List of Spanish Americans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of notable Americans of Spanish descent, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants.

There are also many people in the United States of Hispanic "national" origin, (e.g.: Cuban Americans, etc) or other Latin Americans, who self-identify their heritage as being from Spain.

The list also includes many settlers and descendants of Spanish settlers who lived in the Spanish colonies south of the current U.S. when those territories were incorporated into U.S. and to his inhabitants were given the U.S. citizenship (Louisiana is incorporated in 1803, Florida in 1819, and the Southwest was incorporated in 1848).

This list is ordered by surname within section.

To be included in this list, the person must have a Wikipedia article showing they are Spanish American or must have references showing they are Spanish American and are notable.


Artists and designers[edit]

  • Adela Akers (born February 7, 1933) – American textile artist born in Spain
  • Mabel Alvarez (1891–1985) – prominent American artist
  • Carlos Baena – Spanish-born American employee in the Pixar studies
  • Javier Cabada (born October 25, 1931) – Spanish-born American artist who paints colorful, abstract works
  • Eva Camacho-Sánchez – Spanish raised American fashion designer and maker who is focused in felted decorations, jewelry, housewares, and accessories at her company Lana Handmade.
  • Federico Castellón (1914–1971) – painter and sculptor born in Almeria, Spain
  • Beatriz Colomina (born 1952) – Spanish-born architecture historian
  • Julio de Diego (1900–1979) – Spanish-born American visual artist
  • Anh Duong (born October 25, 1960) – French-American artist, actress, and model, daughter of a Spanish mother and Vietnamese father.
  • John A. Garcia (born 1949) – Spanish-born entrepreneur and philanthropist. He is best known as a pioneer of the modern American computer game industry.
  • Frank Garcia (1927–1993)– American son of Spanish immigrants[1]
  • Xavier Gonzalez (1898–1993) – Spanish-born American artist.
  • Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle (born 1961) – Spanish-born American artist[2]
  • Adele Morales (1925–2015) – American painter and memoirist. He is of Spanish and Peruvian descent.
  • Wenceslao Moreno (1896–1999) – known to his American fans as "Señor Wences", Moreno was for decades a top ventriloquist in Spain, elsewhere in Europe, as well as in Latin America and the United States. In the US, he was a favorite in vaudeville and, later, television, especially on The Ed Sullivan Show. He was born in Salamanca, Spain, and died at the age of 103 in New York City.[3]
  • Stephen Mopope (1898–1974) – Kiowa painter, dancer, and flute player of Spanish descent.
  • Victor Moscoso (born 1936) – Psychedelic underground comix cartoonist, born in Galicia and raised in the US.
  • Esteban Munras (1798–1850) – 19th-century Spanish artist, probably best known for the vibrantly-colored frescoes that adorn the chapel interior at Mission San Miguel Arcángel in California.
  • Antonio Prieto (1912–1967) – Spanish-born American ceramic artist and art professor at Mills College, Oakland, California. He was instrumental in developing an important ceramics collection for the Mills College Art Museum.
  • Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer. Son of Cuban parents of Canarian (Spanish) descent[4]
  • Richard Serra (born November 2, 1938) – American sculptor. His father was Spanish native of Mallorca and mother was Russian, in Odessa[5]
  • Urbici Soler i Manonelles (1890–1953) – American sculptor and art educator.
  • Faye Resnick (born July 3, 1957) – American television personality, author, and interior designer. She is of Spanish, Italian and English descent[6][7]
  • Carmen Marc Valvo – fashion designer
  • Kat Von D (born March 8, 1982) – tattoo artist of European descent; Spanish ancestry from mom[8]


  • Micaela Almonester, Baroness de Pontalba (1795–1874) – Wealthy New Orleans-born aristocrat, businesswoman and real estate developer, and one of the most dynamic personalities of that city's history.
  • John Arrillaga (born 1937) – real estate businessman
  • John Casablancas (1942–2013) – American modeling agent and scout. He is credited for developing the concept of supermodel. His parents were Spanish, having escaped Spain during the Spanish Civil War[9]
  • Manuel Lisa (1772–1820) – Spanish fur trader, explorer, and United States Indian agent. He was among the founders in St. Louis of the Missouri Fur Company, an early fur trading company, and he was also the first settlers of Nebraska[10]
  • Frank Lorenzo (born May 19, 1940) – airline executive who founded Continental Airlines. He is of Spanish parents[11]
  • Juan de Miralles (1713–1780) – Spanish-born arms dealer and messenger to the American Continental Congress.
  • Edward L. Romero (born January 2, 1934) – entrepreneur and American diplomat who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Spain and Andorra in 1998 - 2001. His family was descended in part of the Spanish settlers who arrived to New Mexico in 1598[12]
  • Frank Stephenson (born October 3, 1959) – American automobile designer. He is son of a Norwegian father and a Spanish mother[13]
  • Unanue family
  • Rodolfo Valentin (born June 22, 1944) – New York City hairdresser and entrepreneur, to Italian and Spanish parents.
  • Benito Vázquez (1738 – 1810) - Spanish-born soldier, fur trader, merchant and explorer. He emigrated to Missouri when it was part of Louisiana and lived there until the end of his life.
  • Louis Vasquez (1798 – 1868) - American Mountain man and trader. Born in Missouri, he was the son of Benito Vázquez
  • Vicente Martinez Ybor (1818–1896) – Spanish-American industrialist and Cuban cigar manufacturer[14]


Screenwriter, Directors and Producers of film and television[edit]

Actors and actresses[edit]

Emilio Estevez with father Martin Sheen at the premiere of The Way.[79]
  • Martin Sheen – born 'Ramón Gerardo Antonio Estévez', father from Galicia, Spain[80]
  • Charlie Sheen – American actor, Spanish paternal grandfather
  • Margarita Sierra (January 5, 1936 – September 6, 1963) – Spanish born American actress
  • Henry Silva – American film and television actor of Spanish and Sicilian descent.[81]
  • Chrishell Stause – of both Japanese and Spanish descent.
  • Chuti Tiu – American actress of Chinese, Filipina and Spanish descent
  • Celeste Thorson – American actress, model, screenwriter, and activist of Lebanese, Spanish, Apache (Native American) and South Korean descent.
  • Bitsie Tulloch – mother of Spanish descent[82]
  • Alanna Ubach – American actress of Spanish descent
  • Erik Valdez – American actor (father of Mexican, Spanish and Native American descent)
  • Elena Verdugo – 1940s Spanish-American actress
  • Charlyne Yi – American actress, comedian, musician, writer, and painter. Her mother, a native of the Philippines, is of Filipino and Spanish descent[83]
  • Michael Wayne (1934–2003) – American film producer and actor, and the eldest son of actor John Wayne and his first wife, Josephine Alicia Saenz, who was of Spanish descent.
  • Patrick Wayne – actor, the second son of John Wayne and Josephine Alicia Saenz
  • Raquel Welch – American actress of Bolivian father (from Spanish descent)[84][85]
  • Donna Wilkes – American film actress known for her roles in several films, born to Spanish/French mother and Irish father


Daisy Fuentes is a TV presenter and model.


  • David Archuleta – father of Spanish (Basque) descent.
  • Leonardo Balada – Spanish composer.
  • Cedric Bixler-Zavala – rock singer of predominantly European descent has Spanish ancestry from father.
  • Fortunio Bonanova (1895–1969) – baritone singer and a film, theater, and television actor. He occasionally worked as a producer and director.
  • Eduardo Cansino, Sr. (1895–1968) – Flamenco dancer and Spanish actor. Father of Rita Hayworth.
  • Julian Casablancas – vocalist and songwriter of the New York band The Strokes.[94]
  • Al Cisneros – American musician from San Jose, California. He is the singer and bassist for the legendary stoner metal band Sleep
  • Nichole Cordova – singer and dancer. Cordova is a member of the musical group Girlicious.
  • Beyoncé - American singer, actress, record producer, dancer, bussisnes woman, and director, known as the member of the R&B girl group Destiny's Child. Her father is African-American, and her mother is of Louisiana Creole (French, Native American, and African), distant Jewish, Spanish, Chinese and Indonesian descent.
  • Darren Criss – American actor, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer. His Philippine mother is of Spanish partial descent.[31]
  • Xavier Cugat (1900–1990) – conductor, American Catalan artist and entrepreneur. He was a key figure in the spread of Latin music in the United States popular music.[95]
  • Charo – Spanish-American actress, comedian and Flamenco guitarist. She is best known for her exuberant stage presence and provocative outfits.
  • Chick Corea – American jazz and fusion pianist, keyboardist, and composer. He is of southern Italian and Spanish descent.[96][97]
  • Jonny Diaz – American contemporary Christian pop artist and brother of Matt Diaz. His grandfather who had emigrated from Barcelona.[98]
  • Vernon Duke (1903–1969) – American composer/songwriter, born into a noble family of mixed Georgian-Austrian-Spanish-Russian descent, en Belarus.
  • Gloria Estefan – Mother's parents were born in Pola de Siero, Asturias and Logroño, La Rioja, Spain .[99][100]
  • Joe Falcón (1900–1965) – American accordionist descendant of Cajuns and Spanish settlers (Isleños) of Louisiana. He was the first person recording a song and a Cajun music album.
  • Lilian García – American singer and ring announcer born in Spain. Spanish descent via Puerto Rico.
  • Jerry Garcia – guitarist and singer for the Grateful Dead. Father was born in La Coruña, Spain.[101]
  • Synyster Gates – American musician, best known for being the lead guitarist of the band Avenged Sevenfold. He is of Spanish and German descent.
  • Claudio S. Grafulla (1812–1880) – Spanish-born composer in the United States during the 19th Century, most noted for martial music for regimental bands during the early days of the American Civil War
  • Emilio de Gogorza (1874–1949) – American-born baritone of Spanish parents.
  • Safeway Goya – singer of The Nobodys, who released an album on Capitol Records and EMI International August 8, 1984.
  • Scott Herrenmusic producer. His father is Catalan and his mother is Irish and Cuban.[102]
  • Eric Himy – American-born classical pianist of French-Spanish-Moroccan descent
  • Julio Iglesias – Spanish-born singer with American citizenship.
  • Enrique IglesiasGrammy winning Spanish pop singer songwriter. Spanish father (Julio Iglesias) and Spanish Filipina mother (Isabel Preysler)
  • José Iturbi (1895–1980) – Spanish conductor, harpsichordist and pianist.
  • Jeanette (singer) – London-born, American-raised singer. She is of Canarian and Maltese descent.[103]
  • Chris Kirkpatrick – American singer, dancer, and voice actor who is best known as a founding member of the pop group 'N Sync. He is of Irish, Scottish, Spanish and Indian descent.
  • Joseph Lacalle (1860–1937) – Spanish born American clarinetist, composer, conductor and music critic.
  • Kirstin Maldonado – American singer. Her mother is Spanish-Italian
  • Jim Martin (born 1961) – former guitarist of Faith No More
  • Steve Martin Caro – Original lead singer of the 1960s baroque pop band The Left Banke
  • Bruno Mars – American singer-songwriter and record producer. Mars' mother immigrated to Hawaii from the Philippines as a child, and is of Filipino and some Spanish descent. Mars' father is of Puerto Rican and Ashkenazi Jewish descent.[104][105]
  • Mikaila – American singer of French, Mexican (Aztec) and Spanish descent.
  • Chino Moreno – American musician. He is children to a Spanish-Mexican father and a Spanish/Chinese mother;[106]
  • Alcide "Yellow" Núñez (1884–1934) – Isleño American jazz clarinetist.
  • Kenny Ortega – Emmy-award-winning producer, director and choreographer. Most known for directing the High School Musical series and Michael Jackson's This Is It. Spanish grandparents.[107]
  • Franky Perez – American musician best known as a solo artist, singer of Finnish Cello-based rock band Apocalyptica. Son of Spanish and Cuban immigrants.
  • Irván J. "Puco" Pérez (1923–2008) – Isleño decima singer.[108]
  • Manuel Perez (musician) (1871–1946) – American cornetist and bandleader born into a Creole of Color family of Spanish, French and African descent.
  • Achille Rivarde (1865–1940) – American-born British violinist and teacher.
  • Andy Russell (September 16, 1919 – April 16, 1992) – American popular vocalist to Mexican parents of Spanish descent.
  • Paul Sanchez – American guitarist and a singer-songwriter. He was a founding member of the New Orleans band Cowboy Mouth, guitarist and one of the primary singers and songwriters for the band from 1990 to 2006. His father was an Isleño of Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana.
  • Matthew Santos – rock and folk singer-songwriter, musician and painter, father of part-Spanish descent.[109]
  • Carly Simon – American singer-songwriter, musician, and children's author. Her mother is of Spanish and half Swiss descent.
  • Lucy Simon – American composer for the theatre and popular songs. Sister of Carly Simon.
  • Joanna Simon (mezzo-soprano) – sister of Carly and Lucy Simon.
  • Mariee Sioux – American folk singer-songwriter. Her father Gary Sobonya is a mandolin player of Polish and Hungarian descent, and her mother Felicia is of Spanish, Paiute, and Indigenous Mexican descent.
  • John Philip Sousa (1854–1932) – American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches. His father was of Portuguese and Spanish ancestry.[110][111][112]
  • Esperanza Spalding – jazz singer and composer.[113]
  • Malu Trevejo – Cuban-American singer of Cuban and Spanish descent.
  • Anton Torello – Catalan born American double bass player.
  • Camile Velasco – Filipino American singer and came in ninth place on the third season of the reality/talent-search television series, American Idol. She is of Irish, Spanish, and Filipino descent.[114]
  • Jaci Velasquez – American singer. She descends from Spanish and Mexican settlers in Texas and French, Scottish, and Arabs immigrants.[115]
  • Camille Zamora – American soprano, Spanish ancestry on her father's side


  • María Benítez – American dancer, choreographer and director in Spanish dance and flamenco
  • Carmencita – Spanish-born American-style dancer in American pre-vaudeville variety and music-hall ballet
  • Joaquín De Luz – Spanish ballet dancer. He was formerly with the American Ballet Theatre (ABT), and currently, a principal dancer with the New York City Ballet (NYCB).


  • Pete Alonso- Mets first baseman and 2019 Rookie of the Year. His grandfather was born in Spain and fought for the republicans during the Spanish Civil War. He came to America after Franco overthrew the republic.
  • Barry Alvarez – American football coach. His grandparents immigrated to the United States from Northern Spain.[116]
  • Lyle Alzado (1949–1992) – professional American football defensive end of the National Football League. His father is of Italian-Spanish descent.[117]
  • Art Aragon (1927–2008) – American boxer
  • J. J. Arcega-Whiteside – American football player born in Zaragoza, Spain. His father is Spanish and mother is American.
  • Paula Badosa professional tennis player who represents Spain, was born in Manhattan. Her parents are from Barcelona.
  • Jonathan Borrajo – American soccer player of Spanish parents.[118]
  • Gene Brito (1925–1965) – American football Defensive end in the National Football League. He was of Spanish and Mexicans parents.
  • Pete Carril – American former basketball coach.
  • Matt Diaz – American professional baseball outfielder for the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball. His brother is Jonny Diaz. His grandfather who had emigrated from Barcelona.[98]
  • Mary Joe Fernández – professional tennis player and two-time Olympic gold medal winner. Father from Spain.[119]
  • Santiago Formoso (1953-) – Spanish-born American soccer defender who spent five seasons in the North American Soccer League.
  • Lefty Gomez – born Vernon Louis Gomez, New York Yankees Hall of Fame pitcher. His grandfather was Spaniard.[120]
  • Keith Hernandez – MVP-winning baseball player, grandfather from Málaga, Spain.
  • Manuel Hernandez (1948-) – Spanish-born American soccer player.
  • Chris Gimenez – American professional baseball catcher for the Oakland Athletics
  • Al López – Hall-of-Fame baseball player and manager. Spanish parents.[121]
  • Mike Lowell – Puerto Rican former professional baseball third baseman in Major League Baseball. His parents were born in Cuba, and are of Irish and Spanish ancestry.
  • Malia Jones – American model and surfer. She is of Spanish-Filipino partially descent.[122]
  • David López-Zubero – former college and international swimmer who competed in three Summer Olympics and won an Olympic bronze medal.
  • Martin López-Zubero – American born, Spanish Olympian swimmer with dual-citizenship. His father is Spanish[123]
  • Saoul Mamby – former professional boxer of Spanish and Jamaican descent.[124]
  • Alec Martinez – American professional ice hockey player. His paternal grandfather is Spanish.[125]
  • Rachel McLish – American female bodybuilding champion, actress and author. Her father was of Spanish ancestry.[126]
  • Kimmie Meissner – former competitive figure skater. Her maternal great-grandparents were Spanish immigrants (great-grandfather was from Galicia).[127]
  • Midajah – American personal trainer, fitness model and former professional wrestling manager. He is the eldest of four children and is of Norwegian, Irish, Spanish, and French descent.
  • Lou Molinet (1904–1976) – first Hispanic-American professional football player to play in the National Football League.
  • Lou Piniella – baseball player and manager, Asturian grandparents[128]
  • Hernando Planells – assistant coach of the Maine Red Claws of the NBA Development League and former head coach of the Basketball Japan League (BJ) team Ryukyu Golden Kings.
  • Augusto Perez – former wheelchair curler.
  • Tony La Russa – baseball player and manager, born to Spanish and Italian parents in Ybor City in Tampa Florida.[129]
  • Ralph Onis (1908 in Tampa, Florida–1995) – professional baseball.
  • Jack Del Rio – American head coach of the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL), to a father of Spanish and Italian descent.[130]
  • Rich RodriguezArizona head football coach.[131]
  • Fabri Salcedo (1914–1985) – Spanish-born American soccer player.
  • Wendy Lucero-Schayes – American former Olympic diver.
  • Craig Torres (bodybuilder)
  • Benny Urquidez – kickboxer, martial arts choreographer and actor. His father is descended from Basque Spaniards and Blackfoot Amerindians[132]
  • Alejandro Villanueva – offensive tackle, Pittsburgh Steeleers. Parents were born in Spain.
  • Minh Vu – American soccer player of Spanish and Vietnamese descent.
  • Ted Williams (1918–2002) – American professional baseball player, manager, and World War II and Korean War veteran. His mother was of Spanish (Basque), Russian, and American Indian descent.[133]

Military (excluding those who were also governors and politicians)[edit]

Confederate General G. T. Beauregard
Union Admiral David Farragut

Governors and politicians[edit]

  • Bernardo de Gálvez (July 23, 1746 – November 30, 1786) – Spanish military leader and colonial administrator who served as colonial governor of Louisiana and Cuba, and later as Viceroy of New Spain. The US Senate passed, in December 2014, the granting of Honorary citizenship to Bernardo de Galvez, because he aided the American Thirteen Colonies in their quest for independence and led Spanish forces against Britain in the Revolutionary War.[148]
  • John Garamendi (1945–) – member of the U. S. House of Representatives representing the state of California. He was a Democrat.
  • Antonio Maria de la Guerra (1825–1881) – Mayor of Santa Barbara, California, several times a member of the Santa Barbara County Board of Supervisors, California State Senator and Captain of California Volunteers in the American Civil War. He was son of Spanish soldier José de la Guerra y Noriega.[149]
  • José Gonzáles – American politician who served as first Mayor of Gonzales, Louisiana, between 1922/28 and 1932, and is considered the best mayor of that village.[150]
  • Joseph Marion Hernández (1793–1857) – American politician, plantation owner, and soldier. He was the first Delegate from the Florida Territory, becoming the first Hispanic American to serve in the United States Congress. His parents were Spanish settlers of St. Augustine in what was then East Florida.[151]
  • Vito Lopez – American politician, former member of the New York State Assembly.
  • Manuel Lujan Jr – Republican Congressman from New Mexico & Secretary of Interior.
  • Francisco Antonio Manzanares (1843–1904) – businessman and politician.
  • Luis H. Marrero (1847–1921) – chief of police in Jefferson Parish in New Orleans, president of parish's government between 1884 and 1916 and senator from Louisiana from 1892 to 1896. He was descend of Spanish settlers from Canary Island.[150]
Éamon de Valera, head of government and President of Ireland (1959–1973)

Sheriff, police, Texas Ranger and lawyers[edit]

  • Eugene W. Biscailuz (1883–1969) – Sheriff of Los Angeles County. His mother was descended from old Spanish settlers of California.
  • Tony Bouza – 40-year veteran of municipal police, serving as Minneapolis police chief from 1980 to 1989. He was born in Spain[163]
  • Alex Ferrer – American television personality, lawyer, and retired judge who presides as the arbiter on Judge Alex.
  • Manuel T. Gonzaullas (July 4, 1891 – February 13, 1977) – Spanish born American Texas Rangers captain and a staff member of the Texas government.
  • Alonzo Morphy (1798–1856) – American lawyer serving as Attorney General of Louisiana (1828–1830), and a Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court (1839–1846). He was of Spanish, Portuguese and Irish descent.
  • Rafael Piñeiro – Spanish-born American who served as First Deputy Commissioner of the New York City Police Department (NYPD).
  • Manuel Real – judge of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California.[164]
  • Tomas Avila Sanchez (1826–1882) – American soldier, sheriff and public official, was on the Los Angeles County, California, Board of Supervisors and was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the legislative branch of the city. He was descendant of Spanish settlers.
  • Michael G. Santos – American prison consultant, author of several books about prison, a professor of criminal justice, and an advocate for criminal justice reform. Santos is the son of a Cuban immigrant father and a mother of Spanish descent.[165]

Journalists and Reporters[edit]

  • Krystal Fernandez – American sports journalist.
  • Bill Gallo (1922–2011) – cartoonist and newspaper columnist for the New York Daily News.[166]
  • Steve Lopez – American journalist who has been a columnist for The Los Angeles Times since 2001. He is the son of Spanish and Italian immigrants.
  • Suzanne Malveaux – TV news reporter. She comes from a Creole family in Louisiana of French, Spanish and African origin.[167]
  • Craig Rivera – American television journalist, producer, and correspondent for Fox News Channel. His father was a Puerto Rican of Sephardic Jew descent.
  • Sebastian Junger – American journalist, most famous for the best-selling book The Perfect Storm: A True Story of Men Against the Sea (1997)
  • Geraldo Rivera – American lawyer, journalist, writer, reporter and talk show host. His father was of Puerto Rican Sephardic Jew ancestry. He is brother of Craig Rivera.[168][169]
  • Maria Rozman – Spanish-born Telemundo Washington DC's News Director.
  • Rosana Ubanell – Spanish-born American naturalized news journalist and the first Spanish language novelist to ever be published by Penguin Books

Novelist, poets and cartoonists of comic books[edit]

Cartoonist Sergio Aragonés
Philosopher George Santayana
Writer Anaïs Nin
  • Alberto Acereda (1965–) – writer, professor of Spanish language and literature in USA and Spanish author of numerous articles on politics and op-eds in several European and American newspapers.
  • Mercedes de Acosta (1893–1968) – poet and playwright, also known for her lesbian affairs with Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich.[170]
  • Felipe Alfau (1902–1999) – Catalan novelist and poet.
  • Jaime de Angulo (1887–1950) – linguist, novelist, and ethnomusicologist in the western United States. He was born in Paris of Spanish parents.
  • Estelle Anna Lewis (1824–1880) – United States poet and dramatist. She was of English and Spanish descent.
  • Sergio Aragonés – Spanish born-American cartoonist and writer known for his contributions to Mad Magazine and creator of the comic book Groo the Wanderer."[171]
  • José Argüelles (1939–2011) – American New Age author and artist. His father was Spanish.
  • Ivan Argüelles – American poet and brother of Jose Argüelles.
  • Alexander Argüelles – American linguist and son of Ivan Argüelles.
  • Hilario Barrero – Spanish poet and teacher.[172]
  • Stephen Vincent Benét (1898–1943) – American author, poet, short story writer, and novelist.
  • Manuel Gonzales (1913–1993) – Spanish born-American Disney comics artist.
  • Jessica Hagedorn – Filipino-American playwright, writer, poet, storyteller, musician, and multimedia performance artist, to a Scots-Irish-French-Filipino mother and a Filipino-Spanish father.
  • Amber L. Hollibaugh – American writer, film-maker and political activist. She is the daughter of a Romany father of Spanish descent and an Irish mother.[173]
  • Andrew Jolivétte – American author and lecturer of Spanish partially descent.
  • Lorraine C. Ladish – American author of American and Spanish descent.
  • Odón Betanzos Palacios (1925–2007) – poet, novelist and Spanish literary critic.[174]
  • Carmen M. Pursifull – English-language free verse poet and former New York City Latin dance and Latin American music figure in the 1950s. She is of Puerto Rican and Spanish descent.[175]
  • Anaïs Nin – born Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell, was an American author born to Spanish-Cuban parents in France, where she was also raised.
  • George Rabasa – American writer and author
  • Matthew Randazzo V – American true crime writer and historian. He is of Sicilian-American, Isleño, and Cajun descent.[176]
  • George Santayana (1863–1952) – Spanish born, philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist.
  • Jose Yglesias (1919–1995) – American novelist and journalist. Yglesias was born in the Ybor City section of Tampa, Florida, and was of Cuban and Spanish descent. His father was from Galicia.
  • Rafael Yglesias (1954–) – American novelist and screenwriter. His parents were the novelists Jose Yglesias and Helen Yglesias.

Ranchers and Landowners[edit]


Scholars, Professors and academics[edit]

Art historian Ernest Fenollosa
  • Gloria Anzaldúa (1942–2004) – scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory. She descendant of many of the prominent Basque and Spanish explorers and settlers to come to the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Ángel Cabrera – Spanish academic and sixth President of George Mason University.
  • Larrie Ferreiro (born June 11, 1958) – American historian to a Spanish great-grandfather.
  • Ernest Fenollosa (1853–1908) – American professor of philosophy and political economy at Tokyo Imperial University and art historian of Japanese art.
  • Frank Micheal Fernández, Jr. (1918–2001) – notable Isleño educator, historian, and community leader in St. Bernard Parish.
  • Jorge Ferrer – chair of the department of East-West Psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies.
  • Karl Hess (1923–1994) – American speechwriter and author. He was of German and Spanish descent.
  • Juan José Linz (1926–2013) – Spanish sociologist and political scientist. He was of German father and Spanish mother.
  • Andrew Jolivétte – American author and lecturer who is employed at San Francisco State University as an associate professor in American Indian Studies and an instructor in Ethnic Studies, Educational Leadership, and Race and Resistance Studies.
  • Xavier Sala-i-Martin (born June 17, 1962, Cabrera de Mar, Barcelona, Catalonia Spain) – Catalan-American professor of economics at Columbia University.
  • Carlos Fernández-Pello – Spanish-born faculty member of the University of California, Berkeley, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
  • Juan Bautista Rael (1900–1993) – Nuevomexicano ethnographer, linguist, and folklorist who was a pioneer in the study of the Nuevomexicanos, his stories and his language, both from Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado.

Scientists, inventors and engineers[edit]

Building engineer Rafael Guastavino
  • Luis F. Álvarez (1853–1937) – Spanish-born American doctor. He developed diagnosis for macular leprosy
  • Luis W. Alvarez (1911–1988) – American scientist. He was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and key participant in the Manhattan Project
  • Walter Alvarez (born October 3, 1940) – American geologist who first proposed the asteroid-impact theory to explain the extinction of the dinosaurs
  • Walter C. Alvarez (1884–1978) – American doctor of Spanish descent. He authored several dozen books on medicine, and wrote introductions and forewords for many others. Referred to as "America's Family Doctor" for his syndicated medical column in hundreds of newspapers.
  • Francisco J. Ayala (born March 12, 1934) – Spanish-born American biologist and philosopher, recipient of the 2010 Templeton Prize
  • Isador Coriat (1875–1943) – American psychiatrist and neurologist. He was one of the first American psychoanalysts. He was of Moroccan-Spanish descent on father's side and German on mother's side.[182]
  • Pedro Cuatrecasas (born 27 September 1936) – American biochemist and an Adjunct Professor of Pharmacology & Medicine at the University of California, San Diego
  • Valentín Fuster (born January 20, 1943) – Catalan American cardiologist
  • Rafael Guastavino (1842–1908) – Spanish-born building engineer and builder who lived in the United States since 1881 until his death; his career was based in New York City. The vaults of hundreds buildings in the eastern US were built based on his design.
  • Rodolfo Llinás (born December 16, 1934) – Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of the department of Physiology & Neuroscience at the NYU School of Medicine. Born in Bogotá (Colombia), with Spanish grandfather.
  • Michael Lopez-Alegria (born May 30, 1958) – Spanish-born American astronaut. Holds American record for most EVA hours (spacewalks or moonwalks). Born in Madrid.[183]
  • Miguel A. Sanchez – Spanish-born American board-certified pathologist who specializes in anatomic pathology, clinical pathology and cytopathology.
  • Severo Ochoa (1905–1993) – Spanish-born Nobel Prize-winning biochemist who worked on the synthesis of RNA
  • Ramón Verea (1833–1899) – Spanish journalist, engineer and writer. Inventor of a calculator with an internal multiplication table
Particle physicist Luis W. Alvarez
Cardiologist Valentín Fuster

Philanthropists, activists, revolutionaries, community leaders[edit]

  • Helene Hagan – Moroccan born American anthropologist and Amazigh activist. She is of Berber and Catalan descent.
  • Yasmin Aga Khan (1949–) – philanthropist with Spanish blood from her mother, Rita Hayworth.
  • Juan Bautista Mariano Picornell y Gomila (1759–1825) – Spanish-born revolutionary.
  • Concepción Picciotto (1936–2016) – also known as Conchita or Connie, Spanish-born American that has lived in Lafayette Square, Washington, D.C. on the 1600 block of Pennsylvania Avenue, in a peace camp across from the White House, since August 1, 1981, in protest of nuclear arms
  • Alberto Rivera (1935–1997) – Canarian-born American anti-Catholic religious activist who was the source of many of fundamentalist Christian author Jack Chick's conspiracy theories about The Vatican.
  • Tony Serra (1934–) – American civil rights lawyer, activist and tax resister from San Francisco.
  • Andrea Heinemann Simon (1909–1994) – community leader and the mother of award-winning singer, Carly Simon. She is of Spanish-Swiss descent.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Biographies Page F-G". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  2. ^ "Art21 . Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle . Biography . Documentary Film". PBS. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  3. ^ "Se & ntilde;or Wences Dead at 103". CBS News. April 20, 1999. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Hola S.A. "Narciso Rodríguez".
  5. ^ "Richard Serra logra el "Príncipe" por su "audacia" en la creación de espacios – La Nueva España – Diario Independiete de Asturias". May 13, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  6. ^ Ralph Frammolino; Shawn Hubler (October 20, 1994). "'Diary' Opens a New, Lurid Chapter: Author Faye Resnick's bumps in the fast lane would be unremarkable except that she shared some of them with Nicole Simpson". Los Angeles Times. p. 2 of 3.
  7. ^ "What Ethnicity is Faye Resnick (RHOBH x OJ Simpson)? – Page 4". Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  8. ^ Loeffler, Shawn. "Interview: Kat Von D". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
  9. ^ Wilson, Eric (July 20, 2013). "John Casablancas, Modeling Visionary, Dies at 70". The New York Times. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  10. ^ Goodwin (book)
  11. ^ "Obituary 1". The New York Times. September 29, 1980. p. 66.
  12. ^ "EDWARD ROMERO. CR280". El Mundo. Spain. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  13. ^ Levent OZLER (February 23, 2011). "Frank Stephenson: McLaren Automotive Design Director Speaking at Creative Barcode 360". Creative Barcode 360. Dexigner. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  14. ^ Archived from the original on August 9, 2007. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "Rafael Alvarez – Writer". Palette Magazine. Archived from the original on June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "Miguel Arteta:Overview". MSN. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  17. ^ Betancourt, Manuel (December 21, 2018). "Rafael Casal on Creating a Complex Portrait of Oakland's Race & Class Dynamics in 'Blindspotting'". Remezcla. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  18. ^ Breslauer, Jan (August 7, 1994). "As Her Many Worlds Turn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
  19. ^ Maberry, Jonathan; Romero, George A. (July 11, 2017). Nights of the Living Dead: An Anthology. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781250112255 – via Google Books.
  20. ^ "Armida Still on Stage. Jan 31, 1933 news article". January 31, 1933. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  21. ^ Downey, Phil, A Black, Jewish Officer in the Civil War, Jewish-American History Documentation Foundation. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  22. ^ Bennett, Joan; Lois Kibbee (1970). The Bennett Playbill. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-081840-0.
  23. ^ Twitter – Maria Canals-Barrera.
  24. ^ Blood on the Stage, 1950–1975: Milestone Plays of Crime, Mystery and Detection.(2011) By Amnon Kabatchnik p. 114.
  25. ^ "Carlos Bernard Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  26. ^ García, Julio (February 8, 2011). "Diego Boneta, un galán mexicano en 'Mean Girls 2'". Univision. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  27. ^ "BrainyQuote"."I'm of Filipino, Spanish, and Chinese descent, and was raised on Hawaii".
  28. ^ "José Raimundo Carrillo (1749–1809)". Retrieved April 16, 2010.
  29. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Charisma Carpenter: You Need To Get It Out That Im A Proud Latina!". July 20, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  30. ^ "Youngstown Vindicator – Google News Archive Search".
  31. ^ a b Aileen. "Glee star Darren Criss visits his mom's homeland, the Philippines!". Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  32. ^ "ASK THE GLOBE". Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
  33. ^ "CAMERON DIAZ: A Life Less Ordinary: Interview". Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  34. ^ "Hector Elizondo interview about 'Monk.'". August 7, 2008. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  35. ^ "MEL FERRER, TV actor, Producer and Film director". January 12, 2017.
  36. ^ "Biography of Mel Ferrer (1917-2008)". TheBiography. 2018.
  37. ^ "Mormon Tabernacle Choir and Santino Fontana Headline Pioneer Day Concerts". July 20, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  38. ^ Michael Guillen (July 29, 2006). "The Evening Class".
  39. ^ "Welcome to the World of JoAnna Garcia". Archived from the original on December 11, 2008.
  40. ^ "Joanna Garcia Biography (1979–)". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  41. ^ Deggans, Eric. "'Reba' has a touch of Tampa" Archived May 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine St. Petersburg Times, February 1, 2002.
  42. ^ "The Joanna Garcia Picture Pages". Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  43. ^ Gadino, Dylan P. "Greg Giraldo: Comedy game plan in effect" (interview), Punchline, October 29, 2009. WebCitation archive.
  44. ^ Memoirs by Lita Grey Chaplin.
  45. ^ Chaplin, Lita Grey and Jeffrey Vance. (1998). Wife of the Life of the Party. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, pg. 2–3; ISBN 0-8108-3432-4.
  46. ^ Fregoso, Rosa Linda (December 4, 2003). MeXicana Encounters. ISBN 9780520937284.
  47. ^ "Pedro Gonzales-Gonzales Biography". IMDb. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  48. ^ "Camille Guaty Fan Site: Camille Guaty Biography".
  49. ^ In an interview on "Inside the actors studio", Hayek mentioned that she was of paternal Lebanese descent and maternal Spanish descent, and is also deadly afraid of snakes.
  50. ^ "Salma Hayek Biography". Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
  51. ^ "Publicaciones – Página de Manolo Ramos" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  52. ^ "Tom Hernández". IMDb. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  53. ^ "Mikaela Hoover Biography". January 10, 2016. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  54. ^ Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Herбldica y Genealogнa I (1991) – Real Academia Matritense de Herбldica y Genealogнa – Google Books. 1992. ISBN 9788460081784. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  55. ^ "Zac Efron, Vanessa Anne Hudgens: High School Musical". Archived from the original on August 9, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  56. ^ "Dorothy Lamour French Irish Spanish ancestry – Google Search".
  57. ^ Clark, Randall (1986). "American Screenwriters". Dictionary of Literary Biography. 44 (2nd): 185.
  58. ^ Newfield, Jack (2009). The Life and Crimes of Don King: The Shame of Boxing in America. Harbor Electronic Publishing. p. 305.
  59. ^ Dargis, Manohla. "A Martinez". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
  60. ^ Yuan, Jada (August 23, 2009). "Choir Girl". New York. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  61. ^ "CANOE – JAM! Movies – Artists – Molina, Alfred: Alfred Molina set for big-time recognition". June 27, 2004. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  62. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (July 15, 2004). "I give good foreign". The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  63. ^ "Ricardo Montalban Biography (1920–)". Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  64. ^ Stephanie Struyck Elgin (May 12, 2014). "The Talented Amber Montana". élite magazine. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  65. ^ Priscilla Rodriguez. "Amber Montana Talks The Haunted Hathaways & Selena Gomez – Exclusive".
  66. ^ Bienmesabe.Org. Miradas canario-americanas está dedicada a la conocida actriz, de ascendencia canaria, María Montez (In spanish:Canary-American Perspectives is dedicated to the famous actress of Canarian descent, Maria Montez). Tuesday, July 5, 2011, writing bienmesabe Published in Issue 373. Retrieved July 20, 2011, at 21:38 pm.
  67. ^ The National cyclopaedia of American biography: being the history of the ... – James Terry White – Google Books. 1967. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  68. ^ "Sidekick supreme". Jason Johnson. June 4, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  69. ^ "Biography – Nia Peeples Fame Star". December 10, 1961. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  70. ^ Lee Hernandez. "Introducing 'Big Time Rush' Star Carlos Pena".
  71. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (August 19, 1990). "Lou Diamond Phillips: From Young Gun to Young Writer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 28, 2009.
  72. ^ "Anita Page: Star of the silent screen". The Independent.
  73. ^ "Young Actor Ned Romero Has Rich Heritage for Big Role". The San Bernardino County Sun. California, San Bernardino. March 22, 1962. p. 38. Retrieved June 6, 2017 – via open access
  74. ^ "Biography for Anthony Ruiviar". IMDb. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  75. ^ "The Toronto World - Google News Archive Search". Archived from the original on July 11, 2012.
  76. ^ Staff (May 1, 2006). "Miss May 2006 April Scott". Citynet Magazine. Archived from the original on October 17, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  77. ^ Ileane Rudolph (October 6, 2008). "For Sarah Shahi, Life Is Beautiful". TV Guide.
  78. ^ "Wireless Chat with Sarah Shahi".
  79. ^ Zagursky, Erin (February 24, 2011). "Pilgrimage brings together Hollywood stars, academics". William & Mary. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  80. ^ Zagursky, Erin (February 24, 2011). "Pilgrimage brings together Hollywood stars, academics". William & Mary. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  81. ^ Note: Reliable sources state Silva is of Puerto Rican descent. But Silva states he is of Spanish-Sicilian heritage and specifically denies any Puerto Rican heritage in the DVD commentary for The Return of Mr. Moto.
  82. ^ Craig Ferguson 11/2/11E Late Late Show Bitsie Tulloch. November 7, 2011 – via YouTube.
  83. ^ "Things to Do, Days out & other Events in the UK – WOW247". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  84. ^ Welch, Raquel (2010). Raquel Welch: Beyond the Cleavage. ISBN 9781602861176. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  85. ^ Raquel Welch Beyond the Cleavage: Quote: "I WAS BORN in 1940 in the Windy City, Chicago. Not ideal for a new-born baby girl with thin Mediterranean blood, courtesy of my Spanish father."
  86. ^ "Nearly Naked Women, Playmates & Celebs ~ Pics & Videos". Playboy. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011.
  87. ^ "Devin Devasquez: First Impressions". Archived from the original on December 15, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  88. ^ "About Jenna Haze". Retrieved January 13, 2008.[dead link]
  89. ^ "Secrets of the Modeling World". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  90. ^ " – jewel deny le Resources and Information. This website is for sale!". Archived from the original on March 5, 2002. Cite uses generic title (help)
  91. ^ "".
  92. ^ "Model Spotlight: Chanel Preston". Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  93. ^ Nia Sanchez radio interview
  94. ^ Phares, Heather. "Allmusic profile of Julian Casablancas". AllMusic. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  95. ^ "Xavier Cugat". IMDb.
  96. ^ talking to les tomkins in 1972 –
  97. ^ "Chick Corea: Brazil – | Jazz Music – Jazz Artists – Jazz News". November 20, 1999. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
  98. ^ a b Bisher, Furman. "Diaz keeps on hitting with Braves," The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Saturday, February 28, 2009. Archived December 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  99. ^ La Nueva España. "Gloria Estefan no olvida Siero".
  100. ^ AR Revista. "Gloria Estefan". Archived from the original on February 7, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  101. ^ Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Penguin Books. pp. 1, 2, 5. ISBN 0-14-029199-7.
  102. ^ Ryan Allen. "Prefuse 73 Biography".
  103. ^ " Biografía de Jeanette en Hispanopolis". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  104. ^ "ACE Title Search: Hernandez Peter Gene". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
  105. ^ Jeffries, David. "Bruno Mars > Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 26, 2010.
  106. ^ "Chino Moreno Bio". Yamaha Corporation. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009.
  107. ^ Hernández, Lee (October 23, 2008). "Kenny Ortega: The man behind every step of 'High School Musical 3'". Daily News. New York.
  108. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (January 17, 2008). "Irván Pérez, 85; Singer of Décimas Preserved Isleños Culture, Dialect". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2008.
  109. ^ "Spanglish Magazine". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
  110. ^ Bierley 2001, p 23, 241.
  111. ^ "The Library of Congress Biography: John Philip Sousa". Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  112. ^ Warfield, Patrick. "John Philip Sousa." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 4, edited by Jeffrey Fear. German Historical Institute. Last modified May 27, 2014.
  113. ^ Bancud, Michaela (December 14, 2001). – "Esperanza in the Wings". – Portland Tribune.
  114. ^ "Velasco's audition on a lark leads to 'Idol' luck – The Honolulu Advertiser – Hawaii's Newspaper".
  115. ^ "Jaci Velasquez: Chasing Papi star with a blazing trail of album hits – Main Cover – Cover Story". Archived from the original on May 14, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2012 – via Find Articles.
  116. ^ Logue, Andrew. "Coach Barry Alvarez." Des Moines Register, July 24, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  117. ^ "Lyle Alzado Hits Only on Sunday", Daytona Beach Sunday News-Journal, October 15, 1978
  118. ^ GREGORY SCHUTTA. "Boys Soccer Countdown: No. 2 Clifton".
  119. ^ [1] Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  120. ^ Gomez, Vernona; Goldstone, Lawrence (2012). Lefty: An American Odyssey. New York: Ballantine. ISBN 9780345526489.
  121. ^ "Hillsborough: He was 'pride of Tampa Latinos'". St Petersburg Times.
  122. ^ "Malia Jones: Model/Surfer – Most Beautiful". People. May 11, 1998. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  123. ^ George Diaz, "UF's Zubero A Key Swimmer for Spain," Orlando Sentinel (July 5, 1992). Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  124. ^ Smith, George Diaz (January 19, 2005). "RSR Looks Back at Saoul Mamby". Ring Side Report. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
  125. ^ "Una conversación con Sr. Martinez". May 5, 2013.
  126. ^ "Coloquio Online – Travel". Archived from the original on March 29, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  127. ^ Thomson, Candus (January 21, 2007). "Meissner's music attuned to family". The Baltimore Sun.
  128. ^ McEwen, Tom (July 20, 2010). "West Tampa Lou ready to return". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2010.
  129. ^ Baldassaro, Lawrence (2011). Beyond DiMaggio: Italian Americans in Baseball – Lawrence Baldassaro – Google Libros. ISBN 978-0803234673. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  130. ^ Paige, Woody (August 24, 2014). "Paige: D-coordinator Jack Del Rio "made right choice" with Broncos". The Denver Post. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  131. ^ Staples, Andy (November 30, 2011). "Behind the scenes look at first 48 hours of Rodriguez's Arizona tenure". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  132. ^ "About Sensei Benny Urquidez". January 15, 1984. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  133. ^ Nowlin, p. 324
  134. ^ Argüello biography from Smythe's History of San Diego (1907–08), p. 163.
  135. ^ "Arlington National Cemetery". Archived from the original on May 24, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
  136. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (December 3, 2010). "President William J. Clinton's Comments Honoring Asian American Medal of Honor Recipients". U.S. ARMY CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY. United States Army. Retrieved May 18, 2011. That is why we are proud to honor here today the service of 2nd Lieutenant Rudolph B. Davila, an American of Filipino and Spanish descent, who risked his life to help break through the German lines near Anzio
  137. ^ "Admiral David Farragut". Son of the South. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  138. ^ Smith, Charles Richard (2007). U.S. Marines in the Korean War. ISBN 9780160872518.
  139. ^ "Public Affairs – Home" (PDF).
  140. ^ "First Data's Polly Baca: Conquistadora Chicana-ry". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  141. ^ Martin, Fontaine (1990). A History of the Bouligny Family and Allied Families. Lafayette, Louisiana: The Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana. ISBN 0940984512.
  142. ^ "Early Civic Leader Dies," Los Angeles Times, October 12, 1915, page 19
  143. ^ Hernandez, Macarena (August 19, 1998). "Conservative and Hispanic, Linda Chavez Carves Out Leadership Niche". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  144. ^ "Brothers, because we are descended from the same families who, having left the Canary Islands formed a new advancement for the Spanish crown in inhospitable land ..." ,speech to the isleño community than San Antonio, Texas in 1982. Paragraph taken from the book "La odisea de los canarios en Texas y Luisiana (The Odyssey of the Canaries in Texas and Louisiana)", chap. XV, San Fernando, El púlpito de América (The American Pulpit), pag, 99. Balbuema Castellano, José Manuel.
  145. ^ John Steven McGroarty, 1921, 'Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea', pp699
  146. ^ Gilbert C. Din (1988). The Canary Islanders of Louisiana. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press. pp. 133–135. ISBN 0-8071-1383-2. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
  147. ^ "San Leandro's History". San Leandro Historical Society. May 28, 2007. Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2008.
  148. ^ ABC: Estados Unidos concede a Bernardo de Gálvez la ciudadanía honorífica (in Spanish: United States grants Bernardo de Galvez the honorary citizenship). Posted by Jesús García Calero on December 9, 2014.
  149. ^ The California State Military Museum, Captain Antonio Maria de la Guerra by Edson T. Strobridge, originally published in the Summer 2000 issue of La Campana, the quarterly journal of the Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation
  150. ^ a b "Nuevos pueblos formados por isleños de Luisiana: 'Marrero' y 'Gonzales'". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  151. ^ Moore (2004), p. 18.
  152. ^ Coalson, Handbook of Texas
  153. ^ Menchaca, Introduction, p. 5.
  154. ^ "Tubac Through Four Centuries: An Historical Resume and Analysis". Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  155. ^ "Social Security Death Index". Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  156. ^ Dennis Romboy, "Utah GOP Candidates Sean Reyes, John Swallow engage in nasty battle", Deseret News, June 18, 2012
  157. ^ "The Ancestry of Bill Richardson".
  158. ^ Johnson, Kirk (June 11, 2006). "At Fore on Immigration, Senator Has a Story to Tell". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2011. "...I became the first Mexican-American in the history of our country to ever be elected outside the state of New Mexico."
  159. ^ de la Teja, Jesús, "SEGUÍN, JUAN JOSÉ MARÍA ERASMO", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association, retrieved February 4, 2009
  160. ^ Ronan Fanning (2016). A Will To Power: Eamon De Valera. Harvard University Press. p. 3. ISBN 9780674970557. De Valera was born on 14 October 1882 in the Nursery and Child's Hospital, Lexington Avenue, Manhattan, New York; the only child of Juan Vivion de Valera and Catherine ('Kate') Coll [..] Vivion de Valera had been born in 1853 in Spain's Basque Country
  161. ^ "Irish Historical Mysteries: Eamon de Valera's Paternal Ancestry".
  162. ^ Parsons, Jim (August 19, 1994). "Tony Bouza: DFL candidate for governor". Star Tribune. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  163. ^ O'Donnell, Santiago (May 6, 1991). "Tough Judge to Hear Suit Over Latino Voting Rights". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
  164. ^ Sam Whiting (November 24, 2012). "Inmate shares prison survival strategies". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  165. ^ "Spain's World Cup victory is one that would have made News' Gallo's Papa proud". Daily News. New York.
  166. ^ "Malveaux: New Orleans family longs to feel at home again". CNN. August 29, 2007.
  167. ^ "Biography for Geraldo Rivera". IMDb. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  168. ^ "InterfaithFamily". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  169. ^ Block, Maxine; Anna Herthe Rothe; Marjorie Dent Candee (1954). Current Biography Yearbook. H. W. Wilson Co. p. 115.
  170. ^ Aragonés, Sergio (2007). "Biography". Archived from the original on March 30, 2007. Retrieved March 18, 2007.
  171. ^ "Hilario Barrero". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  172. ^ Anderson, Kelly. "Amber Hollibaugh Interview" (PDF). Voices of Feminism Oral History Project. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  173. ^ El cuerpo del escritor y académico Odón Betanzos llega mañana a Rociana (Huelva) para recibir sepultura el martes, 2007 (In Spanish). (Translation: The body of writer and academic Odon Betanzos arrives tomorrow to Rociana (Huelva) for burial on Tuesday. 2007). Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  174. ^ Probing the Depths, supra, at 230.
  175. ^ "MRV Books | Mr. New Orleans | Johnny Fratto Memoir". Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  176. ^ "Jose Antonio Aguirre (1799–1860)".
  177. ^ Patricia Baker (1969). "The Bandini Family". Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  178. ^ White, Michael C.; Savage, Thomas (1956). California all the way back to 1828. Los Angeles: G. Dawson. OCLC 1883045.
  179. ^ M. Boniface Adams, "The Gift of Religious Leadership: Henriette Delille and the Foundation of the Holy Family Sisters," in Glenn R. Conrad, ed., Cross, Crozier, and Crucible: A Volume Celebrating the Bicentennial of a Catholic Diocese in Louisiana (New Orleans: The Archdiocese in cooperation with the Center for Louisiana Studies, 1993), 360–74.
  180. ^ Fenton, Jerry 1969. Understanding the religious background of the Puerto Rican, pp. 1–9
  181. ^ Andrew R. Heinze: Jews and the American Soul: Human Nature in the Twentieth Century. Princeton University Press, 2004 ISBN 0-691-11755-1 p.120-123
  182. ^ Joachim Becker. "Astronaut Biography: Michael Lopez-Alegria".
  183. ^ [2] Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  184. ^ "Serial Killers Martha Beck and Raymond Fernandez". March 8, 1951. Archived from the original on September 17, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  185. ^ Bennett Williams, Amy (July 4, 2012). "Exclusive: History uncovered along Fort Myers riverfront". Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  186. ^ "Paul Morphy". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009.
  187. ^ Fields, Armond (2007). Tony Pastor, Father of Vaudeville. McFarland. pp. 4–6. ISBN 978-0-7864-3054-3.
  188. ^ Zellers, Parker (1971). Tony Pastor: Dean of the Vaudeville Stage. Eastern Michigan University Press.
  189. ^ Horton, William Ellis (1902). About Stage Folks. Free Press Printing. p. 9.
  190. ^ "Fox411 Exclusive: JWOWW reveals neither she nor Snooki is Italian!" Archived June 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Fox411. February 16, 2010.