Edward J. Noble
Edward J. Noble
|Under Secretary of Commerce|
|Preceded by||Inaugural holder|
|Succeeded by||Wayne Chatfield-Taylor|
Edward John Noble
August 8, 1882
Gouverneur, New York, U.S.
|Died||December 28, 1958 (aged 76)|
Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Edward John Noble (August 8, 1882 – December 28, 1958) was an American broadcasting and candy industrialist originally from Gouverneur, New York. He co-founded the Life Savers Corporation in 1913. He founded the American Broadcasting Company when he purchased the Blue Network in 1943 following the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) decree that RCA divest itself of one of its two radio networks.
He was born in Gouverneur, New York. His parents, "Harvey (1847-1925) and Edna Wood Noble (1855-1932)."  had three children. After being educated at local public schools, Noble attended Syracuse University for one year; he then transferred to Yale, "graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in 1905."
In 1912, chocolate manufacturer Clarence Crane of Cleveland, Ohio invented Life Savers as a "summer candy" that could withstand heat better than chocolate. Since the mints looked like miniature life preservers, he called them Life Savers. After registering the trademark, Noble bought the rights to the peppermint candy for $2,900. Instead of using cardboard rolls, which were not very successful, he created tin-foil wrappers to keep the mints fresh. Pep-O-Mint was the first Life Savers flavor.
Noble was the first chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Authority. In June 1939, he was appointed the first Under Secretary of Commerce by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a role created especially for him, serving until August 1940 (Wayne Chatfield-Taylor was appointed to replace him). Following the Federal Communications Commission's order that RCA divest itself of one of its two radio networks, he founded the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) when he purchased the Blue Network (formerly part of NBC) on October 12, 1943. He tried to build ABC into an innovative and competitive broadcaster, but was hampered by financial problems and the pressure of competing with long-established NBC and CBS. By 1951, he entered negotiations to merge the network with United Paramount Theaters, headed by Leonard Goldenson; Goldenson became chairman of the ABC network, while Noble sat on its board of directors for the rest of his life.
Noble, 76, died at his home in Greenwich on December 28, 1958, after several months of illness.
In 1943, Noble bought the St. Catherines Island on the coast of Georgia; in 1968, ten years after his death, the island was transferred to the Edward J. Noble Foundation.
The island is now owned by the St. Catherines Island Foundation, and the island's interior is operated for charitable, scientific, literary, and educational purposes. The foundation aims to promote conservation of natural resources, the survival of endangered species, and the preservation of historic sites, and to expand human knowledge in the fields of ecology, botany, zoology, natural history, archaeology, and other scientific and educational disciplines.
Noble was part of the St. Lawrence Seaway Project and was appointed to the advisory board by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1954. He owned Boldt Castle, the Thousand Island Club, and a summer residence on Wellesley Island. The ornamental street lights in the village park are all that remain of the gift of new street lights that were given to the village by Edward and his brother, Robert. The lights were in memory of their father.
Three hospitals and a foundation are named after him. A building on the campus of St. Lawrence University in Canton, NY is also named after him.
He married Barbara J. Day in 1937.
- "The Gouverneur Museum: Benefactors, The Noble family".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2017-12-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- TIMES, Special to THE NEW YORK (10 June 1939). "NOBLE ENTERS NEW POST; Sworn in as the First Under Secretary of Commerce". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "E.J. NOBLE TO BACK WILLKIE CAMPAIGN; Under-Secretary of Commerce, Who Resigned Wednesday, Announces His Support WANTS TO AID DEFENSE Champion of Administration's Foreign Trade Policy Sees Election Best for Nation". The New York Times. 17 August 1940. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- TIMES, Special to THE NEW YORK (22 October 1940). "The Day in Washington". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "Approves Buying of Blue Network," The New York Times, Wednesday, October 13, 1943.
- "Deaths: Edward John Noble". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. December 29, 1958.
- "$600,000 Donated to St. Lawrence University". The New York Times. January 30, 1956.
Edward J. Noble and the Edward John Noble Foundation have contributed $600,000 to
- "PLANS OF BARBARA J. DAY; She Will Be Married to Edward J. Noble Next Monday". The New York Times. October 26, 1937.
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