List of prime ministers of Italy

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This article contains a list of prime ministers of Italy since the Italian unification in 1861.[1][2] The Prime Minister of Italy, officially the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri), is the head the Council of Ministers, which holds effective executive power, and must receive a vote of approval from the Council in order to execute most political activities. The office is similar to those in most other parliamentary systems, however the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss ministers.[3]

The first officeholder was Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, who took the office in March 1861 after the unification of Italy.[4] Cavour previously served as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia, an office from which the Italian Prime Minister took most of its powers and duties.[5][6] The Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia was first established in 1848, although it was not mentioned in the state's constitution, the Albertine Statute.[7] The candidate for office was appointed by the king and presided over a very unstable political system. In its first 60 years of existence (1861–1921), Italy changed its prime minister 37 times. Regarding this situation, the first goal of Benito Mussolini, appointed in 1922 after a coup d'état, was to abolish the Parliament's power to put him to a vote of no confidence, thus basing his power on the will of the king and the National Fascist Party alone.

After the end of the Kingdom of Italy in 1946 and the proclamation of the Italian Republic, the office was established by Articles 92 through to 96 of the current Constitution of Italy. The Prime Minister is currently appointed by the President of the Republic after each general election. The formal Italian order of precedence lists the office as being ceremonially the fourth most important Italian state office.[8] Since 1946, the office received constitutional recognition and 29 men assumed the office in 73 years.[9]

Prime ministers of Italy[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)[edit]

Parties:

Coalitions:

N. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Party Government Composition Legislature King Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Camillo Benso Cavour di Ciseri.jpg Camillo Benso,
Conte di Cavour

(1810–1861)
23 March
1861
6 June
1861†
75 days Historical Right Cavour IV Right VIII
(1861)
Victor Emmanuel II
Vittorio Emanuele II ritratto.jpg
(1861–1878)
[10]
2 Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
12 June
1861
3 March
1862
264 days Historical Right Ricasoli I Right [11]
3 Urbano Rattazzi lookingleft without oval frame.jpg Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
3 March
1862
8 December
1862
280 days Historical Left Rattazzi I RightLeft [12]
4 Luigi Carlo Farini cropped.jpg Luigi Carlo Farini
(1812–1866)
8 December
1862
24 March
1863
106 days Historical Right Farini Right [13]
5 Marco Minghetti.jpg Marco Minghetti
(1818–1886)
24 March
1863
28 September
1864
1 year, 188 days Historical Right Minghetti I Right [14]
6 Alfonso La Marmora.jpg General
Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora
(1804–1878)
28 September
1864
31 December
1865
1 year, 265 days Military La Marmora II Right [15]
[16]
31 December
1865
20 June
1866
La Marmora III IX
(1865)
(2) Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
20 June
1866
10 April
1867
294 days Historical Right Ricasoli II Government of
National Unity

(RightLeft)
[17]
(3) Urbano Rattazzi lookingleft without oval frame.jpg Urbano Rattazzi
(1808–1873)
10 April
1867
27 October
1867
200 days Historical Left Rattazzi II RightLeft X
(1867)
[18]
7 Luigi Federico Menabrea 2.jpg Luigi Federico Menabrea
(1809–1896)
27 October
1867
5 January
1868
1 year, 48 days Historical Right Menabrea I Right [19]
[20]
[21]
5 January
1868
13 May
1869
Menabrea II
13 May
1869
14 December
1869
Menabrea III
8 Giovanni Lanza iii without oval frame.jpg Giovanni Lanza
(1810–1882)
14 December
1869
10 July
1873
3 years, 208 days Historical Right Lanza Right XI
(1870)
[22]
(5) Marco Minghetti.jpg Marco Minghetti
(1818–1886)
10 July
1873
25 March
1876
2 years, 259 days Historical Right Minghetti II Right XII
(1874)
[23]
9 Agostino Depretis.jpg Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
25 March
1876
25 December
1877
1 year, 364 days Historical Left Depretis I Left XIII
(1876)
[24]
[25]
26 December
1877
24 March
1878
Depretis II Umberto I
Umberto I di Savoia.jpg
(1878–1900)
10 Benedetto Cairoli 2.png Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
24 March
1878
19 December
1878
270 days Historical Left Cairoli I Left [26]
(9) Agostino Depretis.jpg Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
19 December
1878
14 July
1879
214 days Historical Left Depretis III Left [27]
(10) Benedetto Cairoli 2.png Benedetto Cairoli
(1825–1889)
14 July
1879
25 November
1879
1 year, 319 days Historical Left Cairoli II Left [28]
[29]
25 November
1879
29 May
1881
Cairoli III XIV
(1880)
(9) Agostino Depretis.jpg Agostino Depretis
(1813–1887)
29 May
1881
25 May
1883
6 years, 61 days Historical Left Depretis IV Left [30]
[31]
[32]
[33]
[34]
25 May
1883
30 March
1884
Depretis V XV
(1882)
30 March
1884
29 June
1885
Depretis VI
29 June
1885
4 April
1887
Depretis VII XVI
(1886)
4 April
1887
29 July
1887†
Depretis VIII
11 Francesco Crispi.jpg Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
29 July
1887
9 March
1889
3 years, 192 days Historical Left Crispi I Left [35]
[36]
9 March
1889
6 February
1891
Crispi II XVII
(1890)
12 Rudini.jpg Antonio Starabba,
Marchese di Rudinì

(1839–1908)
6 February
1891
15 May
1892
1 year, 99 days Historical Right Rudinì I LeftRight [37]
13 Giovanni Giolitti 1889 (cropped).jpg Giovanni Giolitti
(1842–1928)
15 May
1892
15 December
1893
1 year, 214 days Historical Left Giolitti I Left XVIII
(1892)
[38]
(11) Francesco Crispi.jpg Francesco Crispi
(1819–1901)
15 December
1893
14 June
1894
2 years, 86 days Historical Left Crispi III LeftRight [39]
[40]
14 June
1894
10 March
1896
Crispi IV XIX
(1895)
(12) Rudini.jpg Antonio Starabba,
Marchese di Rudinì

(1839–1908)
10 March
1896
11 July
1896
2 years, 111 days Historical Right Rudinì II Right
with Left's external support
[41]
[42]
[43]
[44]
11 July
1896
14 December
1897
Rudinì III
14 December
1897
1 June
1898
Rudinì IV LeftRight XX
(1897)
1 June
1898
29 June
1898
Rudinì V LeftRight
14 Luigi Pelloux.jpg General
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
29 June
1898
14 May
1899
1 year, 360 days Military Pelloux I Left
with Right's external support
[45]
[46]
14 May
1899
24 June
1900
Pelloux II LeftRight
15 Giuseppe Saracco.gif Giuseppe Saracco
(1821–1907)
24 June
1900
15 February
1901
236 days Historical Left Saracco LeftRight XXI
(1900)
Victor Emmanuel III
Vitorioemanuel.jpg
(1900–1946)
[47]
16 Giuseppe Zanardelli iii without oval frame.jpg Giuseppe Zanardelli
(1826–1903)
15 February
1901
3 November
1903
2 years, 261 days Historical Left Zanardelli LeftRight [48]
(13) Giovanni Giolitti 2.jpg Giovanni Giolitti
(1842–1928)
3 November
1903
12 March
1905
1 year, 129 days Historical Left Giolitti II LeftRight
with PSI's external support
XXII
(1904)
[49]
17 Tommaso Tittoni (cropped).jpg Tommaso Tittoni
(1855–1931)
12 March
1905
28 March
1905
16 days Historical Right Tittoni LeftRight [50]
18 Alessandro Fortis (cropped).jpg Alessandro Fortis
(1842–1909)
28 March
1905
24 December
1905
317 days Historical Left Fortis I LeftRight [51]
[52]
24 December
1905
8 February
1906
Fortis II Left
with Right's external support
19 Sidney sonnino.jpg Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
8 February
1906
29 May
1906
110 days Historical Right Sonnino I LeftRightRadicals [53]
(13) Giovanni Giolitti 2.jpg Giovanni Giolitti
(1842–1928)
29 May
1906
11 December
1909
3 years, 196 days Historical Left Giolitti III LeftRight [54]
(19) Sidney sonnino.jpg Sidney Sonnino
(1847–1922)
11 December
1909
31 March
1910
110 days Historical Right Sonnino II Right
with Left's external support
XXIII
(1909)
[55]
20 Luigi Luzzatti.jpg Luigi Luzzatti
(1841–1927)
31 March
1910
30 March
1911
364 days Historical Right Luzzatti LeftRightRadicals [56]
(13) Giovanni Giolitti 2.jpg Giovanni Giolitti
(1842–1928)
30 March
1911
21 March
1914
2 years, 356 days Liberal Union Giolitti IV ULPR [57]
21 Antonio Salandra.jpg Antonio Salandra
(1853–1931)
21 March
1914
5 November
1914
2 years, 89 days Liberal Union Salandra I UL XXIV
(1913)
[58]
[59]
5 November
1914
18 June
1916
Salandra II ULPRI
22 Paolo Boselli 2.jpg Paolo Boselli
(1838–1932)
18 June
1916
30 October
1917
1 year, 134 days Liberal Union Boselli Government of
National Unity

(ULPRUECIPSRI)
[60]
23 Vittorio Emanuele Orlando.jpeg Vittorio Emanuele Orlando
(1860–1952)
30 October
1917
23 June
1919
1 year, 236 days Liberal Union Orlando Government of
National Unity

(ULPRUECIPSRI)
[61]
24 Francesco Saverio Nitti 1920 (cropped).png Francesco Saverio Nitti
(1868–1953)
23 June
1919
21 May
1920
358 days Italian Radical Party Nitti I ULPLDPPIPRPSRI [62]
[63]
21 May
1920
15 June
1920
Nitti II ULPLDPPIPR XXV
(1919)
(13) Giovanni Giolitti 1920 (cropped).png Giovanni Giolitti
(1842–1928)
15 June
1920
4 July
1921
1 year, 19 days Liberal Union Giolitti V ULPLDPPIPDSIPRPSRI [64]
25 Ivanoe Bonomi 1922.jpg Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
4 July
1921
26 February
1922
237 days Italian Reformist Socialist Party Bonomi I PPIPLIPLDPDSIPSRI XXVI
(1921)
[65]
26 Luigi Facta photo.jpg Luigi Facta
(1861–1930)
26 February
1922
1 August
1922
247 days Liberal Union /
Italian Liberal Party
Facta I PPIPLIPLDPDSIPSRIPA [66]
[67]
1 August 1922 31 October 1922 Facta II PPIPLIPLDPDSIPSRI
27 Mussolini biografia.jpg Duce
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
31 October
1922
25 July
1943
20 years, 267 days National Fascist Party Mussolini PPIPLIPDSIPNFANI [68]
PNF XXVII
(1924)
XXVIII
(1929)
XXIX
(1934)
XXX
(no election)
28 Pietro Badoglio 3.jpg Marshal
Pietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
25 July
1943
24 April
1944
329 days Military Badoglio I IndependentsDCPLI Abolished
Parliament
[69]
[70]
24 April
1944
18 June
1944
Badoglio II National Liberation Committee
(DCPCIPLIPSIUPPdAPDL)
(25) Ivanoe Bonomi portrait.png Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
18 June
1944
12 December
1944
1 year, 3 days Labour Democratic Party Bonomi II National Liberation Committee
(DCPCIPLIPSIUPPdAPDL)
[71]
[72]
12 December
1944
21 June
1945
Bonomi III National Liberation Committee
(DCPCIPLIPDL)
National Council
29 Ferruccio Parri Senato.jpg Ferruccio Parri
(1890–1981)
21 June
1945
10 December
1945
172 days Action Party Parri National Liberation Committee
(DCPCIPLIPSIUPPdAPDL)
[73]
30 Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
10 December
1945
13 July
1946
212 days Christian Democracy De Gasperi I National Liberation Committee
(DCPCIPLIPSIUPPdAPDL)
Umberto II
Umberto II, 1944.jpg
(1946)
[74]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (1946–present)[edit]

Parties:

Coalitions:

N. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Party Government Composition Legislature President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
(30) Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg Alcide De Gasperi
(1881–1954)
13 July
1946
2 February
1947
7 years, 35 days Christian Democracy De Gasperi II National Liberation Committee
(DCPSIUPPCIPRI)
Constituent
Assembly

(1946)
Enrico
De Nicola

Enrico De Nicola.jpg
(1946–1948)
[75]
[76]
[77]
[78]
[79]
[80]
[81]
2 February
1947
31 May
1947
De Gasperi III National Liberation Committee
(DCPSIPCIPDL)
31 May
1947
23 May
1948
De Gasperi IV Centrism
(DCPSDIPLIPRI)
23 May
1948
27 January
1950
De Gasperi V I
(1948)
Luigi Einaudi
LuigiEinaud.jpg
(1948–1955)
27 January
1950
26 July
1951
De Gasperi VI Centrism
(DCPSDIPRI)
26 July
1951
16 July
1953
De Gasperi VII Centrism
(DCPRI)
16 July
1953
17 August
1953
De Gasperi VIII[a] DC II
(1953)
31 Giuseppe Pella cropped.jpg Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
17 August
1953
18 January
1954
154 days Christian Democracy Pella DC [82]
32 Amintore Fanfani daticamera.jpg Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
18 January
1954
10 February
1954
23 days Christian Democracy Fanfani I[a] DC [83]
33 Mario Scelba Official.jpeg Mario Scelba
(1901–1991)
10 February
1954
6 July
1955
1 year, 146 days Christian Democracy Scelba Centrism
(DCPSDIPLI)
[84]
34 Antonio Segni Official.jpg Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
6 July
1955
19 May
1957
1 year, 317 days Christian Democracy Segni I Centrism
(DCPSDIPLI)
Giovanni
Gronchi

Giovanni Gronchi.jpg
(1955–1962)
[85]
35 Adone Zoli.jpg Adone Zoli
(1887–1960)
19 May
1957
1 July
1958
1 year, 43 days Christian Democracy Zoli DC [86]
(32) Amintore Fanfani daticamera.jpg Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
1 July
1958
16 February
1959
230 days Christian Democracy Fanfani II Centrism
(DCPSDI)
III
(1958)
[87]
(34) Antonio Segni Official.jpg Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
16 February
1959
25 March
1960
1 year, 38 days Christian Democracy Segni II DC
with MSI, PLI, PNM and PMP's external support
[88]
36 Fernando Tambroni-1.jpg Fernando Tambroni
(1901–1963)
25 March
1960
26 July
1960
123 days Christian Democracy Tambroni DC
with MSI's external support
[89]
(32) Amintore Fanfani daticamera.jpg Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
26 July
1960
21 February
1962
2 years, 330 days Christian Democracy Fanfani III DC
with PSDI, PLI, and PRI's external support
[90]
[91]
21 February
1962
21 June
1963
Fanfani IV DCPSDIPRI
with PSI's external support
Antonio Segni
Antonio Segni Official.jpg
(1962–1964)
37 Giovanni Leone 1963.jpg Giovanni Leone
(1908–2001)
21 June
1963
4 December
1963
166 days Christian Democracy Leone I DC

with PSI, PSDI and PRI's external support

IV
(1963)
[92]
38 Aldo Moro.jpg Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
4 December
1963
22 July
1964
4 years, 203 days Christian Democracy Moro I Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDIPRI)
[93]
[94]
[95]
22 July
1964
23 February
1966
Moro II Giuseppe
Saragat

Giuseppe Saragat (cropped).jpg
(1964–1971)
23 February
1966
24 June
1968
Moro III
(37) Giovanni Leone 1963.jpg Giovanni Leone
(1908–2001)
24 June
1968
12 December
1968
171 days Christian Democracy Leone II DC
with PSU and PRI's external support
V
(1968)
[96]
39 Mariano Rumor daticamera.jpg Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
12 December
1968
5 August
1969
1 year, 237 days Christian Democracy Rumor I Organic Centre-left
(DCPSUPRI)
[97]
[98]
[99]
5 August
1969
27 March
1970
Rumor II DC
with PSI, PSDI and PRI's external support
27 March
1970
6 August
1970
Rumor III Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDIPRI)
40 Emilio Colombo 3.jpg Emilio Colombo
(1920–2013)
6 August
1970
17 February
1972
1 year, 195 days Christian Democracy Colombo Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDIPRI)
[100]
41 Giulio Andreotti 1972.jpg Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
17 February
1972
26 June
1972
1 year, 140 days Christian Democracy Andreotti I[a] DC Giovanni
Leone

Giovanni Leone Official.jpg
(1971–1978)
[101]
[102]
26 June
1972
7 July
1973
Andreotti II DCPSDIPLI
with PRI's external support
VI
(1972)
(39) Mariano Rumor daticamera.jpg Mariano Rumor
(1915–1990)
7 July
1973
14 March
1974
1 year, 139 days Christian Democracy Rumor IV Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDIPRI)
[103]
[104]
14 March
1974
23 November
1974
Rumor V Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDI)
with PRI's external support
(38) Aldo Moro.jpg Aldo Moro
(1916–1978)
23 November
1974
12 February
1976
1 year, 249 days Christian Democracy Moro IV DCPRI
with PSI and PSDI's external support
[105]
[106]
12 February
1976
29 July
1976
Moro V DC
with PSI, PSDI and PRI's external support
(41) Giulio Andreotti, ca 1987.jpg Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
29 July
1976
11 March
1978
3 years, 6 days Christian Democracy Andreotti III Historic Compromise
(DC with PCI's external support)
VII
(1976)
[107]
[108]
[109]
11 March
1978
20 March
1979
Andreotti IV Sandro Pertini
Pertini ritratto.jpg
(1978–1985)
20 March
1979
4 August
1979
Andreotti V[a] DCPSDIPRI
42 Francesco Cossiga 1979.jpg Francesco Cossiga
(1928–2010)
4 August
1979
4 April
1980
1 year, 75 days Christian Democracy Cossiga I DCPSDIPLI
with PSI and PRI's external support
VIII
(1979)
[110]
[111]
4 April
1980
18 October
1980
Cossiga II Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPRI)
43 Forlani.jpg Arnaldo Forlani
(1925–)
18 October
1980
28 June
1981
253 days Christian Democracy Forlani Organic Centre-left
(DCPSIPSDIPRI)
[112]
44 Giovanni Spadolini 2.jpg Giovanni Spadolini
(1925–1994)
28 June
1981
23 August
1982
1 year, 156 days Italian Republican Party Spadolini I Pentapartito
(DCPSIPSDIPRIPLI)
[113]
[114]
23 August
1982
1 December
1982
Spadolini II
(32) Amintore Fanfani 1983-04-14.jpg Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
1 December
1982
4 August
1983
246 days Christian Democracy Fanfani V DCPSIPSDIPLI
with PRI's external support
[115]
45 Bettino Craxi 2.jpg Bettino Craxi
(1934–2000)
4 August
1983
1 August
1986
3 years, 257 days Italian Socialist Party Craxi I Pentapartito
(DCPSIPRIPSDIPLI)
IX
(1983)
[116]
[117]
1 August
1986
18 April
1987
Craxi II Francesco Cossiga
Cossiga Francesco.jpg
(1985–1992)
(32) Amintore Fanfani 1983-04-14.jpg Amintore Fanfani
(1908–1999)
18 April
1987
29 July
1987
102 days Christian Democracy Fanfani VI[a] DC [118]
46 Giovanni Goria 2.jpg Giovanni Goria
(1943–1994)
29 July
1987
13 April
1988
259 days Christian Democracy Goria Pentapartito
(DCPSIPRIPSDIPLI)
X
(1987)
[119]
47 Ciriaco De Mita (X).jpg Ciriaco De Mita
(1928–)
13 April
1988
22 July
1989
1 year, 100 days Christian Democracy De Mita Pentapartito
(DCPSIPRIPSDIPLI)
[120]
(41) Giulio Andreotti (cropped).jpg Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
22 July
1989
12 April
1991
2 years, 342 days Christian Democracy Andreotti VI Pentapartito
(DCPSIPRIPSDIPLI)
[121]
[122]
12 April
1991
28 June
1992
Andreotti VII Quadripartito
(DCPSIPSDIPLI)
48 Giuliano Amato in 1992.jpg Giuliano Amato
(1938–)
28 June
1992
28 April
1993
304 days Italian Socialist Party Amato I Quadripartito
(DCPSIPLIPSDI)
XI
(1992)
Oscar Luigi
Scalfaro

8SCALFARO01gr.jpg
(1992–1999)
[123]
49 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi cropped (1991).jpg Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(1920–2016)
28 April
1993
10 May
1994
1 year, 12 days Independent Ciampi DCPSIPDSPLIPRIPSDIFdV [124]
50 Berlusconi94.jpg Silvio Berlusconi
(1936–)
10 May
1994
17 January
1995
252 days Forza Italia Berlusconi I PdLPBG
(FILNANCCDUdC)
XII
(1994)
[125]
51 Lamberto Dini 1996.jpg Lamberto Dini
(1931–)
17 January
1995
17 May
1996
1 year, 121 days Independent Dini Independents
(supported by PDS, LN, PPI, PSI, FdV, Rete, CS)
[126]
52 Romano Prodi 96.jpg Romano Prodi
(1939–)
17 May
1996
21 October
1998
2 years, 157 days The Olive Tree
(Independent)
Prodi I The Olive Tree
(PDSPPIRI
FdVUD)
with PRC's external support
XIII
(1996)
[127]
53 Massimo D'Alema 1996.jpg Massimo D'Alema
(1949–)
21 October
1998
22 December
1999
1 year, 187 days The Olive Tree
(Democrats of the Left)
D'Alema I The Olive Tree
(DSPPIRISDIFdVPdCIUDR)
[128]
[129]
22 December
1999
25 April
2000
D'Alema II The Olive Tree
(DSPPIDemRIFdVPdCIUDEUR)
Carlo Azeglio
Ciampi

Ciampi ritratto.jpg
(1999–2006)
(48) Giuliano Amato 2001.jpg Giuliano Amato
(1938–)
25 April
2000
11 June
2001
1 year, 47 days The Olive Tree
(Independent)
Amato II The Olive Tree
(DSPPIDemFdVPdCIUDEURRISDI)
[130]
(50) Silvio Berlusconi 1996.jpg Silvio Berlusconi
(1936–)
11 June
2001
23 April
2005
4 years, 340 days Forza Italia Berlusconi II House of Freedoms
(FIANLNUDCNPSIPRI)
XIV
(2001)
[131]
[132]
23 April
2005
17 May
2006
Berlusconi III
(52) Romani Prodi daticamera.jpg Romano Prodi
(1939–)
17 May
2006
8 May
2008
1 year, 357 days The Olive Tree /
Democratic Party
Prodi II The Union
(DSDLPRCRnPPdCIIdVFdVUDEUR)
XV
(2006)
Giorgio Napolitano
Presidente Napolitano.jpg
(2006–2015)
[133]
(50) Berlusconi-2010-1.jpg Silvio Berlusconi
(1936–)
8 May
2008
16 November
2011
3 years, 192 days The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV Centre-right coalition
(PdLLNMpA)
XVI
(2008)
[134]
54 Mario Monti Senato 2011.jpg Mario Monti
(1943–)
16 November
2011
28 April
2013
1 year, 163 days Independent Monti Independents
(supported by PdL, PD, UdC, FLI, ApI)
[135]
55 Enrico Letta daticamera.jpg Enrico Letta
(1966–)
28 April
2013
22 February
2014
300 days Democratic Party Letta PDPdL[b]NCD[c]SCPpIUdCRI XVII
(2013)
[136]
56 MatteoRenzi2018 (cropped).jpg Matteo Renzi
(1975–)
22 February
2014
12 December
2016
2 years, 294 days Democratic Party Renzi PDNCDSCUdC Sergio
Mattarella

Presidente Mattarella.jpg
(2015–)
[137]
57 Paolo Gentiloni daticamera 2018.jpg Paolo Gentiloni
(1954–)
12 December
2016
1 June
2018
1 year, 171 days Democratic Party Gentiloni PDNCD/APCpE [138]
58 Giuseppe Conte Official (cropped).jpg Giuseppe Conte
(1964–)
1 June
2018
5 September
2019
2 years, 257 days Independent[d] Conte I M5SLega XVIII
(2018)
[139]
[140]
5 September
2019
13 February
2021
Conte II M5SPDLeUIV[e]
59 Mario Draghi 2021 cropped.jpg Mario Draghi
(1947–)
13 February
2021
Incumbent 167 days Independent Draghi M5SLegaPDFI
IVArt.1
[141]
  1. ^ a b c d e The cabinet did not receive the confidence of the Parliament.
  2. ^ From April 2013 until November 2013.
  3. ^ From November 2013 to February 2014.
  4. ^ Close to the Five Star Movement.
  5. ^ From September 2019 until January 2021.

Timeline[edit]

Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)[edit]

Alcide De GasperiFerruccio ParriPietro BadoglioBenito MussoliniLuigi FactaIvanoe BonomiFrancesco Saverio NittiVittorio Emanuele OrlandoPaolo BoselliAntonio SalandraLuigi LuzzatiSidney SonninoAlessandro FortisTommaso TittoniGiuseppe ZanardelliGiuseppe SaraccoLuigi PellouxGiovanni GiolittiAntonio Starabba, Marchese di RudinìFrancesco CrispiBenedetto CairoliAgostino DepretisGiovanni LanzaFederico Luigi, Conte MenabreaAlfonso Ferrero La MarmoraMarco MinghettiLuigi Carlo FariniUrbano RattazziBettino RicasoliCamillo Benso, Count of Cavour

Italian Republic (1946–present)[edit]

Mario DraghiGiuseppe ContePaolo GentiloniMatteo RenziEnrico LettaMario MontiMassimo D'AlemaRomano ProdiLamberto DiniSilvio BerlusconiCarlo Azeglio CiampiGiuliano AmatoCiriaco De MitaGiovanni GoriaBettino CraxiGiovanni SpadoliniArnaldo ForlaniFrancesco CossigaGiulio AndreottiEmilio ColomboMariano RumorAldo MoroGiovanni LeoneFernando TambroniAdone ZoliAntonio SegniMario ScelbaAmintore FanfaniGiuseppe PellaAlcide De Gasperi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]