List of national capitals by population

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This is a list of national capitals, ordered according to population. Capitals of dependent territories and disputed territories are marked in italics. The population statistics given refer only to the official capital area, and do not include the wider metropolitan/urban district.

Table[edit]

* indicates "Cities of COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country (or territory) Capital Population % of country Source
 China * Beijing 21,542,000 1.5% [1] 2010
 Japan * Tokyo 13,929,286 11.0% [2] 2017
 DR Congo Kinshasa 12,691,000 15.1% [3] 2017
 Russia * Moscow 12,506,468 8.6% [4] 2011
 Indonesia * Jakarta 10,075,310 3.8% [5] 2011
 South Korea * Seoul 9,838,892 19.2% [6] 2015
 Egypt * Cairo 9,848,576 10.0% 2012
 Mexico Mexico City 8,918,653 7.1% [7] 2015
 United Kingdom * London 8,908,081 13.3% [8] 2015
 Bangladesh * Dhaka 8,906,039 5.5% [9] 2011
 Peru * Lima 8,852,000 27.7% [10] 2012
 Iran * Tehran 8,693,706 10.6% 2014
 Thailand Bangkok 8,305,218 12.0% [11] 2010
 Vietnam Hanoi 8,053,663 8.4% [12] 2019
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 7,676,654 22.8% [13] 2009
 Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,482,500 100% [14] 2018
 Colombia Bogotá 7,181,469 14.5% [15] 2011
 Iraq Baghdad 6,719,500 17.5% [16]
 Chile * Santiago 6,310,000 33.7% [17] 2012
 Singapore Singapore 5,638,700 97.9% [18] 2015
 Turkey * Ankara 5,445,026 6.6% 2014
 Germany * Berlin 3,748,148 4.5% [19] 2012
 Syria Damascus 3,500,000 20.7%
 Algeria * Algiers 3,415,811 8.1%
 Spain * Madrid 3,266,126 7.0% [20] 2019
 North Korea * Pyongyang 3,144,005 12.3%
 Afghanistan * Kabul 3,140,853 8.4%
 Kenya Nairobi 3,138,369 6.1% 2010
 Ethiopia * Addis Ababa 3,040,740 2.8% [21] 2012
 Argentina * Buenos Aires 2,891,082 6.5% [22] 2010
 Italy * Rome 2,873,104 4.7% [23] 2017
 Ukraine * Kyiv 2,847,200 6.4% [24] 2013
 Cameroon Yaoundé 2,765,568 11.0% [25] 2015
 Taiwan * Taipei 2,668,572 11.2% [26] 2018
 Brazil * Brasília 2,648,532 1.3% [27] 2012
 Jordan Amman 2,600,603 26.1%
 Angola Luanda 2,453,779 8.0%
 Guatemala Guatemala City 2,450,212 14.2% 2008
 South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908 4.1%
 France * Paris 2,241,346 3.4% [28] 2014
 Uzbekistan * Tashkent 2,207,850 6.8%
 Azerbaijan Baku 2,204,200 22.2% [29] 2015
 Cuba Havana 2,135,498 18.8% [30] 2010
 Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,011,725 12.4%
 Romania * Bucharest 1,942,254 10.0% [31]
 Sudan * Khartoum 1,840,661 4.4%
 Venezuela Caracas 1,838,939 6.4%
 Congo Brazzaville 1,827,000 34.8% 2014
 Morocco Rabat 1,789,635 5.0%
 Philippines * Manila 1,780,148 1.7% [32] 2015
 Austria Vienna 1,749,673 19.7% [33] 2013
 Hungary * Budapest 1,729,040 17.8% [34] 2011
 Poland Warsaw 1,711,324 4.5% [35] 2012
 Belarus Minsk 1,702,061 18.0%
 Uganda Kampala 1,659,600 3.9%
 Ghana Accra 1,640,507 5.5%
 Madagascar Antananarivo 1,613,375 6.1% [36][unreliable source?]
 Lebanon Beirut 1,574,387 23.0%
 Ecuador Quito 1,504,991 8.8%
 Zimbabwe Harare 1,487,028 10.3%
 Qatar * Doha 1,450,000 52.1% [37]
 Yemen Sana'a 1,431,649 5.0%
 Guinea Conakry 1,399,981 11.3%
 Malaysia * Kuala Lumpur 1,381,830 4.4%
 Uruguay Montevideo 1,369,797 39.7%
 Zambia Lusaka 1,331,254 7.7%
 Mali Bamako 1,289,626 6.8%
 Bulgaria * Sofia 1,277,000 18.1% 2019
 Czech Republic * Prague 1,241,664 11.6% [38] 2011
 Haiti Port-au-Prince 1,235,227 11.1%
 Libya Tripoli 1,184,045 17.7%
 Ireland * Dublin 1,173,179 24.3%
 Kuwait Kuwait City 1,171,880 28.3%
 Serbia * Belgrade 1,154,589 13.1%
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1,111,838 10.5% [39] 2010
 Somalia Mogadishu 1,097,133 7.3%
 Armenia * Yerevan 1,080,487 36.6% [36][unreliable source?]
 Mozambique Maputo 1,076,689 3.7%
 Sierra Leone Freetown 1,070,200 14.0%
 Georgia Tbilisi 1,044,993 26.1%
 Senegal Dakar 1,030,594 6.5%
 Kazakhstan * Nur-Sultan 1,029,556 5.6% 2017
 Pakistan * Islamabad 1,014,825 0.5% [40] 2017
 Liberia Monrovia 1,010,970 21.0%
 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1,005,231 5.1%
 Nepal * Kathmandu 1,003,285 3.6% 2011[41]
 Sweden * Stockholm 962,154 9.6% [42] 2018
 Canada * Ottawa 934,243 2.5% [43] 2016
 Israel * Jerusalem[44] 927,000 11.1%
 Nicaragua Managua 926,883 14.3%
 Myanmar Naypyidaw [46] 925,000 1.74% [47]
 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 907,802 28.6%
 Malawi Lilongwe 902,388 5.0%
 Netherlands * Amsterdam 855,965 5.0% [48]
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 843,240 13.4%
 Togo Lomé 824,738 10.5%
 Panama Panama City 813,097 19.5%
 Croatia * Zagreb 804,200 19.3% [49]
 Oman Muscat 797,000 16.5% [50]
 Niger * Niamey 794,814 3.5% [51]
 Moldova Chişinău 794,800 19.6% [52]
 Denmark * Copenhagen 794,128 13.8% [53] 2020
 Nigeria Abuja 778,567 0.4% [54]
 Tunisia Tunis 767,629 6.6%
 Albania Tirana 763,634 26.5%
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat 763,537 13.0%
 Chad N'Djamena 751,288 4.9%
 Honduras Tegucigalpa 735,982 7.7%
 Central African Republic Bangui 731,548 15.7%
 Mauritania * Nouakchott 719,167 16.3%
 Rwanda Kigali 718,414 5.8%
 Latvia * Riga 713,016 37.0%
 United States * Washington, D.C. 705,749 0.2% 2019
 Jamaica Kingston 701,063 23.9%
 Eritrea Asmara 694,000 20.1%
 Greece * Athens 664,046 6.3% 2011
 Norway * Oslo 645,701 12.1% [55] 2013
 Finland * Helsinki 635,591 11.5% [56] 2016
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 585,097 6.1% [57]
 Tajikistan * Dushanbe 582,496 6.4%
 Portugal * Lisbon 564,657 5.5%
 Lithuania Vilnius 556,723 19.9%
 Gabon Libreville 556,425 26.3%
 El Salvador San Salvador 521,366 8.1%
 North Macedonia Skopje 521,000 25.0%
 Paraguay Asunción 520,722 7.5%
 Macau Macau 520,400 82.4% [58]
 Djibouti Djibouti (city) 475,332 49.6%
 Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro 454,929 1.8%
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau 452,640 24.1%
 Estonia * Tallinn 440,206 33.3% [59]
 Slovakia Bratislava 424,207 7.8%
 Puerto Rico (US) San Juan 421,356 13.9%
 Australia * Canberra 410,301 1.6% 2017
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 395,133 11.9% 2013
 South Sudan * Juba 372,410 3.4%
 Costa Rica San José 328,195 6.6%
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 299,396 3.5% [60][unreliable source?]
 Laos Vientiane 287,579 4.1%
 Tanzania Dodoma 287,200 0.5% 2002 est.[61]
 Slovenia * Ljubljana 280,140 13.5%
 Cyprus Nicosia 270,000 22.7% [62] late 2004
 Lesotho Maseru 267,652 12.7% [60]
 Bolivia Sucre 261,201 2.3% [63][circular reference]
 India * New Delhi 257,803 0.0% 2011
 Suriname Paramaribo 254,147 44.1%
 Namibia Windhoek 252,721 10.3%
 Bahamas Nassau 248,948 64.6%
 Botswana Gaborone 225,656 10.0% [64]
 Benin Porto-Novo 223,552 1.9% [65]
 New Zealand * Wellington 215,900 4.21% June 2021[66]
 Kosovo * Prishtina 198,214
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún (claimed)
Tifariti (de facto)
194,668
3,000
N/A [67]
2009
 Transnistria Tiraspol 159,163
 Belgium Brussels 148,873 1.3% [68]
 Mauritius Port Louis 147,251 11.6% [69]
 Montenegro * Podgorica 141,854 22.6%
 Bahrain Manama 140,616 9.0%
 Guyana Georgetown 134,599 17.3%
 Cape Verde Praia 125,464 23.1%
 Switzerland * Bern (de facto) 121,631 1.51% [70]
 Luxembourg * Luxembourg City 119,214 19.7% [71]
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 115,826 0.5% [72]
 Iceland * Reykjavík 115,000 34.2% [73]
 Barbados Bridgetown 110,000 38.4%
 Maldives Malé 103,693 20.1%
 Bhutan Thimphu 101,259 13.4%
 Equatorial Guinea * Malabo 100,677 7.7% [74]
 New Caledonia (France) Nouméa 89,207 31.9% [75]
 Fiji Suva 84,410 9.6% [75]
 Eswatini (Swaziland) Mbabane 81,594 7.2%
 Saint Lucia Castries 20,000 11.0% [76]
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Saipan 62,392 109.7% 2000 [77]
 Comoros Moroni 60,200 7.2%
 Solomon Islands Honiara 59,288 9.1% [75]
 East Timor Dili 59,069 4.7%
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 56,166 26.6%
 American Samoa (USA) Pago Pago 52,000 93.8% 2003[78]
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 50,479 3.6%
 Republic of Artsakh Stepanakert 49,986
 Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad 49,885 30.7% [79]
 Burundi Gitega 41,944 0.4% [80] 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 40,020 36.3%
 Samoa Apia 39,813 20.3% [81]
 Vanuatu Port Vila 38,000 13.0% [82]
 Monaco Monaco 35,986 93.0% [83] 2011 est.
 Gambia Banjul 34,828 1.5%
 Kiribati Tarawa 30,000 25.9% [84]
 Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad 29,998 28.3% [85]
 Seychelles Victoria 29,298 30.2%
 Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar 29,286 86.9%
 Jersey (UK) Saint Helier 28,380
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 28,135 6.6%
 Cayman Islands (UK) George Town 26,798 41.8%
 Isle of Man (UK) Douglas 26,600 31.6%
 French Polynesia (France) Papeete 26,200 9.4% [86]
 Palestine Ramallah (de facto) 25,500 0.53% [87]
 Marshall Islands Majuro 25,400 43.5%
 Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,884 29.7%
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 22,679 23.6% [88]
 Tonga Nukuʻalofa 22,400 21.7%
 Faroe Islands * (Denmark) Tórshavn 18,573 38.3% [89]
 Guernsey (UK) St. Peter Port 16,701
 Belize Belmopan 16,451 4.3% [90]
 Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk (Godthåb) 15,469 27.3%
 Dominica Roseau 14,847 20.7% [91]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 13,043 24.9%
 Åland Islands (Finland) Mariehamn 11,296 [92]
 U.S. Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie 10,817 10.3%
 Micronesia Palikir 9,900 8.8%
 British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town 9,400 31.5%
 Grenada St. George's 7,500 6.7%
 Malta Valletta 6,444 1.5% [93] 2014
 Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia 6,000 61.1%
 Saint Martin (France) Marigot 5,700
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre 5,509 94.2%
 Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua 5,445 31.1%
 Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,248 13.8%
 San Marino City of San Marino 4,493 13.3%
 Tuvalu Funafuti 4,492 39.0%
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town 3,700 9.8%
 Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley 2,115 65.4% [94]
 Svalbard (Norway) Longyearbyen 2,075
 Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove 1,493 [95]
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg 1,338 3.2%
 Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu 1,191 10.2%
 Anguilla (UK) The Valley 1,169 7.9%
 Nauru Yaren (de facto) 1,100 10.3%
 Guam (US) Hagåtña 1,100 0.7%
 Bermuda (UK) Hamilton 854 1.4% [96] 2016
 Vatican City Vatican City (city-state) 826 100% 2009 est.[97]
 Saint Helena (UK) Jamestown 714 11.8%
 Niue (NZ) Alofi 616 38.0%
 Tokelau (NZ) Atafu 524 39.7%
 Montserrat (UK) Brades (de facto)
Plymouth (de jure)
391
0
N/A
 Palau Ngerulmud 271 1.5%
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island 120
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown 50
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point 22
 Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston (de facto) [98]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Kellerman, Aharon (1993). Society and Settlement: Jewish Land of Israel in the Twentieth Century. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-1295-4.