Mayoral election in New York, New York (June 22, 2021, Democratic primary)

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2021 New York elections
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Election dates
Filing deadline: March 25, 2021
Primary election: June 22, 2021
General election: November 2, 2021
Election stats
Offices up: Mayor
Total seats up: 1 (click here for other city elections)
Election type: Partisan
Other municipal elections
U.S. municipal elections, 2021

Eric Adams (D) defeated 12 other candidates in the Democratic primary for mayor of New York City on June 22, 2021.[1] Incumbent Mayor Bill de Blasio (D) did not run for re-election due to term limits.

The primary election featured the first use of ranked-choice voting (RCV) for a mayoral primary in the city's history. Click here to read more about how ranked-choice voting works.

The following six Democratic candidates received the most media attention and noteworthy endorsements:[2][3][4]

Click here to read more about each candidate's professional background and key messages.

Major endorsements for Adams included Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr. and Queens Borough President Donovan Richards Jr.. The New York Times, New York Daily News, and the New York League of Conservation Voters endorsed Garcia. McGuire was backed by Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.) and state Sen. Leroy Comrie (D).[5][6]

The top issues in this race were crime, policing, affordable housing, jobs, and healthcare.[7] Click here to compare each candidate's policy proposals on these issues.

De Blasio was first elected in 2013 and won re-election in 2017 with 66% of the vote. Including de Blasio, four of the previous six mayors were Democrats.

This page includes the following resources on the Democratic primary:

Post-primary updates

  • July 13, 2021: The third set of unofficial RCV tabulations were released showing Adams leading Garcia in the eighth and final round by roughly 7,100 votes, 50.4% to 49.6%.[8]
  • July 7, 2021: Garcia and Wiley conceded the race to Adams in separate concession speeches.[9]
  • July 6, 2021: The second set of unofficial RCV tabulations were released showing Adams leading Garcia in the eighth and final round by roughly 8,400 votes, 50.5% to 49.5%.[10]
  • July 1, 2021: The Wiley campaign filed a preliminary lawsuit to preserve its right to have a review of the ballots, including a full manual recount if Wiley and another candidate were separated by 0.5% or less.[11]
  • June 30, 2021:
    • The New York City Board of Elections released its revised set of unofficial RCV tabulations showing Adams leading Garcia in the ninth and final round with 51.1% to 48.9%.[12]
    • The Adams campaign filed a preliminary lawsuit to preserve its right to potentially have a judge oversee and review ballots at a later date.[13] The Garcia campaign filed a similar lawsuit.[14]
  • June 29, 2021: The first set of unofficial RCV tabulations was released. The New York City Board of Elections later issued a statement saying it had erroneously counted 135,000 sample ballot images as votes and that revised results would be posted on June 30.[15][16]
  • June 22, 2021:
    • Adams, Willey, and Garcia led the first round of voting with 32%, 22%, and 20%, according to unofficial results on election night.[17]
    • Yang, who was running in fourth place, conceded the race.[18]

Third set of unofficial RCV results (July 13, 2021)

The following table contains the third set of unofficial RCV results released on July 13, 2021.

Unofficial RCV results for New York City Democratic mayoral primary (released July 13, 2021)
Candidate 1st round 2nd round 3rd round[19] 4th round 5th round[19] 6th round 7th round 8th round
Adams 289,309 (30.7%) 289,509 (30.8%) 289,961 (30.8%) 291,712 (31.1%) 295,704 (31.7%) 316,991 (34.6%) 354,546 (40.5%) 404,391 (50.4%)
Wiley 201,093 (21.4%) 201,159 (21.4%) 201,484 (21.4%) 205,978 (22.0%) 209,073 (22.4%) 239,133 (26.1%) 254,687 (29.1%) --
Garcia 184,430 (19.6%) 184,538 (19.6%) 184,636 (19.6%) 186,698 (19.9%) 191,842 (20.5%) 223,595 (24.4%) 266,872 (30.5%) 397,238 (49.6%)
Yang 115,101 (12.2%) 115,272 (12.2%) 115,473 (12.3%) 117,979 (12.6%) 121,568 (13.0%) 135,646 (14.8%) -- --
Stringer 51,757 (5.5%) 51,829 (5.5%) 51,930 (5.5%) 53,578 (5.7%) 56,701 (6.1%) -- -- --
Morales 26,490 (2.8%) 26,529 (2.8%) 26,640 (2.8%) 30,151 (3.2%) 30,926 (3.3%) -- -- --
McGuire 25,236 (2.7%) 25,266 (2.7%) 25,412 (2.7%) 26,355 (2.8%) 27,927 (3.0%) -- -- --
Donovan 23,158 (2.5%) 23,180 (2.5%) 23,305 (2.5%) 24,033 (2.6%) -- -- -- --
Foldenauer 7,742 (0.8%) 7,758 (0.8%) 7,819 (0.8%) -- -- -- -- --
Chang 7,046 (0.7%) 7,062 (0.8%) 7,091 (0.8%) -- -- -- -- --
Prince 3,964 (0.4%) 4,007 (0.4%) 4,060 (0.4%) -- -- -- -- --
Taylor 2,660 (0.3%) 2,681 (0.3%) 2,778 (0.3%) -- -- -- -- --
Wright Jr. 2,242 (0.2%) 2,254 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- --
Write-ins 1,568 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- -- --

Second set of unofficial RCV results (July 6, 2021)

The following table contains the second set of unofficial RCV results released on July 6, 2021.

Unofficial RCV results for New York City Democratic mayoral primary (released July 6, 2021)
Candidate 1st round 2nd round 3rd round[19] 4th round 5th round[19] 6th round 7th round 8th round
Adams 288,654 (30.8%) 288,854 (30.8%) 289,304 (30.9%) 291,047 (31.2%) 295,030 (31.7%) 316,234 (34.7%) 353,664 (40.5%) 403,333 (50.5%)
Wiley 199,778 (21.3%) 199,844 (21.3%) 200,167 (21.4%) 204,628 (21.9%) 207,709 (22.3%) 237,621 (26.1%) 253,094 (29.0%) --
Garcia 183,433 (19.6%) 183,541 (19.6%) 183,637 (19.6%) 185,693 (19.9%) 190,813 (20.5%) 222,389 (24.4%) 265,461 (30.4%) 394,907 (49.5%)
Yang 114,639 (12.2%) 114,810 (12.3%) 115,011 (12.3%) 117,513 (12.6%) 121,085 (13.0%) 135,096 (14.8%) -- --
Stringer 51,534 (5.5%) 51,606 (5.5%) 51,707 (5.5%) 53,351 (5.7%) 56,465 (6.1%) -- -- --
Morales 26,374 (2.8%) 26,413 (2.8%) 26,524 (2.8%) 30,032 (3.2%) 30,803 (3.3%) -- -- --
McGuire 25,074 (2.7%) 25,104 (2.7%) 25,250 (2.7%) 26,187 (2.8%) 27,752 (3.0%) -- -- --
Donovan 23,074 (2.5%) 23,096 (2.5%) 23,221 (2.5%) 23,945 (2.6%) -- -- -- --
Foldenauer 7,729 (0.8%) 7,745 (0.8%) 7,806 (0.8%) -- -- -- -- --
Chang 7,023 (0.7%) 7,039 (0.8%) 7,068 (0.8%) -- -- -- -- --
Prince 3,934 (0.4%) 3,977 (0.4%) 4,030 (0.4%) -- -- -- -- --
Taylorr 2,652 (0.3%) 2,673 (0.3%) 2,770 (0.3%) -- -- -- -- --
Wright Jr. 2,234 (0.2%) 2,246 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- --
Write-ins 1,567 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- -- --

First set of unofficial RCV results (June 30, 2021)

The following table contains the first set of unofficial RCV results released on June 30, 2021.

Unofficial RCV results for New York City Democratic mayoral primary (released June 30, 2021)
Candidate 1st round 2nd round 3rd round[19] 4th round[19] 5th round 6th round[19] 7th round 8th round 9th round
Adams 260,455 (31.8%) 260,629 (31.8%) 261,042 (31.9%) 261,532 (32.0%) 262,609 (32.2%) 265,705 (32.7%) 283,142 (35.5%) 314,194 (40.9%) 358,521 (51.1%)
Wiley 181,590 (22.2%) 181,648 (22.2%) 181,945 (22.2%) 183,897 (22.5%) 186,001 (22.8%) 188,530 (23.2%) 213,857 (26.8%) 226,575 (29.5%) --
Garcia 158,221 (19.3%) 158,318 (19.3%) 158,405 (19.4%) 158,946 (19.4%) 160,226 (19.7%) 164,395 (20.2%) 190,106 (23.8%) 226,922 (29.6%) 343,766 (48.9%)
Yang 96,005 (11.7%) 96,152 (11.7%) 96,331 (11.8%) 96,765 (11.8%) 98,485 (12.1%) 101,107 (12.4%) 111,239 (13.9%) -- --
Stringer 41,141 (5.0%) 41,199 (5.0%) 41,288 (5.0%) 41,576 (5.1%) 42,731 (5.2%) 44,990 (5.5%) -- -- --
Morales 23,086 (2.8%) 23,121 (2.8%) 23,219 (2.8%) 23,926 (2.9%) 26,386 (3.2%) 27,018 (3.3%) -- -- --
McGuire 18,893 (2.3%) 18,920 (2.3%) 19,056 (2.3%) 19,213 (2.3%) 19,880 (2.4%) 21,064 (2.6%) -- -- --
Donovan 17,810 (2.2%) 17,828 (2.2%) 17,932 (2.2%) 18,092 (2.2%) 18,544 (2.3%) -- -- -- --
Foldenauer 7,121 (0.9%) 7,136 (0.9%) 7,190 (0.9%) 7,297 (0.9%) -- -- -- -- --
Chang 6,073 (0.7%) 6,083 (0.7%) 6,109 (0.7%) 6,521 (0.8%) -- -- -- -- --
Prince 3,557 (0.4%) 3,592 (0.4%) 3,637 (0.4%) -- -- -- -- -- --
Taylor 2,289 (0.3%) 2,307 (0.3%) 2,384 (0.3%) -- -- -- -- -- --
Wright Jr. 1,999 (0.2%) 2,010 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Write-ins 1,374 (0.2%) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

Candidates and results

General election
General election for Mayor of New York

The following candidates ran in the general election for Mayor of New York on November 2, 2021.


Image of

Eric Adams (D)

Image of

Curtis Sliwa (R / Independent Party)

Image of

Catherine Rojas (Party for Socialism and Liberation)

Image of

William Pepitone (Conservative Party) Candidate Connection

Image of

Quanda Francis (Empowerment Party) Candidate Connection

Image of

Stacey Prussman (L) Candidate Connection

Image of

Raja Flores (Humanity United Party)

Image of

Fernando Mateo (Save Our City Party)

Image of

Skiboky Stora (Out Lawbreaker Party)

Total votes: 373,429
(30.00% precincts reporting)
Candidate Connection = candidate completed the Ballotpedia Candidate Connection survey.

Do you want a spreadsheet of this type of data? Contact our sales team.

Democratic primary election

Democratic Primary for Mayor of New York

The following candidates advanced in the ranked-choice voting election: Eric Adams in round 8 . The results of Round are displayed below. To see the results of other rounds, use the dropdown menu above to select a round and the table will update.

Total votes: 942,031

Republican primary election

Republican Primary for Mayor of New York

The following candidates advanced in the ranked-choice voting election: Curtis Sliwa in round 1 .

Total votes: 46,785

Conservative Party primary election

The Conservative Party primary election was canceled. William Pepitone advanced from the Conservative Party primary for Mayor of New York.

Working Families Party primary election

The Working Families Party primary election was canceled. Deborah Axt advanced from the Working Families Party primary for Mayor of New York.

Withdrawn or disqualified candidates

Candidate profiles

This section includes candidate profiles created in one of two ways. Either the candidate completed Ballotpedia's Candidate Connection survey or Ballotpedia staff created a profile after identifying the candidate as noteworthy.[20] Ballotpedia staff compiled profiles based on campaign websites, advertisements, and public statements. Candidate cards are listed in alphabetical order by last name.

Eric Adams

Image of Eric Adams


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: 

Biography:  Adams received a B.A. in criminal justice from John Jay College of Criminal Justice and an MPA from Marist College. After graduating from the New York City Police Academy in 1984, Adams spent 22 years in law enforcement. He co-founded 100 Blacks in Law Enforcement Who Care. He chaired the Veterans, Homeland Security, and Military Affairs Committee and the Racing, Gaming, and Wagering Committee while in the state Senate.

Key Messages

Adams discussed how being assaulted by police as a teenager led him to serve in the New York Police Department for two decades. His campaign website said that "instead of giving into anger, Eric turned his pain into purpose and decided to change the police department from within."

Adams said he would reinstitute the anti-crime unit and focus on education to decrease gun violence. "The real crime in this city is our department of education. If we don't educate, we're going to incarcerate," Adams said.

Adams said he wanted to address affordable housing by increasing the zoning density in affluent neighborhoods. He said, "I have witnessed, and I have been saying this for years, that the city has been leaving behind people of color and low-income New Yorkers for decades."

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Kathryn Garcia

Image of Kathryn Garcia


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: New York City Commissioner of Sanitation (2014-2020)

Biography:  Garcia graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1992 with a B.A. in economics. She worked as a deputy commissioner in the NYC Department of Environmental Protection. From 2012 to 2014, she was the chief operating officer of the department. Garcia then served as the commissioner of the NYC Department of Sanitation from 2014 to 2020.

Key Messages

Garcia described herself as "a lifelong New Yorker and a public servant" who has "14 years of government experience delivering services that New Yorkers rely on every day."

Garcia said she wanted to restart New York's local economy by creating a simple, streamlined permit process for businesses with fewer than 100 employees and launching a zero-interest microloan program.

Garcia led the city's emergency food program during the COVID-19 pandemic and became an incident commander during Hurricane Sandy. She said, "Spanning two mayoral administrations, I have become the go-to problem solver, someone with foresight and leadership ability to take on projects that seem impossible to others."

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Raymond McGuire

Image of Raymond McGuire


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: None

Biography:  McGuire received his B.A., J.D., and MBA from Harvard University. He worked in mergers and acquisitions at Merrill Lynch and Morgan Stanley. From 2005 to 2020, he worked at Citibank. He became the vice chairman of Citigroup in 2015.

Key Messages

McGuire said he went from poverty to Wall Street through education. "I was the longest-standing head of my business in the history of Wall Street. ... So that means I had to manage my data, set goals, empower my team and hold myself and them accountable," he said.

McGuire's Comeback Plan would include financial support for small businesses, a wage subsidy to bring back jobs, and major infrastructure improvements.

McGuire said one of his top three priorities in office would be public safety. "I do not support the language of defund. ... I want the police to have a culture of what I call RAP: respectful, accountable and proportionate. And we need to return to community policing, so that that relationship of trust can be restored," he said.

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Scott Stringer

Image of Scott Stringer


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: 

  • New York City Comptroller (Assumed office: 2014)
  • Borough President of Manhattan (2006-2013)
  • New York State Assembly (1993-2005) 

Biography:  Stringer graduated from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He worked as a tenant organizer and aide to Assemblymember Jerry Nadler (D) before being elected to the New York State Assembly in 1992. He was elected borough president of Manhattan in 2005 and city comptroller in 2013.

Key Messages

Stringer said his 30 years of experience in New York politics would enable him to deal with economic recovery and disparities in access to healthcare. “Post-COVID New York City is going to require a leader with skill and vision and a real record," Stringer said.

Stringer called for universal affordable housing. He said his plan would "require any new building that gets built with more than 10 apartments — anywhere in the city — to make 25% of those apartments actually affordable to middle- and low-income families."

Stringer said that he challenged the fossil fuel and private prison industries as city comptroller to promote climate justice and decarceration.

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Maya Wiley

Image of Maya Wiley


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: None

Biography:  Wiley graduated from Dartmouth College in 1986 and Columbia Law School in 1989. She worked as a staff attorney at the NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund and president of the Center for Social Inclusion. From 2014 to 2016, she was counsel to the mayor of New York City. She began working at the New School in 2016 as a senior vice president.

Key Messages

Wiley proposed a $10 billion, five-year spending plan that she said was inspired by the New Deal. She said the plan would create up to 100,000 new jobs and support climate resilience projects and public housing.

Wiley proposed creating universal community care by spending $300 million on more than 100,000 informal caregivers. The initiative would be partly funded by reducing the number of New York Police Department and Department of Corrections officers.

Wiley described herself as a changemaker. She said, "We now have an historic opportunity at the same time, which is not just to recover from COVID, which we will, but actually reimagine the city so that we can all afford to live here with dignity."

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Andrew Yang

Image of Andrew Yang


Party: Democratic Party

Incumbent: No

Political Office: None

Biography:  Yang graduated from Brown University in 1996 and Columbia Law School in 1999. He briefly worked as a corporate lawyer before launching several startups, including Manhattan Prep. He founded the nonprofit Ventures for America in 2011. He ran for president of the United States in 2020.

Key Messages

Yang proposed a basic income program of, on average, $2,000 per year for 500,000 New Yorkers living in extreme poverty. He said, "Second only to housing subsidies, direct cash transfers and tax credits are the most critical components in helping families make ends meet."

Yang said he would focus on small business recovery, including enacting a one-year moratorium on fines for code violations and passing the Small Business Jobs Survival Act.

Yang said he wanted to increase community trust in the New York Police Department, focus resources on gun violence, and appoint a deputy mayor for public and community safety.

This information was current as of the candidate's run for Mayor of New York in 2021

Candidate positions by issue

According to an Emerson College poll of likely Democratic primary voters conducted June 7-8, 2021, the top five issues in the New York City mayoral race were crime, policing, affordable housing, jobs, and healthcare.[7]

This section contains quotes from the top Democratic primary candidates on these issues. Click on any of the following collapsible grey headers below to read more.

Ranked-choice voting

See also: New York City Ballot Question 1, Elections Charter Amendment: Ranked-Choice Voting, Vacancies, and City Council Redistricting Timeline (November 2019)
"Ranked-Choice Voting: What Do I Need to Know?" by NYC Votes

In 2019, New York City voters approved a ballot measure to establish ranked-choice voting (RCV) for primary and special elections beginning in 2021.

The primary election featured the first use of RCV for a mayoral primary in the city's history. Voters were allowed to rank up to five candidates on their ballot in order of preference. A candidate had to receive a majority of votes cast to win the election, and votes for eliminated candidates were redistributed based on the next preference on the ballot.[28]

Here are details about how it worked in the primary election.

  • Candidates were listed in rows and the numbered rankings in columns.
  • Voters could choose up to five candidates to support, ranking them from first to fifth.
  • Voters were not required to vote for five candidates. For example, a voter could vote for only one candidate if he or she desired.
  • Voters could not vote for the same candidate more than once or give the same rank to more than one candidate.

The New York City Campaign Finance Board said RCV had three benefits:

Ranked Choice Voting gives you more say in who gets elected. Even if your top choice candidate does not win, you can still help choose who does.

More civility and less negative campaigning. Candidates who are not your top choice still need your support as your 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 5th choice. This makes them more likely to appeal to a wider audience.

More diverse and representative candidates win elections. Cities that have implemented Ranked Choice Voting have elected more women and more women of color, making their elected officials more representative of their communities.[21]

New York City Campaign Finance Board[28]

Andrew Siff of NBC New York said that the use of RCV caused candidates to campaign differently than in previous cycles. "The addition of ranked choice voting for the NYC primaries is already leading to some previously unorthodox joint appearances from rival candidates, hoping to secure some second or third place votes that could put them over the top in a potentially close contest," he wrote.[29]

Alex Samuels of FiveThirtyEight said that RCV meant that candidates could not rely on just the support of their home neighborhood to carry a nomination. "[U]nder a ranked-choice voting system, it’s unlikely that someone could win by doing really well in just one of the city’s five boroughs. That candidate will eventually have to be the second and third choices of voters in other boroughs, too," she said.[30]

In April 2021, the majority of candidates did not have name recognition with most voters. In conjunction with RCV, political scientist Ken Sherrill said, "If we don’t watch out, we’re going to get a mayor almost chosen by random chance."[31]


See also: Ballotpedia's approach to covering polls

RCV simulation polls

Marist RCV Poll (June 3-9, 2021)
Candidate 1st round 2nd round 3rd round 4th round 5th round 6th round 7th round 8th round 9th round 10th round 11th round 12th round
Adams 28% 28% 28% 28% 28% 28% 29% 30% 31% 34% 43% 56%
Garcia 19% 19% 19% 19% 20% 20% 20% 21% 22% 24% 30% 44%
Wiley 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 18% 20% 22% 27%
Yang 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 16% 17% 17% 19%
Stringer 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 9% 9% 9%
Morales 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 5% 5%
McGuire 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4%
Donovan 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 4%
Prince 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%
Chang 1% 1% 1% 1%
Taylor < 1% < 1% < 1%
Wright < 1% < 1%
Foldenauer < 1%
Marist Poll • Respondents: 876 LV • MOV: ± 3.8 • Sponsors: WNBC, Telemundo 47, Politico

Emerson RCV Poll (June 7-8, 2021)
Candidate 1st round 2nd round 3rd round 4th round 5th round 6th round 7th round 8th round 9th round 10th round 11th round
Adams 23% 26% 26% 26% 26% 26% 28% 29% 33% 40% 59%
Wiley 17% 19% 19% 19% 19% 21% 21% 22% 26% 33% 42%
Yang 15% 17% 17% 18% 19% 19% 20% 22% 23% 27%
Garcia 12% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 15% 15% 19%
Stringer 9% 11% 11% 11% 11% 11% 11% 12%
Donovan 4% 4% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5%
McGuire 3% 3% 4% 4% 4% 4%
Morales 2% 2% 2% 3% 3%
Taylor 2% 2% 2% 2%
Chang 1% 2% 2%
Prince 1% 1%
Foldenauer < 1%
Emerson Poll • Respondents: 725 LV • MOV: ± 3.6 • Sponsors: PIX11/NewsNation

First-choice candidate polls

New York mayoral election, 2021: Democratic primary polls
Poll Date Adams Donovan Garcia McGuire Morales Stringer Wiley Yang Undecided/Other Margin of error Sample size Sponsor
Ipsos June 11-17, 2021 28% 5% 15% 5% 1% 8% 13% 20% 6% ± 5.7 906 LV N/A
Emerson College June 7-8, 2021 23% 4% 12% 3% 2% 9% 17% 15% 16%[32] ± 3.6 725 LV PIX11 News
Ipsos May 17-31, 2021 22% 3% 15% 4% 5% 10% 9% 16% 16% ± 4.5 906 LV Spectrum News NY1
Emerson College May 23-24, 2021 20% 5% 21% 2% 7% 10% 9% 16% 11%[33] ± 4.1 570 LV PIX11 News
Fontas Advisors and Core Decision Analytics May 15-19, 2021 18% 4% 11% 4% 9% 7% 9% 13% 27%[34] ± 3.5 800 LV N/A
Public Opinion Strategies May 14-17, 2021 21% 5% 13% 7% 7% 10% 11% 22% 2%[35] ± 4.4 500 LV Manhattan Institute
Benenson Strategy Group April 16-21, 2021 17% 7% 5% 8% 7% 11% 8% 22% 15%[36] ± 2.5 1,558 LV StudentsFirstNY
Ipsos April 1-15, 2021 13% 6% 4% 6% 5% 11% 7% 22% 26% ± 4.7 1,000 LV Spectrum News NY1

Campaign finance

The following chart includes campaign finance data from the New York City Campaign Finance Board current thorough the June 11, 2021, filing. It does not include candidates who terminated their campaigns or did not submit this filing. It was last updated on June 14, 2021.

Noteworthy Democratic primary endorsements

This section lists noteworthy endorsements issued in this election, including those made by high-profile individuals and organizations, cross-party endorsements, and endorsements made by newspaper editorial boards. It also includes links to endorsement lists published on campaign websites, if available. Please note that this list is not exhaustive. If you are aware of endorsements that should be included, please email us.

Click the links below to see endorsement lists published on candidate campaign websites, if available.

Democratic primary noteworthy endorsements
Endorsement Adams Garcia McGuire Stringer* Wiley Yang
Federal elected officials
Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.)[5]
Rep. Yvette Clarke (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Adriano Espaillat (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Hakeem Jeffries (D-.N.Y.)[37]
Rep. John Liu (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Grace Meng (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.)[38]
Rep. Katie Porter (D-Calif.)[5]
Rep. Tom Suozzi (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Ritchie Torres (D-N.Y.)[5]
Rep. Nydia Velazquez (D-N.Y.)[5]
State and local elected officials
New York State Sen. Joseph Addabbo (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Leroy Comrie (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Michael Gianaris (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Andrew Gounardes (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Brian Kavanagh (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Liz Krueger (D)[5]
New York State Sen. James Sanders Jr. (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Roxanne Persaud (D)[5]
New York State Sen. Diane Savino (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Peter Abbate (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Khaleel Anderson (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Jeffrion Aubry (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Rodneyse Bichotte Hermelyn (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Kenneth Burgos (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Vivian Cook (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Maritza Davila (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Inez E. Dickens (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Erik Dilan (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Simcha Eichenstein (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Charles Fall (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Mathylde Frontus (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Deborah Glick (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Richard Gottfried (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Andrew Hevesi (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Alicia Hyndman (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember latoya Joyner (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Ron Kim (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Daniel O'Donnell (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember N. Nick Perry (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Stacey G. Pheffer Amato (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Jenifer Rajkumar (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Diana Richardson (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Jose Rivera (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Robert Rodriguez (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Daniel Rosenthal (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Linda Rosenthal (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Nily Rozic (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Rebecca Seawright (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Alfred Taylor (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Clyde Vanel (D)[5]
New York Assemblymember Jaime Williams (D)[5]
Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr.[39]
Queens Borough Presideent Donovan Richards Jr.[5]
New York City Public Advocate Jumaane Williams (D)[5]
Former Rep. Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.)[5]
Former Rep. Ed Towns (D-N.Y.)[5]
New York Daily News[40]
The New York Post[5]
The New York Times[6]
1199 SEIU[5]
Democracy for America[5]
EMILY's List[41]
New Era Democrats[5]
New York City Asian-American Democratic Club[5]
New York Hotel and Motel Trades Council[5]
New York League of Conservation Voters[42]
New York Progressive Action Network[5][43]
New York State Nurses Association[5]
Public Employeees Federation[5]
Retail, Wholeseale, and Department Store Union[5]
Stonewall Democrats of NYC[44]
Tenants PAC[5]
Uniformed Fire Officers Association[5]
United Federation of Teachers[5]
Working Families Party[45]
  • Several endorsers withdrew their support for Stringer after a former campaign aide, Jean Kim, accused Stringer of sexual misconduct in 2001. These withdrawn endorsements included Rep. Jamaal Bowman (D-N.Y.), Rep. Adriano Espaillat (D-N.Y.), and the Working Families Party.



Campaign ads

This section shows advertisements released in this race. Ads released by campaigns and, if applicable, satellite groups are embedded or linked below. If you are aware of advertisements that should be included, please email us.

Eric Adams

A sample ad from the candidate's Facebook page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's Facebook Video page.

Kathryn Garcia

A sample ad from the candidate's YouTube page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's YouTube channel.

"Break Glass" - Garcia campaign ad, released May 4, 2021

Ray McGuire

A sample ad from the candidate's Facebook page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's Facebook Video page.

Scott Stringer

A sample ad from the candidate's Facebook page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's Facebook Video page.

Maya Wiley

A sample ad from the candidate's Facebook page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's Facebook Video page.

Andrew Yang

A sample ad from the candidate's YouTube page is embedded below. Click here to see the candidate's YouTube channel.

"Why I'm Running" - Yang campaign ad, released January 31, 2021

Debates and forums


The New York City Campaign Finance Board announced on March 11, 2021, that it would hold three Democratic primary debates prior to the election. The primaries were scheduled for the following days:[84]

  • May 13, 2021: Democratic debate on Spectrum News NY1
  • June 2, 2021: Democratic debate on WABC-TV
  • June 16, 2021: Democratic debate for leading contenders on WNBC-TV

June 16, 2021

On June 16, 2021, WNBC-TV, Telemundo, POLITICO, Citizens Budget Commission, and the New York Urban League co-hosted the final Democratic debate before the primary. Eight candidates participated: Adams, Donovan, Garcia, McGuire, Morales, Stringer, Wiley, and Yang. [52]

June 10, 2021

CBS2 hosted a Democratic primary debate with Adams, Garcia, Stringer, Wiley, and Yang. CBS2 anchors Marcia Kramer and Maurice DuBois were the moderators.[57]

June 2, 2021

WABC-TV hosted a Democratic primary debate with Adams, Donovan, Garcia, McGuire, Morales, Stringer, Wiley, and Yang. WABC anchor Bill Ritter, WABC political reporter Dave Evans, and Univision anchor Yisel Tejeda moderated the debate.[85]

May 13, 2021

The City, NY1, and WYNC/Gothamist hosted the first Democratic debate on May 13, 2021, with Adams, Donovan, Garcia, McGuire, Morales, Stringer, Wiley, and Yang. The moderators were Errol Louis, Brian Lehrer, and Josefa Velasquez.[74]


April 22, 2021

Color of Change, along with Communities for Policing Reform Action Fund (CPRAF) NYCLU, MIJENTE, and Drug Policy Action hosted a forum with Adams, Donovan, McGuire, Morales, Stringer, Wiley, and Yang on policing and community safety.

Mayoral forum hosted by Color of Change, April 22, 2021

April 7, 2021

The Nation hosted a forum featuring Donovan, Garcia, Stringer, and Wiley.

Mayoral forum hosted by The Nation, April 7, 2021

January 26, 2021

The Community Service Society hosted a forum in two sessions on equity and healthcare featuring Menchaca, Morales, Stringer, Sutton, Wiley, Adams, Donovan, Garcia, McGuire, and Yang.

Mayoral forum hosted by Community Service Society, January 26, 2021

Candidate interviews

Several local outlets interviewed or profiled Democratic primary candidates. This section compiles links to those profiles by outlet and candidate.

Gotham Gazette

Click on the following links to watch 30-minute interviews with the listed candidates conducted by Gotham Gazette.

The New York Times

Click on the following links to read and watch interviews with the listed candidates conducted by The New York Times.

News 12 Hudson Valley

Click on the following links to read and watch interviews with the listed candidates conducted by News 12 Hudson Valley.

Campaign themes of Democratic candidates

See also: Campaign themes

Eric Adams

Campaign website

Adams' campaign website stated the following:


New York City’s government is not just in crisis — it often is the crisis. COVID-19 has exposed the City’s mismanagement in stark detail. And it is Black and Brown communities who suffer the most from its dysfunction.

I know because I lived it. As one of six children with a single mother who struggled to make ends meet, I have committed my life to making the City work better for those who need it the most.

Inefficiency and inequality lead to injustice. How? New York has tremendous resources — but it often wastes them on programs that do not deliver the desired result or spends them in ways that do not help the New Yorkers who need them the most. I will make our City government more efficient, effective, and equal. Here’s how.

A more efficient city Today, the City governs from crisis to crisis — always dealing with the immediate problem and never the cause. Structural changes and smart management are necessary to create efficiency and reduce inequality.

I will do that by: Closing the budget gap without affecting public services Instituting real-time governing Finding the waste

A more effective city City agencies each keep their own records and data, with very little productive interaction — and New Yorkers who need help fall through the cracks. Using technology, we can focus on making government more effective by tailoring New Yorkers’ interaction with the City down to the person.

My plan includes: Building one digital platform for New Yorkers to access all City services Bringing the City to the community by delivering services in storefronts and in-person in lower-income neighborhoods Creating a Recovery Score to track our progress with analytics

A more equal city Finally, the City must do a far better job of maximizing its resources and using its regulatory powers to help deal with structural economic and social issues. That includes prioritizing spending on programs, services, and contractors that reduce inequality. It also means revisiting regulations that discourage growth, particularly of our Black and Brown owned small businesses.

My plan includes: Prioritizing minority- and women-owned businesses for City contracts Eliminating the fees for starting a small business Instituting a warning system for violations that do not pose immediate danger Maximizing the use of City assets — particularly office buildings for affordable housing


Our city is in serious economic trouble. The pandemic has cost us hundreds-of-thousands of jobs and billions of dollars in revenue.

And the deep hole we find ourselves in is not entirely due to COVID-19. Our economy was built on uneven ground: pervasive inequality, with just a few sectors accounting for most jobs, and vast wealth disparities. Before the pandemic, Latino and Black households in the city averaged approximately half the income that white households did.

Eric Adams Speaking Infront of Outdoor Dinning Area Our recovery starts with public health and public safety. But there are other things we can and must do immediately to save our economy. Some things will take years. Some things will take a generation. But we must get started now on all. Here’s how we bring back New York better than ever.

Step 1 - Protect what we have built and who built it Since the pandemic and its disastrous impact on this country’s economy, we have seen a significant downturn that is far worse than most American cities’. Estimates are that, even after the COVID crisis is somewhat under control, New York City will have half-a-million fewer jobs than before the pandemic. We have to right the ship, fast.

Step 2 - Create a stronger, deeper, fairer 21st Century economy New York City must position itself to lead in the industries of the future: the green economy, healthcare/biotech, digital technology and cybersecurity. Our workers were unprepared for this even before the pandemic. Invest in green infrastructure projects through a municipal bond program.

Step 3 - Create an equitable economy that gives everyone the opportunity to thrive Black and Brown communities were sidelined as the New York City economy flourished. For instance, the communities I grew up in — Brownsville and South Jamaica — continue to experience significant unemployment while massive development and economic expansion occurred in other parts of the city. Those communities have waited long enough — now we will build an inclusive economy for them that is equitable and enduring.


The quality of a child’s public education in New York is unfortunately and unnecessarily often determined by what neighborhood they live in and how much money their family has. This leads to unforgivable racial disparities that limit the futures of thousands of our kids, year after year.

Now COVID-19 threatens to deepen those disparities even more, as lower-income families without adequate internet access and childcare options struggle with blended and remote learning.

But we also now have a chance to completely reimagine our education system. I believe the key to improvement is opening as many paths to success for our students as we can, and to focus much more on how they learn—not just what they learn.

To do that, I will desegregate our schools, institute a year-round school year, significantly expand school and instruction options, prioritize universal access to both online and in-person classes, feed our kids only healthy food in schools, and focus on the holistic growth of every student.

Our immediate focus should be on improving remote learning, which has been a disaster for thousands of families. This is both a failure of our City government and the internet providers who have been promising for years to improve access to lower-income New Yorkers and have not delivered. We can and must do something to correct this injustice. Internet providers need City approval to operate in New York. We should be using that leverage to force them to connect the families of schoolchildren and offer free service.

We must also offer clear paths to college and careers through our schools. For instance, I am very proud of the Brooklyn STEAM Center, a first-of-its-kind facility that offers high school students real-world work experience in emerging professions.

Poor education and lack of preparation leads to incarceration. As many as 80 percent of Rikers Island inmates do not have a diploma or GED and a third of college-aged inmates read below a fifth-grade level. The vast majority of those New Yorkers are Black and Brown.

We can fix this and close the racial performance gaps by greatly improving the educational options for parents and students so that each child gets a quality education that is right for them.

In the coming weeks, I will lay out my full vision for reimagining our public education system. I look forward to sharing it with you so that we can begin to build brighter futures for our children.


OVID-19 tore through New York City when it first hit the United States, leaving unimaginable death and suffering in its wake. And the fight is far from over.

Although we have made great strides in understanding, treating, and tracking the virus, our planning is flawed and inconsistent — and it is costing us lives. At the same time, COVID-19 hit us as hard as it did because our public health system was — and still is — woefully inadequate, especially for communities of color.

Like a patient with a weak immune system, the underlying condition that has allowed COVID-19 to kill so many Black and Brown New Yorkers is inequality. We cannot hope to control the coronavirus without also curing that disease.

People of color in our city have far-higher rates of chronic illness and the comorbidities that make people vulnerable to COVID-19 and other viruses. Black New Yorkers’ life expectancy is a full four years lower than the citywide average. That is the result of poor healthcare, lack of healthy food options, and unhealthy living conditions.

I was one of those people of color living with a chronic illness that could have been prevented. I was diagnosed with diabetes and lost sight in my eye. My doctor told me I was facing blindness and amputations. So, I switched to eating only healthy foods and began practicing mindfulness. Within weeks, I was feeling better. Within months, I had sent my diabetes into remission.

Now I want to do the same for all New Yorkers who just need access to quality healthcare and food to improve their health and protect themselves against illness and this deadly virus. I am certain we can. What it will take is an unprecedented commitment to public health from City government.

Turning around this city starts with taming COVID. We need an all-in effort that restores public confidence as it protects public health, undoes the deep racial health disparities in our city, and reduces inequalities by increasing delivery of services.

I have already released a number of proposals that should be implemented immediately, including: instituting a color-coded vaccination program to ensure we reach herd immunity and vaccinate the most vulnerable New Yorkers as quickly as possible; ; sending community health workers directly into neighborhoods with high morbidity rates; expanding access to telehealth; building out a robust rapid-testing program, and setting up COVID care centers in NYCHA complexes and in vacant storefronts in lower-income communities.

In the coming weeks, I will lay out a detailed plan for how to improve our public health system, the health of New Yorkers, and our success against the coronavirus.


Today our city faces an unprecedented crisis that threatens to undo the progress we have made against crime. The shootings and deaths are startling. And communities of color are the hardest hit.

People do not feel safe in their homes or on the street. We cannot go back to a New York that is unsafe for New Yorkers—especially our children. We won’t go back.

As a former police officer who patrolled the streets in a bulletproof vest in the 1990s, I sadly know what I am talking about. Lawlessness spread through our city like a disease then, infecting communities with the same terrible swiftness that coronavirus threatens today.

At the same time we face a crisis of confidence in our police. And we cannot have lower crime without greater trust.

I personally understand the distrust and anger with the NYPD. As a young man, my brother and I were beaten by police at a precinct house, and we carry the psychological scars of that to this day.

That is why I called out racism in the department as an officer and formed 100 Blacks in Law Enforcement to push through reforms. And why I continued to call for change throughout my career, including the successful effort to stop the unlawful use of Stop-and-Frisk.

But the debate around policing has been reduced to a false choice: You are either with police, or you are against them. No. That cannot be true. Because we are all for safety. We need the NYPD — we just need them to be better.

We also need a plan of action. When I was a police officer, I was part of the team that developed what is now COMPStat. That system of tracking crime and analyzing data allowed us to take crime from historic highs to historic lows.

There is a way forward. With all stakeholders at the table and a laser-like focus on addressing the reasons behind our spike in shootings, we can put this fire out before it consumes entire neighborhoods and torches our reputation as the safest big city in America.

With a commitment to justice that is felt in the heart of officers, new technologies, clear objectives, better organization, good old fashioned police work and better relations with the communities they serve, we can have both safe and fair.

In the coming weeks, I will share with you my detailed plan for tackling crime, reforming policing, and bringing justice to our criminal justice system.


New York City is always changing — but every once in awhile, there is a sea change. At these pivotal moments, New York’s strength has always been its resiliency and its ability to adapt. After 9/11, we remade downtown Manhattan into a live/work community that prioritized livability and did not depend completely on the 9-to-5 workweek. After Sandy, we rethought our shoreline.

Now we face perhaps our greatest test: COVID-19. The effect of the virus on the way our city works — or doesn’t — is apparent. For instance, suddenly places like Midtown that generated so much economic activity for New York seem built for another era. But we can also see much more clearly now how the design of our city was already flawed — and often how those flaws perpetuated inequality.

New York may be a group of communities, but it is also one city, and we should all be in this recovery together. Let’s start acting like it. To see ourselves as walled-off enclaves is an old, and frankly biased, way of thinking. Housing — including affordable housing — can be and should be put anywhere it can go, as long as it benefits those who need it. And the infrastructure and space for jobs that support the city must also go where it is smartest to build — not just easiest.

An aggressive affordable housing plan To deal with our housing crisis in New York, I believe the city must rapidly build new affordable housing while protecting existing apartments anywhere and everywhere we can. That means bold, aggressive measures that are even more necessary now as we simultaneously fight a pandemic and an economic crisis.

More options for New Yorkers to live and work Much of our city is zoned for another era, when all New Yorkers lived in one area and worked in another. When COVID-19 hit, it economically decimated neighborhoods dominated by tall office towers, where retailers, restaurants, and other businesses relied almost entirely on 9-to-5 workers. The city also relies too heavily on office workers and the service economy overall, when it could and should be expanding employment options in areas like life sciences, urban agriculture, and manufacturing.

The investments NYCHA tenants deserve Even before the pandemic, we knew that tens-of-billions of dollars was needed to make basic improvements to NYCHA homes and complexes throughout the city. Now the virus has exposed even more issues that need immediate attention. I believe we need an all-in approach to raise enough funds and make the most use of them in order to save NYCHA tenants from dilapidated buildings and deteriorating apartments.[21]

—Eric Adams for Mayor[86]

Art Chang

Campaign website

Chang's campaign website stated the following:

The Issues

We are a city that has risen over and over again by doing what we do best. We create, innovate, produce, cause, invest and forge a better future. With the right leadership, we will do it again -- and in doing so, break the cycles of inequity and injustice. Do we want to emerge as we were pre-Covid? Or do we emerge as a more fair and just city with compassion and possibility?

We all know what needs fixing: housing affordability, safety, policing, small business support, education, healthcare. Go to any candidate’s website, and you’ll see that they care about these things too. But fixing these things takes more than a campaign pledge. It takes a strategy. My strategy is based on a lesson I’ve learned over my years of experience across several sectors:

The systems we need to fix are interconnected. Our policing solutions and housing policies will impact public health. Our education policies will impact the lives of small business owners. This is why city policies have unintended consequences: they are driven by campaign stump speeches rather than by smart implementation. At a time of unprecedented crisis, it is vital that we approach these issues holistically rather than individually.

As Mayor, my main avenues for restoring hope are the following:

Universal Childcare

With the usual strains on working families exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, Universal Childcare is necessary to help our economy recover. Thousands of parents left the workforce -- mostly women -- to care for and educate their children during the shutdown. Over four years as Mayor, I will gradually roll out free childcare centers throughout the city: an essential step in rebuilding our communities post-COVID, and counteracting the impact remote learning has had on parents’ careers and businesses.

Stopping Evictions & Foreclosures, and Investing in Truly Affordable Housing

In addition to prioritizing a massive increase in truly affordable housing, we must extend the eviction moratorium and impose a foreclosure moratorium through March 2022, and cancel all accrued rental debt and interest during this period.

Supporting Small Businesses Retail stores, restaurants, bars, small entertainment venues, and arts and cultural institutions are essential to rebuilding the city we love and have been devastated by COVID-19. We will form and listen to advisory committees in each industry, and create a volunteer “Innovation Corps” of entrepreneurs who are given the freedom to re-think how the government supports the most distressed industries.

Reimagining Policing and Public Safety

There are more effective and affordable ways to keep people safe than more police. We need to redirect police funds, changing our existing emergency response methods to utilize unarmed responders. We will also regain civilian control over New York City’s paramilitary organizations, and create user-friendly, real-time and transparent data services to better direct services to distressed communities.

Preparing for Climate Change & Preventing Future Damage

By 2100, the seas will rise by 10 feet even with the essential reductions in carbon emissions. Now is the time to prepare for this. I will eliminate carbon emissions by 2050 and plan for a 10’ sea rise by 2100, along with the related increases in storm surges and weather violence.

Building a Government that Works

I will swiftly address the dysfunction of the city government by restoring civilian control over broken and rogue organizations, and by re-establishing control over the budget. And with my background in the tech industry, I know how to bring our city’s technological infrastructure into the 21st Century -- making our government work for the people more accessibly and effectively.

A government that works can solve problems that have seemed insurmountable for years, such as poverty & food insecurity.

Protect, Uplift, and Support The Arts

The arts and entertainment industry brings tens of billions of dollars into NYC’s economy each year, yet have been one of the most heavily impacted sectors left behind during the COVID pandemic and recovery. Our city will not fully bounce back until the arts are back.

Education that meets each student where they are

I believe that when a city prioritizes education, many other aspects of city life fall into place on their own. Our education system should be re-framed around the priorities that matter to all of us: students knowing their rights in and responsibilities to our civic society, being capable of making positive contributions to our economy, and taking care of themselves and others.

Equity for all New Yorkers

I believe that all New Yorkers deserve protection, support, safety, and dignity. I know that achieving this means committing to equality for all throughout all departments of City government.[21]

—Art Chang for NYC Mayor[87]

Shaun Donovan

Campaign website

Donovan's campaign website stated the following:

In preparing this plan, we took as a starting point the simple notion that as we rebuilt from this crisis, we couldn’t settle for what New York City was before. We believe that New York can come back as a stronger, fairer, more equitable, more innovative city that works for everyone and gives each resident a chance to build a healthy, happy life. The plan elements included in this book are meant to provide a holistic, detailed picture of that New York—not the one we had before, but the one we should strive to create.

The policies outlined below and across this book are the result of a year-long effort to combine Shaun’s decades of government experience and policy knowledge with the guidance of over a hundred community advocates, scholars, business leaders, and policy experts from across the city and country. This edition of the Donovan Plan is organized by issue area—including Racial Equity, Health, Neighborhoods, Transportation, Jobs, Education, Criminal Justice, Housing, Aging, Climate, and Innovation—with a number of platforms still in development, including Arts & Culture, Immigration, Food Security, and LGBTQ issues.

The topic areas often refer to one another, forming bridges between sometimes seemingly disparate issues and calling attention to the cohesion that our city’s efforts must display if we hope to truly solve the problems that plague so many of our communities. In this way, they should be viewed not as separate pieces in a puzzle, but rather voices in conversation, responding to, commenting on, and building upon one another. They are a reflection of the ongoing discussion we aim to have with the people of this city.

View the Plan[21]

—Shaun for NYC[88]

Aaron Foldenauer

Campaign website

Foldenauer's campaign website stated the following:

COVID-19: Revitalize Our Economy

We must attract tourists and office workers back to the City and get our economy moving again.

Protect Small Property Owners

We must protect those families and individuals who have invested in our City.

Healthy Eating

Promoting access to healthy eating will dramatically improve our quality of life and set the standard for the rest of the world.


We generate excessive amounts of waste and pollution and are far behind in implementing sustainable environmental policies.


We must fully commit to modernizing our congested and crumbling infrastructure.

Support Small Businesses

Small businesses are under assault. They are vital to our economy and we must save them.

Police Reform

The police have become over-militarized. This must change.


Our schools have failed our children. We must innovate now.

Land Use and Preservation

Preserving the historic character of our neighborhoods and providing ample green spaces are critical to our economy and wellbeing.

Affordable Housing

We must enact incentives so that we will have more rental housing for those who need it the most.

Protecting the Vulnerable

Our seniors, our homeless, and our immigrants should not be left behind.[21]

—Aaron Foldenauer for Mayor of New York City[89]

Kathryn Garcia

Campaign website

Garcia's campaign website stated the following:

Kathryn Garcia has been a public servant accountable to 8.4 million New Yorkers for 14 years, during which she solved some of the city’s biggest challenges in times of crisis. From getting 42 pump stations but up and running 72 hours after Superstorm Sandy, to spearheading the emergency food program during COVID19 that has delivered over 200 million meals to New Yorkers in need. Kathryn believes in government that serves you. Our city needs an experienced leader, this is not a time for on-the-job training. Kathryn can get it done.


Reopen to stay open.

Kathryn is ready to lead the best city in the world to a better tomorrow. The core of Kathryn’s recovery plan is meaningful economic relief and job pathways for the most vulnerable New Yorkers, a plan for small businesses to reopen and stay open, and a green future.

Meaningful economic relief and job pathways for the most vulnerable New Yorkers Free childcare for children aged 0-3 for families making under 70K a year A single small business City Permit to eliminate bureaucracy Launch CrowdsourceNYC to provide zero interest microloans to small businesses Universal broadband for all Restore 24/7 Subway service Fix the broken bureaucracy of City government

Climate Change

Kathryn has been at the front lines of fighting climate change for her entire career. Kathryn’s a comprehensive five borough approach with the right resiliency strategies for every community that will right past wrongs and move New York City to a fully renewable energy economy starting on day one.

Convert Rikers into a renewable energy zone Restore curbside organics recycling Install 3,000 electric car chargers citywide Convert DOE roofs to green roofs

Housing That Heals

Health and housing are linked. Residents who do not have stable or quality housing are less healthy. Safe, secure, affordable housing is a basic human right. Kathryn will focus the City’s housing agenda on outcomes. Kathryn will address street homelessness with urgency and compassion. As NYC Recovers we need housing that heals and increased affordability. Create 50,000 units of deeply affordable housing End apartment bans and discriminatory zoning Move from a shelter strategy to permanent housing strategy Execute NYCHA's Blueprint for Change and get apartments fixed Make it fast, easy and legal for private partners to build more housing

Crime & Police Reform

Driving down crime and police reform are not in conflict with one another. We all need to feel safe. Black Lives Matter. Kettling is wrong. If you break the rules, you get fired. Driving down crime and police reform are not in conflict with one another. what it’s going to take to keep our communities safe and reform the NYPD. Kathryn’s plan will drive down crime and restore trust in the NYPD.

Address root causes of violence and fund Cure Violence groups Zero tolerance for rule infractions Increase recruitment age from 21 to 25 Reward officers for driving down crime--not number of arrests made


Education is about building a more equitable city. Our kids deserve the best education that we can give them, and our parents deserve to feel at ease with the process, not stressed.

Accelerate our Universal Literacy goal to 2023 City employment guarantee for CUNY and trade schools Implement universal broadband


Public transportation is the heartbeat of New York. We must ensure that our public spaces serve the public first. Kathryn’s transportation plan is the most climate focused plan. A safe, reliable and efficient transportation system will power our recovery.

Electrify 10,000 school buses Create permanent open streets Expand protected bike lane network by 250 miles One-swipe in-city network for LIRR + MetroNorth


A healthy city is one where all New Yorkers get the care they need, when they need it. That means improving access to regular, affordable healthcare, but also affordable housing, quality jobs, and clean air. Kathryn’s holistic approach will ensure that no New Yorker has to delay needed care due to cost or accessibility.

Reduce wait times for appointments for primary care to less than 10 days Bring health care closer to your home with coordinated care teams and telehealth Expand late night and weekend healthcare services Improve coordination across public and private healthcare systems Make claiming benefits and navigating services the fastest, easiest, and most people-centered in the country Close the maternal mortality gap Expand healthcare infrastructure in historically underserved neighborhoods Increase mental health services for our youth and educators Reduce response times for mobile crisis teams and better serve New Yorkers living with serious mental illnes Shorten the commute to buy or pick up healthy food[21]

—Garcia for NYC Mayor[90]

Raymond McGuire

Campaign website

McGuire's campaign website stated the following:


The McGuire Comeback Plan is a visionary blueprint to revitalize and rebuild our city, kickstarting the most inclusive economic recovery in New York City history. Under Ray’s leadership, New York City will be the center of the global economy, a juggernaut of job creation, the best place in the world to start and run a small business, and a city that helps its people overcome current challenges so they can participate in a more equitable future.


Everyone deserves to feel safe in their community — but right now, far too many New Yorkers live in fear of violence and criminal activity. And for too long, communities of color have lived with an additional fear: racist and overly aggressive policing. Ray McGuire’s record of leadership and his lived experience make him uniquely qualified to transform the city’s approach to public safety and implement a form of policing that is respectful, accountable and proportionate.


Fewer than two out of every ten Black and Hispanic 4th graders are proficient in math and reading right now and those numbers only get worse by graduation. As mayor, Ray will invest in a cradle to career model that ensures every child receives enrichment so they can start school on a level playing field, parents have a choice of good schools in their neighborhood, and all graduates follow a clear pathway into college or a career.


New York City is the greatest city in the world — but not all New Yorkers share equally in its promise and prosperity. One in four New Yorkers are severely rent burdened, with half of their income going to rent payments. Ray has a comprehensive citywide plan to create affordable housing, in collaboration with each community, that creates jobs, respects neighborhoods, and protects residents from gentrification.


Even in the most difficult economic times, Ray understands that New Yorkers want the trash collected on time, the roads and sidewalks repaired, and parks that are clean and safe to play in. After years leading and managing large organizations, he knows that ultimately what’s important is delivering the goods — and that’s exactly what he’ll hold himself accountable to do as New York City’s mayor.[21]

—Ray for Mayor[91]

Dianne Morales

Campaign website

Morales' campaign website stated the following:

Time and time again, New Yorkers show up for each other — even when their electeds fail to show up for them. When our nation, state and city were at their lowest, it was our working class community that bailed us out. Not banks, but bodegas. Not billionaires, but bus drivers. Not Tesla, but teachers. We need city leadership that values all of its constituents — from the expecting mother to the senior janitor. We invest in our city because it is supposed to enhance our quality of life — not diminish it. And we deserve a Mayor who sees all of her constituents as human beings. Especially those whose humanity has been silenced, suppressed and denied.

Dianne Morales’ policy platform is built on the belief that politics should work for all the people and that we are stronger and better positioned to grow when every New Yorker is prioritized, oppressive systems are eliminated and barriers are removed. The people who help keep New York City afloat, in and out of a pandemic, are the same ones struggling because our system was designed for them to struggle.

Anything that is designed to keep us back can be undone and redesigned. We need the will and the right leader.

Dianne Morales is that leader.

Under a Morales Administration, we will finally center the needs of those disproportionately underserved, because it is the right thing to do and because it benefits everyone.


Being responsive to multiple crises by undoing oppressive policies and ensuring all New Yorkers have the basics: safety, shelter, healthcare, a job and opportunity.


Valuing and scaling a care economy to serve dual roles of service and employment.


A unified city measuring growth beyond revenue, but in how well the city serves the most vulnerable and how swiftly we deepen equity.


Under a Morales Administration, we will finally acknowledge the value of a care economy, and expand skilled employment opportunities within fields in high demand: healthcare, education, green economy, public interest lawyers and human services.


Under a Morales Administration, we will finally take all that we’ve marched for and advance a city that balances growth and prosperity with justice, fairness and equity. Our city should not only be liveable for a privileged few. Our city must be home to everyone who invests in it.


Dianne’s entire career has been dedicated to serving the People. And while others see service as charity, Dianne sees it as a responsibility. Which is why even in developing this policy platform, she and her team have consulted organizers, activists, practitioners and academics all dedicated to a recovery that radically takes us forward — not brings us back. We thank all of those voices for co-building an agenda that builds upon a foundation of dignity for all and believes that we are stronger when we see the opportunity in a care economy and an ecosystem of solidarity.[21]

—Dianne Morales for NYC Mayor[92]

Paperboy Prince

Campaign website

Prince's campaign website stated the following:

Legislative Philosophy: Spread Love To Everyone

What Does Paperboy Prince Support?

Universal Basic Income ($1,000/month to every American)

$1,000/month universal basic income for every American over 18.

The Freedom Dividend is a $1,000 a month payment just for you that all Americans will receive from the government with no strings attached! The primary reason for implementing the freedom dividend is to serve as an efficient safety net in a time of economic uncertainty, and with the threat of mass unemployment in the near future due to automation. The freedom dividend will be pegged to inflation, with the annual monthly payments increasing alongside inflation. However, the dividend cannot deflate(go under $1,000 a month) if US prices drop due to a recession. The money you receive with the freedom dividend is 100% yours, and you can spend it on whatever you would like! We believe that individuals are best suited to determining their own needs and choices. The Freedom Dividend has an opt-out. If for whatever reason you would not like to receive the dividend, you do not have to accept it. You can also consider donating your monthly paycheck to charity to help those in need. The Freedom Dividend is not a “libertarian Trojan horse.” It will not disqualify you from receiving any existing welfare benefits, and if you prefer your current welfare benefits to the Freedom Dividend, you are not required to accept the paycheck.

Medicare For All

Expand Medicare to cover all Americans.

Americans today live in a broken healthcare system. We spend twice as much money as most industrialized countries on the cost of healthcare, yet we receive poorer quality care than many. About 500,000 great Americans go bankrupt every year because they cannot afford their health insurance. We must improve the healthcare system so that it works for all Americans; including the hard-working residents of 7th District! Paperboy’s solution is pretty simple: to have the federal government pay for the costs of your healthcare, if you desire. Most other developed nations ensure that all their citizens have a right to receive the healthcare they need, and it is time that we do just that and fight for universal, affordable access to healthcare. Paperboy Care will allow you to keep your freedom of choice: If you like your private plan, and would prefer to stay on a private plan rather than be insured by the government, you can do so. If for whatever reason, you do not want to be insured whatsoever, we believe that you have the right to remain uninsured. But you can opt-in to Paperboy Care at any time for no cost out of your wallet.

Democracy Dollars

Paperboy Prince is calling for a $500 stipend paid from the federal and state governments that can only be used for citizens to donate to political campaigns. Giving the people $ will create a balancing factor against the money currently in the system, much of which comes from big corporations and billionaires. The stipend can also be used for people who want to run for office to help fund their own campaigns. There are many financial barriers for poorer and underrepresented people who want to run for office themselves, and lack the financial means to do so. Democracy Dollars will give people a starting contribution, and can help others fund these campaigns as well. At the local level, “Democracy Vouchers” which are the same thing as Democracy Dollars have proven to work. Seattle is one example. Democracy Dollars is just one of a number of important reforms Paperboy will fight for in order to help increase people’s participation in government, and give “ordinary” people the tools to run for office and make our country more Democratic.

Spread Love to Everyone

We need to make spreading love a focus of our priorities at all levels of our society, from the government on down. In accordance with our mission to spread love and strengthening our ties as a community, we will work to establish national community centers in every congressional district in America. Our community centers will allow people of all backgrounds to come together and hang out, play sports, video-games, and other activities; make new friends, and unite as Americans. Our community centers will also act as centers for big, new entrepreneurial ideas to take shape. They can potentially serve as centers for local businesses and/or town fairs, concerts, and showcases. Outside of policy, we encourage Americans to have more parties, celebrations, and spread the love!![21]

—Paperboy Prince[93]

Scott Stringer

Campaign website

Stringer's campaign website stated the following:

Scott Stringer has a big agenda for City Hall: to rebuild our city — and our economy — for all New Yorkers, stronger and fairer than ever before.

He’ll strengthen our public health infrastructure to get New Yorkers vaccinated and safely to the other side of the pandemic — and then overhaul it to prepare for the next crisis. He’ll bring our economy back with a focus on supporting small businesses, putting New Yorkers back to work, and training them for the jobs of tomorrow. He’ll take a new, more comprehensive approach to ensure public safety and invest in all of our neighborhoods. He’ll enact sweeping plans to tackle climate change and our housing affordability crisis, and dramatically improve transportation throughout the five boroughs.

And he’ll secure our future with a sweeping plan to invest in our children, ages 0-10 — by making high-quality childcare affordable to every family in the city and putting more resources into the classroom, to get our kids caught up after the pandemic and provide across-the-board enrichment for years to come.

Scott knows what it takes to make change in government that changes people’s lives — it’s what he’s done his entire career. And he knows it’s not enough to have big ideas — that’s why he has specific, actionable plans that are ready to go on day one.

Children and Education

Scott Stringer has been a champion of public education in New York City throughout his entire career. He also knows the issues first-hand — as the father of two children in city elementary schools, the proud son of a late City school teacher, and the product of city schools and CUNY himself. For Scott, standing up for New York City’s children is part of his DNA, and across his 30-year career in public service, he has worked to ensure high-quality education in every borough and every neighborhood. As Mayor, Scott will advance a broad vision to raise educational outcomes at every level, confront inequities head-on, and invest in pathways to success for every child, from their cradle to their career.

Provide high-quality, affordable early childhood education for all infants and toddlers

Dramatically increase child care assistance to working families with children under 3 and expand eligibility requirements to serve families making up to $100,000 per year. Triple the number of infants and toddlers in City-backed care and sharply reduce child care costs for as many as 70,000 working families. Invest $500 million over five years to address child care deserts by building and repairing child care facilities across the city. Support Early Childhood educators by meaningfully investing in training, professional development, scholarships, and increased compensation for the workforce.

Build a new paradigm for classroom instruction by putting two teachers in every elementary classroom, and expanding teacher mentorship and training

Make history by putting two teachers in every classroom from K-through-5, doubling the ratio of teachers to students to provide enriched and personalized instruction to all our children. Launch the largest teacher residency program in the country to prepare teachers for the profession and reduce turnover. Recruit 1,000 aspiring teachers each year to work in the classroom alongside an accomplished mentor teacher, with an emphasis on recruiting young teachers of color. Provide stipends for resident teachers to cover living expenses during the year of residency — allowing them to focus on their training without debt or a second job. Leverage and collaborate with the City’s excellent teacher preparation programs, including those at CUNY and SUNY. Strengthen school leadership and build a principal residency program to identify and provide mentorship to promising school leaders from within the ranks of today’s Assistant Principals and frontline teaching staff. Establish free “high dosage tutoring” through a NYC Tutoring Corps to help get kids back on track after the pandemic. Cut waste and redirect funds into the classroom, building on Scott’s experience as Comptroller.

Integrate our schools and confront inequities across the system

Support, fund and require district-wide and cross-district plans to increase diversity, building on the success of efforts in District 15 in Brooklyn and District 3 in Manhattan. Make the DOE’s recent decision to end geographic screens at the high school level permanent, and scale back or eliminate academic screens at the middle school level. Stop the use of the SHSAT standardized test to determine admissions to the City’s specialized high schools and base eligibility instead on State math and reading scores, while exploring the potential of apportioning a percentage of seats to top performers in individual districts and/or schools. Start Gifted & Talented programs later and broaden access to resources by expanding “two-teachers” — and stop testing four-year-olds. Address chronic shortages in special education, as well as for multilingual students, English Language Learners, and students in the foster care system or otherwise temporary housed Increase student access to social workers and other mental health professionals to reduce suspensions and provide direct, integrated, trauma-sensitive support to students experiencing emotional or behavioral crises. Guarantee that every child has access to free, high-speed internet service at home and establish a true 1:1 device policy. Make sure every child receives high-quality arts, physical, and health education, a requirement of State law that goes unmet by the City — as well as access to athletics. Provide universal free, high-quality afterschool programming in every K-8 school.

Address the social-emotional needs of students with on-the-ground help

Expand the ranks of social workers and other mental health professionals to provide direct, integrated, trauma-sensitive support to students experiencing emotional or behavioral crises. Ensure every school is staffed with full-time social workers with caseloads of no more than 1:250 students, by tripling the number of school-based social workers. Remove armed NYPD officers from schools, bar school safety staff from responding to social-emotional student behavioral issues, and train all school staff in culturally responsive and sustaining education (CR-SE). Establish a Mental Health Continuum to connect students in crisis directly with mental health clinicians and supports — a particularly critical investment as students heal from the trauma of the COVID-19 public health and economic crises. Invest in prevention and identification of adolescent depression and responses to early warning signs of self-harm and suicide. Create “Fastrack Benefits” to help families connect to services within the trusted environment of their child’s school, and expand community schools.

Prepare New Yorkers for the jobs of tomorrow

Make CUNY community colleges free for all and revamp workforce development programs to build back a more equitable and inclusive economy. Organize paid internships for all CUNY graduating seniors to help them bridge the gap between college and career. Dramatically increase investment in Career and Technical Education, early-college programs, and College Now in DOE schools. Strengthen partnerships with private industry to upskill New Yorkers, improve career pathways, and expand apprenticeship opportunities. Expand bridge programs that help connect language education to job training and opportunities. Pilot universal paid internships for high school students, and increase career exploration and youth employment opportunities including by offering universal school-connected summer jobs (SYEP).

Climate Action

Scott Stringer has spent his career fighting for a more sustainable future, working in the trenches with climate activists, creating detailed blueprints on how to achieve a cleaner, greener city, and harnessing every lever of his office to advance the causes of climate action on the local, national and international stages. The climate crisis is here, and New Yorkers need a mayor with solutions to put into action right now. Scott is proposing the most bold, comprehensive, and actionable climate plan New York City has ever seen — to truly deliver a Green New Deal to New Yorkers.

Meet our climate commitments faster and end the era of fossil fuel infrastructure

Ban all new fossil fuel infrastructure, including new pipelines or the redevelopment of power plants. Create a public utility to power the city with 100% renewable energy by 2035. Permanently retire all existing pipelines, gas storage, and the remaining eighteen peaker plants operating across the city. Double the City’s Solar Tax abatement to jumpstart solar installations. Unlock the potential of energy storage by installing both large and small battery systems to allow New Yorkers to reliably access renewable energy.

Create tens of thousands of good-paying green jobs and grow the green economy

Launch the nation’s largest green and blue bonds program to fund green and resilient capital investments. Transform Rikers Island into a hub of energy storage, renewable energy generation, and wastewater treatment. Fight for the federal and state funding to implement a Green New Deal. Create workforce development programs and apprenticeships to put more New Yorkers to work at tens of thousands of good-paying, 21st century green union jobs. Take on corporate financiers of climate destruction by challenging the big banks that finance fossil fuel projects using the power of the City’s pension funds.

Deliver environmental justice to ensure that all New Yorkers benefit from a healthier future

Drastically improve air quality in areas with high rates of asthma, by tasking agencies to measure and improve indoor air quality, pinpoint pollution hotspots, and take cars off the road. Retire half of all New York City based peaker plants by 2028 and the rest by 2035. Scale back our urban highway network and repurpose road space into green space. Fight for the Green New Deal for public housing, outlined by Rep. Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez, to entirely overhaul decrepit NYCHA buildings and take developments off of fossil fuels, generating 32,000 good-paying jobs along the way. Eliminate childhood lead exposure by targeting buildings already linked to cases of lead exposure.

Promote greener, energy-efficient buildings to tackle our biggest carbon source

Decarbonize the City’s building stock and promote energy-efficient buildings by making retrofit mandates achievable and affordable. Ban natural gas and oil use in new construction or major renovations to allow for the scaling back of fossil fuels. Halt the use of polluting number four heating oil by 2025. Implement fast-track green permitting to accelerate green construction. Retrofit schools into hubs of sustainability by undertaking deep retrofits, electrifying buildings, topping roofs with solar or vegetation, and installing batteries. Develop a plan of district-scale clean energy projects that can take swaths of buildings off of fossil fuels all at once.

Create active streets and green spaces to improve air quality and physical health

Make Open Streets permanent to provide more space for midblock playgrounds, greenery, and bike paths. Install fully protected bus lanes for all high-ridership bus lines. Extend Citi Bike across the five boroughs, massively expand bike lanes, and subsidize the purchase of e-bikes. Invest in parks and enhance urban forests by putting more resources into maintenance, supporting volunteers, planting trees, and building 100 new playgrounds over the next five years. Expand green infrastructure to avoid the development of expensive wastewater treatment facilities. Encourage the electrification of vehicles, especially school buses and convert the dirtiest 25% of the City’s fleet to clean, electric alternatives by 2025.

Enhance resiliency programs to protect New York against extreme heat, sea rise, and storms

Protect all 520 miles of coastline from climate change and rising seas by implementing a five-borough resiliency plan that targets help to communities most at risk. New strategies to elevate homes and businesses, protect wetlands, and build back better. Address the danger heatwaves pose to vulnerable populations by distributing air conditioners, planting trees, and building green roofs. Create a long-term floodplain restoration program that moves willing homeowners out of harm’s way and helps create naturally resilient shorelines that can protect our neighborhoods. Increase access to low cost resiliency loans that can help elevate and safeguard homes and businesses.

Healthcare and the Pandemic

Overhaul pandemic response and preparedness

Fix the ongoing City response to Covid-19 with a comprehensive, well-managed citywide vaccination program in every neighborhood that ensures racial equity. Make sure we are better prepared for the next public health crisis by strengthening disease tracking systems, expanding emergency stockpiles, and enhancing trust of healthcare providers in marginalized communities. Catch up on routine and preventative care that people may have put off during the pandemic but is essential to staving off serious disease. Address the long-term impacts of the pandemic, including providing after-care to New Yorkers with “long-haul” COVID-19 ailments.

Fortify our public health infrastructure and expand access to care

Build out a world class public health system by strengthening the City’s public health leadership and infrastructure — end the infighting and take a multi-agency approach to tackling pressing health challenges. Create a Chief Health Officer to align the public health vision of the City and oversee both the Department of Health and NYC Health + Hospitals (H+H), maximizing coordination and ending infighting. Ensure no New Yorker has to travel more than 20 minutes to access high-quality, primary health care by prioritizing the construction, refurbishment, or renovation of primary care facilities in all underserved neighborhoods, increasing insurance enrollment, and continuing telehealth innovation.

Create one standard of care for all New Yorkers

Close health disparities and improve the social determinants of health by addressing neighborhood-level inequities and working across the agencies that influence social needs and social determinants of health, from housing and education to transportation and criminal justice. Improve quality of care for vulnerable populations including homeless or housing insecure New Yorkers, the currently and formerly incarcerated, and marginalized populations across the city. End our maternal mortality crisis by expanding prenatal outreach for at-risk mothers and investing in a workforce of doulas, community midwives, and maternal health workers. Double the City’s direct funding to supporting abortion care, expand LGTBQ+ affirming sexual and reproductive health care facilities, and create the City’s first-ever citywide Transgender Family and Medicine Center. Combat obesity and metabolic diseases with specific, sustained health investments to close gaps in care in communities with disproportionate rates of disease and low life expectancy. Slash air pollution and cut rates of asthma in environmental justice communities by retiring polluting power plants, reducing car traffic, and phasing out the use of noxious heating oil. Advocate for single-payer health care at the state and Federal level.

Refocus the city’s mental health and substance use care

Expand access to mental health care and build a new mental health network in the place of ThriveNYC — one that coordinates across agencies, refocuses on people living with serious mental illness, and imposes strict accountability measures. Invest in identification, prevention, and intervention by expanding mental health services in our schools — tripling the number of social workers in our schools — as well as our public university and public hospital systems, and investing in Mental Health First Aid and Trauma-Informed Counseling. Transfer our mental health crisis response system from the NYPD to trained health-first crisis response teams and make New York City a leader on suicide prevention. Expand behavioral health supportive housing and create single points of access for individuals who need supportive housing, and build out a world-class telemental health service. Fight the opioid epidemic by investing in evidence-based prevention and harm reduction programs, linguistically- and culturally-competent education campaigns, and expanding HealingNYC, NYC Relay, and naloxone distribution.

Housing Affordability

Scott Stringer has dedicated himself to fighting for housing for working families. He believes that safe, affordable housing is a right, not a privilege, and has a bold plan to fight the housing crisis, end homelessness, and extend the right to housing to all New Yorkers.

Help renters stay in their homes and small landlords stay solvent

Expand Voucher Usability, increase the City’s enforcement of housing violations, and educate residents on the availability of the voucher system. Expand the right to counsel by increasing funding for legal services and ensuring a universal right to counsel. Convert vacant hotels and commercial spaces into shelters, supportive housing, and affordable housing. Assist small landlords and non-profit organizations with a new program to provide financial assistance in exchange for restrictive declarations preventing tenant eviction. Reverse the damage of the Trump Administration and fight for real federal relief for tenants and homeowners.

Invest in NYCHA and New Social Housing

Build a new generation of social housing on the more than 2,900 vacant lots already owned by the City currently unused and undeveloped. Preserve existing affordable housing, create a transparent list of existing rent restricted buildings, end the Lien Sale, get tough with bad landlords, and preserve existing limited equity coops. Reform NYCHA and invest billions to make badly-needed repairs. Establish good permanent jobs and wage and benefit floor standards for construction and building service workers in affordable housing. End wasteful tax giveaways to private developers and establish and tailor a new subsidy program to fund deep, permanent affordability on a discretionary basis. Create a new operating subsidy program to finance deep affordability. Establish a Tenant Bill of Rights in every lease packet and translated into numerous languages. Fight speculation by giving tenants an opportunity to purchase (TOPA) and community land trusts the opportunity to purchase (COPA).

Make Every Neighborhood Affordable

Mandate Universal Affordable Housing (UAH) to require every developer to set aside 25 percent of its units for permanent, low-income housing. Replace developer-driven rezonings with comprehensive planning. Allow tenants to build credit by delivering the option to have rent payments reflected on credit for willing tenants.

Fight Homelessness with Housing and Support

Build permanent housing for very and extremely low-income families on City-owned land to make a permanent dent in the city’s homelessness crisis. Address the intersection of domestic violence and homelessness by increasing the capacity of shelters that specialize in domestic violence, reforming lease termination laws, and providing a new statewide rent supplement to assist all survivors. Increase the availability of stabilization beds and safe-haven beds and improve the conditions of existing shelters. Prioritize a housing first model with supportive housing, create new standards to ensure that the system has the array of services necessary to serve homeless New Yorkers, and work with the State to expand our supportive housing network by 30,000 beds. End agency silos regarding social services and homelessness and hold all social service agencies and organizations accountable for proactively intervening prior to entering the shelter system. Set aside 15 percent of all city-funded units to house the formerly homeless, in order to reduce the shelter population.

Promote and Protect Homeownership

Expand loans to help homeowners with purchases and repairs and ensure that low- and moderate-income homeowners do not lose their homes because they are unable to pay for repairs. Fight speculation by giving tenants an opportunity to purchase (TOPA) and target affordable housing dollars to help tenants who purchase their buildings create new, social housing. Replace the Mortgage Recording Tax with a progressive Real Property Transfer Tax to lessen the burden on middle-class homeowners, scale up taxation on high-value transfers, and bring in up to $400 million in new annual revenue that can go to building more affordable housing. Allow homeowners to build accessory dwelling units on their properties.

Jobs & the Economy

There’s no more vital task facing the next mayor than bringing back hundreds of thousands of jobs and thousands of small businesses — and no one is better prepared to do it than Scott Stringer, who’s served as the City’s chief financial officer for the last seven years. As Mayor, Scott will ensure that our city continues to be a global magnet for talent and creativity, get small businesses back on their feet, execute on detailed plans to create jobs, uplift minority and women-owned enterprises, and train New Yorkers for the jobs of the future.

Keep New York City a magnet for talent

Shore up city services, such as sanitation, that are key to neighborhood quality-of-life, and establish new initiatives, such as NYC Under 3, that make it possible for families to live and work here. Invest in our world-class parks and cultural institutions to bring back our tourist economy and enhance the experience of living in the city. Keep communities safe from serious crime by strengthening detective work, improving clearance rates, stopping the flow of guns into our city, and investing in effective violence interruption (more on this in Public Safety and Justice). Launch “New Day for New York”: a post-pandemic outreach and marketing campaigns to attract businesses, drive tourism, and encourage patronage of our retailers, restaurants, and nightlife.

Help small businesses recover across the five boroughs

Create a $1 billion NYC Recovery Now Fund to put stimulus grants up to $100,000 into the hands of New York City small businesses and nonprofits for back-rent, pay-roll, rehire laid off workers, and to pay for COVID-19 renovation costs. Expand open streets and outdoor dining. Establish a 30-day cure period for businesses to resolve violations between getting fined. Create a storefront incentive program to draw retail and restaurants to hollowed-out neighborhood corridors. Establish a public-facing database of vacant storefronts to facilitate reopening and match businesses with the space they need. Launch an NYC Tech Corps to help small businesses expand their digital presence and move to online platforms. Make government more user-friendly for small businesses by creating a single online portal “LaunchNYC” for all permits and licenses, make every application an expedited application, and mandate clear timelines for approvals.

Launch major public works to get New York City moving again

Restart the City’s lagging capital program, where every $1 billion spent creates more than 5,000 jobs. Launch “RebuildNYC,” a major public works program focused on state-of-good-repair projects, to rebuild and green the City’s crumbling infrastructure — from public transit, streets, and parks to schools and hospitals. Redesign local streets to build stronger neighborhoods and better serve bus riders, pedestrians, cyclists, and small businesses. Reconfigure and realign transit service to meet the needs of a 24-hour, five-borough economy to jumpstart recovery and better serve working New Yorkers. Tackle the digital divide and invest in the citywide buildout of 5G and universal high-speed, affordable broadband.

Train New Yorkers for the jobs of the future

Create a world-class workforce development program at CUNY and make community colleges free to create a true K-14 public education system. Establish a universal, paid internship program for CUNY students. Expand career and technical education, early college, and College Now in public schools. Develop training programs in partnership with the private sector that are aligned with ever-changing workforce needs. Bring out-of-school, out-of-work youth back into the education system with a SYEP summer jobs guarantee for high schoolers, expanded paid internships, and hands-on afterschool programs to prepare our kids for 21st century industries.

Create more than 100,000 well-paying green jobs

Launch the nation’s largest green and blue bonds program to fund green and resilient capital investments. Retrofit our City’s most polluting buildings to lower energy bills and to cut air pollution. Transform Rikers Island into a hub of energy storage, renewable energy generation, and wastewater treatment. Jump-start solar installations throughout the city by increasing the solar property tax abatement and slashing red tape, and build out and maintain City-owned solar systems. Overhaul City buildings to make our schools, libraries, and public spaces hubs of sustainability. Fight for the federal and state funding to implement a Green New Deal.

Double City spend with minority- and women-owned businesses

Harness the City’s $20 billion procurement budget to better support minority- and women-owned businesses — doubling current spend within his first term in office. Appoint Chief Diversity Officers in every City agency and empower them to track and oversee M/WBE programs, as well as ensure the City utilizes diverse suppliers, institutes equitable workplace policies, ensures diverse representation across Mayoral appointments, implements true language access across City agencies, and launches a new generation of the City’s Local Law 1 MWBE program. Ensure MWBE utilization in all climate-oriented public works projects. Create a Minority Business Accelerator program pairing local MWBEs with locally headquartered corporations to diversity private sector supply chains.[21]

—Stringer for Mayor[94]

Joycelyn Taylor

Campaign website

Taylor's campaign website stated the following:

Imagine a City that actually goes to work for you.

We are challenging the status quo, rethinking government and breaking free of traditional constraints. Joycelyn Taylor is working to realign government and private investment in an effort to create a larger, more inclusive democratic process that fixes affordable housing, supports small business, eliminates homelessness and reforms criminal justice.

Taylor for 2021 is focused on connecting with everyday New Yorkers to help them understand how they can take back their power in a positive way by holding government responsible for creating thorough common sense solutions to issues that affect them.

Get to know why Joycelyn Taylor is the candidate that can get this job done as Mayor of New York City.

Invest in a Mayor that will Invest in you

Affordable Housing & NYCHA

Real solutions to decade old problems. Ownership for longtime residents. No RAD.

Small Business, MWBE & Not for Profits

Corporate restrictions make small business success impossible.

Homelessness & Mental Health

Better Options for Safe Solutions

Labor and Civil Service Reform

Imagine earning a wage that is fair and received on-time with a contract that protects your job and rights.


The right to a free education doesn’t always mean a good one. The next generation deserves educators and resources that set them up for success.

Criminal Justice Reform

Outdated policies hurt those it was intended to protect. Change begins with partners who serve and support.


Social Equity & Exoneration[21]

—Taylor for NYC Mayor[95]

Maya Wiley

Campaign website

Wiley's campaign website stated the following:


Every child deserves high expectations and an excellent education that meets their needs.

Children wearing masks while doing schoolwork inside a classroom. We have been debating for decades how to create public schools that are excellent, equitable, and serve all of our kids in innovative, diverse learning environments. This pandemic has laid bare some of the inadequacies of our system. But we have an opportunity to transform our schools. And to think big about how to serve the unique needs of each child.

We must transform rather than tinker by and invest in innovation and equity that excites residents about public schools. We must reimagine through big ideas like high schools without walls, that would untether students from particular assignments to specific buildings to open up new opportunities for learning. We must consider how kids can virtually join classrooms for courses that they are interested in and look at repurposing vacant storefronts and buildings to provide much needed space for learning–while simultaneously supporting business owners and communities.

A transformed school system must tackle the structural inequality in our schools—inequality that cheats our students of color, low income students, students with learning differences and those experiencing housing insecurity. And we must provide universal broadband to allow all students and families to stay connected and thrive in this age of technology.

Because of the pandemic, we now have the opportunity to rethink how our education system works—including how we allocate resources. We should consider our class sizes, especially ways to reduce them. And we should consider how to support our teachers in ways that better empower them to do the kind of meaningful teaching that first called them to the profession. And we also must consider ways to expand our investments in nurturing the unique talents and gifts of low-income students and develop new models for how to run effective individualized education programs.


Across the country we see policing work as it was intended –to contain and control those that society fears. As a result, trust in police and the government that employs them has eroded.

Woman holding a sign with George Floyd's picture on it. We have real concerns around public safety. Shootings are up and too many young people are losing their lives in neighborhoods like Brownsville and the South Bronx. Some communities are fearful of homeless residents who may suffer from serious mental health or substance use issues. Too often we make poverty a crime or criminalize people when what they need is a mental health professional, a social worker, a mediator or a job. In fact, the majority of calls the NYPD receives are for problems, not for crimes–problems that can be solved by people who don’t have a gun or a badge. We have an opportunity to reengineer how we respond to the crisis and non-crisis needs of our residents.

We also need leadership that will demand law enforcement accountability and culture change. Leadership that believes we can demilitarize the force while still clearly responding to and investigating serious crime, illegal guns, and threats of terrorism. Leadership that forges real partnership and community power through both precinct-level community participation in policy and priority-setting as well as a civilian commission tasked with formal and transparent stakeholder input.


One of the greatest expenses our residents face is housing. From homeless and extremely low-income New Yorkers to the middle class increasingly feeling squeezed out of the city, affordable housing that meets the needs of all our residents seems unattainable. This is a crisis that drives gentrification– displacing Black, Latino and Asian New Yorkers and undermines our creative economy: the artists, musicians, actors and writers who make our lives richer and our economy more vibrant.

Housing is a human right.

We need rent subsidies to address the immediate eviction crisis facing our families and we must fight in Albany for universal rent protections and to preserve affordable rentals. Community planning and ownership must include community land trusts, support for first-time home ownership, and protections for long-term homeowners who are also feeling the challenges of these economic times.. We need to look for opportunities to expand our affordable housing stock by converting tax liens, buying up properties left behind in the wake of COVID and stimulating more non-profit housing development. With almost half a million people living in public housing– including many workers essential to NYC’s success- we need to prioritize the stabilization and restoration of this critical asset.


600,000 New Yorkers have no health insurance. And health insurance costs are one of the top three biggest expenses for residents.

A visitor checking on a patient who is laying in a hospital bed. The City government has considerable power to bargain for health insurance. That power can be used to bargain for coverage that can include the half a million-plus residents who are undocumented, in cash-based jobs, like sex workers, or fall through the cracks of national health policy.

We also have to invest in our public hospitals, clinics and other healthcare facilities that provide critical care to the communities that have been decimated by COVID and are so necessary to the health and well-being of the communities they serve.


Our revenue crisis reflects, in part, a jobs crisis. Which, in turn, has created a housing crisis and extraordinary challenges for our small businesses. This moment requires coming together to make tough decisions. But bold governance means finding ways to create more revenue, figuring out where to focus our existing resources, and determining ways to tighten the belt. But we cannot sacrifice the basic city services that make New York City a great place to live and work; we must protect the quality of life that allows us to attract economic development and supports our small businesses.

Two people in hardhats discussing construction plans. We must always remember that, for all of our challenges, we are a city of extraordinary assets. We have the world’s most diverse and talented people, a tremendous real estate portfolio, and tens of billions in annual governmental spending to help power our economy. New York has so much to offer. We need to engage the full range of stakeholders, including our business community, to determine how they can contribute to our recovery.

And we have to get serious about making investments in building new infrastructure that creates jobs, makes the city more resilient and contributes to climate justice. Indeed, this moment requires bold investment, not austerity. Major capital projects in areas like transit will quickly create good jobs to put New Yorkers back to work while transforming the city for a new era. To safeguard our climate, we must create the infrastructure to reduce emissions—charting the path towards a sustainable future and, with it, thousands of good, green jobs. And we must encourage community ownership in renewable energy creation—generating wealth for low-income communities and communities of color.

We must also establish better career pathways for our young people, including partnerships with our higher education institutions and industry, to create workforce development programs that deliver fulfilling jobs while encouraging economic growth.

And to ensure New York is a city where we can all live with dignity, we must support every employee’s right to form a union—focusing on the gig-economy workforce and other vulnerable workers—and fight for workers’ rights and ownership of labor with a commitment to continued diversity goals.


The budget should be a moral document that lays out the priorities of a government and its leaders. Thanks to the economic crisis that has stemmed from COVID-19, our city faces the most dire revenue forecasts in a generation. We must come together to ensure that all New Yorkers contribute what they can and that every revenue option is explored.

A sidewalk with garbage bags piled high. At the same time, even with our revenue challenges, New York City’s annual budget is larger than that of most states. Our spending has a big impact and can further important social and economic goals. We must maximize how we spend the money we do have to ensure all New Yorkers can live in this city with dignity.

Rethinking our revenue strategies calls us to come together and ask the wealthiest New Yorkers to step up and contribute what they can. We can generate new money by leveraging city assets that businesses want to access—from our rooftops for telecommunications to our world-class workforce for industry. And finally, we will deploy the money we already spend—from school construction to flood protection—to create jobs, stimulate our economy, and increase equity and access.[21]

—Maya for Mayor[96]

Isaac Wright Jr.

Campaign website

Wright's campaign website stated the following:


For far too long, the realities of living in NYC has meant two very different things, like Charles Dickens “tale of two cities” come to real life. While an elite few are able to live lavishly within the extreme cost of living, far too many others are living paycheck to paycheck, praying that the landlord doesn’t decide this is the month rent goes up.

For too long, politicians have said they care about income inequality, gentrification, skyrocketing cost of living, and a lack of basic public transportation for so many. Yet here we are. Every year, our communities face the same realities, and every year politicians say they are working on it, yet nothing changes. When COVID hit NYC the hardest, it was working people, including those in our black and brown communities, who were disproportionately affected the most, losing loved ones, closing businesses, and somehow still holding the economy together.

That is why as NYC’s mayor, my economic plan will start with our working-class communities. Working people need an increased minimum wage, expanded unionization, salary and rent protections, access to public transportation, expanded affordable housing options, subsidies for local businesses, community-driven development, and the basic dignity and respect they deserve as the backbone of our amazing city. It is time that NYC finally has a mayor that stands with working people.

The current administration has failed NYCHA and its residents. It has failed to gather the necessary resources to repair and maintain some of the only truly affordable housing in NYC, and people are suffering as a direct result. It is time we prioritize repairing, maintaining, and protecting our city’s public housing. Ensuring the living conditions of every NYCHA resident is improved will be a top priority on day one of a Wright administration.

On the public housing front, the current administration has failed in its plan to raise funds for capital repairs for new infill projects that create mixed-income housing. This stalled process has hurt working class New Yorkers.

The Wright Administration will prioritize the advancement of infill projects. We’ll also ensure NYCHA is on track with all lead testing and removal, as well as boiler and elevator repairs. These are basic decencies no New Yorker should be expected to be without.

Transit and Infrastructure

The operation of NYC public transportation should be managed by NYC, not Albany. Decision-makers upstate are too far removed from the realities facing working-class people on a daily basis in our city. We have completely under-serviced train lines, buses that never come as scheduled, and entire communities cut off from public transportation. This is a system that millions depend on every day. It is no longer acceptable to wait for Albany to decide how NYC public transportation should operate.

We need a joint revenue and cost-sharing partnership with NY state that leaves the day-to-day operation of all NYC public transportation to the people of NYC. New projects, maintenance priority, and prices should be controlled and set by the city to best serve NYC residents. This includes the creation of a comprehensive subsidized public transport program that ensures everyone has equal access to basic transportation

Homelessness, Housing and NYCHA

In 2019, the current mayor announced a new five-year plan to end chronic street homelessness that includes opening 1,000 new “safe haven” beds, converting 1,000 privately-owned housing units into new permanent housing. This is a start, but there needs to be more action to secure housing for those that are in dire need.

Housing is a human right. It is that simple. When you consider it through a lens of what is right and what is wrong, the solutions become clear. NYC absolutely needs a comprehensive system of housing for those who are currently unhoused. We need to think out of the box, using re-zoning laws to expand usable land for the explicit purpose of creating new affordable housing. We can take thousands of empty lots and abandoned buildings scattered throughout the city and convert them into subsidized communities for rehabilitation and job placement (as done with tiny homes in cities like Seattle). We need to expand public housing projects on the city-wide level and increase mandates for affordable housing integration in all new residential construction. With that, we also must think beyond the city and work with our amazing Congressional delegation to fight for the repeal of the Faircloth Amendment that prevents the expansion of federal dollars flowing into new public housing projects. Housing is a human right and it is time we have leadership that fights to protect the people of NYC.

Policing and Criminal Justice

The relationship with the Police and reforms on criminal justice is one of the issues where both previous and current administrations have not only disappointed, but embarrassed New York City residents. Though past and present mayors have come to power indicating they would take a more sweeping approach to reform the NYPD, the speed of change has been more akin to baby-steps, with tragic brutality incidents forcing acceptance of increased accountability and oversight of the department.

In 2020, the mayor’s office and the NYPD were expected to finally show evidence for their claims that the mayor’s neighborhood policing program is as effective as often claimed. The year is at its end and no viable claims have been offered to date. The Mayor will also likely have to continue to justify his support for the MTA’s planned addition of 500 new MTA police officers, many of whom are meant to patrol the subways and buses in conjunction with the NYPD in a plan that currently exacerbates the issue.

There has also been criticism of the Mayor’s choice in appointing a commissioner of the NYPD. For the third time, the current administration has not even considered promoting a person of color to lead the NYPD, despite numerous individuals with the appropriate rank and experience to at least merit consideration. This administration, and any traditional administration that follows, will continue this trend of ensuring leadership doesn’t reflect the reality.

2020 has tested the current administration on the law enforcement front, a test that they have failed. Those tests include whether the city could reverse the 2019 increases in murders and hate crimes, as well as pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities, all while implementing additional promised reforms to bring police and community closer together, hold NYPD officers accountable for breaches of public trust, overhauling the Special Victims Division, and more. As the year comes to an end, it is clear from news accounts, protests against police brutality and the everyday experiences of the average New Yorker that this administration has failed. New Yorkers know that “more of the same” just isn’t going to cut it.

For me, the mayor’s role in making the NYPD accountable and reforming policing in our city starts with the appointment of a police commissioner and leadership team that reflects the look and feel of the city’s residents. Time and time again, we have seen how the legacy of broken glass policing overwhelmingly targets our Black and Brown communities. These are the communities whose voices need to be elevated when discussing police reform, and need to be represented in every step of the process. I will only appoint a commissioner who supports:

City-wide police retraining to focus on de-escalation Demilitarization of regularly uniformed officers The creation of a mental health response organization that is separate from the NYPD Reducing the overwhelming police presence in our schools A reallocation of the bloated budget to community resources, mental health services, and education The empowering of the CCRB in an effort to hold officers who breach the public trust accountable Police accountability is only one half of the equation. My own experiences with the justice system has been well documented, and it has given me a deep understanding of the need for change. We must stop criminalizing poverty by ending the cash bail system, eliminating court processing fees, decriminalizing low-level non-violent drug offenses, and developing a broad community-driven coalition of ideas, strategies, and policies to end mass incarceration in our city. We must focus on restorative solutions to build a truly just system.

Then, and only then, can we truly have justice.

School Desegregation

It is inexcusable that New York City schools remain the most segregated in the country. This horrific issue has flumuxed numerous administrations from both sides of the aisle. The current mayor and his two school chancellors have proposed a series of fairly tepid, incremental initial reforms likely to come up short.

The current administration did impanel the School Diversity Advisory Group (SDAG), which released two sets of recommendations, with the administration adopting most of the more-mild-set first. The second set, full of more impactful proposals (including many related to the city’s admissions policies and gifted & talented programming) was released in August of 2019. To date, the current administration has yet to take any significant steps,, saying only that there would be an extensive public conversation to come in order to engage parents and other stakeholders in crafting reforms.

The administration separately proposed scrapping the Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT), which determines admission at the eight “elite” high schools in the city. But that requires action by the state, where the proposal has not been warmly received. In other words, this proposal was all-talk and no-action, which may be for the best, as many locally elected officials and parent groups have complained that his proposal pits minorities against each other and will not have the intended effect.

The Mayor later announced he was backing off of his proposal, which included a new system for more diversified admittance to the specialized schools(where Black and Latino students are severely underrepresented). He said he would come up with something new this year. The new proposal hasn’t happened, but these challenges have remained, and the city’s next mayor needs to be ready to finally take NYC schools into a brighter future.

Budgeting and Property Taxes

Handed a two-billion-dollar surplus by Mayor Bloomberg, the city’s budget has now rapidly expanded under the current administration, with projected spending hitting $94.3 billion for the current fiscal year, according to the latest budget modification released in November. That is a whopping $21.6 billion more than the last budget modification under Mayor Bloomberg.

The city’s Office of Management and Budget predicts that spending will break the $100 billion mark within the next two fiscal years, a number that has fiscal watchdogs sounding the alarms. The city’s current leadership has not prioritized ensuring savings and reserves increase at the same rate.

While the Council has called for more savings, it has also pushed the Mayor’s office to provide more funding for its own priorities, sometimes in the hundreds of millions. The new mayor will have to contend with numerous attempts by the Governor to shift costs to the city, as he has been allowed to do in the past.

There is also a real risk to the city budget from rising costs at three major entities – the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA), NYC Health+Hospitals, (which are city-run and supported by a mix of funding), and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), which is effectively state-run, but with some city input via board seats and city funding. The current administration has failed to curtail spending at these entities, and it’ll take a fresh group to give them the attention and reform they desperately require.

Another issue that will have a major impact on the city budget in 2021 is a potential push for property tax reform, which the current administration has promised for years. Any changes to the antiquated and unequal property tax system will have to be revenue neutral for the city, which relies on property taxes for tens of billions of dollars annually to fund the city budget.

The Budget isn’t the sexiest of issues, but it’s absolutely one of the most important. For too long, party-line officials have failed to recognize the importance of building a budget that works for working people. As Mayor, my priorities will be dedicated towards ensuring the economics of the city are working towards the people who make it run.[21]

—Wright for NYC[97]

Andrew Yang

Campaign website

Yang's campaign website stated the following:

Cash Relief & COVID Recovery

“Our way of life has been devastated by the pandemic. Accelerating our city’s recovery is critical. New York City has to be the fastest city to come back safely.”

New Yorkers are some of the greatest people in the world. This is why we’ve all sacrificed so much over the past year to keep each other safe. The pandemic has taken a toll on everyone, and even with vaccine distribution starting, it’s going to take a while to get back to normal.

The economy is hurting but, more importantly, families and individuals are hurting. Unemployment is unacceptably high, and we need to figure out how to keep people in their homes.

We need to have the right leadership and a comprehensive plan to get our City back on its feet.

The pandemic has been most devastating to the most vulnerable New Yorkers. This means we must tackle poverty and homelessness in a meaningful way, and prevent more families from losing their homes as we face the largest eviction crisis this City has seen. We need to find ways to make the City affordable so that our people can thrive and live sustainably.

It requires a plan to help our small businesses through this trying time, expanding opportunity in the City and creating a more equitable economy.

It means reopening schools and helping our children catch up and deal with the mental health toll that the past year has taken on them.

It’s going to take a herculean effort to distribute the vaccine and address the ongoing public health issues - especially for “long haul” COVID-19 patients - that we are still learning about every day.

And, we can’t forget, it means reviving our restaurants and culture and nightlife, reminding us all of why so many people love the City and the good times that we’ve shared with friends and family here.

A lot will need to be done to recover from the pandemic.

A Safe and Fair City

We need a New York Police Department (NYPD) that is focused on protecting New Yorkers. A high-functioning police force that serves racial justice goals is the aim. That requires top-down and bottom-up reform. We need accountability at every level – accountability when the NYPD fails to solve crimes, and accountability when officers engage in misconduct and violate New Yorkers’ civil rights. New York City taxpayers now pay hundreds of millions of dollars a year in civil settlements – funds that can be far better spent on our schools, parks, mass transit, and affordable housing.

The NYPD right now has about 36,000 officers, nearly 20,000 civilian employees, and a budget of around $10 billion. Several oversight agencies – such as the Civilian Complaint Review Board – are tasked with ensuring the NYPD is complying with the law and treating all New Yorkers equitably. Given the size of this bureaucracy, real change will require years of sustained effort.

At the same time, good police officers need to feel supported. Violent crime is rising, as are certain hate crimes, and we need officers to protect against any further increase. As such, it isn’t enough to solely penalize officers engaged in misconduct. Officers are frequently put in traumatic situations and the City must ensure they feel supported after appropriately responding to dangerous incidents.

Ultimately, a Yang administration will seek to reorganize the NYPD to rebuild trust between officers and New Yorkers, particularly communities of color, to refocus the NYPD on crimes that matter, and to ensure New York recovers not as it was, but how it deserves to be – a safe City firmly grounded in equality and respect.

Create a Deputy Mayor for Public and Community Safety with a direct line to the Mayor. Currently there are multiple City agencies with oversight of the criminal justice system and community safety across the continuum of violence prevention to reentry – the NYPD, the Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice (MOCJ), the New York City Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), the Department of Probation (DOP), the Department of Correction (DOC), and countless agencies with law enforcement embedded in them – from Homeless Services to the Department of Education. As a result, we lack a citywide strategy for violence prevention, violence interruption and responding to violence after it has occurred. A Yang administration will ensure that New York City has one coordinated response to keeping New Yorkers safe. By appointing a Deputy Mayor for Public and Community Safety, Andrew Yang will ensure that the City has a coordinated strategy at the highest level of City government.

Appoint a Police Commissioner with a background beyond NYPD experience. Andrew Yang will appoint a NYPD commissioner whose career is not primarily in law enforcement. A commissioner will need to be able to advance the culture and support a vision for how the NYPD can be fully integrated into a larger public safety strategy. The commissioner must have a broad perspective of the NYPD’s role in New York and establish clear measures of policing success. That means refocusing the NYPD to protect against and solve violent crimes throughout the City while continuing to evolve.

Pursue a residency requirement for new officers in Albany. A majority of NYPD officers live outside NYC. NYPD officers are exempted from residency requirements and are allowed to live in nearby suburban counties, such as Suffolk County, even though NYC municipal workers are required to live in the five boroughs, including civilian workers in the NYPD. A Yang administration will seek state approval to repeal this carveout so that all new officers are required to live in New York City. If we are committed to the ideals of neighborhood policing, we should have our police live in our neighborhoods. They should be a part of the civic fabric and understand the communities they protect and serve.

Prevent the rise in hate crimes. Hate crimes have become an epidemic in New York City. Whether the rise in anti-Muslim, anti-immigrant and anti-semitic crimes in recent years, or the rise in anti-Asian crimes since the pandemic, the NYPD must serve as true partners to the New York City Commission on Human Rights (CCHR) to prevent hate crimes, targeting prevention efforts where misinformation and disinformation is spreading, proactively protecting houses of worship and neighborhoods that police intelligence determines to be at risk of heightened violence, encouraging communities to report hate violence without the fear of retribution, and full police engagement in arresting those who commit or conspire to commit acts of violence.

Invest resources into neighborhoods stricken by gun violence and ensure crimes are being solved when they occur. In 2020, the City reported 1,531 shootings, nearly double the previous year’s total. Shootings and the overall rise in crime are overwhelmingly concentrated in communities of color, which have been hit hardest by the pandemic. A 2020 report by the Center for Court Innovation, which studied the experience of young people of color who live in public housing revealed that “current public safety efforts, where law enforcement is the primary response to violent crime, exacerbate young people’s sense of urban siege.” The same study revealed that the majority of people who carry guns had had someone close to them shot—most often a close friend or family member. 88% percent of participants had been arrested, more than half before age 16—mostly for charges like marijuana possession, robbery, and fare beating; almost two-thirds had been incarcerated. Criminal records and poverty pushed some participants to alternative survival strategies like drug dealing or robbery, which sometimes involved carrying a gun.

The NYPD must be an integral partner in solving the gun violence epidemic, but not the only solution. That means increasing cops on the street – and around the subways – at least temporarily when there are spikes in serious crimes.

A Yang administration will also seek to ensure the NYPD is actually solving crimes. The clearance rate for murders dropped 16% between 2019 and 2020. In fact, a key way of building trust between communities and the police is for officers to show they are able to solve serious crimes. One way to do so is to bolster the detective ranks and ensure officers are not simply staying in their cars or behind their desks instead of getting out in the neighborhoods.

In addition, in recent years, the City has scaled its support for Cure Violence and other gun violence intervention programs as some of our most important interventions in addressing the epidemic. The Cure Violence program recruits and supports trusted, credible community messengers to interrupt violence before it begins, and mediate conflict when it arises. A Yang administration will further scale up Cure Violence so that every precinct with significant gun violence is ultimately covered.

When an incidence of gun violence occurs – be it between community members, at the hands of police, or in a domestic dispute – communities also need to be supported through the trauma that results. The Yang Administration will invest in coordinated responses by community based organizations, mental health providers and hospitals to violence and support restorative justice practitioners, following the innovative strategies of organizations like Common Justice.

Overhaul oversight of the NYPD. Following the NYPD’s deplorable reaction to the protests over the summer, the City’s independent Department of Investigations released a series of recommendations about how to better conduct oversight of the NYPD in a real and meaningful way. A Yang administration would supplement disciplinary power from the NYPD Commissioner so that the CCRB or an independent disciplinary committee is able to make a final determination. However, that increased responsibility will require greater resources from the outside board. At present, the CCRB board is composed of members appointed by the Mayor, Council, Public Advocate, and NYPD Commissioner. These positions need to be full-time.

Further, a Yang administration would push to do away with the requirement that individuals have to physically go to the CCRB officers in Lower Manhattan for in-person interviews. Instead, they should have teams meet individuals in locations throughout the five boroughs that are more convenient. As it is, only about one-half of civilian complaints are fully investigated.

Expanded mental health counseling for officers. According to some studies, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) affects 19 percent of police in the US, 24 and 34 percent suffer from symptoms associated with PTSD. Under a Yang administration, new officers will automatically receive regular counseling for the first two years of their service. As officers respond to dangerous and traumatic experiences for the first time, it is essential they are able to appropriately emotionally cope with the stresses of their profession.

Expand our capacity for a mental health response. Expand mental health co-response teams

In 2017, New York City reported that there were 169,000 mental health emergency 911 calls were received by the NYPD in 2017 – approximately one call every three minutes, were made by people needing help and where there was no indication of violence. The majority (56%) of these calls result in the individual being transported to the hospital, highlighting the need for partnership between law enforcement and public health workers. In February 2021, the NYPD is expanding co-response teams, sending social workers out with police officers, specifically to respond to 911 calls of people who are in mental health distress. This program is based on similar models in Eugene, OR and Denver, CO that have reduced police response to people in mental health distress overall, and should be expanded citywide.

Invest in the capacity of a Mental Health Emergency Response Unit

The NYPD does not have the capacity nor skill set to respond to many people in emotional distress or who are experiencing mental health crises, particularly those in the disability community for whom interacting with law enforcement is difficult. We are encouraged to see the recent announcement by the City that for the first time, mental health professionals and crisis workers will be dispatched through 911 to respond to mental health emergencies. A Yang administration would scale this pilot program up so that it expands beyond the current two high-need communities in which it is set to begin operating February 2021. As we expand the pilot we should continue to model our system off the CAHOOTS (Crisis Assistance Helping out On The Streets) program in Eugene, Oregon, which has diverted 5-8% of calls from the police.

Auditing the use of surveillance technologies. Investigative reporting revealed the broad use of facial recognition by the NYPD. To date, there are no real guidelines around the use of how new surveillance technologies should be used. The Council took an important first step by passing the POST Act, which required disclosure of the NYPD’s use of these technologies and an annual audit following the development of policies of such tools. A Yang administration will then look to develop policies around the findings that carefully balances their benefits in preventing and solving crimes with the need to protect our civil liberties.

A Basic Income for New York City

Program Goals For far too long, New York City has left behind far too many of our residents who struggle every single day to make ends meet - working people, people on the brink of eviction or currently experiencing homelessness, immigrant communities, young people, parents and so many more. COVID-19 has only exacerbated racial and economic disparities that were already ever-present in a city with marked inequality.

Well before COVID-19, by the City’s own calculations, 19.1% of New Yorkers lived in poverty - and 41.3% of New Yorkers were at risk of falling into poverty. The pandemic has exacerbated this economic reality, especially for New Yorkers of color and immigrant New Yorkers, who have been hardest hit by the pandemic and are left out of state or federal relief.

Our City is hurting - employment is scarce, people experiencing homelessness see a long road to permanent affordable housing, and members of our community returning home from incarceration have minimal support to get on their feet. But still, the resiliency of our City is what defines us. The promise of the five boroughs — that you can be born in a City hospital, get a world-class public education, attend a City university, get a great job with benefits to support your family, and find a permanent, affordable place to live — is the story of so many New Yorkers. This is the New York we want back. As we recover from COVID, we must reinvest in New Yorkers who have systematically been left behind.

Second only to housing subsidies, direct cash transfers and tax credits are the most critical components in helping families make ends meet.

A Yang administration will launch the largest basic income program in the country. Through this program, 500,000 New Yorkers with the greatest need will receive a basic income that will help give them a path forward. Our goal is to end extreme poverty in New York City by putting cash relief directly into the hands of those who desperately need help right now, ensuring that every household has an annual income that is at least above extreme poverty, taking into account the true cost of living in New York City.

This basic income program will start with providing those who are living in extreme poverty with an average of $2,000 per year. This program can then be grown over time as it receives more funding from public and philanthropic organizations, with the vision of eventually ending poverty in New York City altogether.

As studies of basic income programs have shown, lifting people up from the depths of poverty increases mental and physical health while decreasing crime. It increases happiness and satisfaction while reducing stress. It gets the economic boot off of people’s throats, allowing them to lift their heads up, breathe, and get excited for the future. By reducing crime, hospital visits, and homelessness, this basic income program will decrease the costs associated with these social ills and allow the cash relief program to grow over time.

Program Scope and Eligibility Any New Yorker, regardless of their immigration status or life experience (ie. past experience with incarceration or the criminal justice system, experience of homelessness), will be eligible to receive cash relief.

New York City’s basic income program will be supplementary to any benefits that New Yorkers currently receive and will not be categorized as “income.” In other words, New Yorkers currently receiving SNAP, TANF, Medicaid, housing assistance and more would have no interruption to these benefits.

The Yang administration will invest $1 billion per year in cash relief, making this the largest basic income program in the country.

IDNYC and the People’s Bank of NYC This basic income program for New York City will build on Andrew Yang’s proposal for a People’s Bank of New York City and our existing municipal identification program, IDNYC.

In 2014, New York launched the largest municipal ID program in the country - IDNYC. Currently, a physical identification card helps New Yorkers who do not currently have an ID card get one. IDNYC will become one physical platform through which New Yorkers can obtain cash relief. IDNYC cards, which already allow New Yorkers to open a bank account at select banks and credit unions in New York City, will be adopted for this program to serve as an enrollment tool.

A Yang administration will also create the People’s Bank of New York City. New Yorkers who receive this basic income automatically become participants in the People’s Bank, and cash will be directly transferred to participants in their accounts every single month. Of course, New Yorkers who already have other accounts can opt to receive the basic income there.

In total, New Yorkers receiving cash relief can simultaneously receive an IDNYC card, with all of the same benefits of the current IDNYC program, and sign up for an account with the People’s Bank of New York City.

Program Outreach, Enrollment and Administration Upon assuming office, the Yang administration will engage in targeted outreach efforts in the neighborhoods with the lowest area median income (AMI), and among New Yorkers who are in greatest need of cash relief, to ensure that New Yorkers who would potentially benefit most from this basic income program enroll.

This program will be administered by the New York City Human Resources Administration (HRA), the agency already charged with enrolling New Yorkers in a range of benefits and services, with the oversight and support of the Mayor’s Center for Economic Opportunity, which issues an annual analysis of poverty in the five boroughs.

HRA will administer this program in partnership with City agencies who are already providing services or connected to New Yorkers in need (ie. the Department of Homeless Services, Department of Probation, Mayor’s Office of Immigrant Affairs, etc.).

An Affordable City

To truly address the poverty and economic insecurity facing countless New Yorkers, we must begin by addressing the City’s staggering housing and affordability crisis. In a city where over 400,000 tenants call public housing home, and 44% living in market-rate apartments are rent burdened, we need to take bold steps that drastically grow the city’s affordable housing supply while also reinvesting in NYCHA.

As the owner and operator of roughly 175,000 public-housing units, the City of New York is both the largest and, in many ways, its most neglectful landlord in the five boroughs. Following decades of disinvestment, New York’s over 300 public housing developments are in an unacceptable state of disrepair, with over $30 billion needed to address their issues.

As we work to engage in the necessary repairs to our public housing, the Yang administration will invest in innovative solutions to create affordable housing across the City. This includes allowing communities to lead the charge in creating rezoning and development plans so that communities maintain their identity while expanding our affordable housing stock. Community Land Trusts (CLTs) can be proactively supported, with City Hall not just allocating funds to them but prioritizing them for land acquisition and the allocation of vacant public lots. Embracing co-living and allowing for single-room occupancy (SRO) living spaces will allow individuals to find housing that works for their lives and their budget.

And as we’re bringing down the cost of living in the City and improving our public housing stock, we can also tackle the homelessness crisis. For the first time, there are more empty rooms than there are homeless families. Instead of overpaying for hotel rooms, we can take advantage of this to provide a short-term solution with an eye towards providing transitional services to help all New Yorkers keep a roof over their heads and the heads of their children.

A Human Centered Economy

New York City is the world’s capital for business, commerce, finance, media, arts and culture.

New York City is home to millions of hard workers who were born here or moved here because they are driven to succeed. Small businesses can be found on every street, and new ones are being started every day. The sheer amount of ingenuity and drive in this City is staggering.

The pandemic has knocked many of us down, but it hasn’t knocked us out. It’s time to get to work rebuilding the City’s economy.

We can’t simply try to rebuild it the way it was. Too many New Yorkers were being left behind. Too many others were only one missed paycheck or unexpected bill away from economic disaster. Too many of our neighbors were living paycheck-to-paycheck, and were unsure how they were going to pay for daycare, and food, and medicine, and rent. And these problems have always hit marginalized communities the hardest.

Short-term, we need to focus on addressing the problems that have been caused by the pandemic so that we’re back on sound financial footing and businesses are able to reopen.

Long-term, we need to build a more human-centered economy. One where the City supports its entrepreneurs and small businesses. Where people can afford rent, and have access to banking services at reasonable rates. A city where our financial industry supports the goals of communities, and where we can invest resources in allowing our people to thrive.

The Yang administration will directly tackle poverty with the largest basic income program in our history. It will open a People’s Bank of NYC so our public funds can be reinvested directly in our people and our communities. The administration will make it easier for small businesses to be compliant with regulations, and work with them to build their customer base. It will work with entrepreneurs to create a new start-up culture in NYC that will ensure the next big tech companies are homegrown. And it will keep its focus on human metrics - working to reduce poverty and homelessness, increase economic security, and build a human-centered economy that puts people above profits.[21]

—Yang for New York[98]

Mayoral partisanship

New York has a Democratic mayor. As of November 2021, 63 mayors in the largest 100 cities by population are affiliated with the Democratic Party, 26 are affiliated with the Republican Party, four are independents, six identify as nonpartisan or unaffiliated, and one mayor's affiliation is unknown. While most mayoral elections in the 100 largest cities are nonpartisan, most officeholders are affiliated with a political party. Click here for a list of the 100 largest cities' mayors and their partisan affiliations.

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About the city

See also: New York, New York

New York City is a city in New York and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. As of 2013, its population was 8.4 million, making it the largest city in the United States.[99]

City government

See also: Mayor-council government

The city of New York uses a strong mayor and city council system. In this form of municipal government, the city council serves as the city's primary legislative body and the mayor serves as the city's chief executive. The mayor and city council each serve four-year terms.


The following table displays demographic data provided by the United States Census Bureau.

Demographic data for New York, New York (2015)
 New YorkNew York
Total population:8,426,74319,747,183
Land area (square miles):30347,126
Race and ethnicity[100]
Black/African American:24.5%15.6%
Native American:0.4%0.4%
Pacific Islander:0%0%
Two or more:3.2%2.9%
High school graduation rate:80.3%85.6%
College graduation rate:35.7%34.2%
Median household income:$53,373$59,269
Persons below poverty level:20.6%18.5%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, "American Community Survey" (5-year estimates 2010-2015)

See also

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External links


  1. The New York Times, "New York Primary Election Results," June 22, 2021
  2. The New York Times, "The Mayoral Race Heats Up for Top Contenders," April 15, 2021
  3. Politico, "Adams closes in on Yang according to new poll in NYC mayor's race," April 29, 2021
  4. NBC New York, "Race for NYC Mayor: Yang, Wiley, Stringer and Adams Emerge as Early Front-Runners," March 16, 2021
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.36 5.37 5.38 5.39 5.40 5.41 5.42 5.43 5.44 5.45 5.46 5.47 5.48 5.49 5.50 5.51 5.52 5.53 5.54 5.55 5.56 5.57 5.58 5.59 5.60 5.61 5.62 5.63 5.64 5.65 5.66 5.67 5.68 5.69 City & State New York, "The endorsements for NYC mayoral candidates," April 20, 2021 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "CityState" defined multiple times with different content
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 The New York Times, "Kathryn Garcia for Mayor," May 10, 2021
  7. 7.0 7.1 Emerson College Polling, "Adams Takes Back Lead as Wiley Emerges in NYC Mayor Race," accessed June 14, 2021
  8. 8.0 8.1 New York City Board of Elections, "Round 8," accessed July 14, 2021
  9. 9.0 9.1 The New York Times, "Garcia and Wiley Concede in N.Y.C. Mayor’s Race," July 7, 2021
  10. 10.0 10.1 New York City Board of Elections, "Round 8," accessed July 6, 2021
  11. PIX 11, "NYC mayor’s race: Maya Wiley files lawsuit suggesting hand recount of ballots," July 2, 2021
  12. 12.0 12.1 New York City Board of Elections, "Unofficial Rank Choice Rounds: Round 9," accessed June 30, 2021
  13. Politico, "Adams campaign files lawsuit in wake of elections board fiasco," June 30, 2021
  14. Twitter, "Juan Manuel Benítez," June 30, 2021
  15. 15.0 15.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named error
  16. 16.0 16.1 New York City Board of Elections, "Democratic Mayor: Unofficial Ranked Choice Rounds," accessed June 19, 2021
  17. The New York Times, "New York Primary Election Results," June 23, 2021
  18. Reuters, "Former presidential candidate Andrew Yang concedes in NYC mayoral race," June 23, 2021
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 Multiple candidates may be eliminated in one round through batch elimination if their combined vote total is less than the vote total of another candidate.
  20. In battleground primaries, Ballotpedia based its selection of noteworthy candidates on polling, fundraising, and noteworthy endorsements. In battleground general elections, all major party candidates and any other candidates with the potential to impact the outcome of the race were included.
  21. 21.00 21.01 21.02 21.03 21.04 21.05 21.06 21.07 21.08 21.09 21.10 21.11 21.12 21.13 21.14 21.15 21.16 21.17 21.18 21.19 21.20 21.21 21.22 21.23 21.24 21.25 21.26 21.27 21.28 21.29 21.30 21.31 21.32 21.33 21.34 21.35 21.36 21.37 21.38 21.39 21.40 21.41 21.42 21.43 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributable to the original source.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Eric Adams for Mayor, "Safety," accessed June 14, 2021
  23. 23.0 23.1 KGforNYC, "Police Reform," accessed June 14, 2021
  24. Eric Adams for Mayor, "Housing," accessed June 14, 2021
  25. KGforNYC, "Housing," accessed June 14, 2021
  26. Eric Adams for Mayor, "Economy," accessed June 14, 2021
  27. Eric Adams for Mayor, "Healthcare," accessed June 14, 2021
  28. 28.0 28.1 New York City Campaign Finance Board, "Ranked-Choice Voting," accessed May 17, 2021
  29. NBC New York, "Race for NYC Mayor: Yang, Wiley, Stringer and Adams Emerge as Early Front-Runners," March 16, 2021
  30. FiveThirtyEight, "What We’re Watching In The New York City Mayoral Race," March 16, 2021
  31. The New York Times, "Where Is the New York Mayor’s Race Headed?" April 30, 2021
  32. Undecided: 12%
    Taylor: 2%
    Chang: 1%
    Prince: 1%
  33. Undecided: 9%
    Foldenauer: 1%
    Prince: 1%
  34. Undecided: 26%
    Someone else: 1%
  35. Paperboy Love Prince: 1%
    Isaac Wright: 1%
  36. Someone else: 1%
    Don't know: 14%
  37. 37.0 37.1 The New York Times, "Maya Wiley Lands Major Endorsement From Rep. Hakeem Jeffries," May 16, 2021
  38. 38.0 38.1 New York Times, "Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Endorses Maya Wiley for N.Y.C. Mayor," June 5, 2021
  39. 39.0 39.1 The New York Times, "Eric Adams Endorsed by Top Bronx Leader, Giving Him Lift With Latinos," April 25, 2021
  40. 40.0 40.1 Newe York Daily News, "Make it Mayor Garcia: New Yorkers should choose Kathryn Garcia in the Democratic primary for NYC mayor," May 15, 2021
  41. New York Daily News, "Maya Wiley gets NYC mayoral bid nod from pro-woman, pro-choice PAC," April 23, 2021
  42. 42.0 42.1 AMNY, "Kathryn Garcia secures endorsement from statewide environmental organization," May 25, 2021
  43. This endorsement was shared with Dianne Morales.
  44. Stonewall Democrats of NYC, "SDNYC Endorsement Annoucement!" accessed April 23, 2021
  45. Wiley was the WFP's second-choice selection in ranked-choice voting after it rescinded Stringer's endorsement.
  46. PIX 11, "NYC mayor’s race: Maya Wiley files lawsuit suggesting hand recount of ballots," July 2, 2021
  47. Politico, "Adams campaign files lawsuit in wake of elections board fiasco," June 30, 2021
  48. Twitter, "Juan Manuel Benítez," June 30, 2021
  49. The New York Times, "New York Primary Election Results," June 23, 2021
  50. Reuters, "Former presidential candidate Andrew Yang concedes in NYC mayoral race," June 23, 2021
  51. New York Times, "Yang and Garcia Form Late Alliance in Mayor’s Race, Drawing Adams’s Ire," June 19, 2021
  52. 52.0 52.1 NBC New York, "Candidates Trade Barbs in Final Debate Before NYC Democratic Mayoral Primary," June 15, 2021
  53. Marist Poll, "WNBC/Telemundo 47/POLITICO/Marist Poll of 876 New York City Likely Democratic Primary Voters," accessed June 16, 2021
  54. New York Daily News, "Yang wins NYC mayoral endorsement from police union that reps Adams," June 14, 2021
  55. New York Post, "Adams and Garcia lead in money race during closing days of NYC mayoral primary," June 11, 2021
  56. New York Post, "NYC firefighters union to endorse Andrew Yang," June 10, 2021
  57. 57.0 57.1 CBS New York, "Top 5 Leading Contenders In NYC Mayoral Race Face Off In Debate On CBS2 And CBSN New York," June 11, 2021
  58. Emerson Polling, "Adams Takes Back Lead as Wiley Emerges in NYC Mayor Race," June 9, 2021
  59. New York Post, "Jumaane Williams endorses Maya Wiley in NYC mayoral race," June 9, 2021
  60. Politico, "What it would take to elect a woman mayor — Yang’s Georgia claims questioned — Feds subpoena Cuomo book materials," June 8, 2021
  61. NY1, "Exclusive: Eric Adams jumps in front, Yang slips in NY1/Ipsos poll," June 7, 2021
  62. Twitter, "Elizabeth Warren," June 7, 2021
  63. New York Post, "UFT tells NYC teachers not to rank Eric Adams, Andrew Yang on mayoral ballots," June 1, 2021
  64. Fontas Advisors, "Pulse of the Primary: May 2021," accessed May 26, 2021
  65. The City, "Watch the NYC Republican Mayoral Primary Debate Here May 26," May 24, 2021
  66. Emerson Polling, "Garcia Surges to Lead in NYC Mayor Race while Adams Holds His Base," May 25, 2021
  67. Gothamist, "John Liu, NY's Asian American Political Trailblazer, Endorses Andrew Yang," May 24, 2021
  68. New York Daily News, "Calif. Congresswoman Katie Porter endorses Maya Wiley for NYC mayor," May 24, 2021
  69. YouTube, "Eric Adams: Our Moment," May 23, 2021
  70. New York Post, "Tenants group votes dual endorsement of Morales, Wiley for mayor," May 24, 2021
  71. New York Daily News, "With promise of Latino voter support, Rep. Adriano Espaillat backs Eric Adams for NYC mayor," May 23, 2021
  72. Politico, "How the AG’s Trump probe might play out — Feds eye Cuomo virus tests — NYC Covid numbers hit low point as restrictions lift," May 20, 2021
  73. City Journal, "New York’s Mayoral Race: Where It Stands," May 19, 2021
  74. 74.0 74.1 The City, "Watch the First New York City Mayoral Debate Thursday Night Here," May 12, 2021
  75. The Newe York Times, "Most of Stringer’s Supporters Have Fled. Not the Teachers’ Union," May 10, 2021
  76. New York Post, "The Post says Eric Adams should be NYC’s next mayor," May 10, 2021
  77. Politico, "Hotel workers union launches blitz for Adams, Johnson," May 9, 2021
  78. New York Daily News, "Andrew Yang drops $1.5M on first TV ad as Eric Adams chips away at his front-runner status," May 6, 2021
  79. New York Daily News, "Adams wins coveted endorsement from Queens beep in City Hall push," May 2, 2021
  80. The New York Times, "Stringer, Facing Sexual Harassment Accusation, Loses Key Endorsements," April 30, 2021
  81. The New York Times, "Sexual Assault Allegation Against Stringer Upends N.Y.C. Mayor’s Race," April 29, 2021
  82. New York Daily News, "Maya Wiley gets NYC mayoral bid nod from pro-woman, pro-choice PAC," April 23, 2021
  83. The Hill, "Yang gets key endorsement from former opponent in NYC mayor race," April 21, 2021
  84. New York City Campaign Finance Board, "ABC, NBC, and Spectrum News NY1 to Host Live Televised Debates for New York City's 2021 Elections," March 11, 2021
  85. Gothamist, "NYC’s Second Mayoral Debate Brings A Lively Pre-Show To The Streets, Followed By Sharp Attacks On Stage," June 3, 2021
  86. Eric Adams for Mayor, "Vision," accessed Apri 16, 2021
  87. Chang for NYC Mayor, "Issues," accessed April 16, 2021
  88. Shaun for NYC, "The Plan," accessed April 16, 2021
  89. Aaron Foldenauer for Mayor of New York City, "Issues," accessed April 16, 2021
  90. Garcia for NYC Mayor, "Issues and Policy," accessed April 16, 2021
  91. Ray for Mayor, "Policy," accessed April 16, 2021
  92. Dianne Morales for NYC Mayor, "Platform," accessed April 16, 2021
  93. Paperboy Prince, "Policies," accessed April 16, 2021
  94. Stringer for Mayor, "Plans," accessed April 16, 2021
  95. Taylor for NYC Mayor, "Home," accessed April 16, 2021
  96. Maya for Mayor, "Priorities," accessed April 16, 2021
  97. Wright for NYC, "Issues," accessed April 16, 2021
  98. Yang for New York, "Policies," accessed April 16, 2021
  99. United States Census Bureau, "American Fact Finder," accessed April 24, 2014
  100. Note: Percentages for race and ethnicity may add up to more than 100 percent because respondents may report more than one race and the Hispanic/Latino ethnicity may be selected in conjunction with any race. Read more about race and ethnicity in the census here.