The Homesman

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The Homesman
The Homesman poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byTommy Lee Jones
Produced by
Screenplay by
  • Tommy Lee Jones
  • Kieran Fitzgerald
  • Wesley Oliver
Based onThe Homesman
by Glendon Swarthout
Starring
Music byMarco Beltrami
CinematographyRodrigo Prieto
Edited byRoberto Silvi
Production
companies
Distributed byRoadside Attractions (United States)
EuropaCorp Distribution (France)
Release date
  • May 18, 2014 (2014-05-18) (Cannes)
  • November 14, 2014 (2014-11-14) (United States)
Running time
123 minutes[1]
Countries
  • United States
  • France[2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$16 million[3]
Box office$8,217,571[3]

The Homesman is a 2014 Western historical drama film set in the 1850s Midwest, directed by Tommy Lee Jones. The screenplay by Jones, Kieran Fitzgerald and Wesley Oliver is based on the 1988 novel of the same name by Glendon Swarthout. The film stars Jones and Hilary Swank and also features Meryl Streep, Grace Gummer, Miranda Otto, Hailee Steinfeld, John Lithgow, Jesse Plemons and James Spader.

The film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival[4] and received a North American limited release on November 14, 2014, by Roadside Attractions.[5][6] The Homesman has received mostly positive reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a rating average of 7.1/10.

The title refers to the task of taking immigrants back home, which was typically a man's job.

Plot[edit]

In 1854, Mary Bee Cuddy is a 31-year-old spinster from New York, a former teacher who journeyed to the Midwest for more opportunity. She is an active member of the small farming community of Loup in the Nebraska Territory, and has significant financial prospects and sizable land ownership. She seems strong and independent, but suffers from depression and feels isolated. She makes dinner for her neighbor Bob Giffen, and sings to him, but when she proposes he turns her down saying she is "plain, and too bossy." He then leaves to find a wife back east.

After a harsh winter, three women from the community begin to show signs of mental instability due to the hardships they have faced. Arabella Sours has lost three children to diphtheria, Theoline Belknap kills her own child after a poor harvest puts her family at risk of starvation, and Gro Svendsen, a Danish immigrant, is shown to be in an abusive relationship with her husband and has a breakdown after her mother dies. Reverend Dowd calls upon one of their husbands to escort the women eastward to a church in Hebron, Iowa, that cares for the mentally ill. Mr. Belknap refuses to participate in the lottery to determine who will escort the women; Cuddy takes his place, and the lot falls on her.

While preparing for her journey, Cuddy encounters George Briggs, a claim jumper, who has been left on horseback with a noose around his neck for stealing Bob Giffen's land while he is away. Scared to make the trip alone, she frees him, and in return demands his help escorting the women. He immediately casts doubt on the job and insists he be free to abandon her at any time. To persuade him, Cuddy tells him that she is mailing $300 to await his arrival in Iowa, but secretly keeps it with her.

Briggs's experience comes in handy when the group crosses paths with hostile Pawnee, and he is able to bribe them by giving up one of their horses. Later, when Arabella is kidnapped by a freighter, Briggs gives chase, and the two men have a violent scuffle before Arabella kills her kidnapper. Eventually the caravan comes across the grave of an 11-year-old girl that has been desecrated by Indians, and Cuddy insists they stop and restore it. Briggs vows to push on, so Cuddy stays behind and agrees to catch up with him. After restoring the grave, Cuddy sets out on horseback. However, she loses her way, and after riding all night discovers that she has gone in a circle and her horse has led her back to the grave.

Finally catching up to Briggs after another night of riding, Cuddy, distraught over having to wander the desert, suggests they marry. Briggs, like all the previous men, rejects Cuddy, calling her "plain" and saying he "ain't no farmer" and is only along for the promised reward. Later that night, a naked Cuddy propositions him, and despite his initial protestations, the two have sex. Rising late the next morning, Briggs finds that Cuddy has hanged herself. Briggs chastises Sours, Belknap and Svendsen, blaming their illness for Cuddy's death as he buries her body. He discovers that she had kept the $300 with her the entire time, and so takes a horse and abandons the three women. However, the trio follow him on foot, and Arabella almost drowns while chasing him across a river. Briggs saves her and decides to go on to Iowa.

Briggs seeks food and shelter at an empty hotel belonging to Irishman Aloysius Duffy, who informs him that they have no rooms available for the caravan as a group of 16 investors are expected shortly, and the women would sour the establishment. Briggs lashes out at Duffy, whose men pull out guns of their own, resulting in a brief stand-off. Briggs leaves, but returns that night alone on horseback. He sends away the young cook, sets the hotel on fire and shoots Duffy in the foot. Briggs takes a suckling pig to feed himself and the women and leaves all inside the hotel to be burned alive.

Briggs reaches Hebron, passing the women into the care of Altha Carter, the wife of the church's reverend. He informs her of Cuddy's death but does not disclose the true cause. Guilty about having rejected Mary Bee's proposal, he has a wooden slab engraved with her name and plans to mark her grave with it. He discovers that his $300 is worthless, as the Bank of Loup has failed since they left. He gives a pair of shoes to Tabitha Hutchinson, a hard-working young maid at the hotel he is staying at, and then proposes to her, after advising her not to marry some young man going west, but to stay in town. She replies, "Maybe." He then boards the open-decked river ferry heading back west, where he sings a rowdy song with two musicians on deck. Briggs fires his pistol and shouts at people on the pier who complain about the noise. Eventually, one of the bargemen kicks Mary Bee's grave marker off the edge of the deck into the river, and unnoticed by Briggs, it slips underwater.

Cast[edit]

Themes[edit]

The film shows the unsparingly harsh and difficult life of early settlers of the American Midwest in the 1850s. The Homesman has been called a "feminist western".[7] Critics have noted that the lives of women during this time are rarely explored, as opposed to men, while also commenting that women today are still having to balance many roles including the societal pressures for women to be married and have children and to be perfect wives and mothers.[8][9]

Score[edit]

The music by Marco Beltrami has received praise from critics. The score emphasizes the use of wind sounds to show how early settlers had to endure the constant wind without solid shelter, which imitates the character themes of being mentally undone by the elements that surround them. Beltrami used inventive measures such as using a "wind piano" and recording outside. Beltrami said the goal was to take the "warmth" out of the sound to dissipate the air.[10]

Release[edit]

Director and cast at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival

The Homesman premiered on May 18, 2014, in competition at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. The film also was screened at the 2014 Telluride Film Festival, and the AFI Film Festival, among others. Saban Films bought the film after Cannes for release, with Roadside Attractions joining to distribute the film in the U.S. EuropaCorp will distribute abroad. The film was limited-released in the United States on November 7, 2014, with plans to expand over following months.[11][12][13]

Critical response[edit]

The Homesman has received mostly positive reviews from critics, with particulars standing out being Swank's performance, the cinematography, score, and costumes. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an 81% approval rating based on 148 reviews, with a rating average of 7.1/10. The site's consensus: "A squarely traditional yet somewhat progressive Western, The Homesman adds another absorbing entry to Tommy Lee Jones' directorial résumé".[14] Metacritic gave the film a score of 68/100 based on 43 critics, indicating generally favorable reviews.[15]

Betsy Sharkey with the Los Angeles Times wrote: "Swank and Jones, in particular, are a very good odd couple, playing saint and sinner, sometimes reversing the roles. What the directing side of Jones does best is to cede the spotlight to his star. He builds a strong platform for Swank to take on yet another woman who refuses to be bound by gender conventions".[16]

Andrew O'Hehir with Salon wrote: "Swank gives a magnificent performance as a woman whose calm and capable exterior cannot completely conceal her worsening desperation. In its unsentimental poetry, its stripped-down imagery and its unforgettable lead performances, 'The Homesman' is a ruthless western classic ... cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto’s harsh, horizontal landscapes—like the haunting, unsettling score by Marco Beltrami—are anything but picturesque and reassuring, and serve to support a strikingly bleak portrait of life on the 19th-century American frontier".[17]

Claudia Puig with USA Today wrote: "Set on the Great Plains in the mid-1800s, 'The Homesman' aims for a story that's poignant and told sparely, but comes across as mawkish, tedious and self-indulgent. Swank brings a gravitas to her character that is undermined when some of her antics are played for laughs. In a 10-minute cameo, Meryl Streep's character is more fully developed than any of the leads' roles. The story attempts to show how hard it was for women in the Old West, but it ends up being Jones' surly show".[18]

Accolades[edit]

List of accolades received by The Homesman
Year Award Category Recipient(s) Result
2014 2014 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Tommy Lee Jones Nominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Best Actress Hilary Swank Nominated
Best Actor Tommy Lee Jones Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actress Hilary Swank Runner-up
San Diego Film Critics Society Awards Best Actress Hilary Swank Nominated
Phoenix Critics Circle Awards Best Actress Hilary Swank Nominated
Women Film Critics Circle Best Movie About Women Nominated
Best Male Images in a Movie Nominated
Best Actor Tommy Lee Jones Nominated
Courage in Acting Award Hilary Swank Nominated
The Invisible Woman Award Hilary Swank Nominated
Best Ensemble (Women's Work) Won
World Soundtrack Awards Film Composer of The Year Marco Beltrami Nominated
International Film Music Critics Association Composer of the Year Marco Beltrami Nominated
Best Original Score for a Drama Marco Beltrami Won
2015 Western Heritage Award Outstanding Theatrical Motion Picture The Javelina Film Company and Itacha Films Won
Spur Award Best Western Drama Script Tommy Lee Jones, Kieran Fitzgerald, Wesley A. Oliver Won
Gradiva Award (NAAP) Best Film Director Tommy Lee Jones Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE HOMESMAN (15)". British Board of Film Classification. August 26, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "LUMIERE : Film: The Homesman". lumiere.obs.coe.int. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "The Homesman (2014) - Financial Information". The-numbers.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  4. ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  5. ^ McClintock, Pamela (May 22, 2014). "Cannes: Tommy Lee Jones' 'The Homesman' Goes to Saban Films in U.S." The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (May 22, 2014). "Cannes: Saban Saddles Up North American Rights To Tommy Lee Jones' 'The Homesman'". Deadline.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  7. ^ Swank, Hilary (November 16, 2014), Interview with Thelma Adams, Ultimately (Jones) made a feminist movie and it shows his heart and how multi-faceted he truly is.
  8. ^ Adams, Thelma (November 16, 2014). "Interview: Hilary Swank stands tall, dives deep discussing 'The Homesman'". Thelmadams.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  9. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (November 20, 2014). "The Biggest Outdoor Wind Harp In Malibu". Los Angeles Weekly. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  10. ^ Greiving, Tim (November 22, 2014). "In 'The Homesman,' Wind Is The Sound Of Insanity". Npr.org. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  11. ^ Chang, Justin; Elsa Keslassy (April 17, 2014). "Cannes Film Festival: Official Selection Lineup Announced". Variety. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  12. ^ Fleming, Mike (February 18, 2014). "Saban Films, Roadside Take Cannes Pic 'The Homesman'". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  13. ^ Brueggemann, Tom (May 14, 2016). "Arthouse Audit: 'Foxcatcher' Strong, 'Rosewater' So-So, 'The Homesman' Modest". Blogs.indiewire.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  14. ^ "The Homesman (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  15. ^ "The Homesman Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  16. ^ "Review: Harsh land and raw, maddening emotion test 'The Homesman'". Los Angeles Times. November 13, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  17. ^ Andrew O'Hehir (November 14, 2014). ""The Homesman": Tommy Lee Jones and Hilary Swank are unforgettable in a ruthless, classic western". Salon.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  18. ^ Puig, Claudia (November 13, 2014). "'Homesman' is a bunch of malarkey". Usatoday.com. Retrieved May 29, 2017.

External links[edit]