List of French flags

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This list includes flags that either have been in use or are currently used by France, French Overseas Collectivites, Sui Generis Collectivity and French Overseas Territory.

National flags[edit]

List of French flags
Flag of France.svg
French ensigns
Regional flags
Flags of Île-de-France
Former French Empire
Flag Date Use Description
Flag of France (1790–1794).svg 1790–1794 National flag at the end of the Kingdom of France and the beginning of the French First Republic A vertical tricolour of red, white and blue (proportions 3:2)
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg 1794–1814 National flag of the First Republic and in the First French Empire.
First adopted on 15 February 1794
A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).
Royal flag of France during the Bourbon Restoration.svg 1814–1815 National flag of the Kingdom of France during the Bourbon Restoration Pure white flag with Bourbon coat of arms (proportions 3:2).
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg 1815 National flag of the French Empire in its short lived restoration during the Hundred Days A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).
Royal flag of France during the Bourbon Restoration.svg 1815–1830 National flag after the resumption of the Bourbon Restoration Kingdom of France Pure white flag with Bourbon coat of arms (proportions 3:2).
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg 1830–1848 National flag of the Kingdom of France after the July Revolution A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).
Drapeau france 1848.svg 1848 National flag of the French Second Republic very briefly used between 24 February and 5 March A vertical tricolour of blue, red, and white (proportions 3:2).
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg 1848–present National flag of the French Second Republic, Second French Empire, French Third Republic, French State, Provisional Government of the French Republic, French Fourth Republic and France today (a.k.a. the French Fifth Republic) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).
Flag of France.svg 1976[1]–present The adoption of an alternative brighter version of the flag A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).

Ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of French-Navy-Revolution.svg 1790–1794 Naval ensign during the French Revolution A white flag with a bordered, first version of the French tricolore on the top-left honour quadrant
Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830).svg 1814,1815-1830 French military naval ensign during the Bourbon Restoration 1814,1815-1830 A pure white flag
Ensign of France.svg 1853–present Civil ensign and Naval ensign
Adopted on 17 May 1853, previous ensigns were the same as the national flag
A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red, but with bars in proportion 30:33:37

Standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
MarquePresident.svg 1880–Present Presidential and Prime Minister standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1).
FanionPresident.svg 1880–Present Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2).
Ministre-DOMTOM.svg Flag of the Minister of Overseas A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) on a blue ensign.
Flag of French Governor in French Colony.svg 1880–Present Flag of the Governor Colony A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red on swallow tail blue ensign. (proportions 1:2).

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Marque mindef.svg Flag of the Minister of the Armed Forces A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with a golden emblem.
Masthead pennant of France.svg Pennant
Marque CEMA.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Chief of the Defence Staff Originally the marque of the Chief of the National Defence.[2]
Marque CEMAT.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Chief of Staff of the French Army Marque given to the Chief of Staff.[2]
Marque CEMM.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Chief of Staff of the French Navy Marque given to the Chief of Staff.[2]
Marque CEMAA.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Chief of Staff of the French Air Force Marque given to the Chief of Staff.[2]
Marque amiral.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Admiral of the French Navy
Marque VAE.svg 10 August 1939 Flag of the Vice-Admiral D'escadre of the French Navy
Marque VA.svg Flag of the Vice-Admiral of the French Navy
Contre-Amiral.svg Flag of the Contre-Admiral of the French Navy
Marque-capitaine-de-vaisseau-chef-division.svg Flag of the Capitaine de Vaisseau of the French Navy (Division)
Marque-capitaine-de-vaisseau.svg Flag of the Capitaine de Vaisseau of the French Navy (Unit)
Marque-capitaine-de-vaisseau.svg Flag of the Harbour Commanding Officer
Marque-capitaine-marine-marchande-senior.svg Flag of the Senior Merchant Navy Captain in the harbour

Regional and territorial flags[edit]

Historical flags[edit]

Royal banners and ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Banner of France (10th century-12th century).svg 10th century–12th century Banner of the Kingdom of France
Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg 12th century–13th century Banner of the Kingdom of France
Flag of France (XIV-XVI).svg 14th century–16th century Banner of the Kingdom of France
Oriflamme.svg
1124–1356 Oriflamme
Oriflamme1.svg
1124–1356 Oriflamme (variant)
Pavillon royal de la France.svg 1365–1794 Flag of the Kingdom of France
Pavillon royal de France.svg 1365–1792,
1815–1830
Flag of the Kingdom of France & the Bourbon Restoration
Naval Flag of the Kingdom of France (Civil Ensign).svg 1365–1792 Merchant flag
Flag of Royalist France.svg 1789–1799 Flag of royalists during the revolution
Drapeau révolutionnaire 1.svg 14 July 1790 Revolutionist flag
Drapeau révolutionnaire 2.svg 21 January 1793 Revolutionist flag
Drapeau révolutionnaire 3.svg 7 May 1794 Revolutionist flag

Standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg 1365–1792 Royal standard
Imperial Standard of Napoléon I.svg 1804–1815 Imperial standard
Imperial Standard of Napoléon III.svg 1870–1873 Imperial standard
Imperial Standard of Napoléon Eugène Bonaparte.svg 1873–1879 Imperial standard
MarqueGrévy.svg 1879–1887 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red, proportions 1:1.
MarqueCarnot.svg 1887–1894 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "C".
MarqueCasimir.svg 1894–1895 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "CP".
MarqueFaure.svg 1895–1899 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "FF".
MarqueLoubet.svg 1899–1906 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "EL".
MarqueFallières.svg 1906–1913 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "AF".
MarquePoincaré.svg 1913–1920 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "RP".
MarqueDeschanel.svg 1920 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "PD".
MarqueMillerand.svg 1920–1924 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "AM".
MarqueDoumergue.svg 1924–1931 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "GD".
MarqueDoumer.svg 1931–1932 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "PD".
MarqueLebrun.svg 1932–1940 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "AL".
MarquePétain.svg 1940–1944 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the axe and 7 golden stars.
Flag of Philippe Pétain, Chief of State of Vichy France.svg 1940–1944 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2) with the axe and 7 golden stars.
MarqueAuriol.svg 1947–1954 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "VA".
MarqueCoty1954.svg 1954–1958 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "RC".
MarqueDeGaulle1959.svg 1959–1969 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "CG" and the red Cross of Lorraine.
FanionDegaulle1959.svg 1959–1969 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2) with the red Cross of Lorraine.
MarquePompidou.svg 1969–1974 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "GP".
FanionPompidou.svg 1969–1974 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2) with the golden "GP".
MarquePoher.svg 1974 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "AP".
FanionPoher.svg 1974 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2) with the golden "AP".
MarqueMitterrand1981.svg 1981 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden "FM".
FanionMitterrand1981.svg 1981 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 3:2) with the golden "FM".
MarqueMitterrand1982.svg 1982–1995 Presidential standard A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden oak tree.
FanionMitterrand1982.svg 1982–1995 Presidential standard (variant) A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red (proportions 1:1) with the golden oak tree.

Other historical flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Socialist red flag.svg 1871 Revolutionary banner from the Paris Commune A plain red flag

Colonial flags[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Drapeau Français". promo-drapeaux.fr. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Marques, honneurs, saluts et visites dans les forces navales et à bord des bâtiments de la marine militaire". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). 10 August 1939. Retrieved 29 February 2020.