December 18, 1924
|Died||January 28, 2021 (aged 96)|
Harlem, New York City, U.S.
(m. 1942; div. 1956)
(m. 1981; div. 1989)
Cicely Tyson (December 18, 1924 – January 28, 2021) was an American actress, model, and author. In a career which spanned more than seven decades, she became known for her portrayal of strong African-American women. Tyson received three Primetime Emmy Awards, four Black Reel Awards, one Screen Actors Guild Award, one Tony Award, an honorary Academy Award, and a Peabody Award.
Having appeared in minor film and television roles early in her career, Tyson garnered widespread attention and critical acclaim for her performance as Rebecca Morgan in Sounder (1972); she was nominated for both the Academy Award for Best Actress and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama for her work in the film. Tyson's portrayal of the title role in the 1974 television film The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, based on the book by Ernest J. Gaines, won her further praise; among other accolades, the role won her two Emmy Awards and a nomination for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role.
Tyson continued to act on film and television in the 21st century. In 2011, she played the role of Constantine Jefferson in the award-winning film The Help. She also played the recurring role of Ophelia Harkness in the legal drama TV series How to Get Away With Murder since the show's inception in 2014, for which she was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series five times.
In addition to her screen career, Tyson appeared in various theater productions. She received a Vernon Rice Award in 1962 for her Off-Broadway performance in Moon on a Rainbow Shawl. Tyson also starred as Carrie Watts in the Broadway play The Trip to Bountiful, winning the Tony Award, the Outer Critics Award, and the Drama Desk Award for Best Actress in a Play in 2013. Tyson was named a Kennedy Center honoree in 2015. In November 2016, Tyson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which is the highest civilian honor in the United States. In 2020, she was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame.
She was born in East Harlem on December 18, 1924, the daughter of Fredericka (Huggins) Tyson, a domestic worker, and William Augustine Tyson, who worked as a carpenter and painter. She was one of three children. Her parents were immigrants from Nevis in the West Indies. Her father arrived in New York City at age 21 and was processed at Ellis Island on August 4, 1919.
Tyson grew up in a religious atmosphere. She sang in the choir and attended prayer meetings at an Episcopal church in East Harlem. Tyson's mother was opposed to her becoming an actress and would not speak to her for a time. She changed her mind when she saw Cicely appear on stage.
Tyson was discovered by a photographer for Ebony magazine and became a successful fashion model. Her first acting role was on the NBC television series Frontiers of Faith in 1951. Tyson played her first film role in Carib Gold in 1956. She had small roles in the 1959 films Odds Against Tomorrow and The Last Angry Man, Her first stage appearance was in Vinnette Carroll's production of Dark of the Moon at the Harlem YMCA in 1958.
In the early 1960s, Tyson appeared in the original cast of French playwright Jean Genet's The Blacks. She played the role of Stephanie Virtue Secret-Rose Diop; other notable cast members included; Maya Angelou, James Earl Jones, Godfrey Cambridge, Louis Gossett Jr., and Charles Gordone. The show was the longest running off-Broadway non-musical of the decade, running for 1,408 performances. She won the 1961-1962 Vernon Rice Award (later known as the Drama Desk Award) for her performance in another off-Broadway production, Moon on a Rainbow Shawl.
Tyson, who once worked for a social services agency, was spotted by producer David Susskind in The Blacks and in Tiger, Tiger, Burning Bright, and was cast for a role in the CBS TV series East Side/West Side (1963–1964), playing the secretary of a social worker played by George C. Scott. She was at the time the only African American regular member of a TV cast, The show was noted for its treatment of social issues, and one of its episodes, on an African-American couple in Harlem (played by James Earl Jones and Diana Sands), was blacked out in Atlanta and Shreveport, Louisiana.
In the mid-1960s she had a recurring role in the soap opera The Guiding Light. She appeared with Sammy Davis Jr. in the film A Man Called Adam (1966) and starred in the film version of The Comedians (1967) based on the Graham Greene novel. In 1968 Tyson had a featured role in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter.
In 1972, Tyson played the role of Rebecca Morgan in the film Sounder. She was nominated for both the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress for her work in Sounder, and also won the NSFC Best Actress and NBR Best Actress Awards.
In 1974, Tyson played the title role in the television film The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. Tyson's portrayal of a centenarian black woman's life from slavery until her death before the Civil rights movement won her a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie and an Emmy Award for Actress of the Year – Special. Tyson was also nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her work in this television film.
Tyson's television roles included; Binta in the 1977 miniseries Roots, for which she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie; Coretta Scott King in the 1978 miniseries King, for which she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie; Marva Collins in the 1981 television film The Marva Collins Story, for which she received an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special and was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie, and Muriel in the 1986 television film Samaritan: The Mitch Snyder Story, for which she received an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special.
In 1989, Tyson appeared in the television miniseries, The Women of Brewster Place. In 1991, Tyson appeared in Fried Green Tomatoes as Sipsey. In the 1994–95 television series, Sweet Justice, Tyson portrayed a civil rights activist and attorney named Carrie Grace Battle, a character she modeled after Washington, D.C. civil rights and criminal defense lawyer Dovey Johnson Roundtree. Her other notable film roles include the dramas Hoodlum (1997) and Diary of a Mad Black Woman (2005), and the television films Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All (1994) (for which she received her third Emmy Award) and A Lesson Before Dying (1999). In 2005, Tyson co-starred in Because of Winn-Dixie.
In 2010, Tyson appeared in Why Did I Get Married Too? and narrated the Paul Robeson Award-winning documentary, Up from the Bottoms: The Search for the American Dream. In 2011, Tyson appeared in her first music video in Willow Smith's 21st Century Girl. That same year, she played Constantine Jefferson, a maid in Jackson, Mississippi, in the critically acclaimed period drama The Help. Set in the backdrop of the Civil Rights Movement, the film won the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Acting Ensemble and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture.
At the 67th Tony Awards, on June 9, 2013, Tyson won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance as Miss Carrie Watts in The Trip to Bountiful. Upon winning, the 88-year-old actress became the oldest recipient of the Best Actress Tony Award. She also won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play and the Outer Critics Circle Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play for the role.
In 2013, Tyson played a supporting role in the horror film The Haunting in Connecticut 2: Ghosts of Georgia. Beginning in 2014, Tyson guest-starred on How to Get Away with Murder as Ophelia Harkness, the mother of main character Annalise Keating (Viola Davis); for this role, she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020. In 2020, she starred in the popular movie A Fall From Grace which was featured on Netflix.
Personal life and death
Tyson had a daughter when she was 17 years old. At the age of 18, Tyson married Kenneth Franklin on December 27, 1942. According to her divorce decree, her husband abandoned her after less than eighteen months of marriage. The marriage was formally dissolved in 1956.
Tyson began dating jazz trumpeter Miles Davis in the 1960s when he was in the process of divorcing dancer Frances Davis. Davis used a photo of Tyson for his 1967 album, Sorcerer. Davis told the press in 1967 that he intended to marry Tyson in March 1968 after his divorce was finalized, but he married singer Betty Davis that September.
Tyson and Davis rekindled their relationship in 1978. They were married on November 26, 1981, in a ceremony conducted by Atlanta mayor Andrew Young at the home of actor Bill Cosby. Their marriage was tumultuous due to Davis' volatile temper and infidelity. Davis credited Tyson with saving his life and helping him overcome his cocaine addiction. They resided in Malibu, California, and New York City, until she filed for divorce in 1988. Their divorce was finalized in 1989, two years before Davis died in 1991.
Tyson was an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority. She was a member of the Abyssinian Baptist Church of New York. She was a vegetarian. She was also a first-cousin of Louis Farrakhan, a longtime leader of the Nation of Islam.
Tyson's memoir, Just As I Am, was published on January 26, 2021, and she promoted the book during the last weeks of her life. When she was asked how she wanted to be remembered in an interview with Gayle King, Tyson said, "I’ve done my best. That’s all."
Tyson died on January 28, 2021, at the age of 96. Her funeral was held February 16 at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, and was attended by Tyler Perry, her godson Lenny Kravitz, and Bill and Hillary Clinton.
- A Lesson Before Dying (1999)
- Because of Winn-Dixie (2005)
- Diary of a Mad Black Woman (2005)
- The Help (2011)
- The Trip to Bountiful (2014)
- How to Get Away with Murder (2015-2020)
- House of Cards (2016)
- Last Flag Flying (2017)
Awards and honors
Cicely Tyson is the recipient of numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, three Emmy Awards, and a Tony Award. Tyson has won three Primetime Emmy Awards for her work in television winning for, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (1974), and Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All (1994). She won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play her performance in The Trip to Bountiful in 2014. Tyson won her Honorary Academy Award in 2018 with the inscription reading, ""Whose unforgettable performances and personal integrity have inspired generations of filmmakers, actors and audiences."
Tyson has also received various honours for her lifetime achievement as a groundbreaking artist. In 2015, she received a Kennedy Center Honor. In 2016 she was bestowed the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. In 2020, she received a Career Achievement Peabody Award. That same year she was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. In 1997 she was inducted and received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
In addition to her Screen Actor Guild Award, her Tony Award, her Emmy Awards, and her Black Reel Awards, Tyson received several other honors. In 1977, Tyson was inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame. In 1980, she received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. In 1982, Tyson was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award. The award is given to outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry. In 1988, Tyson received a Candace Award for Distinguished Service from the National Coalition of 100 Black Women. In 1997, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
In 2005, Tyson was honored at Oprah Winfrey's Legends Ball. She was also honored by the Congress of Racial Equality, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the National Council of Negro Women. Tyson was awarded the NAACP's 2010 Spingarn Medal for her contribution to the entertainment industry, her modeling career, and her support of civil rights. Tyson was a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 2015. She was awarded the United States' highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, by President Barack Obama in November 2016. In September 2018, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced that Tyson would receive an Academy Honorary Award. On November 18, 2018, Tyson became the first African-American woman to receive an honorary Oscar. In 2018, Tyson was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. One of 12 soundstages was named after Tyson in her honor at Tyler Perry Studios. She was chosen to be inducted into the Television Academy's Hall of Fame in 2020.
Tyson received honorary degrees from Clark Atlanta University, Columbia University; Howard University; and Morehouse College, an all-male historically black college. The Cicely Tyson School of Performing and Fine Arts, a magnet school in East Orange, New Jersey, was named after her in 2009.
- "Petition for Naturalization". FamilySearch.org. U.S District Court Naturalization Records, 1824-1946. July 31, 1935.
Cecily, Dec. 18, 1924
- "Cicely Tyson, groundbreaking Tony award-winning actor, dead at 96". Chicago Tribune. January 28, 2021.
her name was spelled early on as Cecily
- "Cicely Tyson, actress who gave electrifying portrayals of resilient Black women, dies at 96". The Washington Post. January 28, 2021.
Cicely Tyson was born in New York City’s Harlem neighborhood on Dec. 18, 1924
- "Cicely Tyson, Actress Who Showed the Power of Women, Dies at 96". The Hollywood Reporter. January 28, 2021.
Cicely Louise Tyson was born Dec. 18, 1924
- "Cicely Tyson, Towering Award-Winning Star of Stage and Screen, Dies at 96". Broadway.com. January 28, 2021.
Tyson was born on December 18, 1924 in New York City.
- "Cicely Tyson, actress who gave electrifying portrayals of resilient Black women, dies at 96". The Washington Post. January 28, 2021.
- "Cicely Tyson". Britannica. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- Melton, Lori (December 7, 2015). "Cicely Tyson: Legendary Portrait Of Beauty, Courage And Strength". CBS Sacramento. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- McFadden, Robert D. (January 29, 2021). "Cicely Tyson, an Actress Who Shattered Stereotypes, Dies at 96". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- Anika Myers Palm. "Cicely Tyson, iconic and influential actress, dies at 96". CNN. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "Cicely Tyson: Bah, Humbug? Actress Stars as Ms. Scrooge. (Living)". The Cincinnati Post. republished online at Highbeam.com. November 28, 1997. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- Klemesrud, Judy (October 1, 1972). "Cicely, the Looker From 'Sounder'; Cicely, the Looker". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- The Staue of Liberty – Ellis Island Foundation, Inc, Ellisisland.org; retrieved August 9, 2013.
- Messina, Matt (September 8, 1963). "Actress Finds TV Role Strikes Familiar Note". Daily News. p. 10. Retrieved January 29, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Cicely Tyson: Legendary Portrait Of Beauty, Courage And Strength". December 7, 2015.
- "At 94, The Legendary Cicely Tyson Remains An 'Optimist'". The Charleston Chronicle.
- Genet, Jean; Frechtman, Bernard (November 24, 1960). "The blacks : a clown show". New York: Grove Press, Inc. – via Internet Archive.
- Gussow, Mel (April 16, 1986). "Jean Genet, The Playwright, Dies at 75". The New York Times – via NYTimes.com.
- "Off-Broadway Awards Presented". The New York Times. May 15, 1962. p. 49.
- "Cicely Tyson Biography (1924-2021)". Biography.com. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
In 1963 Tyson became the first African American star of a TV drama in the series East Side/West Side...
- Cosham, Ralph H. (November 25, 1963). "Negro Comes to Television; Sponsors Happy". Nashville Banner. United Press International. p. 29. Retrieved January 29, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
…only one dramatic program features a Negro as a regular member of the cast. She is Cicely Tyson, who portrays a social worker in the new CBS series East Side, West Side.
- Kantrowitz, Barbara (September 3, 2009). "After 72 Years, Springfield Gets a Stop Sign (Published 2009)" – via NYTimes.com.
- Obenson, Tambay (August 27, 2019). "'How to Get Away with Murder': Cicely Tyson and Glynn Turman on the Honor of Acting".
- "What's on TV Monday: 'The Bachelor: The Greatest Seasons Ever'". Los Angeles Times. June 8, 2020.
- "The Comedians | TV Guide". TVGuide.com.
- Adler, Renata (August 1, 1968). "Screen: 'The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter':Alan Arkin Starred in McCullers Story Dean Martin Western Is at Local Houses". The New York Times – via NYTimes.com.
- Haylock, Zoe (January 28, 2021). "Cicely Tyson: 10 of Her Most Memorable Performances". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "Past Awards". National Society of Film Critics. December 19, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- "Best Actress Archives". National Board of Review. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- "Cicely Tyson, award-winning American actress noted for playing strong characters – obituary". The Telegraph. January 29, 2021. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "Cicely Tyson". Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- Searles, Jourdain (February 25, 2019). "How The Women Of Brewster Place Revolutionized the Depiction of Black Women on TV". Thrillist.
- "Cicely Tyson". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Fox, Margalit (May 21, 2018). "Dovey Johnson Roundtree, Barrier-Breaking Lawyer, Dies at 104". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- Fries, Laura (May 21, 1999). "A Lesson Before Dying". Variety. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- "Because of Winn-Dixie". February 18, 2005. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- "The Help". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "17th Annual Critics' Choice Movie Awards (2012) – Best Picture: The Artist". Critics Choice Association. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
- Grossman, Emily (December 14, 2018). "Inside Every Recent Film Ensemble SAG Award Winner". Backstage. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
- Purcell, Carey (June 9, 2013). "Kinky Boots, Vanya and Sonia, Pippin and Virginia Woolf? Are Big Winners at 67th Annual Tony Awards". Playbill. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- McFadden, Robert D. (January 29, 2021). "Cicely Tyson, an Actress Who Shattered Stereotypes, Dies at 96". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Hetrick, Adam (May 19, 2013). "Billy Porter, Andrea Martin, Pippin, Matilda, Vanya and Sonia Win Drama Desk Awards". Playbill. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Gans, Andrew (May 13, 2013). "Pippin Is Big Winner of 2012–13 Outer Critics Circle Awards". Playbill. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Director Tom Elkins: Awakening the "GHOSTS OF GEORGIA"". Fangoria. January 3, 2013. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "A Fall from Grace | Netflix Official Site". www.netflix.com. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
- Reed, Anika (January 26, 2021). "Cicely Tyson's death comes days after her memoir was released. These are the book's most poignant moments". USA Today. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- "Marriage License". Ancestry. New York City Department of Records & Information Services. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Join Ancestry.com". ancestry.com.
- "Abstract of Divorce Decree". Ancestry.com. October 17, 1957. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- "Miles Davis And Wife Now 'Miles Apart'". Jet. 33 (19): 23. February 15, 1968.
- "Miles Davis To Make March Merger With Cicely Tyson". Jet. 33 (4): 56. November 2, 1967.
- "One Of Sexiest Men Alive". Jet. 35 (2): 48. October 17, 1968.
- Davis, Miles; Troupe, Quincy (1990). Miles: The Autobiography. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-72582-2.
- "Cicely Tyson To Divorce Trumpeter Miles Davis". Jet. 73 (21): 13. February 22, 1988.
- "Pioneering US actress Cicely Tyson dies aged 96". BBC News. January 29, 2021. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. [@dstinc1913] (February 18, 2019). "The legendary Cicely Tyson graces the cover of TIME Magazine's second Optimism issue out this month. Tyson has been acting since 1956. She has received several honors and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She's an Honorary Member of Delta Sigma Theta" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Leonardo Blair, Cicely Tyson’s pastor remembers her faith as family announces public viewing, christianpost.com, USA, February 5, 2021
- Armstrong, David. (1991). The Great American Medicine Show. Prentice Hall. p. 62. ISBN 978-0133640274
- Lane, Carl L. (January 29, 2021). "Actress, Cicely Tyson, Lived So Black Children Could Dream". Medium. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Dagan, Carmel (January 28, 2021). "Cicely Tyson, Pioneering Hollywood Icon, Dies at 96". Variety. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
- Italie, Hillel; Kennedy, Mark (January 29, 2021). "Cicely Tyson, her memoir just out, was active to the end". Winston-Salem Journal – via Associated Press.
- "Cicely Tyson and the Enduring Legacy of Arthur Mitchell's Dance Theatre of Harlem". Pointe. February 24, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- Women in Film website Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Wif.org. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Candace Award Recipients 1982–1990". NCBW.org. National Coalition of 100 Black Women. p. 3. Archived from the original on March 14, 2003.
- "Cicely Tyson". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "CICELY TYSON TO RECEIVE CRYSTAL STAIR AWARD". Sugarcane Magazine. October 24, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
- Pedersen, Erik (January 28, 2021). "Cicely Tyson Dies: Pioneering 'Sounder' Oscar Nominee & 'Autobiography Of Miss Jane Pittman' Emmy Winner Was 96". Deadline. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
- "NAACP Spingarn Medal". NAACP.org. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "NAACP Names Cicely Tyson 95th Spingarn Medalist". NAACP.org. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- Outten, Bridgette. "NAACP Honors Cicely Tyson with Spingarn Medal, Wraps Up Convention". Politic365.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- "Cicely Tyson". Britannica.com. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- Kennedy, Merrit (November 16, 2016). "These Are The 21 People Receiving The Nation's Highest Civilian Honor". NPR.org. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
- Bahr, Lindsay (September 5, 2018). "Cicely Tyson, Kathleen Kennedy among film academy honorees". APNews.com. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- Sinha-Roy, Piya (November 19, 2018). "Cicely Tyson, Kathleen Kennedy break new ground with honorary Oscars". EW.com. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- Gans, Andrew (November 12, 2018). "Cicely Tyson, Christine Baranski, David Henry Hwang, More Inducted Into Theater Hall of Fame November 12". Playbill. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
- "Cicely Tyson, Seth MacFarlane joining TV Hall of Fame". APNews.com. December 3, 2019.
- Willis, Cortney (January 29, 2021). "7 Reasons Cicely Tyson Deserves All Our Respect". Yahoo News.
- "Honorary degree bestowed on Cicely Tyson". news.columbia.edu. Columbia University. Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Cox, Timothy (May 19, 2016). "President Obama draws rock-star reactions at Howard University commencement". The Chronicle. Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- "Morehouse College". Morehouse.edu. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- Bondy, Halley (September 25, 2009). "Cicely Tyson comes to East Orange to dedicate new school named for her". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- Cicely Tyson at the Internet Broadway Database
- Cicely Tyson at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Cicely Tyson at IMDb
- Cicely Tyson at the TCM Movie Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Cicely Tyson discography at Discogs
- Interview titled Ms. Cicely Tyson's Fact-Finding Tour of Central Africa, 1985-11-05, In Black America, KUT Radio, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress)
- Cicely Tyson at Find a Grave