COVID-19 pandemic in Puerto Rico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

COVID-19 pandemic in Puerto Rico
The Puerto Rican National Guard and other officials establish the action plan for COVID-19 screening at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
Pilots and aircraft personnel are screened for COVID-19 at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
(top to bottom)
  • The Puerto Rican National Guard and other officials establish the action plan for COVID-19 screening at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
  • Pilots and aircraft personnel are screened for COVID-19 at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationPuerto Rico
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSan Juan
Arrival dateMarch 13, 2020
(2 months, 2 weeks and 6 days)
Confirmed cases3,873 (As of 1 June 2020)[1]
Deaths
136 (As of 1 June 2020)[1]
Government website
Puerto Rico Department of Health

The COVID-19 pandemic in Puerto Rico is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is part of the 2019–20 worldwide coronavirus pandemic.

Puerto Rico started addressing the risks of an outbreak early on. The island took "some of the most dramatic steps of any U.S. jurisdiction to control the virus," and "several U.S. cities and states followed Puerto Rico’s lead, imposing curfews and shutting businesses" of their own.[2] On February 29, Puerto Rico governor Wanda Vázquez Garced established a task force to look into how the virus could affect Puerto Rico and to lay out plans on how to best mitigate any outbreaks. Given the long delays encountered by the Puerto Rico government in obtaining reasonable turnaround from the CDC test labs in Atlanta for samples submitted for testing, the Island government took the position that every suspicious case was to be treated as a COVID-19 case until test results were received, and ordered patients to be kept in isolation for 14 days. On March 12, one day before the first COVID-19 case case was confirmed, the governor declared a state of emergency and activated the Puerto Rico National Guard to help monitor travelers coming into the Island through its airports and cruise ship docks. In Section 6 of the bulletin, the citizens of Puerto Rico were put on a curfew allowing them to travel out of their homes from 5AM to 9PM for specific reasons such as to buy medicine, to visit a doctor or pharmacy, to buy groceries, or to care for a sick person.[3]

The first cases of COVID-19 in Puerto Rico were reported on March 13. They consisted of two Italian tourists and a 71-year-old cancer patient. The governor expressing concern that the curfew established on the 12th was not being followed took stronger actions and asked all non-essential businesses be closed as of March 15 through March 30.[4][5] The first death recorded was that of the 68-year-old Italian woman tourist; a few days later her husband was reported to have recovered from the virus. Testing is being conducted by veteran's hospitals, private labs, and the Puerto Rico Department of Health.[6]

Background[edit]

Recent events[edit]

When the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in Puerto Rico on March 13, Puerto Rico was still recovering from several major natural disasters, including Hurricane Maria[7] and the 2019–20 Puerto Rico earthquakes.[8][9] Increasing the risk of infections from the virus was also the strong ties between Puerto Rico and the Puerto Rican population in New York City, a city which had its first confirmed COVID-19 case on March 1,[10] making the spread of COVID-19 due to people arriving from New York a concern for Puerto Ricans.[11] It was out of this concern that on April 8 Puerto Rico governor Vázquez Garced asked the FAA to halt flights to Puerto Rico from U.S. "hot spots" including New York, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Illinois.[12]

Healthcare infrastructure[edit]

Like the rest of the world, including United States, Puerto Rico was unprepared for the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic.[13] When compared to that of the United States, Puerto Rico's population was at higher risk of COVID-19 due to various additional factors such as an older population, higher levels of poverty, and greater dependence on public resources for access to health care. Despite these factors and shortcomings, by April 16 Puerto Rico had kept the number of COVID-19 deaths rate to less than 17% that of deaths in the United States when the two are compared on an equal per-million-inhabitants basis. A table published on April 16 by Statista, a tracker of COVID-19 cases worldwide, showed the number of deaths in Puerto Rico at 15.96 per million inhabitants while that in the United States is shown at 94.54 per million inhabitants.[14]

It has been known that the virus was more lethal on older people[15] and Puerto Rico has a high proportion of elderly people. In July 2019, almost 21% of Puerto Rico's population was over the age of 65.[16]

Additionally, elderly residents of Puerto Rico are seven times more likely to live in poverty. Puerto Rico has about 8,194 hospital beds[17] for its (as of July 1, 2019) estimated population of 3,193,694 residents.[16] Governor Pedro Rosselló's 1993 health care reform increased privatization and dependence upon Medicaid or upon Children's Health Insurance Program for 45% of Puerto Ricans and Medicare for 20% of them.[citation needed]

Since 2006, when Washington stopped some special taxes incentives, Puerto Rico entered an economic crisis, lowering its fiscal budgets.[18] Puerto Rican average Medicaid enrollee receive $2,200/year against $6,700 in US States.[18] Washington periodic fiscal cliff also represent a threat to territories health care systems.[18]

Persistent underfunding, uncertainty and the natural disasters of recent years placed Puerto Rico's health care system in weaker position to face the pandemic.[18] Hospital infrastructure have aged.[18] From 2006 to 2016, the number of doctors fell from 14,000 to 9,000, while there is also a shortage of nurses.[18] There aren't enough resources to prepare for disasters- the model has been to provide relief after disasters hit.[18]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Puerto Rico  ()
     Deaths        Confirmed cases

Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
Cases (% rise)
Deaths (% rise)
2020-03-13
3
2020-03-14
3(=)
2020-03-15
5(+67%)
2020-03-16
5(=)
2020-03-17
5(=)
2020-03-18
6(+20%)
2020-03-19
6(=)
2020-03-20
14(+133%)
2020-03-21
21(+50%) 1
2020-03-22
23(+10%) 1(=)
2020-03-23
31(+35%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-24
39(+26%) 2(=)
2020-03-25
51(+31%) 2(=)
2020-03-26
64(+25%) 2(=)
2020-03-27
79(+23%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-28
100(+27%) 3(=)
2020-03-29
127(+27%) 5(+67%)
2020-03-30
174(+37%) 6(+20%)
2020-03-31
239(+37%) 8(+33%)
2020-04-01
286(+20%) 11(+37%)
2020-04-02
316(+10%) 12(+9%)
2020-04-03
378(+20%) 15(+25%)
2020-04-04
452(+20%) 18(+20%)
2020-04-05
475(+5%) 20(+11%)
2020-04-06
513(+8%) 21(+5%)
2020-04-07
573(+12%) 23(+10%)
2020-04-08
620(+8%) 24(+4%)
2020-04-09
683(+10%) 33(+37%)
2020-04-10
725(+6%) 39(+18%)
2020-04-11
788(+9%) 42(+8%)
2020-04-12
897(+14%) 44(+5%)
2020-04-13
903(+0.7%) 45(+2%)
2020-04-14
923(+2%) 45(=)
2020-04-15
974(+6%) 51(+13%)
2020-04-16
1,043(+7%) 56(+10%)
2020-04-17
1,068(+2%) 58(+4%)
2020-04-18
1,118(+5%) 60(+3%)
2020-04-19
1,213(+8%) 62(+3%)
2020-04-20
1,252(+3%) 63(+2%)
2020-04-21
1,298(+3.7%) 64(+1,6%)
2020-04-22
1,378(+6.2%) 67(+4.7%)
2020-04-23
1,416(+2.7%) 69(+3.0%)
2020-04-24
1,276(=) 77(+12%)
2020-04-25
1,307(+2.4%) 83(+7.8%)
2020-04-26
​1,371(+4.9%) 84(+1.2%)
2020-04-27
1,389(+1.3%) 84(=)
2020-04-28
1,400(+0.8%) 86(+2.4%)
2020-04-29
1,433(+2.4%) 86(=)
2020-04-30
1,539(+7.4%) 92(+7.0%)
2020-05-01
1,575(+2.3%) 94(+2.2%)
2020-05-02
1,757(+11.5%) 95(+1.1%)
2020-05-03
1,808(+2.9%) 97(+2.1%)
2020-05-04
1,843(+1.9%) 97(=)
2020-05-05
1,924(+4.4%) 99(+2.1%)
2020-05-06
1,968(+2.3%) 99(=)
2020-05-07
2,031(+3.2%) 102(+3.0%)
2020-05-08
2,156(+6.2%) 107(+4.9%)
2020-05-09
2,173(+0.8%) 108(+0.9%)
2020-05-10
2,198(+1.1%) 111(+2.8%)
2020-05-11
2,256(+2.6%) 113(+1.8%)
2020-05-12
2,299(+1.9%) 114(+0.88%)
2020-05-13
2,329(+1.3%) 115(+0.88%)
2020-05-14
2,427(+4.2%) 117(+1.7%)
2020-05-15
2,542(+4.7%) 122(+4.3%)
2020-05-16
2,589(+1.8%) 122(=)
2020-05-17
2,646(+2.2%) 123(+0.82%)
2020-05-18
2,710(+2.4%) 124(+0.81%)
2020-05-19
2,805(+3.5%) 124(=)
2020-05-20
2,866(+2.2%) 125(+0.81%)
2020-05-21
2,913(+1.6%) 126(+0.80%)
2020-05-22
3,030(+4.0%) 126(=)
2020-05-23
3,100(+2.3%) 127(+0.79%)
2020-05-24
3,189(+2.9%) 127(=)
2020-05-25
3,260(+2.2%) 129(+1.6%)
2020-05-26
3,324(+2.0%) 129(=)
2020-05-27
3,397(+2.2%) 129(=)
2020-05-28
3,486(+2.6%) 131(+1.5%)
2020-05-29
3,647(+4.6%) 132(+0.76%)
Number of cases and deaths: Cumulative totals reported to date.

Sources:

Notes:

  • On 2020-04-24, due to double-counting, Puerto Rico Department of Health reworked the number of cases.[19]

Municipality [a] Cases [b][c] Deaths [c] Recov. [c][d] Pop. Cases / 100k Ref.
77 / 78 2,805 124 3,754,939 70.1
Adjuntas 6 19,483 30.8
Aguada 15 41,959 35.7
Aguadilla 16 60,949 26.3
Aguas Buenas 31 28,659 108.2
Aibonito 17 25,900 65.6
Añasco 11 29,261 37.6
Arecibo 51 96,440 52.9
Arroyo 10 19,575 51.1
Barceloneta 8 24,816 32.2
Barranquitas 30 30,318 99
Bayamón 174 208,116 83.6
Cabo Rojo 25 50,917 49.1
Caguas 84 142,893 58.8
Camuy 8 35,159 22.8
Canóvanas 51 47,648 107
Carolina 115 176,762 65.1
Cataño 14 28,140 49.8
Cayey 37 48,119 76.9
Ceiba 9 13,631 66
Ciales 14 18,782 74.5
Cidra 36 43,480 82.8
Coamo 11 40,512 27.2
Comerío 15 20,778 72.2
Corozal 23 37,142 61.9
Culebra 0 0 0 1,818 0
Dorado 43 38,165 112.7
Fajardo 16 36,993 43.3
Florida 8 12,680 63.1
Guánica 17 19,427 87.5
Guayama 24 45,362 52.9
Guayanilla 15 21,581 69.5
Guaynabo 157 97,924 160.3
Gurabo 37 45,369 81.6
Hatillo 11 41,953 26.2
Hormigueros 12 17,250 69.6
Humacao 30 58,466 51.3
Isabela 19 45,631 41.6
Jayuya 2 16,642 12
Juana Díaz 35 79,897 43.8
Juncos 14 40,290 34.7
Lajas 12 25,753 46.6
Lares 17 30,753 55.3
Las Marías 7 9,881 70.8
Las Piedras 21 38,675 54.3
Loíza 7 30,060 23.3
Luquillo 12 20,068 59.8
Manatí 21 44,113 47.6
Maricao 1 0 0 6,276 15.9
Maunabo 11 12,225 90
Mayagüez 64 89,080 71.8
Moca 17 40,109 42.4
Morovis 21 32,610 64.4
Naguabo 17 26,720 63.6
Naranjito 21 30,402 69.1
Orocovis 36 23,423 153.7
Patillas 25 19,277 129.7
Peñuelas 6 24,282 24.7
Ponce 76 166,327 45.7
Quebradillas 27 25,919 104.2
Rincón 5 15,200 32.9
Río Grande 28 54,304 51.6
Sabana Grande 22 25,265 87.1
Salinas 54 31,078 173.8
San Germán 30 35,527 84.4
San Juan 412 395,326 104.2
San Lorenzo 27 41,058 65.8
San Sebastián 35 42,430 82.5
Santa Isabel 12 23,274 51.6
Toa Alta 71 74,066 95.9
Toa Baja 73 89,609 81.5
Trujillo Alto 49 74,842 65.5
Utuado 3 33,149 9.1
Vega Alta 35 39,951 87.6
Vega Baja 33 59,662 55.3
Vieques 13 0 0 9,301 139.8
Villalba 18 26,073 69
Yabucoa 9 37,941 23.7
Yauco 34 42,043 80.9
Unknown 161 n/a n/a
Outside of Puerto Rico 11 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Updated May 19, 2020
Data is publicly reported by Puerto Rico Department of Health[20][21]
  1. ^ Municipality where individuals with a positive case was diagnosed. Location of original infection may vary.
  2. ^ Reported cases includes presumptive and confirmed case. Actual case numbers are probably higher.
  3. ^ a b c "–" denotes that no data is currently available for that county, not that the value is zero.
  4. ^ PRDH is not providing recovered case numbers.

January[edit]

Late January: Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport becomes one of twenty U.S. airports identified by U.S. Federal officials where travelers were to undergo additional screening. The screenings were to focus on passengers from Wuhan and included a form to be filled out by the traveler stating their travel, contacts in Wuhan, and the presence of any possible symptoms. Travelers will have their temperatures taken.[22]

February[edit]

February 29: Governor Wanda Vázquez Garced establishes a coronavirus task force to track potential cases.[23]

March[edit]

March 4: A Panamanian doctor and four companions arrive in San Juan, Puerto Rico after traveling to New York, Miami, and Panama. They attend the National Day of Salsa festival in San Juan on March 7 despite having a fever and feeling ill. On March 12, Vázquez requests all people who were in the VIP section of the Salsa venue to isolate if they had flu-like symptoms because they may have been exposed to the virus.[9]

March 8: A 68-year-old, Italian woman on the cruise ship Costa Luminosa sailing from Fort Lauderdale, Florida is put in isolation in a Puerto Rico hospital after showing symptoms of pneumonia. A test is sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[24] Vázquez orders that all cruises arriving in Puerto Rico certify that no passengers meet the criteria for COVID-19.[25]

March 10: The Puerto Rico Department of Health reports that five cases are under investigation. According to the Secretary of Health, Rafael Rodríguez Mercado, the CDC received tests on March 10.[23] The five are an Italian couple on a cruise, a cruise ship passenger who was transported to Puerto Rico by the Coast Guard, a Puerto Rican man who had not travelled out of Puerto Rico and a missionary priest from Colegio María Auxiliadora, a Catholic school in Carolina, Puerto Rico.[26]

March 11: There were 19 potential coronavirus cases after it was reported that a group of 16 students and 3 sponsors from Robinson School were required to isolate after arriving from a trip to Mexico City, Mexico to attend a Model United Nations competition. The country of Mexico had reported 7 cases of COVID-19 during their stay, starting on March 4. They arrived in Puerto Rico on March 9 and were allowed to attend school the next day, March 10. None of the individuals who traveled to Mexico City were infected upon returning, despite have traveled through Tocumen International Airport in Panama City, Panama.[27]

March 12: As a preventive measure, Vázquez declares a state of emergency and activates the Puerto Rico National Guard. Puerto Rico has no confirmed cases of COVID-19.[23][28] The Government of Puerto Rico bars tourists from travelling to Vieques and Culebra, island municipalities popular with tourists. Only residents and those delivering supplies are allowed to travel to the islands.[29] Vázquez declares a curfew ordering people to remain in their home through March 30. People are only allowed out for emergencies. There are limited circumstances that people can come out to purchase essential items or obtain essential services from 5:00 am to 9:00 pm.[30][31]

Mid-march: Several universities including University of Puerto Rico, Universidad del Sagrado Corazón, Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ana G. Méndez University, Interamerican University of Puerto Rico, and National University College cancel in-person classes and move to remote instruction.[32]

March 13: Puerto Rico has 17 suspected cases of COVID-19 and has sent tests to the CDC on March 9. Vázquez criticizes the CDC on March 13 for not having results in over four days.[33] However, later in the evening of March 13, Vázquez announces, at a press conference, that three cases have been confirmed: the 68-year-old Italian woman from the cruise ship Costa Luminosa and her 70-year-old husband (both tourists) are hospitalized in isolation at the Ashford Presbyterian Community Hospital in Condado,[4] as well as a 71-year-old Puerto Rican cancer patient in treatment at Auxilio Mutuo Hospital[5] whose relatives had traveled off the island.[34][35] During the evening of March 13, Vázquez closed all public schools for 14 days and bars cruise ships and ferries from the Dominican Republic from docking at Puerto Rico ports.[35]

March 13: Plans to take people's temperature as they enter Puerto Rico at 7 different points of entry are pending the receipt of 50 no-touch infrared thermometers.[36]

March 15: A fourth case of COVID-19 is confirmed and is an 87-year-old military veteran and California resident who was transferred to the Mayagüez Medical Center by United States Coast Guard helicopter after presenting symptoms on a cruise passing through the Mona Passage.[5] Vázquez orders all businesses, with the exception of grocers, supermarkets, gas stations, banking institutions, pharmacies, and medical companies to close.[30]

March 15: Puerto Rico Police commissioner Henry Escalera Rivera postpones all personnel training. Current cadets at the Police Academy will report to locations close to their residences to conduct administrative tasks at the barracks. Until further notice, several documents and certifications will not be issued: background and criminal checks and copies of police reports. The Criminal Record Office will not be offering in-person services and will instead send records through email, free of charge.[37]

March 15: A 65-year-old woman at an undisclosed location becomes the fifth confirmed case. Puerto Rico has 17 other suspected cases.[38]

March 16: Vázquez discusses the possibility of declaring martial law should the population not heed the curfew and rules imposed with the state of emergency. The governor had mandated the closure of all non-essential businesses for two weeks yet some companies had gone about with business as usual, opening their doors, prompting Vázquez to say "we can be much stricter."[39] Business owners are subject to a $5,000 fine and up to six months in jail if they don't abide by the curfew. On March 16, police fine a bar in Orocovis and carry out over two dozen enforcement actions.[40] Puerto Rican Police report making 36 arrests and filing 85 charges for violations during the three days since the curfew was enacted.[41]

March 17: Vázquez sends a letter to the Federal Aviation Administration with three independent requests. In a statement, she explained the letter seeks authorization to close airports without passenger screenings, limit airstrips for charter planes, and allow the island to limit air traffic to the military and vital services.[41] Police saw an increase in domestic violence incidents being reported.[42]

March 18: The sixth confirmed case is announced by a Veterans Hospital spokesperson. State epidemiologist Carmen Deseda reports there were 26 possible cases at the Veterans Hospital, 10 of which tested negative.[43]

March 21: The first death due to COVID-19 is recorded- the 68-year-old Italian woman who had been on the Costa Luminosa cruise ship from Florida, and who had underlying health issues.[44] Also, on March 21, in response to fake news that begins circulating from WhatsApp, people run to the streets, en masse, for mass shopping and hoarding. The fake news stated that the island's grocery stores would close shortly. The March 15 two-week curfew by Vázquez was defied by many due to the fear caused by the fake news, prompting an investigation by the FBI into who initiated the panicking news.[45] In other news, the 2020 Puerto Rico Democratic primary, originally scheduled for March 29, is postponed until April 26.[46]

March 25: The island announces death of a resident due to COVID-19. A 48-year-old female teacher from Rincón dies and because she was the wife of a police officer, all 30 officers on the force are quarantined at home. The curfew is extended to April 12. There are 60 confirmed cases and two deaths.[47]

March 30: The sixth death is recorded.[48]

March 31: The seventh and eighth are deaths recorded. Confirmed cases rise to 239.[49]

April[edit]

April 2: Police are enforcing the curfew by arresting drivers and towing cars. By this date, 507 people have been arrested for breaking the island-wide curfew.[50]

April 6: Reports indicate that 10 doctors have tested positive for the coronavirus.[51]

April 9: Seventeen businesses have lost their business license for failing to adhere to the island-wide curfew.[52]

April 10: Medical personnel in hospital emergency rooms in Yauco, Bayamón, Fajardo, and Humacao are using a clear plastic box around the head of the patient when patient is being tested for COVID-19, in order to protect personnel from contamination.[53]

April 21-April 24: The numbers being reported by different agencies in Puerto Rico came into question and on April 21, Orville Disdier Flores, the executive director at the Instituto de Estadísticas de Puerto Rico (PR Statistics Institute), stated that some of the numbers being reported were incorrect, that some cases had been double-counted and that they were working on correcting the errors.[54] On April 23 the numbers were 12680 conducted tests, 1416 tested positive, 69 deaths, and 1940 pending results[6] but on April 24 the numbers were updated to reflect 1276 tested positive and 77 deaths.[1]

May[edit]

May 27: On May 27, Érica Rodríguez, a 27-year-old became the youngest person to die of coronavirus in Puerto Rico.[55]

Government response[edit]

March 11: Caribbean Business reports that the United States Department of Health and Human Services will be awarding nearly $5.9 million to Puerto Rico to combat COVID-19.[56]

March 12: At a press conference, Governor Vázquez declares a state of emergency and activates the National Guard. She states that National Guard personnel will be stationed at the Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport and the Port of San Juan to screen arriving passengers for symptoms.[23] The declaration also orders all mass gatherings and events in March to be postponed or canceled. Vázquez expresses frustration at the CDC delays in testing.[28]

March 13: The Secretary of Health of Puerto Rico, Rafael Rodríguez resigns.[57] Congressperson Jenniffer González questions why Vázquez removed the Secretary during a time of crisis, stating that it could signal to federal legislators that the Puerto Rico Department of Health was incompetent and unprepared for the crisis.[58]

Puerto Rico public schools are closed for 14 days.[35]

The House of Representatives of Puerto Rico approves House Bill 2428 to amend Puerto Rico Law 180–1998 to establish unpaid emergency leave of up to 20 days for employees with a suspected or actual diagnosis of a pandemic illness.[59] The bill is awaiting consideration by the Senate of Puerto Rico.[59]

March 14: Congressperson González successfully requests the CDC to include Puerto Rico and other Territories of the United States in their digital alert system.[60] González states she will remain in Washington, D.C., despite having previously scheduled meetings in Puerto Rico, so she could work with the United States Congress.[58]

March 15: Vázquez issues an island-wide curfew through March 30 and closes all businesses not involved in food sales, medicine, or banking.[5] and the police commissioner postponed personnel training.[37]

José Aponte Hernández, a former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Puerto Rico says he would request from Jenniffer González Colón (the resident commissioner of Puerto Rico) for funds to get an old hospital up and running. They discuss the possibility of using an old hospital located on the Roosevelt Roads Naval Station located in Ceiba (a small eastern municipality), to treat persons affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in Puerto Rico.[61]

March 19: Journalists from the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI) in Puerto Rico state that Carmen Deseda, who had become more visible in the press since the resignation of Rafael Rodríguez Mercado, does not have the credentials to be a state epidemiologist. In response, the governor of Puerto Rico stated it is a team approach and that she supports Carmen Deseda in her role.[62] On the same day, a group of Puerto Rican scientists sign and circulate a document asking for Deseda's resignation saying she had shown a lack of competence in the past and was not up to the task of dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic.[63]

March 25: Acting minister of the Puerto Rico Department of Health places Encijar Hassan Ríos, an epidemiologist, in charge of leading the island's COVID-19 task force.[64]

March 27: Vázquez tightens restrictions around the curfew. Motorists are only allowed out (for emergency shopping) based on the ending digit of their car license plate: license plates ending in 0,2,4,6,8 are allowed out for emergency errands on Mondays, Wednesdays, or Fridays, and license plates ending in odd numbers are allowed out for emergencies errands on Tuesdays, Thursdays, or Saturdays. No one is allowed out on Sundays. People who defy the new rules will be met with a fine of $5,000 or arrest.[65]

April 3: Non-essential businesses that open for business are defying the stay-at-home curfew, and are losing their business license.[66]

April 8: Governor Vázquez asks the Federal Aviation Administration to stop flights from "hot spots" states to San Juan, Puerto Rico. The states she wants to restrict travel from include New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Illinois, and Florida.[12] The governor also decides to review the death count based on CDC guidelines in order to avoid underreporting deaths due to COVID-19 and testing on the island lags.[11]

May 1: Governor Vázquez announced that after much back and forth, the US Treasury Department approved the proposal set forth by the Puerto Rico Department of Treasury on the distribution of $1,200 payments to eligible individuals, which is part of the CARES act signed into law on March 27, 2020 by U.S. President Donald Trump.[67]

May 4: Governor Vázquez announced that people who have recovered should donate plasma and blood, saying blood banks were in need of donations and a government official stated they were hoping to be able to soon provide a glimpse into the number of recovered from COVID-19.[68]

May 5: Jessica Irizarry from the Department of Health explained that each of the 7 regions has a regional epidemiologist and team tasked with tracking, investigating the cases in Puerto Rico. Irizarry stated they have done contact tracing on 2000 positive cases.[69]

Statistics[edit]

COVID-19 Testing results as of March 23, 2020 at 10 p.m., by the PR Dept. of Health.
Map of PR regions defined by the PR Department of Health

The Puerto Rico Department of Health divides Puerto Rico into 7 regions each with its own epidemiologist and team.[69]

As of May 27, there were 3,397 confirmed coronavirus case and 129 recorded deaths.[70][71]

The number of people recovered, tests administered, and tests pending had been provided in the early stages of the pandemic but was not available since April 24, 2020.[72][6] On May 4, a government representative giving a status with the governor said they might be able to begin providing the number of recovered in the near future.[68]

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Cases in Puerto Rico[5][4][38][43][6]

As of May 27, 2020 from various sources including the Puerto Rico Department of Health,[6] the PR COVID-19 Dashboard,[1] and the Puerto Rico Medical COVID-19 Task Force:[73]

Regions by the PR Dept. of Health Municipalities Confirmed Cases by Region
Arecibo Arecibo, Barceloneta, Camuy, Ciales, Florida, Hatillo, Lares, Manatí, Morovis, Quebradillas, Utuado, Vega Baja 278
Bayamón Barranquitas, Bayamón, Cataño, Comerío, Corozal, Dorado, Naranjito, Orocovis, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Vega Alta 677
Caguas Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Caguas, Cayey, Cidra, Gurabo, Humacao, Juncos, Las Piedras, Maunabo, Naguabo, San Lorenzo, Yabucoa 464
Fajardo Ceiba, Culebra, Fajardo, Luquillo, Río Grande, Vieques 116
Mayagüez Aguada, Aguadilla, Añasco, Cabo Rojo, Hormigueros, Isabela, Lajas, Las Marías, Maricao, Mayagüez, Moca, Rincón, Sabana Grande, San Germán, San Sebastián 387
Metro Canóvanas, Carolina, Guaynabo, Loíza, San Juan, Trujillo Alto 916
Ponce Adjuntas, Arroyo, Coamo, Guánica, Guayama, Guayanilla, Jayuya, Juana Díaz, Patillas, Peñuelas, Ponce, Salinas, Santa Isabel, Villalba, Yauco 452
US[1] 13
Not available[1] 94
Total 3,397[74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Puerto Rico COVID-19". Bioseguridad.maps.arcgis.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  2. ^ Puerto Rico seeks to suspend all incoming flights to battle COVID-19 spread. Archived April 7, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Jim Wyss. Miami Herald. March 18, 2020. Accessed 17 April 2020.
  3. ^ Puerto Rico Governor Announces Curfew Amid Outbreak. María Miranda. Caribbean Business. 15 March 2020. Accessed 28 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Rivera Clementa, Yaritza (March 15, 2020). "Gobernadora decreta toque de queda por el coronavirus". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Wanda Vázquez decreta toque de queda para todo Puerto Rico para contener el coronavirus [Wanda Vázquez declares curfew for all of Puerto Rico to contain coronavirus]". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). March 15, 2020. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Covid-19 Estadísticas PR". Estadísticas.PR. March 23, 2020. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  7. ^ https://publichealth.gwu.edu/content/poor-and-elderly-puerto-ricans-faced-persistent-risk-dying-six-months-after-hurricane-maria
  8. ^ Buckee, Caroline (March 13, 2020). "Puerto Rico must act now to stop the coronavirus". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Wyss, Jim (March 12, 2020). "A partying, dancing Panamanian doctor emerges as the latest coronavirus threat to Puerto Rico". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  10. ^ West, Melanie Grayce (March 2, 2020). "First Case of Coronavirus Confirmed in New York State". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on March 3, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Puerto Rico shifts virus death count rules, seeks flight ban". AP NEWS. April 8, 2020. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Wanda Vázquez le pide a FAA que prohíba los vuelos a la Isla desde Nueva York y Florida". Primera Hora. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  13. ^ World not prepared for the next big pandemic: report. Archived April 17, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Leslie Young. Global News. 18 September 2019. Accessed 16 April 2020.
  14. ^ Coronavirus (COVID-19) deaths worldwide per one million population as of April 16, 2020, by country. Archived April 17, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Statista. 16 April 2020. Accessed 16 April 2020.
  15. ^ Why Coronaviruses Hit Older Adults Hardest: As with flu, immune changes and other health conditions are to blame. Archived April 17, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Sarah Elizabeth Adler. AARP. 14 March 2020. Accessed 16 April 2020.
  16. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Puerto Rico". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  17. ^ "American Hospital Directory – Individual Hospital Statistics for Puerto Rico". www.ahd.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Gelardi, Chris (April 9, 2020). "Colonialism Made Puerto Rico Vulnerable to Coronavirus Catastrophe". ISSN 0027-8378. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  19. ^ "Anticipan que hay errores que no se podrán subsanar en los datos de Salud [They anticipate that there are errors that cannot be corrected in the (Dept. of) Health data]". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). April 21, 2020. Archived from the original on April 22, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  20. ^ "COVID-19". Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  21. ^ "Puerto Rico COVID-19". Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  22. ^ Aratani, Lori; Berger, Miriam (January 30, 2020). "Here are the 20 U.S. airports where health officials are screening for coronavirus". Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d Gresik, Dylan (March 13, 2020). "Governor of Puerto Rico declares emergency, activates National Guard in response to coronavirus". Military Times. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  24. ^ Marcial Ocasio, Jennifer A. (March 8, 2020). "Italian woman whose cruise stopped in Fort Lauderdale, Puerto Rico being tested for coronavirus". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  25. ^ "Puerto Rico takes Preventative Measures for Possible Case of COVID-19". NBC 6 South Florida. March 8, 2020. Archived from the original on March 10, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  26. ^ Marrero, Juan. "Colegio en Puerto Rico pone a grupo de estudiantes en cuarentena por coronavirus". Metro. Archived from the original on March 28, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  27. ^ López Alicea, Keila (March 11, 2020). "Robinson School envía estudiantes a la casa como medida preventiva [Robinson School sends students home as a preventive measure]". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  28. ^ a b Casiano, Louis (March 12, 2020). "Puerto Rico activates National Guard amid coronavirus, stops large gatherings". Fox News. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  29. ^ Charles, Jacqueline; Wyss, Jim (March 12, 2020). "Caribbean and Latin American nations take drastic measures to curtail coronavirus spread". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  30. ^ a b Boletín Administrativo Núm. OE-2020-023: ORDEN EJECUTIVA DE LA GOBERNADORA DE PUERTO RICO, HON. WANDA VÁZQUEZ GARCED, PARA VIABILIZAR LOS CIERRES NECESARIOS GUBERNAMENTALES Y PRIVADOS PARA COMBATIR LOS EFECTOS DEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) Y CONTROLAR EL RIESGO DE CONTAGIO EN NUESTRA ISLA. GOBIERNO DE PUERTO RICO. LA FORTALEZA. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO. 15 March 2020. Archived on 2020-04-17 at the WayBack Machine. Accessed 17 April 2020.
  31. ^ "Administrative Bulletin No.: OE-2020-023". Government of Puerto Rico. Retrieved March 22, 2020.[permanent dead link]
  32. ^ "Estas son las universidades con cambios en clases por coronavirus [These are the universities with class changes due to coronavirus]". NotiCel (in Spanish). March 12, 2020. Archived from the original on March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  33. ^ Wyss, Jim (March 13, 2020). "Waiting days for results, Puerto Rico governor criticizes CDC for slow COVID-19 response". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  34. ^ Torres Gotay, Benjamín (March 13, 2020). "Tres pacientes arrojan positivo a coronavirus en Puerto Rico [Three patients test positive to coronavirus in Puerto Rico]". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  35. ^ a b c "First coronavirus cases seen in Puerto Rico: Cruise ships and ferries barred from docking". Associated Press. March 14, 2020. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  36. ^ "En Vieques se atenderán los casos sospechosos del virus en un tráiler: A diferencia de Culebra, la vecina isla municipio todavía no cuenta con una sala de emergencias adecuada ni un CDT en medio de una nueva crisis [In Vieques suspected cases of the virus will be seen in a trailer: Unlike Culebra, the neighboring island-municipality does not yet have an adequate emergency room nor an urgent care center in the midst of a new crisis]". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). March 15, 2020. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  37. ^ a b "Policía pospone adiestramientos de personal por coronavirus". Wapa NotiCentro. March 15, 2020. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  38. ^ a b Lilley, Sandra (March 15, 2020). "Puerto Rico imposes curfew, early closings to contain coronavirus spread". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  39. ^ "Gov. Vázquez Does not Want to Resort to Martial Law". Caribbean Business. March 16, 2020. Archived from the original on March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  40. ^ Wyss, Jim (March 16, 2020). "Empty streets, bored tourists, anxious merchants: Puerto Rico amid coronavirus curfew". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  41. ^ a b Wyss, Jim (March 18, 2020). "Puerto Rico seeks to suspend all incoming flights to battle COVID-19 spread". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  42. ^ Hora, Primera (March 17, 2020). "Activada la línea de orientación para víctimas de violencia doméstica: El personal de la OPM está trabajando remoto". Primera Hora. Archived from the original on March 29, 2020. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  43. ^ a b Del Valle Hernández, Sara (March 18, 2020). "Confirman el sexto caso de coronavirus en Puerto Rico: Se trata de un hombre que fue atendido en el Hospital de Veteranos". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  44. ^ Wyss, Jim (March 21, 2020). "Puerto Rico sees first COVID-19 death as total cases hit 23". Archived from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  45. ^ Alex Figueroa Cancel (March 23, 2020). "Ante FBI el mensaje falso que causó alarma por WhatsApp: A nivel estatal, Pedro Janer espera que el Departamento de Justicia someta cargos por violación a la ley del DSP". El Nuevo Dia. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  46. ^ Puerto Rico postpones presidential primary. 21 March 2020 Archived March 23, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Zach Montellaro. Politico. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 28 Mar 2020.
  47. ^ Govt under fire after 1st Puerto Rican coronavirus death. Danica Coto. Associated Press (AP). 28 March 2020. Archived March 28, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
  48. ^ El Nuevo Día (March 30, 2020). "Confirman la sexta muerte por el coronavirus en Puerto Rico: Se trata de un hombre de 68 años con historial de viaje, mientras el Departamento de Salud reportó que los contagios positivos a COVID-19 aumentaron a 174". Elnuevodia.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  49. ^ El Nuevo Día (March 31, 2020). "Mueren dos mujeres por coronavirus, lo que eleva a ocho los fallecimientos en Puerto Rico: Mientras, el total de casos positivos a la enfermedad ascendió a 239, a la vez que el Departamento de Salud espera por el resultado de 854 pruebas". Elnuevodia.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
  50. ^ Maribel Hernández Pérez (April 2, 2020). "Se llevan en grúa nueve vehículos por violar toque de queda: Desde que comenzó el toque de queda el 15 de marzo se han arrestado a 507 personas". Primera Hora.
  51. ^ David Cordero Mercado (April 6, 2020). "Asciende a diez el número los médicos infectados con COVID-19 en Puerto Rico: El Colegio de Médicos Cirujanos urgió a los hospitales a proteger a su personal, al tiempo que advirtió sobre el impacto que esto pudiera tener en la atención médica en la emergencia". Elnuevodia.com. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  52. ^ "Departamento de Hacienda suspende licencias a otros 14 negocios por violar Orden Ejecutiva: Hasta la fecha, totalizan 17 los establecimientos intervenidos, anunció el secretario Francisco Parés". El Nuevo Dia. April 9, 2020. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  53. ^ Pacheco Santa, Gabriel (April 10, 2020). "Ingenieros refuerzan armadura médica contra el COVID-19: Los nuevos artefactos responden a la escasez de material protectivo en los hospitales". El Nuevo Dia. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  54. ^ "Anticipan que hay errores que no se podrán subsanar en los datos de Salud [They anticipate that there are errors that cannot be corrected in the (Dept. of) Health data]". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). April 21, 2020. Archived from the original on April 22, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  55. ^ "Fallece joven de 27 años paciente de Covid-19". www.wapa.tv (in Spanish).
  56. ^ "CDC Allocates $5.8 million to Puerto Rico in Support of COVID-19 Response". Caribbean Business. March 11, 2020. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  57. ^ "Renuncia el secretario del Departamento de Salud, Rafael Rodríguez: Tras confirmarse los primeros tres casos positivos de COVID-19 en Puerto Rico. [Rafael Rodriguez, Secretary of the Department of Health resigns: After the first three positive cases of COVID-19 in Puerto Rico are confirmed.]". Telemundo Puerto Rico (in Spanish). March 14, 2020. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  58. ^ a b Delgado, José A. (March 14, 2020). "Jenniffer González expresa preocupación con la salida del secretario de Salud [Jenniffer González worried over the resignation of the Secretary of Health]". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  59. ^ a b Colón-Acevedo, Sara E.; Felipe Santos, Juan; Álvarez-Sánchez, Maralyssa (March 13, 2020). "Puerto Rico Senate Considers Unpaid Emergency Leave for Pandemic Illness". The National Law Review. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  60. ^ "Incluyen a Puerto Rico en sistema de alertas del Centro para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades [Puerto Rico included in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention alert system]". Congresswoman Jenniffer González-Colón. February 12, 2020. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  61. ^ "Piden usar el antiguo hospital de Roosevelt Roads para coronavirus". primerahora.com (in Spanish). March 15, 2020. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  62. ^ Serrano Román, Angélica; Minet, Carla (March 19, 2020). "[CHEQUEO DE DATOS] La falsedad tras la epidemióloga del Estado que está a cargo de la respuesta al coronavirus". Centro de Periodismo Investigativo. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  63. ^ "Grupo de científicos pide la renuncia de Carmen Deseda, epidemióloga del Estado". www.noticel.com. March 19, 2020. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  64. ^ "Designan a nueva coordinadora de equipo epidemiológico para atender el coronavirus en Puerto Rico: La secretaria interina de Salud, Concepción Quiñones de Longo, nombró a la doctora Encijar Hassan Ríos para liderar los esfuerzos". El Nuevo Dia. March 25, 2020. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  65. ^ "Conoce los nuevos cambios al toque de queda en Puerto Rico: La gobernadora Wanda Vázquez anunció la extensión de la medida y ajustes más estrictos". Univision. March 27, 2020. Archived from the original on March 28, 2020. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  66. ^ "Dos nuevos negocios pierden licencias por violar toque de queda: Hacienda intervino con ellos en Caguas y Bayamón | El Nuevo Día". Elnuevodia.com. April 3, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  67. ^ "El Tesoro federal aprueba la propuesta del gobierno para distribuir el incentivo de $1,200". El Nuevo Dia. May 1, 2020.
  68. ^ a b "Gobernadora explica inesperada alerta enviada a los puertorriqueños". El Nuevo Dia. May 4, 2020.
  69. ^ a b "Salud explica su rastreo de contactos de COVID-19 en Puerto Rico". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). May 5, 2020.
  70. ^ Departamento de Salud (November 3, 2020). "Plenaria de Servicios de Salud ante Enfermedades Respiratorias Transmisibles en Puerto Rico: COVID-19" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gobierno de Puerto Rico. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 29, 2020. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  71. ^ "Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico". www.salud.gov.pr. Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  72. ^ "Puerto Rico under scrutiny as youngest COVID-19 patient dies". AP NEWS. April 18, 2020. Archived from the original on April 20, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  73. ^ "Puerto Rico Medical Task Force Covid-19 – Home". Facebook. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  74. ^ "Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico". www.salud.gov.pr (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 14, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]