Compare Unitary state vs Federalism
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Unitary state
Unitary state

Federalism
Federalism



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Unitary state vs Federalism

1 Definition
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
Rule by a form of government in which the people, or some significant portion of them, have supreme control over the government and where offices of state are elected or chosen by elected people.
1.1 Oxford Dictionary
Relating to a system of government or organization in which the powers of the constituent parts are vested in a central body.
The federal principle or system of government.
1.2 Cambridge Dictionary
NA
The system of giving power to a central authority
1.3 Merriam-Webster Dictionary
NA
The distribution of power in an organization (as a government) between a central authority and the constituent units.
1.4 Etymology
1.4.1 Word Origin Language Text
ND
ND
1.4.2 Latin root Text
ND
ND
1.4.3 Greek root Text
ND
ND
1.4.4 Word Origin Language(s)
Not Available
Latin
1.4.5 Latin Root
Not Available
foedus - foeder
1.4.6 Greek Root
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
1.4.7 Other
Not Available
Not Available
1.4.8 Word Origin Period
Not Available
1st century BC
1.5 Similar Government Types
2 Characteristics
2.1 Government Class
Autonomy of regions
Federalism
2.1.1 Government Class Text
ND
ND
2.2 Advantages
Continuity, Decisions made quickly, Faster process, Greater efficiency
Democratic centralism, Elected representatives, Majority rule, National focus, People's rights, Power of voting, Prevents monopoly of authority, Self empowerment for people
2.2.1 AdvantagesText
ND
ND
2.3 Disadvantages
Not Applicable, Possiblity of bad voting for representative
May involve immoral practice during election, Misuse of public funds, Political gridlock
2.3.1 DisadvantagesText
ND
ND
2.4 Structure
2.4.1 Majority Rule
Not Defined
Not Applicable
2.4.2 Power Resides in
Not Applicable
Ruling authority
2.4.3 Voting
Not Applicable
Not Defined
2.4.4 Succession
Not Applicable
Heritance as well as Elective
2.4.5 Parliament
Not Available
Sometimes present
2.4.6 Constitution
Not Available
Present
2.4.7 Legislature Size
Not Defined
Not Defined
2.4.8 Political Stability
Stable
Stable
2.4.9 Economic Stability
Stable
Stable
2.5 Based on Religion
No Autocracy Examples Governments has it !
3% Governments having Constitution Governments have it !
2.5.1 Freedom of Religion
Unknown
Not Defined
3 Countries
3.1 Asian
Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, China, Combodia, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Isreal, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, North Korea, Oman, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
India, Iraq, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates
3.2 European
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemborg, Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Ukraine
Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Russia, Switzerland
3.3 African
Cote-d I'voire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somaliland, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, The Gambia, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Ethiopia, NA, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan
3.4 North American
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Jamaica, Panama
Canada, Mexico, United States of America
3.5 South American
Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Argentina, Brazil, NA, Venezuela
3.6 Others
Fiji, New Zealand, Polynesia
NA
3.7 Ancient Regime
3.7.1 Asia
Not Available
Not Available
3.7.2 Europe
Not Available
Not Available
3.7.3 Africa
Not Available
Not Available
3.7.4 North America
Not Available
Not Available
3.7.5 South America
Not Available
Not Available
3.7.6 Other
Not Available
Not Available
4 History
NA
NA
4.1 Origin
4.1.1 Place of Origin
Not Available
Not Available
4.1.2 Period of Origin
Not Available
Not Available
4.1.3 Origin Era
Not Available
Not Available
4.1.4 Place of origin Text
ND
ND
4.1.5 Period of Origin Text
ND
ND
4.2 Famous Quotes
NA
NA
4.3 Famous Leaders
Not Available
Not Available
4.4 Modern
4.4.1 Early Modern
NA
NA
4.4.2 18th and 19th Century
NA
NA
4.4.3 20th and 21st Century
NA
NA

Difference Between Unitary state and Federalism

Generally, a new type of government is established when its earlier alternative fails to fulfill the needs of citizens. When such a type of government is established, the positive attributes of the previous government are retained whereas, the negative attributes are changed. Similarly, Unitary state and Federalism were established. So, what exactly is the difference between Unitary state and Federalism? These two types of government are differentiated based on factors like definition, ideologies, characteristics, structure, etc. The widely used definition of Unitary state is "A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate." whereas, Federalism is defined as "Rule by a form of government in which the people, or some significant portion of them, have supreme control over the government and where offices of state are elected or chosen by elected people.".

Comparison of Unitary state vs Federalism

Comparison of Unitary state vs Federalism proves to be significant when we are studying different types of governments. Unitary state and Federalism may differ drastically in their principles or they could be such government forms, which are derived from one another. These principles and other details can be studied at Unitary state Definition and Federalism Definition.

  • Unitary state vs Federalism History:
    Comparison of Unitary state vs Federalism history tells us how these types of governments have evolved over time. Unitary state has originated in Not Available whereas Federalism took roots in Not Available. Founders or advocates of Unitary state are Not Available and people who have contributed in the progress of Federalism are Not Available.
  • Unitary state vs Federalism Characteristics:
    While comparing Unitary state vs Federalism characterisitcs it is essential to consider the benefits and demerits of both the types of governments. Continuity, Decisions made quickly, Faster process, Greater efficiency are the advantages of Unitary state whereas Federalism advantages are Democratic centralism, Elected representatives, Majority rule, National focus, People's rights, Power of voting, Prevents monopoly of authority, Self empowerment for people. Unitary state has demerits like May involve immoral practice during election, Misuse of public funds, Political gridlock whereas; May involve immoral practice during election, Misuse of public funds, Political gridlock are the disadvantages of Federalism

Compare Unitary state vs Federalism Structure:

When you compare Unitary state vs Federalism structure the factors to be considered are majority rule, succession, presence of parliament and constitution.

  • Majority Rule does not apply in Unitary state. While in Federalism, Majority Rule is not present.
  • The succession rule applied in Unitary state is Not Applicable and that in Federalism is Heritance as well as Elective.
  • Parliament is Not Available in Unitary state and in Federalism parliament is Sometimes present.
  • Constitution is Not Available in Unitary state and in Federalism constitution is Present.

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