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England national football team

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England
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)The Three Lions
AssociationThe Football Association
ConfederationUEFA (Europe)
Head coachGareth Southgate
CaptainHarry Kane
Most capsPeter Shilton (125)
Top scorerWayne Rooney (53)
Home stadiumWembley Stadium
FIFA codeENG
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 5 Steady (6 October 2022)[1]
Highest3 (August–September 2012, September–October 2021[1])
Lowest27 (February 1996[1])
First international
 Scotland 0–0 England 
(Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872)
(The first ever international football match)
Biggest win
 Ireland 0–13 England 
(Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882)
Biggest defeat
 Hungary 7–1 England 
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
World Cup
Appearances16 (first in 1950)
Best resultChampions (1966)
European Championship
Appearances10 (first in 1968)
Best resultRunners-up (2020)
Nations League Finals
Appearances1 (first in 2019)
Best resultThird place (2019)

The England national football team has represented England in international football since the first international match in 1872. It is controlled by The Football Association (FA), the governing body for football in England, which is affiliated with UEFA and comes under the global jurisdiction of world football's governing body FIFA.[3][4] England competes in the three major international tournaments contested by European nations: the FIFA World Cup, the UEFA European Championship, and the UEFA Nations League.

England is the joint oldest national team in football having played in the world's first international football match in 1872, against Scotland. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and its training headquarters is St George's Park, Burton upon Trent. The team's manager is Gareth Southgate.

England won the 1966 World Cup Final (a tournament it also hosted), making it one of eight nations to have won the World Cup.[5] They have qualified for the World Cup 16 times, and their best other performance are finishing fourth in both 1990 and 2018. England has never won the European Championship, with their best performance to date being runners-up in 2020. As a constituent country of the United Kingdom, England is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and so does not compete at the Olympic Games. England is currently the only team to have won the World Cup at senior level, but not their major continental title, and the only non-sovereign entity to have won the World Cup.

History

Early years

The England team before a match against Scotland at Richmond in 1893

The England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association.[6] A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association.[7] Over the next 40 years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.

At first, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908.[8] Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground.[8] The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946.[9] As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history.[10]

Their first defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 2–0 loss to Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park.[11] A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley.[12] In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This stands as England's largest ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space".[13] In the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay.[14]

Walter Winterbottom and Alf Ramsey

Elizabeth II presenting England captain Bobby Moore with the Jules Rimet trophy following England's 4–2 victory over West Germany in the 1966 World Cup final

Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963.[15][16] The 1966 FIFA World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst scored a hat-trick.[17] In UEFA Euro 1968, the team reached the semi-finals for the first time, being eliminated by Yugoslavia.[18]

England qualified automatically for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, where they were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time.[19] They then failed to qualify for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, leading to Ramsey's dismissal by the FA.[20]

Don Revie, Ron Greenwood and Bobby Robson

Following Ramsey's dismissal, Joe Mercer took immediate temporary charge of England for a seven-match spell until Don Revie was appointed as new permanent manager in 1974.[21] Under Revie, the team underperformed and failed to qualify for either UEFA Euro 1976 or the 1978 FIFA World Cup.[22] Revie resigned in 1977 and was replaced by Ron Greenwood, under whom performances improved. The team qualified for UEFA Euro 1980 without losing any of their games, but exited in the group stage of the final tournament.[23] They also qualified for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain; however, despite not losing a game, they were eliminated at the second group stage.[24][25]

Bobby Robson managed England from 1982 to 1990.[26] Although the team failed to qualify for UEFA Euro 1984, they reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two highly contrasting goals scored by Maradona – the first being blatantly knocked in by his hand, prompting his "Hand of God" remark, the second being an outstandingly skilful individual goal, involving high speed dribbling past several opponents.[27][28] England striker Gary Lineker finished as the tournament's top scorer with six goals.[29]

England went on to lose every match at UEFA Euro 1988.[30] They next achieved their second best result in the 1990 FIFA World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany after a closely contested semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out.[31] Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians'. Due to the team's good performance at the tournament against general expectations, and the emotional nature of the narrow defeat to West Germany,[32] the team were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for an open-top bus parade.[33]

Graham Taylor, Terry Venables, Glenn Hoddle and Kevin Keegan

The 1990s saw four England managers follow Robson, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's immediate successor.[34] England failed to win any matches at UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark and later with France, before being eliminated by host nation Sweden. The team then failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup after losing a controversial game against the Netherlands in Rotterdam, which resulted in Taylor's resignation. Taylor faced much newspaper criticism during his tenure for his tactics and team selections.[35]

Between 1994 and 1996, Terry Venables took charge of the team. At UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, they equalled their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968, before exiting via another penalty shoot-out loss to Germany.[36] England striker Alan Shearer was the tournament's top scorer with five goals.[37] At Euro 96, the song "Three Lions" by Baddiel, Skinner and The Lightning Seeds became the definitive anthem for fans on the terraces.[38] Venables announced before the tournament that he would resign at the end of it, following investigations into his personal financial activities and ahead of upcoming court cases. Due to the controversy around him, the FA stressed that he was the coach, not the manager, of the team.[39][40]

Venables' successor, Glenn Hoddle, took the team to the 1998 FIFA World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round, again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw).[41] In February 1999, Hoddle was sacked by the FA due to controversial comments he had made about disabled people to a newspaper.[42] Howard Wilkinson took over as caretaker manager for two matches.[43] Kevin Keegan was then appointed as the new permanent manager and took England to UEFA Euro 2000, but the team exited in the group stage and he unexpectedly resigned shortly afterwards.[44]

Sven-Göran Eriksson, Steve McClaren and Fabio Capello

The England team at the 2006 FIFA World Cup

Peter Taylor was appointed as caretaker manager for one match, before Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge between 2001 and 2006, and was the team's first non-English manager.[45][46] He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2004 and the 2006 FIFA World Cup. England lost only five competitive matches during his entire tenure, and rose to number four in the world ranking under his guidance.[47][citation needed] Eriksson's contract was extended by the FA by two years, to include UEFA Euro 2008, but was terminated by them after the 2006 World Cup.[48][49]

Steve McClaren was then appointed as manager, but after failing to qualify for Euro 2008 he was sacked on 22 November 2007 after 18 matches in charge.[50] The following month, he was replaced by a second foreign manager, Italian Fabio Capello, whose previous experience included successful spells at Juventus and Real Madrid.[51] England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, but at the tournament itself, England drew their opening two games; this led to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure.[52] They progressed to the next round, however, where they were beaten 4–1 by Germany, their heaviest defeat in a World Cup finals tournament match.[53] In February 2012, Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player.[54]

Roy Hodgson, Sam Allardyce and Gareth Southgate

Following Capello's departure, Stuart Pearce was appointed as caretaker manager for one match, after which in May 2012, Roy Hodgson was announced as the new manager, just six weeks before UEFA Euro 2012.[55] England managed to finish top of their group, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals via a penalty shoot-out, against Italy.[56] In the 2014 FIFA World Cup, England were eliminated at the group stage for the first time since the 1958 World Cup, and the first time at a major tournament since Euro 2000.[57] England qualified unbeaten for UEFA Euro 2016,[58] but were ultimately eliminated in the Round of 16, losing 2–1 to Iceland.[59] Hodgson resigned as manager in June 2016,[60] and just under a month later was replaced by Sam Allardyce.[61] However, after only 67 days in charge, Allardyce resigned from his managerial post by mutual agreement, after an alleged breach of FA rules, making him the shortest serving permanent England manager.[62] Allardyce's sole match as England manager was a 1–0 victory over Slovakia, however this also makes him the only permanent England manager ever to leave with a 100% win rate.

The England line-up before the last match of group G against Belgium, 28 June 2018

Gareth Southgate, then the coach of the England under-21 team, was put in temporary charge of the national team until November 2016,[63] before being given the position on a permanent basis.[64] Under Southgate, England qualified comfortably for the 2018 FIFA World Cup[65] and came second in their group at the tournament.[66][67] They defeated Colombia on penalties in the first knock-out round,[68][69] and then beat Sweden 2–0 in the quarter-final to reach only their third World Cup semi-final.[70] In the semi-final, they were beaten 2–1 in extra time by Croatia[71][72] and then were beaten by Belgium for a second time, 2–0, in the third place match.[73] England striker Harry Kane finished the tournament as top scorer with six goals.

On 14 November 2019, England played their 1000th International match, defeating Montenegro 7–0 at Wembley in a UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying match.[74][75]

At UEFA Euro 2020 England were drawn in Group D along with Croatia, Scotland and Czech Republic. England finished with seven points from their three group games, winning 1–0 against Croatia and the Czechs, and drawing 0–0 with Scotland. In the knockout stages England defeated Germany, Ukraine and Denmark to advance to the final of a major tournament for the first time since 1966—and the nation's first European Championship final—where they lost out to Italy in a penalty shootout at Wembley on 11 July 2021.[76][77] In the 2022–23 UEFA Nations League, England were convincingly beaten 4–0 by Hungary, their heaviest home defeat since 1928.[78] On 23 September 2022 England were beaten 1–0 by Italy at the San Siro thereby ensuring that they were relegated to division B for the 2024–25 edition of the competition.[79]

Team image

Kits and crest

Kit suppliers

Kit supplier Period Ref
St. Blaize and Hope Brothers 1949–1954 [80][81]
Umbro 1954–1961 [82]
Bukta 1959–1965 [83][84]
Umbro 1965–1974 [85]
Admiral 1974–1984 [86]
Umbro 1984–2013 [87]
Nike 2013–present [88]

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Contract
announcement
Contract
duration
Value
Nike 2013–present 2012–09–03 Spring 2013 – July 2018 (5 years)[89] Total £125m[90]
(£25m per year)
2016–12–13 August 2018 – 2030 (12 years) Total £400m[91]
(£33.3m per year)

Crest

The motif of the England national football team has three lions passant guardant, the emblem of King Richard I, who reigned from 1189 to 1199.[92] In 1872, English players wore white jerseys emblazoned with the three lions crest of the Football Association.[93] The lions, often blue, have had minor changes to colour and appearance.[94] Initially topped by a crown, this was removed in 1949 when the FA was given an official coat of arms by the College of Arms; this introduced ten Tudor roses, one for each of the regional branches of the FA.[93][95] Since 2003, England top their logo with a star to recognise their World Cup win in 1966; this was first embroidered onto the left sleeve of the home kit, and a year later was moved to its current position, first on the away shirt.[96]

Colours

England shirt for the 1966 World Cup final

England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white or black socks. The team has periodically worn an all-white kit.

Although England's first away kits were blue, England's traditional away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks. In 1996, England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was only worn three times, including against Germany in the semi-final of Euro 1996 but the deviation from the traditional red was unpopular with supporters and the England away kit remained red until 2011, when a navy blue away kit was introduced. The away kit is also sometimes worn during home matches, when a new edition has been released to promote it.

England have occasionally had a third kit. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with pale blue shirts, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia. They had a kit similar to Brazil's, with yellow shirts, yellow socks and blue shorts which they wore in the summer of 1973. For the World Cup in 1986 England had a third kit of pale blue, imitating that worn in Mexico 16 years before and England retained pale blue third kits until 1992, but they were rarely used.

Umbro first agreed to manufacture the kit in 1954 and since then has supplied most of the kits, the exceptions being from 1959 to 1965 with Bukta and 1974–1984 with Admiral. Nike purchased Umbro in 2008 and took over as kit supplier in 2013 following their sale of the Umbro brand.[97]

The kit worn by England away to Kosovo on 17 November 2019

Home stadium

Wembley Stadium during a friendly match between England and Germany

For the first 50 years of their existence, England played their home matches all around the country. They initially used cricket grounds before later moving on to football club stadiums. The original Empire Stadium was built in Wembley, London, for the British Empire Exhibition.[98][99]

England played their first match at the stadium in 1924 against Scotland[100] and for the next 27 years Wembley was used as a venue for matches against Scotland only. The stadium later became known simply as Wembley Stadium and it became England's permanent home stadium during the 1950s. In October 2000, the stadium closed its doors, ending with a defeat against Germany.[101]

This stadium was demolished during the period of 2002–03, and work began to completely rebuild it.[102] During this time, England played at venues across the country, though by the time of the 2006 World Cup qualification, this had largely settled down to having Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium as the primary venue, with Newcastle United's St. James' Park used on occasions when Old Trafford was unavailable.[103]

Their first match in the new Wembley Stadium was in March 2007 when they drew with Brazil.[104] The stadium is now owned by the Football Association, via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited.[105]

Rivalries

England has three main rivalries with other footballing nations.

Their rivalry with Germany is considered to be mainly an English phenomenon—in the run-up to any competition match between the two teams, many UK newspapers will print articles detailing results of previous encounters, such as those in 1966 and 1990. Football fans in England often consider Germany to be their main sporting rivals and care more about this rivalry than those with other nations. Most German fans consider the Netherlands or Italy to be their traditional footballing rivals, and as such, usually the rivalry is not taken quite as seriously there as it is in England.[106]

Their rivalry with Scotland is one of the fiercest international rivalries that exists.[107][108] It is the oldest international fixture in the world, first played in 1872 at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow. The history of the British Isles has led to much rivalry between the nations in many forms, and the social and cultural effects of centuries of antagonism and conflict between the two has contributed to the intense nature of the sporting contests. Scottish nationalism has also been a factor in the Scots' desire to defeat England above all other rivals, with Scottish sports journalists traditionally referring to the English as the "Auld Enemy".[109] The footballing rivalry has diminished somewhat since the late 1970s, particularly since the annual fixture stopped in 1989. For England, games against Germany and Argentina are now considered to be more important than the historic rivalry with Scotland.[110]

Their rivalry with Argentina is highly competitive. Games between the two teams, even those that are only friendly matches, are often marked by notable and sometimes controversial incidents such as in 1986.[111][112] The rivalry is unusual in that it is an intercontinental one; typically such footballing rivalries exist between countries that are close to one another, for example France–Italy or Argentina–Brazil. England is regarded in Argentina as one of the major rivals of the national football team, matched only by Brazil and Uruguay. The rivalry is, to a lesser extent reciprocal in England, locally described as a grudge match although matches against Germany carry a greater significance in popular perception. The rivalry emerged across several games during the latter half of the 20th century, even though as of 2008 the teams have played each other on only 14 occasions in full internationals. The rivalry was intensified, particularly in Argentina, by non-footballing events, especially the 1982 Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom.[113]

Media coverage

All England matches are broadcast with full commentary on talkSPORT and BBC Radio 5 Live. From the 2008–09 season until the 2017–18 season, England's home and away qualifiers, and friendlies both home and away were broadcast live on ITV Sport (often with the exception of STV, the ITV franchisee in central and northern Scotland). England's away qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup were shown on Setanta Sports until that company's collapse. As a result of Setanta Sports's demise, England's World Cup qualifier in Ukraine on 10 October 2009 was shown in the United Kingdom on a pay-per-view basis via the internet only. This one-off event was the first time an England game had been screened in such a way. The number of subscribers, paying between £4.99 and £11.99 each, was estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000 and the total number of viewers at around 500,000.[114] In 2018, Sky Sports broadcast the England Nations League and in-season friendlies, until 2021 and ITV Sport broadcast the European Qualifiers for Euro-World Cups and pre-tournament friendlies (after the Nations League group matches end), until 2022.[115] In April 2022, Channel 4 won the rights for England matches until June 2024, including 2022-23 UEFA Nations League matches, UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying games, and friendlies. 2022 FIFA World Cup rights remain with the BBC and ITV.[116]

Results and fixtures

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win   Draw   Loss   Fixture

2022

26 March 2022 (2022-03-26) Friendly England  2–1  Switzerland London, England
17:30
  • Shaw 45+1'
  • Kane 78' (pen.)
Report
Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 78,881
Referee: Andreas Ekberg (Sweden)
29 March 2022 (2022-03-29) Friendly England  3–0  Ivory Coast London, England
19:45
Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 73,405
Referee: Erik Lambrechts (Belgium)
4 June 2022 (2022-06-04) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A Hungary  1–0  England Budapest, Hungary
18:00 Report Stadium: Puskás Aréna
Attendance: 26,935
Referee: Artur Dias (Portugal)
7 June 2022 (2022-06-07) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A Germany  1–1  England Munich, Germany
20:45
Report
Stadium: Allianz Arena
Attendance: 66,289
Referee: Carlos del Cerro Grande (Spain)
11 June 2022 (2022-06-11) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A England  0–0  Italy Wolverhampton, England
20:45 (19:45 UTC+1) Report Stadium: Molineux Stadium
Attendance: 1,782
Referee: Szymon Marciniak (Poland)
14 June 2022 (2022-06-14) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A England  0–4  Hungary Wolverhampton, England
20:45 (19:45 UTC+1) Report
Stadium: Molineux Stadium
Attendance: 28,839
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
23 September 2022 (2022-09-23) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A Italy  1–0  England Milan, Italy
20:45 Report Stadium: San Siro
Attendance: 50,640
Referee: Jesús Gil Manzano (Spain)
26 September 2022 (2022-09-26) 2022–23 UEFA Nations League A England  3–3  Germany London, England
20:45 (19:45 UTC+1)
Report
Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 78,949
Referee: Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
21 November 2022 2022 FIFA World Cup Group B England  6–2  Iran Al Rayyan, Qatar
16:00 AST (UTC+3)
Report
Stadium: Khalifa International Stadium
Attendance: 45,334
Referee: Raphael Claus (Brazil)
25 November 2022 2022 FIFA World Cup Group B England  0–0  United States Al Khor, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3) Report Stadium: Al Bayt Stadium
Attendance: 68,463
Referee: Jesús Valenzuela (Venezuela)
29 November 2022 2022 FIFA World Cup Group B Wales  0–3  England Al Rayyan, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3) Report
Stadium: Ahmad bin Ali Stadium
Attendance: 44,297
Referee: Slavko Vinčić (Slovenia)
4 December 2022 2022 World Cup R16 England  v  Senegal Al Khor, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3) Report Stadium: Al Bayt Stadium

2023

23 March 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying Italy  v  England TBD, Italy
20:45 CET (UTC+1) Report Stadium: TBD
26 March 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  v  Ukraine London, England
17:00 BST Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
9 September 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying Ukraine  v  England TBD
17:00 BST Report Stadium: TBD
12 September 2023 Friendly Scotland  v  England Glasgow, Scotland
19:45 BST Stadium: Hampden Park
17 October 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  v  Italy London, England
19:45 BST Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
17 November 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  v  Malta London, England
19:45 BST Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium

Coaching staff

As of 25 May 2021[117][118]
Position Name
Manager England Gareth Southgate
Assistant Manager England Steve Holland
Goalkeeping Coach Wales Martyn Margetson
Coach England Chris Powell
Coach England Paul Nevin
First-Team Doctor England Mark Williams
Fitness Coach Australia Bryce Cavanagh
Physiotherapist England Steve Kemp

Players

Current squad

The England team for the opening match of the 2022 FIFA World Cup

The following 25 players were named to the squad for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[119] The squad numbers were announced on 14 November 2022.[120]

Caps and goals are correct as of 29 November 2022, after the match against the Wales.[121][122]

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Jordan Pickford (1994-03-07) 7 March 1994 (age 28) 48 0 England Everton
13 1GK Nick Pope (1992-04-19) 19 April 1992 (age 30) 10 0 England Newcastle United
23 1GK Aaron Ramsdale (1998-05-14) 14 May 1998 (age 24) 3 0 England Arsenal

2 2DF Kyle Walker (1990-05-28) 28 May 1990 (age 32) 71 0 England Manchester City
3 2DF Luke Shaw (1995-07-12) 12 July 1995 (age 27) 26 3 England Manchester United
5 2DF John Stones (1994-05-28) 28 May 1994 (age 28) 62 3 England Manchester City
6 2DF Harry Maguire (1993-03-05) 5 March 1993 (age 29) 51 7 England Manchester United
12 2DF Kieran Trippier (1990-09-19) 19 September 1990 (age 32) 40 1 England Newcastle United
15 2DF Eric Dier (1994-01-15) 15 January 1994 (age 28) 48 3 England Tottenham Hotspur
16 2DF Conor Coady (1993-02-25) 25 February 1993 (age 29) 10 1 England Everton
18 2DF Trent Alexander-Arnold (1998-10-07) 7 October 1998 (age 24) 18 1 England Liverpool
21 2DF Ben White (1997-10-08) 8 October 1997 (age 25) 4 0 England Arsenal

4 3MF Declan Rice (1999-01-14) 14 January 1999 (age 23) 37 2 England West Ham United
8 3MF Jordan Henderson (vice-captain) (1990-06-17) 17 June 1990 (age 32) 72 2 England Liverpool
14 3MF Kalvin Phillips (1995-12-02) 2 December 1995 (age 26) 24 0 England Manchester City
19 3MF Mason Mount (1999-01-10) 10 January 1999 (age 23) 34 5 England Chelsea
22 3MF Jude Bellingham (2003-06-29) 29 June 2003 (age 19) 20 1 Germany Borussia Dortmund
26 3MF Conor Gallagher (2000-02-06) 6 February 2000 (age 22) 4 0 England Chelsea

7 4FW Jack Grealish (1995-09-10) 10 September 1995 (age 27) 27 2 England Manchester City
9 4FW Harry Kane (captain) (1993-07-28) 28 July 1993 (age 29) 78 51 England Tottenham Hotspur
10 4FW Raheem Sterling (1994-12-08) 8 December 1994 (age 27) 81 20 England Chelsea
11 4FW Marcus Rashford (1997-10-31) 31 October 1997 (age 25) 49 15 England Manchester United
17 4FW Bukayo Saka (2001-09-05) 5 September 2001 (age 21) 22 6 England Arsenal
20 4FW Phil Foden (2000-05-28) 28 May 2000 (age 22) 20 3 England Manchester City
24 4FW Callum Wilson (1992-02-27) 27 February 1992 (age 30) 6 1 England Newcastle United
25 4FW James Maddison (1996-11-23) 23 November 1996 (age 26) 1 0 England Leicester City

Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Dean Henderson (1997-03-12) 12 March 1997 (age 25) 1 0 England Nottingham Forest v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
GK Fraser Forster (1988-03-17) 17 March 1988 (age 34) 6 0 England Tottenham Hotspur v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022
GK Sam Johnstone (1993-03-25) 25 March 1993 (age 29) 3 0 England Crystal Palace v.  Switzerland, 26 March 2022 WD

DF Ben White (1997-10-08) 8 October 1997 (age 25) 4 0 England Arsenal 2022 FIFA World Cup WD
DF Ben Chilwell (1996-12-21) 21 December 1996 (age 25) 17 1 England Chelsea v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
DF Reece James (1999-12-08) 8 December 1999 (age 22) 15 0 England Chelsea v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
DF Fikayo Tomori (1997-12-19) 19 December 1997 (age 24) 3 0 Italy Milan v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
DF Marc Guéhi (2000-07-13) 13 July 2000 (age 22) 3 0 England Crystal Palace v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
DF James Justin (1998-02-23) 23 February 1998 (age 24) 1 0 England Leicester City v.  Hungary, 14 June 2022
DF Tyrone Mings (1993-03-13) 13 March 1993 (age 29) 17 2 England Aston Villa v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022
DF Tyrick Mitchell (1999-09-01) 1 September 1999 (age 23) 2 0 England Crystal Palace v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022
DF Kyle Walker-Peters (1997-04-13) 13 April 1997 (age 25) 2 0 England Southampton v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022

MF James Ward-Prowse (1994-11-01) 1 November 1994 (age 28) 11 2 England Southampton v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
MF Emile Smith Rowe (2000-07-28) 28 July 2000 (age 22) 3 1 England Arsenal v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022

FW Tammy Abraham (1997-10-02) 2 October 1997 (age 25) 11 3 Italy Roma v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
FW Jarrod Bowen (1996-12-20) 20 December 1996 (age 25) 4 0 England West Ham United v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
FW Ivan Toney (1996-03-16) 16 March 1996 (age 26) 0 0 England Brentford v.  Germany, 26 September 2022
FW Ollie Watkins (1995-12-30) 30 December 1995 (age 26) 7 2 England Aston Villa v.  Ivory Coast, 29 March 2022

INJ Withdrew due to injury
PRE Preliminary squad / standby
RET Retired from the national team
SUS Serving suspension
WD Player withdrew from the squad due to non-injury issue.

Individual records

Player records

Most caps

As of 29 November 2022.[123]
Goalkeeper Peter Shilton is England's most capped player with 125 appearances.
Rank Player Caps Goals Position Career
1 Peter Shilton 125 0 GK 1970–1990
2 Wayne Rooney 120 53 FW 2003–2018
3 David Beckham 115 17 MF 1996–2009
4 Steven Gerrard 114 21 MF 2000–2014
5 Bobby Moore 108 2 DF 1962–1973
6 Ashley Cole 107 0 DF 2001–2014
7 Bobby Charlton 106 49 MF 1958–1970
Frank Lampard 106 29 MF 1999–2014
9 Billy Wright 105 3 DF 1946–1959
10 Bryan Robson 90 26 MF 1980–1991

Most goals

As of 29 November 2022.
Wayne Rooney is England's top scorer with 53 goals.
Rank Player Goals Caps Average Career
1 Wayne Rooney (list) 53 120 0.44 2003–2018
2 Harry Kane 51 78 0.65 2015–present
3 Bobby Charlton (list) 49 106 0.46 1958–1970
4 Gary Lineker 48 80 0.60 1984–1992
5 Jimmy Greaves 44 57 0.77 1959–1967
6 Michael Owen 40 89 0.45 1998–2008
7 Tom Finney 30 76 0.39 1946–1958
Nat Lofthouse 30 33 0.91 1950–1958
Alan Shearer 30 63 0.48 1992–2000
10 Vivian Woodward 29 23 1.26 1903–1911
Frank Lampard 29 106 0.27 1999–2014

Most clean sheets

As of 29 November 2022.[124]
Rank Player Clean sheets Caps Average Career
1 Peter Shilton 66 125 0.53 1970–1990
2 Joe Hart 43 75 0.57 2008–2017
3 David Seaman 40 75 0.53 1988–2002
4 Gordon Banks 35 73 0.48 1963–1972
5 Ray Clemence 27 61 0.44 1972–1983
6 Chris Woods 26 43 0.60 1985–1993
7 Paul Robinson 24 41 0.59 2003–2007
8 Jordan Pickford 23 48 0.48 2017–present
9 David James 21 53 0.40 1997–2010
10 Nigel Martyn 13 23 0.57 1992–2002

Manager records

Most manager appearances
Walter Winterbottom: 139
Highest win ratio (minimum 25 games in charge)
Fabio Capello: 66.7%
Youngest to take job
Walter Winterbottom: 33 years old
Oldest to take job
Roy Hodgson: 61 years, 9 months and 3 days

Team records

Biggest win[note 1]
13–0 vs. Ireland, 18 February 1882
Biggest defeat
1–7 vs. Hungary, 23 May 1954
Longest unbeaten run
22 games from 18 November 2020 to 29 March 2022[125]
Longest winless run
7 games from 11 May 1958 to 4 October 1958[126]
Most consecutive wins
10 games from 6 June 1908 to 1 June 1909[127]
Matches without conceding a goal
7 games from 2 June 2021 to 3 July 2021[128]

Competitive record

For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page

FIFA World Cup

2018 FIFA World Cup semi-final: Croatia vs England.
Line-ups of the 2018 FIFA World Cup semi-final: England (white) vs Croatia.

England first appeared at the 1950 FIFA World Cup, and have subsequently qualified for a total of 16 FIFA World Cup finals tournaments, tied for sixth best by number of appearances. They are also tied for sixth by number of wins, alongside Spain. The national team is one of eight national teams to have won at least one FIFA World Cup title. The England team won their first and only World Cup title in 1966. The tournament was played on home soil, and England defeated West Germany 4–2 in the final. In 1990, England finished in fourth place, losing 2–1 to host nation Italy in the third place play-off, following defeat on penalties, after extra time, to champions West Germany in the semi-final. They also finished in fourth place in 2018, losing 2–0 to Belgium in the third place play-off, following a 2–1 defeat to Croatia, again after extra time, in the semi-final. The team also reached the quarter-final stage in 1954, 1962, 1970, 1986, 2002 and 2006.

England failed to qualify for the World Cup in 1974, 1978 and 1994. The team's earliest exit in the finals tournament was its elimination in the first round in 1950, 1958 and, most recently, the 2014 FIFA World Cup. This was after being defeated in both their opening two matches for the first time, against Italy and Uruguay in Group D. In 1950, four teams remained after the first round, in 1958 eight teams remained and in 2014 sixteen teams remained. In 2010, England suffered its most resounding World Cup defeat, 4–1 to Germany, in the Round of 16 stage. This came after drawing with the United States and Algeria, and defeating Slovenia 1–0 in the group stage.

FIFA World Cup record Qualification record Manager(s)
Year Round Pos Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Not a FIFA member Not a FIFA member None
Kingdom of Italy 1934
French Fourth Republic 1938
Fourth Brazilian Republic 1950 Group stage 8th 3 1 0 2 2 2 Squad 3 3 0 0 14 3 Winterbottom
Switzerland 1954 Quarter-finals 7th 3 1 1 1 8 8 Squad 3 3 0 0 11 4
Sweden 1958 Group stage 11th 4 0 3 1 4 5 Squad 4 3 1 0 15 5
Chile 1962 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 1 2 5 6 Squad 4 3 1 0 16 2
England 1966 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 11 3 Squad Qualified as hosts Ramsey
Mexico 1970 Quarter-finals 8th 4 2 0 2 4 4 Squad Qualified as defending champions Ramsey
West Germany 1974 Did not qualify 4 1 2 1 3 4
Argentina 1978 6 5 0 1 15 4 Revie
Spain 1982 Second group stage 6th 5 3 2 0 6 1 Squad 8 4 1 3 13 8 Greenwood
Mexico 1986 Quarter-finals 8th 5 2 1 2 7 3 Squad 8 4 4 0 21 2 Robson
Italy 1990 Fourth place 4th 7 3 3 1 8 6 Squad 6 3 3 0 10 0
United States 1994 Did not qualify 10 5 3 2 26 9 Taylor
France 1998 Round of 16 9th 4 2 1 1 7 4 Squad 8 6 1 1 15 2 Hoddle
South Korea Japan 2002 Quarter-finals 6th 5 2 2 1 6 3 Squad 8 5 2 1 16 6 Keegan, Wilkinson, Eriksson[note 2]
Germany 2006 Quarter-finals 7th 5 3 2 0 6 2 Squad 10 8 1 1 17 5 Eriksson
South Africa 2010 Round of 16 13th 4 1 2 1 3 5 Squad 10 9 0 1 34 6 Capello
Brazil 2014 Group stage 26th 3 0 1 2 2 4 Squad 10 6 4 0 31 4 Hodgson
Russia 2018 Fourth place 4th 7 3 1 3 12 8 Squad 10 8 2 0 18 3 Allardyce, Southgate[note 3]
Qatar 2022 Round of 16 TBD 3 2 1 0 9 2 Squad 10 8 2 0 39 3 Southgate
Canada Mexico United States 2026 To be determined To be determined
Total 1 title 16/22 72 31 22 19 100 66 122 84 27 11 314 70
  Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth place
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

**Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil. ***England played all of their 2002 matches in Japan.

Correct as of 29 November 2022

UEFA European Championship

England first entered the UEFA European Championship in 1964, and have since qualified for ten finals tournaments, tied for fourth best by number of finals appearances. England's greatest achievements at the UEFA European Championship have been to finish runners-up the in '2020' championship in 2021, and in third place in 1968. The team also reached the semi-finals in 1996, a tournament they hosted. The team has also reached the quarter-final on two further occasions, in 2004 and 2012.

The team's worst results in the finals tournament, to date, have been first-round eliminations in 1980, 1988, 1992 and 2000, whilst they failed to qualify for the finals in 1964, 1972, 1976, 1984 and 2008.

UEFA European Championship record Qualifying record Manager(s)
Year Round Pos Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
France 1960 Did not enter Did not enter Winterbottom
Francoist Spain 1964 Did not qualify 2 0 1 1 3 6 Winterbottom, Ramsey[note 4]
Italy 1968 Third place 3rd 2 1 0 1 2 1 Squad 8 6 1 1 18 6 Ramsey
Belgium 1972 Did not qualify[note 5] 8 5 2 1 16 6 Ramsey
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1976 Did not qualify 6 3 2 1 11 3 Revie
Italy 1980 Group stage 6th 3 1 1 1 3 3 Squad 8 7 1 0 22 5 Greenwood
France 1984 Did not qualify 8 5 2 1 23 3 Robson
West Germany 1988 Group stage 7th 3 0 0 3 2 7 Squad 6 5 1 0 19 1
Sweden 1992 Group stage 7th 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad 6 3 3 0 7 3 Taylor
England 1996 Semi-finals Joint 3rd/4th 5 2 3 0 8 3 Squad Qualified as hosts Venables
Belgium Netherlands 2000 Group stage 11th 3 1 0 2 5 6 Squad 10 4 4 2 16 5 Hoddle, Keegan[note 6]
Portugal 2004 Quarter-finals 5th 4 2 1 1 10 6 Squad 8 6 2 0 14 5 Eriksson
Austria Switzerland 2008 Did not qualify 12 7 2 3 24 7 McClaren
Poland Ukraine 2012 Quarter-finals 5th 4 2 2 0 5 3 Squad 8 5 3 0 17 5 Capello, Hodgson[note 7]
France 2016 Round of 16 12th 4 1 2 1 4 4 Squad 10 10 0 0 31 3 Hodgson
Europe 2020[note 8] Runners-up 2nd 7 5 2 0 11 2 Squad 8 7 0 1 37 6 Southgate
Germany 2024 To be determined To be determined
Total Runners-up 10/16 38 15 13 10 51 37 108 73 24 11 248 64
  Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth place
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

**Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil. ***Third place includes all tournaments where England reached the semi-finals following Euro 1980 as the third place play-offs were scrapped from the following editions of the tournament.[129]

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
League phase Finals Manager(s)
Season LG GP Pos Pld W D L GF GA P/R RK Year Pos Pld W D* L GF GA Squad
2018–19 A 4 1st 4 2 1 1 6 5 Same position 3rd Portugal 2019 3rd 2 0 1 1 1 3 Squad Southgate
2020–21 A 2 3rd 6 3 1 2 7 4 Same position 9th Italy 2021 Did not qualify Southgate
2022–23 A 3 4th 6 0 3 3 4 10 Decrease 15th Netherlands 2023 Southgate
2024–25 B To be determined 2025 Did not enter
Total 16 5 5 6 17 19 3rd Total 2 0 1 1 1 3
  Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth place
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

**Group stage played home and away. Flag shown represents host nation for the finals stage.

Correct as of 26 September 2022 after the match against  Germany

Minor tournaments

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
Brazil 1964 Taça de Nações Group stage 3rd 3 0 1 2 2 7
United States 1976 USA Bicentennial Cup Tournament Group stage 2nd 3 2 0 1 6 4
Scotland 1985 Rous Cup One match 2nd 1 0 0 1 0 1
Mexico 1985 Ciudad de México Cup Tournament Group stage 3rd 2 0 0 2 1 3
Mexico 1985 Azteca 2000 Tournament Group stage 2nd 2 1 0 1 3 1
England 1986 Rous Cup Winners, one match 1st 1 1 0 0 2 1
England Scotland 1987 Rous Cup Group stage 2nd 2 0 2 0 1 1
England Scotland 1988 Rous Cup Winners, group stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 1
England Scotland 1989 Rous Cup Winners, group stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 0
England 1991 England Challenge Cup Winners, group stage 1st 2 1 1 0 5 3
England 1995 Umbro Cup Group stage 2nd 3 1 1 1 6 7
France 1997 Tournoi de France Winners, group stage 1st 3 2 0 1 3 1
Morocco 1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament Group stage 2nd 2 1 1 0 1 0
England 2004 FA Summer Tournament Winners, group stage 1st 2 1 1 0 7 2
Total 6 titles 33 12 10 11 43 37

FIFA Rankings

Last update was on 21 December 2020. Source:[130]

  Best Ranking    Worst Ranking    Best Mover    Worst Mover  

England's FIFA world rankings
Rank Year Games
Played
Won Lost Drawn Best Worst
Rank Move Rank Move
  210 2021 19 15 0 4 4 Increase 5 Decrease 1
  210 2020 8 5 2 1 4 Increase 4 Decrease
  210 2019 10 7 2 1 4 Increase 1 5 Decrease
210 2018 17 10 4 3 5 Increase 6 16 Decrease 1
210 2017 10 5 3 2 12 Increase 3 15 Decrease 3
210 2016 14 8 4 2 9 Increase 1 13 Decrease 2
210 2015 10 7 2 1 8 Increase 6 17 Decrease 2
210 2014 13 8 3 2 10 Increase 7 20 Decrease 10
210 2013 12 6 4 2 4 Increase 7 17 Decrease 6
210 2012 13 7 4 2 3 Increase 2 7 Decrease 2
210 2011 9 6 3 0 4 Increase 2 8 Decrease 4
210 2010 12 7 3 2 6 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
210 2009 11 7 1 3 6 Increase 2 9 Decrease 2
210 2008 10 8 1 1 8 Increase 4 15 Decrease 6
210 2007 12 6 2 4 6 Increase 3 12 Decrease 4
210 2006 14 9 4 1 4 Increase 5 10 Decrease 1
210 2005 11 8 1 2 6 Increase 2 11 Decrease 4
210 2004 14 7 4 3 6 Increase 5 13 Decrease 4
210 2003 11 8 1 2 6 Increase 2 10 Decrease 2
210 2002 13 4 7 2 6 Increase 4 12 Decrease 2
210 2001 10 7 2 1 9 Increase 6 17 Decrease 2
210 2000 11 3 4 4 11 Increase 2 17 Decrease 3
210 1999 10 4 4 2 10 Increase 2 14 Decrease 2
210 1998 14 6 5 3 5 Increase 2 11 Decrease 5
210 1997 11 8 1 2 4 Increase 6 14 Decrease 2
210 1996 12 8 4 0 12 Increase 11 27 Decrease 3
  210 1995 9 2 5 2 18 Increase 4 22 Decrease 4
  210 1994 6 4 2 0 12 Increase 1 18 Decrease 4
210 1993 11 4 3 4 5 Increase 6 11 Decrease 6

Honours

Elizabeth II presents the Jules Rimet Trophy to England captain Bobby Moore, after winning the 1966 World Cup

Major

Regional

Other

Exhibition tournaments

Summary

Competition 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Total
FIFA World Cup 1 0 0 1
UEFA European Championship 0 1 1 2
UEFA Nations League 0 0 1 1
Total 1 1 2 4

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ England's two largest victories (13–0 away and then 13–2 at home) coincidentally both occurred on 18 February, against Ireland. Four of England's five largest margins of victory occurred away from home. As well as the 13–0 victory, they defeated Austria 11–1 in 1908, Portugal 10–0 in 1947, United States 10–0 in 1964 and San Marino 10–0 in 2021.
  2. ^ Kevin Keegan and Howard Wilkinson managed one qualifying match each: Eriksson managed the remainder of qualification and the finals campaign.
  3. ^ Sam Allardyce managed one qualifying match: Gareth Southgate managed the remainder of the qualification and the finals campaign.
  4. ^ England were defeated by France in a two-legged elimination round. Ramsey took over from Winterbottom between the two legs.
  5. ^ Although England did not qualify for the finals, they reached the last eight of the competition. Only the last four teams progressed to the finals.
  6. ^ Hoddle managed the first three qualifiers, while Keegan managed the remainder of qualification and the finals campaign.
  7. ^ Capello managed the qualification campaign. He resigned before the tournament and was replaced by Hodgson.
  8. ^ The tournament was held in 11 cities in 11 UEFA countries. England's Wembley Stadium hosted all of England's group games, as well as their Round of 16 match, semi-final and final.

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