The Virgin Suicides (film)
|The Virgin Suicides|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Sofia Coppola|
|Screenplay by||Sofia Coppola|
|Based on||The Virgin Suicides|
by Jeffrey Eugenides
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$10.4 million|
The Virgin Suicides is a 1999 American drama film written and directed by Sofia Coppola (in her feature directorial debut), co-produced by Francis Ford Coppola, and starring James Woods, Kathleen Turner, Kirsten Dunst, and Josh Hartnett. The film also features Scott Glenn, Michael Paré, and Danny DeVito in minor roles, with voice narration by Giovanni Ribisi.
The Virgin Suicides is based on the 1993 best selling debut novel of the same name by the American author Jeffrey Eugenides. The film follows the lives of five adolescent sisters, in an upper-middle-class suburb of Detroit during the late 1970s. After the youngest sister, Cecilia, makes an initial attempt at suicide, all of the girls are put under close scrutiny by their parents, eventually being confined to their home, which leads to their increasingly depressive and isolated behavior. As in the novel, the film is told in first person plural, from the perspective of a group of adolescent boys in the neighbourhood who are fascinated by the girls.[a]
Shot in 1998 in Toronto, the film was director Sofia Coppola's debut feature. It features an original score by the French electronic band Air. The film premiered at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival, and received a limited theatrical release on April 21, 2000 in the United States, later expanding to a wide release in May 2000. The film was met with largely positive critical reception, with both the performances and Coppola's direction receiving note. It was also praised for its lyrical representation of adolescent angst, visual style, and soundtrack, and is now recognized as a cult classic. 
The film marked the beginning of a working relationship between Coppola and star Kirsten Dunst, whom Coppola would cast as the lead in several films in the following years.
In the suburbs of Grosse Pointe, Michigan, a group of neighborhood boys—now grown men—reflect upon their memories of the five Lisbon sisters, ages 13 to 17, in the late 1970s. Unattainable due to their overprotective parents, math teacher Ronald Lisbon and his homemaker wife Sara, the girls—Therese, Mary, Bonnie, Lux, and Cecilia—are enigmas who fill the boys' conversations and dreams.
During the summer, the youngest sister, Cecilia, slits her wrist in a bathtub, though she survives. After her parents allow her sisters to throw a chaperoned basement party intended to make Cecilia feel better, she excuses herself and successfully ends her life by leaping from her second story bedroom onto a spiked iron fencepost. In the wake of Cecilia's suicide, the Lisbon parents watch over their four remaining daughters even more closely. This further isolates the family from their community and heightens the air of mystery surrounding the girls, particularly to the neighborhood boys.
At the beginning of the new school year in the fall, Lux forms a secret and short-lived romance with Trip Fontaine, the school heartthrob. In hopes of becoming closer to Lux, Trip comes over to the Lisbon residence and watches television with the family. Trip persuades Mr. Lisbon to allow him to take Lux to the homecoming dance by promising to provide dates for Therese, Mary and Bonnie, and going as a group. After winning homecoming King and Queen, Trip persuades Lux to ditch their group and have sex on the football field. Afterwards, Lux falls asleep and Trip abandons her. At dawn, Lux wakes up alone on the football field, and has to take a taxi home.
Having broken curfew, Lux and her sisters are punished by a paranoid Mrs. Lisbon by being taken out of school and confined to the house indefinitely. Isolated and increasingly depressed, the sisters contact the boys across the street by using light signals and sharing records over the telephone to express their emotions. During this time, Lux rebels against her parents and becomes overtly promiscuous, having anonymous sexual encounters on the roof of her house late at night; the neighborhood boys spy from across the street. After months of confinement, the sisters begin to leave notes outside for the boys. The girls eventually send a final note to the boys asking them to come over at midnight, ostensibly to escape from their house.
When the boys finally arrive that night, they find Lux alone in the living room, smoking a cigarette. Thinking they're going to help the girls escape, the boys are invited inside by Lux to wait for her sisters, while she goes to start the car. Curious, the boys wander into the basement after hearing a noise and discover Bonnie's body hanging from the ceiling rafters. Horrified, the boys rush back upstairs, only to stumble across the body of Mary in the kitchen. The boys then realize that the girls had all killed themselves in an apparent suicide pact moments earlier: Bonnie hanged herself; Mary put her head in the gas oven; Therese overdosed on sleeping pills; and Lux died of carbon monoxide poisoning by leaving the car engine running in the garage.
Devastated by the suicides of all their children, Mr. and Mrs. Lisbon quietly flee the neighborhood and are never seen again. Mr. Lisbon has a friend clean out the house and sell the family belongings in a yard sale; family photos and other mementos are put out with the trash and collected by the boys. The house is sold to a young couple from the Boston area.
Unsure of how to react to the events, the adults in the community go about their lives as if nothing important really happened, but the boys cannot stop thinking about the Lisbon sisters and why they did what they did. Now middle-aged men themselves, they acknowledge that they had always loved the girls, and that the mystery surrounding their deaths will torment them for the rest of their lives.
- James Woods as Ronald Lisbon
- Kathleen Turner as Mrs. Lisbon
- Kirsten Dunst as Lux Lisbon
- Josh Hartnett as Trip Fontaine
- Michael Paré as Adult Trip Fontaine
- A. J. Cook as Mary Lisbon
- Hanna R. Hall as Cecilia Lisbon
- Leslie Hayman as Therese Lisbon
- Chelse Swain as Bonnie (Bonaventure) Lisbon
- Jonathan Tucker as Tim Weiner
- Noah Shebib as Parkie Denton
- Robert Schwartzman as Paul Baldino
- Scott Glenn as Father Moody
- Danny DeVito as Dr. E. M. Horniker
- Hayden Christensen as Jake Hill Conley
- Joe Dinicol as Dominic Palazzolo
- Sherry Miller as Mrs. Buell
- Kristin Fairlie as Amy Schraff
- Sally Cahill as Mrs. Hedlie
- Giovanni Ribisi as Narrator (voice)
Coppola wrote the script for the film in 1998 after the project was already greenlit at another studio, adapting it from the source novel, of which she was a fan. Another script had already been written by Nick Gomez, but the production company that owned the rights at the time, Muse Productions, was dissatisfied with the script. After the rights to the novel lapsed, Coppola pitched her manuscript to Muse executives Roberta and Chris Hanley, the latter of whom signed on to co-produce. Coppola was inspired to write the film after reading the source novel: "I really didn't know I wanted to be a director until I read The Virgin Suicides and saw so clearly how it had to be done," she said. "I immediately saw the central story as being about what distance and time and memory do to you, and about the extraordinary power of the unfathomable."
Kathleen Turner was the first actor to sign on to the project, playing the Lisbon girls' oppressive mother; Turner had known Coppola after they co-starred together in Peggy Sue Got Married (1986). James Woods was cast opposite Turner as the passive father; Woods was given the script by Coppola's father, Francis, and was so impressed by the script and the character's "dark humor" that he agreed to play the role. For the part of Lux, Coppola auditioned numerous actresses, but had a "gut choice" of Kirsten Dunst, who was sixteen years old at the time of her casting. Reflecting on the role, Dunst said: "I was nervous. It was my first role that was more of a 'sexy' thing. I was also unsure about how large the role was gonna be, because a lot of it was without dialogue. When I met Sofia, I immediately knew that she would handle it in a delicate way... [she] really brought out the luminous aspect of the girls; she made them like ethereal angels, almost like they weren't really there."
Coppola was inspired by photographer Takashi Homma's photos of suburban Japan when choosing the filming locations; "I have always been struck by the beauty of banal details," she said, "and that is what suburban style is all about." The film's occasional use of stills and collages was intended to evoke the "fantasia" of adolescence. Cinematographer Edward Lachman shot the film. Coppola's brother, Roman Coppola, was the second-unit director on the film.
|The Virgin Suicides|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||March 28, 2000|
In addition to original score composed for the film by Air, the film features songs by 1970s-era performers and five tracks from the 1990s by Sloan. Sofia Coppola wanted to convey the theme of adolescence in the suburbs in the soundtrack. She found that Air shared many of her suburban memories and experiences even though they grew up in a different country.
A separate soundtrack album was released in 2000 featuring music from Todd Rundgren, Boston, Heart, Sloan, The Hollies, Al Green, Gilbert O'Sullivan, 10cc, Styx, and two tracks by Air (one previously recorded; one composed for the film).
|1.||"Magic Man"||Ann Wilson, Nancy Wilson||Heart||5:28|
|2.||"Hello It's Me"||Todd Rundgren||Todd Rundgren||4:21|
|3.||"Everything You've Done Wrong"||Sloan||Sloan||3:27|
|4.||"Ce Matin Là"||Air, Patrick Woodcock||Air||3:39|
|5.||"The Air That I Breathe"||Albert Hammond, Mike Hazlewood||The Hollies||3:47|
|6.||"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart"||Barry Gibb, Robin Gibb||Al Green||6:23|
|7.||"Alone Again (Naturally)"||Gilbert O'Sullivan||Gilbert O'Sullivan||3:39|
|8.||"I'm Not in Love"||Eric Stewart, Graham Gouldman||10cc||6:04|
|9.||"A Dream Goes On Forever"||Todd Rundgren||Todd Rundgren||2:23|
|10.||"Crazy on You"||Ann Wilson, Nancy Wilson||Heart||4:55|
|11.||"Playground Love" (Vibraphone version)||Air, Thomas Mars||Air||3:51|
|12.||"Come Sail Away"||Dennis DeYoung||Styx||6:04|
The film had its world premiere at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival on May 19. It was given a limited release in the United States almost a year later on April 21, 2000. The theatrical release would expand to a wide release in May 2000.
The Virgin Suicides received positive reviews from film critics, though some noted the film's discomforting thematic material. It holds a 77% approval rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 99 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.03/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "The Virgin Suicides drifts with a dreamlike melancholy that may strike some audiences as tedious, but Sofia Coppola's feature debut is a mature meditation on disaffected youth." On Metacritic, the film holds a rating of 76 out of 100, based on 31 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Jeffrey Eugenides visited the set of the film for three days. He supported the film, but he did offer a few critiques in an interview with "Dazed". Eugenides envisioned the girls as more of an entity than actual people; he believed this idea could have been accomplished by casting different actresses to play the same character with each actress changing depending on whom they are speaking to.
Graham Fuller of The New York Times gave the film a middling review, writing: "Ms. Coppola has made [...] a haunting metaphysical celebration of adolescence with the aura of a myth. Yet, on the surface, there is something wrong with this picture: how can a film in which a quintet of apparently normal girls commit suicide possibly be a celebration, and why would a filmmaker attempt to make it so unless she is uncommonly perverse?" Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times gave the film a positive review, unanimously praising Coppola's direction, the cast, and the production design, but also noted that while the film "is successfully venturesome... you need to know that it's also a real downer." Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half out of four stars, and positively compared it to Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975): "[Coppola] has the courage to play it in a minor key," he notes. "She doesn't hammer home ideas and interpretations. She is content with the air of mystery and loss that hangs in the air like bitter poignancy."
Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine noted the film's dreamy, childlike nature, writing: "The narrator speaks of youth as if it existed and still exists in a near-fugue state. In this respect, the film is as much a relevant view of adolescence and male/female relations as it is an act of remembrance. Scenes from the film (first kisses, gossiping about neighbors) are sinewy in nature and seem lifted from the pages of a lost photo album." Critic Richard Crouse called the film "one of those rare occasions when a film surpasses the book it is based on," and included it in his book The 100 Best Movies You've Never Seen (2003).
The film was released on VHS and DVD through Paramount Home Video on December 19, 2000. On April 24, 2018, a remastered version of the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray via The Criterion Collection, featuring new interviews, a behind-the-scenes documentary, an essay, among other features.
- Like Eugenides' source novel, Coppola's script also frames the narrative through the perspective of the neighborhood boys who look on as the Lisbon girls are cordoned off from the world by their parents. In the film, Giovanni Ribisi provides the voice of an adult Tim Weiner, who relays the events to the audience.
- The Virgin Suicides (2000). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
- Thomas, Kevin (21 April 2000). "'The Virgin Suicides' an Affecting, Somber Tale of Repressed Lives". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- "Why The Virgin Suicides Is Still So Resonant Today".
- "50 Best High School Movies". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
- Richman, Darren (14 June 2017). "Movies You Might Have Missed: Sofia Coppola's The Virgin Suicides". The Independent. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- LoBrutto & Morrison 2012, p. 89.
- "About the Production". Cinema Review. The Virgin Suicides. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- LoBrutto & Morrison 2012, p. 91.
- Dunst, Kirsten (June 2000). "The Cat's Meow! Kirsten Dunst". Interview (Interview). Interviewed by Brendan Lemon. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- LoBratto & Morrison 2012, p. 90. sfn error: no target: CITEREFLoBrattoMorrison2012 (help)
- LoBrutto & Morrison 2012, p. 90.
- "The Virgin Suicides: Music from the Motion Picture". AllMusic. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- Various Artists (2000). The Virgin Suicides (CD)
|url=(help) (Soundtrack). Emperor Norton. ASIN B00027JY4E. EMN 7029.
- Scott, A.O. (21 April 2000). "FILM REVIEW; Evanescent Trees and Sisters In an Enchanted 1970's Suburb". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- "Plan Ahead". The Washington Post. 28 April 2000. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- LoBrutto & Morrison 2012, p. 92.
- "The Virgin Suicides (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- "The Virgin Suicides". Metacritic. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
- Fuller, Graham (16 April 2000). "FILM; Sofia Coppola's Second Chance". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- Ebert, Roger (5 May 2000). "The Virgin Suicides Movie Review". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Gonzalez, Ed (2 May 2001). "The Virgin Suicides: Film Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- Crouse, Richard (2003). The 100 Best Movies You've Never Seen. ECW Press. p. 237. ISBN 978-1-554-90540-9.
- "The Virgin Suicides". Cinema Review. Paramount Film Corp. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- "The Virgin Suicides". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Sharf, Zack (January 16, 2018). "Criterion Announces 'The Virgin Suicides' 4K Restoration, Approved by Ed Lachman and Sofia Coppola". Indiewire.com. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- LoBrutto, Vincent; Morrison, Harriet R. (2012). The Coppolas: A Family Business. Modern Filmmakers. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39161-3.
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