Fitchburg City Hall
Location of Fitchburg in Dane County, Wisconsin.
|• Total||35.16 sq mi (91.06 km2)|
|• Land||34.92 sq mi (90.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||881.79/sq mi (340.46/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Fitchburg is a city in Dane County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 25,260 at the 2010 census. Fitchburg is a suburb of Madison and is part of the Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area. Fitchburg consists of a mix of suburban neighborhoods closer to the border with the city of Madison, commercial and industrial properties, and more rural properties in the southern portion of the city. Despite its status as an incorporated city, some rural parts of Fitchburg still lack certain municipal services such as sewer, water, and natural gas.
Fitchburg was a town until its incorporation as a city on April 26, 1983. Dutch immigrant brothers Vroman are claimed to be the first permanent settlers of Greenfield, then changed to Fitchburg to avoid confusion with Greenfield, Milwaukee county. A significant number of Irish families settled in Fitchburg as well. As the city of Madison began to encroach upon the town of Fitchburg via annexation, the town pursued incorporation as a city to halt Madison's expansion into the town. The fight to allow incorporation ultimately went to the Wisconsin State Supreme Court, which ruled that Fitchburg could incorporate as a city.
Former unincorporated communities
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.21 square miles (91.19 km2), of which, 34.97 square miles (90.57 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $50,433, and the median income for a family was $64,106. Males had a median income of $37,440 versus $27,974 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,317. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 25,260 people, 9,955 households, and 6,238 families living in the city. The population density was 722.3 inhabitants per square mile (278.9/km2). There were 10,668 housing units at an average density of 305.1 per square mile (117.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.2% White, 10.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 8.8% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.2% of the population.
There were 9,955 households, of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.3% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 32.9 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 33.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 7.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.6% male and 48.4% female.
Aaron Richardson is the Mayor of Fitchburg, first elected in 2019 and re-elected to a three year term in 2020. Fitchburg is represented by Mark Pocan (D) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. Mark F. Miller (D) and Jon Erpenbach (D) represent Fitchburg in the Wisconsin State Senate, and Jimmy Anderson (D) and Sondy Pope-Roberts (D) represent Fitchburg in the Wisconsin State Assembly.
Fitchburg is served by the Fitchburg Police Department and Fitchburg Fire Department. Emergency medical services are provided by the Fitch-Rona EMS district, which also serves the neighboring city and town of Verona. Various portions of Fitchburg are served by municipal sewer, water and natural gas utilities.
- Jimmy P. Anderson, Wisconsin State Assembly, lives in Fitchburg.
- Ada Deer, Native American advocate, scholar, former Assistant Secretary of the Interior, lives in Fitchburg.
- Frances Huntley-Cooper, Former Mayor, lives in Fitchburg.
- Elizabeth McCoy (microbiologist), Microbiologist and Professor, lived in Fitchburg.
- Roscoe Mitchell, Saxophonist and composer, lives in Fitchburg.
- Homer A. Stone, Wisconsin State Assembly and farmer, was born in Fitchburg.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "About Fitchburg". Fitchburg city website. Archived from the original on 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2009-04-02.
- Connie Darling and Jean A. O'Brien (1976). Fitchburg: A History. Countryside Publications.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- DNR website
- Hatcheries page
- "Representative Jimmy Anderson". docs.legis.wisconsin.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- Deer, Ada (November 27, 2019). "The Fight for Menominee Rights". A Public Affair (Interview). Interviewed by Ali Maldra. Madison, WI: WORT. Retrieved 2021-03-19.
- Rinard, Amy. "State's First Black Mayor A Media Celebrity" (April 6, 1991). Milwaukee Sentinel. Sentinel Madison Bureau.
- "UW Prof. McCoy Dies Friday at 75". Wisconsin State Journal. March 26, 1978. p. 4. Retrieved 2019-03-03 – via Newspapers.com. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- '2020 NEA Jazz Masters,' https://www.sfjazz.org/onthecorner/nea-jazz-masters-qa-roscoe-mitchell/
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1917,' Biographical Sketch of Homer A. Stone, pg. 524
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