|Born||March 19, 1947|
Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||College of William & Mary|
|Partner(s)||John Starke (1987–1991)|
Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947) is an American actress and producer. "Long considered one of the great actresses of our time", she is the recipient of numerous awards, including three Primetime Emmy Awards, three Tony Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards. She has also been nominated eight times for an Academy Award, holding the record for the most acting nominations without a win (tied with Peter O'Toole). With her eighth nomination in 2021, she became one of the five most-nominated actresses in Academy history. In 2016, she was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame, and in 2019, Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
Upon entering college, Close majored in theater and anthropology at the College of William & Mary. She began her professional career on stage in 1974 with Love for Love and was mostly a New York stage actress until the early 1980s. Her work included Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. Her film debut came in The World According to Garp (1982), which was followed by supporting roles in the films The Big Chill (1983) and The Natural (1984); all three earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Close went on to establish herself as a Hollywood leading lady with roles in Fatal Attraction (1987) and Dangerous Liaisons (1988), both of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Close won two more Tony Awards for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995. She won her first Primetime Emmy Award for the 1995 television drama film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story, and she continued a successful film career with starring roles in Reversal of Fortune (1990) and Air Force One (1997), among others, while being also well-known for her portrayal as the villainous Cruella de Vil in 101 Dalmatians (1996). Further television work came for Close in the 2000s, with her portrayal of Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 television film The Lion in Winter earning her a Golden Globe Award. From 2007 to 2012, Close starred as Patty Hewes in the drama series Damages, which won her a Golden Globe Award and two Primetime Emmy Awards. She returned to the Broadway stage in a 2014 revival of A Delicate Balance. During this period, she received two additional Best Actress Academy Award nominations for Albert Nobbs (2011) and The Wife (2017), winning a third Golden Globe for the latter. In 2020, she starred in Hillbilly Elegy and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
Close has been married three times, and she has a daughter from her relationship with producer John Starke. She is the president of Trillium Productions and has co-founded the website FetchDog. She has made political donations in support of Democratic politicians, and is vocal on issues such as gay marriage, women's rights, and mental health.
Early life and family
Glenn Close was born on March 19, 1947, in Greenwich, Connecticut, to socialite Elizabeth Mary Hester "Bettine" (Moore) and William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to its dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. She has two sisters, Tina and Jessie, and two brothers, Alexander (nicknamed Sandy) and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa.
During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close began honing her acting abilities in her early years, "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society. She would also avoid mentioning her birthplace, the wealthy town Greenwich, whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work."
When Close was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament (MRA), a movement in which her family remained involved for fifteen years. During this period, Close's family lived in communal centers. She has described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say. Close also spent time in Switzerland when studying at St. George's School, and attended Rosemary Hall (now Choate Rosemary Hall), graduating in 1965. She traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with a singing group called Up With People. During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group called the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, and Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live".
When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA. She once stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to leave the group, adding, "I have long [ago] forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, and I understand them. It had terrible effects on their kids, but that's the way it is. We all try to survive, right? And I think what actually saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress." She attended The College of William & Mary, double majoring in theater and anthropology, Class of 1974. During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on The Dick Cavett Show. It was in the college's theater department that Close began to train as a serious actor under Howard Scammon, William and Mary's long-time professor of theater. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she also starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory", written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green. She was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa. Through the years, Close has returned to William & Mary to lecture and to visit the theater department. In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at William & Mary and received an honorary doctor of arts degree.
Through her appearance on the first episode of the seventh season of Finding Your Roots, she came to find out that she is related to Princess Diana through her 7 times great-grandparents, is also distantly related to fellow actor Clint Eastwood, and that some of her ancestors were slaveholders.
Career beginnings in theater (1974–80)
Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at age 27. In her senior year of college, she called her school's theater department to be nominated for a series of auditions through the University Resident Theatre Association and TCG. Eventually, she was given a callback and hired for one season to do three plays at the Helen Hayes Theatre, one of those plays being Love for Love directed by Hal Prince. She continued to appear in many Broadway and Off-Broadway plays in the 1970s and early 1980s. Close has had an extensive career performing in Broadway musicals. She began performing in 1974, and received her first Tony Award nomination in 1980 for Barnum.
Sunset Boulevard and further success (1981–2002)
One of her most notable roles on stage was Norma Desmond in the Andrew Lloyd Webber production of Sunset Boulevard, for which Close won her third Tony Award, playing the role on Broadway in 1993–94. For her role, Close was met with critical acclaim. David Richards of The New York Times wrote in 1994 that "Glenn is giving one of those legendary performances people will be talking about years from now. The actress takes breathtaking risks, venturing so far out on a limb at times that you fear it will snap. It doesn't."
Return to stage (2003–15)
In 2008, Close performed at Carnegie Hall, narrating the violin concerto The Runaway Bunny, a concerto for reader, violin and orchestra, composed and conducted by Glen Roven. She provided the voice of the "Giant" in the Summer 2012 production of the musical Into the Woods at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. The production also featured Amy Adams as The Baker's Wife and Donna Murphy as The Witch. In 2014 she starred in a production of the Pirates of Penzance for the Public Theater in New York, playing the role of Ruth. This production featured Kevin Kline, Martin Short and Anika Noni Rose.
In October 2014, Close returned to Broadway in the starring role of Agnes in Pam MacKinnon's revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance at the Golden Theatre. Her co-stars were John Lithgow as Tobias, Martha Plimpton as Julia and Lindsay Duncan as Claire. The production grossed $884,596 over eight preview performances during the week ending Oct. 25, setting a new house record at the Golden Theatre. The production received mixed reviews, although the cast was praised.
Continued acclaim (2016–present)
In April 2016, she returned as Norma Desmond in the musical Sunset Boulevard in an English National Opera production in the West End in London. Close was met with rave reviews after returning to this same role twenty-three years later. Both The Times and The Daily Telegraph gave the production five stars and praised her performance. During the production Close was forced to cancel three shows due to a chest infection. She was hospitalized but later recovered and finished the remaining shows. Close won the Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Musical Performance, and was nominated for her first Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical.
The ENO London production of Sunset Boulevard transferred to the Palace Theatre on Broadway, with Close reprising her role. It opened on February 9, 2017 in a limited run, selling tickets through June 25, 2017. The production features a 40-piece orchestra, the largest in Broadway history. Close in particular was lauded by critics for her new incarnation of Norma Desmond. As The New York Times called it "one of the great stage performances of this century." Variety, Parade, The Guardian and Entertainment Weekly also gave the new production positive reviews.
Early roles and breakthrough (1980–1989)
In 1980, director George Roy Hill discovered Close on Broadway and asked her to audition with Robin Williams for a role in The World According to Garp, which would become her first film role. The 1980s proved to be Close's most successful decade in Hollywood. She made her debut film performance in The World According to Garp which earned Close her first Oscar nomination. She played Robin Williams's mother, despite being just four years older. The following year she played Sarah Cooper in The Big Chill, a character that director Lawrence Kasdan said he specifically wrote for her. The movie received positive reviews and was a financial success. Close became the third actor to receive a Tony, Emmy, and Oscar (Academy Award) nomination all in the same calendar year after the release of The Big Chill.
In 1984 Close was given a part in Robert Redford's baseball drama The Natural, and although it was a small supporting role she earned a third consecutive Oscar nomination. Close, to this day, credits her nomination to cinematographer Caleb Deschanel, stating ''That hat was designed so the sunlight would come through. We waited for a certain time of day, so the sun was shining through the back of the stadium. And he had a lens that muted the people around me. It was an incredibly well thought-out shot. And I honestly think that's the reason I got nominated.'' Close also starred opposite Robert Duvall in the drama The Stone Boy (1984), a film about a family coping after their youngest child accidentally kills his older brother in a hunting accident.
Eventually, Close began to seek different roles to play because she did not want to be typecast as a motherly figure. She starred in the 1985 romantic comedy Maxie, alongside Mandy Patinkin. Close was given favorable reviews and even received her second Golden Globe Award nomination, but the movie was critically panned and under-performed at the box office. In 1985 Close starred in the legal thriller Jagged Edge, opposite Jeff Bridges. Initially, Jane Fonda was attached to the role, but was replaced with Close when she requested changes in the script. Producer Martin Ransohoff was against the casting of Close because he said she was "too ugly" for the part. Close eventually heard about this and said she didn't want Ransohoff on set while she was making her scenes. Director Richard Marquand stood by her side and sent Ransohoff away. Infuriated, Ransohoff went to the studio heads trying to get Close and Marquand fired from the picture. The studio refused, stating they were pleased with their work in the film. Jagged Edge received favorable to positive reviews and grossed $40-million on a $15-million budget.
In 1987, Close played the disturbed book editor Alex Forrest in Fatal Attraction. The movie became a huge box-office success, the highest-grossing film worldwide of that year. The film propelled Close to international stardom and the character of Alex Forrest is considered one of her most iconic roles; the phrase "bunny boiler" has even been added to the dictionary, referring to a scene from the movie.
During the re-shoot of the ending, Close suffered a concussion from one of the takes when her head smashed against a mirror. After being rushed to the hospital, she discovered, much to her horror, that she was actually a few weeks pregnant with her daughter. Close stated in an interview that, "Fatal Attraction was really the first part that took me away from the Jenny Fields, Sarah Coopers—good, nurturing women roles. I did more preparation for that film than I've ever done." Close received her fourth Oscar nomination for this role and also won the People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Actress.
She played a scheming aristocrat, the Marquise de Merteuil, in 1988's Dangerous Liaisons. Close earned stellar reviews for this performance, and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Actress. In addition, she received her first BAFTA nomination but did not win. Close's final film role of the decade was Immediate Family (1989), a drama about a married couple seeking to adopt a child. Producer Lawrence Kasdan had Close star in the film, as he directed her previously in The Big Chill.
Established actress (1990–1999)
In 1990 Close went on to play the role of Sunny von Bülow opposite Jeremy Irons in Reversal of Fortune to critical acclaim. The film drew some controversy since it dealt with the Claus von Bülow murder trial, while the real Sunny von Bülow was still in a vegetative state. Sunny's children publicly criticized the movie. In the same year, Close played Gertrude in Franco Zeffirelli's film adaption of Hamlet. It was the first Shakespeare role that Close had ever attempted on screen (she appeared in 1975 in a stage production of King Lear in Milwaukee). Close would later go on to join the cast of The House of the Spirits, reuniting her with Jeremy Irons. She also had a cameo appearance in Steven Spielberg's Hook (1991) as a pirate. In 1992, Close starred in Meeting Venus for which she received critical acclaim and won Best Actress (Golden Ciak) at the Venice Film Festival. In the same year, Close became a trustee emeritus of The Sundance Institute.
Close appeared in the newsroom comedy-drama The Paper (1994), directed by her good friend Ron Howard and in 1996 she acted alongside the cast of Tim Burton's alien invasion satire Mars Attacks! (1996). In the same year, she portrayed the sinister Cruella de Vil in the Disney live-action hit of 101 Dalmatians. Her role as Cruella de Vil was universally praised and earned her a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a comedy. The film was also a commercial success, grossing $320.6 million in theaters against a $75 million budget. As per Close's contract, she is allowed to keep any costumes from her films. Much to their dismay, the producers attempted to make copies of Close's wardrobe due to the expensive materials being used but she rejected their suggestion and kept the originals. The following year, Close appeared in another box office hit with Air Force One (1997), playing the trustworthy vice president to Harrison Ford's president. Ford stated in an interview that the role of the vice president was already written for a woman and that he personally chose Close for the role after meeting her at a birthday party for then-president Bill Clinton. Close would later star in the war film Paradise Road (1997) as a choir conductor of the women imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II. In 1999, Close provided the voice of Kala in Disney's animated film Tarzan. She later went on to receive great reviews for her comedic role as Camille Dixon in Cookie's Fortune (1999).
Independent films and break (2000–2010)
Close began to appear in television movies rather than doing theatrical films in the early 2000s. She returned as Cruella de Vil in 102 Dalmatians (2000). Although the film received mixed reviews, it performed well at the box office. Close later filmed The Safety of Objects which premiered in 2001, a movie about four suburban families dealing with maladies. This was Kristen Stewart's first film role, and Close and Stewart would later reunite in the 2015 film Anesthesia. Close starred in Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her in the same year, this would be one of many future collaborations with director Rodrigo Garcia. In 2004, she played Claire Wellington, an uptight socialite in the comedy The Stepford Wives opposite Nicole Kidman and Christopher Walken. She provided the voice of the Blue Fairy in the English version of Pinocchio (2002) and Granny in the animated film Hoodwinked (2005). Close continued to do smaller films like Le Divorce (2003) and The Chumscrubber (2005). In 2005, she reunited with director Rodrigo Garcia to do Nine Lives; he would later direct Close in the film Albert Nobbs (2011). In the same year, she starred in the film Heights (2005), an independent drama centered on the lives of five New Yorkers. Close's performance was lauded by critics.
In 2007, she appeared in the same film as her previous co-star Meryl Streep in the ensemble drama Evening. This would be Close's final theatrical film role of the decade, since she began to star in her own television series, Damages (2007). Close was asked about her contributions to independent films, to which she responded "I love the casts that gather around a good piece of writing certainly not for the money but because it is good and challenging. Sometimes I've taken a role for one scene that I thought was phenomenal. Also my presence can help them get money, so it's I think a way for me to give back."
Return to film and continued success (2010–present)
In December 2010, Close began filming Albert Nobbs in Dublin. She had previously won an Obie in 1982 for her role in the play on stage. She had been working on the project, in which she appeared alongside 101 Dalmatians co-star Mark Williams, for almost twenty years, and aside from starring in it, she co-wrote the script and produced the film. Close stated it became more important for her to make the film in order to stimulate discussion on transgender issues, commenting, "There came a point where I asked, 'Am I willing to live the rest of my life having given up on this?' And I said, 'No I won't.' Some people will change their point of view, and those who are either too old, or too blinkered, to accept the beauty of difference will just have to 'die off'." In the film, Close played the title role of Albert Nobbs, a woman living as a man in 19th century Ireland after being sexually assaulted as a young girl. While the film overall received mixed reviews, Close's performance received critical acclaim, as it was noted for being the most subtle and introverted of her career to that point and a departure from her previous roles.
When asked during the film's awards campaign about the fact of not having an Oscar, Close said: "I remember being astounded that I met some people who were really kind of almost hyper-ventilating as to whether they were going to win or not, and I have never understood that. Because if you just do the simple math, the amount of people who are in our two unions, the amount of people who in our profession are out of work at any given time, the amount of movies that are made every year, and then you're one of five [nominees]. How could you possibly think of yourself as a loser?"
After her television series Damages ended, Close returned to film in 2014, in which she played Nova Prime Rael in the Marvel Studios film Guardians of the Galaxy, directed by James Gunn. She also appeared in the independent movies 5 to 7 (2014) and Low Down (2014). In 2016, she appeared in The Great Gilly Hopkins and starred in the British zombie horror drama The Girl with All the Gifts (2016) as Dr. Caldwell, a scientist researching a cure to save humanity. In 2017, Close appeared alongside Noomi Rapace and Willem Dafoe in What Happened to Monday, a science fiction thriller produced by Netflix. Also that year, she was reunited with actors John Malkovich (her co-star in Dangerous Liaisons) and Patrick Stewart (co-star in The Lion in Winter) in the romantic comedy The Wilde Wedding, and co-starred in Crooked House, a film adaptation of the novel by Agatha Christie.
Close garnered widespread critical acclaim for her performance in the 2018 released drama The Wife which had first premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival. The film is an adaptation of Meg Wolitzer's novel of the same name. It centers on Joan Castleman (played by Close) who questions her life choices as she travels with her husband to Stockholm, where he is set to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. In the film Close's daughter, Annie Starke, played a younger version of Castleman. Close won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama, the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role, and the Critics' Choice Award for Best Actress. She received her seventh Academy Award nomination, her fourth time nominated in the Best Actress category, which has made her the most nominated actress without a win. She was widely considered to be the frontrunner to win the Oscar—which would be the first of her career—but ultimately lost to Olivia Colman for The Favourite. In addition, Close received a nomination, her second overall, for the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, which she also lost to Colman.
In 2020, Close starred in Netflix's film adaptation of Hillbilly Elegy, reuniting with Ron Howard and starring alongside Amy Adams. While the film, which was released for streaming on Netflix on November 24, 2020, received mixed-to-negative critical reviews, Close received acclaim for her performance. Richard Roeper praised Close for her "masterful, screen-commanding, pitch-perfect performance", while Peter Travers at ABC News called her "simply sensational" and Owen Gleiberman at Variety wrote that "as long as Close is acting up an award-worthy storm (her performance is actually quite meticulous), “Hillbilly Elegy” is never less than alive". For the role, she received the San Francisco International Film Festival's Award for Acting and another Academy Award, Golden Globe, and SAG Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Close also received a Razzie Award nomination for Worst Supporting Actress for Hillbilly Elegy, making her the third performer—after James Coco for Only When I Laugh and Amy Irving for Yentl—to receive both an Oscar nomination and a Razzie nomination for the same performance.
Also in 2020, Close co-starred with Mila Kunis in the drama Four Good Days, directed by Rodrigo García and presented at the Sundance Film Festival. It was announced that she would appear opposite Mahershala Ali in the Apple TV+ drama film Swan Song.
Close will also be serving as an executive producer alongside Emma Stone for Cruella, a Disney live-action spin-off/prequel of One Hundred and One Dalmatians, directed by Craig Gillespie and with Stone playing the younger version of Cruella de Vil (whom Close portrayed the titular character in the 1996 live-action adaptation and its 2000 sequel), of which the film is scheduled to be released on May 28, 2021. In addition, she will also be set to reprise her role of Norma Desmond in a film adaptation of the musical Sunset Boulevard, though the film remains in early development.
Television debut and early success (1975–88)
Close made her television debut in 1975 with a small role in the anthology series Great Performances. In 1979, she filmed the television movies Orphan Train and Too Far to Go. The latter film included Blythe Danner and Michael Moriarty in the cast, and Close played Moriarty's lover.
Close began to do television movies in the early 1980s beginning with The Elephant Man and in 1984, starred in the critically acclaimed drama Something About Amelia, a Golden Globe-winning television movie about a family destroyed by sexual abuse. She appeared alongside Keith Carradine in Stones for Ibarra (1988), a television film adapted from the book written by Harriet Doerr and produced by the Hallmark company.
Critical recognition and The Shield (1990–2006)
In the 1990s, Close starred in the highly rated Hallmark Hall of Fame television movie Sarah, Plain and Tall (1991), as well as its two sequels. She also portrayed the title subject of the fact-based made-for-TV movie Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story in 1995, for which she won her first Emmy. In addition, Close has also provided the voice of Mona Simpson, from The Simpsons, since 1995. Entertainment Weekly named Close one of the 16 best Simpsons guest stars. In 2001, she starred in a production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's classic musical South Pacific as Nellie Forbush on ABC. She guest-starred on Will and Grace in 2002, portraying a satirical version of Annie Leibovitz, which earned her an Emmy nomination for Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. Close has also hosted Saturday Night Live in 1989 and in 1992.
In 2003, Close played Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Showtime produced film The Lion in Winter. Close won a Golden Globe and Screen Actor's Guild award for her performance. In 2005, Close joined the FX crime series The Shield, in which she played Monica Rawling, a no-nonsense precinct captain, which became her first TV role in a series. Close stated that she made the right move because television was in a "golden era" and the quality of some programs had already risen to the standards of film. John Landgraf, CEO of FX, stated that network was the "first to bring a female movie star of Glenn Close's stature to television." He also credits her collaboration with the network with promoting roles for women on television, as well as influencing other film actors to switch to the small screen.
Damages and further acclaim (2007–present)
Shortly after her stint on The Shield, Close was approached by FX executives who pitched a television series for her to star in. In 2007, Close began a five-season run playing the ruthless and brilliant lawyer Patty Hewes on Damages. Her portrayal of this character was met with rave reviews and a plethora of award nominations, in addition she went on to win two consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama series. Close's win also made her the first Best Actress winner in a drama series at the Emmy's for a cable show. Throughout the show's run, she became one of the highest-paid actresses on cable, earning $200,000 per episode. Close stated that her role of Patty Hewes was the role of her life. She also kept in contact with her co-star Rose Byrne, and the two have become friends. After the series ended, Close stated that she would not return to television in a regular role, but that she was open to do a miniseries or guest spot.
In 2017, Close starred in a half hour comedy pilot for Amazon, titled Sea Oak. The pilot premiered online with viewers voting to choose if it wanted Amazon to produce the series. Although it received favorable reviews it was not picked up.
Reception, acting style, and legacy
Close is regarded as an extraordinarily versatile actress with an immersive acting style and a considerable range. In 1995, Close guest-starred on Inside the Actors Studio to discuss her film career. James Lipton described her as an actor who "can find an outstanding number of layers in a role or a single moment; she is a supple actor who performs subtle feats." Close is also professionally trained by acting coach Harold Guskin, who also mentored Kevin Kline, Bridget Fonda and James Gandolfini. Working with Guskin, Close learned several important lessons, which she said she's applied to her career as well as her life. One such lesson, she claims, was to "read the lines off the page" and remembering to breathe. Close states, "You have to maintain a certain openness, and if you don't maintain that, you lose something vital as an actor. It's how we're wired, and it's not a bad thing." Close says that she went to every rehearsal in order to master her acting skills.
— Close on acting
On method acting, Close claims that while she found it an interesting technique, it was not her preferred style. Although Close does extensive research and preparation for her roles, she also relies less on the technicality of a performance saying, "Good acting I think is like being a magician, in that you make people believe; because it's only when they believe that they are moved. And I want people to get emotionally involved. I think technique is important but it isn't everything. You can have a great technical actor who'll leave people cold. That's not my idea of great acting. As audience, I don't want to be aware of acting." Longtime collaborator and playwright Christopher Hampton describes Close an actress who can very easily convey "a sense of strength and intelligence." Hampton worked on Sunset Boulevard and the stage production of Dangerous Liaisons, later casting Close in the movie version of the latter production. "Glenn is often described as having a glacial or distant quality about her, but in person she's the absolute opposite: warm and intimate," says actor Iain Glen, who co-starred with her in the 2002 stage production of A Streetcar Named Desire. "She was able to bring strength to the role, she was able to completely access that vulnerability. There was a real softness to her."
However, Close is consistently praised for her roles as the villain or antagonist in her performances. Her character in Fatal Attraction was ranked number 7 on AFI's 100 years...100 heroes and villains list. Regarding her role in the series Damages, The New York Times remarked, "There is no actor dead or alive as scary as a smiling Glenn Close." Journalist Christopher Hooton also praised her, saying, "Christopher Walken, Glenn Close, Al Pacino, and many others have a surprising danger in them. They're a little scary to be around, because you feel they might jump you or blow up at you at any time. They are ticking time bombs." Film historian Cari Beauchamp has stated, "When you look at the top 10 actresses of the past 80 years, since sound came in, first you have Bette Davis, Katharine Hepburn and Meryl Streep – but I think Glenn Close is definitely in that list, it's a combination of her guts, in the roles she chooses, and her perseverance. Frankly, she's taken roles that are more challenging than a lot of other people."
On January 12, 2009, Close was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard, in front of the Roosevelt Hotel. As of 2018[update], films featuring Close have grossed over $1.3 billion in North America. She is also regarded as a gay icon, after having played numerous campy roles on screen and stage. She was named one of the most influential people in the world by Time magazine in 2019.
Relationships and family
Close has been married three times, with each marriage ending in divorce. Her first marriage—at age 22—which Close has described as "kind of an arranged marriage"—ended before she attended college. This marriage (from 1969 to 1971) was to Cabot Wade, a guitarist and songwriter with whom she had performed during her time at Up with People. She was married to businessman James Marlas from 1984 to 1987. Later, Close began a relationship with producer John Starke, whom she had met on the set of The World According to Garp. Their daughter, Annie Starke, was born in 1988 and is an actress. Close and Starke separated in 1991. In 1995, Close was engaged to carpenter Steve Beers, who had worked on Sunset Boulevard; the two never married, and their relationship ended in 1999. In February 2006, Close married executive and venture capitalist David Evans Shaw in Maine, but they divorced in August 2015.
Business ventures and assets
As of 2016, Close primarily resides in Bedford Hills, New York, and also owns a condo in the West Village. She also owns properties in Wellington, Florida, and Bozeman, Montana. In the early 1990s she owned a coffee shop in Bozeman, but sold it in 2006. In 2011 Close sold her apartment in The Beresford for $10.2 million. She also runs a 1,000 acre ranch in Wyoming.
Close is the president of Trillium Productions Inc. Her company has produced films like Albert Nobbs, Sarah Plain and Tall, and South Pacific. With Barbra Streisand she produced the TV film Serving in Silence (1995), for which both were nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Television Movie.
In 2007 she co-founded FetchDog, a dog accessories catalog and Internet site. Part of her work was publishing blogs in which she interviewed other celebrities about their relationships with their dogs. She sold the business in 2012.
Interests and beliefs
Close was born into a Democratic family. Her political donations have mostly been made in support of Democratic politicians, including Hillary Clinton, Howard Dean, John Edwards, Angus King and Barack Obama. She also spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. Close voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election and attended his inauguration. In a 2016 interview with Andrew Marr for the BBC, Close criticized Donald Trump, calling his campaign "terribly frightening." She later reiterated her sentiments about Trump, stating, "he doesn't stand for anything I believe in." In 2018, Close campaigned for Kathleen Williams and Debbie Stabenow in each of their respective elections.
Close keeps all of her costumes after completing films and rents them out to exhibits. She lent one of the dresses she wore in Dangerous Liaisons to Madonna for her 1990 VMA performance of "Vogue". In 2017, she donated her entire costume collection to Indiana University Bloomington.
Close has supported several causes including women's rights, same-sex marriage, and mental health. In 1989 she attended pro-choice marches in Washington, D.C. with Gloria Steinem and Jane Fonda. In 1998, Close was a part of a star-studded cast which performed The Vagina Monologues at a benefit. It raised $250,000 in a single evening with proceeds going to the effort to stop violence against women. She was honored with a GLAAD Media Award in 2002 for promoting equal rights among the LGBT community. She volunteered and produced a documentary for "Puppies Behind Bars", an organization that provides service dogs for wounded war veterans.
Close is also a trustee of The Wildlife Conservation Society and volunteers at Fountain House in New York City, a facility dedicated to the recovery of those suffering from mental illness. She is a founding member of the Panthera Conservation Advisory Committee. Panthera is an international nonprofit whose sole mission is conservation of the world's 36 species of wild cats. Close has also been a longtime supporter of late friend Christopher Reeve's foundation. She is also a member of the CuriosityStream Advisory Board.
Mental health initiatives
Close was a founder and is chairperson of BringChange2Mind, a US campaign to eradicate the stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, supporting her sister Jessie who has bipolar disorder. She contributed chapters to her sister's 2015 book about mental illness, Resilience: Two Sisters and a Story of Mental Illness. In 2010, Close announced to the public that she had her DNA sequenced in order to publicize her family's history of mental illness. During the month of July 2013, Close put up over 380 designer items up for auction on eBay from the wardrobe her character Patty Hewes wore on Damages. All proceeds were raised to go to her charity BringChange2Mind. Close had director and friend Ron Howard direct the foundation's first PSA. John Mayer also lent his song "Say" for the advert.
In 2013, Close went to the White House to urge passage of the Excellence in Mental-Health Act that was written to expand treatment for the mentally ill and to provide access to mental-health services. The bill was signed into law by President Obama in April 2014, and will provide $1.1 billion in funding to help strengthen the mental-health-care system in the US. She was awarded the WebMD Health Hero award in 2015 for her contributions to mental-health initiatives. On June 16, 2016, Close donated $75,000 to the Mental-Health Association of Central Florida in order to fund counseling and other assistance to victims of the Orlando nightclub shooting. She frequently promotes her charitable causes on her Instagram account.
Acting credits and awards
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- "What Play Can Come Along Next Season That Will Be More Star-Studded Than A Delicate Balance?".
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (2010). "Notable Kin - Additional Noted American Cousin: A Five-Year Update, Numbers 326-350". New England Historic Genealogical Society - Founded 1845. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Stated on Finding Your Roots, January 19, 2021
- Simpson, Dan (November 29, 2006). "Conscience and the Congo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- II, Thomas H. Maugh (February 15, 2009). "Dr. William Close dies at 84; physician played a key role in stopping the Ebola virus". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
- In a speech at Princeton University on February 19, 2009
- "PREMIERE - GLENN CLOSE - 919V-000-008". www.maryellenmark.com. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
- Rosemary Hall Alumnae Award Archived May 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine from the Choate Rosemary Hall website
- Seymour, Steve. "Glenn Close Recorded in U.P." Rock n Roll Graffiti. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Galloway, Stephen (October 15, 2014). "Glenn Close Returns to Stage, Reveals Remarkable Childhood in Cult". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Galanes, Philip (March 11, 2017). "Glenn Close and Patrick Kennedy on the Weight of Mental Illness". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
- "Incredible alumni". William & Mary. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- Weaver, Hilary. "Read Katharine Hepburn's Influential Letter to Glenn Close". Vanities. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- "Glenn Close: "Are You Who We Think You Are?"". Princeton.edu. February 19, 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 1995
- "Finding Your Roots - To the Manor Born". PBS. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- Gray, Tim (April 5, 2016). "Glenn Close Looks Back on Her First Theater Role". Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- Richards, David (November 18, 1994). "THEATER REVIEW: SUNSET BOULEVARD; Boulevard Of Broken Dreams". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- Wolf, Matt (October 10, 2002). "Review: 'A Streetcar Named Desire'". Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Glenn Close to Voice The Giant in Public Theaters 'Into the Woods'" broadwayworld.com, July 16, 2012
- "After 20 Years, Glenn Close Is Back – Just Don't Call It a Comeback | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- Porteous, Jacob (September 22, 2015). "BREAKING NEWS: Glenn Close Makes West End Debut In Sunset Boulevard". Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Limited, London Theatre Direct. "Sunset Boulevard tickets, London Coliseum, London Theatre Direct". www.londontheatredirect.com. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- "Glenn Close forced to cancel shows after being hospitalised by chest infection". Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- "Nominations by Category". www.olivierawards.com. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
- "Glenn Close's big comeback pays off with first West End theatre award at 69". Evening Standard. October 24, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Sunset Boulevard the Musical". Sunset Boulevard the Musical. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Paulson, Michael (October 25, 2016). "Glenn Close Will Star, Again, in 'Sunset Boulevard' on Broadway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Gans, Andrew. "Tix for 'Sunset Boulevard' Revival, Starring Glenn Close, Now on Sale through June" Playbill, February 7, 2017
- Brantley, Ben (February 9, 2017). "Review: That 'Sunset Boulevard' Close-Up, Finely Focused". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Stasio, Marilyn (February 10, 2017). "Broadway Review: Glenn Close in 'Sunset Boulevard'". Variety. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- "'Sunset Boulevard': EW Stage Review". EW.com. February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Kaplan, Janice. "A Glorious Glenn Close in Sunset Boulevard". Parade. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- "Glenn Close to Be Honored for Lifetime Achievement at Theatre World Awards | TheaterMania". www.theatermania.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- "Public Theater Announces Season With Glenn Close, Jake Gyllenhaal, Tom Sturridge, Bob Dylan Musical | Deadline". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- "Brian Stokes Mitchell, Paul Libin, Glenn Close Among Theater Hall of Fame Inductees | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- "Glenn Close". Archived from the original on March 2, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Glenn Close Reflects on 10 Roles". Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Close, Glenn (January 24, 2010). "Glenn Close's 13 Favorite Movie Roles". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- THOMAS, KEVIN (September 27, 1985). "Movie Reviews : 'Maxie': A Would-be Star Of The '20s Is Reborn". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger. "Maxie Movie Review & Film Summary (1985) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Eszterhas, Joe (2004). Hollywood Animal. Hutchinson.
- Ebert, Roger. "Jagged Edge Movie Review & Film Summary (1985)". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "The 60th Academy Awards - 1988". Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "Review: 'Dangerous Liaisons'". January 1, 1988. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
- "Objections to Reversal of Fortune". Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- "Reversal of Fortune? For Claus, Yes, but for Sunny, Never, as a New Film Puts the Von Bülows on Trial Again : People.com". www.people.com. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
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- "Glenn Close Kept All of Her Cruella de Vil Costumes from 101 Dalmatians: 'It Was in My Contract'". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
- "Some little-known facts about the Harrison Ford film Air Force One". NZ Herald. November 9, 2016. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- Ebert, Roger. "Cookie's Fortune Movie Review (1999) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- "Heights | Film Review | Slant Magazine". Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger. "Heights Movie Review & Film Summary (2005) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Glenn Close, 'Whiplash' Director Revel in Rewards of Risky Indie Film Biz at Sundance Benefit". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- BWW Staff. "Glenn Close Reprises 'Albert Nobbs' in New Film" Archived December 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine broadwayworld.com, December 15, 2010
- Changemaker, Kiri Westby; Rulebreaker; Storyteller (February 23, 2012). "Glenn Close's 'Albert Nobbs' Brings Transgender Identity To The Red Carpet". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- "Oscar Nominees Mingle, Share Excitement". Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Fleming, Jr., Mike (May 29, 2013). "Glenn Close Is Head Cop In Marvel's 'Guardians Of The Galaxy'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Read the Official Synopsis For Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy". Marvel. January 3, 2014. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Lang, Ramin Setoodeh, Brent (September 13, 2016). "Toronto: Netflix Buys 'What Happened to Monday?' With Noomi Rapace (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "'The Wife': Film Review | TIFF 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 17, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- Bradshaw, Peter (September 12, 2017). "The Wife review – Glenn Close is unreadably brilliant as author's spouse plunged in late-life crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Croll, Ben (September 17, 2017). "'The Wife' Review: Glenn Close is Exquisite In This Literary Drama — TIFF". IndieWire. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "Olivia Colman Beats Glenn Close For Best Actress Oscar In Massive Upset". The Huffington Post. February 25, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- "Glenn Close Joins Amy Adams In Ron Howard & Netflix's 'Hillbilly Elegy'". Deadline. April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Hillbilly Elegy, retrieved November 24, 2020
- Roeper, Richard (November 10, 2020). "'Hillbilly Elegy' a sure bet for Oscar love, and deservedly so". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
- "'Hillbilly Elegy' review: A missed opportunity featuring a 'sensational' Glenn Close". ABC News. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
- Gleiberman, Owen (November 10, 2020). "'Hillbilly Elegy' Review: Amy Adams and Glenn Close Act with Down-Home Flamboyance in Ron Howard's Otherwise Overly Safe Adaptation". Variety. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
- "Glenn Close has 'gone without an Oscar for 40 years.' Could 'Hillbilly Elegy' change that?". usatoday.com. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
- Kiesewetter, John. "Glenn Close Nominated For Golden Globe For 'Hillbilly Elegy'". www.wvxu.org. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
- "SFFILM Awards Night to Honor Glenn Close and Stars of 'One Night in Miami' (Exclusive) | Hollywood Reporter". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
- Nolfi, Joey (March 15, 2021). "Glenn Close bags Oscar and Razzie nods for her Hillbilly Elegy performance". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
- "four-good-days". www.sundance.org. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- "Glenn Close Joins Mahershala Ali in Apple Drama 'Swan Song' | Hollywood Reporter". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
- Kit, Borys (December 14, 2016). "Disney's Live-Action 'Cruella' Finds Director". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- Highfill, Samantha (October 1, 2013). "Disney is making a live-action Cruella de Vil movie". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 20, 2019). "Amy Adams 'Woman In The Window' Will Now Open In Early Summer, 'Cruella' Moves To 2021". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- "Glenn Close to Star in 'Sunset Boulevard' Movie Musical at Paramount (Exclusive)". TheWrap. August 17, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Gans, Andrew (December 10, 2018). "Glenn Close Says Sunset Boulevard Film 'Inching Closer' to Reality". Playbill. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- "Glenn Is Ready For Her Close-up With "Sunset Boulevard" Remake". Vanity Fair. March 1, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Zoromski, Eric Goldman, Dan Iverson & Brian (January 4, 2010). "Top 25 Simpsons Guest Appearances". IGN. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- "Entertainment Weekly's EW.com". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 02/25/89". Snltranscripts.jt.org. February 25, 1989. Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 12/12/92". Snltranscripts.jt.org. December 12, 1992. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Patterson, John; McLean, Gareth (May 19, 2006). "Move over Hollywood". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Radio, Southern California Public (October 16, 2015). "FX CEO John Landgraf says there's anxiety in the TV business". Southern California Public Radio. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- "FX Chief Regrets Passing on 'Breaking Bad'". EW.com. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- Joyce Eng (September 20, 2009). "Kristin Chenoweth, Jon Cryer Win First Emmys". TVGuide.com. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
- JoeDuck (May 10, 2011). "Celebrity Salaries from TV Guide". Joe Duck. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- "Goodbye, Patty Hewes: Glenn Close On The End Of 'Damages'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- Andreeva, Nellie (December 18, 2017). "Amazon Passes On All 3 Pilots From Fall 2017 Pilot Season: 'Sea Oak', 'Love You More' & 'The Climb'". Deadline. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- Heilpern, John. "Glenn Close Is Keeping A Delicate Balance on Broadway". Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Glenn Close". Britannica. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
- "Awards Watch: Emmy Roundtable -- Drama Actresses". Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Actress Glenn Close speaks at Saint Mary's // The Observer". March 16, 2010. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- Macmillan. "How to Stop Acting | Harold Guskin | Macmillan". Macmillan. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- Stinchfield, Kate (June 28, 2007). "10 Questions for Glenn Close". Time. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
- "William & Mary - A conversation with Glenn Close '74". www.wm.edu. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Urban Cinefile CLOSE, GLENN: Paradise Road". www.urbancinefile.com.au. Archived from the original on September 10, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- Rose, Steve (November 6, 2015). "Glenn Close: critical acclaim built on strength of character". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Glenn Close: Why do we love the evil characters she portrays?". Marie France Asia, women's magazine. May 23, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains". www.afi.com. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- Stanley, Alessandra (July 24, 2007). "Damages - Television - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "How to tell good acting from bad acting, according to a Shakespearean director". February 24, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- "An interview with Glenn Close - The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram". February 26, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Glenn Close | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- "Glenn Close Movie Box Office Results". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- "Glenn Close: Yep, I'm a Gay Icon!". PEOPLE.com. April 30, 2002. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Glenn, Close Up". Pridesource. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
- "Glenn Close: The 100 Most Influential People of 2019". TIME. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- "Glenn Close: 'You lose power if you get angry'". The Guardian. December 16, 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- Stritof, Sheri and Bob. "Glenn Close and David Shaw", Marriage.about.com, accessed December 31, 2011
- Annie Starke on Following Mom (Glenn Close) On Stage and Her Fashionable Debut in Love, Loss and What I Wore, Broadway.com, March 31, 2011
- "Glenn Close Marries on Maine Retreat", People Magazine, February 6, 2006.
- "Glenn Close, husband divorce after 9 years of marriage". CTV News. September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Getting Out of the Country". NYMag.com. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- David, Mark (January 21, 2010). "Glenn Close Lists Upper West Side Aerie". Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- DeMay, Daniel. "Iconic downtown coffee shop to change directions". Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Close! Beresford Corner Nabs $10.2 M., Under Asking". August 6, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Glenn Close gains easement on Wyoming land | TSLN.com". Tri-State Livestock News. Archived from the original on September 25, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Trillium and Touchstone get Close". C21media. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
- "Social Innovation Summit 2013". Retrieved September 21, 2016.
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- "Opensecrets.org". Opensecrets.org. Retrieved August 22, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Democratic National Convention, Day 1 Evening". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- "Bill and Hillary Clinton Headline Opening Night of DNC". Democracy Now!. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
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- "Glenn to sing at Citi for cause Close to heart". Retrieved August 17, 2016.
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- "Flockhart, Close, Tomlin, Hawn on All-Star Lineup For Vagina Monologues Feb. 14 | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
- "Why V-Day Started | V-Day: A Global Movement to End Violence Against Women and Girls Worldwide". www.vday.org. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
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- "Prison-trained puppies help wounded troops - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- "Service Dogs Help War Wounded". Retrieved August 17, 2016.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenn Close.|
- Glenn Close at IMDb
- Glenn Close at the Internet Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at Emmys.com
- Glenn Close at Rotten Tomatoes
- Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater Includes discussion of Des McAnuff's production of The Crazy Locomotive at the Chelsea Theater. Iowa State University Press.