List of Famous Botanists - Biographies, Timelines, Trivia & Life History

List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Stamford Raffles Stamford Raffles
Jamaican, British

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish
James BowieJames Bowie
British

Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
American
Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
Russian

Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American
David BellamyDavid Bellamy
British

Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
Dutch

Nick BrownNick Brown
British
David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American

Gerard KuiperGerard Kuiper
Dutch, American
Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German

Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
Scottish
Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British
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Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British

Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British

Joseph Banks RhineJoseph Banks Rhine
American

Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish

Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German
James BruceJames Bruce
British

Joel Roberts PoinsettJoel Roberts Poinsett
American
Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British

John GerardJohn Gerard
British

Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch
William BartramWilliam Bartram
American

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-
Lester Frank WardLester Frank Ward
American

Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French

Pierre-Joseph RedoutéPierre-Joseph Redouté
Belgian

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British

Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-
Gaspard BauhinGaspard Bauhin
Swiss

David FairchildDavid Fairchild
American

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French

John BartramJohn Bartram
American
Heinrich Anton de BaryHeinrich Anton de Bary
German
Leonhart FuchsLeonhart Fuchs
German

Katherine EsauKatherine Esau
German, American

Ogier Ghiselin de BusbecqOgier Ghiselin de Busbecq
Belgian, French

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
British
G. Ledyard StebbinsG. Ledyard Stebbins
American

Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British
Liberty Hyde BaileyLiberty Hyde Bailey
American

John LindleyJohn Lindley
British

William WitheringWilliam Withering
British
Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
French

Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American
George BenthamGeorge Bentham
British

Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British

Carl CorrensCarl Correns
German
Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
Italian, Russian

Ynes MexiaYnes Mexia
Mexican, American
Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
British

Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
Swedish

Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
French

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British
John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
Scottish

Carolus ClusiusCarolus Clusius
Belgian

Julius von SachsJulius von Sachs
German

Abu Hanifa DinawariAbu Hanifa Dinawari
Iranian

Elias Magnus FriesElias Magnus Fries
Swedish
Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
Italian

Gottlieb HaberlandtGottlieb Haberlandt
Austrian
Arthur GalstonArthur Galston
American

George EngelmannGeorge Engelmann
German, American

Carl NägeliCarl Nägeli
Swiss
Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
British

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
French
Catharine Parr TraillCatharine Parr Traill
Canadian, British

André MichauxAndré Michaux
French
Adolf EnglerAdolf Engler
German, Polish

Erich von TschermakErich von Tschermak
Austrian

Hieronymus BockHieronymus Bock
German
Prospero AlpiniProspero Alpini
Italian

Rembert DodoensRembert Dodoens
Belgian
Pierre PoivrePierre Poivre
French