ban

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bannen (to summon; to bannish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

Cognate with Dutch bannen (to ban, exile, discard), German bannen (to exile, to exorcise, captivate, excommunicate), Swedish banna (to ban, scold), Vedic Sanskrit भनति (bhánati), Armenian բան (ban) and perhaps Albanian banoj (to reside, dwell). See also banal, abandon.

Verb[edit]

ban (third-person singular simple present bans, present participle banning, simple past and past participle banned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To summon; to call out.
  2. (transitive) To anathematize; to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon; to place under a ban.
  3. (transitive) To curse; to execrate.
  4. (transitive) To prohibit; to interdict; to proscribe; to forbid or block from participation.
    • 1816, Lord Byron, The Prisoner of Chillon
      To whom the goodly earth and air Are banned
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
    • 2013 August 10, “A new prescription”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the cycle begins again.
    Bare feet are banned in this establishment.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To curse; to utter curses or maledictions.
    • {RQ:Scott Waverley|passage=:“I seldom ban, sir,” said he to the man; “but if you play any of your hound's-foot tricks, and leave puir Berwick before he's sorted, to rin after spuilzie, deil be wi' me if I do not give your craig a thraw”
Synonyms[edit]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. Prohibition.
  2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation. Chiefly, in early use, a summons to arms.
    Bans is common and ordinary amongst the Feudists, and signifies a proclamation, or any public notice.
  3. The gathering of the (French) king's vassals for war; the whole body of vassals so assembled, or liable to be summoned; originally, the same as arrière-ban: in the 16th c., French usage created a distinction between ban and arrière-ban, for which see the latter word.
    He has sent abroad to assemble his ban and arriere ban.
    The Ban and the Arrierban are met armed in the field to choose a king.
    France was at such a Pinch..that they call'd their Ban and Arriere Ban, the assembling whereof had been long discussed, and in a manner antiquated.
    The ban was sometimes convoked, that is, the possessors of the fiefs were called upon for military services.
    The act of calling together the vassals in armed array, was entitled ‘convoking the ban.
  4. (obsolete) A curse or anathema.
  5. A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban, such as a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Romanian ban of uncertain origin, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian bân.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bani)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Romanian leu.
  2. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Moldovan leu.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Banburismus; coined by Alan Turing.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. A unit measuring information or entropy based on base-ten logarithms, rather than the base-two logarithms that define the bit.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From South Slavic (compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. A title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Bambara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. to finish

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a public proclamation or edict)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century)
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chibcha[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. shame, sorrow, outrage

References[edit]

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.
  • Quesada Pacheco, Miguel Ángel. 1991. El vocabulario mosco de 1612. En estudios de Lingüística Chibcha. Programa de investigación del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Serie Anual Tomo X San José (Costa Rica). Universidad de Costa Rica.
  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico Gramática de Lugo. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch ban. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bannen)

  1. excommunication, denunciation, shunning
  2. anathema which is cast upon one who is excommunicated
  3. magic spell
  4. (historical) legal or feudal domain
  5. (historical) public declaration
  6. (archaic) exile
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English ban.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. a revocation of permission to access or participate
    Synonym: toegangsverbod
    De forumgebruiker die zich heeft misdragen heeft een ban gekregen.
    The forum user that misbehaved has been given a ban.
Usage notes[edit]

Mostly common within internet communities.

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French ban, from Frankish *ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. (dated) public declaration
  2. (dated) announcement of a marriage; banns
  3. (East of France, Belgium) territory
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian bȃn. See English ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (nobleman)

Further reading[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. give

Synonyms[edit]


Iberian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ban

  1. A particle interpreted as the numeral 'one' by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer, and compared to Basque bat (one).

Further reading[edit]

  • Eduardo Orduña [Aznar], Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco
  • Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Etymology 1–2) [ˈban], (Etymology 3) [ˈbɛn]
  • Hyphenation: ban

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (plural, first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. tyre/tire
  2. tape
    Synonym: pita
  3. belt
    Synonym: sabuk
  4. (physics) band, a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
    Synonym: pita

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch baan.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural, first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. a road, way, path
  2. a track, lane
  3. (sports, ball games) court, field (place for playing sports or games, in particular non-team ball games)

Etymology 3[edit]

From English ban.

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. (Internet slang) a ban

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. (Internet slang) to ban
    Synonym: blokir

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban f pl

  1. genitive plural of bean

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ban bhan mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ban

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バン

Maguindanao[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. sneeze

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ban

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. death

Verb[edit]

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To die.
  2. first-person singular realis form of ban; I died; I have died.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Maranao[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. to sneeze

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English bana.

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. Alternative form of bane

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English bān.

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. Alternative form of bon

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of ban – see (“the youngest”).
(This character, ban, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Persian بام(bâm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban ?

  1. roof

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. imperative of bane (Etymology 3)

O'odham[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Southeastern Tepehuan bhan, Northern Tepehuan bánai.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural ba꞉ban)

  1. coyote

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *bain, Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old Saxon bēn (Low German been, bein), Dutch been (bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein (leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein (bone)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bān n (nominative plural bān)

  1. bone

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: bon, ban, bone, bane, boon
    • English: bone
    • Geordie English: byen
    • Scots: bane, bean, bain
    • Yola: bane

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. genitive dual/plural of ben

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. first-person plural imperative of is

Alternative forms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ban ban
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ban (invariable, Perso-Arabic spelling بن)

  1. closed
  2. blocked, stopped

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Romanian ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m anim

  1. ban (a subdivision of currency)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English ban, from Middle English bannen (to summon; to bannish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

Noun[edit]

ban m anim

  1. ban (on the Internet)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian ban, from Late Proto-Slavic *banъ, from Turkic.

Noun[edit]

ban m pers

  1. ban (title)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ban in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps from Medieval Latin *bannus (communication), perhaps through a German intermediate.[1] Other theories derive the word from Proto-Slavic *banъ (master, lord) (via Serbo-Croatian or Hungarian). Ultimate Mongolian origin (баян (bayan, rich lord; plutocrat)) has also been proposed.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bani)

  1. money; coin

Usage notes[edit]

Usually used in the plural form, bani

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://webdex.ro/etimologic/ban
  2. ^ Romanian vocabulary. In: Haspelmath, M. & Tadmor, U. (eds.) World Loanword Database. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Proto-Slavic *banъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȃn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑н)

  1. ban (title)

Declension[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. (historical) branch of administration in the feudal court (of which there are two types: the civil administrators and the martial office holders)
  2. group (of people doing the same work); band; board; squad; committee
  3. shift; work period
  4. (only in compounds) time period; section of the day
    Synonym: buổi
  5. (dated) (college-level) subject; (academic) department

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây, hoa) ban

  1. orchid tree (Bauhinia variegata)

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. (medicine) rash

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. (Central Vietnam) ball

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of pan

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. (archaic) to confer on; to bestow
  2. (archaic) to announce; to herald; to proclaim

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bain.

Noun[edit]

ban (nominative plural bans)

  1. bath

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh bann, from Proto-Brythonic *bann, from Proto-Celtic *bandā.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bannau or bannoedd)

  1. peak

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ban fan man unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “ban”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yagara[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ban

  1. dirty
  2. nasty
  3. very angry

References[edit]


Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. dome, cupola
  2. room

Zou[edit]

Ban.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bàn

  1. arm

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41