About Philippines: Ethnic - Indigenous Filipino Groups

Ethnic - Indigenous Filipino Groups - Etc.
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Ethnic and Indigenous Filipino Groups: Culture, which - where and MUCH more

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The fight for Lumad schools and Education etc. for Indigenous and etc. groups

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National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, NCIP

House set to restore CHR, ERC, NCIP 2018 budgets
Bea Cupin September 20, 2017
The House of Representatives restores the budget of 3 agencies it earlier cut to a mere P1,000 for 2018

Legarda assures all agencies will have enough budget in 2018
Camille Elemia September 17, 2017
'I'm not assuring you that it will be exactly to the last centavo, but I am assuring you that they will have a budget,' says Senate finance committee chair Loren Legarda

House wants to use CHR, ERC, NCIP budgets for free tuition
Bea Cupin September 14, 2017
Akbayan Representative Tom Villarin hits the idea, saying, 'You can't cut the budget of a constitutional body then to soften criticism, bestow it [on] a supposed loftier cause like free tuition'

Over 'failure' to protect minorities, House gives NCIP P1,000 budget
Bea Cupin September 12, 2017
Bayan Muna Representative Carlos Zarate moves for the measly budget, citing the supposed failure of the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples to fulfill its mandate.

Indigenous Music and the Politics of Cultural Difference
Ancestral lands are ‘inseparable’ from indigenous peoples – CHR
June 8, 2021 Czarina Nicole Ong Ki

The Commission on Human Rights (CHR) has expressed its full support to the government in its efforts against certain individuals who reportedly violate the rights of the country’s indigenous peoples (IPs).
It offered its assistance to the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) which has been building up cases against persons “who are rampantly selling” the IPs’ ancestral land in the Davao Region.

Saving Cordillera mountains, empowering indigenous communities
June 20, 2021 Charissa Luci-Atienza

The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has launched two major research programs seeking to protect the mountains in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and ensure water security and climate resilience for indigenous communities in the region.

Protect Whang Od, IPs from 'exploitation'
August 7, 2021 Ben Rosario

Even in their own land, indigenous Filipinos like Apo Whang Od are being subjected to a high degree of exploitation.

NCIP probes Nas Academy, Whang-Od controversy; public urged to report any ‘exploitation, violation’ against IPs
August 10, 2021 Merlina Hernando-Malipot
The National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP), an attached agency of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), is investigating if there are violations committed against Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs) amidst the Whang-Od and Nas Academy controversy.

Lower House TWG endorses passage of 'Apo Whang Od' bill
August 8, 2021 Ben Rosario
A House of Representative body has endorsed committee approval of a bill proposing to protect intellectual property rights of indigenous communities and at the same time may address issues surrounding the Apo Whang Od - Nas Daily controversy.

Ferdinand Magellan’s death 500 years ago is being remembered as an act of indigenous resistance
Apr 26, 2021 Kate Fullagar, Kristie Patricia Flannery
'The Filipino commemorations show what an indigenous-centered government approach to imperial history in the Pacific can look like'
This week, the Philippines is marking a significant event in the history of European colonialism in the Asia-Pacific region — the 500th anniversary of the death of Portuguese explorer Fernão de Magalhães (more commonly known as Ferdinand Magellan).
The Philippines government is hosting a series of events to mark the role that indigenous people played in Magellan’s contested first circumnavigation of the earth in the 16th century.

The shrinking spaces for indigenous women in PH
Oct 30, 2021
Indigenous peoples in the Philippines have long been fighting to keep their culture and community alive.
Although they should be protected by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act, many face threats and harassment, with others being displaced due to development projects on their ancestral lands. Lumad schools have also dwindled, shut down by the Department of Education, and targeted in a military vilification campaign that claimed these were being used as training centers for New People’s Army (NPA) communist rebels.

Advocates urge more IP representation in national institutions, policy-making
Nov 6, 2021 Waya Lao
Indigenous women and advocates emphasize the need for the participation of leaders who can forward their rights in government, institutions, policy-making circles, and even within their own communities

Look HERE and below

Moro folk still fleeing from conflict in Maguindanao
Edwin O. Fernandez, Ryan D. Rosauro March 25, 2021
COTABATO CITY, Maguindanao - Huddled with her two kids in a makeshift shelter, Nada Sampato of Barangay Kitango in Datu Saudi Ampatuan, Maguindanao, expressed exasperation at the endless ordeal of displacement that they have to undergo.
Cagayan de Oro archbishop slams move to ban use of the term ‘lumad’
Mar 24, 2021 Jezreel Ines

'The state’s red scare campaign is now targeting even words,' says Archbishop Jose Cabantan
Speaking for the bishops’ Episcopal Commission on Indigenous Peoples, Cagayan de Oro. Archbishop Jose Cabantan on Monday, March 22, criticized the government move to ban the use of the term “lumad” when referring to indigenous peoples in Mindanao. Look the statement

FALSE: Lumad is a word made up by the CPP-NPA-NDF
Feb 25, 2021

Lumad is a Visayan term meaning 'native' or 'indigenous.' It was adopted by indigenous people in June 1986 to distinguish them from other Mindanaoans.

Indigenous people often face land-related violence
October 31, 2020 Czarina Nicole Ong Ki

The Commission on Human Rights highlighted issues faced by indigenous people as it observed the 23rd anniversary of the passage of the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act and the National Indigenous Peoples Month this October.

DepEd does not ‘tolerate discrimination,’ corrects ‘Igorot’ learning material
February 8, 2021 Merlina Hernando-Malipot

Is there something wrong with being an Igorot? Nothing.
An official of the Department of Education (DepEd) on Monday clarified that it “does not tolerate” any form of discrimination among its ranks as school heads and teachers, as well, as students are constantly reminded to respect everyone.
San Antonio made this clarification following the clamor for DepEd to correct a learning material which “maligns” indigenous peoples of the Cordillera region who are collectively known as Igorots.

Groups slam arrest of lumad elders, others in police ‘rescue’ in Cebu

February 15, 2021 Jhon Aldrin Casinas

Progressive groups denounced the arrest of lumad elders and other individuals in a “rescue” operation of government forces inside the Talamban campus of the University of San Carlos in Cebu City on Monday, Feb. 15.

The story behind the Cebu Bakwit schools
Feb 16, 2021 Lorraine Ecarma
Save Our Schools Network Cebu says the Lumad left their communities which were wracked by the civil war between the government and the communist rebels

The Video: Police arrest students, teachers in Cebu City lumad school
Feb 15, 2021
Cebu police take at least 40 Lumad students into their custody Monday, February 15 in what authorities call a ‘rescue operation.’

The Video: Lumad students under attack
Feb 16, 2021
Why is the government attacking Lumad students?
Lumad schools have been the targets of a military vilification campaign by the government, saying those were being used as training centers for New People's Army (NPA) communist rebels. Look also ALL the links in this article

The Video: Student leaders on the Cebu Lumad raid, anti-terror law
Feb 16, 2021 2 videos: with English subtitles - and without
What do the arrest of the ‘Lumad 26’ and the unannounced entry of policemen and soldiers into a university campus mean for the student community? Rappler Cebu correspondents Lorraine Ecarma and John Sitchon discuss these issues with student leaders who have rallied for academic freedom and peace for indigenous peoples.


Philippine Bishops call for investigation into killings of indigenous leaders
Devin Watkins 19 January 2021

The Bishops of the Philippines voice calls for an independent investigation into the recent killing of nine indigenous leaders, whom the government accused of resisting arrest.

CBCP-NASSA concern over possible effects of Palawan Division to biodiversity and IP communities
February 7, 2021 Leslie Ann Aquino

The social action arm of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) has expressed concern over the possible effects of the division of Palawan into three separate provinces to its biodiversity and indigenous peoples’ communities.

Indigenous peoples are hardest hit by anti-terror law
December 10, 2020 Czarina Nicole Ong Ki

Indigenous peoples are the ones that are hardest hit by the Anti-Terrorism Law, and the state is using the law as a “cover” to pursue its own agenda.

Paduano laments ‘pointless war’ after colleague’s daughter gets killed

November 29, 2020 Ellson Quismorio
Minority Leader Rep. Joseph Stephen Paduano described the death of Bayan Muna Party-List Rep. Eufemia Cullamat’s daughter during a military operation over the weekend as a fruit of a “pointless war” among Filipinos.

Accused of shooting soldiers, Aetas in Zambales jailed in 1st case under new anti-terror law
Nov 18, 2020 Lian Buan

The National Union of Peoples' Lawyers says the soldiers planted guns and explosives on the Aetas who were evacuating due to intense military operations in their ancestral lands

The Video: Case of 'jailed, tortured' Aetas shows actual injury vs individuals under Anti-Terror Law
Feb 3, 2021 ANC 24/7
Headstart: National Union of People's Lawyers spokesperson Atty. Josalee Deinla says the case of two Aetas accused of terrorism shows actual injury committed against individuals under the Anti-Terror Law.

Tortured Aetas seek SC help against anti-terror law
Tetch Torres-Tupas February 02, 2021
Mauled, placed inside a sack and hung upside down, suffocated with a plastic bag and cigarette smoke, and forced to eat his own feces to make him admit that he is a member of the New People’s Army.

Aetas jailed under anti-terror law plead to join petitions
Feb 2, 2021 Lian Buan
Indigenous peoples Japer Gurung and Junior Ramos tell the Supreme Court of their ordeal – tortured for 6 days to admit membership with the New People's Army

2 Aeta tribesmen charged with ‘ terrorism’ ask SC to stop law’s enforcement
February 2, 2021 Rey Panaligan
Two Aeta tribesmen, who have been charged with violations of the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA), have asked the Supreme Court (SC) to stop the implementation of the law until the legal disputes are settled with finality.

SC is informed of first case involving Anti-Terrorism Act
November 18, 2020 Rey Panaligan
The Supreme Court (SC) was informed late Wednesday afternoon, November 18, of the first case filed before the Olongapo City regional trial court (RTC) last September against two Aetas (indigenous people) for alleged violations of the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) of 2020.

Lumad students, teachers urge SC to junk anti-terror law
February 3, 2021 Gabriela Baron

Two indigenous peoples organizations urged the Supreme Court to uphold the people’s rights by junking the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) of 2020.

Strangers but not spectators: The role of the majority in Lumad rights
Nov 11, 2020 Angelika Portia Lapidario

'A threat to the identity of the Lumad is a threat to us all'
The ancestral land, culture, and education of the Lumad, much like other indigenous groups, lie at the very core of their cultural identity. But as their homeland remains ravaged by political unrest since their exodus in 2017, they have had to live out their days in the substandard conditions of evacuation centers.

Solon slams NCIP for spending spree
November 6, 2020 Ellson Quismorio

A Manobo leader-slash-congresswoman castigated on Friday the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) for its supposed spending spree amid problems of hunger and displacement of IPs from their ancestral lands.
We condemn the NCIP’s overspending on expensive food and hotel accommodations while thousands of IP have been suffering from hunger and displacement, all because of huge projects on mining, plants, and dams being entered by the NCIP,” Bayan Muna Party-List Rep. Eufemia Cullamat said.

Displaced Bukidnon folk urge gov't to act on their land claim
Jul 29, 2021 Bobby Lagsa

'[T]he [National Commission on Indigenous Peoples] gave us assurances, but they slept on it for years,' says Rolando Anglao, head of the Kiantig Manobo-Pulangihon Tribal Association
Only one person's signature was needed so that hundreds of Manobo-Pulangihon tribal families could return and rebuild their homes in what used to be their village in Quezon town

IKSP ay KSP: We have to pay attention to indigenous knowledge
Nov 1, 2020 Angela Maree Encomienda

Indigenous knowledge systems and practices in the Philippines are 'kulang sa pansin'
Traditional knowledge consists of indigenous knowledge systems and practices (IKSPs), which are passed from generation to generation among ICCs and IPs, usually by word of mouth and cultural rituals.

CBCP-ECIP calls on gov’t to heed plea of IPs
October 7, 2020 Leslie Ann Aquino

The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines Episcopal Commission on Indigenous Peoples (CBCP-ECIP) has called on the government to heed the call of indigenous peoples (IP) in recognizing their rights, ancestral domains, and self-determination.”

House of terror: How the lower chamber let slip a 'killer' bill
Mara Cepeda June 14, 2020

The House of Representatives passes a controversial bill that could endanger the progressives, Moros, and Lumad among them due to terrorist-tagging


National Indigenous Peoples' Month

The Department of Education promotes an IP education program that is responsive to their cultural context, respectful of their identity and supportive of the value of indigenous knowledge, skills and other aspects of their heritage.



OPINION: Coffee and the blood of indigenous peoples
Tony La Viña and Norly Grace Mercado October 20, 2018
As we celebrate this month dedicated to indigenous peoples' rights, it is only right to ask: what is there to celebrate?
The government's intensified campaign against communist rebels makes indigenous peoples vulnerable to violence; the specter of death underpins their lives like an active fault line

Republic Act 8371 The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997

Look also HERE and

Indigenous Peoples and Community-Conserved Areas
Where are Indigenous Peoples Distributed in the Philippines?

Civilian courts have jurisdiction over indigenous peoples
July 11, 2019

The Supreme Court (SC) said that civilian courts still have jurisdiction over indigenous peoples who are charged with criminal offenses.
The SC made the declaration after it denied a petition from a Higaonon tribe leader seeking to compel a trial court in Cebu to drop charges against him and instead follow the ruling of a tribal court that cleared the leader of charges.

‘Sound of science’: Gov’t researchers create PH’s digital indigenous instrument sounds database
June 4, 2021 Charissa Luci-Atienza
The legacy of indigenous Filipino instruments and artists should be preserved.
With this in mind, state researchers have created an “open-source digital database” that serves as repository of audio recording of more than 100 indigenous musical instruments found in the country, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) said Friday, June 4.
How a displaced Lumad community keeps its culture alive during pandemic
Sep 27, 2020 Maro Enriquez, Pau Villanueva

As the world deals with a disease, the young Lumad in the Bakwit School turn to their culture and community for support
Since the COVID-19 lockdown in Metro Manila was announced mid-March, 17-year-old Katkat* has been spending more time sitting alone on the pavement of the Bakwit School’s backyard as she waits for the moon to come out.

COVID-19 leaves indigenous peoples at a disadvantage
August 10, 2020Czarina Nicole Ong Ki

The COVID-19 pandemic has left indigenous peoples at a particular disadvantage, the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) said.
Many indigenous people are struggling for access to relevant information and healthcare, the CHR said.
CHR spokesperson Atty. Jacqueline Ann de Guia said that a lot of IPs have experienced discrimination in availing themselves of health services.

UN: indigenous peoples must be included in strategies against pandemic
Robin Gomes 09 August 2020
The United Nations marks International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on August 9. The UN chief has released a message for this year’s observance, whose theme is, “COVID-19 and indigenous peoples’ resilience”.


Gov't urged to protect indigenous people's rights
Nov 24, 2016
Advocates hope the new administration will respect and protect the rights of the indigenous peoples under the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law.
Can minorities protect their rights under Duterte?
October 28, 2016
Rappler talks to indigenous leader Piya Macliing Malayao, one of the protesters seriously injured after cops rammed a police vehicle through the crowd in front of the US embassy on October 19.
On Saturday, October 29, the Philippines will mark the 19th anniversary of the historic enactment of the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act. October is officially declared Indigenous Peoples’ Month.
No ‘maltreatment, torture’ of Aetas in Zambales
September 1, 2020 Martin Sadongdong

The Philippine Army’s 7th Infantry Division (7ID) disputed Tuesday the claims of an advocate group that Aeta communities in San Marcelino, Zambales were allegedly bombed and members of the tribal group were maltreated and tortured.
The military official was responding to the claims of Sandugo – Movement of Moro and Indigenous Peoples for Self-Determination, which accused soldiers of “repeated bombings” of Aeta communities that displaced 659 families.
According to Sandugo, the soldiers allegedly arrested three of the IPs identified as Witi Ramos, Jepoy Ramos, and Nalin Ramos and subjected them to “incidents of torture.” The soldiers allegedly went to the extremes when Nalin was reportedly “forced to eat one of the soldiers’ feces.”

CHR raises alarm over alleged maltreatment of Aetas
September 4, 2020 Czarina Nicole Ong Ki
The Commission on Human Rights (CHR) has raised alarm over allegations of maltreatment of the Aeta community in Zambales.

Aetas fed human excrement, beaten by Army
September 2, 2020 Randy V. Datu
The Army strongly denies the accusation and stresses that its soldiers respect human rights
Aetas suspected of being members of rebel group New People's Army (NPA) were fed with human excrement, beaten, and abused by the 7th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army, indigenous rights group Sandugo allege in a complaint filed with the Commission on Human Rights Monday, August 31.

Bayan Muna, Karapatan condemn ‘witch hunt’ vs Lumad evacuees in Davao City
Mara Cepeda January 25, 2020

Paramilitary group Alamara allegedly forcibly enters the UCCP Haran compound where Lumad evacuees have taken refuge since 2015.
Lawmakers from the progressive Bayan Muna and human rights group Karapatan condemned the paramilitary group Alamara's attack against more than 500 Lumad evacuees.


Investigative Documentaries: Lumad community, nakarehistro ba sa gobyerno?
Jan 31, 2020 GMA Public Affairs

Isa lamang si Bai Lita sa miyembro ng isang Lumad community sa Davao Del Norte, ang Manobo-Matigsalug Tribe, na hindi naasikaso ang birth certificate. Dahil dito, hindi niya alam ang kanyang edad at hindi siya makakuha ng serbisyo mula sa goberyno.
Hosted by veteran journalist Malou Mangahas, ‘Investigative Documentaries’ exposes their findings on corruption in the government and provides in-depth analysis on current national issues

Hydropanels to provide water for indigenous community in Palawan
Oct 7, 2020

The installation will benefit the Binta't Karis indigenous peoples of Barangay Iraan in the province's Rizal municipality


China-funded Kaliwa Dam to benefit from Duterte order fast-tracking water projects
September 3, 2020 Pia Ranada
The project, fiercely opposed by indigenous peoples groups, will be funded by a loan from China
The P12.2-billion Kaliwa Dam project to be funded by a loan from China will benefit from President Rodrigo Duterte's recent order speeding up the approval process for priority water projects.


As Kaliwa Dam project continues, IP leaders urge gov’t prioritize pandemic response
Aug 11 2020
Leaders from the Agta-Dumagat-Remontado tribes in Quezon and Rizal question the government for allowing Chinese contractors to resume operations despite the lockdown
With strict quarantine measures already affecting their livelihood, indigenous people (IP) leaders in Quezon and Rizal provinces urged the government to prioritize giving aid to suffering communities instead of focusing on the Kaliwa Dam project.

The illegal and immoral Kaliwa Dam ECC
Tony La Viña and Joy Reyes October 31, 2019

The Kaliwa Dam ECC is illegal and immoral. It violates the Filipino people’s right to a sound environment and disregards the rights of affected indigenous peoples and local communities

Kaliwa Dam project earns environmental clearance despite alleged violations
Mavic Conde October 22, 2019

Indigenous communities are disappointed due to alleged violations in completing or fulfilling procedural requirements for the environmental compliance certificate of the Kaliwa Dam project

100,000 Maranao sign petition to halt planned military camps in Marawi
JC Gotinga November 18, 2019

Increased military presence in the war-ravaged city may rile up residents' cultural and religious sensitivities, and take up land that has historic meaning to the Maranao people, the petitioners say.

Philippine Task Force on Indigenous Peoples' Rights, TFIP

TFIP is a network of non-government organizations in the Philippines advancing the cause of indigenous peoples, IPs rights. It envisions a society that promotes and defends indigenous peoples' rights and upholds their self-determined development.

Indigenous peoples call for recognition of rights in peace talks
Beverly Longid January 19, 2017

We urge the government to heed the call of IPs to stop the militarization of their communities and to grant political prisoners unconditional amnesty

The Video: Are the Lumad victims in war and peace? in the album Indigenous Filipinos, Overview, Etc.

Lumad dictionary launched to help save indigenous language
Nicolas Czar Antonio August 31, 2019

The Manobo dictionary app not just aims to educate the Lumad but to empower them as well.
In an effort to preserve the Lumad indigenous language in Agusan and Surigao, the Save Our Schools (SOS) Network, an alliance of child rights groups and church-based organizations, launched a Manobo Dictionary app, a mobile software that compiles Manobo words and their definitions.


Balang Araw
ABS-CBN News Sep 18, 2019

The video features the plight of Lumad youths, who continue to fight for their right to education. Lumad student Langlang Bay-ao talks about the vibrant culture of indigenous people in Mindanao and expresses her determination to learn even though they are facing enormous challenges. Bay-ao tells their stories of struggle moving into the city to flee from military operations back in their communities. Save Our Schools spokesperson Rius Valle and volunteer teacher Camille Baizas talk about their mission to give free educational services to young Lumad refugees. Bay-ao hopes to return to their homes, bringing with them the torch of education that shines brightly for the next generation of Lumads.

Tribal leader makes history as new mayor of Palawan town
Keith Anthony S. Fabro May 17, 2019

Tribal leader Otol Odi, 77, is elected mayor of Rizal town based on a campaign promise to protect their ancestral land. It's a first class mountainous town located south of Palawan.
Otol Odiade history as the first member of the Palawan indigenous group to become mayor.

U.N. experts to PH gov't: Stop red-tagging Corpuz, human rights groups
Jodesz Gavilan May 01, 2019

United Nations special rapporteurs say the 'criminalizing discourse... undermines the value of the vital work of human rights defenders' and further exposes them to harassment and threats.
ENSURE SAFETY. United Nations experts expesses grave concern over continuing attacks against UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples Victoria Tauli-Corpuz.

Biographical information - Victoria Tauli-Corpuz
United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples

DSWD to 'rescue' homeless kids, IPs begging in streets during holidays
December 15, 2018

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) said December 15, that it will help "rescue" homeless children and indigenous peoples (IPs) seen begging in the streets of Metro Manila and neighboring cities and provinces this holiday season.
“When the rescued street children and street families are brought to our centers, our social workers carry out a comprehensive case analysis to determine the best possible way to assist them,” Relova said.
IPs would be sent back to their provinces, she added.

Kodao is known for covering the peace process between the Philippine government and the NDFP, as well as issues about indigenous peoples, human rights, environmental issues

In the album Indigenous Filipinos, Overview, Tattoos, Organizations, Projects, Past life, Games, Etc.

Lumad to Supreme Court: End attacks, end martial law
Jan 23, 2019

Teachers and students of alternative schools in Mindanao ask the Supreme Court to issue a cease and desist order against the military. Lian Buan reports

Lumad to Supreme Court: End attacks, end martial law
Lian Buan January 23, 2019
Teachers and students of alternative schools in Mindanao also ask the High Court to issue a cease and desist order against the military

Duterte says he'll 'hamlet' Lumad to keep them from NPA
Pia Ranada December 19, 2018

President Rodrigo Duterte plans to keep indigenous peoples in 'hamlets' to be guarded by military and police.
President Rodrigo Duterte said he will “hamlet” indigenous peoples (IPs) in order to keep them from getting influenced or harmed by communist rebels.

IP representative in Kidapawan council loses service car, office space
Allan Nawal November 10, 2018

Datu Radin Igwas, Indigenous Peoples Mandatory Representative in the Kidapawan City Council, now rides a horse to work after Mayor Joseph Evangelista removed his service vehicle

Groups slam Uson for red-tagging Lumad rights organizations
Jodesz Gavilan October 30, 2018

Former communications assistant secretary Mocha Uson is again under fire for linking organizations advocating indigenous peoples’ (IP) rights to communist rebels during a program held inside the University of the Philippines Diliman campus.
One of the supposed Lumad at Mocha Uson's 'protest' at the University of the Philippines Diliman campus is linked to a paramilitary group, say Lumad rights advocates

The Lumad are not the villains
Prince Ezekiel S. Bagtas November 04, 2018
Mocha Uson, you asked the Lumad to chant your President's name. Well here's my response: his name's not worth chanting.

HRW calls for end to 'government abuses' in indigenous communities

Jodesz Gavilan February 07, 2018
'Government plans to improve the lives of the Lumad are unlikely to succeed so long as indigenous communities live in fear of violence, exploitation, and abuse,' says Human Rights Watch's Carlos Conde.

Preserving indigenous knowledge in disaster recovery
Fr. Edu Gariguez November 15, 2018

Keeping indigenous knowledge systems, practices, and beliefs alive will allow communities of smallholder farmers to maintain their culture and the balance in their ecosystem without sacrificing their livelihood.


The love-hate relationship between Duterte and the Lumad
August 09, 2017

As mayor of Davao City, President Rodrigo Duterte was a known champion of the Lumad in Mindanao. At the height of alleged harassment and killings of indigenous peoples during the previous administration, Duterte posed for a picture, holding a white paper with the text, "STOP LUMAD KILLINGS."

Watch the interview as MovePH talks to an indigenous community elder and a student.

TIMELINE: Attacks on the Lumad of Mindanao
Karlos Manlupig September 16, 2015
'A form of ethnocide,' the attacks on the indigenous communities in the last 4 months are concentrated in Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur

Duterte to consult with Lumad on use of ancestral lands
Pia Ranada February 05, 2018 - with Video
Malacañang says indigenous peoples can refuse any plan to relocate them from their ancestral domain

Ata leaders warn NPA of tribal war
Mick Basa February 08, 2018
Datu Roel Arthur Ali, chairman of the Supreme Tribal Council for Peace and Development (STCPD), says Lumad leaders are clamoring for a pangayaw – a local term for tribal war, after the death of Datu Banandjao Mampaundag and his son.

Lumad group hits Duterte's plan for ancestral domains
Mick Basa February 03, 2018
This comes after President Rodrigo Duterte said he will search for investors to help generate wealth in ancestral domains
An alliance of indigenous peoples in Mindanao - Kusog sa Katawhang Lumad sa Mindanao (Kalumaran) - condemned President Rodrigo Duterte's plan to find investors to develop Mindanao's protected ancestral domains.

Why development projects must respect IPs, ancestral domains in Asia
Aldrin Plaza August 09, 2016

'It all boils down to responsible urban and regional planning and policy-making'
An often overlooked aspect of urban and regional development is the observance of traditional land laws of indigenous communities, who have long occupied parcels of land serving both as areas for living and to make a living.

Anti-poverty chief calls to stop mining operations in Lumad lands
August 09, 2017

As the country commemorates the National Indigenous People’s Day on Wednesday, August 9, National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) secretary Liza Maza called for an end to large-scale mining operations in ancestral domains in Mindanao.


Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (National Living Treasures)
Sep 9, 2015

As a group, these folk and traditional artists reflect the diverse heritage and cultural traditions that transcend their beginnings to become part of our national character. As Filipinos, they bring age-old customs, crafts and ways of living to the attention and appreciation of Filipino life. They provide us with a vision of ourselves and of our nation, a vision we might be able to realize someday, once we are given the opportunity to be true to ourselves as these artists have remained truthful to their art.
They are our National Living Treasures.

13 indigenous artists who have kept Filipino creativity alive
Fiel Estrella Oct 10, 2017


Leloy Claudio: Why 'Filipino' is not a race
July 17, 2017 - with Video

The Video in the album Indigenous Filipinos, Overview, Etc.
Debunking myths on the origins of the Filipino
Feb 23, 2018
Leloy Claudio travels back in time with Ateneo professor Filomeno Aguilar to prehistoric Philippine and clears up a deep-seated myth taught in school. Were there really 3 distinct waves of migration? Who were our forefathers?

Ethnic and Indigenous Filipino Groups: Culture, etc.

IMPORTANT Overview Indigenous people and which - where

More Ethnic - Indigenous dresses - Etc.

Ethnic - Indigenous peoples and Organizations, Projects, Etc.

Tribal Filipino Tattoos - Etc.

Indigenous Tribal games and weapons

Indigenous - Ethnic - Etc. culture in provinces about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning and the Dead

Martial arts

Muslim culture general and laws

Healers and Healing

Folklore, Festivals, Etc.

Tribal weaving, textiles

Music, Musical instruments, Songs, Dances - Traditional - Folk and Ritual

Investment scam victimizes Ifugao tribal people

Child Spouses - Early Marriage


Human Rights - Human Abuse - Trafficking - Kidnapping

Mindanao Peace Talks

go to main-overview

Maps and IMPORTANT Overview - Etc.

Remark many of the video photos are in the album:
"Indigenous Filipinos, Overview, Costumes, Organizations, Projects, Past life, Games, Etc."

Look also Peoples of the Philippines

go to overview

Look also Great Places to Visit, a tourism album with many videos also about indigenous life in the different provinces


Map - Ethnic Groups

Remark this is an album in the album "Overview, Costumes, Organizations, Projects, Past life, Games, Etc."

Look also Map - Tribal people groups

UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Indigenous People and their Customary Laws

Look the full text of each page in the document HERE

At least 60% of IPs have unrecorded birth, marriages and deaths; here's why?
May 11, 2021 Ben Rosario

Acknowledging that a high number of members of indigenous communities have unrecorded civil registry, the House Committee on Ways and Means has unanimously approved a bill providing indigenous peoples (IPs) free and culture civil registration system.



We represent the indigenous peoples of various cultural communities from all over the Philippines who have attended the DAYAW Indigenous Peoples Festival Tagum City, Davao del Norte October 6-10, 2011. Jan 1, 2012.
Ethnic Groups, Overview
DAYAW 2015
Angeles City, Pampanga October 15-17.
2 videos Oct 16 and 28, 2015
Dayaw 2016
Dec 12, 2016
Quezon City Memorial Circle last November 22 to 24 2016
A great 6-part documentary on Indigenous Culture. Jan 6, 2016
1. "Lupa, Karagatan, Kagubatan"
Inspiring, Challenging Environments
2. "Mito, Kuwento, Musika"
Indigenous Imagination
3. "Inukit, Hinulma, Nilikha"
Iconic Symbols of the Indigenous
4. “Hinabing Kasaysayan ng mga Kababaihan”
Weaving Stories of Feminine Knowledge
5. “Pagbangon, Pagpapatuloy”
Restoring and Protecting our Colonial Past
6. “Parangal Sa Mga Ninuno”
Honoring the Ancestors
Ifugao's Punnuk Festival now in UNESCO heritage list

A traditional post-harvest festival held in Ifugao is now internationally recognized in the UNESCO Cultural Heritage list. This report tells us more about the festival and what it means for Ifugaos.

IN PHOTOS: Dayaw, PH’s indigenous peoples festival 2017
Rhea Claire E Madarang October 13, 2017

The Real Filipino Roots: How we became..

Many good photos, illustrations etc.

The Ivatan genealogy in my DNA
Nelzo Ereful March 19, 2017

A scientist traces his personal origins

Paradox of Multiculturalism The Paradox of Multiculturalism: Ethnicity and Identity

E. San Juan, Jr.

Tribal Wedding Traditions Showcased at Kaamulan Festival

Look also Is marriage by indigenous law legal or illegal?
Mary Ann Manja Bayang

The Barogway - Reviving a vanishing wedding tradition
Gigi G. Dumallig

The Pangol people still practice their unique wedding ritual called the barogway, an event that is celebrated only by the Pangol people among all cultural communities in Kalinga, Luzon.

Different Tribes, Same Traditions
There are more than fifty tribes, each with distinct, diverse and independent courtship and marriage customs and traditions.
However, a scrutiny of these readily establishes certain incontrovertible features common to all.

Indigenous Childbirth Rituals


Surigao tribes light first ever Christmas tree
November 30, 2019

Many of the IP communities were converted and have accepted the tradition of Christmas.
With the free, prior and informed consent from indigenous peoples (IP) leaders, the first ever Christmas tree was lighted at the tribal hall in Sitio Simuwao in Lianga, Surigao del Sur, on Wednesday, November 24.


2018 Manila Fame Trade Fair - Indigenous materials
Mga produktong Pinoy na gawa sa indigenous materials
Oct 22, 2018

Muling pinatunayan ng mga Pinoy ang talento sa paggawa ng mga world-class na furniture at home decor. Tampok ito sa 2018 Manila Fame Trade Fair.

Ethnic - Indigenous peoples and Organizations, Projects, etc.

Remark many of the video - photos are in the album Indigenous Filipinos, Overview, Costumes, Organizations, Projects, Past life, Games, Etc.

Look also Poverty

go to overview

Indigenous Peoples

Look also

Indigenous Peoples of the Philippines
ICERD Shadow Report

Ethnic Minority Groups



WHO Philippines: Acts on Indigenous Peoples' Rights and Traditional Medicine

The Road to Empowerment
Strengthening the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act
Old Ways, New Challenges, Nurturing the Earth, Nurturing Life

National indigenous peoples' formations and organizations

Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines
Fast Facts

Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines
A Country Case Study by/David E. De Vera

List of Different Ethnic Groups

Look also Tribes in the Philippines , HERE and HERE

Indigenous Filipino Values

Towards A Culture of Non-Violence, by Katrin de Guia, Ph.D.

The Lumad peoples

a group of indigenous people of the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous". The term is short for Katawhang Lumad literally "indigenous peoples", the autonym officially adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanaw Peoples Federation LMPF founding assembly on 26 June 1986 at the Guadalupe Formation Center, Balindog, Kidapawan, Cotabato. It is the self-ascription and collective identity of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao.

Keeping the Lumad culture alive through the Kadayawan tribal games
Manman Dejeto August 20, 2016

A look at one of the special events that distinguishes Kadayawan sa Dabaw

The Photos e.g. as slideshow and

IN PHOTOS: Davao City's rich culture, as told through the Kadayawan Village
Manman Dejeto August 18, 2018
The village showcases the history of Davao's tribes

Katutubong Filipino Project

A visual journey documenting the last remaining indigenous peoples.

Look a Video and more about the project


Tribal Communities Association of the Philippines, TRICAP

Indigenous groups seek more independence from government

Ilawan Foundation

Short film about the work of Benjamin Abadiano and the Ilawan Volunteer and Leadership Center, an organization dedicated to supporting indigenous peoples’ development and their initiatives in building self-reliant communities.

We miss a link to - about Ilawan Foundation, if you know such, please Send a Mail

Tribal Mission Foundation International, TMFI

a volunteer organization whose goal is to reach out to indigenous people through community development.

Need for a bridge - The Joys and Challenges of Community Service

showing some of our current work and training among the Matigsalug peoples of Davao


Sons and Daughters of Ifugao Inc.,  SDI

The famous SDI is an acronym of the Sons and Daughters of Ifugao, the pioneering group site of Ifugaos in social networking respectively in facebook, registered in the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Look the full description of the videos


Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education - Baguio City

Working for the respect, protection and fulfillment of indigenous peoples’ rights and operationalization of indigenous peoples’ self-determined sustainable development


Kalinawa Art Foundation

established to participate in, and promote the development of the Indigenous Peoples’ visual art sector.

Remark this is an album in the album Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc.

Ibanag Heritage Foundation Inc. - IHFI


Religious and Beliefs

Programs, Projects and Activities

Calantas Young Dreamers Foundation, Inc., CYDFI
5 things to ask before buying indigenous weaves
Vernise L. Tantuco October 21, 2017

Bright colors and cool patterns are making their way to our day-to-day outfits – but how do you make sure you're not appropriating a culture?

Ifugao-Ambangal Mini-hydro Project

Clean, Renewable Hydropower Protects “Stairways to Heaven”

Save the Ifugao Terraces Movement

Micro-hydro power for villages in the historic rice terraces.

Young Moro Professionals Network
Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination considers report of the Philippines

Regina A. Estorba, Holy Name University, Tagbilaran City

The Eskaya, less known as the Visayan-Eskaya
the collective name for the members of a cultural minority found in Bohol

A Tasaday Tale in Bohol: The Eskaya
Controversy and its Implications for Minority
Recognition, the Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act, and the Practice of Cultural

Look also below and about the Eskayan language

Modeling Panay Bukidnon Settlement Patterns

Look it as pdf HERE

Suludnon people
The Tumandok or Suludnon also known as Panay-Bukidnon or Panayanon Sulud is an indigenous Visayan group of people who reside in the Capiz-Lambunao mountainous area of Panay in the Visayan islands of the Philippines. They are the only culturally indigenous group of Visayan language-speakers in the Western Visayas

Binukot: Revisiting Western Visayas' only indigenous group

Bangsang Kapampangan
Essays on Kapampangan Nationalism

Kapampangan people The Kapampangans are an Austronesian people native to and the sixth largest ethnic group, numbering about 2,890,000. The province of Pampanga is traditional homeland of the Kapampangans.

and HERE, HERE and

Kapampangan language, history and culture.

Still strangers in their own land
Rorie R. Fajardo


Jose Mencio Molintas


Look also HERE

Philippine indigenous arts are as diverse as its islands, as complicated as its waterways, as varied as its languages and as unique as its people.
Carlo Francia

e.g.: Architecture, Textiles, Sculpture, Ceramics, Body adornment

Philippine Indigenous Arts
Prepared By: Ms. Rosalia C. Rosario

Look it as pdf or as Video

Indigenous art at the Philippine Exposition of 1887

Arguments for an ideological and racial battle in a colonial context

Luis Ángel Sánchez Gómez

Cebuano Cultural Orientation
Tribal groups in climate change Tribal groups assert role and rights in climate change

Will tribes gain from climate change talks?

Zenaida G. Delica
Indigenous Governance Practices Mapping and Analysis of Indigenous Governance Practices
Sexual Practices and Beliefs, Reproductive Health of Indigenous Peoples: The Higaonons of Bukidnon and the Ata-Manobos of Davao
Touching Lives, eBook

CIDA’s Encounters with Indigenous Peoples


Purificacion G. Delima, PhD

Philippine Indigenous Peoples Links, PIPLinks exists to uphold and promote the collective and individual human rights of Indigenous Peoples and other land-based communities.
Filipino people of Spanish ancestry are an ethnic group in the Philippines with ancestry from Spain.
Itawit - Tawit Itawit, Tawit of Philippines
Ibanag ibanag

Look also HERE

Indigenous cultural traditions Indigenous cultural traditions
Filipino Warrior Culture Symbolism in Pre-Colonial Filipino Warrior Culture
Perry Gil S. Mallari
Indigenous cultural reconstruction Indigenous cultural reconstruction and dynamism: the Kankanaey clan reunion and other contemporary Igorot cultural innovations
Ancestor Reverence in the Benguet Understanding Ancestor Reverence in the Benguet Tradition
Leonila L. T Taray, Saint Louis University, Baguio City

Keywords: Indigenous people/tradition/religion, Igorot, dialogical stance, mutuality, partnership, beliefs, ritual practices

Muslim Minority Muslim Minority

Aug 12, 2017

During the administration of former President Ferdinand Marcos, it was believed that there were still tribes from the Stone Age that existed, and that they are found in the caves of Mindanao, the Tasaday tribe. In this documentary, Kara David got the chance to visit them in South Cotabato and went to discover the rich tradition of the Tasaday tribe
Nova The Lost Tribe

The Tasaday Cave People - Tasaday declared genuine.

Real or Hoax?

Look the description of the videos
Tasaday revisited 30 years later

Look the description of the videos
The Tasaday Cave People - Real or Hoax?

‘Undiscovered’ Filipino tribe reached for first time ever by government
September 15, 2020 Marie Buenaventura

MinDA (Mindanao Development Authority) Secretary Emmanuel ‘Manny’ Piñol calls them the “forgotten Filipinos.” A tribal community - Ata-Manobo - of 140 families has lived in total isolation in the jungles, their tribe moving within the boundaries of Davao del Norte, Bukidnon, and Agusan del Sur. Look the article as pdf

Look the Video: Forgotten Filipinos - Ata-Manobo

Indigenous Communities of Davao Indigenous Communities of Davao
Ref.: Museum at the Insular Village
Kalagan Culture

The Tagakaolo-Kalagan tribe

The Kalagan language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian group of languages and is part of the Davawenyo family. Basically, it is identical as Tagakaolo, with some Tausug, Maguindanaon, and Islamic terminology added to the mix.

Look also HERE

The Higaunon people of Mindanao
Through the Bukidnon Highlands: rainforests, lost tribes and cool weather

The Talaandig, Matigsalug, Manobo, Tigwahanon, Higaonon, Umayamnon and Bukidnon tribes are all still very active in indigenous ways within this region today

The Higaonon - Datu Mansuduyan's


The Mandaya

a group of non-Christian, non-Islamic people living in Eastern Mindanao. The word "Mandaya" is derived from "man" which means "first" and "daya" which means "upstream" or "upper portion of a river". The Mandaya are mainly located in the provinces of Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley, Surigao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, and the eastern areas of Cotabato. They are also scattered throughout the South-Eastern of Mindanao province and northward of Lianga, Surigao del Sur and Southern Agusan.

Higaonon Tribe

Higaonon Mandaya Tribe

Higaonon Mandaya Tribal Dance Offering

Remark this is an album in the album Higaonon Mandaya Tribe

Alangan Mangyan

The Alangan is one of the Mangyan Ethnic groups. They live in wide area around Mt. Halcon, in the municipalities of Naujan, Baco, San Teodoro, and Victoria in Oriental Mindoro, and in the municipality of Sablayan in Occidental Mindoro

Reawakening of the Mangyan Alangan culture
June 7, 2016


Mangyans, People and Culture

The Mangyans live in the remote interior forests of Mindoro. They are the poorest and most disadvantaged social group in Mindoro. These people used to own the island, but for many years now, their land has been taken away from them and they are being pushed back into the mountains.

Mailap Na Mangyan

FORMAL EDUCATION in the culture and traditions of the MANGYANs in MINDORO

‘Titser Annie’ dokumentaryo ni Kara David with subtitles
Nov 16, 2016
This episode entitled ‘Titser Annie’ features ‘Annie Masongsong’s dedication and passion as a teacher of the Mangyans in the mountains of Oriental Mindoro.’

"Daang Ilog", a documentary by Kara David (full episode)
Mar 11, 2014
Kara David joins a group of Mangyan boys on a river adventure, and gets a glimpse into what "all in a day's work" means for them.

Mangyan of Mindoro

Mangyan values and life lessons through songs. Aug 22, 2015

'Kutkot' - the pangutkutan, a Hanunuo Mangyan burial ritual
Apr 2, 2017  - and Aug 7, 2019 with English subtitles

Indigenous Mangyan dance
Mar 20, 2017
Resident Hanunuo Mangyans showcase a traditional dance in the Mangyan Demo Village in Mt. Malasimbo, as part of the cultural and heritage talks in the Malasimbo Music and Arts Festival 2017.

Iraya Mangyan of Mindoro risk their lives and limbs just to mine for what they call "Mindoro Jade"

Mangyans and kaingin
Fritzie Rodriguez November 10, 2015

How are indigenous people's rights, kaingin, and the environment linked?

Look the Kaingin Myths poster in full size

Mangyan Heritage Center, MHC

a library, archive, and research and education center located in Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro. The MHC promotes awareness of the indigenous peoples of the island of Mindoro.

The Video

Remark this is an album in the album Museums, Treasure of Ancestors, Art galleries - Etc.



The Matigsalug (Matigsalog)

The groups who are found in the Tigwa-Salug Valley in San Fernando in Bukidnon. "Matigsalug" is a term, which means "people along the Salug River in San Fernando in Bukidnon province now called the Davao River". Although often classified under the Manobo tribe, the Matigsalug is a distinct sub-group of indigenous peoples from the Manobos. They are described splinter group of the  immigrants, Malayo-Polynesian origin from the highlands to mainland Sulu. Oral tradition has said that their original settlement was at the mouth of Salug River. 77,134 hectares of land was awarded to them as their ancestral domain.

Look also HERE and

the video Matigsalog Polygamous Marriage

Jan 13, 2013


'Unang Araw'
GMA Public Affairs Jun 19, 2019

Dokumentaryo ni Pia Arcangel
The first day of school is usually an exciting time for most students. But for the Matigsalug tribe of Davao City, it presents new challenges. Forced away from the river, members of the tribe have settled farther up in the mountains and farther away from a school.

Look the FULL description in English and Filipino languages


The Manobo tribe

The Manobo are also known as the Banwaon, Adgawanon, Banuaonon, Banwanon, and Higaonon-Banwaon. There are concentrations of Banwaon's found in Agusan del Sur. The largest concentrations are in and around San Luis, Maasam and the Libang river valley.

Look also HERE

 Manobos of Mindanao
John M. Garvan, a very informative e-book

Dances of Hostility and Friendship

Embodied Histories of Group Relations in the Agusanen Manobo Spirit-Possession, Yana-an Ritual Jose S. Buenconsejo
Remark these below videos are albums in the album MANOBO - Their culture and beliefs
MANOBO - Their culture and beliefs

A study and short film of the MANOBO tribe.

Why Manobos live in the Highlands

‘Bulaw’ (with subtitles)
This video entitled ‘Bulaw’ features ‘the albino girl in the Manobo Tribe in Sabang Gibong, Agusan del Sur.

Manobo instruments

Manobo Music
Saluray and Kudlung also called kudyapi/fagelung/faglung

Manobo Udol Dance

A Manobo Dibabawon community

Manobo, Dibabawon

Manobo Village, Agdao
Visiting the Manobo residents of Agdao village.

Manobo Sitio Mirsais
Sitio Mirsais is in the remote parts of Arakan, North Cotabato. Their way of life and culture are very much preserved.

Manobo school children prepare to go to school
This is in Sitio Agila, Arakan, North Cotabato. Here the children of the Datu (chieftain) and the other kids walk together to school w/c is several hills away...

Manobo School in Bagtok
A traditional Manobo school of living traditions in a very remote village in Sitio Bagtok, Arakan, North Cotabato.

To the Banwaon tribe in Agusan del Sur, man can never own a tree
'I-Witness' host Kara David ventures into the forest to document the datus' animist rituals and beliefs. Aug 23, 2013

Behind the scenes of Kara David's docu on Banwaon
In August 2013, Kara David and her I-Witness documentary team travelled to Agusan del Sur to shoot a documentary entitled "Ang mga Datu ng Mahagsay" about the Banwaon tribe. Oct 2, 2013

Look also the above and below links


Manobo Kulamanon Babaylan

of Sitio Tundok

The last tribes of Mindanao, the Bagobo, the New People.
Ronald de Jong, Mar 4, 2010


The Marauding Tagakaolos of Davao

A non-Muslim warlike tribe in Mindanao

The Tagakaolos inhabit the western shores of the gulf of Davao and southern part of Mt. Apo. 'Tagakaolo' 'from the mountains' indicates that they came from the river sources. At present, they are also found in the coastal towns of Malita and Lais and Talaguton rivers.

Look also HERE


Look Tagakaolo Indigenous People Youth Sustainable for Development Advocacy


Cultural Orientation

The Ilocano or Ilokano people are the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.

Look also HERE

The Video

Salvador Madamba

A traditional Ilokano tradition - "danon" or "iyuli" actually recorded last May 1996.

Remark this is an album in the album Romance, Dating, Courtship, Wedding, Anti Mail-Order Bride Law, Etc.

Indigenous cultural tradtions Indigenous cultural tradtions
Rene Agbayani
Buhay Pinoy Noon Collection of old pictures from black and white or color prints
Coastal and Inland Dwellings
  Julian E. Dacanay/ Photography: Joseph R. Fortin
  Folk, Architecture, culture - Mindanao - Sulu

Brides of Sulu - providing a rare glimpse into a lost culture

A flick's production history is clothed in mystery. James J. Gilbert narrates the story, which is introduced in a foreword as a simple love story based upon fact and the rites, rituals and ceremonies portraying the hatred of the Mohammedan Moro for the Unbeliever is not fiction. As an authentic document of Moro life, this production is designed to instruct as well as entertain. Look more on the video and the full description about the video

Remark this is an album in the album History and Film art in the sub-album Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc.



This paper is prepared as one of the four lectures on Sulu to be delivered by four Sulu scholars at The Yuchengco Museum on September 20, 2008, to mark the closing days of the exhibit titled “BEYOND THE CURRENTS: The Culture and Power of Sulu”.

Tribes of Palawan

Tagbanua - Palawan

Indigenous People Struggle Between Modernization and Heritage
Jan 14, 2013

The Tagbanua tribe
one of the oldest tribes, can be mainly found in the central and northern Palawan

Disentangling Tagbanua Lifeways
Swidden and Conservation on Palawan Island

The Healing of A Tagbanua Ancestral Homeland

Tagbanua Language in Irawan in the Midst of Globalization
Teresita D. Tajolosa, Palawan State University

the Video:
Pagdiwata ritual is a family affair and is the focal point of Tagbanua life

 Badjao - Bajao - Bajau - Badjaw - Badjau

many names for the same people

Read much more HERE and the below articles - Videos

Way out in the wild Sulu Sea, where robberies and kidnappings are commonplace and the law of Sea Pirates is the only rule, tribes of aquatic gypsies live their entire lives at sea, touching land only to die
Ron Gluckman/ Sitangkai

The Bajau - Twilight of the Sea People
Jose Torres Jr.

Badjao sea gypsies are tossed by modern winds

The Philippine image of Badjao displacement
May 28, 2016

Reports don’t mention that there are thousands of other residents of Zamboanga City, including many Badjao, who were displaced and forced into destitution following the armed confrontation between government forces and rebels from the Moro National Liberation Front in September 2013.

and the Videos in the album Badjao, the real waterworld people: Rita Gaviola, a Badjao Girl transformation - Etc.

The Video in the album Philippines' beauty pageant obsession: Glow up ni “Badjao Girl” Rita Gaviola!
GMA Public Affairs September 23, 2021
Glow up never stops para kay “Badjao Girl” Rita Gaviola! Ngayon, may plano pa raw siyang sumali sa Miss Universe! Mapa-wow kay Badjao Girl ngayong umaga sa chikahan na ito!

Look Rita Gaviola's Facebook


Sama-Bajau Wedding Rituals
Anthony Taberna presents the wedding rituals of the Sama-Bajau community in Dalahican, Quezon.
Jun 10, 2016

Remark this is an album in the sub-album Romance, Dating, Courtship, Wedding, Anti Mail-Order Bride Law, Etc.


in the album Badjao, the real waterworld people


Badjau - the real waterworld people

Featuring the Badjau sea gypsies and the Pa-aling fishermen

Sea Gypsies Losing Out

Rita Gaviola, a Badjao Girl transformation - Etc.

'Pigil Hininga,' a documentary by Kara David, Full episode (with English subtitles)
GMA Public Affairs Aug 16, 2019

Feb 26, 2021 globalvideopro1
I was on board the ship shooting a video and looked over the side to see a motorized canoe (Banca) traveling at high speed to keep up with the ship. There was a woman and her Family trying to coax passengers to throw coins.. They had to dive for the ones they missed. This is called survival for sure... out in the middle of the open ocean!


Badjao 1957

A story about the Badjaos and the Tausogs, rival Muslim tribes for centuries. It won the award for best direction, Lamberto V. Avellana, National Artist for Theater and Film in 1976, best story, Rolf Bayer, best editing, Gregorio Carballo, and best cinematography, Mike Accion at the 1957 Southeast Asia Film Festival held in Tokyo.

Remark this is an album in the album History and Film art in the album Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc.

The Badjao - Sitangkai, Tawi Tawi

A few floating market

One of the liveliest but least known of them is the one kilometer marine causeway at Sitangkai, Tawi-Tawi.

The Video Sitangkai Documentary in the album Tawi-Tawi in the album Great Places to visit

Sitangakai town, located on Sitangkai Island, is situated in very shallow water on the huge Tumindao Reef
EDITING STAGE Director/Editor/Writer/Musical scorer: Ron Dayoc


Palawan - Batak tribe

The Videos

Biodiversity in a Batak village of Palawan

The Ancestral Territory of the Tanabag Batak on Palawan Island

Social Differentiation on Palawan The Persistence of Social Differentiation in a Rural Village between so-called uplanders and lowlanders on Palawan
Wolfram H. Dressler
Album of Philippine types

Christians and Moros. Eighty plates, representing thirty-seven provinces and islands 1904


Native Life - 1904 to 1913

Remark these are 4 albums in the album Native Life - 1904 to 1913


Photographs of Tribal people 1910´s.

Photographs of Tribal people 1910´s.


Bontoc mountain province 1904


Native Life in the Philippines - 1913

Ifugao - Bontoc Igorot - Kalinga

Look the full description of the video


Almanaque de mujeres filipinas

Bontoc Museum

in the capital of Mountain Province, was founded by a Belgium sister in an aim to preserve a varied collection of authentic artifacts and photos reflecting the culture of the mountain tribes, the Ifugao people.

The Museum's architectural design is structured in a way that resembles an Ifugao house. The museum features a collection of quite a number of interesting artifacts and archeological objects excavated inside cordillera caves. At the back of the museum is an imitation of a typical Ifugao village. It shows different types of houses with different purposes. Visitors can enter the houses and view the furniture and know its uses. The museum also contains photographs of headhunting victims and zealous American missionaries trying to persuade incredulous warriors to hoose the path of righteousness.

The museum address: Guinaang Rd., Bontoc, near the plaza and basketball court. Entrance fee is only 40 pesos.

Negritos of Zambales
by William Allan Reed

Manila Bureau of Public Printing 1904


Remark these are album in the album Overview Negrito Groups - etc.

The Negritos - The Philippines tribes
Photographs of Negrito people.

Negritos and Negritas

Photos from Dean C. Worcester's collection, University of Michigan digital collections, taken in 1901.

Look some of his photos
Negrito people from the Philippines
Most of them taken by William Allan Reed in Zambales in 1903.
Music: Negrito lindo by Miguel Morales.
Angelitos negritos filipinos
Los Negritos - Black Filipinos
The original people of the Philippines. 100% Filipinos, no foreign admixture. Dec 11, 2012

Philippine Negritos
ETHNONYMS: Aeta, Atta, Baluga, Batak, Dumagat, Mamanwa, Pugut

Who Are the Philippine Negritos?
Evidence from Language - Lawrence A. Reid

Y-chromosomes of Filipino Negritos and non-Negritos
The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups

a Negrito tribe often grouped together with the Lumad. They believe in a collection of spirits, which are governed by the supreme deity Magbabaya.

Mamanwa concept
Mamanwa tribe concept of the human soul, the spirit world, and the layers of heaven and earth

Mamanwa texts, Supplementary Series No. 5 1991


Mamanwa ritual
Malu Maniquis

This ritual was intended to ask blessings for the project. The babaylan (spiritual leader) summoned forth the spirits of the earth. The ritual lasted for 2 hours. Dec 12, 2014

Look the full description of the video or on the video

Remark this is an album in the album Babaylan Culture


The Mamanwas, one of the IP communities of Caraga region. Said to be one of the original settlers of Caraga and considered the Negrito group of Mindanao. Only very few literatures and studies written about them. Despite of massive acculturation of other IP groups of the region such the Agusan-Surigao Manobos, the Mansaka/Mandaya, Banwaon, Higaanon and Talaandig. The Mamanwas still on the process of integration to Philippine body-politic. It is in this scenario they were able to retain indigenous religion, institutions and rituals.

Mamanwa tribe Ya barang / Sorcery: Death curse

The Aeta, Agta or Ayta an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of Luzon.

Look also above and HERE and

Aeta courtship and wedding – the Ibanag way

Casiguran Agta / Casiguran Dumagat
Jesus T. Peralta

LOOK the below links incl. the Videos

Last stand
Philippine Daily Inquirer March 06, 2016
The poignant report on the last surviving members of Aeta Squadron 30 of Bamban, Tarlac (Inquirer, 3/2/16), underscores continuing government neglect of indigenous peoples and of war veterans.

Pension elusive for Aeta guerrillas
Tonette Orejas Philippine Daily Inquirer March 02, 2016
Sadness, if it can be weighed, was heavy when Emiliano Sanchez spoke of a military pension he has yet to receive or enjoy. Considered to be one of the last three survivors in Aeta Squadron 30 based in Bamban town in Tarlac province, Sanchez said in Kapampangan, “Money has not been released.”

Both articles - one pdf

The Video about Aeta Squadron 30


Project Liwanag - LIGHT FOR AETAS
November 26, 2017

Like many upland communities, they did not have access to electricity. But their lives changed after a group of young graduates visited them.

and the Video in the album Great Places to Visit the album Tarlac Province:
The humans of Tarlac
Published on Aug 28, 2018
In the video, Drew Arellano visits Tarlac to meet the fastest tiger grass broom maker in San Clemente.
He also joins the volunteers of Project Liwanag, an org that aims to help the Aetas in the province by providing solar powered lights for their everyday needs.

Calantas Young Dreamers Foundation, Inc.

Nabuclod Aeta Journal with a Pampango - Baluga - Pilipino - English Dictionary


These are albums and videos in the album Tribes all known as: Abian, Aeta, Agiyan, Agta, Bihug, Bikol, Camarines Norte Agta, Kabihug, etc.

'Monica's Wish'
2021 Nov 26
Act One presents ‘Monica's Wish,’ a sobering look at the quality of life in indigenous Aeta communities cast off to the very fringes of society. Look also the article 'Monica's Wish': Exiled from my own land
Aboutphilippines.org says: A video you have to look


Aeta people ‘beggars’ in their own land

Aug 9, 2015


Early Aeta Video Footage


The Aeta of Antique


Forgotten Voices, Aetas of Bataan, Mariveles


Aetas - Zambales - Rising from the Ashes


Pinatubo Aetas still far from home
Tonette Orejas June 13, 2021
UPROOTED. Thirty years since the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo on June 15, 1991, some 6,000 displaced Aeta families are still longing to return to their ancestral villages from government-built resettlement sites in the provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga. Their desire comes from both a spiritual impulse to reconnect to their roots and a need to be economically self-reliant by living off the land.
Can ancestral lands on Pinatubo support life now?
Tonette Orejas June 14, 2021
Aeta folk face road bumps on way back to tribal land
Tonette Orejas June 15, 2021

Look these 3 great articles as one pdf


Looking back at Mt. Pinatubo’s 1991 eruption
June 15, 2021 Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz

The videos about Mount Pinatubo e.g. 1991

Remark this is an album in the album Volcanoes and WARNINGS about erupts in the album Mountains, Volcanoes, Lakes, Waterfalls, Rivers, Dams, Marsh, Mangrove, Etc.

and more about Mount Pinatubo


This is a documentary about Filipino natives in Bataan. Our project for Television and Cinema Procedures in New Era University. Dreamteam production Feb 23, 2013


Aeta, black filipinos


Ilonggo doctor's paintings feature local Aetas
In Iloilo City, a doctor has captured the beauty of the local Aeta community through charcoal painting. – ANC, The World Tonight, July 22, 2016


Aeta Documentary Film in the Philippines
Created by students of Bachelor of Science in Accountancy from Polytechnic University of the Philippines San Pedro Campus. Mar 24, 2013


Aeta Festival Subic Bay, Philippines April 2011

Mark Vickers´ Visit to the Aeta Indigenous People Festival in Subic Bay Philippines


Mam-eh Aeta Forest Foods Festival
Held April 28-29, 2011 in Barangay Sta. Juliana, Capas, Tarlac
The video tells also a lot about Aeta life and culture.


Aeta Bamboo Rice Cooking in Pampanga
In this Video, Rice is cooked in such a young bamboo. Mar 17, 2013


Buhay ng mga Aeta sa Sitio Yangil
Mar 28, 2017
Binisita ng 'Brigada' sa San Felipe, Zambales ang mga katutubong Aeta upang alamin ang paraan ng pamumuhay doon.

The Agta
At the Edge of the World
Mar 10, 2014


Sa Galamay ng Karagatan
Published on Apr 6, 2017

This video entitled ‘Sa Galamay ng Karagatan’ features ‘octopus fishing by the Agta tribe in Palanan, Isabela.’


'Kabihug,' dokumentaryo ni Kara David ngayong Sabado

In a world where everything is fast and changing, a group of Filipinos managed to live with their old simple ways. With their centuries-old practice of hunting and gathering, the Kabihug tribe of Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte remained true to their modest world view to harmoniously coexist with their environment. And while the rest of the world develop vast lands and seas through the use of modern technology, the Kabihug tribe members are content with hand tools such as spears.
This episode entitled ‘Kabihug’ features ‘indigineous group in Camarines Norte.’
Look the article in English and Filipino languages
Kabihug is also known as: Abian, Aeta, Agiyan, Agta, Bihug, Bikol, Camarines Norte Agta, etc.


The indigenous Aeta of Mt. Pinatubo
ABS-CBN News Apr 6, 2019

Gretchen Ho meets with the indigenous people leaving near the Mt. Pinatubo and learns about their way of life, learns about the Aeta ethnic dances and gives school supplies to Aeta students.


Aeta couples star in surprise wedding shoot
GMA Public Affairs Dec 17, 2021
Good vibes at kilig ang hatid ng prenup shoot ng siyam na Aeta couples sa Zambales! Ang videographer at pastor na si Alex Ruelo, nakipag-collab sa photographer na si Joy Santos at ilang wedding suppliers. Alamin ang buong kuwento sa video!


‘Futbol' with English subtitles
GMA Public Affairs Aug 22, 2019
In the town of Porac, Pampanga, a football team composed of Aetas are struggling to keep up with the better teams. Despite the disadvantages and shortcomings, they carry a strong determination to join every tournament and give their best in the sport they excel. Know more about their inspiring journey in this documentary by Kara David.

GMA Public Affairs May 11, 2019
Dokumentaryo ni Atom Araullo

In a remote community in the province of Quezon, there has been a low-key fascination for honey. It is greatly visible in the markets of the town proper, locals being savvy with its common medicinal and classic functions.

But what they do not seem to know is how the native Agtas consume it in their own way. Honey made by a specific species that they call “Pisukan” can only be harvested once a year, during summer season. And for this tribe, fixing their eyes upon this event can only mean reverence to their culture.

Look the Video: Pisukan in the above album

Until the next dance: A story of a vanishing tribe
Dax Simbol April 12, 2014

The Abelling tribe of Tarlac is slowly vanishing – and along with it, its culture, practices and traditions

The Videos:
The Abelling tribe of Tarlac
Jun 12, 2018
Majority of the Abelling tribesmen turn to nature to feed their families. They gather plants and root crops from the forests which they then use as main ingredients for their everyday meals.

How does the Abelling tribe cook their food?
Jun 12, 2018
How does the Abelling tribe prepare their food without using aluminum cookwares and gas? Find out in this video.

The Bikol Agtas
RICARDO MA. NOLASCO Posted on June 2, 2015

Jan van der Ploeg, Eileen C. Bernardo, Andres B. Masipiquena

Tausug Culture
Czarina Lynne S. Yecla

Look it as pdf or as Video



The 7 Biraddali Sisters
In English, Tagalog Translation, Bicol Sorsogon Translation and Animation
Elise Mendoza December 31, 2017

Everyone thinks the biraddali are myths on earth, we’re just too careful to let ourselves be seen. Except for one occasion, one time when one of us let our guard down. You see, us seven sisters take the rainbow down to earth to remove our silver wings and relax and bathe in the fresh mountain springs.


Sulu: The 7 Biraddali Sisters
September 28, 2019

You can listen to the story told in Filipino in the Video

‘Us seven sisters take the rainbow down to earth to remove our silver wings and relax and bathe in the fresh mountain springs. One day, a human saw our wings on the ground and threatened to make us his wives.’
Originally chronicled by Gerald Rixhon in his 1973 book Sulu Studies No. 2, the story was republished in a 2010 compilation of his works entitled Voices from Sulu: A Collection of Tausug Oral Traditions.


Filipino Wedding - Tausug (Muslim)

Muslim wedding ceremonies explained. - Video courtesy of CWorks Studio

and kah aziz and kah yara's wedding

Tausugnetwork wedding of the year! Best wishes kah aziz & kah yara

Remark this is an album in the album Romance, Dating, Courtship, Wedding, Anti Mail-Order Bride Law, Etc.

Tausug - Marriage and Family

Tausug Cultural Orientation

Islam, Women and Gender Justice Islam, Women and Gender Justice
Jamail A. Kamlian

A Discourse on the Traditional Islamic Practices among the Tausug in Southern Philippines


I-ne’-en di na’te – han-di ya ad u-wani
Anderson Dulnuan Tuguinay

This article refers to the tradition of the natives of Ifugao in the Cordillera Mountain ranges particularly the Tuwali tribe for an adult who had died of illness. Persons who have died of violence, drowned or otherwise the death is not due to illness are accorded different specific rituals. Different type of ritual is also given to dead Infants and women who had died while giving birth. The burial traditions of early Ifugaos have several variations.

The Video: Traditional woven clothes by Tuwali Tribe

Ifugao Law

R. F. Barton - 1919

Many great information and photos from that time of the Ifugao - Bontoc people

Look version 2 of the same book here: Ifugao Law

version 2 look like a copy of the original book


Preserving the Local Culture
21 Mar 2021 CNN Philippines

Shambala Living Museum’s Riza Matibag-Muyot and Wenya PH’s Eica Co share how they strive to preserve local culture by showcasing the Ifugao heritage and promoting local weaves on The Story of the Filipino.

Ifugao idols and other identities

Lowlanders have a lot to learn from these uplanders who, everyday, kiss the clouds while their feet are firmly planted on the ground.

Ifugao Terms Ifugao Terms Proposed for Incorporation Into the Vocabulary of the National Language - Manuel Dulawan
Indigenous Agroforestry Systems of Ifugao Indigenous Agroforestry Systems of Ifugao
Milton P. Dulay, Ifugao State University, Nayon, Lamut Ifugao

Remark these are albums in the album Ifugao Mountain Tribe

Ifugao - Chanter of Ages

About Philippines thinks: One of the best videos we have seen about the life, culture and traditions in the Ifugao province.
The lifestyle of Ifugao Mountain Tribe

Produced by International Wood Culture Society, IWCS Jan 3, 2013
Ifugao's Lipog
ABS-CBN News May 10, 2019
"Local Legends" introduces Win-di Paliha, a local lipog or rice wine maker in Batad, Banaue. Paliha shares how he first became interested in rice wine through his father. Meanwhile, Batad elder Ramon Binalit explains what lipog is and its history. Paliha also mentions ramenad or yeast, which is an important lipog ingredient. Paliha and Binalit then talk about the seemingly dying tradition of making rice wine in Batad, and its importance to some people in the area as a source of income.
Oral and Intangible Heritage - Ifugao Hudhud

The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao

Ifugao Gong Music and dance

Look descriptions in the albums and the full description of the videos HERE
Baguio, Ifugao Tribe Cultural Festival
Feb 17, 2018 by globalvideopro1

Love to watch and shoot the traditional Ifugao dances.... So visual.... Notice how they cook the wild pig... Complete! Nothing wasted....
We made the Ifugao Rice Terraces
Introducing the land of Ifugao

Bikers to heaven - Ifugao wooden bikes

Tourism seems to be gradually shifting the function of bikes from being a logistic need to a sort of choreographed F1 show the racing event which takes place in Imbayah, their festival. While so, tourism plays the important role of continuing the relevance of these wooden bikes for the Ifugao people, and in the part of the observers, having us realize the magnitude and depth of the different cultures outside of our urban backyards. – Paolo Abellanosa

Look the article as pdf HERE

the Videos:

Ifugao wooden bikes

Remark this is an album in the album Ifugao Mountain Tribe

Ifugao Rice Rituals

Hope Bile is Good

The Video

Preserving the Heritage of the Ifugao Rice Rituals

Look the full description of the video

Remark this is an album in the album Ifugao Mountain Tribe

Rogelio C. Serrano and Ernesto A. Cadaweng
ART AS LIFE: The Ifugao Bul-ul

Bone Cleansing Ritual

look also HERE

Ifugao hudhud A Living Shamanistic Oral Tradition:

Ifugao hudhud

look more

both Maria V. Stanyukovich

Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud - Storybook volume 1

Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud volume 2

Memory, Culture, and the Hudhud Chants

Memory, Culture, and the Hudhud Chants
Tiana Pyer-Pereira




Christina Aben’s fascinating Ganduyan Museum in Sagada

Oct 28, 2017
Ganduyan Museum caretaker Lester Aben shows the different Kankanaey artifacts that reflect the culture and tradition of the people of Sagada.

Ilongot / Bugkalot Headhunter's Hornbill Headdress

This gorgeous hornbill headdress is called a Panglao. The wearing of the Panglao indicates to all that its owner has taken a human "head".

Nueva Vizcaya North Luzon early 20th century

The Videos

PCIJ documentary on Bugkalot tribe

An excerpt from the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism's documentary on various indigenous peoples of the Philippines. This excerpt deals with the Bugkalot, a former headhunting tribe, and their struggle to survive.

The documentary is called Katutubo: Memory of Dances

Ilongot / Bugkalot Headhunter's Hornbill Headdress

Mountain Province in Brief
Communal Land Management in the Cordillera
Lorelei Crisologo-Mendoza and June Prill-Brett

Tumayaw Village

a development to promote ethnic pride among the Banayoyo people while also providing them with the means to prosper and perpetuate the heritage of its people

Look the Videos: Banayoyo people
Long time ago the Tingguian and Igorot tribes  intermarried and it did not  take long enough they formed another tribe. However, both tribes had different dialects. Thus, the result of the  intermarriage resulted to one dialect derived from the Tingguian of Abra and  Igorot of Cordillera - born the Itneg of the newly formed tribe.

Rituals TUMAYAW Heritage Village

eBook: The Tinguian
Social, Religious, Economic and Music Life

A Study in Tinguian Folk-Lore
both Fay-Cooper Cole

Philian Louise C. Weygan
by ICBE in “Cordillera Rituals as a Way of Life” edited by Yvonne Belen 2009

The Maeng Tribe

a sub-tribe of the Itneg (otherwise known as the Tingguian)

The Video

Indigenous agroforestry Indigenous agroforestry practices in the Cordillera

The Head Hunters of Northern Luzon

From Ifugao to Kalinga
A Ride Through the Mountains of Northern Luzon
With an Appendix on the Independence of the Philippines
Cornélis De Witt Willcox

The People of the Mountains
Mata, Ritchelle Abigail P., Polido, Pristine Joy B.
Look it as pdf
Policy Indigenous Peoples - Aeta - Baatan Policy Indigenous Peoples - Aeta - Baatan
Kristine Sanchez
The Beautiful World The Beautiful World of Our Native Brothers
The Maranaos, which means the people of the lake, lived in isolation far from the sophisticated life of the cities. They settled around the edge of Lake Lanao, located at the Islamic City of Marawi.
Maranao leader to Duterte: Don't rub salt on our deep wounds
Bobby Lagsa February 01, 2018

Maranao leaders called on President Rodrigo Duterte to not rub salt onto the deep wounds of the Maranao people as Duterte announced residents of Marawi City whose homes and properties fall inside the Military Reservation would be booted out.
Former Bangsamoro Transition Commissioner Samira Gutoc-Tomawis: 'Though defense is a power by the President/Commander-in-Chief holding the AFP, the civilian sentiments must be reminded as per the constitution's emphasis on civilian authority over military'

Becoming Maranao
Nizam M. Pabil June 18, 2017

'Becoming Maranao for me was more than having Maranao parents and being raised in a Maranao family'


The album "Maranao - the People of the Lake" with:

Oral and Intangible Heritage

The Darangen

an ancient epic song that encompasses a wealth of knowledge about the Maranao people who live in the Lake Lanao region of Mindanao.

Look the full description of the videos HERE


Ang tradisyunal na sipa ng mga Maranao
Jul 18, 2016
Sanay tayo sa mga piko, tumbang preso, luksong baka at luksong tinik, pero sa bandang katimugan ng Pilipinas merong larong pinoy na pinoy mula sa mga Maranao.


Reviving the Maranao Lakub

a distinct art by the Maranao. It is usually used as a container for tobacco and as home decor. Watch the video to learn how this piece of functional art is made. Feb 8, 2015


Maranao Sipa Culture

Sipa Sa Lama~Sipa sa Manggis: Laro ng Pagkakaisa
Jun 12, 2016 by/NCCA, Bernadette David​, NCCA Program Monitoring and Evaluation Division (PMED)

Aga Khan Museum

The museum is located inside Mindanao State University - MSU (350 meters from the entrance) and serves as a repository for Maranao and other Moro artifacts boasting a huge collection of indigenous and cultural materials, ethnic music, native tools and weapons used by the Muslims, and houses of different artistic designs. It was named in honor of King Aga Khan who contributed significantly to the realization of the museum.

Mansaka tribes

 are found in the provinces of Davao del Norte and Compostela Valley. The tribe of Mansaka specifically dwells in the areas of Manat Valley, the Maragusan Valley, the Hijo River Valley, and the seacoasts of Kingking, Maco, Kwambog, Hijo, Tagum, Libuganon, Tuganay, Ising, and Panabo.

Look also HERE

The Video:

The Mansaka tribe - Their ethnic and cultural lifestyle
Courtesy of Mr. Alfredo E Toring

Tribal people groups

Select Philippines and people on the page

The Igorots

are grouped into six ethno-linguistic groups, the Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg (or Apayao), Kalinga, and the Kankana-ey.

IGOROT - Mountain People
Basho Fat Sumo/2006

Who is an Igorot?
Alfred Dizon - Mt. Province

Who are the Igorots?
‘Offensive’ entry in student workbooks stirs outrage among Cordillera folk
Kimberlie Quitasol February 14, 2021

Jane Cadalig was attending a seminar when she introduced herself as an Igorot to one of her fellow participants. But the response she got was this: “Igorot ka? Hindi halata (Are you an Igorot? It doesn’t show).”

Death very much part of Igorot life

Remark these are albums in the album Burial rituals and practices of Igorots


KADONGYASAN - Burial Rites of Igorots in Adams by Ed Antonio

This tribal ritual of the Igorots in Ilocos Norte was shown during the Ragrag-o Festival.


Igorot cave burial

a typical Igorot burial in the Mountain Province on the northern island of Luzon

Princess Urduja: The Mother of Ibalois?

Have you ever heard of Princess Urduja? If your elementary teacher was like ours, she would have told you about the princess who is believed to have ruled the Kingdom of Tawalisi. Young, beautiful and well-educated, Princess Urduja was reputed to be a good warrior who had personally led her soldiers to the battlefields.

Anyway, there is an ongoing debate whether Urduja ever existed and whether the Kingdom of Tawalisi really is modern day Pangasinan. Incidentally, the province of Pangasinan honors the memory of Urduja by naming its capitol the Urduja Palace and by putting up a statue in her honor.

Look much more about Princess Urduja

Look about Ibaloi language, which belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages family. It is closely related to the Pangasinan language

The Bontoc Igorot Albert Ernest Jenks, Manila 1905

Many informations, illustrations and photos

Picturesque Old Philippines Dwellings of the Bontoc Igorot


Remark these are albums in the album Igorots & Mountain Province

This is the series that tells about the land of the Igorots.

Mountain Province is a landlocked province located in the Cordillera Mountain ranges in Northern Luzon. The documentary aims to promote lesser known tourist attractions in Mountain Province. When downloading this video and showing it to audiences, please acknowledge the author, Joel T. Fagsao, President of Xijen College of Mountain Province, Inc


Miles Angelo Aug 10, 2017
Without climbing mountains and roaming around the corners of our country, these students found out where are these 'Modern' Igorots live to continue their tradition and culture along the busiest city of Metro Manila. Let us take a view of the colorful tradition, culture, and beliefs of this Ethnic group who just proved how rich our country is.


Igorot: rice wine and chicken

They sing while waiting for the chicken to cook... a respect for the chicken and pray for their good health. This is a rare one! they don't usually allow videos! Those who watched this are lucky to have done so!


The Bontoc Igorots head axe Filipino Martial Arts: The northern Igorot tribes of Luzon... pure and untouched, showing the culture blacksmithing and training with the spear and the Bontoc head axe


Igorot Pride

A tribute to a beautiful people - The proud Igorots


Igorot Dances and Traditions - Pride of Baguio

The Igorots or highlanders, even if discriminated by some, is actually one of the factors that made Baguio into a well known city, there is no Baguio without the Igorots and Igorots cultures


Newly weds dancing a native Igorot wedding dance during their wedding reception

For Igorot Only - abel-binaig - Burial Cloth

Probably the last weaver of abel-binaig which so important to the dead of Igorot

Look the article as pdf

Sagada and the Igorot people

Igorot Video Collection

Igorots in the Blogosphere Igorots in the Blogosphere: Claiming Spaces, Re-constructing Identities
Igorot Culture Igorot Culture, different individual articles

What is it in Igorot Culture that should be passed on to the Next Generation: As Perceived. By Caridad Fiar-od

Understanding the Igorot Culture

Giving Meaning to One’s Visit in Mountain Province

‘The Dos & Donts, the Buts’

Religion in the Igorot Culture
William Henry Scott
Grammar of Bontoc Igorot LAWRENCE A. REID:

Seidenadel's Grammar of Bontoc Igorot: One Hundred Years On

A topical vocabulary - English, Pilipino, Ilocano, Eastern Bontoc

Asocena: History of Dog Meat-Eating in the Philippines
Gloria Esguerra Melencio


Dumarao Indigenous Tribal People Cultural Celebration, Tamias Tribe

 and Tribal chief sings a native song and Rotary Club of Metro Roxas visits the Dumarao Indigenous Village, Capiz, Panay

Proud to be B'laan: Two women show the way
Edwin Espejo May 23, 2015

Their lost history and vanishing culture and tradition as a tribe have brought Annalie Edday and Monique Kawari together.
In a place caught in poverty, surviving the daily grind is already a struggle for a member of the B'laan tribe, one of the handful of indigenous tribes in Sarangani.
Along with the T'boli and the Tagakaolo, the B'laans have lived in this province for as long as time can remember.

The Videos

The B'laans of Tampakan

The B'laans are an indigenous group of people who mainly live in the south part of South Cotabato in the mountains of Tampalakan. The tribe is also called Blaan, Bira-an, Baraan, Vilanes, and Bilanes.


in the album Textiles - all types - & weaving

A Family Affair (Bai Yabing’s Dream)
Apr 22, 2021 ABS-CBN News


T'boli presentations


In the mountain of Cotabato lives a colorful ethnic group known as T'boli or also known as Tagabili

Look as pdf or as Video


Lapira, Princess Kathrina
Paredes, Lorenzo
Tamondong, Jose Miguel

Look as pdf or as Video

Remark these are albums in the album  T'boli - The People of Lake Sebu

The T'boli: Songs, Stories and Society
Ma. Jezia P. Talavera, University of the Philippines

This paper is a brief descriptive study on the culture of the T’boli tribe. Culture is defined as a set of shared beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours, which are learned and passed on from one generation to the next

Photo Essay: The T'boli Tribe of South Cotabato.

Look the article and all the photo

T’BOLI:  People from the South

T'boli (or Tiboli) in the South Cotabato province of Mindanao Island

Youth team addresses teen pregnancy in T'boli community
October 14, 2018

Team TeenPUYOG empowered peer educators to engage T'boli youth on the prevention of teenage pregnancy

Guno Kem Ye: A halfway maternity home for T’boli mothers
Feb 20, 2021 Pamela Mendoza

With many T'boli mothers averse to the idea of giving birth in hospitals, a culturally sensitive halfway maternity home seeks to give them a safe space where they can stay for free a week before their scheduled delivery date
In the town of Surallah, South Cotabato, members of the T’boli tribe continue to struggle with access to maternal health services.


Remark these are albums in the album T'boli - The People of Lake Sebu


Ethnic groups - Preserving Culture: the T'boli of Mindanao


The Dreamweavers
Tourism Philippines Sep 30, 2019
Dancing is one of the most popular forms of entertainment. But for the T’boli tribe, it means so much more. It holds the story of their identity; a reflection of their rich culture, heritage, and environment that’s preserved over generations. In this video, you’ll meet Maria Todi “Oyog”, founder of Lake Sebu School of Living Tradition. Find out what they have been working on to ensure that T’boli traditions will continue to thrive in the face of modernization.


T'boli people of Lake Sebu.


The Apple Tree

a documentary about the T'boli tribe in South Cotabato, Mindanao, desperately trying to preserve their traditions, art and customs in the face of global modernization and materialism. Videography, editing and direction by Alan C. Geoghegan.


T'boli native dance


T'boli - Kadal Tahaw - Folkdance

Kadal Tahaw originated in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato. This dance is performed by the T'boli during planting and harvesting which shows the flights and hops of the tahaw bird


Courtship Dance


T'boli - Tales, Tunes and Threads

Here are some excerpts from a performance of the HELOBUNG CULTURAL TROUPE from Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, Mindanao.


The T'boli (Lemuhen) traditional Instruments


T'boli Kulintang and Hegalong performances, Lake Sebu, Mindanao. Videography & editing by Alan C. Geoghegan.


T'boli singer Y'egas

T'boli Museum

Lake Sebu, South Cotabato

The museum showcases the culture of the T'boli people.

Tuboy Subanon

live on the island of Mindanao. All of the Tuboy Subanon are farmers who practice "slash and burn" agriculture. This is a type of farming in which a section of forest is cut down, the debris is burned, and various crops are planted on the clearing. Every year a new field is cleared. After one or two years of use, the field must lie fallow for up to 15 years.

The Subanens, original Inhabitants of Western Mindanao

Subanen, Journey in Search of the Tribe

Lumad: Journey in Search of the Tribe - In his search for his tribe, UCA News' Joe Torres discovers the plight of the Subanen indigenous people in Mindanao.


The Subanens, the original Inhabitants of Western Mindanao

Subanen Sacred Dances - Subanen Courtship Dance - Subanen Kids Dances - BUKLOG Subanen rituals


Subanen Baptism rituals



Subanen food offering

2007 in LakeWood, Zamboanga del Sur


Remark these are albums in the album Subanen Tribe


Mobile Phone Culture among Selected Indigenous Peoples

Lourdes M. Portus, PhD/College of Mass Communication, University of the Philippines


or Moroland is the homeland of the Moro people

Look more link about the Moro


United Tausug People


The Power of Sulu

Beyond the Currents - The Power of Sulu
Yuchengco Museum

A description of who the Moros are.

The Moro, also called the Bangsamoro or Bangsa Moro, are the Muslim population of the Philippines, forming the largest non-Catholic group in the country and comprising about 11% (as of the year 2012) of the total Philippine population.

Look also HERE

The Culture of Basilan are derived from the Yakan, Tausug and the Chavacano tribes in the southern Philippines. Both Yakans and Tausugs are predominantly Muslim, while Chavacanos are primarily Christian. These three groups represent Basilan's community.
Yakan Cultural Orientation


Weaving, Weddings and Wears

The Yakan people

a indigenous muslim tribe native to the tropical island of Basilan, located in the Sulu Archipelago in the most southern region of the Philippines. Recognised primarily for their remarkable technicolor geometric weaves and distinctive face decorations used in their traditional ceremonies

Look also the videos in the below links


Yakan Wedding, Zamboanga City


Kasalan ng mga Yakan, silipin!
GMA Public Affairs Sep 26, 2019
Magbago man ang panahon, hindi magbabago ang tradisyon. Ganito ang eksena ng kasalan sa isang tribo sa Mindanao. Mahumaling sa kanilang kultura sa video na ito!


Yakan Wedding Dance - muslim

This was during the Socialization party - Lantaka Hotel for the delegates of the 8th HRSD Conference


Yakan - The Treasure of Sulu

Aarica's piece on The Yakan: The Treasure of Sulu - The Yakan's History and the integral part they play in Filipino weaving.


Remark these are albums in the album Yakan - The Treasure of Sulu


Yakan Weaving Village, Zamboanga City

Mga malikhaing kamay ng Yakan tribe, alamin!
GMA Dec 12, 2021

Sa Yakan Weaving Village matatagpuan ang iba’t ibang makukulay at tradisyonal na textile na gawa ng Yakan tribe. Ibabahagi ng ka-Juander nating si Zalma Ballati kung paano inihahabi ang Yakan textile.


Yakan Weaving Village, Zamboanga City

Members of the Yakan tribe, known as the finest cloth weavers, are originally from Basilan, but have to move elsewhere to escape the violence in the province. One of such settlements is the Yakan Weaving Village in Zamboanga City, where they continue their fine tradition of weaving intricate and complex design patterns which normally take days, even weeks, to finish.


Gulgol is a tradition widely practiced by the Ilocano tribe

in the northern part of Luzon to drive away the spirit of a dead relative recently buried that he or she may go straight to heaven. It is customarily done the morning after the dead was buried. It is participated in by all relatives who joined the burial.

Beliefs and Practices in Malingin Culture Beliefs and Practices in Malingin
The Great White Tribe in Filipinia
Paul T. Gilbert
Rumsua: Ancestral Traditions, a site that provides information on Filipino culture and heritage, with particular emphasis on the amianan. Included are topics on the healing arts, literary works, and other cultural facts and information.
Hispanic - Filipino Identity Hispanic - Filipino Identity: Loss and Recovery

Elizabeth Medina

Arab settlement in the Philippines

about Islam in the Philippines

Japanese settlement in the Philippines
Filipino mestizo

Filipino mestizo is a term used in the Philippines to denote Filipinos of mixed native Filipino (Austronesian/Malay/Malayo-Polynesian) and any other non-native ancestry

Chinese Filipinos A Filipino Chinese is a Filipino of Chinese ethnicity but born/raised in the Philippines

Many, if not all people, including Chinese Filipinos themselves, use and accept the term "Filipino Chinese"/"Filipino-Chinese"

Filipino-Chinese Folk Beliefs


The Yuchengco Museum

The Museum’s primary goal is to foster a greater public appreciation of the finest in Filipino and Filipino-Chinese visual arts and creativity

The Video

An intimate tour of one of the museums in the heart of Makati

Bahay Tsinoy: a Museum of the Chinese in Philippine Life

KAISA-ANGELO KING HERITAGE CENTER #32 Anda cor. Cabildo Streets, Intramuros, 1002 Manila

The Videos

Koreans in the Philippines

Many South Koreans living in the Philippines are attracted to the low cost of English-language education and housing, both significantly cheaper than those offered in their native South Korea. The Philippines is also a popular destination for retired South Koreans on fixed pensions.

The Filipino government actively promotes the settlement of South Korean retirees in the country because of the potential lucrative opportunities for the local economy.

More Ethnic - Indigenous dresses - Etc.

go to overview

Some traditional clothes indigenous people in PH wear
Elaine Joy P. Mayol August 28, 2021

The Philippines consists of 7,640 islands with 3 major regions Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Before this group of islands became a country it had already been inhabited by different tribes and rajahnates. Dating centuries back these tribes and rajahnates already have their own culture and traditional clothes.

The different Filipino traditional dresses which reflects the diversity of cultures and heritage in the Philippines

Ancient Costumes (heritage)


Green Fashion Revolution 2014

The students from the University of the Philippines Cebu showcased on Saturday weaved tribal costumes made of tarpaulins during the Green Fashion Revolution 2014, an intercollegiate environmental fashion show held at SM City Cebu on Saturday. (Armie Garde/Jai Sandoval/Sunnex) - Oct 18, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Fashion Designers, their works & organizations and Fashion Shows"

The Indigenous Costumes The Indigenous Costumes

Look also HERE

Philippine Tribal Costumes

Although the Philippines has developed a mixed culture from the blending of foreign influences with native elements, there are still some ethnological groups whose culture remains unadulterated.
Here are some beautiful images of the Filipinos tribal costumes that still remain as part of their traditional culture up to this day.

Look all the photos as slideshow in the below link


All the photos from the above link as slideshow


Cordillera Tribal Costumes in Abra - Apayao - Benguet - Ifugao - Kalinga & Mt. Province

Live mannequins wore various costumes of the different Cordillera Provinces: Abra - Apayao - Benguet - Ifugao - Kalinga - Mt. Province. This was a part of the program of the celebration of Baguio Day


Traditional woven clothes by Tuwali Tribe
Aug 12, 2018
Before the modern era, indigenous groups like the Tuwali Tribe in Ifugao used to wear traditional clothes. In this video, Doc Nielsen Donato discovered how these traditional clothes were made. Look also HERE


A parade of ethnic costumes in Mindanao

Clips from 10 production numbers during the cultural night culminating the 1st Mindanao-wide CARP Sportsfest, June 15, 2007 at the Pearlmont Hotel, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.


Remark these are albums in the album "Ethnic Groups' Tribal Costumes - Etc."


Tiboli native dance costume

Remark this is an album in the album T'boli - The People of Lake Sebu

The malong

is a traditional "tube skirt" made of handwoven or machine-made multi-colored cotton cloth, bearing a variety of geometric or okir designs. The malong is traditionally used as a garment by numerous tribes in the Southern Philippines and the Sulu Archipelago.

Look also HERE and HERE

Royal Malong

A malong in royal colours as worn by Maranaw men and women of royal status.

Indigenous peoples of the Philippines and their costumes
Manobo Tribal Dress
Janggay also called Dyanggay

are metal fingernails extensions that are used as costume accessories among ethnic women of Southern Philippines e.g.  Badjao and Tausug.

the Janggay dances and how to use the fingernails


Agta courtship attire

An Agta teen-ager shows his attire when he goes courting a girl from a neighboring clan. Mothers help their sons put-on the quite elaborate trimmings. Feb 23, 2013

This is an album in the album "Ethnic Groups' Tribal Costumes - Etc."


refers to the loin cloth or G-string worn by male members of various ethnic groups in Northern Luzon, Philippines, particularly in the Mountain Province. It is a long cloth hand-loomed by the women of the tribe in designs distinct with each tribe. It is wrapped around the torso and then passed between the thighs, with hanging parts in front and back. Aside from the Igorots of the Mountain Province, the Mangyans of Mindoro also wear a similar attire.

How to wrap Bahag around the torso, the easy way


Bahag loin cloth

How to wear a Bahag

e.g. Behind the scenes from Banaue, Pamana, Alagaan and Rock Ed's Bookbigayan Project, Banaue Rice Terraces, Ifugao Province. Tribal women teaching how to wear a bahag.

This in an album in the album "Ethnic Groups' Tribal Costumes - Etc."

Look also  about how the "Bahag" is used in the video about the Idaw dance HERE

Headdress, Ifugao Tribe
Philippine Hats

On northern Luzon a man´s suklang told his age, marital status, and village - and sometimes, whether he was a successful head-hunter

Indigenous, Ancient: Architecture - etc.

go to overview


Tumayaw Village

is a development to promote ethnic pride among the Banayoyo people while also providing them with the means to prosper and perpetuate the heritage of its people

the articles

Early Architecture in the Philippines
Early Architecture in the Philippines

Ethnic architecture

Different forms of folk and vernacular architecture found among the different ethnolinguistic communities in the country. These forms include dwellings, whether permanent or makeshift, granaries, fortifications, places of worship, and other temporary structures.

The Filipino House – An Endangered Architectural Specie

Look the article as pdf HERE


Ancient Filipinos, Pre-colonial Philippines

Architecture, Traditional Dress and A Writing Systems

Remark this is an album in the album Ancient & Traditional - heritage - Costumes - Etc.


Philippines from Ancient times to the early colonial period

Philippine Architecture and (mostly) Costumes

Early Shelters and Houses
 Bienvenido Lumbera

 Tuklas Sining: Essays on the Philippine Arts



Sagada, Mountain Province, Philippines




The Ivatan House is a unique vernacular architecture developed in the province of Batanes. Its compact structure is divided into four areas: the main house, the cooking house, toilet, and bathhouse. During the cold seasons, the cooking house also serves as sleeping quarters. The houses of Ivatan are constructed and repaired through a cooperative system called kayvayvanaan or kamanyiduan. Through this system, houses are fixed with immediate action.


Both: Archt. Jose F. Ignacio, UAP, College of Architecture University of the Philippines

the Video

Ivatan houses

An educational video featuring Philippine vernacular house mainly those of Batanes. This architecture is known as Sinadumparan. A project done by Miguel Camilon, Gerald Fernando, Ian Narciso, Shiro Martinez, Kim Carabeo and Ramon Serrano

the Video about Province of Batanes and the houses in part 2 in the album Batanes

Remark this is an album in the album Tourism - Great Places to Visit

The Mountain Houses
  Rodrigo D. Perez
  Folk Architecture
  Coastal and Inland Dwellings
  Julian E. Dacanay/ Photography: Joseph R. Fortin
Folk Architecture & culture - Mindanao - Sulu
Filipino architecture
The Bahay Kubo

the native house of the Philippines and is also considered as its national shelter. Made of indigenous building materials like bamboo and nipa, this pre-Hispanic architecture was constructed to perfectly adapt to the tropical climate of the Philippines and to be easily repaired or rebuilt once damaged by typhoon, flood or earthquake which frequented the country.

Ifugao: the Banaue Ethnic Village

the Videos

Philippine Pre Colonial Architecture

Ifugao Houses

Bale House of Ifugao
Oct 15, 2017
Human and animal skulls are displayed in indigenous Ifugao houses in Banaue.
The Tam-Awan Village - Baguio
There are a number of Igorot huts within the village which will allow you to see how the homes of the mountain people really look like.
The Architecture of Maranao Tribe

Adopting the Indigenous into the contemporary

Many details e.g. about Maranao torogan

Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

National Museum has declared the Maranao, specifically the Kawayan torogan as National Cultural Treasure

The fight for Lumad schools and Education etc. for Indigenous and etc. groups

Look also above

go to overview

30 Lumad students graduate, move up at Bakwit School at UP
Nikka G. Valenzuela July 19, 2021
Thirty Lumad students may have finished another school year, which was marked in a graduation ceremony on Saturday at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani, but their fight for their education continues.
“Today is the final march of the Bakwit [School]. We will return to Mindanao, but it does not mean that we are surrendering. We will come home to defend our land,” said Chricelyn Empong of the students from the indigenous communities who moved to Manila to escape an armed conflict that forced their schools to shut down.



Lumad students under attack
Feb 16, 2021

Why is the government attacking Lumad students?
Lumad schools have been the targets of a military vilification campaign by the government, saying those were being used as training centers for New People's Army (NPA) communist rebels. Look also ALL the links in this article

Student leaders on the Cebu Lumad raid, anti-terror law
Feb 16, 2021 2 videos: with English subtitles - and without
What do the arrest of the ‘Lumad 26’ and the unannounced entry of policemen and soldiers into a university campus mean for the student community? Rappler Cebu correspondents Lorraine Ecarma and John Sitchon discuss these issues with student leaders who have rallied for academic freedom and peace for indigenous peoples.

Lumad bakwit school – Raid or rescue?
Jun 9, 2021
Four months have passed since the unprecedented arrest of Lumad students, teachers, and datus from an evacuee school in Cebu on February 15.

The imminent attack on Lumad bakwit schools
Jul 1, 2021 Tony La Viña - Meggie Nolasco
'[T]here are threats that the Cebu raid will be replicated in Diliman and in Davao. It would be foolish for the NTF-ELCAC to proceed with this plan.'
In a few weeks, the Lumad bakwit school hosted by the University of the Philippines (UP) will hold its graduation and moving up ceremony. It has been a year of challenges, but also of affirmation of the Lumad's right to education

Arrested Lumad teacher says students' parents harassed, threatened to make Cebu trip
Jun 14, 2021 Lorraine Ecarma
Teacher Chad Booc claims parents of Lumad students were forced by police to travel to Cebu to retrieve their children

Police refile cases against arrested Lumad teachers, students in Cebu
Jun 8, 2021 Lorraine Ecarma
The legal battle continues for arrested Lumad teachers and students in Cebu as the Central Visayas police recently filed a motion for reconsideration for the recently dismissed complaints against them.

‘Lumad’ schools and the right to education
Meggie Nolasco, Tony La Viña June 05, 2021
Last May 26, the committee on human rights of the House of Representatives conducted a hearing on the Feb. 15 raid of the “bakwit” school in Cebu. Under the able leadership of Rep. Jesus “Bong” Suntay, the public finally understood what the “lumad” community and bakwit schools are all about.

Arrested Lumad student 'can no longer stand, speak,' says rights group
Mar 21, 2021 Lorraine Ecarma
Lumad student Esmelito 'Bugoy' Oribawan has been detained by Cebu police for over 30 days
Lumad student Esmelito "Bugoy" Oribawan, one of 7 Lumad students detained in Cebu City, is too frail to stand up or talk, according to human rights group Save Our Schools (SOS) Network-Cebu.

Esperon ‘happy’ with closure of ‘NPA-infiltrated’ Lumad schools
March 6, 2021 Martin Sadongdong
National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon Jr. was elated with the shut down of schools for indigenous peoples (IPs) in Mindanao which were allegedly infiltrated by the New People’s Army (NPA) to teach Left-leaning ideologies to its students.

The story behind the Cebu Bakwit schools
Feb 16, 2021 Lorraine Ecarma
Save Our Schools Network Cebu says the Lumad left their communities which were wracked by the civil war between the government and the communist rebels

DepEd does not ‘tolerate discrimination,’ corrects ‘Igorot’ learning material
February 8, 2021 Merlina Hernando-Malipot

Is there something wrong with being an Igorot? Nothing.
An official of the Department of Education (DepEd) on Monday clarified that it “does not tolerate” any form of discrimination among its ranks as school heads and teachers, as well, as students are constantly reminded to respect everyone.
San Antonio made this clarification following the clamor for DepEd to correct a learning material which “maligns” indigenous peoples of the Cordillera region who are collectively known as Igorots.

Solon unhappy with DepEd withdrawal of learning modules insulting Igorots, seeks congressional inquiry
March 6, 2021 Ben Rosario
A senior administration solon has sought a congressional inquiry into the “wrongful portrayals” of the Igorots in self-learning instructional materials distributed for home study to students despite having been withdrawn or corrected by the Department of Education.

Lumad students, teachers urge SC to junk anti-terror law
February 3, 2021 Gabriela Baron

Two indigenous peoples organizations urged the Supreme Court to uphold the people’s rights by junking the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) of 2020.

CHED vows more scholarship for indigenous communities
January 15, 2021 Alexandria Dennise San Juan

More students can soon continue their education in college as the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) vowed to increase the number of scholarship beneficiaries in the Indigenous Peoples (IP) communities.

ACT deplores ‘state-sponsored attacks’ vs. Lumad schools
December 10, 2020 Dhel Nazario

A teachers group has cited numerous “state-sponsored attacks” upon the education sector in the past four years, as it joined rights defenders on the International Day of Human Rights on Thursday.
Since 2016, the Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT) said that 178 of 216 Lumad schools have been shut down, disenfranchising 5,500 Lumad children.

How a displaced Lumad community keeps its culture alive during pandemic
Sep 27, 2020 Maro Enriquez, Pau Villanueva

As the world deals with a disease, the young Lumad in the Bakwit School turn to their culture and community for support
Since the COVID-19 lockdown in Metro Manila was announced mid-March, 17-year-old Katkat* has been spending more time sitting alone on the pavement of the Bakwit School’s backyard as she waits for the moon to come out.

Teaching without schools? Lumad education under lockdown
Jose Monfred Sy July 19 2020
'The pandemic covered the tracks of an ongoing crusade to snuff out the alternative learning institutions indigenous communities fought for and defended for years'
“So August 24 magbubukas na ng klase whatever form it is,” Secretary Liling Briones confirmed to a disgruntled public despite the swelling number of COVID-19 cases in the Philippines.

‘Lumad’ kids learn through app tailor-made for tribe
Philippine Daily Inquirer November 22, 2020

In a makeshift classroom in Bukidnon province, Matigsalug children are huddled around tablets, viewing moving and talking images. They are learning to pronounce letters, write the alphabet and count — in their tribe’s language.

After school shutdowns, Lumad students raise funds to continue education
Oct 14, 2020 Mina Mata

Young Lumad students are selling photo books and handicrafts to support their education, even as Lumad schools are starting to dwindle during the pandemic
Refusing to let attacks on their community deter them, young Lumad students have taken it upon themselves to raise funds in a bid to continue their education during the pandemic.

For isolated tribe, Philippine rickshaw brings learning amid pandemic
Adrian Portugual and Eloisa Lopez Oct 15 2020

When the pandemic shut Philippine schools, a group of teachers living near the indigenous Aeta people became so concerned about the impact on the children of the isolated community that they initiated a novel approach to help them - learning by rickshaw.

Dwindling numbers: Lumad schools continue to suffer closures, attacks during pandemic
September 18, 2020 Niña Diño and Maxine Sta. Cru

Save Our Schools Network documents 32 attacks on Lumad schools from March to May 2020
The pandemic has not stopped the harassment of the Lumad, and the hardest hit are their schools – 178 of which have been shut down since 2016, according to the Save Our Schools (SOS) Network.

NUJP slams red-tagging of Atom Araullo over Lumad school docu
Camille Elemia Aug 20 2020

The National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) on Wednesday, August 19, denounced government attacks against journalist Atom Araullo over his documentary on a Lumad school in Metro Manila. (READ: Teaching without schools? Lumad education under lockdown)

After appeal for help, Albay tribal teacher receives donations for students
August 22, 2020 Rhaydz B. Barcia

Teacher Shirley Dacuba got teary-eyed when she received the donations and expressed gratitude to the civic groups who extended their help
Shirley Dacuba, a tribal daycare teacher in Sitio Tobgon, Misibis in Tiwi, Albay, is worried that she would start classes without the needed learning materials for her students.

Alleged communist leaders arrested in Butuan City
Bobby Lagsa October 13, 2019

But the Rural Missionaries of the Philippines says Melissa Comiso and Nore Torregosa are Lumad teachers and not New People's Army leaders

DepEd orders temporary closure of 55 Lumad schools in Davao region
July 13, 2019

DepEd regional officials say the closure is based on the findings of an anti-insurgency task force, which alleged that the schools teach students to rebel against the government

Lumad schools in Davao region just suspended – DepEd
Janella Paris July 18, 2019
Salugpongan Ta’ Tanu Igkanogon Community Learning Center has until Monday, July 22, to justify why the schools shouldn’t be closed

Makabayan bloc seeks probe into DepEd closure of 55 Lumad schools
Mara Cepeda July 15, 2019
The lawmakers accuse the Department of Education of violating the rights of the Lumad schools' administrators, teachers, staff, and students

The Video: Pagpapasara sa 55 Lumad Schools, binatikos

The Video: DepEd defends suspension of schools for Lumads in Davao region

Satur Ocampo, France Castro say nothing illegal in 'humanitarian' mission
Camille Elemia December 02, 2018

ACT Teachers Representative France Castro challenges Philippine National Police chief Oscar Albayalde to visit Lumad schools, following his allegations these are being used for communist teachings

DepEd says no closure order vs Lumad school
Sofia Tomacruz December 04, 2018
DepEd says the decision to close down the Salugpongan community learning center in Talaingod, Davao del Norte, was made by the community council

As Lumad groups protest, DepEd maintains schools are ‘zones of peace’
Mara Cepeda November 22, 2017

Education Secretary Leonor Briones signs a new policy on the protection of children in armed conflict, which 'supersedes' the contested DepEd Order 221

Lumad school

Military won't bomb Lumad schools – AFP
Pia Ranada July 28, 2017
The AFP says President Rodrigo Duterte was just 'communicating a tough stance' when he threatened to bomb indigenous peoples' schools flouting government regulations.

KWF wants indigenous languages used in school papers
Janella Paris October 27, 2019

The world in 2019 celebrates the Year of Indigenous Languages.
The Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (KWF) is calling on the Department of Education (DepEd) and the National Schools Press Conference (NSPC) to encourage the use of indigenous languages in campus papers across the country.

Caraga school focused on agriculture can help sustain Lumad communities
Mavic Conde December 25, 2019

The students from indigenous communities are, however, displaced by mining operations and military attacks.
For the Lumad, farming is not only a livelihood but a core skill they can learn at school to cultivate and improve their knowledge about sustainable agriculture.

Salugpongan Ta' Tanu Igkanogon Community Learning Center, Inc. - Stticlci

STTICLCI is a non stock- non profit community based school that aims to enhance the life skills and knowledge of the indigenous people.

DepEd formally shuts down 55 Lumad schools in Davao
October 08, 2019
The Department of Education in Davao region has officially ordered the closure of all 55 Lumad schools operated by the Salugpongan Ta'Tanu Igkanogon Community Learning Center, Incorporated (STTICLCI).


Marawi students reject war, extremism - subtitles in English
December 03, 2016
Stakeholders in the future of Mindanao speak their minds on the war and extremism
Students at the main campus of Mindanao State University in Marawi City led the celebration of the Mindanao Peace Week.
Mustapha Sultan, chairman of Inspired Young Optimists Guild, said they don't want war and extremism.
Rappler Carmela Fonbuena filed this video blog.

Igorot boy crosses 4 mountains, 2 rivers just to get to school
Jun 23, 2016

The path was never friendly, especially for the children. The dangerous cliffs are covered by grassy overgrowth. One wrong step can lead to death.


Meet the first college graduate of the Dumagat tribe of Sta. Ines, Tanay
Nov 5, 2018

Despite having job opportunities in the city, Teacher Diday chose to go back to her community in Sta. Ines to impart knowledge to her fellow Dumagats. Because for her, education is a way to preserve their indigenous heritage.

Indigenous peoples education curriculum of the Philippines
Bobby Mascarenas
President at THE PNU Math Club

Look it as pdf HERE

Philippines: Summary Report

Mapping Out Disadvantaged Groups in Education


When kids don’t even own a pencil
May 4, 2017

Meet Jasthene, a 9-year old Manobo girl from North Cotabato. She wants her classmates to have enough school supplies so they won’t have to fight.


Girl wishes to be next Aeta teacher from her village
Dec 25, 2016

MovePH goes to Sitio Burog, Bamban, Tarlac to give school supplies to the students. This is where we met Ericka Cosme, a young Aeta girl who wants to be the next teacher in her village.

PAMULAAN Center for Indigenous Peoples' Education

an educational institution dedicated to the indigenous peoples. The first of its kind in the country, its main thrust is to create a culturally appropriate and relevant pathways of TRAINING

The Video Pamulaan: Shaping indigenous leaders

The Pamulaan Center for indigenous people's education seeks to shape and empower the youth into community leaders. Oct 23, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album Ethnic & Indigenous education - etc.


The Philippine Youth Leadership Program (PYLP)

funded by the U.S. Department of State, sends groups of students from Mindanao to the US for one-month stays. In the US, the participants take part in an intensive four-week training institute on inter-ethnic dialogue and conflict resolution.

Remark this is an album in the album Ethnic & Indigenous education - etc.

New schools for indigenous peoples in Mindanao
February 5, 2016
Pursuing its commitment to provide culture-based education and help ensure lasting peace in Mindanao, the Department of Education, DepEd will establish 5 new schools for Higaonon communities in Gingoog, Misamis Oriental.
The new schools will be established in Barangays Kalipay, Hindangon, Bantaawan, and Bal-ason, and will be ready to accept its first batch of learners this coming school year 2016-2017.

Palamguwan Cultural Education Center (APC)

Bridging the Gap - Hope for Lumads. How a Philippine forest community established a school to provide education and skills to sustain their culture.

legally established in 2004 and in the same year gained recognition from the Department of Education as the first formal indigenous people-based education center.

Remark this is an album in the album Ethnic & Indigenous education - etc.

The link can be slow to load, so try again later

SIL - Summer Institute of Linguistics

is a volunteer, non-profit organization that has worked in the Philippines since 1953. In cooperation with the Philippines Department of Education, SIL members carry out linguistic research and documentation of Philippine indigenous languages

Black Pencil Project

a grassroots, interest-based volunteer organization with core advocacies focused on the promotion of primary education in remote and indigenous communities in the Philippines. Through resources mobilization programs utilizing known collaborative consumption models, materials assistance like basic, start-up school kits are provided to select barrio schools during start of classes of each school year.

Philippines Response to Indigenous and Muslim Education: Independent Completion Review Report



Indigenous Peoples Education

"From Alienation To Rootedness"

Indigenous Education: Mindanao


Coordinator: Linda King

The Problem of Rural Education in the Philippines

Center for Babaylan Studies (CFBS)

CFBS is an organization that seeks to promote all indigenous and spiritual traditions from all parts of the Philippines. Its work is not restricted to one geographic location (i.e. the Visayas).

Babaylan is a Bisayan word that evolved from proto-Austronesian words in Southeast Asia such as belian, balian, balyan, baylan and bagdan. The Subanons call them balian, balean and balayan, women who lead the religious and death rituals in Mindanao. Its literal translation to English is ancient priestess or shaman.

The babaylan lives in her story

Look more about the Babaylan culture etc. HERE

Cordillera Peoples Alliance

Look also HERE

Cordillera Women's Education and Resource Center Inc.

CWERC is a feminist organisation mainly engaged in raising social and feminist awareness on indigenous women in Cordillera. It organises education and training workshops. It conducts research and advocacy campaign on women's indigenous issues. It also provides library services and publications

Indigenous Women and Food Sovereignty

Jill Cariño, Cordillera Women’s Education and Resource Center

Defending indigenous women’s rights

What it takes to keep T'boli children in school
Jee Y. Geronimo September 15, 2015

A teacher in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, believes the whole community should be involved in the education of a child.
We hear these stories often, especially during opening of classes: children in far-flung areas walking for hours, even climbing mountains, just to get to school.


DepEd puts up first T'boli senior high school

The Education Department teams up with a university to help preserve the culture and traditions of the T'boli tribe. May 29, 2015

Remark this is an album in the album Creating a NEW ERA

Tribal Filipino Tattoos - Etc.

go to overview

How women artists are redefining the tattoo industry
Isabella D. Argosino Mar 24, 2021

At first glance, Crimson River Studio in Quezon City presents itself like any other tattoo shop. The walls are adorned with vibrant art, pop culture paraphernalia are scattered around, and the steady buzz of tattooing machines lends itself to the background.
However, Crimson River Studio isn’t the intimidating space that some may still imagine when thinking about conventional tattoo parlors.

Cordilleras tattoo tradition featured in US-backed research
May 26, 2021 Roy Mabasa

The United States government is set to complete next month a research and documentation project on traditional tattooing among the seven major ethnolinguistic groups in the mountainous region of the Cordilleras.
The project involves an in-depth study of tattooing practices among the seven major ethnolinguistic groups in Bontoc, Ifugao, Ibaloy and Kankanaey, Tinguian, Isneg, and Kalinga – all in the Cordillera Administrative Region.

Filipino Tattoo Art

a source for Filipinos or people of Filipino-heritage interested in getting their unique Filipino tribal tattoo. One Tribe specialises in the consultation, research and design of Filipino tribal tattoo pieces for the individual.

Filipino Tribal Tattoo Meanings





Fang Od is part of the last line of traditional Kalinga tattoo artists in the Philippines.

Fang Od and the Traditional Art of Kalinga Tattoo About Philippines recommend: A great article

The Fading Art Of Fang

Who is Whang-Od, legendary tattoo artist?
Aug 6, 2021 Amanda T. Lago
Called a living legend, a national treasure, and even once the badass grandmother we always wanted, Kalinga tattoo artist Whang-Od is a celebrity in her own right.

Protect Whang Od, IPs from 'exploitation'
August 7, 2021 Ben Rosario
Even in their own land, indigenous Filipinos like Apo Whang Od are being subjected to a high degree of exploitation.

Lower House TWG endorses passage of 'Apo Whang Od' bill
August 8, 2021 Ben Rosario
A House of Representative body has endorsed committee approval of a bill proposing to protect intellectual property rights of indigenous communities and at the same time may address issues surrounding the Apo Whang Od - Nas Daily controversy.

Whang Od: The Kalinga Tattoo maker - with Video

and the below Whang Od at Manila FAME

and the Videos:

The Oldest Tattoo Artist
Oct 7, 2019 Tourism Philippines
Whang-Od started tattooing at age fifteen. Eighty-seven years later, she’s still practicing traditional Kalinga tattooing in Buscalan. She and her apprentices carry out the thousand-year-old batok tattooing for people who come from far and wide to pay a visit. Watch as Whang-Od shares stories from her life, and how the resurgence of Kalinga tattooing effected positive change in her community.

The Senate adopts a resolution nominating Whang-od Oggay for the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan or the National Living Treasures Award, the highest honor given by the state to traditional folk artists.

Traditional Tattoos: Fang Od and Kalinga Tattooing in the Philippines
Deep in the Cordillera highlands, an 87-year-old Kalinga woman has tirelessly preserved a forgetten ritual: tribal tattooing.

Tattooing Last of the KALINGA tattooist

Apo Whang-od, ang huling mambabatok ng Kalinga &
Ang pamana ni Whang-od sa iiwanan niyang henerasyon
Feb 21, 2017


Remark these are albums in the album about PHILIPPINES TATTOO

Visayas: Island of the Painted - pintados

Visayan Tattoo culture The Pintados, The Painted ones, Batukan or Batikan is a term applied to the inhabitants of the Visayas during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines. Source: Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society by William Henry Scott

The Pintados  the painted ones


As long as there are supports and appreciations we will keep on pushin' that boundaries...

Native filipino tattoos

Diddiga festival

Lars Krutak 2009

October is indigenous people's month in the Philippines and in the northern province of Kalinga local organizers in the city of Tabuk, the capital of the province, hosted a Diddiga "pride" celebration to mark the accomplishments of the Kalinga people. This year's four-day event was themed "Pride of the Past - Hope for the Future" and showcased the beauty of Kalinga culture through a music and dance competition Sallidummay, a Chico River rafting experience the "river of life" in Kalinga, and on the final day a Batok (tattoo) Festival that tattooed Kalinga elder and provincial officer of the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, NCIP Miss Naty Sugguiyao suggested "expresses through individual talent, arts, prowess, and strength... the very best of Kalinga."

Look the article as pdf HERE

History of Filipino Tattoos: Tattooed Mummies, Rites of Passage
PinoyTattoos.com aims to build a community for anything related to Filipino Tattoos.
Return of the Headhunters: The Philippine Tattoo Revival

Look the article as pdf

Tribal Tattoos
Kalinga Province and Kalinga Tattoos (Batek)

Many good informations and photos

Analyn Ikin V. Salvador-Amores
Traditional Tattoos and Identities in Contemporary Kalinga, North Luzon - with illustrations and photos

Tatak Ng Apat Na Alon Tribe

Tattoo Artist Myke Sambajon
Nov 29, 2019 ABS-CBN News

"Local Legends" explores the rise of the Philippine tattoo industry from a vilified, underground craft, into a celebrated profession through the journey of tattoo artist and Philippine Tattoo Artists Guild (PHILTAG) founding member Myke Sambajon.


Filipino Tribal tattoo and textile designs

Remark this is an album in the album PHILIPPINES TATTOO

Indigenous Tribal games, and weapons

IMPORTANT look also Martial arts

go to overview


Indigenous Tribal Games

The Philippine Olympic Committee, POC together with ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, ACB and Philippine Soft Tennis Association, PSTA is promoting Tribal Games for Indigenous Tribes in the Philippines with its objective to protect our Natural Heritage. The video is created and directed by Bala Tamayo

Filipino weapons - history

The ethnic weapons and way of life of Filipinos in prehispanic times up to the recent past.


Traditional Weapons, Knives, Swords And Other Weapons.

All these weapons are made of the highest quality steel. A blend of D2 and 5160 along with some other well put together hardening processes that make these Filipino weapons 2nd to none. - Blade Testing With The Sanduko Y Daga

Indigenous - Ethnic culture

in provinces about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning and the Dead - Look also

Catholic culture about Death, Wake, Funeral, Burial, Cremation & Mourning

Cemeteries - Etc.

Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial and the Dead

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'Kutkot,' the pangutkutan, a Hanunuo Mangyan burial ritual

(a link above with Videos about Mangyans, People and Culture)

Funeral Practices of the Ilocanos Funeral Practices of the Ilocanos
Kalinga / Funeral customs Kalinga

Kadawiyan di bagunson / Funeral customs

Irenio M. Wansi

Aklanon’s Beliefs and Practices on Death
Melchor F. Cichon
October 29, 2012
Death and Burial Rituals of the Cordilleras

Dave Leprozo, Jr.

The dog, a symbol of death and protection

The lakeshore town of Paete in the province of Laguna is famed for its wood carving industry. During the Semana Santa or Holy Week, the spectacular jointed image of the Santo Sepulcro undergoes a unique ritual, the Pagsusuob, that can only be said as a pre-hispanic rite of the dead that is more closely identified now with the mummification rituals of high ranking citizens in some remote areas in the Cordillera region.

Estan Cabigas, a multiawarded blogger and freelance photographer based in Makati City, the Philippines

Burial and Death Practices - Tadian

Sagada Burial "sinangadil"
A Sagada traditional burial the hanging coffin way
Wil Dasovich visits the Hanging Coffins of Sagada
Oct 28, 2017


lumiang burial coffins - Sagada

The Hanging Coffins of Sagada
A dying Igorot tradition


Bone Cleansing Ritual, Anderson D Tuguinay

Ifugaos unique ritual for the dead vanishing
Xypress Nov 6, 2019
LAGAWE, Ifugao - The Ifugaos' traditional and unique way of honoring their dead - known as bogwa - seems to be vanishing.

Gungat burial chambers: Ifugao’s best kept secret
Charlie Lagasca and Victor Martin 2 November 2014

There is more to Ifugao province than the World Heritage rice terraces. One of the secrets of Ifugao is the existence of pre-Hispanic multi-chambered burial sites or gungat.
Together with the preparation of the terraces centuries ago was the preparation of the gungat by the ammod (forebears) for their kinsmen. Villagers believe that the terraces and the gungat were probably created by the same native geniuses.

Pre-Hispanic burial secret now almost forgotten
Leander C. Domingo and TMT October 29, 2016
THE Ifugaos, whose ancestors carved the more than 2,000-year-old Banaue Rice Terraces in the mountains, traditionally do not observe All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day but their burial tradition can be gleaned from a secret they have kept even before the Spaniards came to the Philippines.

Tribal Burial traditions Tribal Burial traditions
Burial traditions in Mindanao Tribal Burial traditions in Mindanao

Look the article HERE

A guide to Chinese funeral rites

Khim Leclair


Filipino Chinese Funeral Rituals
The Chinese Cemetery in Manila

As you enter the cemetery, you will see the oldest Chinese temple in Manila, the Chong Hock Tong Temple. If you are into recent history, then you should be glad to see the Liat See Tong or the Martyrs Hall in the Manila Chinese Cemetery.
Although you might expect that the Manila Chinese Cemetery is only for the Chinese, you will be surprised when you walk around that there are also Filipino-Chinese leaders and heroes buried in the place.

Look also HERE and HERE

The Videos

Inside the tombs of the Chinese Cemetery in Manila & The Spectacular Chinese Cemetery in Manila, Philippines"

go to overview

God Bless you & Many regards
The Balikbayan family

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