Dhṛṭaka

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Dhṛṭaka
Personal
Born
ReligionBuddhism
LineageChan Buddhism
OccupationBhikṣu
Senior posting
TeacherUpagupta
Translations of
Dhṛṭaka
SanskritDhṛṭaka or Dhītika
Chinese提多迦
(PinyinTíduōjiā)
Japanese提多迦だいたか
(rōmaji: Daitaka)
Korean제다가
(RR: Jedaga)
Tibetanདྷི་ཏི་ཀ་
(Wylie: dhi ti ka))
VietnameseĐề Đa Ca
Glossary of Buddhism

Dhṛṭaka or Dhītika (提多迦)[1] was a Buddhist monk from Magadha.[2] He is recognized as the fifth Indian patriarch in Chan Buddhism as recorded in the Record of the Dharma-Jewel throughout Successive Generations (歴代法寶記). His teacher was Upagupta.

Life[edit]

Dhṛṭaka was the son of a wealthy brahmin. After ordaining as a Buddhist monk, he traveled to Mathura where he trained under Upagupta. Under his teacher's guidance, Dhṛṭaka received the sevenfold instructions and achieved arhatship.

According to tradition, Dhṛṭaka proselytized extensively, successfully introducing Buddhism to the Tokharians in central Asia.[3] In the lineage of Chan Buddhism, he traveled to Madhyadeśa, where he converted Micchaka and his 8,000 disciples to Buddhism.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "제5조 제다가존자(提多迦尊者)". 황불사 (Hwangbulsa) (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  2. ^ "5: Tổ Đề-Đa-Ca (Dhrtaka)". Thiền Viện Thường Chiếu (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  3. ^ Gyatso, Mipham (1993). Ways of Enlightenment: Buddhist Studies at Nyingma Institute. University of Virginia: Dharma Publishing. ISBN 0-89800-255-9.
  4. ^ Buswell Jr., Robert E.; Lopez Jr., Donald S. (2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691157863.
  5. ^ Eitel, Ernest John (2018). Hand-Book of Chinese Buddhism. Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-0266781318.
Buddhist titles
Preceded by
Upagupta
Lineage of Buddhist patriarchs
(According to the Zen schools of China and Japan)
Succeeded by
Micchaka