106 relations: Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg, Akershus Fortress, Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg, Albert IV, Duke of Mecklenburg, Albert, King of Sweden, Øresund, Baltic Sea, Bo Jonsson (Grip), Bogislav IX, Bogislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania, Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania, Bogusław (given name), Bombardment of Copenhagen (1428), Catherine of Pomerania, Countess Palatine of Neumarkt, Catholic Church, Cecilia (royal mistress), Charles VIII of Sweden, Christian I of Denmark, Christopher II of Denmark, Christopher of Bavaria, Copenhagen, Copenhagen Castle, Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein, Custody of the Holy Land, Dano-Hanseatic War (1426–35), Darłowo, Darłowo Castle, Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Duchy of Pomerania, Duchy of Schleswig, Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Engelbrekt rebellion, Eric II, Duke of Pomerania, Eric II, Duke of Schleswig, Eric Magnusson (duke), Eric XIV of Sweden, Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, Euphemia of Pomerania, Euphemia of Sweden, Felix Fabri, Franciscans, Goths, Gotland, Great Reduction (Sweden), Haakon V of Norway, Hanseatic League, Helsingør, Helvig of Schleswig, Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, ..., Henry II, Lord of Mecklenburg, Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg, Henry IV of England, Henry V of England, Historia de omnibus Gothorum Sueonumque regibus, Holy Roman Empire, House of Griffins, Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg, Ingeborg of Norway, Ivan Anz Frankopian, Jerusalem, Kalmar, Kalmar Union, Kingdom of England, Knight, Kronborg, Landskrona, Lindholmen Castle, List of Danish monarchs, List of Norwegian monarchs, List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes, List of Swedish monarchs, Lund, Magnus III of Sweden, Magnus IV of Sweden, Margaret I of Denmark, Monarchy of Denmark, Monarchy of Sweden, Morganatic marriage, Olaf II of Denmark, Order of the Garter, Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Oslo, Philippa of England, Pilgrimage, Poland, Pomerania, Pomerania-Stolp, Pope Pius II, Principality of Grubenhagen, Regent, Riksråd, Roman Catholic Diocese of Roskilde, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Sigurd Jonsson, Skåneland, Sound Dues, Stockholm, Swedish nobility, Thing (assembly), Trondheim, Valdemar IV of Denmark, Visborg, Wartislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania, Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania, Wends. Expand index (56 more) » « Shrink index
Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg (died January 1350), Countess of Schauenburg, was the daughter of Count Henry I and his wife, Helwig of Bronckhorst.
Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Akershus slott) is a medieval castle that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for Oslo, the capital of Norway.
Albert II (Albrecht II) Duke of Mecklenburg (c. 1318 – 18 February 1379) was a feudal lord in Northern Germany on the shores of the Baltic Sea.
Albert IV, Duke of Mecklenburg (Albrecht IV von Mecklenburg; before 1363 - 24/31 December 1388) was co-regent of Mecklenburg from 1383 to 1388.
Albert (Albrekt av Mecklenburg in Swedish; Albrecht III, Herzog zu Mecklenburg in German; c. 1338 – 1 April 1412) was King of Sweden from 1364 to 1389 and Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1384 to 1412 as Albert III.
Øresund or Öresund (Øresund,; Öresund), commonly known in English as the Sound, is a strait which forms the Danish–Swedish border, separating Zealand (Denmark) from Scania (Sweden).
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
Bo Jonsson (Grip) (early 1330s – 20 August 1386) was head of the royal council and marshal under the regency of Magnus IV of Sweden.
Bogislav IX (Bogislaw IX., Bogusław IX; 1407/1410 – 7 December 1446), commonly known in English as Bogislav IX, was a duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp, whose residence was Stargard.
Bogislaw IV (Bogusław IV; died 19 February 1309 or 24 February 1309), of the Griffins dynasty, was Duke of Pomerania for thirty years.
Bogislaw V (Bogusław, Bogislaus) (c. 1318 – 23 April 1374) was a Duke of Pomerania.
Bogusław, also Bogosław, Bohusław, Bogsław (Bohuslav, Cyrillic: Богуслав, Bogislaw, Bogislaus) is a Slavic men's name made from the roots Bogu- ("Bóg", "Boga", meaning "God" in Polish, but originally "chance, good luck") and -sław ("fame, glory").
During the Danish-Hanseatic War (1426–1435) the Danish capital Copenhagen was bombarded twice by ships from six Northern German Hanseatic towns.
Catherine of Pomerania (German: Katharina von Pommern; c. 1390 - 4 March 1426), was a Pomeranian princess and Countess Palatine of Neumarkt.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cecilia (died after 1459) was a Danish lady-in-waiting at the court of Philippa of England, Queen Consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, and later the mistress and morganatic wife of Philippa’s widower King Eric.
Charles VIII of Sweden (1408 Uppsala - 1470 Stockholm, in reality Charles II), Charles I of Norway, also Carl (Karl Knutsson), was king of Sweden (1448–1457, 1464–1465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470) and king of Norway (1449–1450).
Christian I (February 1426 – 21 May 1481) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Christopher II (29 September 1276 – 2 August 1332) was king of Denmark from 1320 to 1326 and again from 1329 until his death.
Christopher of Bavaria (26 February 1416 – 5/6 January 1448) was King of Denmark (1440–48, as Christopher III), Sweden (1441–48) and Norway (1442–48) during the era of the Kalmar Union.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Copenhagen Castle (Københavns Slot) was a castle on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen, Denmark, built in the late 14th century at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace.
The Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein were titles of the Frankish Empire.
The Custody of the Holy Land (Latin: Custodia Terræ Sanctæ) is a custodian priory of the Franciscan order in Jerusalem, founded as Province of the Holy Land in 1217 by Saint Francis of Assisi, who also founded the Franciscan Order.
The Dano-Hanseatic War from 1426–1435 (as was the Kalmar War with the Hanseatic League) was an armed trade conflict between the Danish dominated Kalmar Union (Denmark, Norway, Sweden) and the German Hanseatic League (Hansa) led by the Free City of Lübeck.
Darłowo (in full The Royal City of Darłowo; Królewskie Miasto Darłowo, Rügenwalde), is a seaside town in the West Pomeranian Region, at the south coast of the Baltic Sea, north-western Poland, with 14,931 inhabitants.
Castle of the Pomeranian Dukes - the only Gothic castle located on the coast of the Baltic Sea in Poland.
Dietrich or Theoderic of Oldenburg (c. 1398 – 14 February 1440) was a feudal lord in Northern Germany, holding the counties of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg.
The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a duchy in northern Germany created in 1701, when Frederick William and Adolphus Frederick II divided the Duchy of Mecklenburg between Schwerin and Strelitz.
The Duchy of Pomerania (Herzogtum Pommern, Księstwo Pomorskie, 12th century – 1637) was a duchy in Pomerania on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, ruled by dukes of the House of Pomerania (Griffins).
The Duchy of Schleswig (Hertugdømmet Slesvig; Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Sleswig; North Frisian: Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany and Denmark.
Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson (1390s – 4 May 1436) was a Swedish rebel leader and later statesmen.
The Engelbrekt rebellion was a rebellion in 1434–1436 led by Swedish nobleman Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson against Eric of Pomerania, the king of the Kalmar Union.
Eric II or Erich II (between 1418 and 1425 – 5 July 1474) was a member of the House of Pomerania (also known as the House of Griffins) and was the ruling Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474.
Eric II Valdemarsøn (c. 1290 – 12 March 1325) was Duke of Schleswig from 1312 until his death in 1325.
Eric Magnusson (1282–1318) was a Swedish prince, Duke of Svealand, Södermanland, Dalsland, Västergötland, Värmland and North Halland and heir to the throne of Sweden.
Eric XIV (Erik XIV; 13 December 1533 – 26 February 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568.
Ernest I of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (Ernst I., Fürst von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen.; – 9 March 1361) was Prince of Brunswick-Grubenhagen.
Euphemia of Pomerania (1285 – 26 July 1330) was a Danish Queen consort, spouse of King Christopher II of Denmark.
Euphemia of Sweden (Swedish: Eufemia Eriksdotter; 1317 – 16 June 1370) was a Swedish princess, spouse of Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg, Duchess consort of Mecklenburg, heiress of Sweden and of Norway, and mother of King Albert of Sweden.
Felix Fabri (also spelt Faber; 1441 – 1502) was a Swiss Dominican theologian.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Gotland (older spellings include Gottland or Gothland), Gutland in the local dialect, is a province, county, municipality, and diocese of Sweden.
In the Great Reduction of 1680, by which the ancient landed nobility lost its power base, the Swedish Crown recaptured lands earlier granted to the nobility.
Haakon V Magnusson (10 April 1270 – 8 May 1319) (Old Norse: Hákon Magnússon; Norwegian: Håkon Magnusson) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Helsingør, classically known in English as Elsinore, is a city in eastern Denmark.
Helvig of Schleswig (da: Helvig af Slesvig, also erroneously Hedwig of Schleswig; 1320–1374), was a Danish Queen consort, spouse of King Valdemar IV of Denmark.
Henry I (August 1267 – 7 September 1322), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, called the Admirable (Heinrich der Wunderliche, Henricus Mirabilis), a member of the House of Welf, was the first ruler of the Principality of Grubenhagen from 1291 until his death.
Henry II, Lord of Mecklenburg, nicknamed the Lion (after 14 April 1266 – 21 January 1329 in Sternberg) was regent of Mecklenburg from 1287 to 1298, co-regent from 1298 to 1302 and ruled alone again from 1302 to 1329.
Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg (1337 – 24 April 1383) was Duke of Mecklenburg from 1379 until his death.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
The Historia de omnibus Gothorum Sueonumque regibus (The history of all Geatish and Swedish kings) is a posthumously published, partly pseudo-historical work by Johannes Magnus, Sweden's last Catholic Archbishop.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Griffins or House of Pomerania (Greifen; Gryfici), also known as House of Greifen, was a dynasty of dukes ruling the Duchy of Pomerania from the 12th century until 1637.
Ingeborg of Denmark (Ingeborg Valdemarsdatter) (4 January 1347–16 June 1370) was the eldest daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and his wife Helvig of Schleswig.
Ingeborg of Norway (Old Norse Ingibjörg Hákonardóttir, Swedish Ingeborg Håkansdotter, Norwegian Ingebjørg Håkonsdatter; 1301 – 17 June 1361), was a Norwegian princess and by marriage a Swedish royal duchess with a position in the regency governments in Norway (1319–27) and Sweden (1319–26) during the minority of her son, King Magnus of Norway and Sweden.
Ivan Anz Frankopian, or Giovanni Franco, also called (Johan Vale), was a bailiff in service of Eric of Pomerania service, who in the 1420s held Stegeborg.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Kalmar is a city in the southeast of Sweden, situated by the Baltic Sea.
The Kalmar Union or Union of Kalmaris (Danish, Norwegian and Kalmarunionen; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of Finland's populated areas), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies (then including Iceland, Greenland,Nominal possession, there was no European contact with the island during the Kalmar Union period the Faroe Islands and the Northern Isles).
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Kronborg is a castle and stronghold in the town of Helsingør, Denmark.
Landskrona is a late medieval town in Scania province, Sweden, located at the shores of Øresund, founded at the location of the former Danish fishing village Sønder Sæby in the province of Scania by king Erik VII of Pomerania early in the 15th century.
Lindholmen Castle is a former Danish fortified castle on the banks of lake Börringe in Svedala Municipality, Scania, southern Sweden.
This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and Queens regnant of Denmark.
The list of Norwegian monarchs (kongerekken or kongerekka) begins in 872: the traditional dating of the Battle of Hafrsfjord, after which victorious King Harald Fairhair merged several petty kingdoms into that of his father.
This is a list of the duchies and dukes of Pomerania.
This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden, including regents and viceroys of the Kalmar Union, up to the present time.
Lund is a city in the province of Scania, southern Sweden.
Magnus III (Magnus Birgersson/Magnus Ladulås; 1240 – 18 December 1290) was King of Sweden from 1275 until his death in 1290.
Magnus IV (April or May 1316 – 1 December 1374; Swedish Magnus Eriksson) was King of Sweden from 1319 to 1364, King of Norway as Magnus VII (including Iceland and Greenland) from 1319 to 1343, and ruler of Scania from 1332 to 1360.
Margaret I (Margrete Valdemarsdatter, Margrete Valdemarsdatter, Margareta Valdemarsdotter, Margrét Valdimarsdóttir; 15 March 1353 – 28 October 1412) was queen consort of Norway (1363–1380) and Sweden (1363–1364) and later ruler in her own right of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, from which later period there are ambiguities regarding her specific titles.
The Monarchy of Denmark, colloquially known as the Danish Monarchy, is a constitutional institution and a historic office of the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state of Sweden,See the Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Article 5.
Morganatic marriage, sometimes called a left-handed marriage, is a marriage between people of unequal social rank, which in the context of royalty prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage.
Olaf II Haakonsson (1370 – 23 August 1387) was King of Denmark as Olaf II (1376–1387) and King of Norway as Olaf IV (1380–1387).
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani, OESSH), also called Order of the Holy Sepulchre or Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Philippa of England (4 June 1394 – 5 January 1430), also known as Philippa of Lancaster, was Queen of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway from 1406 to 1430 by marriage to Eric of Pomerania.
A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Pomerania (Pomorze; German, Low German and North Germanic languages: Pommern; Kashubian: Pòmòrskô) is a historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, split between Germany and Poland.
Pomerania-Stolp ((Teil-)Herzogtum Pommern-Stolp, księstwo słupskie, "Duchy of Słupsk") was one of the partitions of the Duchy of Pomerania (Herzogtum Pommern).
Pope Pius II (Pius PP., Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464) was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464.
The Principality of Grubenhagen was a subdivision of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruled by the Grubenhagen line of the House of Welf from 1291.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
Riksrådet (in Norwegian and Swedish), Rigsrådet (in Danish) or (English: The Council of the Realm and The Council of the State – sometimes translated as "Privy Council") is the name of the councils of the Scandinavian countries that ruled the countries together with the kings from late Middle Ages to the 17th century.
The Roman-Catholic Diocese of Roskilde (Danish: Roskildes Stift) was a diocese within the Roman-Catholic Church which was established in Denmark some time before 1022 and lasted until the Lutheran Reformation.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
Sigurd Jonsson (1390s – December 1452) was a Norwegian nobleman, knight and the supreme leader of Norway during two interregnums in the mid-15th century.
Skåneland (Swedish) or Skånelandene (Danish) is a region on the southern Scandinavian peninsula.
The Sound Dues (or Sound Toll; Øresundstolden) were a toll on the use of the Øresund which constituted up to two thirds of Denmark's state income in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Swedish nobility (Adeln) has historically been a legally and/or socially privileged class in Sweden, and part of the so-called frälse (a derivation from Old Swedish meaning free neck).
A thing, also known as Alþing, was the governing assembly of a northern Germanic society, made up of the free people of the community presided over by lawspeakers.
Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
Valdemar IV Atterdag (the epithet meaning "A New Dawn"), or Waldemar (132024 October 1375; Valdemar Atterdag), was King of Denmark from 1340 to 1375.
Visborg (Wisborg) refers to a fortress in the town of Visby on the Swedish island of Gotland.
Wartislaw IV or Vartislav IV (before 1290 – 1 August 1326) was Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1309 until his death.
Wartislaw VII (Warcisław VII) (*1363/1365 – † 1394/1395) was one of the Dukes of Pomerania.
Wends (Winedas, Old Norse: Vindr, Wenden, Winden, vendere, vender, Wendowie) is a historical name for Slavs living near Germanic settlement areas.
Eirik III, Eiríkr VII, Eric 7 of Denmark, Eric I of Stolp, Eric III of Norway, Eric VII, Eric VII of Denmark, Eric XIII, Eric XIII of Sweden, Eric of pomerania, Eric the Pomeranian, Erik VII, Erik XIII, Erik XIII of Sweden, Erik av Pommern, Erik of Pomerania, Erik of Pommern.