Telephone numbers in Kosovo

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Kosovo telephone numbers
Location Kosovo Europe.png
Location of Kosovo (dark green)
Location
CountryKosovo
ContinentEurope
RegulatorARKEP / Republic of Kosovo
TypeOpen
Typical format04x xxx xxx
Access codes
Country calling code+383
International call prefix00
Trunk prefix0

The dialing code for Kosovo[a] is +383. Assigned to Kosovo by ITU with the agreement of the Administration of the Republic of Serbia after the reached agreement in the EU led dialog between Pristina and Belgrade.[1] Its dialing code was initially expected to become effective on January 1, 2015 but it was postponed to the finalization of the agreement in late August 2015.[2] With the agreement of the Administration of the Republic of Serbia, the Director of TSB has assigned the international codes to Kosovo.[3] Kosovo is represented in ITU as Kosovo* which the designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.[4] The EU has handed over[clarification needed] the temporary authorisation for mobile and the licence for fixed telephony services to be undertaken in Kosovo issued by the Kosovo Telecommunication Regulatory Authority to mts d.o.o.[5]

History[edit]

Following the breakup of the SFR Yugoslavia in 1992, which had +38 as country code, Kosovo used the code +381, which was granted to FR Yugoslavia and later used by Serbia. The code was used for fixed line telephone services, whereas for mobile phone networks, it used either the Monaco code +377 or the Slovenian code +386.[6] The new calling code +383 began its use in early 2017.

Current Number Range[edit]

Number range Usage Host country
+383 28 Landlines Kosovo[7]
+383 29
+383 38
+383 39
+383 43 Mobile phone networks
+383 44
+383 45
+383 46
+383 47
+383 48
+383 49

Reactions to +383 code allocation[edit]

The International Telecommunication Union "will not recognize Kosovo's independence", quote daily Koha Ditore, "as ITU will include the footnote on Kosovo" in the technical annexes. Kosovo's NISMA party leader Fatmir Limaj was quoted by KosovaPress agency to have said that with the agreement reached in Brussels, the Kosovo government "allowed the Serbian operator to work in Kosovo".[8] Vice chairman of Kosovo's Vetëvendosje party, Shpend Ahmeti claimed that the agreement favored Serbia. “Telephone calls between cities in Serbia and cities in Kosovo will be treated as local calls. Serbia will preserve its assets in Kosovo and it will also have a license for Serb operators within Kosovo. For these favors, Serbia will allow Kosovo to have its own country code. ”[9]

Fixed-line telephony[edit]

Network Group Code Municipalities covered by code
Ferizaj 290 Ferizaj, Kaçanik, Štrpce
Gjakova 390 Gjakova, Deçan, Junik
Gjilan 280 Gjilan, Kamenica, Vitina, Novo Brdo
Mitrovica 028 Mitrovica, Vushtrri, Skenderaj, Zvečan, Leposavić, Zubin Potok
Peja 039 Peja, Istok, Klina
Prishtina 038 Prishtina, Gračanica, Fushe Kosove, Lipljan, Obiliq
Prizren 029 Prizren, Suva Reka, Orahovac, Dragaš

Mobile telephony[edit]

Country Code Calling Code Operators
+383 044, 045, 046 Vala
+383 043, 048, 049 IPKO
+383 047 mts d.o.o

Special codes[edit]

Code Service
112 Unified emergency number
192 Police
193 Fire brigade
194 Ambulance
195 Exact time

Notes[edit]

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "- Kosovo represented with a footnote" (PDF). itu.int.
  2. ^ "Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini following the meeting of the EU-facilitated dialogue". EEAS - European Union. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  3. ^ "ITU Operational Bulletin International Codes -5/No. 1114 – 5" (PDF). itu.int.
  4. ^ "ITU Operational Bulletin Notes common to Numerical and Alphabetical lists of Recommendation ITU-T E.164 assigned country codes - – 18 –" (PDF). itu.int.
  5. ^ "- EU-facilitated Belgrade-Pristina Dialogue: Implementation of the arrangement on telecommunication". europa.eu.
  6. ^ *"Telecommunications: Kosovo's callers forced to talk in foreign codes". Financial Times. 13 December 2009.
  7. ^ "Realizohet thirrja e parë me kodin e ri +383 [video]". KOHA.net. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  8. ^ "ITU "to include Kosovo footnote" in dialing code docs". B92. Tanjug. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  9. ^ Tota, Elton (14 November 2016). "Kosovo and Serbia strike a deal on the country's telephone code". IBNA. Independent Balkan News Agency. Retrieved 16 November 2016.

External links[edit]