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  • 0:04 Nature vs. Nurture
  • 2:16 Rehabilitation
  • 5:30 Lesson Summary
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Criminal Rehabilitation: Programs, Statistics & Definition

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elisha Madison

Elisha has Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a Bachelor's in Marketing. She has extensive experience creating & teaching curricula in college level education, history, English, business and marketing.

Criminal rehabilitation is part of many prison programs. The idea being that not everyone is just born bad, but instead they are environmentally conditioned to make bad choices which can be fixed. Updated: 01/11/2021

Nature vs. Nurture

Criminal rehabilitation is based on the ideas that people aren't inherently bad. Instead, they are taught to make wrong decisions by environmental influences. This is the classic nature versus nurture argument. Are people born bad or are they made that way due to poverty, bad parenting, or abuse? Studies have shown how nurturing (environmental influence) affects crime rates. The list here are the most significant factors.

Alcohol and Drugs

Eighty percent of inmates use drugs and/or alcohol both before and during incarceration. Drugs and alcohol impair decision-making and is the root cause for many arrests. This is a serious issue in prisons and makes it more difficult for inmates to stop using when they get out.

Poverty

Not having money can make certain people turn to theft or dealing drugs in order to survive. Unfortunately, this is a vicious circle. After they get arrested and go to prison, they have a criminal record, which makes it difficult for them to find a reliable job once they are released, which forces them into criminal pursuits yet again.

Bad or Absent Parenting

Kids that have little to no role models or family will try to find an accepting group elsewhere; this is why so many kids get into gangs. Gangs then promote violence, theft, and drugs.

Mental Illness

There are many mental illnesses that can lead to criminal activity, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and a number of various personality disorders. Unfortunately, if an inmate is only being punished for their crime, they aren't getting any help for the underlying mental illness that may have caused their incarceration in the first place.

Education

The lack of education has two influences. First, limited education can cause poverty, because better paying jobs require advanced degrees. Second, a lack of education also directly contributes to committing crimes.

These environmental influences obviously influence whether a person commits a crime. So what options are available for rehabilitation in order to prevent repeat offenses and how effective are they?

Rehabilitation

Criminal rehabilitation is essentially the process of helping inmates grow and change, allowing them to separate themselves from the environmental factors that made them commit a crime in the first place. The idea is to treat each of the major contributing factors in order to help give an inmate the ability to live a crime-free life after they are released from prison.

One of the biggest challenges for inmates is being institutionalized, living in prison so long that they no longer know how to function in the outside world. This makes some of them commit crimes so they can go back to prison where they know how to survive. So what rehabilitation programs have been created to help inmates readjust to society and remove themselves from all of the environmental risk factors?

Education

Many prisons have incorporated educational opportunities within the prison so inmates can get their high school diplomas, GED's, and even college degrees. This helps inmates to make informed decisions and helps keep them from making wrong decisions later in life. Additionally, it helps inmates find jobs and careers when they are released, allowing them to gain money without resorting to criminal activities.

Alcoholics Anonymous

Drug and alcohol rehabilitation offers a pathway for steering people away from a life of crime. If inmates no long feel the pull of drugs and alcohol, then they are less likely to use them when released, which then keeps them from impaired decision-making.

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