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Elbasani(ĕlbäsä`nē), town (1989 pop. 80,650), capital of Elbasan dist., central Albania, on the Shkumbin River. The city is also a commercial center producing steel, chrome, cement, timber products and soap. Coal and iron ore are mined nearby. Much of the agricultural land nearby has been severely contaminated by pollution from local industries. Elbasan is linked by railroad with the port of Durrës. Known as Scampa in ancient times, it is sometimes identified with Albanopolis, the ancient capital (c.A.D. 130) of the Albanians.
(also Elbasani), a city in the central part of Albania, on the Shkumbi River. Capital of the rreth (district) of Elbasan. Population, about 60,000 (1975). A transportation and industrial center, Elbasan produces cigarettes, olive oil, and canned fruit. The city has a wood-products industry and a ferrous-metallurgical plant.