Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Louis V
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Reign7 February 1596 –
27 July 1626
PredecessorGeorge I
SuccessorGeorge II
Born24 September 1577
Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt
Died27 July 1626 (aged 48)
near Rheinfels
SpouseMagdalene of Brandenburg
Anna Eleonore, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Juliane, Countess of East Frisia
FatherGeorge I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherMagdalene of Lippe

Louis V of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ludwig; 24 September 1577 – 27 July 1626) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 24 September 1577 as the son of George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalene of Lippe, daughter Bernhard VIII, Count of Lippe.


In 1604 he inherited a part of Hessen-Marburg after the death of Louis IV of Hesse-Marburg who was childless. The other half went to Maurice of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), but since Maurice was a Calvinist, Ludwig claimed a right on the whole of Hesse-Marburg. Lutheran professors of the University of Marburg who refused to convert to Calvinism founded in 1607 the University of Gießen which was named Ludoviciana.

This led to a conflict during the Thirty Years' War, between Louis V, who stood on the side of the Emperor, and Maurice, who was on the side of the Protestants. Hesse-Darmstadt suffered severely from the ravages from the Swedes during the conflict.

The Landgrave died in 1626 and he was succeeded by George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

In 1722, Johann Georg Liebknecht, an astronomer at the University of Gießen, named a star, which he thought was a planet, Sidus Ludoviciana after Ludwig V.


Louis V married Magdalene of Brandenburg, daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg by his third wife, Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst. They had issue:



Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born: 24 September 1577 Died: 27 July 1626
Regnal titles
Preceded by Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Succeeded by