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Frederick, county, northern Maryland, U.S., bounded by Pennsylvania to the north, the Monocacy River to the northeast, Virginia to the southwest (the Potomac River constituting the border), and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. It consists of a piedmont region bisected north-south by the valley of the Monocacy. Parklands include Cunningham Falls State Park and Catoctin Mountain (national) Park, site of the Camp David presidential retreat. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail follows the ridgeline along much of the county’s western border. The county was created in 1748 and named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore. Frederick, the county seat, is located a few miles north of the site of the Battle of Monocacy (July 9, 1864) of the American Civil War.
Principal economic activities are agriculture (corn [maize], hay, and dairy products) and manufacturing. Frederick has the largest area of any county in the state. Area 663 square miles (1,717 square km). Pop. (2000) 195,277; (2010) 233,385.
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Maryland, constituent state of the United States of America. One of the original 13 states, it lies at the centre of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to Virginia. Its small size belies the great diversity of its landscapes and of the…
Potomac River, river in the east central United States, rising in North and South branches in the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia. The two branches (95 mi [150 km] and 130 mi long, respectively) flow generally northeast and unite southeast of Cumberland, Md., to continue southeast through the District of…
Blue Ridge, segment of the Appalachian Mountains in the United States. The mountains extend southwestward for 615 miles (990 km) from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, through parts of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, to Mount Oglethorpe, Georgia. The range, a relatively narrow ridge, is 5…