710 relations: A wigwam for a goose's bridle, Agawa Canyon, Agawa River, Ah-gwah-ching, Minnesota, Ahmeek, Michigan, Ahnapee River, Ahnapee, Wisconsin, Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Alexis Nakota Sioux First Nation, Algoma (placename), Algonquian languages, Algonquian sound laws, Algonquin language, Algonquin people, American mink, Amikwa people, Amnicon, Wisconsin, Andaigweos, Anishinaabe, Anishinaabe clan system, Aniwa, Wisconsin, Anong Beam, Anton Treuer, Apple River (Wisconsin), Art Ross, Artichoke River, Ashippun, Wisconsin, Ashwaubenon, Wisconsin, Askeaton, Wisconsin, Assiniboine, Assiniboine language, Asubpeeschoseewagong First Nation, Atikameksheng Anishnawbek First Nation, Atikamekw language, Atikokan, Augustus Jones, Aysh-ke-bah-ke-ko-zhay, Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Bad River Train Blockade, Bandolier bag, Basil H. Johnston, Batchawana River, Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways, Bauzhi-Geezhig-Waeshikum, Bay Mills Indian Community, Bayfield, Wisconsin, Baykok, Bearskin Lake (Minnesota), Beaver, Beltrami County, Minnesota, ..., Bemidji, Minnesota, Berens River Ojibwe dialect, Beshekee, Biauswah, Bible translations into Native American languages, Big Fork River, Big Grassy First Nation, Big Sandy Lake, Bilabial nasal, Birch Lake (Cass County, Minnesota), Biwabik Township, St. Louis County, Minnesota, Black River First Nation, Blackfoot Confederacy, Blackhoof River, Blind River (Ontario), Bloodvein First Nation, Blueberry River (Minnesota), Bobcaygeon, Bois Brule River, Bois Forte Band of Chippewa, Bois Forte Indian Reservation, Book of Common Prayer, Border Lakes Ojibwe dialect, Borovnica, Borovnica, Brezovica pri Ljubljani, British America, Broken Oghibbeway, Buffalo Point First Nation, Bugonaygeshig, Bungi Creole, Byng Inlet (Ontario), Canada, Canada's Olympic Broadcast Media Consortium, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics, Carl Beam, Cass Lake (Minnesota), Catoctin AVA, Central Algonquian languages, Central Ojibwa language, Charles F. Voegelin, Cheboygan County, Michigan, Cheboygan, Michigan, Chengwatana Township, Pine County, Minnesota, Chengwatana, Minnesota, Chequamegon Bay, Chief Oshkosh, Chippewa (disambiguation), Chippewa Cree, Chippewa language, Chippewas of Saugeen Ojibway Territory, Chisago County, Minnesota, Chisago Lake, CIW, Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas, Claude-Jean Allouez, Clearwater Lake (Cook County, Minnesota), Clearwater River (Red Lake River tributary), Clinton River (Michigan), Cloquet River, Clyde Bellecourt, Coldwater River (Simcoe County), Comparative method, Compound (linguistics), Couchiching First Nation, Council of Three Fires, Coyote, Cree, Cree language, Cree syllabics, Crooked Lake Township, Cass County, Minnesota, Crow River (Minnesota), Crow Wing River, Dauphin River First Nation, Davenport Road, David Treuer, De-ba-jeh-mu-jig Theatre Group, Dead River (Michigan), Deer Lake (Itasca County, Minnesota), Deer Lake First Nation, Deer River (Mississippi River tributary), Demographics of Alberta, Demographics of Canada, Demographics of Manitoba, Demographics of Saskatchewan, Dennis Banks, Devil Track River, Dialect continuum, Direct–inverse language, District of Keewatin, Dog River (Ontario), Don River (Ontario), Dot (diacritic), Double hyphen, Downtown Fort William, Ontario, Drummond Township, Michigan, Dubitative mood, Duluth, Minnesota, Eabametoong First Nation, East Lake, Minnesota, Eastern chipmunk, Eastern Ojibwa language, Eau Claire River (Chippewa River tributary), Eduard Raimund Baierlein, Egushawa, Elk River (Minnesota), Elsie Knott, Endiang, Escanaba, Michigan, Etymology of Kalamazoo, Field lacrosse, First Nations, First Nations in Manitoba, Fish Hook River, Fish Lake (Minnesota), Fisher (animal), Fishhook Lake, Fishing Lake, Flint River (Michigan), Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Fond du Lac Indian Reservation, Forest Hill, Toronto, Fort William First Nation, Fortis and lenis, Fox, Francis Assikinack, Francis Pegahmagabow, French Americans, French River (Ontario), Fridley, Minnesota, Garden Island (Michigan), Garden River First Nation, Garrison Petawawa, Gender, Georges-Antoine Belcourt, Gitche Manitou, Gitchi-Gami State Trail, Glendon College, Goidelic languages, Grammatical gender, Grammatical person, Grand Marais, Minnesota, Grand Portage Indian Reservation, Grand Portage State Park, Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Grandfather Falls, Great Lakes, Great Lakes Algonquian syllabics, Grindstone Lake (Minnesota), Grindstone River, Gull River (Balsam Lake), Gull River (Lake Nipigon), Hanging Cloud, Hanging Horn Lake, Heart of the Earth Survival School, Height of Land Township, Becker County, Minnesota, Henry Bird Steinhauer, Henry Schoolcraft, Hermit Island (Wisconsin), Hinckley, Minnesota, History of Ann Arbor, Michigan, History of Canada, History of lacrosse, History of Manitoba, History of Milwaukee, History of Pasadena, California, History of Virginia, Horned Serpent, Hosmer Allen Johnson, Hydronym, Illinois, Impact of Native American gaming, Inalienable possession, Index of language articles, Indian Horse (film), Indigenous languages of the Americas, Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Inger, Minnesota, International Falls, Minnesota, Irrealis mood, Ishpatina Ridge, Ishpeming, Michigan, Island of Montreal, ISO 639 macrolanguage, ISO 639:c, ISO 639:o, Jack Fiddler, James Givins, James Settee, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, Jeannette Corbiere Lavell, Jim Denomie, Jim Northrup (writer), Jim Scott Fishhouse, Joanna Burt, Joe Guyon, John Aisance, John Cameron (chief), John D. Voelker, John Horden, John Jones (Ojibwa chief), John Okemos, Joseph Gilfillan, Joseph Maria Koudelka, Jump River, Kabekona Lake, Kabetogama Lake, Kabetogama, Minnesota, Kagawong River, Kakabeka Falls, Kaministiquia River, Kanabec County, Minnesota, Kawartha Lakes, Kawartha Lakes (Ontario), Kawishiwi River, Ke-mo sah-bee, Kechewaishke, Keewaydin (camp), Kego Lake, Kego Township, Cass County, Minnesota, Kenjgewin Teg Educational Institute, Kenora Thistles, Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College, Kickapoo people, Kiiwetinoong, Kineubenae, Kinistin Saulteaux Nation, Kinnickinnic River (St. Croix River tributary), Kinnickinnic, Wisconsin, Kinnikinnick, Kitchi Lake, Kiwanis, Koochiching County, Minnesota, L'Anse Indian Reservation, La Pointe (town), Wisconsin, La Pointe Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac Courte Oreilles, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac Seul First Nation, Lac Vieux Desert, Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lake Abita, Lake Bemidji, Lake Couchiching, Lake Full of Fish, Lake Itasca, Lake Kagawong, Lake Lena, Minnesota, Lake Manitoba, Lake Metigoshe State Park, Lake Michigan, Lake Namakagon, Lake Nipigon, Lake Scugog, Lake Shetek, Lake Shetek State Park, Lake Superior Chippewa, Lake Temagami, Lake trout, Lake Wanapitei, Lake Winnibigoshish, Lakehead University, Language revitalization, Languages of Canada, Languages of Illinois, Languages of North America, Languages of the United States, Leaf Hills Moraines, Leech Lake, Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Leech Lake Indian Reservation, Leonard Bloomfield, Lester River, List of acronyms: O, List of Canada city name etymologies, List of counties in Michigan, List of counties in Minnesota, List of counties in Wisconsin, List of crossings of the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes, List of endangered languages in the United States, List of endangered languages with mobile apps, List of English words from indigenous languages of the Americas, List of ISO 639-1 codes, List of ISO 639-2 codes, List of Jewish ethnonyms, List of language names, List of languages by writing system, List of names for turkeys, List of Native American languages acquired by children, List of numbers in various languages, List of place names in Canada of Indigenous origin, List of place names in Maryland of Native American origin, List of place names of Native American origin in the United States, List of placenames of indigenous origin in the Americas, List of Potawatomi ethnonyms, List of redundant place names, List of river name etymologies, List of state and territory name etymologies of the United States, List of steamboats on the Yukon River, List of U.S. counties named after rivers, List of U.S. county name etymologies (J–M), List of writing systems, Little Fork River, Little Mackinaw River, Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Little Rock (Cheyenne chief), Little Round Lake, Wisconsin, Little Skootamatta Creek, Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Loch Lomond (Thunder Bay District), Long Lake 58 First Nation, Long Lake Township, Crow Wing County, Minnesota, Long Prairie River, Longest words, Lucien Adam, Mackinac Bands of Chippewa and Ottawa Indians, Mackinaw River, Mackinaw, Illinois, Magnetawan First Nation, Magnetawan River, Mamongazeda, Manistee County, Michigan, Manistee River, Manistee, Michigan, Manitoba, Manitou, Manitoulin Island, Manitouwadge, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, Manomin County, Minnesota, Margaret Noodin, Marge Anderson, Marlo Dahl, Marten Falls First Nation, Massachusett grammar, Massachusett language, Massasauga, Matawa First Nations, Mattagami River, Mékinac Lake, Métis French, McCreary, Manitoba, Mecan, Wisconsin, Media in Thunder Bay, Menahga, Minnesota, Menominee, Mesaba Airlines, Michel Cadotte, Michif, Michigan, Michipicoten, Michipicoten River, Midewiwin, Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Mille Lacs Indians, Mille Lacs Lake, Mimico, Mimico Creek, Mindemoya River, Minesing Wetlands, Minnesota Point, Minnesota State Sanatorium for Consumptives, Minong, Wisconsin, Mishkeegogamang First Nation, Misquah Hills, Mississagi River, Mississaugas, Mississippi, Mississippi River, Mississippi River Band of Chippewa Indians, Moccasin, Montreal, Montreal River (Wisconsin–Michigan), Moon River (Ontario), Mount McKay, MS Chi-Cheemaun, Mudjekeewis, Muskellunge, Muskoda, Minnesota, Muskowekwan First Nation, N'Swakamok Native Friendship Centre, Naicatchewenin First Nation, Nakoda (Stoney), Namekagon River, Names of Germany, Nanabozho, Nanticoke language, Naotkamegwanning First Nation, Nate and the Colonel, National language, Native Americans in the United States, Nebish Township, Beltrami County, Minnesota, Negahneewin College, Nemadji River, Net River (Minnesota), Nibinamik First Nation, Nickel Centre, Nigigoonsiminikaaning First Nation, Nishnawbe Aski Nation, Nokasippi River, Nokiiwin Tribal Council, Nokomis, Nopiming Provincial Park, North of Superior Ojibwe dialect, Northwestern Ojibwa, Noun class, O'Chiese First Nation, Obabika Lake (Northeastern Ontario), Obabika Lake (Northwestern Ontario), Obviative, Odawa, Ogema, Ogema Township, Pine County, Minnesota, Ogema, Saskatchewan, Ogemaw County, Michigan, Ogishkemuncie Lake, Oglala Lakota, OJ, OJC, Oji-Cree, Oji-Cree language, Ojibway (disambiguation), Ojibways of Onegaming, Ojibwe, Ojibwe dialects, Ojibwe grammar, Ojibwe phonology, Ojibwe writing systems, Old Wadena Historic District, Older than America, Omemee, North Dakota, Omena, Michigan, Onamia, Minnesota, Onigum, Minnesota, Ontonagon County, Michigan, Oshawa, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, Ossineke, Michigan, Otonabee River, Ottawa dialect, Ottawa morphology, Ottawa phonology, Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, Otter Creek (Saint Louis River), Ounce River, Owen Sound Transportation Company, Ozaawindib, Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, Palatalization (sound change), Parry Sound High School, Parry Sound, Ontario, Passenger pigeon, Passing (racial identity), Paulette Jiles, Peace pole, Pejorative suffix, Pelican Lake (Crow Wing County, Minnesota), Pelican River (Otter Tail River tributary), Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians, Penetangore River, Penetanguishene, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Peter Jones (missionary), Peter Marksman, Phil Fontaine, Pic River, Pierre Bonga, Pierre Bottineau, Pikangikum First Nation, Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians, Pimachiowin Aki, Pinconning River, Pinconning, Michigan, Pine City, Minnesota, Pine River (Mississippi River tributary), Place name origins, Pokegama Creek, Pokegama Lake, Pokegama, Minnesota, Ponemah, Minnesota, Poplar River First Nation, Potagannissing Bay, Potagannissing River, Potawatomi, Potawatomi language, Prairie River (Big Sandy Lake), Preaspiration, Preverb, Proto-Algonquian language, Protohistory of West Virginia, Pugasaing, Pukaskwa River, Purple Spirit Singers, Quinnesec, Michigan, Quinnipiac, Rabbit Lake (Minnesota), Raccoon, Rainy Lake, Rainy Lake and River Bands of Saulteaux, Rainy River (Minnesota–Ontario), Rainy River District, Rainy River District School Board, Red fox, Red Lake (Minnesota), Red Lake Indian Reservation, Red Lake Nation College, Red Lake River, Red Lake Senior High School, Red-winged blackbird, Redwood Falls, Minnesota, Rib Falls (community), Wisconsin, Rice Creek (Mississippi River tributary), Robert McDonald (missionary), Rolette County, North Dakota, Rushseba Township, Chisago County, Minnesota, Sachem, Saginaw Bay, Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Nation, Saginaw County, Michigan, Sagkeeng First Nation, Saint Anthony Falls, Saint Louis River, Sandstone, Minnesota, Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Chippewa, Sandy Lake, Minnesota, Saugeen River, Saugeen–Maitland Hall, Sauk people, Sauk River (Minnesota), Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Saulteaux, Sauna, Sawyer County, Wisconsin, Schoolcraft River, Sea Gull Lake, Sebewaing Township, Michigan, Sebewaing, Michigan, Seguin River, Seine River First Nation, Serpent Lake, Seven Generations Education Institute, Shakopee (Dakota leaders), Shaw-shaw-way-nay-beece, Shawano, Wisconsin, Shelldrake, Michigan, Shingabawossin, Shingebiss, Shingobee Lake, Shingobee River, Shingwauk Kinoomaage Gamig, Sioux language, Siseebakwet Lake, Skootamatta Lake, Skootamatta River, Skownan First Nation, Snake River (Red River of the North tributary), Snake River (St. Croix River tributary), Snowbank Lake (Minnesota), South High School (Minneapolis), Spadina Avenue, Split Hand Creek, Squaw, St. Croix Chippewa Indians, St. Croix River (Wisconsin–Minnesota), St. Laurent, Manitoba, Straight River (central Minnesota), Striped skunk, Sunrise River, Sunrise, Minnesota, Superior, Wisconsin, Swampy Cree, Swan River (central Minnesota), Swan River (northern Minnesota), Tagwagane, Tahquamenon River, Tamarac River (Red River of the North tributary), Teachings of the Seven Grandfathers, Teme-Augama Anishnabai, Territorial era of Minnesota, Tessouat, Thames River (Ontario), The Massasauga Provincial Park, The Song of Hiawatha, Thomas Little Shell, Toad River (Minnesota), Tobacco River (Tittabawassee River), Tom Uttech, Toronto Islands, Totagatic River, Totem, Totem pole, Trade River, Tree of life, Trent University, Truman Michelson, Turtle Lake (Cass County, Minnesota), Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation, Two River (Mississippi River tributary), Two-spirit, Underwater panther, Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics (Unicode block), Us-kab-wan-ka River, Verb-initial word order, Verna Kirkness, Vernon Bellecourt, Vineland, Minnesota, Voiced postalveolar affricate, Waawaate Fobister, Wabanaki Confederacy, Wabanquot (Chippewa chief), Wabaseemoong Independent Nations, Wabasso, Minnesota, Wabigoon Lake, Wabigoon Lake Ojibway Nation, Wabigoon River, Waboose Lake, Wabun Tribal Council, Wabunowin, Wahkon, Minnesota, Walden, Ontario, Walpole Island First Nation, Wanapitei River, Wanda, Minnesota, Wapsipinicon River, Warba, Minnesota, Waskish Township, Beltrami County, Minnesota, Watab River, Waubojeeg, Waubonsie, Waugoshance Point, Waukesha, Wisconsin, Waupoos, Ontario, Wausau, Wisconsin, Wawa, Ontario, Wawina, Minnesota, Weechi-it-te-win Family Services, Weenusk First Nation, Wendigo, Western Ojibwa language, WGZS, White Earth Indian Reservation, Whitefish Lake (Minnesota), Wigwam, Wiigwaasabak, Wiigwaasi-makak, Wild rice, Wild Rice River (Minnesota), William Greenfield (philologist), William Yellowhead, Winnipeg, Winona LaDuke, Wood River (Wisconsin), Yellow Dog River, Yellow Quill First Nation, York County, Virginia, 1838 in poetry. Expand index (660 more) » « Shrink index
A wigwam for a goose's bridle is a phrase, meaning something absurd or a nonsense object, or latterly "none of your business".
The Agawa Canyon is a shallow canyon located deep in the sparsely populated Algoma District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
The Agawa River is a river in Algoma District, Ontario, Canada which empties into Agawa Bay on Lake Superior at the community of Agawa Bay, south of Wawa, Ontario.
Ah-gwah-ching is an unincorporated community in Shingobee Township, Cass County, Minnesota, United States, near Walker.
Ahmeek is a village in Keweenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Ahnapee River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Ahnapee is a town in Kewaunee County, Wisconsin, United States.
Alexandre-Antonin Taché, O.M.I., (23 July 1823 – 22 June 1894) was a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, missionary of the Oblate order, author and the first Archbishop of Saint Boniface in Manitoba, Canada.
The Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation no.
Algoma is a placename given to many different places throughout the United States and Canada.
The Algonquian languages (or; also Algonkian) are a subfamily of Native American languages which includes most of the languages in the Algic language family.
Proto-Algonquian is one of the best-reconstructed proto-languages of the Americas.
Algonquin (also spelled Algonkin; in Algonquin: Anicinàbemowin or Anishinàbemiwin) is either a distinct Algonquian language closely related to the Ojibwe language or a particularly divergent Ojibwe dialect.
The Algonquins are indigenous inhabitants of North America who speak the Algonquin language, a divergent dialect of the Ojibwe language, which is part of the Algonquian language family.
The American mink (Neovison vison) is a semiaquatic species of mustelid native to North America, though human intervention has expanded its range to many parts of Europe and South America.
The Amikwa (Ojibwe: Amikwaa, "Beaver People"; from amik, "beaver"), also as Amicouës, Amikouet, etc., were a Native American clan, one of the first recognized by Europeans in the 17th century.
Amnicon is a town in Douglas County, Wisconsin, United States.
Andaigweos, also written as Ou-daig-weos and other variants of Ojibwa: Aandegwiiyaas (Crow's Meat), was an Ojibwe leader who lived in the ''Zhaagawaamikong'' (Chequamegon) region in present-day Wisconsin on Lake Superior during the 18th century.
Anishinaabe (or Anishinabe, plural: Anishinaabeg) is the autonym for a group of culturally related indigenous peoples in Canada and the United States that are the Odawa, Ojibwe (including Mississaugas), Potawatomi, Oji-Cree, and Algonquin peoples.
The Anishinaabe, like most Algonquian-speaking groups in North America, base their system of kinship on patrilineal clans or totems.
Aniwa is a village in Shawano County, Wisconsin, United States.
Anong Beam is an Ojibwe artist and curator from M'Chigeeng First Nation,Ontario.
Anton Treuer is an American academic and author specialising in the Ojibwe language and American Indian studies.
The Apple River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Arthur Howey "Art" Ross (January 13, 1885 – August 5, 1964) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and executive from 1905 until 1954.
The Artichoke River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Ashippun is a town in Dodge County, Wisconsin, United States.
Ashwaubenon is a village in Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Askeaton is an unincorporated community located in the town of Holland, Brown County, Wisconsin, United States.
The Assiniboine or Assiniboin people (when singular, when plural; Ojibwe: Asiniibwaan, "stone Sioux"; also in plural Assiniboine or Assiniboin), also known as the Hohe and known by the endonym Nakota (or Nakoda or Nakona), are a First Nations/Native American people originally from the Northern Great Plains of North America.
The Assiniboine language (also known as Assiniboin, Hohe, or Nakota, Nakoda, Nakon or Nakona, or Stoney) is a Nakotan Siouan language of the Northern Plains.
Asubpeeschoseewagong First Nation (also known as Grassy Narrows First Nation or the Asabiinyashkosiwagong Nitam-Anishinaabeg in the Anishinaabe language) is an Ojibway First Nation band government who inhabit northern Kenora in Ontario, Canada.
Atikameksheng Anishnawbek (Anishinaabe language: Adikamegosheng Anishinaabeg, syncoped as Dikmegsheng Nishnaabeg), formerly known as the Whitefish Lake First Nation, is an Ojibway First Nation in northern Ontario, Canada.
Atikamekw, which the endonym is Atikamekw Nehiromowin, literally the "Atikamekw Native language", is an Algonquian language, Cree, is the language of the Atikamekw people of southwestern Quebec.
Atikokan (Ojibwe for "caribou bones") is a township in the Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Augustus Jones (– November 16, 1836) was an American-born Upper Canadian farmer, land speculator, magistrate, militia captain and surveyor.
Aysh-ke-bah-ke-ko-zhay (or Aish-Ke-Vo-Go-Zhe, from Eshkibagikoonzhe, " having a leaf-green bill" in Anishinaabe language; also known as "Flat Mouth" (Gueule Platte), a nickname given by French fur traders) was a powerful Ojibwe chief who traveled to Washington, D.C. in 1855, along with Beshekee and other Ojibwa leaders, to negotiate the cession of ten million acres (40,000 km²) including the headwaters of the Mississippi in northern Minnesota.
The Bad River Lapointe Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians are a federally recognized tribe of Ojibwe people.
The Bad River train blockade was a 1996 action on the Bad River Ojibwe Reservation in Ashland County, Wisconsin USA.
A bandolier bag is a Native American bag with a wide strap, often ornately decorated with beadwork, presented to represent honors given to a worthy man.
Basil H. Johnston (13 July 1929 – 8 September 2015) was a Canadian writer, storyteller, language teacher and scholar.
The Batchawana River is a river in Algoma and Sudbury Districts of Ontario, Canada, which empties into Batchawana Bay on Lake Superior north of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.
The Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways is an Ojibway First Nation in northern Ontario.
Bauzhi-Geezhig-Waeshikum (from Ojibwe Baazhi-giizhigweshkam, "one who steps over the sky"; also recorded as Pazhekezhikquashkum, Pechegechequistqum, etc.), (? – c. 1842), was an Ojibwa chief and medicine man from the Lake St Clair area.
The Bay Mills Indian Community (BMIC), known in Ojibwe as Gnoozhekaaning (Place of the Pike), is an Indian reservation forming the land base of one of the many Sault Ste.
Bayfield is a city in Bayfield County, Wisconsin, United States.
The baykok (or pau'guk, paguk, baguck; bakaak in the Ojibwe language and pakàk in the Algonquin language) is a malevolent spirit from the mythology of the Ojibway nation.
Bearskin Lake is a lake in Cook County, Minnesota, in the United States.
The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.
Beltrami County is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Bemidji is a city in Beltrami County (and county seat), in north west Minnesota, United States.
Berens River Ojibwe is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken along the Berens River in northern Ontario and Manitoba.
This article is about the Ojibwe chief from Leech Lake.
Biauswah (Bayaaswaa in Ojibwe, meaning "The Dry-one") was the name of two different Ojibwa chiefs.
Biblical translations into the indigenous languages of North and South America have been produced since the 16th century.
The Big Fork River (French: Rivière Grande Fourche; Ojibwe: Baas-achaabaani-ziibi) is a stream in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Big Grassy First Nation (or Mishkosiminiziibiing Anishinaabeg in the Ojibwe language) is an Ojibwe or Ontario Saulteaux First Nation band government located in Rainy River District, Ontario near Morson, Ontario.
There is another Big Sandy Lake, crossed by U.S. Highway 80 in Big Sandy, Texas. Big Sandy Lake is a lake in Aitkin County, Minnesota, approximately nine miles north of McGregor.
The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages.
Birch Lake is a lake in Cass County, Minnesota, in the United States.
Biwabik Township is a township in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States.
Black River First Nation (sometimes Little Black River First Nation; Makadewaagamijiwanong in Ojibwe) is an Ojibwa First Nation located around O'Hanley, Manitoba, along the O'Hanley and Black Rivers, on the eastern shore of Lake Winnipeg.
The Blackfoot Confederacy, Niitsitapi or Siksikaitsitapi (ᖹᐟᒧᐧᒣᑯ, meaning "the people" or "Blackfoot-speaking real people"Compare to Ojibwe: Anishinaabeg and Quinnipiac: Eansketambawg) is a historic collective name for the four bands that make up the Blackfoot or Blackfeet people: three First Nation band governments in the provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, and one federally recognized Native American tribe in Montana, United States.
The Blackhoof River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Blind River is a river in the municipality of Blind River, Algoma District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
The Bloodvein First Nation is located on the east side of Lake Winnipeg, along the Bloodvein River in Manitoba, Canada.
The Blueberry River is a tributary of the Shell River, approximately twenty miles (30 km) long, in north-central Minnesota in the United States.
Bobcaygeon is a community on the Trent-Severn Waterway in the City of Kawartha Lakes, east-central Ontario, Canada.
The Bois Brule River (most often referred to as the Brule River) is located in Douglas County, Wisconsin, United States, near the county's eastern border with Bayfield County.
Bois Forte Band of Chippewa (Ojibwe language: Zagaakwaandagowininiwag, "Men of the Thick Fir-woods"; commonly but erroneously shortened to Zagwaandagaawininiwag, "Men of the Thick Boughs") are an Ojibwe Band located in northern Minnesota, along the border between the United States and Canada.
Bois Forte Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation formed for the Bois Forte Band of Chippewa (or Zagaakwaandagowininiwag (Men of the Thick Woods) in the Ojibwe language).
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
Border Lakes Ojibwe is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken in the Lake of the Woods area of Ontario at the intersection of the borders of Ontario, Minnesota, and Manitoba.
Borovnica (FranzdorfLeksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 116.) is a settlement in the Municipality of Borovnica in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia.
Brezovica pri Ljubljani (BresowitzLeksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 104.) is a settlement in the Municipality of Brezovica in central Slovenia.
British America refers to English Crown colony territories on the continent of North America and Bermuda, Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana from 1607 to 1783.
During the fur trade era, a pidgin form of Ojibwe known as Broken Oghibbeway was used as a trade language in the Wisconsin and Mississippi River valleys.
Buffalo Point First Nation is an Ojibwa or Saulteaux band government located in southeastern corner of Manitoba, along the shores of Lake of the Woods.
Bugonaygeshig (from Ojibwe Bagonegiizhig: "Hole/Opening in the Sky/Day", referring to the constellation Pleiades) was an Anishinaabe leader of the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Byng Inlet is a body of water on the eastern shore of Georgian Bay, between Parry Sound and the mouth of the French River.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Established in 2007, Canada's Olympic Broadcast Media Consortium (legal name 7048467 Canada Inc., also sometimes referred to informally in branding as CTV Olympics and RDS Olympiques) was a joint venture set up by Canadian media companies Bell Media (formerly CTVglobemedia) and Rogers Media to produce the Canadian broadcasts of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, England, as well as the two corresponding Paralympic Games.
Canadian Aboriginal syllabic writing, or simply syllabics, is a family of abugidas (writing systems based on consonant-vowel pairs) used to write a number of indigenous Canadian languages of the Algonquian, Inuit, and (formerly) Athabaskan language families.
Carl Beam R.C.A. (May 24, 1943 – July 30, 2005), born Carl Edward Migwans, made Canadian art history as the first artist of Native Ancestry (Ojibwe), to have his work purchased by the National Gallery of Canada as Contemporary Art.
Cass Lake is a glacially-formed lake in north central Minnesota in the United States.
The Catoctin AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in the Frederick and Washington counties of western Maryland.
The Central Algonquian languages are commonly grouped together as a subgroup of the larger Algonquian family, itself a member of the Algic family.
Central Ojibwa (also known as Central Ojibwe, Ojibway, Ojibwe) is an Algonquian language spoken in Ontario, Canada from Lake Nipigon in the west to Lake Nipissing in the east.
Charles (Carl) Frederick Voegelin (or C. F. Voegelin) (January 14, 1906 – May 22, 1986) was an American linguist and anthropologist.
Cheboygan County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Cheboygan is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Chengwatana Township is a township in Pine County, Minnesota, United States.
Chengwatana is an abandoned village site in Pine County, Minnesota, United States.
Chequamegon Bay is an inlet of Lake Superior, NE-SW and 2- wide, in Ashland and Bayfield counties in the extreme northern part of Wisconsin.
Chief Oshkosh (also spelled Os-kosh or Oskosh) (1795–August 29, 1858) was the chief of the Menominee American Indians from 1827 until his death.
Chippewa is an alternate spelling of the Ojibwe tribe of North America.
The Chippewa-Cree Tribe is a federally recognized tribe on the Rocky Boy Reservation in Montana who are descendants of Cree who migrated south from Canada and Chippewa (Ojibwe) who moved west from the Turtle Mountains in North Dakota in the late nineteenth century.
Chippewa (also known as Southwestern Ojibwa, Ojibwe, Ojibway, or Ojibwemowin) is an Algonquian language spoken from upper Michigan westward to North Dakota in the United States.
Chippewas of Saugeen Ojibway Territory, also known as the Saugeen Ojibway Nation Territory, is the name applied to Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation and Saugeen First Nation as a collective.
Chisago County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Chisago Lake is a lake in Chisago County, Minnesota, in the United States.
CIW has multiple meanings.
This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas.
Claude Jean Allouez (June 6, 1622 – August 28, 1689) was a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
Clearwater Lake is a lake in Cook County, Minnesota, in the United States.
The Clearwater River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Clinton River is a river in southeastern Michigan in the United States.
The Cloquet River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Clyde Howard Bellecourt (born May 8, 1936) is a White Earth Ojibwe civil rights organizer noted for co-founding the American Indian Movement (AIM) in 1968 with Dennis Banks, Herb Powless, and Eddie Benton Banai, among others.
The Coldwater River is a river in Simcoe County in Central Ontario, Canada.
In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor, in order to extrapolate back to infer the properties of that ancestor.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
The Couchiching First Nation is a Saulteaux First Nation band government in the Canadian province of Ontario, who live on the Couchiching 16A and Agency 1 reserves in the Rainy River District near Fort Frances.
The Council of Three Fires (in Anishinaabe: Niswi-mishkodewin) are also known as the People of the Three Fires; the Three Fires Confederacy; or the United Nations of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Indians.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
The Cree (script; Cri) are one of the largest groups of First Nations in North America, with over 200,000 members living in Canada.
Cree (also known as Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi) is a dialect continuum of Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Alberta to Labrador.
Cree syllabics are the versions of Canadian Aboriginal syllabics used to write Cree dialects, including the original syllabics system created for Cree and Ojibwe (Cree and Ojibwe).
Crooked Lake Township is a township in Cass County, Minnesota, United States.
The Crow River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in south-central Minnesota in the United States.
The Crow Wing River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Dauphin River First Nation is an Ojibway First Nation band government in Manitoba, Canada.
Davenport Road is an east–west arterial road in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
David Treuer (born 1970) (Ojibwe) is an American writer, critic and academic.
Debajehmujig / De-ba-jeh-mu-jig - Storytellers (or informally as Debaj) is a First Nations theatre group based on Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve on Manitoulin Island in Northern Ontario.
The Dead River (French: Rivière des Morts) is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Deer Lake is located in Itasca County, Minnesota about north of Grand Rapids and about NE of Deer River.
Deer Lake First Nation is an Oji-Cree First Nation band government in Northern Ontario, located north of Red Lake, Ontario, Canada.
The Deer River is a river of Minnesota.
Alberta has experienced a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its economy.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.
Manitoba is one of Canada's 10 provinces.
Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces.
Dennis Banks (Ojibwe, April 12, 1937 – October 29, 2017) was a Native American activist, teacher, and author.
The Devil Track River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
The definition of a direct–inverse language is a matter under research, but it is widely understood to involve different grammar for transitive predications according to the relative positions of their "subject" and their "object" on a person hierarchy, which, in turn, is some combination of saliency and animacy specific to a given language.
The District of Keewatin was a territory of Canada and later an administrative district of the Northwest Territories.
Dog River is a river located northwest of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
The Don River is a watercourse in southern Ontario, that empties into Lake Ontario, at Toronto Harbour.
When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (◌̇) and 'combining dot below' (◌̣) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
The double hyphen (＝ or ゠) is a punctuation mark that consists of two parallel hyphens.
Downtown Fort William, also known as Downtown Thunder Bay South or the South Core, is the urban core of the former city of Fort William, the southern half of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Drummond Island Township is a civil township of Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Dubitative mood (abbreviated) is an epistemic grammatical mood found in some languages, that indicates that the statement is dubious, doubtful, or uncertain.
Duluth is a major port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of Saint Louis County.
Eabametoong, also known as Fort Hope or Eabamet Lake by Canada Post, is an Ojibway First Nation band government in Kenora District, Ontario, Canada.
East Lake is an unincorporated community in Spalding Township, Aitkin County, Minnesota, United States.
The eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) is a chipmunk species found in eastern North America.
Eastern Ojibwe (also known as Ojibway, Ojibwa) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken north of Lake Ontario and east of Georgian Bay in Ontario, Canada.
The Eau Claire River is a tributary of the Chippewa River in west-central Wisconsin in the United States.
Eduard Raimund Baierlein (29 April 1819, Posen – 12 October 1901) was a German Lutheran missionary.
Egushawa (c. 1726 – March 1796), also spelled Egouch-e-ouay, Agushaway, Agashawa, Negushwa, and many other variants, was a war chief and principal political chief of the Ottawa tribe of North American Indians.
The Elk River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
Elsie Marie Knott (Taylor; September 20, 1922 – December 3, 1995) was the first woman in Canada to be elected as Chief of a First Nation.
Endiang, Alberta is a hamlet in Alberta, Canada within the County of Stettler No. 6.
Escanaba is a port city in Delta County in the U.S. state of Michigan, located on Little Bay de Noc in the state's Upper Peninsula.
Kalamazoo is the name of several places in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Field lacrosse is a full contact outdoor men's sport played with ten players on each team.
In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.
First Nations in Manitoba constitute of over 130,000 registered people.
The Fish Hook River, also spelled Fishhook River, is a tributary of the Shell River, long, in north-central Minnesota in the United States.
Fish Lake is a lake in Chisago County, Minnesota, in the United States.
The fisher (Pekania pennanti) is a small, carnivorous mammal native to North America.
Fishhook Lake is a lake in Hubbard County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Fishing Lake is a lake in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
The Flint River is a river in the Flint/Tri-Cities region of Michigan in the United States.
Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (or Wayekwaa-gichigamiing Gichigamiwininiwag in the Ojibwe language, meaning "Lake Superior Men at the far end of the Great Lake") is an Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) band located near Cloquet, Minnesota.
The Fond du Lac Indian Reservation (or Nah-Gah-Chi-Wa-Nong (Nagaajiwanaang in the Double Vowel orthography), meaning "Where the current is blocked" in the Ojibwe language) is an Indian reservation in northern Minnesota near Cloquet in Carlton and Saint Louis counties.
Forest Hill is a neighbourhood and former village in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located north of Downtown Toronto.
Fort William First Nation is an Ojibwa First Nation reserve in Ontario, Canada.
In linguistics, fortis and lenis (Latin for "strong" and "weak"), sometimes identified with '''tense''' and '''lax''', are pronunciations of consonants with relatively greater and lesser energy.
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
Francis Assikinack (18241863) was a 19th-century Ojibwe historian.
Francis Pegahmagabow MM & two bars (March 8, 1889 – August 5, 1952) was the most effective sniper of World War I. Three times awarded the Military Medal and seriously wounded, he was an expert marksman and scout, credited with killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more.
French Americans (French: Franco-Américains) are citizens or nationals of the United States who identify themselves with having full or partial French or French Canadian heritage, ethnicity, and/or ancestral ties.
The French River (Rivière des Français or in Ojibway Wemitigoj-Sibi) is a river in Central Ontario, Canada.
Fridley is a city in Anoka County, Minnesota, United States.
Garden Island is an uninhabited 4,990 acre (20 km²) island located in the Beaver Island archipelago in northern Lake Michigan.
Garden River First Nation, also known as Ketegaunseebee (Gitigaan-ziibi Anishinaabe in the Ojibwe language), is an Ojibwa band located at Garden River 14 near Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.
Garrison Petawawa is located in Petawawa, Ontario.
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
Georges-Antoine Belcourt (April 22, 1803 – May 31, 1874), also George Antoine Bellecourt, was a French Canadian Roman Catholic diocesan priest and missionary.
Gitche Manitou (Gitchi Manitou, Kitchi Manitou, etc.) means "Great Spirit" in several Algonquian languages.
The Gitchi-Gami State Trail is a multi-use recreational trail in development along the North Shore of Lake Superior in Minnesota, USA.
Glendon College (Collège universitaire Glendon) is a federated campus of York University in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
Grand Marais is a city in Cook County, Minnesota, United States.
The Grand Portage Indian Reservation (Ojibwe language: Gichi-onigamiing) is located in Cook County near the tip of Minnesota's Arrowhead Region in the extreme northeast part of the state.
Grand Portage State Park is a state park at the northeastern tip of Minnesota, USA, on the Canada–United States border.
The Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians is a federally recognized Native American tribe located in northwest Michigan.
Grandfather Falls is the highest waterfall on the Wisconsin River.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
Great Lakes Algonquian syllabics (or Great Lakes Aboriginal syllabics,Walker, Willard, 1996; Goddard, Ives, 1996 also referred to as "Western Great Lakes Syllabary" by Campbell) is a writing system for several Algonquian languages that emerged during the nineteenth century and whose existence was first noted in 1880.
Grindstone Lake is a large freshwater lake located in Dell Grove Township, Pine County, in east central Minnesota approximately west of Sandstone, Minnesota.
The Grindstone River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Gull River is a river in Algonquin Highlands and Dysart et al, Haliburton County and the single-tier municipality of Kawartha Lakes in south-central Ontario, Canada.
The Gull River is a river in Thunder Bay District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Hanging Cloud (known in Ojibwe as Aazhawigiizhigokwe meaning "Goes Across the Sky Woman" or as Ashwiyaa meaning "Arms oneself") was an Ojibwe woman who was a full warrior (ogichidaakwe in Ojibwe) among her people, and claimed by the Wisconsin Historical Society as the only woman to ever become one.
Hanging Horn Lake is a lake in Carlton County, Minnesota, in the United States.
Heart of the Earth School was a Native American survival school located in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Height of Land Township is a township in Becker County, Minnesota, United States.
Henry Bird Steinhauer (1804, in the Rama Indian settlement, Lake Simcoe, Ontario – 29 December 1885, at Whitefish Lake, Northwest Territory, Canada) was a Canadian clergyman.
Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (March 28, 1793 – December 10, 1864) was an American geographer, geologist, and ethnologist, noted for his early studies of Native American cultures, as well as for his 1832 expedition to the source of the Mississippi River.
Hermit Island is a Wisconsin island in Lake Superior and a part of the Apostle Islands.
Hinckley is a city in Pine County, Minnesota, United States, located at the junction of Interstate 35 and Minnesota State Highway 48.
The recorded history of Ann Arbor began with settlers from various eastern states in early 1824.
The history of Canada covers the period from the arrival of Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago to the present day.
Lacrosse has its origins in a tribal game played by eastern Woodlands Native Americans and by some Plains Indians tribes in what is now the United States of America and Canada.
Manitoba is one of Canada's 10 provinces, and the easternmost of the Prairie Provinces.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, has a history of over 160 years of immigration (of Germans, Irish, Yankees, Poles, Blacks and Hispanics), politics (including a strong Socialist movement), and industry (including machines and beer), which have given it a distinctive heritage.
Pasadena (pronounced /ˌpæsəˈdiːnə/) is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
The History of Virginia begins with documentation by the first Spanish explorers to reach the area in the 1500s, when it was occupied chiefly by Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan peoples.
The Horned Serpent appears in the mythologies of many Native Americans.
Hosmer Allen Johnson, M.D., L.L.D. (October 6, 1822 – February 26, 1891) was an American physician, academic, and Mason from New York.
A hydronym (from ὕδωρ, hydor, "water" and ὄνομα, onoma, "name") is a proper name of a body of water.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Impacts of Native American gaming can be positive or negative, depending on the tribe and its location.
In linguistics, inalienable possession (abbreviated) is a type of possession in which a noun is obligatorily possessed by its possessor.
This is a partial index of 773 Wikipedia articles treating natural languages, arranged alphabetically.
Indian Horse is a Canadian drama film, which premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival and is slated for general theatrical release in 2018.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Native Canadians or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Inger is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States, along the Bowstring River of the Leech Lake Indian Reservation.
International Falls is a city in and the county seat of Koochiching County, Minnesota, United States.
In linguistics, irrealis moods (abbreviated) are the main set of grammatical moods that indicate that a certain situation or action is not known to have happened as the speaker is talking.
Ishpatina Ridge is the highest point of land in the Canadian province of Ontario, at an estimated above sea level.
Ishpeming is a city in Marquette County in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Island of Montreal (Kanien’kéha: Tiohtià:ke), in southwestern Quebec, Canada, is at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa rivers.
ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes.
|- !caa | || ||I/L|| ||čorti'||Chortí|| ||chortí||奇奥蒂语|| || |- !cab | || ||I/L|| || ||Garifuna||garifuna|| || || || |- !cac | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuj (San Sebastián Coatán)|| || || || || |- !cad | ||cad||I/L|| ||Hasí:nay||Caddo||caddo||caddo||卡多语||каддо||Caddo |- !cae | || ||I/L|| || ||Lehar|| || || || || |- !caf | || ||I/L|| ||ᑕᗸᒡ||Carrier, Southern|| || || || || |- !cag | || ||I/L|| || ||Nivaclé|| || || || || |- !cah | || ||I/L|| || ||Cahuarano|| ||cahuarano|| || || |- !caj | || ||I/E|| || ||Chané|| || || || || |- !cak | || ||I/L|| || ||Cakchiquel, Central|| ||cakchiquel central||喀克其奎语|| || |- !cal | || ||I/L|| || ||Carolinian||carolinien|| ||加罗林语||каролинский||Karolinisch |- !cam | || ||I/L|| || ||Cemuhî|| || || || || |- !can | || ||I/L|| || ||Chambri|| || || || || |- !cao | || ||I/L|| || ||Chácobo|| || || || || |- !cap | || ||I/L|| || ||Chipaya|| || || || || |- !caq | || ||I/L|| || ||Nicobarese, Car|| || || || || |- !car | ||car||I/L|| || ||Carib||carib(e)|| ||加勒比语||кариб|| |- !cas | || ||I/L|| || ||Tsimané|| || || || || |- !cat |ca||cat||I/L|| ||català||Catalan||catalan||catalán||加泰隆尼亚语; 加泰罗尼亚语; 加泰隆语; 瓦伦西亚语||каталанский||Katalanisch |- !cav | || ||I/L|| || ||Cavineña|| || || || || |- !caw | || ||I/L|| || ||Callawalla|| || || || || |- !cax | || ||I/L|| || ||Chiquitano||chiquitano||chiquitano|| || || |- !cay | || ||I/L|| ||Goyogo̱hó:nǫ’||Cayuga||cayuga||cayuga|| || || |- !caz | || ||I/E|| || ||Canichana|| || || || || |- !cbb | || ||I/L|| || ||Cabiyarí|| || || || || |- !cbc | || ||I/L|| || ||Carapana|| ||karapaná|| || || |- !cbd | || ||I/L|| || ||Carijona|| ||carijona|| || || |- !cbe | || ||I/E|| || ||Chipiajes|| || || || || |- !cbg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chimila|| ||chimila|| || || |- !cbh | || ||I/E|| || ||Cagua|| || || || || |- !cbi | || ||I/L|| || ||Chachi|| ||chachi|| || || |- !cbj | || ||I/L|| || ||Ede Cabe|| || || || || |- !cbk | || ||I/L|| || ||Chavacano|| || || || || |- !cbl | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Bualkhaw|| || || || || |- !(cbm) | || ||I/L|| || ||Cakchiquel, Yepocapa Southwestern|| || || || || |- !cbn | || ||I/L|| || ||Nyahkur|| || || || || |- !cbo | || ||I/L|| || ||Izora|| || || || || |- !cbr | || ||I/L|| || ||Cashibo-Cacataibo|| ||kashibo-kakataibo|| || || |- !cbs | || ||I/L|| || ||Cashinahua|| ||cashinahua|| || || |- !cbt | || ||I/L|| || ||Chayahuita|| || || || || |- !cbu | || ||I/L|| || ||Candoshi-Shapra|| || || || || |- !cbv | || ||I/L|| || ||Cacua|| || || || || |- !cbw | || ||I/L|| || ||Kinabalian|| || || || || |- !cby | || ||I/L|| || ||Carabayo|| || || || || |- !cca | || ||I/E|| || ||Cauca|| || || || || |- !ccc | || ||I/L|| || ||Chamicuro||chamicura|| || || || |- !ccd | || ||I/L|| || ||Cafundo Creole|| || || || || |- !cce | || ||I/L|| || ||Chopi|| || || || || |- !ccg | || ||I/L|| || ||Samba Daka|| || || || || |- !cch | || ||I/L|| || ||Atsam|| || || || || |- !ccj | || ||I/L|| || ||Kasanga|| || || || || |- !ccl | || ||I/L|| || ||Cutchi-Swahili|| || || || || |- !ccm | || ||I/L|| || ||Malaccan Creole Malay|| || || || || |- !cco | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Comaltepec|| || || || || |- !ccp | || ||I/L|| || ||Chakma|| || || || || |- !(ccq) | || ||I/L|| || ||Chaungtha|| || || || || |- !ccr | || ||I/E|| || ||Cacaopera|| ||cacaopera|| || || |- !(ccx) | || || || || ||Northern Zhuang|| || || || || |- !(ccy) | || || || || ||Southern Zhuang|| || || || || |- !cda | || ||I/L|| || ||Choni|| || || || || |- !cde | || ||I/L|| || ||Chenchu|| || || || || |- !cdf | || ||I/L|| || ||Chiru|| || || || || |- !cdg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chamari|| || || || || |- !cdh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chambeali|| || || || || |- !cdi | || ||I/L|| || ||Chodri|| || || || || |- !cdj | || ||I/L|| || ||Churahi|| || || || || |- !cdm | || ||I/L|| || ||Chepang|| || || || || |- !cdn | || ||I/L|| || ||Chaudangsi|| || || || || |- !cdo | || ||I/L||Chinese||閩東語||Min Dong Chinese|| || ||閩東話 || ||chinesisch (Ming Dong) |- !cdr | || ||I/L|| || ||Cinda-Regi-Tiyal|| || || || || |- !cds | || ||I/L|| || ||Chadian Sign Language|| || ||乍得手语|| || |- !cdy | || ||I/L|| || ||Chadong|| || || || || |- !cdz | || ||I/L|| || ||Koda|| ||koda|| || || |- !cea | || ||I/E|| || ||Chehalis, Lower|| || || || || |- !ceb | ||ceb||I/L|| ||S(in)ugboanon||Cebuano||cebuano||cebuano||宿务语; 宿雾语||себуано||Cebuano |- !ceg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chamacoco|| || || || || |- !cek | || ||I/L|| || ||Eastern Khumi Chin|| || || || || |- !cen | || ||I/L|| || ||Cen|| || || || || |- !ces |cs||cze||I/L|| ||čeština||Czech||tchèque||checo||捷克语||чешский||Tschechisch |- !cet | || ||I/L|| || ||Centúúm|| || || || || |- !cfa | || ||I/L|| || ||Dijim-Bwilim|| || || || || |- !cfd | || ||I/L|| || ||Cara|| || || || || |- !cfg | || ||I/L|| || ||Como Karim|| || || || || |- !cfm | || ||I/L|| || ||Falam Chin|| || || || || |- !cga | || ||I/L|| || ||Changriwa|| || || || || |- !cgc | || ||I/L|| || ||Kagayanen|| || || || || |- !cgg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chiga|| || ||奇加语|| || |- !cgk | || ||I/L|| || ||Chocangacakha|| || || || || |- !cha |ch||cha||I/L|| ||Chamoru||Chamorro||chamorro||chamorro||查莫罗语||чаморро||Chamorro |- !chb | ||chb||I/E|| || ||Chibcha||chibcha||chibcha||奇布查语||чибча|| |- !chc | || ||I/E|| ||Iyeye||Catawba||catawba|| || || || |- !chd | || ||I/L|| || ||Chontal, Highland Oaxaca|| || ||高地琼塔尔语|| || |- !che |ce||che||I/L|| ||нохчийн||Chechen||tchétchène||checheno||车臣语||чеченский||Tschetschenisch |- !chf | || ||I/L|| || ||Chontal, Tabasco|| ||chontal de Tabasco|| || || |- !chg | ||chg||I/E|| ||جغتای||Chagatai||djaghataï|| ||查加台语; 查加泰语; 察合台语||чагатайский||Tschagataisch |- !chh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinook|| ||chinook|| || ||Chinook Wawa |- !chj | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Ojitlán|| || || || || |- !chk | ||chk||I/L|| || ||Chuukese||chuuk|| ||丘克语||чукотский||Chuukesisch |- !chl | || ||I/L|| || ||Cahuilla|| ||cahuilla|| || || |- !chm | ||chm||M/L|| ||марий||Mari (Russia)||mari||mari||马里语||марийский||Mari |- !chn | ||chn||I/L|| ||chinuk wawa||Chinook jargon||jargon chinook||jerga chinook||奇努克混合语||чинук жаргон|| |- !cho | ||cho||I/L|| ||Chahta||Choctaw||choctaw||choctaw||乔克托语||чоктав|| |- !chp | ||chp||I/L|| ||ᑌᓀᓲᒢᕄᓀ(Dëne Sųłiné)||Chipewyan||chipewyan|| ||奇佩维安语||чипевьян||Chipewyan |- !chq | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Quiotepec|| || || || || |- !chr | ||chr||I/L|| ||ᏣᎳᎩ||Cherokee||cherokee||cheroqui||切罗基语||чероки||Cherokee |- !(chs) | || ||I/E|| || ||Chumash|| || || || || |- !cht | || ||I/E|| || ||Cholón|| || || || || |- !chu |cu||chu||I/A|| ||ѩзыкъ словѣньскъ||Old Church Slavonic||slavon d'église vieux||eslavo eclesial||古教会斯拉夫语||церковнославянский||Altkirchenslawisch |- !chv |cv||chv||I/L|| ||Чӑваш||Chuvash||tchouvache||chuvasio||楚瓦什语||чувашский||Tschuwaschisch |- !chw | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuwabu|| || || || || |- !chx | || ||I/L|| || ||Chantyal|| || || || || |- !chy | ||chy||I/L|| ||Tsêhést||Cheyenne||cheyenne||cheyén||夏延语||чейенн|| |- !chz | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Ozumacín|| || || || || |- !cia | || ||I/L|| || ||Cia-Cia|| || || || || |- !cib | || ||I/L|| || ||Gbe, Ci|| || || || || |- !cic | || ||I/L|| ||Chikasha||Chickasaw|| ||chickasaw||奇卡索语|| || |- !cid | || ||I/E|| || ||Chimariko|| ||chimariko|| || || |- !cie | || ||I/L|| || ||Cineni|| || || || || |- !cih | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinali|| || || || || |- !cik | || ||I/L|| || ||Kinnauri, Chitkuli|| || || || || |- !cim | || ||I/L|| ||Zimbrisch||Cimbrian||cimbrien|| ||辛布里语|| ||Zimbern |- !cin | || ||I/L|| || ||Cinta Larga|| ||cinta larga|| || || |- !cip | || ||I/L|| || ||Chiapanec|| ||chiapaneco|| || || |- !cir | || ||I/L|| || ||Tiri|| || || || || |- !(cit) | || || || || ||Chittagonian|| || || || || |- !ciw | || ||I/L|| ||ᐊᓂᐦᔑᓈᐯᒧᐧᐃᓐ / ᐅᒋᐧᐯᒧᐧᐃᓐ(Anishinaabemowin / Ojibwemowin) ||Chippewa||chippewa|| ||奇帕瓦语||оджибве|| |- !ciy | || ||I/L|| || ||Chaima|| ||chaima|| || || |- !cja | || ||I/L|| || ||Cham, Western|| || ||西占语|| || |- !cje | || ||I/L|| || ||CHARu|| || || || || |- !cjh | || ||I/E|| || ||Chehalis, Upper|| || || || || |- !cji | || ||I/L|| || ||Chamalal||tchamalal||chamalal||查马拉尔语|| || |- !cjk | || ||I/L|| || ||Chokwe|| || ||乔克维语||чокве|| |- !cjm | || ||I/L|| || ||Cham, Eastern|| || ||东占语|| || |- !cjn | || ||I/L|| || ||Chenapian|| || || || || |- !cjo | || ||I/L|| || ||Ashéninka Pajonal|| || || || || |- !cjp | || ||I/L|| || ||Cabécar|| ||cabécar|| || || |- !(cjr) | || ||I/E|| || ||Chorotega|| || || || || |- !cjs | || ||I/L|| ||Шор||Shor|| ||shor||绍尔语||шорский|| |- !cjv | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuave|| || || || || |- !cjy | || ||I/L||Chinese||晋语||Jinyu Chinese|| || ||晉語|| ||chinesisch (Jinyu) |- !(cka) | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Khumi Awa|| || || || || |- !ckb | || ||I/L|| || ||Kurdish, Central|| || ||中库尔德语|| ||kurdisch |- !(ckc) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Northern|| || || || || |- !(ckd) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, South Central|| || || || || |- !(cke) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Eastern|| || || || || |- !(ckf) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Southern|| || || || || |- !ckh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chak|| || || || || |- !(cki) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Santa María De Jesús|| || || || || |- !(ckj) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Santo Domingo Xenacoj|| || || || || |- !(ckk) | || ||I/L||Cakchiquel|| ||Cakchiquel, Acatenango Southwestern|| || || || || |- !ckl | || ||I/L|| || ||Cibak|| || || || || |- !ckn | || ||I/L|| || ||Kaang Chin|| || || || || |- !cko | || ||I/L|| || ||Anufo|| || || || || |- !ckq | || ||I/L|| || ||Kajakse|| || || || || |- !ckr | || ||I/L|| || ||Kairak|| || || || || |- !cks | || ||I/L|| || ||Tayo|| || || || || |- !ckt | || ||I/L|| ||чаучу||Chukot|| || ||楚科奇语|| ||Tschuktschisch |- !cku | || ||I/L|| || ||Koasati|| ||koasati|| || || |- !ckv | || ||I/L|| || ||Kavalan||kavalan|| ||噶玛兰语|| ||Kavalanisch |- !(ckw) | || ||I/L|| || ||Cakchiquel, Western|| || || || || |- !ckx | || ||I/L|| || ||Caka|| || || || || |- !cky | || ||I/L|| || ||Cakfem-Mushere|| || || || || |- !ckz | || ||I/L|| || ||Cakchiquel-Quiché Mixed Language|| || || || || |- !cla | || ||I/L|| || ||Ron|| || || || || |- !clc | || ||I/L|| ||Tšinlhqot⤙in, Tsilhqot’in||Chilcotin||chilcotin|| ||奇尔科廷语|| || |- !cld | || ||I/L|| ||ܟܠܕܝܐ||Chaldean Neo-Aramaic|| || || || || |- !cle | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Lealao|| || || || || |- !clh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chilisso|| || || || || |- !cli | || ||I/L|| || ||Chakali|| || || || || |- !clj | || ||I/L|| || ||Laitu Chin|| || || || || |- !clk | || ||I/L|| || ||Idu-Mishmi|| || ||义都语; 义都-珞巴语|| || |- !cll | || ||I/L|| || ||Chala|| || || || || |- !clm | || ||I/L||Salishan||nəxʷsƛʼayʼəmʼúcən||Clallam, Klallam|| || ||克拉兰语|| || |- !clo | || ||I/L|| || ||Chontal, Lowland Oaxaca|| || ||低地琼塔尔语|| || |- !clt | || ||I/L|| || ||Lautu Chin|| || || || || |- !clu | || ||I/L|| || ||Caluyanun|| || || || || |- !clw | || ||I/L|| || ||Chulym|| || ||楚利姆语|| || |- !cly | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Eastern Highland|| ||chatino de la zona alta oriental|| || || |- !cma | || ||I/L|| || ||Maa|| || || || || |- !cme | || ||I/L|| || ||Cerma|| || || || || |- !cmg | || ||I/H|| || ||Mongolian, Classical|| || ||古典蒙古语|| ||mongolisch (klassisch) |- !cmi | || ||I/L|| || ||Emberá-Chamí|| || || || || |- !(cmk) | || ||I/E|| || ||Chimakum|| || || || || |- !cml | || ||I/L|| || ||Campalagian|| || || || || |- !cmm | || ||I/E|| || ||Michigamea|| || || || || |- !cmn | || ||I/L||Chinese||官話; 北方話||Mandarin Chinese|| ||chino mandarín||官話|| || |- !cmo | || ||I/L|| || ||Mnong, Central|| || ||中孟语|| || |- !cmr | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Mro|| || || || || |- !cms | || ||I/A|| || ||Messapic|| || || || || |- !cmt | || ||I/L|| || ||Camtho|| || || || || |- !cna | || ||I/L|| || ||Changthang|| || || || || |- !cnb | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Chinbon|| || || || || |- !cnc | || ||I/L|| || ||Côông|| || || || || |- !cng | || ||I/L|| || ||Qiang, Northern|| || ||北羌语|| || |- !cnh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Lai|| || || || || |- !cni | || ||I/L|| || ||Asháninka|| || || || || |- !cnk | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Khumi|| || || || || |- !cnl | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Lalana|| || || || || |- !(cnm) | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuj, Ixtatán|| || || || || |- !cno | || ||I/L|| || ||Con|| || || || || |- !cnr | ||cnr||I/L|| ||црногорски / crnogorski||Montenegrin||monténégrin||montenegrino||蒙特内哥罗语||черногорский||Montenegrinisch |- !cns | || ||I/L|| || ||Asmat, Central|| || || || || |- !cnt | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Tepetotutla|| || || || || |- !cnu | || ||I/L|| || ||Chenoua|| || || || || |- !cnw | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Ngawn|| || || || || |- !cnx | || ||I/H|| || ||Cornish, Middle|| || ||中古康沃尔语|| || |- !coa | || ||I/L|| || ||Malay, Cocos Islands|| || || || || |- !cob | || ||I/E|| || ||Chicomuceltec|| || || || || |- !coc | || ||I/L|| ||Kwikapa||Cocopa|| || || || || |- !cod | || ||I/L|| || ||Cocama-Cocamilla|| ||cocama-cocamilla|| || || |- !coe | || ||I/L|| || ||Koreguaje|| || || || || |- !cof | || ||I/L|| || ||Colorado|| ||colorado|| || || |- !cog | || ||I/L|| || ||Chong|| || || || || |- !coh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chonyi|| || || || || |- !coj | || ||I/E|| ||Tipai||Cochimi|| ||cochimí|| || || |- !cok | || ||I/L|| || ||Cora, Santa Teresa|| || || || || |- !col | || ||I/L|| || ||Columbia-Wenatchi|| || || || || |- !com | || ||I/L|| ||nʉmʉ tekwapʉ̱||Comanche||comanche|| ||科曼切语|| || |- !con | || ||I/L|| || ||Cofán|| ||cofán|| || || |- !coo | || ||I/L|| ||Saɬuɬtxʷ||Comox|| || ||科莫克斯语|| || |- !cop | ||cop||I/E|| ||||Coptic||copte||copto||科普特语||коптский||Koptisch |- !coq | || ||I/E|| || ||Coquille||coquille|| || || || |- !cor |kw||cor||I/L|| ||Kernewek||Cornish||cornique||córnico||康沃尔语; 康瓦尔语||корнский||Kornisch |- !cos |co||cos||I/L|| ||corsu||Corsican||corse||corso||科西嘉语||корсиканский||Korsisch |- !cot | || ||I/L|| || ||Caquinte|| || || || || |- !cou | || ||I/L|| || ||Wamey|| || || || || |- !cov | || ||I/L|| || ||Cao Miao||cao miao|| ||草苗语|| || |- !cow | || ||I/E|| || ||Cowlitz|| || ||考利茨语|| || |- !cox | || ||I/L|| || ||Nanti|| || || || || |- !coy | || ||I/E|| || ||Coyaima|| || || || || |- !coz | || ||I/L|| || ||Chochotec|| ||chocho|| || || |- !cpa | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Palantla|| || || || || |- !cpb | || ||I/L|| || ||Ashéninka, Ucayali-Yurúa|| || || || || |- !cpc | || ||I/L|| || ||Ajyíninka Apurucayali|| || || || || |- !cpg | || ||I/E|| || ||Greek (Cappadocian)|| || ||卡帕多细亚希腊语|| ||Griechisch (?) |- !cpi | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinese Pidgin English|| || || || || |- !cpn | || ||I/L|| || ||Cherepon|| || || || || |- !cpo | || ||I/L|| || ||Kpeego|| || || || || |- !cpp | || ||M/L|| || ||Portuguese-based creole languages|| || || || || |- !cps | || ||I/L|| || ||Capiznon|| || || || || |- !cpu | || ||I/L|| || ||Ashéninka, Pichis|| || || || || |- !cpx | || ||I/L||Chinese|| ||Pu-Xian Chinese|| || ||莆仙話|| || |- !cpy | || ||I/L|| || ||Ashéninka, South Ucayali|| || || || || |- !cqd | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuanqiandian Cluster Miao|| || ||川黔滇苗话|| || |- !cqu | || ||I/L|| || ||Quechua, Chilean|| || || || || |- !cra | || ||I/L|| || ||Chara|| || || || || |- !crb | || ||I/E|| || ||Carib, Island|| || || || || |- !crc | || ||I/L|| || ||Lonwolwol|| || || || || |- !crd | || ||I/L|| || ||Coeur d'Alene|| || || || || |- !cre |cr||cre||M/L||Cree||ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐤ(Nehiyāw)||Cree||cree||cree||克里语|| || |- !crf | || ||I/E|| || ||Caramanta|| || || || || |- !crg | || ||I/L|| || ||Michif|| || || || || |- !crh | ||crh||I/L|| ||Къырым Татар||Crimean Tatar||tatar de Crimé||tártaro de Crimea||克里米亚鞑靼语||крымскотатарский||Krimtatarisch |- !cri | || ||I/L|| || ||Sãotomense|| || || || || |- !crj | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||East Cree (Southern)|| || || || || |- !crk | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||Cree (Plains)|| || || || || |- !crl | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||East Cree (Northern)|| || || || || |- !crm | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||Cree (Moose)|| || || || || |- !crn | || ||I/L|| || ||Cora, El Nayar|| || || || || |- !cro | || ||I/L|| || ||Crow||crow||crow||克劳语|| || |- !crq | || ||I/L|| || ||Chorote, Iyo'wujwa|| || || || || |- !crr | || ||I/E|| || ||Carolina Algonquian|| || || || || |- !crs | || ||I/L|| || ||Seselwa Creole French|| || || || || |- !crt | || ||I/L|| || ||Chorote, Iyojwa'ja|| || || || || |- !(cru) | || || || || ||Carútana|| || || || || |- !crv | || ||I/L|| || ||Chaura|| || || || || |- !crw | || ||I/L|| || ||Chrau|| || || || || |- !crx | || ||I/L|| ||ᑕᗸᒡ||Carrier||carrier|| || || || |- !cry | || ||I/L|| || ||Cori|| || || || || |- !crz | || ||I/E|| || ||Cruzeño|| || || || || |- !csa | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Chiltepec|| || || || || |- !csb | ||csb||I/L|| ||kaszëbsczi||Kashubian||cachoube||casubio||卡舒比语||кашубский||Kaschubisch |- !csc | || ||I/L|| || ||Catalan Sign Language|| || ||加泰罗尼亚手语|| ||Katalonische Zeichensprache |- !csd | || ||I/L|| || ||Chiangmai Sign Language|| || ||清迈手语|| || |- !cse | || ||I/L|| || ||Czech Sign Language|| || ||捷克手语|| ||Tscechische Zeichensprache |- !csf | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuba Sign Language|| || ||古巴手语|| || |- !csg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chilean Sign Language|| || ||智利手语|| ||Chilenische Zeichensprache |- !csh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Asho|| || || || || |- !csi | || ||I/E|| || ||Miwok, Coast|| ||miwok costanoano|| || || |- !csj | || ||I/L|| || ||Songlai Chin|| || || || || |- !csk | || ||I/L|| || ||Jola-Kasa|| || || || || |- !csl | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinese Sign Language|| || ||中国手语|| ||Chinesische Zeichensprache |- !csm | || ||I/L|| || ||Miwok, Central Sierra|| || || || || |- !csn | || ||I/L|| || ||Colombian Sign Language|| || ||哥伦比亚手语|| ||Kolumbische Zeichensprache |- !cso | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Sochiapan|| || || || || |- !csq | || ||I/L|| || ||Croatia Sign Language|| || ||克罗地亚手语|| ||Kroatische Zeichensprache |- !csr | || ||I/L|| || ||Costa Rican Sign Language|| || ||哥斯达黎加手语|| ||Costa Ricanische Zeichensprache |- !css | || ||I/E|| || ||Ohlone (Southern)|| || || || || |- !cst | || ||I/L|| || ||Ohlone (Northern)|| || || || || |- !csv | || ||I/L|| || ||Sumtu Chin|| || || || || |- !csw | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||Cree (Swampy)|| || || || || |- !csy | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Siyin|| || || || || |- !csz | || ||I/L|| || ||Coos|| ||coos|| || || |- !cta | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Tataltepec|| ||chatino de Tataltepec|| || || |- !ctc | || ||I/L|| || ||Chetco|| || || || || |- !ctd | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Tedim|| || || || || |- !cte | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Tepinapa|| || || || || |- !ctg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chittagonian|| || ||吉大港语|| || |- !cth | || ||I/L|| || ||Thaiphum Chin|| || || || || |- !(cti) | || ||I/L|| || ||Chol, Tila|| || || || || |- !ctl | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Tlacoatzintepec|| || || || || |- !ctm | || ||I/E|| || ||Chitimacha||chitimacha|| || || || |- !ctn | || ||I/L|| || ||Chhintange|| || || || || |- !cto | || ||I/L|| || ||Emberá-Catío|| || || || || |- !ctp | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Western Highland|| ||chatino de la zona alta occidental|| || || |- !cts | || ||I/L|| || ||Bicolano, Northern Catanduanes|| || || || || |- !ctt | || ||I/L|| || ||Wayanad Chetti|| || || || || |- !ctu | || ||I/L|| || ||Chol, Tumbalá|| || || || || |- !ctz | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Zacatepec|| ||chatino de Zacatepec|| || || |- !cua | || ||I/L|| || ||Cua|| || || || || |- !cub | || ||I/L|| || ||Cubeo|| ||cubeo|| || || |- !cuc | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Usila|| || || || || |- !cug | || ||I/L|| || ||Cung|| || || || || |- !cuh | || ||I/L|| || ||Chuka|| || || || || |- !cui | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuiba|| ||cuiba|| || || |- !cuj | || ||I/L|| || ||Mashco Piro|| || || || || |- !cuk | || ||I/L|| || ||Kuna, San Blas|| || || || || |- !cul | || ||I/L|| || ||Culina|| || || || || |- !cum | || ||I/E|| || ||Cumeral|| || || || || |- !(cun) | || ||I/L|| || ||Quiché, Cunén|| || || || || |- !cuo | || ||I/E|| || ||Cumanagoto|| ||cumanagoto|| || || |- !cup | || ||I/E|| ||Kuupangaxwichem||Cupeño||cupeno||cupeño|| || || |- !cuq | || ||I/L|| || ||Cun|| || ||村语|| || |- !cur | || ||I/L|| || ||Chhulung|| || || || || |- !cut | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuicatec, Teutila|| || || || || |- !cuu | || ||I/L|| || ||Tai Ya|| || ||傣雅语|| || |- !cuv | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuvok|| || || || || |- !cuw | || ||I/L|| || ||Chukwa|| || || || || |- !cux | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuicatec, Tepeuxila|| || || || || |- !cvg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chug|| || || || || |- !cvn | || ||I/L|| || ||Chinantec, Valle Nacional|| || || || || |- !cwa | || ||I/L|| || ||Kabwa|| || || || || |- !cwb | || ||I/L|| || ||Maindo|| || || || || |- !cwd | || ||I/L||Cree|| ||Cree (Woods)|| || || || || |- !cwe | || ||I/L|| || ||Kwere|| || || || || |- !cwg | || ||I/L|| || ||Chewong|| || || || || |- !cwt | || ||I/L|| || ||Kuwaataay|| || || || || |- !cya | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Nopala|| ||chatino de Nopala|| || || |- !cyb | || ||I/E|| || ||Cayubaba|| || || || || |- !cym |cy||wel||I/L|| ||Cymraeg||Welsh||gallois||galés||威尔士语; 威尔斯语||валлийский||Walisisch |- !cyo | || ||I/L|| || ||Cuyonon|| || || || || |- !czh | || ||I/L||Chinese||徽州话||Huizhou Chinese|| || ||徽語|| ||chinesisch (Huizhou) |- !czk | || ||I/E|| || ||Knaanic|| || ||迦南语; 犹太-斯拉夫语|| || |- !czn | || ||I/L|| || ||Chatino, Zenzontepec|| ||chatino de Zenzontepec|| || || |- !czo | || ||I/L||Chinese|| ||Min Zhong Chinese|| || ||閩中話|| ||chinesisch (Min Zhong) |- !czt | || ||I/L|| || ||Chin, Zotung|| || || || || | Category:ISO 639.
|- !oaa | || ||I/L|| || ||Orok|| || ||鄂罗克语|| || |- !oac | || ||I/L|| || ||Oroch|| || ||鄂罗奇语|| || |- !oar | || ||I/A|| || ||Aramaic, Old|| || ||古阿拉米语|| ||Altaramäisch |- !oav | || ||I/H|| || ||Avar, Old|| || ||古阿瓦尔语|| || |- !obi | || ||I/E|| || ||Obispeño|| || || || || |- !obk | || ||I/L|| || ||Southern Bontok|| || || || || |- !obl | || ||I/L|| || ||Oblo|| || || || || |- !obm | || ||I/A|| || ||Moabite|| || ||摩押语|| || |- !obo | || ||I/L|| || ||Manobo, Obo|| || || || || |- !obr | || ||I/H|| || ||Burmese, Old|| || ||古缅甸语|| ||Altburmesisch |- !obt | || ||I/H|| || ||Breton, Old|| || ||古布列塔尼语|| ||Altbretonisch |- !obu | || ||I/L|| || ||Obulom|| || || || || |- !oca | || ||I/L|| || ||Ocaina|| ||ocaina|| || || |- !(occ) | || || || || ||Occidental|| || || || || |- !och | || ||I/A||Chinese|| ||Old Chinese|| || ||上古漢語|| ||Altchinesisch |- !oci |oc||oci||I/L|| ||occitan||Occitan (post 1500)||occitan (après 1500)||occitano||奥克西唐语; 奥克西坦语; 奥克语||окситанский||Okzitanisch |- !oco | || ||I/H|| || ||Cornish, Old|| || ||古康沃尔语|| || |- !ocu | || ||I/L|| || ||Matlatzinca, Atzingo|| || || || || |- !oda | || ||I/L|| || ||Odut|| || || || || |- !odk | || ||I/L|| || ||Od|| || || || || |- !odt | || ||I/H|| || ||Dutch, Old|| || ||古荷兰语|| || |- !odu | || ||I/L|| || ||Odual|| || || || || |- !ofo | || ||I/E|| || ||Ofo||ofo|| || || || |- !ofs | || ||I/H||Friesisch|| ||Frisian, Old|| || ||古弗里西亚语|| ||Altfriesisch |- !ofu | || ||I/L|| || ||Efutop|| || || || || |- !ogb | || ||I/L|| || ||Ogbia|| || || || || |- !ogc | || ||I/L|| || ||Ogbah|| || || || || |- !oge | || ||I/H|| || ||Georgian, Old|| || ||古格鲁吉亚语|| ||Altgeorgisch |- !ogg | || ||I/L|| || ||Ogbogolo|| || || || || |- !(ogn) | || || || || ||Ogan|| || || || || |- !ogo | || ||I/L|| || ||Khana|| || || || || |- !ogu | || ||I/L|| || ||Ogbronuagum|| || || || || |- !oht | || ||I/A|| || ||Hittite, Old|| || ||古赫梯语|| || |- !ohu | || ||I/H|| || ||Hungarian, Old|| || ||古匈牙利语|| || |- !oia | || ||I/L|| || ||Oirata|| || || ||оирата|| |- !oin | || ||I/L|| || ||One, Inebu|| || || || || |- !ojb | || ||I/L|| || Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwemowin) ||Ojibwa, Northwestern|| || || || || |- !ojc | || ||I/L|| || Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwemowin) ||Ojibwa, Central|| || || || || |- !ojg | || ||I/L|| || Nishnaabemwin (Jibwemwin) ||Ojibwa, Eastern|| || || || || |- !oji |oj||oji||M/L|| ||ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᒧᐎᓐ (Anishinaabemowin)||Ojibwa||ojibwa||ojibwa||奥吉布瓦语||оджибва|| |- !ojp | || ||I/H|| || ||Japanese, Old|| || ||古日语|| || |- !ojs | || ||I/L|| || ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᒧᐎᓐ (Anishininiimowin) ||Ojibwa, Severn|| || || || || |- !ojv | || ||I/L|| || ||Ontong Java|| || || || ||Ontong Java |- !ojw | || ||I/L|| || Anihšināpēmowin (Nakawēmowin) ||Ojibwa, Western|| || || || || |- !oka | || ||I/L|| || ||Okanagan|| || || || || |- !okb | || ||I/L|| || ||Okobo|| || || || || |- !okd | || ||I/L|| || ||Okodia|| || || || || |- !oke | || ||I/L|| || ||Okpe (Southwestern Edo)|| || || || || |- !okg | || ||I/E|| || ||Koko Babangk|| || || || || |- !okh | || ||I/L|| || ||Koresh-e Rostam|| || || || || |- !oki | || ||I/L|| || ||Okiek|| || || || || |- !okj | || ||I/E|| || ||Oko-Juwoi|| || || || || |- !okk | || ||I/L|| || ||One, Kwamtim|| || || || || |- !okl | || ||I/E|| || ||Old Kentish Sign Language|| || ||古肯特手语|| || |- !okm | || ||I/H|| || ||Korean, Middle (10th–16th centuries)|| || ||中古朝鲜语|| ||Mittelkoreanisch |- !okn | || ||I/L|| || ||Oki-No-Erabu|| || ||冲永良部岛琉球语|| || |- !oko | || ||I/H|| || ||Korean, Old (3rd–9th centuries)|| || ||古朝鲜语|| ||Altkoreanisch |- !okr | || ||I/L|| || ||Kirike|| || || || || |- !oks | || ||I/L|| || ||Oko-Eni-Osayen|| || || || || |- !oku | || ||I/L|| || ||Oku|| || || || || |- !okv | || ||I/L|| || ||Orokaiva|| || || || || |- !okx | || ||I/L|| || ||Okpe (Northwestern Edo)|| || || || || |- !ola | || ||I/L|| || ||Walungge|| || || || || |- !old | || ||I/L|| || ||Mochi|| || || || || |- !ole | || ||I/L|| || ||Olekha|| || || || || |- !olk | || ||I/E|| || ||Olkol|| || || || || |- !olm | || ||I/L|| || ||Oloma|| || || || || |- !olo | || ||I/L|| || ||Livvi|| || || || || |- !olr | || ||I/L|| || ||Olrat|| || || || || |- !oma | || ||I/L|| || ||Omaha-Ponca||omaha-ponca||omaha-ponca|| || || |- !omb | || ||I/L|| || ||Ambae, East|| || || || || |- !omc | || ||I/E|| || ||Mochica|| || || || || |- !ome | || ||I/E|| || ||Omejes|| || || || || |- !omg | || ||I/L|| || ||Omagua|| ||omagua|| || || |- !omi | || ||I/L|| || ||Omi|| || || || || |- !omk | || ||I/E|| || ||Omok|| || || || || |- !oml | || ||I/L|| || ||Ombo|| || || || || |- !omn | || ||I/A|| || ||Minoan|| || || || || |- !omo | || ||I/L|| || ||Utarmbung|| || || || || |- !omp | || ||I/H|| || ||Manipuri, Old|| || ||古曼尼普尔语|| || |- !omr | || ||I/H|| || ||Marathi, Old|| || ||古马拉地语|| || |- !omt | || ||I/L|| || ||Omotik|| || || || || |- !omu | || ||I/E|| || ||Omurano|| ||omurano|| || || |- !omw | || ||I/L|| || ||Tairora, South|| || || || || |- !omx | || ||I/H|| || ||Mon, Old|| || ||古孟语|| || |- !ona | || ||I/L|| || ||Ona|| || || || || |- !onb | || ||I/L|| || ||Lingao|| || ||临高语|| || |- !one | || ||I/L|| ||Onʌyota’a:ka||Oneida||oneida||oneida||奥内达语|| || |- !ong | || ||I/L|| || ||Olo|| || || || || |- !oni | || ||I/L|| || ||Onin|| || || || || |- !onj | || ||I/L|| || ||Onjob|| || || || || |- !onk | || ||I/L|| || ||One, Kabore|| || || || || |- !onn | || ||I/L|| || ||Onobasulu|| || || || || |- !ono | || ||I/L|| ||Onǫta’kéka’||Onondaga||onondaga||onondaga|| || || |- !onp | || ||I/L|| || ||Sartang|| || || || || |- !onr | || ||I/L|| || ||One, Northern|| || || || || |- !ons | || ||I/L|| || ||Ono|| || || || || |- !ont | || ||I/L|| || ||Ontenu|| || || || || |- !onu | || ||I/L|| || ||Unua|| || || || || |- !onw | || ||I/H|| || ||Nubian, Old|| || ||古努比亚语|| || |- !onx | || ||I/L|| || ||Onin Based Pidgin|| || || || || |- !ood | || ||I/L|| ||O'odham||Tohono O'odham||papago||pápago|| ||тогоно о'одам||Tohono O'odham |- !oog | || ||I/L|| || ||Ong|| || || || || |- !oon | || ||I/L|| || ||Önge|| || || || || |- !oor | || ||I/L|| || ||Oorlams|| || || || || |- !oos | || ||I/A|| || ||Ossetic, Old|| || ||古奥塞梯语|| || |- !opa | || ||I/L|| || ||Okpamheri|| || || || || |- !(ope) | || || || || ||Old Persian|| || || || || |- !opk | || ||I/L|| || ||Kopkaka|| || || || || |- !opm | || ||I/L|| || ||Oksapmin|| || || || || |- !opo | || ||I/L|| || ||Opao|| || || || || |- !opt | || ||I/E|| || ||Opata|| ||ópata|| || || |- !opy | || ||I/L|| || ||Ofayé|| || || || || |- !ora | || ||I/L|| || ||Oroha|| || || || || |- !orc | || ||I/L|| || ||Orma|| || || || || |- !ore | || ||I/L|| || ||Orejón|| ||orejón|| || || |- !org | || ||I/L|| || ||Oring|| || || || || |- !orh | || ||I/L|| || ||Oroqen|| || ||鄂伦春语|| || |- !ori |or||ori||M/L|| ||ଓଡ଼ିଆ||Oriya||oriya||oriya||奥利亚语; 奥里亚语||ория||Oriya |- !(ork) | || || || || ||Orokaiva|| || || || || |- !orm |om||orm||M/L|| ||Oromoo||Oromo||galla||oromo||奥罗莫语||оромо||Oromo |- !orn | || ||I/L|| || ||Orang Kanaq|| || || || || |- !oro | || ||I/L|| || ||Orokolo|| || || || || |- !orr | || ||I/L|| || ||Oruma|| || || || || |- !ors | || ||I/L|| || ||Orang Seletar|| || || || || |- !ort | || ||I/L|| || ||Oriya, Adivasi|| || || || || |- !oru | || ||I/L|| || ||Ormuri|| || || || || |- !orv | || ||I/H|| || ||Russian, Old|| || ||古俄语|| || |- !orw | || ||I/L|| || ||Oro Win|| ||oro win|| || || |- !orx | || ||I/L|| || ||Oro|| || || || || |- !ory | || ||I/L|| || ||Oriya (individual language)|| || || || || |- !orz | || ||I/L|| || ||Ormu|| || || || || |- !osa | ||osa||I/L|| || ||Osage||osage||osage||奥萨格语||оседжи|| |- !osc | || ||I/A|| || ||Oscan||osque||osco||奥斯坎语||оскский||Oskisch |- !osi | || ||I/L|| || ||Osing|| || || || || |- !oso | || ||I/L|| || ||Ososo|| || || || || |- !osp | || ||I/H|| || ||Spanish, Old|| || ||古西班牙语|| || |- !oss |os||oss||I/L|| ||иронау||Ossetian||ossète||oseto||奥塞梯语; 奥塞提语||осетинский||Ossetisch |- !ost | || ||I/L|| || ||Osatu|| || || || || |- !osu | || ||I/L|| || ||One, Southern|| || || || || |- !osx | || ||I/H|| || ||Saxon, Old|| || ||古撒克逊语|| || |- !ota | ||ota||I/H|| ||لسان عثمانى||Turkish, Ottoman (1500–1928)||Turc ottoman||Turco-otomano||奥斯曼土耳其语||старотурецкий||Osmanisch |- !otb | || ||I/H|| || ||Tibetan, Old|| || ||古藏语|| || |- !otd | || ||I/L|| || ||Dohoi|| || || || || |- !ote | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Mezquital|| || || || || |- !oti | || ||I/E|| || ||Oti|| || || || || |- !otk | || ||I/H|| || ||Turkish, Old|| || ||古突厥语|| || |- !otl | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Tilapa|| || || || || |- !otm | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Eastern Highland|| || || || || |- !otn | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Tenango|| || || || || |- !otq | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Querétaro|| || || || || |- !otr | || ||I/L|| || ||Otoro|| || || || || |- !ots | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Estado de México|| || || || || |- !ott | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Temoaya|| || || || || |- !otu | || ||I/E|| || ||Otuke|| || || || || |- !otw | || ||I/L|| || Nishnaabemwin (Daawaamwin) ||Ottawa||ottawa|| || || || |- !otx | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Texcatepec|| || || || || |- !oty | || ||I/A|| || ||Tamil, Old|| || ||古泰米尔语|| || |- !otz | || ||I/L|| || ||Otomi, Ixtenco|| || || || || |- !oua | || ||I/L|| || ||Tagargrent|| || || || || |- !oub | || ||I/L|| || ||Glio-Oubi|| || || || || |- !oue | || ||I/L|| || ||Oune|| || || || || |- !oui | || ||I/H|| || ||Uighur, Old|| || ||回鹘语|| || |- !oum | || ||I/E|| || ||Ouma|| || || || || |- !oun | || ||I/L|| || ||!O!ung|| || || || || |- !owi | || ||I/L|| || ||Owiniga|| || || || || |- !owl | || ||I/H|| || ||Welsh, Old|| || ||古威尔士语|| || |- !oyb | || ||I/L|| || ||Oy|| || || || || |- !oyd | || ||I/L|| || ||Oyda|| || || || || |- !oym | || ||I/L|| || ||Wayampi|| ||wayampi|| || || |- !oyy | || ||I/L|| || ||Oya'oya|| || || || || |- !ozm | || ||I/L|| || ||Koonzime|| || || || || | Category:ISO 639.
Jack Fiddler, also known as Zhauwuno-geezhigo-gaubow (from the Oji-Cree: Zhaawano-giizhigo-gaabaw meaning "He who stands in the southern sky") and as Maisaninnine or Mesnawetheno (in Swampy Cree meaning "Stylish man") (c. 1839-September 30, 1907) was an ogimaa (chief and shaman) of the Sucker doodem among the Anishinaabe in what is now northwestern Ontario.
Colonel James Givins (sometimes James Givens) (circa 1759 – March 5, 1846) was a British Army officer and militiaman who fought in the American Revolution and the War of 1812.
James Settee (circa 1809 - 19 March 1902), was of Swampy Cree and British descent.
Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, also known as Bamewawagezhikaquay (January 31, 1800 – May 22, 1842) is the first known American Indian literary writer.
Jeannette Corbiere Lavell (born June 21, 1942) is a Canadian and Anishinaabe community worker who focused on women's and children's rights.
Jim Denomie (born 1955) is an Ojibwe painter.
Jim Northrup (April 28, 1943 – August 1, 2016) was an Anishinaabe (Native American) newspaper columnist, poet, performer, and political commentator from the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation in Minnesota.
The Jim Scott Fishhouse is a historic building in Grand Marais, Minnesota, United States, built in 1907 by a family-owned commercial fishing outfit.
Joanna Burt is a Canadian First Nations operatic soprano from Lindsay, Ontario.
Joseph Napoleon "Big Chief" Guyon (Anishinaabe: O-Gee-Chidah, translated as "Big Brave"; November 26, 1892 – November 27, 1971) was an American Indian from the Ojibwa tribe (Chippewa) who was an American football and baseball player and coach.
John Aisance (Ojibwe name Aisance) was a chief among the Chippewas of Lakes Huron and Simcoe and leader of the Otter clan of that people from at least 1815 until his death in 1847.
John Cameron (May 1764 – September 28, 1828), also known as Ogimauh-binaessih (from the Anishinaabe language: Ogimaa-binesiinh, "chief little-bird") or Wageezhegome (from the Anishinaabe language: Wegiizhigomi, "Who Possesses the Day"), was one of two principal Indigenous Mississauga Ojibwa chiefs, member of the eagle doodem, and farmer.
John D. Voelker (June 29, 1903 – March 18, 1991), also known by his pen name Robert Traver, was a noted lawyer, author and fly fisherman from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
John Horden (January 20, 1828Long, John S. (2003).. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 12. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 2013-12-10. – January 12, 1893) was the first Anglican Bishop of Moosonee, Canada, who for more than forty years led services in Cree, Inuit and other languages of his parishioners.
John Jones (July 10, 1798 – May 4, 1847) was a Mississauga Ojibwa teacher, missionary and Chief.
John Okemos (Chief Okemos) (ca. 1775-1858) was a Michigan Ojibwe (Chippewa) chief.
Joseph Alexander Gilfillan (1838 – November 18, 1913) was an Episcopal missionary to Native Americans of the Ojibwa Tribe on White Earth Reservation in northern Minnesota during 35 years from 1873 until 1908.
Joseph Maria Koudelka (December 8, 1852 – June 24, 1921) was a prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the second Bishop of the Diocese of Superior, Wisconsin (1913-1921).
The Jump River is a small rocky river in north-central Wisconsin.
Kabekona Lake is a clear lake in northern Minnesota, United States, located 2.5 miles south of Laporte in Hubbard County.
Kabetogama Lake or Lake Kabetogama is a clear lake in northern St. Louis County, Minnesota.
Kabetogama is an unincorporated community in Kabetogama Township, Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States, located within the Kabetogama State Forest.
The Kagawong River is a river on Manitoulin Island in Manitoulin District, Ontario, Canada which flows from Lake Kagawong to empty into Mudge Bay on the North Channel Lake Huron.
Kakabeka Falls is a waterfall on the Kaministiquia River, located beside the village of Kakabeka Falls in the municipality of Oliver Paipoonge, Ontario, west of the city of Thunder Bay.
The Kaministiquia River is a river which empties into western Lake Superior at the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Kanabec County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The City of Kawartha Lakes (2016 population 75,423) is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada.
The Kawartha Lakes (/kə'wɔrθɐ/) are a chain of lakes in south-central Ontario, Canada that form the upper watershed of the Trent River.
The Kawishiwi River is a river of Minnesota.
Ke-mo sah-bee (often spelled kemo sabe or kemosabe) is the term of endearment used by the fictional Native American sidekick Tonto in the American television and radio programs The Lone Ranger.
Chief Buffalo (Ojibwe: Ke-che-waish-ke/Gichi-weshkiinh – "Great-renewer" or Peezhickee/Bizhiki – "Buffalo"; also French, Le Boeuf) (1759? – September 7, 1855) was a major Ojibwa leader born at La Pointe in the Apostle Islands group of Lake Superior, in what is now northern Wisconsin, USA.
Keewaydin Canoe Camp is one of the oldest summer camps in North America; well over a hundred years old.
Kego Lake is a lake in Crow Wing County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Kego Township is a township in Cass County, Minnesota, United States.
Kenjgewin Teg Educational Institute (KTEI) is an Aboriginal-owned and controlled post-secondary institution at M'Chigeeng First Nation, on Mnidoo Mnising Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada.
The Kenora Thistles, officially the Thistles Hockey Club were an ice hockey team based in Kenora, Ontario, Canada.
Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College (KBOCC) is a tribal college in Baraga, Michigan.
The Kickapoo people (Kickapoo: Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi) are an Algonquian-speaking Native American and Indigenous Mexican tribe.
Kiiwetinoong is a provincial electoral district (riding) in Ontario, Canada which elects one member to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
Chief Kineubenae (also recorded as Golden Eagle, Quinipeno, Quenebenaw, etc.) (fl. 1797–1812), was a principal chief of the Mississauga Ojibwa, located on the north shore of Lake Ontario.
Kinistin Saulteaux Nation is a Saulteaux First Nations band government in Tisdale, Saskatchewan, Canada.
The Kinnickinnic River, called the Kinni for short, is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Kinnickinnic is a town in St. Croix County, Wisconsin, United States.
Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks.
Kitchi Lake is a lake in Beltrami County, Minnesota, in the United States.
Kiwanis International is an international service club founded in 1915 in Detroit, Michigan.
Koochiching County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The L'Anse Indian Reservation is the land base of the federally recognized Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of the historic Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians.
La Pointe is a town in Ashland County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
La Pointe Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Ojibwe: Mooningwanekaaning Gichigamiwininiwag, "The Lake Superior Men at the Place Abundant with the Yellow Flickers") are a historical Ojibwa band of the Lake Superior Chippewa, located about what now is Madeline Island, Wisconsin.
Lac Courte Oreilles is a large freshwater lake located in northwest Wisconsin in Sawyer County in townships 39 and 40 north, ranges 8 and 9 west.
The Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe are one of six federally recognized bands of Ojibwe people located in present-day Wisconsin.
The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (called Waaswaaganing in Ojibwe) are a federally recognized Ojibwa Native American tribe, with an Indian reservation lying mostly in the Town of Lac du Flambeau in south-western Vilas County, and in the Town of Sherman in south-eastern Iron County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Lac Seul First Nation is an Ojibwe First Nation band government located on the southeastern shores of Lac Seul, northeast of the city of Dryden, Ontario.
Lac Vieux Desert is a lake in the United States divided between Gogebic County, Michigan, and Vilas County, Wisconsin.
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (or the Gete-gitigaaniwininiwag in the Anishinaabe language) is a band of the Lake Superior Chippewa, many of whom reside on the Lac Vieux Desert Indian Reservation, located near Watersmeet, Michigan.
Abita Lake is a lake in West Cook, Minnesota, which, at an elevation of above sea level, is Minnesota's ninth highest named lake.
Lake Bemidji is a small glacially-formed lake, approximately in area, in northern Minnesota in the United States.
Lake Couchiching, from the Ojibwe gojijiing meaning "inlet", is a medium-sized lake in Central Ontario separated from Lake Simcoe by a narrow channel.
Lake Full of Fish is a lake in Kanabec County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Lake Itasca is a small glacial lake approximately in area.
Lake Kagawong is the second largest lake on Manitoulin Island in Ontario, Canada.
Lake Lena is an unincorporated community and Native American village in Ogema Township, Pine County, Minnesota, United States, located along the Lower Tamarack River.
Lake Manitoba is Canada's thirteenth largest lake (4,624 km2) and the world's 33rd largest freshwater lake.
Lake Metigoshe State Park is a public recreation area occupying on the shores of Lake Metigoshe in the Turtle Mountains, 14 miles northeast of Bottineau, North Dakota, on the Canada–US border.
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States.
Lake Namakagon (pronounced NAM-uh-KAH-gun) is a large freshwater lake located in the Chequamegon National Forest in northern Wisconsin.
Lake Nipigon (lac Nipigon; Animbiigoo-zaaga'igan) is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario.
Lake Scugog is an artificially flooded lake in Scugog, Regional Municipality of Durham and the unitary city of Kawartha Lakes in central Ontario, Canada.
Lake Shetek is the largest lake in southwestern Minnesota, United States, and the headwaters of the Des Moines River.
Lake Shetek State Park is a state park of Minnesota, United States, on Lake Shetek, which is the largest lake in southwestern Minnesota and the headwaters of the Des Moines River.
The Lake Superior Chippewa (Anishinaabe: Gichigamiwininiwag) were a large historical band of Ojibwe (Anishinaabe) Indians living around Lake Superior; this territory is considered part of northern Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota in the United States.
Lake Temagami, formerly spelled as Lake Timagami, is a lake in Nipissing District in northeastern Ontario, Canada, situated approximately 80 km north of North Bay.
Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is a freshwater char living mainly in lakes in northern North America.
Lake Wanapitei occupies a meteorite crater in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Lake Winnibigoshish is a body of water in north central Minnesota, in the Chippewa National Forest.
Lakehead University is a public research university with campuses in Thunder Bay and Orillia, Ontario, Canada.
Language revitalization, also referred to as language revival or reversing language shift, is an attempt to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one.
A multitude of languages are used in Canada.
The official language of Illinois is English.
The languages of North America reflect not only that continent's indigenous peoples, but the European colonization as well.
Many languages are spoken, or historically have been spoken, in the United States.
The Leaf Hills Moraines, sometimes called the Leaf Mountains, are a range of hills in west-central Minnesota.
Leech Lake is a lake located in north central Minnesota, United States.
The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, also known as the Leech Lake Band of Chippewa Indians or the Leech Lake Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, and as Gaa-zagaskwaajimekaag Ojibweg in the Ojibwe language, is an Ojibwe band located in Minnesota and one of six making up the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe.
The Leech Lake Indian Reservation (Gaa-zagaskwaajimekaag in the Ojibwe language) is an Indian reservation located in the north-central Minnesota counties of Cass, Itasca, Beltrami, and Hubbard.
Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 – April 18, 1949) was an American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.
The Lester River, is a U.S. Geological Survey.
(Main list of acronyms).
This page lists the etymologies of the names of cities across Canada.
There are 83 counties in the U.S. state of Michigan.
This is a list of counties in Minnesota.
The state of Wisconsin in the United States has 72 counties.
This is a list of bridges, ferries, and other crossings of the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes, by order of south shore terminal running from the Gulf of Saint Lawrence upstream to Lake Superior.
An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers.
This is a list of endangered languages with mobile apps available for use in language revitalization.
This is a list of English language words borrowed from indigenous languages of the Americas, either directly or through intermediate European languages such as Spanish or French.
ISO 639 is a standardized nomenclature used to classify languages.
ISO 639 is a set of international standards that lists short codes for language names.
An ethnonym is the name applied to a given ethnic group.
This article is a resource of how to say the native name of most of the major languages in the world.
Below is a list of languages sorted by writing system (by alphabetical order).
The common names for Meleagris gallopavo (the wild turkey of North America, but best known worldwide from the domesticated turkey), in other languages also frequently reflect its exotic origins, seen from a European viewpoint, and confusion about where it actually comes from.
This is a List of Native American languages acquired by children, thus this list contains the most healthy Native American languages within the confines of the United States.
The following tables list the cardinal number names and symbols for the numbers 0 through 10 in various languages and scripts of the world.
This list of place names in Canada of Indigenous origin contains Canadian places whose names originate from the words of the First Nations, Métis, or Inuit, collectively referred to as Indigenous peoples.
This is a list of Native American place names in the U.S. state of Maryland.
Many places throughout the United States of America take their names from the languages of the indigenous Native American/American Indian tribes.
Many places throughout North, Central, and South America take their names from the languages of the indigenous inhabitants of the area.
This is a list of various names the Potawatomi have been recorded.
A place name is tautological if two differently sounding parts of it are synonymous.
This page lists the various etymologies (origins) of the names of rivers around the world.
The fifty U.S. states, five inhabited territories and the District of Columbia have taken their names from a wide variety of languages.
This is a list of steamboats on the Yukon River.
This is a list of U.S. counties that are named for rivers and streams.
This is a list of U.S. county name etymologies, covering the letters J to M.
This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features.
The Little Fork River (French: Rivière Petite Fourche; Ojibwe: Baaganowe-ziibi) is a river of Minnesota.
The Little Mackinaw River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians is a federally recognized Native American tribe of the Odawa people in the United States.
Little Rock (in Cheyenne, recorded by the Smithsonian as Hō-hăn-ĭ-no-o′) (ca. 1805-1868) was a council chief of the Wutapiu band of Southern Cheyennes.
Little Round Lake is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Bass Lake, Sawyer County, Wisconsin, United States.
Little Skootamatta Creek is a creek in the Moira River and Lake Ontario drainage basins in Hastings and Lennox and Addington Counties in Ontario, Canada.
The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians (LTBBOI) is a federally recognized Native American tribe of Odawa.
Loch Lomond is a large spring-fed lake located above Lake Superior, south of the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
Long Lake 58 First Nation is a Anishinaabe (Ojibway) First Nation band government located in Northern Ontario, located approximately 40 km east of Geraldton, Ontario, Canada, on the northern shore of Long Lake, immediately north of Ginoogaming First Nation and west of the community of Longlac, Ontario.
Long Lake Township is a township in Crow Wing County, Minnesota, United States.
The Long Prairie River is a tributary of the Crow Wing River, long, in central Minnesota in the United States.
The longest word in any given language depends on the word formation rules of each specific language, and on the types of words allowed for consideration.
Lucien Adam (1833–1918) was a French linguist.
The Mackinac Bands of Chippewa and Ottawa Indians is a state recognized tribe of Ojibwe and Odawa Native Americans, based in the state Michigan.
The Mackinaw River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Mackinaw is a village in Tazewell County, Illinois, United States, and is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Magnetawan First Nation is an Ojibwe First Nation community in Ontario, Canada.
The Magnetawan River is a river in Parry Sound District, Ontario, Canada The river flows 175 km from its source of Magnetawan Lake inside Algonquin Provincial Park to empty into Georgian Bay at the community of Britt on Byng Inlet.
Ma-mong-a-ze-da (Ojibwe: Mamaangĕzide " Big Foot") was an 18th-century Ojibwa chief from Shagawamikong.
Manistee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Manistee River in the U.S. state of Michigan, runs U.S. Geological Survey.
Manistee is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Manitou, akin to the Iroquois orenda, is the spiritual and fundamental life force among Algonquian groups in the Native American mythology.
Manitoulin Island is a Canadian lake island in Lake Huron, in the province of Ontario.
Manitouwadge is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Manitowoc is a city in and the county seat of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, United States.
Manomin County was a county in Minnesota that existed separately for about one year from 1857 to 1858.
Margaret Noodin (previously Margeret Noori, born 1965) is an American poet and Anishinaabemowin language teacher.
Marjorie Ann "Marge" (née Davis) Anderson (April 21, 1932 – June 29, 2013) was an Ojibwe Elder and politician for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, located in east-central Minnesota.
Marlo Dahl (born October 21, 1972 in Nipigon, Ontario) is a Canadian curler.
Marten Falls First Nation is an Anishinaabe First Nation reserve located in northern Ontario.
The grammar of the Massachusett language shares similarities with the grammars of related Algonquian languages.
The Massachusett language is an Algonquian language of the Algic language family, formerly spoken by several peoples of eastern coastal and south-eastern Massachusetts and currently, in its revived form, in four communities of Wampanoag people.
The massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a rattlesnake species found in midwestern North America from southern and eastern Ontario to northern Mexico, and parts of the United States in between.
Matawa First Nations (Ojibwe: ᒫᑕᐙ (maadawaa, "to fork, to confluence"); unpointed: ᒪᑕᐧᐊ), officially as the Matawa First Nations Management, Inc., is a non-profit Regional Chiefs' Council representing Ojibway and Cree First Nations in Northern Ontario, Canada.
The Mattagami River is a river in Northern Ontario, Canada.
The Mékinac Lake is a large lake of freshwater of province of Quebec (Canada), located mainly in the municipality Trois-Rives, in Mekinac Regional County Municipality, in the administrative region of Mauricie, in the province of Quebec, in Canada.
Métis French (français métis), along with Michif and Bungi, is one of the traditional languages of the Métis people, and the French-dialect source of Michif.
McCreary is an unincorporated urban community in the Municipality of McCreary within the Canadian province of Manitoba that held village status prior to January 1, 2015.
Mecan is a town in Marquette County, Wisconsin, United States.
This is a list of media outlets in the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
Menahga is a city in Wadena County in the U.S. state of Minnesota The population was 1,306 at the 2010 census.
The Menominee (also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for "Wild Rice People;" known as Mamaceqtaw, "the people," in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a reservation in Wisconsin.
Mesaba Aviation, Inc. (operating as Mesaba Airlines) was an American regional airline based in Eagan, Minnesota From 2010 to 2012 the airline was a wholly owned subsidiary of Pinnacle Airlines Corporation.
Michel Cadotte (July 22, 1764 – July 8, 1837) (also spelled Michael, Cadott, Cadeau, and other variations) or (Ojibwe: Kechemeshane (or Gichi-miishen in the contemporary spelling) "Great Michel") was a Métis fur trader of Ojibwe and French-Canadian descent who dominated business in the area of the south shore of Lake Superior.
Michif (also Mitchif, Mechif, Michif-Cree, Métif, Métchif, French Cree) is the language of the Métis people of Canada and the United States, who are the descendants of First Nations women (mainly Cree, Nakota, and Ojibwe) and fur trade workers of European ancestry (mainly French and Scottish Canadians).
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Michipicoten, a word in the Ojibwe language meaning "big bluffs," can refer to.
The Michipicoten River is a river in the Algoma District of northern Ontario, Canada, which flows from Dog Lake and joins with the Magpie River to empty into Michipicoten Bay on Lake Superior near the town of Wawa.
The Midewiwin (also spelled Midewin and Medewiwin) or the Grand Medicine Society is a secretive religion of some of the indigenous peoples of the Maritimes, New England and Great Lakes regions in North America.
The Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe (Ojibwe: Misi-zaaga'igani Anishinaabeg), also known as the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians, is a federally recognized American Indian tribe located in East Central Minnesota.
Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is the popular name for the land-base for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe in Central Minnesota, about 100 miles (160 km) north of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
The Mille Lacs Indians (Ojibwe: Misi-zaaga'iganiwininiwag), also known as the Mille Lacs and Snake River Band of Chippewa, are a Band of Indians formed from the unification of the Mille Lacs Band of Mississippi Chippewa (Ojibwe) with the Mille Lacs Band of Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota).
Mille Lacs Lake (also called Lake Mille Lacs or Mille Lacs) is a large but shallow lake in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Mimico is a neighbourhood and a former municipality in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, being located in the south-west area of Toronto on Lake Ontario.
Mimico Creek is a stream that flows through Brampton, Mississauga and Toronto in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
The Mindemoya River is a river on Manitoulin Island in Ontario, Canada, which flows about from Lake Mindemoya to empty into Providence Bay on Lake Huron.
Minesing Wetlands, previously known as Minesing Swamp, is a Ramsar boreal wetland in central Ontario, Canada stretching from the western periphery of Barrie to Georgian Bay.
Minnesota Point, also known as the Park Point neighborhood of Duluth, Minnesota, United States; is a long, narrow sand spit that extends out from the Canal Park tourist recreation-oriented district of the city of Duluth.
The Minnesota State Sanatorium for Consumptives, also known as the Ah-Gwah-Ching Center, was opened in 1907 to treat tuberculosis patients.
Minong is a village in Washburn County, Wisconsin, United States.
Mishkeegogamang First Nation No.
The Misquah Hills are a range of mountains in northeastern Minnesota, in the United States.
The Mississagi River is a river in Algoma and Sudbury Districts, Ontario, Canada, that originates in Sudbury District and flows to Lake Huron at Blind River, Algoma District.
The Mississauga are a subtribe of the Anishinaabe-speaking First Nations people located in southern Ontario, Canada.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
Mississippi River Band of Chippewa Indians (Anishinaabe: Gichi-ziibiwininiwag) or simply the Mississippi Chippewa, are a historical Ojibwa Band inhabiting the headwaters of the Mississippi River and its tributaries in present-day Minnesota.
A moccasin is a shoe, made of deerskin or other soft leather, consisting of a sole (made with leather that has not been "worked") and sides made of one piece of leather, stitched together at the top, and sometimes with a vamp (additional panel of leather).
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
The Montreal River is a river flowing to Lake Superior in northern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in the United States.
The Moon River is a river in west central Ontario, Canada, which flows from Bala Bay on Lake Muskoka and empties into Georgian Bay south of Parry Sound.
Mount McKay is a mafic sill located south of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, on the Indian Reserve of the Fort William First Nation.
MS Chi-Cheemaun is a passenger and vehicle ferry in Ontario, Canada, which traverses Lake Huron between Tobermory on Bruce Peninsula and South Baymouth on Manitoulin Island.
In Ojibwe mythology, Mudjekeewis (from the Anishinaabe language majiikiwis "first-born son") is a spirit, and figures prominently in their storytelling, including the story of the world's creation.
The muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), also known as muskelunge, muscallonge, milliganong, or maskinonge (and often abbreviated "muskie" or "musky"), is a species of large, relatively uncommon freshwater fish native to North America.
Muskoda is a ghost town in section 7 of Hawley Township in Clay County, Minnesota, United States.
Muskowekwan First Nation is a Saulteaux (Ojibway) First Nation who inhabit approximately 100 km northwest of Melville, Saskatchewan, Canada.
The N'Swakamok Native Friendship Centre is a Native Friendship Centre assisting Aboriginal people migrating to or already living in Greater Sudbury, Ontario.
The Naicatchewenin First Nation, also known as the Anishinaabeg of Nagaajiwanaang and formerly known as Northwest Bay First Nation, inhabited a region in Ontario that was cited in the Northwest Angle Treaty of 1873, also known as Treaty 3.
The Nakoda (also known as Stoney or Îyârhe Nakoda) are an indigenous people in Western Canada and, originally, the United States.
The Namekagon River (pronounced NAM-uh-KAH-gun) is a tributary of the St. Croix River.
Because of Germany's geographic position in the centre of Europe, as well as its long history as a non-united region of distinct tribes and states, there are many widely varying names of Germany in different languages, perhaps more so than for any other European nation.
In Anishinaabe ''aadizookaan'' (traditional storytelling), particularly among the Ojibwe, Nanabozho also known as Nanabush is a spirit, and figures prominently in their storytelling, including the story of the world's creation.
Nanticoke is an extinct Algonquian language formerly spoken in Delaware and Maryland, United States.
Naotkamegwanning First Nation, formerly known as Whitefish Bay First Nation and known in the Ojibwe language as Ne-adikamegwaning (Of the Whitefish Point), is an Ojibwa or Ontario Saulteaux First Nation located in Kenora District, Ontario near Sioux Narrows of Lake of the Woods.
Nate and the Colonel is a 2003 western film that was written, directed and edited by filmmaker Paul Winters.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Nebish Township is a township in Beltrami County, Minnesota, United States.
Negahneewin College is a tertiary education institution aimed at the Indigenous people in Northwestern Ontario.
The Nemadji River is a river rising in Pine County, Minnesota, United States, which flows through Carlton County, Minnesota, and Douglas County, Wisconsin, to Lake Superior.
The Net River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Nibinamik First Nation (Ojibway language: ᓃᐱᓇᒥᐦᐠ (Niibinamik, "Summerbeaver"); unpointed: ᓂᐱᓇᒥᐠ), also known as Summer Beaver Band, is a small Oji-Cree First Nation reserve in Northern Ontario, located on the Summer Beaver Settlement that is connected to the rest of the province by its airport, and a winter/ice road that leads to the Northern Ontario Resource Trail.
Nickel Centre (1996 census population 13,017) was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000.
Nigigoonsiminikaaning First Nation, formerly known as the Nicickousemenecaning First Nation and as the Red Gut First Nation, is a Saulteaux First Nation band government who inhabit the banks of Rainy Lake of the Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Nishnawbe Aski Nation (ᐊᓂᐦᔑᓈᐯ ᐊᔅᑭ ᐃᔥᑯᓂᑲᓇᓐ ᐅᑭᒫᐎᓐ (Anishinaabe-aski Ishkoniganan Ogimaawin), unpointed: ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᔅᑭ ᐃᔥᑯᓂᐊᓇᓐ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᓐ; NAN for short) is a political organization representing 49 First Nation communities across Treaty 9 and Treaty 5 areas of Northern Ontario, Canada.
The Nokasippi River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Nokiiwin Tribal Council (from Ojibwe anokiiwin, "work, employment") is a non-profit Regional Chiefs' Council located in the Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada, serving five First Nations by providing advisory services and training which will enhance the overall management skills and opportunities of the area's First Nations.
Nokomis is the name of Nanabozho's grandmother in the Ojibwe traditional stories and was the name of Hiawatha's grandmother in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, The Song of Hiawatha, which is a re-telling of the Nanabozho stories.
Nopiming Provincial Park is a provincial park in Manitoba, Canada.
North of Superior is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken on the north shore of Lake Superior in the area east of Lake Nipigon to Sault Ste Marie, Ontario.
Northwestern Ojibwe (also known as Northern Ojibwa, Ojibway, Ojibwe) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language, spoken in Ontario and Manitoba, Canada.
In linguistics, a noun class is a particular category of nouns.
The O'Chiese First Nation is an Anishinabe First Nation in Alberta, Canada.
Obabika Lake is a lake in Northeastern Ontario, Canada, located west of Lake Temagami in the Temagami region.
Obabika Lake is a lake in Kenora District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
Obviative (abbreviated) third person is a grammatical-person marking that distinguishes a non-salient (obviative) third-person referent from a more salient (proximate) third-person referent in a given discourse context.
The Odawa (also Ottawa or Odaawaa), said to mean "traders", are an Indigenous American ethnic group who primarily inhabit land in the northern United States and southern Canada.
Ogema, derived from the Anishinaabemowin word ogimaa meaning "chief", may refer to.
Ogema Township is a township in Pine County, Minnesota, United States.
Ogema is a town with a population of 403 located in south Central Saskatchewan, Canada.
Ogemaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Ogishkemuncie Lake is a lake in Lake County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Oglala Lakota or Oglala Sioux (pronounced, meaning "to scatter one's own" in Lakota language) are one of the seven subtribes of the Lakota people who, along with the Dakota, make up the Great Sioux Nation.
OJ may refer to.
OJC has multiple meanings.
The Oji-Cree, Anishinaabe (plural Anishinaabeg) or, less correctly, Severn Ojibwa or Northern Ojibwa, are a First Nation in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, residing in a narrow band extending from the Missinaibi River region in Northeastern Ontario at the east to Lake Winnipeg at the west.
The Severn Ojibwa or the Oji-Cree language (ᐊᓂᐦᔑᓂᓃᒧᐏᐣ, Anishininiimowin; Unpointed: ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᒧᐏᐣ) is the indigenous name for a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken in a series of Oji-Cree communities in northern Ontario and at Island Lake, Manitoba, Canada.
Ojibway, Ojibwa, or Ojibwe may refer to.
Ojibways of Onigaming or Onigaming First Nation is an Anishinaabe community in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa are an Anishinaabeg group of Indigenous Peoples in North America, which is referred to by many of its Indigenous peoples as Turtle Island.
The Ojibwe language is spoken in a series of dialects occupying adjacent territories, forming a language complex in which mutual intelligibility between adjacent dialects may be comparatively high but declines between some non-adjacent dialects.
The Ojibwe language is an Algonquian American Indian language spoken throughout the Great Lakes region and westward onto the northern plains.
The phonology of the Ojibwe language (also Ojibwa, Ojibway, or Chippewa, and most commonly referred to in the language as Anishinaabemowin) varies from dialect to dialect, but all varieties share common features.
Ojibwe is an indigenous language of North America from the Algonquian language family.
The Old Wadena Historic District is a concentration of historical archaeology sites now largely contained within Old Wadena County Park in Thomastown Township, Minnesota, United States.
Older than America is 2008 American suspense drama film directed by Georgina Lightning and starring Adam Beach, Wes Studi, Georgina Lightning and Bradley Cooper.
Omemee is a ghost town in Bottineau County in the U.S. state of North Dakota.
Omena is a small unincorporated community in Leelanau Township of Leelanau County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Onamia is a city in Mille Lacs County, Minnesota, United States.
Onigum is an unincorporated community in Shingobee Township, Cass County, Minnesota, United States, near Walker along Cass County Road 13.
Ontonagon County is a county in the Upper peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Oshawa (2016 population 159,458; CMA 379,848) is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline.
Oshkosh is a city in Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States, located where the Fox River enters Lake Winnebago from the west.
Ossineke is an unincorporated community in Sanborn Township, Alpena County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Otonabee River is a river in Peterborough County in Central Ontario, Canada.
Ottawa (or Odawa) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language, spoken by the Ottawa people in southern Ontario in Canada, and northern Michigan in the United States.
Ottawa has complex systems of both inflectional and derivational morphology.
Ottawa (also spelled Odawa) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken in a series of communities in southern Ontario and a smaller number of communities in northern Michigan.
The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma is one of four federally-recognized Native American tribes of Odawa people in the United States.
Otter Creek is a stream in Carlton County, Minnesota, in the United States.
The Ounce River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
This is an historical account of the Owen Sound Transportation Company, Limited, the forerunner of the enterprise that currently operates the vehicle and passenger ferry - M.S. ''Chi-Cheemaun'' - between Tobermory on the Bruce Peninsula, and South Baymouth on Manitoulin Island.
Ozaawindib ("Yellow Head" in English, recorded variously as Oza Windib, O-zaw-wen-dib, O-zaw-wan-dib, Ozawondib, etc.) was an Ojibwe warrior who lived in the early 19th century and was described as an ayaakwe ("agokwa" in literature)—what a modern Ojibwe would describe as a niizh manidoowag (two-spirit).
Ozaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
In linguistics, palatalization is a sound change that either results in a palatal or palatalized consonant or a front vowel, or is triggered by one of them.
Parry Sound High School (PSHS) is a public high school in the town of Parry Sound, Ontario, Canada.
Parry Sound is a town in Ontario, Canada, located on the eastern shore of the sound after which it is named.
The passenger pigeon or wild pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct species of pigeon that was endemic to North America.
Racial passing occurs when a person classified as a member of one racial group is also accepted as a member of a different racial group.
Paulette Jiles (aka Paulette K. Jiles, Paulette Jiles-Johnson (born 4 April 1943) is an American poet, memoirist, and novelist.
A Peace Pole is a monument that displays the message "May Peace Prevail on Earth” in the language of the country where it has been placed, and usually 3 to 13 additional translations.
A pejorative suffix is a suffix that attaches a negative meaning to the word or word-stem preceding it.
Pelican Lake is a lake in Crow Wing County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Pelican River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians (Ojibwe: Aniibiminani-ziibiwininiwag) are a historical band of Chippewa (Ojibwe), originally living along the Red River of the North and its tributaries.
The Penetangore River is a river in Kincardine, Bruce County in Southwestern Ontario, Canada.
Penetanguishene, sometimes shortened to Penetang, is a town in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada.
Peshtigo is a city in Marinette County, Wisconsin, United States.
Peter Jones (January 1, 1802 – June 29, 1856) was an Ojibwa Methodist minister, translator, chief and author from Burlington Heights, Upper Canada.
Peter Marksman (c. 1817–1892) was a Native American Methodist minister, active in Michigan among the Potawatomi Indians.
Larry Phillip "Phil" Fontaine, (born September 20, 1944) is an Aboriginal Canadian leader.
The Pic River is a river in the east part of Thunder Bay District in northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Pierre Bonga (Ojibwe: Makadewiiyas, "Black-skinned"; recorded as "Mukdaweos") (b.c. 1770s) was a black (African-American) trapper and interpreter for the North West Company, based in Canada near Mackinac Island.
Pierre Bottineau (January 1, 1817 – July 26, 1895) was a Minnesota frontiersman.
The Pikangikum First Nation (Ojibwe: pointed: ᐱᑳᐣᒋᑲᒦᐣᐠ ᐯᒫᑎᓯᐚᐨ; unpointed: ᐱᑲᒋᑲᒥᑭ ᐯᒪᑎᓯᐘᒋ; Bigaanjigamiing Bemaadiziwaaj; locally: Beekahncheekahmeeng Paymahteeseewahch) is an Ojibwe First Nation located on the Pikangikum 14 Reserve, in Unorganized Kenora District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians (or simply the Pillagers; Makandwewininiwag in the Ojibwe language) are a historical band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) who settled at the headwaters of the Mississippi River in present-day Minnesota.
Pimachiowin Aki (which means Land that gives life in Ojibwe, ᐱᒪᒋᐅᐃᐧᓂᐊᑭ) is a large proposed UNESCO biosphere reserve and World Heritage Site located in the Boreal Forest that covers parts of Manitoba and Ontario.
The Pinconning River (Ojibwe Opinikaaning-ziibi (syncope as Pinkaaning-ziibi), "River at potatoing-grounds") is a small river on the central Lower Peninsula of Michigan in the United States.
Pinconning is a city in Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Pine City is a city in Pine County, Minnesota, United States.
The Pine River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
In much of the "Old World" (approximately Africa, Asia and Europe) the names of many places cannot easily be interpreted or understood; they do not convey any apparent meaning in the modern language of the area.
Pokegama Creek is a stream in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Pokegama Lake is a lake in Pine County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Pokegama is an unincorporated community in Pokegama Township, Pine County, Minnesota, United States; along the Pokegama Lake.
Ponemah (Ojibwe language Obaashiing) is a census-designated place (CDP) within the Lower Red Lake unorganized territory in Beltrami County, Minnesota, United States.
Poplar River First Nation (or Azaadiwi-ziibi Nitam-Anishinaabe in the Anishinaabe language) is an Ojibwa First Nation in Manitoba, Canada.
Potagannissing Bay (Anishinaabe: Bootaagan-minising-wiikwed (syncope as Bootaagan-mnising-wiikwed), meaning "Bay by the Mill Island (Drummond Island)") is a shallow, island-strewn bay on Lake Huron in Algoma District, Ontario, Canada Shows the outline of the bay highlighted on a topographic map.
The Potagannissing River (Anishinaabe: Bootaagan-minising-ziibi (syncope as Bootaagan-mnising-ziibi), meaning "River on the Mill Island (Drummond Island)") is an U.S. Geological Survey.
ThePottawatomi, also spelled Pottawatomie and Potawatomi (among many variations), are a Native American people of the Great Plains, upper Mississippi River, and western Great Lakes region. They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquian family. The Potawatomi called themselves Neshnabé, a cognate of the word Anishinaabe. The Potawatomi were part of a long-term alliance, called the Council of Three Fires, with the Ojibwe and Odawa (Ottawa). In the Council of Three Fires, the Potawatomi were considered the "youngest brother" and were referred to in this context as Bodéwadmi, a name that means "keepers of the fire" and refers to the council fire of three peoples. In the 19th century, they were pushed to the west by European/American encroachment in the late 18th century and removed from their lands in the Great Lakes region to reservations in Oklahoma. Under Indian Removal, they eventually ceded many of their lands, and most of the Potawatomi relocated to Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory, now in Oklahoma. Some bands survived in the Great Lakes region and today are federally recognized as tribes. In Canada, there are over 20 First Nation bands.
Potawatomi (also spelled Pottawatomie; in Potawatomi Bodéwadmimwen, or Bodéwadmi Zheshmowen, or Neshnabémwen) is a Central Algonquian language.
The Prairie River (Big Sandy Lake) is a river of Minnesota.
In phonetics, preaspiration (sometimes spelled pre-aspiration) is a period of voicelessness or aspiration preceding the closure of a voiceless obstruent, basically equivalent to an -like sound preceding the obstruent.
Although not widely accepted in linguistics, the term preverb is used in Caucasian (including all three families: Northwest Caucasian, Northeast Caucasian and Kartvelian), Caddoan, Athabaskan, and Algonquian linguistics to describe certain elements prefixed to verbs.
Proto-Algonquian (commonly abbreviated PA) is the proto-language from which the various Algonquian languages are descended.
The protohistoric period of the state of West Virginia in the United States began in the mid-sixteenth century with the arrival of European trade goods.
Pugasaing (or the game of bowl and counters) is a Native American dice game played by the Ojibwe.
The Pukaskwa River is a river in Thunder Bay District and Algoma District in Northern Ontario, Canada.
The Purple Spirit Singers is a group of male traditional Indigenous singers, led by Brandon Barberstock of the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory, who sing in various drum styles (see Pow Wow Singers, Hand Drum Singers, Round Dance Singers, etc.). This group originally formed when a collective of Indigenous students studying at Western University (London, On.) decided that they wanted to create a group to share songs, teachings, and positive energy within the group and throughout the community.
Quinnesec is an unincorporated community in Dickinson County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Quinnipiac—rarely spelled Quinnipiack—is the English name for the Eansketambawg (meaning “original people”; c.f., Ojibwe: Anishinaabeg and Blackfoot: Niitsítapi), a Native American nation of the Algonquian family who inhabited the Wampanoki (i.e., “Dawnland”; c.f., Ojibwe: Waabanaki, Abenaki: Wabanakiyik) region, including present-day Connecticut.
Rabbit Lake is a lake in Crow Wing County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.
Rainy Lake (French: lac à la Pluie; Ojibwe: gojiji-zaaga'igan) is a relatively large freshwater lake straddling the border between the United States and Canada.
Rainy Lake and River Bands of Saulteaux (Ojibwe language: Gojijiwininiwag) are Saulteaux (Ojibwe) group located in Northwestern Ontario and northern Minnesota, along and about the Rainy Lake and the Rainy River, known in Ojibwe as Gojijiing.
The Rainy River (French: Rivière à la Pluie; Ojibwe: Gojiji-ziibi) is a river, approximately long, which forms part of the Canada–United States border separating northern Minnesota and Northwestern Ontario.
Rainy River District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Rainy River District School Board (known as English-language Public District School Board No. 5B prior to 1999) is a school board in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
Red Lake (translated from the Ojibwe language Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'igan: Lake with its liquid be colored red) is a lake in Beltrami County in northern Minnesota.
The Red Lake Indian Reservation (Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'igan) covers in parts of nine counties in northwestern Minnesota, United States.
Red Lake Nation College is a community college on the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Red Lake, Minnesota.
The Red Lake River (French: Rivière du Lac Rouge; Ojibwe: Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'iganiiwi-ziibi) is a river located in northwestern Minnesota.
Red Lake Senior High School is a public state-funded high school in unincorporated Red Lake, in Beltrami County, northern Minnesota, USA.
The red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) is a passerine bird of the family Icteridae found in most of North America and much of Central America.
Redwood Falls is a city in Redwood County, located along the Redwood River near its confluence with the Minnesota River, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Rib Falls (also known as Big Rib Falls) is an unincorporated community located in the town of Rib Falls, Marathon County, Wisconsin, United States.
Rice Creek is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the northern suburbs of the Minneapolis–St. Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota in the United States.
Robert McDonald (November 7, 1829 – August 20, 1913) was an Anglican missionary among First Nation peoples, particularly in the northwest Arctic.
Rolette County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota.
Rushseba Township is a township in Chisago County, Minnesota, United States.
Sachem and Sagamore refer to paramount chiefs among the Algonquians or other Native American tribes of the northeast.
Saginaw Bay is a bay within Lake Huron located on the eastern side of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan is a federally recognized band of Chippewa (a.k.a. Ojibwe) Indians located in central Michigan in the United States.
Saginaw County, officially the County of Saginaw, is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Sagkeeng First Nation is an Anishinaabe First Nation that holds territory upon Turtle Island in the southern part of Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 120 kilometers north of the city of Winnipeg ("Win-nipi" is a Cree word meaning "murky waters"), and on the mainland.
Saint Anthony Falls or the Falls of Saint Anthony, located northeast of downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, was the only natural major waterfall on the Upper Mississippi River.
The Saint Louis River (abbreviated St. Louis River) is a river in the U.S. states of Minnesota and Wisconsin that flows into Lake Superior.
Sandstone is a city in Pine County, Minnesota, United States, along the Kettle River.
Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Chippewa (Ojibwe: Gaa-mitaawangaagamaag-ininiwag) are a historical Ojibwa tribe located in the upper Mississippi River basin, on and around Big Sandy Lake in what today is in Aitkin County, Minnesota.
Sandy Lake is an unincorporated community Native American village located in Turner Township, Aitkin County, Minnesota, United States.
The Saugeen River is located in southern Ontario, Canada, The river begins in the Osprey Wetland Conservation Lands and flows generally north-west about before exiting into Lake Huron.
Saugeen–Maitland Hall is a co-ed students' residence at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada.
The Sac or Sauk are a group of Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands culture group, who lived primarily in the region of what is now Green Bay, Wisconsin, when first encountered by the French in 1667.
The Sauk River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Sault Ste.
The Saulteaux (pronounced,; also written Salteaux and many other variants) are a First Nations band government in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada.
A sauna, or sudatory, is a small room or building designed as a place to experience dry or wet heat sessions, or an establishment with one or more of these facilities.
Sawyer County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
The Schoolcraft River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 30 mi (48 km) long, in northern Minnesota in the United States.
Sea Gull Lake is a lake in Cook County, Minnesota, in the United States.
Sebewaing Township is a civil township of Huron County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Sebewaing is a village in Huron County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Seguin River is a river in Parry Sound District in central Ontario, Canada that empties into Parry Sound on Georgian Bay, Lake Huron at the town of Parry Sound.
Seine River First Nation, previously known as the Rivière la Seine Band, is an Ojibwe First Nation reserve located roughly west of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Serpent Lake is a lake in Crow Wing County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Seven Generations Education Institute (SGEI) is an Aboriginal-owned and controlled post-secondary institution co-founded by the ten bands in the Rainy Lake Tribal area in 1985.
Shakopee or Chief Shakopee may refer to any of the three Mdewakanton Dakota leaders, in what is now the United States, who lived in the area of Minnesota from the late 18th century through 1865.
Shawshawwawnabeece (Zhaashaawanibiisi ("The Swallow") in Fiero spelling of Ojibwe) was a Michigan Native American chief of the Saginaw Swan Creek and Black River Band of Ojibwa (Chippewa).
Shawano is a city in Shawano County, Wisconsin, United States.
Shelldrake is a ghost town in Whitefish Township, Chippewa County, Michigan, United States, about south of Whitefish Point, Michigan at the mouth of the Shelldrake River (also known as the Betsy River) on Whitefish Bay.
Chief Shingabawossin (recorded variously as Shin-ga-ba W'Ossin, Shin-ga-ba-wossin, Shin-ga-ba-wassin and Shingabowossin, from the Ojibwe: zhingaabewasin "image stone") (c. 1763 - c. 1830) was an Ojibwa chief about Sault Ste. Marie.
Shingebiss is an Ojibwa (Chippewa) Native American story which exemplifies the strength of the underdog and the virtue of perseverance and fortitude.
Shingobee Lake is a lake in Hubbard County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Shingobee River is a river in Cass and Hubbard counties, Minnesota.
Shingwauk Kinoomaage Gamig (University) is an Anishinaabe (Ojibwa) Institute run in conjunction with Algoma University in Sault Ste. Marie and the Shingwauk Education Trust.
Sioux is a Siouan language spoken by over 30,000 Sioux in the United States and Canada, making it the fifth most spoken indigenous language in the United States or Canada, behind Navajo, Cree, Inuit languages and Ojibwe.
Siseebakwet Lake is a lake in Itasca County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Skootamatta Lake is a lake in the Lake Ontario drainage basin in Addington Highlands, Lennox and Addington County, Ontario, Canada.
The Skootamatta River is a river in the Lake Ontario drainage basin in Hastings and Lennox and Addington Counties in Ontario, Canada.
Skownan First Nation is a Saulteaux (Ojibwa) First Nations band government whose reserve community, Waterhen Indian Reserve No. 45, a.k.a. "Waterhen", is located 288 km north of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, on the south shore of Waterhen Lake, between Lake Winnipeg and Lake Winnipegosis.
The Snake River is a tributary of the Red River of the North in northwestern Minnesota in the United States.
The Snake River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Snowbank Lake is a lake in Lake County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Minneapolis South High School is a public high school in the Corcoran neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Spadina Avenue is one of the most prominent streets in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Split Hand Creek is a stream in Itasca County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The English word Squaw is an ethnic and sexual slur, historically used for Indigenous North American women.
The Straight River is a tributary of the Fish Hook River, long, in north-central Minnesota in the United States.
The striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) is a skunk of the genus Mephitis that is native to southern Canada, the United States and northern Mexico.
The Sunrise River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Sunrise is an unincorporated community in Sunrise Township, Chisago County, Minnesota, United States.
Superior is a city in, and the county seat of, Douglas County in the state of Wisconsin.
Swampy Cree, known by themselves as Maskiki Wi Iniwak, Mushkegowuk (or Maškēkowak in common Cree spelling) or Maskekon therefore often known as Muskegon and Muskegoes.
The Swan River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Swan River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 60 mi (97 km) long, in northeastern Minnesota in the United States.
Chief Tagwagané (Ojibwe: Dagwagaane, "Two Lodges Meet") (c. 1780–1850) was an Anishinaabe (Ojibwa) sub-chief of the La Pointe Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, located in the Chequamegon area in the first half of the 19th century.
The Tahquamenon River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
The Tamarac River is an U.S. Geological Survey.
Among the Anishinaabe people, the Teachings of the Seven Grandfathers, also known simply as either the Seven Teachings or Seven Grandfathers, is a set of teachings on human conduct towards others.
The Teme-Augama Anishnabai (TAA) (from the Anishinaabe Dimii'aagamaa Anishinaabe, "the deep water people") is the Aboriginal (Anishinaabe) community of the Temagami First Nation.
The territorial era of Minnesota lasted from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to Minnesota's achieving statehood in 1858.
Tessouat (Anishinaabe: Tesswehas) (c. ??? – 1636/1654) was an Algonquin chief from the Kitchesipirini nation ("Kitche".
The Thames River is located in southwestern Ontario, Canada.
The Massasauga Provincial Park is a provincial park in Parry Sound District, Ontario, Canada, stretching from the town of Parry Sound south to the Moon River.
The Song of Hiawatha is an 1855 epic poem in trochaic tetrameter by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow that features Native American characters.
Thomas Little Shell (c.1830-1901) (also known in Ojibwe as Esens ("Little Shell" or "Little Clam") and recorded as Ase-anse or Es-sence), was a chief of a band of the Ojibwa (Chippewa) tribe in the second half of the nineteenth century, when the Anishinaabeg (Ojibwa peoples) had a vast territory ranging from southwestern Canada into the northern tier of the United States, from the Dakotas and into Montana.
Toad River is a stream in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Tobacco River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Tom Uttech (born 1942) is an American landscape painter and photographer who was born in Merrill, Wisconsin.
The Toronto Islands (formerly known as Island of Hiawatha and also known as Menecing, meaning "On the Island" in the Ojibwa language) are a chain of small islands in Lake Ontario, south of mainland Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Totagatic River (generally pronounced To-TA-ga-tik) is an U.S. Geological Survey.
A totem (Ojibwe doodem) is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe.
Totem poles (Gyáa'aang in the Haida language) are monumental carvings, a type of Northwest Coast art, consisting of poles, posts or pillars, carved with symbols or figures.
The Trade River is a tributary of the St. Croix River in northwestern Wisconsin in the United States.
The tree of life is a widespread myth (mytheme) or archetype in the world's mythologies, related to the concept of sacred tree more generally,Giovino, Mariana (2007).
Trent University is a public liberal arts and science-oriented university located along the Otonabee River in Peterborough, Ontario, with a satellite campus in Oshawa, which serves the Regional Municipality of Durham.
Truman Michelson (1879–1938) was a linguist and anthropologist who worked from 1910 until his death for the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution.
Turtle Lake is a lake in Cass County, Minnesota, in the United States.
The Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians (Ojibwe language: Mikinaakwajiw-ininiwag) is a Native American tribe of Ojibwa and Métis peoples, based on the Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation in Belcourt, North Dakota.
Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation (Ojibwe language: Mikinaakwajiwing) is an Indian Reservation located primarily in northern North Dakota, United States.
The Two River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some indigenous North Americans to describe certain people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial role in their cultures.
An underwater panther, called Mishipeshu or Mishibijiw in Ojibwe, is one of the most important of several mythological water beings among many indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands and Great Lakes region, particularly among the Anishinaabe.
Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics is a Unicode block containing syllabic characters for writing Inuktitut, Carrier, several dialects of Cree, and Canadian Athabascan languages.
Us-kab-wan-ka River, also known as the Ush-kab-wan River, is a small tributary of the Cloquet River in northeast Minnesota in the United States.
In syntax, verb-initial (V1) word order is a word order in which the verb appears before the subject and the object.
Verna Jane Kirkness, (born 1935 Fisher River Cree Nation, Manitoba) is a Cree scholar, pioneer and lifelong proponent of indigenous language, culture and education who has been influential in Canadian indigenous education policy and practice.
Vernon Bellecourt (WaBun-Inini) (October 17, 1931 – October 13, 2007) was a member of the White Earth Band of Ojibwe (located in Minnesota), a Native American rights activist, and a leader in the American Indian Movement (AIM).
Vineland is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation portion of Mille Lacs County, Minnesota, United States.
The voiced palato-alveolar sibilant affricate, voiced post-alveolar affricate or voiced domed postalveolar sibilant affricate, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Waawaate Fobister is a Canadian playwright and actor, whose debut work Agokwe won six Dora Mavor Moore Awards, including Outstanding New Play, in 2009.
The Wabanaki Confederacy (Wabenaki, Wobanaki, translated roughly as "People of the First Light" or "People of the Dawnland") are a First Nations and Native American confederation of five principal nations: the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, and Penobscot.
Wabanquot, Wabonaquod, Wah-bon-ah-quot, Wau-bon-a-quat or Wa-bon-o-quot (ca. 1830-1898) was an Ojibwa chief.
Wabaseemoong Independent Nations or more fully as the Wabaseemoong Independent Nations of One Man Lake, Swan Lake and Whitedog, is an Ojibway First Nation band government who reside 120 km northwest of Kenora, Ontario and east of the Ontario-Manitoba border of northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Wabasso is a city in Redwood County, Minnesota, United States.
Wabigoon Lake is a lake in Kenora District in northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Wabigoon Lake Ojibway Nation, or commonly as Wabigoon First Nation (Anishinaabemowin: Waabigoniiw Saaga'iganiiw Anishinaabeg), is a Saulteaux First Nation band government who inhabit the Kenora District in northwestern Ontario, Canada.
The Wabigoon River is a river in Kenora District in northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Waboose Lake is a lake in Hubbard County, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Wabun Tribal Council is a non-profit Regional Chiefs' Council representing Ojibway and Cree First Nations in northern Ontario, Canada.
The Wabunowin (also spelled Wabunohwin and Wabunohiwin; Waabanoowiwin in the "double-vowel" spelling) is the "Dawn Society", also sometime improperly called the "Magical Dawn Society", a distinct Anishinaabe society of visionaries, practiced among the Anishinaabeg peoples, consisting of the Algonquin/Nipissing, Ojibwa/Chippewa/Saulteaux/Mississaugas, Odawa, Potawatomi and Oji-cree, located primarily in the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada.
Wahkon is a city in Mille Lacs County, Minnesota, United States.
Walden (Canada 1996 Census population 10,292) was a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, existing from 1973 to 2000.
Walpole Island is an island and First Nation reserve in southwestern Ontario, Canada, on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States.
The Wanapitei River (French: Rivière Wanapitei) is a river in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
Wanda is a city in Redwood County, Minnesota, United States.
The Wapsipinicon River (locally known as the Wapsi) is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
Warba is a city in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States.
Waskish Township is a township in Beltrami County, Minnesota, United States.
The Watab River, also known as Watab Creek, is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Waub-o-jeeg, also written Wa-bo-jeeg or other variants of Ojibwe Waabojiig (White Fisher) "White Feather" "King Fisher"(c. 1747-1793) was a famous warrior and chief of the Ojibwa.
Waubonsie (c. 1760 – c. 1848) was a leader of the Potawatomi Native American people.
Waugoshance Point (GNIS ID#) is a cape or peninsula that juts into Lake Michigan from the northwest coast of the Lower Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan in Emmet County.
Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States.
Waupoos is a community in Prince Edward County, Ontario, Canada.
Wausau is a city in and the county seat of Marathon County, Wisconsin, United States.
Wawa is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Algoma District and associated with Wawa Lake.
Wawina is an unincorporated community in Wawina Township, Itasca County, Minnesota, United States.
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services is a family services agency focused on the needs of Anishinaabe families in ten communities in the southern part of the traditional territory of the Anishinaabe Nation in Treaty #3 in Canada.
Weenusk First Nation (italic (Wīnāsko Ininiwak); unpointed: ᐧᐃᓇᐢᑯ ᐃᓂᓂᐧᐊᐠ) is a Cree First Nation band government in the Canadian province of Ontario.
In Algonquian folklore, the wendigo or windigo is a mythical cannibal monster or evil spirit native to the northern forests of the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes Region of both the United States and Canada.
Western Ojibwa (also known as Nakawēmowin (ᓇᐦᑲᐌᒧᐎᓐ), Saulteaux, and Plains Ojibwa) is a dialect of the Ojibwe language, a member of the Algonquian language family.
WGZS is a non-commercial FM radio station operating on 89.1 MHz from a transmitter on the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation in rural St. Louis County north of Cloquet. The station's coverage range includes portions of Aitkin, Carlton, Douglas and St. Louis counties, including all of Cloquet and large portions of Duluth and Superior. The station currently operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week with a mix of mainstream American and Native American music, as well as regional and American Indian-oriented programming and local weather, events, and school closings. The station is staffed by Dan Huculak and Pat Puchalla.
The White Earth Indian Reservation (or Gaa-waabaabiganikaag (lit. "Where there is an abundance of white clay") in the Ojibwe language) is the home to the White Earth Band, located in northwestern Minnesota.
Whitefish Lake is a lake in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
A wigwam, wickiup or wetu is a domed dwelling formerly used by certain Native American and First Nations tribes, and still used for ceremonial purposes.
Wiigwaasabak (Ojibwe language, plural: wiigwaasabakoon) are birch bark scrolls, on which the Ojibwa (Anishinaabe) people of North America wrote complex geometrical patterns and shapes.
A wiigwaasi-makak (plural: wiigwaasi-makakoon), meaning "birch-bark box" in the Anishinaabe language, is a box made of panels of birchbark sewn together with watap.
Wild rice (Ojibwe: Manoomin, Sanskrit: 'नीवार', IAST:; also called Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats) are four species of grasses forming the genus Zizania, and the grain that can be harvested from them.
The Wild Rice River is a tributary of the Red River of the North in northwestern Minnesota in the United States.
William Greenfield (1 April 1799 – 5 November 1831) was an English philologist.
William Yellowhead, or Musquakie, as he was known in his own (Ojibwe tongue (other attested names include Mayawassino, Waisowindebay) was the "head chief" of the Chippewas of Lakes Huron and Simcoe and leader of the Deer clan of that people from 1817 until his death in 1864. He led his people in taking arms in defence of Upper Canada in the Upper Canada Rebellion, oversaw the sale of the bulk of their territory to the provincial government, and led them in their first attempts to adopt an agrarian way of life. Although the claims of several other persons have been advanced, it is generally believed (not necessarily correctly) that Musquakie is the origin of the name of the District Municipality of Muskoka.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
Winona LaDuke (born August 18, 1959) is an American environmentalist, economist, and writer, known for her work on tribal land claims and preservation, as well as sustainable development.
The Wood River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Yellow Dog River flows through Marquette County in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Yellow Quill First Nation (formerly Nut Lake Band of Saulteaux) is a Saulteaux First Nation band government in Saskatchewan, Canada.
York County (formerly Charles River County) is a county in the eastern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia, located in the Tidewater.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
Anishinaabe language, Anishinaabemowin, Anishinabemowin, Broken Ojibwa, ISO 639:ciw, ISO 639:oj, ISO 639:oji, Ojibwa Language, Ojibwa language, Ojibwa-Odawa language, Ojibwa-Ottawa language, Ojibwa-Potawatomi-Ottawa language, Ojibway language, Ojibwe (language), Ojibwe group of languages, Ojibwe language group, Ojibwe-language, Otchipwe.