Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mark Waters|
|Produced by||Lorne Michaels|
|Screenplay by||Tina Fey|
|Based on||Queen Bees and Wannabes|
by Rosalind Wiseman
|Music by||Rolfe Kent|
|Edited by||Wendy Greene Bricmont|
Lorne Michaels Productions
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$130 million|
Mean Girls is a 2004 American teen comedy film directed by Mark Waters, and written by Tina Fey. The film stars Lindsay Lohan, Rachel McAdams, Tim Meadows, Ana Gasteyer, Amy Poehler and Fey. It is based in part on Rosalind Wiseman's 2002 non-fiction self-help book, Queen Bees and Wannabes, which describes female high school social cliques and the damaging effects they can have on girls. Fey also drew from her own experience at Upper Darby High School as an inspiration for some of the concepts in the film. The film introduced Amanda Seyfried in her film debut.
Saturday Night Live creator Lorne Michaels produced the film. Tina Fey, screenwriter and co-star of the film, was a long-term cast member and writer for SNL. Although set in Evanston, Illinois, a Chicago suburb, the film was mostly shot in Toronto, Canada. Filming took place from September to November 2003. The film marks Lohan's second collaboration with director Waters, the first being Freaky Friday, released a year earlier.
Released on April 30, 2004, the film grossed $130 million worldwide and developed a cult following. The made-for-television sequel Mean Girls 2 premiered on ABC Family on January 23, 2011. A musical adaptation premiered on Broadway in March 2018.
Sixteen-year-old homeschooled Cady Heron and her zoologist parents, Betsy and Chip Heron, return to the United States after a twelve-year research trip in Africa, settling in Evanston, Illinois. On her first day ever of attending a school, North Shore High School, Cady attempts to make new friends, but to no avail. The next day, she meets and befriends Janis Ian and Damian Leigh. They educate Cady on the school's various cliques and warn her to avoid the most popular and infamous one, the "Plastics", which is led by beautiful and manipulative queen bee Regina George and includes the insecure but rich Gretchen Wieners and sweet but dimwitted Karen Smith. The Plastics take an interest in Cady after defending her against a sexist classmate, and invite her to sit with them at lunch. After learning of the invitation, Janis asks Cady to befriend them and to spy on them for her.
Cady soon learns about the "Burn Book", a scrapbook the Plastics have made that is filled with horrible rumors, secrets, and insults about other girls and some teachers at school. Using the book, Janis devises a plan to get back at Regina but Cady is reluctant, thinking Regina is a good friend. Cady becomes attracted to Regina's ex-boyfriend, Aaron Samuels, and purposely fails math, a subject she is gifted at, in order to have an excuse to talk to him. Regina finds out about Cady's crush on Aaron and jealously steals him back at a Halloween party by kissing him in front of Cady. This spurs Cady to fully commit to Janis' plan to cut off Regina's "resources": involving breaking Regina and Aaron up, tricking Regina into eating "Swedish nutrition bars" that actually make her gain weight, and turning Regina's fellow Plastics against her. In the process, Cady unwittingly remakes herself in Regina's image, becoming spiteful and superficial, and abandons Janis and Damian.
When Regina is finally made aware of Cady's treachery, she retaliates by spreading the contents of the Burn Book all over the school, quickly inciting massive socially motivated brawls throughout the halls. To avoid suspicion, Regina inserts a fake libel of herself in the book in order to blame Cady, Gretchen, and Karen – the only female juniors not mentioned in the book. Karen convinces the school's principal, Ron Duvall, that they did not write the book, who soon quells the fighting and gathers all of the junior girls in the gymnasium. Math teacher Ms. Norbury makes the girls face the ways they all treat each other and apologize to each other and the teachers; the plan sees success, as friendships are rekindled. When Janis' turn comes, she defies Norbury, confessing her plan to destroy Regina with Cady's help and openly mocking Regina, drawing praise from other students Regina bullied. Pursued by an apologetic Cady, Regina storms out of the school and is struck by a school bus, breaking her spine, and rumors spread that Cady pushed Regina in front of the bus.
Shunned by her peers and grounded by her parents, Cady takes full blame for the Burn Book. After making amends with Regina, she joins the Mathletes in the state championship finals to make up for the math tests she failed. Cady answers the tiebreaker correctly, and they win the championship for the school. At the Spring Fling dance, Regina's new boyfriend, Shane Oman, is elected King, while Cady is elected Queen. Onstage, Cady declares that all of her classmates are wonderful in their own way, snaps her plastic tiara, and distributes the pieces to other girls in the crowd. She then reconciles with Janis, Damian, and Aaron, and reaches a truce with the Plastics.
The Plastics disband over summer vacation: Regina joins the lacrosse team to deal with her anger, Karen becomes the school weather reporter, and Gretchen joins the "Cool Asians" clique. Aaron graduates from high school and attends Northwestern University while starting a relationship with Cady, who visits him during the weekends. Janis begins dating Mathlete Kevin Gnapoor, whom she initially disliked. As Cady reflects on the societal peace that has taken over North Shore High, a group of new "Junior Plastics" has arisen, and Cady imagines them being hit by a bus like Regina was.
- Lindsay Lohan as Cady Heron, a 16-year-old girl who transfers to a public high school after being homeschooled her whole life in Africa.
- Jessie Wright as 5-year-old Cady.
- Rachel McAdams as Regina George, a rich popular teenager. Regina is Janis' ex-best friend and the leader of The Plastics.
- Lacey Chabert as Gretchen Wieners, a member of the Plastics who only wants Regina's acceptance.
- Amanda Seyfried as Karen Smith, the airhead best friend of Regina and Gretchen.
- Lizzy Caplan as Janis Ian, a goth artistic girl who befriends Cady and hatches a plan to take down Regina. Janis is Damian's best friend and Regina's ex-best friend.
- Daniel Franzese as Damian Leigh, Janis and Cady's gay best friend who is flamboyant and musical.
- Jonathan Bennett as Aaron Samuels, Regina's ex-boyfriend, and Cady's love interest.
- Rajiv Surendra as Kevin Gnapoor, the "hormonal Mathletes president" who is attracted to Janis.
- Tina Fey as Ms. Sharon Norbury, the school calculus teacher, whom the Burn Book defames as a drug dealer.
- Tim Meadows as Principal Ron Duvall.
- Amy Poehler as June George, Regina and Kylie's irresponsible mother.
- Ana Gasteyer as Betsy Heron, Cady's mom.
- Neil Flynn as Chip Heron, Cady's dad.
- Daniel DeSanto as Jason, Gretchen's unfaithful boyfriend.
- Diego Klattenhoff as Shane Oman, a football player who has an on-and-off relationship with Regina.
- Alisha Morrison as Lea Edwards
- Julia Chantrey as Amber D'Alessio
- Dwayne Hill as Coach Carr, the school's physical education teacher whom the Burn Book exposes as a sex offender
- Jonathan Malen as Kristen's boyfriend
- Nicole Crimi as Kylie George, Regina's younger sister
Tina Fey read Rosalind Wiseman's Queen Bees and Wannabes and called Saturday Night Live producer Lorne Michaels to suggest it could be turned into a film. Michaels contacted Paramount Pictures, who purchased the rights to the book. As the book is nonfiction, Fey wrote the plot from scratch, borrowing elements from her own high school experience and her impressions of Evanston Township High School, upon which the film's fictional "North Shore High School" is based.
Fey named many characters after real life friends. In a 2014 interview about the movie, she told Entertainment Weekly, "I tried to use real names in writing because it’s just easier." Main character Cady Heron was named after Fey's college roommate Cady Garey. Damian was named after Fey's high school friend Damian Holbrook, who went on to become a writer for TV Guide. Minor character Glenn Coco is named after a friend of Fey's older brother; the real Glenn Coco works as a film editor in Los Angeles. Janis Ian was named after openly lesbian singer Janis Ian, who was one of the musical guests on the first Saturday Night Live episode, in which she sang the song "At Seventeen", which can be heard playing in the background when the girls are fighting at Regina's house.
Lindsay Lohan first read for Regina George, but the casting team felt she was closer to what they were looking for in the actress who played Cady, and since Lohan feared the "mean girl" role would harm her reputation, she agreed to play the lead. Rachel McAdams was cast as Regina because Fey felt McAdams being "kind and polite" made her perfect for such an evil-spirited character. Amanda Seyfried also read for Regina, and the producers instead suggested her for Karen due to Seyfried's "spacey and daffy sense of humor". Both Lacey Chabert and Daniel Franzese were the last actors tested for their roles. Lizzy Caplan was at first considered too pretty for the part of Janis, for which director Mark Waters felt a "Kelly Osbourne-like actress" was necessary, but Caplan was picked for being able to portray raw emotion. Fey wrote two roles based on fellow SNL alumni, Amy Poehler (whom Fey thought the producers would not accept because of being too young to portray a teenager's mother) and Tim Meadows, and the cast ended up with a fourth veteran of the show, Ana Gasteyer. Evan Rachel Wood was offered a role in the film, but turned it down. Blake Lively did final tests for the role of Karen Smith but the producers decided to keep looking. Ashley Tisdale also auditioned for Gretchen Wieners. Jonathan Bennett was a last-minute cast replacement after the actor originally slated to play Aaron Samuels got fired. James Franco had previously been considered for that role as well. Fey's decision to hire Bennett was due to his resemblance to her longtime SNL co-star Jimmy Fallon.
Although set in Evanston, Illinois, the film was mostly shot in Toronto at Etobicoke Collegiate Institute and Malvern Collegiate Institute, as well as at Montclair High School in Montclair, New Jersey. Landmarks include the University of Toronto's Convocation Hall and Sherway Gardens. Principal photography commenced on September 27, 2003, and concluded on November 25 that year.
In its opening weekend, the film grossed $24.4 million from 3,159 screens at 2,839 theaters in the United States, ranking #1 at the box office and averaging $8,606 per venue. The film closed on September 9, 2004, grossing $86.1 million domestically and $43 million internationally for a total worldwide gross of $129 million.
Mean Girls received generally positive reviews; critics lauded McAdams' performance and labeled the film as Lohan, Seyfried and Caplan's breakthrough roles. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 84% based on 190 reviews, with an average rating of 7.00/10. The site's critical consensus states "Elevated by a brilliant screenplay and outstanding ensemble cast, Mean Girls finds fresh, female-fronted humor in the high school experience." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 66 out of 100, based on 39 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". On CinemaScore, audiences gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale.
Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post stated that it "boasts a one-two-three punch in star Lindsay Lohan, screenwriter Tina Fey and director Mark Waters, and, indeed, it delivers a knockout". The screenplay was highly praised by critics with Peter Travers of Rolling Stone calling it "comic gold". In November 2012, Rotten Tomatoes included the film in its 'Top 50 Greatest Teen Comedies' list.
The film won and was nominated for a number of awards throughout 2004–2005.
|2004||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie Actress: Comedy||Lindsay Lohan||Won|
|Choice Movie: Breakout Actress||Lindsay Lohan||Won|
|Choice Movie: Blush||Lindsay Lohan||Won|
|Choice Movie: Breakout Actress||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Breakout Actor||Jonathan Bennett||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Comedy||Nominated|
|Choice Movie Actress: Comedy||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Blush||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Chemistry||Lindsay Lohan and Jonathan Bennett||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Fight/Action Sequence||Lindsay Lohan vs. Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Hissy Fit||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Liar||Lindsay Lohan||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Villain||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|2005||MTV Movie Awards||Best Female Performance||Lindsay Lohan||Won|
|Breakthrough Female Performance||Rachel McAdams||Won|
|Best On-Screen Team||Lindsay Lohan, Rachel McAdams, Lacey Chabert, and Amanda Seyfried||Won|
|Best Villain||Rachel McAdams||Nominated|
|Kids Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actress||Lindsay Lohan||Nominated|
|People's Choice Awards||Favorite Movie: Comedy||Nominated|
|Writers Guild of America Award||Best Adapted Screenplay||Tina Fey||Nominated|
|Mean Girls: |
Music from the Motion Picture
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||September 21, 2004|
|Singles from Mean Girls: |
Music from the Motion Picture
- "Dancing with Myself" by The Donnas (Generation X cover)
- "God Is a DJ" by Pink
- "Milkshake" by Kelis
- "Sorry (Don't Ask Me)" by All Too Much
- "Built This Way" by Samantha Ronson
- "Rip Her to Shreds" by Boomkat (Blondie cover)
- "Overdrive" by Katy Rose
- "One Way or Another" by Blondie
- "Operate" by Peaches
- "Misty Canyon" by Anjali Bhatia
- "Mean Gurl" by Gina Rene and Gabriel Rene
- "Hated" by Nikki Cleary
- "Psyché Rock", by Pierre Henry (Fatboy Slim Malpaso mix)
- "The Mathlete Rap" by Rajiv Surendra
- "Jingle Bell Rock"
Though not included on the soundtrack, other songs heard in the film include the single "Pass That Dutch" by Missy Elliott, "Naughty Girl" by Beyoncé, "Beautiful" by Christina Aguilera, "Fire" by Joe Budden featuring Busta Rhymes, "At Seventeen" by Janis Ian, and "Halcyon + On + On" by Orbital, "Put 'Em Up" by N.O.R.E featuring Pharrell Williams, "Oh Yeah" / "Run" by Gabriel Rene and "Love's Theme" by The Love Unlimited Orchestra.
Mean Girls was released on VHS and DVD in North America on September 21, 2004, five months after it opened in theaters. It was released in a widescreen special collector's edition and a fullscreen collector's edition, both including several deleted scenes, a blooper reel, three T.V. Spots, the theatrical trailer, previews, and three featurettes. A Blu-ray version of the film was released on April 14, 2009. The film was later re-released on a 15th anniversary Blu-Ray in 2019.
Legacy and cultural impact
The film has become a pop-culture phenomenon. Fans have made GIFs and memes of the film and posted them on social media, including Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr. It is considered one of the most quotable movies of all time.
In an interview about the film, Fey noted, "Adults find it funny. They are the ones who are laughing. Young people watch it like a reality show. It's much too close to their real experiences so they are not exactly guffawing." Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "'Fetch' may never happen, but 2004's eminently quotable movie is still one of the sharpest high school satires ever. Which is pretty grool, if you ask me!" In 2006, Entertainment Weekly also named it the twelfth best high school film of all time, explaining: "While Mean Girls is technically a comedy, its depiction of girl-on-girl cattiness stings incredibly true."
October 3 has been dubbed on social media as "Mean Girls Day" in reference to a quote said by the film's main character Cady. People also celebrate by wearing pink based on another quote said by character Karen in the film. Clothing designers have followed suit by printing quotes and other iconic imagery from the movie onto many pieces and merchandise items. Due to the recognition and attention generated because of the annual celebration, several members of the cast have reunited in video over the years on that day for various causes. In 2017, they set a GoFundMe to raise money for the victims of the Las Vegas shooting and the National Compassion Fund. In 2019, they teamed up with the Thirst Project to raise money to fund a freshwater well in Uganda. In 2020, the cast was honored with the Pioneering Spirit Award for their #MeanGirlsDoGood campaign. On October 3, 2020, Katie Couric moderated a virtual cast reunion to reminisce about the film. Organized in collaboration with HeadCount to promote voting in the 2020 United States presidential election, it was the first time the entire cast gathered together since the premiere in 2004.
Mariah Carey expressed several times that she is a fan of the film, using quotes from the film in numerous interviews and TV appearances including a 2013 episode of American Idol. Carey's 2009 single, "Obsessed", begins with an interlude quote where she says, "And I was like, 'Why are you so obsessed with me?'", a line said by Regina George in the film. Carey's ex-husband, Nick Cannon, revealed that the song was inspired by the film. In September 2020, Fey quizzed Carey about the movie to prove how much of a "superfan" she is on Billboard's Quizzed video series.
In August 2013, the White House tweeted a photo of President Obama's dog, Bo, holding a tennis ball and captioning "Bo, stop trying to make fetch happen". Taco Bell made a reply to the White House, also using one of the quotes from the film. In June 2018, the official Twitter account of the Israeli Embassy in the U.S. made headlines when it responded to a tweet by Iranian leader Ali Khamenei, calling Israel "a malignant cancerous tumor", with an animated GIF of the "Why are you so obsessed with me?" quote from Mean Girls. In March 2019, Hillary Clinton tweeted a GIF of the same quote which went viral for being considered a response to Donald Trump. In June 2020, the Taoiseach of Ireland Leo Varadkar quoted Cady's "the limit does not exist" line during a COVID-19 pandemic briefing.
At the 2013 People's Choice Awards, Jennifer Lawrence referenced the film in her speech when she won Favorite Movie Actress. Multiple scenes from the movie have been reenacted and parodied by various celebrities throughout the years following its release, including Ed Sheeran, Iggy Azalea, Amber Rose and Waka Flocka Flame during a 2014 skit for MTV. The sixth episode of the third season of How to Get Away with Murder included several references to the film, including Aja Naomi King's character Michaela Pratt using the line "you can't sit with us", Viola Davis' character Annalise Keating eating her lunch in a toilet cubicle after feeling like an outcast, Karla Souza's character Laurel Castillo using sweatpants on a Monday and Behzad Dabu's character Simon Drake calling several other students "mean girls".
A novel based on the film, by author Micol Ostow, was released in September 2017 by Scholastic. Jonathan Bennett, who portrayed Aaron Samuels, released a cookbook inspired by the movie in 2018 called "The Burn Cookbook: Real Recipes to Feed Your Inner Plastic." The following year, he teamed up with Nocking Point Wines to release a limited rosé wine edition inspired by the film. Ariana Grande parodied the film in the music video for her 2018 song "Thank U, Next". The actors Jonathan Bennett and Stefanie Drummond, who were originally part of the film's cast, appeared in the video. A clip of Cady Heron from the movie was featured in a 2020 Discover Card commercial which aired during the Super Bowl LIV.
A comic book sequel to the film, titled Mean Girls: Senior Year, was written by Arianna Irwin and released by Insight Comics in September 2020. A Mean Girls-themed pop-up restaurant in Santa Monica called Fetch was announced in 2020 as well. Primark launched a loungewear range inspired by the film in October 2019. On October 3, 2020, the Young Veterans Brewing Company released a Mean Girls-themed beer called "Army Pants & Flip Flops". Several Mean Girls-themed events, merchandising products and screenings have been often organized and produced in homage to the film.
In August 2020, Screen Junkies released a Honest Trailers episode on the film calling it "the best thing to come out of that era," with Screen Rant's Daniel Gillespie saying: "Mean Girls remains entertaining, funny, and, most importantly, accurate. [...] That relevance almost two decades later proves that Mean Girls is deserving of its classic status," and Slashfilm's Ethan Anderton writing that the "generation-defining high school movie" not only captures the teenage culture of the early 2000s perfectly, "but it's also hilariously clever for being adapted from a non-fiction parenting advice book [...] Mean Girls is great because it captures that cruel teen vibe perfectly, and it tries to deliver a nice wholesome message to fight it, which kids will laugh at, agree with, and then never do anything about." In September 2020, the Pillsbury Company released a limited edition of Toaster Strudel featuring pink icing and Mean Girls packaging to pay homage to its movie-claimed inventor's daughter, Gretchen Wieners.
The made-for-television sequel Mean Girls 2 premiered on ABC Family (now Freeform) on January 23, 2011, then subsequently released on DVD February 1. While the film's plot continues from where the first movie left off, it has entirely different cast members except for Tim Meadows, who reprises his role as Principal Ron Duvall. Mean Girls 2 is directed by Melanie Mayron and stars Meaghan Martin and Jennifer Stone.
In other media
A game for PC was released in 2009 featuring characters specifically created for the game. In 2010, a Mean Girls video game developed by 505 Games for the Nintendo DS handheld game console was announced. In 2015, an iOS game based on the film was released. Since 2015, Pocket Gems' mobile app Episode also released various Mean Girls interactive stories following the characters from the film due to "overwhelming fan response".
On January 28, 2013, Fey confirmed that a musical adaption of Mean Girls was in the works. Fey wrote the book of the show, 30 Rock composer and Fey's husband Jeff Richmond worked on the music, and Casey Nicholaw directed. Paramount was also involved. The musical premiered at the National Theatre in Washington, D.C. on October 31, 2017. Mean Girls opened on Broadway at the August Wilson Theatre, with previews beginning March 12, 2018 and opening on April 8, 2018. On January 23, 2020, Tina Fey announced that a film adaptation of the Mean Girls musical was in active development. "I'm very excited to bring Mean Girls back to the big screen. It's been incredibly gratifying to see how much the movie and the musical have meant to audiences. I've spent sixteen years with these characters now. They are my Marvel Universe and I love them dearly," Fey said. During the film's cast reunion on October 3, 2020, Fey shared that fans could be involved in casting actors for the new adaptation by sharing their dream cast on the project's website and be featured in the musical film's "burn book".
Adapted from another book penned by Rosalind Wiseman, Mean Moms would be written by Sean Anders and John Morris and would star Jennifer Aniston as a mother facing the cut-throat life of modern suburbia. However, in May 2014, New Line Cinema pulled the film from its proposed release date of May 2015; even though the film is still slated for development, there is not currently a release date for the spin-off. On October 7, it was announced that the film was added to the California Film Tax Credit program for the 2014–15 fiscal year, in which the production must start in California within 180 days of notification from the state to receive the $6.7 million production tax credit. In May 2015, it was confirmed the project was still happening and Sean Anders would direct the film; in late 2015 Anders told Cinema Blend the project had been placed on hold.
In late September 2014, discussions arose that Lohan had pitched an idea to Fey for a sequel. Later that year, Lohan, along with other cast members of the original film, asked Fey to write a screenplay for it. The idea was brought up during a 10th anniversary for the film in Entertainment Weekly, with Fey declaring she regretted not doing a sequel closer to its original release: "At the time we did want to start the conversation about the sequel, and for whatever reason I was like, 'No!!! We shouldn’t do that!' Now I look back and I'm like, 'Why?' But now, no—it’s too late now." Seyfried had previously stated she was "really willing to pursue" a sequel and was unsure why it had not happened. In December 2016, Lohan mentioned she was still trying to pitch a sequel, with the hopes of Jamie Lee Curtis and Jimmy Fallon appearing in the film. She stated she knew Fey, Michaels and Paramount were busy, declaring: "I will keep forcing it and pushing it on them until we do it." In October 2018, Seyfried said people needed to start a campaign for it to finally come into fruition. In January 2019, Lohan was interviewed by Howard Stern who wondered whether the sequel would ever happen. Lohan repeated her interest in revisiting the role and confirmed she had spoken to Fey about it, also saying sequel plans were not currently in the works, "I think they can't do it right now. I've spoken to her [Tina], but it can't happen without her and all of the cast. [...] Sometimes you're like, 'It's just too soon to do it.' But it's been 15 years." In October 2019, Chabert was asked if a sequel would be happening to which she replied: "I don't know. I wish I had an answer for you, I feel like you need to start a petition," while saying she would "of course" revisit the character if given the chance as "it would be so much fun to revisit these women and see where they are now."
In April 2020, Lohan was once again questioned about the sequel by David Spade and confessed she had been hanging on to the idea of coming back to doing movies with that project "for a really long time" but that it was out of her hands. "To work with Tina [Fey], and the whole crew again, and Mark Waters. That was really what I wanted. I was excited to do that. But that's all in their hands really," she concluded. A few days later, McAdams also expressed interest in reprising her role in a sequel, after having declared in previous years she would be up for it as long as Fey was on board, "She's our master-in-chief on this one. So, if she's into it, then I'm into it." Bennett then reacted to his co-stars by saying, "I was extremely excited when I heard Rachel [McAdams] say she'd love to play Regina George again because I've talked to over half the cast, including Lindsay [Lohan], and we all feel the same way," continuing, "We'd love to bring these beloved characters back to life at some point, whether it be sequel or a TV series. I think the world would love to see these characters again."
In an August 2020 interview on the podcast Unspooled, director Mark Waters discussed an idea for a sequel where the main characters from the original movie would now be young mothers serving together in a parent–teacher association, adding that its development is entirely up to Fey wanting to write a screenplay. A possible sequel was also questioned by Katie Couric while moderating a virtual reunion with the film's cast on October 3, 2020. Bennett then said in an interview he thought the virtual reunion "opened the door" for a sequel.
- "MEAN GIRLS (12A)". United International Pictures. British Board of Film Classification. April 28, 2007. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Mean Girls (2004)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on April 19, 2004. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- "Tina Fey visits Upper Darby High for 'Mean Girls' promo". May 24, 2018. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Brody, Richard (April 30, 2014). "Why "Mean Girls" Is a Classic". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Elan, Priya (January 29, 2013). "Why Tina Fey's Mean Girls is a movie classic". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "'Mean Girls' is still 'fetch'". CNN. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Buchanan, Kyle (April 20, 2014). "Mean Girls Director Mark Waters Spills 10 Juicy Stories, 10 Years Later". Vulture. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Why Is Mean Girls So Quotable?". Slate. January 8, 2014. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Kimble, Julian (April 30, 2014). ""Mean Girls" Is Everything (No, Really): How One Movie Summarized a Generation". Complex. Archived from the original on July 26, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Ebert, Roger (February 5, 2013). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2007. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 9780740792199.
- Stack, Tim (November 5, 2014). "EW's 'Mean Girls' reunion: The cast looks back on the 2004 hit". ew.com. Entertainment Weekly.
- Minturn, Molly (2013). "Girl Most Likely". uvamagazine.org. UVA Magazine.
- Baty, Emma (April 30, 2019). "Daniel Franzese, aka Damian From 'Mean Girls,' Literally Can't Wear Pink Anymore". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- "Only the Strong Survive", Mean Girls, DVD Featurette
- Crucchiola, Jordan (April 20, 2018). "Evan Rachel Wood Turned Down Mean Girls and Is Now Filled With Regret". Vulture.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2018. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Baty, Emma (April 30, 2019). "Mean Girls: The inside story of the hit movie, told by the non-plastic cast". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- White, Adam (October 3, 2019). "Mean Girls reunion: Tina Fey reveals original cast member was fired days into filming". The Independent. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Bradley, Bill (October 3, 2015). "10 Facts You Didn't Know About 'Mean Girls,' According To The Cast". The Independent. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Wilmot, Shannon (July 11, 2008). "Made in Toronto". Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- "Mean Girls (2004)". Rachel McAdams Online. Archived from the original on January 12, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "'Mean Girls' Surprisingly Nice $24.4M Weekend - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- "Mean Girls". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- Mean Girls at Metacritic; Retrieved September 24, 2009.
- "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Mean Girls - Movie Reviews - Rotten Tomatoes". Archived from the original on June 30, 2015. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- "The 50 Greatest Teen Movies Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes". Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- "The Donnas – Dancing With Myself (Mean Girls Single Version)". Amazon Music. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- Michaels, Lorne. Mean Girls (DVD video). Widescreen DVD collection. screenplay by Tina Fey; directed by Mark Waters; et al. Hollywood, California: Paramount Pictures Corporation ©2004. ISBN 9781415700136. OCLC 55850835. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2013. Lay summary – Internet Movie Database.
- "Mean Girls - Burn Book Edition [Blu-ray]". Amazon. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- Orr, Gillian (April 30, 2014). "10 years of Mean Girls: How the film defined a generation – and gave it a new language". The Independent. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Mendelson, Scott (April 30, 2014). "Why 'Mean Girls' Still Matters, 10 Years Later". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "10 Years Later, the Clique Still Reigns". New York Times. April 25, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Goldstein, Jessica (April 25, 2014). "Why does — and will — 'Mean Girls' continue to endure online?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Watercutter, Angela (April 30, 2014). "Why Mean Girls Has Obsessed the Internet for a Decade". Wired. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- O'Neil, Lauren (October 3, 2014). "Mean Girls Day gets its own art show on Tumblr". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "'Is butter a carb?' How Mean Girls became Meme Girls". Little White Lies. October 3, 2019. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- "The 25 Most Quotable Movies Of All Time". Hollywood.com. October 27, 2015. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "Most Quotable Movies of All Time". Esquire. July 5, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "Top 10 most quotable movies of all time". Entertainment.ie. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Day: The definitive ranking of the movie's best quotes". USA Today. December 17, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "CANOE – JAM! - Weekend warrior". Jam.canoe.ca. April 28, 2004. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (December 11, 2009), "THE 100 Greatest MOVIES, TV SHOWS, ALBUMS, BOOKS, CHARACTERS, SCENES, EPISODES, SONGS, DRESSES, MUSIC VIDEOS, AND TRENDS THAT ENTERTAINED US OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS". Entertainment Weekly. (1079/1080):74-84.
- "50 Best High School Movies". Filmsite.org. September 15, 2006. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Grossman, Samantha (October 3, 2014). "It's October 3rd: 19 Ways to Celebrate Mean Girls Day". Time. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "Lindsay Lohan joins Mean Girls campaign to raise money for Vegas victims". Entertainment Weekly. October 4, 2017. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Cast Raises Money for Thirst Project on Oct. 3". Hollywood Reporter. October 3, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Cast to be Honored at Jonathan Bennett-Hosted Thirst Project Concert Telethon". Hollywood Reporter. September 29, 2020. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Cast Reunites for the First Time to Promote Voting". TheWrap. October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- "Mean Girls: Rachel McAdams and Lindsay Lohan recreate iconic scene". The Independent. October 10, 2020. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
- Vena, Jocelyn; Kash, Tim (July 1, 2009). "Nick Cannon: Mariah Carey's Not Dissing Eminem In 'Obsessed'". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 25, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "A Brief History of Mariah Carey's 'Mean Girls' Obsession". MTV. October 9, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- "Mariah Carey Earns Title of 'Michael Jordan of Mean Girls' After Getting 'Quizzed' by Tina Fey: Watch". Billboard. September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- The White House (August 13, 2013). "Bo, stop trying to make fetch happen". Twitter. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Waxman, Olivia B. (August 13, 2013). "The White House Made a Mean Girls Joke on Twitter and It Was Awesome". Time. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Taco Bell (August 13, 2014). "@whitehouse Do you wanna do something fun? You wanna go to Taco Bell?". Twitter. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Fredericks, Bob (June 4, 2018). "Israel uses 'Mean Girls' to troll Iran on Twitter". New York Post. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- "Hillary Clinton subtweeted Trump with a 'Mean Girls' reference and we are screaming". Mashable. March 6, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Taoiseach Leo Varadkar quotes Mean Girls during COVID-19 briefing". Sky News. June 19, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Jennifer Lawrence: 'I wish I could share my award like in Mean Girls'". DigitalSpy. January 10, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "Ed Sheeran, Amber Rose and More Reenact Mean Girls' Four-Way Phone Scene—Watch Now!". E!. January 29, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Mariah Carey and Nick Cannon Re-Enact 'Mean Girls'... And It's So Fetch". MTV. February 13, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Chris Motionless Re-Enact 'Mean Girls' Scene". February 28, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Ariana Grande once reenacted 'Mean Girls' with her friends -- and it's everything and more". AOL. July 12, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Iconic Mean Girls Phone Call Scene Remade By Creators With Disabilities". Screen Rant. September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Chloë Grace Moretz Acts Out Iconic 'Mean Girls' Scene With Sarah Ramos". Entertainment Tonight Canada. September 24, 2020. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
- ""How To Get Away With Murder" Recap: "You're All Mean Girls"". Archived from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- "Mean Girls: A Novel". Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Jonathan Bennett created a 'Mean Girls' cookbook — and the recipes are so fetch!". Today. October 2, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Star Jonathan Bennett Releases 'Wednesday Rosé' in Nod to Classic Movie". Us Weekly. April 11, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
- "Discover Splits Up Its 30-Second Super Bowl Buy Into 2 Spots". AdWeek. January 29, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Insight Comics Announces 2020 FCBD Silver Offering MEAN GIRLS: SENIOR YEAR". Broadway World. December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
- Johnston, Rich (June 21, 2020). "Mean Girls Sequel Delayed Until September". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "Paramount's 'Mean Girls' Pop-Up Restaurant Back On, Tickets on Sale". The Hollywood Reporter. February 24, 2020. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Primark Mean Girls Collection". Primark. October 14, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "So fetch: Mean Girls-themed beer to be released at Virginia Beach brewery Saturday". WTKR. September 28, 2020. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "Mean Girls House Party". Everyman Cinemas. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "A 'Mean Girls' Themed Afternoon Tea Is Coming". Tyla.com. August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "This 'Mean Girls' Inspired Home Is Now On Airbnb And It's So Fetch". Tyla.com. August 13, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "Get In, Loser! We're Doing High Tea- The Brunch Club's Hosting A Mean Girls High Tea!". KIIS 106.5. August 26, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "B&M releases Mean Girls collection - including a Burn Book". Bristol Post. October 31, 2020. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
- "Mean Girls Honest Trailer Points Out Obvious Out-Dated References". Screen Rant. August 25, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Honest Trailer: One of the Only Things from the Early 2000s We Should Be Nostalgic About". Slashfilm. August 26, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "Pillsbury Toaster Strudel Introduces Limited-Edition Mean Girls Toaster Strudel With Movie-Inspired Pink Icing". Business Wire. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- Lyons, Margaret (December 6, 2010). "'Mean Girls 2' to debut on ABC Family". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Moore, Shosanna (January 11, 2011). "'Mean Girls 2' Premieres on ABC Family". Buddy TV. Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Yahr, Emily (January 21, 2011). "'Mean Girls 2' twice as nasty as the original". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- "Mean Girls: High School Showdown". IGN. Archived from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- "Mean Girls Game Capitalizes on Film's Popularity, Lohan's Career – games for girls". Kotaku. April 12, 2010. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Cabral, Matt (January 27, 2015). "Watch the 'Mean Girls' iOS video game trailer--exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- "Mean Girls game Senior Year now available for mobile devices". Entertainment Weekly. November 18, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "'Mean Girls' Heads to College in Episode's Interactive Story App". Variety. August 11, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- Castillo, Michelle (June 6, 2017). "Episode app animates millennial classics like 'Mean Girls' for Gen Z". Archived from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- "So Fetch! Tina Fey Confirms Mean Girls Musical In Early Development | Broadway Buzz". Broadway.com. January 28, 2013. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- "Tina Fey's Mean Girls Musical Will Make World Premiere at Washington's National | Playbill". Playbill. Archived from the original on March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Paulson, Michael (September 6, 2017). "The 'Mean Girls' Musical Is Coming to Broadway in March". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- Malkin, Marc (January 23, 2020). "Tina Fey Announces Movie Adaptation of Broadway's 'Mean Girls' Musical". Variety. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- Lee, Janet (October 3, 2020). "'Mean Girls' Cast Reunites After 16 Years to Encourage Voting". Variety. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- "Warner Bros Scheduling Spree Continues With 'The Conjuring 2′, 'Mean Moms', 2 Others". deadline.com. February 25, 2014. Archived from the original on June 19, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- McNary, Dave (February 25, 2014). "Jennifer Aniston's 'Mean Moms' set for May 8, 2015". Variety. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- McNary, Dave (May 8, 2014). "Jennifer Aniston's 'Mean Moms' Delayed, New Line Foregoes $6.7 Million Tax Credit". Variety. Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- McNary, Dave (October 7, 2014). "'Mean Moms,' 'Paternity Leave' Score California Film Credits". variety.com. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Fleming, Mike Jr (May 4, 2015). "'Horrible Bosses 2' Helmer Sean Anders Re-Unites With Jennifer Aniston In 'Mean Moms'". Deadline. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- Cole, Stacey (January 1, 2016). "Jennifer Aniston Movie 'Mean Moms' Stalled". Inquisitr. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- "The Reunions Issue - Special Double Issue - Mean Girls". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. November 14, 2014. ISSN 1049-0434.
- "Amanda Seyfried: 'I Was Really Willing to Pursue' a 'Mean Girls' Sequel". Extra. March 16, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Yee, Lawrence (December 30, 2016). "Lindsay Lohan Is Trying to Make a 'Mean Girls' Sequel Happen". Variety. Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "Lindsay Lohan wants 'Mean Girls 2'". CNN. December 29, 2016. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- Calvario, Liz (December 30, 2016). "'Mean Girls 2': Lindsay Lohan Has Written a Treatment, Hopes Tina Fey Can Make Time For It". Indiewire.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "Amanda Seyfried would love a Mean Girls 2!". YouTube (On Demand Entertainment). October 6, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Lindsay Lohan on Why Life Is Better in Dubai, Going to School With Real Mean Girls, and the Good Advice Jamie Lee Curtis Gave Her". HowardStern.com. January 9, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Dupre, Elyse (October 10, 2019). "Lacey Chabert Would Totally Do a Mean Girls Sequel If Given the Chance". E!. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Tailor, Leena (April 30, 2019). "'Mean Girls': 11 Things You Didn't Know About the Movie and Behind-the-Scenes Secrets (Exclusive)". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Fernandez, Alexia (April 15, 2020). "Lindsay Lohan Says She Wants to 'Come Back' with Mean Girls 2: 'That Would Definitely Be an Exciting Thing'". People. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Yang, Rachel (April 19, 2020). "Rachel McAdams wants to play Regina George in Mean Girls sequel". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Friend, David (October 28, 2016). "Mean Girls sequel? Rachel McAdams 'into it' if Tina Fey is on board". CTV News. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Swan, Allison (April 28, 2020). "'Mean Girls': Jonathan Bennett SharesNew Hope For Sequel After Rachel McAdams Expresses Interest". Hollywood Life. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Unspooled episode 200.1, Mean Girls (released August 19, 2020)
- Mauch, Ally (October 3, 2020). "Mean Girls Stars Lindsay Lohan, Rachel McAdams and More Reunite to Promote Voting in Upcoming Election". People. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Macke, Johnni (October 16, 2020). "Jonathan Bennett Teases Possible 2nd 'Mean Girls' Movie, Reveals What Was 'Awkward' About the Virtual Reunion". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mean Girls|