List of slave owners

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The following is a list of slave owners, for which there is a consensus of historical evidence of slave ownership, in alphabetical order by last name.

A[edit]

B[edit]

1856 lithograph of Preston Brooks attacking Charles Sumner, who had spoken against slavery two days earlier.

C[edit]

The reputation of Edward Colston, long praised for philanthropy, has been reassessed as his connections to slave-trading were uncovered. Protestors toppled his statue in Bristol in 2020.

D[edit]

A slave cabin on the grounds of the home of Sam Davis in Smyrna, Tennessee.

E[edit]

F[edit]

Senator Rebecca Latimer Felton, the last U.S. Congressmember to have enslaved people.

G[edit]

  • Ana Gallum (or Nansi Wiggins; fl. 1811), was an African Senegalese slave who was freed and married the white Florida planter Don Joseph "Job" Wiggins, in 1801 succeeding in having his will, leaving her his plantation and slaves, recognized as legal.[88]
  • Horatio Gates (1727–1806), American general during the American Revolutionary War. Seven years later, he sold his plantation, freed his slaves, and moved north to New York.[89]
  • Sir John Gladstone (1764–1851), British politician, owner of plantations in Jamaica and Guyana, and recipient of the single largest payment from the Slave Compensation Commission.[90][91]
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885), Union general and 18th President of the United States, who acquired slaves through his wife and father-in-law.[92] On March 29, 1859, Grant freed his slave William Jones, making Jones the last person to have been enslaved by a person who later served as U.S. president.[93]

H[edit]

  • James Henry Hammond (1807–1864), U.S. Senator and South Carolina governor, defender of slavery, and owner of more than 300 slaves.[94]
  • Wade Hampton I (c. 1752 – 1835), American general, Congressman, and planter. One of the largest slave-holders in the country, he was alleged to have conducted experiments on the people he enslaved.[95][96]
  • Wade Hampton II (1791–1858), American soldier and planter with land holdings in three states. He held a total of 335 slaves in Mississippi by 1860.[97]
  • Wade Hampton III (1818–1902), U.S. Senator, governor of South Carolina, Confederate lieutenant general, planter, slave owner, white supremacist, and proponent of the Lost Cause.[98]
  • John Hancock (1737–1793), American statesman. He inherited several household slaves who were eventually freed through the terms of his uncle's will; there is no evidence that he ever bought or sold slaves himself.[99]
  • Benjamin Harrison IV (1693–1745), American planter and politician. Upon his death his each of his ten surviving children inherited slaves from his estate.[100]
  • Benjamin Harrison V (1726–1791), American politician, United States Declaration of Independence signatory, he inherited a plantation and the people enslaved upon it from his father.[101]
  • William Henry Harrison (1773–1841), 9th President of the United States, he owned eleven slaves.[102]
  • Patrick Henry (1736–1799), American statesman and orator. He wrote in 1773, "I am the master of slaves of my own purchase. I am drawn along by the general inconvenience of living here without them. I will not, I cannot justify it."[103]
  • Thomas Heyward Jr. (1746–1809), South Carolina judge, planter, and signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. He impregnated at least one of the women he enslaved, making him the grandfather of Thomas E. Miller, one of only five African Americans elected to Congress from the South in the 1890s.[104]
  • George Hibbert (1757–1837), English merchant, politician, and ship-owner. A leading member of the pro-slavery lobby, he was awarded £16,000 in compensation after Britain abolished slavery.[105]
  • Thomas Hibbert (1710–1780), English merchant, he became rich from slave labor on his Jamaican plantations.[106]
  • Eufrosina Hinard (b. 1777), a free black woman in New Orleans, she owned slaves and leased them to others.[107]
  • Thomas C. Hindman (1828–1868), American politician and Confederate general. During the Civil War he rented two enslaved families to the Medical Director of the Army of Tennessee.[108]
  • Arthur William Hodge (1763–1811), British Virgin Islands planter, the first, and likely only, British subject executed for the murder of his own slave.[109]
  • Jean-François Hodoul (1765–1835), captain, corsair, merchant and plantation owner who moved from France and settled in Mauritius and Seychelles.[110]
  • Johns Hopkins (1795–1873), philanthropist who donated seed money for the creation of Johns Hopkins University.[111]
  • Sam Houston (1793–1863), U.S. Senator, President of the Republic of Texas, 6th Governor of Tennessee, and 7th Governor of Texas; he enslaved twelve people.[112]
  • Hjörleifr Hróðmarsson (9th century), early settler of Iceland whose thralls (slaves) rebelled and killed him.[113]
  • Abijah Hunt (1762–1811), planter and merchant in the Natchez District in Mississippi. In 1808, he sold one of his plantations, complete with 60 or 61 slaves.[114]
  • David Hunt (1779–1861), wealthy planter in the Natchez District of Mississippi and the largest benefactor of Oakland College, he enslaved nearly 1,700 people.[115]

I[edit]

  • Ibn Battuta (1304 – c. 1368), Muslim Berber Moroccan scholar and explorer. He enslaved girls and women in his harem.[116]

J[edit]

In 1769 Thomas Jefferson placed an advertisement in the Virginia Gazette offering a reward for an escaped slave named Sandy.

K[edit]

L[edit]

Toussaint Louverture was born into slavery, then owned slaves, and eventually liberated Haiti's slaves.

M[edit]

General Marion Inviting a British Officer to Share His Meal (c. 1835); his slave Oscar Marion kneels at the left of the group.
Mansa Musa, accompanied by thousands of slaves, traveling to Mecca.

N[edit]

John Newton captained slave ships and was enslaved himself in Sierra Leone. He became an abolitionist, calling the African slave trade "this stain of our National character".
  • John Newton (1725–1807), British slave trader and later abolitionist.[164]
  • Nicias (c. 470–413 BC), Athenian politician and general. Plutarch recorded that he enslaved more than 1,000 people in his silver mines.[165]
  • Nikarete of Corinth (fl. 5th and 4th century BC), she bought young girls from the Corinthian slave market and trained them as hetaera.[166]

O[edit]

  • Susannah Ostrehan (d. 1809), Barbadian businesswoman, herself a freed slave, she bought some slaves (including her own family) in order to free them, but kept others to labor on her properties.[167]
  • James Owen (1784–1865), American politician, planter, major-general and businessman, he owned the enslaved scholar Omar ibn Said.[168]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

"The slaves of Buenos Aires praising their noble liberator." In fact, de Rosas revived the slave trade and owned slaves himself.

S[edit]

1895 illustration depicting the c. 1655 slave-auction organized by Peter Stuyvesant.

T[edit]

Robert Toombs
Wesley John Gaines
Robert Toombs (left) and one of the men he enslaved, Bishop Wesley John Gaines (right).

V[edit]

W[edit]

Painting
Life of George Washington: The Farmer (1851); his slaves harvest grain behind him.

Y[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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