Food Security

Food security, as defined by the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.

Over the coming decades, a changing climate, growing global population, rising food prices, and environmental stressors will have significant yet uncertain impacts on food security. Adaptation strategies and policy responses to global change, including options for handling water allocation, land use patterns, food trade, postharvest food processing, and food prices and safety are urgently needed. IFPRI’s work on food security includes analysis of cash transfers, promotion of sustainable agricultural technologies, building resilience to shocks, and managing trade-offs in food security, such as balancing the nutritional benefits of meat against the ecological costs of its production.

IFPRI’s research on this topic is closely aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including SDG 1SDG 2, and SDG 3.

Featured Publications


  • Paul Dorosh

    Paul Dorosh

    Director of Development Strategy and Governance Division
  • Akhter Ahmed

    Akhter Ahmed

    Senior Research Fellow / Country Representative, IFPRI Bangladesh
  • Harold Alderman

    Harold Alderman

    Senior Research Fellow
  • Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

    Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

    Head of Latin American and Caribbean Program
  • David Laborde

    David Laborde Debucquet

    Senior Research Fellow
  • Will Martin

    Senior Research Fellow
  • Danielle Resnick

    Danielle Resnick

    Senior Research Fellow, and Theme Leader, Governance

Food security, as defined by the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.

Over the coming decades, a changing climate, growing global population, rising food prices, and environmental stressors will have significant yet uncertain impacts on food security. Adaptation strategies and policy responses to global change, including options for handling water allocation, land use patterns, food trade, postharvest food processing, and food prices and safety are urgently needed. IFPRI’s work on food security includes analysis of cash transfers, promotion of sustainable agricultural technologies, building resilience to shocks, and managing trade-offs in food security, such as balancing the nutritional benefits of meat against the ecological costs of its production.

IFPRI’s research on this topic is closely aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including SDG 1SDG 2, and SDG 3.