Pakistan Ordnance Factories
|Urdu: پاکستان آئودی فیکٹریاں|
|Industry||Firearms, Defense, Machinery|
|Products||Pistols, Rifles, Submachine gun, Machine gun, Shotguns, Munitions, Explosives, Machine tools|
|Owner||Pakistan Ministry of Defence|
Number of employees
The Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) is a major firearms, defence contractor, and military corporation headquartered in Wah Cantt, Punjab, Pakistan. It is "the largest defence industrial complex under the Ministry of Defence Production, producing conventional arms & ammo to international standards. POF Board headquarter is at Wah Cantt. Presently POF comprises of 14 ordnance factories and three commercial subsidiaries. Pakistan Ordnance Factories also manufacture commercial explosives, hunting ammunition and possess extensive facilities for the manufacture of brass, copper and aluminum ingots, extrusions and sections for non-military applications. A garments factory, which has state of the art cloth cutting facilities and modern stitching units, manufactures military uniforms and can also cater for the needs of the civil sector".
Founded in 1951 by the government of Pakistan with early collaboration from the British Royal Ordnance Factory, the POF engineers, develops, produces, manufactures, and promotes a wide range of different types of infantry and special-purpose weapons, explosives, ammunition, mortars, rockets, and the military gear for Pakistan's military. Its corporate leadership comes from a deputation by GHQ where the chief of army staff (COAS) approves the appointment, but POF is under the Ministry of Defense, so the COAS is not in the direct chain of command. The POF is the earliest and one of the largest military corporations in Pakistan, and later influenced many other military corporations in the Pakistan Armed Forces.
POF produces ammunition that meets requirements set by NATO specification. Apart from military works, the POF also serves the civilian law enforcement agencies, paramilitary, and private security markets nationwide.
During their colonial rule, the British built sixteen ordnance factories in the British Raj, most of which were inherited by India. Pakistan's first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan, issued a directive within four months of the independence of Pakistan to establish an ordnance factory in collaboration with British Royal Ordnance Factory to manufacture 0.303 calibre rifles. In December 1951 Pakistan's second Prime Minister, Khawaja Nazimuddin, inaugurated the first four POF workshops in the small town of Wah Cantonment.
Located 45 km from Islamabad and with main manufacturing facilities at Wah Cantonment, POF is a sprawling complex of fourteen production units and six subsidiaries producing conventional arms and ammunition. Research and development projects have been undertaken to minimise dependence on foreign suppliers. Efforts have been made towards self-reliance through innovation and indigenisation, for achieving the following:-
1. Optimal utilisation of surplus capacity of POF.
2. Generation of funds to supplement budget grant.
3. Participative collaboration with the private sector.
4. Enhancing exports.
POF uses technology and equipment that has been acquired from the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and China. The factories in POF employ some of the latest state of the art processes, including computerised numerical controlled machines and flexible Manufacturing systems for the production of precision components.
A Stamp was also issued by Pakistan Post on the occasion of golden jubilee of POF (Dt. 28 December 2001) to honour the country's largest defence manufacturing unit's services.
POF has been awarded standards by the International Organisation for Standardisation. These include ISO 9001 for quality management, ISO 14001 for environmental management, and ISO 17025 for meeting the general requirements for Competence of Test and Calibration Laboratories. In 2005, P.O.F was also awarded with safety and health environment standard OHSAS 18001.
During a visit to POF, Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz made the following tribute:
- "POF is an island of excellence for Pakistan. POF and its employees have played a critical and valuable role in bolstering Pakistan’s defence. We are all proud of what you have achieved. I wish you continued success in the future."
POF produce approximately 70 major products for supply to the Pakistan Army, Navy and Air Force. The main products include automatic rifles, Pistols, light/medium/heavy machine guns, a wide range of mortar and artillery ammunition, aircraft and anti-aircraft ammunition, tank and anti-tank ammunition, bombs, grenades, land mines, pyrotechnics, small ammunition, rockets, military & commercial explosives & propellants and signal stores. 
Anti-aircraft & aircraft ammunition
- 12.7x108 mm Soviet
- 20 mm phalanx
- 23 mm
- 30 mm
- 37 mm
- Bomb HE AC 500 lb (250 kg)
Anti-tank & tank ammunition
- 40 mm (RPG-7P/7AP)
- 73 mm (SPG-9)
- 100 mm
- 105 mm
- 106 mm
- 125 mm
- Tungsten alloy penetrators
- Depth charge Mark II Mod 3
- 88 mm howitzer
- 105 mm howitzer
- 122 mm howitzer
- 130 mm howitzer
- 155 mm howitzer
- 203 mm howitzer
- ARGES 84 P2A1: Fragmentation grenade
- WP P3 MK1: Smoke discharge/grenade
- Target Indication smoke grenades
- Fuzes, Detonators & Primers
- Demolition Stores
Military explosives and Propellants
- Artillery ammunition propellants
- Mortar and rocket ammunition propellants
- Small arms propellants
- 60 mm mortar/smoke/illuminating signal
- 81 mm mortar/smoke/illuminating signal
- 120 mm mortar/smoke
- 122 mm YARMUK Rocket
Small arms ammunition
- 9x19mm Parabellum
- 5.56×45mm NATO
- 7.62×39mm Soviet
- 7.62×51mm NATO
- 7.62×54mmR Soviet
- 12 Bore Shaheen Cartridges
- ST-9 – 9 mm calibre pistol produced under license. Variants produced: ST-9S/SS.
- B-6 – 9 mm calibre pistol produced under license. Variants produced: B-6C.
- POF-4 – 9 mm calibre pistol (Semi-auto version of SMG-PK)
- POF-5 – 9 mm calibre pistol (Semi-auto version of HK MP5)
- POF-10 – (details are not available)
- HK MP5 – 9 mm calibre sub-machine gun produced under license. Variants produced: MP5A2, MP5P3.
- SMG-PK – 9 mm calibre compact machine pistol. Variants produced: PK1.
- PK-18 – New assault rifle 7.62×51 mm calibre (G3 REPLACEMENT).
- HK G3 – 7.62×51 mm calibre assault rifle produced under license. Variants produced: G3A3, G3P4.
- PK-21 – New assault rifle/SMG 7.62×39 mm calibre (Licensed copy of AK-103) (TYPE 56 REPLACEMENT).
- PSR-90 – 7.62×51 mm calibre sniper rifle, an indigenous variant of the HK MSG-90.
- Light Sniper Rifle (LSR) – .308 Winchester calibre bolt action sniper rifle.
- Azb DMR MK1 – 7.62×51 mm calibre designated marksman rifle.
- .308 Win Sporter – .308 Winchester calibre sporting/hunting sniper rifle.
- MG 3 – 7.62×51mm NATO calibre general purpose machine gun, produced under license.
- Type 54P – 12.7×108mm calibre heavy machine gun (DShK variant), produced under license.
- HMG PK-16 – 12.7×108mm calibre heavy machine gun, modified (Type 54P).
POF Eye is a special-purpose hand-held weapon system similar in concept to the CornerShot that can fire weapons around corners. It was first revealed at the 5th International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS 2008), held at the Karachi Expo Centre in November 2008. It is designed for SWAT and special forces teams in hostile situations, particularly counter-terrorism and hostage rescue operations. It allows its operator to both see and attack an armed target without exposing the operator to counter-attack.
In addition to meeting the demands of Pakistan Defense Forces, POF products are in service with over 40 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Americas. Ammunition and rifles have been exported to countries such as Iraq, Croatia and Afghanistan for their respective military establishments.
POF specializes in the manufacturing of commercial explosives, hunting ammunition and possesses extensive facilities for the manufacture of brass, copper and aluminum ingots. A state of the art garments factory, manufactures military uniforms and can also cater for the needs of the civil sector.
In 2017, the POF announced it will be opening a branch in the United Arab Emirates and targeting Middle Eastern markets where it will cater not only the needs of the host country, but throughout much of the Middle East where demands are high.
August 2008 bombing
- List of military equipment manufactured in Pakistan
- List of modern armament manufacturers
- List of manufacturers of Lee–Enfield rifles
- Heavy Industries Taxila
- Defence Science and Technology Organization
- Pakistan Aeronautical Complex
- Haider, Mateen (28 November 2014). "Made in Pakistan". Dawn newspapers, 2014. Dawn newspapers. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
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- "Pakistan Ordnance Factories Reveals New PK18 and PK21 Assault Rifles". Quwa. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
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