Hispanic and Latino Americans in politics

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Hispanic and Latino Americans have received a growing share of the national vote in the United States due to their increasing population. They traditionally are and continue to be a key Democratic Party constituency.[1]


According to U.S. Census Bureau population estimates as of July 1, 2013, there are roughly 54 million Hispanics living in the United States, representing approximately 17% of the U.S. total population, making people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest ethnic minority. In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau indicated that Hispanics are the fastest-growing minority group in the country.[2]

Supermajority support for Democratic candidates is a pattern among Hispanic voters.[3] In a December 2011 poll, 67% of Hispanics said they were Democrats, and 20% said they were Republicans.[4] In the 2018 House of Representatives elections, 69% of Hispanics voted Democratic, while 29% voted Republican.[5]

Latino vote in the 2016 presidential election[edit]

Hillary Clinton won 66% of Latino voters, according to updated National Election Pool exit poll data, a level of Democratic support similar to 2008, when 67% of Hispanics backed Barack Obama.[6]

Trends in the South[edit]

While Hispanics have long been a major factor in Texas, millions more have arrived there and in other Southern states in recent years.[7][8][9] Historian Raymond Mohl emphasizes the role of NAFTA in lowering trade barriers and facilitating large-scale population movements. He adds other factors such as the ongoing economic crisis in Mexico, more liberal immigration policies in the United States, labor recruitment, and smuggling that have produced a major flow of Mexican and Hispanic migration to the Southeast.[10][11]

Republicans and Hispanic/Latino voters[edit]

Republicans have argued their party is a natural fit for Hispanics because of the party's social conservatism and school choice proposals.[12]

Hispanics are often skeptical of Republicans' harsh rhetoric on immigration and racism.

Former Congressman Lincoln Díaz-Balart (R-Florida) said, "If we become perceived as an anti-immigrant party, America, being a country of immigrants, will never allow us to be the majority party."[13]

Notable Hispanic/Latino politicians[edit]


There are 6 Latino Senators in the United States Senate, 4 Latino Democrats and 2 Latino Republicans.


There are 41 Latino Representatives in the United States House of Representatives, 31 Latino Democrats and 10 Latino Republicans.

Latino political organizations[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Munoz Jr, Carlos (2 November 2000). "The Latino challenge". BBC Website. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
  2. ^ "US Census Press Releases". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
  3. ^ "The Latino vote in the 2016 presidential election". Pew Research Center's Hispanic Trends Project. 2016-10-11. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  4. ^ Lopez, Mark Hugo; Gonzalez-Barrera, Ana; Motel, Seth (December 28, 2011). "As Deportations Rise to Record Levels, Most Latinos Oppose Obama's Policy". Pew Hispanic Center. Pew Research Center.
  5. ^ "Exit Polls". CNN. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  6. ^ Lopez, Mark (November 29, 2016). "Hillary Clinton won Latino vote but fell below 2012 support for Obama". Pew Hispanic Center. Pew Research Center.
  7. ^ Rebecca Mark and Robert C. Vaughan, The South (2004) p. 147
  8. ^ Cooper and Knotts, "Declining Dixie: Regional Identification in the Modern American South", p. 1084
  9. ^ Christopher A. Cooper and H. Gibbs Knotts, eds. The New Politics of North Carolina (2008)
  10. ^ Raymond A. Mohl, "Globalization, Latinization, and the Nuevo New South." Journal of American Ethnic History (2003) 22#4: 31-66. online
  11. ^ Jaycie Vos, et al. "Voices from the Southern Oral History Program: New Roots/Nuevas Raíces: Stories from Carolina del Norte." Southern Cultures 22.4 (2016): 31-49 online.
  12. ^ Wides-Munoz, Laura. "Jeb Bush Guides Republican Outreach to Latinos" Archived 2011-01-16 at the Wayback Machine CNSNews.com. Retrieved 2011-03-13
  13. ^ Mazzei, Patricia (January 14, 2011). "Lincoln Diaz-Balart: GOP can't win if perceived as anti-immigrant". Miami Herald. Retrieved March 19, 2011.