Differences Between Unitary and Federal Government
How does a unitary government differ from a federal government?
In a unitary government, the power is held by one central authority but in a federal government, the power is divided between national government or federal government and local governments or state governments.
- The system has multiple hierarchy levels, with both the central authority and the states (or provinces) both being sovereign.
- The central or national rules override the state rules.
- There is a balance between the levels of government.
- Power and responsibilities are shared between national and local levels. In a federal form of government, the term “federal” is also used to refer to the national level of government. Examples include United States of America and Nigeria.
- There is no hierarchy of sovereign powers.
- States have no authority to pass their own laws, and the central or national government can order the states to do anything.
- The federal government has a huge percentage of the power. Examples include Japan and Saudi Arabia.