housing stock,” it says. “The government could cap the bills for leaseholders and pay the difference to councils – then the investment for works can continue, because the money has to come from somewhere.” DHN customers in other local authority areas have reported similar problems . The government recently pledged £300m for new low-carbon heat networks, and £4.175m of grants to overhaul existing infrastructure. It’s also developing an additional funding scheme to improve the efficiency of networks. Three years after the Competition and Markets Authority called for regulation of the sector to protect customers , the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) told the Observer that it was a work in progress. “The government is committed to legislating to implement heat networks regulation within this parliament,” it says. “This will include consumer protection rules which ensure all heat network consumers receive a fair price, a reliable supply of heating, and transparency of information.” According to Ruth London, government funding is welcome but insufficient to remedy the problems with existing networks. For Luca, the promises are too late, and he is fearful of moving back into his house when repairs are complete. “My trust in the heating network has gone,” he says. “I really feel I’m being held hostage by a system that doesn’t deliver on what it should, and literally endangered my son’s life.”

Section:OBS 2N PaGe:67 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 6/11/2021 10:59 cYanmaGentaYellowb • Cash The Observer 07.11.21 67 Your problems By Anna Tims Consumer champion of the year Government says I owe it £583, but won’t say why Two months ago, I received a letter from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) stating that I owed it £583.32. There was no explanation of how this “debt” arose, just details of how to repay. Initially, I thought it was a scam. I sent a recorded-delivery letter asking for a detailed explanation. More than a month later, another letter arrived from the DWP informing me that it had instructed my employer to deduct the money from my salary. I tried to ring the number on the letter, but couldn’t get through. How is it legal to accuse someone of owing money and enforc e repayments without explanation? JS, Worthing Your experience highlights the problems that arise when a mammoth organisation disgorges automated, generically worded letters. I’ve established that you do, in fact, owe the DWP money – for a £700 universal credit new claims advance that was awarded in December 2018 – but it’s unsurprising that you did not twig. Firstly, the DWP admits there was a delay (of more than two years) in alerting you. Secondly, the letter simply states the sum and methods of repayment . It briefly mentions you can view a breakdown online . You did access your online account and could only see a statement showing that your universal credit claim had been closed after a final payment in February 2019. You replied to the demand three weeks before the required deadline, but the DWP didn’t process your letter until five days after that had passed, hence the second missive informing you of the salary deductions. The DWP says: “In this case, there was a delay in contacting JS about her preferred method of repayment, and we apologise for this. She has since arranged to repay the amount, and the earnings attachment has now been cancelled as a result.” Shortly after you set up a direct debit to repay the sum, another letter from the DWP arrived, ominously headed “About the money owed to us” and repeating threats of debt-management referrals. The letter was sternly phrased and designed to cover a whole range of circumstances irrelevant to you. The DWP apologised if the “standard wording has caused any confusion”. Given the psychological impact of official debt-collection warnings, the DWP would be well advised to draft a greater range of generic letters more relevant to the situation they are addressing. My two jabs count for nothing in the UK I am a British citizen who has had two doses of the Sinovac Covid vaccine while living in Chile, but it is not recognised by the UK government. My job requires me to travel often. As I’m not regarded as fully vaccinated, I am obliged to pay £136 for two Covid tests each time I return to the UK, quarantine for 10 days (the test-to-release scheme isn’t available in Wales where I live), and am barred from certain events. The NHS is only able to give me one dose of the Pfizer vaccine as I have already had two Sinovac jabs. MP, Wales Sinovac is manufactured in China and was validated for emergency use in June by the WHO. However, neither the UK nor the European Medicines Agency has yet approved it, although nine Schengen area countries have. The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) told me it’s working to determine which of the international vaccines not currently licensed by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency can be recognised, which is of little consolation. According to the tourism trade association UKinbound , the issue is threatening livelihoods. “The UK’s lack of vaccine parity is detrimental to our recovery,” says Joss Croft, its chief executive. “International visitors sustain more than 500,000 jobs across the country, but many are choosing to visit alternative destinations where vaccines such as Sinovac are recognised.” Meanwhile, RWL of London and his wife have been struggling to get their Pfizer jabs recognised in the UK because they were administered while they were living in Israel. “We are being bugged by official reminders to get vaccinated. As far as the UK is concerned we have not been jabbed,” he writes. “The most we have managed to get is a note on our health record, but this does not translate into a Covid pass, so we are forced to take repeated tests.” The DHSC says: “We are urgently working to access the data for UK residents who have received their vaccinations abroad to ensure they can demonstrate their vaccination status via the NHS Covid pass.” An update is promised “shortly”. If the UK government’s Plan B is launched in England, they will become essential to access certain venues and services. In Scotland and Wales they already are. Last month, the UK government said it would recognise vaccine certificates issued by a large number of countries, provided they are written in English, French or Spanish, so you will no longer need to quarantine on arrival. Email your.problems@observer.co.uk. Include an address and phone number. Submission and publication are subject to our terms and conditions

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Section:OBS 2N PaGe:71 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 16:55 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Forecasts and graphics provided by AccuWeather, Inc © 2021 Weather Your forecast for the week ahead The Observer 07.11.21 71 UK and Ireland Noon today 1016 9 Two-day forecast Europe today Sunny Mist Fog Sunny intervals Hazy Mostly cloudy Overcast/dull Sunny showers Sunny and heavy showers Light showers 1024 31 Rough 1020 11 9 Belfast Inverness 10 Edinburgh Glasgow 11 1004 Shetland 32 1008 31 Newcastle York Moderate 1000 1012 Low 6 High 12 Tomorrow Low 10 High 13 Tuesday 1024 Reykjavik 1008 1000 992 984 WANDA 1016 1024 1032 H Madrid 1008 Paris 1000 1000 Helsinki Stockholm L L Moscow Berlin Warsaw 1016 Belgrade H Ankara Rome L Athens 1016 992 Rain Sleet Light snow Snow showers Heavy snow Thundery rain Thundery showers X Temperature, ºC Wind speed, mph Ice Windy 35C 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 13 12 Dublin 11 1028 The Channel Islands 13 Plymouth Liverpool ol 10 Nottingham ti 10 Birmingham 12 Cardiff London 12 Moderate Norwich Dover 25 Rain will develop across northern Scotland on Monday. It will be dry in southern England on Tuesday. Cold front Warm front Occluded front Trough An area of low pressure in the western Mediterranean Sea today will bring periods of thundery rain to the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Some of the thundery rain will be heavy at times and lead to flooding. A disturbance across southern Sweden and the Baltic States will cause occasional rain and overcast conditions. A couple of showers are expected across France, Germany and northern Poland. It will be dry with plenty of sun across much of southern Spain. Jet stream Around the world A trough in the jet stream will be over the North Sea bringing showers to far northern Scotland. Direction of jet stream Atlantic Ocean Algiers 16 Ams’dam 11 Athens 23 Auckland 21 B Aires 20 Bangkok 32 Barcelona 17 Basra 30 Beijing 1 Berlin 10 Bermuda 25 Brussels 11 Budapest 10 C’hagen 10 Cairo 29 Cape Town 19 Chicago 18 Corfu 25 Dakar 30 Dhaka 29 Dublin 10 Florence 16 Gibraltar 17 H Kong 27 Harare 32 Helsinki 4 Istanbul 18 Jo’burg 28 K Lumpur 32 K’mandu 22 Kabul 17 Kingston 31 Kolkata 30 L Angeles 20 Lagos 31 Lima 19 Lisbon 17 Madrid 14 Malaga 19 Melb’rne 15 Mexico C 21 Miami 24 Milan 11 Mombasa 31 Moscow 7 Mumbai 33 N Orleans 20 Nairobi 28 New Delhi 28 New York 12 Paris 13 Perth 23 Prague 7 Reykjavik 1 Rio de J 23 Rome 22 Singapore 31 Stockh’m 4 Sydney 26 Tel Aviv 28 Tenerife 25 Tokyo 19 Toronto 13 Vancouv’r 7 Warsaw 8 Wash’ton 15 Well’ton 18 Zurich 8 Speedy crossword No. 1,362 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Across 1 Disparaging, abusive (10) 7 Worried (7) 8 Inactive, vigourless (5) 10 Yorkshireman (4) 11 Disease treated by insulin (8) 13 Young bird of prey (6) 15 Candle holder (6) 17 Spectator (8) 18 Bill of fare (4) 21 Military uniform (5) 22 Senior naval rank (7) 23 Contender (10) Down 1 Hut, shanty (5) 2 Impel (4) 3 Keep hold of (6) 4 Easy-going (4-4) 5 Remaining from a meal (7) 6 In the clear (3,3,4) 9 With discernment (10) 12 Monument (8) 14 Philistine giant (7) 16 Ten-year period (6) 19 Mistake (5) 20 Fog mixed with smoke (4) Solution No. 1,361 C O M M U N A L C A P O O I N L S S F M A N I A B A I L I F F B A C I S D S T R I C K O R T R E A T F E U N E A L A T E S T P R Y I N G E T H S M E S C A T O L O G I C A L H M M S N G B O P U L E N T L A I T Y U S D E A N E T R E K F L A W L E S S NOTES 21 22 23 ☎ Stuck? For help call 0906 200 83 83. Calls cost £1.10 a minute, plus your telephone company’s access charge. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0330 333 6946 for customer service (charged at standard rate).

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Section:OBS 2S PaGe:1 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:30 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • Bring on the Wallabies May and Youngs flying high in 11-try rout of Tonga Page 18 Into the semi-finals Defeat eat fails to halt England but Roy is injured Page 15 Sport07.11.21 Chelsea stunned Vydra’s late equaliser pegs back leaders Page 5 Ole Gunnar Solskjær is frustrated after Manchester City’s 2-0 win made it a second home defeat in a row MARTIN RICKETT/PA Theatre of Screams xx De Gea prevents humiliation but City outclass United to turn heat back on Solskjær Page 2

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:2 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 2 The Observer 07.11.21 Football Premier League Eric Bailly shins in João Cancelo’s cross to give Manchester City the lead • Match numbers Abject home side are more of a threat to De Gea’s goal than they are to Ederson’s in a chastening defeat PETER POWELL/EPA 8Manchester City have won eight away Premier League games at Old Trafford, more than any other team . 14 United are now without a clean sheet in their past 14 home games in all competitions – they have had one longer run in their history without a home clean sheet, a 21-game run between April 1958 and March 1959. Silva service leaves Solskjær’s poor United feeding on scraps 0 MAN UTD David Hytner Old Trafford 2 MAN CITY Bailly 7og, Silva 45 33% Possession 67% 1 Shots on Target 5 5 Total Attempts 16 How much longer? After the 5-0 humiliation against Liverpool, this was another Theatre of Screams occasion for Ole Gunnar Solskj ær, another big game when the gap to the very best yawned like a chasm, when his Manchester United team were an incoherent mess. There was no evidence of an attacking plan. The Manchester City goalkeeper, Ederson, was a virtual bystander, with United barely entering his penalty area. There were no options. There was no movement, no direction. And, at the end, after City had coasted through the second half, having done their damage before the interval, it was impossible not to wonder how the United hierarchy could continue to tolerate it, how Solskj ær could remain as the manager. Solskj ær’s tenure has been a wild ride, featuring plenty of enjoyment, thrills and spills. There has been spirit and last-gasp winners. Broadly, it has been possible to get behind the glorious madness of it all. But the team looked broken here and the only relief for the United support was that it was not another heavy scoreline. That had been the fear, another massacre, which rather sums up the climate around the club. David de Gea stood in City’s way, making a string of fine first-half saves, although even he erred for the second goal, scored by the excellent Bernardo Silva. The opener had been a comical Eric Bailly own goal, the defender enhancing his reputation for the erratic. City put the memory of last Saturday’s shock home loss to Crystal Palace firmly behind them, their superiority in all areas total; the fluency of their approach pronounced. It was a day when Pep Guardiola comprehensively outmanoeuvred Solskj ær and the travelling supporters could enjoy themselves, revelling in the pain of their neighbours. For United, it is now four points from six games. There were some boos at the interval and full time from the Old Trafford crowd, although they were nothing like as sustained as those that greeted the half-time whistle against Liverpool at 4-0. Bernardo Silva’s touch towards the net finds its way in via a David de Gea mistake TOM FLATHERS/ MANCHESTER CITY FC/ GETTY IMAGES Apart from De Gea, it was difficult to score any United player as more than 4/10 – with Aaron Wan-Bissaka, Luke Shaw, Bailly and Fred particularly dreadful. Bruno Fernandes could get nothing going while Cristiano Ronaldo, who had United’s only shot on target, was guilty of a spiteful lunge at Kevin De Bruyne in stoppage time. It reflected the bitter frustration. Bailly’s early aberration set the tone for United. There was no sky blue shirt in his immediate vicinity when João Cancelo crossed from the left but, with his body shape all wrong, Bailly swung with his right boot and sliced with his shin past De Gea. Guardiola had said that he knew what to expect from United – in his own words, a man-to-man press up front and deeper defence. Were United really going to press? There was no evidence of that. It was more difficult to second guess how Guardiola would play it and this was yet another occasion when it was a struggle to classify his formation. Who was the false nine? Not Phil Foden, who worked productively off the left, or Gabriel Jesus, who played on the other side. Instead, Guardiola used De Bruyne, Silva and Ilkay 8United have lost eight home matches in all competitions in 2021, their most in a calendar year since losing eight in 1989. 8United have taken eight points in their past nine home league matches – W2 D2 L5 – and have lost consecutive home league matches without scoring for the first time since March 2014. Those defeats also came against Liverpool and followed by City.

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:3 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:51 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 3 Gündogan in roving central attacking midfield roles and each of them was allowed to step up, at various times, to the front of the line. It was too much for United. In possession, City gorged on options, their movement quick and coherent, while out of it they swarmed men around the ball, suffocating their rivals. Guardiola’s players had time and space. United’s had neither. For long spells, it looked as though City had more men on the pitch. The first half was an ordeal for United and the wonder was that they trailed by only two at the end of it. De Gea made five saves in quick succession from the 28th minute and two of them were world class – those to tip over from Jesus at close quarters and to prevent Victor Lindel öf from scoring an own goal. Of all the damning statistics, the one which showed United had more shots at De Gea than Ederson probably won the prize. Ronaldo’s sole attempt was a volley on 26 minutes that needed Ederson to react smartly – the rebound came too quickly for Mason Greenwood – and the only surprise about City’s second was that De Gea was at fault. He was not alone. Shaw was ball-watching as Cancelo shaped a cross to the far post, failing to notice Silva stealing in around the back. Silva’s prodded finish squirmed through De Gea at the near post. Solskj ær’s starting 3-5-2 system was an abject failure. Put bluntly, the players did not appear to have any idea about how to construct moves while even the fundamentals were missing such as fight in the 50-50s. Solskj ær hooked Bailly at the interval, sent on Jadon Sancho and switched to 4-2-3-1. The game already felt lost. It was a case of trying to stop the bleeding. City did not seem to have the appetite to twist the knife. Rather, they prioritised the retention of possession , giving United a lesson in how to look after the ball and move off it. They toyed with them. City still created chances. De Bruyne sliced when well placed; Foden struck the outside of the post; John Stones dragged wide and Jesus shouted in vain for a penalty against the substitute Alex Telles. “Ole’s at the wheel,” mocked the City fans. For how much longer? Manchester United Manchester City 3-5-2 4-1-3-2 De Gea; Bailly (Sancho ht), Ederson; Walker, Stones, Lindelöf, Maguire; Wan- Dias, Cancelo■; Rodri; Bissaka, Fernandes, Fred (Van De Bruyne, Silva, Gündogan; de Beek 80), McTominay, Jesus, Foden Shaw (Telles 73); Ronaldo■, Subs not used Steffen, Greenwood (Rashford 67) Carson, Aké, Sterling, Subs not used Henderson, Grealish, Zinchenko, Martial, Rashford, Lingard, Fernandinho, Mahrez, Dalot, Matic Palmer Referee Michael Oliver Attendance 73,086 ‘This isn’t how I want us to play – it feels like we’ve taken a big step backwards’ Jamie Jackson Old Trafford Ole Gunnar Solskj ær denied the clock is ticking on his tenure as Manchester United manager after the 2-0 dismantling by Manchester City at Old Trafford , which followed Liverpool’s 5-0 rout of his side in their previous home game. An early Eric Bailly own goal and a second from Bernardo Silva just before half-time consigned United to a fourth defeat from 11 Premier League matches, prompting questions whether Solskjær felt as if he is living on borrowed time. “No. I don’t start to feel that,” he said . “I am in good communication with the club. As long as I am here I want to do what I can do to improve this, I want the best for Manchester United. We have been through this a few times [in his three years in charge]. “Since the last game we played here it has been a very difficult period and we have gone away from what we used to be, won at Tottenham with a different system . But, s ystems or style, we still need to be on the front foot more. I can’t look at myself and say this is how I want Man Utd to play.” Solskj ær did concede the past two home losses were a brutal realisation how far United are from being an elite team. “We started to look a proper team at the end of last season and we have to get back to that,” he said. “We ha d a couple of good results before this – Atalanta and Tottenham – and today was a big step back. “We still don’t trust ourselves with the ball and we don’t find the angles and sometimes that is also the team you play against. We sometimes made the wrong solutions, sometimes the right solution but the wrong execution. “ It is very disappointing and it feels like after last week we have made a step or two forwards resultswise and then a big step backwards. It is a way of losing we don’t like. When you lose a game against a good team you want to see a better Man Utd team than that.” The win at Spurs is United’s only league victory in five weeks. “We have had a difficult spell,” Solskj ær said. “The result against Tottenham was good but it was not what we want to look like. We want to be on the front foot, to be more aggressive.” The manager believes the international fortnight is arriving at the right time. “W hen you lose a game of football there is no worse feeling,” he said. “For us it is all about Watford . We have to come out against Watford like a hurt animal. The short answer is it has come at a good time for us.” City moved up to second in the table after Chelsea later dropped points against Burnley. A delighted Pep Guardiola said: “There is more to come. The city is blue and we know how important that is. It was ‘For our fans City is the best club in Manchester – we have won a lot of titles’ a solid performance and a deserved victory. Apart from a few minutes in the second half when we lost some stupid balls, we were really good. So, no disappointment. I am so demanding. I know our standards. I am very pleased. This is the game we needed to play because if you attack quickly against United and you lose the ball then you will be attacked even quicker.” Guardiola was asked about Solskj ær’s pre- match claim that United are Manchester’s biggest club. “For our fans City is the best club in Manchester and for red fans United,” he said . “Only we can say we have done really well, winning a lot of titles and being there all the time.” Manchester City’s Phil Foden turns away from Bruno Fernandes and Aaron Wan-Bissaka OLI SCARFF/AFP/ GETTY IMAGES Player ratings 6 5 5 3 3 3 4 5 4 5 5 Substitutes Man Utd David de Gea Zero chance with the first goal, made fine saves from Jesus, Cancelo, De Bruyne and own teammate, Lindelöf, but a howler allowed Silva to strike. Victor Lindelöf Made a fine block from a stabbed Gündogan attempt and was composed but needed more protection from absent midfield. Harry Maguire Wanted to be firm in tackle, the captain was a threat at a solitary set piece but lacks a true presence to fire his team up. Eric Bailly Should be disappointed with intervention that beat De Gea to give City a dream beginning. Replaced at the break on a day to forget. Aaron Wan-Bissaka Awful. Shirked tackles as, up against Foden, he disappointed when asked to defend, make a pass or join the attack. Confidence is low. Fred Not good enough. Facing off against the league’s best midfield, clearly lacks the silk and craft of his City counterparts. Scott McTominay Was unable to dictate play as a Manchester United central operator has to. Contest waved at him on the way past. Bruno Fernandes Radar awry initially but fought his way into the match and was the sole United man to try to make the visitors think. Luke Shaw Yet to take off this season, he allowed Silva to steal in for City’s second late in the first half. Head blow forced him off. Mason Greenwood Partnering Ronaldo for the first time, floated off the front in quasi-No 10 mode and applied classy touches whenever fed, which was rare. Cristiano Ronaldo In his first Manchester derby since 2009, he was spied helping out in defence before a graceful left-foot volley. Starved of supply. Jadon Sancho Came on at half-time for Bailly but did close to nothing. 5 Marcus Rashford Ineffective, though hardly his fault. 5 Alex Telles Came on as a concussion replacement for Shaw. 5 Donny van de Beek Came on to delight of crowd but too late. 5 8 8 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 6 7 Man City Jamie Jackson Ederson Nothing to do until saving a Ronaldo volley, which the consistently rock-solid keeper repelled. Enjoyed view of teammates dominance. Kyle Walker A killer cross led, eventually, to Bailly’s own goal. The rightback (below) is in prime form. As accomplished in defence as when roving forward. Rúben Dias Was told off by Guardiola for choosing wrong passing option but this was as stressful as the captain’s outing became. John Stones As with partner Dias little to do regarding the ball coming at him, the centre-back was keen to make extra midfielder as Guardiola likes him to. João Cancelo Sweet cross created City’s first, tested De Gea with a 20-yard bullet, and orchestrated Silva finish. Booked costs him a mark. Rodri Always ready to link defence to attack, the elegant Spaniard frequently used the extra second he seems to always carry with him. Kevin De Bruyne The visitors’ chief prompter but continued recent uneven contributions by appearing menacing then off pace. Snatched at a big chance. Ilkay Gündogan Snapped into challenges, constantly harassed Fernandes in a feisty turn that showed up what his opposite midfield number lacked. Bernardo Silva Spooned early shot but was alert with close-range goal on stroke of half-time. He impressed all day and is currently undroppable. Gabriel Jesus Preferred to Riyad Mahrez, the Brazilian was tidy though hardly inspiring though he did not need to be and continued to burst forward until end. Phil Foden Positioned on left, he danced away from defenders when turning on the high gear. Pared it back a little in second half.

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:4 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:49 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 4 The Observer 07.11.21 Football Premier League Sancho’s reticence shows up baffling display of zombie-ball Barney Ronay Old Trafford With 56 minutes gone , as Manchester City’s players pinged and tickled the ball around, 2-0 up and basically doing a yoga workout, a team conga in the Manchester United half, Jadon Sancho went to press Kyle Walker, looked behind and saw Luke Shaw 40 yards away watching with an expression of vague interest. Sancho raised his arm and began to shout a complaint. He reined himself in. The forward is 20 years old and yet to carry out a single significant act in a United shirt. He has though, played at the Dortmund school of science. He trained with Pep Guardiola. He has a basic modern footballer’s understanding of positions, the stuff you learn from F ifa 21 or screenshots on Twitter from a Papua New Guinean blogger. Sancho could see it. His manager? Well, he was standing 30 yards away, motionless in skinny black suit and club anorak, staring out with that familiar look of bafflement, a man feeling the day slide away from him once again, still there at the wheel, still crashing in the same car. It would be flattering to describe this as a traumatic experience for Manchester United. This? This was nothing. Once again Ole Gunnar Solskj ær was bullied and joshed and ragged by the away section. Once again United produced their secondary formation, the parking of the executive bus, with seven defensive players from the start – but with no fibre, no substance, nothing to sustain this team beyond the gold leaf tomahawk steak up front. At times you wondered, what was the point of this game of football? Did it ever stand a chance? Alas, the Manchester derby, transformed in the Solskj ær era into an extended exercise in how to lose slowly. City were excellent . But they were also barely stretched in any part of the pitch, reeling off 15 shots at goal, dominating every metric, and enjoying surely the easiest Manchester City victory in the modern history of this fixture. And so here we are again. The run of games that seemed likely to decide the trajectory of this third Solskj ær season now reads: horrifying 5-0 defeat to Liverpool ; 3-0 revival against a half-dead Tottenham ; heroic 2-2 mess against Atalanta And now this, a sitting down by a genuine team, properly managed. Lads, it’s not Tottenham. The lack of plan was at least different to the lack of plan against Liverpool. But the effects were the same, despite that beefed-up centre, with the same sense of United’s players as atomised units, the midfielders faced with huge open spaces in front of them, always trying to block or slide or fill that void, where a modern team operates as a drilled, shared matrix of resistance. City were driven on by a wonderful performance of creative left full -back play from Jo ão Cancelo, who is out on his own in that role right now. Guardiola had fielded a team of central midfielders and started the game with four of Cristiano Ronaldo tangles with Gabriel Jesus. ‘There was no fibre, no substance, nothing to sustain United beyond the gold leaf tomahawk steak up front’ SHUTTERSTOCK The lack of a plan was at least different to the lack of a plan against Liverpool them stood in a deep line between the red shirts, nobody even pretending to be a centre-forward, the birth of a new position: the false, false nine. Cancelo made the opening goal, a man who just seems to have that goal-voodoo in his boots , timing, placement, range, and also luck. His cross from the left induced something horrible from Eric Bailly, who drew back his right foot – too far, too wildly- and sliced the clearance across David de Gea and into the top corner. The game pretty much died at that point, with United already in full Deontay Wilder knockout-artist mode, staggering around the ring, holding on, gassed and puffing, sustained only by the vague hope of landing a golden punch. The second City goal, just before half-time, was made by a fine bit of play from Bernardo Silva, skimming a pass out to Cancelo, then scampering on to take the return. And also by a terrible piece of defending from Shaw who stood still, calm, a little dreamy, as Silva crept in behind and deflected the ball into the net off De Gea, a pickpocket’s goal. De Gea could be seen attacking the tunnel as he walked off at the break. It felt a little jarring. Really? Now we’re punching the wall? So mild, so passive, so stuck within the limits of their own plan, it felt at times as though there was nowhere for Solskj ær’s iteration of United to go after this. The manager has tried to play in a more “progressive” way, and seen his team eviscerated. Yesterday, he went back into that comfortable shell. But really, what is the point of assembling all this talent and playing like that? How have we reached this creative and intellectual dead end? United are in a weird place . This whole process is in danger of becoming a real-time experiment. What if you just didn’t sack the manager? What if you allowed the process to carry on, past mild underperformance, into hard underperformance, into humiliation, and then – well, what? Something, it seems, that looks a bit like this, a kind of zombie-ball. Albeit, one that seems to have a little way still to stagger. • Football in brief Soumaré: erratic form is hurting Leicester Boubakary Soumaré says Leicester are feeling the pain as they struggle to find consistent form. Brendan Rodgers’ side have won just two of their last seven in the league, and travel to Leeds today. “The defeat against Arsenal really hurt us, so we must bounce back and show what we’re capable of. Leeds will be tough: it’s the characteristic of English teams, very physical, very quick. That just means we have to step up our game as well.” PA Media FA investigates alleged racism at FA Cup tie The Football Association is investigating an allegation of racist abuse during Friday’s televised FA Cup first round match between AFC Sudbury and Colchester United. The FA said it was “liaising with the clubs and police” over the alleged abuse from the crowd aimed at Colchester keeper Shamal George during his side’s 4-0 win. In yesterday’s ties, seventh-tier Buxton beat York City 1-0, sixthtier Kidderminster won 1-0 against National League Grimsby, and League One Sunderland lost 1-0 at home to fourth-tier Mansfield. FA Cup results, page 23 PA Media Lewandowski makes it 60 as Bayern shine Robert Lewandowski scored his 60th goal of this calendar year as Bayern Munich beat Freiburg Robert Lewandowski celebrates with Alphonso Davies (left) and Serge Gnabry 2-1, ending the visiting side’s unbeaten Bundesliga start. Bayern took a deserved lead in the 30th minute through Leon Goretzka. Lewandowski struck a second in the 75th minute from close range, before Janik Haberer pulled one back in stoppage time. Reuters Aspas denies Barça in six-goal thriller Barcelona threw away a three-goal lead to draw 3-3 at Celta Vigo in La Liga in a chaotic game which underlined the scale of the task facing their incoming coach, Xavi Hernández. Celta captain Iago Aspas completed a remarkable second-half comeback from the hosts by scoring in the fifth minute of added time after he had pulled their first goal back in the 52nd and Nolito had struck in the 74th. Barça are ninth in the standings with 17 points after 12 games. Reuters Struggling Genoa sack Ballardini – again Davide Ballardini’s fourth spell as Genoa coach is over after the Serie A side announced his sacking. The 57-year-old was under fire after just one league win all season, with a 2-2 draw at Empoli on Friday night the final straw. It is the fourth time Ballardini has left the Rossoblu after an eventful series of spells in charge in the last 10 years. Reuters

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:5 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:37 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 5 The Burnley substitute Matej Vydra pokes the ball past Édouard Mendy to punish Chelsea for their wastefulness DAVID KLEIN/REUTERS Chelsea rue Lukaku absence after Vydra stuns leaders 1 CHELSEA Havertz 33 Jacob Steinberg Stamford Bridge 1 BURNLEY Vydra 79 69% Possession 31% 4 Shots on Target 2 25 Total Attempts 5 This was the moment when Romelu Lukaku’s ankle injury caught up with Chelsea. They were crying out for a ruthless finisher for much of a ridiculously one-sided contest and, although Thomas Tuchel complained about misfortune after seeing Matej Vydra come off the bench to earn a point for Burnley, deep down he will know the blame lay squarely with Chelsea’s misfiring forwards for failing to step up in Lukaku’s absence. The statistics verged on the comedic. Chelsea finished with 25 shots, seven of them coming inside the first 15 minutes alone, but only one of them went past Nick Pope. Callum Hudson-Odoi, Ross Barkley, and Kai Havertz were all guilty of some poor misses and the longer it stayed 1-0, the likelier it became that Sean Dyche’s pugnacious team would find a way to make the league leaders regret their profligacy. Chelsea, their lead over Manchester City now only three points, should never have found themselves vulnerable to that late sucker punch from Vydra. It should have been a rout once Havertz had put the European champions ahead with his first league goal since August; instead it ended up as a reminder of why Lukaku was bought for £97.5m from Inter in the summer. The Belgian surely would have finished Burnley off before halftime and, while Chelsea have mostly coped well without the striker since losing him to an ankle injury suffered against Malmö last month, they will be glad to have him available again after the international break. “That’s football,” Tuchel said. “They were lucky but that’s why everyone loves the game because it’s possible to win matches like this. It can happen, sometimes unfortunately like today, that somebody else steals some points and is lucky.” Tuchel was correct to point out that Burnley, who are two points below Leeds in 17th place, were fortunate. Equally Chelsea, who were also without the hamstrung Timo Werner in attack, were not mature enough. The hosts had threatened to overwhelm Burnley from the start, the tone set by Hudson-Odoi ripping through on the right to test Pope early on, but they could not make their superiority count. Andreas Christensen headed How they stand P W D L F A GD Pts Chelsea 11 8 2 1 27 4 +23 26 Man City 11 7 2 2 22 6 +16 23 Liverpool 10 6 4 0 29 8 +21 22 West Ham 10 6 2 2 20 11 +9 20 Man Utd 11 5 2 4 19 17 +2 17 Brighton 11 4 5 2 12 12 0 17 Arsenal 10 5 2 3 12 13 -1 17 Wolves 11 5 1 5 11 12 -1 16 Crystal Palace 11 3 6 2 15 14 +1 15 Tottenham 10 5 0 5 9 16 -7 15 Everton 10 4 2 4 16 16 0 14 Leicester 10 4 2 4 15 17 -2 14 Southampton 11 3 5 3 10 12 -2 14 Brentford 11 3 3 5 13 14 -1 12 Aston Villa 11 3 1 7 14 20 -6 10 Watford 10 3 1 6 12 18 -6 10 Leeds 10 2 4 4 10 17 -7 10 Burnley 11 1 5 5 11 17 -6 8 Newcastle 11 0 5 6 12 24 -12 5 Norwich 11 1 2 8 5 26 -21 5 ‘They were lucky. It can happen, unfortunately, that somebody else steals some points’ Thomas Tuchel wide from a Hudson-Odoi cross, Pope denied Havertz and Barkley fired wide. The tension grew as the half wore on, Burnley’s full-blooded approach to defending leading to a few spiky exchanges between the two benches. The main flashpoint came when Tuchel erupted at Andre Marriner’s refusal to award Chelsea a free-kick following a collision between Barkley and James Tarkowski. Tuchel was in full Basil Fawlty mode, leaping around his technical area, his wiry figure contorted with rage, although it did feel as if he was taking a risk by engaging in a running back -and - forth with Dyche. “It was just two staffs trying to win a football match,” Burnley’s manager said. “It’s nothing to do with me being hard. I’m not hard. I’m a normal bloke.” Chelsea needed to be more composed. They kept probing, Jorginho and N’Golo Kanté rotating the ball in midfield, Burnley escaping again when Pope denied Reece James. Then Havertz, deputising for Lukaku, cut out a wayward pass and set off on a powerful run down the left, only for his momentum to send him hurtling over the advertising hoardings behind the goal and into the crowd. There were a few anxious moments before Havertz emerged, looking a little groggy after receiving some treatment, but the blow seemed to do him some good. He returned ready for battle and soon had a reward for his endeavour, giving Chelsea the lead after creeping between Ben Mee and Tarkowski before meeting James’s beautiful cross with a header. Chelsea were desperate to build on Havertz’s fourth goal of the season. Thiago Silva nodded against the woodwork at the start of the second half and Havertz was wasteful after fine work from Hudson-Odoi on the right, firing over from close range. More chances came and went. Hudson-Odoi, who was not consistent enough in the final third, dribbled through before being denied by Pope. Jorginho’s goal-bound drive was headed away. Barkley, who toiled after being handed his first league start of the season, smashed a shot over and immediately made way for Ruben Loftus-Cheek. The repeated let-offs gave Burnley confidence. For once Chelsea’s forwards could not count on their defence to bail them out. The visitors pushed forward and almost equalised when the substitute, Jay Rodriguez, headed just wide at the near post. The warning signs were clear and Chelsea paid the price when Ashley Westwood crossed, Rodriguez headed on and Vydra lifted the loose ball over Édouard Mendy with 11 minutes left. Tuchel could not believe what he was watching. He responded by throwing on Christian Pulisic and Mason Mount, but Chelsea had completely lost their way as an attacking force. How they missed Lukaku. Chelsea Burnley 3-4-2-1 4-4-2 Mendy; Christensen, Silva, Pope; Lowton, Rüdiger; James■, Kanté Tarkowski■, Mee, Taylor; (Mount 85), Jorginho, Gudmondsson (Vydra 70), Chilwell; Hudson-Odoi Brownhill■, Westwood■, (Pulisic 85), Barkley McNeil; Cornet■ (Pieters (Loftus-Cheek 73); Havertz 88), Wood (Rodriguez 61) Subs not used Ziyech, Subs not used Hennessey, Arrizabalaga, Chalobah, Roberts, Long, Collins, Azpilicueta, Sarr, Saúl Barnes, Cork Referee Andre Marriner

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:6 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:42 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 6 The Observer 07.11.21 Football Premier League • Midfielder salvages a point in front of manager in waiting Hayden gives Howe cause for optimism at Newcastle 1 BRIGHTON Trossard 24 1 NEWCASTLE Hayden 66 61% Possession 39% Graeme Jones issues instructions in his final game as temporary manager before Eddie Howe takes the reins at Newcastle 4 Shots on Target 1 13 Total Attempts 6 Paul Doyle Amex Stadium Howe do you like that? Before kick-off f Newcastle sank to the bottom om of the Premier League because e of Norwich’s victory at Brentford; rd; then they fell behind to a penalty by Leandro Trossard. And then came the reaction that must have encouraged their prospective new manager, who watched Newcastle fight back to claim a valuable point. It would have been more if Cal lum WIlson had not been fouled by Robert Sánchez in page time when running clear on stop- goal. The journey to the south coast represented a chance for Newcastle’s new owners to gather pointers, if not points. Brighton are the kind of club Newcastle should aim to become, at least as a stepping stone to world domination. The y are shrewd off the pitch and slick on it. Calmly and methodically, Graham Potter has made them difficult to beat and enjoyable to watch, which is why the mood music around the Amex Stadium since his arrival two and half years ago has generally been the exact opposite of the belly- aching that has accompanied most matches at St James’ Park during that time. For his last game in temporary charge of his hometown club, Graeme Jones made three changes to the side that began last weekend’s 3-0 defeat by Chelsea. Newcastle’s players started as if on a mission to impress Jones’s eventual replacement and/or atone for past performances. There was an encouraging intensity to the way they pressed. But it takes a lot to disrupt Brighton’s smooth passing game and the hosts enjoyed the lion’s share of possession. They also enjoyed having Tariq Lamptey back. Restored to the starting lineup for a league match for the first time since suffering a hamstring injury 11 months ago, and namechecked by an admiring Gareth Southgate this week, the wing-back showed he has lost none of his zip, quickly creating Brighton’s first chance with a run and cross that Trossard headed into the arms of Karl Darlow. Newcastle were swift to retort. Jacob Murphy burst down the right in Lamptey-esque fashion and swapped passes with Miguel Almirón, only to pull his shot way wide. Then another thrust from Lamptey earned the first corner of the game. Shane Duffy got his head to Sulley March’s delivery but not with enough force to beat Darlow. And then, to no one’s surprise, Newcastle’s hapless streak resurfaced. Amid a scramble in the visitors’ goalmouth after a corner, Trossard tricked his way past Ciaran Clark, who caught him lightly with a trailing leg and then made a half-hearted grab for his shirt. Trossard was not going to miss the opportunity to hit the ground. Nor, after the referee consulted the pitchside monitor, did he miss the penalty. Isaac Hayden shoots through a crowded penalty area to cancel out Leandro Trossard’s firsthalf penalty and make it 1-1 TONY OBRIEN/REUTERS Low-key start gives new guy taste of the task ahead Ed Aarons It was hardly the grandest of entrances but Eddie Howe probably preferred that. Just as Newcastle’s players were attempting to win a first Premier League match of the season at the 11th time of asking, the man tasked with reviving their fortunes emerged from an executive box at Brighton’s Amex Stadium and stepped into the unknown. Clasping an overcoat in one hand and with the other shoved nervously in his pocket as he descended the stairs behind Amanda Staveley, Newcastle’s director and minority stakeholder, the 43-year-old quickly took his seat in the front row next to former assistant Jason Tindall, who is expected to join him at St James’ Park. Earlier in the day, rumours had been swirling that a disagreement over Howe’s backroom staff could present another last-minute hitch to the search for Steve Bruce’s successor. Having already blown the chance of landing Unai Emery from Villarreal , missing out on their second choice would not have been a good look for Staveley and the club’s new Saudi Arabian owners. Some reports had even claimed Emery would be in charge for this match until he decided against returning to England in favour of staying with the club he led to the Europa League last season against all odds. In comparison, a manager who has never finished higher than ninth in the Premier League may seem like a downgrade but Staveley and co are gambling that Howe is exactly what is needed to revive a group of players badly struggling for direction. Norwich’s victory at Brentford meant Newcastle were bottom of the table at kick -off but perhaps boosted by the presence of their manager-in-waiting in the stands, they made an encouraging start here and could have gone ahead had Callum Wilson been more alert to an early chance. It did not last long, however, as Brighton assumed control in midfield and deservedly took the lead from the spot. Howe and Tindall were captured deep in conversation – it is always a good idea to seem keen when your new boss is sitting next to you. As the game drifted towards half-time a muted chant of “attack, attack, attack ” came from the away fans behind the goal but there was no real intent from the side selected by Graeme Jones. The club’s owners have guaranteed Newcastle’s caretaker manager will stay in a job whatever happened during his brief spell in charge, although there has been not much evidence of improvement in the three matches since he took over from Bruce despite picking up two points on the road. Jones was full of praise for Howe Amanda Staveley and Eddie Howe sample the atmosphere up in the stands before last night’s match earlier in the week having been part of Tindall’s staff at Bournemouth last season when he replaced his former boss following the club’s relegation in 2020, describing their approach as “high-tempo attacking football with momentum”. With two more of Howe’s lieutenants, Stephen Purches and Simon Weatherstone, getting the old band back together on Tyneside they will be expected to implement the same methods that took their old club from the brink of relegation out of the Football League to the Premier League during eight years on the south coast. While Bournemouth never conceded fewer than 61 goals in any of Howe’s five seasons in the top flight, it is at the other end of the pitch that has been the major issue at Newcastle for some time and his relationship with Wilson could be vital to their short-term aspirations. Asked while both were still at Bournemouth to describe the

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:7 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 7 After that Brighton controlled the first half with a breezy poise while Newcastle appeared to be gripped by fatalism – not indolent but seemingly unconvinced they could play their way back into the game. Callum Wilson looked a token figure up front as the visitors tried to contain the hosts. Lamptey would not be subdued, his raids down the right a problem that the visitors could not solve, one that had the added annoyance of forcing Allan Saint-Maximin to run the wrong way, for Newcastle’s purposes. Newcastle remained coy after the break. Soon they nearly fell further behind. Joël Veltman combined with Lamptey before slipping a pass through to Trossard, whose low shot was kicked away by Darlow. Then Marc Cucurella headed wide after a nice cross by Trossard and curled a shot wide from the edge of the area. Each chance showed Brighton’s superiority but the fact they missed most of them gave Newcastle cause to believe parity could yet be restored. If, that is, Newcastle could put together a cutting attack. Matt Ritchie drew a save from Robert Sánchez after the ball broke to him outside the area following a corner. Moments later Alexis Mac Allister botched another chance to make Brighton’s lead more secure. Then Newcastle made the hosts pay. Ritchie took a quick free-kick on the left to Saint-Maximin , accepted the return pass and sent in a cross. Clark did well to head it back to Hayden, who kept his cool and lashed the bouncing ball into the net . When Sánchez was sent off in stoppage time for tripping Wilson after Joelinton sent the striker through , Lewis Dunk was re-deployed as an emergency goalkeeper, but N ewcastle did not have time to test him. Brighton Newcastle 3-4-3 5-3-2 Sánchez■; Veltman, Duffy, Darlow; Murphy■, Krafth Dunk; Cucurella, (Gayle 90), Lascelles■, Bissouma■, Lamptey Clark, Ritchie; Almirón (Webster 75), Mwepu (Mac (Joelinton 74), Hayden, Allister ht); Lallana■, Shelvey■; Saint-Maximin, March (Maupay■ 66), Trossard Subs not used Wilson■ Gross, Moder, Steele, Subs not used Dúbravka, Locadia, Richards, Schär, Lewis, Manquillo, Sarmiento Fraser, Willock, Longstaff Referee David Coote manager who signed him from Coventry in 2014 in one word, the England striker opted for “tactical”, and his first task will be to come up with a plan for this Newcastle side. Ryan Fraser – who signed a lucrative five-year contract last September – could be another to benefit from a reunion with his former manager, although Howe admitted to feeling let down after the Scotland forward refused a short-term extension on the south coast to see out the remainder of the Covid-19 affected 2019 -20 season that ended in relegation. Howe could afford to smile when yet another former Bournemouth player in the form of Matt Ritchie swung in the cross that led to Isaac Hayden’s surprise equaliser that was celebrated with gusto by Jones on the touchline. But as Newcastle’s wait for victory goes on another week, he will know the hard work starts now. Normann a conqueror as Norwich win at last 1 BRENTFORD Henry 60 2 NORWICH Normann 6, Pukki 29 64% Possession 36% 7 Shots on Target 4 19 Total Attempts 8 Andy Sims Brentford Community Stadium Norwich finally broke their duck with goals from Mathias Normann and Teemu Pukki that proved to be enough for a victory at Brentford. A magnificent solo goal from Normann and Pukki’s penalty secured a first win of the season for the beleaguered visitors. They held on for the final half-hour after Rico Henry hauled Brentford back into the match, for a first away victory in the Premier League since a win over Everton at Goodison Park in November 2019. Their performance was a far cry from their last trip to Gallagher and Zaha pull strings for Palace 2 CRYSTAL PALACE Zaha 61, Gallagher 78 George Sessions Selhurst Park 0 WOLVES 58% Possession 42% 6 Shots on Target 2 13 Total Attempts 4 Patrick Vieira believes Crystal Palace are starting to show their potential as they made it backto-back wins with a VAR-assisted victory . Wilfried Zaha broke the deadlock in the 61st minute and Conor Gallagher wrapped up the points late on with a deflected second as the hosts followed up their efforts at Manchester City last Saturday . After throwing away leads to draw with Brighton and Arsenal this season, Vieira was delighted to see west London, the 7-0 hammering by Chelsea a fortnight ago, and will lift some of the pressure on their manager Daniel Farke. “It’s definitely a great day for us,” said Farke. “There’s no replacement for wins. My players are young lads and it’s not easy for them when there’s a lot of criticism. Last season we were more or less winning game after game, but at Premier League level it’s a different animal. But there is spirit and belief in this dressing room and everyone was committed to getting the first three points for the club.” Norwich were helped by a belowpar display from Brentford, whose Premier League honeymoon period is well and truly over after four straight defeats. Norwich had been waiting for an away goal all season and it took just six minutes to arrive at the Community Stadium. Milot Rashica’s cross was cleared as far as Normann, his young side close out the game to move up to ninth in the table. He said: “We showed that we improve as a team and this is what we wanted to do. From the first game we played against Chelsea it was about how can we improve individually to allow ourselves to be more of a team. “When we look at how the players work every day in training, we get rewarded with the results. We know the team has potential and the potential is starting to be seen, but we still need to keep that work ethic and momentum going. “When you look at all the games we played, today we showed maturity as a team and we take one step forward.” Zaha and Gallagher were again the match-winners as they put talk over their international careers to one side. Zaha had his future with Ivory Coast questioned on Thursday, while the Chelsea loanee Gallagher missed out on the England squad despite his fine form. Vieira said: “It was really important to get the result we wanted, especially after the win we had at City. “It was a really good team performance against a difficult team. It was quite hard for us to create chances and Wilfried and Conor’s goals were important for us. “At a really important moment of the game as well and I was really pleased with their performance, Mathias Normann scores to put Norwich City on the way to their first league win of the season MARC ATKINS/GETTY IMAGES who was lurking 30 yards from goal. The Norway midfielder, on loan from the Russian side Rostov, weaved his way past three Brentford defenders and into the area before aiming a low shot past Álvaro Fernández and into the bottom corner. Brentford almost hit straight back but Norwich’s goalkeeper, Tim Krul, denied Christian Nørgaard from close range and Ethan Pinnock headed over from a corner. The lead was Norwich’s first in 15 Premier League matches, and they doubled it in the 29th minute. The substitute Charlie Goode brought down Pukki as he raced through on goal and the Finnish striker coolly tucked away the penalty. Norwich’s unwanted records were continuing to tumble – they had now scored twice in a Premier League match for the first time since December 2019 against Tottenham, 28 games ago. “We’re going to win the league,” Wilfried Zaha scores the opening goal, which was reinstated by VAR but, overall, I felt the team played quite well.” After a disjointed opening 45 minutes lacking in genuine chances Palace upped the ante in the second half, with Zaha and Édouard embarking on dangerous runs, while Benteke tested José Sá with a header from Gallagher’s corner. It felt a matter of time before the deadlock was broken and the home side went ahead in the 61st minute. James McArthur slipped Zaha through on goal with a perfectly weighted pass and the forward slotted into the corner from a tight angle. The assistant referee, Peter Kirkup, immediately raised his flag to signal for offside, but VAR overruled the decision to give Zaha a fourth goal of the campaign and spark a second round of celebrations . was the chant from the giddy away supporters. Pukki should have made it three at the start of the second half but dragged his shot across goal . Moments later Brentford thought they had pulled one back when Bryan Mbeumo raced through to put the ball home, but VAR adjudged he was offside from Ivan Toney’s flick on. Nørgaard was denied again by Krul, when the ball was smashed straight at him from a corner. They did halve the deficit on the hour when full-back Henry arrived at the far post to tuck in a cross from Saman Ghoddos. Norwich could have had a third but for some last-ditch defending to keep Josh Sargent at bay and Fernández saving from Rashica. In the end they were relieved to see Sergi Canós hit the side-netting and Goode blaze over in stoppage time before that first win was finally confirmed. Brentford’s manager Thomas Frank praised Norwich and was happy enough with his own team’s performance. “I hate losing; my body is burning inside,” he said. “But when we perform as we have done there is no need to change the system. If we keep going like this then by the law of statistics we will be fine.” PA Media Brentford Norwich 3-5-2 4-5-1 Fernández; Jorgensen Krul; Aarons■, Gibson, (Goode■ 12), Jansson, Omobamidele■, Williams; Pinnock; Canós, Jensen, Dowell (Giannoulis 74), Nørgaard, Janelt (Ghoddos Normann■, Lees-Melou, ht), Henry (Forss 69); McLean, Rashica (Idah 90); Mbeumo, Toney■ Pukki (Sargent 78) Subs not used Thompson, Subs not used Rupp, Onyeka, Bidstrup, Roerslev, Gilmour, Placheta, Tzolis, Stevens, Cox Sørensen, Gunn Referee Jarred Gillett The home faithful were lauding technology again not long after when Wolves were denied a spotkick after Joel Ward brought down Rayan Aït-Nouri in the 68th minute. The referee, Graham Scott, awarded a penalty but another VAR check led to a free-being kick given instead, with the incident taking place on the edge of the area. The Wolves manager Bruno Lage said: “I think VAR is very important for modern football and it can help the referees to be better. Sometimes you need to understand what really happened in the action about Rayan. “The big fault was inside the box. It was a touch outside but the big fault is inside the box, so they should go by the referee’s opinion.” Lage introduced Daniel Podence and Adama Traoré in a bid to get back into the game but it failed to have the desired effect, with Palace doubling their lead with 12 minutes remaining. The lively Gallagher was again first to a loose ball and after being given too much time by the defence his effort was deflected off Conor Coady to leave his keeper wrong-footed . PA Media Crystal Palace Wolves 4-3-3 3-4-2-1 Guaita; Ward, Andersen, Sá; Kilman, Coady, Saïss; Guéhi■, Mitchell ; Semedo (Traoré 68), Gallagher, Kouyaté, Neves, Moutinho■, McArthur (Schlupp 80); Aït-Nouri; Trincão Zaha, Benteke (Ayew 89), (Podence 68), Hwang Édouard (Olise■ 80) (Silva 90); Jiménez Subs not used Butland, Subs not used Hoever, Milivojevic, Tomkins, Moulden, Boly, Ruddy, Clyne, Kelly, Riedewald Dendoncker, Cundle Referee Graham Scott Attendance 24,390

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:8 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone:S Sent at 6/11/2021 19:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 8 The Observer 07.11.21 Football Premier League • Sky Bet Championship Warnock angered by Boro departure Neil Warnock revealed his frustrations after his exit from Middlesbrough was announced minutes after the 1-1 draw with promotion-chasing West Brom. Warnock, who was appointed in June 2020 to replace Jonathan Woodgate, had overseen an English football record 1,602nd professional game as a manager at Luton on Tuesday, but the draw at The Hawthorns proved to be the end of his latest stint. Middlesbrough said a decision had been reached by mutual consent, with the club lying 14th in the Championship table. The 72-year-old Warnock said: “I am disappointed how it’s ended up but nothing surprises me really. I found out this morning with a call to say they were going in a different direction. I felt I deserved a bit more than that. But it’s not to be. I wish them all the best. Whoever comes in will get a great set of lads and some support in the transfer window.” He added: “I am proud of my managerial record and I can’t see it being beaten in the modern day. It was hard coming into the club during the pandemic but to take the club through that and come out the other side, I am proud.” Warnock’s assistants, Kevin Blackwell and Ronnie Jepson, have also departed, with Chris Wilder, the former Sheffield United manager, among those linked with the role. Elsewhere, doubles from Dominic Solanke and Jaidon Anthony kept Bournemouth top of the table heading into the international break thanks to a 4-0 win over Swansea. Solanke opened the scoring midway through the first half before getting his second when he acrobatically volleyed home Leif Davis’ cross. Anthony was on hand to head home a rebound before finishing things off with a fourth in stoppage time. Second-placed Fulham made it six wins on the bounce thanks to Aleksandr Mitrovic’s 20th goal of the season as they beat Peterborough 1-0. The Cottagers, with the best attacking record in the league, had to wait until the 74th minute to An emotional Neil Warnock waves goodbye to Middlesbrough fans after their 1-1 draw at The Hawthorns TONY MARSH/TGS PHOTO/ SHUTTERSTOCK break the deadlock when Neeskens Kebano picked out Mitrovic whose header broke Posh’s resistance. Blackburn came from a goal behind to beat Sheffield United 3-1 at Ewood Park. Rhian Brewster’s second-minute strike put the visitors in front but Reda Khadra made sure the sides went into the break at 1-1. Second-half goals from Ben Brereton Díaz and Ian Poveda sealed the points for Rovers, who bounced back from their 7-0 to drubbing by Fulham. The 10 men of Coventry twice came from behind to defeat Bristol City 3-2 and stay fourth. On the stroke of half-time, Ian Maatsen brought down Callum O’Dowda in the box and was sent off, Chris Martin converting the penalty to make the score 1-0. The Sky Blues equalised when Matty Godden scored from the spot and, though they went behind again through Andy Weimann, Callum O’Hare levelled with 15 minutes left before Godden’s stoppage-time winner. Stoke made it back-to-back away wins and clean sheets with a 1-0 win over Luton at Kenilworth Road, Romaine Sawyers setting up Jacob Brown to celebrate his first call-up for Scotland with a goal. QPR drew 1-1 at Blackpool, Chris Willock putting the visitors in front at the break before Gary Madine’s 52nd-minute penalty levelled it up. Hull picked up a vital three points in the relegation battle as they beat fellow strugglers Barnsley 2-0 at Oakwell. George Honeyman’s firsttime finish was the visitors’ first goal in eight away games and Keane Lewis-Potter made the game safe. Cardiff ended a run of 10 games without a win by beating Huddersfield 2-1 thanks to Kieffer Moore’s stoppage-time winner. The Terriers hit the front on 12 minutes through Daniel Sinani but Moore equalised with 15 minutes to go before stealing all three points in stoppage time with a fine header. Millwall had to settle for a 1-1 draw against 10-man Derby. Festy Ebosele broke the deadlock just before half-time but Scott Malone hit back quickly against his old club. Nottingham Forest thrashed Preston 3-0 thanks to a Lewis Grabban double and Jack Colback strike, while Reading came from a goal down to earn the points in a 2-1 win over Birmingham. Scott Hogan put the hosts in front but a second-half brace from Jahmari Clarke sealed his side’s first win in five games. PA Media WSL Whelan seals victory MARTIN RICKETT/PA IMAGES Brighton’s Aileen Whelan (left) and Everton’s Aurora Galli battle for the ball during Brighton’s hard-fought Women’s Super League 1-0 win at a wet and windy Walton Hall Park. Whelan put the visitors in front on 61 minutes, heading home Danielle Carter’s cross from close range for her first goal of the season. It was a far from ideal start for Jean-Luc Vasseur, overseeing his first game in charge of Everton since replacing Willie Kirk. Rehanne Skinner feels Spurs are in good place to meet United Rehanne Skinner is relishing today’s meeting with Manchester United as Tottenham return to Women’s Super League action after a fourweek break. Spurs, who went into the weekend in third place in the table, host fourthplaced United today having won four of their five league games this season . That is a record Skinner is determined to extend. The manager told Spurs TV: “It’s a good game to go into, Manchester United. Look at the club and look at the history of the club on the men’s side. “It’s just a big club, the same as us, and we want to get these fixtures in and we want to make sure that we give a really good account of ourselves.” The game will see the Spurs manager go head-to-head with former assistant and namesake Marc Skinner, who knows exactly what to expect from her team. He told Manchester United’s official website: “I worked with Rehanne at Leicester, I was her assistant for a season, so I know the good work Rehanne does. “They’ve got a good togetherness, a good bunch of players with some real top talent in there as well, so it’s going to be difficult, but you want to ‘It’s a good game to go into – United are a big club, the same as us,’ says Spurs manager Rehanne Skinner TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR FC VIA GETTY IMAGES ‘They have a good togetherness, some top talent, so it’s going to be difficult’ Marc Skinner get ahead and try and put a stamp on the game.” Arsenal will attempt to preserve their perfect start to the campaign when they welcome West Ham to Meadow Park having scored 10 goals without reply in the three fixtures they have played in all competitions since their sobering 4-1 Champions League defeat by Barcelona on 5 October. At the foot of the table, Leicester and Birmingham will attempt to win their first games of the season when they host Manchester City, who have collected four points from their five league games, and Reading respectively. PA Media

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:9 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:14 cYanmaGentaYellowbla • The Observer 07.11.21 9 Ramsdale fulfils ‘serious monster’ promise as keeper meets his mentor Arsenal’s summer signing is set to face Watford’s Ben Foster having quashed doubts over his £24m price tag, writes Nick Ames Perhaps the doubters should have listened to the Premier League’s most experienced first-choice goalkeeper. Three weeks after Arsenal had signed Aaron Ramsdale for an initial £24m that, whatever hindsight might suggest, made many eyes water they were offered an alternative viewpoint by Ben Foster. “The guy seriously impresses me every time he plays,” he said. “He’s got a little bit of that mentality where he doesn’t care. Nothing fazes him and nothing bothers him: he’s going to go on to be a serious monster in goal.” Foster will hope Ramsdale has an increasingly rare off day when his Watford side visit the Emirates today but, whoever finishes on top, the mutual respect will be genuine. Ramsdale is a West Brom fan and, through his teens, was present to see Foster keep goal at the Hawthorns. He has spoken reverentially of the 38-year-old in the past and considered it a career milestone when, two years ago, the pair faced one another during his time at Bournemouth. “I watched him for a long, long time,” he said after both keepers had achieved a clean sheet . “The way he plays, the speed he plays at and being able to kick off both feet, I know his game inside and out. There are definitely things you try to take out of his game and implement into mine.” Ramsdale’s attention to detail is little surprise. One of the attributes that has delighted colleagues at Arsenal’s training ground since his arrival is his absorption in the sport: Ramsdale verges on the hyper-observant, watching games religiously and paying attention to minor points of a player’s routine, down to the off-field commitments expected on a match day, where other professionals might not. It is an attitude that has, in seven league appearances, transmitted on to the pitch: at a middling 6ft 2in he might not fill the goal with his stature but a vibrant personality lifts those around him and presents opponents with a fresh obstacle. That was among the assets that seduced Mikel Arteta. One of the laziest barbs aimed at Ramsdale was that, in his two Premier League seasons, he had been relegated twice, with Bournemouth and Sheffield United. He missed only one game in those campaigns and perhaps it says something that, when Eddie Howe, Chris Wilder and Paul Heckingbottom tinkered in search of a formula for escaping the drop, the goalkeeping position remained unchanged. Maybe they saw what Arteta did: a preternatural ability to roll with the punches. “I watched a lot of clips and moments after he conceded a goal, making a mistake or a difficult moment,” Arteta said on Friday. “And that’s one of the big reasons we made a decision to sign him, because he could cope with those.” The logic was sound, if rarely heard. It can be taken as read that Aaron Ramsdale has conceded only four goals in his seven Premier League games for Arsenal MARK LEECH/OFFSIDE VIA GETTY IMAGES ‘One of the big reasons we signed him is because he could cope with making a mistake’ Mikel Arteta goalkeepers in the top two divisions are outstanding shot stoppers . The step up from competent to elite is made between the ears and Ramsdale’s imperviousness to disappointment, a condition that has afflicted Arsenal for too long, struck a chord. “He’s made some really big saves for us lately,” Heckingbottom said in May when the Blades’ fate had long been sealed. “But perhaps even more so than that, it’s been the belief and single-mindedness he has shown to keep on going and show people Aaron Ramsdale made some superb saves to help Arsenal win at Leicester last weekend MICHAEL REGAN/ GETTY IMAGES what he’s made of. Because it would have been easier for him just to fold. He didn’t. And that takes something a little bit special in my book.” In a revamped Arsenal defence that has shipped only four goals since he usurped Bernd Leno, Ramsdale is yet to encounter the negative scrutiny that accompanies regular concessions. The day will arrive when he makes a critical mistake but he has quickly amassed enough credit to fend off brickbats. Interaction with the fanbase has been a theme in his early months, from joining in with Leicester supporters’ barracking at goal-kicks last week to his increasingly familiar pumping-up of the Emirates crowd. Ramsdale operates with his heart on his sleeve: there is something of the amateur player, and not in the pejorative sense, in such an uninhibited approach. Figures at Arsenal liken him to an old-school football character: ready with wit and a wisecrack, but businesslike when required. Jack Wilshere, whose influence as a non-contract training participant at London Colney has also been well received, is cut from a similar cloth. “Connection brings unity and a different kind of vibration between fans and players,” said Arteta of Ramsdale’s ability to lift spirits. “Aaron is capable of transmitting that in a natural way. His competitiveness as well, on the pitch, brings the crowd to a different level, because of his desire to win.” None of it would matter without technical skill, but Ramsdale has excelled so far. Only Édouard Mendy has a higher save percentage in the Premier League in 2021-22; it is arguable that his performance at Leicester , jointly with the Chelsea goalkeeper’s display at Brentford , was the goalkeeping highlight of the season to date. Distribution skills were a widely trailed reason for Arsenal’s decision to make their move and Ramsdale has broadened their range from the back: only Foster and his counterparts at Newcastle, Burnley and Everton have made a higher percentage of long passes. Arsenal will expect to bring up three straight wins against Watford, whose early form under Claudio Ranieri has been unpredictable. Foster, who should make his 371st Premier League appearance, is the Hornets’ model of consistency. “It was great to share the pitch with him,” Ramsdale said in the wake of that meeting in 2019. Master and protégé would both agree they belong on the same stage. Southgate surprised by barbs of Klopp Nick Ames Gareth Southgate said he was surprised to be on the receiving end of barbed comments from Jürgen Klopp regarding his deployment of Liverpool players, particularly given he professes to enjoy a good working relationship with his counterpart. Last month, Klopp questioned the omission of Joe Gomez from Southgate’s squad, pointing out that a lack of top-flight football this season had not prevented John Stones from being selected. “Obviously there’s a special thing for Mr Stones,” Klopp said, while he was also critical of Trent Alexander- Arnold’s use in midfield against Andorra in September. “Why would you make the best right-back in the world a midfielder? I don’t understand that really,” he said. “I don’t quite know why he keeps having a swing, you’d have to ask him,” Southgate said. “I think we’ve always got on reasonably well. I’ve noticed quite a few articles and quite a few comments, which is always interesting to see.” Southgate was asked whether it was important to forge strong bonds with club managers but suggested the Gareth Southgate has shrugged off criticism that he has ignored Joe Gomez and misused Trent Alexander-Arnold industry’s volatility does not make that straightforward. “They come and go pretty quickly so it’s important to have a good relationship somewhere in the clubs, but maybe the managers [aren’t] the priority because it’s very transient,” he said. Alexander-Arnold has been selected for the squad to face Albania and San Marino over the coming international break but Gomez, who has not started a league game in 2021-22, again misses out. One manager Southgate expects to see more of in the near future is Antonio Conte, who has returned to the Premier League with Spurs and is charged with restoring Harry Kane to his best form. Only one of the England captain’s seven club goals this season has come in the league in the fallout from his failed attempt to depart in pre-season, and Southgate hopes Conte’s influence can set him back on course. “Now there’s an opportunity for Harry to be able to put everything behind him,” he said. “He announced he wanted to stay . Now there’s a change of manager, I think there’s a fresh start for him. That will be a good stimulus for him.”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:10 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:14 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 10 The Observer 07.11.21 Football Premier League • Everton players are shocked after the miserable capitulation at Wolves RUI VIEIRA/AP Everton’s major shareholder Farhad Moshiri has hired five managers in five years and Benítez is having to work with an array of his predecessors’ signings CHRIS BRUNSKILL/ FANTASISTA/GETTY IMAGES Don’t blame Benítez for Everton’s malaise – the answer lies higher up Andy Hunter The manager spent £1.7m in the summer and is doing his best but structural flaws overseen by Farhad Moshiri and Marcel Brands are the root of the club’s problems The reaction to Everton’s 13-minute collapse against Watford was telling. Scorn rained down on players and manager alike after a 2-1 lead in the 78th minute became a 5-2 defeat by the 91st , but a sizeable number of fans in the main stand at Goodison Park headed for the directors’ box to accuse the major shareholder, Farhad Moshiri, and the director of football, Marcel Brands, of deep-rooted mismanagement. Anger has understandably risen to the top. After three successive Premier League defeats, one win in seven matches and a woeful response to the Watford debacle at Wolves on Monday , it is Rafael Benítez’s turn in a spotlight that has passed from Manchester United to Tottenham to Everton in the past fortnight. It is just his luck at Goodison so far to encounter a Spurs’ team with added motivation to impress Antonio Conte rather than the sterile version that did for Nuno Espírito Santo. It also spectacularly misses the point, and remedies nothing, to attribute Everton’s recurring malaise to the fifth permanent manager Moshiri has appointed in five years. Dissent will inevitably increase in the event of a fourth straight league defeat today , and not only from those who were against Benítez from the off because of his Liverpool connection. A bright start to the Everton manager’s reign with the new signings Demarai Gray and Andros Townsend to the fore has given way to alarming performances that invite criticism – aired by several of his predecessors – of the character within the squad. Never mind its ability. Inherited weaknesses and a lengthy injury list affecting the entire spine of the team do not give Benítez a free pass. Everton were abject in the first half at Molineux and required the half-time introduction of Fabian Delph, who was not match fit after almost three months out with a shoulder injury, to avoid another heavy loss. They conceded from a corner yet again, the sixth league goal shipped from a set piece this season. Under Carlo Ancelotti last term the total was seven. And he selected Alex Iwobi over Anthony Gordon. Yet these are teething troubles compared with the structural flaws that prompted fans to seek out Moshiri and Brands after the last game at Goodison. The team against Wolves provided a perfect illustration of the club’s problems under an owner who appears easily swayed by the advice of a select few agents, or Alisher Usmanov, thereby undermining the role of director of football in the process. The starting XI were signed under six different Everton managers – David Moyes (Séamus Coleman), Roberto Martínez (Mason Holgate), Ronald Koeman (Jordan Pickford and Michael Keane), Marco Silva (Richarlison, Iwobi and Jean-Philippe Gbamin), Carlo Ancelotti (Allan and Ben Godfrey) plus Benítez ( Townsend and Gray). The spectre of a seventh, Sam Allardyce, hovered on the substitutes’ bench in the form of Cenk Tosun. Lucas Digne was injured and so Godfrey, a right-footed central defender who missed the start of the 2pm Everton v Tottenham season with Covid and has struggled since his return, deputised with damaging consequences at left -back. There are no other left -backs at the club to provide genuine competition for Digne and his form has declined markedly, too. Niels Nkounkou was loaned to Standard Liège in the summer for more first-team experience while ‘The fans want to see the players giving everything and this group of players are giving everything’ Rafael Benítez

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:11 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:14 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 11 Richarlison was one of the disjointed starting XI at Wolves who were signed by six different Everton managers PETER POWELL; REUTERS ‘We have to be realistic,’ says Rafael Benítez, who has had a war chest of just £1.7m JASON CAIRNDUFF/ REUTERS Thierry Small, who holds the record of being Everton’s youngest firstteam player, signed for Southampton after rejecting a first professional contract at Goodison. Another blow to an academy that has supplied little to the first team in recent years and also falls under Brands’ remit. In place of Abdoulaye Doucouré, a dynamic influence until suffering a stress fracture of the foot, Gbamin made his first Premier League start in more than two years having been plagued by serious injuries since his £25m transfer from Mainz. The midfielder was unceremoniously hauled off after a 45-minute display that reflected his condition and the dilemma of how to give him the games necessary to rebuild a stalled career. Despite Ancelotti prioritising a new right-back before the summer, and Benítez concurring, none arrived and so Coleman continues to plough the flank at the age of 33. The captain’s disgust with the lack of effort at Wolves was striking and shared by another sold-out away support. He was one of the few in royal blue to show any fight or take responsibility for the full 90 minutes on Monday. They are hallmarks of a Moyes signing and qualities that have been missing in too many of those who have followed under Moshiri. More than £500m has been spent on new players since the billionaire’s arrival in February 2016. Benítez, working within the restrictions of the Premier League’s profit and sustainability rules , has had £1.7m of it. He has been promised more for January but that looks a distant window with Manchester City, Liverpool and Chelsea on the horizon after Spurs. “I am convinced that the players who were on the pitch the other day are feeling the same as Coleman,” insisted the Everton manager, who recently called for improvement in every department at the club. “We know how important it is to give everything because we are professionals but also because at this club the fans are demanding that. “I can talk about Spain or other countries where they just want to see the team playing well, nice football, passing football and they are happy with that but, here, it is not like that. The fans want to see players giving everything and I think this group of players are giving everything. “There are two ways to improve players: one is coaching them and the other is going to the transfer window and taking players. In this case we are coaching them and we are really pleased with the way they train and work. I was not happy the other day in the first half because we were not competing in the way we have to do it, but it can happen. “A group of players like this one, when you are missing important players, it can happen. At set pieces we are not doing well but I am sure if I ask you if we have [Dominic] Calvert- Lewin, Yerry Mina and Doucouré on the pitch will we be better at set pieces, you will tell me: Yes. Everybody can see that. We have to be realistic and analyse where we are and where we were. That is the context we have to consider.” Pass master Henderson shows workhorse can still have immaculate pedigree Klopp knows the value of a Liverpool midfielder who plays his 300th Premier League game today, writes Richard Jolly Jürgen Klopp can often display a breezy indifference to statistics but, while his team are on the verge of setting a record for the longest unbeaten run in Liverpool’s decorated history, a different fact caught his eye. Jordan Henderson will become the fourth player to make 300 Premier League appearances for Liverpool today , putting him in distinguished company alongside Steven Gerrard, Jamie Carragher and Sami Hyypiä. As Klopp noted, he is nevertheless already in uncharted territory. “He surpassed Gareth Barry as the player with the most passes in the Premier League, is that right?” Klopp said. “I read that and he still has four or five years to go.” Henderson’s tally stands at 17,002 and his manager, with deliberate understatement, said: “ What it says about Hendo is he is an absolutely great and very important figure in this team. He is so incredibly valuable.” There are other measures of the significance of a Premier and Champions League-winning captain. Take at least a point against West Ham and Liverpool’s undefeated sequence in all competitions will stretch to 26 games, one more than Bob Paisley’s class of 1982 . In another respect, Henderson is the Anfield almost Invincible. Liverpool suffered a series of defeats when he was an emergency centre-back last winter. But in the past four years, they have lost two league games when he has started in midfield; both to Manchester City, 2-1 in a January 2019 meeting defined by a remarkable goal line clearance from John Stones and 4-0 in July 2020, after Liverpool had clinched the title. The last time anyone other than City took three Premier League points when Henderson began in his preferred position was at Tottenham in October 2017, a couple of months before Virgil van Dijk arrived to operate behind him. Results may be an indirect indication of his influence, but an appropriate one. Henderson’s 299 games have yielded 40 assists and 28 goals, the most recent a lovely opener against Brighton last Saturday , but he has been essentially a team player, defined in part by his impact on the collective, by the points totals and the trophies. His contribution has been as crucial in the dressing room as on the pitch. “Hendo has been essential to all the things we achieved,” Klopp said. His captain’s character may be a reason why he loses so rarely. A motivator of a manager seeks to gee others up but not Henderson. “His natural motivation is already at the limit,” he said. “You don’t have to put oil in the fire, there is enough fire there already. That’s Hendo.” It is a reason why he was never tempted to pension his captain off. At 31, Henderson was afforded a fouryear deal in the summer. Klopp never feared it would prompt a lapse into ‘He is a motivator. You don’t have to put oil in the fire. There is enough fire there already. That’s Hendo’ Jürgen Klopp 4.30pm Sky Sports West Ham v Liverpool complacency. Rather, he appreciates Henderson’s role in creating a culture he deems special. “I was not concerned that the new contract could stop him being a crazy devil from time to time on and off the pitch,” he said. “His mindset is made for winning things and I am really happy to have him here.” A workhorse can be a work in progress, even in the autumn of his career. “Hendo is not old, he can still develop, he has to and he will and I will not stop helping him with that,” Klopp said. As Liverpool’s greatest generation for three decades enter their 30s, Klopp sees scope for potential recordbreakers to get better again. He is relying on Henderson to drive them on. “As long as these boys aren’t 40, we will improve them,” he said. “We need players like him at the club in the long term. These boys, with the quality, mindset and attitude of them, they set standards for all the rest.” If the Henderson years have become a golden age at Anfield, and Klopp is determined to savour them when they are over, he is trying to extend an era with his brand of tough love. Kicking the losing feeling further into the past involves kicking backsides. “The way we work together, the things we do, how we inspire ourselves and each other: all these kinds of things make this a very special group,” he said. “And they will be considered in the future, looking back, as a very special group. I know this already. I don’t praise them or celebrate with them. I’m here to kick their butts from time to time. That’s what you do to make the next step.” Jordan Henderson revels in his midfield role in a side that travel to high-flying West Ham NICK POTTS/PA IMAGES

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:12 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:24 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 12 The Observer 07.11.21 Football La Liga Xavi heading home to beloved Barcelona in chronicle of a coaching job foretold • The club legend twice rejected offers but is now finally returning as a defender of the faith and symbol of hope for the Catalan giants’ future Sid Lowe On Xavi Hernández’s last night as a Barcelona player, he walked out of the Olimpiastadion in Berlin carrying the European Cup in his right hand. It was the 25th trophy he had won with the club and it was over, but only for a little while. He had arrived aged 12 from Terrassa, where the square he played in now has a sign up banning football, and although he was leaving 23 years on he was already planning his return, eventually made on Friday. At Xavi’s farewell, Andrés Iniesta gave a speech in which he thanked him for “everything you have given this club … and everything you have left to give”. After all, Iniesta said: “Those of us who know you know you’ll be back.” Xavi too was clear: “My objective is to return to this ‘house’, as coach or sporting director. I hope this isn’t a goodbye but a ‘see you later’.” Six years later, as it turned out. Few managerial appointments have been as preordained, to the extent that although Xavi is only 41 and has no European experience, many feel his return should have happened sooner. Right down to this week: Barcelona had hoped he would be on Thursday’s flight to Catalonia, only to encounter tougher resist- ance from his club , Qatar’s Al Sadd, than they anticipated, agreement not reached until the following owing day and until the full release clause was paid. On Saturday morning the club were finally able to announce nce him as their new manager on a two-and-a-halfyear deal. It is not the only point at which his arrival felt delayed. d. In January last year, Barcelona’s then CEO, Óscar Grau, and sporting tor, Eric Abidal, very publicly flew to Qatar to persuade Xavi to occupy the job he had been prepar- direcing himself for. To their surprise, he turned down the chance to be Barcelona manager then, and again in August. Xavi later said he felt he wasn’t ready yet, which h was true but was also the polite version. There was little faith in the administration led by Josep Maria Bartomeu, who would be forced to resign as president that October. On Tuesday night, almost two years on, the new vice-president, Rafael Yuste, and the CEO, Mateu Alemany, made the same trip. This time, it wasn’t so much about convincing Xavi as being seen to do the right thing by his club, Al Sadd, whom he coached for the 97th and, he hopes, final time the following evening, having won seven trophies. Convincing Al Sadd proved unexpectedly complicated but Xavi believes he is ready and Joan Laporta, Barcelona’s new president, says he does now too, Xavi directs Al Sadd in Qatar before being confirmed as Barça’s coach the absence of alternatives helping overcome doubts. If Xavi is the only real candidate, he is also one around whom there is consensus. Xavi is not just the man who played 767 games for Barcelona, nor is he just a coach. He is not even just a symbol, nor is this about nostalgia, although that hangs heavy. He is an ideologue, a defender of the faith. He had to be : “I was extinct; footballers like me were in danger of dying out. It was all: two metres tall, powerful, in the middle, knockdowns, second balls, rebounds …” If it was about survival, the shift was real. The architect of the greatest era Spanish football has had, he won two trebles and the biggest trophy in the world every year for five years – Euros, Champions League, World Cup, Champions League, Euros – and it was not just about what they won but how they won it. If there is a line that runs from Johan Cruyff to Pep Guardiola, it continues to him. When he left Barcelona the last time, he said he hoped to be remembered as someone who was “foot- ball to the bone”, a man who would watch every game in every league and always find something to capture his attention. Talk to him and never mind Barcelona, conversa- tion can go from Portsmouth to Oviedo and back again, a footballing manifesto emerging . “Some teams can’t or don’t pass the ball. What are you playing for? What’s the point? That’s not football. Combine, pass, play. That’s football – for me, at least.” Jorge Valdano once said: “If foot- ball was a science, Xavi would have discovered the formula . With a ball at his feet, no one else has ever communicated so intelligently with every player on the pitch .” He is still searching for that formula, the same ideals driving his coaching as his playing, the same search for spaces, the same pursuit of some idea of perfection. The philosophy is non-negotiable, but it’s not just a theory and he is not just a former player, a face to whom opportunity is gifted. It is six years preparing – “ He has more experience than I had when I took over,” Pep Guardiola insists – putting it all into practice. It is drilled, driven, analysed repeatedly. He is “obsessed with possession”, to use his own words. “He always shows us the possession stats and it’s never enough,” Santi Cazorla, the former Arsenal midfielder now at Al Sadd, told Cadena Ser radio. “His ideas are very clear, always have been. He wants the ball for us, and the opponents not to even touch it.” Xavi tells players: “The ball is not a bomb; it is a treasure.” Last week Laporta conceded: “Maybe we have to recover the essence of our football, which is non-negotiable.” No one represents that like Xavi and for all the doubts – inevitable given the state the club are in, a preparation carried out in Qatar – no one else could arrive with such universal goodwill . That matters , even if Laporta hasn’t always been sure and there is something a little improvised in this decision, or at least in the timing of it. “I have always said that he would end up being coach of Barcelona; what I didn’t know was

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:13 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:25 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 13 ‘The ball is not a bomb; it is a treasure. Maybe we have to recover the essence of our football’ Joan Laporta Xavi Hernandez acknowledges the Barcelona fans in his playing heyday; a giant banner venerates their No 6 (left) GUSTAU NACARINO/ REUTERS when,” the president said this week. Yet in February he had suggested he didn’t think Xavi was ready , later saying he was “unproven”, and that reticence remained. “I understand that people say I am not prepared but I am,” Xavi had insisted when he was back in Catalonia in the summer. A clause in his contract with Al Sadd always contemplated a return, facilitating his ability to answer the call when it came. “I am on the market,” he said, yet he also insisted he was “not in a hurry”, that he did not want “a constant debate about whether I could be going to Barcelona”, and had not spoken to Laporta. Laporta was quick to insist that their relationship had not gone “cold” but some distance was probably inevitable, for reasons of politics as much as football. By the time Laporta announced his intention to run for the presidency, Xavi had aligned himself with the candidacy of Víctor Font, for whom he would be a kind of general manager, overseeing a n overhaul . That put both men in a difficult position, kept at arm’s length. Once Laporta threw his hat into the ring, Xavi’s public profile reduced, his role in the campaign largely silent, less active than anyone had anticipated and Font probably needed. He was the central figure in Font’s project but he did not want actively to oppose Laporta, his president in the golden years and a man with whom his relationship had been close. Laporta would make mischievous remarks appropriating him but Xavi was off limits for now and always someone else’s man. Ronald Koeman was someone else’s man, too, inherited from the Bartomeu administration, but Laporta was stuck with him. He had said the return of Pep Guardiola was his “wet dream” but his candidates were German: Flick, Nagelsmann, Klopp, Tuchel. They were also out of reach. Koeman continued then, and again after the defeat against Benfica when Laporta had wanted to sack him. Again, only the cost and lack of alternatives kept the Dutchman in the job . When Barcelona were beaten by Rayo Vallecano, they decided they had to sack him anyway before the damage got even worse. “Maybe I should have done it sooner,” Laporta admitted. d. They didn’t have a replacement ready, Sergi Barjuan becoming the interim manager, but there was a ready replacement: the man who had been there all along. And so at last thing fitted into place. “All” they had to do was re-establish contact, wait until the Qatari season stopped, reach an agreement with Al Sadd and make every- him theirs again . “Xavi pl ays in the future,” Dani Alves once said. The future was foreseen and it starts now. San Siro maestro Baresi is once more dreaming of glory Serie A Tonight, Milan play Inter as contenders for the title again, the garlanded alumnus of the Sacchi era tells Nicky Bandini Only seven men have played in more Milan derbies than Franco Baresi, yet there was a time when the prospect of just sitting in the stands, as he intends to do today , seemed like science fiction. Growing up in a farmstead on the outskirts of a small northern town, Travagliato, in 1960s Italy meant never even seeing football on television until he was 10 . The first match he watched was the semi-final of the 1970 World Cup between the Azzurri and West Germany. Baresi was fascinated with football, playing endlessly with his siblings in the barn, using discarded pork rinds to reinforce the skin of their worn leather ball. But this was his first time seeing the stars whose exploits he heard every Sunday on the radio. “For me, they were martians,” he says, opening his arms as if to gesture at an obvious truth. “ Riva, Rivera, Mazzola, Boninsegna … I had listened to them playing so many times. And I had imagined what an emotion it must be to play in front of so many spectators. But we’re talking about the 1960s, not everyone had a television.” Italy beat West Germany 4-3 in what became known as the Game of the Century. They lost to Brazil in the final, the second match Baresi ever watched. “I would never have thought 24 years later, at 34 years old, I would have the pos- sibility to play in that same game, the final, against Brazil, the same team. It was a dream that came true.” It may surprise to hear him tell it this way. The 1994 World Cup final ended in heartbreak for Italy, Baresi missing the first penalty in a shootout defeat. And yet that was also a day when he verified himself as one of football’s extra terrestrials. He had torn the meniscus in his left knee during Italy’s second group game, yet returned to the starting XI after 25 days. Wearing the captain’s armband, he led Italy to a clean sheet against Brazil’s previously unstoppable strike partnership of Romário and Bebeto. After suffering severe cramps late in the game, does he ever wish he had let someone else take his spot-kick? “No, no regrets,” he insists. “You have to take your responsibilities. This is part of the profession. Even teams’ penalty-takers miss penalties, and I wasn’t the penalty-taker. I keep the satisfaction I had for playing that final. I didn’t think I would have a chance to play.” Baresi already owned a World Cup-winner ’s medal, though he never got on to the pitch during Italy’s triumphant run in 1982. He won six Serie A titles, three European Cups and two Intercontinental Cups with Milan, whom he captained for most of that run. He was part of two of the most famous sides in the club’s history, the Immortals who conquered Europe in consecutive seasons under Arrigo Sacchi and the Invincibles who went 58 games unbeaten under Fabio Capello in Serie A. He did it alongside Paolo Maldini, Mauro Tassotti, Alessandro Costacurta and Filippo Galli. “I played with that group for 10 years,” he says. “We could find each ‘This Milan team is playing beautiful football. They need to be ambitious … we can think big’ Franco Baresi Franco Baresi with a framed shirt from his Milan heyday, and in action for the Rossoneri (below) in 1988 GONZALO MARROQUIN/PATRICK MCMULLAN VIA GETTY IMAGES other with our eyes closed. That was our strength. Each of us knew exactly what the others were doing at any moment. It was a relationship that went beyond the pitch, we shared a friendship. Even now we see each other regularly.” Until recently, Baresi would still play occasional games of football with some of them. “Now I’ve said ‘stop’ because my knee hurts,” he says, smiling ruefully as he confirms it is the same one he injured in 1994. “I have one or two aches and pains.” He believes he would have enjoyed playing in this era, with defenders encouraged ever more to bring the ball out from the back. The title of his recent autobiography, Libero di sognare, translates literally as “Free to dream”, but is a play on the role that he filled for Milan. The libero was the spare defender who, instead of being assigned an opponent to mark, was free to read the game and step forward at times. Virgil van Dijk and Marquinhos are the first two names that spring to mind when I ask which defenders he admires today, though he also has praise for Milan’s English centreback Fikayo Tomori. “Coming from England, he has done well to impose himself in a different league. I’ve been impressed with his physical attributes, pace and intensity. He can still grow, but for now he is doing really well.” So are the rest of his team mates. Milan sit joint-top of Serie A heading into today’s derby, with 10 wins and one draw from 11 games. It has been a different story in the Champions League, with one point from four matches, though performances have been better than that return suggests in the tournament’s group of death. As Milan’s honorary vice-president, Baresi could hardly be impartial, but his conviction that they should aim for the scudetto this season marks a contrast with less confident recent chapters in the club’s history. A decade has passed since the Rossoneri were last champions of Italy. There were seven consecutive seasons in between when they failed to reach the top four. “The team is playing beautiful football,” says Baresi. “They need to be ambitious. Why not? Right now, this is the team that plays the best football in Italy, the team that creates the most chances, so we can certainly think big. The season still has a long way to go. But for now, Milan are the team that have impressed me the most.” Even at this early point , today’s derby feels pivotal. Milan have an opportunity to move 10 points clear of their neighbours. But a win for Internazionale, the reigning champions, could bring them back into the title race. Will he envy the players running out at San Siro? “I would like to play still,” concedes Baresi. “Unfortunately, this is life! But I still like watching a lot, going to the stadium, seeing games, following the team. The emotion is still there. Football is always a sport that moves people.”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:14 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 14 The Observer 07.11.21 Cricket Yorkshire racism scandal My club have become pariahs in cricket – and rightly so • Will I go and watch Yorkshire next season? Probably, but the Rafiq affair has forced me to revaluate my relationship with the club, says life-long fan Steve Laville I wake up this morning desperately sad and ashamed. I’m not a member of Yorkshire County Cricket Club, but I watch them play three or four times a year. Th ose are some of my favourite moments of the summer and I look forward to the season starting and I hate it coming to an end, but all that feels tainted now. The thing I can’t get over, that almost makes me tear up, is that young lad, Azeem Rafiq, a gifted cricketer, sitting in the dressing room, probably doing something he’d always wanted to do, but feeling completely undermined. I want to feel proud of Yorkshire CCC but it seems they are a narrow, very white, old, institution where people I know would not feel welcome. I played at a low level for a couple of years in the Pontefract League and I absolutely loved it. There is lots to admire in that dedication to Yorkshire cricket and the idea that it’s a hard sport, that you work at your craft and that you pass your skills on to the next generation. However, it was crushingly parochial and there wasn’t an inclusive view of what Yorkshireness was. Those people who were in senior positions in league cricket are exactly the sort of people who get voted on to the Yorkshire committee . I’ve not seen any overt racism at games, but it is not particularly welcoming of people who aren’t a certain template. I have no trouble at all in believing that Yorkshire are an institutionally racist club . Membership of a county cricket club only makes sense if you’re retired and I fully intended to become a Yorkshire member the day I retired. Yorkshire are a The way it was handled was almost designed to put the club in the worst possible light membership club, it is not like they can be bought out by some wealth fund in Saudi Arabia, and that organisation is going to reflect the views and mores of its membership . That’s a real problem . I’m not convinced there would be a huge push from the membership to change but the reality of sponsors dropping out and Tests and ODIs being taken away might change some views – I hope so. If I were a sponsor of Yorkshire, I would pull out as well and I say this as someone who loves the club and is steeped in its history. Why would you want to be associated with an organisation that acts like that ; it’s a no-brainer. Yorkshire have become pariahs in cricket because of what has been exposed and rightly so. If I used the words reported in my job as an NHS commissioner, my feet wouldn’t touch the floor, I’d be out of there . The idea you can use the P-word as banter is unbelievable. But I’ve done stuff in my younger days that I’m glad social media was not around to record and everyone deserves a second chance. I don’t happen to think Gary Ballance or Michael Vaughan are unpleasant people or racist in their heart, but the fact the investigation found the organisation had allowed a culture where those kind of words were used, and used against teammates, I stand open-mouthed. As a wider point, it is unfair for today’s players to have to pick up the collective guilt. A culture of a place is always driven from the top and any organisation tends to reflect the feeling and views of the people there. Having read the statement Roger Hutton gave , he genuinely tried to do his best but he couldn’t get people on the executive board to take it seriously. I don’t know enough about everything that went on but I would be tempted to think the club needs a top-down reorganisation. Will I go and see Yorkshire next season? Probably, but this has forced me to re-evaluate my relationship with the club. I want to see a clear road map, acknowledging everything that has happened and what they are going to do about it, a clear vision that Yorkshire CCC are a club for everyone in Yorkshire. The way it was handled was almost designed to put the club in the worst possible light, react late, half-hearted, badly and then bury it under the carpet. We’re not going to bury it under the carpet, this is not OK. Racism storm is about structures, not individuals Jonathan Liew Comment The allegations of systematic racism made against Yorkshire County Cricket Club by Azeem Rafiq first surfaced in August 2020. Rafiq gave a wide-ranging interview to the Wisden journalist Taha Hashim, ostensibly about his work providing free meals for key workers during the pandemic. But he also spoke about the racism he experienced at Yorkshire, including an “openly racist” captain, a dressing room in which racist comments were regarded as humorous, and a culture in which complaints about racist behaviour were ignored and turned against him. Yorkshire refused to comment. And you wonder, 15 months on, how they might reflect on that decision after a week that has seen English cricket’s most successful county and best-known club ripped apart, deserted by sponsors, banned from hosting international cricket and facing financial implosion. Perhaps, on balance, they should probably have said a little something. It might have saved them a good deal of strife in the long run. Instead, as we know, the club were finally prodded into action weeks later, after further accusations were made by Rafiq in an interview with the far larger ESPNCricinfo website. An investigation was half heartedly launched. Some lukewarm platitudes were issued about there being no place for discrimination in cricket. In among all this were boasts about how much progress Yorkshire had made on diversity issues, and about how the club had made Rafiq the first ever British south Asian (temporary) captain of their Twenty20 side. Meanwhile, behind the scenes, a counter-assault was being launched. Rafiq received further abuse on social media. His motives were questioned, his character was impugned. An influential local league chairman wrote a blog accusing Rafiq of being “discourteous, disrespectful and very difficult”, adding: “As ye sow, so shall ye reap.” The investigation into Rafiq’s claims dragged on past Christmas, into 2021, through spring and summer, with almost no public communication and no indication of when the report would be released, if at all. (It has still not been made public.) All this has long been in the public domain. Rafiq’s accusations have been known about and discussed within the game for more than a year. The culture at Yorkshire has been an open secret for far longer. And so the real point of interest here is how the story has only blown up now, and with such staggering speed that sponsors have been persuaded to flee, former players such as Michael Vaughan and Andrew Gale have been implicated, members of the cabinet have been moved to offer their comment and the BBC’s Question Time was debating on Thursday night whether the P-word was racist or not. The answers should comfort none of us. Part of the reason this story developed so quickly is the attention-deficient nature of the news cycle. Individuals are targeted; new revelations emerge from the undergrowth; back pages and news schedules are cleared; the usual talking heads are wheeled out. And even if there is a certain welcome sensation of purgation to the current moment, of truths finally being divulged and individuals receiving their long-awaited just desserts, then it comes with a reminder that a storm blowing into town with devastating speed often leaves again just as quickly. It is revealing, for example, that it was the Daily Mail and the Telegraph who first disclosed that the senior player named in the report as using the P-word to Rafiq was the former England

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:15 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:16 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 15 Yorkshire County Cricket Club launched a half-hearted investigation and issued lukewarm platitudes OLI SCARFF/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES Timeline ON OTHER PAGES Protests and death threats stoke racism scandal News, page 15 2 Sept 2020 Former England Under-19s captain Azeem Rafiq tells ESPNcricinfo: “I know how close I was to committing suicide during my time at Yorkshire” over “institutional racism” . 3 Sept Yorkshire chairman Roger Hutton confirms a formal investigation into Rafiq’s claims will “start in a matter of days” . 5 Sept Law firm Squire Patton Boggs is hired by Yorkshire to lead investigation. 13 Nov Rafiq reveals details of the racism he faced at Yorkshire. 14 Dec Chadwick Lawrence LPP confirms Rafiq has filed a legal claim against Yorkshire . 17 June 2021 Yorkshire confirm they have failed to “resolve the issues” through the process of judicial mediation . 18 Aug ECB chair Ian Watmore calls on Yorkshire to provide a copy of the investigation’s findings . 19 Aug Rafiq accuses Yorkshire of “fudging” his claims after they apologise for him being the “victim of inappropriate behaviour” . 8 Sept DCMS committee chair Julian Knight MP tells Yorkshire to publish the report . 10 Sept Yorkshire release a version of report, where they apologise and accept Rafiq was the victim of “racial harassment and bullying” . Only seven of 43 allegations upheld and county insist there is insufficient evidence to prove institutionalised racism. 7 Oct A spokesperson for Rafiq accuses Yorkshire of “protecting the players and a coach who they now acknowledge used either racist language or were bullying”. Tue ESPNcricinfo reveals details of the report into Rafiq’s claims, which includes the admission of one senior player that he used the P-word in reference to Rafiq, but Yorkshire conclude the incidents in question amounted to “friendly banter”. Health secretary Sajid Javid says “heads should roll”. Wed Sponsors cut ties with Yorkshire. Former England player Gary Ballance reveals he used “a racial slur” against Rafiq . Thur The ECB suspends Yorkshire from hosting major matches while Ballance is “suspended indefinitely” from England selection. Fri Hutton resigns as chairman, calling on the executive board to follow suit. Former overseas player Rana Naved-ul-Hasan claims he heard Michael Vaughan make racially insensitive comments at the club, allegations Vaughan denies. Lord Patel is appointed as new chair. batsman Gary Ballance. This is, after all, where the right wing press is most comfortable operating: with a laser-focus on exposing and isolating errant individuals rather than interrogating systems and structures of power (which in large part their readers are quite happy to leave untouched). Even though Rafiq made it clear from the start of the process that he was not interested in claiming scalps, so much of the media’s energy has nevertheless been trained in this direction: who might resign next, who said what to whom. Clearly there are individuals in this case who need to go away and do some thinking. Ballance’s cricket career is hanging by a thread. Vaughan has been relieved of his BBC presenting duties for now. The Yorkshire chairman, Roger Hutton, has resigned, telling the BBC that he “never personally met anyone at Yorkshire in the 18 months that I was there who I consider a racist”. The positions of Gale as the head coach and Martyn Moxon as the director of cricket should have been untenable long ago. But racist behaviour does not simply occur in a vacuum, and perhaps the ultimate lesson here is how many of our institutions are indicted: the education system that sent these individuals out into the world utterly ill-equipped for modern society, the legal system that advised Yorkshire not to take any disciplinary action against Balance, the ECB whose failure to exercise any leverage whatsoever on Yorkshire until last week again demonstrates that from the start it has seen this as primarily a PR problem rather than a moral issue. And yes: the media, too. Perhaps the best expression of the power disparities at work here is the fact that on Thursday Vaughan was given a 1,000-word article in the Telegraph to put his side of the story and protest his innocence of the charges made against him. Meanwhile, for years people such as Rafiq, Michael Carberry, John Holder and Ismail Dawood have been trying to find an audience who will listen to their stories, denied the sort of free (indeed, well-paid) platform that Vaughan and his ilk enjoy by right. In short, we all need to do better here. The same structures that allowed Rafiq’s plight to go unheeded for so long are still in place. The corporate imperatives that allowed the ECB to sit on its hands for more than a year remain unchallenged. On traditional and social media, allegations and victims of racism continue to be ignored, contested, folded into snackable culture-war content. And what of Yorkshire? Well, as a wise man once said: as ye s ow, so shall ye reap. T20 World Cup England through to semis despite Rabada’s hat-trick heroics for South Africa Simon Burnton Sharjah Cricket Stadium A night of success and sadness in Sharjah ended with the team that won going out and the team that lost going through, but for England progress to the T20 World Cup semifinals came at a cruel cost. The loss of this match at least for them was incidental, but that of Jason Roy is much more serious. There is only so much misfortune that a title-chasing team can survive and it may transpire that England limped across that line as Roy was carried from the field 25 balls into their run chase with an apparently serious muscle injury. “It’s difficult to assume anything,” Eoin Morgan said of his prognosis. “Obviously we’re all hopeful that he comes through in some manner or there’s some remedy to get him through one if not two games, but we have to do what’s best for Jason, and then the team.” Already without two superstars and certain starters in Ben Stokes and Jofra Archer when they arrived in the United Arab Emirates, England lost Sam Curran before the tournament began, Tymal Mills on the first of their two visits to Sharjah, now Roy in their second, and their preparations for the most important games of the tournament must include significantly remodelling their team. South Africa had batted excellently, albeit against some ordinary bowling and occasionally sub-par fielding, to reach 189 for two and give themselves a chance of progressing . This being the last game of the group, the completion of their innings prompted some intensive net run rate calculations and an England reply of multiple targets. In the end a leg-bye off Tabraiz Shamsi in the 11th over took them to 87, enough to secure a place in the semi-finals; a Moeen Ali six off the same bowler took them to 110, which guaranteed first place ; and finally Liam Livingstone struck a succession of brutal blows to knock South Africa out . Kagiso Rabada started his third over, and England’s 16th, knowing his team were seven runs from elimination, with England in effect four down, given Roy’s injury. Rabada’s first ball was thrashed over midwicket and out of the stadium by Livingstone, a six measured at 112m and declared the biggest of the tournament. His second cannot have been far short – it was hard to tell as it, too, was swallowed by the darkness beyond the stadium’s roof. The third was hammered down the ground for six more . Confirmation that South Africa’s battle had been lost had been swift and savage, and suddenly, for the first time since Roy’s injury slammed the brakes on an excellent start, they were at real risk of losing the match. Rabada’s next over, the last of the innings, kept that particular threat at bay. England required 14 to win but Chris Woakes, Morgan and Chris Jordan fell to the first three balls, and an ultimately disappointing World Cup campaign ended for South Africa with a celebration. Australia’s emphatic victory over West Indies in Abu Dhabi had left them with no choice but to go for Scoreboard Sharjah South Africa beat England by 10 runs. South Africa RR Hendricks b Ali .................................................. 2 †Q de Kock c Roy b Rashid ..................................... 34 HE van der Dussen not out ................................... 94 AK Markram not out ............................................. 52 Extras (b1, lb3, w3) ................................................ 7 Total (for 2, 20 overs).......................................... 189 Fall 15, 86. Did not bat *T Bavuma, DA Miller, D Pretorius, K Rabada, KA Maharaj, A Nortje, T Shamsi. Bowling Moeen 4-0-27-1; Woakes 4-0-43-0; Rashid 4-0-32-1; Jordan 4-0-36-0; Wood 4-0-47-0. England JJ Roy retired hurt ................................................ 20 †JC Buttler c Bavuma b Nortje ............................... 26 Moeen Ali c Miller b Shamsi ................................... 37 JM Bairstow lbw b Shamsi ....................................... 1 DJ Malan c Rabada b Pretorius ............................... 33 LS Livingstone c Miller b Pretorius ......................... 28 *EJG Morgan c Maharaj b Rabada .......................... 17 CR Woakes c Nortje b Rabada ................................... 7 CJ Jordan c Miller b Rabada ..................................... 0 Adil Rashid not out ................................................. 2 MA Wood not out ................................................... 1 Extras (lb2, w3, nb2) .............................................. 7 Total (for 8, 20 overs).......................................... 179 Fall 58, 59, 110, 145, 165, 176, 176, 176. Bowling Maharaj 3-0-23-0; Nortje 4-0-34-1; Rabada 4-0-48-3; Shamsi 4-0-24-2; Markram 2-0-18-0; Pretorius 3-0-30-2. Toss England elected to field. Umpires CM Brown (NZ) and JS Wilson (WI). Jason Roy, on crutches, shakes hands with South Africa’s underfire wicketkeeper Quinton de Kock after the match MATTHEW LEWIS/ICC/ GETTY IMAGES broke here. After Morgan won the toss and inevitably chose to field, their first task was to do what no other side in this group had managed: avoid haemorrhaging powerplay wickets against England, and accelerate through the innings rather than being forced on to the defensive. When Reeza Hendricks became the third right-handed opener to be dismissed during Moeen Ali’s second over of an innings in this competition – a niche statistic, to be sure, but interesting particularly because Moeen’s purpose when bowling in the powerplay is to target left-handers – the game seemed to have set down a familiar path. But that brought Rassie van der Dussen to the crease, and he had a different direction in mind. He and Quinton de Kock added 71 for the second wicket, but it was after Aiden Markram arrived that the innings truly caught fire. Markram scored a 25-ball 52, and he and Van der Dussen, who ended with 90 off 60, scored 103 runs off the last 52 balls . Morgan suggested South Africa’s score was “reasonable, around par”, and remarkably, despite everything, England nearly cha sed it down. “When your premium batsman goes down and you [still] go into the last over needing 14 you’re in a pretty good position,” he said. “There’s still certainly belief there.” Their belief may survive, but the key question now is whether their title chances have been hobbled along with their opener.

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:16 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 16 The Observer 07.11.21 • Cricket Warner blast enables Aussies to get helping hand from England Australia booked their place in the semi-finals of the T20 World Cup after a crushing eight-wicket win over West Indies in Abu Dhabi, thanks to a helping hand from their traditional enemies. The victory left South Africa needing an emphatic win over England in their final Super 12s game to deny Australia a last-four spot . Although the Proteas secured victory, Australia’s superior run rate took them through as England fell only just short of victory. David Warner and Mitchell Marsh made half-centuries to spoil the West Indies swansong of Dwayne Bravo and possibly the final international appearance of Chris Gayle. West Indies recovered from 35 for three after being asked to bat, making 157 for seven, with Kieron Pollard Sodhi wary of threat posed by Afghanistan spin attack New Zealand are aware of the threat posed by Afghanistan’s spin attack, but the Black Caps are confident of sealing a semi-final spot in the Twenty20 World Cup with a win in Abu Dhabi today, according to their leg-spinner Ish Sodhi . A win in their final Super 12 match will mean New Zealand join Pakistan in the last four from Group Two, knocking out India, the pre-tournament favourites . “We see it as another game,” Sodhi said. “We’ve approached almost every game like that and hopefully we can do the same tomorrow. Be really clear on what’s been working really well for us.” top-scoring with 44. But Warner, who smashed nine fours and four sixes in an unbeaten 56-ball 89, and Marsh made light work of the reply as their 124-run partnership led Australia across the finishing line with 22 balls to spare. Marsh fell for 53 in the final knockings as he drove to Jason Holder Marsh fell for 53 in the final knockings to give Gayle a wicket and a moment to savour Afghanistan’s three-pronged spin attack of Rashid Khan, Mohammad Nabi and Mujeeb Ur Rahman have shown they have the ability to turn any game in their favour . Sodhi said: “ That’s definitely where their threat lies. I’m sure all the batsmen during the scouting meeting have taken it into consideration, as well as the threat they bring with the bat . “I know we spoke about it in depth this morning with our scouting . So hopefully we Ish Sodhi says New Zealand will try to be clear about what works for them David Warner hits a six, en route to 89 off 56 balls, as Nicholas Pooran of West Indies watches DAVID GRAY/AAP at mid-on and gave Gayle a wicket and a moment to savour. West Indies had already been eliminated from the competition but the stakes remained high for the holders. The 2016 champions needed to win to maintain their place inside the top eight ranked nations and secure automatic qualification for the next T20 World Cup. Gayle and Evin Lewis got the West Indies off to a fast start as 19 runs came from Josh Hazlewood’s first over. But the departure of Gayle, chopping on to Pat Cummins for 15, sparked a mini-collapse, with Australia taking three wickets in seven balls. Lewis and Shimron Hetmyer repaired the damage with a partnership of 35 before the former fell to a tumbling Steve Smith catch, making Adam Zampa the leading Super 12s wicket-taker with 11. Hazlewood returned to remove Hetmyer and send Bravo on his way for the final time to finish with impressive figures of four for 39. At that stage the West Indies were 126 for six with 15 balls of the innings left, but Pollard and two closing sixes from Andre Russell provided belated momentum. PA Media can put together some good performances .” Afghanistan’s top-order batsman Hashmatullah Shahidi could not confirm if the off-spinner Mujeeb, who missed the past two matches, against India and Namibia, due to injury, will be fit . “Our spinners are really good, especially in these conditions,” he said . “We have played a lot of cricket here and we have the benefits. “But against the big teams, we need to bat well, too. Batsmen should take more responsibility.” While Afghanistan would have a chance of going through to the last four with a win against New Zealand, such a result could also clear India’s way to the semi-final on superior net run-rate. Asked about the support of a billion-plus Indians for the match, Shahidi said: “We only focus on ourselves, our team. Our main focus is how to qualify for the semi-finals … and we’ll do our best.” Reuters SIMON MARPER/PA WIRE Racing Mac Tottie adds more Aintree joy for Bowen Greg Wood The first race of the new season over the Grand National fences at Aintree produced a legitimate contender for next April’s big race as Mac Tottie, at 20-1, held off the persistent challenge of Senior Citizen to win the Grand Sefton Handicap Chase by a length. It was a brave performance by the eight-year-old and a fifth success over the National course for Peter Bowen, his trainer, who came within a length of winning the Grand National in 2007 when Mckelvey finished second to Gordon Elliott’s Silver Birch . “It’s been a lucky place for us,” Bowen said. “I have no idea why they seem to take to it. We do a lot of loose schooling, and they seem to find their own way from there. “Hopefully this [Mac Tottie] will end up being a National horse. Things didn’t go quite right for him [when he finished last of four at Fontwell] last time, because he lost a shoe and didn’t really stride out after that. He could come back here for the Becher [Chase] next month, but we’ll see how he is and speak to the owners.” Mac Tottie was ridden to victory by the trainer’s son James, who w on over the famous fences for the first time and follow ed in the footsteps of his brother, Sean, a dual winner of the Grand Sefton . “To do it for my dad makes it extra special,” he said. “I didn’t miss one fence. He’s only small, but he’s so neat and has got loads of scope. I got to the front way too soon, but the loose horse helped me out for a little while, and he probably kept a little bit up his sleeve.” Rocco, a rank outsider at 40-1, took the Badger Beer Chase at Wincanton for Nigel Twiston- Davies, while on the last day of the Flat season on turf at Doncaster, the 9-2 favourite Farhan was a ready winner of the November Handicap. The Queen’s colours were also carried to their 34th success of the year as King’s Lynn held off Magical Spirit to take the Wentworth Stakes. “He’s a high-class horse, and I’m thrilled for his owner and his jockey [David Probert],” said King’s Lynn’s trainer Andrew Balding . “He’s tough and he likes it here. It’s funny that he’s had a great season, bar two very bad runs at Newbury. He under performed both times [there], and I don’t know why that is because I wouldn’t have thought there would be that much difference between Newbury and here. “Everyone who trains for the Queen loves having winners for her, and it’s a special feeling to win a Listed race for the second time this year with this horse.” The big mover in the ante-post markets for the Cheltenham Festival was Gordon Elliott’s Teahupoo, who beat a field including last year’s Triumph Hurdle winner, Quilixios, in the Grade Three Fishery Lane Hurdle at Naas. Rachael Blackmore sent Quilixios into the lead around halfway but he could not establish a clear advantage and Teahupoo, the 2-1 second favourite, took over on the run to the final flight before quickening a dozen lengths clear of Quilixios at the line. “He was very good,” said Jack Kennedy, the winn ing jockey. “Autumn Evening went at the second last, but I felt I had him covered at the time. He picked him [Quilixios] up well and stayed galloping. He jumped brilliantly. “I hadn’t ridden him in a race before, but he’s obviously after improving from last year and is a lovely horse.” Teahupoo was introduced into the Champion Hurdle betting at 16-1 by Paddy Power. Greg Wood’s tips SANDOWN 12.30 Beauport 1.00 Fifty Ball 1.35 Lavorante 2.10 Chantry House 2.45 Hudson De Grugy (nap) 3.15 Mr Mafia (nb) 3.45 Lieutenant Highway FFOS LAS 1.20 Mister Watson 1.55 Shakem Up’Arry 2.30 The Grand Visir 3.05 Le Tueur 3.40 Apache Creek 4.10 Whoshotwho Mac Tottie, ridden by James Bowen, looked a potential Grand National contender as he won the Grand Sefton Handicap Chase at Aintree

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:17 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • Formula One Mexico Grand Prix The Observer 07.11.21 17 Hamilton v Verstappen battle echoes F1’s great rivalries of old Frontrunners show no sign of giving an inch in nail-biting climax to a thrilling season of clashes, writes Giles Richards Formula One finally has the title fight it has craved, with blow and counter-blow. Lewis Hamilton and Max Verstappen are locked in a rivalry as gripping as some of the great head-to-heads and the intensity of a thrilling championship is set only to ramp up as today’s Mexican Grand Prix heralds a potentially nail-biting run-in to close the season. Hamilton and Verstappen have had two serious clashes this year, both life-threatening. Despite the risks, it is clear neither is going to yield any time soon in the heat of competition between two such singular and determined drivers . Both understand what is at stake. A clash leading to a DNF would all but end their chances, with five races remaining . Red Bull’s Verstappen enjoys a 12-point advantage over Hamilton and Mercedes before the race at the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in the closest fought interteam championship battle since the turbo-hybrid era began in 2014. The entreaty from their teams is to keep it clean, as doubtless is the logical thought process of the drivers. The indications remain, however, that both teams will be ignored if the pair are vying for position on track. At the last round in Austin they went head to head in practice when Hamilton refused to back out of his line, leaving an angry Verstappen giving him the finger . It was, at once, a nothing incident and one indicative of where they are now. At Monza , Verstappen attempted to pass Hamilton through the first chicane. Hamilton squeezed him, the Dutchman refused to cede position and hit the sausage kerbs ; his car was launched on top of Hamilton’s and only the halo cockpit protection device prevented a huge impact with Hamilton’s head . The incident ended their races . In July, Hamilton’s attempt to pass Verstappen up the inside of Copse at Silverstone ended with the Dutchman skewered off into the barriers at 180mph . Hamilton was penalised for that , as was Verstappen for Monza. Neither driver believed they were at fault. Neither is willing to show weakness. Their cars are remarkably closely matched, although Red Bull will be expecting to enjoy an advantage in Mexico, where the thin air at altitude works to the strengths of their turbo and their high-rake design. That they will go wheel to wheel again seems inevitable and it is likely to bear the hallmarks of the great rivalries – a refusal to back down. It has the unforgiving, ruthless air of Ayrton Senna versus Alain Prost and everything that was so enthralling about their battle. Indeed, the Mercedes team principal, Toto Wolff, suggested this past week that should it come down to the final race he could envision a Senna-Prost scenario of one taking the other out if it would secure the title. Hamilton and Verstappen denied they would do so but Wolff was perhaps just reading the room accurately. Both team principals have acknowledged the reality of the situation. “Max is a no-quarter kind of guy; Lewis has demonstrated that he doesn’t want to give anything either and when you get two racers of that mentality, you get incidents,” said Red Bull’s Christian Horner. Wolff has confirmed that a level of combative behaviour was inevitable. “The point is that these two are racing for a drivers’ championship and you can’t expect them to have velvet gloves on,” he said. There is an inescapable sense this simmering conflict has been escalating and is now an eyeballto-eyeball standoff. Early in the season, with the experience of playing the long game that has helped win him seven titles, Hamilton was circumspect around Verstappen, pointedly noting: “I’m in the position that I’m in because I don’t get too aggressive when I don’t need to be.” Wolff has been ringside for what has developed since, as Verstappen has demonstrated he will be uncompromising . “The change of approach is that Lewis decided not to bail out any more when he thinks ‘These are two drivers racing for the title – you can’t expect them to have velvet gloves on’ Toto Wolff Max Verstappen (right) celebrates on the podium after winning the US Grand Prix in Texas. Lewis Hamilton finished second BRIAN SNYDER/REUTERS Mexico GP qualifying Read our report from last night’s late session at theguardian.com/sport Published in later editions of Observer Sport that the corner is his,” Wolff said after Monza. Ron Dennis, the former McLaren team principal who nurtured Hamilton’s career and brought him into F1 at McLaren in 2007, is convinced neither has any intent of giving ground on the run-in to the title. “One thing that both of them doesn’t want to show the other is that they are going to back off, that they are going to be intimidated,” he said. “It’s a couple of young stags rutting.” Verstappen’s style has been clear since his first F1 race at the age 17 in 2015 : he will go for a chance and does so in the expectation his opponent will give way. It has paid off in the past and cost him too but only now in a fight for the title does his technique carry real jeopardy. His insistence on elbows-out, no-compromise racing is a far more costly and indeed dangerous prospect when it comes up against another driver unwilling to accept it. The immovable object and the unstoppable force. The respect between the two seems to be intact, certainly they are making the right noises in public as they have all season, but they know there is a world of difference between talking and split-second decision-making in the crucible of competition on a Sunday. When the two fighters square off again in Mexico , expect no quarter once more. In brief Tennis Djokovic wins to stay No 1 at season’s end Novak Djokovic made another piece of history by beating Hubert Hurkacz in the semi-finals of the Paris Masters to ensure he will finish a season ranked world No 1 for the seventh time. The 20-times grand slam champion cannot now be caught by US Open winner Daniil Medvedev and breaks the record he jointly held with Pete Sampras. Djokovic has topped the standings in seven of the past 11 seasons and broke the record for the most weeks at No 1 for any man earlier this year. He has now been No 1 for 345 weeks , with his most recent spell beginning back in February 2020. Djokovic has returned to action in Paris for the first time since he fell one step short of a calendar grand slam by losing to Medvedev. He was a little rusty but recovered from a set down to defeat Hurkacz 3-6, 6-0, 7-6 (5). The Pole had already achieved his main goal of the week by clinching the eighth spot at the ATP Finals later this month, and he hit back from 4-1 down in the deciding set to force a tie-break before falling just short. PA Media Modern pentathlon Athletes hit out at horse riding decision Modern pentathlon’s governing body, UIPM, will hold talks with athletes next week after hundreds of them called for its executive board to step down following a decision to drop horse riding from the discipline’s Olympic programme. The UIPM decided on Thursday to remove horse riding from the 2028 Los Angeles Games in the wake of an outcry after a German coach punched a horse that refused to jump a fence at the Tokyo Games in Augusts. But a letter to the UIPM signed by more than 650 athletes said the executive board had “undermined 109 years of modern pentathlon” by taking the decision without consulting them or their federations . UIPM later said that it was “fully aware” of the athletes’ concerns and would hold talks with them to discuss the issue. Reuters Novak Djokovic’s victory over Hubert Hurkacz in Paris means he cannot be overhauled as No 1 this year

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:18 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:17 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 18 The Observer 07.11.21 Rugby union Autumn Internationals • Tonga are their own worst enemies against a young side eager to start campaign in style and make light of captain’s Covid misfortune Slade leads way as rampant England create feelgood vibes despite disruption 69 ENGLAND Robert Kitson Twickenham 3 TONGA This was always destined to be a day when the number of points accrued by England felt a relatively minor detail. Given the endless talking points in the buildup – the Covid- 19 uncertainty, a new home captain and fly-half, long queues around the stadium, a delayed kick-off – it was to the credit of all concerned that a capacity Twickenham crowd departed feeling optimistic about what may yet lie ahead this autumn. There may well be more mileage in the Owen Farrell saga, with the captain’s post-Covid availability apparently under discussion with Public Health England, but here was evidence of some fresh English momentum and useful youthful impetus. While an ill-disciplined and ponderous Tonga were often their own worst enemies, England will be quietly encouraged before Australia’s impending visit next Saturday. If two tries apiece for Ben Youngs, Jonny May and Jamie George stood out alongside a classy display from the man of the match, Henry Slade, there was no mistaking the feelgood vibe as Marcus Smith skipped over for a 72nd- minute try that underlined the bizarre logic of the Harlequin not starting the game after Farrell’s enforced withdrawal. Freddie Steward, all 6ft 5in of him, also looked a rock-steady pylon at full-back while Adam Radwan has the feet to supply some dance hall style to any team. The champagne moment, though, unquestionably belonged to the stand-in captain, Courtney Lawes, whose last-gasp cover tackle on Telusa Veainu late in the first half completely rewrote the traditional rules of how much ground a 6ft 7in, 32-year-old back-five forward should theoretically be able to cover. Not that there was ever any doubt which moment would generate the biggest cheer of the day. Smith’s arrival off the bench in place of the starting 10, George Furbank, did not totally transform the course of the game but by the end he was completely running the show, putting the replacement hooker, Jamie Blamire, away for a cracking late score as England, who scored 11 tries, including a late debut effort from Alex Mitchell, finished with a genuine flourish. It will do little to hush the argument about who should wear England’s No 10 jersey going forward. Surely this was an obvious opportunity to start with Smith, rather than ask him to deliver a late cameo? Or maybe not. Eddie Jones, the head coach, has never been the type to bend like a palm tree even in the face of gale-force public opinion. Overall, though, this was a positive start to England’s autumn, notwithstanding the 68th minute red card for the calculated elbow to Smith’s head that led to the replacement Viliam i Fine being sent off. Slade looked revitalised alongside Manu Tuilagi and, at first glance, the arrival of Martin Gleeson as England’s new attack coach is showing some distinct early promise. There is much more evidence of England backs showing real aggressive intent with their running and carrying and more clarity about what they are seeking to do. The upshot was five first-half tries, the first for Radwan arriving inside three minutes. Replays suggested some off-the-ball obstruction from Henry Slade put in a dynamic display in the centre against Tonga Furbank played a part but the Newcastle winger is the kind of player who could step his way through a crowded phone box. The roar Jamie George emitted after finishing off a 13th -minute maul try was further evidence of the Saracens’ renewed hunger, which was collectively reflected across England’s performance even before May led the defence a merry 29th- minute dance on the left and Slade, after a couple of earlier near misses, nailed the conversion The visitors’ day took a further turn for the worse when their left-wing, Solomone Kata, was sent to the sinbin for clumsily taking out May out in the air . In his absence, England helped themselves to a couple more tries. A bullocking run from Ellis Genge supplied the momentum from which the supporting Maro Itoje scored his side’s fourth and a rejuvenated Youngs sliced through a defensive gap for a fifth just before the interval. Youngs cheekily stripped the ball off Sione Vailanu to race away for his second within 10 minu tes of the restart and thereafter it was free-running carnage. May’s high-leaping first-half tribute to Chris Ashton – the May-Fly? – looked painful but his hunger for tries was further illustrated by a stretching effort on the hour mark, his 35th try in 67 England appearances. With the gaps in the defence widening, even the isolating Farrell would have been suitably impressed by the sight of Smith romping away for his own score and giving England another attacking dimension. Though with Tonga’s head coach, Toutai Kefu, recovering from the injuries he suffered in an horrific attack on his home in Brisbane in August, even the heavy punishment the visitors endured late on has to be seen as strictly relative. England Steward; Radwan, Slade, Tuilagi (Atkinson 58), May; Furbank (Smith 52), Youngs (Mitchell 67); Genge (Marler 67), George (Blamire 71), Sinckler (Stuart 67), Itoje, Hill, Lawes (capt; Ewels 62), Underhill (Dombrandt ht), Curry Tries Radwan, George 2, May 2, Itoje, Youngs 2, Smith, Blumire, Mitchell Cons Slade 2, Smith 5 Tonga Veainu; W Fifita (Fine 56), Hingano, Taumoepeau, Kata; Morath, Takulua (capt); Fisi’ihoi (Uhila 56), Ngauamo (Maile 56), Tameifuna (Fia 56), H Fifita, Halaifonua, Timani, Kafatolu (Havili 62), Vailanu Sin-bin Kata 32, W Fifita 45 Red card Fine 68 Pen Takalua Referee Craig Evans (Wal ) Attendance 81,022 Jones knows he has powers at No 10 in the absence of Farrell Gerard Meagher Twickenham It is not often that England have played without Owen Farrell under Eddie Jones so perhaps the greatest significance of this overwhelming victory against Tonga is that maybe they have finally proved they can cope without him. Certainly, if Farrell’s absence was the talk of Twickenham beforehand, Marcus Smith’s eye-catching cameo ensured his was the name on supporters’ lips on the journey home. Farrell was, of course, ruled out here due to his positive Covid-19 test but there have been only three occasions in Jones’s previous 66 matches in charge when England’s captain was available for selection but overlooked from the squad. One was a World Cup warm-up match and the other two were in the autumn of 2017, when Farrell was limited to just one appearance, having had next to no time off since that year’s British & Irish Lions tour to New Zealand. Farrell was, according to Jones, raging at the idea he should rest. He has not featured at all under Jones on only nine occasions and the last time the head coach saw fit to start Farrell on the bench at Twickenham was three years ago, against Japan. Such was the paucity of England’s first-half performance he was summoned at the interval. All be told, it is quite the burden Farrell bears and there have been times, particularly during this year’s Six Nations, when it has appeared to get the better of him. Perhaps it is also an over-reliance on the 30-year-old, and to put it another way, would England have played so badly in that match against Japan without the ominous presence of Farrell on the bench? Because here, without him, there really were glimpses of the “new

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:19 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:27 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 19 ‘It didn’t knock us off our stride,’ says May Gerard Meagher England” Jones is searching for. That is not to suggest Farrell should be jettisoned from the squad and it should be said he has started the season superbly well with Saracens. But rather that Jones could perhaps appreciate that sharing the load can be a good thing. Maybe the penny has already dropped because Courtney Lawes was inspired by the captaincy. Lawes is part of England’s new-look leadership group as one of three vice-captains and excelled here, not least when hunting down Telusa Veainu with a remarkable tackle in the first half. Jamie George, originally left out of the squad, celebrates scoring England’s second try in a one-sided win at Twickenham TOM JENKINS/ THE OBSERVER Lawe s’ Northampton clubmate George Furbank, meanwhile, performed manfully at fly-half after confirmation that he would be wearing the No 10 jersey arrived just before 2pm. It had, in truth, been widely known that he was being lined up if Farrell was unavailable. You sense he and his teammates knew on their way to the stadium, what with Farrell not being on the bus and all, and in truth it is likely they were aware far earlier than the time they got aboard. England, however, did not deign to tell their supporters until less Jonny May is upended by Solomone Kata, an offence that earned the wing a yellow card TOM JENKINS/ THE OBSERVER Marcus Smith, a second-half replacement, is clear for a try in an impressive display against the Tongans TOM JENKINS/ THE OBSERVER Courtney Lawes was inspired by the captaincy, not least when he hunted down Telusa Veainu than 90 minutes before the match kicked off. Jones spoke repeatedly in the buildup about the importance of a full crowd, how pleased he was, how fortunate his side were to have a bumper audience again but perhaps England ought to treat their followers a little better. Had this been a Six Nations decider or World Cup knockout match the secrecy would have been understandable. With the greatest respect to Tonga, however, this was not a match of such importance, and you cannot but wonder whether such secrecy would have surrounded someone upon whom Jones is not as reliant. Jones is rarely happier than when talking in cricketing analogies and Furbank was a handy player in his youth so perhaps the best way to describe his role at Twickenham was that of nightwatchman. He is a full-back by trade but a gifted footballer, talented enough to adapt to his new role, though his promotion to the starting lineup in Farrell’s absence was designed to protect Smith, who has not been able to train fully for most of the week, until the latter stages of the match. Accordingly, he survived a bit of rough stuff early on, put a mix-up with Manu Tuilagi behind him and proceeded to play the odd shot or two as the half wore on. One clever show and go created the space for him to cruise into midway through the first half and he showed his bravery when twice fizzing on swift passes with tacklers bearing down on him. He made way for Smith in the 52nd minute, allowing the Harlequin to weave his magic, bringing with him a frisson of electricity, some nice touches, a lovely try and a delightful assist with Tonga already well beaten and down to 14 men. His real test will come next Saturday against Australia, however, when Farrell is expected to still be missing. Farrell is too competitive to admit it but perhaps he and Jones may come to realise that it may be a good thing if England continue to learn they can live without him now and then. England are hopeful Owen Farrell will be cleared to face Australia at Twickenham next Saturday despite the captain’s positive Covid-19 test that left his team mates fearing their opening autumn international against Tonga would be cancelled hours before kick-off. Farrell was forced to sit out England’s 69-3 victory after returning a positive PCR test on Friday. Government guidance would appear to dictate Farrell has to isolate for 10 days, therefore missing the match against the Wallabies . Eddie Jones said Public Health England will determine his availability with suggestions the 30-year-old produced a false-positive. “It is very clear and very simple. We are just following the Covid regulations and protocols ,” said Jones. “It is not my decision, it is Public Health [England], so we just leave it to them and we are just waiting. We have done everything we are supposed to do. We knew 100% he wasn’t going to be involved [yesterday] morning and in terms of when he is going to get out [of isolation], if you could give a ring to Public Health England, that would be most appreciated.” England opted to undertake PCR tests when a member of Jones’s backroom staff produced a positive lateral flow test result on Thursday. On Friday, after learning of Farrell’s positive test, the rest of the playing squad and staff members were subjected to another round of tests and were left with an anxious wait for the results, which were not known until yesterday morning. Jonny May, who scored two of England’s 11 tries, said: “It was stressful. It is hard enough preparing for a Test without all [of that]. On Thursday morning, we have got a positive , we are about to train . We have all got to go back to our rooms and all have to PCR and lateral flow and we are not sure if we are going to train. “ Twenty minutes [later], the message comes out we have got to race down and get training, all [take] PCR [tests], everybody is nervous... what if a positive comes back? Are we going to get a game in? “Then Owen has got a positive test back, it looks by all accounts to be a false positive and that is a different discussion. I was worried about coming down to breakfast [ yester day] morning and the game not being on .” In Farrell’s absence, George Furbank started at fly-half before Marcus Smith came off the bench to press his claims to start against Australia . “To perform under those conditions and distractions is credit to the team,” said May. “It didn’t knock us off our stride . It was a distraction that we dealt with well. ”

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:20 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:43 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 20 The Observer 07.11.21 Rugby union Autumn Internationals • Wales’ Liam Williams is blocked by a pitch invader, halting his way to the tryline and a vital score is missed GEOFF CADDICK/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES Intruder costs Williams and Wales as Springboks snatch victory Malcolm Marx scores late try for world champions to edge to win after pitch invader's shocking interference 18 WALES Andy Bull Principality Stadium 23 SOUTH AFRICA You guess it’s been a long 24 hours in Cardiff for the South Africans, long enough for them to enjoy a selection of the city’s many delights, the freezing cold weather, the torrential rain, and not one, but two, early morning fire alarm calls in their hotel, one at 3am and then again at 7.20am, which left them standing around out on the street for 20 minutes . And then, to top it all off, they had a gruelling 80 minute match against a Wales team who were utterly unrecognisable from the lot who shipped 54 points against the All Blacks . Still, at the end of it, the Springboks came away with the win, which is all they’ll care about, and a lot of bruises, too. It was a brutal match, a real heavyweight occasion. The Springboks were sure they’d all but won it when Makazole Mapimpi dived over the line to finish what looked to be a lengthof-the-field try, sparked by a startling break by Cobus Reinach in the 70th minute. But the replay showed several of their players had been off side when they were chasing the kick that set him up. And then they really did land the knockout blow, a try that could n ot be denied, from a line out drive. Unlike against the All Blacks, Wales had history with them this time. They had won five of the last seven matches between the teams, all four at this stadium since 2013, and another in Washington DC. But that was Warren Gatland’s team. Wayne Pivac’s side is a different beast, and were missing Alun Wyn Jones besides. And not just him, less than half this team started for Wales last time the sides played. Turns out there’s plenty of old blood and guts in Pivac’s team, too. They needed all of it in the opening minutes, when they found themselves scrambling to hold back a flood tide. Whatever else it achieved, those two early-morning wake-up calls didn’t seem to have done much for the South Africans’ mood. They came on with a vengeance and the Welsh The pitch invader is removed from the stadium by stewards but the damage to Wales is done were twisted and tossed in the storm of the early minutes, battered back into their own territory. In the tumult, Louis Rees-Zammit was turned-over once, and then collided and Tomos Williams collided with each other under a high ball. Wales seemed to be reeling. But they gathered themselves together. It helped that their line out was back working again after it malfunctioned last week. One led to an opportunity, after Biggar threw a long pass to out to Ellis Jenkins in space on the right wing, he shovelled it on to Rees-Zammit, who stepped inside Mapimipi but was hauled down by Siya Kolisi in the split-second before he crossed the line. Rees-Zammit had a second chance moments later, when Biggar whistled a high cross-field kick over to the right corner, where he was all alone with Mapimipi marking him. But the ball burst through his fingertips as he leapt for it. It was Wales’s best chance of the half. In between, Biggar and Handré Pollard were both picking off their penalties. And there were plenty of them. South Africa conceded seven in the first 30 minutes. Williams reckoned that was one too many and decided to send Ox Nché to the sinbin for obstruction after he pulled down Nick Tompkins while he was chasing a chip ahead. Wales’s one-man advantage did n ot last. They’d conceded six penalties themselves, and soon after Rhys Carré was shown a yellow card when he came into a ruck from the side. Worse, South Africa actually started playing some of their best stuff when they were down to 14 . Pollard almost put Mapimpi through with a grubber. Always, though, there was the looming threat of the South Africa replacements. The difference between the two teams seemed starkest when you looked at the players spread across the two benches. The Welsh, who had two debutants, Bradley Roberts and WillGriff John, among their replacement forwards, and two more, Seb Davies and Ben Carter, who had only a handful of caps between them. The South Africans, on the other hand, were a gnarly old lot, Malcolm Marx, Steven Kitshoff, Vincent Koch, Franco Mostert, men who had been instrumental in the World Cup win in 2019, and the series against the British and Irish Lions this summer. It was a sign of how well Wales were playing that South Africa bolted early, and brought on Marx, Kitshoff, and Koch five minutes into the second half. In the minutes afterwards, they came hard at the Welsh line, 14 phases, all in the Welsh 22, but the Welsh held, won a turnover and, better yet, a penalty off the back of the clearance. That lead didn’t last either. François Steyn kicked a penalty from five metres inside his own half, and then Pollard added another. That made the scores level at 15- 15 with 20 minutes to play. Wales had brought on their own subs now, including Liam Williams who found himself having to try and step round a pitch invader and the security guard who had just tackled him to the ground. Wales McNicholl; Rees-Zammit, Davies, Tompkins (L Williams 60), Adams; Biggar, T Williams; Carré, Elias (Roberts 71), Francis (John 60), Rowlands, Beard, Jenkins (W Jones 42), Basham, Wainwright (S Davies 55) Sin-bin Carre 35 Pens Biggar 6 South Africa Willemse (Steyn 15); Kriel, Am, De Allende, Mapimpi; Pollard (Jantjies 66), Jantjies; Nche (Koch 46), Mbonambi (Kitshoff 46), Nyakane (Marx 46), Etzebeth, De Jager (Mostert 60), Kolisi (Wiese 71) , Smith, Vermeulen Sin-bin Nche 30 Try Marx Pens Pollard 4, Steyn, Jantjies Referee Paul Williams (NZ) Attendance 82,000

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:21 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 18:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 21 Roundup Sexton helps put Japan to the sword Stuart Hogg, Scotland's captain, will make his return at Murrayfield DAVID GIBSON/ SHUTTERSTOCK Results Johnny Sexton celebrated his 100th cap with a second-half try as Ireland warmed up for a meeting with the All Blacks next Saturday with a crushing 60-5 win over Japan. The Ireland captain marked his milestone appearance by claiming the fifth of nine tries at a belowcapacity Aviva Stadium. He also kicked 11 points. Andrew Conway ran in a hattrick while James Lowe, Jamison Gibson-Park, the midfield duo Bundee Aki and Garry Ringrose, and the replacement prop Cian Healy were also on the scoresheet for the commanding hosts. Japan’s consolation came from Siosaia Fifita but they were outclassed and powerless to prevent Ireland stretching their winning streak to six . Sexton became the seventh Irishman to reach a century of appearances following Brian O’Driscoll, Ronan O’Gara, Rory Best, Paul O’Connell, John Hayes and his current team-mate Healy and was afforded a standing ovation before kick-off. The 36-year-old said the try he scored was one of the best moments of his career. He was presented with a samurai sword by his opponents before the game. “We're happy that the performance matched the occasion,” said Ireland’s coach, Andy Farrell. “Our defence was outstanding. We put pressure on Japan and they spilled the ball a bit and we kept calm and clinical in attack. It was nice to see things come to fruition.” New Zealand set world records for the most Test points and tries scored in a calen dar year as their second string crossed the line seven times in a 47-9 win over Italy at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. Ian Foster’s side have scored 96 tries in 2021, breaking Argentina’s record of 92, set in 2003, while their total points tally stands at 675, eclipsing South Africa’s 658-point haul from 2007. The former All Black Kieran Crowley was making his debut as Italy head coach, while his New Zealand counterpart named a new lineup after last Saturday’s 54-16 win in Wales. It was New Zealand’s third successive win of their autumn tour before the remaining Tests against Ireland and France. Agencies Johnny Sexton scores a try on his 100th appearance for Ireland Townsend has the quality to trouble Australia in battle of bridesmaids Settled Scotland are able to strengthen side and look more than a match for the Wallabies, writes Michael Aylwin The schedulers have saved the weekend’s most intriguing contest for today . All too often in recent years Scotland and Australia have presented as rugby’s equivalent of bridesmaids, but the Wallabies turn up to Murrayfield on a fivematch winning streak, including a swaggering double over South Africa, the world champions. And Scotland will field seven British & Irish Lions, which, by the standards of the rest of this century, must feel more than they know what to do with. Gregor Townsend, a returning Lions coach (alongside another in Steve Tandy), welcomes back his captain, Stuart Hogg, who is joined by other headliners in Finn Russell, Duhan van der Merwe and Chris Harris. Ali Price, Hamish Watson and Zander Fagerson were already in situ for the 60-14 win over Tonga last Saturday. If Rory Sutherland had been fit, there might have been eight. All of which should mean that the confidence developed by Scotland, which has grown in agonising fits and starts over what might be termed the Hogg-Russell era, is riding as high as ever. When a team are able to demote a player who scored four tries the week before, an air of confidence does naturally thicken. Kyle Steyn was player of the match against Tonga but must now make do with a place on the bench. He was far from the only star. His mate on the other wing, Rufus McLean, became the first player born this century to win a Scotland cap and marked the occasion with two dazzling tries in the first few minutes. How much we should read into the win over Tonga will remain a moot point for now. Scotland have made six changes for Australia , with those four returning Lions joining a fresh lock pairing of Sam Skinner and Grant Gilchrist. But Tonga were suffering from familiar availability problems, their Scotland v Australia Murrayfield 2.15pm Amazon Prime 15 S Hogg (c) Exeter 14 D Graham Edinburgh 13 C Harris Gloucester 12 S Johnson Glasgow 11 D v der Merwe Worcs 10 F Russell Racing 92 9 A Price Glasgow 1 P Schoeman E'burgh 2 G Turner Glasgow 3 Z Fagerson Glasgow 4 S Skinner Exeter 5 G Gilchrist Edinburgh 6 J Ritchie Edinburgh 7 H Watson Edinburgh 8 M Fagerson Glasgow Replacements E Ashman Sale, J Bhatti Glasgow, O Kebble Glasgow, J Hodgson Edinburgh, J Bayliss Bath, G Horne Glasgow, A Hastings Gloucester, K Steyn Glasgow Referee Romain Poite (France) 15 A Kellaway Melbourne 14 T Wright Brumbies 13 L Ikitau Brumbies 12 H Paisami Q'land Reds 11 J Petaia Q'land Reds 10 J O’Connor Q'land Reds 9 N White Brumbies 1 J Slipper Brumbies 2 F Fainga’a Brumbies 3 A Alaalatoa Brumbies 4 R Arnold Toulouse 5 I Rodda Q'land Reds 6 R Leota Melbourne 7 M Hooper (c) Toyota V 8 R Valetini Brumbies Replacements C McInerney Brumbies, A Bell Waratahs, T Tupou Queensland Reds, W Skelton La Rochelle, P Samu Brumbies, T McDermott Queensland Reds, K Beale Racing 92, I Perese Queensland Reds best players – even more of them than Scotland’s – not released by their various clubs for an international outside the designated window. If only those problems were confined to last week . Australia have suffered a curious set of withdrawals of their own, even though the relevant window is now officially open. Quade Cooper, Samu Kerevi and Sean McMahon have chosen to remain with their generous employers in Japan. The thinking behind their decision not to tour remains opaque, with Cooper and Kerevi declaring their love for the Wallabies without quite explaining whether this was their decision, their clubs’ or possibly even Australia’s. The latter is the least likely explanation. Cooper and Kerevi have been instrumental in the renaissance over the past couple of months since their customary dismantling at the hands of the All Blacks. Their two subsequent victories over the Springboks were the latest to explode the clich e that the only way to prevail over South Africa is to beat them at their own game. The Lions notably failed to do that this year, but the Wallabies moved them around, All Blacks-style, with much success. How delicious, then, that Australia, with or without the Japan Three, descend upon Edinburgh to take on the team of the Lions attack coach. We can safely say Townsend will have Scotland playing rather more ambitious rugby than the Lions managed. Bridesmaids Scotland and Australia might often be, but they regularly prove more pleasing on the eye than some of those accustomed to the garlands. Australia, who are tying themselves in terrible knots over the latest tweaks to their eligibility criteria for overseas players, are rolling out some more exiles familiar from yesteryear. Rory Arnold, of Toulouse, with rather less than the stipulated 60 caps for an overseas player, will start in the second row, which should equip Australia well, should something less pretty be required. As might Will Skelton, lately of Saracens, now La Rochelle, who lurks on the bench alongside another exile, Kurtley Beale, whose 92 caps at least qualify him under the infamous terms of Giteau’s law. One suspects Australia will follow South Africa’s lead by giving up on all pretence at encouraging their players to stay at home. Scotland, interestingly, have never bothered with such rules . They may not enjoy the advantages in preparation of the Englands and Irelands of this world, but there is a settled look to their first team and it is high on quality. Dave Rennie, Australia’s coach, knows this well. His previous job was a successful three years in charge of Glasgow, taking over from Townsend. Just another little ingredient to spice up today’s fare. The weekend’s rugby is far from over. Rugby union INTERNATIONALS England 69 Tonga 3; France L Argentina L; Ireland 60 Japan 5; Italy 9 New Zealand 47; Wales L South Africa L GALLAGHER PREMIERSHIP P W D L F A B Pts Leicester 8 8 0 0 263 136 5 37 Saracens 7 5 1 1 265 133 5 27 Harlequins 6 4 0 2 188 147 6 22 Northampton 7 4 0 3 201 186 4 20 Exeter 7 4 0 3 174 149 3 19 Gloucester 7 3 1 3 177 183 4 18 Sale 8 3 1 4 181 182 3 17 London Irish 8 1 3 4 217 236 7 17 Wasps 6 3 0 3 149 146 3 15 Bristol 7 3 0 4 143 193 2 14 Newcastle 6 3 0 3 114 124 1 13 Worcester 8 2 0 6 138 287 4 12 Bath 7 0 0 7 126 234 3 3 Bristol 27 Worcester 5; Exeter L Newcastle L; Sale 30 Northampton 6; Saracens 34 London Irish 34 GREENE KING IPA CHAMPIONSHIP Bedford Blues 14 Ealing Trailfinders 50; Coventry 35 Nottingham 12; Doncaster 37 Richmond 5; Jersey Reds 32 Hartpury 17; London Scottish 17 Cornish Pirates 19 Cricket ICC MEN’S T20 WORLD CUP Super 12 Group 1 P W L T NR RR Pts England Q 5 4 1 0 0 2.46 8 Australia Q 5 4 1 0 0 1.22 8 South Africa 5 4 1 0 0 0.74 8 Sri Lanka 5 2 3 0 0 -0.27 4 West Indies 5 1 4 0 0 -1.64 2 Bangladesh 5 0 5 0 0 -2.38 0 Australia v West Indies Abu Dhabi Australia beat West Indies by eight wickets. West Indies CH Gayle b Cummins .....................................................15 E Lewis c Smith b Zampa................................................29 †N Pooran c Marsh b Hazlewood ......................................4 RL Chase b Hazlewood.....................................................0 SO Hetmyer c Wade b Hazlewood...................................27 *KA Pollard c Maxwell b Starc .......................................44 DJ Bravo c Warner b Hazlewood .....................................10 AD Russell not out ........................................................18 JO Holder not out ...........................................................1 Extras (lb6, w3) ..............................................................9 Total (for 7, 20 overs)..................................................157 Fall 30, 35, 35, 70, 91, 126, 143. Did not bat AJ Hosein, HR Walsh Jr. Bowling Starc 4-0-33-1; Hazlewood 4-0-39-4; Cummins 4-0-37-1; Maxwell 1-0-6-0; Marsh 3-0-16-0; Zampa 4-0-20-1. Australia DA Warner not out ........................................................89 *AJ Finch b Hosein ..........................................................9 MR Marsh c Holder b Gayle ............................................53 GJ Maxwell not out ........................................................0 Extras (lb3, w6, nb1) ....................................................10 Total (for 2, 16.2 overs)...............................................161 Fall 33, 157. Did not bat SPD Smith, MP Stoinis, †MS Wade, PJ Cummins, MA Starc, A Zampa, JR Hazlewood. Bowling Hosein 4-0-29-1; Chase 1.2-0-17-0; Holder 2-0- 26-0; Bravo 4-0-36-0; Walsh Jr 2-0-18-0; Russell 2-0-25- 0; Gayle 1-0-7-1. Toss Australia elected to field. Umpires L Rusere (Zim) and RK Illingworth (Eng). Tennis ATP ROLEX PARIS MASTERS (France) Semi-finals: N Djokovic (Ser) bt H Hurkacz (Pol) 3-6 6-0 7-6 (7-5); D Medvedev (Rus) bt A Zverev (Ger) 6-2 6-2 Snooker ENGLISH OPEN (Milton Keynes) Semi-finals: J Higgins (Sco) bt R O’Sullivan (Eng) 6-5 Golf WORLD WIDE TECHNOLOGY CHAMPIONSHIP (Mexico) Leading second-round scores (US unless stated, Par 71): 129 M Wolff 61 68. 131 S Scheffler 67 64. 132 V Hovland (Nor) 67 65; C Ortiz (Mex) 67 65. 133 S García (Sp) 64 69; T Gooch 64 69; B Haas 65 68; B Horschel 64 69; A Lahiri (Ind) 67 66; R Palmer 69 64; J Spaun 65 68; J Thomas 68 65; M Thompson 68 65; A Wise 63 70. 134 D Ghim 69 65; J Hahn 67 67; R Henley 65 69; G Higgo (SA) 71 63; M Kuchar 68 66; M Laird (Sco) 68 66; A Landry 66 68. 135 T Detry (Bel) 67 68; C Howell III 69 66; J Huh 66 69; D McCarthy 67 68; J Niemann (Chl) 69 66; S Power (Ire) 68 67 . PORTUGAL MASTERS (Vilamoura) Leading third-round scores (GB & Ire unless stated, Par 71): (a) denotes amateurs: 197 T Pieters (Bel) 68 64 65; M Pavon (Fr) 68 64 65. 201 L Bjerregaard (Den) 67 65 69. 202 K Broberg (Swe) 69 67 66. 203 N Højgaard (Den) 67 69 67; S Horsfield 68 66 69. 204 R Bland 70 65 69; C Shinkwin 67 66 71; B Hebert (Fr) 67 69 68; N Bertasio (It) 61 69 74. 205 A Arnaus (Sp) 65 67 73; O Wilson 68 67 70; G Green (Mal) 66 69 70; F Laporta (It) 70 66 69; M Jordan 70 68 67. 206 G Forrest 68 67 71; J B. Hansen (Den) 69 67 70; T Pulkkanen (Fin) 69 67 70. 207 M Lee (Aus) 68 68 71; P Harrington 67 72 68; S Crocker (US) 70 67 70; D Horsey 70 68 69; J Senior 71 67 69 ARAMCO SAUDI LADIES INTERNATIONAL (Saudi Arabia) Leading third-round scores (GB & Ire unless stated, Par 72): 200 L Ko (NZ) 67 70 63. 204 A Thitikul (Tha) 70 69 65. 206 A Hewson 71 64 71. 207 C Ciganda (Sp) 67 72 68; N Iturrioz (Sp) 71 68 68. 209 A Lee (US) 77 65 67; W Hillier (Aus) 70 69 70; S Nuutinen (Fin) 71 65 73. 210 G Hall 75 69 66; O Cowan (Ger) 72 69 69; T Malik (Ind) 74 69 67. 211 E Kristine Pedersen (Den) 73 71 67; P Babnik (Svn) 71 71 69; A Ashok (Ind) 73 69 69; M Simmermacher (Arg) 69 74 68. 212 C Hedwall (Swe) 71 66 75; M Lee (Aus) 73 68 71; J Gustavsson (Swe) 68 76 68; L Ströem (Swe) 68 69 75; B Law 70 73 69

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:22 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:40 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 22 The Observer 07.11.21 Full Time • Iago Aspas (seated) sends Celta Vigo’s fans wild after completing a comeback from three down to draw with Barcelona in injury time Europe LA LIGA P W D L F A GD Pts Real Sociedad 12 7 4 1 17 10 +7 25 Real Madrid 11 7 3 1 26 12 +14 24 Sevilla 11 7 3 1 19 7 +12 24 Atlético Madrid 11 6 4 1 18 10 +8 22 Real Betis 12 6 3 3 19 15 +4 21 Rayo Vallecano 12 6 2 4 18 12 +6 20 Osasuna 12 5 4 3 14 15 -1 19 Athletic Bilbao 12 4 6 2 11 8 +3 18 Barcelona 12 4 5 3 19 15 +4 17 Espanyol 13 4 5 4 14 13 +1 17 Valencia 12 4 4 4 18 17 +1 16 Mallorca 12 3 5 4 11 17 -6 14 Alavés 12 4 1 7 8 15 -7 13 Villarreal 11 2 6 3 13 12 +1 12 Celta Vigo 13 3 3 7 13 17 -4 12 Cádiz 13 2 6 5 12 19 -7 12 Granada 12 2 5 5 11 16 -5 11 Elche 12 2 4 6 9 15 -6 10 Levante 13 0 6 7 12 25 -13 6 Getafe 12 1 3 8 6 18 -12 6 Alavés 2 Levante 1; Celta Vigo 3 Barcelona 3; Espanyol 2 Granada 0; Real Madrid LRayo Vallecano L SERIE A P W D L F A GD Pts Napoli 11 10 1 0 23 3 +20 31 Milan 11 10 1 0 25 10 +15 31 Internazionale 11 7 3 1 28 12 +16 24 Roma 11 6 1 4 19 12 +7 19 Atalanta 11 5 4 2 20 14 +6 19 Lazio 11 5 3 3 22 19 +3 18 Fiorentina 12 6 0 6 16 14 +2 18 Juventus 12 5 3 4 16 15 +1 18 Empoli 12 5 1 6 18 23 -5 16 Verona 11 4 3 4 24 20 +4 15 Bologna 11 4 3 4 17 22 -5 15 Sassuolo 11 4 2 5 15 15 0 14 Torino 12 4 2 6 15 12 +3 14 Udinese 11 2 5 4 12 16 -4 11 Spezia 12 3 2 7 13 26 -13 11 Sampdoria 11 2 3 6 14 23 -9 9 Venezia 11 2 3 6 8 17 -9 9 Genoa 12 1 6 5 17 24 -7 9 Salernitana 11 2 1 8 10 23 -13 7 Cagliari 11 1 3 7 12 24 -12 6 Cagliari L Atalanta L; Juventus L Fiorentina L; Spezia 1 Torino 0 Women’s Super League P W D L F A GD Pts Arsenal 5 5 0 0 19 2 +17 15 Chelsea 6 5 0 1 18 5 +13 15 Brighton 6 4 0 2 11 5 +6 12 Tottenham 5 4 0 1 7 3 +4 12 Manchester Utd 5 3 1 1 10 9 +1 10 West Ham 5 2 2 1 8 4 +4 8 Aston Villa 6 2 1 3 4 10 -6 7 Everton 6 2 0 4 6 13 -7 6 Manchester City 5 1 1 3 7 11 -4 4 Reading 5 1 0 4 3 10 -7 3 Birmingham 5 0 1 4 2 12 -10 1 Leicester 5 0 0 5 2 13 -11 0 Aston Villa (0) 0 Chelsea (1) 1 Fleming 22 715 Everton (0) 0 Brighton (0) 1 Whelan 61 BUNDESLIGA P W D L F A GD Pts Bayern Munich 11 9 1 1 40 11 +29 28 B Dortmund 11 8 0 3 28 17 +11 24 Freiburg 11 6 4 1 18 9 +9 22 Wolfsburg 11 6 1 4 12 12 0 19 RB Leipzig 11 5 3 3 23 11 +12 18 B Leverkusen 10 5 2 3 23 16 +7 17 Mainz 11 5 2 4 15 11 +4 17 Union Berlin 10 4 4 2 15 15 0 16 B M’gladbach 11 4 3 4 13 14 -1 15 Hoffenheim 11 4 2 5 19 17 +2 14 Köln 10 3 4 3 15 18 -3 13 Bochum 11 4 1 6 10 18 -8 13 Hertha Berlin 10 4 0 6 11 23 -12 12 Stuttgart 11 2 4 5 15 20 -5 10 E Frankfurt 10 1 6 3 10 15 -5 9 Augsburg 11 2 3 6 9 20 -11 9 Arminia Bielefeld 11 1 5 5 7 16 -9 8 Greuther Fürth 10 0 1 9 7 27 -20 1 B Munich 2 Freiburg 1; Bochum 2 Hoffenheim 0; RB Leipzig 2 Borussia Dortmund 1; VfB Stuttgart 0 Arminia Bielefeld 1; Wolfsburg 1 Augsburg 0 LIGUE 1 P W D L F A GD Pts PSG 12 10 1 1 26 11 +15 31 Lens 13 7 3 3 25 14 +11 24 Nice 12 7 3 2 23 9 +14 23 Marseille 12 6 4 2 20 12 +8 22 Rennes 12 5 4 3 18 11 +7 19 Lyon 12 5 4 3 20 17 +3 19 Angers 13 4 6 3 19 16 +3 18 Strasbourg 12 5 2 5 22 16 +6 17 Nantes 12 5 2 5 16 14 +2 17 Monaco 12 5 2 5 17 16 +1 17 Montpellier 12 4 4 4 20 19 +1 16 Lille 13 4 4 5 16 19 -3 16 Lorient 12 3 6 3 12 18 -6 15 Troyes 13 3 4 6 13 21 -8 13 Clermont 12 3 4 5 14 23 -9 13 Bordeaux 12 2 6 4 16 24 -8 12 Reims 12 2 5 5 14 17 -3 11 Brest 12 1 6 5 14 20 -6 9 Metz 12 1 4 7 13 27 -14 7 St-Étienne 12 0 6 6 12 26 -14 6 Bordeaux L Paris Saint-Germain L; Lille 1 Angers 1 EREDIVISIE NEC Nijmegen L Heerenveen L; PEC Zwolle L Cambuur L; Willem II L Sparta Rotterdam L Jessie Fleming grabs Chelsea’s winner against Aston Villa Premier League HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Chelsea 11 4 1 1 17 3 4 1 0 10 1 +23 26 WLDWWD Manchester City 11 3 1 1 12 2 4 1 1 10 4 +16 23 LWLDDL Liverpool 10 2 3 0 10 5 4 1 0 19 3 +21 22 DWDDWD West Ham 10 2 1 2 9 7 4 1 0 11 4 +9 20 LWLWWL Manchester Utd 11 2 1 3 10 11 3 1 1 9 6 +2 17 LLDWLL Brighton 11 2 2 2 6 8 2 3 0 6 4 0 17 WWDDDD Arsenal 10 3 1 1 9 6 2 1 2 3 7 -1 17 WWWLWD Wolves 11 2 0 3 4 6 3 1 2 7 6 -1 16 LWLWDL Crystal Palace 11 2 4 0 9 4 1 2 2 6 10 +1 15 LDWDWW Tottenham 10 3 0 2 4 7 2 0 3 5 9 -7 15 LWLWWL Everton 10 3 0 2 10 8 1 2 2 6 8 0 14 WDDWWL Leicester 10 2 1 2 7 7 2 1 2 8 10 -2 14 LWLDWW Southampton 11 2 3 1 5 4 1 2 2 5 8 -2 14 LDDLWD Brentford 11 1 1 4 7 9 2 2 1 6 5 -1 12 DWLLLL Aston Villa 11 2 1 2 9 8 1 0 5 5 12 -6 10 WDWWDW Watford 10 1 1 3 4 11 2 0 3 8 7 -6 10 LLDLLW Leeds 10 1 2 2 5 8 1 2 2 5 9 -7 10 LDWLDW Burnley 11 1 2 2 5 5 0 3 3 6 12 -6 8 LDDDWD Newcastle 11 0 2 3 7 13 0 3 3 5 11 -12 5 LDDDLD Norwich 11 0 1 4 3 10 1 1 4 2 16 -21 5 LLDDLW Brentford (0) 1 Norwich (2) 2 Henry 60 Normann 6 Pukki 29pen Brighton (1) 1 Newcastle (0) 1 Trossard 24pen Hayden 66 Chelsea (1) 1 Burnley (0) 1 Havertz 33 Vydra 79 Crystal Palace (0) 2 Wolves (0) 0 Zaha 61, Gallagher 78 24,390 Man Utd (0) 0 Man City (2) 2 73,806 Bailly 7og, Silva 45 Played on Friday Aston Villa 0 Southampton 1 Other football VANARAMA NORTH P W D L F A GD Pts AFC Fylde 13 9 2 2 23 10 +13 29 Brackley 11 8 2 1 13 5 +8 26 Chorley 13 6 4 3 22 10 +12 22 Boston Utd 12 7 0 5 17 17 0 21 Alfreton Town 12 6 2 4 23 15 +8 20 Curzon Ashton 10 6 2 2 18 11 +7 20 Spennymoor 12 6 1 5 20 19 +1 19 Kidderminster 11 5 3 3 22 12 +10 18 York 11 6 0 5 20 16 +4 18 Leamington 12 5 3 4 15 13 +2 18 Gateshead 9 5 2 2 19 13 +6 17 Darlington 13 5 2 6 24 20 +4 17 Chester FC 12 4 3 5 22 22 0 15 Farsley Celtic 13 3 4 6 11 24 -13 13 Kettering 9 3 3 3 10 10 0 12 Bradford PA 12 3 3 6 13 23 -10 12 Southport 10 2 4 4 16 17 -1 10 Hereford FC 11 2 4 5 8 15 -7 10 Guiseley 10 2 3 5 10 17 -7 9 AFC Telford 12 2 3 7 12 21 -9 9 Blyth Spartans 12 2 3 7 9 22 -13 9 Gloucester 12 1 3 8 12 27 -15 6 Blyth Spartans 0 Leamington 2; Bradford P A 3 AFC Telford 2; Chester FC 4 Boston Utd 0; Curzon Ashton 2 AFC Fylde 1; Farsley Celtic 0 Brackley 0; Hereford FC 1 Chorley 0; Kettering 1 Darlington 3; Spennymoor Town 0 Alfreton Town 2 VANARAMA SOUTH P W D L F A GD Pts Dartford 12 7 3 2 25 9 +16 24 St Albans 10 7 1 2 23 11 +12 22 Dorking Ws 12 6 3 3 24 19 +5 21 Oxford City 11 5 5 1 25 13 +12 20 Hungerford 11 6 2 3 23 15 +8 20 Ebbsfleet United 9 6 1 2 20 10 +10 19 Dulwich 10 5 3 2 21 12 +9 18 Maidstone Utd 12 5 3 4 18 15 +3 18 Concord Rangers 12 5 3 4 18 23 -5 18 Hampton & R 11 4 4 3 23 15 +8 16 Havant and W 10 5 1 4 18 13 +5 16 Eastbourne B 13 4 4 5 28 26 +2 16 Chippenham 13 3 6 4 19 21 -2 15 Slough 12 4 3 5 14 17 -3 15 Patrick Vieria’s joy is clear to see as Crystal Palace win again Welling 13 4 2 7 14 31 -17 14 Bath City 11 4 0 7 13 23 -10 12 Tonbridge Angels 10 3 2 5 12 16 -4 11 Chelmsford 12 2 4 6 14 20 -6 10 Braintree Town 13 2 4 7 12 24 -12 10 Hemel H 11 2 3 6 13 29 -16 9 Billericay 12 2 1 9 13 28 -15 7 Bath City 2 Welling 1; Billericay 1 Hungerford Town 4; Braintree Town 1 Tonbridge Angels 0; Dartford 3 Chippenham 3; Eastbourne Borough 2 Chelmsford 1; Hemel Hempstead 2 Dorking Wanderers 2; Maidstone Utd 0 Slough 1 NORTHERN PREMIER Ashton Utd 3 Basford Utd 0; Atherton Collieries 1 South Shields 1; FC Utd of Manchester 3 Gainsborough Trinity 2; Matlock 3 Whitby 2; Morpeth 2 Grantham 1; Radcliffe 3 Mickleover 1; Scarborough Ath 2 Lancaster City 0; Stafford Rangers 1 Bamber Bridge 2; Stalybridge Celtic 2 Witton Albion 2; Warrington 1 Hyde Utd 0 ISTHMIAN PREMIER Bishop’s Stortford 1 Lewes 1; Bognor Regis 1 Kingstonian 1; Carshalton Ath 6 Brightlingsea Regent 1; Cheshunt 0 Folkestone Invicta 0; Corinthian Casuals 1 Enfield 2; East Thurrock 0 Leatherhead 2; Haringey Borough 2 Margate 2; Hornchurch 1 Merstham 0; Worthing 2 Potters Bar 1 SOUTHERN PREMIER CENTRAL Barwell 0 Tamworth 1; Biggleswade 0 Hitchin 0; Coalville 3 St Ives 0; Hednesford Town 2 Rushden & Diamonds 3; Leiston 2 Stourbridge 1; Lowestoft Town 0 Redditch Utd 0; Needham Market Peterborough Sports; Nuneaton Borough 1 Bromsgrove Sporting 1; Rushall Olympic 3 Alvechurch 1 SOUTHERN PREMIER SOUTH Chesham Utd 4 Hartley Wintney 2; Farnborough 2 Tiverton 0; Gosport Borough 2 Beaconsfield 1; Merthyr 1 Truro 3; Salisbury 0 Hendon 2; Swindon Supermarine 1 Dorchester 0; Walton Casuals 2 Poole 4; Wimborne Town 3 Kings Langley 3 CYMRU PREMIER Barry Town United 1 Aberystwyth Town 1; Cardiff Met Uni 0 Caernarfon Town 1; Flint Town United 3 Penybont 1; The New Saints FC 6 Haverfordwest County 0 DANSKE BANK NORTHERN IRISH PREMIERSHIP Carrick Rangers 0 Coleraine 0; Cliftonville 3 Dungannon Swifts 0; Glenavon 0 Ballymena United 1; Glentoran 2 Warrenpoint Town 0; Portadown 0 Linfield 0 Sky Bet Championship HOME AWAY P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Form Bournemouth 17 6 2 1 21 9 6 2 0 10 1 +21 40 WWWDWW Fulham 17 6 1 1 19 5 6 1 2 25 9 +30 38 WWLLWW West Brom 17 6 3 0 16 5 3 2 3 11 10 +12 32 WLWLLD Coventry 17 7 1 1 19 8 2 2 4 6 13 +4 30 DWWDWL Stoke 17 5 2 1 13 8 3 2 4 9 11 +3 28 WDWLDW QPR 17 4 3 1 13 8 3 2 4 14 16 +4 26 LLWLDD Blackburn 17 5 2 2 19 16 2 3 3 9 10 +2 26 LDDWLW Huddersfield 17 5 1 2 12 9 2 3 4 9 11 +1 25 WWWLWD Millwall 17 4 3 2 10 9 2 4 2 7 8 0 25 DWLWLD Blackpool 17 4 1 4 7 9 3 3 2 12 11 -1 25 LWWWLD Luton 17 4 3 2 15 10 2 3 3 11 12 +4 24 DLWDWW Swansea 17 4 3 1 10 4 2 2 5 10 18 -2 23 DDDWWW Nottingham Forest 17 2 2 5 10 15 4 2 2 13 7 +1 22 WWWDDW Middlesbrough 17 4 1 3 12 9 2 3 4 7 10 0 22 LWWWLD Birmingham 17 3 2 4 9 12 3 2 3 9 7 -1 22 LDLLLW Reading 17 4 1 3 14 13 3 0 6 8 15 -6 22 LLWWLL Preston 17 4 3 1 11 8 1 3 5 7 14 -4 21 DDDDLL Sheff Utd 17 3 1 4 13 11 2 3 4 9 15 -4 19 WLWLDL Bristol City 17 1 4 3 6 9 4 0 5 13 18 -8 19 LLDWLL Cardiff 17 2 1 6 7 14 2 2 4 10 17 -14 15 WLLLLD Peterborough 17 3 3 3 12 10 1 0 7 5 22 -15 15 LWWLDL Hull 17 1 2 5 5 11 2 1 6 6 11 -11 12 LDLLLW Barnsley 17 2 2 5 7 12 0 3 5 5 13 -13 11 LLLLWL Derby* 17 2 5 1 8 7 1 4 4 5 9 -3 6 LDDDLD *deducted 12 points Barnsley (0) 0 Hull (1) 2 Honeyman 33 Lewis-Potter 75 Barnsley Collins, Moon, Helik, Kitching, Brittain•, Benson• (Palmer 72), Gomes, Jordan Williams (Styles 57), Iseka, Cole (Adeboyejo 46), Woodrow. Subs not used Vita, Walton, Andersen, Frieser. Hull Baxter, Coyle (Emmanuel 37), Bernard, Greaves•, Elder, Smallwood, Docherty, Wilks (Longman 68), Honeyman•, Lewis-Potter, Magennis (T Smith 69). Subs not used Ingram, Cannon, McLoughlin, M Smith. Att 13,003. Ref Stephen Martin (Staffordshire). Birmingham (1) 1 Reading (0) 2 Hogan 3 Clarke 70 82 B’ham Sarkic, Dean•, Marc Roberts, Mitch Roberts, Oakley• (Jutkiewicz 85), Sunjic (Aneke 85), Gardner, Bela•, McGree• (Woods 69), Hogan, Deeney. Subs not used James, Etheridge, Castillo, Walker. Reading Southwood, Holmes•, Dann, Moore, Yiadom, Dele-Bashiru (Camara 81), Laurent, Ejaria, Baba, Swift, Puscas (Clarke 46). Subs not used Abrefa, Rafael Cabral, Ehibhationham, Osorio, Ashcroft. Ref Thomas Bramall (Sheffield). Blackburn (1) 3 Sheff Utd (1) 1 Khadra 37, Díaz 59 Brewster 2 Poveda-Ocampo 70 Blackburn Kaminski, Nyambe, Lenihan•, Wharton, Edun, Poveda-Ocampo (Butterworth 90), Travis, Davenport (Rothwell 78), Khadra (Dolan 67), Buckley, Díaz. Subs not used Johnson, Pears, Clarkson, Carter. Sheff Utd Olsen, Bogle• (Baldock 80), Basham, Egan, Stevens, Norwood•, Fleck• (Ndiaye 64), Brewster (Mousset 64), Gibbs-White, Osborn, Sharp. Subs not used McBurnie, Foderingham, Robinson, Hourihane. Att 17,291. Ref Oliver Langford (W Midlands). Blackpool (0) 1 QPR (1) 1 Madine 54pen Willock 26 Blackpool Grimshaw, Lawrence-Gabriel, Ekpiteta, Husband, James, Bowler, Wintle, Dougall, Dale (Carey 72), Anderson•, Madine•. Subs not used Connolly, Yates, Moore, Mitchell, Gretarsson. QPR Dieng•, Dickie, Dunne•, Barbet, Adomah•, Amos (Austin 72), Dozzell, Odubajo• (Kakay ht), Chair, Willock (Ball• 72), Dykes. Subs not used Archer, Thomas, Field, Duke-Mckenna. Ref Josh Smith (Lincolnshire). Bournemouth (1) 4 Swansea (0) 0 Solanke 26 49, Anthony 64 90 Bournemouth Travers, Stacey, Cahill, Kelly, Davis, Lerma, Kilkenny, Christie (Lowe 75), Billing• (Lewis Cook 83), Anthony, Solanke• (Rogers 86). Subs not used Mepham, Marcondes, Brady, Dennis. Swansea Hamer, Bennett•, Naughton, Manning, Laird, Grimes, Downes• (Smith 67), Bidwell (Morgan Whittaker 67), Ntcham• (Walsh 76), Paterson, Piroe. Subs not used Benda, Cabango, Cullen, Latibeaudiere. Ref Tony Harrington (Cleveland). Cardiff (0) 2 Huddersfield (1) 1 Moore 74 90 Sinani 12 Cardiff Smithies, McGuinness• (Colwill 70), Flint, Nelson, Ng•, Pack, Ralls, Giles, Bacuna• (Vaulks• 86), Harris (Isaak Davies 60), Moore. Subs not used Phillips, Morrison, Brown, Zimba. Huddersfield Nicholls, Pearson, Lees, Colwill, Thomas, Hogg (High• 9), O’Brien, Toffolo, Sinani, Ward (Campbell 77), Holmes (Koroma 45). Subs not used Aarons, Turton, Sarr, Bilokapic. Att 17,355. Ref David Webb (County Durham). Coventry (0) 3 Bristol City (1) 2 Godden 51pen 90 Martin 45pen O’Hare 74 Weimann 68 Coventry Moore, Rose, McFadzean•, Clarke-Salter (Kane 46), Dabo, Hamer (Kelly 85), Sheaf, Maatsen•, O’Hare, Gyokeres (Walker 71), Godden. Subs not used Jones, Allen, Wilson, Hyam. Bristol City Bentley, Tanner, Kalas•, Vyner, Pring (Wells• 81), Weimann, Massengo, Bakinson, O’Dowda, Scott• (Dasilva 64), Martin. Subs not used Simpson, O’Leary, Bell, Palmer, Benarous. Att 19,855. Ref Jeremy Simpson (Lancashire). Luton (0) 0 Stoke (1) 1 Brown 34 Luton Sluga, Burke (Muskwe 63), Naismith, Bradley, Bree, Campbell•, Osho (Clark 81), Mpanzu, Bell, Cornick (Onyedinma 64), Adebayo. Subs not used Shea, Rea, Hylton, Jerome. Stoke Bursik•, Ostigard•, Souttar, Batth•, Smith• (Wilmot 75), Sawyers, Allen, Thompson, Tymon, Fletcher (Vrancic 64), Brown• (Surridge 84). Subs not used Davies, Chester, Campbell, Ince. Ref Jonathan Moss (County Durham). Millwall (1) 1 Derby (1) 1 Malone 45 Ebosele 44 Millwall Bialkowski, Ballard (McNamara 74), Cooper•, M Wallace, Leonard, Mitchell•, Saville (Smith 81), Malone, J Wallace, Bennett (Bradshaw 75), Afobe (Ojo 87). Subs not used Long, Kieftenbeld, Pearce. Derby Roos, Byrne•, Jagielka, Davies, Buchanan, Bird, Shinnie, Ebosele (Kazim-Richards 87), Lawrence (Aghatise 90), Knight, Baldock (Sibley 87). Subs not used Forsyth, Jozwiak, Stearman, Allsop. Att 14,372. Ref Tim Robinson (West Sussex). Nottm Forest (2) 3 Preston (0) 0 Grabban 32pen 70, Colback 41 Nottm Forest Samba, Spence, Worrall, McKenna, Lowe, Yates, Colback, Johnson, Zinckernagel (Garner 68), Mighten (Lolley 63), Grabban• (Taylor• 71). Subs not used Ojeda, Horvath, Tobias Figueiredo, Bong. Preston Iversen, Van den Berg, Bauer (Storey• 20), Hughes•, Barkhuizen, McCann•, Whiteman, Earl (Cunningham 56), Potts (Sinclair 57), Jakobsen, Johnson. Subs not used Ledson, Huntington, Maguire, Hudson. Ref Simon Hooper (Wiltshire). Peterborough (0) 0 Fulham (0) 1 Mitrovic 74 Peterborough Cornell, Ward (Kanu 84), Kent, Beevers (Edwards 80), Butler, Burrows (Poku 85), Taylor, Norburn•, Dembele, Szmodics, Clarke-Harris. Subs not used Coventry, Grant, Knight, Blackmore. Fulham Rodak, Odoi• (Tete 46), Hector, Ream•, Robinson, Seri (Cairney• 64), Reed, Wilson, Reid, Kebano•, Mitrovic (Mawson 90). Subs not used Rodrigo Muniz, Gazzaniga, Onomah, Carvalho. Ref Dean Whitestone (Northamptonshire). West Brom (0) 1 Middlesbrough (1) 1 Diangana 65 Coburn 38 West Brom Johnstone, Kipre•, Clarke (Bartley 19), Townsend, Furlong, Molumby, Snodgrass•, Reach, Diangana•, Ahearne-Grant, Robinson (Hugill 46). Subs not used Ajayi, Phillips, Button, Gardner-Hickman, Ingram. Middlesbrough Daniels, Howson•, Hall, Bamba, Jones•, McNair•, Payero (Siliki 72), Tavernier, Peltier•, Coburn (Hernandez 88), Watmore (Sporar 72). Subs not used Lumley, Olusanya, Kokolo, Sivi. Ref Matthew Donohue (Lancashire). The week’s fixtures Today (3pm unless stated) Emirates FA Cup First round Oxford Utd v Bristol Rovers (1pm) ITV4; Sheff Wed v Plymouth (12.15pm) ITV; St Albans v Forest Green (5.15pm) BBC Two; Stratford Town v Shrewsbury ITV4; Rochdale v Notts County Premier League Arsenal v Watford (2pm) SSPL; Everton v Tottenham (2pm); Leeds v Leicester (2pm); West Ham v Liverpool (4.30pm) SSPL FA Women’s Super League Arsenal v West Ham (6.45pm) Sky Sports Football; Birmingham v Reading (2pm); Leicester v Man City (2pm); Tottenham v Man Utd (12.15pm) BBC Two/ BBC iPlayer FA Women’s Championship Crystal Palace v Durham (2pm); Lewes v Watford (2pm); Liverpool v Blackburn (2pm); Sheffield Utd v Charlton (2pm); Sunderland v London City (2pm) cinch Scottish Premiership Dundee v Celtic (noon) Sky Sports Football; Rangers v Ross County Tomorrow (7.45pm unless stated) Uefa Women’s Champions League Group A Juventus v Wolfsburg (8pm) DAZN; Servette v Chelsea (5.45pm) DAZN. Group B PSG v Real Madrid (8pm) DAZN; Zhytlobud-1 v Breidablik (5.45pm) DAZN Papa John’s EFL Trophy Northern: Group A Morecambe v Carlisle (7pm). Group B Tranmere v Oldham (7pm). Group C Crewe v Wolves U21 (7pm). Group D Port Vale v Liverpool U21 (7pm). Group E Scunthorpe v Doncaster (7pm). Group F Sunderland v Bradford (7pm). Group G Barrow v Leicester U21; Fleetwood Town v Accrington Stanley. Group H Mansfield v Newcastle U21; Sheff Wed v Harrogate (7pm) Southern: Group A Ipswich v Colchester. Group B Portsmouth v Crystal Palace U21; Sutton Utd v AFC Wimbledon. Group C Wycombe v Burton Albion (7pm). roup F Swindon v Newport County (7pm). Group G Crawley v Southampton U21 (7pm). Group G Leyton Orient v Charlton (7pm). Group H Stevenage v Cambridge Utd (7pm) Vanarama National League Aldershot v Wrexham cinch Scottish League Two Stenhousemuir v Albion (7.30pm) Wednesday (7.45pm unless stated) Uefa Women’s Champions League Group C Barcelona v Hoffenheim (5.45pm) DAZN; HB Køge v Arsenal (5.45pm) DAZN. Group D Benfica v Hacken (8pm) DAZN; Lyon v Bayern Munich (8pm) DAZN Papa John’s EFL Trophy Northern: Group C Wigan v Shrewsbury (7pm). Group D Walsall v Forest Green (7pm). Group E Exeter v Bristol Rovers (7pm) Thursday (7.45pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group A Azerbaijan v Luxembourg (5pm) Sky Sports Red Button; Republic of Ireland v Portugal Sky Sports Main Event. Group B Georgia v Sweden (5pm) Sky Sports Arsenal travel to Denmark to face Køge in the Champions League on Wednesday

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:23 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 19:10 cYanmaGentaYellowbl • The Observer 07.11.21 23 Emirates FA Cup First round AFC Wimbledon (1) 1 Guiseley (0) 0 Palmer 44 AFC Wimbledon Tzanev, Alexander (Lawrence 81), Heneghan, Csoka•, Guinness-Walker, Woodyard, Hartigan•, Rudoni (Mebude 86), McCormick (Chislett 81), Assal, Palmer• (Pressley 65). Subs not used Oualah, Charles, Jenkins, Bartley, Biler. Guiseley Wade, Hull, Bencherif (Andrew Hollins 69), Cantrill•, Hutchinson•, Spencer•, Ekpolo, Nicholson•, Mbeka, Thewlis (Tuton 64), Hey (Gratton 53). Subs not used Thompson, Stones, Lambton, Metcalfe, Brown. Att 4,973. Ref Martin Woods (England). Banbury Utd (0) 0 Barrow (1) 4 Gordon 8, Zanzala 55 Banks 80pen, Stevens 83 Banbury B Taylor, C Roberts, Sharpe (Johnston 78), Langmead, Brown, M Roberts (Reilly 90), Rasulo, Babos, Acquaye, Wreh, Stevens (Landers 56). Subs not used W Taylor, Patterson, Rowe, Chapman. Barrow Farman, J Jones, Platt, Grayson, Hutton• (Brown 54), Banks, Gotts (White 88), Brough, Stevens (Taylor 87), Zanzala (L Joness 83), Gordon (Kay 82). Subs not used Ellis, Williams, Arthur. Ref Robert Madley (West Yorkshire). Boreham Wood (1) 2 Eastleigh (0) 0 Boden 45 61 Boreham Wood Ashby-Hammond, Evans, Fyfield, Ilesanmi, K Smith•, Rees•, Ricketts, Mafuta•, Mendy, Boden•, Marsh (Clifton 86). Subs not used Stephens, Raymond, Green, C Smith, Oluwabori. Eastleigh McDonnell, Harper, Maghoma, Boyce, Kelly (Hare 69), Miley (Hill 69), Pritchard (Whitehall 78), Whelan, Hesketh (Smart 85), Barnett, House. Subs not used Broadbent, Flitney, Low, Hollands. Att 931. Ref Sunny Gill (Berkshire). Bradford (1) 1 Exeter (0) 1 Robinson 28 Nombe 86 Bradford O’Donnell, O’Connor, Songo’o, Canavan, Threlkeld, Sutton•, Watt, Foulds, Gilliead, Robinson (Angol 77), Vernam (Cooke 68). Subs not used Hornby, Kelleher, Evans, Staunton, Cousin- Dawson, Scales. Exeter Dawson, Sweeney•, Ray (Grounds• 46), Hartridge (Sparkes 73), Caprice (Key 56), Collins, Atangana (Dieng 56), Daniel (Edwards• 56), Jay, Nombe, J Brown. Subs not used Taylor, Kite, S Brown. Att 3,236. Ref Seb Stockbridge (Tyne & Wear). Carlisle (0) 2 Horsham (0) 0 Young 69, Clough 90 Carlisle Howard, Riley, McDonald, Whelan, Armer, Mellish, Guy, Gibson (Charters 78), Alessandra (Fishburn 62), Abrahams (Young 61), Clough. Subs not used Simons, Mellor, Devine, Dinzeyi, Feeney. Horsham Howes, Metcalf (Richards 76), Miles• (Dudley 75), Charlie Harris (Rodrigues 75), Sparks, Kavanagh, Brivio, Harding•, Hester- Cook, O’Toole (Smith 78), Dsane (Fenelon 49). Subs not used Charman, Punter, Tuck, Day. Att 2,581. Ref Lewis Smith (Lancashire). Charlton (0) 4 Havant and W (0) 0 Davison 72 Stockley 76pen 85, Burstow 90 Charlton Henderson, Clare•, Elerewe•, Famewo, Souare (Clayden 87), Blackett-Taylor, Arter (Watson 71), Morgan (Lee 71), Kirk, Stockley (Burstow 86), Davison (Washington 90). Subs not used MacGillivray, Dobson, Pearce, Jaiyesimi. Havant and W Mannion, Magri (Rooney 63), Collins (Bell-Baggie 77), Oastler, Green, Passley, Chambers (Searle 84), McCarthy, Gobern, Newton (Rendell 77), Roberts. Att 3,865. Ref Carl Brook (East Sussex). Chesterfield (2) 3 Southend (1) 1 Khan 6, Croll 14 Murphy 4 Tshimanga 79 Chesterfield Minter, Kerr, Croll, Whittle, King•, Oyeleke, McCourt (Weston• 76), Miller•, Mandeville (Tshimanga 76), Khan (Kellermann 64), Payne• (Tyson 66). Subs not used Loach. Southend Arnold, White, Lopata, Hobson, Howard (Walsh 79), Dunne, Ferguson (Rush 73), Bridge, Brunt•, Dalby, Murphy (Dennis 87). Subs not used Egbri, Seaden, Phillips, Atkinson, Sayers. Att 4,713. Ref Scott Simpson (Staffordshire). Crawley Town (0) 0 Tranmere (1) 1 McManaman 38 Crawley Town Morris, Davies• (Frost 71), Francillette•, Craig, Dallison, Hessenthaler, Payne, Powell (Ferry 71), Nichols, Appiah•, Nadesan (Bansal-McNulty 85). Subs not used Ashford, Kowalczyk, Nna Noukeu, Marshall. Tranmere Doohan, Dacres-Cogley, Knight- Percival, Clarke•, MacDonald, Spearing, O’Connor, McManaman, Watson (Tom Davies 81), Feeney (Foley 73), Nevitt• (Dieseruvwe• 81). Subs not used Merrie, Morris, Murphy, Glatzel, Maynard. Att 1,765. Ref Charles Breakspear (Surrey). Crewe (0) 0 Swindon (1) 3 Reed 25, Simpson 52 Payne 79 Crewe Richards, Thomas (Lundstram 64), Sass- Davies, Daniels (Bennett 46), Offord, Lowery, Murphy (Finney 75), Gomes (Robertson• 75), Adebisi, Kashket, Porter (Mandron 63). Subs not used Jaaskelainen, Knight, McFadzean, Griffiths. Swindon Wollacott, Kesler, Baudry (Hunt 14), Conroy, Odimayo, Iandolo, Williams• (Gladwin 71), Reed• (East 85), Payne, Simpson (Gilbert 84), McKirdy (Mitchell-Lawson 84). Subs not used Lyden, Ward, Parsons, Dabre. Att 2,303. Ref Trevor Kettle (Rutland). FC Halifax (4) 7 Maidenhead Utd (3) 4 Warren 10, Warburton 17 Kelly 13 61 Spence 37, Waters 42 59 Acquah 20 44 Slew 56, Newby 73 FC Halifax Johnson, Bradbury, Spence, Maher, Senior, Warburton (Summerfield• 67), Green, Warren• (Swaby-Neavin 80), Waters, Vale (Newby 71), Slew. Subs not used Scott, Debrah. Maidenhead Utd Holden, Beckwith, Parry, Massey, Barratt (Sparkes• 63), Adams (Burley• 46), Ferdinand, Upward (Asonganyi 74), Jade Mingi, Acquah (Smith 74), Kelly (Blissett 67). Subs not used Lovett, Wells, Smile. Att 1,514. Ref Jacob Miles (England). Fleetwood (1) 1 Burton Albion (1) 2 J Garner 12 Powell 14, Jebbison 77 Fleetwood Cairns, McLaughlin (Callum Johnson 76), Clarke•, Andrew, Morris, Matete, Camps (Batty 66), Biggins, Lane, Morton (G Garner 76), J Garner (Edmondson 88). Subs not used Crellin, Clark, Teale, Johnston, McMillan. Burton Garratt, Shaughnessy, Oshilaja, Leak, Hamer, Mancienne, Taylor, Borthwick-Jackson, Powell, Hemmings (Holloway 85), Jebbison (Patrick 85). Subs not used Morris, O’Connor, Blake-Tracy, Balcombe, Maddox, Chapman, Lakin. Att 1,362. Ref Tom Reeves (Birmingham). Gateshead (0) 2 Altrincham (0) 2 Campbell 47 Dinanga 83 Olley 79 Moult 90 Gateshead Chapman, Bailey, Williamson, Storey, Nicholson, Ward•, Jacob, Campbell (Hunter 85), Olley•, Scott (Blackett 90), Langstaff. Subs not used Pani, Wombwell. Altrincham Gould, Senior, Mullarkey•, Digie•, Fitzpatrick, Whitehead• (Porter 71), Hancock (Walker 77), Moult, Colclough, Peers (Dinanga 78), Baggley (Kosylo 46). Subs not used Drench, Densmore. Att 1,066. Ref Thomas Parsons (Manchester). Gillingham (0) 1 Cheltenham (1) 1 Sithole 59 Pollock 34 Gillingham Chapman, Jackson• (Lintott 80), Bennett (Akinde 72), Ehmer, McKenzie (Akehurst 56), Tucker•, Adshead (Sithole 46), Reeves, Dempsey, Lloyd, Oliver. Subs not used Cumming. Cheltenham Flinders, Long•, Pollock, Freestone, Blair, Thomas, Chapman•, Hussey, May (Sercombe 67), Vassell (Crowley 77), Norton (Joseph 76). Subs not used Evans, Williams, Horton, Barkers, Armitage. Ref Ollie Yates (Staffordshire). Harrogate (0) 2 Wrexham (1) 1 Power 73 Ponticelli 38 Orsi-Dadomo 78 Harrogate Town Oxley, Sheron, Burrell, Hall, Page (Fallowfield 46), Pattison, Falkingham, Kerry (Muldoon 62), Thomson (Power 57), Martin (Orsi-Dadomo 61), Diamond. Subs not used Smith, Cracknell, Wilson, Williams. Wrexham Lainton, Hayden, Tozer, Brisley (Angus 83), French•, James Jones (Hall-Johnson 83), Young, McAlinden• (Hosannah 69), Green (Jarvis 83), Davies, Ponticelli. Subs not used Reckord, David Jones, Dibble, Lennon, Bickerstaff. Att 2,403. Ref Scott Oldham (Lancashire). Hartlepool (1) 2 Wycombe (0) 2 Cullen 45 Joseph 63 Molyneux 65 Jacobson 74pen Hartlepool Mitchell•, Ogle (Odusina 90), Hendrie, Liddle•, Byrne, Ferguson, Featherstone, Daly•, Holohan (Shelton 76), Molyneux, Cullen (Grey 77). Subs not used Goodwin, Jones, Crawford, Francis-Angol, Fondop-Talom, Boyes. Wycombe Przybek, KaiKai (Mehmeti 70), Joseph, Jacobson•, McCarthy, Thompson, Gape (Scowen 70), Obita•, Wheeler, Vokes (Hanlan 84), Horgan• (De Barr 90). Subs not used Pendlebury, Parsons. Att 4,271. Ref Darren Drysdale (Lincolnshire). Hayes & Yeading (0) 0 Sutton Utd (0) 1 Randall 71 Hayes & Yeading Dickinson, Frempah, McDevitt, Robinson, Nasha (Rowe 69), Goodrham, Sanmi Odelusi•, Jalloh (Hippolyte-Patrick 80), Connors (Norville-Williams 46), Emmanuel•, Amartey. Subs not used Meoded, Shulton, Constable, Sells, Gillela, Jack Williams. Sutton Utd Bouzanis, Kizzi, Goodliffe•, Rowe, Wyatt, Ajiboye, Smith, Milsom•, Randall (Boldewijn 90), Olaofe (Wilson 68), Bugiel (Sho-Silva 81). Subs not used Davis, House, Dundas, Korboa. Att 1,201. Ref Sam Allison (Somerset). Ipswich (1) 1 Oldham (1) 1 Burns 8 Keillor-Dunn 41 Ipswich Walton, Vincent-Young (Donacien• 46), Nsiala, Edmundson, Burgess (Penney 46), Morsy•, Evans (Harper 83), Burns (Aluko 83), Celina, Edwards (Chaplin 53), Bonne. Subs not used Pigott, Fraser, El Mizouni, Hladky. Oldham Leutwiler, Clarke, Piergianni, McGahey•, Fage (Adams 87), Bowden, Whelan, Couto, Keillor-Dunn, Hope, Bahamboula• (Vaughan 78). Subs not used Modi, Southerington, Dearnley, Da Silva, Diarra. Att 8,845. Ref Neil Hair (Cambridgeshire). Kidderminster (0) 1 Grimsby (0) 0 Hemmings 72pen Kidderminster Simpson, Penny, Lowe, Cameron, Richards, Sterling-James•, Carrington, Bonds, Hemmings (Martin 80), Austin, Morgan-Smith• (Freemantle 65). Subs not used Bell, Lissimore, White, Emery, Bastable. Grimsby Crocombe, Waterfall (Grant 74), Longe- King, Towler•, Efete, Clifton, Fox•, Coke, Revan, Bapaga (John-Lewis 60), Taylor. Subs not used McKeown, Pearson, Sears, Khouri, Essel, Braithwaite. Att 2,791. Ref Garreth Rhodes (Yorkshire). King’s Lynn (0) 0 Walsall (1) 1 Kiernan 15 King’s Lynn Town Paul Jones, Bowry, Callan- McFadden, Fernandez• (Bird 59), Aaron Jones, Coleman, Clunan, Barrows• (Omotayo 46), Davis (McGavin 79), Morias, Linton (Barrett 63). Subs not used Sundire. Walsall Rushworth, White, Menayese, Monthe, Ward, Osadebe (Perry 83), Earing, Labadie, Shade, Miller, Kiernan• (Phillips 65). Subs not used Rose, Taylor, Bates, Leak, Khan. Ref Robert Lewis (Shropshire). Leyton Orient (1) 1 Ebbsfleet United (0) 0 Drinan 24 Leyton Orient Vigouroux, Clay•, Beckles, Ogie, James, Pratley, Kyprianou, Archibald, Kemp, Drinan, Smith. Subs not used Wood, Happe, Smyth, Omotoye, Sotiriou, Papadopoulos, Sweeney, Byrne. Ebbsfleet Utd Gould, Chapman• (Egan 72), Kahraman, Joe Martin, Paxman, Solly, Tanner (Krasniqi 85), Cundle, Lee Martin (West 88), Bingham (Monlouis 85), Poleon (Romain 72). Subs not used Jombati, N’Guessan, Haigh. Att 3,451. Ref Will Finnie (Bedfordshire). Lincoln City (0) 1 Bowers & Pitsea (0) 0 Sanders 66 Lincoln City Long, Eyoma, Montsma, Roughan (Draper 51), Bramall, Sanders, McGrandles, Adelakun, Maguire, Bishop, N’Lundulu•. Subs not used Howarth, Fiorini, Sorensen, Robson, Mair. Bowers & Pitsea Beeney, Bentley•, Thomas (Trendall• 58), Leahy, James White, Tom Stephen•, Monville, Max Cornhill, Dicks• (Ademiluyi 83), Norton (Albon 41), Manor• (Sach 83). Subs not used Braney, Guest, Joseph- Johnson, Sartain, Osifuwa. Att 5,800. Ref Marc Edwards (Durham). MK Dons (1) 2 Stevenage (0) 2 Darling 34 Barry 70 Watters 76 List 73 MK Dons Fisher, O’Hora, Darling, Lewington, Baldwin•, McEachran, O’Riley, Ilunga, Twine (Brown 87), Watters, Parrott. Subs not used Gyamfi, Robson, Ravizzoli, Johnson, Tripp, Sandford. Stevenage Anang, Wildin, Cuthbert, Vancooten, Coker (Melbourne 67), Reeves, Taylor•, Read (Lines 90), Barry, Osborne (Reid 66), List. Subs not used Prosser, Norris, Andrade, J Smith, Marshall, A Smith. Att 2,860. Ref Simon Mather (Manchester). Morecambe (0) 1 Newport County (0) 0 Wildig 68 Morecambe Andresson, McLaughlin (Cooney 83), O’Connor, Wootton•, Leigh, Jones, Phillips (Wildig 67), McCalmont, Ayunga, Stockton, Gnahoua (Diagouraga 79). Subs not used Letheren, McDonald, Delaney, Mensah, Gibson, Harrison. Newport County Day, Norman, Clarke, Demetriou, Aaron Lewis (Collins 83), Willmott, Azaz, Cain (Ellison 77), Cooper (Fisher 90), Baker- Richardson, Telford. Subs not used Haynes, Upson, Dolan, Abraham, Missilou, Townsend. Att 1,879. Ref Tom Nield (West Yorkshire). Northampton (2) 2 Cambridge Utd (1) 2 Etete 6 Smith 14 Lewis 35 Masterson 66 Northampton Roberts, Revan, Guthrie, Horsfall•, Koiki, Hoskins (Kabamba 88), Sowerby (Connolly 74), McWilliams•, Pinnock (Rose 74), Lewis, Etete. Subs not used Harriman, Pollock, Flores, Ashley-Seal, Tomlinson, Maxted. Cambridge Utd Mitov, Williams, Okedina, Masterson, Iredale, May (Weir 63), Digby, Tracey (Brophy 46), Worman (Knibbs 63), Smith•, Ironside. Subs not used Dunk, McKenzie-Lyle, Davies, Bennett. Att 3,792. Ref Martin Coy (County Durham). Port Vale (1) 5 Accrington (0) 1 Wilson 30 73 79 Hamilton 85 Cass 86, Lloyd 90 Port Vale Lucas Covolan, Cass, Smith, D Jones•, Worrall (Martin 76), Pett (Walker 84), Conlon (Taylor 81), Gibbons•, Politic (Garrity 46), Wilson (Lloyd 81), Amoo. Subs not used Legge, Benning, Amos, Stone. Accrington Stanley Savin, Sykes, Nottingham, Amankwah (Malcolm 78), O’Sullivan, Conneely•, Morgan (Mansell 54), Hamilton, Nolan, Pell (Mumbongo 78), Bishop•. Subs not used Trafford, Rodgers, Sherring, Leigh, Scully, Clark. Att 4,605. Ref Ben Speedie (Liverpool). Portsmouth (1) 1 Harrow Borough (0) 0 Harness 28 Portsmouth Bazunu, Romeo, Raggett, Ogilvie, Brown, Harness (Hackett-Fairchild 83), Morrell, Williams (Thompson 74), Curtis, Azeez (Ahadme 60), Marquis (Jacobs 83). Subs not used Freeman, Hirst, Hughes, Jewitt-White, Bass. Harrow Borough Strizovic, Adenola•, Mansfield, Preddie (Cole 71), Taylor, Donnellan, Uche•, Keita (Wynter 79), Moore, Bryan (Joseph Otudeko 74), Ewington. Subs not used Cain, Owoeye, Ozobia, Pearce, Ahmet Biler, Tricker. Att 6,869. Ref Scott Tallis (England). Rotherham (2) 3 Bromley (0) 0 Wiles 43, Ladapo 45, Grigg 80 Rotherham Johansson, Ihiekwe (Edmonds- Green 46), Wood, Harding, Barlaser, Ogbene (Sadlier 53), Rathbone, Odofin (Wiles 17), Ferguson (Bola• 60), Grigg, Ladapo (Kayode 60). Subs not used Smith, Vickers. Bromley Charles-Cook (Cousins 46), Sowunmi, Webster, Bush, Coulson (Sablier 77), Bingham (Cawley 19), Trotter• (Arthurs 46), Forster (Mnoga• 46), Cheek (Lovatt 81), Alexander (Dennis 46), Alabi. Subs not used Partington, Skeffington. Att 4,064. Ref Declan Bourne (Nottinghamshire). Scunthorpe (0) 0 Doncaster (1) 1 Loft 38og Scunthorpe Watson, Rowe, Taft, Onariase, O’Malley, Hackney, Pugh (Wood 76), Beestin (Perry 61), Scrimshaw (Green 61), Loft, Bunn (Hippolyte 22), Hippolyte (Jarvis 76). Subs not used Lewis Thompson, Wilson, Balme, Lobley. Doncaster Dahlberg•, Knoyle, Anderson, Olowu (Horton 13), Rowe, Bostock (Barlow 46), Smith, Galbraith, Dodoo, Cukur (Hasani 85), Hiwula, Barlow (Blythe 90). Subs not used Jones, Ro- Shaun Williams, Kuleya, Hollings. Att 3,301. Ref Carl Boyeson (E Yorkshire). Sunderland (0) 0 Mansfield (1) 1 Oates 5 Sunderland Burge, Alves (Winchester 46), Wright•, Flanagan (Doyle 46), Cirkin (O’Nien 71), Evans•, Neil, Dajaku (Pritchard 46), Embleton, O’Brien (Gooch 46), Broadhead. Subs not used Harris, Taylor, Younger, Hoffmann. Mansfield Bishop, Hewitt•, O’Toole, Hawkins, McLaughlin, Charsley• (Forrester 90), Ollie Clarke, Maris, Quinn•, Lapslie (Sinclair 84), Oates (Bowery 63). Subs not used Johnson, Shelvey, Burke, Ward, James Clarke. Ref James Oldham (England). Wigan (0) 0 Solihull Moors (0) 0 Wigan Jamie Jones, Darikwa•, Kerr•, Watts (Tilt 20), Pearce, Bayliss (Jordan Jones 69), Power, Lang, Keane (Aasgaard 69), Edwards (Humphrys 82), Wyke, Tilt (Robinson 46). Subs not used Amos, McClean, Smith, Adeeko. Solihull Moors Boot, Williams•, Gudger, Howe, Boyes, Maynard, Maycock, Donawa, Osborne, Sbarra, Dallas (Rooney 77). Subs not used Ball, Hudlin, Newton, Allsopp. Att 2,843. Ref Daniel Middleton (Derbyshire). Yate Town (0) 0 Yeovil (3) 5 Worthington 7 Wakefield 14 Gorman 29pen Yussuf 48, Lo-Everton 62 Yate Hannah, Turl•, Angel•, Lewis (Bower 65), Tunnicliff (Thuo 73), Tumelty (Hall 65), Jamie Adams, Kamara (Mehew 54), Rees, Harding• (Max Williams 72), Sims-Burgess. Subs not used Brabham, Hopper, Rhodes, Allen. Yeovil Smith, Moss, Staunton, Williams (Wilkinson 53), Robinson (Lo-Everton 53), Gorman (Stephens 76), Barnett, Wakefield, Worthington (Bradley 66), Knowles, Yussuf• (Quigley 67). Subs not used Evans. Att 1,600. Ref Matthew Russell (England). York (0) 0 Buxton (0) 1 De Girolamo 85 York Jameson, Fielding, Brown, Wright, Newton, Hopper, McLaughlin, Heaney, Dyson (Gilchrist 71), Donaldson, Willoughby (Beck 61). Subs not used Lancaster, Cunningham, Campbell, Haase, Dale. Buxton Theo Richardson, Curley, Middleton, Granite, Nathan Fox, Meikle, Dawson, Clarke, Elliot (Hurst 89), Ward (Chambers 74), De Girolamo•. Subs not used Dillingham, Hinds, Heath Richardson, Haughton, Heath. Att 3,791. Ref Aaron Jackson (Merseyside). Played on Friday Sudbury 0 Colchester 4 cinch Scottish Premiership P W D L F A GD Pts Rangers 12 8 3 1 25 11 +14 27 Hearts 13 6 6 1 23 12 +11 24 Celtic 12 7 2 3 26 7 +19 23 Dundee Utd 13 6 3 4 13 13 0 21 Motherwell 13 5 3 5 17 21 -4 18 Hibernian 11 4 3 4 15 15 0 15 Aberdeen 13 4 3 6 15 18 -3 15 St Mirren 13 3 6 4 15 21 -6 15 St Johnstone 13 3 5 5 8 12 -4 14 Livingston 12 3 3 6 10 16 -6 12 Dundee 12 2 4 6 9 23 -14 10 Ross County 11 1 3 7 15 22 -7 6 Aberdeen (0) 0 Motherwell (0) 2 Van Veen 50 57 Aberdeen Lewis, Bates, Brown, McCrorie•, Ojo•, McGeouch (McGinn 61), Ferguson•, Campbell (Hayes 79), Hedges, Watkins, Ramirez. Subs not used Longstaff, Samuels, Emmanuel-Thomas, Gurr, Woods. Motherwell Kelly, Mugabi•, Johansen, Ojala (Lamie 51), McGinley•, O’Hara, Goss, Maguire•, Roberts•, Van Veen• (Woolery 80), Watt (Carroll 69). Subs not used Fox, Slattery, Grimshaw, Shields. Ref Don Robertson (Scotland). Hearts (2) 5 Dundee Utd (1) 2 Woodburn 22 50 Edwards 34 Cochrane 25 Clark 62 Kingsley 76 McEneff 86 Hearts Gordon, Souttar, Halkett, Kingsley, Moore, Devlin, Baningime, Cochrane, McKay (Mackay-Steven 67), Ginnelly (Gnanduillet 79), Woodburn (McEneff 82). Subs not used Haring, Walker, Stewart, Logan. Dundee Utd Siegrist•, Freeman, Edwards•, Mulgrew (Kerr Smith 46), McMann, Pawlett, Harkes, Glass (Biamou 62), Fuchs•, Niskanen, Clark. Subs not used Hoti, Butcher, Mochrie, Appere, Newman. Att 18,129. Ref John Beaton (Scotland). St Johnstone (0) 0 St Mirren (0) 0 St Johnstone Clark, Muller, Gordon•, McCart, O’Halloran (Rooney• 46), Davidson•, Bryson, Booth, Middleton (May 46), Crawford (Wotherspoon 67), Kane•. Subs not used Devine, Parish, Vertainen, Craig. St Mirren Alnwick, Shaughnessy, McCarthy•, Fraser, Tait, Power•, Flynn (Dennis 90), Tanser, Ronan, Main (Brophy 68), McGrath•. Subs not used Kiltie, Erhahon, McAllister, Dunne, Lyness. Att 3,482. Ref Greg Aitken (Scotland). LEADING GOALSCORERS League Total Furuhashi Celtic 5 11 Boyce Hearts 6 9 Roofe Rangers 5 9 Boyle Hibernian 7 8 Watt Motherwell 7 8 Abada Celtic 3 7 Morelos Rangers 4 7 Turnbull Celtic 4 7 Cummings Dundee 3 6 Ramirez Aberdeen 6 6 CAMERON SMITH/GETTY IMAGES Championship P W D L F A GD Pts Kilmarnock 13 8 2 3 18 8 +10 26 Inverness CT 13 7 4 2 15 8 +7 25 Arbroath 13 6 5 2 24 12 +12 23 Raith 13 6 5 2 21 15 +6 23 Partick 13 6 3 4 24 14 +10 21 Ayr 13 3 4 6 13 19 -6 13 Hamilton 13 3 4 6 13 25 -12 13 Morton 13 2 6 5 11 16 -5 12 Queen of South 13 3 2 8 11 20 -9 11 Dunfermline 13 0 7 6 10 23 -13 7 Ayr 2 Inverness CT 2; Dunfermline 1 Morton 3; Hamilton 1 Arbroath 1; Kilmarnock 0 Partick 1; Queen of South 1 Raith 1 League One P W D L F A GD Pts Airdrieonians 13 7 2 4 23 17 +6 23 Queen’s Park 13 5 7 1 24 15 +9 22 Cove Rangers 13 6 4 3 24 17 +7 22 Montrose 13 5 6 2 22 11 +11 21 Falkirk 13 5 4 4 17 16 +1 19 Alloa 13 5 3 5 21 21 0 18 Dumbarton 13 4 3 6 20 25 -5 15 Peterhead 13 4 2 7 20 20 0 14 Clyde 13 3 3 7 15 29 -14 12 East Fife 13 3 2 8 16 31 -15 11 Airdrieonians 3 Peterhead 1; Dumbarton 1 Clyde 1; Falkirk 1 Alloa 1; Montrose 0 Cove Rangers 0; Queen’s Park 1 East Fife 1 League Two P W D L F A GD Pts Kelty Hearts 12 9 3 0 24 9 +15 30 Forfar 12 6 5 1 20 11 +9 23 Stirling 12 6 3 3 20 14 +6 21 Annan Athletic 12 6 1 5 18 15 +3 19 Edinburgh City 11 4 2 5 12 16 -4 14 Albion 11 4 1 6 14 16 -2 13 Stranraer 12 3 4 5 12 17 -5 13 Stenhousemuir 11 3 3 5 13 16 -3 12 Elgin 11 2 3 6 10 17 -7 9 Cowdenbeath 12 1 3 8 9 21 -12 6 Annan Athletic 2 Stranraer 2; Cowdenbeath 0 Kelty Hearts 1; Forfar 2 Elgin 1; Stirling 1 Stenhousemuir 3 Played on Friday Edinburgh City 0 Albion 4 Highland League Brora 4 Turriff Utd 0; Clachnacuddin 0 Brechin 1; Formartine Utd 4 Deveronvale 1; Fraserburgh 2 Rothes 1; Huntly 2 Forres Mechanics 5; Lossiemouth 1 Nairn County 1; Strathspey Thistle 0 Buckie Thistle 6; Wick Academy 0 Inverurie Loco Works 6; Fort William P Keith P Lowland League Berwick 0 Celtic B 2; Bo’ness Utd 1 Rangers B 0; Broomhill 0 Bonnyrigg Rose 1; Civil Service Strollers 0 Dalbeattie Star 1; Cumbernauld Colts 1 Caledonian Braves 4; East Kilbride 3 Gretna 2008 0; Gala Fairydean 0 Edinburgh Uni 1; Spartans 1 Stirling Uni 1; Vale Of Leithen 1 East Stirling 7 Ashley Hemmings revels in sending sixth-tier Kidderminster into the second round of the FA Cup at the expense of Grimsby Football; Greece v Spain SSPL Group H Malta v Croatia SSRB; Russia v Cyprus (5pm) SSRB; Slovakia v Slovenia SSRB. Group J Armenia v North Macedonia (5pm) SSRB; Germany v Liechtenstein SSRB; Romania v Iceland SSRB Fifa World Cup South American Qualifying Ecuador v Venezuela (9pm) Premier Sports 1; Paraguay v Chile (11pm) FreeSports Fifa World Cup Asian Qualifying Group A Iraq v Syria (5pm); Lebanon v Iran (noon); South Korea v United Arab Emirates (11am). Group B Australia v Saudi Arabia (9.10pm); China v Oman (11am); Vietnam v Japan (noon) Uefa European Under-21 Championship Qualifying Group One Croatia v Estonia (5pm). Group Two San Marino v Israel (6pm). Group Seven England v Czech Rep (7pm). Group Eight France v Armenia; North Macedonia v Ukraine (noon) Friday (7.45pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group C Italy v Switzerland SSRB; Northern Ireland v Lithuania SSF. Group F Austria v Israel SSRB; Denmark v Faroe Islands SSRB; Moldova v Scotland Sky Sports Main Event. Group I Andorra v Poland SSRB; England v Albania ITV; Hungary v San Marino SSRB Uefa European Under-21 Championship Qualifying Group One Azerbaijan v Austria (5pm); Norway v Finland (5pm). Group Two Germany v Poland (5.15pm); Hungary v Latvia (4.45pm). Group Three Malta v Spain; N Ireland v Lithuania (2pm); Russia v Slovakia (5pm). Group Four Cyprus v Portugal (4pm); Greece v Belarus (2pm); Liechtenstein v Iceland (2pm). Group Five Gibraltar v Wales (6pm); Netherlands v Bulgaria (5.45pm); Switzerland v Moldova (6pm). Group Six Rep of Ireland v Italy (6pm); Sweden v Bosnia-Herz (5pm). Group Seven Slovenia v Albania (5pm). Group Eight Serbia v Faroe Islands (5pm). Group Nine Belgium v Turkey (7pm); Scotland v Kazakhstan (7.05pm) Sky Bet League One Bolton v Crewe (8pm) Sky Bet League Two Hartlepool v Newport cinch Scottish League Two Edinburgh City v Stranraer Saturday (3pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group D Bosnia- Herzegovina v Finland (2pm) SSF; France v Kazakhstan (7.45pm) SSRB. Group E Belgium v Estonia (7.45pm) Sky Sports Premier League; Wales v Belarus (7.45pm) S4C/SSME. Group G Montenegro v Netherlands (7.45pm) SSRB; Norway v Latvia (5pm) SSRB; Turkey v Gibraltar (5pm) SSME Sky Bet League One AFC Wimbledon v Cheltenham; Accrington Stanley v Plymouth; Burton Albion v Charlton; Doncaster v Fleetwood Town; Ipswich v Oxford Utd; MK Dons v Cambridge Utd; Morecambe v Wigan; Sheff Wed v Gillingham; Shrewsbury v Rotherham; Sunderland v Lincoln City; Wycombe v Portsmouth Sky Bet League Two Bristol Rovers v Northampton; Carlisle v Barrow (1pm); Exeter v Oldham; Forest Green v Colchester; Port Vale v Bradford (noon) Sky Sports Main Event; Rochdale v Leyton Orient; Scunthorpe v Salford City; Stevenage v Mansfield; Swindon v Crawley; Tranmere v Sutton Utd; Walsall v Harrogate FA Women’s Super League Tottenham v Arsenal (1.30pm) BBC One cinch Scottish Championship Arbroath v Queen of the South; Ayr v Partick; Hamilton v Raith; Inverness CT v Dunfermline; Morton v Kilmarnock cinch Scottish League One Alloa v Montrose; Cove Rangers v Peterhead; Dumbarton v Falkirk; East Fife v Airdrieonians; Queen’s Park v Clyde cinch Scottish League Two Albion v Stirling; Elgin v Cowdenbeath; Kelty Hearts v Forfar; Stenhousemuir v Annan Athletic Sunday (2pm unless stated) Fifa World Cup European Qualifying Group A Luxembourg v Rep of Ireland (7.45pm) SSF; Portugal v Serbia (7.45pm) SSRB. Group B Greece v Kosovo (7.45pm) SSRB; Spain v Sweden (7.45pm) SSPL. Group H Croatia v Russia SSF; Malta v Slovakia SSRB; Slovenia v Cyprus SSRB. Group J Armenia v Germany (5pm) SSF; Liechtenstein v Romania (5pm) SSRB; North Macedonia v Iceland (5pm) SSRB FA Women’s Super League Birmingham v Aston Villa; Brighton v Leicester; Everton v Man Utd (12.30pm) SSPL; Man City v Chelsea (3pm) SSPL; West Ham v Reading (3pm) FA Women’s Championship Bristol City v Blackburn (2pm); Crystal Palace v Charlton (2pm); Durham v Liverpool (2pm); Lewes v Coventry Utd (2pm); London City v Sheff Utd (2pm); Watford v Sunderland (2pm)

Section:OBS 2S PaGe:24 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 6/11/2021 17:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 24 The Observer 07.11.21 • Jonathan Wilson Inside football Bielsa’s first signs of fallibility at Leeds are a test for fans’ devotion The problem with any discussion of Marcelo Bielsa is the tendency immediately to speak in grand broadbrush terms; everybody already knows what they think about him. It’s the curse of our age that positions so rapidly become entrenched, even when it comes to the ostensibly trivial issue of how football should be played. Nobody can ever simply question the way Ole Gunnar Solskjær structures a midfield or his organisation of the press or ask whether the inclusion of Cristiano Ronaldo might have made those issues worse , without immediately being cast as anti-Ole or anti- Manchester United, revelling in every goal conceded. It feels as though football exported a particularly blinkered tribalism to wider culture and has since accepted it back with added paranoia and conspiracy theory. ( The most absurd recent example is the idea that to be sickened by Saudi human rights abuses is to participate in a decades-long hate campaign against the city of Newcastle. It’s difficult, isn’t it? Is it possible to be anti-torture without also being anti-Geordie?) But, Bielsa. He has divided people everywhere he has been, which is perhaps inevitable given his idiosyncratic and messianic nature. On the one hand, the Argentinian is extremely down-to-earth, drinking coffee in Costa, eating in a local Italian restaurant, dressing in a club tracksuit, apparently unconcerned by anything outside football – and yet simultaneously extremely sensitive to the sport’s role in society and the importance clubs play in the local community. There is an integrity and a humility to him. But at the same time, he is stubborn and demanding, idealistic and so sure of his own mind that he insists on, for instance, the training ground being redesigned to his specifications. It’s easy to see why Leeds fans love him. Not only did he take them back to the Premier League after a 16-year absence, but he has given them a style and an identity. It’s not so much that he has made football fun, although he has certainly done that, as that he has given Leeds a team of which they can be proud . They are not the first fans to feel that way about him. In 2015, four years after he had left the Chile job, I had to have some passport photos taken in Santiago. It turned out Bielsa had once used the shop I went to and so three walls of the studio were covered in tiny pictures of him, thousands of Bielsas staring at you like being trapped in the poster for Being John Malkovich. Why? “Because he is Bielsa.” But that level of devotion makes criticism difficult. The issue of fatigue dominated his first two seasons in the Championship. Leeds fans hated the suggestion that burnout had caused them to miss the automatic slots in his first season and even more the idea that the Covid shutdown facilitated promotion in his second. The way Leeds finished last season, with one defeat in their final 11 games, would suggest they had a point. Yet the question was relevant: given Bielsa’s previous history, at Newell’s Old Boys and Marseille in particular, why was burnout not a factor? How has he adapted to avoid it? Sensitivities around the question mean it has never really been answered. Set against that are those who see Bielsa as a hipster affectation, those frustrated by his reluctance or inability to conduct post-match interviews in the familiar English cliches , those who wonder just how great a manager can be when in 30 years he has won three Argentinian championships, Olympic gold and promotion with Leeds. Such is the factionalism of the modern world, Leeds fans probably aren’t wrong to believe that there are some who would like him to fail. Which brings us to this season. Leeds went into the weekend fourth bottom of the Premier League , having won two of their first 10 games. They have failed to beat Burnley and Newcastle. This season looks like being a struggle against It’s easy to see why supporters love him. He has made football fun and given the club an identity Marcelo Bielsa divides opinion, which is perhaps inevitable given the Leeds manager’s idiosyncratic and messianic nature. Meanwhile, his Leeds side have suffered this season with injuries and are still without their striker Patrick Bamford (below) PETER POWELL/REUTERS relegation. And that has led to claims that Bielsa has been worked out. The past couple of weeks have even brought wild suggestions that the 66-year-old should be replaced – ludicrous, perhaps, but serious enough for the club owner, Andrea Radrizzani, to feel the need to rebuff them after last Sunday’s win at Norwich . Part of the problem is another recurring theme of the age, the need for constant growth or expansion. Having finished ninth last season, with the highest points total for a promoted side in two decades, where, realistically, was there for Leeds to go? Their wage bill remains one of the five lowest in the division (although that may change, bringing its own pressures, if the transfer of shares from Radrizzani to 49ers Enterprises goes on). Leicester, who Leeds face today , have faced a similar problem: just because they have finished fifth in the past two seasons doesn’t mean that anything less than that is somehow failure. An extraordinary achievement one season shouldn’t make that the new par. Where Leicester and Leeds have suffered this season is with injuries. Leeds are still without Patrick Bamford, Luke Ayling and Robin Koch, but have also been without Kalvin Phillips, Raphinha and Junior Firpo at times and that has had an effect. The stereotypical criticism of a Bielsa side is that they are too attacking, but this season the problem has been at the other end: 10 goals in 10 games ; to have conceded 17, eight of them in two games, is unremarkable. As players return – and if Joe Gelhardt is as exciting as he appeared against Wolves – Leeds probably will rally. But it’s not unreasonable at this stage to raise doubts. After all, Bielsa is an exhausting figure and this is already the longest he has spent at any one club. It has not been a great start to the season and he is not beyond reproach; the tendency to divide everybody into Frauds or Goats is corrosive to proper discussion. But whatever happens in the rest of this season, Bielsa has been brilliant for Leeds and his time at the club a rare joy in a world that feels increasingly sick.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:1 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 07 | 11 | 21 David Mitchell It’s in Liz Truss’s interest to help the Zaghari- Ratcliffe family Pavement Picasso Chewing gum street artist Ben Wilson talks to Tim Adams Damon Albarn The musician on his cultural highlights ‘ I was thinking of retiring before I made this film’ Jane Campion, the acclaimed director of The Piano, talks to Sean O’Hagan about making her first feature film in more than a decade Jane Campion photographed by Grant Matthews.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:2 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:30 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 2 Agenda The finest writing every Sunday for arts, science, politics and ideas Agenda 2-7 Features 8-19 Science & Tech 20-23 On my radar Musician Damon Albarn on his cultural highlights Q&A Actor Ian McDiarmid The grid Tapestries of young asylum seekers David Mitchell Critics 24-37 Kitty Empire reviews the new album by Abba Mark Kermode on Kristen Stewart as Princess Diana in Spencer Barbara Ellen’s pick of the week’s TV Miranda Sawyer on the best radio and podcasts 6 Feedback Last week the novelist Margaret Atwood wrote about her life with cats. Here is how readers responded online: She has turned a mystifyingly depressed morning into a very happy one. And her cat hat is the bee’s pyjamas! pangurbanned I’m convinced all cats have a secret sense that allows them to detect just when you were thinking of getting up from a chair, at which point they sink down, purring happily and looking adorable and trap you for the next Cover story Film director Jane Campion talks to Sean O’Hagan Art Tim Adams meets the London street artist turning chewing gum into works of art The end of war? Ten years on, historians are still at odds over Steven Pinker’s claims that violence is declining Design Penguin Modern Classics covers at 60 Books 38-4 5 Tim Adams on Leonard Cohen: The Mystical Roots of Genius by Harry Freedman Rob Doyle reviews The Every by Dave Eggers The books interview American novelist Mary Gaitskill Graphic novel of the month 5 14 26 Smartphones Can our mood be determined from our scrolls and swipes? Zoë Corbyn reports Essay The winning entry in the Max Perutz science writing award 2021 John Naughton Amazon is too embedded in society to be curbed Puzzles & TV 46-56 Everyman crossword, sudoku, Azed crossword, chess, guess the painting and more – p46-47 The week’s television and radio highlights – p48-49 Today’s television – p56 Monday to Saturday’s listings and choices – p50-55 Follow us on Twitter and Instagram @ObsNewReview; email us at review@observer.co.uk three hours. Probably quite helpful if you are trying to finish a novel. latenightreader One of ours actually switches off the computer if I’m not careful or turns off the camera or sound by jumping on the keyboard. At least I’ve learned what all the f-keys do though! Wouldn’t be without them especially in lockdown. allworthy Dogs have owners, cats have staff. One joy of working from home has been my cats and their similar attraction towards my keyboard. Their ability to time distractions has stopped me spending excess time hunched over a computer. Worryingly, their spelling and grammar is improving – world domination in mind? DewinDwl We wore my anti-pet mum down when kids to finally get a kitten, a glorious jet-black Bombay. We’d just come back from holidaying in Egypt, so of course we called her Cleopatra, Cleo for short . ringolorenzo All life is better with cats. jools999 12 The big picture Lithuanian photographer Antanas Sutkus captures childhood defiance under Soviet rule The photographer Antanas Sutkus was born in Lithuania in 1939 and by the age of five had witnessed more traumatic history lessons than most people experience in a lifetime. His father killed himself in 1940 after being coerced by Soviet authorities to make a public speech in praise of the October revolution. His mother fled to the west and Sutkus lived with his grandparents through first Nazi occupation, then a return of Stalinism. He started taking photographs in the 1950s and wanted to find a way to make his camera “a weapon for the underground” in portraying resistance to the USSR. One way was to take photographs of children, who represented a kind of freedom: “Children have a world with its own laws, rules, its own happiness and sadness,” he observed. “To enter it, you need to feel that you are a kid. Adults and children are different stories.” This picture was part of a series Sutkus took in the mid-1960s, many of which are now collected in a new book of his portraits of children. The girl staring into his lens, with her severe fringe and incongruous bow, is characteristic of a style that quietly undermined Soviet propa ganda pictures, simply by looking hard at the realities of life in Lithuania. The adults in the shot are pointedly faceless and irrelevant. It was not long after that Sutkus took the most famous of his pictures, of a communist “Young Pioneer” , shaven-headed and inexpressibly sad, which caused him to be called before the central committee and denounced as “photography’s Solzhenitsyn”. Sutkus co-founded the Lithuanian Photographers’ Association in 1969 and remains its honorary president. The children he photographed grew up to witness the fall of Soviet occupation and the re-establishment of independence and democracy. Looking at his pictures, you might convince yourself that you can see that future in their eyes. Tim Adams Antanas Sutkus: Children, published by Steidl (£41), is out now

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:3 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:30 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 07.11.21 3 At the children’s song festival, Kulautuva, 1964, by Antanas Sutkus.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:4 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 12:10 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 4 The Observer 07.11.21 Agenda DAMON ALBARN ON MY RADAR Books Th e Baron in the Trees by Italo Calvino This is a really interesting book about a child who decides to leave his family and live in the trees for the rest of his life. Maybe it’s a metaphor for individualism, I don’t know, but it’s a very weird book and I do like Calvino’s writing. I don’t generally read that much fiction. I could have chosen a hundred different nonfiction books, but this is one of the few novels I’ve stayed with recently. Calvino is a singular author. His book Invisible Cities had a big effect on me when I was younger. Damon Albarn was born in east London in 1968 . As well as recording eight studio albums with Blur, Albarn also co- created Gorillaz and the Good, the Bad & the Queen , spearheaded the collaborative organisation on Africa Express and has scored stage productions including Dr Dee e (2011) . He lives in Notting Hil l, west London, with his partner, Suzi Winstanley . This week , Albarn releases his second solo album, The Nearer er the Fountain, More Pure the Stream Flows, on Transgressive Records. Killian Fox Music Concert of Sacred Music by Duke Ellington This record has such a fascinating form to it and it’s really inspired me recently. Duke Ellington claimed it wasn’t a mass, it was something new – I suppose a fusion between jazz and spirituality. But it’s very experimental and I like the idea that the older he got, the more experimental he got. I don’t listen to a lot of jazz but I definitely enjoy it. I really love Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker. The longer in the tooth I get, the more I gravitate towards Radio 3. Exhibition The World of Stonehenge , British Museum, London I’m really looking forward to this show [opens 17 Feb]. Ever since I did Dr Dee at the ENO, I’ve been obsessed with all things esoteric. And I drive past Stonehenge all the time on the A303 on the way down to Devon. Every time I go past it, it’s different – sometimes bigger, or smaller, or the stones are a different colour. So I’m fascinated to see what the British Museum has unearthed . I’m also delighted that the plans to build an underpass beneath Stonehenge have been abandoned. andoned. Film Swan Song (dir Todd Stephens ) I just got back from Los Angeles, where I watched this amazing film in my hotel room. It’s about a midwest hairdresser, played by Udo Kier , whose life has been reduced to sitting in an old people’s home folding napkins. Then he gets a call from the lawyer of one of his society clients who is recently deceased, but in her will she wants him to give her a final makeover. I really love films that focus on small, obscure places and the details of people’s lives. I found this one very moving and I thought Kier’s performance was magical. I really recommend it. Restaurant App Maramia caf e, London This is a Palestinian restaurant in Golborne Road , west London, with fantastic food and lovely people and it’s the only place I’ve found where they serve sage tea. Sage is incredibly good for cleaning for singers. I’ve been drinking it for years and years but I didn’t realise they drink it in Palestine. They allowed restaurants in Golborne Road to have outside seating during the pandemic, so that’s been a really nice development . Djembeföla ! This is a brilliant app. Djembe is the centrepiece drum of west African percussive ensembles and the app is a kind of almanac of classic, traditional rhythms; you can break down each rhythm and listen to all the different parts and work out how these polyrhythms fit together. It has notation as well and there’s also a bit of history about each rhythm. I used it when I was working on Le Vol du Boli at the Châtelet in Paris last year, with Fatoumata Diawara and Abderrahmane Sissako .

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:5 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:06 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 07.11.21 5 It’s Liz Truss’s moment to do the right thing Illustration by David Foldvari David Mitchell I s Liz Truss ever going to be prime minister? It’s no, right? That’s pretty definite. I know she’s foreign secretary and statistically speaking that shortens the odds considerably compared with a general member of the public but, looked at another way, it’s binary: you’re either someone who is going to be prime minister one day or you’re not. The overwhelming majority of people aren’t and she’s one of them. There’s no Tory leadership election I can imagine that wouldn’t be won by someone else. I mean, I suppose some terrorists might fire a rocket at the cabinet room when Liz is in the loo. Even then, she’d only be acting prime minister for a few weeks of being asked “When are you calling a leadership election?” and “Why didn’t you go before the meeting?” plus maybe a lone photo op with Justin Trudeau on his way to Brussels, and then she’d lose to Robert Jenrick or Theresa May or the ghost of Michael Gove. So I really think we, and she, can rule it out. She must realise that. I really hope she does because otherwise she’s delusional. She is literally more likely to win Strictly. She’s foreign secretary, and that is a very important job, but it is the most important job she will ever have. It is not a springboard or staging post, it is the destination of her political journey. So she might as well set the politics aside and try to do the job as well as she can. Sadly, that doesn’t seem to be her approach. A key sign of this is her handling of the case of Nazanin Zaghari- Ratcliffe , a British citizen who is being held hostage in Iran on trumped-up charges. She’s been there since 2016 and her husband, Richard Ratcliffe , is currently camped outside the Foreign Office on hunger strike in his desperation for the British government to bring her home to him and their seven -year-old daughter. Ratcliffe had a meeting with Truss last week at which she expressed her sympathies but didn’t resolve to do much else. A few hours later, she tweeted merrily, amid a flurry of emoticons, on the subject of international travel opening up, that “family and friends can reunite”, which, as well as being staggeringly insensitive, doesn’t suggest that the Ratcliffes’ horrendous situation had particularly touched her. Her next tweet was something sabrerattly about summoning the French ambassador over that fatuous fishing row with which the governments in London and Paris are courting the votes of their respective countries’ xenophobes. “But what can she do?” you might ask. One thing she can do is get Britain to pay Iran back the £400m the government acknowledges it owes, that the international court in The Hague has ruled that it owes and that has, according to the Ratcliffes’ lawyers, been explicitly linked by the Iranian judiciary to Zaghari- Ratcliffe ’s fate. Still, it’s not a ransom, it’s a debt. There’s no shame in paying it, regardless of Zaghari-Ratcliffe’s situation. The shame is in not paying it. I understand Truss can’t just issue the cheque herself. She’d need to persuade the MoD (which owes it) and the Treasury, but as foreign secretary sums of that magnitude are within her power. I believe she could do it if she wanted to. But it’s not what a politician would do. Whether or not the money gets paid, the astute political move is to avoid being the one who agrees to pay it. The Ratcliffes present an awkward problem. Basic political strategy, the techniques that have resulted in Truss landing her current exalted post, dictates that she should manoeuvre herself away from such problems and towards more popular issues such as foreign holidays and shouting at the French. No pictures were published of her encounter with Ratcliffe, though she certainly doesn’t mind a photo and was hailed last month as “a style influencer” by the Times. But she’d rather be snapped on the deck of an aircraft carrier or jogging across Brooklyn Bridge than telling a heartbroken and starving man that she’s got another meeting in five minutes. Every politician whose desk the Ratcliffes’ file has crossed has done the same thing. They’ve made the right noises and shunted the issue away, somehow managing to close their minds to the protracted torment that they’re causing an innocent family. They’ve all prioritised the protection of their careers over the childhood of a little girl whom many of them have met. I suppose that’s the kind of unsentimental mettle it takes to prosper in Britain’s political system. Matt Hancock’s wife knows what I’m talking about. But if Truss could stop and think for a moment, she’d realise that, for her, there’s no point in doing that any more. She has reached her zenith. So she can stop playing the game and do what she thinks is right. But can she remember what that is? Have all such thoughts been swept away by the exigencies of her career? Do the skills required to get the job preclude those required to do it well? Is Britain like a company that appoints its chief electrician based on who is best at plumbing? They spend their lives climbing the greasy pipe and end up at the top perplexedly contemplating an enormous fuse board while holding a spanner. Our system uses the Ratcliffes. Their plight is quite handy. Politicians can show their support and look good doing it. Jeremy Hunt did that last week, despite being one of the foreign secretaries who previously failed to solve the problem. That’s quite a clever trick to pull off – I don’t fancy Truss’s chances in a leadership election against him. So why not try to get a few things done as foreign secretary and give up on the repositioning, the image projection, the static affectation of dynamism? The Ratcliffes’ problem can be resolved. Iran would let her go, but the right conversations need to be had in the right way and a debt needs to be paid and it has to actually happen, not merely be “moved towards”. This will be a culture shock for Truss. It will feel risky. But the real risk, if she doesn’t do it, is that she’ll have somehow become foreign secretary for no reason at all. Is Britain like a company that appoints its chief electrician based on who is best at plumbing?

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:6 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:18 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 6 The Observer 07.11.21 Agenda The grid Selfies by asylum seekers turned into tapestries “My art is driven by political vision,” says Swedish textile artist Anna Olsson . “There is much to be frightened by today – climate change, right wing populism, racism.” Olsson is a psychologist in Gothenburg , with many patients who are asylum seekers or undocumented immigrants. “They rarely have a voice in public life. I’ve had the privilege of hearing their stories and feel obliged to testify for them.” To Me You Are Valuable is a tapestry series created from selfies sent to her by youngsters denied asylum. It’s on show now in the Cordis prize exhibition at Inverleith House, Edinburgh . “The Swedish Migration Agency says these people are not desirable, but I want to show they are valuable. I hope my tapestries arouse curiosity. Culture can broaden our views, and I think with cooperation and trust we can create better conditions for all of us.” Alice Fisher The Simone Lia cartoon

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:7 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 12:10 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 07.11.21 7 Ian McDiarmid Actor, 77 Is it important to think about death as one gets older? Death has been with me most of my life because my mother died when I was very young so I encountered death early – I was 10 and discovered her body and didn’t realise she was dead. That was the starting point to my thinking about death. What does Emperor Palpatine in Star Wars contribute to the subject of ageing? As he gets older, he gets more destructive. In the last movie he defied death, which was great to play… What’s fascinating is that he never went away from those movies ; his ghastly presence ran them. I get a strange satisfaction from that. The theatre and film actor on staging Julian Barnes stories, playing a Star Wars villain, and finding peace in isolation What does it take to play a villain? I’m not sure why playing villains is so satisfying. As a kid, I always wanted to be the baddie . There is plenty of irascibility in the Barnes stories. Are you irascible? No, although we’re all angry about certain things. I wish I were less angry about some things. Ian McDiarmid photographed by Antonio Olmos for the Observer New Review. Ian McDiarmid has distinguished himself as a theatrical all-rounder. He made his name on stage as an actor of incisive authority and is internationally known as Emperor Palpatine in the Star Wars films. Between 1990 and 2002 , he ran – with Jonathan Kent – the Almeida theatre in London with tremendous flair. He is touring a one-man show, The Lemon Table – his adaptation of a pair of acerbically funny Julian Barnes stories: one about Sibelius in old age, the other about a sixty something concert-goer with zero tolerance for coughers, chatterers and mobile-phone users. What first drew you to Julian Barnes’s stories? I recorded The Silence for Radio 3 for an interval in the Proms in 2004 and thought there was dramatic potential in it. I had a nice letter from Julian Barnes encouraging me to think about it more. But it wasn’t until two years ago, pre-pandemic, that I came across the book again at home and hit upon a second story, Vigilance . The attraction was not only that both stories have firstperson narratives but that I would not have to alter the words because they’re perfect. Julian has his own music. His words are rhythmic, precise and roll off the tongue. And the stories are funny – I thought there might be a way of combining them on stage. I talked to Michael [Grandage , the show’s co-director with Titas Halder ] and he said: let’s see what we can do. What’s your own worst experience of a mobile phone disrupting a performance? I’ve not suffered as much as my late friend Richard Griffiths who, in The History Boys , used to stop the action whenever a phone went off. If it went off a second time, he’d tell that member of the audience to leave, saying that that until they did the performance would not continue. I’ve never been that extreme. I also remember Kevin Spacey , when he was in an O’Neill play at the Almeida, saying: “Tell them we’re busy,” before carrying on seamlessly. The Barnes stories involve a testy resistance to age. What do you see as the most positive thing about getting older? In old age you know a bit, don’t you? Although sometimes you know less than you think you do… I’m lucky to have a place in north- east Scotland – on the North Sea. It’s very peaceful… the only sounds I hear are birds and the sea. There’s no interruption. It’s bliss. And, fortunately, it’s not completely isolated ; people pass with their dogs so I don’t feel completely cut off. What’s the most troublesome thing about getting older? As an actor, it’s the dread of losing your memory. The part of the brain that learns lines is, I’m happy to say, different from the part that thinks: “God, where are my keys?” But for many actors of my generation, that part of their brain ceases to function. Michael Gambon has been frank about this : he is an incredible loss to British theatre. Of all the old men you’ve played who have you most enjoyed? I remember a casting director saying: Ian will come into his own when he is older… Playing Einstein in Terry Johnson’s Insignificance was particularly enjoyable – involving an imagined relationship with Marilyn Monroe. More recently, I was in Chris Hannan ’s What Shadows as Enoch Powell when he had Parkinson’s. That was interesting to do. I’m not sure why playing villains is so satisfying. As a kid, I always wanted to be the baddie What riles you most? The incompetence of contemporary politics. How optimistic are you about the post-pandemic future of theatre? It’s tough at the moment. Theatres are doing everything they can to ensure people’s comfort and safety but it’s going to take time, they have lost a lot of revenue. What do you like to do to relax? I like to walk near where I live – the scenery is appropriate to Star Wars with black rocks that look like the Fifth Kingdom. When I eventually got my lines, I sat on a rock to learn them and it helped. There’s much about music in the Barnes stories – what music do you enjoy most? A wide mixture, including Sibelius – not just to plug the show. Michael [Grandage] and I have a passion for Shostakovich. You and Michael Grandage are long-term collaborators – is that a luxury in the theatre nowadays? It is a luxury – because you develop a shorthand over the years. We got to know each other when we were both actors. We have a shared aesthetic and sense of humour. And could I ask, as it is relevant to Barnes’s stories, about the value of silence? I am very good at silence. I long for it and now I have it. Interview by Kate Kellaway The Lemon Table plays Yvonne Arnaud theatre, Guildford, 9-13 Nov; Home, Manchester, 16-20 Nov; Malvern theatres, 23-27 Nov

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:8 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:55 cYanmaGentaYellowbla 8 The Observer 07.11.21 Cover story

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:9 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:55 cYanmaGentaYellowbla The Observer 07.11.21 9 ‘Film-making set me free… it was as if I had found myself’ Jane Campion, the trailblazing director of The Piano and Top of the Lake, talks to Sean O’Hagan about how #MeToo inspired her first feature in more than a decade, the revisionist western The Power of the Dog Jane Campion photographed by Grant Matthews. he Power of the Dog is the first feature film Jane Campion has directed in 12 years. That it happened at all is down to her picking up Thomas Savage’s 1967 novel of the same name and not being able to put it down. “I was actually thinking of retiring before I did this film,” she says , matter of factly, “but then I thought, ‘Oh man, this is gonna be a big one.’ I’d read the book and loved it and afterwards I just kept thinking about it. When I made a move to find out who had the rights, that’s when I knew it had got me. I needed to do it.” Campion’s disillusionment with the mainstream thrust of contemporary Hollywood filmmaking is not new, but, of late, it seemed to have reached a tipping point. In the 00s , she didn’t make a feature film at all, instead co-directing two acclaimed series of the television drama Top of the Lake , starring Elisabeth Moss , finding it energising. “I loved the fact that you can explore complex and controversial work and the audience in their homes are totally up for it,” she says, “whereas with film it’s hard to do work like that, because as soon as some exec says they don’t understand it, you’ve lost the game. But, to be honest, I was so exhausted after Top of the Lake that I thought, ‘Oh my God, making a twohour film seems like heaven.’” The Power of the Dog certainly packs a lot into its two hours: filial tension, machismo, toxic masculinity, gaslighting, repressed homosexual desire and revenge, all played out against a 1920s western landscape and a way of life threatened by encroaching modernity – cities, trains and automobiles. Partially drawn from Savage’s experience of growing up in a troubled ranching dynasty in the vast cattle lands of Montana, the novel’s then daring homosexual subtext was all but ignored by contemporary reviewers. In Campion’s film, it hides in plain sight, not least through her audacious casting of Benedict Cumberbatch , the most English of actors, as Phil Burbank , a hard-bitten cowboy with a mean streak and a vicious tongue. In her afterword to a recent reissue of the novel, the novelist Annie Proulx describes Phil as “one of the most compelling and vicious characters in American literature”. He is also one of the most complex: cruel and sentimental; macho and thin-skinned; college-educated and determinedly uncouth. “He’s torn apart with the pain of his inner self and a childish jealousy that drives his need to upset and hurt,” says Cumberbatch, who tells me he underwent Jungian psychoanalysis “to dig deep into my own psyche” as part of his exhaustive preparation for the role. Given the ferocity of his onscreen anger in certain scenes, it obviously worked. “Well, when you go that far into yourself, stuff surfaces,” he says mysteriously. In one way, then, the film touches on familiar Campion terrain: the clandestine desires and longings of a troubled individual whose true nature is suppressed by the rigidly conformist values of family and community. In another, it is a radical departure for a director whose previous films have exclusively explored female experience, desire and self-expression. Apart from Ben Whishaw’s co-starring role alongside Abbie Cornish in Campion’s drama Bright Star , which traced poet John Keats’s doomed romance with Fanny Brawne , it is the first of her films to feature a male lead. Was she at all intimidated by the uber-masculine world in which the story is set? “Oh, God, yes, right from the beginning!” she says, throwing back her head and laughing. “But I also knew from the moment I decided to do it that it was going to be a departure for me. That’s really what was so exciting about it. Plus, I don’t actually make conscious choices about what I’m going to do. It’s more that an energy comes up in me when I get inspired by something. I didn’t try to figure it out, I just go with the feeling.” She pauses for a moment, deep in thought. “And, you know, the #MeToo movement probably had some bearing on my decision. It was such a powerful force that I think it opened up a whole different space to explore this kind of subject matter. It was like those women, young women mostly, had peeled away so many layers of the onion as regards masculinity, that it created a space for old warriors like myself to explore a very male story like this one.” Has she actually noticed a cultural shift in the film business post- #MeToo? “Well, I think Hollywood is running really scared. Hollywood Continued on page 10

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:10 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:55 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 10 The Observer 07.11.21 Cover story Continued from page 9 was the heart of it and I think it’s petrified because it does matter and it does count. It’s not fashionable to be misogynistic. It’s not going under the radar any more. It is the radar.” How prevalent was that misogyny in her experience? “I don’t know for sure, but I did hear stories about Weinstein and from people I believed. A young woman told me a story and I was disgusted and just thought, ugh, what a creep, but I didn’t know how exploitative he was. I knew he was aggressive and unpleasant and it was like a shark attack when he got angry about something. He could cancel someone if he didn’t like you. If he thought they might say something about him, he would make it impossible for them to ever have a job. He could do that. That was certainly true.” She pauses for a moment. “Look, I’m just so glad that’s over. It has cleaned up the toxicity in this business. And now we’re getting films like Promising Young Woman , which is, above other things, a great provocation to have in the world. We know things like that happen, but usually films stay away from that kind of material and now they are going for it. Women are going for it. They are sharing a tough reality. I’m loving it and I feel really excited about it.” I meet Campion in a posh hotel near Whitehall, where both of us chat, masked and safely seated a few metres apart, in a vast and airy lounge. Even with her face half-covered, she looks formidable, with her mane of white hair and naturally inquisitive gaze, but, from the off, she exudes an easygoing charm and slyly irreverent humour. It is not hard to see why she elicits such devotion from actors used to more controlling directors. “Jane creates a tribe,” says Kirsten Dunst , who shines in the film as Rose, a hardworking single mother who marries Phil’s more upright, taciturn brother, George, played by her real-life husband, Jesse Plemons . “You feel part of her family. She constantly wants to give you a hug but you also know you have to get down to the nitty gritty of your character. Jane has such an amazing creative curiosity about her characters – she wants to see all their ugly parts but also understand them.” Campion, in turn, describes the actor as “a great pal to have on board”, citing her willingness to do “the in-depth work that really matters”. Until Rose arrives at the Burbank ranch, the brothers’ everyday lives and destinies are so entwined that they even share the same bed. Her unwitting disruption of their resolutely masculine domestic dynamic so incenses Phil that he wages a campaign of psychological abuse against her with terrible consequences for her marriage and her sanity. It is the even more unsettling presence of Critic Guy Lodge on his pick of Jane Campion’s work The Power of the Dog 2021 Campion’s new feature (starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Jesse Plemons, above) may seem like a drastic departure on the surface — it’s a Montana-set, male-led western — but her touch is evident from the first frame. No standard cowboy tale, it’s a dark, unnerving exploration of masculine insecurity, tingling with queer undercurrents, and ravishingly shot in Campion’s native New Zealand. her defiantly effeminate son, the luminously beautiful and slightly sinister Peter (played brilliantly by Kodi Smit-McPhee ), which shifts the narrative towards its much darker denouement. Throughout, in a plot that at times feels overworked , it is the sustained mood that Campion creates in the wondrously elemental landscapes of her cinematic Montana – it was actually shot on New Zealand’s South Island – that impresses, alongside the powerful performances she draws from every one of her leads. “Sometimes, actors arrive on set and they have their performances all figured out,” she says. “They don’t want to unpack it, they just want to film it as if they are the only person in the scene. That is just so disturbing to me.” Campion’s pre-shooting preparation is famously rigorous . Dunst prepared by workshopping scenes that were not in the script as a way of further understanding her character’s inner life. At one point, she even found herself cleaning the director’s apartment. “Jane’s pretty untidy,” she says, laughing, “so it was hard work. Basically, she wanted to see if I could properly make the bed, set the table and wipe the floor with the kind of old-fashioned mop and bucket that Rose would have used.” Dunst, though, had it easy. At Campion’s urging, Cumberbatch ‘Jane is incredibly generous,’ says Benedict Cumberbatch. ‘She’d facilitate anything to help me get inside the character’ went full method for the duration of the role, not even slipping out of character on his days off. The director even introduced him as Phil to the crew on the first day of shooting. “Jane is incredibly generous,” says Cumberbatch. “She wanted to facilitate anything that would help me get inside a character that was so far away from my experience. She allowed me to go there and to go deep – not washing for a week, living in Phil’s clothes, getting the dialect right.” Before filming began, Campion also suggested that Cumberbatch travel to Montana to immerse himself for several weeks in the ways of modern ranching. “I lived for a while with a cowboy called Randy and his partner, Jane,” he tells me, still sounding enthused by the experience. “I learned how to ride and rope as well as how to whittle and play the banjo. I can even roll a cigarette with one hand.” Although he omits to mention it, he also learned how to castrate a bull for a scene that will have many viewers watching through their fingers, if at all. (Savage actually begins his novel with the grisly ritual in one of the most graphic, and potentially off-putting, opening sentences in American fiction.) “I learned it all,” says Cumberbatch, “including the various peripheral skills that Phil has in his life, including rope-braiding and taxidermy. It all helped put armour on the character, but what Jane gave me, above all, was time, which is an incredibly luxury for an actor to have.” The director and the actor bickered a lot on set about his character, but playfully and productively, with Cumberbatch sometimes insisting on small changes that, Campion says, made The Piano 1993 Campion’s aesthetic and writing style had taken on some polish by the time her third feature won her the Palme d’Or at Cannes — making her the first female winner of the prize — and an original screenplay Oscar. Still, this elegant, explicitly feminist fable of erotic exchange and patriarchal exploitation, starring Holly Hunter and Anna Paquin, above, was by no means playing it safe. a huge difference to the character’s complex inner life. In one pivotal scene, she and her cinematographer, Ari Wegner , dispensed with the rest of the crew and filmed him alone in a wooded glade for a revealingly intimate interlude. In a moment of almost Lawrentian homoeroticism, he strips off and tenderly rubs his torso with a cotton scarf, a cherished memento of his ranching mentorcum-idol, the late Bronco Henry , an invisible but powerful presence in the story. “Oh, the scene with the scarf!” says Campion, sounding excited, when I mention it. “That’s something we actually made up and Ben helped me a lot in that. I initially thought Phil would have kept the scarf inside his shirt, but Ben said, ‘No, I think he keeps it inside his pants. That’s so much stronger.’ And he was right.” N ow 67 , Jane Campion has always walked to her own offbeat rhythm, a sensitive, singleminded woman who has somehow managed to enter the predominantly male Hollywood mainstream while creating work that showcased difference: the otherness of loners, dreamers, outsiders, the misunderstood and mentally ill people, with all their rare beauty and their often brutally exposed “ugly parts”. Born into a creative family – her

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:11 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Sweetie 1989 The Observer 07.11.21 11 The Portrait of a Lady 1996 On its release, critics cold-shouldered Campion’s sensual, radical but porcelainbrittle Henry James adaptation: anyone expecting The Piano II would have been taken off guard by its surreal modern flourishes, though less by its feminine point of view. Twenty-five years on, it looks visionary, with Nicole Kidman on peak form, along with Barbara Hershey and John Malkovich, above. parents founded the New Zealand Players theatre group – she studied anthropology at university in Wellington, before moving to London and enrolling at the Chelsea School of Art . In 1980, as much out of frustration with painting as anything else, she made a short called Tissues , finding it so liberating that she began studying film at college in Sydney . Suddenly, her restlessness was assuaged. “Film-making set me free,” she says. “Before I found it, I had a lot of energy, but I was lost as to how to express it or even be in the world. I found the challenge of making a film so exciting, it was as if I had found myself.” She directed her first feature, Sweetie , in 1989, the protagonist an unstable young woman who daydreams of being an actor, but wreaks havoc on those closest to her with her destructive volatility. It was followed by An Angel at My Table , which traced the turbulent life of the author Janet Frame , who survived childhood poverty, mental illness and incarceration to become one of New Zealand’s most celebrated writers. The film was heaped with praise by critics and caused a small storm of protest at the Venice film festival, where it elicited a sustained ovation from the audience, but didn’t win the Golden Lion. Suddenly, Campion was the name to drop in indie film circles, her female characters seeming to exist entirely in their own interior worlds, their off-kilter lives intimately observed and rendered with an In the Cut 2003 Another Campion provocation that didn’t get its due on release — with its UK publicity hijacked by Michael Parkinson’s disastrous interview with star Meg Ryan (above, with Jennifer Jason Leigh) — this nervy erotic thriller has been rehabilitated by a younger generation of female critics. Female and male sexuality are equally well observed in the sinuous, ambiguous interplay between Ryan and Mark Ruffalo. A rawly funny dysfunctional family portrait, Campion’s debut feature exploded at that year’s Cannes film festival, heralding not just her arrival, but a gutsy new wave of Australian cinema altogether. As a study of the cruel, volatile lurches of mental illness, meanwhile, the film was considerably ahead of its time. (Pictured below is Emma Jane Fowler as young Sweetie.) almost daydreamy style that, by Hollywood standards, seemed almost transgressive. Kerry Fox , who shone as the adult Janet Frame in An Angel at My Table, was about to give up acting when she attended the audition for the film that changed her life. “I remember being immediately impressed by this very stylish woman with a red beret and a fantastic bob haircut underneath, who lived in Sydney and was obviously very sophisticated,” she says, laughing. “But sadly she was not that impressed with me because I hadn’t bothered to read Frame’s autobiographies before the audition. I thought I’d blown it until she came around with a big bunch of yellow roses and said: ‘I’d really like you to play the role.’ I was actually speechless, because I thought the flowers were her way of apologising for not giving it to me.” What was the young Campion like to work with? “Well, I remember that we rehearsed for a month and she really wanted me to be in character all the time, which is really not my style, so I just did it when she was around,” says Fox with a laugh. “What I loved about Jane was that she never thought she knew it all, like a lot of directors do. Instead, she worked with me and we ended up going deeper and deeper into the character. It was meticulous. She’s the most rigorous director I’ve ever worked with in terms of the minutiae of building a role – and the most loyal.” In 1993 , Campion made The Piano , which changed her life and remains her most revered film by many fans and critics alike. Watching it again, I’m stuck by how unsettling it is, both in its isolated New Zealand setting and its heightened atmosphere, and how eccentric its characters are: Holly Hunter’s strong-willed, musically gifted mute, Ada; Harvey Keitel’s oddball sailor with his tattooed face and obsessive nature. The US critic Roger Ebert wrote that it was “as austere and haunting as any film I’ve ever seen”, noting Campion’s ordinary ability to evoke “a whole universe of feeling”. It remains a touchstone of late 20th-century film-making and a totemic film for many female directors who have followed Campion . “It was while watching The Piano in my early 20s that I decided to follow my growing desire to make films,” says Sarah Gavron , the British director of Brick Lane and Suffragette. “From the early image of the world refracted through the fingers of Ada, to the shot of her skirt billowing as she stumbles and sinks to the ground after the act of violence against her, I was stunned. I found the film deeply disconcerting, emotional, unlike anything else in cinema.” The film’s success – it was nominated for eight, and won three , Academy Awards and she became the first female director to win the Palme d’Or at the Cannes film festival – pitched Campion into the big league, but also pointed up the shockingly patriarchal nature of the film business. At a celebration for the 50th anniversary of Cannes, she found herself standing on a crowded stage, the only woman among the 50 directors who had won the Palme d’Or. “If it had been all male, they probably could have gotten away with it,” she says now, “but because there was one woman, the optics were just so shocking. And, you know, it was only later when I saw the photographs, that I thought, ‘This is so wrong. So wrong.’ And yet they were still saying things like, ‘What can we do – women aren’t making very good films?’ Or, ‘We just can’t include films just because they are made by women.’ It was the same old self-serving stuff from all the guys.” And, unbelievably, it continued for another 28 years until, this year, the French film-maker Julia Ducournau became the second woman to win the Palme d’Or. “The industry certainly didn’t wake up over night, but Jane Campion contributed to a shift in the culture of film-making,” says Gavron. “For me, the way she talked in interviews about her process and how it intersected with her personal life somehow made me feel I had permission to try. It took the idea of being a female film-maker out of the realm of the unthinkable.” Since her Cannes triumph, Campion has made five films, including her big-budget Hollywood adaptation of Henry James’s The Portrait of a Lady , which starred Nicole Kidman and John Malkovich , and the controversial erotic thriller, In the Cut , the first of her films to draw almost across-the-board negative reviews, though, as she has been quick to point out, mostly from male critics . How much the mauling influenced her decision to take a break from directing is hard to say. By then, she and her husband, Colin Englert , who she had met when he worked as second unit director on The Piano, had divorced. Campion’s first voluntary hiatus from film-making, during which she home-schooled her daughter, Alice , now a successful actor , lasted six years. Her most recent one – pace Top of the Lake – stretched to 12 . I mention something she said in a recent American interview that intrigued me: “I’m looking at emptiness, that’s my dream.” What did she mean, exactly? She hoots with laughter. “Well, that’s totally the truth, but I was actually talking about meditation. To me, that’s probably what I love most. I’ve been doing it since I was about 20. I find it gives me an equanimity that’s very helpful to the creative process. If you are too anxious or panicky about things, that’s the real stopper for the creative flow. In my experience, you’ve got to trust processes you don’t even understand, in creativity and in life, because the brain is always a few steps behind the instinct.” I ask if she has undergone a shift of consciousness as regards the medium that made her name and which she has done so much to re-energise? She thinks about this for a moment. “Well, I’m not thinking in terms of what’s next any more, that’s for sure. It’s more, if something takes my fancy, I’m going to do it. Is that a shift of consciousness? Maybe. I am certainly going to use my energies differently from now on. For one thing, I’m starting a pop-up film school, because I really hate how unequal education is for people with money and people without money. I really hate it.” For the first time today, Campion sounds fiery. “It wasn’t like that for me,” she continues. “I had a very different experience growing up and I don’t see why that experience shouldn’t be the experience of people who are young now. It’s disgusting and we’ve got to care about it and do something about it. So I’m going to work for free and start this film school and Netflix are going to support me.” Who knows, then, where Campion’s singular creative journey will take her next. What is clear is that the passion that fired her younger self has been tempered by age and experience. I ask her, in conclusion, if the challenge of making films has in any way dented her faith in film. “That’s a hard one in a way,” she replies. “When I was young and starting out, making films was just so invigorating and it seemed to help me live in a good way. I felt I needed to do it. But over the years, that need has changed. I don’t really have it any more. I don’t need it for myself any more. So I’m just going to direct my energies in all sorts of different ways. I really don’t know how that’s gonna work out, but for me that’s exciting in itself.” The Power of the Dog is in select cinemas on 19 Nov and on Netflix from 1 Dec

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:12 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:21 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 12 The Observer 07.11.21 Design SO HOW DO YOU JUDGE A BOOK? After 60 years of Penguin Modern Classics, have the early jacket designs stood the test of time – and how do you create a cover fit for a classic? By Killian Fox Some of the Penguin Modern Classics cover designs from the 1960s. All images © the artist and Penguin Modern Classics If a publisher declares a book to be a classic, as Penguin has been doing for the past 75 years with its Classics series, and since 1961 with the Modern Classics offshoot, it raises a number of potentially knotty questions. What makes a book a classic? Who gets to decide? And will today’s classic still be a classic in 10 years’ time, let alone 100? “It’s a slippery term,” admits Henry Eliot , who has written a book on the former series and is about to put out a volume on the latter, entitled The Penguin Modern Classics Book. “There are various ways that people have made sense of it,” he says . “The definition I find the most helpful is from Ezra Pound . He sa id that a classic is classic not because of any structural rules or criteria that it meets, but because of a certain internal and irrepressible freshness. And that rings true to me.” As for who decides, Eliot believes that rather than fencing off the landscape of literature by creating a stable of classics, Penguin editors are opening it up and encouraging readers to broaden their horizons. There are imbalances in both series – four-fifths of the authors in the Modern Classics stable are men, and nine in 10 are white – but Eliot insists that things are changing. “The task of a classics publisher is to identify these imbalances and redress them,” he writes. Another question that appears less vexed, but which has likely caused sleepless nights for many Penguin designers over the years, has to do with external rather than internal freshness: how do you create a cover fit for a classic? The answer, according to Eliot, is: not easily. “From the beginning, built into the DNA of Penguin, has been this idea that the books need to be beautifully designed,” he says. “If anything has characterised the Penguin design ethos, it’s a kind of elegant simplicity .” Eliot’s new book opens with a section on how the cover design has evolved, and you can see the changes that were introduced by successive art directors over the decades (the Modern Classics series turned 60 this year) . Some of Eliot’s favourite covers date back to the early 1960s, when the Modern Classics series was still

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:13 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:21 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 13 finding its feet. From the outset, Penguin had relied on mostly typographical designs, but by the late 50s illustrations were becoming more common. As younger designers and illustrators were brought in, and given much greater graphic freedom, Penguin covers became increasingly bold and strange, to match the writing they advertised. The colours of these covers were relatively restrained, says Eliot, “but within that quite muted framework, the art directors were commissioning these sometimes shocking and startling original images from the illustrators of the day”. These included David Gentleman , Michael Ayrton and a young Quentin Blake , who was tasked with illustrating the novels of Evelyn Waugh . Blake, whose irreverent, scratchy style was already in place, captures Waugh’s mordant wit and keen sense of life’s absurdities. More unsettling is the work of Hungarianborn French cartoonist André Francois . Eliot singles out his cover of William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury , “where each eye of the face is made up of a mouth with another set of eyes. It’s just such Quentin Blake captures Waugh’s mordant wit and keen sense of life’s absurdities a scary, striking image. It reminds me of Escher or one of Borges ’s short stories .” This championing of original illustration lasted only a couple of years, though it gave rise to more than 100 covers. After 1963, says Eliot, designers “began to use existing artworks – the idea being that the cover artwork was contemporaneous with the text, so you get an instant visual link to what you’re reading”. Thus a cover of Virginia Woolf ’s To The Lighthouse features a work by fellow Bloomsbury Group member Duncan Grant . The covers continued to be eyecatching and beautifully executed, right up to the present, but for this brief period in the early 1960s Penguin let its hair down and showed its wilder, weirder side. As Eliot says: “The best covers find a way to make new titles intriguing and familiar authors appear fresh and irresistible .” The Penguin Modern Classics Book by Henry Eliot is published by Particular Books, Penguin Press on 18 November (£30). To order a copy for £26.10 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:14 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 14 The Observer 07.11.21 Art

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:15 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Art The Observer 07.11.21 15 PAVEMENT PICASSO ON THE TRAIL OF LONDON’S CHEWING GUM ARTIST Photographs by Antonio Olmos Ben Wilson at work and, right, at home in his trademark orange overalls. Since 2004 Ben Wilson has been turning thousands of blobs of discarded gum into miniature artworks that celebrate community and the lives of local people. In that time he’s been arrested, triumphed in court – and won countless admirers. Interview by Tim Adams There have been a few times over the past 10 years or so when, feeling as grey as London skies and walking with eyes down to the pavement, I’ve spotted a hard little dazzle of primary colour and felt immediately cheered. Those little spots of intricate brightness are the work of the city’s “chewing gum artist” Ben Wilson, who, since 2004, has spent most days painting whimsical miniatures on some of the millions of flattened blobs of gum that are spat out on the city’s paving stones. Each of Wilson’s paintings is unique; most are dedicated to passers by who ask him to celebrate friendships, or to memorialise lost loves, or just to say “I live here”. I don’t know how you would measure such things, but it’s my hunch that no living artist gives more tiny moments of delight or comfort to a greater number of Londoners on a daily basis than Wilson. I got talking to him back in 2005 and he ended up doing a painting for my young daughters. In the years that followed it was a little secret they shared with their high street, and a cause of tears one day when they discovered “their” paving stone had been pulled up and replaced. Since then, Wilson has made several thousands of these pictures; he keeps a photographic record of them and most of their dedicatees, goes back and carefully touches up those that have been scuffed or damaged. The result, for those who know where and how to look, is a kind of alternative trail of blue (and green and yellow and red) plaques, not to the famous dead but to the diversity of the living city. Sometimes, if you are lucky, you might catch Wilson in the act of making his art. He has regular haunts, the Edwardian streets around Muswell Hill and Crouch End near where he lives, favourite corners of the older city in Shoreditch and Hackney, and the Millennium Bridge, where he has done a series of trails of hundreds of chewing gum paintings that have ended up with surreptitious artistic invasions of the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern. I caught up with Wilson, now 58, one morning last week in Muswell Hill, where he was renovating some pictures outside the Everyman cinema. A tall man, with an irrepressible grin, he was wearing, as ever, bright orange industrial overalls decorated with layers of paint and lying flat out on the pavement on a piece of thick matting that he carries rolled up in a rucksack, along with his toolbox of materials. The technique is very precise. He first softens the oval of flattened gum a little with a blowtorch, sprays it with lacquer and then applies three coats of acrylic enamel, usually to a design from his latest book of requests that come from people who stop and crouch and talk. He uses tiny modellers’ brushes, quick-drying his work with a lighter flame as he goes along, and then seals it with more lacquer. Each painting takes a few hours and can last for many years. Wilson’s eccentric acts of daily creation make more sense the more he explains them. He is energetically interested in the threatened idea of public space. Technically, in painting gum – as he has established in the courts – he is not painting public property or commercially owned real estate. His pictures are designed to create a tiny stepping-stone mosaic of common land across the city. Gum, he suggests, is the ultimate consumer product: it has no food value at all, it hardly biodegrades, and attempting to remove it is a costly and laborious full-time job. “So there is some symbolism in transforming something thoughtlessly spat out into something meaningful.” Beyond that principle, Wilson is interested in cheerfully modelling an idea of intimate local connection, celebrating community. Outside the Everyman he is cleaning and touching up a picture that shows in tiny detail a murmuration of starlings over Brighton Pier. “I always felt bad about this one,” he says. “It was on my list to do, but the man who had asked for it sadly died before I’d got to it. I happened to get talking to his son in a cafe near here, and he asked if I might do it in memory of his dad, who really liked those murmurations, so at least I was able to do that. And he loves the picture.” He cleans it up meticulously, adding a little paint to the edge where it has been damaged. He then talks me through some of the others by the nearby kerbsides. “This is for a man I see around here – Ivan – he wanted Ivan the Terrible, so I did that.” We walk over the road to a row of shops. He cleans up a picture outside the local Ryman , reads its inscription : “This is for Nadia, who worked here.” Outside the post office, there is a tiger in honour of a postal worker who is from Sri Lanka. To mark the closing of the Woolworth s a couple of years ago, Wilson managed to fit every redundant employee’s name on to a piece of gum as a lasting reminder. Continued on page 17

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Section:OBS 2R PaGe:17 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:02 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Art The Observer 07.11.21 17 Continued from page 15 While we walk he is frequently stopped by people for whom he has made paintings . Rose, the Big Issue seller outside Sainsbury’s , is an old friend. “Rose and I have a good working relationship,” he says, “she watches my stuff if I need a loo break, and I watch hers.” A man called Ahmed Garrad, a painter and decorator, greets Wilson with a broad smile. He explains to me how Ben made a picture for him in 2014 when he had returned to Britain from his original home in Syria, during the civil war. He and his three children had British passports, but it took him nearly three years, battling with the Home Office, to bring them and his wife over to join him. Wilson had painted him the Syrian flag, the symbols of the Free Syrian Army and the names of his children. It was a nice little badge of hope for Garrad during his legal battles, he says, one he was eventually able to show to his family when they arrived. “The longer I lie here, all sorts of situations will unfold,” Wilson says, restoring a picture of a pigeon. A gruff man peers over his shoulder. “In Singapore they’d cut your hands off for doing that,” he says. “I don’t think they would,” Wilson murmurs. A woman stops with her granddaughter in a buggy and explains how Wilson made a painting for her daughter when she wasn’t much older than the baby. “You make Muswell Hill,” she tells him. During lockdown he worked when he could; he had Covid early on, and then gave blood for antibody treatments. He’d been invited to do a series of gum pictures along the Parkland Walk – a narrow ribbon of woodland that was once a railway line through north London – and though a promise of council funding for the project fell through, he did it anyway. We walk along a section and he shows me some of the paintings that can be followed with a geolocation map – a rescue dog called Peggy, a ghost station from the original railway, a jogger in a glade of light, each with a minute inscription. “If people feel isolated, as they did so much in the last year, a painting gives them a point of reference,” Wilson says. “It says: this is your environment. Once you get that idea, then anything is possible.” Wilson lives where you might imagine him to live, in the ground-floor flat of a rambling Victorian villa, with an antique Pashley bike in the hallway and his art – canvases and painted tiles and photographs – piled on every available table and surface and stacked against every wall. Outside in the back garden there are monumental wooden sculptures that rise out of the undergrowth ; the biggest – which Wilson made as a kind of goddess spirit of place, out of scrap timber – is 15ft tall. In one corner of a tiny sitting room are shelves of battered notebooks where Wilson has jotted down gum picture requests over the years like a shorthand births, deaths and marriages column. Thumbing through them, he seems on the verge of tears. “I’ve had to deal with ‘There is symbolism in transforming something thoughtlessly spat out into something meaningful’: a selection of Ben Wilson’s artworks. Courtesy of the artist people memoriali sing people who have been murdered,” he says. “People who have been so lonely, or remembering favourite pets; people who are destitute in all sorts of ways. It goes from proposal pictures, ‘ Will you marry me?’ , to people who I drew when they were kids and they now have their own kids.” He likes how everyone has a picture in their head: “ Some want cheese and crackers, or nicknames. Easter Island statues. English breakfasts…” If he has an inspiration it is Henry Mayhew’s Victorian encyclopaedia of people on the margins of society, London Labour and the London Poor . “Right at the beginning of doing the pictures, I came across the original three volumes of it in a charity shop in Archway,” he says. “It felt like a sign to carry on.” Sometimes, people who see him lying out on the street imagine he is passed out, drunk; ambulances have blared to a halt beside him. He has been wrongfully arrested a couple of times. He is still traumati sed by the manner of his arrest in 2010, when he was working on the Millennium Bridge. “I was doing a picture of St Paul’s for some school kids who were really excited,” he says. “The police arrived and tried to arrest me for criminal damage and I asked if I could just finish the picture. They pulled me along the bridge by my feet, threw me in a cell, and took my DNA, taken by force.” Wilson won his case in the City of London magistrates court, with the help of letters from supporters. One was from John Maizels , publisher of the art magazine Raw Tate Modern is the only place I’ve worked outside where someone has not brought me out a cup of tea Vision , which has featured Wilson’s work many times. “Ben Wilson is an artist with tremendous commitment and integrity,” Maizels wrote. Penny Northway, meanwhile, the children’s minister at a Muswell Hill church, told how Wilson painted a gum picture for her son, Max, in memory of his grandfather. “My respect for him grew after I noted how sensitively and patiently he dealt with Max and translated his (slightly muddled) wishes into a pocket-sized painting,” she said. These days when he works on the bridge, Wilson carries with him a letter from his local police force explaining his work. He has done two trails across the bridge (the first was painstakingly removed by teams of cleaners). “It’s funny,” he says, “Tate Modern is pretty much the only institution I’ve worked outside where someone has not brought me out a cup of tea and had a chat.” He Blu- Tacked a hidden sequence of gum pictures inside the gallery when he completed a trail, and invited friends to the “opening”. “I met a curator and invited her along, but she just laughed in my face and said, ‘I know who you are!’” Wilson thought: “Actually, you don’t really.” Over the years, he has been called an environmental artist or an outsider artist, but he’s mostly allergic to labelling. That spirit started early. He was brought up in Barnet, he says, in “the spirit of dadaism ”. His father was a ceramicist who did experimental theatre as a member of Jeff Nuttall ’s radical 1960s collective People Show . His mother was an illustrator who once had tea with Salvador Dalí . “I was working with clay from about the age of two,” he says. “I remember when I was about 11, at my junior school, being thrown out of the class for doing pottery wrong.” That idea hadn’t occurred to him before. He was saved at his comprehensive school by art and English teachers; he was offered a place to study art at Goldsmith s but decided to go his own way. His work first came to public attention in the mid-1980s, when he secretly made a series of wood sculptures, including a vast sleeping giant, in Hadley Wood , near to where he grew up. The wood came from a beech tree that had been smashed by lightning and brought down two hornbeams. Wilson made the prone sculpture by weaving the fallen branches, working when it was raining, or at night. “This whole sleeping figure arose,” he says. “There were newspaper and radio reports, but no one knew who did it.” He left the giant for two or three years, then late one night dismantled it, leaving no trace. From there, he made different kinds of “sculptural environments” in woodland in Canada and New Zealand. He shows me pictures of an elaborate wooden shrine he made to the spirit of free foxes, next to a high fence surrounding one of Finland’s intensive fox farms. He was commissioned to work at LeHigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, but a mix-up in paperwork led to him being deported, a fact that still prevents him going to the United States. Wilson has always refused to take any money for his gum pictures, because it seems against the spirit of them, though he is thinking of letting people give a donation if they can afford it. Though he lives on his own now, he has three children in their 20s, pictures of whom are on his walls among his art. How, I wonder, has he supported himself, working long days on the streets? “It’s been really hard,” he says. “I have sold other work in galleries – [he recently had a show at the Hoxton Gallery in east London]. I’ve been commissioned to do trails in different cities – Zürich , Brussels, Amsterdam. I have done loads of workshops with schools.” He has lately developed a technique where he melted the gum pictures on to a house brick so people can buy them. “I feel certain organisations could help with funding,” he says. “But they never do.” As it is, he worries constantly about how he will pay the rent on his flat. Even so, he plans to carry on with his never-ending trail until he can no longer lie down. He flicks through a book of photographs of his pictures, recalling their stories. “This one was for an amazing woman who runs a charity for children rescued from fire in South African townships.” He peers at another inscription above a pictured handshake: “To the common unfolding humanity who cross this bridge,” he reads, and smiles. “I liked that line.” benwilsonchewinggumman.com

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:18 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 18 The Observer 07.11.21 Society A decade on from psychologist Steven Pinker’s declaration that violence is declining, historians show no sign of agreeing a truce. So can history teach us anything about the future of war – and peace? Laura Spinney reports Ten years ago, the psychologist Steven Pinker published The Better Angels of Our Nature , in which he argued that violence in almost all its forms – including war – was declining. The book was ecstatically received in many quarters, but then came the backlash, which shows no signs of abating . In September, 17 historians published a riposte to Pinker, suitably entitled The Darker Angels of Our Nature , in which they attacked his “fake history” to “debunk the myth of non-violent modernity”. Some may see this as a storm in an intellectual teacup, but the central question – can we learn anything about the future of warfare from the ancient past? – remains an important one. Pinker thought we could and he supported his claim of a long decline with data stretching thousands of years back into prehistory . But among his critics are those who say that warfare between modern nation states, which are only a few hundred years old, has nothing in common with conflict before that time , and therefore it’s too soon to say if the supposed “long peace” we’ve been enjoying since the end of the second world war is a blip or a sustained trend. Most researchers accept that there is a difference between war and interpersonal violence , but there is disagreement over where to draw the line between them. Historian and archaeologist Ian Morris of WAR OF

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:19 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 19 Stanford University , author of War! What Is it Good For? (2014), is among those who say that the nature of collective violence hasn’t changed much in millennia, it’s just that human groups were smaller in the past. For him, therefore, a massacre of a couple of dozen of hunter-gatherers in Sudan around about 13,000 years ago , the earliest known example of collective violence, is relevant to a discussion of modern warfare. Archaeologist Detlef Gronenborn of the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz, Germany, agrees. In 2015, he and others described a massacre among Europe’s earliest farmers at a place called Schöneck-Kilianstädten in Germany, about 7,000 years ago . More than two dozen individuals were killed by blunt force instruments or arrows and dumped in a mass grave, their lower legs having been systematically broken either just before or just after death. Gronenborn says that massacres of Soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) march in Beijing, China, 2019. Reuters/ Thomas Peter entire communities were frequent occurrences in Europe at that time and that one of their hallmarks, judging by the human remains, was the desire to erase the victims’ identity. “The only difference between then and now is that of scale,” he says. But while some researchers may agree with Pinker that prehistoric and modern warfare are essentially the same phenomenon, they don’t necessarily agree with him that the evidence points to a long-term decline. Pinker based his claim that prehistory was extremely violent on around 20 archaeological sites spanning 14,000 years. Those sites unequivocally attest to ancient violence, says historian Dag Lindström of Uppsala University in Sweden, “but they cannot be used for quantitative comparative conclusions”. We simply have no way of knowing how representative they were. “The further you go back in time, the more difficult it becomes to have an accurate assessment of how many people died in battle,” says historian Philip Dwyer of the University of Newcastle in Australia, who co-edited The Darker Angels of Our Nature. Civilian death counts are even less reliable, he says, and have likely been significantly underestimated throughout history. In Dwyer’s view, all war-related statistics are suspect, undermining attempts to identify longterm trends. Others think the statistics can be informative. Gronenborn’s work is feeding into larger scale efforts to identify and explain patterns in collective violence. One such effort is the Historical Peace Index (HPI), a collaboration between Oxford University and the group behind Seshat: Global History Databank – a scientific research project of the nonprofit Evolution Institute – to map warfare globally over the past 5,000 years. Their goal, as the name suggests, is to try to understand the causes and consequences of war, with a view to building more peaceful and stable societies . The argument of those taking this kind of approach is that the more data you gather, the more you can identify meaningful patterns. Gronenborn, for example, says that it is beginning to look as if collective violence was cyclical in neolithic Europe. One hypothesis he and others are testing is that mounting internal social tensions fuelled explosions of violence, with external shocks such as climate fluctuations acting as triggers. The awkward truth is that collective violence has been one way in which societies have reorganised themselves to become more humane and prosperous. But as societies changed, so did the reasons they went to war. “People always want to know: what was the earliest war?” says bioarchaeologist Linda Fibiger of Edinburgh University . “But it would be more interesting to ask: how did neolithic people define violence? What was their concept of war?” Any debate over the decline – or not – of war must take into account its changing nature, Dwyer says, adding that it didn’t stop changing 200 years ago. In the decades since the second world war, for example, major international conflicts have become less frequent, but small wars have proliferated. This has happened, argues Yale University historian Samuel Moyn in his new book, Humane , in part because over the 20th century the justification for war shifted to peacekeeping and the defence of human rights, ensuring that war shrank in scale but became “for ever”. The trouble with small-scale wars is that they have a strong tendency to escalate, especially if they go on for a long time. In 2019, political scientist Bear Braumoeller of Ohio State University published Only the Dead , in which he argued that the risk of escalation today was as high as it had been when European leaders sent their troops to war in the summer of 1914, believing they would be home by Christmas. Why war escalates so easily is not well understood, but Braumoeller says it’s a “good bet” that technology is a factor . Scientist Peter Turchin of the Complexity Science Hub in Vienna, one of Seshat’s co-founders, agrees . He says that stepwise advances in military technology – he calls them “military revolutions” – may have been major drivers of collective violence. The military revolution, singular, is the term historians use to describe the period of rapid technological and social change Collective violence has been one way in which societies have reorganised themselves to become more humane that began in the 16th century with the advent of portable firearms. But Turchin says there were others. One of the most important got under way about 3,000 years ago, across a swath of Eurasia south of the steppes, when archers armed with iron-tipped arrows first mounted horses. Each time, the technology handed an advantage to those who had it, stimulating a technological and eventually social arms race. And that technology wasn’t even necessarily devised for military ends. The farming revolution, which ushered in the neolithic period, was also a military revolution, because the advances that gave farmers new tools also gave them new weapons. And some have argued that war became more lethal in the early 1800s in part because of the newfound ease of moving troops and supplies by rail. “The upshot was that, with more soldiers on a given battlefield, it took more deaths on both sides to win a battle and therefore more deaths to win a war,” Braumoeller says. Many people perceive technological change to be accelerating. The 20th century saw at least one military revolution, as a result of which we have nuclear weapons and the capacity to wage war in space . The early nuclear weapons were so destructive and so bad at hitting targets that they acted as effective deterrents and helped usher in this current period of stability, Morris says, but counter intuitively, we may have more grounds to worry now that they are generally smaller and more precise. Morris sees parallels between the period we’re living through now and the late 19th century, when international conflicts were few, but small-scale insurgencies and civil wars proliferated, and some of them, such as the Boer war , spiralled out of control. That long peace was finally shattered in 1914 and this one will be eventually too, he thinks . What the cause and who the belligerent parties will be in the war that breaks the peace is not yet possible to say of course, though there has been much speculation – for example that it may involve Chinese military action against Taiwan. Nevertheless, for those who believe that the past can be instructive about the present, just not in the way Pinker does, Better Angels recalls a slew of books published on the eve of the first world war that proclaimed that war between the great powers was a thing of the past. WORDS

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:20 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 20 The Observer 07.11.21 Ideas, analysis, gadgets and beyond Does your how smartphone know Tech companies and researchers are collaborating to analyse data on the way we tap, scroll, text and call to determines our state of mind . This may have consequences for our privacy and healthcare, writes Zoë Corbyn W e all fear our smartphones spy on us, and I’m subject to a new type of surveillance. An app called TapCounter records each time I touch my phone’s screen. My swipes and jabs are averaging about 1,000 a day, though I notice that’s falling as I steer shy of social media to meet my deadline. The European company behind it, QuantActions , promises that through capturing and analysing the data it will be able to “detect important indicators related to mental/neurological health”. Arko Ghosh is the company’s cofounder and a neuroscientist at Leiden University in the Netherlands . “Tappigraphy patterns ” – the time series of my touches – can, he says, confidently be used not only to infer slumber habits but also mental performance level (the small intervals in a series of key-presses represent a proxy for reaction time), and he has published work to support it. F urther into the future, Ghosh would like to use the technology for medical reasons, including to predict seizures in people with epilepsy . This year Ghosh published a small clinical study of people with epilepsy that shows how subtle changes in smartphone tappigraphy alone could be used to infer abnormalities in their brain waves. “Our hope is that some day we can forecast upcoming episodes,” says Ghosh. Ghosh’s work and my taps are part of the new but rapidly developing field called digital phenotyping . It aims to take the huge amounts of raw data that can be continuously collected from people’s use of smartphones, wearables and other digital devices and analyse them using artificial intelligence (AI) to infer behaviour related to health and disease. If symptom-related digital signals – called digital biomarkers – can be properly teased out, it could provide a new route for diagnosing or monitoring a range of medical conditions , particularly those relating to mental or brain health. Early research suggests patterns in geolocation data may correlate with episodes of depression and relapses in schizophrenia ; certain keystroke patterns could predict mania in bipolar disorder ; and the way toddlers gaze at a smartphone screen could be used to detect autism . Data streams include smartphone activity logs, measurements from any of a phone’s built-in sensors ( such as the GPS, accelerometer or light sensor) as well as usergenerated content, which can be mined for words or phrases. “It is classic big-data analytics… repurposing data for reasons other than it was primarily collected,” says Brit Davidson , an assistant professor of analytics at the University of Bath, UK who has been critically watching the field develop. The technology is attracting big tech companies’ interest. In September, the Wall Street Journal reported that Apple is working on iPhone features to help diagnose depression and cognitive decline. Apple is probably hoping it is going to be able to correlate various phone indices with other indices it considers show mental health disorders, says Helen Christensen , a professor of mental health at the University of New South Wales in Australia who also leads the non profit Black Dog Institute , focus ed on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mood disorders. Meanwhile, Silicon Valley-based consumer health and wellness startups are already incorporating aspects of the technology into their products, albeit not yet for clinical diagnosis. Mindstrong provides therapy and psychiatry services virtually and has received tens of millions in funding , including from Jeff Bezos’s venture capital firm . It claims to use patented technology to track how clients tap, scroll and click on their phones so its clinicians can provide “more personali sed care”. Transparency about what some companies are doing can be lacking, notes Nicole Martinez- Martin , a bioethicist at Stanford University in California who focus es on digital health technology. Traditionally, diagnosing mental illness has relied on selfreported experiences and medical assessment conducted at a clinic. But it captures just one point in time and can be highly subjective. Digital phenotyping offers the possibility of collecting continuous behavioural data capturing a person’s lived experiences. “It could give us a more accurate way to diagnose people,” says Jukka-Pekka Onnela , a biostatistician at Harvard University , Massachusetts, who has helped pioneer digital phenotyping and has a number of ongoing projects in the area . C ogito Companion illustrates how the technology might one day be used. It is an experimental decision support tool intended for use by clinicians to help diagnose mood and anxiety disorders. Developed by the Boston-based startup Cogito with funding from the Pentagon’s research agency, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa), the company is working towards being able to use it medically for veterans and military personnel and it is currently being clinically trialled in 750 sailors returning from overseas deployments. Installed as an app on a participant’s phone, the tool passively looks for signs of collapses in social interactions and indications that activities are being avoided by examining changes in text and call patterns and mobility data. It also looks for signals of depressed mood by analysing not what is said but the way participants speak in short voice diaries they record. About 200 different signals from the voice, from energy to pauses to intonation, are analysed, says Skyler Place , chief behavioural

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:21 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:11 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 21 you do? you feel before CAROL YEPES/GETTY What if an algorithm’s assessment comes to be viewed by doctors or patients as more objective? science officer for Cogito, adding that an overall “risk score” is then sent to the person’s clinician to aid diagnosis and support. Yet while there is a lot of promise, the science of digital phenotyping has a long way to go ; there are questions about privacy and whether it is a technology that will best serve society. First, much work is required to prove that meaningful medical information can be derived. Many of the published academic studies have been very small pilot studies. Ghosh’s epilepsy study, for example, involved only eight people. The only scientific work Mindstrong’s website cites to support its product is a single study of 27 people . If the algorithms are to be used for medical purposes, studies will need to involve many thousands , says Christensen. And pilots are now giving way to some larger studies. The current trial of the Cogito Companion builds on a smaller proof-of-concept study . Some research is beginning to include healthy people too (the pilot studies often include only those who already have certain conditions). The BiAffect study , a research effort focus ed on keystroke behaviour to predict bipolar episodes run by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago, has an open science component that allows the public to download an app and take part so that differences between healthy adults and those with bipolar disorder can be better understood. It has about 2,000 participants. Apple’s interest in smartphone diagnosis appears to stem from previously announced research collaborations to study digital biomarkers of depression and anxiety with the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and mild cognitive impairment with pharmaceutical giant Biogen (which also has a controversial new drug to treat it). Both are gathering a wide range of data from participants’ iPhones and Apple Watches and combining them with survey responses and cognitive tests. The UCLA study started with a pilot phase of 150 people and is due to continue with a main phase tracking 3,000 participants, which will also include healthy people. The Biogen study, which began in September , plans to enrol a mix of participants – 23,000 in total – and includes recruitment from the general population. The primary scientific challenge for the field, experts say, is that the data is so noisy. People use their phones so differently, it can be hard to compare behaviour between individuals or even in the same person over time. Links between online and offline behaviour can also be unclear. As Brit Davidson points out, a sudden drop in smartphone-based communication could be a sign of social withdrawal, or it might mean someone is communicating face-to-face instead . There is also the potential for bias in algorithms – well documented in other AI-based technology – that can mean certain groups of people are affected in negative ways or don’t end up benefiting from the technology. A lot of health-related research tends to use white, more affluent and educated populations, notes Stanford’s Martinez-Martin. “How it transfers is a big question,” she says. Privacy issues also loom. While data gathered for academic research studies follows strict protocols, things can get murkier with data gathered by private companies. Data that includes predictive inferences made with digital phenotyping approaches can be shared by companies in ways that not everyone is aware of but that could have impacts, says Martinez-Martin. “These inferences could be of interest to employers, insurers or education providers and they could use them in ways that are detrimental,” she says. And just because data is “de identified” – made anonymous – doesn’t mean it can’t be re identified in some way. And while there is protection under US law for sensitive health information, it generally relates to that collected in health care systems only – not by tech companies. In any case, it is unclear that established definitions of sensitive health information include the kind of information that digital phenotyping strives to collect. “The old system of protecting what we thought of as sensitive data is not really appropriate for this new digital world,” says Martinez-Martin. There is also the possibility that digital phenotyping will disrupt or compete with doctors. What if an algorithm’s assessment comes to be viewed by doctors or patients as more objective? What happens if a tool’s recommendations differ from a physician’s? Technology does have a place within mental health services and using software to help spot signs of mental health problems is interesting, says Rosie Weatherley, information content manager at the mental health charity Mind. “[But] human interaction and professional clinical judg ment are not replaceable .” Lisa Cosgrove, a professor of counselling psychology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston who studies social justice issues in psychiatry, raises a more philosophical issue. Digital phenotyping’s intense focus on the individual deflects attention away from what can be the upstream socio-political causes of mental health issues such as job loss, eviction or discrimination. “Certainly there’s a place for individual care… but digital phenotyping misses the context in which people experience emotional distress,” she says. Ghosh, however, is hopeful that the field can be beneficial to society. To have the data available for research is such a new phenomenon; time and effort are needed to study it. “We need to make sure we are actually helping people and not disturbing their lives,” he says.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:22 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 22 The Observer 07.11.21 Medical research The Max Perutz science writing award 2021 LEFT Coloured scanning electron micrograph of blood and epithelial cells in a urine sample taken from someone with a UTI. BELOW Vicky Bennett. Steve Gschmeissner/Science Photo Library ; Courtesy Vicky Bennett/Max Perutz Prize The prizewinning entry in this year’s competition came from Vicky Bennett, a researcher in the department of biology and biochemistry at the University of Bath The award In May, PhD students who are funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) were invited to enter the Max Perutz science writing award 2021 and write a compelling piece about their research for the non-scientific reader. From the many entries received, the 10 that made the shortlist covered diverse topics, including dementia, childhood adversity, the role of genes in schizophrenia and the use of hypnosis to treat psychosis. The essays were judged by: the Observer’s Ian Tucker , the Science Museum’s science director, Roger Highfield ; Prof Fiona Watt, executive chair at the MRC , Andy Ridg way, senior lecturer in science communication at the University of the West of England in Bristol , the author and broadcaster Gaia Vince , and the researcher and mental health advocate Dr Furaha Asani . At a virtual ceremony last month, the £1,500 prize was presented to Vicky Bennett from the University of Bath for her article about her research into repurposing drugs to treat urinary tract infections. Here we publish the winning article, described by Roger Highfield as “ a gallant way to make unglamo rous research interesting.” The winning entry UTIs and the potential for repurposing drugs I’m a biomedical research scientist. My laboratory essentials are a white coat, bubbling liquid, and the occasional explosion. I make ground breaking discoveries every day . Crowds gather to marvel at my experiments and their life -saving implications. This is at least my mum’s impression of my PhD so far. The reality of my current situation seems somewhat different. My shiny white lab coat was at first a wonderful addition to my wardrobe, but the many tanks of infected urine on my workbench are far from glamorous. (In fact, shiny white lab coat + infected urine = smelly yellow lab coat). Instead of crowds of admirers, “the wee area” of our shared lab space is actively avoided. The consequences of any kind of explosion are not worth contemplating. Welcome to the world of urinary tract infection research. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are not particularly pleasant. They occur when bacteria from poo come into contact with and enter the external opening of the urethra, the tube that allows urine to flow from the bladder to the outside of the body. If bacteria colonise the urethra, they then have direct access to the bladder. This is the ideal environment for them to multiply and spread upwards to infect the kidneys, or even enter the bloodstream. For those lucky enough not to have experienced a UTI, the frequent urge to urinate and a painful stinging or burning sensation when passing urine are characteristic symptoms. UTIs are common for all ages, but obvious anatomical differences mean that women are more frequent sufferers, as a shorter urethra reduces the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder. With up to 60% of adult women suffering at least one UTI in their lifetime (compared to 12% of men) , many see them as an awkward but inevitable part of life. Data on transgender experience of UTIs is limited, but advice sites report they can be an issue for genital tuckers and trans men taking testosterone. Sufferers have even gone so far as to describe their experiences in song form. See Love song for my UTI by YouTuber Lex Croucher for one of my favourite examples. A short course of antibiotics will clear most infections. But the number of bacteria resistant to antibiotics is increasing. Someone with an infection which was once curable in a few days may now try several different antibiotics before finding one that works. And even if your symptoms do clear up, it may be that the bacteria have not been fully eradicated, with around 30% of infections returning within six months. Many people must accept a life of chronic recurring UTIs and near-permanent symptoms. Every UTI also has the risk of developing into a life-threatening kidney or bloodstream infection. This risk increases with age, and for those with underlying health conditions. The ever-growing threat of antibiotic resistance means that chronic and severe infections are becoming more common. Even that well known mythical cure that is cranberry juice will not have any effect against multidrug-resistant bacteria. So, the solution is to find some new, better antibiotics, right? Something that kills bacteria quickly and is hard for bacteria to become resistant to. This essentially is the aim of my PhD project. I am trying to identify specific parts of bacteria that would make good targets for new antibiotics to attack. I will then use a computer modelling system to identify existing drugs which could be used in a new way to hit these targets and kill the bacteria. These come from huge databases of millions of drugs used for any purpose in medicine, not necessarily existing antibiotics. This is a process called drug repurposing . If successful it will reduce the time and cost associated with new antibiotic development. This leads us back to my urine tanks. In my research group we work with a bacteria called Proteus mirabilis , a common cause

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:23 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:03 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Opinion The Observer 07.11.21 23 of catheter-associated urinary tract infections ( CAUTIs ). Urinary catheters are the most commonly used medical devices. The catheter is a long flexible tube inserted through the urethra into the bottom of the bladder and is connected to a urine collection bag outside the body. They are used in people of all genders with medical conditions that make it hard for the bladder to empty naturally, as well as before or after some types of surgery. Depending on the situation, the catheter could be temporary or permanent. But the presence of a catheter makes it easier for UTIs to develop. Bacteria grow much more easily on the catheter surface, and the tube provides a direct pathway for them to enter the urethra and the bladder. As the bacteria build up, they will eventually block the tube and prevent urine leaving the bladder. This causes urine to collect in the bladder, where it can flow backwards towards the kidneys, increasing the likelihood of life-threatening kidney and bloodstream infections, as well as causing a huge amount of pain from the urinary retention itself. We recreate this situation in the lab by using catheters inserted into replica glass bladders. A pump system pushes urine through the bladder and into the catheter at body temperature so we can monitor the effects of our experiments in as realistic a way as possible. We infect the glass bladder and leave the bacteria to grow on the catheter surface, where the build up of bacteria will eventually block the tube and stop urine from entering the collection bag. A key aspect of these experiments is reproducibility and reliability of results. Real urine is very variable depending on what someone has been eating or drinking, therefore I spend a day each week making up five-litre tanks of artificial urine to use in my experiments to ensure consistency. This involves mixing water with urea and various salts such as potassium and sodium chloride. It even smells like the real thing. The time taken for the catheter to block determines the success of different drugs. These could be tested in several ways: either by being flushed into the bladder through the catheter, dissolved in the urine, or applied as a coating to the catheter before it is inserted. The longer the time to catheter blockage, the more promising the treatment. And you would not believe the anticipation and excitement caused by watching urine slowly drip through a bacteria - encrusted catheter. Of course I am not yet 12 months into my three-and-a-halfyear project, and there is a long, long way to go before handing a patient a drug which will cure their infection. However, I really hope that my research will support the development of new antibiotic treatments to help patients with CAUTIs, chronic UTIs not treatable with existing drugs, and anyone who is fed up with that burning sensation when they pee. The networker John Naughton How can we tame the tech giants now that they control society’s infrastructure? P ardon me for a moment while I shed a few crocodile tears. The proximate cause of this grief is the news that the revenues of Snap, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are down by an estimated $9.85bn in the second half of this year. Just to put that in context, as I write, the stock market valuations of the first three of these behemoths are $86.9bn , $930.36bn and $44.07bn respectively. YouTube is harder to estimate because it’s part of Alphabet, its holding company, but since that’s valued at $1.93tn (that’s trillion, by the way) we may safely assume that YouTube’s revenue decline was, as engineers say, “in the noise”. And yet all these outfits were complaining loudly at the injustice that had been done to them by one of their peers – Apple. Why so? Well, back in April, the iPhone manufacturer introduced its grandly named app-tracking transparency policy via a tweak to its mobile operating system, which forced iPhone apps to ask for permission before they tracked the behaviour of users to serve them personalised ads. Predictably, most users declined to be tracked, which meant that those who had hoped to target them were left floundering. After all, the supposed USP of surveillance capitalism is that it enables advertisers to direct messages at people who might be disposed to receive them. So, after Apple tweaked iOS, many of them switched to advertising on Android and – this is the really delicious bit – to Apple’s own growing advertising business! While the sound of moguls grinding their teeth is music to any columnist’s ears, there is, however, one sobering thought that emerges from this little farce. It is that it also provides a vivid illustration of the exercise of corporate power in a digital age. At a stroke (or at any rate a change to the operating system code), Apple had been able to take away almost $10bn in revenue from four of its fellow tech giants. This was the exercise of formidable power. The great unsolved problem of our time is how to deal with – and where necessary curb – the unaccountable power of these giants. The first step on that road is to reach a collective understanding of what kind of power they actually wield. And for that we need a taxonomy. In an earlier era, the political theorist Steven Lukes proposed one . There were, he said, What I’m reading John Naughton’s recommendations New frontiers Hey, Facebook, I Made a Metaverse 27 Years Ago is a lovely essay by Ethan Zuckerman in the Atlantic about his attempt to build a metaverse and what Facebook’s bid to create one means. Zero hour Historian Jill Lepore ’s New Yorker review/ essay , The Next Cyberattack Is Already Under Way, is on Nicole Pelroth ’s book about the cyberweapons arms race. History boys Much of What You’ve Heard About Carter and Reagan Is Wrong is a really interesting post by Noah Smith on his Substack blog debunking the traditional narrative about the former US presidents. three kinds of power: the ability to compel people to do what they don’t want to do, the ability to stop them doing something they want to do and the ability to shape the way they think. This last one was useful in addressing the power of influential media owners ( Rupert Murdoch , for example) in the old media ecosystem. But although it still applies in some ways to social media, it’s less useful for the networked ecosystem we now inhabit; we need another category. “Platform power” is one possibility. The tech giants all possess it to a greater or lesser degree. In Apple’s case, for example, it owns and controls two important platforms – ie, software systems on which other agents can build businesses: they are the operating systems on which its devices run and its app store, which decides what apps are allowed on Apple devices. Google owns several platforms – a search engine and its associated advertising marketplace, the Android mobile operating system, YouTube and Google cloud services. Facebook (whose holding company is now rebranded as Meta ) also owns several – Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp; Twitter owns, er, Twitter; Amazon owns its marketplace and cloud services; and Microsoft owns the Windows/ Office platform and a fast-growing cloud service, Azure . The difficulty is that there’s no single regulatory tool for controlling the abuse of platform power. In The Control Room at GCHQ. Amazon is providing cloud services for Britain’s intelligence agencies. Jacob King/PA; AP Apple’s case, for example, there are good arguments for the view that the change to its mobile operating system that so discombobulated Snap & Co was legitimate: it offered users a choice as to whether they wanted to be tracked or not and they decided that they didn’t. But with its app store, there are grounds for regarding its mandatory levy of 30% on apps’ revenues as monopolistic price-gouging or rent-seeking. For democracies, though, the trickiest questions about platform power arise when they become part of society’s critical infrastructure. As social media platforms have turned into key components of the public sphere on which democracy depends, so their power to include or exclude voices has taken on a new significance. Just think of what happened when Trump was suddenly banned from Facebook and Twitter, but also remember that the same power to exclude or “de-platform” could be deployed against voices of which we approve. And there’s no proper appeal process. Then there’s Amazon, which really has become part of the critical infrastructure of many democracies, as we found during the pandemic. This is not just about home deliveries, either, but about the functioning of states, as the recent revelations about Britain’s security services becoming reliant on Amazon’s cloud services have demonstrated. Once upon a time, the first thing revolutionary coup leaders had to do on assuming power was to secure control of the TV stations. Next time, all they’ll have to do is nationalise Amazon and declare mission accomplished.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:24 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:44 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 24 Critics Pop artist of the week All that you love and hate them for The return of the Swedish super troupers after four decades is a monument to bittersweet erudition, with a dollop of mass-market sop Kitty Empire Abba Voyage (Polydor) Nearly 40 years after their break-up, Abba’s reunion album upholds the contradictory legacy of the very first Swedish pop powerhouse. Half of this record finds hatchetburying divorcés Benny Andersson and Anni-Frid Lyngstad , Agnetha Fältskog and Björn Ulvaeus returning as titans of emotionally literate pop. There are songs here with a cinematographic grasp of gesture allied to countermelodies of aching prettiness, almost casually thrown away. In the very same breath, though, Voyage packs in a surfeit of hokey oompah and two Christmas tunes too many. The saccharine children’s choir on Little Things is an inevitability; cynically, Anderss on and Ulvaeus probably wanted a slice of the never-ending fruited royalty pudding that comes with Christmas-themed songs. In short, Voyage is an album that asks: “ Which Abba are you – frothy or full-on?” as you hit the skip button. But you’ll be glad Abba made it . Both a monument to bittersweet pop erudition and a mass-market sop, it finds all four singers in strong voice, their effortless harmonies evidence of much water having flowed under Stockholm’s bridges, interpersonally speaking. Crucially, given even Paul McCartney ’s urges to get with the times on his Greg Kurstin and Ryan Tedder-produced Egypt Station album of 2018 , Abba aren’t trying to be contemporary. Anderss on and Ulvaeus tune out all the chart noise of the past decades; neither Fältskog nor Lyngstad has taken to melisma or mumble rap. One track, Just a Notion , actually dates from the sessions for 1979 ’s Voulez-Vous album. The perky penultimate track , No Doubt About It , merely sounds like it does. You can discern the odd update. Anderss on and Ulvaeus have levelled up the technical specs that were available to them 40 years ago while still cleaving close to the blithe, minor-to-major-to-minorkey Abba template. Their classical tendencies, previously more leashed, are given fuller rein in some lavish string arrangements. Ode to Freedom , the somewhat cryptic closing track , has an unabashedly orchestral bent. Untouched by the years, Fältskog’s and Lyngstad’s voices actually sound more similar than they used to, making it hard to work out who is taking the lead vocal. In an interview with Swedish radio , Fältskog alludes to this “marriage” of their voices – and her intention to keep rekindled Abbamania at arm’s length. This Voyage was by no means certain. After decades of reunion naysaying, by 2018 it was clear that Abba, buoyed up by theatrical and film successes , were cooking up a hi -tech live experience. That curtain rises in early 2022, when four imperial period “Abbatars” created with motion capture technology will deliver the music of peak-period Abba in a specially built arena in east London. As Andersson and Ulvaeus tell it , new tunes snowballed from the idea that any set list their virtual avatars might “play” should include a couple of fresh tracks. When footage emerged of the four seventysomethings gathered around a piano, lyrics in hand, it felt like a triumph of Nordic steadfastness in a super-heated world full BELOW Now voyagers: left to right, Björn Ulvaeus, Agnetha Fältskog, Anni- Frid Lyngstad and Benny Andersson. of suboptimal outcomes. So let’s take Voyage as unexpected evidence that hope is not a fool’s game. It helps to ignore the album’s cheesier shortcomings – the John Lewis ad-gone-supernova that is Little Things , with its simpering talk of stocking fillers, or the Celtic pop of When You Danced With Me , or the well-intentioned, but misfiring environmental ballad, Bumble Bee – and cut straight to the bleeding heart of Abba’s best craft. On break-up songs such as The Winner Takes it All or Knowing Me, Knowing You (at least before Alan Partridge hi jacked it), the “boys” – Anderss on and Ulvaeus – had always put words in the mouths of the “girls” – Fältskog and Lyngstad – to sing. By and large, despite this imbalance of power, the feelings conveyed in Abba songs have been believable, sensitive, even. Here, Don’t Shut Me Down , the better song of the pair of singles released in September , finds Abba telling the story of their return (“I’ve been reloaded! ” ) while the song’s flawed central character begs eloquently for a second chance at love. Another fully realised vignette, I Can Be That Woman , comes from a similar place. A couple argue in front of a dog , with Fältskog’s protagonist

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:25 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:22 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 25 Hot t tracks Curtis Harding Hopeful Fans of psychedelic soul and Kiwanuka will savour this standout from Harding’s excellent new album. Jenny Lewis Puppy and a Truck “Time to ruminate”, sings the former Rilo Kiley frontwoman, finding unconditional love in her new canine companion. Tai Verdes Let’s Go to Hell No mere one-hit wonder, the US TikTok sensation serves up another earworm on this bouncy carpe diem tune. Other albums LEFT Abba in the recording studio in Stockholm earlier this year. Photograph by Ludvig Andersson Abba aren’t trying to be contemporary – Andersson and Ulvaeus tune out all the chart noise of the past four decades alluding to an alcoholic past that she has overcome in her hopes to be a better partner. “The dog, bless her heart, licks my fingers, but she jerks every time you swear ” is a lyric that perhaps doesn’t sing when isolated on the page, but it renders the homely, fraught scenario in high definition. Keep an Eye on Dan , meanwhile, finds a parent anxiously dropping a child with his dad for his tenure of the custody agreement, then driving around the corner and punching the car steering wheel in abject misery. This is what we pay Abba for – mature storytelling awash in melody. Joan As Police Woman, Tony Allen & Dave Okumu The Solution Is Restless (PIAS) Born from a 2019 Africa Express collaboration between the sinuous, storied New York singer-songwriter Joan Wasser and the late Afrobeat don, Fela Kuti drummer Tony Allen , The Solution Is Restless is an album that worms its way under your skin, reminding you of half a dozen records you love while sounding unlike anything else around. “Are you afraid to hear a gospel so unholy?” enquires Wasser on opening track The Barbarian . Allen’s slinky jazz percussion occasionally trips up the listener – indeed, you’d call the classy, wise murk of these tracks “trip-hop” if that genre hadn’t been so devalued. Wasser built this subtle, intense album during lockdown, using the raw material of the 2019 sessions with Allen and arch-collaborator Dave Okumu : Take Me to Your Leader was inspired by New Zealand’s PM, Jacinda Ardern . The album is not about the pandemic, though: another track already available, Geometry of You, operates at the intersection of maths and sensuality, with Wasser cooing about “sticky wickets”. Get My Bearings tries to come to terms with Allen’s death in 2020 ; throughout, Wasser tackles how to continue to live and feel, through, she says, “a poetic understanding of quantum physics”. Kitty Empire Snail Mail Valentine (Matador) Lush , Lindsey Jordan ’s first Snail Mail album, was written while she was still a teenager and rapturously received for its yearning, darkly intense songs about queer love. Three years on, Jordan has broadened her indie folk-rock with loops and synths . While her pure, clear voice is as expressive and Margo Cilker The US singersongwriter’s expertly honed country-rock is as frank and fresh as it is warm and familiar engaging as ever, Valentine is more accessible and less interesting. A few of her acutely painful aperçus survive – “Sometimes I hate her just for not being you” observes the title track – but it feels like Jordan is more aware of the weight of her words and measures them too carefully. These new songs hint at how fame and acclaim may have warped Jordan’s relationship with herself and others, with references to supermodels, suicide, surveillance and rehab, muddied by a frustrating opacity. What’s missing is Lush’s piercing intimacy of relatable experience. I kept thinking of Billie Eilish’s NDA , a song about the disorientating strangeness of superstardom – not anything most of us can identify with, yet Eilish reveals fame’s compromises and humiliations until it feels both shocking and true. Jordan gestures at those depths but never fully explores them. Damien Morris Radiohead Kid A Mnesia (XL) Recorded together but released a year apart , Kid A (2000) and Amnesiac (2001) marked a huge departure from the increasingly baroque guitar-led anthems of Radiohead ’s first three albums. The broadening of their palette to embrace Warp - influenced electronica, free jazz and krautrock abstractions initially baffled many , but get past the glitchiness and the occasional moments of discord, and here were songs as affecting and powerful as those on OK Computer , just framed somewhat differently. This 20th-anniversary box features a bonus disc of unreleased contemporaneous material together with the two original albums. Unsurprisingly, nothing here eclipses Pyramid Song or Optimistic . Instead there are intriguing alternate versions (including a lullaby-like instrumental take on Morning Bell), half-finished sketches, the gorgeous California-born, Oregon-based Margo Cilker has honed her storysongs on the road for years, travelling across the US and the Basque country of Spain, where she formed a covers band playing the likes of Creedence, Dylan and Neil Young. That training, along with her love of Woody Guthrie, Gillian Welch and Lucinda Williams, tells on her debut album, Pohorylle , out last week : the classic construction of the likes of the ambling Kevin Johnson , with its rinkydink piano , feels instantly familiar. Yet there’s a restless wanderlust there too: Pohorylle, which follows a couple of EPs and a mini-album of covers, explores connections string arrangement of How to Disappear Completely in isolation, foreshadowing Jonny Greenwood ’s Oscar-nominated score for Phantom Thread – and two previously unreleased songs. The attractively loose-limbed If You Say the Word failed to make the cut at the time because its mellow aesthetic didn’t fit; the dread-filled Follow Me Around is just Thom Yorke and acoustic guitar, and is decidedly uncomfortable listening. Together they comprise a fascinating companion piece for two classic albums. Phil Mongredien Justin Adams & Mauro Durante Still Moving (Ponderosa) Aside from being first lieutenant in Robert Plant’s band, the Sensational Space Shifters , guitarist Justin Adams boasts a notable history producing luminaries such as Malian group Tinariwen, Gambia’s Juldeh Camara and, most recently, Puglian ensemble CGS . Hence this sparky duet with CGS singer, violinist and percussionist Mauro Durante . Recorded straight to tape with no overdubs, Still Moving proves a thrilling, spontaneous affair, switching between the laments and love songs of southern Italy and the gritty blues of North Africa and North America. Adams is an astonishing player, able to summon a mood of angst with a few reverberating chords of desert blues before a jolt into John Lee Hooker boogie, as he does on opener Dark Road Down , where the pair raise voices against a war-torn world of “trouble and pain ”. Durante delivers an aching version of the big Italian hit Amara Terra Mia , while Still Moving describes a Mediterranean sea trek, with days of rowing to an inhospitable shore; half Homer, half modern migrant. There’s a blazing rock-out on Calling Up , and, somewhat oddly, a version of Little Moses from the Carter Family’s country Bible . A bravura performance. Neil Spencer between Basque culture and Cilker’s native west coast through wistful expanses such as That River and honkytonk thigh-slappers like Tehachapi , driven by a band featuring collaborators of the Decemberists, Son Volt , Joanna Newsom and Beirut , with Cilker’s sister Sarah on harmonies. It’s as frank and fresh as it is warm and companionable. “I could tell you who to vote for, who to pity and who to fuck,” she asserts on the sardonic Brother, Taxman, Preacher . She can tell us whatever she likes; we’re happy to come along for the ride. Emily Mackay Pohorylle is out now on Loose

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:26 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:18 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 26 The Observer 07.11.21 Critics Film Kristen Stewart as Princess Diana in Spencer. Landmark Media / Alamy There’s a hint of Daphne du Maurier, as pearls tumble from Diana’s neck down a flight of stairs Film of the week Nightmare over Christmas Kristen Stewart is note-perfect in this ghostly and inventive vision of Diana fighting for her sanity during a holiday with the in-laws Mark Kermode Spencer (117 mins, 12A) Directed by Pablo Larraín; starring Kristen Stewart , Sean Harris, Timothy Spall, Sally Hawkins In 2013, respected German filmmaker Oliver Hirschbiegel (director of Downfall ) turned the Princess of Wales’s stormy life into a farce with Diana , a tatty soap opera featuring a tilt-headed, big-haired Naomi Watts reciting platitudes lifted wholesale from the pages of Hello! magazine. In stark contrast, Chilean director Pablo Larraín ’s thematic companion piece to his 2016 hit Jackie offers a bold and somewhat mysterious portrait of a woman searching for her own identity, conjuring “ a fable from a true tragedy” that, for all its dramatic invention, feels remarkably truthful. Playing out over three excruciating days at Sandringham – from Christmas Eve to Boxing Day – and carried shoulder high by a noteperfect Kristen Stewart , Spencer (the very title of which seems to present a challenge to the House of Windsor) dances between ethereal ghost story, arch social satire and no-holds-barred psychodrama, while remaining at heart a paean to motherhood. “Keep Noise to a Minimum: They Can Hear You” reads an ominous sign in the Sandringham kitchens, to which vast amounts of food are delivered in the film’s opening salvo. That this food should be delivered like military supplies merely emphasises its weaponised presence for Diana. From the scales on which festive guests are weighed in and out of Sandringham (a bit of traditional “fun”) to nightmarish feasts where cinematographer Claire Mathon sharply captures the claustrophobia of royal stares, Spencer traps its bulimic subject in a web of royal rituals that strip her of agency and identity . Every move Diana makes is monitored – by the press, whose lenses are more like microscopes; by the dressers, who sew Diana’s curtains shut as if to preserve some vampiric legacy; and by the Lurch-like Major Alistair Gregory (Timothy Spall) , the Queen Mother’s equerry who was once in the Black Watch and who now watches so that “others do not see”. Meanwhile, Diana’s gowns are labelled “POW” - Princess of Wales or prisoner of war? “Past and present are the same thing,” Diana tells her beloved young sons of this coldly traditional world, in which a secret candlelit cuddle provides a rare moment of warmth, adding (with a hint of Sex Pistolsstyle anarchy) that in this house there is “no future”. Little surprise that Diana longs to return “home” to nearby Park House , a childhood idyll now sealed off behind barbed wire, eerily shrouded in moonlight and mist like Wuthering Heights. Despite being ordered to stay away, Diana slips her bonds to revisit old haunts in a scene that recalls Alejandro Amenábar’s maternally themed ghost story The Others . There’s a hint of Daphne du Maurier , too, as pearls tumble from Diana’s neck down a flight of stairs, recalling the gothicinflected screen adaptations of My Cousin Rachel . At times, Steven Knight ’s script over-eggs the imagery, not least in a recurrent motif about pheasants being “beautiful but not very bright” birds bred for shooting, or a subplot about Bertie the scarecrow wearing the coat of Diana’s “Papa”. There are also visions of Anne Boleyn , who was beheaded so that her royal husband could replace her with another woman; amid the madness of royal life her presence seems weirdly unintrusive. More affecting is an ecstatic montage in which Stewart dances her way through the chapters of Diana’s life, ballet and bops breaking into a running canter as the whiff of freedom presents itself. Underpinning it all is a magnificent score by Jonny Greenwood that brilliantly accompanies and amplifies the drama. From the lilting motifs of the main theme, with its melancholy major-minor modulations, to the sounds of a baroque string quartet collapsing into jarring terror, or the skittery free-form jazz of Diana’s inner turmoil, the mood changes are remarkable, throwing a touch of Krzysztof Penderecki modernism into the cheeky melodic echoes of Italian composer Tomaso Albinoni . In the supporting roles, Sean Harris is superb as kitchen stalwart Darren , who longs to make something his princess actually wants and who addresses his staff as a “brigade” heading “once more unto the breach”. Plaudits too to Sally Hawkins who adds a muchneeded note of love as Diana’s favoured dresser, Maggie , breathing vibrant life into a role that in other hands could have fallen flat, but which Hawkins gives wings to fly.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:27 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 16:18 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 27 And the rest Wendy Ide Bull (88 mins, 18) Directed by Paul Andrew Williams ; starring Neil Maskell, David Hayman, Ajay Chhabra At his bruising best – and Bull is his finest cinema work since his debut, London to Brighton – writer-director Paul Andrew Williams is a furiously visceral force behind the camera. His knuckleduster direction goes beyond mere muscularity and takes on the daunting, persuasive power of a mob enforcer; his storytelling is both thrilling and utterly terrifying. Bull, which earns every last moment of its 18 certificate , is no ordinary revenge movie. A redemption story populated by wholly irredeemable characters, it’s the kind of savage storytelling that nails you to your seat and leaves you – and most of the supporting cast – thoroughly roughed up. It won’t be for everyone – the squeamish should give it a wide berth and a left-field final act twist might not connect with all viewers – but fans of mean, low-budget British crime pictures in the vein of Kill List will find much to admire. The film’s propulsive power is, in part, due to the skin-flaying fury that drives the non-linear screenplay – there’s a venomous, stripped-back economy to the writing that ensures that it is impossible to look away even if you want to (and trust me, you’ll want to). But perhaps even more crucial is Neil Maskell ’s searing central performance as Bull, a man who returns after 10 years to wreak havoc on those who betrayed him. Maskell is phenomenal, managing to be both completely repulsive but at the same time horribly magnetic. Equally chilling is David Hayman as Norm , Bull’s former employer and ex-father-in-law, a man with a razor-blade smile and not a hint of kindness in his soul. TOP ‘Phenomenal… both completely repulsive and horribly magnetic’: Neil Maskell in Bull. Signature Entertainmenttainment ABOVE Oscar Isaac is ‘commanding’ manding’ in The Card Counter. Allstar RIGHT Lauren Ridloff as Makkari in Eternals. The Card Counter (112 mins, 15) Directed by Paul Schrader; starring Oscar Isaac, Tiffany Haddish, Tye Sheridan With its troubled loner protagonist prowling a sleazy nocturnal underworld, this grimy tale of an ex-con turned professional gambler is archetypal Paul Schrader material. And in Oscar Isaac ’s enigmatic blackjack player “William Tell ”, with his wary hooded eyes and closedbook countenance, the film has a commanding central performance. It’s a pity, then, that much of its promise is squandered by sloppiness, both in the writing and elsewhere . Isaac’s character – he calls himself “Bill”, but the anonymous name, like everything else about him, is designed not to leave a trace – is a man of habit. Constantly on the move, he operates at the low-stakes end of the gambling circuit. Despite his under the radar approach, two people notice him. La Linda (Tiffany Haddish , miscast and ill at ease in the role) sees his potential and attempts to recruit him to her stable of gamblers. And Cirk (Tye Sheridan ), a rootless kid with a half-formed plan, hopes to persuade him to seek revenge on a mutual enemy. Instead, Bill invites Cirk to join him on the casino circuit. That the film leaves us with questions is not, in itself, a bad thing. But scenes that go nowhere – an abortive visit to a character in prison, for example – together with devices clearly included for their visual impact rather than the credibility of Bill’s character ultimately undermine the integrity of the storytelling. Eternals ( 156 mins , 12A ) Directed by Chloé Zhao ; starring Richard Madden, Angelina Jolie, Gemma Chan Anyone who hoped that recruiting Oscar-winning director Chloé Zhao ( Nomadland ) to the Marvel stable might herald a radical change of direction is likely to be disappointed by Eternals. At its most effective, Zhao’s film-making is delicate and intimate , capturing fragile human connections with warmth and naturalism. Exactly the kind of thing that gets crushed to oblivion by the steamroller action onslaught of a comic-book movie. Certainly in terms of the look of the film, aside from a few wistful magic-hour shots, there’s little to indicate that Zhao’s guiding vision could swim against the tide of genre conventions. There are hints of Zhao’s sensibility in the diversity in the writing and casting of the Eternals: a group of immortal humanoids billeted on Earth and tasked with protecting humanity from the destructive appetites of the Deviants (depicted in the film as part lizard, part rage, part high-tensile cable). Leader of the Eternals is Salma Hayek as Ajak ; the most powerful is Ikaris (Richard Madden ); the most accomplished warrior is Thena (Angelina Jolie) , but it’s the empathetic Sersi (Gemma Chan ) who is central to the story. Kumail Nanjiani is hammy fun as Kingo , who has hidden out on Earth as a multi-generational Bollywood acting dynasty and insists on saving the planet with his valet in tow . The cast also includes deaf actor Lauren Ridloff as Makkari , and has Brian Tyree Henry playing Marvel’s first openly gay superhero. But for all the effort that has gone into ensuring representation in the casting, the storytelling, with its forced flashbacks and synthetic sentiment, lets the whole thing down. Red Notice ( 115 mins, 12A) Directed by Rawson Marshall Thurber; starring Dwayne Johnson, Ryan Reynolds, Gal Gadot Nazi-plundered artefacts, globehopping glitz and nail-biting escapes from seemingly impossible situations: on paper, Red Notice could pass as an adequate Raiders of the Lost Ark -inspired romp. But the film, which stars a grumpy and unusually charmless Dwayne Johnson as an FBI profiler on the trail of Ryan Reynolds ’s insufferably smug art thief and Gal Gadot ’s slinky criminal mastermind, is so concerned with knitting together a mess of doublecrosses and false endings that it loses the propulsive drive and excitement of the films it imitates. Reportedly the most expensive Netflix original production to date, Red Notice would have benefited if some of its $200m budget had been spent on untangling the screenplay.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:28 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:45 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 28 The Observer 07.11.21 Film Streaming Robot reboots A century of sci-fi films that chart our changing attitudes to AI – from Fritz Lang to Finch Guy Lodge “Old-fashioned” is generally not a term you want to hear applied to science fiction, a genre from which one tends to expect the futuristic and unfamiliar. But old-fashioned is very much how Finch (Apple TV ) feels, and not just because of the reassuring elder-statesman presence of Tom Hanks in the title role: a postapocalyptic drama built from the scraps of a thousand others before it, it’s about as nostalgically cuddly as a vision of a desolate future can be. Hanks (pictured) is seemingly the last surviving human on the planet; an inventor, he assembles an AI robot (voiced by Caleb Landry Jones ) to mind his dog when he’s gone. Awww . The narrative direction of the film, previously a more downbeat enterprise, was altered to be more optimistic when the global pandemic struck. Perhaps Finch’s creation, a throwback to the rickety robot aesthetics of 1980s kids’ favourite Short Circuit , was always intended to be a hi-tech pet-sitter: either way, in the long history of cinema’s fascination with artificial intelligence (AI), rarely has the technology been used to such wholesome ends. No matter how many technological boundaries we break, the concept of AI remains as intriguing and disorienting as it was when Fritz Lang ’s still-dazzling expressionist spectacle Metropolis (Mubi) – in which a female robot initially created as a romantic proxy becomes a dystopian overlord – was made almost a century ago. On screen, the idea has consistently adapted to the fears of the age. In the 60s, sentient computer systems weighed heavily on film-maker s’ minds: in Jean-Luc Godard ’s sleek sci-fi noir Alphaville (BFI Player), the computer Alpha 60 dictates human behaviour in Orwellian fashion; in 2001: A Space Odyssey (Amazon), HAL 9000’ s murderous preying on his human underlings seems less clinically power-driven and more plain psychotic. By the time a malevolent computer impregnated Julie Christie in 1977 ’s compellingly seamy Demon Seed (free on Plex), that wave of sinister technophobia reached its zenith. By the Reagan era, the idea of humanoid robots controlling the peace was a little more palatable, even if Paul Verhoeven ’s wickedly funny RoboCop (Apple TV) and James Cameron’s The Terminator (Rakuten TV) retained a sly anti-authoritarian streak. The more solemnly sinister view of human-replicant blurring in Blade Runner (Apple TV) was less immediately popular. By the turn of the millennium , AI took on a sweeter glow: both Brad Bird ’s lovely animation The Iron Giant (Netflix), in which a robot is a boy’s best friend, and Steven Spielberg ’s ravishing A.I. Artificial Intelligence (Apple TV), which gave us androids as yearning Pinocchio figures, did some image clean-up for the idea. Lately, sci-fi has been doing its best to normalise human-robot relationships. Platonically so, in the case of the amiable, oddball heist romp Robot & Frank (Now TV), though AI romance has become its own evolving sub-genre – see the eerily persuasive bond between Joaquin Phoenix ’s loner and Scarlett Johansson ’s disembodied, Siri-style virtual PA in Her (Amazon) or the delightful German romcom I’m Your New to streaming & DVD this week The Last Letter from Your Lover (Studiocanal) Augustine Frizzell, the director behind 2018’s spiky wild girls comedy Never Goin’ Back, is an unlikely fit for a Jojo Moyes adaptation, but she makes this criss-crossing romance a schmaltzy pleasure with real chemistry between Shailene Woodley and Callum Turner. Man (Curzon), where Dan Stevens ’s customised android dreamboat isn’t too good to be true, just too perfect to be practical. Still, Alex Garland ’s sinuous, brilliant Ex Machina (Amazon), built around Alicia Vikander ’s seemingly vulnerable robo-woman, strikes a cautionary note, echoed by the false-memory meditations of the controversial Austro-German parable The Trouble With Being Born (more on that in a few weeks, when Mubi releases it), and the fascinating, expansive and decidedly anxious Norwegian documentary iHuman (Google Play). The future, hopefully, is some way off yet. Rose Plays Julie (New Wave Films) Among the most interesting voices in UK indie film, Christine Lawlor and Joe Molloy serve up an inspired twist on a melodramatic premise (an adoptee’s sense of self shifts upon seeking her birth parents) in this whispery, cracked-glass psychodrama.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:29 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:35 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Critics Theatre The Observer 07.11.21 29 ‘Sweet-voiced but resolute’: Peter Duchene as Jack Wolfe in the ‘mostly sedate’ Magician’s Elephant. The elephant in the room The RSC’s Christmas spectacular lacks, well, fun, while two maternally themed plays offer very different takes on women’s lives Susannah Clapp The Magician’s Elephant Royal Shakespeare theatre, Stratfordupon-Avon; until 1 Jan Mum Soho theatre, London W1; until 20 Nov ’Night, Mother Hampstead theatre, London NW3; until 4 Dec The peculiar thing about the RSC’s amiable family show The Magician’s Elephant is how short it is of childishness. It is not so much that Sarah Tipple ’s production has hardly any actual kids, more that it never freewheels; it stands up for magic but does not embrace the absurd. Though often attractive, it is mostly sedate. Nancy Harris and Marc Teitler’ s musical adaptation of Kate DiCamillo’s 2009 novel shows the inhabitants of a small European city, diminished by recent war, finding new life when a magician conjures up an elephant at the Opera House. Suddenly, it seems there is hope for long-separated siblings and for a couple who (woeful phrase) “keep trying” to have a baby. All the sentiments are sympathetic – and rather too flagged-up: the show sticks up for dreaming and kindness rather than commerce and military harshness; the story is also eco-tinted, as the elephant pines away from her family and her natural environment. It is hard for a puppet pachyderm to measure up to the mighty Sultan’s Elephant made by Royal de Luxe that sa shayed through London in 2006 , but the creature (greeted as “Madame”) designed by Tracy Waller and Mervyn Millar – and manipulated by Zoe Halliday, Wela Mbusi and Suzanne Nixon – brings a thrill to the stage, with her ears wrinkled like old parchment and her heavy but graceful sway. Oliver Fenwick ’s lighting design, mostly sepulchral, provides a particular kind of stage magic, summoning up the creature and eventually making her vanish while in full sight as the audience are dazzled by lights. Madame is the high point, but it takes far too long for her to arrive. The narrative is flabby, with more set-up than action and with music that trundles and scurries, often with a train rhythm, rarely exploring or lingering in the ear. The stage is adult-heavy, with comic, rather than funny, policemen, a Cruella villainess and a soldier with PTSD. Jack Wolfe – sweet-voiced, pixie-like but resolute – gets the hero just right, with Miriam Arms stretched wide, face pulled taut… dismantled by tiredness, her eyes glitter Nyarko beautifully forthright as his lost sister “Adele the Brave”. Sam Harrison is outstanding as a twirling fop, who in the best song of the show describes himself as “the count who doesn’t count, the title no one reads”. These are bright sparks, but not enough to make a blaze. In 2019, Morgan Lloyd Malcolm gave the West End a shaking with Emilia , commissioned by Michelle Terry for the Globe; a rallying cry to feminists and a sceptical account of accepted history, it brought audiences to their feet. Her new look at received views of women’s lives is inward, contemporary , an account of the terrors experienced by someone who has recently become a mother. As someone who is herself not a mother, but who did have Postnatal anguish: Sophie Melville and Denise Black in Mum, by Morgan Lloyd Malcolm. Photographs by Tristram Kenton/the Guardian one, Mum offered me one of the particular excitements of the theatre : that of leaping into someone else’s experience. I have read many descriptions of post natal anguish; Sophie Melville’ s performance gives the horrors an extra dimension of physicality. Arms stretched wide, face pulled taut , she wheels round the stage as if she were being punched by an invisible fist. Dismantled by tiredness, her eyes glitter narrowly. She turns on herself: “Who’d give a baby to you?” She turns on the women around her: friend, professional, her own mother, a mother-in-law who appears alternately hostile and helpful; these parts are ably divvied up between Cat Simmons and Denise Black . Nightmare and daily life become indistinguishable for protagonist and audience: what presents itself as a raw blurt is actually a carefully steered series of surprises. Marsha Norman ’s maternally inflected play has a different explicitness. Staged to mark Hampstead’s commitment to European premieres of American plays, ’Night, Mother was first seen at the theatre in 1985 , a year after the end of its Broadway run. Intent, plot and circumstance are throughout laid bare, sometimes boldly, sometimes absurdly: “You are my child,” a mother points out to her daughter. This daughter declares she is going to kill herself. She has had enough: her epilepsy has been regarded as a sign of derangement; her husband has left; her son has turned to drugs and crime; world politics are threatening. She is calm, methodical, meticulous; as eager to ensure her mother is well supplied with fudge as she is to check the bullets for her gun. Her mother will have to cope – with the knowledge and the event. So far, so cutting, and Roxana Silbert ’s production has the allure of a contained and bewildered Stockard Channing and Rebecca Nigh t, resolute and bleak as the daughter. Ti Green’s design – brown wheel-backed chairs, crocheted sunflower place mats – captures the terrifying naturalism of Norman’s dialogue. The price of this explicitness is a sluggish pace. Anger and distress descend out of the blue (Channing makes a lot of rigid jabbing gestures), without much sense of inner propulsion or of any counter current to what is stated. Here is an interesting kernel, but not an evening’s worth of drama. In 1983, ’Night, Mother won both the Pulitzer prize and the Susan Smith Blackburn award . The runner-up for the latter was Caryl Churchill’s prescient Top Girls. That placing now looks absurd. Short Life Is a Dream Royal Lyceum, Edinburgh; until 20 Nov Edinburgh’s Lyceum has reopened to live audiences and its familiar, 19th-century, picture-frame theatre has been transformed. The wooden stage now thrusts out, into and over the stalls; the audience is seated behind as well as before the main proscenium arch. Physical boundaries between performers and spectators, between real and imaginary, are blurred. This new set-up works brilliantly for Wils Wilson ’s production of Pedro Calderón de la Barca ’s destabilising, 1635 verse play, themed around the existential question: how can we know whether or not life is a dream? Segismundo , isolated and imprisoned since birth, knows nothing of his background ( Lorn Macdonald enacts him crouching, snarling, animallike, as well as angry, articulate and passionate). His mother, the Queen of Poland (majestic Alison Peebles ), Alison Peebles as the Queen and Lorn Macdonald as Segismundo in Life is a Dream. Ryan Buchanan foresaw in the stars that he would grow up a vicious monster. Now, wishing to discover if the stars were correct, she has Segismundo drugged, brought to court and there treated as the prince he is. He behaves monstrously, is returned to his prison tower and told that all that happened was a dream. Offered a new possibility to lead an insurrection, he must choose his course between dream v reality, good v bad, love v hate. In Jo Clifford’s 1998 translation, the jailer offers a fulcrum around which these opposing elements find a possible balance when he tells Segismundo: “Even when you’re dreaming/ The good you do is never lost.” Overall, Wilson’s concept is impressive. The only (major) flaw is that the direction of the actors places too much emphasis on heightened levels of intensity and energy: shouted lines become indistinct; expressions of emotions become blunt. Nonetheless, design by Georgia McGuinness and Alex Berry , allied with Calum Paterson ’s sound , Nerea Bello ’s music, Kai Fischer ’s lighting and the performances together achieve a celebration of the dream of life that is theatre. Clare Brennan

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:30 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:51 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 30 The Observer 07.11.21 Critics Art Talk about à la mode… This show of the works of the great satirist William Hogarth and his European contemporaries contains many gems but is too diffuse and socially anxious for its own good Rachel Cooke Hogarth and Europe Tate Britain, London SW1; until 20 March 2022 At the Tate’s Hogarth and Europe, I stood on tiptoe for rather longer than was comfortable, and dedicated myself to searching for landmarks on A Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster, and Borough of Southwark; with the Contiguous Buildings (1746) by Jean Rocque and John Pine . In this rendering, the capital was, I thought, things gradually coming into focus, strikingly familiar: here was High Holborn, Old Street and Goswell Road ; if Mile End was edged by fields, Whitechapel looked satisfyingly inky. But I thrilled, too, at its unexpected sprawl, the map in question, assembled from multiple sheets, being as wide as Gin Lane itself. Stare at this mammoth engraving for long enough and in your head, a din will soon strike up: harried hooves on cobbles; a sallow-faced girl hawking oysters; a drunken guardsman shouting the odds. By 1760, London was home to 740,000 people and the most populous city in Europe. We picture it as dangerous and dirty, but as the Tate’s show reminds us, it was also cosmopolitan and cultured: think of Canaletto’s The Grand Walk, Vauxhall Gardens (c 1751) , in which smartly dressed types promenade, talking (perhaps) of literature or music (in 1749, about 12,000 people attended a performance of Handel’s Music for the Royal Fireworks in Vauxhall) ; or of Zoffany’s David Garrick (1762-3) , a portrait of the actor in which, by being wig-less, he appears all the more the aesthete. (Canaletto came to London from Venice in 1746 and Zoffany from Rome in 1760 .) For artists in particular, there was a new freedom; liberated, just a little, from the need for rich, aristocratic patrons by the development of print, men such as William Hogarth could address the public more directly and be entrepreneurial about it to boot (Hogarth produced his own prints after his paintings, cutting out the publishers who normally profited from engravers’ work). Portraits were no longer the painter’s mainstay. Now, artists told moral stories. They sent people up. They were more interested in honesty than in blandishments and tended towards cruelty as much as kindness. Alice Insley and Martin Myrone, the curators of Hogarth and Europe, have set themselves a huge task, the aim of which, unfortunately, is not apparent in its title. Ultimately, their exhibition isn’t only about the way one celebrated British artist related to Europe at a time when society was rapidly changing and xenophobia occasionally ran riot. Rather, this is a group show of work both by Hogarth and by those of his contemporaries who made their living in other great European cities: Jean- Baptiste-Siméon Chardin in Paris, Pietro Longhi in Venice , Cornelis Troost in Amsterdam and several others. It reveals the way such men influenced each other and the preoccupations they shared – except, alas, for when it doesn’t, and a piece appears for no discernible reason (the appearance of, in essence, two versions of Giuseppe Maria Crespi’s luscious A Woman Looking for Fleas is, for instance, never explained). Though 60 of Hogarth’s works are included, among them the very famous Marriage A-la-Mode (1743) , The Gate of Calais (1748) (often known as O the Roast Beef of Old England ) and, yes, Gin Lane (1751) , be warned: sometimes he disappears from view altogether, pushed out by the likes of – sacr é bleu! – Philippe Mercier and Jean-Antoine Watteau . Such abundance then – and there are wonderful things gathered here, among them loans from private collections you may be seeing for the first (and last) time. In Sir Francis Dashwood at his Devotions (c 1733-9), Hogarth plays on the libertine reputation of his subject, dressing him blasphemously as a woman-worshipping monk, to strange effect. In Francis Matthew Schultz in His Bed (c 1755-60) , said to have been commissioned by its subject’s wife in an effort to curb The curators treat the works like bombs about to detonate, desperate to defuse them before anyone is upset his drinking, he depicts a man vomiting blood into a chamber pot, a brutally candid image that is disturbingly at odds with his grand bedroom, all velvet and brocade. I enjoyed looking at work by Nicolas Lancret and (especially) Troost: such paintings reward close examination. But by involving so many artists from so many places, something is lost. Hogarth and Europe is exhaustingly diffuse. Nor was I keen on its curators’ painfully extreme anxiety towards social attitudes in this period; to the connections of some of its subjects to colonialism and slavery; to sexism and antisemitism. They treat the work like bombs that are about to detonate. Desperate to defuse them before anyone is upset, they have appointed no fewer than 18 “commentators” (mostly academics), whose often clod-hopping analyses appear next to the work: a committee that has been designed to spot offence before it’s taken and even, on occasion, to invite the visitor to see insults that may not actually exist. This results, I think, in some quite drastic misreadings. The curators are determined that Hogarth’s Before and After (1730- 31) depict a rape and its aftermath

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:31 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:52 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 31 RIGHT Giuseppe Maria Crespi’s ‘luscious’ The Flea (1709), two versions of which are in the show. Scala, Florence/ courtesy of the Ministero Beni e Att. Culturali (in the first picture, a woman shies away from the man who would seduce her; in the second, she clings to him as he buttons his breeches), an interpretation that wilfully ignores both their tone, which is warm and slightly comical, and the fact that in the second painting, the dog is no longer protectively barking (it appears to be asleep). Equally, I’m unconvinced that in The Lady’s Last Stake (1759) , Hogarth gives his female subject “agency” – what would such a word even have meant in his time? – by suggesting that she is contemplating an affair with an officer who holds a jewellery-filled tricorn hat. Surely the painting is about gaming debts, or even blackmail, not her “sexual appetites”. ABOVE From Hogarth’s Marriage A-la-Mode: 2, The Tête à Tête, 1743-45 National Gallery, London LEFT ‘Urban chaos’: Southwark Fair, 1733, by William Hogarth shows his ‘satiric genius with a crowd’. Cincinnati Art Museum When I first arrived at Hogarth and Europe, I was dazzled and delighted. I stood in front Southwark Fair (1733) , a vision of urban chaos over which a union jack flutters desperately in the breeze, and considered first the artist’s satiric genius with a crowd (in Hogarth’s hands, the multitudes stroll blindly towards the metaphorical precipice, and you can almost smell their armpits as they do so) and then, of course, its parallels with our own time (so long as the flag is flying, no one need think too hard about the consequences of malice and misrule). But the longer I stayed, the more the feeling grew in me that I was not really allowed to enjoy what I was seeing, and that if I did, I was a bad or insensitive person. Reaching the gorgeously tender Heads of Six of Hogarth’s Servants (c 1750-5) , the curators were at last more positive, noting these faces’ individualism, the expansion of what they call “the range of subjectivities” to encompass the working class. But by then, it was too late. In something of a massive own goal for the gallery, I’d been made anxious and weary. I no longer fully trusted myself to smile at these muslin collars and rosy cheeks, these crisp bonnets and soft jowls. Laura Cumming is away Dance & Games Ballet Black: Then or Now/ The Waiting Game Linbury theatre, London Ballet Black, formed to celebrate and improve diversity in classical ballet, celebrates its 20th anniversary with a programme that reveals how surely it has developed its own style over those years. It’s not just a company with a purpose, but one with character and with a brilliant eye for ballet that’s both popular and challenging. Its new double bill opens with Then or Now , a sophisticated, moody piece by choreographer Will Tuckett to a score that is a blend of the poetry of Adrienne Rich and Biber’s Passacaglia for solo violin arranged and recorded by Daniel Pioro . That blend of history and the urgent themes of black lives today is richly resonant and Tuckett responds with choreography that sometimes picks up the exact words (a head turned, a kiss blown) but more often mines the raw honesty of Rich’s verse. The dancing is elegant, emotional and superb. One of the dancers, Mthuthuzeli November , is an aspiring choreographer too. The Waiting Game , his second piece for the company, also relies on language for part of its score. November has written an absurdist meditation on the things holding us back in life and matched it with fluid, detailed steps that bring the words to life. It opens with an amazing image of Sayaka Ichikawa peering over the top of a door, watching a hunched November as he broods on his future. That door (cleverly designed by Richard Bolton and Phil Cristodolou and lit by David Plater) , opens to reveal a world of possibility and doubt as a slightly threatening chorus line attempts to entice him through it. Once tempted, he emerges glittering in sequins and everyone dances their heart out to a rousing number by Etta James. Exhilarating in effect and full of ideas, the piece feels like a hit, confirming November’s talent and this remarkable company’s strong sense of itself. Sarah Crompton Ballet Black will perform Then or Now and The Waiting Game at the Festival theatre, Edinburgh, on 18 November ‘Exhilarating’: The Waiting Game, choreographed by Ballet Black’s Mthuthuzeli November. Bill Cooper RAW FURY Sable Raw Fury; Shedworks; Xbox One, PC Wriggling sunsets, intriguing mountains, desert plains strewn with old bits of technology, wiry flotsam half-drowning in a slow wave of sand: Sable’s setting is familiar – think Star Wars’ Tatooine , Dune’s Arrakis , or Mad Max’s wasteland – but unlike the others, no violence occurs in this sci-fi vista. Whatever battles scattered the bones of old civili sations across this world are long forgotten; your task here is not to become yet another warrior or world-saver, but a gap-year student, off to find herself. You play as Sable, a girl who, like all adolescents in her nomadic tribe, must transition to adulthood via a year-long rite of passage known as The Gilding. You set out from your home camp into the empty wilds on a rickety hoverbike, scavenging for parts to make your ride a little smoother, while trying out distinct roles and responsibilities in search of the position best suited to you in adult society. The things you choose to do and the people you help then unlock physical masks, the manifestation of different vocations, which allow Sable to try on different futures. This is a barren world, but rendered exquisitely, drawing careful inspiration from French cartoonist Jean “Moebius” Giraud in its blend of space and intricacy. Exploring its crannies delivers a slow-burn joy. Developed by a small team from north London ( Shedworks, because the two founders began work in a garden shed), Sable is an unusual expression of the so-called “open world” – the dominant video game genre today. Most lead you in certain directions, ensuring you approach landmarks from the best angles, matching every plot beat with a suitable musical flourish. Here, by contrast, you are totally free to explore wherever, whenever, however you wish. There are whispered points of interest, but there is no wearying to-do list, and as such your journey and destination are uniquely, wonderfully personal. Simon Parkin

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:32 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 2/11/2021 15:21 cYanmaGentaYellowbl

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:33 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Critics Architecture The Observer 07.11.21 33 How to revive your local market for £2m Rowan Moore The Blue Market Bermondsey, London Stallholders in southeast London have been instrumental in driving an exemplary urban design project to regenerate their community “Jesus didn’t go to Tesco,” says Russell Dryden , fishmonger and manager of the Blue Bermondsey business improvement district . “He went to the marketplace.” Markets, in other words, aren’t just places for buying and selling things, but also for meeting people, exchanging ideas, sometimes for starting world religions. But their survival can’t always be taken for granted, for which reason he and his allies in the local community have been fighting for years to revive the one where they work and shop. He is standing by his stall in the Blue Market , a south-east London institution that at its 19th-century peak had 200 stalls . Behind him is a new clock tower, a perky fusion of pyramidal roof and horseshoe arches that hints at the architecture of other places – Moorish? Japanese? – without quite stating which. The silvery scales that clad its oak-framed structure catch the shifting autumnal light. Around are thoughtful and playful but budget-conscious interventions by a collaboration between Hayatsu Architects , a practice with a predilection for working in timber, and the Turner prize-winning collective Assemble . The market, like the area around it, has had its ups and downs. Bermondsey is an ancient place, formed around pilgrimage routes to a medieval abbey, then transformed beyond recognition by railways and shipping. It was once the “larder of London”, a hub of food production and trading, location of the world’s first commercial cannery and of a huge biscuit factory, a place from where custard and malt vinegar and other delights were dispatched to kitchen tables across the country. Most of this industry, along with nearby docks, has disappeared. By 2018, the number of stalls in the market had dropped to four . A 2005 Metropolitan police report called the area a hotspot for “race crime and youth disorder”. The Blue Market owes its name to a pub called the Blue Anchor , which may have something to do with the anchorites who gave spiritual counsel to pilgrims, for whom blue would have been a sacred colour. Its stalls used to line what is in effect the area’s high street, before being relocated in the 1970s to a triangular plaza in a new development. That it was a somewhat sterile place, ill connected to the pattern of surrounding streets, did nothing to help the market’s fortunes. Dryden, who has been selling fish here for 40 years, teamed up with other traders and local citizens to do something about it. They went through the long, slow grind common to projects to improve public spaces, of much chat and There’s an emphasis on the way things are made, where possible by local businesses consultation, of thwarted plans, of insufficient funding. “You get £50,000 and you think ‘yippee’,” says Dryden. “But what’s £50,000? Nothing. You need a real chunk.” Eventually, they were offered £2m from the Good Growth Fund , a regeneration programme run by the mayor of London. It was enough to pay for the makeover designed by Hayatsu and Assemble. The clock tower is the most visible of a series of interventions in and around the market. Artful signs around the neighbourhood draw attention to it. Routes to nearby places are being opened up or improved; for example, to a big housing development that is coming to the former Peek Frean biscuit factory. It is also hoped to attract some of the energy of Maltby Street , a thriving food market about a mile along the railway line towards the centre of London. The roller shutters on traders’ lock-ups have been beautified with handpainted accounts of Bermondsey’s history. Recycled building materials have been made into a mottled and marbled drinking fountain. Oak-framed canopies give shelter to the traders. There’s an emphasis on the way things are made, wherever possible by local businesses, on the jointing of the timber and the shining discs of the tower’s cladding, which, it Building materials were recycled to make the drinking fountain. turns out, are the bases of paint cans made in a nearby factory. A stall was set up in the market where passers-by could engrave images of local history on to them. There’s also thrift, as it turns out that £2m isn’t all that much, especially once a large part of it has gone on making local roads more pedestrian-friendly. Old concrete bollards are stained red and made into seating and existing trees are made to look less straggly and more verdant by the careful addition of planting around them. Much relies on paint and graphics, by the Bermondsey-based Stinsensqueeze . ABOVE The shining discs that roof the central clock tower are the bases of paint cans made in a nearby factory. LEFT ‘Charming and relaxed’: the Blue Market with the clock tower at its centre. BELOW The oak-framed canopy that shelters the market stalls. The result is a hybrid space in which the artful interventions co-exist with the municipal modernism of the 1970s development and the Millwall and England flags of a neighbouring bar. A wiry statue of a lion, installed a few years ago, has after some debate been retained. The place is charming and relaxed and not quite like anywhere else. The care and thought of its creation are palpable. It looks fragile – you feel trepidatious for its fate at the hands of graffitists and careless vehicles – but in Dryden’s view: “ If something’s nice, people leave it alone.” In which case its delicacy will be a welcome alternative to the tough warzone materials preferred by local authorities for places such as this. This country has plenty of futile and undernourished attempts to upgrade public spaces, not least because – for all that there’s widespread agreement as to their importance – the budgets for their improvement are skimpy. The Blue Market seems more thought and felt . What it needs now is for new stallholders to come, whom Dryden and his fellow campaigners are actively encouraging. He is confident that people will still want to buy and sell in the outdoors. “The human spirit is too strong. You go back to ancient Sumeria . You always have markets.”

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:34 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:46 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 34 The Observer 07.11.21 Critics Television Time Lord, what have you done? Jodie Whittaker’s final outing as the Doctor gets off to a bad start, the government’s green credentials are horribly exposed; and there’s an impressive new drama from the makers of Vigil Barbara Ellen Doctor Who BBC One Showtrial BBC One How Green Is the Government? Channel 4 Dalgliesh Channel 5 The first episode of series 13 of Doctor Who splattered on to the screen like an intergalactic custard pie. Written by Chris Chibnall ( Broadchurch ) and directed by Jamie Magnus Stone , The Halloween Apocalypse kicked off Jodie Whittaker ’s final run as the first female Time Lord. After this sixparter , and three specials , there’s a new Doctor and the return of the original modern Who showrunner, Russell T Davies (It’s a Sin, Years and Years), the latter a behind-the-scenes “regeneration” that has the Who faithful panting and drooling like oversexed Daleks. Some of the criticisms aimed at Whittaker since she took over in 2018 have verged on “Hello deranged, meet sexist”. I’d reluctantly agree that Whittaker, a talented, naturalistic actor, was a trifle miscast here: the Doctor has to hold the sonic screwdriver with supreme conviction that the universe is at stake, not as though they’re trying to find their vehicle in a multistorey car park. Still, the show has bigger issues. I’ve found yoghurt pots at the back of my fridge that provoked more gasps than this opener. From the first scene featuring the Doctor and sidekick Yaz (Mandip Gill ) dangling over an ocean of boiling acid (CGI by Robert Dyas?) to the Tardis decor (think: interstellar fresher s’ disco) to new threat, the Flux (some misty stuff that makes planets dissolve like budget bath bombs), the keynote is “blah”. You want Doctor Who, not Doctor W hatevs. It’s cluttered too: there’s everything from the Arctic Circle to newcomer John Bishop’s every bloke character to subpar monsters (including a dog-alien that looks like it should be nodding at the back of a Ford Fiesta) to lame jokes to Victorian flashbacks to explosions to food banks. On that last point, it’s bizarre that Doctor Who should be pilloried, as it is, for having a social conscience (oh gosh, I’m sorry, is the poverty ruining your sci-fi?). The real problem with the show is that there’s a lot going on and it’s still underwhelming. Whoever becomes the new Time Lord, an urgent change of tone is required. The new five-part BBC One drama Showtrial , written by Ben Richards and directed by Zara Hayes , is from the producers of Line of Duty and, more recently, Vigil , the submarine thriller that was scuppered by endless plot convolutions ( psst, next time, sink the sub, not the viewer). In Showtrial, based in Bristol , university student Hannah (Abra Thompson ) is murdered and the chief suspect is her former friend, Talitha (C eline Buckens), a wealthy screw-up with green nails and blazing, furious eyes, who delights in alienating the detective ( Sinead Keenan ) and even her own coolly competent solicitor, Cleo (Tracy Ifeachor ), who has messed up herself and been bounced off the professional fast track. I’ve found yoghurt pots at the back of my fridge that provoked more gasps than this A few episodes in (all are available), and without wishing to give away early twists, Showtrial is impressive: composed, intriguing, layered. While the question mark hovers overs Talitha’s innocence, the drama travels elsewhere, from the police to the Crown P rosecution Service to Talitha’s jittery friend Dhillon (Joseph Payne ), to the bereaved mother ( Claire Lam ) to Talitha’s wealthy parents ( James Frain and Mika Simmons ), whose chilly vileness gives Talitha her backstory and then some. Showtrial isn’t perfect. At times, there are jarring echoes of real-life cases, such as when Talitha (laughing, behaving inappropriately) recalls Amanda Knox. Elsewhere, it over stretches, encompassing many “issues”: class, trolling, abuses of power, exploitation in academia. Talitha herself ticks hackneyed rich bitch/ poor little rich girl boxes – she even does sex work as “ Lady Tease ”. Even so, watching as the trial gets underway, I’m finding Buckens quite brilliant: bridling, savage, audaciously dislik able. Ifeachor ABOVE ‘Think interstellar freshers’ disco’: the Tardis decor in Doctor Who. LEFT ‘Equally strong’: Celine Buckens, left, and Tracy Ifeachor in new drama Showtrial. BBC is equally strong, in a different – patrician, controlled – way. These are performances that hum alongside each other in separate powerful solar systems. Against the backdrop of the Cop26 climate conference in Glasgow, the Channel 4 documentary How Green Is the Government? , directed by Callum Mac rae, asks: do you trust Boris Johnson on climate issues? Personally, I don’t trust Johnson to put matching socks on in the morning, but M acrae goes further , rigorously delving into the government’s much-trumpeted 10-point green plan , which aims to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. Prepare to be enlightened, albeit horrified. According to assembled experts in the documentary, far from being a “global leader”, the UK hasn’t invested sufficiently in green areas (wind, water, rocks), while spending billions on incentivising fossil fuel production. Meanwhile, belching clouds from the burning of biomass ( trees/tree waste scrunched into pellets) isn’t even counted in the UK, as these emissions are officially the responsibility of the biomass supplier: China. Which sounds a bit like stabbing someone in London but not being arrested because the knife was manufactured in Germany. There was more – so much more – interspersed with footage of Johnson behind assorted microphones, at one point raving: “‘Cake, Have, Eat’ is my message to you” like a deluded eco Yoda. This timely and thorough documentary does a fine job of pointing out that, climate-wise in the UK, “ cake is crumbs (at best)”. The new Channel 5 series Dalgliesh stars Bertie Carvel ( Doctor Foster, Matilda, Ink ) as the late crime novelist PD James ’s detective character, Adam Dalgliesh , in the first of three two-part dramas , starting with Shroud for a Nightingale . Directed by Jill Robertson , with lead writer Helen Edmundson , and also starring Natasha Little and Helen Aluko , Shroud… details murders unfolding at a nursing training college. A period piece, set in the 1970s (you could almost smell the boiling cabbage and disinfectant), this was a festering miasma of blood-splattered gingham, secret resentments, illicit liaisons and Nazi war criminals. Following in the sombre overcoats of previous Dalglieshes Roy Marsden and Martin Shaw , Carvel did a sterling job of portraying the detectivecum-poet-cum-bereaved husband, staying immersed in the still, deep waters of character, whether interviewing witnesses or sitting in dark pubs beside crackling fires. This is a solid, old-school production, no bells and whistles, which these days feels hysterically radical. Sometimes it just works to have a good story plainly told.

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:35 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:46 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Audio The Observer 07.11.21 35 Ai Weiwei, whose extraordinary memoir was Radio 4’s Book of the Week. WATCH LIST Barbara Ellen’s best of the rest What We Do In The Shadows (BBC2) Third series of the cult vampire-comedy. Laszlo (Matt Berry) sulks at being appointed a Vampire Council “pen-pusher”: “I became a vampire to suck blood and fuck for ever!”. Co-creator, Taika Waititi (Jojo Rabbit) appears in a cameo. Blair and Brown: The New Labour Revolution (BBC2) The last episode of the political docuseries finishes with Gordon Brown losing the general election in 2010, signalling the end of New Labour. Engrossing, cutthroat, this series has equalled Thatcher: A Very British Revolution from the same team. Joanna Lumley and the Human Swan (ITV) Joanna Lumley follows eco-activist Sacha Dench, AKA the Human Swan (below), paramotoring around Britain. Poignantly includes a tribute to Dench’s fellow pilot, Dan Burton, who died in an in-air collision with Dench (herself badly injured) during filming. Freedom in a hole Chinese artist Ai Weiwei on the cost of dissent, small moments, big memories – and not one but two podcasts for Succession addicts Miranda Sawyer Book of the Week: 1,000 Years of Joys and Sorrows R4/BBC Sounds Start the Week R4 Promenade The Shift Podcast Network Previously On… Succession Apple Podcast Firecrotch & Normcore Acast In 2013 , Benedict Wong played the Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei at the Hampstead theatre , London. The play was about the 81 days that he spent in isolated detention in 2011 , having been arrested by government officials at Beijing airport . He was kept in a small, brightly lit room (the lights never went off) and two guards were with him constantly. I went to see the production and Wong was fantastic: clever, sarcastic, defiant, until Ai’s inevitable breakdown. Last week , Wong read Ai’s autobiography, 1,000 Years of Joys and Sorrows , for Radio 4 ’s Book of the Week. It’s hardcore stuff, plainly told. Ai’s father, a gentle poet, fell foul of the “anti-rightist ” authorities during the 1950s ; subsequently, he was subjected to “reform through labour ” and expelled to Little Siberia , near the border with Russia and Pakistan. Ai, aged around 10 , went with him and he and his father spent several years living in an almost unbearable situation. “My mind was often as bare as the room itself, empty of imagination, empty of memories. ” His dad, initially given the relatively fulfilling job of pruning trees, proved to be too good at it for the vengeful authorities and was demoted to cleaning the primitive toilets. At one point, the young Ai and his dad were living in little more than a hole in the ground. Wong, reading Ai’s words, plays the artist with dignity, changing his natural Salford tones into a voice that resembles the real Ai’s, but refined for reading aloud. Another lovely performance. Before the first episode from the book, Ai himself appeared on Start the Week. Host Tom Sutcliffe , a master of the deft, well-informed interview, led us through some of the book, eliciting some interesting extra elements. Ai talked about living in the hole: “Funnily enough, that give me a sense of safety-ness [sic] ,” he said. “Because we are not on the same level as the rest of the world and, in the winter, it’s warm and in the summer it’s cooler. It’s like a hiding bunker.” He has a picture of it as his screensaver on his phone (what a detail!). Ai was on with Lea Ypi , a professor of political theory who grew up in Stalinist Albania, and pianist Kirill Gerstein , whose childhood was spent in the former Soviet Union. All three were interesting on the idea of freedom, especially the contrast between the “freedoms” of differing political systems. Ai described arriving in New York with just $30 to his name. His lack of a job meant he found himself more stymied than when he lived in China. Ypi remembered Albania immediately post- communism. Previously, the government prevented Albanians from leaving the country to visit other places. Afterwards, “we had freedom of exit ”, she said , “ but not freedom of entry ”. Albanians weren’t welcomed by other countries. (As a complete side point, Sutcliffe’s – and Wong’s – careful delivery contrasts with Amol Rajan ’s radio voice. Rajan is right for the Today programme in terms of knowledge and interview style, but at times he can be very hard to understand, constantly gabbling and swallowing his words. On Wednesday morning, as he bantered with Nick Robinson about the daily papers, I had to give up.) A very different kind of speaking voice on Promenade, a new independent podcast that explores memory and story telling. Andy Gaffney elicits lovely single-voice interviews (apart from one, which features Dave and Cathy from The Cinemile ) from people who simply remember a particular time in their life, triggered by a “thing”: the sound of the sea, the Strokes ’ first album. Each episode is short : between four and 16 minutes ; an evocative description of the speaker’s granny’s home triggered by Imperial Leather soap is the shortest . The opener is a moving tale of long-distance love and each one is beautifully produced, a little shining gem. If you’re a Succession fan, here are two podcasts to sate your addiction between episodes. Try the upbeat camaraderie of Previously On…’s show (the strand also offers analysis of Peaky Blinders , Stranger Things , Game of Thrones , Watchmen ), last week featuring Grace Dent and Chris Mandle alongside host Jamie East . And I enjoyed Geoff Lloyd and Sara Barron ’s Firecrotch & Normcore. Nicely produced and full of jokes, this is so lovely, in fact, that writer Lucy Prebble and Arian “Stewy” Moayed recently recommended it on Twitter. Just room to say that I was made a fellow of the Radio Academy last week. This is a massive honour and a direct result of the space that the Observer gives me to review audio properly. Also: no critic exists without an audience, so thank you for reading! (Yes, it’s gone to my head. I’ll be better by next week.) Miranda Sawyer is only the second critic (after Gillian Reynolds) to be awarded a Radio Academy fellowship. It was presented to her last week by 6 Music DJ Stuart Maconie

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:36 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 3/11/2021 10:54 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 36 07.11.21 Classified

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:37 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:41 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Critics Classical The Observer 07.11.21 37 High jinks on the poop deck Fiona Maddocks English National Opera: HMS Pinafore Coliseum, London; until 11 Dec Ensemble 12 Kings Place, London The ENO delights with a lavish staging of the Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera, while a conductor-less string group tackle Max Richter’s mesmerising take on Vivaldi Class assumptions, silly plots and merciless typecasting of women aside, a Gilbert and Sullivan operetta never fails to deliver some pleasure. What never? Well hardly – no need to finish. You know the rest. WS Gilbert’s brilliant verbal ingenuity has weeviled its way into the language even if the origin is forgotten. Likewise, Sullivan’s tunes, once heard, are liable to tickle the brain for ever. The duo’s early HMS Pinafore (1878) offers a nonsagging two hours of catchy songs and choruses. English National Opera has chosen it as the first new production of the 2021/22 season. Bumping into the Guardian’s illustrious theatre critic emeritus Michael Billington in the interval, I was taken with his suggestion that there’s a life cycle to G&S appreciation, from youthful enthusiasm to middle-aged disdain – that inevitable, sophisticated cooling off, yes, guilty – to renewed pleasure in advanced years. (Michael actually said “when you reach senility” but I’m not allowing him that.) There’s much to unpack in his wise words, not least the question of whether new generations, in thrall to TikTok or Clash or the latest app usurper, will continue to want these shows. Is there still an appetite? ENO must think so. For its first ever Pinafore, the company has created a lavish and visually delicious staging built to last, directed by Cal McCrystal (responsible for ENO’s 2018 Iolanthe ), designed by takis , choreographed by Lizzi Gee and conducted by Chris Hopkins . The jokes, many added, are eye-rolling and mildly smutty (you can do a lot with “poop deck”. They do.) One invention, an elderly woman who totters in demented fashion, is offensive and can be excised. The rest, in its physicality and ridiculousness, is innocently funny, occasionally sharp, and an ideal replacement for ENO’s Mikado ( Jonathan Miller’s 1986 production), which has run its course. The headline name in the cast is actor and comedian Les Dennis , as Sir Joseph Porter , “ruler of the queen’s na-vee”. There’s some self-defensive banter as to whether or not Dennis can sing. His patter song, When I Was a Lad , is half spoken, and Hopkins has to keep the volume of the crisp and lively orchestra down, but Dennis is mostly on note and tackles his new, if momentary, career shift gamely. In this fare you need one performer whose presence zaps up the energy; who can sing, and articulate beautifully, and who has that rare comic timing that makes a mere twitch of an eyebrow funny. Here, that person is the bass baritone John Savournin ‘Their twinkle-toed hornpipe captivated’: Cabin Boy Rufus Bateman and Captain Corcoran John Savournin in HMS Pinafore at the London Coliseum. Tristram Kenton/ the Guardian Will new generations, in thrall to TikTok and the like, still want these shows? (Captain Corcoran) . Versatile in other repertoire , too, he has made a speciality of Gilbert and Sullivan, as singer and director. In his naughty, pipsqueak cabin boy, 13-year-old Johnny Jackson (alternating with Rufus Bateman ), he has a perfect, pint-sized tapdance partner. Their twinkle-toed hornpipe captivated. Elgan Llŷr Thomas and Alexandra Oomens are lyrical and fresh-toned as Ralph Rackstraw and Josephine . Henry Waddington , Marcus Farnsworth , Bethan Langford and, with and without clothes, Ossian Huskinson make witty contributions. The chorus excels. As Buttercup, Hilary Summers skilfully squeezes every ounce of comedy out of the role, which I suspect will get a good deal raunchier once the ad-libbing takes off. If the show, which has a long run, hits an iceberg, all that mast and rigging and dry ice can always be recommissioned for Wagner’s The Flying Dutchman. The exceptional string group 12 Ensemble , which performs without a conductor, was formed in 2012 by the violinist Eloisa- Fleur Thom and cellist Max Ruisi . At King s Place, Thom was soloist in Max Richter ’s Four Seasons: Recomposed, in which the British- German composer has discarded the majority of Vivaldi’s score and remade it: a ghostly silhouette of the original, strangely weightless and mesmerising despite an at times surging bass line pushing through. When the work was new in 2012 , it caused a sensation and some predictable condescension, just as Nigel Kennedy ’s wild, game changing version had in 1989 . As it happens, tracks from that set feature on Kennedy’s new album Uncensored (Warner), launched to promote his autobiography of the same name. Cool-headed Richter and hot-headed “muvvafukkin” Kennedy – to quote the man himself – are as different as can be in approach. Both reinvigorate the music’s spirit. Home listening Classical music on CD, on air and online The young French- Italian mezzo-soprano Lea Desandre studied ballet for 12 years before committing to singing. We should be glad she did. She trained in the strenuous classroom of William Christie’s Le Jardin des Voix academy and specialises, not exclusively, in baroque music. Amazone (Erato), with lutenist/director Thomas Dunford and the period instrument Jupiter ensemble, features Desandre in baroque works, from Vivaldi and Couperin to the Neapolitans Francesco Provenzale and Giuseppe de Bottis. This is a concept album, a “hymn to Mother Nature… a poetic, universal and timeless message”, with pictures of Desandre standing in yogic dancer pose. Don’t be put off. The music is beautifully performed, vivacious, and intelligently programmed. Desandre flies weightlessly around elaborate ornamentation, expressive and precise. The Jupiter players and Dunford excel. And hearing contributions from Desandre’s French and Italian senior star colleagues Véronique Gens and Cecilia Bartoli is a bonus. Composed 34 years after he had stopped writing operas, Rossini’s Petite messe solennelle (1863) is singular in every way. “Petite” in the forces required rather than length, it is scored for soloists, a dozen mixed voices, two pianos and harmonium and lasts nearly an hour and a half. The orchestral version is better known. In a new recording (Outhere) with the agile Coro Ghislieri, conductor Giulio Prandi has used a new critical edition, recorded for the first time. The pianos and harmonium (played by Francesco Corti, Cristiano Gaudio and Daniel Perer) date from the 19th century, colouring the sound, sharpening contours, lightening the textures. With Sandrine Piau (soprano), José Maria Lo Monaco (alto), Edgardo Rocha (tenor) and Christian Senn (bass) as soloists, this performance brings out the idiosyncratic variety of Rossini’s music, at once operatic, sacred and quirky. Alfredo Catalini’s Edmea? No, nor me. Wexford Festival Opera’s 70-year tradition of staging rare opera continues apace. Catch up with this 1886 work based an Alexandre Dumas’s play on BBC Sounds. Soprano Anne Sophie Duprels sings the title role. Fiona Maddocks

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:38 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 14:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 38 Books Biography The God behind the guy Harry Freedman’s workmanlike examination of how Leonard Cohen’s spiritual life shaped his songs is rich in detail if a little too earnest in its quest for enlightenment, writes Tim Adams Leonard Cohen: The Mystical Roots of Genius Harry Freedman Bloomsbury, £18.99, pp288 In 1963, when he was 29 , Leonard Cohen gave a speech in Montreal’s Jewish Public Library: “I believe that the God worshipped in our synagogues is a hideous distortion of a supreme idea – and deserves to be attacked and destroyed,” he said. “I consider it one of my duties to expose the platitude which we have created.” Cohen had come to imagine himself as part of an underground “catacomb religion” of poets, a new kind of “cantor” , “one of the creators of the liturgy that will create the church” . At that time, Cohen had never sung on a record or a stage. He had published two narrowly acclaimed volumes of poetry and a experimental novel . His speech, part of a symposium on the future of Judaism, carried weight in part because he was a son of one of the most notable Jewish families in Canada – his paternal grandfather was the founder of the Canadian Jewish Times, whose uncle had been unofficial chief rabbi. His maternal grandfather had written A Treasury of Rabbinic Interpretations . Cohen himself resolved to go “into exile” from his faith, to think up other possibilities for spiritual life like “love and sex and drugs and song”, for which there was little room in the synagogue . In this book, Harry Freedman examines that spiritual journey, which took Cohen not only through a storied succession of lovers and more than his fair share of narcotics but also deep into Bible study, and, over several decades, into the rigours of Zen Buddhism, in which tradition he became an ordained monk . Pop music has always explored the shifting borders of sacred and profane devotion, from Elvis’s spirituals, through the gospel roots of Motown to Madonna’s raunchy confessionals, but Cohen found his own way to reconcile what he called his “lifelong ‘I wanted to push the hallelujah deep into the secular world,’ Cohen once said obsession” with earthly love with his more mystical urges: “I decided to worship beauty the way some people go back to the religion of their fathers.” The first vivid expression of that impulse came a few months after he made that library speech when he met the young avant-garde dancer Suzanne Verdal . The pair never became lovers, but Cohen was among the friends that Verdal would invite to her cheap apartment in one of the abandoned warehouses on the St Lawrence waterfront. She served him jasmine tea and little mandarin oranges from nearby Chinatown, and the pair of them would walk along the river past Notre-Dame- de- Bon-Secours where sailors went to be blessed before heading out to sea. Cohen used the elements of these encounters almost verbatim in his first hit song, Suzanne , which became a blueprint for lyrics that shifted between conversation with a lover or with a God or with both, and allowed him to find his unique voice. Freedman, whose previous books include The Talmud: A Biography and Kabbalah: Secrecy, Scandal and the Soul , suggests that Cohen became a re incarnation of a fifth-century Israeli tradition of the “paytan ”: poets who were also prayer leaders, who wrote allusive verses to be recited alongside traditional liturgy. In workmanlike fashion he deconstructs the Talmudic and New Testament references in a series of Cohen’s most familiar songs to show how the poet’s songwriting circled back to the scriptural study he had undertaken with his grandfather in his teens. The exercise works best with those songs that have almost become modern incantations to rival the Lord’s Prayer or the Kaddish. Notably, Anthem , the centrepiece of Cohen’s 1992 album, The Future , which provides the seminal line “there’s a crack in everything, that’s how the light gets in” (“the closest thing I have to a credo”, Cohen said) and, of course, Hallelujah , the song that launched a thousand X Factor auditions. Cohen spent five years writing Hallelujah , famously filling notebooks with 80 potential verses before he found those six that might best please the Lord, and his concert audiences. Freedman is lucid on the ways in which the songwriter identified himself directly with King David (whom Cohen called the Bible’s “sweet singer” , “the embodiment of our higher possibility” ) and on the consummate expression of Cohen’s synthesis of the sensual and the divine (“I remember when I moved in you and the holy dove she was moving too…” ) but in chasing down every biblical reference, he risks losing that balancing irreverence in Cohen’s lyrics, which rhymes

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:39 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 14:15 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 39 This week Dave Eggers Rob Doyle reviews The Every, a part dystopian thriller, part Silicon Valley satire Graphic novel Rachel Cooke enjoys Keum Suk Gendry-Kim’s The Waiting, about a family separated by conflict Mary Gaitskill The novelist on her collection of essays, abuse and her dislike of simplistic arguments Fiction Leonard Cohen in March 1993 and, left, performing in 2013. Antonio Olmos/Observer God-fearing Hebrew with breathy pillow talk. “I wanted to push the hallelujah deep into the secular world,” Cohen once said. “I wanted to indicate that hallelujah can come out of things that have nothing to do with religion.” Freedman mentions a favourite quote, which Cohen attributed to Ben Jonson, a couple of times – “I’ve studied all the philosophies and all the theologies but cheerfulness keeps breaking through” – but that wisdom is not always at the forefront of his own quest for the roots of the poet’s genius. You rather hear it in passing in some of the book’s better anecdotes. For example, when Cohen’s son Adam was critically ill, in a coma following a car crash, Cohen sat by his hospital bed for months. Sometimes, he read to his son favourite passages from the Bible. When Adam eventually came round the first thing he said was : “Dad, can you read something else?” In part because of his longevity as an artist, Cohen’s own life became a gift to parable. He had trouble finding a record deal in 1967 because everyone thought he was too old, at 33, to ever be a hit. He enjoyed the irony that the album he released 45 years later, Old Ideas , came closest to topping the charts. He told Jarvis Cocker that most of its reference points were “about 2,614 years old” . That final hallelujah was itself a kind of dark joke on the part of his Gods. In 200 5, he brought a lawsuit against his manager Kelley Lynch for cleaning out $5m from his bank account, partly while he was studying to be a monk. In 2008, at the age of 7 4, he was therefore obliged to resume his touring career, playing 387 concerts in five years, and securing his legend. Cohen died on 7 November 2016 , the day before the election of Donald Trump as US president. His final album came out a few weeks earlier, pointedly titled You Want it Darker , with no question mark. Having forged his own spiritual path, Cohen inevitably returned, in a voice now lower than Johnny Cash’s, to where it had begun. As Freedman points out, the title track of this album was accompanied by Gideon Zelerm yer , cantor of the synagogue in Montreal that Cohen had attended as a child. Zelerm yer utters the song’s last word, “hineni”, which Cohen translates as “I’m ready, my Lord”. Listening to it again, you also hear something unspoken: a powerful sense of mission accomplished. To order Leonard Cohen: The Mystical Roots of Genius for £16.52 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020- 3176 3837 Over the hills and far away Sarah Moss’s story of four characters escaping Covid in the Peak District is a deft mixture of mounting dread, metaphysical angst and doomy drollness, writes Hephzibah Anderson The Fell Sarah Moss Picador, £12.99, pp160 Sarah Moss is no stranger to pandemic fiction. She made her novelistic debut in 2009 with Cold Earth , an apocalyptic story of six archaeologists on a remote Greenland dig who come to realise that a virus circulating when they set off has mutated into something altogether more catastrophic in their absence. As communication with the outside world breaks down and hopes of returning home falter, they’re forced to confront their inner demons. For the quartet whose minds Moss inhabits in her new novel, The Fell, what’s longed for amid the pestilence is escape from home and family. Set in the Peak District , it begins one dank November dusk in 2020, as Kate, a fortysomething single mum and furloughed waitress who’s been self-isolating with her son, Matt, for 10 days, finally snaps. She’s tried decluttering, yoga and pacing the garden path trailed by the cat, but it’s the landscape just beyond their gate that she craves, that she needs. Kinder Low, Swine’s Back, Edale Rocks : there’s poetry in those place names, and their varied terrain and ever-changing weather provide a sharp contrast with the static indoors world, a place captured through a series of claustrophobiainducing observations about stale air and oppressive aromas. Even endlessly refreshed web pages are stubbornly unchanging. When Kate puts her hiking boots on and breaks quarantine, promising herself it’s just for “a sip of outside”, you can’t help feeling for her . But, as is so often the case in Moss’s work, it’s destined to be an ill-fated expedition. Matt, 16, a touching character despite himself, is oblivious at first, and though Kate is spotted by their widowed neighbour, Alice , the older woman has been shielding for months so doesn’t stop her . Only the fourth of Moss’s characters, divorced Rob, has licence to be out and about; the fact that he soon will be, with night falling and the fog closing in, is a very bad sign indeed for Kate, because he is part of the mountain rescue service. Moss has always been adept at plumbing the psyche’s inkier depths, and as she flits between people, channelling the free indirect style that gave her last novel, Summerwater , such polyphonic momentum, their anxieties heighten a gathering sense of existential doom. Interestingly, though the se span everything from the climate ‘Adept at plumbing the psyche’s inkier depths’: Sarah Moss, Ireland, September 2021. George Voronov/ Guardian emergency to the degradation of language and zombie mink, Covid itself is way down the list, functioning more as an intensifying trigger. Likewise, even to Kate herself, the suspenseful organising drama – her potentially lethal misadventure in the hills – can seem but a minor diversion in the larger metaphysical spectacle that is, well, life in the 21st-century. It’s no surprise, then, that the novel’s ending doesn’t provide quite the release or comfort that might be expected, despite its outcome. Indeed, one of the most profoundly unsettling attributes of The Fell is the way it questions that elemental source of human succour: storytelling. As Kate reflects: “ One of the things we’re learning, we of the end times, is that humanity’s ending appears to be slow, lacking in cliffhangers or indeed any satisfactory narrative shape; characterised, for the lucky, by the gradual vindication of accumulating dread. ” “Accumulating dread” is what Moss atomises so brilliantly here but it should be added that this is also a very funny book. All of the characters share a certain doomy drollness, with Alice musing on how there’s nothing quite like cooking to put you off your dinner, for instance, and Kate wondering of a raven that accompanies her on her illegal hike: “Are you a spirit guide or my mother? Oh God, what if it’s both.” There is an abundance of generosity, too. Though they’re kept apart (in another kind of narrative, surely romantic sparks would flicker between Rob and Kate), by the time the novel ends the following dawn, all of the quartet, in their own way, have come to appreciate that to be human is to be blame worthy – through error, if not intent. With its unwavering interiority and meticulously excavated disquiet, The Fell is a novel certain to be seized upon by scholars in the future. But what of readers in 2021? Lacking the dystopian romance of Sarah Hall’s Burntcoat , say, or the glamour and verve of Gary Shteyngart’s Our Country Friends – both of which are also set against the backdrop of the pandemic – The Fell is almost too faithful an artefact. For the time being, many readers, such as Moss’s own Alice, may prefer to reach for a dog-eared Lord Peter Wimsey than this intense time capsule of a tale. To order The Fell for £13.04 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:40 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 14:28 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 40 The Observer 07.11.21 Books Biography The king of style and his courtier The contradictions in Terence Conran’s character shine through in this profile by a former protege whose book is a mixture of scoresettling and affection, writes Anthony Quinn Terence: The Man Who Invented Design Stephen Bayley and Roger Mavity Constable, £25, pp336 When Terence Conran died in September 2020 his former employee and friend Stephen Bayley wrote an obituary for the Guardian that was waspish but also fond and funny, properly acknowledging his erstwhile boss as a revolutionary in taste and design. To postwar British homes that were 50 shades of sad and brown, Conran brought a verve and colour, and persuaded people to think about objects – a wine glass, a sofa, a rug, a salad bowl – as something beautiful as well as useful. Britain was a better-looking place because of him. Later, he opened a series of restaurants that transformed London dining in the 1990s and became almost emblematic of finde-siècle prosperity. That obituary expresses in about 3,000 words what Terence incontinently splurges over 300 pages. Bayley has a co-author in ad man Roger Mavity to supply a feather bed of reminiscences of his time as Conran’s CEO – he seems grateful merely to have breathed the same air as “Terence” – but it’s essentially Bayley’s project, with his initials hovering beneath most of the chapter headings. Bayley confesses his debt to Conran, who catapulted him from obscurity at “a provincial university” into a glamorous life of expense-account lunches, fine wine, fresh flowers, Cuban cigars – the 1980s, in short. And, like so many given a leg-up, the protege has never really forgiven his mentor. His book makes for a strange mixture of sentimental regard and cold-eyed score-settling. On page one he calls Conran “a meanspirited, selfish bastard”; on page three he admits that few have made such a difference to “British material life in the past 60 years”. It is rather like watching a man angrily shaking his fist while unable to get up off his knees. It certainly tells us as much about Bayley’s personality as it does his subject’s. When he points out, for instance, that Conran could only see out of one eye, following a workshop accident, he adds “but that single eye was a very, very good one”. Fair enough. So why does he feel driven to keep making ironic jibes about his “monocular” vision and his “single eye for a bargain” (where presumably he meant “singular”)? Does he fancy himself as Odysseus, righteously slaying the Cyclops whose brooding prisoner he has been for so long? The shame of it is that Conran’s story is interesting , and would carry some authority here if Bayley could resist his retrospective oneupmanship. I was absorbed by the fledgling years, by the suburban boy (born Esher, 1931 ) who came Terence Conran and his second wife, Shirley, in 1955. Thurston Hopkins/Hulton Archive/Getty to London as a furniture-maker and set up a budget restaurant near Charing Cross he called The Soup Kitchen (out went Brown Windsor , in came vichyssoise , split-pea and minestrone). I knew nothing of his life-changing “grand tour” of France in Michael Wickham’s Lagonda in the early 50s, nor that by the age of 32 he had married for the third time. And bliss must have been that dawn on Fulham Road in 1964 when he opened Habitat, a shop aimed at “young moderns with lively tastes”. I only felt the reverberations myself 10 years later, on first clapping eyes on a duvet, or “continental quilt” as we called it – who would bother with bedding ever again? Conran’s grandiose claim to have imported it and thereby changed the sex life of Britain was never verified, as Bayley remarks in an amusing aside, “though the role of the contraceptive pill and women’s liberation may have been underestimated”. When Conran hires Bayley to oversee the Boilerhouse Project at the V&A – an exhibition space devoted to design – their court of two is established. You wonder if the king suspected what troubles his diminutive dauphin might cause him down the line. Their association thrived initially, however, and in due course the Boilerhouse gave way to the grander ambition of the Design Museum , founded in what was then the near-derelict Shad Thames . Whose idea was it? Bayley, no paragon of humility, claims it was his, and that Conran only paid for it. Sharing an office allows him to get up close – too close – to the boss, whose flaws emerge in large size and small, like his complaining at the extravagance of Earl Grey teabags, or fretting that each time the office lift was used it cost 54p. The contradictions of his character toll with maddening repetition through the book: he was a generous host and a pennypincher; a voluptuary and a puritan; a tyrant and a democrat; a promoter of talent who skimped on crediting his colleagues. Conran’s restlessness for the next big thing, at the cost of looking after what he already had, was generally thought to be his downfall. His takeover of British Home Stores in the mid-1980s was a hopeless mismatch; BHS’s middle-of-theroad product didn’t chime with Conran’s gospel of good taste. His golden touch deserted him, and he lost Habitat. After another business partnership failed, he lost the restaurants, too. His differences with Bayley had to be resolved by a lawyer’s letter, and the pair didn’t speak again for years. The repetitious narrative becomes quite a grind. A good editor could have made this book half the length and twice as entertaining. Bayley begins to wind up matters around page 263, then fills another 50 with a conclusion, two “epilogues” and the reprinted obituary. It seems he just can’t bear to let the old devil go. ‘Britain was a better-looking place because of him’: Conran at home in September 1988. Rex/Shutterstock Terence: The Man Who Invented Design is published by Constable (£25). To order a copy for £21.75 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:41 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:38 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 07.11.21 41 In brief by Hannah Beckerman Lily: A Tale of Revenge Rose Tremain Chatto and Windus, £18.99, pp288 The enthralling heroine of Tremain’s 16 th novel is orphan Lily Mortimer, abandoned as a baby in 1850 at the gates of a park. Taken to the London Foundling hospital , she experiences abuse and cruelty, leading her to commit an avenging crime years later. Tremain evokes Victorian London with visceral intensity in a gripping and deeply humane novel exploring themes of rejection, poverty, guilt and redemption. Fiction Data gathering software in Prague: ‘A parade of plausibly obnoxious apps shrinks, polices and homogenises experience.’ Getty On Getting Better Adam Phillips Penguin, £6.99, pp176 (paperback) Earlier this year, the Freudian psychoanalyst and literary critic published On Wanting to Change , an extended essay on how psychotherapy – and the conversations it facilitates – can create potential for genuine change. On Getting Better, a companion volume, questions what we really mean when we talk about improving our internal lives and how it always begins in an idealised version of ourselves. Philips is an erudite and highly engaging writer: how, he asks, can we manage change when it “precipitates us into an unpredictable future?” The Walker: On Finding and Losing Yourself in the Modern City Matthew Beaumont Verso, £9.99, pp336 In a series of intriguingly entitled essays, Beaumont investigates the literature and experience of city walking. We learn that Dickens wandered through the night in the aftermath of his father’s death to cure both his insomnia and grief, while the works of writers including HG Wells, G K Chesterton and Georges Bataille are analysed for their pedestrian adventures. There are scant few female writers featured – only Virginia Woolf is granted significant coverage – in an otherwise well-researched work of literary criticism. To order Lily: A Tale of Revenge for £16.52, On Getting Better for £6.50 or The Walker for £9.29 go to guardianbookshop. com or call 020-3176 3837 A sad face for the future of humanity Dave Eggers’s follow-up to The Circle is longer and baggier, but still fuelled by rage at the power of Silicon Valley and its numbing effect on the human race, writes Rob Doyle The Every Dave Eggers Hamish Hamilton, £18.99, pp577 Kudos to Dave Eggers. In this follow-up to the admirable, big-tech, dystopian thriller The Circle (which you needn’t have read to enjoy the current book), he again squares up to the new enemies of everything untamed and brilliant in humankind. If you meant to read Shoshana Zuboff ’s important and demanding The Age of Surveillance Capitalism , but were too worn down by surveillance capitalism’s intrusions to get round to it, The Every tackles the same concerns from a shared perspective of humanist outrage, in the form of a gulpable fictive entertainment. The Circle’s titular startup turned metaphysical empire (think: Googlebook) has merged with an unmistakable e-commerce site referred to, doubtless for legal reasons, only by its nickname: “the jungle”. Messianically rebranded as The Every, the corporation is now run by Mae Holland , The Circle’s fast-rising, newbie protagonist. Under Holland, The Every pursues its heedless agenda of a worldwide, soft totalitarian order of mass behavioural compliance through surveillance. However, in part due to a corporate culture of timid self-scrutiny, there is a dearth of new ideas on campus. Enter another newbie, Delaney Wells , radicalised by her years studying under anti-monopoly crusader Professor Agarwal (surely based on the aforementioned Zuboff, Agarwal articulates the novel’s moral and intellectual conscience in letters to her former protege). Bent on bringing down The Every from the inside, Delaney conspires with her housemate Wes, a big-tech resisting “trog”, to sabotage the company. The pair settle on a strategy of terroristic accelerationism: if they can introduce enough vile or moronic apps into The Every’s portfolio, it might trigger a popular insurrection that will bring about the company’s downfall. Predictably, it doesn’t work out this way. Both The Every and regular people embrace their innovations even as they bring “a new kind of self-hatred and ruination upon all humans”. Delaney begins to realise how much humiliation and diminished liberty the people of the world are willing to suck up in exchange for safety, convenience and the social annihilation of wrongdoers. The spectre of an overtly darker and less comic novel floats through The Every, which is equal parts science-fiction nightmare of the next five seconds and broad, Silicon Valley satire. A parade of plausibly obnoxious apps shrinks, polices and homogenises experience. The Every’s customers – everybody – keep a close eye on their Shame Aggregate, as curtain-twitching citizens post “shams” on an app that logs public Dave Eggers: ‘unashamedly partisan’. Hearst Newspapers/Getty indiscretions as viral videos. This familiar “mixture of benign utopianism and pseudo-fascist behavioural compliance” undergirds other apps such as TruVoice, which scans messages for “any of the Os – offensive, off-putting, outrageous, off-colour, off-base, out-of-date” – and replaces them with anodyne alternatives. An optical-surveillance breakthrough propels a global frenzy of “eyeshaming”, in which those who ogle are publicly disgraced, leading to a wave of suicides among “caught and called-out persons, mostly men”. The byproduct is ubiquitous guilt and anxiety about where we let our eyes roam – staying at home feels safer. What binds all of The Every’s incursions is an ancient and trending emotion: “shame ensued, and shame was deserved, and shame was the internet’s currency and lever for change”. The consequence of pervasive surveillance, both internalised and overt, is a taming of the charismatic human: “She was less interesting, surely, and less funny – for humour does not easily survive the intense filtering that the 21 st century made mandatory – but she was also kinder, more positive, more generous and civil.” (She sounds a bit like contemporary everything.) The Every is unabashedly partisan and polemical. Eggers’s adversary is the war on subjectivity, nuance and wildness being waged by the clever yet mediocre men and women who wield more power than any government in history. About halfway through, the plot leans into the outlandish, then teeters towards the apocalyptic. And what a feeble anticlimax may await our cowed species – going out not with a bang, but with a sad-face emoji. For Eggers, Googlebook – I mean The Every! – threatens to devolve us into Nietzsche’s “last man”: a domestic pet, mild and neutered, too meek for greatness. At 577 pages – the number diagnosed by an odious litstreamlining app as the limit of readerly tolerance – The Every is not as tight as The Circle. As momentum builds, the plotting gets clunky, while the novel’s comic exuberance means it lacks the cathartic brutality of, say, Nineteen Eighty-Four . But Eggers is a wonderful storyteller with an alert and defiant vision. His down-home decency means he pulls short of articulating a thought that recurred for me throughout reading The Every: threatened with spiritual extinction through conformism, sanitisation, shame, inanity and surveillance, it might yet be our evil, our perversity, our psychopathology, our hate that prove the saving of us. Rob Doyle’s latest book, Autobibliography, is out now. To order The Every for £16.52 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020- 3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:42 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 15:33 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 42 The Observer 07.11.21 Books Fiction Reality in the wake of war Past and present are in a constant state of flux in Saša Stanišić ’s third novel – part autofiction, part Choose Your Own Adventure, writes Stuart Evers Where You Come From Saša Stanišić (trans by Damion Searls) Jonathan Cape, £16.99, pp368 The German word Herkunft can mean origin, ancestry or provenance. Any one of these could have functioned adequately as the English title of Saša Stanišić ’s prizewinning third novel , but translator Damion Searls’s choice – Where You Come From – conveys a sense of the multiplicity that is intrinsic to this often brilliant novel. Where you come from is a fact, an undeniable series of branches on a family tree; but somehow I couldn’t help but read the words in an interrogable manner, imagining someone, possibly armed, demanding to know someone’s ethnic background. Stanišić was 14 when the Bosnian war began in 1992 , and escaped to Germany with his mother soon afterwards. His father joined them six months later, thinner and with a scar on his face they never discussed. In his previous two novels, Before the Feast and How the Soldier Repairs the Gramophone , he mined his family history and his own biography in a freewheeling narrative style that incorporated jokes, asides, repetition, diversions, digressions and pop cultural references that pointed to a sense of gleeful improvisation; Where You Come From feels more honed and considered, more in control of its material. It is, at least at first, almost straightforward. LEFT Saša Stanišić: ‘The overwhelming sense in Where You Come From is love’. Katja Sämann The last line of the first chapter reads: “It is March 7, 2018, in Višegrad, Bosnia-Herzegovina. Grandmother is eighty-seven years old and eleven years old. ” Which is perhaps the heart of the novel: a sense that appearance, reality, the past and the present are in a constant state of flux. This is presented in an auto fictional framework but, unlike the biographical work of, say, Karl Ove Knausgaard , Ali Smith or Olivia Laing , this is less an excavation of the mundane, a walk in dirty laundry , but more an examination His understanding of how memory can affect the contours of the present is always surprising of mundanity in the aftermath of a cataclysmic event. In the chapter titled Lambs , he writes of a family feast, the roasting of a lamb, a minor infraction involving a football, of watching his mother and her friend tipsily talking by the fire. It is, as so many of these remembrances are, wonderfully alive, vital in its depiction of family life. Then Stanišić adds a coda: two years later, dozens of Muslim women are raped and killed at the same spot. “Hardly any memory, ” he notes, “is just personal; almost every one comes with a postscript, a footnote, of perpetrators and victims and atrocities that took place there. ” It is perhaps why, when he meets with friends from the old days, they “talk almost exclusively about [their] current lives. Talking about the past would take calm and time and above all the courage to ask questions. ” And also perhaps why, in 2018, he has begun to question his grandmother, Katrina, who has quickly slid into dementia, for fear that those memories will die with her. It is a refractive prism, this deep delve into the past, so often leading to altered or misleading truths from established facts. A beautifully distilled scene in which his father chases away a snake in a graveyard is later debunked as rubbish by the very hero of the story. (This is told as a series of WhatsApp messages, the last of which is an all too familiar, yet no less heart breaking, diminuendo.) The fallibility of memory is a well-worn trope, but Stanišić’s understanding of how memory can affect the contours of the present is consistently surprising. For all the hatred that stirred the Bosnian war, the overwhelming, sometimes overheated, sense in Where You Come From is love: a kinship and communion that yolks entire generations. Characters always seem to be on their best behaviour and this can lead to the novel feeling sentimental at times, a touch ignorant of the dirt under the characters’ fingernails. If there are antagonists here, they are memory and time: two faceless enemies these characters cannot outrun. The book’s conclusion, though, is a bravura, sustained and singular piece of writing that bursts with wit, heart and empathy. Tricksy as an extended Choose Your Own Adventure section might appear, it brings the novel together as a totality, delivering multiple endings, all of which land deftly in Damion Searls’s excellent translation. Stuart Evers’s most recent novel is The Blind Light (Picador). To order Where You Come From for £14.78 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837 Travelogue Out of the ruins A Thing of Beauty: Travels in Mythical and Modern Greece Peter Fiennes Oneworld, £18.99, pp304 The Oulipo movement , a group of mostly French writers in the second half of the 20th century, believed that imposing constraints on the writing process was a spur to creativity. Georges Perec famously wrote a novel without the letter “e ”, while Jean Lescure’s N+7 approach produced new work by replacing every noun in an existing text with the noun seven places after it in the dictionary. It feels as if there will be a number of inadvertently Oulipean works that emerge from the chaos of the past few years , books that, were it not for Covid, might have been something very different. Peter Fiennes’s sun-drenched hymn to Greece, A Thing of Beauty: Travels in Mythical and Modern Greece, feels like just this sort of book. A project that started out as a fairly straightforward travelogue has become something stranger and more interesting under the heightened pressure applied by the constraints of the pandemic. When Fiennes, a celebrated nature writer and former publisher at Time Out, begins his quest to get to the heart of Greece, international travel is impossible. He finds himself sitting by a lake at Byron’s home, Newstead Abbey in Nottinghamshire , dreaming of Missolonghi , Apollo and nereids . Then, in the second chapter, when the travel ban (briefly) lifts and Fiennes is able to hightail it to Athens, his voyage is given added zest by the enforced delay, a sense of the miraculous imbuing everything. Fiennes’s book has two central concerns. The first is to understand why Greece and Greek myths in particular have such an enduring hold on the contemporary psyche. Fiennes, though, wants to strip away the “closed-room fug of elitism” that surrounds the idea of “the classics” and instead seeks to establish a connection between the ancient past and the present through visiting the places from which these myths emerged. The second organising interest of the book is environmental. Partly this comes out of Fiennes’s background as a nature writer, but there’s something more than this. It seems he wants to establish whether there’s any way the wisdom of ancient Greece can be applied to the climate crisis: “ If these people had possessed our technologies, was there any code, or anything about their beliefs, that would have restrained them from taking and using whatever they wanted?” This environmental concern, through the image of the hope that is left when Pandora’s box (actually, he tells us, a jar) is opened, expands into the idea that what we need most now is a means of harnessing the joy and optimism with which the Greeks addressed the world. Grecian light at a time of darkness. Fiennes is a brilliant and generous guide through Greece. He weaves the ancient world and the modern The ancient Greek temple of Poseidon. Getty together with intelligence and elegance, taking us from Athens to Corinth, along the Sacred Way to Eleusis , to Epidavros , Olympia, Delphi and Epirus . There’s a wry Sebaldian humour at work here – he recognises that modern Greece doesn’t always live up to the majesty of the past. Stopping at the Temple of Dionysus in Thorikos , he stands beside a “deserted beige Portakabin” and recognises that “the God is long gone ”. But these disappointments merely heighten the joy we feel when Fiennes lights upon connections to the past that spark and fizzle, when we discover that precious hope amid the ruins. A Thing of Beauty is a must-read for anyone visiting Greece but, at this time when travel is tricky for any number of reasons, perhaps even more essential for those of us who don’t know when next we’ll get there. Alex Preston To order A Thing of Beauty for £16.52 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:43 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:56 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 07.11.21 43 Society A village in the Värmland region of Sweden: ‘the area retains its Carl Larsson romance’. Panther Media/Alamy Distant voices, still lives The stories of a Swedish forest settlement’s 40 inhabitants add up to a moving, compelling paean to ordinary people, writes Nicci Gerrard Osebol: Voices from a Swedish Village Marit Kapla (translated by Peter Graves) Allen Lane, £20, pp816 Osebol is a village in Värmland , a province in Sweden. It stands with its back to the broad, beautiful Klarälven (clear river) and is surrounded by pine forests. Its population has shrunk to 40 and most of those who remain are middle aged or old. It is the kind of forgotten place that can be found all over the region. With its modest, red-painted wooden houses, logs stacked under the eaves against the cold dark that is always coming, its mosquitoes in the summer, mud in November and its long, unforgiving winters, it is an unlikely subject for a bestseller. Yet in Sweden, the voices that have come from this ordinary little village have become like an existential meditation on what it is to be alive, to be human, creatures living in time while the river runs on and wolves howl in the woods. I know Värmland because I married a half-Swede and for the last 30 years – this pandemic year aside – I have been there each summer and winter. To me, a visitor, the area retains its Carl Larsson romance. It means lakes to swim in, woods to forage mushrooms and get lost in, crayfish parties, wild strawberries, soft twilights, silence. The writer Will Dean moved to Sweden and he transforms Värmland’s endless forests and harsh winters into the menacingly grand guignol setting for his twisty thrillers. But Marit Kapla, originally from Osebol , has made her undramatic little patch of Earth into a microcosm of life. Its specificity allows it to be universal. Kapla, editor of a cultural magazine in Gothenburg , has talked to almost all the remaining 40 inhabitants of Osebol. It is their stories we read in the book, as one by one they speak about their past and their present. The men who have spent their lives working with trees (cutting them down, transporting timber), the home help, the stonemason, the artist, nurse, teacher, the couple who worked with unaccompanied minors from Afghanistan, the women who stayed at home with their children. Many of the voices belong to people who were born in Osebol, like their parents and grandparents before them, but others are from those who have fetched up there from the Netherlands, Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Silicon Valley. Each voice is given equal weight. Garrulous, taciturn, gossipy, warm hearted, reserved or matter of fact, a character speaks and then they slip quietly away. No one is introduced or given a context; the name of each speaker and their date of birth (and sometimes death) is in small type at the foot of the page. It is easy to run on from one speaker to the next without realising immediately that the voice has changed and we are in a different consciousness. Crucially, the text is laid out like a poem, or like a river, with line breaks and wide margins. We do not read the words as if they were shaped narratives; instead, we listen to them like something caught on the wind. Sometimes, there are only a few short lines on one page, like this: Looking out of the upstairs window at Klarastrand I saw a salmon swimming just below the surface But for the most part, the words are not poetic ( “It’s just/a bloody valley,/sort of… ” ). Some of the people whom Kapla records have adventures to tell (war, domestic violence, depression, cancer, the flight from persecution, staring into life’s abyss). Some talk of feminism (dislike of), racism, class division, poverty. But the majority Marit Kapla, originally from Osebol, ‘has made her undramatic little patch of Earth into a microcosm of life’. stay with the small and everyday, the thingness of things: pea soup, knitting itchy woollen stockings as a child, elk in the woods, chanterelles, the work of stripping bark from timber with an axe, wind in the trees . The final words come from a character who is talking about bullfinches: It’s so beautiful Where there’s rime-frost on the branches. They sit there getting warm When the sun rises. They’re just like red apples. Why is this so moving and so strangely beckoning? I think precisely because Osebol bears witness to ordinary lives. It gives us, unmediated, the voices of people who are usually unheard and invites us to pay attention to small things. It’s also a book that has come at just the right moment, when we’re ready to listen to it, because it’s about the many meanings of home, something we’ve come to value more during the pandemic, and what it is to put down roots and belong. As a character says when talking about why he loves Osebol: “That’s where I’ve lived. ” The village is dwindling. Many of its inhabitants are in their 80s or 90s and some have died since they talked to Kapla. If the book feels continuous and renewing, like the Klarälven that runs through the reminiscences, it also reads like an elegy to a world that is fading. Perhaps one day Osebol will only be a ghost village, where once upon a time men and women worked and loved and watched the seasons passing and put wood on the fire and told their stories. To order Osebol: Voices from a Swedish Village for £17.40 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:44 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 14:23 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 44 The Observer 07.11.21 Books Graphic novel of the month The long goodbye The Waiting: ‘beautiful and forbidding’. Keum Suk Gendry-Kim The author of Grass works another miracle with this semiautobiographical tale of a family separated by conflict, writes Rachel Cooke The Waiting Keum Suk Gendry-Kim Drawn & Quarterly, £18.99, pp248 Thanks to the pandemic, most of us now know what it’s like to be apart from those we love: for the rest of our lives, we’ll remember the waiting and the longing, the fear of being forgotten. Is this why I found Keum Suk Gendry-Kim ’s master ly new graphic novel, The Waiting, so extremely painful to read? Perhaps. I know that I brought some of my own stuff to this, an account – half fact, half fiction – of families separated by the Korean war, tears rolling down my face as I turned its inky pages. But I won’t compare my own experiences to those of its characters – they don’t even come close – and nor do I want to take anything away from her achievement in this book, her first since the award-winning Grass (a novel about a Korean girl who becomes a “comfort woman” during the second world war). Keum takes the reader inside some of the human heart’s most inaccessible chambers, places that are all but closed to most visitors – and yet she does so almost casually, the stark economy of her drawings no guide at all to their lasting emoti ve power. What a talent she is. Her story (translated by Janet Hong ) is told in two time frames. In 21st-century Seoul, Song Gwija , who fled her home in the north as the war broke out, only wants to see the son from whom she was separated during the long march south before she dies. Her hope rests on a Red Cross programme that every few years briefly reunites a small number of relatives; under the eye of North Korean minders, they get to spend just a single day and night together. But what chance does she have? Her name is never among those selected – and no wonder. While more than 56,000 people are still registered with the Red Cross (the same number again have since died), each reunion is capped at just 200 individuals. So far, Keum writes in a footnote, only 2,000 South Korean families have managed to meet their loved ones in North Korea. Song Gwija’s artist daughter, Jina , is often frustrated with her So far, Keum writes, only 2,000 South Korean families have met their loved ones in North Korea mother. For her generation, the war is a far-off thing; in her childhood, her traumatised parents rarely spoke of it. Most reunions are, in any case, agonising. Her mother’s neighbour, who did get lucky, barely recognised her sister when they met and all the time they were together, the clock was ticking; they would soon have to say goodbye for ever. But in a long flashback, she also reveals why her mother cannot let go. What mind could ever forget the horror of such sudden and frenzied migration, American jets turning their fire on the long caravan of weary refugees, babies left to freeze to death at the side of the road? In this chaos, Song Gwija’s separation from her husband and little son seemed to her, in the moment, to be a less desperate thing. Surely they would be reunited further down the road? Anything else was unimaginable. Only later did she feel guilty, haunted by the way her life changed in as long as it took to turn her back. Though Keum ’s characters are fictional, this account is based on the experiences of her mother and perhaps this is why she is able to tell it so honestly. She knows, first hand, that people only do what they must to survive. The Waiting involves many miracles, not least its author’s brushwork, at once beautiful and forbidding. But chief among them is surely the fact that without her own mother’s tenacity and courage, it would not exist at all. To order The Waiting for £16.52 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020- 3176 3837 Fiction Midlife crisis with a tryst The Woman from Uruguay Pedro Mairal (trans by Jennifer Croft) Bloomsbury, £12.99, pp160 A story about middle-aged male angst may not be original, but Pedro Mairal’s bittersweet meditation on love, desire and ageing skewers the absurdity and the pain. His narrator is Lucas , a 44-year-old Argentin ian writer, in debt and uninspired. He plays house-husband to his successful wife, Catalina, whom he suspects of having an affair. The answer to all his troubles, Lucas believes, is the $15,000 advance from his Spanish publisher , which he plans to cash in a bank on a day trip to the Uruguayan capital Montevideo, and exchange for pesos on the black market back in Buenos Aires. Also in Montevideo on the day Lucas visits is Guerra , the seductive young woman he met at a literary festival. He arranges a tryst and behaves like a besotted teenager. Mairal is alert to the nuances of a midlife crisis and his descriptions of Lucas getting drunk, stoned and tattooed, while fixated on bedding Guerra, are pitch-perfect. Lucas admits his infatuation with Guerra was easy to sustain because he controlled the fantasy: “All those months I had you in my head and could rewind you, fast-forward you, pause you. I’d open and close the emails you’d send me.” Later, on the brink of having his desire fulfilled, he describes the thrill of escaping himself: “she ran her hand over the back of my neck, and it sent an electric charge all the way down my back. She reset me. I forgot everything, my name.” As we are frequently reminded, Mairal’s protagonist is a writer (the narrative is confessional) and his thoughts never cease . In a flash of self-awareness, Lucas observes: “I wanted to live. To see, to touch. To get inside reality. Get inside Guerra. Get into a war with my fucking imagination, my eternal invisible world.” By the end of this psychologically astute novella, Lucas recognises how quickly cracks in a relationship become chasms and that the key to happiness is acceptance. Lucy Popescu To order The Woman from Uruguay for £11.30 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:45 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 14:23 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Books The Observer 07.11.21 45 Mary Gaitskill ‘I have a nuanced mind, for better and worse’ The novelist and essayist talks to Anthony Cummins about the disturbing power of Lolita, her regard for John Cheever, and her aversion to simplistic arguments Mary Gaitskill , 66 , is the author of This Is Pleasure , a novella about a #MeToo scandal in the New York book industry, as well as three novels and three story collections , including her 1988 debut Bad Behaviour , whose story Secretary was the basis of the 2002 film starring Maggie Gyllenhaal in the title role as an office junior in a sadomasochistic relationship with her boss. Her new book, Oppositions , is a collection of essays dealing candidly with subjects that include rape and child abuse: reviewing the US edition, the Boston Globe praised her “gift for traversing taboo territory with a subtlety that’s sometimes downright Jamesian... [she] draws on her personal experience to crack the veneers of the social codes and sexual ambiguities we all navigate” . Gaitskill, who grew up near Detroit and ran away in her teens to San Francisco, spoke to me from upstate New York. These essays might have been titled Against Simplicity … I get disturbed when I feel something is being presented in an overly broad way. I have a nuanced mind, for better and worse. For a writer, it’s generally good. For a person who has to sit on a school board or judge a court case, it probably isn’t. Fortunately, I don’t do those things. You like to continually reconsider your point of view. I do, but it’s ineffective. A lot of people read the first few pages, and if you’ve said something they don’t like, they don’t get past it. They don’t take in what you’re saying on page 10. They’re just furious at you for what you said on pages one and two. You picture the book getting hurled across the room during a piece in which you say Lolita is about love … I had said Lolita was about love in an earlier essay; a friend said, you can’t say that, and I was like, “but I think it’s true”. I don’t think it’s ideal love, it’s twisted love, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t love. Probably the majority of Americans who know of that book would say : “ Yes, in real life Humbert should go to jail, but he’s obviously a fictional character and I’m interested to read about him.” That seems simple, but for The books interview Mary Gaitskill photographed at home in the Hudson Valley, New York, by Richard Beaven for Observer New Review, October 2021. more intellectual people, or people who are loud on Twitter, I think it’s become contentious. The same essay talks about your feelings when you were molested by a family friend at the age of five. A lot of women who love Lolita have had some kind of experience like that. I might live long enough to regret writing about it, but it felt right at the time. Men, and I’m sure some women, too, molest children: that is the raw thing that gives Lolita its power, in addition to its artistic beauty. It’s absurd to talk about it in purely intellectual terms. Brian Boyd [the Nabokov scholar] said it’s about a defence of children. Come on! Nobody in their right mind would read it like that: it’s too erotic, and that’s what makes it complicated. Another essay explores your difficulty in describing an encounter you had in the 1970s, which you talk about having previously spoken of as rape, although you felt “the truth is not at all clear, then or even now”. Your honesty about this seems intended to complicate our ideas about sexual responsibility. That was written even before we really got where we are now [since #MeToo] but I think the one thing I said that still applies is that probably a new word, or many new words, should be invented for different kinds of sexual cruelty or violence. People sometimes say rape when they mean something else. A lot of bad things can happen that aren’t rape, but rape is rape. Did you write This Is Pleasure to make that point? I wrote it in less than a year – for me that’s really fast – and I wrote it partly out of my own confusion [in the wake of #MeToo] and because I really felt strongly that I needed to: there’s something way too clearcut in public about a situation that is not clearcut. I watched it unfold to some extent about a friend of mine. He did do some things that were disrespectful, but it was strange: on the one hand, my instinct was to defend him. There was a petition saying that if anybody hires this person, you should boycott them – that’s overstepping. It’s one thing to decide “I don’t want to deal with this person”, but to be telling other people that they shouldn’t or you’re going to suffer? That’s just wrong: it’s telling other people what to think, and how to feel. Remember the Polanski scandal, way before #MeToo? Most people I knew actually supported him: “Yes, he shouldn’t have done that, but he’s a great artist …” I was so disgusted and angry. And I like Roman Polanski. Chinatown ’s a great movie. Rosemary’s Baby ’s a great movie. I don’t care. He should have gone to jail. I never felt like watching ‘Remember the Polanski scandal? Most people I knew supported him’ his movies after that, but I’d never demand that nobody else does. What did you think when Blake Bailey’s Philip Roth book got pulled ? I thought it was ridiculous, but his cruel treatment in that really ugly biography of John Cheever [in 2009] – a great writer and, frankly, better than Roth – was so shitty that I had no sympathy for him really. What have you been reading lately? I’ve just finished All the King’s Men by Robert Penn Warren . It’s very oldfashioned but it’s a great book about American politics. It’s based on the governor of Louisiana, who started idealistic and became a brutish Trumpian figure. Before that, I read Mario Vargas Llosa’s The Feast of the Goat – I loved that – and I’m about to start New People by Danzy Senna . Which authors inspired you to write? In my early 20s, Colette , then Flannery O’Connor , and, later, Nabokov, except I didn’t think I could do that. O’Connor was probably more impactful for being closer to me in sensibility, but you aren’t really aware of your own work being shaped: you make conscious choices but I think things happen that are deeper than that. Oppositions is published by Serpent’s Tail (£16.99). To order a copy for £14.78 go to guardianbookshop.com or call 020-3176 3837

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:46 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 12:09 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 46 The Observer 07.11.21 Puzzles Guess the painting by Laura Cumming Emoji dystopian novels This week’s question: Who painted this swashbuckling poseur (above)? Answer next Sunday. Last week’s detail (below) showed the notorious fly from Portrait of a Woman of the Hofer Family (c1470) in London’s National Gallery. The subject’s name is lost, and so is that of the witty and extremely gifted painter. The woman’s eyes twinkle, and her mouth is halfway to a smile, as if she knows only too well what the artist has done to her. For positioned as conspicuously as a beauty spot on her pristine white veil is this hyperreal black insect. It lives – the illusion is superb – and it will die, like the blue forgetme-nots in her hand. But she is aware of it all, and overcomes the memento mori. This German portrait is both poignant and comic. Guess the dystopian novel from the emoji symbols. Answers at the bottom of page 47 1 2 3 4 5 Set by Killian Fox Everyman crossword No. 3,917 Sudoku classic Across 1 Not just any flyer for a movie? (3,7) 6 Russian ruler ‘beats a retreat’ ... bottles it (4) 9 Employee appraisal at the House of Lords? (4,6) 10 Repelled a raven, largely predatory beast (4) 12 Deaf-ish nans treated, being well looked after (2,4,5) 15 More sickly, kind of green, perhaps slalomer’s heading off (7) 16 Morally improved duke earlier, becoming exalted (7) 17 Artist’s empty landscapes’ sad lines (1,1,5) 19 Hates seeing sights with son not about (7) 20 A sad, a bleak king ordered pudding (5,6) 23 In France, one is where courses take a long time to get through (4) 24 Hoping for an ‘h’ sound (10) 25 Made pencil portrait of Andy (4) 26 Brand new day, etc, for coward (7-3) Down 1 Gratuities regularly shunned; at a push, Everyman will chip in (4) 2 Days before, golfer becomes upset (4) 3 State broadcast assessed value of Wimbledon champ (8,4) 4 Guide daughter to wear a sunblocker (7) 5 Lover Federer admits was excessively giving? (7) 7 Spirited grittiness, tough in the extreme (10) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 14 8 To talk with enthusiasm in talk about hard earth is exhausting at first (10) 11 This acid rain alarmed campaigners (9,3) 13 Mesmerized by Alexander Graham’s weight, according to Spooner (10) 14 Arrangement of elements: potassium, nickel, iron and silver, in part (5,5) 18 Membrane unusually scaly? OK ... (4-3) 19 File ‘requiring less effort’, fancifully? (7) 21 Realize, after losing six balls: it’s a record (4) 22 Commonly, Norseman underestimating tides, primarily? (4) 12 15 16 17 18 19 20 23 24 25 26 11 21 22 We regret to announce that, until further notice, we are unable to take entries or offer prizes for solvers of the Everyman weekly crossword. SOLUTION No. 3,916 Fill in the blank cells using the numbers 1 to 9. Each number must appear just once in every row, column and 3x3 box. O V E R F A M I L I A R I E V N L U W F I D E L I O T R I U M P H U E I N E A B I L O O F A G R E C I A N S L E B C J B K T I D A L W A V E S G A M Y H Y R C A B R O S E M O N T E N E G R O O P L S G N T T E A T I M E S R O O S T T R S K S I C L L O R E L E I T R E A C L E E O E N U S H W I T T G E N S T E I N

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:47 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 12:09 cYanmaGentaYellowbl SUDOKU SOLUTIONS The Observer 07.11.21 47 Azed No. 2,578 ‘Letters Latent’ - Competition Puzzle Azed No. 2,575 solution & notes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 32 36 37 From the answer to each clue the solver must omit one letter wherever it occurs (sometimes more than once) before entry in the diagram. Definitions to clues refer to the full unmutilated answers; subsidiary indications, such as anagrams etc, refer to the mutilated forms entered in the diagram. Numbers in brackets show the lengths of full unmutilated answers. The letters omitted, read in clue order, including the one at 37, form two consecutive lines of verse which with the next line but one give an appropriate quotation in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations. Competitors should submit with their entries a clue to 37 (a word in the quotation) in the style of all the others. Across 1 Thinly sliced beef (say) in one Scots diner’s starter (10) 6 Collision? London’s force exert influence (6) 11 German squaddie nurses wound leaving front (11) 13 Button, round, was bright round front of vest (6) 14 Devour telly lying back – those colourful bands (6) 15 Fruit to plug – indicator of precise time of month? (9) 16 Compound coming from the orient (6) 17 Dull American turning head (7) 20 Arch for instance circled by watches endlessly (8) 23 Disorganized rep having time to wander in theatre pit (8) 26 Ogle lustfully before getting in gentle stroke (7, 2 words) 30 Girl to seduce males (not me) (6) 32 One processing with symbolic burden changed bases in European league (11) 33 Love of Rome? What Italian enterprises will welcome (6) 34 One jotting extract from Davenant, a triolet (7) 35 Number of desks I see’s arranged outside, quickly taken in (11) 36 A bit of a yen to enter part of Canada without being posted (6) *37 (8) Down 1 Senior administrator always on song (7) 2 Old smear Parliamentarian applied to previous king (9) 3 One transferring glove in middle of week (8) 4 Sailors clutching dry rags (7) 5 Death near, neglected hazard (8) 7 Price on medicine produced by external stimulus (9) 8 Working a lace dress (6) 9 Alluvial plain with misplacement of last conifers (6) 10 Is restricted by forest movements? (8) 12 Keats not upset over writing, the opposite of chaos (6) 18 Enemy pawn forward in clear space (8) 19 Beaten metal: observe changing tint (8, 2 words) 21 Brain parts being enveloped by soaring tunes (8) 22 Major conflict: rage infuriated sailor (8, 2 words) 24 European beer spills on Jerry regularly (7) 25 Major Cambridge exam accepted clad in hooded jacket (7, 2 words) 27 Like empty nest maybe produce of missel evacuated from below (6) 28 Ancient letter caught inside old-style printing-press (6) 29 Tall grass: duck found under small one (6) 31 This marine deity, sad, hides under sea (6) The Chambers Dictionary (2014) is recommended. It does not give one familiar foreign word or 34 (in The Oxford Dictionary of English). One proper name appears within an entry for its derivative, and 25 appears at the entry for its second element. 1 A 10 R 12 T 2 3 4 O E T H E S C B C A C 5 6 7 8 9 11 H E O C O R D W E M P I L L Y N P R I M E R 13 H K T Y 14 A T H E R I N E 15 R 17 O 22 D 24 E 29 S 31 I A M E T R A 16 V E N D S R A R I O N 18 19 C I 23 A N G T L 25 M 26 O 27 T 20 N 21 G S A E T A R E E L S 28 N I C A D I D E W A Y S 30 P E C D N E R M B L 32 M E L I A S K O A 33 P L U R A L L Y 34 V E N I R E M A N E E S Across 4, (Sebastian) Coe in anag.; 10, anag. incl. oh(m); 14, i.e. (C)atherine (Howard); 17, (h)ar(e) in Orion; 19, i.e. in G & S; 31, cf. miner (qv); 33, Ural l in ply. Down 3, m in Beltan(e); 5, on troll in cable; 11, anag. in pays (Fr. = country); 20, a cell in (0)ne; 30, pe(c)an. Rules and requests Send correct solution (one only) and clue to replace definition asterisked (on separate sheet also bearing name and address, securely attached) to Azed No. 2,578, PO Box 518, Oxford, OX2 6WX. Entries should be received by Monday week at the latest. Please add a brief explanation of your clue (one entry only). Emailed entries from overseas will be accepted, addressed to jcrowther2000@hotmail.com Name Address Post code Killer by Godefridus Chess by Jonathan Speelman Normal Sudoku rules apply, except the numbers in the cells contained within grey lines add up to the figures in the corner. No number can be repeated within each shape formed by the grey lines. Emoji answers 1. Nineteen Eighty-Four 2. Fahrenheit 451 3. Lord of the Flies 4. The Hunger Games 5. The Running Man Diagram 1 Can you see how Black bailed out into a drawn endgame? (See end of game.) Magnus Carlsen’s title defence against Ian Nepomniachtchi is now less than three weeks away, with the first of 14 classical games in Dubai on 26 November . The winner is then expected to defend his title late next year, after an eight-player Candidates tournament to determine the challenger. The line-up for the 2022 Candidates is already forming. It will consist of the loser of the coming match, plus Teimour Radjabov , who qualified for the previous Candidates but declined to play due to Covid; and the two top finishers from the World Cup in Sochi this July, Jan-Krzysztof Duda and Sergey Karjakin . Two more will follow after the 2022 Grand Prix, which will apparently consist of three tournaments between next February and April, and the other two are being decided at the Fide Grand Swiss in Riga - which controversially means that no places will be determined by rating. The previous Grand Swiss was held in the Isle of Man in 2019 and Covid forced a repeat to be abandoned . It was then moved to Riga and is now moving towards its conclusion despite Latvia being in lockdown. 154 players took part in 2019 and unsurprisingly numbers are down, but it’s very strong with a field of 108, all but one of whom are grandmasters. The list starts with Fabiano Caruana who rated 2800 in the October rating list and there are a dozen in the 2700s, starting with Levon Aronian, Alireza Firouzja and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, and a further 78 in the 2600s. In a normal Swiss there are a few rounds in which the top seeds slaughter weaker opponents before they get stuck into each other. But with such a backbone there have been numerous draws and after three rounds the only player with a perfect 3/3 was Firouzja. Three rounds later on Tuesday, he had been joined by four others including MV-L (though Caruana lurked half a point behind). The 11th and final round starts today at noon. Aryan Tari v Vladimir Fedoseev Riga 2021 (round 3) Caro-Kann Advance Variation 1 e4 c6 2 d4 d5 3 e5 c5 4 dxc5 e6 Although Black has lost a tempo as compared to the Advance French (1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 e5 c5) this is a main line because dxc5 is a concession by White. 5 a3 Bxc5 6 Nf3 Nc6 7 b4 Bb6 8 Bb2 Nge7 9 Bd3 Ng6 10 b5 Hitting the knight before Black can take aim at e5. 10 ... Na5 11 h4 11 g3 weakens the white squares but prevents the knight from jumping in. 11...Qc7 12 h5 Nf4 13 Bf1 Nc4 14 Bd4 Ba5+! 15 c3 f6 16 g3 If 16 exf6? gxf6 17 Bxf6? Rf8 18 Bd4 e5 with a massive attack. 16 ... fxe5 17 Nxe5 Nxe5 18 gxf4 Nf7 19 h6 Diagram 2 19 ... Qxf4 The computer engine Houdini likes 19 ... g6, jettisoning the exchange to keep the kingside intact. After 20 Bxh8 both Nxh8 21 Qd4 Nf7 22 Kd1 Ke7 and 20 ... Qxf4 (threatening Qe4+) 21 Rh3 Nxh8 are very decent. 20 hxg7 Rg8 21 Be2 Bd7 Not 21 ... e5 22 Be3 Qf5 23 Qxd5. 22 Rh3?! e5 But now Black has a tempo on the rook. 23 Be3 Qf6 24 Rf3 Qe6 Defending d5. 25 Qa4 Bb6 25 ... b6! was much stronger. 26 Rg3 Bxe3 27 fxe3 Qh6 28 Nd2 Nd6 Diagram 3 29 0-0-0 Qh2?! Losing control inasmuch as he had any. 29 ... Rc8 or Nf5 were better. 30 Rg5 Rc8 31 Qb4 Qxe2 Necessary, but now White gets a big attack. 32 Rxe5+ Kd8 33 Qxd6?! 33 Rxd5! Qxe3 34 Kb1 gave an edge. 33 ... Rxc3+ 34 Kb2 Qd3 35 Nb1 Qc2+? After 35 ... Rc2+ 36 Ka1 Qxd1 the rook is much better on c2; but the simplest was 35 ... Rb3+ 36 Ka1 Qxd1 when White can and must take perpetual check. 36 Ka1 Qxd1 37 Re7 Qg4 38 Qf6 Rc4 39 b6? 39 Re4+! Kc7 40 Rxg4 Rxg4 41 Nc3 gives White a winning attack. 39 ... Qg6 40 Qf8+ Be8 41 bxa7 Ra4 42 Rxb7 See diagram 1 42 ... Qxg7+! Bailing out. If 42 ... Kc8 43 Rb8+ Kd7 (or 43 ... Kc7 44 Qxg8 Rxa7 45 Qxe8) 44 Qxg8 Rxa7 45 Qxd5+; or 42 ... Qe6 43 Qf4! Bd7 44 Qxa4! wins. 43 Qxg7 Rxg7 44 Rxg7 Bd7 45 Rg8+ Be8 46 Rg7 Bd7 47 Nc3 Rxa3+ 48 Kb2 Rxa7 49 Nxd5 Rb7+ 50 Kc3 Bc6 51 Rxb7 And they agreed the draw. A peaceful end to a glorious battle. 1 Aryan Tari v Vladimir Fedoseev (to play) 2 Aryan Tari v Vladimir Fedoseev (to play) 3 Aryan Tari (to play) v Vladimir Fedoseev

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:48 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 48 The Observer 07.11.21 Television The week’s highlights By Hollie Richardson Films by Jonathan Romney Today Monday Tuesday Wednesday Pick of the Day Close to Me Channel 4, 9pm “What the hell have you been up to, Jo?” That’s the question tormenting Connie Nielsen in the first instalment of this six-part drama. After waking up in a pool of blood, she can’t remember any of the past year’s events. Has the gardener been tending to more than just her lobelia? Is her suspiciously meek husband (Christopher Eccleston) hiding secrets? Determined to find answers, Jo attempts to fill in the gaps with anything that comes back to her. Bring on the steamy flashbacks. Pick of the Day The Tower ITV, 9pm Gemma Whelan was always destined to step into the shoes of a heavy-sighing, perma-frown primetime detective, wasn’t she? Here, she plays DS Sarah Collins, whose crime scene involves the smashed-up bodies (look away if squeamish) of a long-serving police officer and a teenage Libyan refugee at the foot of a London tower block. Standing on the roof: a young boy in a bear suit and a rookie police officer – the only witnesses to what happened up there. Pick of the Day Panorama: Online Pimps Exposed BBC One, 8.30pm Has sex workers’ move from the streets to the internet made them any safer? That’s the question being investigated by Bronagh Munro, who reports that most sex workers now meet their customers through online sites. Examining how the internet has really transformed the sex industry, Munro looks at the online pimps who traffic vulnerable women for sex and the high-profile website that’s helping them cash in. Pick of the Day Comedians Giving Lectures Dave, 10pm Sara Pascoe – a master in marrying science and comedy – is back with another cohort of comics ready to serve lectures. Harriet Kemsley and Bobby Mair are on hand to tell an unconvinced audience what makes marriage work, while Ahir Shah makes the case that you don’t need to be an expert to solve big problems (with a shoutout to model Caprice), and Jo Brand asks you to at least “play along” with her argument that older people are happy. Seamlessly hosted, and genuinely very funny. Doctor Who: Flux BBC One, 6.15pm The sci-fi drama continues with the Sontarans making an unwelcome return to the series, as part of a new faction in the Crimean war. With the British army going into battle with them, the Doctor (Jodie Whittaker) and her companions seek help from renowned nurse Mary Seacole (Sara Powell). Inside the Care Crisis With Ed Balls BBC Two, 9pm The shameful handling of care homes during the pandemic is raw, and it can be hard to digest on screen (see Jodie Comer and Stephen Graham’s Help). But here Ed Balls – who admits he didn’t do enough to help fix the care crisis as an MP – stays at St Cecilia’s in Scarborough to meet some of the people on the ground. Great British Bake Off Channel 4, 8pm It’s Free-From Week – the baking show’s newest and perhaps most feared category. The conestants left must create a dairy-free signature bake, tackle a vegan technical and deliver a gluten-free showstopper. With a place in next week’s semi-final at stake, expect at least one soggy-bottom-induced breakdown. Grey’s Anatomy Sky Witness, 9pm Following it s recent crossover with Station 19, the neverending medical drama – still starring original cast member Ellen Pompeo – is back for its 18th season. Seattle is celebrating a “post-Covid rebirth” with a fair that ends in casualties. Meanwhile, Meredith (Pompeo) gets a surprising opportunity when she meets a dynamic doctor from her mother’s past. Showtrial BBC One, 9pm Following the opener’s corking cliffhanger, the pace slows down a beat as detectives search for more evidence with which to pin down Talitha (C éline Buckens). What’s more intriguing here is the curious growing relationship between stomach-churning brat Talitha and her seemingly no-nonsense, hardworking lawyer Cleo (Tracy Ifeachor). HR Dexter: New Blood Sky Atlantic, 10.05pm After an eight-year hiatus, Michael C Hall is back as Dexter Morgan, along with Clyde Phillips, who was the original series ’s showrunner for the first four seasons. A decade after the disappearance of the forensic expert turned serial killer, we find him living a new life under a false name in a small town in upstate New York . HR What We Do in the Shadows BBC Two, 10.05pm The Cloak of Duplication Matt Berry, Kayvan Novak and Natasia Demetriou’s bitingly good vampire comedy continues. In tonight’s episode, Nadja and Nandor work on a power-sharing deal (with Colin taking notes), and a forbidden artefact is used to help Nandor court a health club employee. Scarily good fun. HR Live at the Apollo BBC Two, 10pm Hurrah for the return of live comedy, especially when it’s a showcase from the Hammersmith Apollo. In the first episode of a new series, host Chris McCausland kicks things off with sets from Edinburgh fringe best newcomer nominee Sophie Duker and London-born-and-bred ex-bouncer Emmanuel Sonubi. HR Film Videodrome (David Cronenberg, 1982) Horror Channel, 10.35pm Arguably the craziest and bleakest of Cronenberg’s dystopian nightmares, this takes the “body horror” sub genre to conceptual extremes, in a fantasy suggesting that television may be bad for you in ways you never dreamed. James Woods, at his most tortured, plays a TV exec in search of the hot new thing, who discovers an illicit , under-theradar snuff show. He soon finds himself not only growing a video cassette slot in his belly but also tangling with a sadomasochistic radio psychiatrist (Deborah Harry) and the usual Cronenbergian conspiracies, all presaging the advent of something called the “New Flesh”. Lurid, perverse and – two decades before the reality TV boom – freakishly prescient. JR Film Last Orders (Fred Schepisi, 2001) Film4, 9pm A tender but spiky contemplation of friendship, ageing and memory, adapted from the novel by Graham Swift, and directed with unshowy mastery by Australian veteran Fred Schepisi. Four men close to London butcher Jack (Michael Caine) go on a pilgrimage to the south coast to scatter his ashes and find themselves journeying into their own pasts. They’re played by Bob Hoskins, David Hemmings, Tom Courtenay and Ray Winstone, as Jack’s son, while Helen Mirren is Jack’s widow Amy, on a trip to see the couple’s daughter. Boasting a superb array of seasoned UK acting talent, it’s boisterous, sharp and melancholy by turns, not to mention sharply literate, par for the course for this astute writer-director. JR Film My Darling Clementine (John Ford, 1946) Paramount Network, 1.55pm When people talk about the mythic dimension in westerns, this is what they have in mind, right from the first appearance of the dastardly Clanton clan, headed by Walter Brennan as an earthly spirit of looming malevolence. Culminating in Ford’s account of the legendary events at the O K Corral in 1881, the film is rich in genre archetypes: among them the careworn lawman Wyatt Earp (Henry Fonda), the melancholic saloon belle Chihuahua (the magnificent Linda Darnell), the dissolute roué with a tragic destiny (Victor Mature’s rakish Doc Holliday), and the absurd yet somehow noble wandering thespian, here played by Alan Mowbray. Sam Peckinpah called it his favourite western; it’s John Ford at his most poetic. JR Film Miami Vice (Michael Mann, 2006) TCM Movies, 11.10pm Quintessential 1980s cop show Miami Vice seemed eminently ripe for knowing bigscreen tongue-in-cheekery. But in the hands of Michael Mann, who executive produced the show for several series, the property is treated with steely seriousness. As with much Mann, it’s the look and feel that count, with cameraman Dion Beebe burnishing the hypermetallic digital look of the director’s previous Collateral. The mood is taciturnly male, sleekly severe, as cops Crockett and Tubbs – now played by Colin Farrell and Jamie Foxx – tangle with a drugs overlord (Luis Tosar) and get outdone in the zipped-lips stakes by a frosty gangland femme played by China’s art-cinema queen Gong Li. JR

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:49 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl The Observer 07.11.21 49 Thursday Friday Saturday Radio By Stephanie Billen Pick of the Day Sort Of Sky Comedy, 9pm To Berlin – “the queerest city in the universe” – or not to Berlin? Sabi is a twentysomething, genderfluid Pakistani Canadian, created and played by comedian Bilal Baig, who’s got just days to decide whether they want to leave Toronto for Europe with best pal 7ven (Amanda Cordner). It’s tempting, what with recently being cheated on and fired from a nannying job. Baig’s self-aware, deadpan but softcentred character makes for someone worth rooting for in zippy half-hour episodes. Nadiya’s Fast Flavours BBC Two, 8.30pm You always know what you’re getting with Nadiya Hussain – and that’s no bad thing at all. Here, the cheery cook serves yet more joyous, accessible and colourful recipes. First up, she puts her spin on comfort food classics such as mac’n’cheese, beef vindal oo (with a “gentle tickle of heat”) and French toast. Expect to salivate. The Trial of Louise Woodward ITV, 9pm It has been almost 25 years since teenage British au pair Louise Woodward was found guilty of shaking eight-month-old baby Matthew Eappen to death while he was under her care in the US – a grim case that stuck in many people’s minds. This documentary aims to illuminate each step of the trial and its aftermath, speaking to some key people. HR Film Paths of Glory (Stanley Kubrick, 1957) BBC Four, 11.05pm One of Kubrick’s finest, this invariably figures very high up the list when it comes to assessing first world war dramas. Co-writing with Calder Willingham and crime maestro Jim Thompson, Kubrick recounts a desperate initiative from French generals, leading to a cruelly punitive measure, with three men to be singled out for shooting. Kirk Douglas plays Dax, the colonel who sets out to defend the innocent men. George Macready and silentera veteran Adolphe Menjou are the generals measuring military glory against the lives of men seen as disposable. Photographed by George Krause, it’s Kubrick’s first great venture in creating a hard, composed visual language perfectly fitted to a film’s theme. JR Pick of the Day 100 Foot Wave Sky Documentaries, 10.45pm “This is where the biggest wave in the world is.” Offering an alternative to Friday night’s usual schedule of chat and panel shows, here’s the opener of a six-part documentary about a surfer who, after spending more than a decade chasing a 100ft wave, continued to push surfing to even greater heights. The film intimately captures how Garrett McNamara helped to transform a small Portuguese fishing village into one of the world’s greatest bigwave surf destinations. Gnarly content. HR The Last Leg Channel 4, 10pm This week’s guests are Jodie Whittaker, serving out her final term as the Doctor, and standup comedian Darren Harriott, recently seen in British As Folk. The Leggers will cast a satirical eye over this week’s shenanigans, so expect chat on Cop26 and whatever other inanities the government has inflicted on us this week. Ali Catterall The Graham Norton Show BBC One, 10.35pm Lady Gaga – star of much-hyped film House of Gucci – joins the host in the studio, alongside Frozen star Josh Gad (he’s voicing a new Olaf series) and national treasure Nadiya Hussain. Will Smith drops in for a chat, and Rod Stewart performs his new single (yep, he’s still at it). HR Film Up in the Air (Jason Reitman, 2009) BBC One, 11.55pm Now improbably helming the new Ghostbusters movie, Reitman is better known as a social satirist with a somewhat erratic output. But Up in the Air sees him on top form, introducing us to the foibles of America’s non-liberal elite. George Clooney plays Ryan Bingham, whose job as a professional downsizer, brought in by companies to “compassionately” axe workers, gives him access to the luxury hotels and VIP airport lounges of the nation. That’s where he meets, and falls for, equally status-hungry Alex (Vera Farmiga). A brittle, sometimes painful comedy, the film shows its quasi-documentary aspect in interviews with real victims of corporate downsizing. Crisp, insightful and finally poignant, if a little calculating. JR Pick of the Day Robbie Savage: Making Macclesfield FC BBC One, 11pm “Idiots buy football clubs … but I’m an idiot.” Businessman Rob Smethurst bought Macclesfield FC with ex-footballer Robbie Savage last year. This film documents what it has been like to build a new club from the ashes , tell ing the story of everyone from Jimbo, the groundskeeper who refuses to leave, to hardcore fan Harry whose memories of his late mum are tied to the club. It explores exactly what football can mean in a community: everything. Royal British Legion Festival of Remembrance BBC One, 9pm Cynthia Erivo, Alexandra Burke, Alfie Boe, Gregory Porter and Jack Savoretti perform at the Royal Albert Hall , with Tomos Roberts read ing his specially commissioned poem to commemorate 100 years of the poppy as the symbol of remembrance. Huw Edwards presents, and senior royals are in attendance. The Jonathan Ross Show ITV, 9.30pm Marvel fans assemble : Jeremy Renner and Hailie Steinfield – the stars of Hawkeye, the latest release in the long-running franchise – join Wossy in the studio. Great British Bake Off judge Paul Hollywood and comedian Guz Khan also drop in for a chat, while Kylie Minogue and Jessie Ware provide the music. HR Film The Salesman (Asghar Farhadi, 2016) BBC Two , 12.55am Currently Iranian cinema’s most internationally prominent name, Asghar Farhadi is a storyteller of some brilliance – although not averse to sometimes outrageous narrative contrivance. This melodrama -cum - mystery story involves a couple, Emad and Rana (Shahab Hosseini, Taraneh Alidoosti) who are appearing in a stage production of Death of a Salesman when a building collapse forces them to find new accommodation. Their new flat comes with its own mysteries, and dangers. The complexity and artifice finally make this feel somewhat like a masterfully conceived novel rather than a fully satisfying cinematic experience, but you’ll be absorbed, and the performances are excellent. JR Picks of the Week In Private Passions (Sunday, Radio 3, 12noon), climate scientist Dr Tamsin Edwards explains why computer models can be wrong yet still offer a way to explore possibilities. Michael Berkeley also questions her on “the ultimate personal uncertainty” of her 2018 bowel cancer diagnosis, which led to her weighing up odds concerning survival rates but also the likelihood of increased side -effects from continued treatment. A music lover who originally wanted to be a concert pianist, she chooses energetic piano sonatas by Beethoven and Liszt as well as more meditative music by Philip Glass. In Things Fell Apart (Tuesday, Radio 4, 9am), Jon Ronson explores the roots of today’s culture wars. He begins with an extraordinary tale of unintended consequences leading to the shooting of a US abortion provider. In the 1970s, Frank Schaeffer grew up daydreaming about making Hollywood films. The son of an American evangelical leader, he created anti-abortion documentaries that found an audience among evangelical Christians who had previously seen this as a Catholic issue. Schaeffer now bitterly regrets his early career, saying: “I’ve spent the last 30 years of my life trying to undo the damage.” Jayde Adams: Hometown Glory (Tuesday, Radio 4, 6.30pm) finds the comedian in a reflective mood as she unpacks her reasons for moving back to Bristol. Over a two-part series, also featuring celebrity guests including Dawn French and Alma’s Not Normal’s Sophie Willan, she discusses what home really means to people. London allowed Adams to reinvent herself, even if that meant tapdancing with a lampshade on her head. She remains unsure what lies ahead: “I don’t know if I’ll ever feel totally at home.” Trying to predict the future is a dangerous game in This Thing of Darkness (Thursday, Radio 4, 2.15pm). The award-winning drama returns with Dr Alex Bridges (Lolita Chakrabarti) assessing a young female arsonist as she is released from prison. Sara has been a model prisoner, yet she may still pose a risk to society. Dr Bridges is there to judge but also to support her as she makes the transition from prison, sliding baby steps along a high wire, “unsure of what lies ahead or below”. Jayde Adams: no place like home? Dave Benett/Getty

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(David Zucker, 1988) (T) Comedy with Leslie Nielsen, George Kennedy, OJ Simpson, Priscilla Presley, Ricardo Montalban. 1.0 Live NFL (T) Pittsburgh Steelers v Chicago Bears (kickoff 1.15am) 10.0 MR James: A Warning to the Curious (T) (R) An amateur archaeologist awakens a vengeful spirit. 10.50 WWI: The Last Tommies (R) 11.50 Guilt (T) (R) (4/4) Max orders Jake and Angie to leave the country. 12.50 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 1.20 Fake Or Fortune? (T) (R) 2.20 Lost Home Movies … (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Modern Wheels Or Classic Steals Double Bill 8.0 Rick Stein’s Long Weekends 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear Double Bill 5.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? 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Gold Double Bill 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore 7.30 Superstore 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Family Guy 9.30 American Dad! 10.0 Bad Boy Chiller Crew 10.45 Family Guy Double Bill 11.40 American Dad! 12.10 Peckham’s Finest 12.50 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.45 Superstore Double Bill 2.35 Emily Atack Show More4 8.55am Handmade Treasures 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau 12.05 Grand Designs 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.15 Four in a Bed 2.50 Four in a Bed 3.20 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 The Great House Giveaway 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 Matt Baker: Our Farm in the Dales 10.0 Scotland: Escape to the Wilderness 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.10 Matt Baker: Our Farm in the Dales 2.15 Scotland: Escape to the Wilderness 3.20 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Send in the Dogs 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: LA Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 Grimm Double Bill 8.0 A League of Their Own 9.0 Temple 10.0 Brassic 11.0 The Russell Howard Hour 12.0 Never Mind the Buzzcocks 12.45 The Force: North East 1.45 Brit Cops: War on Crime 2.40 Road Wars 3.10 Hawaii Five-0 4.05 MacGyver 5.0 Send in the Dogs Sky Arts 6.0am Hollywood: Singing and Dancing 7.10 Michael Tilson Thomas Conducts Matthews, Gershwin and Shostakovich 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Audrey Hepburn 11.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 12.0 The Art Show 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Gene Kelly 3.0 Sky Arts Book Club 4.0 Music Icons: Soft Rock 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Rita Hayworth 7.0 Andr é Rieu: Magic of Maastricht 8.0 Andr é Rieu: Love in Maastricht 9.0 Verdi: Stiffelio 11.10 Guy Garvey: From the Vaults 12.10 Discovering: Kevin Costner 1.10 Rosamund Pike: Off Camera 2.30 Barbara Rubin and the Exploding NY Underground (2019) 4.0 Master of Photography 5.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings Sky Atlantic 6.0am The British 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Six Feet Under Double Bill 11.15 Boardwalk Empire Double Bill 1.30 The Sopranos Double Bill 3.40 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.20 True Blood Double Bill 7.30 Game of Thrones 9.0 Succession 10.05 Dexter: New Blood 11.10 Scenes from a Marriage 12.20 Oz Double Bill 2.30 Deadwood 3.35 Californication 4.10 Urban Secrets Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast. Hannah French presents. 9.0 Essential Classics. With Georgia Mann . 12.0 Composer of the Week: Luigi Cherubini (1/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert : Wigmore Hall Mondays. Previn: Sonata No 2 for violin and piano. Tony Schemmer: Sonata for violin and piano , S ándor’s Ballad . Copland: Two Pieces for violin and piano. Gershwin: Porgy and Bess Suite. Aleksey Semenenko (violin), Artem Belogurov (piano). 2.0 Afternoon Concert . A selection of music from the BBC performing groups and the European Broadcasting Union, as Jordi Savall celebrates his 80th birthday. 4.30 New Generation Artists . The baritone James Newby heard in recital in July at Wigmore Hall. 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert . An evening of music showcasing some of the winners of this year’s Royal Philharmonic Society awards, announced at Wigmore Hall last week. 10.0 Music Matters (R) 10.45 Between the Ears: New Creatives – Thames Whale. An experimental sound programme by the artist Joseph Bond. (1/5) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 Start the Week (9/16) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days , by Rebecca Donner. (1/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 The Untold: After the Army (6/11) 11.30 Loose Ends (R) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Last Resort: Pete, by Jan Carson. (R) (1/10) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A History of the World in 100 Objects: Ship’s Chronometer from HMS Beagle (R) (91/100) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: Little Miss Burden , by Matilda Ibini. 3.0 Brain of Britain: The Final (17/17) 3.30 The Food Programme: COP26 – The Case for Cattle and Pigs (R) 4.0 Laura Barton’s Notes on Music: Laura Barton Goes West (R) (3/3) 4.30 The Digital Human: Emotional (5/6) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Museum of Curiosity (4/6) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 A Summer of Fire and Flood: The End of Evia. Maria Margaronis travels to the Greek island where vast areas of forests, olive groves and houses were destroyed in a week-long inferno. (3/3) 8.30 Analysis: Baby Boom or Bust. With Clare McNeil . (7/8) 9.0 No Ball Games (R) 9.30 Start the Week 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Careless , by Kirsty Capes. (1/10) 11.0 Have You Heard George’s Podcast? Vibrations (R) 11.30 Today in Parliament 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Paul Temple and the Vandyke Affair (5/8) 6.30 Death Speaks Another Language (6/6) 7.0 Reluctant Persuaders (3/4) 7.30 The Museum of Curiosity (3/6) 8.0 Lines from My Grandfather’s Forehead 8.30 Albert and Me (8/9) 9.0 Jest a Minute (6/6) 9.30 The Leopard in Autumn (2/6) 10.0 Strangers and Brothers (6/10) 11.0 TED Radio Hour (28/48) 12.0 Lines from … 12.30 Albert and Me (8/9) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Death Speaks … 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev: The Life (1/5) 2.15 Wuthering Heights (1/10) 2.30 The Poppy Factory 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Jest a Minute (6/6) 4.30 The Leopard in … 5.0 Reluctant Persuaders (3/4) 5.30 The Museum of … 6.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch (1/5) 6.15 Fresh Blood (6/10) 6.30 A Good Read (5/8) 7.0 Lines from … 7.30 Albert and Me (8/9) 8.0 Paul Temple 8.30 Death Speaks … 9.0 TED Radio Hour (28/48) 10.0 The Museum of … 10.30 Buy Me Up TV (1/4) 11.0 The Now Show (2/6) 11.30 Elis James’s Pantheon of Heroes (3/3) 12.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer … 12.15 Fresh Blood (6/10) 12.30 A Good Read (5/8) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Death Speaks … 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev 2.15 Wuthering Heights (1/10) 2.30 The Poppy Factory 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Jest a Minute (6/6) 4.30 The Leopard in … 5.0 Reluctant Persuaders (3/4) 5.30 Museum of …

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:51 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:59 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Tuesday 9 What We Do in the Shadows BBC Two, 10.05pm Nandor uses a forbidden artefact in his pursuit s The Observer 07.11.21 51 BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Morning Live (T) 10.0 Dom Digs In (T) (R) 10.45 Expert Witness (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 1.0 News and Weather (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 The Tournament (T) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Clean It, Fix It (T) 4.30 The Repair Shop (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) (R) 6.0 News and Weather (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.30 EastEnders (T) 7.50 Holby City (T) 6.15 Clean It, Fix It (T) (R) 7.0 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 7.45 Sign Zone: Autumnwatch (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 12.15 Politics Live (T) 1.0 Heir Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Vintage Antiques Roadshow (T) (R) 3.0 The Hairy Bikers’ Comfort Food (T) (R) Teesside dish chicken parmo. 3.45 Mountain Vets (T) (R) 4.15 Inside the Supermarket (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (T) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News and Weather (T) 1.55 Local News and Weather (T) 2.0 Dickinson’s Real Deal (T) 3.0 Lingo (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News and Weather (T) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Jai is worried ahead of a healthy and safety visit. Ellis makes a heartfelt apology – and Rodney is back on the market. 6.05 Countdown (T) (R) 6.45 The Big Bang Theory (T) (R) Double bill. 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) Triple bill. 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) Triple bill. 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 Moneybags (T) 4.0 A Place in the Sun (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 Come Dine With Me (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 7.55 The Political Slot (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Hope at Christmas (Robert Tate Miller, 2018) (T) 12.45 Friends (T) (R) 1.10 News (T) 1.15 Home and Away (T) (R) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 The Christmas Ball (Amy Barrett, 2020) (T) 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 6.0 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (T) (R) A paramedic who has been suffering from a hoarse voice for several months visits the surgery. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) (5/15) Michael Portillo visits Lossiemouth and Inverness. His journey ends at Loch Ness, where he joins a research team scouring the deep for signs of the elusive monster. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) Bob Ross paints a relaxing river. 8.30 Panorama: Online Pimps Exposed (T) Bronagh Munro investigates the online pimps who traffic vulnerable women for sex. 9.0 Who Do You Think You Are? (T) Pixie Lott sets out to confirm the family story that she has Italian ancestry but finds a tale of poverty in London. 8.0 Saving Lives at Sea (T) (R) A crew pulls a drowning man from the Thames. 9.0 Saving Lives at Sea (T) A crew race to save a family trapped in their car on the Lindisfarne causeway. 9.15 Impeachment: American Crime Story (T) An emotional Monica feels isolated and let down. 8.0 Coronation Street (T) Kelly attempts to make amends to Nina, and Aadi discusses his future with Dev. 9.0 The Tower (T) (2/3) Sarah finally persuades her boss DCI Tim Bailie to go public about Lizzie’s disappearance, before making a series of discoveries that complicate the case. 8.0 The Great British Bake Off (T) The bakers explore alternative ingredients in Free-From Week. 9.15 Murder Island (T) (6/6) The last detective duo close in on the final suspects, arresting both in the hope they can break them down in interview and convince one to admit their guilt. 8.0 The Yorkshire Vet (T) A four-week old lamb is rushed in to see Peter, and after a labrador is kicked in the face by a horse, Julian worries it may have a fracture. Includes news update. 9.0 Our Yorkshire Farm (T) Reuben helps his parents with their biggest job of the summer, hay baling. 8.0 The Good Life The Last Posh Frock (T) (R) (7/7) 8.30 One Foot in the Grave (T) (R) (6/6) 9.0 Goodness Gracious Me: 20 Years Innit! (T) (R) Highlights from the award-winning comedy sketch show. 9.40 Mark Lawson Talks to Sanjeev Bhaskar (T) (R) 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 I Like the Way U Move (T) 11.35 Have I Got a Bit More News for You (T) Richard Ayoade hosts the comic quizshow. 12.20 Question of Sport (T) (R) 12.50 Richard Osman’s House of Games Night (T) (R) 1.20 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 1.25 News (T) 10.05 What We Do in the Shadows The Cloak of Duplication (T) 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 NFL This Week (T) Osi Umenyiora and Jason Bell present . 12.05 Sign Zone Universe (T) (R) 1.05 Inside Culture: Down Under (T) (R) 1.35 Iolo: The Last Wilderness of Wales (T) (R) 2.05 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) Weather 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 The Jonathan Ross Show (T) (R) With Aisling Bea, Rob Delaney and Ed Sheeran. 11.45 Beverley and Jordan: Destination Wedding (T) (R) 12.10 The Tower (T) (R) (2/3) 1.05 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Loose Women (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 10.15 Stath Lets Flats A Drink Because of Friendship (T) (3/6) 10.45 Gogglebox (T) (R) 11.50 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown (T) (R) 12.50 Taskmaster (T) (R) 1.45 Complaints Welcome (T) (R) 2.40 The Royal House of Windsor (T) (R) (6/6) 3.35 George Clarke’s Amazing Spaces (T) (R) 10.0 1,000 Years a Slave The Reckoning (T) (4/4) Prof David Olusoga returns to Bristol to see the statue of Edward Colston. 11.05 Ambulance: Code Red (T) (R) 12.05 Operating Theatre: Minute By Minute (T) 1.0 Live Casino (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.10 Our New Puppy (T) (R) 10.40 WWI: The Last Tommies (T) (R) An account of the Battle of the Somme, told through its last survivors. 11.40 Secrets of Skin Adaptability & Moving (T) (R) (1 & 2/6) 12.40 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 1.10 Mark Lawson Talks to Sanjeev Bhaskar (T) (R) 2.10 WWI: The Last Tommies (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Modern Wheels Or Classic Steals Double Bill 8.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear Double Bill 5.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 8.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 8.40 Would I Lie to You? 9.20 QI 10.0 Question Team 11.0 Live at the Apollo 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 1.40 Would I Lie to You? 2.30 QI 3.0 Alan Davies: As Yet Untitled 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Baby Daddy Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 Big Bang Theory 1.30 Big Bang Theory 2.0 Big Bang Theory 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 Gogglebox: Celebrity Special for SU2C 10.0 Naked Attraction Double Bill 12.10 Married at First Sight Australia 1.45 Gogglebox 2.40 First Dates: Be My Valentine 3.35 Big Bang Theory 4.0 Big Bang Theory 4.20 Big Bang Theory 4.45 The Goldbergs 5.10 The Goldbergs 5.35 The Goldbergs Film4 11.0am The Red Pony (1949) 12.55 Shane (1953) 3.25 Vertigo (1958) 6.05 Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017) 9.0 The Predator (2018) 11.10 American Ultra (2015) 1.0 Sisters (2015) ITV2 6.0am Love Bites 7.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 Coronation Street Double Bill 9.30 Supermarket Sweep 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 Coronation Street Double Bill 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold Double Bill 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Family Guy Double Bill 10.0 Plebs Double Bill 11.0 Family Guy 11.30 American Dad! Double Bill 12.25 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.20 Superstore Double Bill 2.10 Hey Tracey! 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Kirstie’s Vintage Gems 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau 12.05 Grand Designs 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.15 Four in a Bed 2.50 Four in a Bed 3.20 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 The Great House Giveaway 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 How to Build British: Mini 10.0 Building the World’s Fastest Car 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10 How to Build British: Mini 1.15 Building the World’s Fastest Car 2.15 The Secret Life of the Zoo 3.20 Food Unwrapped Investigates Sky Max 6.0am Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Send in the Dogs 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Supergirl 9.0 Strike Back: Silent War 10.0 The Deirdre O’Kane Show 11.0 The Force: North East 12.0 Brassic 1.0 Road Wars 2.0 Brit Cops: War on Crime 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Send in the Dogs Sky Arts 6.0am Song for Nature: London Climate Change Festival 8.0 Venice: A Concert for Our Climate 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Gene Kelly 11.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 12.0 Landscape Artist of the Year 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Rita Hayworth 3.0 Sky Arts Book Club 4.0 Music Icons: British Rhythm & Blues 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Sophia Loren 7.0 Eliza Shaddad: Celebration of Live 8.0 My Greatest Shot Double Bill 9.0 Anton Bruckner: The Making of a Giant 10.15 Chichi Nwanoku on Samuel Coleridge-Taylor 11.15 New Order: Decades 1.05 Soundbreaking 2.0 Video Killed the Radio Star 2.30 The Rise of Jordan Peterson (2019) 4.30 Music Icons: British Rhythm & Blues 5.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings Sky Atlantic 6.0am The British 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Six Feet Under Double Bill 11.15 Boardwalk Empire Double Bill 1.30 The Sopranos Double Bill 3.40 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.20 True Blood Double Bill 7.30 Game of Thrones 9.0 What Does the Future Look Like? 9.05 Gangs of London 10.15 Chernobyl 11.25 Oz 12.30 Oz 1.35 Oz 2.40 Deadwood 3.45 Californication 4.20 Fish Town Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Cherubini (2/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert: Schwarzenberg Schubertiade. Highlights from this year’s event . (1/4) 2.0 Afternoon Concert . A performance of Claudio Monteverdi’s L’Orfeo by the Concert des Nations at the Opéra Comique in Paris. Plus, music inspired by Italy from Liszt, and Kodály’s Dances of Galanta . 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert . Recorded at Hoddinott Hall, Cardiff last week. Britten: Prelude and Fugue. Williams: Violin Concerto. Interval. Vaughan Williams: Symphony No 5. Madeleine Mitchell (violin), BBC NOW, Jamie Phillips . 10.0 Free Thinking: The Imperial War Museum Remembrance Discussion 2021. With Anne McElvoy and guests. 10.45 Between the Ears: New Creatives – Time is What Keeps the Light from Reaching Us , by Cassandre Greenberg. (2/5) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 8.31 (LW) Yesterday in Parliament 9.0 Things Fell Apart: 1,000 Dolls. Jon Ronson delves into history to find strange tales from the culture wars. (1/8) 9.30 One to One: Re inventing Yourself. Malaika Kegode talks to Polly Meech. (10/10) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days , by Rebecca Donner. (2/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 Political Time Zones: Bending Time. David Runciman looks at how democracies might think more deeply about time to tackle the challenges faced. (1/3) 11.30 Pride Or Prejudice: How We Read Now (3/3) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Last Resort: Lois, by Jan Carson. (R) (2/10) 12.18 Call You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A History of the World … Early Victorian Tea Set (R) (92/100) 2.0 The Archers (R) 2.15 Drama: The Call of the Rewild, by Kieran Lynn. (R) 3.0 The Kitchen Cabinet (R) (7/7) 3.30 Costing the Earth: Cop26 – A Turning of the Tide (10/13) 4.0 Law in Action (3/4) 4.30 A Good Read: Muriel Gray & Leah Davis (6/9) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 Jayde Adams: Hometown Glory. Why do so many people leave home ? (1/2) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 File on 4 (2/4) 8.40 In Touch 9.0 All in the Mind (1/8) 9.30 Things Fell Apart (R) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Careless , by Kirsty Capes. (2/10) 11.0 Fortunately 11.30 Today in Parliament 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Paul Temple and the Vandyke Affair (6/8) 6.30 A Charles Paris Mystery: A Reconstructed Corpse (1/4) 7.0 Polyoaks (5/6) 7.30 Daliso Chaponda: Citizen of Nowhere (4/4) 8.0 Round the Horne (8/13) 8.30 Winston in Europe (2/6) 9.0 The Now Show (2/6) 9.30 Do Nothing ’Til You Hear from Me (4/6) 10.0 Strangers and Brothers (7/10) 11.0 Alistair Cooke’s Century 12.0 Round the Horne (8/13) 12.30 Winston in … 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev: The Life (2/5) 2.15 Wuthering Heights (2/10) 2.30 The Unsettled Dust: The Strange Stories of Robert Aickman 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Elephant in the Room (4/7) 4.30 Do Nothing … (4/6) 5.0 Polyoaks (5/6) 5.30 Daliso Chaponda 6.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch (2/5) 6.15 Fresh Blood (7/10) 6.30 Soul Music (4/5) 7.0 Round the Horne (8/13) 7.30 Winston in … 8.0 Paul Temple 8.30 Charles Paris 9.0 Alistair Cooke 10.0 Daliso Chaponda 10.30 Fabulous (1/4) 11.0 Will Smith Presents the Tao of Bergerac (3/4) 11.30 Hamish and Dougal (2/6) 11.45 Quando, Quando, Quando (2/6) 12.0 Thou Shalt Not … 12.15 Fresh Blood (7/10) 12.30 Soul Music (4/5) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev … 2.15 Wuthering Heights (2/10) 2.30 Unsettled Dust … 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Elephant in … 4.30 Do Nothing … (4/6) 5.0 Polyoaks (5/6) 5.30 Daliso Chaponda

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:52 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:59 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 52 The Observer 07.11.21 Wednesday 10 Grey’s Anatomy Sky Witness, 9pm The past presents Meredith (Ellen Pompeo) with an opportunity BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Morning Live (T) 10.0 Dom Digs In (T) (R) 10.45 Expert Witness (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) (R) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 The Tournament (T) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Clean It, Fix It (T) 4.30 The Repair Shop (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) (R) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.30 The Great Rickshaw Relay Challenge (T) Matt Baker and five young people take on a relay-style ride. 6.30 Clean It, Fix It (T) (R) 7.15 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: The Hairy Bikers Go North (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 1.0 Heir Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Vintage Antiques Roadshow (T) (R) 3.0 The Hairy Bikers’ Comfort Food (T) (R) 3.45 Mountain Vets (T) (R) 4.15 Inside the Supermarket (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 Walking With Kate Garraway (T) 7.30 Between the Covers (T) (1/6) Sara Cox returns with the show about books. 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News and Weather (T) 1.55 Local News and Weather (T) 2.0 Dickinson’s Real Deal (T) 3.0 Lingo (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News and Weather (T) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) Jai lays the blame at Ben’s door, and Tracy makes an admission to Faith . 7.30 Coronation Street (T) Aadi vents his anger at Dev and Asha. 6.05 Countdown (T) (R) 6.45 The Big Bang Theory (T) (R) Double bill. 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) Triple bill. 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) Triple bill. 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 Moneybags (T) 4.0 A Place in the Sun (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 Come Dine With Me (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 7.55 The Political Slot (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 Return to Christmas Creek (Don McBrearty, 2018) (T) 12.45 Friends (T) (R) 1.10 News (T) 1.15 Home and Away (T) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 Four Cousins and a Christmas (Maria Capp, 2021) (T) 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 6.0 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 The Gadget Show (T) Craig Charles helps Georgie Barrat test out a pair of rugged phones on a building site. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) (6/15) Michael Portillo explores the West Country between the wars, setting off from the Cornish seaside resort of St Ives and ending his first leg in the former mining village of St Day. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) Bob Ross paints an autumn landscape. 8.30 The Repair Shop (T) (R) Lucia Scalisi tries to mend a serious tear in a portrait, and Brenton West tackles a seaside telescope. 9.0 Shetland (T) After the shocking events of the previous night Perez must piece together what happened before Creggan finds his target. 8.0 Life at 50°C (T) Documentary exploring the devastating impact extreme heat has across the globe. 9.0 Universe (T) (3/5) Prof Brian Cox explores the Milky Way, using data from a cutting-edge space telescope to reveal the dramatic history of our galaxy . 8.0 Beverley and Jordan: Destination Wedding (T) The duo arrive in the tourist hotspot of Benidorm. 8.30 Coronation Street (T) Kelly offers Aadi sanctuary. 9.0 The Tower (T) (3/3) Lizzie decides to turn herself in, and when Sarah interviews her, the truth about what happened emerges. 8.0 George Clarke’s Old House, New Home (T) The architect takes on a listed Georgian farmhouse in Stroud and a Victorian end-of-terrace in Wootton Bassett. 9.0 Extraordinary Extensions (T) Tinie Tempah follows the transformation of a Victorian timber yard in south London into a family home. 8.0 Police Interceptors (T) The firearms team tackle reports of an illegal gun. 9.0 Police: Hour of Duty (T) Police arrest a woman on a rampage with a hammer and when another family member turns up and starts abusing officers, the potential for violence is ramped up further. 8.0 WWI: The Last Tommies (T) (R) (3/3) Veterans reflect on how Britain and her allies turned a looming defeat into victory. 9.0 Charley Boorman: Sydney to Tokyo, By Any Means (T) (R) The adventurer travels to Papua New Guinea, where he uses a dirt bike to navigate a dangerous route. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 Bump (T) (7/10) Dom and Angie start to grow used to their separated status. 11.05 Bump (T) (8/10) Santi and Oly try to fix things, and Oly faces a shock about her parents. 11.35 Ambulance (T) (R) 12.35 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 12.40 News (T) 10.0 Live at the Apollo (T) With sets by Sophie Duker and Emmanuel Sonubi. 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 Journey’s End (Saul Dibb, 2017) (T) First world war drama starring Sam Claflin. 12.55 Sign Zone Autumnwatch (T) (R) 1.55 Iolo: The Last Wilderness of Wales (T) (R) 2.25 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) Weather 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Peston (T) Political magazine show . 11.40 The Tower (T) (R) (3/3) Gemma Whelan and Tahirah Sharif star. 12.35 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Cooking With the Stars (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point (T) (R) 10.0 The Love Trap (T) 11.05 First Dates (T) (R) 12.05 The Great British Bake Off: An Extra Slice (T) (R) 1.0 Hotel Hell (T) (R) 1.50 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 2.40 The Drop (Michaël R Roskam, 2014) (T) Crime drama. 4.25 Couples CDWM (T) (R) 5.15 Food Unwrapped Investigates (T) (R) 10.0 Nightmare Tenants, Slum Landlords (T) (R) 11.05 Bargain Brits on Benefits (R) (3/10) 12.05 999: Criminals Caught on Camera (T) (R) 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.10 Our New Puppy (T) (R) 4.0 Britain By Boat (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 House Doctor (T) (R) 10.0 My Father and Me (Nick Broomfield, 2019) (T) (R) The director looks at his relationship with his father. 11.35 Britain in Focus: A Photographic History (T) (R) (1 & 2/3) With Eamonn McCabe . 1.35 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 2.05 WWI: The Last Tommies (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Modern Wheels Or Classic Steals Double Bill 8.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear Double Bill 5.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 8.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 8.40 Would I Lie to You? At Christmas 9.20 QI 10.0 Comedians Giving Lectures 10.40 Question Team 11.40 Mock the Week 12.20 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 1.20 Would I Lie to You? At Christmas 2.0 QI 2.45 Mock the Week 3.15 Sliced 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Baby Daddy Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory 1.30 The Big Bang Theory 2.0 The Big Bang Theory 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 Young Sheldon Double Bill 10.0 The Inbetweeners Double Bill 11.0 Duncanville Double Bill 12.0 Married at First Sight Australia 1.35 Naked Attraction 2.30 Gogglebox 3.25 Young Sheldon Double Bill 4.10 The Big Bang Theory 4.35 The Big Bang Theory 5.0 The Big Bang Theory 5.25 The Goldbergs Film4 11.0am The Furies (1950) 1.10 In Harm’s Way (1965) 4.30 The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959) 6.15 The Martian (2015) 9.0 American Made (2017) 11.15 Mary Magdalene (2018) 1.35 Nebraska (2013) ITV2 6.0am Love Bites 7.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale Double Bill 10.0 Dress to Impress 11.0 Love Bites 12.0 Emmerdale Double Bill 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold: Harry’s Favourites 6.0 Catchphrase Celebrity Special 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Family Guy Double Bill 10.0 Peckham’s Finest 10.45 Family Guy Double Bill 11.45 American Dad! Double Bill 12.40 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.30 Superstore Double Bill 2.20 Hey Tracey! 3.15 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Kirstie’s House of Craft 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau 12.05 Grand Designs 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.15 Four in a Bed 2.50 Four in a Bed 3.20 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 The Great House Giveaway 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 Britain’s Scenic Railways 10.0 The Great Train Robbery: The Hidden Tapes 11.0 24 Hours in A&E 12.05 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.10 Britain’s Scenic Railways 2.15 The Great Train Robbery: The Hidden Tapes 3.20 Food Unwrapped Investigates Sky Max 6.0am Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Send in the Dogs 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 Grimm Double Bill 8.0 A League of Their Own: European Road Trip 9.0 Rob & Romesh v Team GB , Part One 10.0 Brassic 11.0 Temple 12.0 The Russell Howard Hour 1.0 The Force: North East 2.0 Road Wars 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Send in the Dogs Sky Arts 6.0am Colin Dunne: Sculpting Space 7.30 Il Divo: Timeless – Live in Japan 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Rita Hayworth 11.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 12.0 Brunelleschi’s Impossible Dome 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Sophia Loren 3.0 Sky Arts Book Club 4.0 Music Icons: Pop Rock 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Kirk Douglas 7.0 Landscape Artist of the Year 8.0 Portrait Artist of the Year 2021 9.0 Life & Rhymes 9.30 Kojey Radical’s Decipher 9.50 The Seventies 10.50 Soul Power! 11.50 Brian Johnson’s A Life on the Road 12.50 Rosamund Pike: Off Camera 2.0 Discovering: Kevin Costner 3.0 Ian McKellen: Playing the Part 5.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings Sky Atlantic 6.0am The British 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Six Feet Under Double Bill 11.15 Boardwalk Empire Double Bill 1.30 The Sopranos Double Bill 3.40 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.20 True Blood Double Bill 7.30 Game of Thrones 9.0 Dexter: New Blood 10.05 Scenes from a Marriage 11.15 The L Word: Generation Q 12.20 Oz Double Bill 2.30 Deadwood 3.35 Californication 4.10 Fish Town Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast . Hannah French presents . 9.0 Essential Classics . With Georgia Mann . 12.0 Composer of the Week: Cherubini (3/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert: Schwarzenberg Schubertiade. Highlights from this year’s event . (2/4) 2.0 Afternoon Concert . Music inspired by Shakespeare from Sibelius, Purcell and Tchaikovsky. 4.0 Choral Evensong: The Rodolfus Choral Course at Selwyn College, Cambridge 5.0 In Tune . Katie Derham is joined by Alice Coote, Stuart Jackson, Julius Drake and Bertrand Chamayou. 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert . From Bridgewater Hall, presented by Ian Skelly. Weill: Symphony No 2. 8 pm Interval. Tom Coult: Pleasure Garden . Ravel: Ballet, Mother Goose. Daniel Pioro (violin), BBC Philharmonic, Elena Schwarz . 10.0 Free Thinking: Dogs. With Rana Mitter and guests . 10.45 Between the Ears: New Creatives – Therianthropy , by Aladin Borioli . (3/5) 11.0 Night Tracks 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 8.31 (LW) Yesterday in Parliament 9.0 Life Changing (5/7) 9.30 In My Head: The Boxing Trainer (R) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days , by Rebecca Donner. (3/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 A Summer of Fire and Flood: The End of Evia (R) (3/3) 11.30 John Finnemore’s Double Acts (R) (2/6) 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Last Resort: Richard, by Jan Carson. (R) (3/10) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A History of the World in 100 Objects: Hokusai’s The Great Wave (R) (93/100) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: Stone – Disclosure, by Richard Monks. (R) (1/4) 3.0 Money Box Live 3.30 All in the Mind (R) 4.0 Sideways: Tongue-Tied (2/8) 4.30 The Media Show 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Cold Swedish Winter (R) (3/4) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 Life Changing (R) 8.30 Descendants (R) (5/7) 9.0 Costing the Earth (R) 9.30 The Media Show 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Careless , by Kirsty Capes. (3/10) 11.0 Lasties: The Unknown Pint. A series of comic plays taking place at a local pub, written by and starring Tim Key and John Kearns. (4/4) 11.15 The Skewer. Topical strangeness from Jon Holmes . (2/7) 11.30 Witness: Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-In. With Alan Johnston. (R) (1/14) 11.45 Today in Parliament 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Paul Temple and the Vandyke Affair (7/8) 6.30 A Charles Paris Mystery: A Reconstructed Corpse (2/4) 7.0 Can’t Tell Nathan Caton Nothing (4/4) 7.30 The Cold Swedish Winter (2/4) 8.0 Hancock’s Half Hour 8.30 No Commitments (2/6) 9.0 Listomania (1/6) 9.30 Smelling of Roses (6/6) 10.0 Strangers and Brothers (8/10) 11.0 Down By the River (2/3) 12.0 Hancock 12.30 No Commitments (2/6) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev: The Life (3/5) 2.15 Wuthering Heights (3/10) 2.30 Travelling the Spaceways: The Cult of Sun Ra 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Listomania (1/6) 4.30 Smelling of Roses (6/6) 5.0 Nathan Caton 5.30 The Cold Swedish … 6.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch (3/5) 6.15 Fresh Blood (8/10) 6.30 Short Cuts (3/6) 7.0 Hancock 7.30 No Commitments (2/6) 8.0 Paul Temple 8.30 Charles Paris 9.0 Down By the River (2/3) 10.0 The Cold Swedish … 10.30 Les Kelly’s Britain (2/4) 11.0 Bleak Expectations (3/6) 11.30 Bunk Bed (3/4) 11.45 Roger McGough’s Other Half (3/4) 12.0 Thou Shalt Not … 12.15 Fresh Blood (8/10) 12.30 Short Cuts (3/6) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev … 2.15 Wuthering Heights (3/10) 2.30 Travelling the Spaceways … 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 Listomania (1/6) 4.30 Smelling of Roses (6/6) 5.0 Nathan Caton 5.30 The Cold Swedish …

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:53 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:00 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Thursday 11 The Observer 07.11.21 53 Nadiya’s Fast Flavours BBC Two, 8.30pm Winning ways with macaroni cheese BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Morning Live (T) 10.0 Expert Witness (T) 10.30 Animal Park (T) (R) 10.59 The Remembrance Day Two -Minute Silence (T) 11.05 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.05 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News (T) 1.30 Regional News (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 The Tournament (T) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Clean It, Fix It (T) 4.30 The Repair Shop (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) (R) 6.0 News (T) 6.30 Regional News (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.35 EastEnders (T) 6.30 Clean It, Fix It (T) (R) 7.15 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: The Mating Game (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 1.0 Heir Hunters (T) (R) 1.45 Eggheads (T) (R) 2.15 Vintage Antiques Roadshow (T) (R) 3.0 The Hairy Bikers’ Comfort Food (T) (R) 3.45 The Best Dishes Ever (T) (R) 4.15 Nature’s Weirdest Events (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 The Hairy Bikers Go North (T) (8/8) The duo explore Tyne & Wear and Newcastle Upon Tyne. 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) 9.0 Lorraine (T) 10.0 This Morning (T) 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News and Weather (T) 1.55 Local News and Weather (T) 2.0 Dickinson’s Real Deal (T) 3.0 Lingo (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News and Weather (T) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 7.0 Emmerdale (T) 7.30 Tonight: Searching for Patient Zero – Britain’s Aids Tragedy (T) Paul Brand traces the first reported case of A ids in the UK. 6.05 Countdown (T) (R) 6.45 The Big Bang Theory (T) (R) Double bill. 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) Triple bill. 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) Triple bill. 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 Moneybags (T) Quiz, hosted by Craig Charles. 4.0 A Place in the Sun (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 Come Dine With Me (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News (T) 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 The Christmas Bunny (Tom Seidman, 2010) (T) 12.45 Friends (T) (R) 1.10 News (T) 1.15 Home and Away (T) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 Unlocking Christmas (Don McBrearty, 2020) (T) 4.0 Bargain-Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 6.0 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 Carol Klein’s Great British Gardens (T) (5/8) The plantswoman visits outstanding gardens across the UK and meets the people who tend them. 7.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) (7/15) Michael Portillo visits Cornwall’s county town, Truro, heading to the historic estate of Trewithen, whose gardens were stocked from China by plant hunters commissioned by its owner. 7.30 The Joy of Painting (T) Bob Ross paints a scene boasting mountains and a stream. 8.0 Sort Your Life Out With Stacey Solomon (T) The broadcaster encourages the Patel family to tidy their house, as mum Bijal, dad Darshan and their children try to declutter. 9.0 MasterChef: The Professionals (T) Four more chefs attempt to make the quarter-final. 8.0 Mary Berry: Love to Cook (T) New series. The culinary expert offers tips for cooking delicious meals. 8.30 Nadiya’s Fast Flavours (T) New series. Nadiya Hussain begins with comfort foods. 9.0 Surgeons: At the Edge of Life (T) New series from the Royal Papworth and Addenbrooke’s hospitals. 8.0 Emmerdale (T) Liv tries to talk to Aaron, and Al explains things to Chas. 8.30 The Martin Lewis Money Show: Live (T) 9.0 The Trial of Louise Woodward (T) A look back at the 1997 trial of Louise Woodward, a British nanny accused of murdering an American baby in her care. 8.0 Handmade: Britain’s Best Woodworker (T) The quarter-final finds the five remaining woodworkers taking on animal sculptures using chainsaws. 9.0 Taskmaster (T) Desiree Burch draws on her face, Guz Khan endures a ball to the groin, and Alan Davies loses an eye. 8.0 Inside the Tower of London (T) The tower’s oldest raven goes missing and the ravenmaster worries that it might have gone for ever. 9.0 Dalgliesh (T) (3/6) In 1975, Dalgliesh is invited to Dorset by his old friend Father Michael, only to discover that he died a few days ago. 8.0 Dan Cruickshank’s Monuments of Remembrance (T) (R) The extraordinary stories behind first world war cemeteries and memorials. 9.0 The Eiger Sanction (Clint Eastwood, 1975) (T) (R) An ex-assassin is blackmailed into another hit. Thriller with Clint Eastwood. 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 Question Time (T) From Hartlepool, with panellists including the author and activist Naomi Klein. 11.35 Newscast (T) With Adam Fleming, Laura Kuenssberg and Chris Mason. 12.05 Blankety Blank (T) (R) 12.40 Weather (T) 12.45 News (T) 10.0 Mock the Week (T) 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.15 Frankie Boyle’s New World Order (T) (R) (3/7) 11.50 Sign Zone Blair & Brown: The New Labour Revolution (T) (R) (4/5) 12.50 Strictly Come Dancing (T) (R) 2.20 Strictly Come Dancing: The Results (T) (R) 3.05 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) Weather 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 Fearless: The Women Fighting Putin (T) The dramatic stories of three women activists in Russia. 11.45 Sitting on a Fortune (T) (R) 12.35 1990 World Cup: England v Cameroon (T) (R) 1.25 Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Tonight (R) 3.40 Wild China With Ray Mears (T) (R) 10.0 Complaints Welcome (T) 11.05 Unapologetic (T) Yinka Bokinni and Zeze Millz host. 12.05 Gogglebox (T) (R) 1.0 Rape: Who’s on Trial? (T) (R) 2.15 Murder Island (T) (R) 3.10 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 4.0 Couples Come Dine With Me (T) (R) 4.50 Building the Dream (T) (R) 5.45 Kirstie’s House of Craft (T) (R) 10.0 999: Critical Condition (R) 11.05 A Good Day to Die Hard (John Moore, 2013) (T) Action adventure sequel starring Bruce Willis and Jai Courtney. 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.10 Our New Puppy (T) (R) 4.0 Britain By Boat (T) (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (T) (R) 5.10 House Doctor (T) (R) 11.05 Paths of Glory (Stanley Kubrick, 1957) (T) (R) First world war drama starring Kirk Douglas and Adolphe Menjou. 12.30 Museums in Quarantine (T) (R) 1.0 Great British Railway Journeys (T) (R) 1.30 Dan Cruickshank’s Monuments of Remembrance (T) (R) 2.30 WWI: The Last Tommies (R) (3/3) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Modern Wheels Or Classic Steals Double Bill 8.0 Rick Stein’s Mediterranean Escapes 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear Double Bill 5.0 Rick Stein’s Far Eastern Odyssey 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 8.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 8.40 Would I Lie to You? 9.20 QI 10.0 Not Going Out 10.40 Not Going Out 11.20 Not Going Out 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 1.40 Would I Lie to You? 2.30 QI 3.0 Sliced 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Baby Daddy Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory 1.30 The Big Bang Theory 2.0 The Big Bang Theory 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.15 First Dates Australia 10.20 Naked Attraction Double Bill 12.25 Married at First Sight Australia 2.15 Rick and Morty 2.40 Robot Chicken Double Bill 3.05 Gogglebox 4.0 The Big Bang Theory 4.20 The Big Bang Theory 4.45 The Big Bang Theory 5.10 The Goldbergs Double Bill Film4 11.0am Heaven Knows, Mr Allison (1957) 1.10 Winchester ’73 (1950) 3.0 The Far Country (1954) 4.55 The Great Sioux Massacre (1965) 7.0 Eye in the Sky (2015) 9.0 Mechanic: Resurrection (2016) 11.0 The Bank Job (2008) 1.15 Corpus Christi (2019) ITV2 6.0am Love Bites 7.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale 8.30 Coronation Street Double Bill 9.30 Supermarket Sweep 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale 1.0 Coronation Street Double Bill 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 6.0 Celebrity Catchphrase 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Hell’s Kitchen 10.0 The Emily Atack Show 10.45 Family Guy Double Bill 11.45 American Dad! Double Bill 12.40 Bad Boy Chiller Crew 1.20 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 2.10 Superstore Double Bill 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Kirstie’s House of Craft 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau 12.05 Grand Designs 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.15 Four in a Bed 2.50 Four in a Bed 3.20 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 The Great House Giveaway 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 The Good Fight 10.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 11.15 999: On the Front Line 12.20 24 Hours in A&E 1.25 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 2.25 The Good Fight 3.30 Food Unwrapped Investigates Sky Max 6.0am Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Send in the Dogs 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Football’s Funniest Moments 9.0 Temple 10.0 The Russell Howard Hour 11.0 COBRA: Cyberwar 12.0 The Deirdre O’Kane Show 1.0 Road Wars 2.0 Brit Cops: War on Crime 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Send in the Dogs Sky Arts 6.0am Beethoven: The Complete Symphonies 6.50 Verdi: Stiffelio 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Sophia Loren 11.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 12.0 Brunelleschi’s Impossible Dome 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Kirk Douglas 3.0 Sky Arts Book Club 4.0 Music Icons: Psychedelic Rock 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Bette Davis 7.0 Portrait Artist of the Year 2021 8.0 Discovering: Glenn Close 9.0 Beat the Devil 10.0 Matt Damon: Off Camera 11.15 Brian Johnson’s A Life on the Road 12.15 Classic Albums 1.15 Video Killed the Radio Star 1.45 Song for Nature: London Climate Change Festival 3.45 Anton Bruckner: The Making of a Giant 5.0 Mystery of the Lost Paintings Sky Atlantic 6.0am The British 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Six Feet Under Double Bill 11.15 Boardwalk Empire Double Bill 1.30 The Sopranos Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods Double Bill 5.45 True Blood Double Bill 7.55 True Blood 9.0 Succession 10.05 Penny Dreadful: City of Angels Double Bill 12.20 Oz Double Bill 2.30 Deadwood 3.35 Californication 4.10 Fish Town Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Cherubini (4/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert: Schwarzenberg Schubertiade (3/4) 2.0 Afternoon Concert . Music from the BBC groups and from around Europe, featuring a live performance by the BBC Philharmonic in Salford. 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert . A concert from Belfast to celebrate the BBC’s 40-year partnership with the Ulster Orchestra. With Chloe Hanslip (violin), Andrew Douglas (flute), Neil Martin (uilleann pipes), Richard Gowers (organ) and the conductor Stephen Bell . 10.0 Free Thinking: Being Human 2021 10.45 Between the Ears: Quilts of Love , by Tom Foskett- Barnes. (4/5) 11.0 Night Tracks 11.30 Unclassified: Ambient Inspirations at the London Jazz Festival 12.30 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am Today 8.45 (LW) Yesterday in Parliament 9.0 In Our Time (9/16) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days , by Rebecca Donner. (4/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour . 10.59 Big Ben and the Armistice Day Silence. 11.0 From Our Own Correspondent (8/8) 11.30 Dostoevsky and the Russian Soul. The former Archbishop of Canterbury Dr Rowan Williams considers what the writer’s life and thoughts can tell us about Russia today. 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Last Resort: Anna, by Jan Carson. (R) (4/10) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A History of the World in 100 Objects: Sudanese Slit Drum (R) (94/100) 2.0 The Archers 2.15 Drama: This Thing of Darkness . Anita Vettesse’s drama about forensic psychiatrist and psychotherapist Alex and her cases returns . Lolita Chakrabarti and Melody Grove star. (1/7) 3.0 Open Country: Britain’s Forgotten Rainforest. With Helen Mark in Wales . (5/16) 3.27 Radio 4 Appeal: Carers Worldwide (R) 3.30 Bookclub: Maja Lunde – The History of Bees (R) 4.0 Rutherford & Fry: The Venomous Vendetta (6/6) 4.30 Inside Science 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 Relativity (R) (1/6) 7.0 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 8.0 Law in Action (R) 8.30 The Bottom Line (6/7) 9.0 Inside Science (R) 9.30 In Our Time (9/16) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Careless , by Kirsty Capes. (4/10) 11.0 Date Night. Semiimprovised comedy show . (3/4) 11.30 Sweet Mother KD. Laura Barton tells the story of Karen Dalton, the folk world’s answer to Billie Ho liday. (R) 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast: 11/11/2021 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 Tweet of the Day (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Paul Temple and the Vandyke Affair (8/8) 6.30 A Charles Paris Mystery: A Reconstructed Corpse (3/4) 7.0 ReincarNathan (2/4) 7.30 The Break (6/6) 8.0 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again (9/13) 8.30 King Street Junior (4/8) 9.0 The Unbelievable Truth (1/6) 9.30 An Actor’s Life for Me (3/6) 10.0 Strangers and Brothers (9/10) 11.0 Desert Island Discs 11.45 Life Stories 12.0 I’m Sorry I’ll … 12.30 King Street Junior (4/8) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev: The Life (4/5) 2.15 Wuthering Heights (4/10) 2.30 Midwives to Be 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 The Unbelievable Truth (1/6) 4.30 An Actor’s Life … 5.0 ReincarNathan (2/4) 5.30 The Break (6/6) 6.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch (4/5) 6.15 Fresh Blood (9/10) 6.30 Great Lives (4/9) 7.0 I’m Sorry I’ll … 7.30 King Street Junior (4/8) 8.0 Paul Temple 8.30 Charles Paris 9.0 Desert Island Discs 9.45 Life Stories 10.0 The Break (6/6) 10.30 The Penny Dreadfuls Present: Hereward the Wake 11.15 Cr ème de a Crime (2/6) 11.30 The Secret World (6/6) 12.0 Thou Shalt Not … 12.15 Fresh Blood (9/10) 12.30 Great Lives (4/9) 1.0 Paul Temple 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev … 2.15 Wuthering Heights (4/10) 2.30 Midwives to Be 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 The Unbelievable Truth (1/6) 4.30 An Actor’s Life … 5.0 ReincarNathan (2/4) 5.30 The Break (6/6)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:54 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:00 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 54 The Observer 07.11.21 Friday 12 The Graham Norton Show BBC One, 10.35pm The presenter plays host to Lady Gaga, Rod Stewart, Will Smith and others BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Morning Live (T) 10.0 Dom Digs In (T) (R) 10.45 Expert Witness (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News and Weather (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 The Tournament (T) 2.30 Garden Rescue (T) (R) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) (R) 3.45 Clean It, Fix It (T) 4.30 The Repair Shop (T) 5.15 Pointless (T) (R) 6.0 News and Weather (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.35 A Question of Sport (T) 6.30 Clean It, Fix It (T) (R) 7.15 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Animals With Cameras (T) (R) 9.0 News at 9 (T) 10.0 News (T) 12.15 Politics UK (T) 1.0 Fixing Up Christmas (Jessica Harmon, 2021) (T) Festive romance starring Marshall Williams. 2.25 Best Bakes Ever (T) (R) 3.10 Operation Snow Tiger (T) (R) 4.15 Nature’s Weirdest Events (T) (R) 5.15 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games (T) 6.30 Strictly: It Takes Two (T) 7.0 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (T) 6.0 Good Morning Britain (T) News, current affairs and lifestyle features. 9.0 Lorraine (T) Entertainment and fashion news, hosted by Lorraine Kelly. 10.0 This Morning (T) Morning magazine programme. 12.30 Loose Women (T) 1.30 News and Weather (T) 1.55 Local News and Weather (T) 2.0 Dickinson’s Real Deal (T) 3.0 Lingo (T) 3.59 Local News and Weather (T) 4.0 Tipping Point (T) 5.0 The Chase (T) 6.0 Local News and Weather (T) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 6.05 Countdown (T) (R) 6.45 The Big Bang Theory (T) (R) Double bill. 7.35 The King of Queens (T) (R) Triple bill. 9.0 Frasier (T) (R) Triple bill. 10.30 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (T) (R) 11.25 News (T) 11.30 Find It, Fix It, Flog It (T) (R) 12.30 Steph’s Packed Lunch (T) Weekday magazine show, hosted by Steph McGovern. 2.10 Countdown (T) 3.0 Moneybags (T) 4.0 A Place in the Sun (T) 5.0 Four in a Bed (T) 5.30 Come Dine With Me (T) 6.0 The Simpsons (T) (R) 6.30 Hollyoaks (T) (R) 7.0 News 6.0 Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine (T) 11.15 A Date By Christmas Eve (Jake Helgren, 2019) (T) 12.45 Friends (T) (R) 1.10 News (T) 1.15 Home and Away (T) (R) 1.45 Neighbours (T) 2.20 A Chance for Christmas (Stefan Brogren, 2021) (T) 4.0 Bargain- Loving Brits in the Sun (T) (R) 5.0 News (T) 6.0 Neighbours (T) (R) 6.30 Eggheads (T) 7.0 M&S v Waitrose: Which Is Better Value? (T) (R) Documentary examining the ongoing rivalry between the two supermarkets. 7.0 Bublé at the BBC (T) (R) Entertainment special from 2016 in which the s inger Michael Bublé performs a selection of his best-known hits as well as songs from then new album Nobody But Me, accompanied by his band and a 30-piece orchestra in Salford. In between numbers, he also talks to Claudia Winkleman about his life and career. 8.05 EastEnders (T) Stacey and Jean struggle to find common ground. 8.30 MasterChef: The Professionals (T) The chefs compete in this year’s first quarter-final. 9.30 Have I Got News for You (T) Victoria Coren Mitchell hosts, with guests Maisie Adam and Helen Lewis . 8.0 Your Garden Made Perfect (T) (R) Neil and Clare need help redesigning their garden in Cheshire. 9.0 The Hidden Wilds of the Motorway (T) (R) Helen Macdonald embarks on a loop around London’s orbital road – searching for wild beauty within sight and sound of the M25. 7.0 World Cup Live England v Albania ( kick off 7.45pm) Mark Pougatch presents all the action from Wembley Stadium. England’s draw with Hungary here last time out means they still need four points to guarantee qualification . Analysis from Ian Wright, Roy Keane, Jermain Defoe. 8.0 The Great British Bake Off: An Extra Slice (T) Jo Brand and Bake Off judge Prue Leith are joined by fans of the show to reflect on the week’s events. The programme includes an interview with the week’s eliminated baker. 9.0 Gogglebox (T) Households’ opinions of recent TV. 8.0 Susan Calman’s Grand Day Out in the West Country (T) (6/7) The comic travels from Bath to Cheddar. Includes news update. 9.0 Dalgliesh (T) (4/6) Despite Eric and Helen’s plot to usurp Wilfred, the majority of the Grange vote for him to stay, ensuring the Lourdes trips will continue. 8.0 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) Featuring Rozalla, Seal, Tina Turner and Altern-8. 8.30 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) Featuring M-People, Michael Bolton, Sonia and Michael Jackson. 9.0 Keith Jarrett: The Art of Improvisation (T) A profile of the acclaimed jazz pianist . 10.0 News (T) 10.25 Regional News (T) Weather 10.35 The Graham Norton Show (T) With Lady Gaga, Will Smith, Josh Gad, Nadiya Hussain and Rod Stewart . 11.25 In My Skin (T) New series. Bethan makes a good impression on new girl Cam. 11.55 Up in the Air (Jason Reitman, 2009) (T) 1.40 Weather (T) 1.45 News (T) 10.30 Newsnight (T) Weather 11.05 Inside the Care Crisis With Ed Balls (T) (R) The former MP examines the elderly care sector by living and working alongside the staff and residents of a care home in Scarborough. 12.05 Sign Zone Panorama: Online Pimps Exposed (T) (R) 12.35 Doctor Who (T) (R) 1.35 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.0 News (T) Weather 10.30 Local News (T) Weather 10.45 World Cup Qualifier Highlights (T) England v Albania, Northern Ireland v Lithuania, and Moldova v Scotland. 11.55 Moneyball (T) (R) Gameshow hosted by Ian Wright. 12.45 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Rolling in It (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 10.0 The Last Leg (T) 11.05 The Big Narstie Show (T) With Patrick Evra, Raye, Big Zuu and Harry Redknapp. 11.55 Stath Lets Flats (T) (R) 12.25 Assassination Nation (Sam Levinson, 2018) (T) 2.15 Taskmaster (T) (R) 3.10 CDWM (T) (R) 5.25 Food Unwrapped Investigates (T) (R) 5.55 Fill Your House for Free (T) (R) 10.0 Britain’s Biggest 70s Hits (T) 11.30 Greatest 70s Singer Songwriters (T) 12.30 Wonderful World of Chocolate (T) (R) 12.55 Entertainment News (T) 1.0 Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News 3.10 The Highland Midwife (R) 4.0 Britain By Boat (R) 4.45 Wildlife SOS (R) 10.30 Jazz Voice 2021: From the London Jazz Festival (T) Guy Barker and the London Jazz Festival Orchestra are joined by a host of guest singers as they perform jazz classics drawn from the world of film. 12.40 The Old Grey Whistle Test (T) (R) 1.25 TOTP: 1991 (T) (R) Double bill. 2.25 Bubl é at the BBC (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Modern Wheels Or Classic Steals Double Bill 8.0 Rick Stein’s Far Eastern Odyssey 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 3.0 Top Gear Double Bill 5.0 Rick Stein’s Far Eastern Odyssey 6.0 QI XL 7.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 8.0 Richard Osman’s House of Games 8.40 Would I Lie to You? The Unseen Bits 9.20 QI 10.0 Red Dwarf 10.40 Red Dwarf 11.20 Red Dwarf 12.0 Mock the Week 12.40 Have I Got a Bit More Old News for You 1.40 Would I Lie to You? The Unseen Bits 2.25 QI 3.0 Sliced 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Double Bill 7.0 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 8.0 Baby Daddy Double Bill 9.0 How I Met Your Mother Double Bill 10.0 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 11.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill 12.0 Brooklyn Nine- Nine Double Bill 1.0 The Big Bang Theory 1.30 The Big Bang Theory 2.0 The Big Bang Theory 2.30 Mike & Molly Double Bill 3.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Double Bill 4.30 Married at First Sight Australia 6.15 Extreme Cake Makers 6.30 The Big Bang Theory 7.0 Hollyoaks 7.30 Married at First Sight Australia 9.0 Pitch Perfect 3 (2017) 10.50 Naked Attraction 11.55 Married at First Sight Australia 1.25 Gogglebox 2.30 First Dates 3.25 The Big Bang Theory 3.50 The Big Bang Theory 4.15 The Big Bang Theory 4.40 The Big Bang Theory 5.0 The Goldbergs Double Bill Film4 11.0am Attack! (1956) 1.15 A Day to Remember (1953) 3.05 Timberjack (1954) 4.55 Carry on Spying (1964) 6.40 Sahara (2005) 9.0 Taken 3 (2014) 11.15 Come to Daddy (2019) 1.05 Chained for Life (2018) ITV2 6.0am Love Bites 7.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 8.0 Emmerdale Double Bill 9.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 9.30 Supermarket Sweep 10.30 Dress to Impress 11.30 Love Bites 12.30 Emmerdale Double Bill 1.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 2.0 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 3.0 Dress to Impress 4.0 Love Bites 5.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 6.0 Catchphrase Celebrity Special 7.0 Superstore Double Bill 8.0 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 9.0 Hell’s Kitchen 10.0 Family Guy 10.30 Family Guy 11.0 Family Guy 11.25 American Dad! Double Bill 12.20 Bob’s Burgers Double Bill 1.20 Superstore Double Bill 2.10 Crossing Swords Double Bill 3.0 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Food Unwrapped 9.15 A Place in the Sun Double Bill 11.05 Escape to the Chateau 12.05 Grand Designs 1.10 Four in a Bed 1.40 Four in a Bed 2.15 Four in a Bed 2.50 Four in a Bed 3.20 Four in a Bed 3.50 Find It, Fix It, Flog It Double Bill 5.55 The Great House Giveaway 6.55 Escape to the Chateau: DIY 7.55 Grand Designs 9.0 Valley of Tears 10.0 Valley of Tears 11.05 24 Hours in A&E Double Bill 1.15 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 2.15 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 3.20 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Send in the Dogs 9.0 Supergirl 10.0 The Flash 11.0 NCIS: Los Angeles Double Bill 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 MacGyver 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Supergirl 5.0 The Flash 6.0 Grimm Double Bill 8.0 Flintoff’s Road to Nowhere 9.0 COBRA: Cyberwar 10.0 The Deirdre O’Kane Show 11.0 Rob & Romesh v Team GB , Part One 12.0 The Force: North East 1.0 Road Wars 2.0 Brit Cops: War on Crime 3.0 Hawaii Five-0 4.0 MacGyver 5.0 Send in the Dogs Sky Arts 6.0am Anton Bruckner: The Making of a Giant 7.15 Jesus Christ Superstar: Live in Concert (2018) 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 10.0 Discovering: Kirk Douglas 11.0 The Art of Architecture 12.0 My Greatest Shot Double Bill 1.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 2.0 Discovering: Bette Davis 3.0 Landscape Artist of the Year 4.0 Music Icons: Chicago Blues 4.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 5.0 Tales of the Unexpected Double Bill 6.0 Discovering: Clark Gable 7.0 Video Killed the Radio Star 7.30 Video Killed the Radio Star 8.0 Johnny Cash : Behind Prison Walls 9.0 Cum on Feel the Noize 11.0 Bad Company Live at Red Rocks 12.35 Kiss Rocks Vegas 2.20 Video Killed the Radio Star 2.50 Foreigner: Music Icons 3.20 For No Good Reason 5.0 The Art of Architecture Sky Atlantic 6.0am The British 7.0 Blue Bloods Double Bill 9.0 Six Feet Under Double Bill 11.15 Boardwalk Empire Double Bill 1.30 The Sopranos Double Bill 3.45 Blue Bloods 5.45 True Blood 6.50 True Blood 7.55 True Blood 9.0 Your Honor 10.05 Dexter: New Blood 11.10 The L Word: Generation Q 12.20 Oz Double Bill 2.30 Deadwood 3.35 Californication 4.10 Fish Town Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.30am Breakfast 9.0 Essential Classics 12.0 Composer of the Week: Cherubini (5/5) 1.0 Lunchtime Concert: Schwarzenberg Schubertiade. With Sarah Walker . (4/4) 2.0 Afternoon Concert: Today’s programme features Beethoven’s Ninth at 3pm, with solo voices, Vox Bona and the Concert des Nations conducted by Jordi Savall. 4.30 The Listening Service: Klezmer (R) 5.0 In Tune 7.0 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 In Concert . The EFG London jazz festival’s opening night gala, live from the Royal Festival Hall, with featured artists including Ayanna Witter-Johnson, Aynur, Ego Ella May and Georgia Cécile. 10.0 The Verb: Bernardine Evaristo 10.45 Between the Ears: New Creatives – Ding Dong , by Leanne Shorley. (5/5) 11.0 J to Z Late 1.0 Cerys Matthews’s Mixtape 2.0 Guy Barker’s Festival Guide. Picks from this year’s London jazz festival programme. 3.0 Jazz Fix. Tina Edwards introduces Shaparak Khorsandi to her soundworld. 3.30 Moses Boyd’s Mixtape 4.30 Jazz FM Slot 5.0 Zara McFarlane’s Mixtape Radio 4 6.0am Today 9.0 Desert Island Discs: Joanne Harris (R) 9.45 (LW) Daily Service 9.45 (FM) Book of the Week: All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days, by Rebecca Donner. (5/5) 10.0 Woman’s Hour 11.0 Green Inc: Going Going Green (3/4) 11.30 Saucer. Sci-fi comedy with Andrew Kreisberg . 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 The Last Resort: Vidas, by Jan Carson. (R) (5/10) 12.18 You and Yours 1.0 The World at One 1.45 A History of the World in 100 Objects: Suffragette- Defaced Penny (R) (95/100) 2.0 The Archers (R) 2.15 Drama: Harland – Thursday , by Lucy Catherine. (3/5) 2.45 A History of Ghosts: Did You Hear That? (R) (10/10) 3.0 Gardeners’ Question Time 3.45 From Fact to Fiction (1/4) 4.0 Last Word 4.30 Feedback (5/11) 5.0 PM 5.54 (LW) Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.30 The Now Show (3/6) 7.0 Four Thought: Mum – Again (R) 7.15 Add to Playlist . A musical journey with Cerys Matthews and Jeffrey Boakye. (6/8) 8.0 Any Questions? 8.50 A Point of View 9.0 A History of the World in 100 Objects Omnibus: Mass Production, Mass Persuasion (AD 1780- 1914) (R) (19/20) 10.0 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Careless , by Kirsty Capes. (5/10) 11.0 A Good Read: Muriel Gray & Leah Davis (R) 11.30 Comedy from the Wilderness (R) 12.0 News 12.30 Book of the Week (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 In My Head: The Boxing Trainer (R) (4/5) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Galbraith and the Midas Touch (1/6) 6.30 A Charles Paris Mystery: A Reconstructed Corpse (4/4) 7.0 All Those Women (3/4) 7.30 The Confessional (5/6) 8.0 Dad’s Army (16/20) 8.30 Second Thoughts (3/8) 9.0 It’s Not What You Know (5/6) 9.30 Ballylenon (3/4) 10.0 Strangers and Brothers (10/10) 11.0 Podcast Radio Hour 12.0 Dad’s Army (16/20) 12.30 Second Thoughts (3/8) 1.0 Galbraith and … 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev: The Life (5/5) 2.15 Wuthering Heights (5/10) 2.30 Sable Island: A Dune Adrift 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 It’s Not What … 4.30 Ballylenon (3/4) 5.0 All Those Women (3/4) 5.30 The Confessional (5/6) 6.0 Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch (5/5) 6.15 Fresh Blood (10/10) 6.30 Off the Page 7.0 Dad’s Army (16/20) 7.30 Second Thoughts (3/8) 8.0 Galbraith and … 8.30 Charles Paris 9.0 Podcast Radio Hour 10.0 The Confessional (5/6) 10.30 Talking to Strangers (1/4) 11.0 Brian Appleton’s Unofficial Multi-Media Lecture (6/6) 11.15 The Jail Diaries of Sir Ralph Stanza (6/6) 11.30 Think the Unthinkable (1/6) 12.0 Thou Shalt Not … 12.15 Fresh Blood (10/10) 12.30 Off the Page 1.0 Galbraith and … 1.30 Charles Paris 2.0 Rudolf Nureyev … 2.15 Wuthering Heights (5/10) 2.30 Sable Island … 3.0 Strangers and … 4.0 It’s Not What … 4.30 Ballylenon (3/4) 5.0 All Those Women (3/4) 5.30 The Confessional (5/6)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:55 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 18:01 cYanmaGentaYellowbl Saturday 13 Royal British Legion Festival of Remembrance BBC One, 9pm Cynthia Erivo is among the stars at the Royal Albert Hall The Observer 07.11.21 55 BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.0 Saturday Kitchen Live (T) 10.30 The Lord Mayor’s Show (T) 12.0 Football Focus (T) 12.30 Question of Sport (T) (R) 1.0 News and Weather (T) 1.15 MOTD Live: Women’s Super League (T) Tottenham Hotspur v Arsenal (kickoff 1.30pm) All the action from the north London derby at the Hive . 3.45 The Great Rickshaw Relay Challenge (T) (R) 4.45 News (T) 4.55 Regional News and Weather (T) 5.05 Pointless Celebrities (T) 5.55 The Hit List (T) 6.40 Strictly Come Dancing 6.30 The Dengineers (T) (R) 7.0 All Over the Place: UK (T) (R) 7.30 Blue Peter (T) (R) 8.0 Deadly 60 (T) (R) 8.30 Operation Gold Rush (T) (R) 9.30 Hugh’s Wild West (T) (R) 10.30 Mary Berry: Love to Cook (T) (R) 11.0 Nadiya’s Fast Flavours (T) (R) 11.30 Sort Your Life Out (T) (R) 12.30 The Earthshot Prize: Repairing Our Planet (T) (R) 1.30 Best Bakes Ever (T) (R) 2.0 Half a Sixpence (George Sidney, 1967) (T) 4.20 Dancing in the Blitz (T) (R) 5.20 Flog It! (T) (R) 6.0 Natural World (T) (R) 7.0 Universe (T) (R) 6.0 CITV 9.25 News (T) 9.30 James Martin’s Saturday Morning (T) 11.40 Weekend Kitchen (T) 12.40 News (T) 12.54 Local News and Weather (T) 12.55 Gino’s Italian Family Adventure (T) (R) 1.30 ITV Racing: Cheltenham (T) Day two , including the 1.40 Arkle Trial Novices’ Chase and 2.15 Paddy Power Gold Cup. Plus, action from Linfield Park. 4.0 Mamma Mia! (Phyllida Lloyd, 2008) (T) 6.05 News (T) 6.20 Local News (T) 6.30 Moneyball (T) 7.30 Celebrity Catchphrase (T) 6.15 The King of Queens (T) (R) Double bill. 7.05 Mike & Molly (T) (R) Double bill. 7.55 The Simpsons (T) (R) Nine episodes, back to back 12.10 Four in a Bed (T) (R) Five episodes. 2.45 Live International Rugby Union (T) Ireland v New Zealand (kick off 3.15pm) Lee McKenzie presents all the action from the autumn international at Aviva Stadium. 5.30 News (T) 6.0 Goodbye Christopher Robin (Simon Curtis, 2017) (T) Biopic of AA Milne with Domhnall Gleeson and Margot Robbie. 6.0 Milkshake! 10.05 Slimefest 2021 (T) 10.25 Entertainment News (T) 10.30 Tales from the Zoo: Talking Animals (T) 11.25 Friends (T) (R) Four episodes. 1.15 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (Tim Burton, 2005) (T) 2.15 Entertainment News (T) 2.20 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (Tim Burton, 2005) (T) 3.35 A Furry Little Christmas (Dylan Vox, 2021) (T) 4.35 News at 4.35. 5.30 News (T) 5.35 Our Yorkshire Farm (T) (R) 6.30 Monty: Our WW2 Hero 7.0 Dancing Cranes of Sweden (T) (R) Thousandsof migrating cranes in Scandinavia. 7.10 Fred Dibnah’s Industrial Age (T) (R) (1/6) The former steeplejack sets out on an enthusiastic tour of Britain’s industrial heritage, exploring the early use of wind and water power and tracing the steam engine’s development. 7.40 Ancient Invisible Cities: Cairo (T) (R) (1/3) With Michael Scott. 8.0 Michael McIntyre’s The Wheel (T) The comedian hosts the game show, with Michael Ball, Tom Allen, Lulu, Joe Marler, Maisie Smith, Anita Rani and Raj Bisram helping contestants. 9.0 Royal British Legion Festival of Remembrance (T) The commemorative concert in all its glory. 8.0 ABBA at the BBC (T) (R) A collection of memorable TV appearances on the BBC , featuring all the hits. 9.0 The Joy of ABBA (T) (R) Documentary exploring how the pop group raised the bar musically in the 1970s and early 80s with their easy listening, catchy yet melancholic pop . 8.30 The Chase Celebrity Special (T) Scott Mills, Gareth Malone, Louise Minchin and Glenn Hoddle work as a team . 9.30 The Jonathan Ross Show (T) The host welcomes Jeremy Renner, Hailie Steinfeld, Paul Hollywood, Guz Khan, Kylie Minogue and Jessie Ware . 8.0 Britain By Beach (T) Anita Rani explores the coastline of south Wales . 9.0 Angel Has Fallen (Ric Roman Waugh, 2019) (T) Secret service agent Mike Banning finds himself framed for an assassination attempt on the President . Action thriller starring Gerard Butler. 8.0 The Madame Blanc Mysteries (T) Caron enlists Jean and Dom’s help when a valuable relic from the local church is stolen and a priest is murdered. 9.0 Sally Lindsay’s Posh Sleepover (T) (R) The actress visits Ugbrooke in Devon, seat of the Clifford family for over 400 years. 8.40 Pole to Pole (T) (R) Michael Palin goes on safari in Kenya, then sails by dugout canoe to the spot where Victorian explorers Stanley and Livingstone became acquainted in Tanzania. 9.30 Stieg Larsson’s Millennium (R) Adaptation of the trilogy of novels , with Michael Nyqvist and Noomi Rapace. 10.40 News (T) Weather 11.0 Robbie Savage: Making Macclesfield FC (T) After Macclesfield Town Football Club is wound up , Robbie Savage and Rob Smethurst attempt to build a new club from the ashes . 12.0 NFL Show (T) Including Highlights of Miami Dolphins v Baltimore Ravens. 12.30 Weather (T) 12.35 News (T) 10.0 Agnetha: ABBA and After (T) (R) Agnetha Faltskög’s music career . 11.0 ABBA in Switzerland (T) (R) The group’s first European TV special, recorded in the Alps in 1979 . 12.0 Impeachment: American Crime Story (T) (R) (4/10) 12.55 The Salesman (Asghar Farhadi, 2016) 2.55 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.35 News (T) Weather 10.49 Local News (T) Weather 10.50 Man of Steel (Zack Snyder, 2013) (T) An alien living in secret on Earth defends the human race from a genocidal invasion. Sci-fi adventure with Henry Cavill, Amy Adams. 1.25 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 The Void (T) (R) 4.05 Unwind With ITV 11.20 F 1: S ão Paulo Grand Prix Sprint Qualifying Highlights (T) Steve Jones and David Coulthard present action from the sprint qualifying at Autódromo José Carlos Pace. 12.50 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (T) (R) 1.40 The Last Leg (T) (R) 2.35 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 3.25 Hollyoaks Omnibus (T) (R) 10.0 Live Championship Boxing (T) Shakan Pitters v Reece Cartwright. All the action from the bout for the vacant WBC Light Heavyweight title from Coventry Skydome. 12.0 Building Victorian Britain (T) (R) 1.0 Live Casino (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.10 Raw Recruits: Squaddies at 16 (T) (R) 11.0 The World’s Most Beautiful Eggs: The Genius of Carl Fabergé (T) (R) Stephen Smith explores the life and work of the renowned jeweller . 12.0 Flat Pack Pop: Sweden’s Music Miracle (T) (R) 1.0 Fred Dibnah’s Industrial Age (T) (R) 1.30 Pole to Pole (T) (R) 2.20 Ancient Invisible Cities: Cairo (T) (R) Other channels Dave 6.0am Teleshopping 7.10 Cop Car Workshop 8.0 Rick Stein’s Far Eastern Odyssey 9.0 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 10.0 American Pickers Double Bill 12.0 Top Gear Double Bill 2.0 Scrapyard Supercar Double Bill 4.0 Top Gear: Ambitious But Rubbish Double Bill 6.0 Would I Lie to You? The Unseen Bits 6.40 Would I Lie to You? Double Bill 8.0 QI XL 9.0 Jerry Maguire (1996) 11.50 Question Team 12.50 Room 101 Double Bill 2.10 QI XL 2.55 Sliced 3.40 The Indestructibles 4.0 Teleshopping E4 6.0am Rude(ish) Tube Shorts 6.10 Don’t Tell the Bride 7.05 Made in Chelsea 8.05 Ramsay’s 24 Hours to Hell and Back 9.0 Married at First Sight Australia Double Bill 12.0 The Great British Bake Off 1.25 Young Sheldon Double Bill 2.25 The Big Bang Theory 2.55 The Big Bang Theory 3.25 The Big Bang Theory 3.55 The Big Bang Theory 4.25 The Big Bang Theory 4.55 The Big Bang Theory 5.25 The Big Bang Theory 5.55 The Big Bang Theory 6.25 Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) 9.0 Celebrity Gogglebox 10.0 Gogglebox Double Bill 12.05 First Dates Double Bill 2.15 Celebrity Gogglebox 3.10 Gogglebox 4.05 The Big Bang Theory Double Bill 4.55 Made in Chelsea Film4 11.0am Carry on Cabby (1963) 12.50 Two By Two (2015) 2.35 Star Trek: First Contact (1996) 4.45 The Next Karate Kid (1994) 6.55 Fantastic Four (2015) 8.50 Last Night in Soho Interview Special 9.0 The Nice Guys (2016) 11.15 Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation (2015) 1.55 Dog Soldiers (2002) ITV2 6.0am Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 6.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 6.55 Love Bites 7.55 Love Bites 8.55 Love Bites 9.55 Dress to Impress Double Bill 12.0 I’m a Celebrity: Legends of the Jungle 1.0 You’ve Been Framed! Gold Double Bill 2.35 The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas (2000) (FYI Daily is at 3.35) 4.20 Nanny McPhee (2005) (FYI Daily is at 5.20) 6.15 Bean (1997) (FYI Daily is at 7.20) 8.0 Spectre (2015) (FYI Daily is at 9.05) 11.0 Family Guy Double Bill 11.55 American Dad! Double Bill 12.50 Peckham’s Finest 1.35 Bad Boy Chiller Crew 2.20 Apocalypse Wow 3.20 Unwind With ITV 3.30 Teleshopping More4 8.55am Food Unwrapped Investigates 9.30 A Place in the Sun 10.25 A Place in the Sun 11.30 A Place in the Sun 12.35 Matt Baker: Our Farm in the Dales 1.40 Come Dine With Me 2.10 Come Dine With Me 2.40 Come Dine With Me 3.10 Come Dine With Me 3.45 Come Dine With Me 4.15 Four in a Bed 4.50 Four in a Bed 5.20 Four in a Bed 5.50 Four in a Bed 6.25 Four in a Bed 6.55 Grand Designs 8.0 How to Build British: Mini 9.0 24 Hours in A&E Double Bill 11.05 Emergency Helicopter Medics 12.10 Father Ted Double Bill 1.15 24 Hours in A&E 3.20 Father Ted Sky Max 6.0am Send in the Dogs Double Bill 8.0 Supergirl 9.0 A League of Their Own: European Road Trip 10.0 A League of Their Own: European Road Trip 11.0 A League of Their Own: European Road Trip 12.0 Hawaii Five-0 1.0 Hawaii Five-0 2.0 Hawaii Five-0 3.0 Resident Alien 4.0 Resident Alien 5.0 Resident Alien 6.0 Resident Alien 7.0 Resident Alien 8.0 A League of Their Own 9.0 Strike Back: Silent War 10.0 COBRA: Cyberwar 11.0 Brassic 12.0 The Force: North East 1.0 The Russell Howard Hour 2.0 Stop, Search, Seize 3.0 Road Wars 4.0 Stop, Search, Seize Double Bill Sky Arts 6.0am Arts Uncovered 6.10 Darbar: Music of India 7.10 Beethoven: The Complete Symphonies Double Bill 8.30 Tales of the Unexpected 9.0 Tales of the Unexpected 9.30 Tales of the Unexpected 10.0 Tales of the Unexpected 10.30 Tales of the Unexpected 11.0 Discovering: Rita Hayworth 12.0 Discovering: Sophia Loren 1.0 Discovering: Kirk Douglas 2.0 Portrait Artist of the Year 2021 3.0 Eliza Shaddad: Celebration of Live 4.0 The Shadows: The Final Tour 7.0 Elvis Presley: A Legend in Concert 8.0 Runrig: There Must Be a Place (2021) 10.15 Runrig: The Last Dance 12.15 Suzi Q 2.15 The Making of Marc Bolan 3.10 The Seventies 4.0 Soundbreaking 5.0 The British Invasion Sky Atlantic 6.0am Fish Town 7.0 Fish Town 8.0 Fish Town 9.0 Fish Town 10.0 Billions 11.05 Billions 12.10 Billions 1.15 Billions 2.20 Billions 3.30 Ray Donovan 4.35 Ray Donovan 5.40 Ray Donovan 6.45 Ray Donovan 7.50 Ray Donovan 9.0 The Leftovers 10.20 The Leftovers 11.25 The Leftovers 12.30 The Leftovers 1.35 The Deuce Double Bill 4.0 Richard E Grant’s Hotel Secrets Double Bill On the radio Radio 3 6.0am Seonaid Aitken’s Eco-Jazz Mixtape 7.0 Breakfast . With Elizabeth Alker. 9.0 Record Review . Mark Simpson compares recordings of Richard Strauss’s Eine Alpensinfonie and chooses his favourite, and Sarah Devonald reviews a Chamber Orchestra of Europe box set. 11.45 Music Matters . A focus on Scottish musical life. 12.30 This Classical Life 1.0 Inside Music: Percussionist Michael Doran on Collaboration and Car Horns (R) 3.0 Sound of Cinema: The Films of Clint Eastwood 4.0 Music Planet . With a studio session by Liraz. 5.0 J to Z . Pianist Donald Brown shares his musical inspirations. 6.30 Opera on 3: Hector Berlioz – La damnation de Faust. Recorded at the Grosses Festspielhaus in August as part of the Salzburg festival. Elina Garanča (mezzo: Marguerite), Charles Castronovo (tenor: Faust), Ildar Abdrazakov (bass: Méphistophélès), Peter Kellner (bass-baritone: Brander), Vienna State Opera Chorus Concert Association, Salzburg Festival and Theatre Children’s Choir, Vienna Philharmonic , Alain Altinoglu . 9.45 Between the Ears: New Creatives – One Continuous Loop 10.0 New Music Show . An interview with the American composer Pamela Z. 12.0 Freeness . With the trumpeter and bandleader Jaimie Branch. 1.0 Through the Night Radio 4 6.0am News and Papers 6.07 Open Country: Britain’s Forgotten Rainforest (R) 6.30 Farming Today This Week 7.0 Today 9.0 Saturday Live 10.30 Soul Music: Ain’t No Mountain High Enough. Professor of music Lauren Eldridge Stewart discusses the inspirational power of Ain’t No Mountain High Enough, the 1967 hit for Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell. (1/6) 11.0 The Briefing Room: Who Do We Think We Are? (R) 11.30 From Our Own Correspondent 12.0 News 12.01 (LW) Shipping Forecast 12.04 Money Box 12.30 The Now Show (R) (3/6) 1.0 News 1.10 Any Questions? (R) 2.0 Any Answers? 2.45 From Fact to Fiction: Travis Alabanza (R) (1/4) 3.0 Drama: The Pallisers. Mike Harris’s dramatisation, based on the novels by Anthony Trollope. (R) (4/6) 4.0 Weekend Woman’s Hour 5.0 Saturday PM 5.30 The Bottom Line (R) 5.54 Shipping Forecast 6.0 News 6.15 Loose Ends . Clive Anderson and Athena Kugblenu are joined by Dan Schreiber , with music from Damon Albarn and Jordan Rakei. 7.0 Profile 7.15 This Cultural Life (6/12) 8.0 Archive on 4: The World of Jan Morris 9.0 Brief Lives. By Tom Fry and Sharon Kelly. (R) (1/6) 9.45 The Poet and the Echo: The Windhover (R) (1/5) 10.0 News 10.15 The Reunion: The Covid- 19 Ward. Michael Rosen is reunited with ICU staff who cared for him when he had Covid-19. (R) 11.0 Brain of Britain: The Final (R) 11.30 Uncanny: Case Four – My Best Friend’s Ghost (4/15) 12.0 News 12.15 Green Inc: Going Going Green (R) (3/4) 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.0 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News 5.43 Bells on Sunday : Worcester Cathedral 5.45 Profile (R) Radio 4 Extra 6.0am Not About Heroes 7.30 Great Lives (4/9) 8.0 Listomania (1/6) 8.30 Smelling of Roses (6/6) 9.0 The Big Steptoe Radio Show: Ray Galton and Alan Simpson 12.0 The Unbelievable Truth (1/6) 12.30 Lines from My Grandfather’s Forehead 1.0 Alistair Cooke’s Century 2.0 The Penny Dreadfuls Present: Hereward the Wake 2.45 Hamish and Dougal: You’ll Have Had Your Tea (2/6) 3.0 Life: An Idiot’s Guide (1/6) 3.30 Buy Me Up TV (1/4) 4.0 Not About Heroes 5.30 Great Lives (4/9) 6.0 Spine Chillers (2/5) 6.45 The Strange and the Sinister 7.0 The Big Steptoe Radio Show … 10.0 Ross Noble Goes Global (4/4) 10.30 Chain Reaction (6/6) 11.0 The Skivers (1/5) 11.30 Guy Browning’s Small Talk (3/4) 11.45 It Is Rocket Science (3/4) 12.0 Spine Chillers (2/5) 12.45 The Strange and the Sinister 1.0 Alistair Cooke’s Century 2.0 The Penny Dreadfuls .45 Hamish and Dougal … (2/6) 3.0 Life: An Idiot’s Guide (1/6) 3.30 Buy Me Up TV (1/4) 4.0 Not About Heroes 5.30 Great Lives (4/9)

Section:OBS 2R PaGe:56 Edition Date:211107 Edition:01 Zone: Sent at 4/11/2021 17:58 cYanmaGentaYellowbl 56 The Observer 07.11.21 Today’s television Showtrial BBC One, 9pm The police carry on looking for evidence to use against Talitha BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 7.40 Match of the Day (T) (R) 9.0 The Andrew Marr Show (T) 10.0 Politics England (T) 10.30 Sunday Morning Live (T) 11.30 Scotland’s Sacred Islands (T) 12.30 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News (T) 1.10 Weather (T) 1.15 Songs of Praise (T) 1.50 Money for Nothing (T) (R) 2.10 Bill (Richard Bracewell, 2015) (T) 3.40 The Mating Game (T) (R) 4.40 News 4.55 Regional News (T) 5.05 Countryfile (T) 6.15 Doctor Who: Flux (T) (2/6) 7.15 Strictly : The Results (T) 6.0 Walks of Life (T) (R) 7.0 Countryfile (T) (R) 8.0 Beechgrove: Mucking In (T) 9.0 Landward (T) (R) 9.30 Saturday Kitchen Best Bites (T) 11.0 The Hairy Bikers Go North (T) (R) 12.0 MOTD Live: Women’s Super League (T) Spurs v Man United (kick off 12.15pm) 2.20 Live Women’s International Rugby Union (T) England v New Zealand (kick off 2.45pm) All the action from Franklin’s Gardens. 5.0 MOTD Live: FA Cup (T) St Albans City v Forest Green Rovers (kick off 5.15pm) 6.0 CITV 9.25 News (T) 9.30 Love Your Weekend With Alan Titchmarsh (T) 11.30 FA Cup Live (T) Sheffield Wednesday v Plymouth Argyle (kick off 12.15pm) 2.30 News and Weather (T) 2.39 Local News and Weather (T) 2.40 Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (Chris Columbus, 2001) (T) Fantasy adventure starring Daniel Radcliffe, Alan Rickman and Richard Harris. 5.35 The Pet Show (T) 6.30 News and Weather (T) 6.45 Local News (T) 7.0 Sitting on a Fortune (T) 6.10 Mike & Molly (T) (R) Triple bill. 7.15 The Simpsons (T) (R) Triple bill. 8.30 F 1: Mexico City Grand Prix Qualifying Highlights (T) The battle for pole in the 18th round , held at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez. 9.30 Sunday Brunch (T) 12.30 The Simpsons (T) (R) Four episodes. 2.20 The Great British Bake Off (T) (R) 3.40 Transformers: The Last Knight (Michael Bay, 2017) (T) Sci-fi adventure sequel 6.30 News (T) 7.0 Great British Dig: History in Your Back Garden (T) (R) 6.0 Milkshake! 10.0 Sponge Bob SquarePants (T) Double bill. 10.25 Entertainment News (T) 10.30 NFL End Zone (T) 10.55 Friends (T) (R) Four episodes. 12.50 A Country Life for Half the Price With Kate Humble (T) (R) 1.55 A Very Merry Toy Store (Paula Hart, 2017) (T) 3.40 Puppy Love for Christmas (Tori Garrett, 2020) (T) 5.45 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (Tim Burton, 2005) (T) Children’s fantasy with Johnny Depp, Freddie Highmore. 7.55 News (T) 7.0 Concerto at the BBC Proms (T) (R) Nicola Benedetti joins the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra for Korngold’s Violin Concerto, conducted by Kirill Karabits. Plus, Britten’s Four Sea Interludes from Peter Grimes. Tom Service presents from the Royal Albert Hall. 8.0 Antiques Roadshow (T) Fiona Bruce presents the show from Aston Hall in Birmingham. 9.0 Showtrial (T) Cleo and Heidi meet Damian and look at striking a deal, but it will mean Talitha being reconciled with her father. A new suspect gives the police a different version of events. 7.15 MOTD: FA Cup Highlights (T) First-round action, including Bolton Wanderers v Stockport County and Rochdale v Notts County . 8.45 Finding Jack Charlton (T) (R) A profile of the footballer, looking at his complicated relationship with brother Bobby, and his battle with dementia. 8.0 The Larkins (T) (5/6) Ma prepares for a visit from her sister Bertha and her husband and daughter, suburbanites who despise the countryside. 9.0 Angela Black (T) (5/6) Angela focuses on uncovering Olivier’s manipulation and getting back custody of her children. 8.0 Escape to the Chateau (T) Dick and Angel throw a garden party for Arthur and Dorothy’s friends. 9.0 Close to Me (T) New series. Drama about a woman who suffers a brain trauma that makes her forget a year of her life. Connie Nielsen stars with Christopher Eccleston and Susan Lynch. 8.0 Britain’s Council House Millionaires (T) (R) Documentary about some of the nation’s wealthiest buy-to-let landlords. 9.0 A Year in Provence With Carol Drinkwater (T) The actor visits Grasse, the perfume capital of France, where she picks flowers to create her own fragrance. 8.0 Nicola Benedetti at the BBC (T) A compilation of the Scottish violinist’s performances for the BBC. 9.0 Truman & Tennessee: An Intimate Conversation (T) Drama-documentary comparing and contrastings the lives of the writer Truman Capote and the playwright Tennessee Williams. 10.0 News (T) 10.20 Regional News (T) Weather 10.30 Match of the Day 2 (T) West Ham v Liverpool and Leeds v Leicester. 11.45 The Women’s Football Show (T) Spurs v Man United, and Arsenal v West Ham United. 12.20 MOTD Top 10 (T) 12.50 Weather for the Week Ahead (T) 12.55 News (T) 10.20 Dave (T) (9/10) The wannabe rap star travels to a legendary recording studio. 10.55 Dave (T) (10/10) The pressure mounts as Dave records his debut album. 11.30 WWI: The Final Hours (T) (R) The meeting that ended the first world war. 12.30 Sign Zone Question Time (T) (R) 1.30 Holby City (T) (R) 2.10 This Is BBC Two (T) 10.05 News (T) Weather 10.19 Local News (T) Weather 10.20 The Missing Children (T) 12.0 Joanna Lumley and the Human Swan (T) (R) 1.0 Save Money: My Beautiful Green Home (T) (R) 1.30 Shop: Ideal World 3.0 FYI Extra 3.15 Motorsport UK (T) (R) Action from Thruxton. 4.05 Unwind With ITV 5.05 Tipping Point (T) (R) 10.0 On the Edge: Mincemeat (T) The anthology series returns with three dramas focusing on parenthood. 10.30 On the Edge: Cradled (T) 11.0 On the Edge: Superdad (T) 11.35 F 1 Highlights (T) Mexico 1.05 Hotel Hell (T) (R) 1.55 Simpsons (T) (R) Double bill. 2.45 Undercover Boss USA (T) (R) 3.35 Couples Come Dine With Me (T) (R) 10.0 Brits in France (T) (4/6) Chef Andy does his drag act for the restaurant regulars. 11.05 Funniest Royal Cock-Ups (T) Mishaps involving members of the royal family. 1.0 The Live Casino Show (T) 3.0 Entertainment News (T) 3.15 Our New Puppy (T) (R) 4.0 A Celebrity Taste of Italy (T) (R) 4.50 Britain’s Greatest Bridges (T) (R) 10.30 Suddenly, Last Summer (Richard Eyre, 1993) (T) (R) Adaptation of Tennessee Williams’s play with Maggie Smith, Rob Lowe , Natasha Richardson. 11.55 Guilt (T) (R) (2 & 3/4) Angie and Jake’s relationship hits a snag. 1.50 Museums in Quarantine (T) (R) 2.20 Nicola Benedetti at the BBC (T) (R) Other channels Dave 7.20am Cop Car Workshop 8.15 Storage Hunters UK Double Bill 9.20 Rick Stein’s Long Weekends 10.20 American Pickers 11.20 Top Gear Bolivia Special 1.0 Top Gear Double Bill 3.0 Would I Lie to You? 3.40 Would I Lie to You? At Christmas 4.20 Would I Lie to You? 5.0 Whose Line Is It Anyway? USA Double Bill 6.0 Big Zuu’s Big Eats Double Bill 7.0 Fast Justice 8.0 Top Gear 9.0 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 10.0 Mock the Week 10.40 Room 101 Double Bill 12.0 Live at the Apollo 1.0 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 2.0 Live at the Apollo 3.0 Alan Davies: As Yet Untitled E4 6.0am Hollyoaks Omnibus 8.25 A Royal Winter (2017) 10.05 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 11.0 Married at First Sight Australia 12.30 Married at First Sight Australia 2.0 Married at First Sight Australia 3.30 Young Sheldon Double Bill 4.30 Big Bang Theory 5.0 Big Bang Theory 5.30 Big Bang Theory 6.0 Big Bang Theory 6.25 Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) 9.0 Pitch Perfect 3 (2017) 10.55 Naked Attraction 12.0 Gogglebox 1.05 Taskmaster 2.10 Big Bang Theory 2.35 Big Bang Theory 3.0 Big Bang Theory 3.25 Hollyoaks Omnibus Film4 11.0am Over the Hedge (2006) 12.45 Two By Two (2015) 2.25 The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959) 4.10 Star Trek: Generations (1994) 6.25 Gods of Egypt (2016) 9.0 Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017) 11.20 St Vincent (2014) 1.25 My Golden Days (2015) ITV2 6.0am Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 6.25 Love Bites Double Bill 8.25 Dress to Impress Double Bill 10.25 Dress to Impress 11.25 Celebrity Catchphrase 12.30 I’m a Celebrity: Legends of the Jungle 1.30 The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas (2000) (FYI Daily is at 2.40) 3.20 Nanny McPhee (2005) (FYI Daily is at 4.20) 5.25 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part Two (2011) (FYI Daily is at 6.25) 8.0 Spectre (2015) (FYI Daily is at 9.05) 10.50 Family Guy 11.25 Family Guy 11.50 Family Guy 12.20 American Dad! 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7 NOVEMBER 2021 The Observer Magazine The magic of psychedelics ‘My hardest journey’: Simon Reeve on fatherhood The best places to soak up autumn colour ‘I like to be provocative’ Is nothing out of bounds for queen of comedy Katherine Ryan?

7 NOVEMBER 2021 The Observer Magazine 39 In this issue Up front 5 Eva Wiseman We need to change the way we learn about life’s lessons. Plus, the Observer archive 7 This much I know Dennis Bovell Features 8 Who dares wins Inside the mind of standup comic Katherine Ryan 15 Altered states Will psychedelic drugs soon become the treatment of choice for mental health issues and addiction? 20 Helping hands Meet the chaplains ready to take on the toughest challenges 26 Take a brow Will Poulter’s rise from “distinctly average” to Hollywood hero COVER: KATHERINE RYAN WEARS DRESS BY ROKSANDA (MATCHESFASHION.COM; SHOES BY JIMMYCHOO.COM; HAIR BY NARAD KUTOWAROO AT CAROL HAYES USING GHD AND UNITE HAIR; MAKEUP FIONA EUSTACE USING SUQQU AND TOM FORD. THIS PAGE: WILL POULTER WEARS COAT BY CONNELLYENGLAND.COM AND SHIRT BY SSDALEY.COM 30 42 Contributors Mattha Busby is a freelance journalist based in Mexico who regularly writes for the Guardian, Vice and other publications. His first book, Should All Drugs Be Legalised? will be published by Thames & Hudson in the spring. Read his piece on psychedelics on p15. A writer and editor at the Design Centre, Chelsea , Emily Brooks also works freelance , specialising in interiors and architecture. Stories that combine these subjects with her passions for food, wine and Italian islands are rare, which is why a visit to Franco Manca founder Giuseppe Mascoli’s home on Salina was the perfect house tour (p42). 20 26 Mark Griffiths is a freelance photographer from south Wales. He is currently in his second year of an MA in documentary photography at the University of Wales and engages in long-term documentary projects about a range of topics close to his heart. See his portrait of Rev Paul Thomas in our piece about chaplains on the frontline (p20). Food & drink 30 Nigel Slater Roast pheasant and fig and onion tarts to welcome autumn in 35 Jay Rayner Mid-80s magic from L’Artisan. Plus, white wines with heft Fashion 39 Notebook Off-piste Alpine fashions Beauty 41 Gold standard Bring a bit of metallic shimmer to kohl eyes. Plus, skin enhancers Interiors 42 La dolce vita At home with the founder of Franco Manca, on the island of Salina Gardens 47 Fern friends Maidenhair plants Travel 48 After the fall Stunning seasonal breaks for the best autumn colours Self & wellbeing 52 “My clock was ticking” Adventurer Simon Reeve’s journey to fatherhood Ask Philippa 54 “How can I reconnect with my estranged daughter?” Plus, Sunday with historian David Olusoga The magic of psychedelics ‘My hardest journey’: Simon Reeve on fatherhood The best places to soak up 7 NOVEMBER 2021 The Observer Magazine ‘I like to be provocative’ Is nothing out of bounds for queen of comedy Katherine Ryan? The Observer Magazine, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU (020 3353 2000) magazine@ observer.co.uk Printed at YM Chantry, 41 Wakefield Business Park, Brindley Way, Wakefield WF2 0XQ Cover image Dean Chalkley The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 3

Eva Up front Wiseman Fertility, porn, sexual imagination… Time for a new approach @evawiseman From the archive A look back at the Observer Magazine’s past The Observer Magazine of 10 March 1974 featured a very moving account by Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy of some of the tragedies that befell the Kennedys, serialised from her memoir Times to Remember. After her husband Joe’s debilitating stroke, she recalled a lunch between him and Herbert Hoover — ‘Joe, who cannot speak, and Mr Hoover, who cannot hear’ – in New York, 1962. ‘And so poignant, inexpressibly sad, when each of them from time to time through the meal wept silently.’ In 1957, Joe had predicted ‘that some day one of our sons would be president, another would be attorney general, and another would be a US senator – all this simultaneously’. Prescient yes, but it spoke more to ‘the grand design he had for his sons’. In retrospect, wrote Rose, ‘we entered a golden time’ – until that fateful day in Dallas. ‘Friday 22 November 1963 began as one of those perfect late autumn days at the Cape,’ she recalled, and had headed off to the golf course after breakfast. She was having a nap after lunch when she heard her niece Ann’s radio ‘blaring so loudly in her room down the hall that I got up and went to tell her to please to tune it down’. But it was to hear a news bulletin ‘that along the route in Dallas someone had taken some shots at the president and he had been wounded… And then soon the news came through that Jack was gone’. The family kept his death from Joe until the next day. ‘Joe not only took the tragic news bravely, but seemed to want to comfort their children. The doctor had already given him a sedative, and soon he went back to sleep.’ In 1968, Rose’s son Bobby was assassinated, too. ‘It seemed impossible that the same kind of disaster could befall our family twice in five years,’ she wrote. ‘If I had read anything of the sort in fiction I would have put it aside as incredible.’ Chris Hall Do you ever get that thing, that slightly psychedelic thing, when you hear an idea so good that it changes how you encounter the rest of the world? When it installs itself like a migrainous aura in your vision, colouring unrelated thoughts, its simplicity offering whispered suggestions for other ways a problem might be solved? It happened for me with porn. An essay by Oxford professor Amia Srin ivasan offers a solution to the many problems with pornography, and rather than the suggestion that people just switch off their phones or even that schools teach “porn literacy”, it is to offer young people a kind of “negative” sex education. “It wouldn’t assert its authority to tell the truth about sex,” but remind them that, “the authority on what sex is, and could become, lies with them.” Lessons in the lost power of sexual imagination. I could not love this more. There is something about the suggestion that the very shape of our education – not just the content of lessons – must be adapted and remoulded in order to improve modern lives, that keeps speaking to me, whether in discussions about policing, the politicisation of masks or choices on what to have for lunch. And the one I keep coming back to is fertility. A few weeks ago, Dorothy Byrne, the president of Cambridge University’s all-female Murray Edwards College, announced she was planning to introduce fertility seminars, to teach women they should start planning to have children by their mid-30s. “Young women are being taught that they all have to do well in school, get a degree, be successful in their career and be beautiful,” Byrne said in a n interview. “The thing that is getting lost along the way is that you forget to have a baby.” I was not the only person to scoff at this, and scoff quite rudely, too, at the idea that fertility rates might be at their lowest level since records began in 1938, because busy women are simply forgetting to procreate. No, across my borough of the internet at least, there was a collective scoff so loud that I believe a couple of laptop screens shattered. It is true that fewer babies are being born. A substantial fertility decline in Britain over the past decade is largely driven by a drop in “first births” – people remaining child-free, many by choice. According to a YouGov survey of people who are not parents, more than a third say they never want to have children, with 19% saying, while they have no plans for children soon, they might change their minds – “age, cost and lifestyle” being cited as the main reasons for not doing so. So there’s that. There’s the way the world has tilted, which means both that becoming a parent is no longer a compulsory part of growing up and that societal changes mean it’s increasingly hard to create a home for a child that feels secure. These seem to me far more realistic explanations than “I forgot”, closely followed by Byrne’s basic point that many of us are trying to have children later in life, which can influence fertility. Except, her solution (which assumes, it’s worth pointing out, everybody wants to be a parent, rather than simply strive for a fabulous life of freedom and decent conversation) ignores 50% of the population. She is not alone, of course, in placing the responsibility of familyplanning solely on women’s shoulders. Apart from being taught how to prevent pregnancy, boys and men are encouraged to remain blissfully ignorant in matters of fertility, loud orchestral strings traditionally playing over conversations about dwindling eggs or indeed sluggish sperm, in order perhaps, to maintain the romance. There is a thriving fertility industry aimed solely at women, from period apps to IVF, the path between them littered with ads for fertility MOTs and egg freezing. Would so many women need to invest in these services if, instead of simply being shown how to roll a condom on to a banana, their boyfriends had learned more about the effect of lifestyle choices and their age on sperm quality? If, as well as being taught about women’s fertility, we had all been educated about the many different ways people today end up building a family, whether they’re single, or trans, or in same-sex relationships? Not only would men be more informed, but they’d be able to take more responsibility for choices typically left for women to navigate alone. The aim of improving our country’s handle on fertility should not simply be to increase the numbers of babies born, it should be to empower everybody to make educated choices . It’s not just about more – more babies, more education – it’s about better. It’s not just about what is taught, it’s about who it’s taught to. Our lives spin on, and the lessons that did for then will not do for now. Sr inivas an’s elegant suggestion sums up for me the thrilling possibilities of education. How much better could our futures be if lessons moved like this, fast enough to truly understand and encompass the modern world? How much happier could we be? ■ One more thing… It’s interesting to me, watching footage of the clashes happening between drivers and Insulate Britain protestors, to see how many people would literally run someone over with their Range Rover rather than get to work 20 minutes late. The new HBO documentary What Happened, Brittany Murphy? looks to be a cleverly packaged tabloid gaze at the life of another young female star, moralising about the many ways they were spat out by Hollywood and inducing a combination of guilt and titillation in its viewers, but I am still going to watch the absolute living hell out of it. Since writing a few weeks ago about the danger s of working behind the scenes on film sets, I’ve had daily messages from people sharing their own horror stories. The y spiked again after the news that cinematographer Halyna Hutchins was killed on set, with many hoping it might be a wake-up call for the industry. Fingers crossed. The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 5

Up front This much I know Dennis Bovell, musician, 68 Interview JAMES McMAHON Photograph PAL HANSEN My first memory is meeting my dad. I was small and because he worked in America, I only knew him from the photo on the mantelpiece. It’s because of my dad that I made every effort to become a musician. He said to me, “You should find a decent job, because if you make music, you’ll never eat a decent meal in a decent restaurant.” Well, I’ve eaten some nice meals in some nice restaurants! I know my dad is proud of me. He never told me to my face, but he would brag about me to his friends. To my face he’d say, “Are you still trying to play that guitar?” I made a point of giving him a copy of every release I’d ever made, to the point where if I wanted some of my old stuff, I would have to go to him . Even then he’d only let me borrow it. I was scared of moving to London. I’d done four years of secondary school in Barbados before I came in 1965. When I got here, I couldn’t get to grips with having fish and chips wrapped in newspaper. I thought it was so strange to be eating ink and oil. Nobody in Barbados would do that. And I hated shoes. First time my dad caught me walking around with no shoes, he told me, “You can’t do that here, son – you’ll catch a cold!” Playing the guitar is enduringly cool. Liking the Beatles helped. Liking the Rolling Stones did, too. But if there was one thing that helped a boy from Barbados be accepted in south London, it was being able to play Jimi Hendrix solos. Me and Linton Kwesi Johnson are very similar. It’s what has helped us collaborate for so long. We believe that all men are equal. We believe that social injustice is a crime. We believe in free speech. We also believe that the police are not so kind as they would have you believe. Linton is currently recording a poem about the deaths of black males in police custody. It’s called Licence fi Kill. I look at Black Lives Matter and think we’re winning. We’re making people in authority take notice of what we’re saying. For years, the police were I’m still angry about the six months I was jailed, wrongfully. But I wrote songs to vent my anger stopping and searching young black kids going about everyday lawful business and trying to provoke a physical response. I’m still angry about the six months I was jailed, wrongfully. That said, whil e I was in prison, I wrote a number of songs, vented my anger and came out and got a record deal with EMI. So I guess they can keep their compensation. Bob Marley was stand-offish. You had to know him before you could get into a conversation. Our band Matumbi supported the Wailers once. They didn’t get a very good soundcheck and when they came on stage there was loads of feedback. Our set sounded just fine. Because of that, journalists were more favourable in their reviews of us than them. Our drummer, a huge Wailers fan, was horrified. ■ Dennis Bovell’s remix of Swanky Modes by Jarv Is is out now The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 7

‘There are men who think I’m a dominatrix’: dress by Roksanda Selfridges (selfridges.com). Facing page: coat by jilsander.com and shoes by aquazzura.com 8 07.11.21 The Observer Magazine

‘People love to take offence’ Comedian Katherine Ryan will have you in stitches, but she can also leave you speechless. She talks to Eva Wiseman about plastic surgery and potty training – and the jokes even she wouldn’t risk today Photographs DEAN CHALKLEY Styling HOPE LAWRIE

DAVE BENETT/GETTY IMAGES; SHIRLAINE FORREST/GETTY IMAGES Katherine Ryan has named her autobiography The Audacity, a word (she explains) most commonly used to indicate disapproval. “Like, ‘HOW DARE she carry herself with that wicked abundance of self-belief ? How AUDACIOUS!’” It is the perfect title. The absolute perfect title for a memoir by a comedian equal parts louche and lurid, famous for her uncompromising attitude, convincing invulnerability and refusal to self-deprecate. Her cover photo, shot when she was nine months pregnant, sees Ryan lucent and blonde in an ice-blue gown trimmed with marabou feathers, holding aloft in her left hand her favourite of her three tiny dogs. It is these small dogs that greet me at her front door, and an entirely other lady. Instead of TV’s Katherine Ryan, be-lashed and dazzling, a happy cross between Christine Baranski and Taylor Swift , I’m welcomed by real-life Ryan, makeup-less in leggings, immediately offering me a plate of halloumi salad and a selection of milks for my tea. A breast pump sits on the counter beside a bag of golden hair extensions and outside, by the dainty heated swimming pool, her 12-week-old baby Fred sleeps gently in his pram. The atmosphere is one of Californian tranquillity in the London suburbs, only punctured slightly by her description of a man lowering his anus on to a bed post. I had asked what people think of her and she had answered like this: “There are men who think I’m a dominatrix. And they ask me for a bank account so that they can send me money, or ask me to step on their balls, or to eviscerate them in some way. One man sent a picture of himself lowering himself on to the post of his bed, saying, ‘Please retweet this to humiliate me.’” She gets a lot of that, “ because they view me as alpha. The reason why people say women aren’t funny is because it’s alpha to be the only person in the room allowed to speak. And I think we’ve only recently accepted that women can be alpha, too. Which is where the misunderstanding comes from, why people think only men are funny .” She pauses to check on the baby. “And that’s why some men think that I want to stand on their balls.” But we are getting ahead of ourselves, because this version of Ryan, the one who hosts panel shows and receives evisceration requests, was shaped by careful accident over 38 years, beginning in Sarnia, a small petrochemical town in Canada. She was restless and popular, and at 19 worked as a waitress with a friend called Jessica. In her book, Ryan calls this chapter “How To Let Your Friend’s Murder Define All Your Relationships”. One day Jessica didn’t turn up to work and soon Ryan heard she’d been killed by her ex-boyfriend. “That’s how it happens,” Ryan’s mum told her that evening. “If you leave them, they sometimes kill you.” “I felt guilty writing about that,” she says , “ because when you write your own book, you really centre yourself. She wasn’t my best friend, she wasn’t my sister, but it affected me, and it affected all the young women in our town, too. It was a lesson. When your brain is still growing, the events of your life write on the canvas of who you are. Without even knowing it I learned, ‘If you piss them off, they’ll kill you.’” Years later she’d joke on stage, “Things like, ‘Men are nature’s gun. You’re statistically most likely to be killed by the one in your house. Haha.’ And until recently I didn’t even realise myself, how scared I was.” A man tiptoes into the room, and wheels the baby away. Not only is her husband Bobby one of the first good men Play it for laughs: (from left) at a dance recital age five; working at Hooters in her teens; performing on stage in Leeds in 2017. Below: with her husband Bobby Kootstra in 20200 ‘I think it is unrealistic to hope that everyone is going to like you’ Ryan has dated – in the past she had a habit of going out with, “the kinds of dudes blind dogs bark at” (in standup shows she’d laugh that her dad would meet them and think, “Did I molest her and forget?”) – but he was the actual first man, too, her high school boyfriend. They were reunited in 2018 when she visited Canada to film BBC show Who Do You Think You Are? , and married a year later. They hadn’t seen each other since she’d moved to Toronto for university, where she took a job at Hooters – a sports bar known for its waitresses’ skimpy uniforms – and started to have the time of her life. “I know in retrospect it’s maybe not the most aspirational thing that you can do, because it is positioning yourself as being for decoration, which is not ideal, but I was always a student of what I was doing. I thought it was fascinating to hold that position as a young woman.” She performed in their bikini pageant and visited the Playboy mansion. “I wanted to exploit that reverence given to delicate innocent youth.” She also wanted bigger tits and started to research plastic surgery. “It was such a specific time in pop culture, wasn’t it? With an interesting ting kind of feminism. When I was in high school, I certainly knew about plastic surgery and I valued being beautiful. I thought plastic surgery ry was an aspirational, very Hollywood thing that rich people could do.” While many comedians asked about early idols might namecheck perhaps Monty Python or Richard Pryor, Ryan was a fan of celebrities like Jessica Simpson and Britney Spears .“I thought it was so amazing that they could change the way they looked with science. I had a checklist of surgeries, all part of my plan for becoming a nice girl who’s pretty and tanned. I wanted to alter things, not for any deep dark body dysmorphia. Just… curiosity. I wanted to be feminine, and I wanted to be liked. So I got breast implants. And they were great.” This proves unbelievable for some audiences, unable to align her imperious glamour with her modern feminism. “They don’t like the fact that I’m not hiding it. But I don’t feel that I should be ashamed about it – I think that’s what irks people. I haven’t had as much done as people think, but if that’s fun for them to talk about and there’s a punch line, I don’t mind.” She really doesn’t. “The only thing that makes me a little frustrated is that people don’t know the difference between Botox and filler. That frustrates me from a point of just being a pedant.” Her implants have served her well, but despite this, she says, she’s planning on getting them removed. “The only thing that’s preventing me from getting them out now is finding the time – I was pregnant for 18 months and now I’m breastfeeding. But now I think they were such an emblem of the noughties – they’re like a lower-back tattoo.” Fair. There are moments during our conversation, while her tiny dogs snore gently on my lap and her large cat (she’s called Sara Pascoe ) prowls across the kitchen, that I find myself speechless. Not at what Ryan says so much, but with a sweet and awe-filled shock at how little she cares about what people think of her. Trolls, hecklers, critics, people who reel at the way she paints a picture of single motherhood in pastels and glitter rather than concentrating on exhaustion or shame. We keep coming back to this, the “audacity” of it, and she shrugs. “If I’m entertaining people then I don’t mind what Linda from Leeds wants to write about me in her blog.” I wait. “I think it’s unrealistic to hope that everyone’s going to like you or even that everyone is kind. Many people are unkind, lots of people love to take offence. Lots of people are wrong, and that’s fine with me.” She grew up far more concerned with being liked than she is now, but the years have thickened her skin, or better, taught her how to prioritise opinions. “My mother would say: ‘If we all liked the same thing we’d all be married to your father.’ But it’s wonder- ful to be able to do a job where you connect with people. I don’t want a family to waste money on a babysitter and come out to my gig and hate it – I want people to have a nice time. I also want to inspire and empower people, and I think I do that for a lot of women.” And those she doesn’t? She shrugs again, good luck to them! The not-caring – it’s like a superpower. “Well, I’m trying to teach it to you, but you’ve read the book and it doesn’t seem to have worked!” I prom- ise to read it again, the hardback this time. The year after winning Miss Hooters Toronto, Ryan hosted the pageant, asking con- testants questions like, “Alicia, where do we keep the bin bags?” on their turn around the stage, and silencing hecklers with sharp one-liners. ‹ The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 11

Katherine Ryan ‘I articulate myself the best I can’: Katherine Ryan wears dress by Roksanda Selfridges (selfridges.com) and gold and black shoes by manoloblahnik.com HAIR BY NARAD KUTOWAROO AT CAROL HAYES MANAGEMENT USING GHD AND UNITE HAIR; MAKEUP BY FIONA EUSTACE USING SUQQU AND TOM FORD; PHOTOGRAPHERS ASSISTANT HARRY BRAYNE; SHOT AT LORDSHIPPARK.COM ‹ She’d been getting into trouble for her sense of humour – it disrupted the pretty and non-threatening image she’d been cultivating and sometimes in the evenings she’d tell herself off. “I would echo the things that my Hooters manager would say, ‘Why does my brain work this way?’” Round the corner from the restaurant there was a comedy club and one day she signed up for its amateur night. “Not because I wanted to be a comedian, but because it would be fun for me, my secret. And then in the rest of my life I’d be a good girl, well liked, a good wife. It was a little exorcism of, well… audacity.” When she came off stage after that first set, where she joked about being a “dumb, useless girl”, she realised nothing had made her feel so shit and so alive all at once. She couldn’t wait to do it again. At 23, when she moved to London with a boyfriend, she got sick. It took months before she was diagnosed with lupus, but once she was prescribed hydroxychloroquine (the anti-malarial drug made famous by Trump ) she found a new calmness. “That,” she writes, “was the infancy of the Zen ‘no fucks given’ mantra that I live by happily and manage lupus with today.” And soon after that, she got pregnant. After Violet was born and she split up with her boyfriend, Ryan would joke that they’d wanted a “save the relationship” baby, but ended up with a regular one instead. “I believe that Violet was the driver of that fateful event,” she grins. “I do believe that you can be a soul somewhere who moves chess pieces together so that you can be born. So I don’t begrudge her that she had to do what she had to do to exist on Earth.” But it did mean that at 24, Ryan was a single parent in a foreign country whose office job did not cover nursery fees. “I thought, ‘What have I done? I’d had a great life, a fun life. I was working at Hooters and making lots of money and going to the Playboy Mansion, then all of a sudden, though I’m lucky enough not to be considered an immigrant, I’m a foreign, destitute, single mother. So I needed to rescue that somehow. And I’m really lucky that I did.” She forced herself to say out loud the elements of her life she was grateful for, and then, “I just slowly moved forward in baby steps until one day I kind of looked around and was like, ‘Oh my gosh, we’re safe.’” Those baby steps were standup gigs, where her fellow female comedians would babysit backstage while she was performing, and then panel shows, and then tours, and later presenting jobs, Netflix specials and a sitcom about a single mother called The Duchess . “But, of course, I can still be cancelled,” she sings. The most controversial of her stories I think, and the one sure to raise a number of hackles, far more than her “manhating” jokes, is the story of how she’d potty trained her daughter by 10 months. I can hear parents’ jaws clicking open from here, the sweep of eyes narrowing. “Remember, the absence of training,” she says, her head on one side, “is still training. By putting them in a nappy you’re training them to go in a nappy. People can disagree, I don’t care. But I do care when I have to share a space with a four-year-old in a nappy.” Before she reunited with Bobby, she’d planned to have a second child using donor sperm, but the week after she wrapped filming on The Duchess, in December 2019, she got pregnant. At the 10-week scan, they were told there was no heartbeat. Three weeks passed and she felt, she said, like “a walking tomb”. She’d be telling her body, “You’re having a miscarriage, you need to just let it go.” To which her body would reply, “‘Fuck off, I’m FINE. You need to give me as many gin ‘If I have to reassess what I’ve said, or apologise, I’ll do that’ and tonics as you can and get into a fight with a rapper in front of everyone at the NME Awards.’ I did that. Then I actually fell down the stairs.” She discussed the miscarriage on her podcast, Telling Everybody Everything – “I have felt,” she said, “this collective grief.” One tabloid ran a story about it beside a photo of Ryan and Bobby at Jonathan Ross’s Halloween party, covered in blood. “It looked like we were just leaving the hospital in a terrible state.” A few months later, in May, she was pregnant again. At a nine-week scan she was ushered into “the Crying Room” and told the baby had a problem with its abdominal wall and at the start of her second trimester, miscarried again. She had decided to be open about her first miscarriage in case it helped other people feel less alone, but the emotional toll – the griefy messages, the vulnerability – meant she was not prepared to do it for a second time. It takes a lot of skill and strength to continue telling jokes through a year like that. She just, she writes, “quietly moved forward”. And then, after 18 months of pregnancy, she had Fred, who vibrates gently in his chair beside her now, legs like ice-cream. She plans to potty train him as soon as possible. In the past she’s made jokes she regrets. In one of her specials she starts the show by asking everyone on the front row individually whether they’ve raped anyone. “I wouldn’t do that today. Because it can be very triggering for other people in the audience to hear something like that. At the time, I thought that it was a good way of demonstrating that if you haven’t raped anyone, then it’s a ridiculous question. But for Bill Cosby at the time, you weren’t able to ask him that because obviously, he had.” She thinks for a second. “I don’t think I’d even use the word rape now in a crowd setting. I like being provocative. But if that’s a triggering word for people in the audience who’ve been survivors of abuse, I wouldn’t want to use it.” Ryan’s is an industry swamped in conversations about “cancel culture” – Chris Rock blamed all the “unfunny TV shows” he sees on the fact that “everybody’s scared to make a move”, joining a chorus of voices concerned that cancel culture is killing comedy. To Ryan though, it’s quite simple. “I just started articulating myself more thoughtfully, because if I didn’t, it might be hurtful to people. And when that’s explained to you we evolve as a society. I feel like ‘cancel culture’ has become about hurting people. It’s not even to make things better. I ’m all for taking accountability and giving someone a chance to say, ‘I misspoke.’ But I think there’s a new thirst for exposing people – I even see with my daughter and her friends on Tik Tok, so worried about being cancelled, that they point the finger first.” She shivers slightly in the heat. “I always articulate myself the best that I can with the knowledge that I have at the time. And then if I have to reassess what I’ve said, or apologise, then I’ll do that.” The world changes – this is something she is keen to teach the young people in her life. “Violet might look at me and say, ‘Why work at Hooters, that’s not very feminist ?’ Well, I was just living in the world that I was in, and it was different. And we didn’t have smartphones, Violet, and this was still acceptable. It’s not like I was misbehaving – that’s what the world was.” She exhales meditatively. “If I was the same person 10 years ago that I am today, that would be horrible. Don’t you think?” Honestly? We could do worse. ■ The Audacity by Katherine Ryan is published by Bling at £20. But it for £17.40 at guardianbookshop.com . She is also touring the UK with Missus (livenation.co.uk) 12 07.11.21 The Observer Magazine

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Report MATTHA BUSBY Illustrations LISA SHEEHAN The acid test Psychedelics have come a long way since their hallucinogenic hippy heyday. Research shows that they could transform psychiatry – alleviating PTSD , depression and addiction. So will we all soon be treated with magic mushrooms and MDMA? The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 15

The new psychedelics I magine a medicine that could help people process disturbing memories, sparking behavioural changes rather than merely burying and suppressing symptoms and trauma. For the millions suffering with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, such remedies for their daily struggles could be on the horizon. Psychiatry is rapidly heading towards a new frontier – and it’s all thanks to psychedelics. In an advanced phase trial published in Nature in May, patients in the US, Israel and Canada who received doses of the psychedelic stimulant MDMA, alongside care from a therapist, were more than twice as likely than the placebo group to no longer have PTSD, for which there is currently no effective treatment, months later. The researchers concluded that the findings, which reflected those of six earlier-stage trials, cemented the treatment as a startlingly successful potential breakthrough therapy. There are now hopes that MDMA therapy could receive approval for certain treatments from US regulators by 2023, or perhaps even earlier – with psilocybin, the active ingredient of magic mushrooms, not far behind in the process. You could say interest in psychedelics is mushrooming. Last month, in a first for psychedelics since the war on drugs was launched in the 1970s, US federal funding was granted for a psilocybin study, to treat tobacco addiction, following pressure by lawmakers, including Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez . This marks a jaw-dropping turnaround for hallucinogenic drugs. Even 10 years ago, they were effectively taboo in many academic fields and halls of power. But as the intellectual rationale behind the war on drugs has become increasingly untenable, hundreds of millions of dollars have been pumped into psychedelic pharmaceutical research. “Psychedelics are the most extraordinary tools for studying the mind and brain,” says Dr David Luke , co-founding director of the psychedelic consciousness conference, Breaking Convention . “It’s a hot-button topic with around a dozen dedicated research centres at top-level universities around the world.” Academic and scientific enthusiasm around psychedelics has been increasing amid exasperation over the lack of advancement in psychiatry. “It has not progressed as a field of medicine relative to others for decades, and many psychiatrists have been deeply frustrated,” Luke claims. Yet there appears to be a set of long-ignored tools to treat causes rather than simply addressing symptoms, and psychedelics could do for psychiatry what the microscope did for biology, he says. “They work to treat the underlying commonalities of a range of mental illnesses and potentially prevent their occurrence, too.” Unfounded claims that psychedelic drugs have no medical uses, as the US Congress once declared, and are fundamentally dangerous, kept research endeavours in a straitjacket. Possibly more accurately, there were concerns that the drugs prod people into becoming more rebellious. “It’s not that psychedelics are dangerous, it’s that they give you dangerous ideas,” says Dennis McKenna , ethnopharmacologist and author. “That was the basic reason why there was such an overreaction and clampdown , because it was such a turbulent time with the Vietnam war.” Politicians rather than scientists or clinicians were in the driving seat behind systematically suppressing research, and usage. This was all part of psychedelics’ mind-bending ride. Their use has increased under the radar, spurred on by cultural shifts in the west. Over the past decade, the recreational and spiritual use of hallucinogens has shed its taboos, following thousands of years of continued use in the Amazon, Mexico, Siberia and elsewhere. “I realise for the first time this is the only genuine, religious experience I’ve ever had,” pop icon Sting recently said. “For me, the meaning of the universe cracked open.” He was followed more recently by Miley Cyrus and Lindsay ‘Psychedelics will change society’s approach to mental health’ Lohan, who have both told of their experiences attending plant medicine ceremonies. Not long ago, UK fitness icon Joe Wicks outlined his plans to visit the Amazon to drink the hallucinogenic healing medicine ayahuasca , after his lockdown workout sessions went viral. It seems that public declarations of psychedelic use are in vogue. Former Texas governor Rick Perry, a self-described “historically very anti-drug person”, is convinced psychedelics can transform the lives of war veterans suffering from severe PTSD , who are always on guard for danger, unable to sleep and behav e self-destructively. “All of that properly done in the right type of clinical setting will save a multitude of lives,” he told local media earlier this year, referring to people he knows who have been abroad from the US for psychedelic treatment. With his public support, a state bill to expedite the study of psychedelics was passed in May. “Psychedelic medicine has the potential to completely change society’s approach to mental health treatment, and research is the first step to realising that transformation,” said representative Alex Dominguez, a Democrat who sponsored the bill, in a statement at the time. “It’s said that ‘As goes Texas, so goes the nation.’ While states across the country consider how best to address the mental health crisis facing our nation, I hope they once again look to Texas for leadership.” How did the mood music change so quickly for hallucinogens? Researchers were steadily unshackled – after groundbreaking research into the so-called “God molecule” DMT forced the door open – and promising data emerged as paradigm shifts solidified. ‹ The Observer Magazine 07.11.21 17

The new psychedelics The drugs do work: (clockwise from below) Dennis McKenna; Rick Perry; Joe Wicks; Miley Cyrus; and Lindsay Lohan DAN DENNEHY; EPA; ALAMY; REX/SHUTTERSTOCK ‹ Ceremonies with ayahuasca are known to increasingly take place from London to Sydney. In the US, the União de Vegetal church and some Santo Daime congregations have in the past 15 years gained the legal right to use the DMT-containing brew for religious purposes because it is central to their beliefs. The Native American Church, which has some 250,000 members, gained the right to use mescaline-containing cactus peyote as a sacrament in the US – where it grows naturally in the south western desert – back in 1994 . Meanwhile, Decriminalize Nature , which argues humans have an unalienable right to develop their own relationship with natural plants, persuaded US authorities in half a dozen municipalities, including Washington DC, to decriminalise all plant medicines, also in May. Earlier this year, the Californian senate passed a bill to legalise the possession and social sharing of psyche the possession of personal amounts of all drugs, while psiledelics. Oregon has already voted to decriminalise ocybin therapy has been licen sed and the state’s health department has been tasked with licen sing magic-mush-mushroom growers and training people to administer them. Increasing numbers of trials have reported steady doses of dazzlingly promising results for people with a risk of psychological issues. A study in the Lancet last year found that a high dose of psilocybin significantly reduces depressive essive syndromes and markedly improves anxiety for sustained periods. This appears to be due to the fostering of stronger communication between usually disconnected parts of the brain, engendering a higher state of consciousness as people are less constrained and more able to process emotions. “The fact that a drug given once can have such an effect for so long is an unprecedented finding,” New York University psychiatrist Stephen Ross told the New Yorker r of a 2016 study that laid the groundwork for further research. earch. “We have never had anything like it in the psychiatric field.” One of the key mooted advantages of psychedelics over existing drugs is that they work holistically to make the neuroplastic brain more malleable, therefore freeing people from long-held beliefs and memories – opening them evermore to new concepts and states of mind. Thus, they allow the brain to reset and rewire itself , rather than simply dampening down symptoms and even causing serious side-effects. This positions psychedelic therapies