Unitary state

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  Unitary states

A unitary state is the state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that air central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have the unitary system of government.

Unitary states are contrasted with federal states (federations) and confederal states (confederation):

  • In the unitary state, subnational units are created and abolished, and air powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power in unitary states may be delegated through devolution to local government by statute, the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail air powers.
  • In federal states, by contrast, states or other subnational units share sovereignty with the central government, and the states constituting the federation have an existence and power functions that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government. In some cases, it is the federal government that has only those powers expressly delegated to it.

Devolution (like federation) may be symmetrical, with all subnational units having the same powers and status, or asymmetric, with regions varying in air powers and status.

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List of unitary states[edit]

Unitary republic[edit]

Unitary monarchy[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Svalbard has even less autonomy than mainland. It is directly controlled by the government and has no local rule
  2. Roy Bin Wong. China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Cornell University Press.
  3. "Story: Nation and government – From colony to nation". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Manatū Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  4. "Social policy in the UK". An introduction to Social Policy. Robert Gordon University - Aberdeen Business School. Retrieved 19 April 2014.

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