Malaria is a serious, life-threatening disease spread by Anopheles mosquitoes.
The illness presents with flu-like symptoms, including high fever and chills. Malaria can produce a wide variety of other associated symptoms and signs. Signs and symptoms can include muscle pain, fatigue, shivering, night sweats, rapid heart rate, nausea, mild jaundice, vomiting, and diarrhea. Complications can include severe anemia, enlargement of the liver and spleen, kidney failure, seizures, low blood sugar, and collapse of the circulatory system.
Causes of malaria
A parasite known as Plasmodium causes malaria. People typically get malaria from the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Plasmodium has different subspecies that cause varying severity of symptoms ranging from very mild to severe and life threatening. The parasites enter the body and ultimately destroy red blood cells (erythrocytes).
Other malaria symptoms and signs
- Kidney Failure
- Mild Jaundice
- Muscle Pain
- Night Sweats
- Rapid Heart Rate
Main Article on Malaria Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
8 First Aid Kit Essentials for Scrapes, Cuts, Bug Bites, and More in Pictures
Are you always prepared for a first aid crisis? See which basic first aid items to pack to treat minor scrapes, cuts, and stings...
Bad Bugs: Identify Insects and Bug Bites
What do bed bug bites look like? How do you treat bug bites? Why do bug bites burn? See spider bite pictures and learn how to...
Mosquito Repellents: What Works and What Doesn't?
Mosquito bites are itchy, annoying, and can even make you sick. Find out what works (and what doesn't) to protect you from these...
Summer Skin Risks: Sunburn, Bug Bites & Poison Ivy
When it comes to summer, there plenty of hazards under the sun! Take the Summer Skin Hazards Quiz and clue in on the dangers to...
Infectious Disease Resources
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter