Landlocked Countries In Europe - WorldAtlas

Landlocked Countries In Europe

Vaduz Castle in Vaduz, Liechtenstein.

Europe is located on the northwestern edge of Eurasia, although Europe itself is often considered a separate continent. It has coastlines along several seas, including the Atlantic Ocean, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Caspian Sea. Europe is politically divided into 50 autonomous countries, as well as five that are under territorial dispute. Of these countries, 14 are landlocked. This article highlights the landlocked countries of Europe.

Andorra, 468 Km2

Map of Andorra.

Andorra is located in the Pyrenees mountains, south of France and north of Catalonia. The country covers a total area of 468 km2, giving it a microstate status, has a population size of 77,281 individuals, and its capital is Andorra la Vella. The landscape of Andorra is covered in rugged mountainous terrain, making it a popular ski destination in Europe.

Austria, 83,871 Km2

Map of Austria.

Austria is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Germany, Italy, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, and Hungary. The country covers a total area of 83,871 km2, has a population size of 8.8 million, and its capital is Vienna. Its landscape is primarily covered by the Alps mountains.

Belarus, 207,600 Km2

Map of Belarus.

Belarus is located in Eastern Europe and shares borders with Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Latvia. The country covers a total area of 207,600 km2, has a population size of over 9.4 million, and its capital is Minsk. Belarus is home to approximately 11,000 lakes and several rivers, including the Neman, which empties into the Baltic Sea.

Czech Republic, 78,867 Km2

Map of the Czech Republic. 

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Austria, Poland, Germany, and Slovakia. The country covers an area of 78,867 km2, has a population size of just over 10.6 million, and its capital is Prague. The Czech Republic is covered in mountains, river valleys, hills, and rivers.

Hungary, 93,028 Km2

Map of Hungary. 

Hungary is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Croatia, Romania, Austria, and Serbia. The country covers a total area of 93,028 km2, has a population size of more than 9.7 million individuals, and its capital is Budapest. The Danube and Tisza rivers separate Hungary into distinct regions, all of which are inside of the Danube drainage basin.

Liechtenstein, 160 Km2

Map of Liechtenstein. 

Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe, where it shares borders with Switzerland and Austria. Since Austria is also a landlocked country, Liechtenstein can be categorized as a doubly landlocked nation. The country covers a total area of 160 km2, giving it microstate status; its population size is approximately 38,000, and its capital is Vaduz.

Luxembourg, 2,586 Km2

Map of Luxembourg. 

Luxembourg is located in the western region of Europe, where it shares borders with Germany, France, and Belgium. Its capital city is Luxembourg City, which is one of the official capitals of the European Union. The country covers a total area of 2,586 km2 and has a population size of about 619,900 individuals. Luxembourg is classified by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as the second-richest country in the world, based on gross domestic product per capita.

Moldova, 33,851 Km2

Map of Moldova.

Moldova is located in Eastern Europe and shares borders with Ukraine and Romania. The country has a total area size of 33,851 km2, has a population size of 2.6 million, and its capital is Chisinau. Several rivers run through the landscape of Moldova, which is characterized by rolling terrain and a lack of extreme altitudes.

North Macedonia, 25,713 Km2

Map of North Macedonia.

The Republic of North Macedonia is located in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula and shares borders with Serbia, Greece, Albania, and Bulgaria. The country covers a total area of 25,713 km2 has a population size of approximately 2,083,460 individuals, and its capital is Skopje. The border regions of Macedonia are characterized by mountainous terrain. At its center, however, is the valley of the Vardar river. It is also home to one of the oldest lakes in the world: Lake Ohrid.

San Marino, 61 Km2

Map of San Marino. 

San Marino sits completely within the borders of Italy. The country covers a total area of 61 km2, giving it the status of a microstate; it has a population size of around 33,860 individuals, and its capital is the City of San Marino. San Marino's economy previously relied solely on stone extraction but is now also supported by tourism and postal stamp sales.

Serbia, 77,474 Km2

Map of Serbia and Kosovo.

Serbia is located in Southeast Europe on the edge with Central Europe and shares borders with Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Within the border of Serbia is the disputed territory of Kosovo, which is recognized as an independent nation by some but not others, including Serbia itself. The country covers a total area of 77,474 km2, has a population of 6,944,980, and its capital is Belgrade.

Slovakia, 49,035 Km2

Map of Slovakia.

Slovakia is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary, Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Ukraine. The country covers a total area of 49,035 km2, has a population size of over 5.45 million individuals, and its capital is Bratislava. Most of Slovakia is covered by the Carpathian Mountains and forest habitats.

Switzerland, 41,277 Km2

Map of Switzerland.

Switzerland is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Germany, Austria, France, Liechtenstein, and Italy. Its acting capital is the city of Berne. The country covers a total area of 41,277 km2 and has a population size of around 8.5 million. Switzerland is covered by the Alps mountains and is home to at least 48 mountain peaks with a height of more than 13,000 feet above sea level.

Vatican City, 0.44 Km2

Map of the Vatican City.

The Vatican City, is an autonomous city-state located within the Italian city of Rome. This city-state covers a total area of just 0.44 km2 and has a population size of only about 825 individuals. Vatican City is the administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church and is home to the Pope, its highest authority. Given the Vatican's religious importance, it receives a large number of tourists every year.

Landlocked Countries In Europe

CountryLand Area (km2)PopulationSurrounding Countries
Andorra46877,1402 - France, Spain
Austria83,8718,877,0708 - Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland
Belarus207,6009,466,8605 - Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine
Czech Republic78,86710,669,7104 - Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
Hungary93,0289,769,9507 - Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
Liechtenstein16038,0202 - Austria, Switzerland
Luxembourg2,586619,9003 - Belgium, France, Germany
Moldova33,8512,657,6402 - Romania, Ukraine
North Macedonia25,7132,083,4604 - Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia
San Marino6133,8601 - Italy
Serbia77,4746,944,9808 - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania
Slovakia49,0355,454,0705 - Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Ukraine
Switzerland41,2778,574,8305 - Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein
Vatican City0.448251 - Italy
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