Backbone entertainment

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Backbone entertainment
legal form Inc.
founding 2003
Seat Rancho Santa Margarita , California
Branch Video game developer
As of October 17, 2018

Backbone Entertainment is an American video game developer based in Rancho Santa Margarita , California .


Backbone Entertainment was created in 2003 through the merger of Digital Eclipse Software and ImaginEngine . Digital Eclipse was a handheld game and arcade game emulation specialist founded in 1992 with studios in Emeryville , California and Vancouver, Canada . ImaginEngine, founded in 1994, specialized in children's software and owned studios in Boston and San Francisco . The latter was merged with the Emeryville studio.

In order to cope with the increasingly complex productions, the company merged with The Collective in 2005 to form Foundation 9 Entertainment , which it claims to be the largest independent developer in the USA. Since then, the Backbone Entertainment brand has stood for in-house developments within Foundation 9 Entertainment, the Digital Eclipse brand for arcade emulation and ImaginEngine for children's titles and games from the Boston studio. In February 2006, another branch studio was established in Charlottetown , Canada . In 2007 Foundation 9 released the studio into independence and it changed its name to Other Ocean Interactive. The reason given was the small size of the studio. Studio Vancouver was downsized in September 2008 and closed in May 2009.

In October 2012, Backbone had to lay off most of its workforce in Emeryville, and the ImagineEngine studio in Boston was completely closed.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Backbone and Collective merge . In: . ( [accessed November 30, 2018]).
  2. Foundation 9 Entertainment Expands With New Studio . In: . ( [accessed November 30, 2018]).
  3. Foundation 9 says goodbye to Charlottetown ( Memento June 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  4. Foundation 9 Entertainment Spins Off Prince Edward Island Studio ( January 30, 2009 memento in the Internet Archive )
  5. Mike Rose: Layoffs at digital game studio Backbone Entertainment . ( [accessed November 30, 2018]).
  6. ImaginEngine game studio shuts down (exclusive) . In: VentureBeat . October 12, 2012 ( [accessed November 30, 2018]).