United States congressional delegations from Alabama

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Alabama's congressional districts since 2013[1]

These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. The current dean of the Alabama delegation is Senator Richard Shelby, having served in the U.S. Senate since 1987, and in Congress since 1979.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Current members[edit]

List of members, their terms in office, district boundaries, and the district political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation has 7 members: 6 Republicans and 1 Democrat.

Dist­rict Member District
Member
(Residence)
Party Incumbency CPVI Map
1st Jerry Carl 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Jerry Carl
(Mobile)
Republican January 7, 2021 R+16 Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd Barry Moore 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Barry Moore
(Enterprise)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd Mike Rogers official photo.jpg
Mike Rogers
(Tuskegee)
Republican January 3, 2003 R+18 Alabama US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th Robert Aderholt official photo.jpg
Robert Aderholt
(Gadsden)
Republican January 3, 1997 R+34 Alabama US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th Mo Brooks, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Mo Brooks
(Huntsville)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th Gary Palmer official portrait.jpg
Gary Palmer
(Vestavia Hills)
Republican January 3, 2015 R+22 Alabama US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th Terri Sewell official photo.jpg
Terri Sewell
(Birmingham)
Democratic January 3, 2011 D+19 Alabama US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif

1818–1819: 1 non-voting delegate[edit]

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate
15th (1817–1819) John Crowell (DR)
16th (March 4, 1819–
December 14, 1819)
vacant

1819–1823: 1 seat[edit]

After statehood on December 14, 1819, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th (1819–1821) John Crowell (DR)
17th (1821–1823) Gabriel Moore (DR)

1823–1833: 3 seats[edit]

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th (1823–1825) Gabriel Moore (DR)[a] John McKee (DR)[a] George Washington
Owen
(DR)[a]
19th (1825–1827) Gabriel Moore (J) John McKee (J) George Washington
Owen
(J)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831) Clement Comer Clay (J) Robert Emmett
Blesdoe Baylor
(J)
Dixon Hall Lewis (J)
22nd (1831–1833) Samuel Wright Mardis (J)

1833–1843: 5 seats[edit]

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd
(1833–1835)
Clement Comer Clay (J) John McKinley (J) Samuel Wright Mardis (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (N) John Murphy (J)
24th
(1835–1837)
Reuben Chapman (J) Joshua L. Martin (J) Joab Lawler (J) Francis Strother Lyon (NR)
25th
(1837–1839)
Reuben Chapman (D) Joshua L. Martin (D) Joab Lawler (W) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Francis Strother Lyon (W)
George Whitfield
Crabb
(W)
26th
(1839–1841)
David Hubbard (D) James Dellet (W)
27th
(1841–1843)
5 seats elected at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman (D) George S. Houston (D) William Winter
Payne
(D)
Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Benjamin Glover
Shields
(D)

1843–1863: 7 seats[edit]

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th
(1843–1845)
James Dellet (W) James Edwin Belser (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) William Winter Payne (D) George S. Houston (D) Reuben Chapman (D) Felix Grundy
McConnell
(D)
William Lowndes
Yancey
(D)
29th
(1845–1847)
Edmund Strother
Dargan
(D)
Henry Washington
Hilliard
(W)
James La Fayette
Cottrell
(D)
Franklin Welsh
Bowdon
(D)
30th
(1847–1849)
John Gayle (W) Sampson Willis
Harris
(D)
Samuel Williams Inge (D) Williamson Robert
Winfield Cobb
(D)
31st
(1849–1851)
William J. Alston (W) David Hubbard (D)
32nd
(1851–1853)
John Bragg (D) James Abercrombie (W) William Russell Smith (U) George S. Houston (D) Alexander White (W)
33rd
(1853–1855)
Philip Phillips (D) William Russell Smith (D) James Ferguson
Dowdell
(D)
34th
(1855–1857)
Percy Walker (KN) Eli Sims Shorter (D) James Ferguson
Dowdell
(D)
William Russell Smith (KN) Sampson Willis
Harris
(D)
35th
(1857–1859)
James Adams
Stallworth
(D)
Sydenham Moore (D) Jabez Lamar
Monroe Curry
(D)
36th
(1859–1861)
James L. Pugh (D) David Clopton (D)
Vacant during American Civil War
37th
(1861–1863)

1863–1873: 6 seats[edit]

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
38th
39th

(1863–1867)
Vacant during American Civil War
40th
(1867–1869)
Francis William Kellogg (R) Charles Waldron
Buckley
(R)
Benjamin White Norris (R) Charles Wilson Pierce (R) John Benton Callis (R) Thomas Haughey (R)
41st
(1869–1871)
Alfred Eliab Buck (R) Robert Stell Heflin (R) Charles Hays (R) Peter Myndert Dox (D) William Crawford
Sherrod
(D)
42nd
(1871–1873)
Benjamin S. Turner (R) William Anderson
Handley
(D)
Joseph Humphrey
Sloss
(D)

1873–1893: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, statewide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd
(1873–1875)
Frederick George
Bromberg
(LR)
James T. Rapier (R) Charles Pelham (R) Charles Hays (R) John Henry Caldwell (D) Joseph Humphrey
Sloss
(D)
Charles Christopher
Sheats
(R)
Alexander White (R)
44th
(1875–1877)
Jeremiah Haralson (R) Jeremiah Norman
Williams
(D)
Taul Bradford (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) Burwell Boykin
Lewis
(D)
45th
(1877–1879)
James T. Jones (D) Hilary A. Herbert (D) Jeremiah Norman
Williams
(D)
Charles M. Shelley (D) Robert F. Ligon (D) 7th district 8th district
William H. Forney (D) William Willis Garth (D)
46th
(1879–1881)
Thomas H. Herndon (D) William J. Samford (D) Thomas Williams (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D) William M. Lowe (GB)
Newton Nash Clements (D)
47th
(1881–1883)
William C. Oates (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
vacant[b] William M. Lowe (GB)[c]
Charles M. Shelley (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
48th
(1883–1885)
Luke Pryor (D)
James T. Jones (D) George Henry Craig (R)
49th
(1885–1887)
Alexander C. Davidson (D) Thomas William
Sadler
(D)
John Mason Martin (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
50th
(1887–1889)
James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D)
51st
(1889–1891)
Richard Henry
Clarke
(D)
Louis Washington Turpin (D)
John Van McDuffie (R)
52nd
(1891–1893)
Louis Washington Turpin (D)

1893–1913: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
53rd
(1893–1895)
Richard Henry
Clarke
(D)
Jesse F. Stallings (D) William C. Oates (D) Gaston A. Robbins (D) James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D) William Henry
Denson
(D)
Joseph Wheeler (D) Louis Washington
Turpin
(D)
George Paul
Harrison Jr.
(D)
54th
(1895–1897)
Milford W.
Howard
(Pop)
Oscar Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R) Albert Taylor Goodwyn (Pop) Truman H. Aldrich (R)
55th
(1897–1899)
George W. Taylor (D) Henry De Lamar
Clayton Jr.
(D)
Thomas S. Plowman (D) Willis Brewer (D) Oscar Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R)
56th
(1899–1901)
Gaston A. Robbins (D) John L. Burnett (D)
William F. Aldrich (R) William
Richardson
(D)
57th
(1901–1903)
Ariosto A. Wiley (D) Sydney J. Bowie (D) Charles Winston
Thompson
(D)
58th
(1903–1905)
James Thomas
Heflin
(D)
59th
(1905–1907)
60th
(1907–1909)
William Benjamin
Craig
(D)
Richmond P.
Hobson
(D)
Oliver C. Wiley (D)
61st
(1909–1911)
S. Hubert Dent Jr. (D)
62nd
(1911–1913)
Fred L. Blackmon (D)

1913–1933: 10 seats[edit]

Following the 1910 census, Alabama was apportioned ten seats. At first, the extra seat was elected at-large. Starting with the 1916 elections, the seats were redistricted and a tenth district was added.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
63rd
(1913–1915)
George W. Taylor (D) S. Hubert Dent Jr. (D) Henry De Lamar
Clayton Jr.
(D)
Fred L. Blackmon (D) James Thomas
Heflin
(D)
Richmond P.
Hobson
(D)
John L. Burnett (D) William Richardson (D) Oscar Underwood (D) John Abercrombie (D)
William Oscar
Mulkey
(D)
Christopher Columbus
Harris
(D)
64th
(1915–1917)
Oscar Lee Gray (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) William Bacon
Oliver
(D)
Edward B. Almon (D) George Huddleston (D)
65th
(1917–1919)
10th district
William B.
Bankhead
(D)
66th
(1919–1921)
John McDuffie (D)
William B. Bowling (D) Lilius Bratton
Rainey
(D)
67th
(1921–1923)
John R. Tyson (D) Lamar Jeffers (D)
68th
(1923–1925)
Miles C. Allgood (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
69th
(1925–1927)
70th
(1927–1929)
LaFayette L.
Patterson
(D)
71st
(1929–1931)
72nd
(1931–1933)

1933–1963: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1930 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
73rd
(1933–1935)
John McDuffie (D) J. Lister Hill (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) Lamar Jeffers (D) Miles C. Allgood (D) William Bacon
Oliver
(D)
William B. Bankhead (D) Archibald Hill
Carmichael
(D)
George Huddleston (D)
74th
(1935–1937)
Frank W. Boykin (D) Sam Hobbs (D) Joe Starnes (D)
75th
(1937–1939)
Pete Jarman (D) John Sparkman (D) Luther Patrick (D)
George M. Grant (D)
76th
(1939–1941)
Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)
77th
(1941–1943)
Walter W. Bankhead (D)
Carter Manasco (D)
78th
(1943–1945)
George W. Andrews (D) John P. Newsome (D)
79th
(1945–1947)
Albert Rains (D) Luther Patrick (D)
80th
(1947–1949)
Robert E. Jones Jr. (D) Laurie C. Battle (D)
81st
(1949–1951)
Edward
deGraffenried
(D)
Carl Elliott (D)
82nd
(1951–1953)
Kenneth A. Roberts (D)
83rd
(1953–1955)
Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
84th
(1955–1957)
George
Huddleston Jr.
(D)
85th
(1957–1959)
86th
(1959–1961)
87th
(1961–1963)

1963–1973: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1960 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats.

Congress Statewide at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat 8th seat
88th
(1963–1965)
George
Huddleston Jr.
(D)
George M. Grant (D) George W. Andrews (D) Kenneth A. Roberts (D) Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
Albert Rains (D) Carl Elliott (D) Robert E. Jones Jr. (D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
89th
(1965–1967)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis
Dickinson
(R)
George W. Andrews (D) Glenn Andrews (R) Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
John Hall
Buchanan Jr.
(R)
James D. Martin (R) Robert E. Jones Jr. (D)
90th
(1967–1969)
Bill Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D)
91st
(1969–1971)
Walter Flowers (D)
92nd
(1971–1973)
Elizabeth B. Andrews (D)

1973–present: 7 seats[edit]

Since the 1970 census, Alabama has been apportioned seven seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
93rd
(1973–1975)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis
Dickinson
(R)
Bill Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D) Robert E. Jones Jr. (D) John Hall
Buchanan Jr.
(R)
Walter Flowers (D)
94th
(1975–1977)
95th
(1977–1979)
Ronnie Flippo (D)
96th
(1979–1981)
Richard Shelby (D)
97th
(1981–1983)
Albert L. Smith Jr. (R)
98th
(1983–1985)
Ben Erdreich
(D)
99th
(1985–1987)
Sonny Callahan (R)
100th
(1987–1989)
Claude Harris Jr. (D)
101st
(1989–1991)
Glen Browder (D)
102nd
(1991–1993)
Robert E. Cramer (D)
103rd
(1993–1995)
Terry Everett (R) Spencer Bachus (R) Earl Hilliard (D)
104th
(1995–1997)
105th
(1997–1999)
Bob Riley (R) Robert Aderholt (R)
106th
(1999–2001)
107th
(2001–2003)
108th
(2003–2005)
Jo Bonner (R) Mike Rogers (R) Artur Davis (D)
109th
(2005–2007)
110th
(2007–2009)
111th
(2009–2011)
Bobby Bright (D) Parker Griffith (D)[d]
Parker Griffith (R)
112th
(2011–2013)
Martha Roby (R) Mo Brooks (R) Terri Sewell (D)
113th
(2013–2015)
Bradley Byrne (R)
114th
(2015–2017)
Gary Palmer (R)
115th
(2017–2019)
116th
(2019–2021)
117th
(2021–2023)
Jerry Carl (R) Barry Moore (R)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

United States Senate[edit]

Current senators
Richard Shelby
Richard Shelby (R), since January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville
Tommy Tuberville (R), since January 3, 2021
Class II Congress Class III
William R. King (DR) 16th (1819–1821) John Williams Walker (DR)
17th (1821–1823)
William Kelly (DR)
18th (1823–1825)
William R. King (J) 19th (1825–1827) Henry H. Chambers (J)
Israel Pickens (J)
John McKinley (J)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831)
22nd (1831–1833) Gabriel Moore (J)
23rd (1833–1835) Gabriel Moore (NR)
24th (1835–1837)
William R. King (D) 25th (1837–1839) John McKinley (D)
Clement Comer Clay (D)
26th (1839–1841)
27th (1841–1843)
Arthur P. Bagby (D)
28th (1843–1845)
Dixon Hall Lewis (D)
29th (1845–1847)
30th (1847–1849)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) William R. King (D)
31st (1849–1851)
Jeremiah Clemens (D)
32nd (1851–1853)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
vacant[2] 33rd (1853–1855)
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)
34th (1855–1857) vacant[2]
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th (1857–1859)
36th (1859–1861)
vacant[3] vacant
37th (1861–1863)
38th (1863–1865)
39th (1865–1867)
40th (1867–1869)
Willard Warner (R) George E. Spencer (R)
41st (1869–1871)
George Goldthwaite (D) 42nd (1871–1873)
43rd (1873–1875)
44th (1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan (D) 45th (1877–1879)
46th (1879–1881) George S. Houston (D)
Luke Pryor (D)
James L. Pugh (D)
47th (1881–1883)
48th (1883–1885)
49th (1885–1887)
50th (1887–1889)
51st (1889–1891)
52nd (1891–1893)
53rd (1893–1895)
54th (1895–1897)
55th (1897–1899) Edmund Pettus (D)
56th (1899–1901)
57th (1901–1903)
58th (1903–1905)
59th (1905–1907)
60th (1907–1909)
John H. Bankhead (D) Joseph F. Johnston (D)
61st (1909–1911)
62nd (1911–1913)
63rd (1913–1915) vacant[4]
Francis S. White (D)
64th (1915–1917) Oscar Underwood (D)
65th (1917–1919)
66th (1919–1921)
B. B. Comer (D)
James Thomas Heflin (D)
67th (1921–1923)
68th (1923–1925)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929) Hugo Black (D)
71st (1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II (D) 72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935)
74th (1935–1937)
75th (1937–1939)
Dixie Bibb Graves (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
76th (1939–1941)
77th (1941–1943)
78th (1943–1945)
79th (1945–1947)
George R. Swift (D)
John Sparkman (D)
80th (1947–1949)
81st (1949–1951)
82nd (1951–1953)
83rd (1953–1955)
84th (1955–1957)
85th (1957–1959)
86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
88th (1963–1965)
89th (1965–1967)
90th (1967–1969)
91st (1969–1971) James Allen (D)
92nd (1971–1973)
93rd (1973–1975)
94th (1975–1977)
95th (1977–1979)
Maryon Pittman Allen (D)
Donald Stewart (D)
Howell Heflin (D) 96th (1979–1981)
Jeremiah Denton (R)
97th (1981–1983)
98th (1983–1985)
99th (1985–1987)
100th (1987–1989) Richard Shelby (D)
101st (1989–1991)
102nd (1991–1993)
103rd (1993–1995)
Richard Shelby (R)
104th (1995–1997)
Jeff Sessions (R) 105th (1997–1999)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011)
112th (2011–2013)
113th (2013–2015)
114th (2015–2017)
115th (2017–2019)
Luther Strange (R)
Doug Jones (D)
116th (2019–2021)
Tommy Tuberville (R) 117th (2021-2023)

Key[edit]

Democratic (D)
Democratic-Republican (DR)
Greenback (GB)
Jacksonian (J)
Know Nothing (KN)
National Republican (NR)
Nullifier (N)
Populist (Pop)
Republican (R)
Unionist (U)
Whig (W)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election
  2. ^ Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  3. ^ Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.
  4. ^ Parker Griffith was elected as a Democrat, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on December 22, 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  3. ^ George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866, but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  4. ^ The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913, to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn. Franklin Potts Glass Sr. was also appointed to the seat, but the U.S. Senate voted not to seat him.