Sansevieria trifasciata is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to tropical West Africa from Nigeria east to the Congo. It is most commonly known as the snake plant, mother-in-law’s tongue, and viper’s bowstring hemp, among other names.
If a prize were available for the most tolerant plant, snake plant (Sansevieria) would certainly be one of the frontrunners. Snake plant care is very straightforward. These plants can be neglected for weeks at a time; yet, with their strappy leaves and architectural shape, they still look fresh.
Additionally, they can survive low light levels, drought and have few insect problems. NASA research has even shown that snake plants are able to help keep the air inside your home clean, removing toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene. In short, they are the perfect houseplants and is a great office plant..
How to Grow a Snake Plant
First of all, when you plant the snake plant, always start with a good potting medium. Do not plant it in the garden soil at first. You can transplant it to garden soil only when the roots of the plant start coming out of the pot after breaking it through.
The best type of soil for snake plants is an African violet soil mixture with a bit of sand added for additional drainage.
If you’d like to mix your own soil, use this recipe:
1 part garden soil
2 part peat
3 parts perlite or builder’s sand
As far as placing the snake plant is concerned, make sure that you keep it in correct light conditions. You may put it in north, west or east on a windowsill all through the year. But if you have a window facing south, put the pot around one foot away towards the window’s side, especially if you are living in the northern hemisphere. Make sure to give bright fluorescent light to the plant, which will be enough for the plant to keep flourishing.
To care for a snake plant, if your window receives intense sunlight in the day, make sure to use sheer drapes for filtering it. Also remember to turn the pot a little bit every week to ensure that every part of the plant receives uniform light.
A snake plant does not need frequent watering, especially if you are living in a cold climate or if you have kept the pot in an air conditioned room. This plant has heavy leaves that have enough water retained in them already. So, do not water the plant unless the pot feels quite dry and leaves start drooping.
The water that you give to the plant should be at room temperature, and prefer rainwater or distilled water if possible. If you are giving tap water, keep it untouched for 48 hours first so that the fluorides and chlorine dissipate. When you water, pour the water along the plant’s sides and keep it away from the leaf clump’s center.
A snake plant should be fertilized once during the spring. Use a houseplant fertilizer that you should mix exactly as per the instructions. Mix the fertilizer in the watering container and fertilize the plant in the spring.Fertilize in spring with a 20-20-20 fertilizer mixed in a watering container. Use a quality houseplant fertilizer that is free of nitrates.During the winter months, forget fertilizing(or stop fertilsing) completely as the plant grows slowly.
Sometimes the tips of leaves will turn brown or entire leaves will die. If this happens, all you need to do is cut the leaf of right at the soil surface to remove it completely. There’s no point in cutting part of a leaf as it will not grow back from the cut point.
Snake plant leaves should be regularly wiped off with a damp cloth, especially if dust accumulates on them. Don’t wash them, as this plant does not require frequent watering. You should look for symptoms of dryness before you water it, such as dry leaves. Usually, they can be left without watering for 2-3 weeks.
Leaf Cutting Propagation Process
Like most succulent-type plants, propagating snake plants is easily done through leaf cuttings or division.
Growing snake plant from cuttings is relatively easy. The most important thing to remember is that they can easily rot, so a free draining soil needs to be used.
Leaf cuttings are the usual method but probably the easiest way to propagate snake plants is by dividing. The roots produce fleshy rhizomes, which can simply be removed with a sharp knife and potted up. Again, these will need to go into a free draining soil.
You should transplant a snake plant only if it grows out of the pot you used initially. You may see the roots coming out of the small pot’s drain holes. This indicates that it needs a bigger space to flourish fully. Thoroughly water after transplanting and add soil when it settles.
Recommended Planters : Planters by Size
Choose planters according to size required for your plants for various purposes and locations.
Buy ready to use nutrient rich soil:
In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
Buy Decorative Pebbles :
Decorate planters or garden landscapes with these decorative pebbles :
Using pebbles in a garden brings different colours and textures to the garden. Pebbles can also fill up otherwise empty space in the garden, leaving a visual that might be considered more interesting and aesthetic than simple dirt, soil or mulch