Twelfth Night (1996 film)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)
|Twelfth Night: Or What You Will|
|Directed by||Trevor Nunn|
|Screenplay by||Trevor Nunn|
|Based on||Twelfth Night|
by William Shakespeare
|Produced by||Stephen Evans|
|Narrated by||Ben Kingsley|
|Edited by||Peter Boyle|
|Music by||Shaun Davey|
|Distributed by||Entertainment Film Distributors (United Kingdom)|
Fine Line Features (United States)
Twelfth Night (also known as Twelfth Night: Or What You Will) is a 1996 film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play, directed by Trevor Nunn and featuring an all-star cast. Set in the late 19th century, it was filmed on location in Cornwall, including scenes shot at Padstow and at Lanhydrock House near Bodmin, with Orsino and his followers wearing uniforms that evoke the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Viola (Imogen Stubbs) and Sebastian (Steven Mackintosh) are young twins who, on Twelfth Night are performing on a ship and use their likeness to tease their audiences. During their journey, they are caught in a storm, shipwrecked and separated. Viola and other survivors end up on the shore of Illyria. A devastated Viola believes her brother dead. She later takes his appearance to join the court of the local Duke Orsino (Toby Stephens). The young woman has her long, beautiful hair cut by the sailor, conceals her breasts, and dresses like a boy. After that, Viola becomes a page, using the name "Cesario".
Orsino is madly infatuated by Countess Olivia (Helena Bonham Carter), who is in mourning due to her brother's recent death. She uses the tragedy as an excuse to avoid seeing the Duke, whom she does not love. He sends "Cesario" to do his wooing and Olivia falls in love with the messenger, unaware of "Cesario"'s real gender. Realising Olivia's feelings for her alter ego, Viola is caught in even more of a quandary in that she is in love with Orsino.
Meanwhile, elements of Olivia's household plot against her pompous steward Malvolio (Nigel Hawthorne) by tricking him into believing that Olivia loves him. (Malvolio even wears a toupée to appear younger than he is.) His attempts to woo her, however, are met with bewilderment by Olivia who has him committed, where he is subjected to further humiliations by Maria (Imelda Staunton), Feste (Ben Kingsley) and Sir Toby Belch (Mel Smith).
Sir Toby, Olivia's uncle and a notorious drunk, is also trying to encourage his friend, the idiotic Sir Andrew Aguecheek (Richard E. Grant) to court Olivia, but she purposely ignores him. Sir Toby pushes Sir Andrew into challenging "Cesario" to a duel, which goes very badly for Aguecheek.
Furthermore, Viola's twin, Sebastian, has in fact survived the wreck and has also arrived in Illyria, accompanied by Antonio (Nicholas Farrell), who saved him from drowning. Antonio, who has "many enemies in Orsino's court", is forced to flee when he is recognised and comes across "Cesario", whom he mistakes for Sebastian, and is outraged when "Cesario" fails to help him out.
Arriving at her estate, Sebastian meets Olivia, who, mistaking him for "Cesario", talks him into marrying her. When he learns of this, Orsino is furious and dismisses his page, whom he had made a friend and confidante. However, the matter is soon cleared up when Sebastian and "Cesario" come face-to-face and the latter reveals her real nature and identity of Viola. Orsino marries Viola.
The film ends with both couples holding a party to celebrate their marriages, while the supporting players, including the humiliated Sir Andrew and Malvolio, leave the estate with their heads held high and Feste sings his song, "The Wind and the Rain".
- Imogen Stubbs as Viola
- Toby Stephens as Orsino
- Helena Bonham Carter as Olivia
- Steven Mackintosh as Sebastian
- Imelda Staunton as Maria
- Mel Smith as Sir Toby Belch
- Richard E. Grant as Sir Andrew Aguecheek
- Nigel Hawthorne as Malvolio
- Ben Kingsley as Feste
- Peter Gunn as Fabian
- Nicholas Farrell as Antonio
- James Walker as Priest
Differences with the play
Extra dialogue was added at the beginning with Feste narrating the events surrounding the shipwreck and the separation of the twins and of a conflict between Viola and Orsino's native countries.
Viola and the other survivors hail from Messaline and when they end up in Illyria they are forced to hide and live like fugitives since "Messaline with this country is at war" over some trading disputes: The Captain mentions "The war between the merchants here and ours" while hiding in the cave from Orsino and his men. In the original play the Captain claims to have been "bred and born not three hours' travel from" where they got washed ashore.
The conflict is not mentioned again in the film (though it could be connected to Antonio's past as "Orsino's enemy"), and the Captain appears openly at the party at the end where he is embraced by Viola.
Twelfth Night: Or What You Will received positive reviews from film critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 76%, based on 33 reviews, with an average rating of 6.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Director Trevor Nunn makes some questionable choices, but his stellar cast -- which includes Helena Bonham-Carter, Ben Kingsley, and Nigel Hawthorne -- more than rises to the material." Online film critic James Berardinelli writes, "With Twelfth Night, director Trevor Nunn (Lady Jane) follows in Branagh's footsteps by adapting one of the comedies for the screen. However, while this picture doesn't have quite the same level of style or energy evident in Much Ado About Nothing, solid performances and a lucid interpretation keep it afloat." Berardinelli calls it "solid entertainment." Roger Ebert gave it 3.5 out of 4, and praised Helena Bonham-Carter for her performance.
- "Twelfth Night". Box Office Mojo.
- "Twelfth Night: Or What You Will". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- Berardinelli, James (1996). "Review: Twelfth Night". ReelReviews.net. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- Ebert, Roger (8 November 1996). "Twelfth Night movie review & film summary (1996)". Chicago Sun-Times.