Help! (song)

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"Help!"
Beatles help2.jpg
US picture sleeve
Single by the Beatles
from the album Help!
B-side"I'm Down"
Released
  • 19 July 1965 (1965-07-19) (US)
  • 23 July 1965 (UK)
Recorded13 April 1965
StudioEMI, London
GenreFolk rock[1]
Length2:18
Label
Songwriter(s)Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s)George Martin
The Beatles UK singles chronology
"Ticket to Ride"
(1965)
"Help!"
(1965)
"Day Tripper" / "We Can Work It Out"
(1965)
The Beatles US singles chronology
"Ticket to Ride"
(1965)
"Help!"
(1965)
"Yesterday"
(1965)
Audio sample
Music video
"Help!" on YouTube

"Help!" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles that served as the title song for the 1965 film and its soundtrack album. It was released as a single in July 1965, and was number one for three weeks in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Credited to Lennon–McCartney, "Help!" was written by John Lennon with some help from Paul McCartney. During an interview with Playboy in 1980, Lennon recounted: "The whole Beatles thing was just beyond comprehension. I was subconsciously crying out for help".

It was ranked at number 29 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[2]

Composition[edit]

The documentary series The Beatles Anthology revealed that Lennon wrote the lyrics of the song to express his stress after the Beatles' quick rise to success. "I was fat and depressed and I was crying out for 'Help'", Lennon told Playboy.[3] Writer Ian MacDonald describes the song as the first crack in the protective shell Lennon had built around his emotions during the Beatles' rise to fame, and an important milestone in his songwriting style.[4]

In the 1970 Rolling Stone "Lennon Remembers" interviews, Lennon said that the song was one of his favourites among the Beatles songs he wrote. In these interviews, Lennon said he felt that "Help!" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" were his most honest, genuine Beatles songs and not just songs "written to order". According to Lennon's cousin and boyhood friend Stanley Parkes, "Help!" was written after Lennon "came in from the studio one night. 'God,' he said, 'they've changed the title of the film: it's going to be called 'Help!' now. So I've had to write a new song with the title called 'Help!'."[5]

According to McCartney, he was called in "to complete it", providing the "countermelody" arrangement, on 4 April 1965 at Lennon's house in Weybridge.[6][7][8]

Recording[edit]

The Beatles recorded "Help!" in 12 takes on 13 April 1965 using four-track equipment. The first nine takes concentrated on the instrumental backing. The descending lead guitar riff that precedes each verse proved to be difficult, so by take 4 it was decided to postpone it for an overdub. To guide the later overdub by George Harrison, Lennon thumped the beat on his acoustic guitar body, which can be heard in the final stereo mix. Lead and backing vocals were recorded twice onto take 9, along with a tambourine. A reduction mix was applied to the two vocal tracks, taking three attempts (takes 10 to 12), freeing up a track for the lead guitar overdub.[9] This was the group's first use of two 4-track machines for "bouncing".[10]

The vocals were re-recorded for the film during a session on 24 May 1965 at CTS Studios, a facility specializing in post-synchronisation.[11] In addition to attempting a better vocal performance, the session might have been done to eliminate the tambourine (which had been on the same track as the vocals) since no tambourine appeared in the film sequence.[12] With the new vocals, a mono mix was created at CTS Studios which was used for the film soundtrack. Mixes for record releases were prepared on 18 June. For the mono version, Martin decided to use a mix of the opening chorus of take 12 edited to the remainder of the CTS film mix.[11] Because all instruments were combined on a single track for the CTS session, it could not be used for a stereo mix, so the stereo mix was made from take 12.[12]

This film version of the song was only heard on the original VHS releases of the movie, later replaced by the stereo mixes. A true release was never issued. New mixes were created for releases of the Help! CD (1987), the Love album (2006), and the Help! DVD (2007).[9]

Releases[edit]

The Beatles at a press conference in Bloomington, Minnesota in August 1965, shortly after the song's release

"Help!" went to number 1 on both the UK and US singles charts in late summer 1965. It was the fourth of six number 1 singles in a row on the American charts: "I Feel Fine", "Eight Days a Week", "Ticket to Ride", "Help!", "Yesterday" and "We Can Work It Out".[13] At the following year's Ivor Novello Awards, "Help!" was named as the second best-selling single of 1965, behind "We Can Work It Out".[14][15] "Help!" was nominated in four categories at the 1966 Grammy Awards but failed to win in any of them.[16]

The song appears on the Help! LP, the US Help! soundtrack, 1962–1966, the Imagine: John Lennon soundtrack, 1, Love, and The Capitol Albums, Volume 2. The mono version (with different vocals and no tambourine) was included on the Beatles' Rarities LP and in The Beatles in Mono collection. The American soundtrack album included a James Bond-type introduction to the song, followed by a caesura just before the opening lyric. No such introduction appeared on the British soundtrack album, nor was it included in the released single in either country.

Although Lennon was proud of "Help!" and the honesty it conveyed, he expressed regret that the Beatles had recorded it at such a fast tempo in the interests of giving the track more commercial appeal.[4] Music critic Dave Marsh refuted this idea, saying: "'Help!' isn't a compromise; it's bursting with vitality … [Lennon] sounds triumphant, because he's found a group of kindred spirits who are offering the very spiritual assistance and emotional support for which he's begging. Paul's echoing harmonies, Ringo's jaunty drums, the boom of George's guitar speak to the heart of Lennon's passion, and though they cannot cure the wound, at least they add a note of reassurance that he's not alone with his pain."[4]

Promotional films[edit]

The Beatles filmed the title performance for the movie Help! on 22 April 1965. The same footage (without the darts and credits seen in the film sequence) was used as a clip to promote the release of the single. It was shown starting in July 1965 on programmes such as Top of the Pops and Thank Your Lucky Stars.[17] They made another promotional clip of "Help!" on 23 November 1965 for inclusion in the year-end recap special of Top of the Pops. Directed by Joseph McGrath, the black-and-white clip shows the group miming to the song while sitting astride a workbench. Starr holds an umbrella overhead throughout the song, which becomes useful as fake snow falls during the final verse.[18] The November 1965 promo was included in the Beatles' 2015 video compilation 1.[19]

Live performances[edit]

The Beatles performed "Help!" live on the 1 August 1965 broadcast of Blackpool Night Out, which was included in the Anthology 2 album and shown during The Beatles Anthology documentary.[20] On 14 August, the group recorded a live performance of "Help!" and five other songs for The Ed Sullivan Show, broadcast the following month;[21] the show is available on the DVD The 4 Complete Ed Sullivan Shows Starring The Beatles.

"Help!" was included in the set list for The Beatles' 1965 US tour. The 15 August performance at Shea Stadium was seen in the 1966 documentary The Beatles at Shea Stadium, although the audio for the song was re-recorded prior to release.[22] The group's 29 August performance at the Hollywood Bowl was chosen for the 1977 album The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl.[23] The final live concert performances of "Help!" took place on The Beatles' 1965 UK tour in December.

Personnel[edit]

Personnel per Ian MacDonald[6]

Charts and certifications[edit]

Bananarama version[edit]

"Help!"
Bananarama Help single.jpg
Single by Bananarama & Lananeeneenoonoo
from the album Greatest Hits Collection
B-side
  • "Help!" (Straight version) (7-inch)
  • "Love in a Factory" (12-inch)
Released13 February 1989 (1989-02-13)[49]
RecordedJanuary 1989
StudioPWL, London
Genre
Length
  • 2:58 (single version)
  • 6:31 (extended version)
LabelLondon
Songwriter(s)Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s)Stock Aitken Waterman
Bananarama singles chronology
"Nathan Jones"
(1988)
"Help!"
(1989)
"Cruel Summer '89"
(1989)

British girl group Bananarama covered the song with comedians French & Saunders and Kathy Burke, who were credited as Lananeeneenoonoo, which is a spoof on the Bananarama name. The song was released in February 1989 as the Red Nose Day single to raise money for Comic Relief. It was then included on the 1989 re-release of Bananarama's Greatest Hits Collection album. The single peaked at number three on the UK Singles Chart and was a Top-10 hit in several countries.[50]

Background and release[edit]

In December 1988, comedy duo French and Saunders did a Christmas special sketch that poked fun at Bananarama, with Dawn French playing a character based on Keren Woodward and Jennifer Saunders playing Sara Dallin. Guest comedian Kathy Burke played a character based on Jacquie O'Sullivan. The sketch featured the trio recording music, being interviewed and making a video.[51]

Bananarama said they "saw [the sketch] before it was even on television" and "everyone thought we would be furious... but we really laughed. It was hilarious". After the sketch, Comic Relief decided to get in touch with French and Saunders to ask if they would do a single with Bananarama, so long as the latter would agree to it, which they did "without hesitation".[52]

The single was then released in February, for the second ever Red Nose Day, with two-thirds of money from the sales of the single going to relief work in Africa and the other third going to fight homelessness and drug and alcohol abuse in the UK and in Ireland.[52][49] With the huge popular success of the Red Nose Day, the single was also a hit, peaking at number 3 in the UK on the week of the Red Nose Day (10 March) and staying at that position the following week.[53][50] This meant it became Bananarama's joint highest charting song, along with "Robert De Niro's Waiting" and "Love in the First Degree".[53]

"Help!" was released with the B-side of a different version of the song, titled with the bracketed 'Straight Version', which removed the comedic parts by Lananeeneenoonoo. The 12-inch single featured another collaboration with Lananeeneenoonoo, "Love in a Factory", an outtake-esque improvised conversation.

Outside of the UK, in Europe and Japan, on the 7-inch single the sides were swapped with the 'Straight Version' of the song being released as the A-side.[54][55] This was most likely due to the fact the three comedians were not so well known outside of the UK.

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Andy Morahan[56] and features the members of Bananarama and Lananeeneenoonoo (dressed like in the Bananarama sketch) singing and dancing in the snow along with several shirtless men, credited as Bassie, Norman and Paul.[56] As well as this, there are clips of Lananeeneenoonoo recording their backing vocals whilst the production team look in despair at their 'singing'.

Track listings[edit]

7-inch: London / LON 222 (UK)[57]

  1. "Help!" – 2:58
  2. "Help" (Straight Version) – 2:22

7-inch: London / 886 492-7 / SOOP 1111 (Europe & Japan)[54][better source needed][55][better source needed]

  1. "Help!" (Straight version) – 2:22
  2. "Help!" (Comedy version) – 2:58

12-inch: London / LONX 222 (UK)[57]

  1. "Help!" (Extended version) – 6:31
  2. "Love in a Factory" (Extended version) – 4:17

CD: London / LONCD 222 (UK)[57]

  1. "Help!" – 2:58
  2. "Help" (Straight version) – 2:22
  3. "Love in a Factory" (Extended version) – 4:17

CD Mini: London / 886 598-3 / P00L 40008 (Germany & Japan)[57]

  1. "Help" (Straight Version) – 2:22
  2. "Help!" – 2:58

Personnel[edit]

Musicians

Technical[56]

  • Karen Hewitt, Yoyo – engineering
  • Pete Hammond – mixing
  • Chris McDonnell, Gordon Dennis, Jason Barron, Pete Day, Steve Davies – assistant mixing
  • Terry O'Neill – photography

Charts[edit]

Chart (1989) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[58] 25
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[59] 9
Europe (European Hot 100 Singles)[60] 9
European Airplay Top 50 (Music & Media)[61] 6
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[62] 2
France (SNEP)[63] 6
Germany (Official German Charts)[64] 8
Ireland (IRMA)[65] 2
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[66] 25
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[67] 24
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[68] 35
Norway (VG-lista)[69] 6
Portugal (AFP)[70] 3
Spain (AFYVE)[71] 4
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[72] 2
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[73] 8
UK Singles (OCC)[50] 3

Other cover versions[edit]

  • John Farnham released a much-slower tempo, piano-based ballad version of the song in 1980. His version peaked at No. 8 on the Australian Kent Music Report Singles Chart.[74]
  • Tina Turner recorded the song for her 1984 album Private Dancer. Her version was a top forty hit in several countries, including Belgium, the Netherlands, and the UK.[75][76]
  • Roxette recorded the track on 15 November 1995 at Abbey Road Studios. Their version remained unreleased for several years, finally appearing on their box set The Rox Box/Roxette 86–06 in 2006.[77] It was later issued as the lead single from their 2020 compilation album Bag of Trix, making it their first release after the death of vocalist Marie Fredriksson.[78] Per Gessle, a dedicated Beatles fan, said of the cover: "When we were in Abbey Road we could not help but make our own version of 'Help!'. It was a great day, pop history in all corners of the studio and a fantastic feeling to be part of Abbey Road's unimaginable legacy."[79]
  • A live version recorded by Oasis in 1998 was included as a bonus track on the 2016 reissue of their album Be Here Now.[80]
  • In 2001, a version recorded by Howie Day was included on the soundtrack to the film I Am Sam, which consisted entirely of Beatles covers. His version was much slower than the original, a unique tempo change in a soundtrack which otherwise mimicked the tempos of the Beatles's original recordings used during the film's production. The original Beatles songs were changed to covers at the last minute, due to licensing issues.[81]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "1960s-Folk-Rock Overview". www.richieunterberger.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  2. ^ "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone.
  3. ^ Spitz 2005, p. 555.
  4. ^ a b c Sullivan, Steve (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-8108-8296-6.
  5. ^ Lennon.net 2004, p. 5.
  6. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, p. 153.
  7. ^ Miles 1998, p. 199.
  8. ^ Beatles Interview Database 1984, p. 2.
  9. ^ a b Winn 2008, pp. 314-316.
  10. ^ Help! stereo remaster 2009 inlay card, "Recording notes".
  11. ^ a b Winn 2008, p. 320.
  12. ^ a b Ryan & Kehew 2006, p. 392.
  13. ^ Wallgren 1982, pp. 38–45.
  14. ^ Miles 2001, p. 236.
  15. ^ KRLA Beat staff (13 August 1966). "Lennon and McCartney Win Three Composer's Awards". KRLA Beat. p. 3.
  16. ^ Miles 2001, p. 226.
  17. ^ Lewisohn 2000, p. 190.
  18. ^ Lewisohn 2000, pp. 206-208.
  19. ^ Rowe, Matt (18 September 2015). "The Beatles 1 To Be Reissued With New Audio Remixes... And Videos". The Morton Report. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  20. ^ Winn 2008, pp. 337-338.
  21. ^ Lewisohn 2000, pp. 198-199.
  22. ^ Lewisohn 2000, p. 215.
  23. ^ Winn 2008, p. 354.
  24. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book (1940–1969). Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.
  25. ^ "Austriancharts.at – The Beatles – Help!" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  26. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – Help!" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  27. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5644." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  28. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Help!". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  29. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 32, 1965" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  30. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – Help!" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  31. ^ "Flavour of New Zealand - Search Lever Hit Parades". 16 September 1965. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  32. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – The Beatles – Help!". VG-lista. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  33. ^ "SA Charts 1965–March 1989". Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  34. ^ "Swedish Charts 1962–March 1966/Kvällstoppen – Listresultaten vecka för vecka > Augusti 1965" (PDF) (in Swedish). hitsallertijden.nl. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  35. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  36. ^ "The Beatles Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  37. ^ Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 32–34.
  38. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts" (Enter "Beatles" in the search box) (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  39. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Help!". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  40. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  41. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. 18 September 1965. p. 30. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  42. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. 25 September 1965. p. 34. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  43. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1965". Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  44. ^ "Top Singles of 1965" (PDF). Billboard. 25 December 1965. p. 22. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  45. ^ "Cash Box Year-End Charts: Top 100 Pop Singles, December 25, 1965". Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  46. ^ Copsey, Rob (19 September 2017). "The UK's Official Chart 'millionaires' revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  47. ^ "British single certifications – The Beatles – Help". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 5 July 2019. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Help in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  48. ^ "American single certifications – The Beatles – Help". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 14 May 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 
  49. ^ a b "News" (PDF). Record Mirror: 4. 4 February 1989. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  50. ^ a b c "Bananarama: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
  51. ^ Davearama (5 May 2017). "Poptastic Confessions!: Revisiting Lananeeneenoonoo". Poptastic Confessions!. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  52. ^ a b "Bananarama! With French and Saunders!? What is going on???". Smash Hits. 8–21 February 1989. p. 22. Retrieved 26 October 2020 – via sites.google.com.
  53. ^ a b Masterton, James. Chart Watch UK - Hits of 1989. James Masterton. ISBN 978-0-463-13857-1.
  54. ^ a b "Bananarama - Lananeeneenoonoo - Help!". Discogs. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  55. ^ a b "Bananarama - Help". Discogs. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  56. ^ a b c d Bananarama; Lananeeneenoonoo (1989). Help! 7" single (liner). London Records.
  57. ^ a b c d "Bananarama detailed discography - Help !". www.bananarama.co.uk. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  58. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  59. ^ "Ultratop.be – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  60. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 6 no. 12. 25 March 1989. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  61. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 6 no. 13. 1 April 1989. p. 29. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  62. ^ Timo (13 August 2015). "Sisältää hitin: Levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1960: Artistit B - BAS". Sisältää hitin. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  63. ^ "Lescharts.com – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help" (in French). Les classement single.
  64. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". GfK Entertainment Charts.
  65. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Help". Irish Singles Chart.
  66. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Bananarama & Lananeeneenoonoo" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
  67. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  68. ^ "Charts.nz – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". Top 40 Singles.
  69. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". VG-lista.
  70. ^ "Top 3 Singles in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. 27 May 1989. p. 22. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  71. ^ "Listas de superventas: 1989". 24 October 2020.
  72. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". Singles Top 100.
  73. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Bananarama / Lananeeneenoonoo – Help". Swiss Singles Chart.
  74. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  75. ^ "ultratop.be – Tina Turner – Help". Ultratop. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  76. ^ "Official Charts > Tina Turner". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  77. ^ "Digital booklet". The Rox Box/Roxette 86–06 (liner notes). Roxette. Stockholm, Sweden: Roxette Recordings and Capitol Records. 2006. 9463 67972–2 9.CS1 maint: others (link)
  78. ^ "Roxette släpper Beatles-cover digitalt" ["Roxette releases Beatles cover digitally"]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 8 May 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  79. ^ "Roxette släpper Beatles-cover digitalt" ["Roxette releases Beatles cover digitally"]. Västerbottens-Kuriren (in Swedish). 8 May 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  80. ^ "Oasis announce 'Be Here Now' reissue featuring unreleased tracks". NME Music News, Reviews, Videos, Galleries, Tickets and Blogs | NME.COM. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  81. ^ Devenish, Colin (7 November 2001). "Vedder, Crowes Meet the Beatles". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 October 2019.

References[edit]

External links[edit]