Hanka Paldum (born 28 April 1956) is a Bosnian Sevdalinka singer and founder of the record label Sarajevo Disk. She is regarded as one of the best female sevdah performers of the 20th century and is popular in her home country of Bosnia as well as in the rest of the former Yugoslavia.
1956–71: Early life and family
Hanka Paldum was born in the eastern Bosnian town of Čajniče to Muslim Bosniak parents Mujo and Pemba. Paldum has an older brother Mustafa and two sisters, Raza and Rasema. Her father was a logger and her mother wove carpets to provide additional financial assistance for the family, as her fathers salary was not enough to carry a family of seven. Hanka, the oldest female child, began helping her mother with housework at the age of five. When Paldum was seven years of age, her parents moved the family from Čajniče to the Vratnik neighbourhood within the Sarajevo municipality of Stari Grad.
Paldum started singing in the first grade, as part of the choir in her primary school. She would continue singing throughout her childhood and recalled in an interview: "We went by train to my aunt's home, my mother's sister in Rudo. There were a lot of tunnels and when the train entered a tunnel, I would sing, and when it come out of the tunnel I stopped, because I was shy. The other passengers would ask who was singing that beautifully, and I just looked out the window as if it did not apply to me. But inside, my heart was leaping with joy."
At the age of twelve, Hanka's brother Mustafa, a member of the Bratstvo (Brotherhood) cultural association, encouraged her to sneak out through her bedroom window and sing at the association events, promising to "cover" for her. She would sing for 15 to 20 minutes and run back home. The director of the House of Culture named Marijan Ravlić, asked her parents to allow her to sing at some local events. Her father allowed it, but with only with the presence of her older brother, Mustafa, who was no less strict than their father. Then Hanka began to sing in amateur contests, which she often won, with the award being chocolate with rice or ten tickets for the cinema. She shared the chocolates, while tickets for the theater remained unused because of her father's strictness.
After three years of struggle, Hanka proved to her parents her passion for music and said she wanted to enroll in a music school. Her father told her she must enroll in a school that would lead to a secure career with which she could find a job that would earn her money. Around that time, Hanka's father, Mujo became gravely ill and soon died of his illness. Her younger brother Mustafa died in 2007 of lung cancer, aged 49.
1972–78: Radio Sarajevo, first recordings, and marriage
Paldum passed an audition at Radio Sarajevo and began voice lessons. After two years of hard work, she made her first archival recordings for Radio Sarajevo. They were sevdalinka songs, a traditional Bosniak genre of folk music. Her first recording was her version of an old sevdalinka song called "Moj behare" (My Blossom). She continued recording and recorded over a hundred sevdalinkas for radio archives.
Paldum recorded and released her first extended play (EP) in 1973, at the age of seventeen, when producer and composer Mijat Božović offered her his partnership in recording two singles "Ljubav žene" (The Love of a Woman) and "Burmu ću tvoju nositi" (I Will Wear Your Wedding Ring) alongside the big folk orchestra Radio-TV Sarajevo. She recorded five more EP's in two years before releasing her debut studio album, I Loved Unfaithful Eyes on 13 February 1974
Also in 1975, Hanka won top prize at the festival of amateur singers called "Pjevamo danu mladosti" (Sing for the Youth Day), with the song "Pokraj puta rodila jabuka" (On the Roadside, a Tree Bore an Apple), written by Mijat Božović. Her prize was a chance to produce a single for the record label Sarajevo Diskoton. This song was not a big hit at the time, but with time it gained moderate success. She continued her partnership with Mijat Božović, who believed in her talent and that she would become a big folk star. He wrote a song for her called "Voljela sam oči zelene" (I Loved Green Eyes) which in a few months became a big hit; for a long time the song was Hanka's signature song, and is still a hit among people of the former Yugoslavia. There is also a version in Slovenian.
After success with "Voljela sam oči zelene" she performed as a debutante at the Ilidža Festival with the song "Ja te pjesmom zovem" (I Call You with My Song). The song was disqualified because one of the judges at the time, Milan Radić, who was a reporter, thought that the song was not worthy enough to enter the competitive part of the program. However, after the songwriter Julio Marić insisted the song be placed in the competition, Hanka indeed went on to compete. This song became a big hit and it still played and has been covered my multiple other artists.
Hanka met her first husband Muradif Brkić, a student of literature at the University of Sarajevo, while she was in high school. After three or four months of friendship, they began dating. They married soon after he graduated from the university in the late 1970s. Shortly thereafter, he went to the mandatory service in the Yugoslav People's Army, and Hanka started her first big Yugoslavian tour with Meho Puzić.
1979–82: Voljela sam, voljela, Čežnja, and Sanjam
In 1979, her husband finished his service with the army. Then, with Hanka and Braco Đirlo, founded a record company called "Sarajevo Disk". They signed a rock band called "Vatreni Poljubac" (Burning Kiss) with Milić Vukašinović in the forefront of the band. After hearing Milić's song "Volio sam volio" (I Loved, I Loved), Muradif recommended that Hanka record that song. At first Hanka was hesitant and even Milić wasn't too thrilled about the idea: "I was a bit skeptical at first, but when I heard how Hanka sang that song; when I felt the power and temperament of her voice, I knew we were going to take over Yugoslavia", Milić said. She recorded her version in a 'home studio' owned by innovative producer and ethno-pop composer Nikola Borota – Radovan. Their meeting was instrumental to her career and climb to the stardom. Hanka's interpretation of the song, "Voljela sam, voljela" (I Loved, I Loved), in 1978, won the public over and resulted in sales of over a million copies; the public loved her and music critics praised her. Hanka became recognized across the country of Yugoslavia and was offered to sing in guest spots and hold her own concerts. She also won many awards and much recognition, including the "Oscar of Popularity", three "Golden Stars", as well as being named the female artist of the year.
The following year, in 1979, after significant success with that single, she recorded another single "Odreću se I srebra I zlata" (I Will Give Up Silver and Gold). At the same time she was preparing a full-length studio album, called Srebro i zlato (Silver and Gold"), named after the song.
Along with Milić Vukašinović as the main songwriter, other recognized names from the world of Yugoslav folk, pop and rock music were present: Goran Bregović, Nikola Borota – Radovan, Bodo Kovačević, Mijat Božović, Blagoje Kosanin. Under Nikola Borota's direction, for the first time in Yugoslavian folk music history, electronic music instruments and pop music arrangements were used, songs had different rhythm section treatment than ever before and as a result Hanka's interpretations were different and original.
With the song "Voljela sam, voljela" and the album Čežnja (1980), she merged folk and rock music. Her work was not received well by music critics, composers and colleagues. They said her music undermined traditional folk music. However, Hanka, along with her team, believed in herself and her success and was certain that the material, even if unusual and nontraditional, was something new and was of good quality.
That was confirmed later because Čežnja was overwhelmingly accepted by the public, broke many industry records, and sold over a million copies, and the songs in new folk-rock manner attracted listeners who had never before listened to her or folk music.
With non-traditional business approach Hanka started attracting the media as well as the public: as the singer promoted the album Čežnja on Opatija festival of music, she also promoted it in Belgrade and had her first solo concert in Dom Sindikata, again musically produced by Nikola Borota – Radovan. Lazar Ristovski was on synthesizers, Džemo Novaković on lead guitar, Sanin Karić was playing bass, two double drum kits were deployed while Ljubiša Pavković and Mico Radovanović were only two traditional instrumentalists present on stage, sharing the lead accordion roles. A tour of Yugoslavia followed, and almost every song from the album became a hit, in particular the songs "Crne kose" (Black Hair), "Zbog tebe" (Because of You), "Čežnja" (Yearning) and "Zbogom" (Farewell).
In 1982, she released the album Sanjam (I’m Dreaming) with Milić Vukašinović as the main songwriter. With this album Milić created his life's work, while Hanka went from a popular singer to a big Yugoslav star. Taking into consideration that her own label "Sarajevo Disk" did not have its own record plant, the album, because of overwhelming demand, was manufactured and distributed by four different companies. Hanka's success was unheard of for Yugoslav music scene, she became the favorite in the eyes of the public and respected by the music critics.
1983–91: Južni Vetar, touring, and acting
Hanka started her tour, and for the first time in folk music, held concerts in big sporting arenas across Yugoslavia. In Belgrade's "Dom sindikata" where, in seven days, she held a record breaking 14 sold-out solo concerts. Similar to her previous studio album, almost every song on the album became a hit, especially the title song "Sanjam" and an absolute mega hit "Ja te volim" (It's You I Love). Likewise "Ljubav je radost i bol" (Love is Joy and Pain) and "Voljeni moj" (My Beloved). She received a Yugoslavian star award, four Oscars for popularity in a row, a few female artist of the year awards, a gold plaque for humanist award, and won the following festivals: "Ilidža," "Vogošća," "MESAM," and "Poselu" from 202 Radio Belgrade program.
Hanka is one of rare singers who held solo concerts in very beautiful arenas "Lisinski," in Zagreb, Croatia, "Sava Center," in Belgrade, Serbia, and "Zetra," in Sarajevo, the capital of her home country Bosnia and Herzegovina. She held many humanitarian concerts. She represented Yugoslavia in International Festival in Berlin. At this time production companies were competing for the rights for Hanka's new material. Hanka with help from her husband Muradif decided to go with Belgrade's "Jugodisk." It was said that the bonus she received from Jugodisk is the highest in history of Yugoslavia. In 1983, she released the album Dobro došli prijatelji (Welcome Friends) again teaming up with songwriter Milić Vukašinović.
The next album, Tebi ljubavi (For You, My Love) was released in 1984, which was a tremendous success. The songs were written by Mišo Marković. The biggest hit off the album was the ballad "Ali pamtim još" (But I Still Remember).
In 1985, with composer Miodrag Ilić and ensemble Južni Vetar (Southern Wind) she recorded the album Nema kajanja (No Regrets). With this album she dominated the popular oriental folk genre, and made it one of the most successful albums of the year.
Once again, she went back to the studio with Milić Vukašinović in 1986 and recorded the album Bolno srce (Aching Heart), which brought many hits including a win at the festival of folk music "Vogošća" with the title song "Bolno srce." On this album she also recorded a sevdalinka called "Sjećaš li se djevo bajna" (Do You Remember the Stellar Maiden) with accordion player, Milorad Todorović.
Paldum married for second time to a man named Fuad Hamzić. It also ended in divorce. She later called the marriage a "mistake".
1992–95: Break up of Yugoslavia
1996–2008: Nek' je od srca and Žena kao žena
Paldum collaborated with Hari Varešanović, lead singer of the band Hari Mata Hari, on her 1999 album Nek' je od srca (Let It Be From the Heart.) They recorded the hit song "Crni snijeg" (Black Snow) together. The ballad "Svaka rijeka moru stići će" (Every River Will Reach the Sea) was called the 'best song of the year' by radio stations.
In November 2004, she held a major concert in the Zetra Arena, marking three decades of her career. Guests included Halid Bešlić, Alka Vuica, Josipa Lisac, Esma Redžepova, Saša Matić and Milić Vukašinović.
She had hit songs later in career too, such as "Žena kao žena" (A Woman Like a Woman), "Što da ne" (Why Not), "Sarajevo" and "Dođi" (Come Here) in 2006, released on the studio album Žena kao žena under the label Hayat Production. The ballad "Mojoj majci" (To My Mother) was the biggest hit off the album.
2008–14: Sevdah je ljubav and Što svaka žena sanja
On 7 November 2012, during a humanitarian concert in Zenica, Paldum and Serbian singer Dragana Mirković first publicly sang their duet "Kad nas vide zagrljene" (When They See Us Embrace.) The song officially premiered one year later on 26 November 2013, when the music video was released. The video shows Paldum in Sarajevo singing about Bosnia and Mirković in Belgrade singing about Serbia. Near the end of the video they meet on Stari Most in Mostar, embrace, and dance. Their video was featured prominently in Bosnian and Serbian media.
Paldum took part in the 16th-night show (on 7 August) of Zenica summer fest 2019 by giving 2-hour soloist performance on Zenica city square.
Marriages and children
Paldum first marriage was to Muradif Brkić, director of the record label Sarajevo Disk. Their 1976 wedding took place in his hometown Duvno. Paldum had two children with Brkić: daughter Minela (born 1981) and son Mirzad (born 1985). She was pronounced clinically dead while giving birth to Mirzad, but survived.
Paldum's son Mirzad has had several brushes with the law. In 2006 he ran into a pedestrian while on his motorcycle, on 26 February 2011 he was injured during a shooting in Sarajevo and on 14 January 2014 three women were heavily injured when he ran them over while under the influence of amphetamines. Paldum sent him to a drug rehabilitation center in Germany. In November 2014 he was arrested after police found a pistol and heroin in his possession. Paldum kicked him out of her house after this incident saying that her "soul hurt" but she had no other options.
In January 2013, Goran Golub, a Serb former captive in the Silos concentration camp accused Paldum of torturing him on 10 February 1993 during the Bosnian War. Golub said that while he was a prisoner in the camp, Paldum and fellow Bosnian singer Dino Merlin were to perform for the soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina on Igman mountain, where Silos was located. On that day, Golub alleges to have seen Paldum walking around the camp wearing an army outfit, when she saw him looking at her, he claims she approached him and yelled "What are you looking at?" When he didn't reply, he then claims Paldum asked him, "Do you wanna fuck me? Is that it?" When he didn't reply again, he alleges that Paldum ordered him to sit down and spread his legs, then he claims that she stepped on his genitals with all her strength. Golub further claims that that sexual torture is why he never married and that he thinks of the torture every time he urinates. Paldum denied the allegations and further stated that she had never even been in Silos during the war. She did state that the first time she left the city of Sarajevo during the siege and war was on 6 September 1993, not long after the Sarajevo Tunnel opened. She went to the Igman mountain with several singers, one of which was Dino Merlin, to perform for the Bosnian soldiers. When asked if she had seen or had any contact with Serb prisoners during the war, she said "No! Never, never!" After the concert, she and the other singers were brought back to the city of Sarajevo with a helicopter.
Paldum filed a lawsuit against Golub's lawyer Duško Tomić in March 2013 for false accusations of war crimes and torture. That same month she was quoted as saying: "As for me, I cannot wait for an investigation to be launched into the allegations that the media highlighted and I wish to clear this stain off my name and prove that I am innocent. I cannot wait for all this to be over."
- Voljela sam oči nevjerne (1974)
- Srebro i zlato (1979)
- Sjajna zvijezdo (1980)
- Čežnja (1980)
- Sanjam (1982)
- Dobro došli prijatelji (1983)
- Tebi ljubavi (1984)
- Nema kajanja (1985)
- Bolno srce (1986)
- Gdje si dušo (1988)
- Kani suzo izdajice / Tako me uzbuđuješ (1989)
- Vjetrovi tuge (1990)
- Nek' je od srca (1999)
- Džanum (2001)
- S' kim si – takav si (2003)
- Žena kao žena (2004)
- Što svaka žena sanja (2013)
- Praznik u Sarajevu (Holiday in Sarajevo, 1991)
- Në orët e vona (At Late Hours, 1982)
- Nad lipom 35 (Under the Linden, 2006)
- Lud, zbunjen, normalan (Crazy, Confused, Normal, 2009–12); 2 episodes
- Buchanan, Donna Anne (October 2007). Balkan popular culture and the Ottoman ecumene: music, image, and regional political discourse. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-8108-6021-6.
- "Hanka Paldum biografija". Poznati. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Hanka Paldum biography". Dernek. January 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Hanka Paldum o Bijelom dugmetu: Stvarana je muzika koja nikoga ne ostavlja ravnodušnim". Radio Sarajevo. 17 November 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Hanka Paldum". BiHnet. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "Sarajevo: Ranjen Mirzad Brkić, sin Hanke Paldum". 24sata. 25 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "Moj drugi brak bio je promašaj". Avaz. 12 February 2012. Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "Dragana Mirković u Zenici pokazala da ima veliko srce!". Ekskluziva. 9 November 2012. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Dragana Mirković i Hanka Paldum snimile duet". Telegraf. 27 November 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Pogledajte: Dragana Mirković i Hanka Paldum snimile duet!". Alo. 27 November 2013. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Dragana Mirković i Hanka Paldum snimile duet". Vesti-online. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Premijerno: Još jedan novi spot Dragane Mirković! Duet sa Hankom Paldum – Kad nas vide zagrljene!". Svetplus. 27 November 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Hanka Paldum i Dragana Mirković zagrljene na Starom mostu u Mostaru!". Haber. 27 November 2013. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Dragana Mirković i Hanka Paldum snimile duet!". Pressonline. 27 November 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Foto: Hanka Paldum Zenici poklonila koncert za pamćenje" (in Bosnian). zenicainfo.ba.
- "Životna priča – Hanka Paldum: Tri puta sam se rodila". Story. 14 November 2010. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- "Moj drugi brak je bio promošaj". Folkoteka. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "SIN HANKE PALDUM PREGAZIO TRI ŽENE Bio je drogiran kad je na njih naletio autom". Jutarnji. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "Ranjen sin Hanke Paldum?!". Svet. 26 February 2011. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "PJEVAČICA HANKA PALDUM U VELIKIM MUKAMA SA SINOM: Odvela ga na liječenje od ovisnosti". Doznajemo. 20 July 2014. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "MUKE Hanka Paldum: Sina sam izbacila iz kuće, ne želim da ga vidim!". Puls. 23 November 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "Hanka Paldum sina izbacila iz kuće: Duša me boli, ali nemam drugog izbora!". Alo. 23 November 2014. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "OTKRIĆE KURIRA: Hanka Paldum mučila Srbe u logoru". Kurir-Info. 19 January 2013. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Advokat Gorana Goluba: Hanka Paldum je mučila srpskog zatvorenika u logoru "Silos"?!". Svet. 20 January 2013. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Hanka Paldum mi je u logoru gnječila muškost i upropastila život!". Kurir-info. 2 March 2013. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Hanka Paldum: Nikad nisam bila u logoru Silos". Nezavisne. 22 January 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Karleuša uživo u emisiji uputila podršku Hanki Paldum!". Telegraf. 3 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Hanka Paldum prijavila advokata zbog "iznošenja laži": Jedva čekam da se skine ljaga sa mog imena!". Svet. 22 March 2013. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "MUČENJE SRBA: Hanka Paldum tuži izvor Kurira!". Kurir-Info. 22 March 2013. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hanka Paldum.|