From today's featured article
The South American dreadnought race took place in the early twentieth century between Argentina, Brazil and Chile—the three most powerful and wealthy countries in South America. In 1906 the revolutionary British warship HMS Dreadnought made all existing battleships obsolete. Brazil ordered three Minas Geraes-class dreadnoughts (lead ship pictured). These warships would be the most powerful in the world. The incomplete third vessel was sold to the Ottoman Empire in 1913 over economic concerns and a fear that it would be outclassed by even larger super-dreadnoughts. Meanwhile, Argentina and Chile ordered two dreadnoughts each: of the Rivadavia class in 1910 and Almirante Latorre class in 1911, respectively. The outbreak of World War I ended the naval arms race. The Brazilian super-dreadnought Riachuelo was canceled, the two Chilean dreadnoughts were purchased by the British, and Argentina's two dreadnoughts were completed in US yards. (This article is part of a featured topic: South American dreadnought race.)
Did you know ...
- ... that William Miller Beardshear (pictured) was known as the "father of Iowa State College", now known as Iowa State University?
- ... that the oldest Chinese medical text on surgery was, according to tradition, written by a doctor who had met a ghost?
- ... that listeners to ESPN's sports podcasts are "13 years younger than" ESPN Radio listeners, according to a company executive?
- ... that Sir Srinivas Varadachariar was the first Indian chief justice of the Federal Court of India?
- ... that Fort Curtis's 24-pounder guns were taken away for use in the Vicksburg campaign?
- ... that in the Book of Mormon's allusion to the raising of Lazarus of Bethany in John 11, Abish plays a role parallel to that of Jesus?
- ... that the setting of the game Ghost of Tsushima takes place during the Mongol invasion of Tsushima?
- ... that mathematician Daniel Larsen was the youngest contributor to the New York Times crossword puzzle?
In the news
- A deadly fire in Ürümqi escalates ongoing protests across China (vigil pictured) in response to the government's zero-COVID policy.
- Anwar Ibrahim of the Pakatan Harapan coalition becomes Prime Minister of Malaysia after the general election produces the nation's first hung parliament.
- An earthquake centred near Cianjur in Indonesia's West Java kills at least 323 people and injures more than 7,000 others.
- In Canadian football, the Toronto Argonauts defeat the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in the Grey Cup.
On this day
- 1853 – Russian warships led by Pavel Nakhimov destroyed an Ottoman fleet of frigates at the Battle of Sinop, prompting France and the United Kingdom to enter the Crimean War.
- 1936 – English mathematician Alan Turing published the first details of the Turing machine (model pictured), an abstract device that can simulate the logic of any computer algorithm by manipulating symbols.
- 1954 – A meteorite crashed through a roof in Sylacauga, Alabama, and hit a sleeping woman in the first verified case of a human being injured by an extraterrestrial object.
- 2005 – John Sentamu was enthroned as Archbishop of York, becoming the first black archbishop in the Church of England.
Today's featured picture
The siege of Kolberg took place from March to July 1807 during the War of the Fourth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars. An army of the First French Empire and several foreign auxiliaries (including Polish insurgents) of France besieged the fortified town of Kolberg, the only remaining Prussian-held fortress in the Province of Pomerania. The siege was ultimately unsuccessful and was lifted upon the announcement of the peace of Tilsit. These three banknotes, in denominations of two, four and eight groschen, were issued by the Prussian authorities in Kolberg as emergency money during the siege. Each was handwritten on cardboard with multiple authorising signatures and was stamped with the seal of the local government. The banknotes are now part of the National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution in the United States.