List of countries by GDP (PPP)

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Largest economies by PPP GDP in 2021
according to International Monetary Fund estimates[1]
Countries by GDP (PPP) in 2020.[n 1]
   > $20 trillion
   $10–$20 trillion
   $5–$10 trillion
   $2–$5 trillion
   $1–$2 trillion
   $500 billion – $1 trillion
   $250–$500 billion
   $100–$250 billion
   $50–$100 billion
   $25–$50 billion
   $5–$25 billion
   < $5 billion

GDP (PPP) means gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity. This article includes a list of countries by their forecast estimated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP (PPP) forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions that calculate using market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists. Certain regions that are not widely considered countries such as the European Union and Hong Kong also show up in the list if they are distinct jurisdiction areas or economic entities.

GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing the quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]

The first table includes estimates for the year 2020 made for each economy of the 194 countries and areas (including Hong Kong and Taiwan) covered by the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s International Financial Statistics (IFS) database. The data is in millions of international dollars and was calculated and published by the IMF in April 2020. The second table includes data, mostly for the year 2018, for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states as well as Hong Kong and Macau (the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions). Data are in millions of international dollars; they were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook GDP (PPP) data update of 2017. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity has also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007. Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

The European Union – and its European Single Market, which seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and labour (the "four freedoms") within its 27 member states, also involved in international trade negotiations – might also appear in some lists. Depending on the methodology, the European Union could be inserted above or below the United States. For instance, the World Bank estimates an amount of 20,779,564.06 $ of GDP (PPP) in 2019.

Table[edit]

The table is initially ranked by the average of the available estimates for each country or territory, and can be reranked by either of the sources.

GDP (PPP, US$ million) by country
Country (or territory) Subregion Region IMF[1] World Bank[5] CIA[6]
Estimate Year Estimate Year Estimate Year
 China (more) Eastern Asia Asia 26,656,766 2021 24,273,360 2020 22,526,502 2019
 United States (more) Northern America Americas 22,675,271 2021 20,936,600 2020 20,524,945 2019
 India (more) Southern Asia Asia 10,207,290 2021 8,907,028 2020 9,155,083 2019
 Japan (more) Eastern Asia Asia 5,585,786 2021 5,328,033 2019 5,231,066 2019
 Germany (more) Western Europe Europe 4,743,673 2021 4,469,546 2020 4,482,448 2019
 Russia (more) Eastern Europe Europe 4,328,122 2021 4,133,084 2020 3,968,180 2019
 Indonesia (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 3,507,239 2021 3,302,377 2020 3,196,682 2019
 Brazil (more) South America Americas 3,328,459 2021 3,153,597 2020 3,092,216 2019
 France (more) Western Europe Europe 3,231,927 2021 3,115,307 2020 3,097,061 2019
 United Kingdom (more) Northern Europe Europe 3,174,921 2021 3,019,057 2020 3,118,396 2019
 Turkey (more) Western Asia Asia 2,749,570 2021 2,371,568 2020 2,371,374 2019
 Mexico (more) Central America Americas 2,613,797 2021 2,428,201 2020 2,525,481 2019
 Italy (more) Southern Europe Europe 2,610,563 2021 2,491,740 2020 2,562,135 2019
 South Korea (more) Eastern Asia Asia 2,436,872 2021 2,233,001 2020 2,211,315 2019
 Spain (more) Southern Europe Europe 1,959,037 2021 1,815,204 2020 1,925,576 2019
 Canada (more) Northern America Americas 1,978,816 2021 1,827,010 2020 1,843,053 2019
 Saudi Arabia (more) Western Asia Asia 1,705,519 2021 1,627,982 2020 1,609,323 2019
 Australia (more) Australia, New Zealand Oceania 1,415,564 2021 1,349,040 2020 1,264,514 2019
 Taiwan (more) Eastern Asia Asia 1,403,663 2021 N/A 1,143,277 2019
 Poland (more) Eastern Europe Europe 1,363,766 2021 1,300,375 2020 1,261,433 2019
 Egypt (more) Northern Africa Africa 1,346,225 2021 1,290,208 2020 1,180,890 2019
 Thailand (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 1,329,324 2021 1,272,885 2020 1,285,287 2019
 Iran (more) Southern Asia Asia 1,148,580 2021 1,101,658 2020 1,027,238 2019
 Nigeria (more) Western Africa Africa 1,116,255 2021 1,069,189 2020 1,032,048 2019
 Pakistan (more) Southern Asia Asia 1,110,075 2021 1,077,210 2020 1,015,796 2019
 Netherlands (more) Western Europe Europe 1,055,502 2021 1,033,018 2020 986,847 2019
 Argentina (more) South America Americas 1,015,008 2021 942,367 2020 991,523 2019
 Philippines (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 1,000,617 2021 919,424 2020 963,121 2019
 Malaysia (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 978,781 2021 902,586 2020 906,239 2019
 Vietnam (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 1,148,054 2021 842,042 2020 775,669 2019
 Bangladesh (more) Southern Asia Asia 966,485 2021 837,064 2020 775,076 2019
 Colombia (more) South America Americas 780,262 2021 741,128 2020 741,099 2019
 South Africa (more) Southern Africa Africa 753,113 2021 717,389 2020 730,913 2019
 United Arab Emirates (more) Western Asia Asia 683,182 2021 683,523 2019 655,789 2019
 Switzerland (more) Western Europe Europe 660,862 2021 616,263 2020 588,472 2019
 Romania (more) Eastern Europe Europe 636,481 2021 616,110 2020 579,549 2019
 Belgium (more) Western Europe Europe 623,720 2021 600,544 2020 596,414 2019
 Singapore (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 600,063 2021 560,200 2020 555,193 2019
 Sweden (more) Northern Europe Europe 589,751 2021 564,916 2020 547,595 2019
 Ukraine (more) Eastern Europe Europe 576,106 2021 545,057 2020 538,388 2019
 Kazakhstan (more) Central Asia Asia 526,746 2021 501,279 2020 487,868 2019
 Austria (more) Western Europe Europe 517,860 2021 491,315 2020 498,780 2019
 Algeria (more) Northern Africa Africa 514,748 2021 494,125 2020 495,564 2019
 Ireland (more) Northern Europe Europe 500,270 2021 467,567 2020 428,825 2019
 Chile (more) South America Americas 491,535 2021 479,199 2020 459,134 2019
 Hong Kong (more) Eastern Asia Asia 472,395 2021 443,204 2020 449,299 2019
 Czech Republic (more) Eastern Europe Europe 460,933 2021 446,544 2020 435,987 2019
 Peru (more) South America Americas 439,262 2021 391,680 2020 417,690 2019
 Iraq (more) Western Asia Asia 413,316 2021 392,713 2020 427,736 2019
 Israel (more) Western Asia Asia 399,488 2021 385,773 2020 363,448 2019
 Portugal (more) Southern Europe Europe 370,497 2021 355,500 2020 358,344 2019
 Norway (more) Northern Europe Europe 374,994 2021 339,972 2020 340,303 2019
 Denmark (more) Northern Europe Europe 359,048 2021 352,208 2020 336,335 2019
 Hungary (more) Eastern Europe Europe 342,708 2021 322,562 2020 321,869 2019
 Greece (more) Southern Europe Europe 325,304 2021 305,005 2020 319,334 2019
 Sri Lanka (more) Southern Asia Asia 306,997 2021 289,888 2020 285,141 2019
 Azerbaijan (more) Western Asia Asia 151,866 2021 146,111 2020 144,374 2019
 Morocco (more) Northern Africa Africa 291,495 2021 273,663 2020 279,295 2019
 Finland (more) Northern Europe Europe 286,858 2021 282,563 2020 268,662 2019
 Ethiopia (more) Eastern Africa Africa 293,485 2021 278,552 2020 248,972 2019
 Myanmar (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 258,677 2021 260,816 2020 277,909 2019
 Qatar (more) Western Asia Asia 273,040 2021 259,147 2020 255,010 2019
 Uzbekistan (more) Central Asia Asia 270,013 2021 252,573 2020 235,021 2019
 Kenya (more) Eastern Africa Africa 262,669 2021 239,401 2020 227,638 2019
 New Zealand (more) Australia, New Zealand Oceania 226,566 2021 224,989 2020 210,877 2019
 Angola (more) Middle Africa Africa 219,841 2021 214,895 2020 212,285 2019
 Kuwait (more) Western Asia Asia 208,323 2021 218,608 2019 209,738 2019
 Dominican Republic (more) Caribbean Americas 208,957 2021 194,576 2020 197,735 2019
 Ecuador (more) South America Americas 201,194 2021 192,246 2020 197,631 2019
 Belarus (more) Eastern Europe Europe 192,626 2021 189,854 2020 181,286 2019
 Slovakia (more) Eastern Europe Europe 190,277 2021 173,768 2020 178,513 2019
 Sudan (more) Northern Africa Africa 185,742 2021 186,087 2020 168,280 2019
 Ghana (more) Western Africa Africa 186,682 2021 173,894 2020 164,640 2019
 Bulgaria (more) Eastern Europe Europe 174,998 2021 168,799 2020 161,654 2019
 Montserrat (more) Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 167,400 2011
[obsolete source]
 Tanzania (more) Eastern Africa Africa 171,006 2021 161,177 2020 149,785 2019
 Guatemala (more) Central America Americas 158,570 2021 149,267 2020 143,416 2019
 Ivory Coast (more) Western Africa Africa 156,038 2021 143,979 2020 134,048 2019
 Venezuela (more) South America Americas 144,737 2021 506,339 2011 269,068 2018
 Oman (more) Western Asia Asia 138,998 2021 141,533 2019 135,814 2019
 Cuba (more) Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 137,000 2017
 Panama (more) Central America Americas 131,807 2021 115,531 2020 133,587 2019
 Croatia (more) Southern Europe Europe 142,285 2021 115,361 2020 126,625 2019
 Tunisia (more) Northern Africa Africa 127,325 2021 121,279 2020 125,783 2019
 Serbia (more) Southern Europe Europe 119,532 2021 132,850 2020 116,339 2019
 Puerto Rico (more) Caribbean Americas 112,273 2021 112,683 2020 110,238 2019
 Lithuania (more) Northern Europe Europe 114,035 2021 108,252 2020 103,756 2019
 Nepal (more) Southern Asia Asia 122,629 2021 116,802 2020 97,749 2019
 Jordan (more) Western Asia Asia 109,296 2021 105,660 2020 101,738 2019
 Costa Rica (more) Central America Americas 107,095 2021 107,138 2020 99,146 2019
 Uganda (more) Eastern Africa Africa 114,896 2021 105,075 2020 96,838 2019
 Bolivia (more) South America Americas 105,063 2021 97,672 2020 100,445 2019
 Libya (more) Northern Africa Africa 92,083 2021 74,532 2020 102,842 2019
 Cameroon (more) Middle Africa Africa 101,950 2021 100,151 2020 94,248 2019
 DR Congo (more) Middle Africa Africa 106,138 2021 101,302 2020 95,291 2019
 Lebanon (more) Western Asia Asia 78,931 2021 83,876 2020 99,761 2019
 Paraguay (more) South America Americas 98,929 2021 92,815 2020 89,362 2019
 Turkmenistan (more) Central Asia Asia 104,539 2021 96,235 2019 86,858 2018
 Syria (more) Western Asia Asia 136,344 2021 N/A 50,280 2015
 Slovenia (more) Southern Europe Europe 85,889 2021 83,151 2020 81,614 2019
 Afghanistan (more) Southern Asia Asia 83,370 2021 81,268 2020 78,557 2019
 Uruguay (more) South America Americas 83,170 2021 79,184 2020 74,638 2019
 Bahrain (more) Western Asia Asia 77,624 2021 73,476 2020 73,870 2019
 Luxembourg (more) Western Europe Europe 78,309 2021 74,836 2020 70,966 2019
 Cambodia (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 78,065 2021 73,932 2020 72,356 2019
 Macau (more) Eastern Asia Asia 61,623 2021 37,537 2020 79,392 2019
 Yemen (more) Western Asia Asia 64,042 2021 92,756 2013 73,630 2017
 Zambia (more) Eastern Africa Africa 64,638 2021 63,417 2020 61,985 2019
 Latvia (more) Northern Europe Europe 63,539 2021 60,886 2020 59,102 2019
 Laos (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 62,797 2021 59,910 2020 56,110 2019
 Senegal (more) Western Africa Africa 62,412 2021 58,291 2020 55,324 2019
 El Salvador (more) Central America Americas 57,952 2021 55,126 2020 56,636 2019
 Georgia (more) Western Asia Asia 58,226 2021 55,201 2020 55,776 2019
 Honduras (more) Central America Americas 57,649 2021 53,689 2020 55,825 2019
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (more) Southern Europe Europe 51,996 2021 51,219 2020 49,224 2019
 Estonia (more) Northern Europe Europe 52,813 2021 51,106 2020 48,987 2019
 Mali (more) Western Africa Africa 49,987 2021 47,357 2020 45,637 2019
 Burkina Faso (more) Western Africa Africa 50,225 2021 47,642 2020 44,266 2019
 Madagascar (more) Eastern Africa Africa 46,350 2021 44,114 2020 44,419 2019
 Botswana (more) Southern Africa Africa 43,389 2021 39,791 2020 40,928 2019
 Zimbabwe (more) Eastern Africa Africa 41,794 2021 43,034 2020 41,533 2019
 Albania (more) Southern Europe Europe 43,553 2021 39,211 2020 39,859 2019
 Benin (more) Western Africa Africa 44,616 2021 42,500 2020 38,794 2019
 Azerbaijan (more) Western Asia Asia 151,866 2021 146,111 2020 144,374 2019
 Mongolia (more) Eastern Asia Asia 42,412 2021 39,669 2020 39,723 2019
 Armenia (more) Western Asia Asia 40,500 2021 39,364 2020 40,384 2019
 North Korea (more) Eastern Asia Asia N/A N/A 40,000 2015
 Papua New Guinea (more) Melanesia Oceania 35,464 2021 38,709 2020 38,218 2019
 Trinidad and Tobago (more) Caribbean Americas 36,413 2021 35,031 2020 36,514 2019
 Cyprus (more) Western Asia Asia 37,271 2021 34,385 2020 35,353 2019
 Nicaragua (more) Central America Americas 36,964 2021 36,899 2020 35,392 2019
 North Macedonia (more) Southern Europe Europe 36,673 2021 35,265 2020 34,333 2019
 Moldova (more) Eastern Europe Europe 35,906 2021 34,036 2020 34,680 2019
 Guinea (more) Western Africa Africa 39,093 2021 37,002 2020 32,720 2019
 Kyrgyzstan (more) Central Asia Asia 35,419 2021 32,728 2020 33,918 2019
 Tajikistan (more) Central Asia Asia 37,235 2021 36,800 2020 31,502 2019
 Haiti (more) Caribbean Americas 34,189 2021 33,357 2020 32,724 2019
 Gabon (more) Middle Africa Africa 34,676 2021 33,810 2020 32,480 2019
 Niger (more) Western Africa Africa 33,162 2021 30,563 2020 28,544 2019
 Palestine (more) Western Asia Asia 29,582 2021 27,332 2020 21,220 2014
[obsolete source]
 Rwanda (more) Eastern Africa Africa 31,848 2021 28,676 2020 28,118 2019
 Mauritius (more) Eastern Africa Africa 27,909 2021 25,997 2020 28,947 2019
 Jamaica (more) Caribbean Americas 28,209 2021 27,307 2020 28,779 2019
 Brunei (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 29,731 2021 28,726 2020 26,906 2019
 Chad (more) Middle Africa Africa 27,421 2021 26,337 2020 25,190 2019
 Equatorial Guinea (more) Middle Africa Africa 26,485 2021 25,172 2020 25,164 2019
 Namibia (more) Southern Africa Africa 24,843 2021 23,839 2020 24,040 2019
 Mauritania (more) Western Africa Africa 25,409 2021 24,443 2020 23,520 2019
 Malta (more) Southern Europe Europe 23,501 2021 22,398 2020 22,133 2019
 Iceland (more) Northern Europe Europe 21,520 2021 20,233 2020 20,187 2019
 Kosovo (more) Eastern Europe Europe 21,680 2021 20,182 2020 20,396 2019
 Malawi (more) Eastern Africa Africa 21,576 2021 30,004 2020 19,741 2019
 Congo (more) Middle Africa Africa 20,005 2021 20,078 2020 19,763 2019
 Somalia (more) Eastern Africa Africa 14,574 2021 13,909 2020 20,440 2017
 South Sudan (more) Eastern Africa Africa 11,693 2021 13,231 2015 20,010 2017
 Togo (more) Western Africa Africa 19,199 2021 18,409 2020 12,904 2019
 Bahamas (more) Caribbean Americas 13,254 2021 12,762 2020 14,450 2019
 Sierra Leone (more) Western Africa Africa 14,449 2021 13,868 2020 13,425 2019
 Montenegro (more) Southern Europe Europe 13,313 2021 12,787 2020 13,357 2019
 Guyana (more) South America Americas 18,357 2021 15,500 2020 10,240 2019
 Fiji (more) Melanesia Oceania 11,126 2021 10,400 2020 12,178 2019
 New Caledonia (more) Melanesia Oceania N/A N/A 11,110 2017
 Eswatini (more) Southern Africa Africa 10,424 2021 10,272 2020 9,898 2019
 Maldives (more) Southern Asia Asia 8,972 2021 7,441 2020 10,370 2019
 Suriname (more) South America Americas 8,992 2021 9,982 2020 9,606 2019
 Bhutan (more) Southern Asia Asia 8,977 2021 8,880 2020 9,029 2019
 Burundi (more) Eastern Africa Africa 9,446 2021 9,170 2020 8,667 2019
 Eritrea (more) Eastern Africa Africa 6,706 2021 5,224 2011 9,702 2017
 Monaco (more) Western Europe Europe N/A N/A 7,672 2015
 Liberia (more) Western Africa Africa 7,706 2021 7,223 2020 7,049 2019
 Isle of Man (more) Northern Europe Europe N/A N/A 6,792 2015
 Lesotho (more) Southern Africa Africa 5,904 2021 5,152 2020 5,747 2019
 Guam (more) Micronesia Oceania N/A N/A 5,793 2016
 Djibouti (more) Eastern Africa Africa 6,040 2021 5,713 2020 5,388 2019
 Gambia (more) Western Africa Africa 5,942 2021 5,505 2020 5,218 2019
 Jersey (more) Northern Europe Europe N/A N/A 5,569 2016
 French Polynesia (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 5,490 2017
 Bermuda (more) Northern America Americas N/A 5,449 2019 5,228 2019
 Liechtenstein (more) Western Europe Europe N/A N/A 4,978 2014
[obsolete source]
 Central African Republic (more) Middle Africa Africa 4,985 2021 4,731 2020 4,483 2019
 Cayman Islands (more) Caribbean Americas N/A 4,985 2019 4,591 2018
 East Timor (more) South-eastern Asia Asia 4,192 2021 4,424 2020 4,593 2019
 Barbados (more) Caribbean Americas 4,136 2021 3,902 2020 4,488 2019
 Guinea-Bissau (more) Western Africa Africa 4,469 2021 3,835 2020 3,821 2019
 Cape Verde (more) Western Africa Africa 3,852 2021 3,546 2020 3,944 2019
 Curaçao (more) Caribbean Americas N/A 4,020 2019 3,856 2019
 Aruba (more) Caribbean Americas 3,499 2021 4,098 2017 4,158 2017
 U.S. Virgin Islands (more) Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 3,872 2016
 Guernsey (more) Northern Europe Europe N/A N/A 3,465 2015
 Andorra (more) Southern Europe Europe N/A N/A 3,327 2015
 Seychelles (more) Eastern Africa Africa 2,561 2021 2,530 2020 2,852 2019
 Saint Lucia (more) Caribbean Americas 2,539 2021 2,377 2020 2,823 2019
 Belize (more) Central America Americas 2,626 2021 2,567 2020 2,734 2019
 Comoros (more) Eastern Africa Africa 2,785 2021 2,881 2020 2,603 2019
 Greenland (more) Northern America Americas N/A N/A 2,413 2015
 Antigua and Barbuda (more) Caribbean Americas 1,804 2021 1,855 2020 2,127 2019
 San Marino (more) Southern Europe Europe 2,086 2021 2,148 2019 2,008 2018
 Gibraltar (more) Southern Europe Europe N/A N/A 2,044 2014
[obsolete source]
 Faroe Islands (more) Northern Europe Europe N/A N/A 2,001 2014
[obsolete source]
 Grenada (more) Caribbean Americas 1,747 2021 1,788 2020 1,908 2019
 Solomon Islands (more) Melanesia Oceania 1,662 2021 1,799 2020 1,783 2019
 Sint Maarten (more) Caribbean Americas N/A 1,471 2018 1,436 2018
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (more) Caribbean Americas 1,418 2021 1,417 2020 1,380 2019
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (more) Caribbean Americas 1,196 2021 1,305 2020 1,396 2019
 Northern Mariana Islands (more) Micronesia Oceania N/A N/A 1,242 2016
 Samoa (more) Polynesia Oceania 1,077 2021 1,336 2019 1,285 2019
 Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean Americas N/A 863 2020 1,117 2019
 Vanuatu (more) Melanesia Oceania 816 2021 895 2020 945 2019
 São Tomé and Príncipe (more) Middle Africa Africa 875 2021 937 2020 853 2019
 Dominica (more) Caribbean Americas 841 2021 751 2020 855 2019
 Tonga (more) Polynesia Oceania 616 2021 695 2019 667 2019
 American Samoa (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 658 2016
 Saint Martin Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 562 2005
[obsolete source]
 British Virgin Islands (more) Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 500 2017
 Micronesia (more) Micronesia Oceania 354 2021 411 2019 390 2018
 Cook Islands (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 300 2016
 Palau (more) Micronesia Oceania 229 2021 330 2019 316 2019
 Kiribati (more) Micronesia Oceania 270 2021 289 2020 267 2019
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (more) Northern America Americas N/A N/A 261 2015
 Marshall Islands (more) Micronesia Oceania 210 2021 247 2019 227 2018
 Falkland Islands (more) South America Americas N/A N/A 206 2015
 Anguilla (more) Caribbean Americas N/A N/A 175 2009
[obsolete source]
 Nauru (more) Micronesia Oceania 132 2021 152 2019 145 2019
 Wallis and Futuna (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 60 2004
[obsolete source]
 Tuvalu (more) Polynesia Oceania 52 2021 55 2020 49 2019
 Saint Helena (more) Western Africa Africa N/A N/A 31 2009
[obsolete source]
 Niue (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 10 2003
[obsolete source]
 Tokelau (more) Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A 8 2017

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Based on IMF data. If no data is available for a country from the IMF, then data from the CIA World Factbook is used.
  • ^2 IMF estimate.
  • ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
  • ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". IMF. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. ^ PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. ^ "GDP, PPP (current international $) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Real GDP (purchasing power parity)". CIA. Retrieved 2 March 2021.