The Guardian - 2021-11-29
The Guardian 2021-11-29

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The Guardian - 2021-11-29

29. Nov 2021
English
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• West Side Story’s Rita Moreno at 90 ‘I’m cute, and funny as hell!’ ‘It tastes like punishment’ Christmas snacks tested G2 Monday 29 November 2021 £2.50 From £1.75 for subscribers G2 Booster scheme may be widened today to tackle Omicron spread Rules tighten further amid fears variant has been in UK for 10 days Peter Walker and Linda Geddes The Covid booster vaccination scheme could be significantly expanded as early as today as ministers try to combat the seemingly inevitable spread of the Omicron variant, with older pupils being told to wear masks in communal areas. The government’s vaccines watchdog, the JCVI, which held an emergency meeting over the weekend, could advise the use of boosters for younger people, as well as a cut in the six-month wait between second and booster doses, it is understood. Ministers said yesterday that they hoped restrictions imposed following the detection of the variant, which scientists fear could be highly transmissible and potentially evade some vaccine protections, would be limited and temporary, with the health secretary, Sajid Javid, promising “a great Christmas” next month. But health officials said yesterday that a third case of the variant had been confirmed in the UK, in someone linked to southern Africa who had stayed in Westminster but left the UK before the test result emerged. Officials say they were in the central London borough, rather than being specifically linked to parliament. However, it was also revealed that investigators looking into one of the two cases announced on Saturday ‘Any uncertainty will add to the sense of continuing jeopardy’ Paul Whiteman NAHT headteachers’ union were searching for potential contacts in Brentwood, Essex, for as far back as 10 days ago, raising questions over how long the new variant has been in the UK. Following the announcement of tough travel restrictions on 10 African nations and the reintroduction of mandatory mask use in England in shops and on public transport from tomorrow, the Department for Education has contacted English schools to say secondary-age students and teachers should again wear face coverings in communal areas. Javid, sent out for a round of interviews yesterday morning , insisted the government was “nowhere near” considering a return to 6 more stringent measures French fury over UK ‘double talk’ on refugees Exclusive Kim Willsher Paris PHOTOGRAPH: ISAAC PARKIN/SPORTIMAGE After the storm … snow and power cuts hit north Snowstorms and high winds continued over the weekend as Storm Arwen caused havoc. In Burnley, a football fan made his own fun after the match against Spurs was called off.News Page 24→ The French interior minister, Gérald Darmanin, has said British ministers, including his counterpart Priti Patel, should stop saying one thing in private while insulting his country in public if there is to be a solution to the crisis in the Channel . In an interview with the Guardian, Darmanin strongly criticised what he called “double talk” coming out of London and said France was not a “vassal” of 12 Royal farewell The view from Bridgetown as Barbados becomes a republic Report Page 32

• Johnson was asked whether anything in the Conservative party’s manifesto might reduce the need for the kind of help it provides. He answered in the affirmative , claiming that helping people with living costs was a personal “crusade”, paying tribute to “everybody who gets involved with running food banks”, but also insisting that “ it is wrong that people should be dependent on them ”. He then mentioned “cutting national insurance for everyone”, before his punchline: “It is imperative in my view that the next government, if I’m lucky enough to be leading it, tackles the cost of living for everybody in this country. That’s what we’re going to do.” Then as now, words just tumbled out of his mouth. We all know what happened to the national insurance promise , and if Johnson and his ministers had any credible intention of reducing living costs, any such hope has now been quashed. Instead we’ve had soaring energy bills, higher inflation and the cruel end of the £20-a-week universal credit “uplift” – partially mitigated via changes in the budget aimed at people in employment, but still a grim reality for the 3.4 million people on that benefit who are not in work . But as worry spreads about the so-called Omicron variant of Covid , what millions of people face this winter is also part of another story. Three months after Johnson’s visit to Salisbury, the first lockdown saw an inspirational explosion of “mutual aid” and all those tributes to low-paid key workers – both of which, from an optimistic perspective, suggested public attitudes towards poverty and insecurity somewhat different from the mixture of indifference and old-fashioned moralism that we are often told form the views of a majority (“silent” or otherwise). For the briefest of moments, it felt as if the dawning realisation that being poor made people much more likely to suffer Covid-19’s worst effects might prompt at least the first stirrings of a political watershed . The footballer Marcus Rashford began campaigning on so-called “holiday hunger” in the summer of 2020, and not only forced two government U-turns , but also breached the walls of daytime TV and the right wing press. But now normal service seems to have been resumed. Whatever fantasies are still being entertained about “building back better”, we are facing the latest stage of the Covid crisis in an even worse social state than when the whole thing began. Last Wednesday, the Trussell Trust • Monday 29/11/21 Inside 29/11/21 Four sections every weekday • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 News News and Sport Weather Thousands in the north left without power in the fallout from Storm Arwen Page 24 Football Jorginho makes up for howler with a goal as Chelsea and United draw Page 58 Nobody should have to ‘earn’ their place in Britain Nesrine Malik, page 3 How bad will the Omicron variant be? Devi Sridhar, page 4 Stephen Sondheim, lyricist and composer Obituaries, page 6 The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 John Harris Opinion and ideas Poverty in post-Covid Britain will feel like the 19th century G2 Centre pullout Features and arts Gift guide Our culture team’s guide to the best presents for the art lovers in your life Page 8 G2 Daily pullout life & arts section Inside In December 2019, Boris Johnson was electioneering in Salisbury , where he visited a butcher’s shop and a military veterans’ centre. The city is also the home of the Trussell Trust, which runs the UK’s largest network of food banks – and Television American Rust reviewed – can a troubled cop clean up a town full of cliches? Page 10 Journal Outside G2 Opinions and ideas How will post-Covid Britain look? For many, like it did in the brutal 19th century John Harris Page 1 The three things we need to know about the Omicron variant Devi Sridhar Page 4 “ I know Brando loved me. When I realised that, I was so happy! Rita Moreno at 90 on success, stamina and West Side Story The taste test of Christmas Is turkey pizza actually any good? page 4 The great culture gift guide From Shakespeare socks to a Lil Nas X candle page 8 MPs urge UK to widen Hong Kong visa scheme Helen Davidson Taipei More than nine in 10 people who face protest charges in Hong Kong are too young to access a UK visa scheme dedicated to helping Hong kongers flee to Britain, according to advocates and MPs calling for new laws to help them. The data, which was released yesterday by the advocacy group Hong Kong Watch, comes in advance of a parliamentary debate this week on proposed migration law amendments to widen the pathway for people with British national overseas (BNO) status to resettle in Britain. More than 10,000 people were arrested during or after the mass protests that swept Hong Kong in 2019. The data found 93% of more than 1,000 people who had been tried by July this year were under the age of 25. Another 49 people arrested under the national security law were also under 25. Last week a 20-yearold student activist, Tony Chung , was jailed for 43 months on charges relating to pro-independence social media posts. In the wake of a crackdown on protesters and pro-democracy figures that sent people fleeing overseas, the UK launched its BNO visa scheme , allowing holders of BNO status and their immediate families – estimated to be a bout 5 million people – to apply for dedicated entry visas with a pathway to full citizenship. Tens of thousands applied in the first few months, but there has been long-running concern that people born after 1997, when Hong Kong was handed back to China, were ineligible unless they were accompan ying a parent who had BNO status. ‘Many of these campaigners are in danger of being prosecuted’ Iain Duncan Smith Former Tory leader ◀ Pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong use umbrellas to protect themselves from teargas in 2019 PHOTOGRAPH: ROMAN PILIPEY/EPA Hong Kong Watch said the scheme in its current form ha d “left behind” young people, and called for the adoption of an amendment to the borders bill proposed by the Conservative MP Damian Green, which has the support of at least 12 other Conservative MPs including the chair of the foreign affairs select committee, Tom Tugendhat, and the former party leader Iain Duncan Smith . The amendment would see the secretary of state for the Home division open the BNO visa scheme to Hong kongers with one BNO status-holding parent and aged 18-25, allowing them to make their own application. “The BN O scheme is a great success story, which the government should take credit for, but sadly the current scheme does not cover many of the brave young activists in Hong Kong,” said Duncan Smith. “Many of these pro-democracy campaigners are in danger of being prosecuted by the intolerant Chinese Communist party and its representatives in Hong Kong. I urge the government to think carefully about helping these people too,” he added. Green, a former immigration minister, said his amendment would also help to relieve pressure on Britain’s refugee processing. “My amendment would mandate a simple rule change that would ensure our immigration system offers a lifeline to the young people who need it most,” he said. “If we do not rationalise the policy in this way, many of these people will inevitably end up claiming asylum because they face political prosecution.” Hong Kong Watch said a recent survey of 24 Hong Kong asylum seekers who were waiting to have their applications processed in the UK found half had at least one parent with BNO status. Become a Guardian and Observer subscriber from £5.07 a week Visit theguardian.com/paper-subss Weather Page 46 Quick crossword Back of G2 Contact For missing sections call 0800 839 100. For individual departments, call the Guardian switchboard: 020 3353 2000. For the Readers’ editor (corrections & clarifications on specific editorial content), call 020 3353 4736 between 10am and 1pm UK time Monday to Friday excluding public holidays, or email guardian.readers@theguardian.com. Letters for publication should be sent to guardian.letters@theguardian.com or the address on the letters page. NEWSPAPERS SUPPORT RECYCLING The recycled paper content of UK newspapers in 2017 was 64.6% Cartoon Journal, page 4 Cryptic crossword Back of Journal Guardian News & Media, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU. 020-3353 2000. Fax 020-7837 2114. In Manchester: Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Telephone Sales: 020-7611 9000. The Guardian lists links to third-party websites, but does not endorse them or guarantee their authenticity or accuracy. Back issues from Historic Newspapers: 0870-165 1470 guardian.backissuenewspapers.co.uk. Published by Guardian News & Media, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU, and at Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Printed at Reach Watford Limited, St Albans Road, Watford, Herts WD24 7RG; Reach Oldham Limited, Hollinwood Avenue, Chadderton, Oldham OL9 8EP; Reach Saltire Ltd, 110 Fifty Pitches Place, Glasgow G51 4EA; and by Irish Times Print Facility, 4080 Kingswood Road, Citywest Business Campus, Dublin 24. No. 54,515, Monday 29 November 2021. Registered as a newspaper at the Post Office ISSN 0261-3077. English social care ‘rapidly deteriorating’, survey shows Robert Booth Social affairs correspondent Social care services across England are “rapidly deteriorating” with waiting lists soaring and councils struggling with care home closures, social services chiefs have warned. Long-term waiting lists almost quadrupled and 1.5 m hours of necessary home care were not delivered in the three months to November . “Red lights are flashing right across our dashboard,” said Stephen Chandler, the president of the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services , which ran a poll of 85 councils. “Older and disabled people are suffering.” Half of councils have had to respond to a care home closure or bankruptcy in the past six months. The government’s social care white paper, scheduled for tomorrow, is expected to propose a new strategy for pay and career development for care staff amid an exodus . No 10 is under rising pressure to deliver on Boris Johnson’s promise in 2019 that he would “fix the crisis in social care once and for all”. Sajid Javid, the health secretary, promised council leaders last week the reforms would mean every one had choice and control to live independent lives . But the government has so far only pledged £1.8bn a year in additional money for social care , while MPs and care experts believes the sector needs an extra £10bn a year. ADASS’s snapshot survey suggests close to 400,000 people are now awaiting an assessment , with the number waiting six months or more up from 11,000 in September to more than 40,000 now. “This survey confirms our worst fears,” said Chandler. “The government must now acknowledge the scale of the crisis and step in with emergency funding and measures to ensure we can get through the winter ahead.” It is calling for urgent £1,000 bonus payments to retain exhausted care workers. Payments of £500 have been made by the devolved health and care authorities in Scotland and Wales. There are well over 100,000 vacancies in Engl ish social care and tens of thousands of staff who declined vaccines can no longer work . The not-for-profit care home chain MHA, which lost 150 staff to the vaccine mandate, is among operators to close some homes to new admissions because of staff shortages . A survey of care workers by the trade union Unison also found staff shortages meant people were “dying without dignity” . A government spokesperson said it was investing an additional £5.4bn over three years, “which will allow us to build our comprehensive adult social care reform programme. Care homes and home care providers are already benefiting from the new £162.5 m workforce retention and recruitment fund .”

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • News ▼ Anya Taylor-Joy as Beth Harmon in a scene from The Queen’s Gambit. Left: Magnus Carlsen in a match with Ian Nepomniachtchi in Dubai 5 Chess Male and stalemate – where have all the top female players gone? Sean Ingle Towards the end of The Queen’s Gambit, the Netflix show that helped supercharge the new chess boom, Beth Harmon crushes a series of top male grandmasters before beating Vasily Borgov, the Russian world champion. Fiction, though, remains sharply separated from fact. As Magnus Carlsen was reminded before starting his world title defence in Dubai last week, there is not a single active woman player in the top 100 now Hou Yifan of China, who is ranked 83rd , is focusing on academia. For Carlsen, the subject was “way too complicated” to address in a few sentences, but he suggested a number of reasons, particularly cultural, were to blame. Some still believe it is down to biology. As recently as 2015 Nigel Short, the vice-president of the world chess federation, Fide, said men were “hardwired” to be better chess players than women . That claim raises the eyebrows of the greatest ever female player, Judit Polg ár , who was ranked as high as No 8 in the world – and has a winning record against Short. “It is not down to biology,” she says. “It’s just as possible for a woman to become the best as any guy. But there are so many difficulties and social boundaries for women generally in society. ” Polg ár, who defeated 11 current or former world champions in either rapid or classical chess, including Garry Kasparov and Carlsen, before retiring in 2014, believes an early start, encouraging girls to think big, and better teaching are factors. “All champions and big players start to play chess and get familiar with the game at a pretty early age .” Dr Emma Hilton , a developmental biologist at the University of Manchester, also dismisses the idea that it can be put down to genetics. A crucial point, she says, is that chess has an “extremely skewed starting pool” – with far more boys learning to play the game than girls. That “makes it extremely unlikely that we will see a female world champion”. The English international master Jovanka Houska believes that this smaller pool has knock-on effects , particularly when it comes to being ▲ Judit Polgá r reached a No 8 world ranking before her retirement the only one or two girls in a group. “We have situations where the girls don’t feel very comfortable playing, whilst the boys can hang around, make friends and play amongst themselves ,” she says. Is sexism also a factor? “It is, sadly,” says Houska. “It’s mainly because there are so few women playing. And it’s reinforced by national federations who don’t publicise your achievements to help you with funding .” There is also a darker side . Last year the women’s Fide master Alexandra Botez , a popular female chess streamer, spoke of her shocking experiences and warned: “ In chess so much predatory behaviour has been normalised.” In Botez’s view, it is far too common for men to use their age and position to go on the “hunt” for women and girls. “It has been going on for so long and no one blinks an eye,” she said. “The extent to which people never say anything and find things OK is pretty spooky.” Yet there are encouraging signs . As Houska points out, it is becoming far more common to see women chess players and commentators . “It’s very important to have that visibility,” she says. The Fide president, Arkady Dvorkovich , promises that he is pushing hard to make the game more welcoming for women. The organisation has designated 2022 as Year of Wom en in Chess . However, he accepts more can be done to help women progress to the very top. “Around 13-14 years old we find that girls leave while boys continue to play in large numbers,” he says. “We need to change that .” Polg ár also point s out that attitudes have shifted from an era when the world champion Bobby Fischer dismissed women players as “terrible” . “Nowadays most of the top players would not dare even to say – or even to think – that way,” she says. “ Many people think that people – or the community – cannot change. But it is possible.” Carlsen and Nepomniachtchi play to third draw at World Championship Sport Page 50 → PHOTOGRAPHS: CHARLIE GRAY/NETFLIX; ALI HAIDER/EPA Virgil Abloh, a pioneer of modern fashion, dies at 41 Priya Elan The f ashion designer Virgil Abloh has died after suffering from cancer . The 41-year-old , who was the creative director for Louis Vuitton and Off- White , had cardiac angiosarcoma , a rare and aggressive form of the disease, according to an announcement on his official Instagram page. “We are devastated to announce the passing of our beloved Virgil Abloh,” it said. “ He chose to endure his battle privately since his diagnosis in 2019, undergoing numerous challenging treatments, all while helming several significant institutions that span fashion, art, and culture. “Through it all, his work ethic, infinite curiosity, and optimism never wavered. Virgil was driven by his dedication to his craft and to his mission to open doors for others and create pathways for greater equality in art and design. He often said, ‘everything I do is for the 17-year-old version of myself,’ believing deeply in the power of art to inspire future generations.” Abloh re defined the idea of the modern fashion designer, adding DJ, artist and furniture designer to his creative arsenal. First training as an architect, he started designing clothes in 2012. His first design, a screenprint on a Ralph Lauren rugby shirt, set the tone for his future work: a postmodern art stunt cum fashion piece. Collaborating with everyone from Nike to Ikea, Perrier and Mercedes- Benz, he took fashion into arenas that it had not gone into before, crosspollinating it with other fields. The fashion purists were not amused; he told the Observer in 2019: “When I was showing in fashion week, people were saying : ‘ That’s not fashion .’” In 2013 he founded his own label, Off-White, and was appointed the head of menswear design at Louis Vuitton in 2018. He was the first black designer at Vuitton and the most visible black designer in fashion. Abloh was also a hugely visible fi gure in rap, designing album covers for Kanye West and Jay-Z’s joint ▲ Virgil Abloh founded his own fashion label, Off-White, in 2013 work Watch The Throne , as well as West’s 2010 My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy . Below the post announcing the news of his death, the fashion designer Marc Jacobs wrote: “I am so sorry to read this. My thoughts and prayers go out to his family and loved ones. May you rest in peace and power dear Virgil.” Dior’s Kim Jones added: “ Love you always Virgil, so shocking.” Chance The Rapper added: “Jesus.” Bernard Arnault , chief executive of LVMH , the owner of Off-White and Louis Vuitton, said : “Virgil was not only a genius designer, a visionary, he was also a man with a beautiful soul and a great wisdom.” Abloh is survived by his wife, Shannon, and two children .

6 News Coronavirus • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Booster scheme may be widened today to tackle Omicron spread Continued from page 1 such as advising people to work from home, or social distancing, arguing the potential impact on the economy and people’s welfare would be disproportionate to the perceived risks. The health secretary described vaccines as “our first form of defence”, saying he expected news from the JCVI “imminently”. While it remains unclear what precise decisions the vaccines watchdog has reached, its deputy chairman, Prof Anthony Harnden, told the BBC that extending the booster age range – in healthy adults they are currently limited to those aged 40 or above – and reducing the gap before they were given was “a sensible strategy”. But ministers are set to come under intense pressure this week over whether they are being complacent about Omicron, which has a large number of mutations compared with previous variants, something which has alarmed scientists. Paul Whiteman, general secretary of the NAHT, which represents school heads, said teachers, parents and students would be concerned about the variant and would want clear guidance: “The pressure on schools is unrelenting. Any uncertainty will add to that sense of continuing jeopardy. The government needs to get advice out to schools fast.” Kevin Courtney, head of the NEU teaching union, welcomed the mask guidance but said ministers “should go further and encourage mask-wearing in secondary classrooms and also plan investment to improve ventilation and air filtration”. Nadhim Zahawi, the education secretary for England, said: “We are taking targeted and proportionate action as a precaution while we find out more information about the new variant … We are working with education and childcare settings ▲ Sajid Javid said that ministers were keen to avoid tougher measures to enhance safety measures where needed, including introducing isolation for 10 days for close contacts of suspected Omicron cases.” With mask use on public transport dropp ing significantly since it became voluntary on most services in July, the RMT rail union called for extra police to deal with “angry passengers who refuse to comply”. And on international travel, Yvette Cooper, the Labour MP who chairs the Commons home affairs committee, called for an immediate reintroduction of the requirement for people coming to the UK to take a Covid test before they travelled, rather than just within two days of their arrival. The requirement for the day two test has again been upgraded, meaning people have to take a lab -analysed PCR version, rather than the do-ityourself lateral flow type, as has been the case since October. While passenger locator forms have been updated to say PCR tests will be needed from 4am tomorrow, Javid said only that it would take place “as soon as possible”. Anyone who tests positive for Omicron must isolate for 10 days. Boris Johnson and his ministers will also face pressure from Tory MPs to limit any new restrictions, especially before any threat posed by the variant is better known. Although the government does not need Commons approval to make the changes, it plans a vote, possibly this week. Javid stressed the disinclination to move to mandates over distancing or home-working, saying they “carry a very heavy price, both economically, socially, in terms of non-Covid health outcomes such as the impact on mental health”. Instead, he said, there was confidence that even if mutations in the variant might make it resist some vaccines, they were still likely to give some protection. Some scientists backed the idea of expanding boosters and reducing the gap before they are given. Danny Altmann, a professor of immunology at Imperial College London, said: “If you’ve got a glimmer of evidence, and I think we have, that the vaccines are still holding up to some extent, then it would be a good idea to get as many people boosted as quickly as possible to raise their level of protection.” Prof Paul Morgan, an immunologist at Cardiff University, said there was room for manoeuvre on the sixmonth gap, already cut to five months for some people. “If boosters are given too soon, then they’re not as effective,” he said. “But I think six months was more about pragmatism and availability, than about immunity. From three to four months on, the immune response should be virtually as good as at six months.” Immunity How much protection can vaccines offer against new threat? Linda Geddes Science correspondent The emergence of Omicron has prompted widespread speculation that it may be more resistant to Covid-19 vaccines than existing variants including Delta. But what does that mean for the average vaccinated person? The vaccines available in the UK work by training the immune system against the coronavirus spike protein – the key it uses to infect cells by binding to the Ace 2 receptor. Omicron possesses more than 30 mutations in this protein, including 10 in the so-called “receptor-binding domain” – the part that latches on to this receptor. Delta has two mutations. However, even with all these changes there would still be areas (epitopes) that antibodies and T-cells grown up in response to previous infection or vaccination would be able to respond to. “If you scribble the mutations on to a picture of the spike protein’s crystal structure and relate that to all of the main antibody activities we know about it looks kind of terrifying – most of your key neutralising antibody targets will be shot to pieces, so what’s going to be left of your immune protection?” said Danny Altmann, a professor of immunology at Imperial College London . “And yet the soundings we’re getting from South Africa seem to be saying that it doesn’t look severe, and the people who are going to hospital are the unvaccinated, rather than the vaccinated, as if vaccination was still buying [them] some cover.” Then there are T cells – immune cells that recognise and attack virus-infected cells, and educate antibody-producing B cells about the viral risk they are facing. “We think that the T cells can see the differences [between variants], and that the T cell repertoire is much more impervious to it, so that might also buy you some protection,” Altmann said. The question is how much protection? We know that people who have had two doses can and do become infected with the Delta variant – though the chances of this happening are approximately three times lower than if they had n ot been vaccinated. More importantly, vaccinated individuals are roughly nine times less likely to die if they do become infected. Although it looks as if infection with Omicron is even more likely, “I think a blunting rather than a complete loss [of immunity] is the most likely outcome,” said Prof Paul Morgan, an immunologist at Cardiff University . “The virus can’t possibly lose every single epitope on its surface because if it did that spike protein couldn’t work anymore. So while some of the antibodies and T cell clones made against earlier versions of the virus or against the vaccines may not be effective, there

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 7 Q&A Why it is a concern and how world is responding ▲ Christmas shoppers in Oxford Street, London , yesterday PHOTOGRAPH: ALEX LENTATI/LNP ◀ Passengers wearing face coverings on the London Underground yesterday PHOTOGRAPH: ALBERTO PEZZALI/AP ▶ Pupils at Scottish secondaries wear masks in classes and communal areas PHOTOGRAPH: JEFF J MITCHELL/GETTY will be others which will remain effective.” Further boosting that protection by broadening access to third doses of Covid-19 vaccines is therefore a good idea. For individuals who have been vaccinated twice and infected with Delta the picture is better still. “If you’ve been double-jabbed and then infected with Delta and recovered, then you have got a very broad, very effective immune response ,” said David Matthews, a professor of virology at the University of Bristol . The biggest worry is for those individuals who remain unvaccinated. “If they are right that this virus is even better at transmitting than the Delta variant, and it looks like they are, then what will happen is that it will speed up the rate at which this virus finds the unvaccinated ‘It is possible people who have had two or three doses will be well protected’ Dr Peter English Retired consultant and puts them in hospitals ,” said Matthews. There are some reasons to be optimistic, however. The first is that we do not yet know how the Omicron variant will behave in a highly vaccinated population such as the UK’s. “It is quite possible that people who have had two or, better still, three doses of existing vaccines will be well protected against it,” said Dr Peter English , a retired consultant in communicable disease control. “But it is also possible that we will have much less protection from existing vaccines against this new variant. We do not yet have enough information to know.” Another is the existence of antiviral drugs such as molnupiravir , which Omicron should still be responsive to. Existing therapies such as the antiinflammatory drug dexamethasone are also likely to work against Omicron because it targets the body’s response to the virus rather than the virus itself. Finally, there is the possibility of modifying the existing vaccines to match the Omicron variant if it really does evade vaccine-induced immune responses to a significant degree – something we won’t know for a number of weeks. Where has Omicron been detected so far? Since the announcement of the first cases in South Africa, Botswana and Hong Kong earlier this week, additional cases have been reported in Belgium, Germany, Italy, t he Czech Republic, Australia and the UK. All of these cases were in individuals who had recently arrived from South Africa, Mozambique or Egypt. Dutch authorities have also been sequencing samples from 61 passengers who arrived in Amsterdam from South Africa on Friday and who tested positive for Covid -19. Of these, 13 have been identified as Omicron cases. How many UK cases have been identified, and where are they? So far, the UK has reported two confirmed cases in Nottingham and in Brentwood, Essex – both with travel connections to South Africa. Contact tracing and targeted testing at locations where these individuals were likely to have been infectious is currently under way to establish further likely contacts and cases. All positive cases will undergo further genome sequencing to identify whether or not they are infected with Omicron. According to new measures set out by Boris Johnson on Saturday, all contacts of suspected Omicron cases must self-isolate, regardless of their vaccination status. Why are we so concerned about this variant? The Omicron variant has a large number of mutations compared with previous variants, more than 30 of which are in the spike protein – the key used by the virus to enter our body’s cells. Such a dramatic change has raised concerns that the antibodies from previous infections or vaccinations may no longer be well matched, although it’s likely that some residual immunity, for example from T-cells, will remain. Some of the same mutations have been seen in other partially vaccine-resistant variants, such as Beta and Gamma, although Omicron contains many additional mutations . Based on this list of mutations, scientists expect the virus will be more likely to infect or reinfect people who have immunity to earlier variants. These are theories , though, and studies are ongoing to test how effectively antibodies neutralise ▲ Red Cross workers help to quarantine passengers who flew to Amsterdam from South Africa on Saturday PHOTOGRAPH: HOLLANDSE HOOGTE/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK Omicron. Also of concern is how rapidly Omicron appears to have spread within South Africa, where there has been a surge of cases in the past two weeks. More than 80% of these were from Gauteng province and preliminary analysis suggests Omicron has rapidly become the dominant strain. There is a chance this is a statistical blip linked to a superspreader event, but the data has triggered enough concern for precautionary measures. Which countries have been added to the UK’s travel red list ? Since 4pm yesterday , passengers arriving in England from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Eswatini, Zimbabwe and Namibia have been required to book and pay for a government-approved hotel quarantine facility for 10 days. Those who arrived since midday on Friday but before that deadline must quarantine at home for 10 days and take NHS PCR tests on days two and eight, even if they already have a lateral flow test booking. The government has also upped its requirements for travellers from other countries, meaning all international arrivals must take a PCR test by the end of the second day after their arrival, and selfisolate until they have a negative result. Which countries have introduced travel bans on UK passengers? Israel has responded to the emergence of Omicron by banning all foreigners from entering the country for 14 days. Switzerland has imposed a 10 -day quarantine on anyone arriving from the UK, regardless of their vaccination status. The same applies to travellers from the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Egypt and Malawi. Spain has also imposed restrictions on UK passengers: Only those who have been fully vaccinated will be allowed in from 1 December. Previously, anyone 13 Number of Omicron cases identified so far on a flight on Friday from South Africa to the Netherlands could enter if they could show a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before arrival. What other rules have been brought in to contain the spread of Omicron ? Besides the new travel measures and the requirement for contacts of suspected Omicron cases to isolate regardless of their vaccination status, face coverings will be made compulsory in shops and on public transport in England from tomorrow , bringing it closer into line with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Hospitality settings such as pubs and restaurants will be exempt from this rule change. The measures will be reviewed in three weeks , the prime minister has said. Is there any difference in the symptoms people are reporting? According to Dr Angelique Coetzee , who runs a private practice in Pretoria, South Africa, the Omicron patients she has seen have presented with relatively mild symptoms, and none of the loss of taste or smell typically associated with Covid-19. Instead, they had reported unusual symptoms, such as intense fatigue and a high pulse rate. However, it is far too soon to know if these anecdotal reports will be true of everyone who is infected with Omicron. How could it play out in coming weeks? Within the next month we should have a far better idea of how contagious Omicron is, and whether or not it is associated with more severe disease. We should also know the extent to which it has been contained, or if it has spread more widely, as is expected by many scientists. Perhaps most important will be the results of those ongoing experiments to test how effectively antibodies neutralise the variant. Real-world data on reinfection rates will also give a clearer indication on the extent of any change in immunity. Until we have all this data it makes sense to remain cautious and reimpose some restrictions to limit Omicron’s spread. Linda Geddes

8 News Coronavirus • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Travel firms rush to rearrange holidays as rules tighten to contain Omicron variant Robert Booth Sam Jones Lisa O’Carroll Tour operators are scrambling to rearrange Swiss skiing holidays after the country joined Spain in tightening travel restrictions amid rising concerns about the spread of the new Omicron Covid variant . From Saturday night, Switzerland mandated 10 days of quarantine for all new arrivals, in effect wrecking skiing holidays in the Swiss Alps until further notice. Travel companies are also wrestling with Spain’s ban on non-vaccinated arrivals that will affect British holiday makers from Wednesday . Israel was also expected to announce a ban on foreign visitors for a fortnight from as early as today. The international measures to limit the spread of the new Covid variant came as tour operators warned a new testing regime for arrivals to the UK expected to come into effect early this week was “a huge blow for travel businesses”. Boris Johnson announced on Saturday that all arrivals to the UK “must take a day two PCR test and self-isolate until they receive a negative result”. For a family of four wanting a rapid turnaround test so they can leave quarantine within a day, that could raise the cost of their holiday by about £400. The measures will be reviewed in three weeks. In a sign that people are already rethinking travel plans in light of Omicron’s emergence, Thomas Cook, the UK’s largest tour operator, said sales of holidays on Saturday were at the same level as previous weeks despite running discounts in a Black Friday sale. After Johnson’s announcement on Saturday evening it was expecting a fall in consumer confidence. Yesterday it was contacting customers with booked Swiss skiing holidays to rearrange itineraries for a different country or to move the holiday to next year. The timing of the new UK restrictions is bad for the travel industry as the coming weeks up until payday in January are considered the key period for selling holidays for next year, and operators fear uncertainty about the impact of the new virus variant will cause a bookings slump. The tougher rules set out by Spain, a key market, only add to the difficulties. T ui, which operates skiing holidays under the Crystal Ski brand, said: “Any customers who do not wish to travel and are due to travel up to and including 13 December can change their holiday fee-free using the Crystal Ski Holidays free changes policy. We will continue to monitor the restrictions and if quarantine is still enforced for all UK arrivals, we will cancel holidays and customers ▼ A traveller tries to find a flight out of Johannesburg after many flights from South Africa were cancelled PHOTOGRAPH: SUMAYA HISHAM/REUTERS would receive a full refund within 14 days.” Easy Jet said its customers “can change their flights without a change fee up to two hours before departure. EasyJet also continues to offer a market-leading refund policy for those impacted by travel bans across Europe, which means that they can receive a refund, voucher or free transfer to a later date, even if their flights are still operating.” It said its flying programme was operating as normal but the airline would “continue to monitor the situation closely”. An Abta spokesperson said: “These changes will add cost to people’s holidays which will undoubtedly impact consumer demand and hold back the industry’s recovery, so it’s vital that this decision is kept under careful review and restrictions are lifted promptly if it becomes clear there is not a risk to the UK vaccination programme. The government must also now consider offering tailored support for travel businesses, which have been among the hardest hit during the pandemic.” Spain announced on Saturday that people arriving from the UK would need to show proof of vaccination, in effect ending an exemption to EU travel restrictions. Meanwhile the British embassy in Dublin confirmed that PCR tests and quarantine would not be required for people coming into Great Britain from Ireland, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands. The exemption for travellers from the Common Travel Area will not apply if they have been outside the area in the previous 10 days. ‘These changes will add cost to people’s holidays and impact consumer demand’ Abta Travel trade association ‘Vaccine apartheid’ Nurses’ unions call for patents waiver Peter Walker Political correspondent Nursing unions from 28 countries have filed a formal appeal with the United Nations over the refusal of the UK, EU and others to temporarily waive patents for Covid vaccines, saying this has cost huge numbers of lives in developing nations. The letter, being sent today on behalf of unions representing more than 2.5 million healthcare workers, said staff had witnessed at first hand the “staggering numbers of deaths and the immense suffering caused by political inaction”. The refusal of some countries to budge on intellectual property rights had contributed to a “vaccine apartheid” in which richer nations had secured 7bn doses, while lowerincome nations had about 300m . Such a distribution, the letter said, was not only “grossly unjust”, but the rampant transmission of Covid in developing nations increased the risk of new variants emerging. The Omicron variant, first identified this week in South Africa, has prompted the UK and other countries to tighten travel and other rules . South Africa and India have been pressing the World Trade Organi zation to help improve access to vaccines by waiving a multinational agreement on patents known as the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights , or Trips. 7bn Estimated number of doses of Covid vaccines secured by richer nations, according to the letter 300m Estimated number of doses of vaccines made available to lower-income countries A temporary waiver on Trips provisions for Covid vaccines would, supporters say, allow them to be manufactured more widely, improving global distribution. On Friday, the US president, Joe Biden, urged WTO members to take this step . However, countries have resisted . The letter to the UN, coordinated by the umbrella organisation Global Nurses United and Progressive International, a collection of leftwing parties, movements and unions , cited an “immediate threat to people’s right to health” from the EU, UK, Norway, Switzerland and Singapore. It said that at least 115,000 medical and health staff had died with Covid globally. While 40% had been fully vaccinated on average, in Africa and the Western Pacific this fell to below one in 10. “As frontline workers, we are well placed to testify against the violation of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health because of the impact of a delayed Covid-19 Trips waiver,” the letter warned. It was sent to Tlaleng Mofokeng , the UN’s special rapporteur on health, who can launch an investigation under the UN’s Human Rights Council. Mofokeng said the demand for a patent waiver “is one I share”. The role that health workers had played “provides them with moral authority” over the issue, she added. Deborah Burger, president of the National Nurses United union in the US, said the unequal distribution of vaccines and the resultant likelihood of new Covid variants “poses a dire risk to all people around the world”.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • ▼ Ben Gurion airport. Israel has made quarantine mandatory for citizens arriving from abroad PHOTOGRAPH: ARIEL SCHALIT/AP ‘Inevitably it will be here’ Fauci warns fifth wave possible in US Victoria Bekiempis New York The US has “the potential to go into a fifth wave” of coronavirus infections amid rising cases and stagnating vaccination rates, Joe Biden’s chief medical adviser, Anthony Fauci, has warned , adding that the newly discovered Omicron variant show ed signs of heightened transmissibility. Speaking to NBC’s Meet the Press , Fauci explained why Omicron ha d caused such alarm. “Right now we have the window into the mutations that are in this new variant,” he said . “ And they are troublesome in the fact that there are about 32 or more variants in that very important spike protein of the virus, which is the business end of the virus.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said no Omicron cases had been discovered in the US. Fauci said: “ When you have a virus that has already gone to multiple countries, inevitably it will be here.” Fauci said any fifth wave of cases “will really be dependent upon what we do in the next few weeks to a couple of months”. He added: “We have about 62 million people in the country who are eligible to be vaccinated who have not yet gotten vaccinated. ” 9 Global roundup Strict travel curbs begin in Morocco and Israel Jennifer Rankin and agencies Israel is barring entry to all foreign nationals and Morocco is suspending all incoming flights for two weeks, in the most drastic travel restrictions imposed by countries around the world in an attempt to slow the spread of the new Omicron variant of the coronavirus . Israel’s Covid cabinet has authorised a series of measures including banning entry by foreigners, redlisting travel to 50 African countries, and making quarantine mandatory for all Israelis arriving from abroad. The entry ban was expected to come into effect last night . Morocco’s foreign ministry said yesterday that all incoming air travel would be suspended to “preserve the achievements realised by Morocco in the fight against the pandemic, and to protect the health of citizens”. Morocco has been at the forefront of vaccinations in Africa, and kept its borders closed for months last year . Many countries, including Brazil, Canada, the EU members, Iran and the US, have placed restrictions on travel from southern African countries in the past couple of days, since the variant was identified by researchers in South Africa. Early evidence suggests the heavily mutated variant poses a higher reinfection risk than earlier variants, and that it could also be more transmissible. “We know we are now in a race against time,” said the European Commission’s president, Ursula von der Leyen , adding that vaccine 50 African countries red-listed by Israel. In addition, foreigners are banned from entry for two weeks manufacturers needed two to three weeks “to get a full picture of the quality of the mutations”. The head of the World Health Organization in Africa urged countries to follow the science rather than impos e flight bans. “With the Omicron variant now detected in several regions of the world, putting in place travel bans that target Africa attacks global solidarity,” said Matshidiso Moetim, the regional director general . The WHO itself said : “Travel restrictions may play a role in slightly reducing the spread of C ovid-19 but place a heavy burden on lives and livelihoods. If restrictions are implemented, they should not be unnecessarily invasive or intrusive, and should be scientifically based.” South Africa’s president, Cyril Ramaphosa, described travel bans as “a clear and completely unjustified departure from the commitment that many of these countries made at the meeting of G20 countries in Rome last month”. The Dutch public health authority confirmed yesterday that 13 people who arrived on flights from South Africa on Friday had tested positive for Omicron . The h ealth minister, Hugo de Jonge , said it was “not unlikely” that more Omicron cases would appear in the Netherlands. “This could possibly be the tip of the iceberg,” he said. Austria also announced it had detected its first suspected case of Omicron, while the French health minister, Olivier Véran, said it was probably only a matter of hours before the variant was picked up in France. Swiss voters opted to back the government in a referendum on whether people going to bars and restaurants ought to show a Covid certificate to demonstrate their vaccination or recovery status. Early results showed more than 60% of voters had chosen to support the law, on a 64% turnout. Over the weekend, New Zealand announced it was restricting travel from nine southern African countries, and Japan widened its border controls to include more countries from the region. Thailand announced a ban on visitors from eight African countries. Similar restrictions took effect in Singapore, which is barring entry to anyone with a recent history of travel to southern Africa . The “act first, ask questions later” approach reflected growing alarm about the emergence of a potentially more contagious variant nearly two years into a pandemic that has killed more than 5 million people .

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • National Stars take on ‘shadow pandemic’ of domestic abuse in West End show Harriet Sherwood Arts and culture correspondent Women’s experiences of domestic and sexual violence will be dramatised in a West End theatre next week to “give voice” to survivors and to highlight the scale of abuse. “We all carry a lifetime of experiences; it doesn’t matter who you are or what your background is,” said Sadie Frost , one of those performing in Punched. The evening of short monologues and scenes based on the stories of survivors will raise funds for charities working against gender-based abuse. Described as a homage to the 61% Increase in calls to the Refuge domestic violence charity’s helpline in the year to March Vagina Monologues, it is directed by Jude Kelly , and performers include Priyanga Burford , Tracy- Ann Oberman , Issy Knopfler and the spoken-word poet Miss Yankey . Annie Lennox will make an address via a film shot by the Hollywood director Sam Tayl or-Johnson , and Saffron Burrows has directed a short film with Marianne Jean-Baptiste in support of a South African rape crisis centre. Punched arose from a conversation between the actors Donna Air and Lorien Haynes . “We met to discuss writing a sitcom and by the end of the meeting we had created Punched,” said Air. The pair were alarmed by the “shadow pandemic” of domestic abuse and violence during the Covid lockdowns. In March, the charity Refuge reported a 61% increase in calls to its helpline and other contacts in the previous year. This month, the Office for National Statistics estimated that one in three women over the age of 16 were subjected to at least one form of harassment in the past year – a figure that increases to two in three for women aged 16 to 34. “Dramatising these stories makes them powerful but also easier to witness and process,” said Haynes. “They are all under three minutes, and all self-contained stories of moments in women’s lives. A lot are stories of triumph.” Haynes, a survivor of abuse, said writing and producing Punched “brings up all your own shit, but I’ve always felt it was important to see the bigger picture”. Air said she had been overwhelmed ▼ The singer-songwriter Annie Lennox and the actor Priyanga Burford are raising awareness of domestic abuse and sexual violence ‘There has been a huge shift … women now have stronger voices and put down much firmer boundaries’ Sadie Frost Actor 11 by the response to The Split, a BBC drama in which she played a woman divorcing her controlling husband. “I was surprised how much it spoke to people. I had an enormous number of letters from people who had been feeling very isolated.” Eve Ensler ’s Vagina Monologues became a global sensation after it was first performed in New York in 1996. The producers of Punched hope that adaptations of their show may also fi nd audiences across the world. Frost will perform in a two-hander adapted from a screenplay she is writing . “It draws on my experiences and those of my friends, but it’s not about me,” she said. There had been a “huge generational shift” in attitudes to sexual violence, Frost added. Women in their 40s and older had been expected to tolerate certain behaviours, said Air, whereas younger women had “much stronger voices, and put down much firmer boundaries”. Punched is raising funds for three charities: The Circle , founded by Lennox, Refuge , and Southall Black Sisters . All those producing and performing in the event have donated their time. “It won’t be a night of huge performances, it’s a night of being honest,” said Frost. Punched: An Evening of Survivors’ Stories is at the Criterion Theatre in London on Monday 6 December

12 National News Migration • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Insulting our country damages trust over Channel crisis – French minister Continued from page 1 the United Kingdom. “Relations are good when we speak in private. Every week I have my British counterpart on the telephone and when we have personal meetings and exchange messages we see the UK has a serious approach and we have things in common,” Darmanin said. “Then as soon as it’s something said in public, in the House of Commons or on social media and the press, there’s a difference of tone that becomes strongly unfriendly … even diametrically the opposite of what has been said in private. “The more France is used as a punching ba g for British domestic politics, and we hear provocative statements like ‘France has to take back all the immigrants’, the harder it becomes to find a solution. It’s not only insulting it’s totally unrealistic.” Darmanin was speaking after France convened a meeting in Calais yesterday of ministers responsible for immigration from Germany, Holland, Belgium as well as the European commissioner for internal affairs and law enforcement bodies. The meeting was called after 27 people died in the Channel on Wednesday , a tragedy that caused shock on both sides of the Channel and led to a blame game between London and Paris. Patel’s invitation to the meeting was rescinded on Friday after Boris Johnson published a letter to Emmanuel Macron calling on France to do more to stop Channel crossings and to accept refugees being returned. Darmanin said he had “a cordial relationship based on trust” with Patel, but expressed French frustration at the contradictory messages from Boris Johnson’s government. This was voiced by Emmanuel Macron on Friday over Johnson’s publication of the letter on Twitter. Darmanin said: “When it comes to the British government in general, it’s very difficult to work in a calm manner. Relations are fine with ministers … but unfortunately as soon as there’s a camera or they’re in parliament we seem to hear them say something very different. “ France is not a subsidiary of the UK; we are a free and equal country ▲ Gérald Darmanin speaks to the press at Calais town hall after a meeting of EU ministers on the crisis PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE FOR THE GUARDIAN with Great Britain and we want to be treated as such, treated as allies not vassals and not be hostages to British domestic politics.” He was incredulous at Patel’s suggestions that Britain could send naval ships or forces to turn back migrant boats mid Channel. “We do €67m Amount promised by the UK to help the French deal with the Channel crisis, of which €17m has been paid not imagine for a single instant that Britain could just ignore all the international conventions and marine law to put warships in the 30km between Britain and France to turn back boats when it will mean dozens of people, pregnant women, children, the elderly, who will die. ” Darmanin repeated that France would not accept British forces in France, one of Johnson’s suggestions in the letter. “What would the British say if we suggested having French troops on the English coast? They would say, quite understandably, that they are a free country and they want their sovereignty respected . “It’s better that the British ask themselves why so many migrants want to go to the UK . This is first because the labour market works in part with clandestine immigrants because you can work and even pay taxes without having any identity papers . Second, unfortunately, the British government today no longer allows any legal way for people to access their territory as immigrants.” The UK government disputes Darmanin’s characterisation of the UK labour market, saying people have to prove their immigration status to work or rent a property. A Whitehall source said: “We will this week have more talks with counterparts on how we can work together to resolve this Europe-wide crisis. ” Darmanin confirmed Britain had paid France €17m of the €67m (£57m) agreed in July to police its northern coast, but added: “ Of course €67m helps, but it cost us a lot more.” On the question of returning migrants in return for Britain accepting unaccompanied minors , Darmanin said it would have to be agreed at the European level. “ We are ready to consider minors going to the UK in return for migrants being returned to Belgium, France or Germany or Netherlands … as long as it is one for one. ” Darmanin said screaming headlines in the British press attacking French police were “insulting”. “ It’s terrible to hear things like that from the English side because, not only are we guarding the border for the English, we are suffering the political consequences of this decision .” Asked if he was planning to speak to Patel in the next few days, he replied: “There’s no reunion foreseen, but she has my mobile number and I have hers … From the moment we are treated normally we can discuss things seriously .” Asylum seekers Outcry over children being kept in hotels Diane Taylor Record numbers of unaccompanied child asylum seekers who have arrived in the UK on small boats are being accommodated in four hotels along England’s south coast, a situation that the Children’s Society has described as “shocking”. About 250 unaccompanied children are thought to be accommodated in hotels, which Ofsted said was an unacceptable practice . In September Home Office officials told the home affairs select committee that it was accommodating 70 unaccompanied children in hotels . Last Tuesday the government said that a scheme for this group of children to be dispersed to different local authorities was temporarily being made mandatory . But individual councils have two weeks to make representations against this rule. Children’s and refugee charities say their concern for young refugees’ welfare is mounting as record numbers of adults as well as children continue to arrive in the UK in small boats . Marieke Widmann , the policy and practice advis er at the Children’s Society, said: “ Moving unaccompanied children into hotels with limited care and supervision is shocking and places these already vulnerable children at incredible risk. We are aware several have already gone missing. “The Home Office … must ensure these children receive proper care and support so they feel safe and secure and can recover from the terrible trauma they have been through.” The question of who is legally responsible for these children has been raised by lawyers. Rebecca Ives , a solicitor at Wilsons, said: “ We are concerned that the Home Office practice of accommodating unaccompanied asylum-seeker children in hotels is removing them from the protections and safeguarding afforded to them under the 1989 Children Act. Some of them will be victims of trafficking and/or torture and therefore particularly vulnerable and at risk. “It has been stated that these ‘Hotels are not suitable places to accommodate these children’ Bridget Cha pman Kent Refugee Action Network children will only be in hotels for very brief periods whilst alternative arrangements are made, but for some children this period lasts for more than one month.” Bridget Chapman of the Kent Refugee Action Network said: “Hotels are not suitable places to accommodate these children. Who is checking up on them and how long will they be in the hotels?” A government spokesperson said: “We are working around the clock with local authorities to seek permanent places for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children across the UK. Our efforts remain focused on ensuring every single unaccompanied child receives appropriate support and care whilst we seek a permanent place for them. ”

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Crossings EU plane to be sent in to monitor French coast Jennifer Rankin Brussels The European Union’s border agency will provide a plane within days to monitor France’s northern coastline in an attempt to stop people making the dangerous Channel crossing, as the French government insisted it would “not be held hostage” by British domestic politics on the issue. The French interior minister, Gérald Darmanin , said the EU border and coast guard agency, Frontex, would provide a plane from 1 December . Ministers meeting yesterday also discussed using drones and Frontex border guards, as part of wider efforts to clamp down on people smuggling gangs in north-western Europe. France invited representatives from Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and the European Commission to the meeting, which was called last week after 27 people hoping to claim asylum in the UK died making the perilous crossing , the biggest loss of life in the Channel since such records began in 2014. Speaking after the meeting, the EU commissioner for home affairs, Ylva Johansson , said criminal groups were operating on “an industrial scale” to smuggle people to the UK. She called for more police cooperation and efforts to return people denied asylum to their country of origin. “We need to work together with the UK to address this, of course,” she added, citing the need for a common approach to criminal gangs . In a joint statement that focused on security rather than humanitarian questions, ministers agreed to strengthen police cooperation, intensify information exchange and make use of EU agencies, adding they called “on the United Kingdom to follow a ‘Criminal groups are operating on an industrial scale. We need to work together with the UK’ EU’s Ylva Johansson ◀ Protests in Calais yesterday as EU ministers met to discuss security around the Channel rather than humanitarian issues PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE/GUARDIAN similar approach”. The French government has said five suspected people smugglers arrested near the Belgian border last week had bought unspecified materials in Germany. The meeting focused on smuggling networks, which charge €3,000 to €7,000 (£5,950) for the journey across the Channel. Darmanin said a car with German licen ce plates was seized in connection with the investigation. The UK home secretary, Priti Patel, had been due to attend the meeting 13 but was disinvited after Boris Johnson published his proposals to tackle the issue in a letter to Emmanuel Macron released on Twitter before the French president had received it. Relations between France and Britain have hit a low point, with simmering disputes over fishing licences and EU-UK relations since Brexit. France says it has saved 7,800 people since the start of the year and arrested 1,500 people smugglers. The French government insists there needs to be a European solution. Patel spoke to the Dutch minister for migration, Ankie Broekers-Knol. The Home Office said they discussed “ideas for enhanced bilateral and EU cooperation, including the need to tackle the criminal gangs that are orchestrating these deadly journeys through shared intelligence and joint law enforcement initiatives”. Both agreed that returns agreements were “essential for breaking the criminal business model” . Returns agreements with third countries are a way to deport people denied the right to asylum . Yet research suggests nearly two-thirds of people who come to the UK in small boats are refugees . The Refugee Council found that 91% of people who travelled by boat across the Channel over 18 months in 2020-21 came from 10 countries in the Middle East, Africa and Asia where human rights abuses and persecution were common.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian News Migration • 15 ‘I must see his body’ Relatives’ anxious wait for news of Channel crossing tragedy victims ◀ Mala Rachman – a friend of Khazal Hussein at the camp outside Dunkirk – after hearing that Hussein and her children are thought to be among the dead ◀ The camp where the victims had been living before the fatal crossing attempt. There is no running water or toilets Photographs: David Levene/ the Guardian ▼ A photograph of one of the missing, Harem Pirot, on the phone of a friend in the camp in Grande- Synthe, outside Dunkirk, from where he set off on Wednesday Luke Harding n Saturday Gharib Ahmed spent five hours outside the police station in Calais, desperately CalaisO waiting for news. “It was so cold. There was no answer,” he said. Ahmed was seeking confirmation that his brother-in-law Twana Mamand was one of 27 people who died in the English channel on Wednesday after the flimsy dinghy taking them to the UK sank. “I want to see his body. I have to understand,” Ahmed told the Guardian. Relatives of the mostly Iraqi Kurds who perished in the world’s busiest shipping lane spent the weekend in a state of anxiety and confusion. Ahmed said he last heard from Mamand at 3am , about the time his brother-in-law set off in darkness from a beach near Dunkirk. After two days of silence Ahmed travelled with his wife, Kale – Mamand ’s sister– from their home in London to northern France, arriving on Friday night. The bodies of those who had died were taken to a basement mortuary at the Calais hospital on the outskirts of the port . Ahmed said French detectives told him it would not be possible to ‘They’ve done DNA tests. I don’t want to make anyone sad until we know . Six to eight families are in the same situation‘ Gharib Ahmed Brother-in-law definitively identify Mamand until 10am today, when the hospital facility reopens . “They have done DNA tests. They explained that sometimes you don’t recognise, if you see a body, that faces can change or be bruised, and that DNA is better,” he said. Ahmed said he was unwilling for now to accept his brother-in-law was gone. In the meantime, he was spending his hours on the phone, until 2.30am yesterday – with family who live near the town of Ranya in Iraqi Kurdistan, and with Iraqi officials who have offered to bring Mamand’s body home, and with local refugee charities. “I don’t want to make anyone happy or sad until we know for sure,” he said. “There are six to eight families in the same situation.” Exactly what happened last week is unclear. Mamand was part of a group that included his friend Harem Pirot, and another young Kurdish man, Muhammad Shakar. Also on the boat was a family of four from the Iraqi Kurdish town of Darbandikhan : Khazal Hussein, 45, and her children Haida, 22, son Mubin, 16, and younger daughter Hasti, seven. Shakar appears to be one of only two survivors. He and a Somali refugee were pulled from the water, suffering from hypothermia and exhaustion, after French fisher s raised the alarm. According to relatives Shak ar had decided to travel to the UK from Kurdistan to earn money for his sister, who needs medical help. The family is contemplating setting up a crowd-funding page. Shak ar never made it to London and is currently in Calais hospital . His evidence is likely to be used in future prosecutions against the Kurdish smugglers who arranged the ill-fated Channel crossing, five of whom have been arrested by the French authorities . And to answer the crucial question: what caused their rickety boat to sink? In the camp where Mamand had stayed near Dunkirk before setting off on a dinghy, there were further painful questions. Nassar Mustafapor, 27, said he was searching for information about his friend Sirwan Alipur, 23. Mustafapor showed a photo. “He’s missing. We don’t know what happened to him,” he said. Alipur was among dozens of Iraqi Kurds who made the crossing on Wednesday night under what seemed like perfect conditions – a flat sea and clear sky. He could now be in the UK or in the morgue, Mustafapor admitted. Despite the tragedy many of those in the camp in the suburb of Grande-Synthe said they intended to take a boat to Britain. The weather conditions are now terrible. Few dinghies seem to have launched in recent days. On Saturday evening torrential rain and heavy winds lashed the row of tents where the Iraqis – and a handful of Afghans – are camping out, beside a canal and woods. There are no toilets or running water. It is a grim existence, made worse by the relentless cold and lack of news. Remarkably, residents seem stoical about their situation. They say they have no choice but to tough out the winter conditions until they can reach the UK. One group was busy building a makeshift restaurant from logs; ◀ Care4Calais volunteers providing hot drinks, food and phone charging points at the camp in Grande-Synthe, north of Calais friends who met in Turkey on the long overland journey to France were sitting round a bonfire by a disused railway track. There were a few families among the young men. A husband and wife had brought their two disabled children with them on an uncertain odyssey; their wheelchairs were parked neatly next to a tent. “It’s too cold. We have to try to get to London,” said Amanj, a 20-year-old Kurdish political activist from Iran . He explained that smugglers would turn up in the camp when the French police were not there. They usually wore masks. “They come when the weather is good. You can’t see their faces. They will say if tomorrow is good [to go by boat] and ask if you want to come with them. If you say yes, they ask for your WhatsApp. And then they collect you in a van and take you to the beach.” He said Mamand’s friend Harem Pirot had tried multiple times to get across the channel before his latest attempt on Wednesday, which led to his death. Some of their group was now having second thoughts, he said. But he added that he still intend ed to cross. “I will do it,” he promised.

16 National Politics • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Labour Starmer takes care of business as PM stumbles Heather Stewart John Collingridge Richard Partington A s Keir Starmer’s aides tuned into Boris Johnson’s South Tyneside speech to the CBI last Monday, alert to any policy details the Labour leader could use for his own speech later that day, they couldn’t believe their luck. The government’s relationship with business was already scratchy after two tax-raising budgets, the shelving of plans to overhaul the hated business rates system, and Johnson’s criticism of the haulage industry during the fuel crisis. But any emollience the prime minister had hoped to show was overshadowed by his bumbling delivery – including a lengthy digression about Peppa Pig . Later that day, quoting the CBI’s first annual report, from 1965, Starmer told business leaders, “the whole future of Britain rests upon the success of industry”. Two years after Labour’s catastrophic defeat at the 2019 general election on a radical manifesto that included nationalisation of key utilities , Starmer and his frontbench are putting in the hard yards in the hope of convincing Britain’s businesses they are on their side. Jeremy Corbyn’s shadow chancellor, John McDonnell , did carry out a “tea offensive” among business leaders, but both sides say contacts with Starmer’s top team are much more regular. “It’s not been an entire sea change,” says one senior business figure. “Under Corbyn, and particularly with 200,000 Number of small firms that would be taken out of the business rates system under Labour’s plans McDonnell, they were very keen to hear from us … What’s different under Starmer is there’s more structure and it’s more frequent.” A supermarket executive said, “ Rachel Reeves [the current shadow chancellor] is definitely making an effort with business and trying to present Labour as a party of business to an extent I don’t see with the Tories at the moment. We are getting a hell of a lot of invites to round tables and meet-and-greets .” Labour now holds regular Zoom meetings with the “B5” group of business bodies – the CBI, Make UK, the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB), the British Chambers of Commerce and the Institute of Directors. At first the focus was on the challenges companies faced during the pandemic. They led to Labour campaigning hard for the continuation of business support when the chancellor was preparing to turn off the taps ; and pushing for financial help for firms hit by regional Covid restrictions. Ex-ministers’ jobs Rayner to set out plans Labour is planning a ban on m inisters lobbying or undertaking other paid work connected with their government roles for five years after they leave office . The proposals, being set out in a speech today by the party’s deputy leader, Angela Rayner, would establish a new watchdog to enforce such rules, which could also sanction ministers who breached wider regulations. The planned I ntegrity and Ethics Commission would replace several elements of the existing system, and would also have more powers such as the ability to independently open investigations into suspected breaches of the ministerial code, the official rulebook for ministers. It would replace the Advisory Committee on Business Appointments (Acoba), which decides on rules for ministers taking new jobs, although Acoba cannot impose punishments, which are up to ministers. Labour has already said that in office it would ban all second jobs for MPs, aside from limited exemptions , and introduce stricter political funding rules . Peter Walker

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 17 ▼ The Labour leader, Keir Starmer, and Rachel Reeves, the shadow chancellor, at a Sheffield steel plant PHOTOGRAPH: STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA Close contacts have continued after lockdown, switching to supply chain problems, staff shortages, and rising energy costs. Labour has announced a number of probusiness policies , including a promise to replace business rates with a system less punitive for firms with a high street presence. At the party’s annual conference Starmer pledged not to nationalise the “Big Six” energy firms and the shadow business minister Andy McDonald resigned after he was told to oppose a £15 an hour minimum wage – a reminder of scepticism on the leftwing of the party about Starmer’s direction. The team around the shadow business secretary, Ed Miliband, says he has been central to rethinking Labour’s relationship with business , but Reeves is perceived by some as making much of the running with Miliband more focused on the climate change part of his brief . “You can see where his heart is,” said one colleague. Labour strategists point out that voters’ perception of whether a party is economically competent is closely correlated with whether they view it as “business friendly”. So they hope by winning over the business community, they can show the public they are ready to run what Starmer in his CBI speech called “a tight ship” . ‘Reeves is presenting Labour as a party of business to an extent I don’t see with the Tories’ Supermarket executive ▼ Ed Miliband, the shadow business secretary In the past month Reeves has held round table events with small businesses in the north-east of England and west Midlands . She talks about her 10 years in banking and financial services , including a spell as an economist at the Bank of England. She speaks of prudent management of the public finances . In Stoke-on-Trent this month , she said Labour would ramp up taxes on big digital companies such as Amazon while scrapping business rates – to support small business and revitalise high streets. Yet some business leaders are not won over . The boss of a multi billion pound global investment fund, which owns significant UK infrastructure assets , said while the Tories were “absolutely destroying their reputation ... Labour still has no credibility”. The Tories’s tax-raising spree has raised hackles among the traditionally Conservativesupporting entrepreneur class. Craig Beaumont, of the FSB , said: “No party can afford to take small business votes for granted. Labour has changed since the Corbyn era, and has been keen to listen to small businesses’ concerns. We are happy the party adopted our proposals to take 200,000 small firms out of business rates . If the Conservatives don’t want to be outmatched, they urgently need to up their game.”

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian National Politics • 19 Social care Voters in north ‘see Tory funding plan as betrayal’ Jessica Elgot Chief political correspondent Conservative voters in the north of England see Boris Johnson’s changes to social care funding as toxic and say his broken pledge on not having to sell homes to pay for care is a betrayal , according to research seen by the Guardian. The polling and focus group report , prepared for the Labour party, found the change to social care funding was “the most powerful broken promise we have tested ” . Over two-thirds of the public opposed the plans, and leave voters (71%) were as likely to oppose them as remain voters (74%), the report said . It also found that the changes were more likely to be unpopular in the north and the Midlands and among older voters . The document was prepared to inform Labour’s response to a change in social care funding that would penalise poorer voters with lower house prices, meaning meanstested care would not count towards a new £86,000 cap on social care costs. The change will mean those with £1m homes will be likely to keep more than 90% of their assets, but voters with less valuable homes, many in the north of England, will probably be forced to sell them to pay for care costs once a relative has died. Labour’s research found the change, which prompted a significant Tory rebellion in the Commons , “provokes genuine disgust from voters”, but cautioned that many did not yet understand the changes. More worryingly for the Conservatives, it found leave voters in the north and the Midlands were some of the biggest opponents of the plan. Labour will hope to exploit the report’s findings . At prime minister’s questions on Wednesday, Keir Starmer called the changes a “working-class dementia tax”, accusing Boris Johnson of breaking a manifesto promise that no one would have to sell their home to pay care costs. Tory MPs have demanded to see an impact assessment for the change that takes in regional disparities. The bill is expected to be amended in the House of Lords, leaving Johnson vulnerable when it returns to the Commons next spring. ▲ Daniel Francis, Labour’s candidate in Old Bexley and Sidcup, is given a cheery welcome by one voter PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE/THE GUARDIAN Byelection Labour aims to give PM ‘kick in butt’ Aubrey Allegretti B oris Johnson’s dip in popularity may be such that Conservative voters in Old Bexley and Sidcup brand the prime minister a “blithering idiot” , but Labour still faces an uphill battle to win the seat in Thursday’s by election. The message that the Labour challenger, Daniel Francis, was selling to waverers who backed the Tories in 2019 was that the result wouldn’t change the government, but was a chance to send a message . It would be an enormous challenge to overturn the 19,000 majority of James Brokenshire, who died from cancer at the age of 53 last month . “That takes a lot of different dynamics to happen – of Tories staying at home, Tories switching, movement between lots of other parties,” Francis said. “We’re in it to try and do that.” The contest comes at a tricky time for Johnson, after criticism of his handling of sleaze , falling Conservative support in national polls and pressure from Tory MPs to tighten up his act. Voters in the south London suburban seat were considering what message to send. Sue Buckley, a retired Sidcup resident, said she would “love Boris to sort himself out” but might vote Labour given wider frustrations with the government . “Someone needs a kick up the butt,” she said. “I don’t believe them any more. They backtrack a lot.” A few roads over, a man who declined to give his name said he normally voted Conservative, but had been struck by the prime minister’s rambling speech to the Confederation of British Industry and called him a “blithering idiot”. Francis said the issue of sleaze and Johnson’s handling of it ha d grown . He recounted a conversation with a Tory-voting nurse who complained about MPs with second jobs not having time to resolve NHS staff shortages. There was also a pensioner who had never voted Labour, but was “so concerned about the prime minister’s behaviour that she’s already voted for me – with her postal vote”. Labour supporters who spoke to the Guardian spoke highly of their late MP. Two, Alison and Ben Page, called Brokenshire “well liked”, but hope d Labour would perform better against a different Tory candidate. “He might have a chance this time, because people were voting for [Brokenshire],” they said. Francis believed some people who deserted Labour under Jeremy Corbyn were “looking at the party again” under Keir Starmer , even if this did not mean a win for him. “I hope that the result shows that Labour is moving back in the right direction,” he added. Francis has had visits from about half a dozen of the shadow cabinet, while Louie French, the Tory candidate, has been joined by Johnson and ministers including Rishi Sunak and Dominic Raab.

20 National • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Hamilton leads tributes to Sir Frank Williams after F1 giant dies aged 79 Giles Richards Tributes from across motor sport have been paid after the death of Sir Frank Williams at the age of 79. Williams founded the team that bore his name in 1977 and went on to enjoy enormous success in Formula One. His achievements have been recognised across the racing world after he passed away peacefully yesterday. Williams’ team won seven drivers’ titles and nine constructors’ championships. They took their first win in 1979 and under Williams’ leadership as founder and team principal they were a dominant force in the 80s and 90s. From inauspicious beginnings in a warehouse in Didcot, Williams’ fierce determination to compete and be victorious paid off as he forged one of the most successful teams in F1 history. Their driver champions alone reads as a roll of honour. Alan Jones secured their first title, in 1980, and Keke Rosberg, Nelson Piquet, Nigel Mansell, Alain Prost, Damon Hill and Jacques Villeneuve all went on to take championships for Williams. Alongside co-founder and designer Patrick Head, Williams built a team that competed at the very top of the sport for decades, putting the might of longstanding rivals such as Ferrari to the sword. Williams also overcame great personal tragedy when he was paralysed from the neck down after a car accident in 1986. Confined to a wheelchair, he went on to lead his team with the same steely tenacity that characterised his whole career. Lewis Hamilton summed up the ▶ Williams enjoyed great success with the team that bore his name respect and admiration felt for Williams. “Sir Frank Williams was one of the kindest people I had the pleasure of meeting in this sport,” he wrote on Twitter. “What he achieved is something truly special. Until his last days I know he remained a racer and a fighter at heart. His legacy will live on forever.” Williams devoted his life to F1, becoming the longest-serving team principal in the sport’s history. He also endured the deaths of close friend and driver Piers Courage in 1970 and in 1994 that of Ayrton Senna in a Williams at Imola. He was profoundly saddened by both . Hill remained a great admirer of Williams despite being dropped by the team after winning his title in 1996. “He was just remarkable in every respect,” Hill said. “His record will stand for a very long time. As a team founder, there won’t be another one like him again.” Williams’ team has endured harder times in recent years . His daughter Claire took over day to day running of it from 2013 to 2020. Yet her father’s passion remained, his resolve and desire to compete as fierce as ever. He brought recognition and success to British racing with a record that is second only to that of Ferrari in F1 constructors’ championships. Appreciation Sport Page 52 → Inside Sappy ending Canada raids maple syrup stockpile after poor harvest Page 36 → Man and woman found stabbed to death in north London PA Media A 52-year-old man has been arrested in Cambridgeshire after a man and a woman were stabbed to death in London yesterday. Police and paramedics were called to a property in Wood Green, north London, shortly after 9.30am amid concerns for the welfare of someone inside . The victims were pronounced dead at the scene. A spokesperson for the Met police said: “Efforts are under way to confirm the identities of the deceased and to locate their next of kin. A 52-year-old man has been arrested at an address in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, on suspicion of murder in connection with this incident. He remains in custody.”

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian National Environment • 21 Climate crisis increases threat to homeless, charities warn Fiona Harvey Environment correspondent Homeless people and those in poor housing are at increasing risk from the climate crisis, suffering the consequences of our dependenc e on costly fossil fuels, housing charities warn. The leaders of three of the UK’s biggest housing and homelessness charities have written to ministers calling for urgent action this winter for people facing homelessness, and to improve inadequate housing. They also want a coherent strategy for the future on how to meet Britain’s net zero emissions target while building the new homes needed around the country. The chief executive of Shelter, Polly Neate , said: “It’s clear the climate emergency is only making the housing emergency worse. Already, people who are sleeping rough are feeling the awful effects of flooding and heatwaves, while the fossil fuel energy price hike means many people are having to choose between heating their homes or paying their rent.” She warned: “This winter is going to be a tough one. We urgently need a guarantee, including funding, to get everyone off the streets .” Th is weekend Storm Arwen brought winds of almost 100mph to parts of the country. The letter signed by the chiefs of Shelter, Homeless Link and Crisis is the first time they have jointly intervened with ministers about the climate crisis. They are increasingly concerned about the impacts of extreme weather on the vulnerable, and fear the opportunity to improve housing while reducing greenhouse gas emissions is being lost. They cited examples of rough sleepers who had their tents washed away in flash floods this summer, and families in emergency housing who face inflated costs for fossil fuel heating which they cannot afford. Recalling the recent Cop26 climate summit in Glasgow , where the government promised to spearhead global action on the climate crisis, they wrote: “It is the poorest who are being hit hardest by the climate emergency … We know we need to do what we can now.” In the letter to Michael Gove, the secretary of state for levelling up, housing and communities, and the business secretary, Kwasi Kwarteng , they called for an urgent review of whether current rough sleeping emergency weather measures were fit for purpose , and for funding for “a new era of climate-resilient and carbon-negative housing offered at a social rent” . They suggest a pilot scheme to demonstrate how better housing that is lower in greenhouse gas emissions could be achieved at reasonable cost, for social rents. Chris, from Sheffield, was homeless, living in a tent during extreme conditions in Storm Desmond in 2015 . He fears scientific warnings that more extreme weather – including very cold spells as well as heatwaves and storms – will hit as the climate crisis continues mean people such as him will face harsher conditions . “I chose to put my tent in an exposed area because at night you are very vulnerable – you want to be able to see people approaching, but you are then exposed to the elements. My tent was blowing away and I did not have anywhere I could go – it was frightening.” He is now being supported by Shelter . Between March 2020 and February 2021, the government ensured about 37,000 people were given emergency accommodation, in the Everyone In scheme . But many are now back on the streets . Rick Henderson, the chief executive of Homeless Link , which represents frontline homeless charities across England, said the problem was worsening: “Periods of extreme weather can be very dangerous for people sleeping rough. As these grow more common, addressing the current emergency weather measures is imperative .” The government’s future homes standard, requiring new homes to be built with adequate insulation and low-carbon heating, will not be introduced until 2025. More than a million homes have been built in recent years with insulation below the standards needed, and without low-carbon technology such as heat pumps or solar panels . An estimated 1m more will be built before the new standard is introduced, although installing such measures costs only about £5,000 for developers . A government spokesperson said: “We are building more social housing and taking action to reduce waiting lists, which have fallen by almost 600,000 households since 2010. We’re investing over £12 bn in affordable housing over the next five years – along with over £2 bn to tackle rough sleeping and homelessness. Homes built to current standards won’t need extensive retrofitting to reach net zero .” ▲ More extreme weather will bring new dangers for rough sleepers Summit Call for ‘CopUK’ of mayors and devolved nations’ leaders PA Media A climate summit featuring Britain’s devolved nations and regional mayors should be organised by the government, according to a think tank set up by Gordon Brown. Our Scottish Future is calling for a Black Friday Sale “CopUK” conference to set targets to cut carbon emissions. The mayor of the Liverpool city region, Steve Rotheram , and the mayor of South Yorkshire, Dan Jarvis , back the idea, which seeks to agree a regulatory framework for a green transition and try to ensure spending is distributed fairly across Britain. The proposal, put forward by the Can we tempt you with a dazzling offer? Call 0203 553 9879 Visit hurtigruten.co.uk Contact your preferred travel agent Terms and conditions: *50% off double occupancy cabins only. 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He warned that none of the UK nations “are currently doing enough to meet exacting targets to reduce carbon emissions”, and called for a coordinated approach. “The Cop26 conference in Glasgow demonstrated once again that we cannot make change happen in the world without making it together ,” Harper said. “We must ensure that this legacy is kept alive on our own shores over the coming months.” 50 % OFF* Book by 29th November 12-Day Norway Coastal Voyage Book with Confidence† January – March 2022 FROM ONLY £779pp* Book now

22 National • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 ▼ Marks & Spencer’s plan to pull down and replace its Oxford Street flagship has run into opposition PHOTOGRAPH: HOLLIE ADAMS/GETTY IMAGES Withdrawing student offers may be illegal, regulators tell universities Richard Adams Education editor Carbon footprint of new buildings becomes the latest battleground in planning wars Robert Booth Social affairs correspondent There is a new front in Britain’s planning wars. Rows over obstructed views and architectural style are being elbowed aside by concerns about the carbon footprint of new buildings. Last week Marks & Spencer became the latest to be challenged over its climate impact when opponents warned the planned demolition of its 90-year-old flagship store on Oxford Street and replacement with a new structure would create so much CO2 that 2.4m trees would need to be planted to offset it. The City of London is facing pressure over designs for new courts and offices on the site of six demolished buildings off Fleet Street after an independent academic estimated it would cost 19,000 tonnes of CO2 more than the alternative of refurbishment and extension. Their destruction was granted consent earlier this year. In Derby, plans to bulldoze the 1970s brutalist Assembly Rooms building rather than refit it were reckoned to use CO2 equivalent to driving around the world 738 times. The focus comes amid rising concern at construction’s climate impact. The World Green Building Council calculates buildings are responsible for 39% of energy-related carbon emissions: 28% from energy needed to heat, cool and power them, and 11% from materials and construction. There are signs planning officials are starting to give greater weight to the carbon footprint of new buildings. Earlier this month Michael Gove, the secretary of state for levelling up, housing and communities, rejected a plan by the architect Norman Foster to build a 305-metre-high viewing platform in the City of London, citing its “highly unsustainable concept of using vast quantities of reinforced concrete for the foundations and lift shaft to transport visitors to as high a level as possible to enjoy a view ”. 2.4m The number of trees that critics say would have to be planted to offset the CO2 from the new M&S building Developers counter that new, more energy-efficient buildings would in the long term be more carbon friendly. The countryside campaign group CPRE, which is increasingly scrutinising the climate impact of housebuilding, called on Friday for the government to give local authorities greater powers to refuse planning applications due to concerns over carbon emissions. Will Hurst, the managing editor of the Architect s’ Journal , whose Retrofit First campaign commissioned the Derby and London courts carbon calculations, said: “Our throwaway building culture is one of the key reasons that UK construction has such an appalling carbon footprint. The planning system could make re use of existing buildings the default.” After the M&S scheme was granted ◀ City officials in Derby plan to bulldoze the 1970s Assembly Rooms rather than retrofit the structure PHOTOGRAPH: COLIN PALMER/ALAMY planning permission on Tuesday, Geoff Barraclough, the shadow cabinet member for planning at Westminster city council, said: “If Marks & Spencer is serious about zero carbon it needs to rethink its plans and retrofit its buildings, not demolish them .” Nicholas Boys Smith , who chairs the advisory board of the government’s Office for Place, which is tasked with driving up design standards, described the M&S scheme as “wasting embodied carbon” and said the retailer ha d “got this one very badly wrong and should re think”. Marks & Spencer said its historic home was no longer fit for purpose and that its new building would offset the carbon impact of its construction after 16 years of operation and would be more energy efficient. Sacha Berendji , its property director, said it “positively contributes to our net zero targets over the long term”. The City of London, which is the developer and planning authority for the courts project, said it was targeting net zero carbon emissions for the whole Square Mile by 2040. It said calculations used to criticise the plan only considered the upfront carbon impact and did not account for the buildings’ impact over their expected 125-year design life. Derby city council said refurbishment would only add up to 20 years to the life of the Assembly Rooms while the plans for a new facility would have a 40-year design life. Universities in England risk breaking competition laws if they add loopholes letting them withdraw offers from students at the last minute if courses are oversubscribed, vicechancellors have been warned. For the past two years the surge in A-level grades led to more students than forecast meeting offer targets – only for some universities to withdraw offers when it became clear that some courses would be heavily oversubscribed. In a concerted push by the government, the Office for Students (OfS), the higher education regulator for England, and the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA), universities have been told to remove the oversubscription clauses from their offers or face possible punishments . Michelle Donelan, the universities minister, told vice-chancellors that it was “vital” that their offers were fair as an incentive for students . “It is therefore disappointing that, during previous admissions cycles, there have been instances of providers introducing oversubscription conditions that permitted them to withdraw places where the number of students meeting offer conditions exceeded the number of places,” Donelan said in a letter sent to all vice-chancellors in England. The OfS said it was “concerned” higher education institutions had added oversubscription clauses in their contract with students. “Our view is that providers should not use such clauses as doing so would likely contravene consumer law,” the OfS stated . “A potential breach in consumer law may prompt the OfS to investigate and, if appropriate, carry out enforcement action to address any failures to comply.” The CMA reiterated its view that the offer and acceptance of a place was in effect a legally binding contract, with the university obliged to reserve a place providing the student met specific entry requirements . A clause allowing wide discretion to cancel an accepted offer “is likely to be unfair under ‘unfair terms’ legislation,” the CMA said. Similar clauses that would limit the liability of a university if it fail ed to provide qualified students with a place “are inappropriate and potentially unfair”. Universities UK, which represents the leadership of major institutions, said decisions on admissions were a key area of university autonomy, and institutions were “well aware of their legal obligations under consumer law and strive to ensure these are met”. University leaders say they have been forced to withdraw places or offer incentives to change courses or delay study because of uncertainty created by the pandemic .

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24 National • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Big freeze follows Storm Arwen’s weekend of chaos Robyn Vinter and Robert Booth A -10C Arctic blast is forecast to follow the blizzards and nearly 100mph winds of Storm Arwen, which killed three people and left half a million households temporarily without power at the weekend . The UK Health Security Agency issued a cold weather alert after swathes of the north of England, Scotland, Wales, the south-west and the Midlands were left without electricity yesterday. Gales disrupted transport and damaged buildings, while heavy snow led to lorries getting stuck and ploughs being used in a number of areas. A headteacher in Northern Ireland died after a tree fell on his car, a man was killed when he was hit by a falling tree in Cumbria, and a third died after his car was hit in Aberdeenshire. The Met Office said that as the storm cleared towards Europe, temperatures would drop to the coldest of the season so far. “Even if you do live in a city, you can expect to be scraping frost, ice or even snow off your cars this morning,” said Tom Morgan, a forecaster. Blizzards in the Yorkshire Dales left dozens of people trapped at the 17thcentury Tan Hill Inn for a third night, and staff were preparing a karaoke evening last night to keep spirits up. Snow had drifted so high that a tunnel had to be cut from the front door, but the roads were impassable owing to fallen power cables. “They’ve formed quite a friendship,” said the pub’s general manager, Nicola Townsend, 52. “Like a big family is the best way I can describe it. One lady actually said ‘I don’t want to leave’.” The guests slept on makeshift beds and were entertained by an Oasis tribute band that had been booked to perform on Friday night. They also had a quiz, watched films shown on a projector and enjoyed a traditional Sunday lunch. The pub is 528 metres above sea level, the highest in the UK. A Power cuts to England’s Northern Powergrid at midday yesterday Circle size indicates customers affected Manchester Berwick-upon-Tweed Leeds 3,130 customers affected Newcastle upon Tyne Sunderland 4,590 Middlesbrough 2,300 Hull Source: Northern Powergrid. Note: Snapshot of outages mountain rescuer managed to reach it to give medical attention to one guest with an ongoing condition. Rod Gardner, a major incident manager at Northern Powergrid, which supplies electricity in the north-east of England and Yorkshire, said the storm had caused “damage of a scale and intensity not seen for 15 years”. “We worked into the night and did everything possible to restore as many supplies as we could. We have a lot of work still to do, but our dedicated teams will not stop until we complete all the work required.” About 180,000 homes had already had power restored, he added. In the north-east of Scotland, hot food and drinks were being supplied to people who had spent two nights without power. In Northern Ireland, the Dark Hedges avenue of trees between Armoy and Stranocum in County Antrim fell victim to the storm, with a beech tree uprooted near Armoy . The tourist attraction, made famous by the TV series Game of Thrones, was battered by gale force winds overnight. Contestants on the reality TV game show I’m A Celebrity … Get Me Out of Here! were taken off the set at Gwrych Castle, near Abergele in North Wales, because of the extreme weather. The weekend’s episodes of the show were cancelled.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 25 ◀ Gunnerside in North Yorkshire yesterday PHOTOGRAPH: DANNY LAWSON/PA ▶ Holiday homes destroyed in Hartlepool PHOTOGRAPH: SOPA IMAGES LIMITED/ALAMY ▼ Tan Hill Inn in the Yorkshire Dales – cut off by fallen power lines PHOTOGRAPH: PA London’s public transport will ‘grind to a halt,’ unions warn PA Media Rail unions and politicians are to demonstrate outside parliament this week to warn that public transport in London will “grind to a halt” without long-term financial planning. The protest on Wednesday is days before a decision is expected on funding for Transport for London (TfL). Unions and politicians have warned that bus and tube services will be cut without more funds, with a likely impact on jobs. Manuel Cortes, the general secretary of the Transport Salaried Staffs’ Association , said : “This is a hugely important demonstration because we know our public transport system in London desperately needs a proper long-term funding settlement from the government. “Yet instead, we see ministers attacking TfL services and budgets with the sole aim of undermining London and our brave transport workers who have stood on the front line throughout the Covid crisis. We will make it clear to those inside the Westminster parliament that we are not going away. Ministers must step up to the plate before services really do start grinding to a halt.” Mick Lynch, the general secretary of the Rail, Maritime and Transport union (RMT), said: “As the December 11 deadline for negotiating a new funding package for Transport for London approaches, RMT will be joining London’s other trade unions outside parliament, calling on the government to stop its attacks on transport workers and for the restoration of the operating grant to TfL. “This demonstration will be making it clear that attacks on pensions, pay freezes and threats to services and jobs is not an acceptable way to treat London’s transport workers who have kept the city moving through a pandemic.” A government spokesman said: “We have repeatedly shown our commitment to supporting London’s transport network through the pandemic, providing more than £4bn in emergency funding to Transport for London. We will continue to discuss any further funding requirements with TfL and the mayor, and any support provided will focus on getting TfL back on to a sustainable financial footing in a way that is fair to taxpayers across the country.”

26 National • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Maxwell trial on Epstein charges to go before jury this week Victoria Bekiempis New York Ghislaine Maxwell ’s sex-trafficking trial in Manhattan is finally expected to go before a jury today, as opening statements follow the finalisation of the panel of 12 jurors and six alternates. Maxwell, 59, has pleaded not guilty on six counts related to her alleged involvement in the late financier Jeffrey Epstein ’s sexual abuse of teenaged girls, some as young as 14. Authorities arrested the Briton, the daughter of the late press baron Robert Maxwell, on 2 July 2020 at a secretive, expensive estate in the small New Hampshire town of Bradford. The charges include conspiracy to entice minors to travel to engage in illegal sex acts, enticement of a minor to travel to engage in illegal sex acts, conspiracy to transport minors with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity, transportation of a minor with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity, sex trafficking conspiracy, and sex trafficking of a minor. The indictment cites four accusers – referred to as Minor Victim-1, Minor Victim- 2, Minor Victim-3 and Minor Victim-4, though it is believed more will take the stand. Epstein killed himself in a Manhattan federal jail in August 2019, while awaiting trial . Maxwell’s alleged crimes took place from 1994 to 2004, prosecutors have said. Audrey Strauss, acting Manhattan US attorney at the time, contended that Maxwell “played a critical role in helping Epstein to identify, befriend and groom minor victims” and that “in some cases, Maxwell participated in the abuse”. The indictment charges that Maxwell “would try to normalise sexual abuse for a minor victim ”. The Manhattan US attorney has also accused Maxwell of trying to cover up her involvement in Epstein’s crimes by providing untrue information “under oath” during civil litigation. That lawsuit was the defamation case that Virginia Giuffre, a longtime Epstein accuser, brought against Maxwell. Army’s failure to fulfil bullying pledge to court ‘raises doubts on reform’ Delicately smoked for hours. Gone in seconds. Co-op Irresistible Beech & Oak Scottish Smoked Salmon, 100g, £5 (£5 per 100g). GHI Taste Approved. Participating stores. Subject to availability. Serving suggestion. Restrictions to Home Delivery and Click & Collect apply. Check coop.co.uk/store-finder to see your local Co-op services. Dan Sabbagh Defence and security editor The sister of Pte Sean Benton , who killed himself at Deepcut barracks, Surrey, has accused the British army of treating victims’ families with contempt after it emerged the military had failed to honour a pledge made at his inquest in 2018. Tracy Lewis said the coroner was told that recruits would be informed they could report serious physical or sexual assaults to the police, a commitment intended to help tackle bullying and harassment in the ranks. But during follow-up inquiries by Benton’s family this year, it emerged the army had not acted as promised to the court – forcing the Ministry of Defence to apologise and to belatedly rewrite its training materials. “The army promised my family that they would ensure that trainees and recruits in the army today fully understand that if something bad happens to them – like a serious sexual or physical assault – that they can report to the civilian police and don’t have to go to the military authorities,” Lewis said. “The evidence we heard at all the Deepcut inquests was that our young people just did not know they could do that and had nowhere to go for help. Now we learn, three years later, that the army did nothing. To our families, this feels like contempt.” The inquest concluded that Benton, 20, had killed himself at Deepcut ▲ Sean Benton took his own life at Deepcut barracks in Surrey in 1995 barracks in 1995. He was found dead with five gunshot wounds . The inquest heard he had been repeatedly bullied. In one incident, he told his sister he had been “shackled and forced to parade around” a canteen. Brig Christopher Coles, the head of army personnel service group, had told the coroner, Judge Peter Rook QC, that “an instruction will be sent” to army training centres requiring them to tell recruits they can complain to civilian police if they feel they have been a victim of a serious crime. As a result of the public commitment, Rook said he would not make a formal prevention of future deaths report. The judge said he believed the army had “relatively late in the day, recognised and addressed” the problem where recruits felt they ha d nowhere to turn if assaulted. In June, Benton’s family asked for copies of the revised induction materials, only for the army to concede they did not exist. Threatened with a judicial review, the MoD admitted this month it had made a mistake. “This is extremely regrettable and a matter for which the MoD would like to apologise ,” a government lawyer wrote. “ I can assure you that this was an oversight.” Training materials were being urgently rewritten . Benton was one of four soldiers who died in disputed circumstances at Deepcut between 1995 and 2002. A 2006 review concluded recruits had experienced “harassment, discrimination and oppressive behaviour”. This month the defence secretary, Ben Wallace, called a special meeting of the army’s management board after a series of bullying and harassment scandals and allegations that a Kenyan woman was killed in 2012 by a British soldier whose identity is known to several colleagues. Lewis said : “ The army wants us to believe it will change. But how can we believe that, when the army can’t even do what it promised the court ?” An MoD spokesperson said: “We regret that we didn’t act quickly enough to make the changes to training we committed to, however, as part of basic training every recruit is now briefed on their right to report any issue to the civilian police.” Samaritans can be contacted on 116 123 or jo@samaritans.org

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 28 National Panto review Magical music, choice gags and a Boris clown Aladdin Lyric Hammersmith, London ★★★★☆ Brian Logan I ’m sure there have been Peppa Pig World jokes in pantos UK-wide this week. But the Lyric’s is backed up by real commitment to the mock-Boris principle. In Aladdin, written by the musical comic Vikki Stone , the Emperor (Kate Donnachie ) is a Johnson clone – or should that be clown, given the tubby tummy and outsized shoes? Scenes set in his palace unfold ▲ Qasim Mahmood, as Aladdin, in a Christmas show with plenty of bite in a replica of Downing Street’s much-mocked press briefing room, where Irvine Iqbal’s Abanazar announces his nefarious plans with a PowerPoint presentation (“Next slide … next slide …”) This all comes in act one of Abigail Graham’s production, which is more concerned with satire than with establishing lik able characters with whom we want to spend time. Happily, that all falls into place post-interval, when Qasim Mahmood’s Aladdin cultivates a little more charm and Gracie McGonigal’s Wishy gets a show-stopping number about the kinds of wishes genies can’t fulfil. The singing is top-notch – and Ellena Vincent ’s Jasmine is particularly strong. There are some choice gags: I liked that “open sesame” was only the first of several security measures needed to open Aladdin’s cave. No, not all wishes come true – but your dreams of a fun night out will, at this punchy London panto . U ntil 2 January ▲ Jah Shaka (1983) by Denzil Forrester, an artist associated with the British Black Arts Movement, a radical political group PHOTOGRAPH: MIKE NEWMAN Museums must address slavery legacy, says curator Nadia Khomami Arts and culture correspondent British institutions must take responsibility for their history of benefiting from slavery, the curator of a new landmark exhibition of Caribbean- British art at Tate Britain has said. Life Between Islands: Caribbean- British Art 1950s – Now features artists working across film, photography, painting, sculpture and fashion. They include those of Caribbean heritage as well as those inspired by the Caribbean, such as Ronald Moody, Sonia Boyce, Claudette Johnson and Steve McQueen. David A Bailey, the exhibition’s curator, said it explored Tate Britain’s own past. The original Tate collection was funded in the late 19th century by Sir Henry Tate, who made his fortune as a sugar refiner, a trade linked to slave labour in the Caribbean. “It’s trying to think about the question of the museum and its responsibilities in a 21st century climate, particularly museums which have a very chequered history around ▲ Vanley Burke ’s Young Men on a Seesaw in Handsworth Park (1984) patronage,” Bailey said . “For me, one of the things our institutions have to do is take responsibility around those questions, and think about what is the legacy of these elements in the future.” The exhibition begins with artists of the Windrush generation and explores the Caribbean Artists Movement, an informal group including Paul Dash and Althea McNish , whose modernist textile designs were inspired by the Caribbean landscape. The rise of Black Power in Britain is shown in works such as Horace Ov é ’s photographs of activist Stokely Carmichael, and Neil Kenlock’s of Black Panther school bags. The exhibition also includes a new iteration of Michael McMillan’s The Front Room, a reconstruction of a fictional 1970s interior, evoking the role of home as a safe space for social gatherings . Other works from the Black Arts Movement of the 19 80s depict the social and political struggles faced by the Caribbean-British community. Isaac Julien ’s Territories shows the conflict between carnival revellers and the police, while Denzil Forrester’s Death Walk pays tribute to Winston Rose who died in police custody, and Keith Piper’s photo-collage Go West Young Man connects transatlantic slavery with the media’s demonisation of young black men. Bailey said the exhibition had been in the works since 2015 . With conversations around anti-racism gaining momentum following the Black Lives Matter movement of 2020, and efforts to repatriate looted artefacts , now was the ideal time for it, he said.

30 Eyewitness • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • ▼ Zimanga reserve, South Africa An Oxpecker is captured perching on the nose of a buffalo as it drinks in this image by a British photographer, Alan Jones, which beat more than 1,700 other entries to win top prize in the Society of International Nature and Wildlife Photographers bird photographer of the year competition, held in aid of the RSPB 31

32 News Barbados • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 ▶ Nelson’s statue was turned to face away from Bridgetown in 1999, but only removed in 2020 PHOTOGRAPH: NIGEL BROWNE/REUTERS Farewell to the crown ◀ The British high commission building in Bridgetown, Barbados PHOTOGRAPH: JOE RAEDLE/GETTY New republic of Barbados shakes off its colonial past Michael Safi Bridgetown T he first time, he stumbled on it by accident, following a dirt track through fields of sugar cane to a clearing. There was a sign there, Hakeem Ward remembers, and beneath it someone had left an offering. “The sign said it was a slave burial ground,” he said. “We went and Googled it, and then I realised it was actually one of the biggest slave burial grounds in the western hemisphere.” Ward, 24, lives nearby, within sight of the turquoise waters that lap at Barbados’s south coast, but had never learned until then of the Newton Burial Ground, where the remains of an estimated 570 enslaved people were found Countries and territories where the Queen is head of state Bermuda The Bahamas Belize Pitcairn Islands Canada Jamaica Falkland Islands Isle of Man Jersey and Guernsey Gibraltar UK Barbados becomes a republic but remains in the Commonwealth St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha interred in unmarked graves. At school, he said, they brushed only lightly over the history of the slave trade on the island. “We learned a lot of stuff about Christopher Columbus and how he discovered and colonised the world.” But the past still agitates, making itself known. Dogs occasionally vanish into the bushland, returning with skulls and other remains, Ward said. He and his friends try to avoid hanging out near the site. “With the spiritual energy, we don’t want to see anything,” he said. “Because we see things, and we want to avoid that as much as possible.” Late this evening, Barbados will declare itself a republic, becoming the first nation to remove Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state in nearly three decades. The transition, flagged last year in the thick of activism inspired by the Black Lives Matter movement, is Akrotiri and Dhekelia British Indian Ocean Territory Australia rejected becoming a republic in 1999 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Tuvalu, at just 10 square miles, is the smallest state to retain the crown Papua New Guinea New Zealand being executed amicably, in the presence of Prince Charles, and circumspectly, more than 20 years since it was recommended by a government commission. But unmistakably, it is a repudiation of the British monarchy, part of a wider campaign that includes strengthening ties with the African nations from which most Barbadians claim heritage, and renewing demands for the UK government to make reparations for its historical crimes, aimed at authoring a liberated future and soothing the restless ghosts of the past. As its peak tourism season approaches, Barbados is bearing the brunt of its worst Covid-19 wave. Masks are ubiquitous and many supermarkets and government buildings have installed imposing machines to check temperatures. Still visitors are coming, drawn by the island’s famously pristine beaches, lush hinterland and gentle weather. It was these same natural blessings that made the easternmost island in the Caribbean a laboratory for the development of a new form of capitalism in the 17th century. Sugar, backbreaking to produce and for centuries reserved for Europe’s ultra-wealthy, flourished in Barbados’s rich soil. The island’s even topography offered vast space for plantations. But it was a third innovation, the perfection of a model using enslaved Africans to work the fields, that set off a “sugar revolution” that made England extraordinarily wealthy and created a template that soon spread across the Americas. “It was in Barbados that the slavery plantation production model was invented – right here,” says David Comissiong , the country’s ambassador to Caricom, a Caribbean regional integration organisation . Reclassified under British law as property, the men, women and children who worked the cane fields of Barbados were subject to unimaginable brutality. The first systematic study of the health of those buried at the Newtown Burial Ground found the average age of death of those examined was 18 years old, with the lives of women thought to be especially appalling: until then, no lower mean age of death had been documented among enslaved females anywhere in the world. “Barbados was a hellhole,” Comissiong says. “For black people, Barbados was a brutal, brutal, hellish society.” It is easy to be among the more than 1 million ‘I never knew there was anything called West Indian history or Caribbean history. I knew all about the English monarchs’ Esther Phillips Barbados’s poet laureate people who visited Barbados each year before the pandemic and never encounter this history. There is a single statue commemorating emancipation, at the centre of a roundabout, depicting a man who has come to be identified with Bussa, the leader of a failed 19th-century revolt, whose broken chains dangle from his arms raised skyward. For many decades after slavery ceased, over the island’s shameful history, “there was almost a kind of indifference, a kind of silence ”, said Esther Phillips , Barbados’s poet laureate . She believes it stems in part from guilt and shame among those who were freed. “Who wants to revisit the pain of trauma, once you get out of it, or appear to get out?” That muffling was passed down through generations, and reinforced in the colonial education of her youth, which some argue has not sufficiently been reformed to this day. “I never knew there was anything called West Indian history or Caribbean history,” Phillips said. “I knew all about the English queens and kings.” The decades since Barbados became independent 55 years ago have seen gradual efforts to face the past, and confront its implications for the future, but always cautiously. A government commission in the 1970s examined the question of becoming a republic and advised against it, conscious that similar

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 33 ▶ The burial ground for slaves at Newton is the largest such site on the island PHOTOGRAPH: MICHAEL CADOGAN experiments in Caribbean states such as Suriname and Guyana had led to authoritarianism and instability. Even the Barbadian leaders who wanted to break away from the monarchy recognised they still lived in the world colonialism made, and had an economy critically dependent on attracting a pipeline of sunstarved British tourists. “The fear, I think reasonably, was that it would not be received well, and that there would be a narrative, for example, of telling tourists in the UK, ‘Maybe you should wait about going to Barbados, because you should make sure the political situation is stable’,” said Melanie Newto n , a professor of history at the University of Toronto. Part of this conservatism, too, was pragmatic: Barbados was building a society that was, by any measure, a tremendous success, with some of the best human-development indicators in the formerlycolonised world, an enormous leap from the desperate conditions that prevailed in the last decades of British rule. “Barbados has a very strong public service system, amazing education, good health care,” Newton says. “And a lot of that is paid for by tourism and international business and investment banking.” Over the past week, workers have been busy erecting and painting a dais in central ▲ A portrait of the Queen and Prince Philip inside Bridgetown’s historical garrison complex PHOTOGRAPH: JOE RAEDLE/GETTY IMAGES Bridgetown’s National Heroes Square, formerly called Trafalgar, where the handover ceremony will take place at 11pm , and the surrounding colonial buildings – including the country’s Gothic parliament, the third oldest in the world - are decked in the national colours, ultramarine and gold. At the head of the square stands a grand pedestal – with nothing on it. The year 2020 produced seismic changes everywhere. In Barbados as well, it was a watershed, opening the way for government to finally propose a republic that had been promised for decades but always postponed. Alexander Downes was supposed to be studying in Australia, but was trapped at home in Barbados early in the year when borders suddenly closed. He would pass the square, glancing at the statue of the English admiral Horatio Nelson that had stood there since 1813, three years’ earlier than its twin in London. At 32, Downes was part of first generation without memory of Barbados’s colonial era nor its hangover in the early years of independence. He and his friends were more inclined to question the things their parents took for granted, he said. “Sometimes I would talk to my father, as we drove through certain areas, and he would be like, ‘Oh, when I was a kid, I couldn’t come to this area.’ And I’d be like, why not?” Those things included the pride of place given to the defender of the British empire Nelson, whose bronze statue had first stirred small protests decades earlier, to which the government had responded in 1999 by rotating it to face away from town. “The compromise wasn’t, let’s get rid of it,” says Downes. “It was literally just ‘turn it’.” In the middle of the year, Black Lives Matter protests were spreading across the world, including to Barbados, and Downes sensed that, even in his careful society, something was shifting. After consulting friends, he posted a petition calling for Nelson to come down. “I said to myself, in Barbados, what are we doing?” he said. “We ‘It was in Barbados that the slavery plantation production model was invented – right here’ David Comissiong Barbados diplomat have a colonial past, we have a past steeped in racism … [The statue] is just brick and mortar. If we can start with this, then we can get the ball rolling to start addressing some bigger issues.” It caught fire, attracting more than 10,000 signatures and culminated in meetings with government officials, and months after, confirmation that Nelson would be removed in November 2020 and relocated to a museum. Some objected, including among the more than 90% of the population who are black, urging him not to meddle with the past, Downes says. “They were saying, ‘Why do you want to move this thing that has been there from before you were even born? Have some respect for your history.’ I’m like, 10 years from ▲ Hakeem Ward discovered that he live d near a huge burial ground for plantation slaves at Newton now, what I do today is going to be our history as well.” At the ceremony to mark the removal of the statue, Barbados’s prime minister, Mia Mottley , called the tribute to the hero of Trafalgar “an assertion of power, of dominance”. She held her phone to the crowd, telling them her screensaver was the reggae artist Bob Marley, “to remind me always that the mission of our generation is the mental emancipation of our people”. In the ruptures of the year, Mottley appeared to sense an opportunity. The same day the statue was dislodged, her government announced that in a year’s time, Barbados would remove the Queen as head of state and elect its own president. Monarchists have worried for years that the end of the reign of Elizabeth Windsor might trigger a new wave of former colonies to seek native heads of state. Barbados suggests that threat, at least in the Caribbean, might have arrived in her diamond jubilee year instead, as a conviction stirring in the minds of some of her youngest generation of subjects. Asked what the crown meant to him, Downes was clear. “It signifies a time when people who looked like me … were almost considered just a part in the process of generating wealth,” he said. “Humanity was not considered. Civil rights were not considered.” At sundown, before the cars on the nearby highway switch on their lights, the view from the top of the slope of the Newtown Burial Ground appears much as it might have three hundred years ago. The stone chimney of the plantation’s boiling house still stands. There is still the sea on the horizon and bristling pastures of sugar cane in every direction. The burial site, too, is still an open field, but for the park benches recently installed at its edges, and rows of bougainvillea and crotons lining the perimeter. They are freshly planted, some still seedlings, and dwarfed by the surrounding cane fields, but growing strong.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Josephine Baker Stocks and saves The spy drama behind Can market theory unprecedented award protect coral reefs? Page 37 Page 38 35 Putin and Xi will help us if you crack down, Bosnian Serb leader tells west Daniel Boffey Banja Luka The Bosnian Serb leader accused of risking war by pursuing the breakup of Bosnia-Herzegovina has dismissed the threat of western sanctions and hinted at an imminent summit with Vladimir Putin, saying: “I was not elected to be a coward”. In an interview with the Guardian, Milorad Dodik , the Serb member of the tripartite leadership of Bosnia- Herzegovina , said he would not be deterred by the outcry from London, Washington, Berlin and Brussels. Dodik, 62, a key figure in Bosnian politics for 30 years, who was once a favourite of the west, said s anctions and cuts to EU funding would only force him to take up offers of investment from China, and he expected to see Russia’s leader “pretty soon”. Dodik said: “When I go to Putin there are no requests. He just says, ‘what is it I can help with?’. Whatever I discussed with him, I’ve never been cheated on it. I don’t know what else to base trust upon, if not that. With [China’s leader] Xi Jinping, he also says, ‘if there is anything I can help with I am there’.” Dodik has been widely condemned in recent weeks over his stated intention to withdraw the Serbian part of Bosnia-Herzegovina from state-level institutions , such as the tax administration, judiciary, intelligence agency and even the national army, in order to create a Serb force.The proposal was described in a report to the UN as tantamount to “secession”, and a risk to the 1995 Dayton peace accord , which ended the civil war after the break up of Yugoslavia. The war cost about 100,000 lives. That peace deal established a state, Bosnia-Herzegovina, made up of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina , consisting predominantly of Bosniak Muslims and Croats, and the Serbian Republika Srpska . Bosnia’s three-member presidency is held by representatives of those three main ethnic groups. Under the so-called Bonn powers of 1997 , substantial powers of lawmaking were also granted to the office of the high representative (OHR) in charge of implementing the deal. Those powers were used extensively by the former Liberal Democrat leader Paddy Ashdown during his time as high representative to centralise the administration . Valentin Inzko , who left the post this summer, outlawed the denial of genocide in response to attempts by some to play down the scope of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre. This led Dodik in July to pull Republika Srpska representatives out of central institutions, and in October to propos e taking back powers and transferring land owned by the central state. Dodik, who has long agitated against alleged changes in the balance of power in Bosnia, said he continued to believe in Dayton but that it had been usurped by “an unelected foreigner” imposing 140 or so laws without a democratic mandate. “All the shit here was made by four unelected foreigners,” he said. “The high representatives and three judges [appointed by the European court of human rights], foreigners, in the constitutional court. They do act as a coordinated criminal ‘I’m not indifferent [to sanctions] but I wasn’t elected to be a coward’ Milorad Dodik Bosnian Serb leader enterprise against the constitutional arrangement.” Dodik has been banned from travelling to the US since 2017, or accessing assets under its jurisdiction, after he defied Bosnia’s constitutional court by staging a referendum on celebrating Republika Srpska day, marking the date in 1992 when Bosnian Serbs declared their own state in Bosnia. He recently told Gabriel Escobar, the US deputy assistant secretary, that he “didn’t give a shit” about his threat of further action. Suggestions from Germany of financial sanctions would not deter him either . “ I am not indifferent, but I was not elected to be a coward,” he said . Plans for taking back powers will be on the agenda at a session of the parliament of the Republika Srpska on 10 December, with Dodik emphasising his determination to see them through after another six month s of talks. He described his vision as being no more unwieldy than Belgium’s federal state. However, he finessed his public position on the most contentious suggestion – a new Serb army – by proposing other options. The first, he said, would be reducing the current national army by half. “If you don’t want that then we will have no other choice but to adopt, in line with the constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina, the formation of the army of the Republic of Srpska, or declare the Republic of Srpska a demilitarised republic,” he said. “So three options.” He feels wrongly portrayed as wanting conflict. He did not want Bosnia-Herzegovina to fail, but the “delicate balance” of the agreement had been upset, he said, describing Ashdown as “the worst” offender. “No I don’t want it to collapse . I only want it to exist on the basis of its constitution. If it can’t function that way, then why should it function at all?” President in a plexiglass box appoints new Czech PM Reuters Prague The Czech president, Milo š Zeman, appointed the leader of a centre-right alliance, Petr Fiala, as prime minister yesterday in an unusual ceremony he performed from a plexiglass cubicle after testing positive for C ovid-19. Fiala leads a bloc of five centre and centre-right opposition parties that ousted the incumbent, Andrej Babiš, and his allies. The October election took place after details emerged in the Pandora Papers of Babiš’s overseas financial dealings . The populist billionaire has denied wrongdoing. Post-election talks were held without the president, 77, who was taken to hospital a day after the election to be treated for liver problems. Zeman, who attended the ceremony in a wheelchair escorted by a medic in full protective gear, contracted the virus after a six-week stay in hospital. ▶ Miloš Zeman in his cubicle during the ceremony to appoint Petr Fiala as Czech prime minister PHOTOGRAPH: REUTERS

36 World Poland Lawyers turn to romcoms in fight for rule of law Jennifer Rankin Brussels I t was a summer day in 2017 when Sylwia Gregorczyk- Abram , a 34 -year-old lawyer, heard a crazy idea. Michał Wawrykiewicz , a legal acquaintance who like her was worried about changes Poland’s nationalist government was making to the judicial system, wondered how to convince people that an independent judiciary was not an abstract nicety but the firm ground underpinning democracy. “He had this crazy idea,” she recalled. “How to convince people, citizens, why independence of the judiciary is so important. Ask famous people, celebrities, actors to do it for us.” Gregorczyk-Abram was the right person for the job. Working at the Warsaw office of an international law firm since 2006, she had co-founded Constitution Week in Poland, an initiative where lawyers give talks in schools about law. She called her friend Maria Ejchart- Dubois , a human rights expert and co-founder of Constitution Week, who in turn contacted Paulina Kieszkowska-Knapik , a high-flying specialist in pharmaceutical law. ▲ A still from one of the films made by Wolne Sądy, the Free Courts Foundation, in Poland ‘It was a new concept to communicate through movies, not to write articles’ Sylwia Gregorczyk- Abram Lawyer • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 The four met at one of Poland’s largest demonstrations in years. “People were protesting all over Poland at every street where the court is. They realised instinctively that something is taken away,” said Wawrykiewicz. And that was the spark to create Wolne Sądy , the Free Courts Foundation. The lawyers found themselves scripting, directing and acting in short films intended to make the rule of law real. “Imagine you had a car accident and the other driver was somehow connected with a politician,” said Ejchart-Dubois. “Is the court going to be fair? Or you are a victim of domestic violence and the abuser is a member of a political party?” Both such cases subsequently materialised, said Kieszkowska- Knapik. There were “hundreds of examples”, she said. Early films featured actors, entertainers and writers, from the host of The Voice of Poland, ▼ Michał Wawrykiewicz, Maria Ejchart-Dubois, Sylwia Gregorczyk- Abram and Paulina Kieskowska-Knapik PHOTOGRAPH: WOLNE SĄDY Barbara Kurdej-Szatan , to the Nobel laureate Olga Tokarczuk . Some of the biggest hits starred the Wolne Sądy lawyers themselves: putting a legal twist on a scene from the Richard Curtis romcom Love Actually; playing children being given a nightmarish Christmas present; rapping about the constitution in a tribute to the Beastie Boys’ video parody of 1970s US cop shows, Sabotage . “It was a new concept for us, to communicate through movies, not to write articles, not to write books,” said Gregorczyk-Abram, speaking to her fellow lawyers in Brussels, where they were collecting an award from the European parliament. Anna Wójcik, a researcher at the Polish Academy of Science, said: “They were very innovative because they started communicating in a very attractive format to the general public . Of course you can say it’s attractive to people with certain tastes, living in urban areas … But they provided some accessible information about what is happening.” The videos were the start of a legal odyssey that would take them to the chambers of Europe’s highest courts and the European Commission in Brussels. The Wolne Sądy lawyers believe they were instrumental in persuading EU authorities to launch legal action against the Polish government over the forced retirement of supreme court judges, an attempt by the ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) to control Poland’s top court. The group has filed dozens of cases at the EU’s top court, the European court of justice in Luxembourg, and the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. In one landmark victory , this month the human rights court found the Polish government to be “in blatant defiance of the rule of law”. In 13 rulings from Europe’s top courts, Poland’s government has lost 13 times, according to Wolne Sądy . “And yet the government never follows the verdicts,” Kieszkowska-Knapik said. “It is astonishing. So after every case … we need another case.” Part of Wolne Sądy’s work is documenting every change PiS has made to the legal system since coming to power in 2015, summed up in the report 2,000 Days of Lawlessness . It wants to give a future government a roadmap to return to the rule of law. “Every single idea we have in our plan is covered by the judgments of one of the European courts, so it’s not our opinions,” said Ejchart- Dubois. “So that is why we started all those proceedings in the court of justice, in the court of human rights, just to have proof, the coverage of the judg ments.” This pro bono work on top of day jobs is taking a toll. “We are extremely tired,” said Ejchart-Dubois. But, added Kieszkowska-Knapik, “ We are like guys with a rope: when one falls, the rest [step up].” . ‘Opec of maple syrup’ taps into its stockpile as demand surges Michael Coulter and agencies Maple syrup producers have been forced to raid the world’s only stockpile of the highly valued sweet treat as surging worldwide demand combined with an unusually short harvest season in 2021. The Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers, sometimes referred to as the “Opec of maple syrup”, has released about 22m kilograms of syrup from its strategic reserve to cover a shortfall driven by a short and warm spring , NPR reported . At the same time as production fell pandemic-fuelled demand for maple syrup jumped 36% from 2020 to 2021, according to federation figures. Quebec provides almost threequarters of the world’s maple syrup and production is tightly regulated by the federation, which maintains a vast stockpile to cover fluctuations in yearly production. It is the first time in three years the reserve has been called on. Syrup harvesting is highly dependent on the weather and can only occur in a short window when temperatures ▲ Demand for maple syrup has jumped 36% while a short harvest season has limited supplies are above freezing during the day but below 0C (32F) overnight. Hélène Normandin , a syrup federation spokesperson, told NPR that the release, which amounts to almost half the total reserve, would ensure that demand was catered for. The federation is already planning for next year’s harvest, and announced earlier on its website that it would tap an extra 7m trees in 2022. “What we can figure at this moment is maybe the season here in Quebec will start a bit earlier, in February instead of March, and end earlier also,” Normandin told NPR. It is not the first time the stockpile has made the news. In 2012 thieves made off with nearly 3,000 tonnes of the liquid gold, which at the time was worth about $18m, or 13 times the price of an equivalent amount of crude oil. The theft was discovered by chance when a man taking inventory on top of the pile grabbed a barrel to steady himself, only to lose his balance and nearly fall because the empty barrel was 300kg lighter than expected.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian World • 37 ‘Baker realised she could use her celebrity for a cause. She took huge risks’ Prof Hanna Diamond Second world war expert Singer, dancer, mother ... spy How Baker earned historic Panthéon spot Jon Henley Paris I n November 1940, two passengers boarded a train in Toulouse headed for Madrid, then onward to Lisbon. One was a striking black woman in expensive furs; the other purportedly her secretary, a blond Frenchman with moustache and thick glasses. Josephine Baker, the toast of Paris, the world’s first black female superstar, one of its most photographed women and Europe’s highest-paid entertainer, was travelling, openly and in her habitual style, as herself – but she was playing a brand new role. Her supposed assistant was Jacques Abtey , a French intelligence officer developing an underground counter-intelligence network to gather strategic information and funnel it to Charles de Gaulle ’s London HQ, where the pair hoped to travel after Portugal. Ostensibly, they were on their way to scout venues for Baker’s planned tour of the Iberian peninsula. In reality, they carried secret details of German troops in western France, including photos of landing craft the Nazis were lining up to invade Britain. The information was mostly written on the singer’s musical scores in invisible ink; the photo s hidden in her underwear. The package was handed to British agents at the Lisbon embassy – who informed Abtey and Baker they would be far more valuable assets in France than in London. So back to occupied France Baker duly went. “She was immensely brave, and utterly committed,” Prof Hanna Diamond , of Cardiff university , said of Baker, who on Tuesday will become the first Black woman to enter the Panthéon in Paris, the mausoleum for France’s “great men”. “There’s a lot we don’t know, and may never know, about exactly what espionage work she did, the secrets she actually transmitted,” said Diamond, an expert on second world war France who is researching a book about Baker’s wartime exploits. “Bits of her life we know a great deal about: the humble beginnings in Missouri, the international sensation of 20s and 30s Paris, the US civil rights activist, the mother of an adopted, multiracial family … That’s not the case for the resistance heroine.” President Emmanuel Macron decided this summer that 46 years after her death, Baker would become only the sixth woman to be memorialised in the Panthéon in a ceremony tomorrow – the anniversary of the marriage to Jean Lion that allowed her to acquire French nationality. Born Freda Josephine McDonald in St Louis in 1906 , Baker left school at 12 and landed a place in one of the first all-Black musicals on Broadway in 1921 . Like many Black American artists at the time, she moved to France to escape discrimination. S he became a huge star, tapping into colonialist, racist and male sexist fantasies in performances that both shocked and delighted audiences and won admirers from Ernest Hemingway to Pablo Picasso . Dubbed “ the Black Venus ”, she danced in nothing but a string of pearls and a skirt made of rubber bananas, performed with a snake wrapped suggestively round her neck, strolled down the Champs- ▶ A passport application by Josephine Baker held in an archive room at Vincennes castle, east of Paris PHOTOGRAPH: THIBAULT CAMUS/AP ▲ Josephine Baker on stage in New York in 1936, left, and in uniform during the second world war PHOTOGRAPHS: AP; HI-STORY/ALAMY ◀ Baker and her fourth husband, Jo Buillon , in Paris with some of their adopted children in 1959 PHOTOGRAPH: BETTMANN ARCHIVE Élysées with her pet cheetah, and became an international superstar. Off stage, as the hit songs and starring movie roles succeeded one another, Baker had affairs with men and women including the novelist Colette , the architect Le Corbusier and the crown prince of Sweden . After the war she fought for equal rights as energetically in public as at home, speaking before Martin Luther King at the 1963 March on Washington and adopting 12 children from around the world . Her wartime spying activities, however, are – for obvious reasons – rather less reliably documented. Much of what was known, said Diamond, who recently published an initial, primary -source extended essay on Baker’s war , came from a book Abtey published in 1948. “He was a maverick ,” she said. “ He was not, let’s say, disinterested, and it’s proving hard to track down original source material to verify his account.” What is sure, though, is that Abtey recruited Baker after meeting her in late 1939 . The star was already performing for Allied troops, and working with refugees for the Red Cross. “ She wanted to do her bit for the patrie,” said Diamond. “She also intuitively understood the dangers of Nazism. She helped Lion and his Jewish family escape the Germans. She had little formal education, but she associated Nazism with the racism she’d known .” Abtey was sceptical but she talked him into setting her a test, sending her to the Italian embassy where she extracted sensitive information from an attaché and brought it back. Abtey, who is widely assumed to have been the singer’s off-and-on lover, became her handler. He trained her in basic spycraft – invisible ink, writing up your arm, reading upside down – but soon saw that her real usefulness lay in her magnetic charm, and effortless ability to switch roles. “She subverts our notion of what spying is,” said Diamond. “ Here’s this huge star, hiding in plain sight. No one suspects her. And most importantly, she can travel anywhere, and take an entourage .” From early 1941 onwards, that is what Baker did. Instructed by London to base themselves in North Africa, she and Abtey went to Morocco. The singer travelled from Casablanca to Lisbon, Seville, Madrid, Barcelona, giving concerts, attending receptions , flattering attachés, politicians and envoys – and passing notes, generally pinned to her bra, to British agents. For some months, she was seriously ill with blood poisoning, possibly after a miscarriage. But even while convalescing, her hospital room became a venue for secret meetings, with diplomats, personalities and officials summoned to Baker’s bedside where gossip was exchanged and secrets smuggled out. Baker resumed travelling across the region after her recovery, giving concerts for the troops, fundraising for the resistance – and gathering intelligence . In 1944, she enlisted as a women’s air force auxiliary. “She absolutely saw herself as a soldier,” Diamond said. “ And while there’s this cloud of uncertainty over what exactly she passed on, she certainly passed on plenty.” Ultimately, said Diamond, Baker “realised very early that she could use her celebrity for a cause. And she did. She took huge risks. She deserved her Légion d’honneur – and her Croix de Guerre.”

38 World • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Expectations low as world powers and Iran resume talks to save nuclear deal Patrick Wintour Diplomatic editor Talks between world powers and Iran on salvaging the 2015 nuclear deal , which could liberate Tehran from hundreds of western economic sanctions or lead to a tightening of the economic noose and the intensified threat of military attacks by Israel, will resume in Vienna today after a five-month hiatus. The scale of Iran ’s negotiating demands, the ideological outlook of its new administration, and western fears that Iran is covertly boosting its nuclear programme have created a sense of pessimism in Austria. Joe Biden has offered to take the US back into the nuclear deal that Donald Trump left in 2018, but Iran and the US are in dispute over the precise US sanctions that must be lifted and how Iran would reverse the multiple steps it has taken to build its nuclear programme in breach of the deal. After a round of bilateral talks yesterday, the formal talks will take place at the Coburg hotel between Iran, Russia, China, the UK, France, Germany and the EU this afternoon. Iran has again said it will not hold direct talks with the US delegation. Russia’s ambassador to the talks said the near 30-strong Iranian negotiating team was impressive and a good sign, but warned after the fivemonth delay that, “The talks can’t last for ever. There is the obvious need to speed up the process.” The bulk of the Iranian negotiating team remains unchanged even though the chief negotiator is now Ali Ba gheri Kani, the deputy foreign minister and a hardliner who understands English, but not well enough to speak fluently. The new Iranian regime says, at least rhetorically, it is coming to the talks not simply to pick up where the six previous rounds of talks ended but to play new cards, including a demand for financial compensation from the US for previous sanctions, and, even more problematically, for a guarantee that the US will not walk out of the agreement again . The west regards both demands as unrealistic, and if seriously pursued in Vienna, the talks are doomed to failure. Biden has said if he rejoins the agreement his administration will not leave again , seen as the only guarantee he can make constitutionally. Western diplomats admit they are unclear whether the regime wants a deal or is playing for time covertly to strengthen its nuclear programme. Robert Malley , the head of the US negotiating team, said: “If that’s Iran’s approach, which is to try to use the negotiations as cover for an accelerated nuclear programme, and, as I say, drag its feet at the nuclear table, we will have to respond in a way that is not our preference. Nobody should be surprised if at that point there is increased pressure on Iran.” UK diplomats are reluctant to say Iran is now as little as four to six weeks away from the “breakout ‘If Iran’s approach is to use the [talks] as cover for an accelerated nuclear programme, we will have to respond’ Robert Malleyley US negotiatoror time” it needs to amass enough fissile material for a single nuclear weapon. The west is unclear partly because UN nuclear inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been denied full access to the disputed nuclear sites , and talks last week to restore access broke down. Ra fael Grossi , the IAEA’s director general, again offered on Friday to return to Tehran, but has received no response. Iran is still m any years from being able to weaponise its nuclear material, a goal it insists it is not seeking. Should the Vienna talks collapse, the likelihood is the US and its allies will initially confront Iran at the IAEA next month by calling for an emergency meeting. Israel’s prime minister, Naftali Bennett , is building a coalition to take tough measures against Iran if the talks break down. Diplomats doubt Iran feels under sufficient economic or political pressure to rejoin the scheme but also point to the growing protests over water shortages in Isfahan as a sign that internally Iran is more fragile than it appears. Lifting economic sanctions remains a popular objective inside Iran, but the regime has done little to prepare the nation politically for the compromises that might be necessary. Omer Carmi , a former visiting fellow at the Washington Institute, warns Iranian politicians are “implying to domestic audiences that Iran need not lift a finger at the negotiating table to secure sanctions relief”. Iran has long emphasised that it expects Washington to remove all sanctions that are “related to the nuclear deal ”, including 1,500 individual sanctions. In dispute are Trump-era sanctions on more than 500 individuals seen by the US as linked to human rights abuses or terrorism . Economic theory applied as strategy to rescue coral reefs Karen McVeigh A Nobel prize-winning economic theory used by investors is showing early signs of helping save threatened coral reefs, scientists say. Researchers at the University of Queensland in Australia used modern portfolio theory (MPT), a mathematical framework developed by the economist Harry Markowitz in the 1950s, to help risk-averse investors maximise returns, to identify the 50 reefs or coral sanctuaries around the world that are most likely to survive the climate crisis and to be able to repopulate other reefs, if other threats are absent. The study recommends targeting investment in conservation projects

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 39 ▼ Researchers have identified the 50 reefs and coral sanctuaries most likely to survive the climate crisis that have the “strongest potential to succeed” in protecting priority reefs. The gains go beyond positive ecological outcomes and include crucial social, economic, health and nutritional benefits for communities, according to partners, organisations and funders interviewed by Blue Earth Consultants. Prof Ove Hoegh-Guldberg , a climate scientist at the University of Queensland, who helped lead the “50 reefs” project, said: “It’s essentially a strategy to help us make decisions about what to protect, if we are to have corals at the end of the century.” Even if drastic emission reductions ensured global heating was limited PHOTOGRAPH: SIMON PIERCE/WCS to 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels – which would require almost halving global CO2 emissions by 2030 from 2010 levels – 70% to 90% of today’s corals would vanish . In October, a study of coral reef health found 14% have been lost globally in less than a decade, with bleaching events caused by raised sea-surface temperatures the biggest culprit. “Modern portfolio theory is a framework that aims to reduce risk while maximi sing returns,” said Hoegh-Guldberg. “It’s treating conservation sort of as an investment opportunity.” The strategy, which came out of a meeting of scientists at the Hawaii ▲ Scientists adapted a theory used by investors to maximise returns Institute of Marine Biology in 2017, tapped into the theory to help scientists choose a “balanced” portfolio of coral reef s. “You’ve got hundreds of these reefs across the planet,” said Hoegh-Guldberg. “Which one do you pick, so that you concentrate your efforts on it? ” Dr Hawthorne Beyer , a fellow at the University of Queensland researching the use of quantitative modelling in managing environmental systems , said: “Talk to people in the business world and they get it immediately. It’s a very logical idea and makes a lot of sense. Ours was the first to apply it on a global scale.” The scientists divided the world’s coral reefs into “bioclimatic units ” (BCUs) of 500 sq km (190 sq miles). They used 174 metrics in five categories, including temperature history and projections, ocean acidification, invasive species, cyclone activity and connectivity to other reefs, for each one. Then, using “scalarisation”, they produced estimates for each BCU. This captured the widest range of possibilities for the future. “We don’t know which metrics are the best metrics at predicting risk,” explained Beyer. The team then used MPT to quantify threats and identify the reefs offering the best options for conservation , while allowing for the uncertainty over future risks from climate change. “You don’t want to put all your eggs in one basket, or bet on one measure of risk, when we have massive uncertainty about what the risks will be,” Beyer said. In brief Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi braced for verdict Myanmar’s ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi is braced to hear the verdict in her trial for incitement against the country’s military rulers tomorrow , the first in a catalogue of cases that could see her jailed for the rest of her life. The Nobel laureate has been detained since the generals ousted her democratically elected government on 1 February. More than 1,200 people have been killed and about 10,000 arrested in a crackdown on dissent, according to a local monitoring group. Aung San Suu Kyi faces three years in jail if found guilty of incitement against the military. The charge is one of several that analysts say are aimed at removing the high-profile figure from the political arena for good. The court has been hearing testimony related to the charge of incitement , which is sometimes referred to as sedition. The offence is defined as spreading false or inflammatory information that could disturb public order. But the junta’s plans for Aung San Suu Kyi remain unknown, the analysts add, and the authorities could also delay the verdict. Agence France-Presse United States Stowaway survives flight from Guatemala A stowaway hidden in the landing gear compartment of an American Airlines jet survived a flight from his home country of Guatemala to Miami, where he was turned over to US immigration officials and taken to a hospital for evaluation. A TV station posted footage of the man at Miami international airport shortly after the plane landed on Saturday. He appeared dazed but otherwise unharmed, sitting on the tarmac beside the plane dressed in blue jeans, a T-shirt, jacket and boots, as ground crew tended to him . “Officers at Miami international airport apprehended a 26-yearold man who attempted to evade detection in the landing gear compartment of an aircraft arriving from Guatemala on Saturday morning,” the U S Customs and Border Protection agency said. The flight from Guatemala takes about two and a half hours. Guatemala has accounted for a large portion of about 1.7 million people apprehended or expelled by US border agents over the past year, many of them Central Americans fleeing violent gangs and grinding poverty. Reuters New Zealand Green MP cycles to hospital to give birth An MP in New Zealand gave birth yesterday after cycling to hospital while in labour . “Big news!” the Greens’ Julie Anne Genter posted on Facebook . “At 3.04am this morning we welcomed the newest member of our family. I genuinely wasn’t planning to cycle in labour, but it did end up happening.” “My contractions weren’t that bad when we left at 2am to go to the hospital – though they were 2-3 min apart and picking up in intensity by the time we arrived 10 minutes later,” she wrote. “ Now we have a healthy, happy little one sleeping, as is her dad .” Genter – the Green party’s spokesperson for transport issues whose Facebook profile includes “I love my bicycle” – also cycled to hospital in 2018 to give birth to her first child. Reuters ▲ Julie Anne Genter on her bicycle yesterday: she left for the hospital at 2am and gave birth just after 3am

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian If the shoe fits Will Clarks get a reboot from China? Page 42 • 41 ‘Perfect storm’ could push us to brink, UK manufacturers warn Rupert Jones Britain’s manufacturers are facing a “perfect storm” of rapidly rising costs and towering debts that many fear could push them over the brink, according to a new survey. The leading industry trade body is urging the government to introduce payment holidays on loans, warning that thousands of firms face a “tipping point” that could make their business models unviable. Make UK said the manufacturing sector was facing “an unprecedented combination of a post-Covid credit, cash and costs crunch”. It said factories were struggling with the burden of repaying debts racked up to get them through the pandemic as well as grappling with a range of other challenges, from supply chain disruption to shortages of HGV drivers and high energy costs. James Brougham , the organisation’s senior economist, said: Butlin’s owner shapes up to sell holiday camp brand Rupert Jones Butlin’s is poised to be sold off next year, potentially triggering a bidding war for the holiday camp brand, which has benefited from the staycation trend driven by the pandemic. The US private equity firm Blackstone , which is the majority owner of Butlin’s parent company, Bourne Leisure , is understood to have already selected the investment bank Rothschild to conduct an auction next year. It comes as the travel industry braces for the Omicron Covid-19 variant, which could trigger fresh demand for UK holidays that do not involve costly PCR tests, paperwork and a potential requirement to selfisolate upon return from abroad. Butlin’s was established 85 years ago by Billy Butlin , who had visited Barry Island in Wales and “felt sorry for families staying in drab guest houses with nothing much to do”. Butlin set up his first park in Skegness , Lincolnshire, in 1936 with the aim of creating seaside breaks offering activities and entertainment. That resort still trades , along side those at Bognor Regis in West Sussex “Industry is facing the perfect storm … Given the inflationary spiral shows every sign of continuing to climb, many companies fear a tipping point that could make their business models unviable.” The trade body and the accountancy firm RSM said their survey of more than 200 company finance directors had found almost half (48%) had had trouble fulfilling orders as the supply chain crisis intensifie d. Britain’s supply chain meltdown, much of which relates to Brexit, is leading to gaps on retailers’ shelves and price rises, and has prompted warnings of potential shortages of everything from Christmas trees to festive alcohol. Shoppers have already had to deal with shortages of a range of items. Supermarkets have been using cardboard cutouts of fruit , vegetables and other groceries to fill gaps on shelves, while big brands such as the crisps firm Walkers and outlets such as McDonald’s and Nando’s have also been affected. A global shortage of and Minehead in Somerset . At one point there were nine camps, seven hotels and even a Butlin’s in the Bahamas. A camp on Barry Island opened in 1966 but closed 30 years later. For decades Butlin’s was famous for competitions to find the holidaymaker with the knobbliest knees or the most glamorous grandmothers. It struggled with a downmarket image but in recent years has sought to position itself as a rival to the likes of Center Parcs, with millions of pounds invested in features such as pool complexes and improved computer chips has caused problems for a number of industries. Britain’s manufacturing industry has endured its worst downturn for more than 30 years, with many companies taking on huge levels of debt to stay afloat. The closely watched survey found that two-thirds of companies (65%) said a lack of cash had hampered their growth plans. Many manufacturing companies have made use of the various government support schemes including the coronavirus business interruption loan scheme , the bounce back loan scheme and the Covid corporate financing facility , though those have now closed. Another government programme, the recovery loan scheme , is open to businesses of any size but will be 48% The proportion of businesses that said they had had trouble fulfilling orders owing to supply chain issues accommodation, a move into live music weekends and a bigger push into conferences and events. The decision to look at selling Butlin’s comes less than a year after a majority stake in Bourne Leisure, which also owns Warner Leisure Hotels and Haven Holidays , was acquired by Blackstone for about £3bn . It is thought that Bourne Leisure and Blackstone have concluded that Butlin’s is “non-core” to their future objectives . Bourne Leisure’s accounts for 2020 show a £151m pre-tax loss , scaled back in eligibility and generosity from January. The survey indicated manufacturing was facing a “sharp inflationary spiral” that threatened to reach a level that would be disastrous for some firms. At the same time many companies were also facing a liquidity squeeze as customers and suppliers clung on to cash or changed their payment terms. In response to the challenging trading conditions and increased levels of risk, almost four in 10 companies (38%) said they had used, or intended to use, restructuring, turnaround or insolvency professionals. Make UK urged ministers to consider introducing payment holidays for the loans that companies took out as a precautionary measure to provide them with vital breathing space. A government spokesperson said: “We are committed to supporting business as they grow and recover from the pandemic . Our recovery loan scheme maintains the generous 80% government guarantee to ensure lenders continue to have the confidence to lend. This is in addition to pay as you grow, which gives businesses up to 10 years to pay back Covid loans as they recover, and the introduction of the super deduction – the biggest two-year business tax cut in modern British history.” ▲ Staff and guests take a ride on a carousel at Butlin’s holiday camp in Bognor Regis, West Sussex PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE/THE GUARDIAN compared with profits of £145m in 2019. The accounts state : “The group, like many others, has been affected by the impact that the Covid-19 outbreak has had on the UK’s economy, mainly through the short-term closures of some of our sites.” The three Butlin’s resorts re opened in May . Bourne Leisure and Blackstone declined to comment. UK property market ‘on course for busiest year since 2007’ Rupert Jones This year’s property market is poised to be confirmed as the busiest for 14 years, with one in 16 privately owned homes on course to have changed hands by the end of December, according to new data. The property website Zoopla also said the annual rate of UK house price growth was running at 6.9% – up from 3.5% in the same month last year – and that the average cost of a home had increased by £15,500 over the past 12 months. Zoopla predicted 2021 would be the UK’s busiest year for the property market since 2007 in terms of transactions as the pandemic had prompted many households to re-evaluate their priorities and the government’s stamp duty holiday encouraged sales. The website’s UK data for October comes days after official figures showed house sales tumbled by more than half in the weeks immediately after the end of the stamp duty holiday in England and Northern Ireland. HM Revenue and Customs last week reported that transactions across the UK slumped by 52% in the space of a month to reach 76,900 in October after thousands of homebuyers rushed to complete their purchases the previous month and beat the end-of- September stamp duty holiday deadline . The record surge in sales activity earlier in the year had also been driven by government guarantees for mortgages and a “race for space” prompted by the pandemic that has made many homebuyers prioritise properties with bigger gardens and more room for working from home. Zoopla said: “2021’s property market will be defined by the pandemic-led re-evaluation of the home, with many households compelled to make a move .” It said that while the annual price growth figure of 6.9% recorded in October marked a slight easing back from the above 7% growth recorded in August and September , the average rate of growth over the last three months had been higher than at any time since 2014 . The most recent house price surveys from the UK’s biggest mortgage lenders depict a market that is defying many experts’ expectations. However, interest rate rises – the first of perhaps several is anticipated next month – and inflation could put a brake on the market.

42 Financial • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 ▼ A magazine ad for Clarks shoes. The retailer’s profits have crumbled Clarks Chinese pin hopes for saving shoe firm on Asia Sarah Butler It began with a sheepskin slipper in 1825, but the shoes retailer Clarks is moving out of its comfort zone in a battle for survival under new Chinese leadership. The British footwear institution, founded by Quaker brothers Cyrus and James Clark , shifted from comfort to fashion after the desert boot inspired by James’s great grandson Nathan Clark ’s time in Burma in the 1940s, became the footwear of choice for The Beatles, Oasis and generations of reggae artists . The founding family was forced to cede control this year to the Chinese Olympian Li Ning and private equity group LionRock after slumping into the red and struggling to refinance debts after years of malaise. Li Ning, the billionaire former gymnast who now heads a sports footwear company with sales of 14.4bn renminbi (£1.7bn), teamed up with LionRock shortly before it pumped £100m into Clarks to take a 51% controlling stake. The Chinese investors want to follow the lead of Dr Martens and PHOTOGRAPH: RETRO ADARCHIVES/ALAMY Birkenstock, turning Clarks from the pride of Somerset, into an international powerhouse led by expansion in Asia. Industry insiders say they will use the Li Ning brand’s contacts to secure expansion for Clarks in China and beyond. “The UK will now be not that important,” one said. At home, a potential signal for the future comes via a tie-up with Marks & Spencer, through which Clarks now sells its children’s shoes. But Li Ning will have to pull off a flip of incredible proportions to turn around the troubled brand, where profits have crumbled since ‘You’re born in Clarks and die in Clarks, but from 10 to 70 you don’t want them’ Industry insider 2014. Clarks found itself pincered between discount and upmarket rivals after being kicked aside by trendier trainer purveyors. “You get born in Clarks and you die in Clarks but from 10 to 70 you don’t want them,” sa id an industry insider. As the pandemic compounded years of poor trading, Clarks cancelled its dividend to shareholders – including the founding family – in January for the second consecutive year. It reported a 43% slump in sales to £775m in the year to 30 January and the group sank £172m into the red from a £21.5m profit a year before. Net debt rose to £98m from £32m a year before and the pension surplus dived from nearly £128m to just £9.9m last year. Clarks’ board warned in May that there was “material uncertainty” about its ability to meet targets given the pandemic. While Clarks was trading ahead of budget when it filed its annual report in May, the company said changes in consumer behaviour “may cast significant doubt on [the company’s] ability to continue as a going concern” and it may have to consider an “equity cure” or debtfor-equity swap to raise more cash. Such questions are likely to be top of the minutes at the annual shareholder meeting, set for 23 December when the Clarks family may have to consider losing their grip on the brand entirely. Also on the agenda is likely to be Clarks’ search for a new boss after going through six chief executives in as many years. Johnny Chen , Clarks’ chair, is acting as interim chief executive after Victor Herrero stepped down this month after nine months in the role. Clarks is currently in mediation with representatives for workers at its warehouse in Street, Somerset, who say the business is seeking to cut their wages by almost 15% by using controversial fire and rehire tactics. A year ago, Clarks angered landlords after pushing through a restructure that cut rent on 60 stores to nil. But its troubles date back well before Covid-19 appeared. The company has gone from being the UK’s biggest footwear retailer six years ago to a poor third behind Sports Direct and JD Sports.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian Financial • 43 ◀ Airport workers in Johannesburg last February moving the first Covid vaccines to arrive in South Africa PHOTOGRAPH: ELMOND JIYANE FOR GCIS/REUTERS Analysis Larry Elliott Omicron reveals the risks of ‘vaccine apartheid’. The west needs to be less short-sighted M andatory face masks are back in England. The fear factor has returned. After months of assuming the Covid-19 pandemic was all but over, the UK government has imposed new restrictions in an attempt to curb the spread of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus. Financial markets didn’t wait for the announcement from Downing Street. It is far too early to know how big a threat the new variant poses but investors assumed the worst as soon as the reports arrived from southern Africa. Share prices fell heavily, with airline stocks the hardest hit as travel bans were reintroduced. Toughening up restrictions in the west in response to Omicron is a classic case of shutting the stable door after the horse has bolted, because for months the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have been warning rich developed countries that an end to the pandemic requires poor people as well as rich to be vaccinated. Gordon Brown has been demanding action from the G7 and the G20 since the start of the year, pointing out that the west has been stockpiling vaccines it will never use while people in Africa go unjabbed. The former prime minister’s warnings have gone unheeded. At the World Trade Organi zation (WTO), attempts to secure a waiver on intellectual property rights so that countries such as South Africa can produce their own jabs are backed by the US but opposed by the EU, the UK and Switzerland. Some rich countries argue that without patent protection pharmaceutical companies would have no incentive to produce new vaccines and that, in any case, poor countries lack the expertise to turn the formulas into finished products. Neither the IMF nor the US is convinced by this argument and developing countries will voice their anger at “vaccine apartheid” at this week’s WTO ministerial meeting in Geneva. Whatever the outcome of the intellectual property row, it is already clear multilateralism has failed the test. If ever there was a time for some international solidarity this was it . Sure, rich countries in Europe and North America have run up big bills fighting Covid-19 and are keen to reduce budget deficits, but penny-pinching on vaccines for developing countries was always going to be a false economy. Either rich nations make it possible for poor countries to increase jab rates or they have to seal themselves off from the unvaccinated parts of the world. The fact that the first cases of Omicron have already been reported in the UK shows how difficult it is to do the latter. While the first duty of any government is to ensure the safety of its own people, there are times when this can only be done by acting collectively – and this is one . Last month, the World Health Organi zation said less than 10% of the 54 countries in Africa were on course to hit the target of vaccinating 40% of their population by the end of 2021. Other variants are likely to follow. The argument in favour of donating more vaccines or waiving intellectual property rights remains the same as it has been since the start of the pandemic: the right thing to do is also the self-interested thing to do. That’s true even in the best-case scenario, where vaccines provide protection against Omicron and it proves to be less transmissible than currently feared. Why? Because while some countries – such as the UK – will try to adopt a wait-and-see approach, others may be more risk-averse. Austria imposed tough new lockdown restrictions last week because its relatively low (by European standards) vaccine rate had led to a surge in the number of infections. China, far more important to the global economy than Austria, tends to have a zero-tolerance approach to Covid and may decide to close factories and ports, thereby adding to already acute supply-chain bottlenecks. The dilemma facing central banks will intensify. On the one hand, additional inflationary pressure will make the case for higher interest rates stronger. On the other, the possibility that demand will weaken as consumers and businesses grow more cautious would justify doing nothing. The Bank of England’s monetary policy The argument in favour of donating more jabs remains the same: the right thing to do is also the self-interested thing to do committee receives briefings from Chris Whitty , England’s chief medical officer, and in the short term what he says about the health implications of Omicron could be as important as any piece of economic data in determining what happens to borrowing costs. And this is just the best case scenario. In the worst case, the new variant spreads quickly and vaccines offer only limited protection. Infection rates rise and governments feel obliged to once again impose restrictions on economic activity. Whitty thinks the public will be less willing to accept curbs on their freedoms than they were in the spring of 2020 . He is almost certainly right. Those who are vaccinated think they can live their lives normally. Many of the unvaccinated – the young, in particular – feel the risk of the ir getting seriously ill or dying from Covid is slim (which it is). Another lockdown would not just be economically damaging; it would be ignored by many and a hard political sell. If the worst does happen, then developed countries will have only themselves to blame, because they had it within their gift to prevent new variants from emerging. There is still time to do the right thing. Rich nations need to ensure vaccine targets in poor countries are hit. They need to meet their financial pledges. They need to stop stockpiling vaccines they will never use. They need to reverse aid cuts. They need to waive patent protection. They need to stop being so short-sighted.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Media 45 Before my time A bicentennial series in which our current writers find out how different the job was for their forerunners Today, the Guardian is very different . Its leader writers are not all white men and many have immigrant heritage Power of the leader How the voice of the paper has evolved over 200 years Randeep Ramesh Chief leader writer A newspaper’s views evolve but its leader columns represent a palimpsest of its history, where layer upon layer of thought has been inscribed. So how does a publication such as the Guardian come to decide what it thinks about an issue? The newspaper’s leader column dates back 200 years, to its first edition, but it was a long time before it found its voice. For David McKie , the Guardian’s former deputy editor who ran the leader column for more than 20 years, the most formative period coincided with the decades leading up to the first world war . Through its leader column, the then editor, CP Scott, presented the paper’s view based on his liberal values and steered it towards the radical political left – backing home rule in Ireland, supporting organised labour and criticising British troops for war crimes in the Sudan. What the paper did between 1897 and 1902 nearly sank the Guardian. But it was rescued by what its London rivals failed to do. The crucial year was 1899. The paper led strident opposition to the Boer war, attacking rival “jingo papers” in editorials for backing conflict as if it were “a well-known method of restoring confidence, invigorating industry and stimulating trade”. It exposed British-run concentration camps where starvation was rife . The stance, at odds with public opinion, drove away many readers. But by 1902 Scott had been proved substantially right. McKie says his leader writers – Charles E Montague and Leonard T Hobhouse – became the paper’s driving force during the editor’s absences (he was also a Liberal MP). Montague was his chief leader writer and deputy. His guiding principle was to bring “all political action to the same tests as personal conduct” . Hobhouse, a pioneer of sociology, recognised liberalism would need the sinews of the emerging Labour movement to stay in power. Today, the Guardian is, of course, a very different paper. Its leader writers are no longer all white men and many have immigrant heritage. They are not all, as in Scott’s day, Oxford graduates in classics. A small group of leader writers discusses the big issues of the day. Once a line is agreed on a subject, correspondents are consulted and the article is checked to ensure that the view expressed is one the paper would be comfortable with. Finally the editor-in-chief, or the deputy editor, approves the column . The subjects up for debate today are very different from those of 100 years ago. After the Boer war, British politics became concerned with how to alleviate poverty at home while sustaining a global empire. By 1906 the Tories had lost in a landslide election . The ▲ Boer s on Spion Kop, Ladysmith, in 1900. The Guardian upset readers by implacably opposing the Boer war PHOTOGRAPH: VAN HOEPEN/HULTON/GETTY Guardian leader column approved of the “free trade system” that the new Liberal government pursued as well as fresh restrictions on “slavish” labour. So began 10 years of Liberal dominance, supported by an emerging Labour parliamentary bloc. The Guardian sided with its ▲ Charles Montague (second left, standing) and Leonard Hobhouse (far right, sitting) with other staff in 1921 PHOTOGRAPH: WALTER DOUGHTY/THE GUARDIAN political ally, the Liberal cabinet minister David Lloyd George , instrumental in the development of many of the reforms that the leader column had advocated. But then, in 1914, came the war that split liberal -opinion. These tensions played out in the Guardian between those advocating peace and those backing a fight with Germany. During the summer of 1914 Hobhouse, who by then had a seat on the Guardian board, wanted Britain to remain neutral. Scott lobbied Herbert Asquith’s Liberal cabinet for Britain to stay out. But the German invasion of Belgium shifted the mood – to the dismay of many drawn to pacifism. For Montague the war provided a test of his own sincerity. He wrote a leader on 24 August 1914 which said “ Europe must either smash Prussian Junkerdom [Prussian aristocracy] or be smashed by it ”. Less than four months later he had enlisted in the army . After the war, Montague settled back into Guardian life, but worried that he would not see a Liberal government again. He was right. The downfall of the party began in December 1916 , when Asquith was succeeded as prime minister by Lloyd George as head of a Conservative-dominated government. Scott backed Lloyd George in 1918 when he gave the vote to men over the age of 21 and property-owning women over 30. But if voters were thankful, they did not show it, punishing a divided Liberal party and turning to the Conservatives and Labour. Lloyd George was Britain’s last Liberal prime minister. Scott despaired of the suspicion and distrust between Liberal and Labour leaders that kept the Tories in power. Bridging that divide remains a cause very much alive today within the paper. Until recently, election leader articles were the preserve of the editorin-chief, who would consult a few colleagues and then write the piece. Now there is a meeting where all editorial staff put their views forward. And the editor no longer writes the leader, although they still have the last word. The other sensibilities from the time that endure today are Scott’s sympathy for the underdog, his scepticism of government propaganda and an understanding that it is “well to be frank; it is even better to be fair”. All these notions were forged, as McKie says, when “liberals and Labour first found a common home in the Guardian”.

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 46 Weather Monday 29 November 2021 UK and Ireland Noon today Forecast Around the UK Sunny Mist Fog Sunny intervals Hazy 1008 1004 1000 8 Low 4 High 11 Tomorrow London Lows and highs Precipitation Air pollution 2 5 15% Low Manchester Mostly cloudy Overcast/dull Sunny showers Sunny and heavy showers Light showers Rain Sleet Light snow 17 Moderate 1012 11 10 Belfast Inverness 6 Edinburgh Glasgow 10 Shetland 22 19 Newcastle York Moderate Low 7 High Wednesday 8 4 5 Edinburgh 8 9 Belfast 8 9 Birmingham 3 4 Brighton 25% 25% 80% 20% Low Low Low Low Snow showers Heavy snow Thundery rain Thundery showers X Temperature, ºC Wind speed, mph Ice Windy 35C 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 1020 8 11 9 The Channel Islands Dublin 1016 7 Plymouth Liverpool ol 4 Nottingham Birmingham Cardiff 3 Slight 2 5 London Norwich Dover 14 Carbon count Daily atmospheric CO2 readings from Mauna Loa, Hawaii (ppm): Latest 27 Nov 2021 415.49 Weekly average 21 Nov 2021 415.36 28 Nov 2020 413.55 28 Nov 2011 390.78 Pre-industrial base 280 Safe level 350 Source: NOAA-ESRL 4 6 10% Bristol 3 4 25% Cardiff 6 7 25% Newcastle 6 7 55% Penzance 9 10 55% Low Low Low Low Low Atlantic front Cold front Warm front Occluded front Trough High tides Aberdeen 0852 3.6m 2101 3.7m Avonmouth 0137 9.9m 1413 10.3m Barrow 0630 7.3m 1852 7.7m Belfast 0620 2.9m 1833 3.2m Cobh 0001 3.4m 1242 3.5m Cromer 0113 4.1m 1414 4.1m Dover 0615 5.6m 1856 5.6m Dublin 0708 3.4m 1913 3.6m Galway 0005 4.0m 1221 4.2m Greenock 0746 2.9m 1928 3.2m Harwich 0626 3.3m 1908 3.4m Holyhead 0546 4.6m 1759 4.9m Hull 0035 6.0m 1352 6.1m Leith 0954 4.6m 2219 4.7m Liverpool 0612 7.5m 1838 7.9m H 1016 1008 L L 984 1000 1024 1032 992 H 1008 1024 1016 1016 Source: © Crown Copyright. All rights reserved. Times are local UK times London Bridge 0809 5.7m 2106 6.1m Lossiemouth 0652 3.4m 1901 3.5m Milford Haven 0104 5.3m 1333 5.6m Newquay 0003 5.4m 1232 5.7m North Shields 1059 4.2m 2308 4.3m Oban 0147 3.0m 1342 3.4m Penzance -- -- 1201 4.6m Plymouth 0013 4.4m 1238 4.7m Portsmouth 0640 4.1m 1902 3.9m Southport 0513 7.2m 1739 7.6m Stornoway 0231 3.8m 1439 4.1m Weymouth 0136 0.5m 1354 0.7m Whitby 1131 4.6m 2342 4.8m Wick 0638 2.8m 1846 3.0m Workington 0644 6.6m 1903 6.9m 1000 L 1000 L Sun & Moon 1008 LZEUS/ARWEN 992 1000 Sun rises 0740 Sun sets 1555 Moon rises 0046 Moon sets 1357 New Moon 4 Dec L Forecasts and graphics provided by AccuWeather ©2021 1008 1016 1024 H Lighting up 1032 Belfast 1605 to 0822 Birm’ham 1558 to 0753 Brighton 1559 to 0740 Bristol 1607 to 0752 Carlisle 1550 to 0810 Cork 1628 to 0817 Dublin 1612 to 0816 Glasgow 1551 to 0822 Harlech 1606 to 0805 Inverness 1539 to 0831 London 1555 to 0742 M’chester 1556 to 0800 Newcastle 1545 to 0806 Norwich 1545 to 0742 Penzance 1624 to 0758 Starwatch Elnath Taurus Hamal Alcyone Betelgeuse Orion Menkar Bellatrix Alnitak Saiph Lepus Algenib Pisces Cetus Diphda This week presents a good chance to see Cetus , the sea monster. Sometimes referred to as a whale, Cetus is part of the myth of Perseus, which also includes the constellations Pegasus, Cassiopeia , Andromeda , and Cepheus . In the story, Perseus rescues Andromeda from Cetus, after she is chained to the rocks for the monster to devour in the gods’ punishment for Andromeda’s boasts of her beauty. The chart shows the view looking south from London this evening at 9pm GMT . Alpha Ceti , also known as Menkar , is the nose of the sea creature; Diphda ( Beta Ceti) is also known as Deneb Kaitos , meaning whale’s tail. To find the dim constellation, start by identifying Taurus and Orion. Extending an imaginary line drawn through the body of Taurus, to another line extended through Betelgeuse and Bellatrix , should allow you to converge on Menkar. Stuart Clark @DrStuClark Around the world Algiers 16 Lisbon 15 Ams’dam 6 Madrid 13 Athens 20 Malaga 18 Auckland 22 Melb’rne 26 B Aires 26 Mexico C 21 Bangkok 31 Miami 23 Barcelona 12 Milan 6 Basra 29 Mombasa 31 Beijing 7 Moscow 3 Berlin 2 Mumbai 34 Bermuda 22 N Orleans 17 Brussels 5 Nairobi 23 Budapest 3 New Delhi 25 C’hagen 2 New York 6 Cairo 32 Oslo -2 Cape Town 22 Paris 5 Chicago 4 Perth 23 Corfu 16 Prague 1 Dakar 28 Reykjavik 2 Dhaka 28 Rio de J 31 Dublin 8 Rome 11 Florence 10 Shanghai 18 Gibraltar 17 Singapore 31 H Kong 25 Stockh’m -2 Harare 30 Strasb’g 3 Helsinki -5 Sydney 20 Istanbul 20 Tel Aviv 27 Jo’burg 27 Tenerife 22 K Lumpur 31 Tokyo 13 K’mandu 21 Toronto 2 Kabul 15 Vancouv’r 10 Kingston 31 Vienna 1 Kolkata 28 Warsaw 1 L Angeles 26 Wash’ton 8 Lagos 31 Well’ton 20 Lima 21 Zurich 1

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian Tennis Great Britain seal quarter-final spot in Davis Cup Page 50 → • Football How Africa Cup of Nations will hit Premier League Page 54 → 47 In the hot seat One thing is certain in the life of a football manager: you will get sacked Josh Gowling ▲ Ole Gunnar Solskjær recently paid the price for poor form by losing his job as Manchester United manager CHARLOTTE WILSON/ OFFSIDE VIA GETTY IMAGES T he reality for every manager is that you will get sacked at some point in your career, but that does not stop you feeling sorry for colleagues when you see it happen to them. You learn very quickly that it is starkly different to life as a player: a run of sub-par performances on the pitch might see you dropped to the bench, but if you’re the guy in the technical area then every bad period of results ramps up that feeling of uncertainty. It has been a brutal spell for some managers in the Premier League recently, culminating in Ole Gunnar Solskjær’s departure from Manchester United , and that gives you food for thought. You look at your own situation when you see others losing their jobs: you realise you are fortunate but also understand how quickly that can change. I definitely don’t want to experience too many more board meetings like the one at Hereford when, nine or 10 games into this season, we had only won once. You have to sit there and take the heat a little bit, because you are not getting the results and these are the people you answer to. While I might know where we’re going, the structure I’m trying to implement and the issues we will have to overcome in getting there, it’s not me doing the hiring and firing. The hope is that your board and chairman have belief in your vision: fortunately mine do and, given we have won our last four league games without conceding, I feel thankful that we have all been on the same page. Sometimes you look at managers higher up the divisions, such as Steve Bruce when he left Newcastle , and feel so sorry for them. The level of expectation, and the pelters they get when people perceive they are falling short, is on a different scale altogether even if the basic pressure of getting results is relatable. It isn’t enough just to be a football coach when you’re managing at the top: you need to be marketable, a good speaker and also have a rhino hide to deal with the scrutiny. Managing at National League level has its particular stresses and strains, particularly as a 37-yearold in his first job. Fewer people are watching my every move, but the real-world pressures are greater. There will be no huge pay-off if Hereford decide we should part ways; I would have to go and find another way to provide for my family, with no guarantees that football would offer a new challenge straight away. I’ve seen other managers, including friends of mine, suffer in exactly that way. By contrast, if you lose your job in the Premier League, the worst-case scenario is that you’ll have to look down a division or two. The margin for error is slim in our division and, if things are going badly, you rarely have resources to bring in four or five players . You live or die by your summer recruitment: these are the guys you will need to get a tune out of in order to turn things around, otherwise you risk being shown the door. As a player, you know when your manager is under pressure. The rumours start going around but you also pick up the signs. Sometimes you won’t see it in a manager’s demeanour, but in his tactics and selection. Everything might go out of the window – the gameplan, the messages to the players, the teams they pick – and they become a bit like a rabbit in the headlights. One thing I sensed at Manchester United in recent weeks was that the setup seemed to be a bit lost. The team have to do their bit and rally round too. I raise my eyebrows when I see players tweeting their thanks to a departing manager even though it’s been clear they didn’t give him everything they had. I was certainly never the type to down tools during my playing career but there’s no doubt that, when you have a really good bond with a particular manager, you want to work extra hard to make sure he keeps his job. I’ve also been in I’ve been in dressing rooms where many of the players won’t run through a brick wall to ensure the manager survives dressing rooms where, make no mistake, many of the players won’t run through a brick wall to ensure the manager survives. Some of the guys might even be happy when the going gets tough, but that’s part of the job and I doubt it’s much different at any club in the country. The reality is that you can’t keep your entire squad happy all the time. I doubt I’m everybody at Hereford’s favourite person, because you can only pick 11 players to start each game. But you can help your cause by winning and we have put ourselves in a position where a play-off push should be in our sights. We were playing good football throughout our sticky patch and the fans stayed with us, which made life much easier. The solidarity from friends within the game when the wins started coming was fantastic too: it means a lot to receive supportive messages from people who know exactly what you are going through. Introspection goes with the territory, though. When we’re not winning I go into a bit of a hole and tend not to sleep well; you then push yourself, and your staff, even harder to find ways out of the situation. If you can’t do that then you are likely to be on your way out: the bell will toll for everybody at some point, but that is the bargain anyone embarking upon a career in management has to accept.

48 Sport • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Football results The week ahead Millie Bright will be aiming for another win as England captain against Latvia tomorrow Today Football (7.45pm unless stated) Sky Bet Championship Derby v QPR Sky Sports Football Scottish Cup Third round Brechin v Darvel Juniors BBC Scotland/BBC iPlayer Fifa Women’s World Cup Qualifying Northern Ireland v North Macedonia (7pm) BBC iPlayer Cricket Second Test Match (first day of five) Sri Lanka v West Indies, Galle (4.30am) Tennis Davis Cup Finals Final stage Madrid (to Sun) Eurosport 1 Snooker Cazoo UK Championship York (to Sun) BBC Two/Eurosport 2 Racing Ayr, Kempton, Wolverhampton Tomorrow Football (7.45pm unless stated) Emirates FA Cup First round replay Exeter v Bradford Premier League Leeds v Crystal Palace (8.15pm) Amazon Prime; Newcastle v Norwich (7.30pm) Amazon Prime Papa John’s EFL Trophy Northern section: Second round Accrington Stanley v Wigan; Bolton v Fleetwood Town (7pm); Carlisle v Lincoln City (7pm); Crewe v Doncaster; Rotherham v Port Vale (7pm); Sheffield Wednesday v Hartlepool; Sunderland v Oldham; Tranmere v Harrogate Town. Southern section: Second round Cambridge Utd v Walsall (7pm); Charlton v Aston Villa U21 (7pm); Forest Green v Chelsea U21 (7pm); Ipswich v Arsenal U21; Leyton Orient v MK Dons (7pm); Sutton Utd v Stevenage; Swindon v Colchester Vanarama National League Wrexham v Yeovil cinch Scottish Premiership Motherwell v Dundee Utd Sky Sports Football SPFL Trust Trophy Scottish Challenge Cup Quarter-finals Cove Rangers v Rangers U21; Hamilton v Kilmarnock; Inverness CT v Raith Fifa Women’s World Cup Qualifying Group A Republic of Ireland v Georgia (7pm). Group B Spain v Scotland (8pm) BBC iPlayer. Group D England v Latvia (7pm) ITV4. Group I France v Wales (8.10pm) BBC Two Cricket Tour Match (first day of three) England v England Lions, Brisbane (midnight) Racing Lingfield, Newcastle, Southwell Wednesday Football (7.45pm unless stated) Premier League Aston Villa v Man City (8.15pm) Amazon Prime; Everton v Liverpool (8.15pm) Amazon Prime; Southampton v Leicester (7.30pm) Amazon Prime; Watford v Chelsea (7.30pm) Amazon Prime; West Ham v Brighton (7.30pm) Amazon Prime; Wolves v Burnley (7.30pm) Amazon Prime Papa John’s EFL Trophy Northern section: Second round Crewe v Doncaster; Sheff Wed v Hartlepool (7pm); Sunderland v Oldham (7pm) Southern section: Second round Ipswich v Arsenal U21 cinch Scottish Premiership Aberdeen v Livingston; Dundee v St Johnstone; Hibernian v Rangers; St Mirren v Ross County SPFL Trust Trophy Scottish Challenge Cup Quarter-final Queen of the South v Morton (7.30pm) BBC iPlayer Cricket Third One-Day International South Africa v Netherlands, Johannesburg (8am) SSC Racing Haydock, Kempton, Lingfield Thursday Football (7.45pm unless stated) Premier League Man Utd v Arsenal (8.15pm) Amazon Prime; Tottenham v Brentford (7.30pm) Amazon Prime cinch Scottish Premiership Celtic v Hearts Sky Sports Football Golf South African Open Sun City (to Sun) SSG Hero World Challenge Albany, The Bahamas (to Sun) SSG Racing Chelmsford, Leicester, Market Rasen, Wincanton Friday Football (7.45pm unless stated) Emirates FA Cup Second round Gateshead v Charlton ITV4; Rotherham v Stockport County Sky Bet Championship Fulham v Bournemouth SSF cinch Scottish Championship Inverness CT v Kilmarnock BBC iPlayer cinch Scottish League Two Edinburgh City v Annan Athletic Rugby union Gallagher Premiership Gloucester v Bristol (7.45pm) BTS1 United Championship Bulls v Scarlets (5.35pm); Edinburgh v Benetton (7.35pm); Leinster v Connacht (7.45pm) Greene King IPA Championship Nottingham v Jersey Reds (7.45pm) Cricket Second Test Match (first day of five) India v New Zealand, Mumbai (4am) Sky Sports Cricket Racing Exeter, Newcastle, Sandown ITV4, Sedgefield Saturday Football (3pm unless stated) Emirates FA Cup Second round AFC Wimbledon v Cheltenham; Bristol Rovers v Sutton Utd; Burton Albion v Port Vale BBC One; Buxton v Morecambe (12.45pm); Carlisle v Shrewsbury; Doncaster v Mansfield; Ipswich v Barrow; Leyton Orient v Tranmere; Lincoln City v Hartlepool; Portsmouth v Harrogate Town; Walsall v Swindon; Yeovil v Stevenage (5.30pm) BBC iPlayer Premier League Newcastle v Burnley; Southampton v Brighton; Watford v Man City (5.30pm) SSPL; West Ham v Chelsea (12.30pm) BTS1; Wolves v Liverpool Sky Bet Championship Barnsley v Huddersfield; Blackburn v Preston; Blackpool v Luton; Bristol City v Derby; Cardiff v Sheff Utd; Coventry v West Brom (12.30pm) The main event Saudi Arabia Grand Prix 5.30pm, Sunday, Sky Sports F1 Lewis Hamilton may be eight points behind Max Verstappen but he is on the charge with only two races remaining Sky Sports Football; Middlesbrough v Swansea; Millwall v Birmingham; Nottm Forest v Peterborough; Reading v Hull Sky Bet League One Accrington Stanley v Fleetwood Town; Sunderland v Oxford Utd Vanarama National League Aldershot v Altrincham; Barnet v Maidenhead Utd; Bromley v Wealdstone; Dag & Red v Grimsby; Dover v Wrexham; Solihull Moors v Woking; Weymouth v Torquay cinch Scottish Premiership Aberdeen v St Mirren; Hibernian v Motherwell; Rangers v Dundee; St Johnstone v Ross County cinch Scottish Championship Arbroath v Raith; Hamilton v Dunfermline; Morton v Ayr; Queen of the South v Partick cinch Scottish League One Clyde v Peterhead; Cove Rangers v Dumbarton; East Fife v Alloa; Montrose v Airdrieonians; Queen’s Park v Falkirk cinch Scottish League Two Albion v Forfar; Cowdenbeath v Stirling; Elgin v Kelty Hearts Stenhousemuir v Stranraer Rugby union (3pm unless stated) Gallagher Premiership Exeter v Saracens BT Sport 2; London Irish v Newcastle; Northampton v Bath; Worcester v Wasps United Championship Glasgow v Dragons (7.35pm); Lions v Munster (3.30pm); Ospreys v Ulster; Sharks v Zebre (1pm); Stormers v Cardiff Rugby (5.45pm) Greene King IPA Championship Coventry v Bedford Blues; Ealing Trailfinders v Ampthill; Hartpury v Richmond (2.30pm) Cricket Second Test Match (first day of five) Bangladesh v Pakistan, Mirpur (4am) Formula One Saudi Arabia Grand Prix Qualifying Jeddah (5pm) Sky Sports F1 Racing Aintree, Chepstow, Sandown ITV4, Wetherby, Wolverhampton Sunday Football (3pm unless stated) Emirates FA Cup Second round Colchester v Wigan (12.30pm); Kidderminster v FC Halifax (4pm); Rochdale v Plymouth (12.15pm) ITV; Salford City v Chesterfield (5.15pm) ITV4 Premier League Aston Villa v Leicester (4.30pm) Sky Sports Main Event; Leeds v Brentford (2pm); Man Utd v Crystal Palace (2pm); Tottenham v Norwich (2pm) Sky Bet Championship QPR v Stoke (2.30pm) SSF cinch Scottish Premiership Dundee Utd v Celtic (noon) Sky Sports Football; Livingston v Hearts Vitality Women’s FA Cup Final Arsenal v Chelsea (2pm) BT Sport 1/BBC One/BBC iPlayer FA Women’s Continental League Cup Group A Blackburn v Sheffield Utd (noon); Sunderland v Aston Villa (noon). Group B Everton v Durham (1pm); Man Utd v Leicester (noon) Rugby union Gallagher Premiership Leicester v Harlequins BT Sport 2 Greene King IPA Championship Cornish Pirates v Doncaster (2.30pm) Formula One Saudi Arabia Grand Prix Jeddah (5.30pm) Sky Sports F1 Racing Huntingdon, Kelso Premier League Europe Scotland CINCH PREMIERSHIP P W D L F A GD Pts Rangers 14 10 3 1 32 14 +18 33 Celtic 14 9 2 3 32 10 +22 29 Hearts 15 7 6 2 25 14 +11 27 Dundee Utd 15 7 4 4 15 14 +1 25 Motherwell 15 6 3 6 19 24 -5 21 Hibernian 13 5 3 5 17 17 0 18 St Mirren 15 3 7 5 16 24 -8 16 Aberdeen 15 4 3 8 16 21 -5 15 St Johnstone 14 3 5 6 9 14 -5 14 Livingston 14 3 4 7 12 20 -8 13 Dundee 14 3 4 7 14 27 -13 13 Ross County 14 2 4 8 19 27 -8 10 Celtic (1) 2 Aberdeen (1) 1 Jota 20 Ferguson 33pen McGregor 60 Dundee (2) 3 Motherwell (0) 0 McCowan 19 Mullen 27, Sweeney 49 4,747 Hearts (0) 2 St Mirren (0) 0 Mackay-Steven 61 17,311 Kingsley 75 Livingston (1) 1 Rangers (2) 3 Anderson 30 Arfield 8 8,825 Aribo 16, Sakala 78 Ross County (0) 1 Dundee Utd (0) 1 Baldwin 90 Appere 49 St Johnstone (1) 1 Hibernian (0) 2 Porteous 40og Nisbet 83, Murphy 86 LEADING GOALSCORERS (all competitions) 13 Furuhashi (Celtic). 11 Boyle (Hibernian). 9 Boyce (Hearts); Morelos (Rangers); Roofe (Rangers). 8 Jota (Celtic); Watt (Motherwell). 7 Abada (Celtic); Turnbull (Celtic) Home Away P W D L F A W D L F A GD Pts Next three games 1 Chelsea 13 4 2 1 18 4 5 1 0 13 1 +26 30 Watford (a) 01/12, West Ham (a) 04/12, Leeds (h) 11/12 2 Manchester City 13 5 1 1 17 3 4 1 1 10 4 +20 29 Aston Villa (a) 01/12, Watford (a) 04/12, Wolves (h) 11/12 3 Liverpool 13 4 3 0 18 5 4 1 1 21 6 +28 28 Everton (a) 01/12, Wolves (a) 04/12, Aston Viilla (h) 11/12 4 West Ham 13 3 1 2 12 9 4 1 2 12 7 +8 23 Brighton (h) 01/12, Chelsea (h) 04/12, Burnley (a) 12/12 5 Arsenal 13 5 1 1 12 6 2 1 3 3 11 -2 23 Man Utd (a) 02/12, Everton (a) 06/12, Southampton ( h) 11/12 6 Wolves 13 3 0 3 5 6 3 2 2 7 6 0 20 Burnley (h) 01/12, Liverpool (h) 04/12, Man City (a) 11/12 7 Tottenham 12 4 0 2 6 8 2 1 3 5 9 -6 19 Brentford (h) 02/12, Norwich (h) 05/12, Brighton (a) 12/12 8 Manchester Utd 13 2 1 3 10 11 3 2 2 11 11 -1 18 Arsenal (h) 02/12, Crystal Palace (h) 05/12, Norwich (a) 11/12 9 Brighton 13 2 3 2 6 8 2 3 1 6 6 -2 18 West Ham (a) 01/12, Southampton (a) 04/12, Tottenham (h) 12/12 10 Leicester 13 3 1 3 11 12 2 2 2 9 11 -3 18 Southampton (a) 01/12, Aston Villa (a) 05/12, Newcastle (h) 12/12 11 Crystal Palace 13 2 4 1 10 6 1 3 2 9 13 0 16 Leeds (a) 30/11, Man Utd (a) 05/12, Everton (h) 12/12 12 Brentford 13 2 1 4 8 9 2 3 1 9 8 0 16 Tottenham (a) 02/12, Leeds (a) 05/12, Watford (h) 10/12 13 Aston Villa 13 3 1 2 11 8 2 0 5 7 13 -3 16 Man City (h) 01/12, Leicester (h) 05/12, Liverpool (a) 11/12 14 Everton 13 3 1 2 10 8 1 2 4 6 12 -4 15 Liverpool (h) 01/12, Arsenal (h) 06/12, Crystal Palace (a) 12/12 15 Southampton 13 2 3 1 5 4 1 2 4 6 14 -7 14 Leicester (h) 01/12, Brighton (h) 04/12, Arsenal ( a) 11/12 16 Watford 13 2 1 3 8 12 2 0 5 10 12 -6 13 Chelsea (h) 01/12, Man City (h) 04/12, Brentford (a) 10/12 17 Leeds 13 1 3 2 6 9 1 3 3 6 11 -8 12 Crystal Palace (h) 30/11, Brentford (h) 05/12, Chelsea (a) 11/12 18 Burnley 12 1 3 2 8 8 0 3 3 6 12 -6 9 Wolves (a) 01/12, Newcastle (a) 04/12, West Ham (h) 12/12 19 Norwich 13 1 2 4 5 11 1 1 4 2 16 -20 9 Newcastle (a) 30/11, Tottenham (a) 05/12, Man Utd (h) 11/12 20 Newcastle 13 0 3 3 10 16 0 3 4 5 13 -14 6 Norwich (h) 30/11, Burnley (h) 04/12, Leicester (a) 12/12 LA LIGA Top 12 P W D L F A GD Pts Real Madrid 13 9 3 1 32 14 +18 30 Atlético Madrid 14 8 5 1 26 14 +12 29 Real Sociedad 15 8 5 2 19 11 +8 29 Sevilla 13 8 4 1 23 9 +14 28 Real Betis 15 8 3 4 25 18 +7 27 Rayo Vallecano 15 7 3 5 23 16 +7 24 Barcelona 14 6 5 3 23 16 +7 23 Athletic Bilbao 14 4 8 2 13 10 +3 20 Espanyol 15 5 5 5 15 14 +1 20 Valencia 15 4 7 4 22 21 +1 19 Osasuna 14 5 4 5 14 18 -4 19 Villarreal 14 3 7 4 16 16 0 16 Alavés 1 Celta Vigo 2; Cádiz 1 Atlético Madrid 4; Espanyol 1 Real Sociedad 0; Mallorca 0 Getafe 0; Real Betis 3 Levante 1; Real Madrid L Sevilla L; Valencia 1 Rayo Vallecano 1; Villarreal 1 Barcelona 3. Friday Atheltic Bilbao 2 Granada 2 Today Osasuna v Elche (8pm) SERIE A Top 11 P W D L F A GD Pts Napoli 13 10 2 1 26 7 +19 32 Milan 14 10 2 2 30 18 +12 32 Internazionale 14 9 4 1 34 15 +19 31 Atalanta 14 8 4 2 28 17 +11 28 Roma 14 8 1 5 24 15 +9 25 Juventus 14 6 3 5 18 16 +2 21 Lazio 13 6 3 4 25 21 +4 21 Fiorentina 14 7 0 7 21 19 +2 21 Bologna 14 6 3 5 20 24 -4 21 Verona 14 5 4 5 28 25 +3 19 Empoli 14 6 1 7 21 26 -5 19 Empoli 2 Fiorentina 1; Juventus 0 Atalanta 1; Milan 1 Sassuolo 3; Napoli L Lazio L; Roma 1 Torino 0; Sampdoria 3 Verona 1; Spezia 0 Bologna 1; Udinese 0 Genoa 0; Venezia 0 Internazionale 2. Friday Cagliari 1 Salernitana 1 BUNDESLIGA Top 12 P W D L F A GD Pts Bayern Munich 13 10 1 2 42 13 +29 31 Borussia Dortmund 13 10 0 3 33 19 +14 30 Bayer Leverkusen 13 7 3 3 28 18 +10 24 Freiburg 13 6 4 3 19 13 +6 22 Hoffenheim 13 6 2 5 27 20 +7 20 Union Berlin 13 5 5 3 20 19 +1 20 Wolfsburg 13 6 2 5 15 17 -2 20 RB Leipzig 13 5 3 5 24 16 +8 18 Mainz 13 5 3 5 17 14 +3 18 Cologne 13 4 6 3 22 22 0 18 B M’gladbach 13 5 3 5 18 18 0 18 Eintracht Frankfurt 13 4 6 3 16 17 -1 18 Bayern Munich 1 Arminia Bielefeld 0; Bochum 2 Freiburg 1; Cologne 4 B Mönchengladbach 1; Eintracht Frankfurt 2 Union Berlin 1; Greuther Fürth 3 Hoffenheim 6; Hertha Berlin 1 Augsburg 1; RB Leipzig 1 B Leverkusen 3; Wolfsburg 1 Borussia Dortmund 3. Friday VfB Stuttgart 2 Mainz 1 LIGUE 1 Top 11 P W D L F A GD Pts PSG 15 13 1 1 35 15 +20 40 Rennes 15 8 4 3 26 12 +14 28 Nice 15 8 3 4 25 12 +13 26 Lens 15 7 4 4 27 20 +7 25 Marseille 13 6 5 2 20 12 +8 23 Angers 15 5 7 3 22 18 +4 22 Lyon 14 6 4 4 22 21 +1 22 Strasbourg 15 5 5 5 26 20 +6 20 Monaco 15 5 5 5 20 19 +1 20 Nantes 15 5 4 6 20 20 0 19 Montpellier 15 5 4 6 21 22 -1 19 Bordeaux 1 Brest 2; Lille 1 Nantes 1; Lorient 0 Rennes 2; Marseille L Troyes L; Monaco 1 Strasbourg 1; Montpellier 0 Lyon 1; Nice 0 Metz 1; Reims 1 Clermont 0; St-Étienne 1 Paris Saint-Germain 3. Friday Lens 2 Angers 2 SCOTTISH CUP Third round Alloa (2) 5 Bonnyrigg Rose (0) 0 Niang 13 90 513 Henderson 20 70 83 Arbroath (2) 3 Forfar (0) 0 Thomson 12 Little 20 Donnelly 53 1,280 Auchinleck Talbot (0) 1 Hamilton (0) 0 Graham Wilson 60 Ayr (0) 2 Albion (0) 1 Maxwell 54 Wright 46 Moffat 65 986 Banks O’Dee (1) 2 East Fife (1) 1 Newton 28og Semple 13 Gilmour 81 328 Civil Service S (0) 0 Peterhead (0) 3 McLean 55pen S Brown 60 Cameron 90 Clydebank (1) 2 Clyde (0) 0 Darroch 44 Little 64 Cove Rangers (1) 2 Queen of the South (1) 2 Vigurs 33 Soares-Junior 32 McAllister 90 Paton 72 468 Dalbeattie Star (0) 1 East Kilbride (1) 2 Degnan 70 McLaughlin 43pen Saunders 64 Dumbarton (1) 3 Sauchie (0) 1 Pignatiello 24 D Smith 58pen McKee 90 Schiavone 90 571 EREDIVISIE Top 12 P W D L F A GD Pts Ajax 14 10 3 1 43 2 +41 33 PSV Eindhoven 14 10 1 3 34 21 +13 31 Feyenoord 13 9 2 2 31 13 +18 29 Utrecht 14 8 2 4 29 16 +13 26 Cambuur 14 8 0 6 26 29 -3 24 Vitesse 14 7 2 5 14 21 -7 23 Twente 14 6 4 4 20 18 +2 22 Go Ahead Eagles 14 6 2 6 18 23 -5 20 NEC Nijmegen 14 5 4 5 19 22 -3 19 Heerenveen 14 5 3 6 17 21 -4 18 Willem II 14 5 3 6 16 23 -7 18 AZ Alkmaar 13 5 2 6 23 19 +4 17 Fortuna Sittard 1 Groningen 4; Heerenveen 1 PSV 1; PEC Zwolle 0 RKC Waalwijk 0; Sparta Rotterdam 0 Ajax 1; Twente 0 Feyenoord 0; Utrecht 1 Heracles 0; Vitesse Arnhem 0 AZ Alkmaar 0; Willem II 0 GA Eagles 1 Friday NEC Nijmegen 2 Cambuur 3 PRIMEIRA LIGA Top 11 P W D L F A GD Pts Sporting 12 10 2 0 19 4 +15 32 Porto 11 9 2 0 28 7 +21 29 Benfica 11 9 1 1 27 7 +20 28 Portimonense 12 6 2 4 13 9 +4 20 Estoril 11 5 5 1 16 9 +7 20 Braga 11 5 4 2 17 14 +3 19 Guimarães 11 4 4 3 13 10 +3 16 Gil Vicente 12 3 5 4 15 15 0 14 Arouca 12 3 4 5 13 18 -5 13 Tondela 12 4 0 8 17 23 -6 12 Paços Ferreira 12 2 5 5 9 16 -7 11 Arouca 2 Boavista 1; Belenenses A Benfica A; Famailcão 0 Portimonense 3; Marítimo 2 Paços Ferreira 0; Sporting 2 Tondela 0; Porto L Guimarães L. Friday Moreirense 2 Gil Vicente 2. Today Estoril v Santa Clara (8.15pm) Falkirk (0) 1 Raith (1) 2 Morrison 50 Matthews 27 2,512 Ross 84 Gala Fairydean (0) 0 Annan Athletic (0) 1 Smith 51 Inverness CT (1) 1 Morton (0) 1 McKay 12 Reilly 82 Kelty Hearts (0) 0 Montrose (0) 0 805 Lothian Thistle (0) 1 Edinburgh City (2) 2 Douglas 82 Handling 35 Murray 42 Queen’s Park (0) 0 Kilmarnock (1) 1 1,153 E Murray 45 Stenhousemuir (0) 0 Airdrieonians (1) 2 Frizzell 37 S McGill 55 Stirling (2) 4 Tranent (0) 0 Mackin 20 63pen Leitch 30 McGregor 81 701 Played on Friday Partick (0) 1 Dunfermline (0) 0 Docherty 82 2,198 HIGHLAND LEAGUE Clachnacuddin 0 Inverurie Loco Works 0; Brora Rangers 4 Deveronvale 0; Formartine United P Fraserburgh P; Fort William P Rothes P; Lossiemouth 0 Buckie Thistle 5; Nairn County 1 Keith 3; Wick Academy 2 Forres Mechanics 0 Leading standings: 1 Fraserburgh P16 Pts43; 2 Buckie Thistle 17-40; 3 Brechin City 16-40 SCOTTISH LOWLAND LEAGUE Caledonian Braves 2 Celtic B 3. Leading standings: 1Bonnyrigg Rose P20 Pts52; 2 Rangers B 19-42; 3 Spartans 20-41

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Other results Sport In brief 49 Sky Bet Championship Sky Bet League One Sky Bet League Two P W D L F A GD Pts Fulham 20 13 4 3 49 16 +33 43 Bournemouth 20 12 6 2 36 16 +20 42 West Brom 20 9 7 4 27 16 +11 34 Blackburn 20 9 6 5 34 27 +7 33 Coventry 20 9 6 5 27 23 +4 33 QPR 19 9 5 5 31 24 +7 32 Stoke 20 9 4 7 24 21 +3 31 Huddersfield 20 8 4 8 23 23 0 28 Swansea 20 7 6 7 25 26 -1 27 Millwall 20 6 9 5 20 21 -1 27 Blackpool 20 7 6 7 20 22 -2 27 Middlesbrough 20 7 5 8 23 23 0 26 Sheffield Utd 20 7 5 8 25 26 -1 26 Birmingham 20 7 5 8 19 21 -2 26 Luton 20 6 7 7 27 26 +1 25 Nottm Forest 20 6 7 7 24 23 +1 25 Preston 20 6 7 7 22 26 -4 25 Bristol City 20 6 5 9 21 30 -9 23 Hull 20 6 3 11 16 23 -7 21 Cardiff 20 6 3 11 21 34 -13 21 Reading* 20 8 2 10 26 32 -6 20 Peterborough 20 4 4 12 17 38 -21 16 Barnsley 20 2 6 12 13 31 -18 12 Derby** 19 4 10 5 16 18 -2 1 *deducted six points **deducted 21 points Birmingham (0) 1 Blackpool (0) 0 Jutkiewicz 81 Bournemouth (1) 2 Coventry (0) 2 Anthony 45 Godden 85 Billing 66 Kane 90 Huddersfield (0) 1 Middlesbrough (2) 2 Daniels 90og Watmore 16 23 19,192 Hull (1) 2 Millwall (1) 1 Honeyman 29 Bradshaw 45 Longman 54 10,613 Luton (0) 1 Cardiff (1) 2 Clark 64 Colwill 10 Morrison 77 Peterborough (0) 0 Barnsley (0) 0 Preston (0) 1 Fulham (1) 1 Evans 72 Ream 15 9,838 Sheff Utd (1) 2 Bristol City (0) 0 Brewster 40 25,615 Sharp 89 Stoke (0) 0 Blackburn (0) 1 21,739 Khadra 52 Swansea (1) 2 Reading (2) 3 Paterson 3 Dele-Bashiru 4 Manning 49 Carroll 30 16,980 Drinkwater 50 Played on Friday West Brom (0) 0 Nottm Forest (0) 0 LEADING GOALSCORERS League Total Mitrovic Fulham 21 21 Brereton Blackburn 16 16 Solanke Bournemouth 15 16 Jakobsen Preston 8 12 Piroe Swansea 10 11 Gyokeres Coventry 9 9 Adebayo Luton 8 8 Grant West Brom 8 8 Grabban Nottm Forest 8 8 Paterson Swansea 8 8 Other football VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE P W D L F A GD Pts Chesterfield 17 10 6 1 35 15 +20 36 Boreham Wood 17 10 5 2 26 13 +13 35 FC Halifax 17 10 3 4 28 16 +12 33 Grimsby 17 10 2 5 29 17 +12 32 Notts County 18 9 5 4 29 21 +8 32 Bromley 17 9 4 4 31 20 +11 31 Wrexham 17 8 6 3 33 18 +15 30 Stockport County 17 9 3 5 28 20 +8 30 Solihull Moors 17 8 5 4 22 20 +2 29 Dag & Red 18 8 2 8 34 24 +10 26 Yeovil 16 7 4 5 17 15 +2 25 Altrincham 17 7 3 7 31 26 +5 24 Woking 17 8 0 9 30 26 +4 24 Eastleigh 16 7 3 6 21 21 0 24 Barnet 17 6 4 7 21 30 -9 22 Wealdstone 17 5 6 6 17 25 -8 21 Torquay 17 5 3 9 24 30 -6 18 Aldershot 17 5 1 11 18 30 -12 16 Weymouth 17 4 3 10 20 35 -15 15 Maidenhead Utd 15 4 2 9 18 30 -12 14 Southend 16 4 2 10 13 25 -12 14 King’s Lynn Town 17 2 2 13 15 37 -22 8 Dover* 17 0 4 13 14 40 -26 -8 *deducted 12 points Altrincham 1 Southend 2; Eastleigh P Solihull Moors P (postponed due to power failure from storm damage); Grimsby P Boreham Wood P (postponed due to stadium storm damage); King’s Lynn Town 0 Aldershot 1; Maidenhead Utd P Chesterfield P (postponed due to Covid-19 outbreak); Notts County 2 Dag & Red 1; Torquay 2 FC Halifax 3; Wealdstone 1 Stockport County 4; Woking 1 Barnet 2; Wrexham 2 Bromley 0; Yeovil 1 Dover 1 P W D L F A GD Pts Rotherham 19 11 5 3 34 13 +21 38 Wigan 18 12 2 4 34 16 +18 38 Wycombe 20 11 5 4 32 23 +9 38 Plymouth 20 10 6 4 33 22 +11 36 Sunderland 18 11 2 5 30 23 +7 35 MK Dons 19 10 4 5 37 24 +13 34 Sheffield Wed 20 8 9 3 28 21 +7 33 Oxford Utd 18 9 5 4 29 18 +11 32 Portsmouth 20 9 5 6 26 22 +4 32 Burton Albion 20 8 4 8 22 23 -1 28 Ipswich 20 7 6 7 36 30 +6 27 Cheltenham 19 7 6 6 26 30 -4 27 Bolton 20 7 5 8 29 29 0 26 Accrington Stanley 19 7 3 9 23 36 -13 24 Charlton 20 6 5 9 26 27 -1 23 Cambridge Utd 20 5 8 7 27 35 -8 23 AFC Wimbledon 18 5 6 7 26 30 -4 21 Lincoln City 19 5 6 8 20 24 -4 21 Shrewsbury 19 5 4 10 18 25 -7 19 Morecambe 19 5 4 10 29 37 -8 19 Gillingham 20 3 8 9 16 27 -11 17 Fleetwood Town 18 3 6 9 30 34 -4 15 Doncaster 19 3 4 12 11 34 -23 13 Crewe 20 2 6 12 17 36 -19 12 AFC Wimbledon (0) 2 Fleetwood Town (1) 2 Assal 53 G Garner 35 McCormick 79 C Johnson 84 7,405 Bolton (1) 2 Cheltenham (2) 2 Amaechi 26 May 14 45 Kachunga 58 13,145 Burton Albion (0) 2 Doncaster (0) 0 O’Connor 55 Jebbison 76 2,954 Cambridge Utd (1) 1 Sunderland (2) 2 Smith 27 Mitov 15og 7,174 Broadhead 36 Gillingham (0) 0 Portsmouth (0) 1 5,637 J Tucker 90og Ipswich (2) 2 Crewe (0) 1 Offord 3og Long 73 Celina 45 Lincoln City (0) 0 Accrington Stanley (0) 1 8,547 Bishop 55 Morecambe (0) 0 MK Dons (2) 4 Eisa 23, O’Riley 40 82 3,700 Darling 64 Oxford Utd (0) 0 Rotherham (0) 0 7,620 Plymouth (1) 1 Wigan (1) 2 Mayor 43 Keane 35 15,329 Lang 90 Sheff Wed (1) 2 Wycombe (1) 2 Shodipo 45 Mehmeti 23 Windass 50 Obita 65 20,761 Shrewsbury (0) 1 Charlton (0) 0 Udoh 90 6,158 LEADING GOALSCORERS League Total Stockton Morecambe 13 15 Hardie Plymouth 9 12 Bonne Ipswich 11 11 Smith Rotherham 11 11 Stewart Sunderland 10 10 Harness Portsmouth 8 9 Keane Wigan 9 9 Twine MK Dons 9 9 BUILDBASE FA TROPHY Second round AFC Fylde 1 Gateshead 0; Ashton Utd P Guiseley P; Bath City 0 Dartford 0 (Dartford win 3-5 on penalties); Binfield 2 Truro City 3; Bishop’s Stortford 5 Leiston 1; Brackley 1 Boston Utd 2; Bradford PA P Marine P; Braintree Town 3 Potters Bar Town 1; Brentwood Town 1 Dulwich Hamlet 2; Canvey Island 0 Tonbridge Angels 1; Chelmsford 1 Cheshunt 2; Chippenham 0 Uxbridge 1; Concord Rangers 0 AFC Totton 5; Cray Wanderers 2 Ebbsfleet United 2 (Cray Wanderers win 5-3 on penalties); Curzon Ashton 2 Chester FC 1; Eastbourne Borough 2 Tiverton Town 1; Farsley Celtic P Stalybridge Celtic P; Felixstowe & Walton Utd 0 AFC Telford 4; Gloucester 3 Kettering 0; Hanwell Town 0 Enfield Town 2; Hartley Wintney 0 Folkestone Invicta 2; Hemel Hempstead 1 Stourbridge 1 (Hemel Hempstead win 6-5 on penalties); Hereford FC 1 Kidderminster 1 (Kidderminster win 5-3 on penalites); Hungerford Town 3 Welling 2; Leamington 0 Alfreton Town 3; Liversedge P Lancaster City P; Maidstone Utd 1 Billericay 1 (Maidstone Utd win 6-5 on penalties); Matlock Town P Marske Utd P; Needham Market 3 Welwyn Garden City 1; Oxford City 1 St Albans 4; Plymouth Parkway 1 Hampton & Richmond 0; Slough 1 Havant and W 0; Southport P Darlington P; Spennymoor Town P Chorley P; Warrington Town 1 Morpeth Town 1 (Morpeth win 5-3 on penalties); Whitby Town P Nantwich Town P; Wimborne Town 1 Larkhall Athletic 2; Worthing 0 Dorking Wanderers 2; York 1 Blyth Spartans 0; Radcliffe 5 Tamworth 1 CYMRU PREMIER LEAGUE CUP Semi-final Cardiff Met Uni 3 Barry Town Utd 2 DANSKE BANK NORTHERN IRISH PREMIERSHIP Ballymena United 2 Crusaders 0; Carrick Rangers 1 Warrenpoint Town 2; Coleraine 0 Cliftonville 0; Glenavon L Linfield L; Portadown 2 Larne 2 Leading standings: 1 Cliftonville P15 Pts33; 2 Glentoran 15-30; 3 Linfield 14-29 WOMEN'S INTERNATIONAL FRIENDLIES Australia 0 USA 3; South Korea 2 New Zealand 1 P W D L F A GD Pts Forest Green 18 12 4 2 34 14 +20 40 Northampton 19 10 4 5 25 15 +10 34 Exeter 19 8 9 2 31 21 +10 33 Swindon 18 9 6 3 28 18 +10 33 Port Vale 19 9 5 5 32 20 +12 32 Sutton Utd 19 10 2 7 28 22 +6 32 Harrogate Town 19 8 6 5 33 24 +9 30 Leyton Orient 19 6 10 3 32 17 +15 28 Newport County 19 7 7 5 30 23 +7 28 Tranmere 18 7 5 6 15 14 +1 26 Salford City 19 6 6 7 22 19 +3 24 Bradford 19 5 9 5 25 23 +2 24 Rochdale 19 5 9 5 24 24 0 24 Walsall 19 6 6 7 21 23 -2 24 Mansfield 19 6 5 8 21 25 -4 23 Bristol Rovers 19 6 5 8 22 29 -7 23 Hartlepool 19 7 2 10 20 30 -10 23 Colchester 18 5 6 7 16 22 -6 21 Crawley Town 18 6 3 9 20 28 -8 21 Barrow 19 4 7 8 20 24 -4 19 Stevenage 18 4 6 8 15 30 -15 18 Carlisle 19 3 7 9 13 28 -15 16 Oldham 19 4 3 12 16 30 -14 15 Scunthorpe 19 2 8 9 15 35 -20 14 Carlisle (0) 1 Walsall (0) 0 Abrahams 88 3,795 Crawley Town (0) 1 Mansfield (1) 2 Tilley 48 Hawkins 24 1,824 Oates 73 Forest Green (1) 2 Bristol Rovers (0) 0 Matt 20 77pen 4,128 Northampton (1) 1 Leyton Orient (0) 0 Hoskins 41 5,769 Port Vale (1) 2 Hartlepool (0) 0 Garrity 31 Pett 90 4,839 Rochdale (0) 1 Exeter (0) 1 Taylor 69 Ray 59 2,102 Salford City (1) 2 Oldham (0) 0 Lund 45 Thomas-Asante 77 Scunthorpe (1) 1 Bradford (0) 1 Jarvis 39 Songo’o 68 3,823 Sutton Utd (1) 1 Barrow (0) 0 Ajiboye 16 2,678 Swindon (0) 1 Harrogate Town (1) 1 Payne 83pen Diamond 24 8,199 Tranmere (-) P Stevenage (-) P (postponed due to stadium roof damage) Played on Friday Colchester (0) 1 Newport County (1) 1 Sears 78 Telford 36 2,401 LEADING GOALSCORERS League Total Telford Newport County 13 13 Jay Exeter 10 12 List Stevenage 8 11 Matt Forest Green 10 11 Stevens Forest Green 10 11 Drinan Leyton Orient 8 10 Armstrong Harrogate Town 9 9 Smith Leyton Orient 9 9 Nombe Exeter 7 8 Payne Swindon 8 8 FIFA WOMEN’S WORLD CUP QUALIFYING Group C P W D L F A GD Pts Netherlands 5 3 2 0 15 3 +12 11 Iceland 3 2 0 1 9 2 +7 6 Czech Republic 4 1 2 1 11 7 +4 5 Belarus 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 4 Cyprus 5 0 1 4 2 26 -24 1 Czech Republic (1) 2 Netherlands (0) 2 Svitkova 10 Van de Donk 51 Necidova 60 Van der Gragt 90 Group D P W D L F A GD Pts England 5 5 0 0 33 0 +33 15 Austria 5 3 1 1 21 4 +17 10 Northern Ireland 5 3 1 1 21 6 +15 10 Luxembourg 4 1 0 3 3 21 -18 3 North Macedonia 5 1 0 4 6 29 -23 3 Latvia 4 0 0 4 2 26 -24 0 England (1) 1 Austria (0) 0 White 40 FA WOMEN'S FA CUP Second round AFC Fylde 2 Burnley 3; Ashford (Middx) 3 Oxford Utd 0; Brighouse P Farsley Celtic P; Cambridge City 1 Stourbridge 2; Cheltenham 3 Southampton 3 (Southampton win 6-5 on penalties); Chichester 0 Bridgwater Utd 3; Chorley P Bradford P; Eastleigh in the Community 0 Exeter 5; Gillingham A Actonians A; Hashtag Utd 0 AFC Wimbledon 1; Hounslow 0 Clapton Community 0 (Clapton Community win 3-1 on penalties); Hull City 1 Liverpool 2; Ilminster 0 Southampton FC 7; Ipswich P Crawley P; Kent Football United P Chesham P; Leafield P Lincoln City P; Long Eaton Utd 7 Netherton Utd 0; Lye Town P Northampton P; Norton & Stockton Ancients P Leeds P; Plymouth 4 AFC St Austell 2; Portsmouth 2 AFC Bournemouth 1; QPR 0 Billericay 3; Salford SV 0 Newcastle 4; Sheffield FC P Huddersfield P; Stevenage 0 Loughborough 2; Stoke P Norwich P; West Brom 4 Lincoln Utd 1; Wolves P Nottm Forest P Rugby union GALLAGHER PREMIERSHIP P W D L F A B Pts Leicester 8 8 0 0 263 136 5 37 Saracens 8 6 1 1 290 147 5 31 Harlequins 8 5 0 3 233 185 8 28 Northampton 8 5 0 3 237 206 5 25 Exeter 9 5 0 4 211 180 4 24 Gloucester 8 4 1 3 212 216 5 23 London Irish 9 2 3 4 239 255 7 21 Newcastle 8 4 1 3 153 162 2 20 Wasps 8 3 0 5 198 207 5 17 Sale 9 3 1 5 195 207 3 17 Bristol 8 3 0 5 163 229 2 14 Worcester 9 2 1 6 162 311 4 14 Bath 8 0 0 8 142 257 4 4 Harlequins 19 London Irish 22 Saracens 25 Sale 14 Newcastle 24 Worcester 24 Played on Friday Bath 16 Exeter 23 Bristol 20 Northampton 36 Wasps 33 Gloucester 35 UNITED RUGBY CHAMPIONSHIP Benetton Treviso 19 Glasgow 18 Blue Bulls P Munster P Dragons 14 Edinburgh 30 Leinster 10 Ulster 20 Lions P Cardiff P Sharks P Scarlets P Stormers P Zebre P Played on Friday Connacht 46 Ospreys 18 GREENE KING IPA P W D L F A B Pts Ealing Trailfinders 8 6 0 2 408 150 7 31 Jersey Reds 8 5 1 2 230 156 7 29 Cornish Pirates 8 6 0 2 201 136 4 28 Doncaster 8 6 0 2 207 144 2 26 Bedford 8 4 0 4 264 251 7 23 Hartpury RFC 9 4 0 5 247 238 5 21 Richmond 8 3 0 5 191 221 7 19 Ampthill 8 3 1 4 200 233 5 19 Coventry 8 3 0 5 162 227 3 15 Nottingham 8 3 0 5 171 289 3 15 London Scottish 9 1 0 8 158 394 3 7 Ampthill 24 Hartpury RFC 39 Bedford 40 Nottingham 9 Doncaster 22 Ealing Trailfinders 5 Jersey Reds 15 Cornish Pirates 5 London Scottish 36 Coventry 23 NATIONAL LEAGUE ONE Blackheath 16 Bishop’s Stortford 6; Caldy 20 Rosslyn Park 26; Cambridge 15 Leeds 17; Chinnor 22 Taunton 5; Cinderford 15 Sale FC 19; Tonbridge Juddians 12 Plymouth Albion 10 WOMEN’S ALLIANZ PREMIER 15s Bristol 36 Wasps 17; Exeter 14 Loughborough 7; Gloucester 21 Saracens 24; Sale 10 Harlequins 36 Cricket FIRST TEST (fourth day of five) India v New Zealand Kanpur New Zealand require 280 runs with nine secondinnings wickets remaining to beat India. India First innings 345 (SS Iyer 105, S Gill 52, RA Jadeja 50; TG Southee 5-69). New Zealand First innings 296 (TWM Latham 95, WA Young 89; AR Patel 5-62). India Second innings (overnight 14-1) MA Agarwal c Latham b Southee ....................................17 CA Pujara c Blundell b Jamieson .....................................22 *AM Rahane lbw b Patel ..................................................4 SS Iyer c Blundell b Southee ...........................................65 RA Jadeja lbw b Southee..................................................0 R Ashwin b Jamieson .....................................................32 †WP Saha not out .........................................................61 AR Patel not out ...........................................................28 Extras (b3, lb1) ...............................................................4 Total (for 7 dec, 81 overs) ............................................234 Fall cont 32, 41, 51, 51, 103, 167. Did not bat I Sharma, UT Yadav. Bowling Southee 22-2-75-3; Jamieson 17-6-40-3; Patel 17-3-60-1; Ravindra 9-3-17-0; Somerville 16-2-38-0. New Zealand Second innings TWM Latham not out .....................................................2 WA Young lbw b Ashwin ..................................................2 WER Somerville not out .................................................0 Extras ............................................................................0 Total (for 1, 4 overs) ........................................................4 Fall 3. To bat *KS Williamson, LRPL Taylor, HM Nicholls, †TA Blundell, R Ravindra, T G Southee, AY Patel, KA Jamieson. Bowling Ashwin 2-0-3-1; Patel 2-1-1-0. FIRST TEST (day three of five) Chittagong Bangladesh 330 (Liton Das 114; Mushfiqur Rahim 91; Hasan Ali 5-51) & 39-4. Pakistan 286 (Abid Ali 133; Abdullah Shafique 52; Taijul Islam 7-116). Bangladesh lead Pakistan by 83 runs with six second-innings wickets remaining. Tennis DAVIS CUP (Innsbruck, Austria) Group C: Singles: T Machac (Cz) bt D Evans (GB) 6-2 7-5; C Norrie (GB) bt Jiri Lehecka (Cz) 6-1 2-6 6-1 Doubles: J Salisbury & N Skupski (GB) bt T Machac & J Vesely (Cz) 6-4 6-2. Great Britain bt Czech Republic 2-1 Golf WOMEN’S COSTA DEL SOL OPEN (Marbella) Leading final scores (GB/Ire unless stated) 273 C Ciganda (Sp) 70 66 70 67. 277 M Stark (Swe) 74 68 69 66. 280 A Thitikul (Tha) 72 70 67 71. 281 F Fernandez (Sp) 69 68 75 69. 283 S Kyriacou (Aus) 74 69 71 69; N Iturrioz (Sp) 71 71 76 65. 284 U Wikstroem (Fin) 72 68 71 73. 285 J Karlsson (Swe) 72 74 68 71. 286 A Ashok (Ind) 71 74 71 70; M de Roey (Bel) 69 72 73 72. 287 A Pelaez (Sp) 71 70 74 72; L Gomez (Sp) 76 71 68 72; O Cowan (Ger) 76 68 72 71; J Gustavsson (Swe) 73 71 74 69; C Alonso (Sp) 74 71 71 71; L Boqvist (Swe) 76 66 73 72; A Caudal (Fr) 69 70 77 71; J Haglund (Swe) 74 70 75 68 Snooker UK CHAMPIONSHIP (York) Second round: R Walden (Eng) bt Li H (Chn) 6-3; Cao Y (Chn) bt M Gould (Eng) 6-3; S Maguire (Sco) bt Tian P (Chn) 6-1; Zhao X (Chn) bt T Un Nooh (Tha) 6-5; J Trump (Eng) bt C Wakelin (Eng) 6-3; S Craigie (Eng) bt Ding J (Chn) 6-3; P Lines (Eng) bt Fan Z (Chn) 6-3; Xiao G (Chn) bt R Milkins (Eng) 6-2 Cricket India set New Zealand 284 to win first Test Shreyas Iyer and Wriddhiman Saha struck half-centuries before India declared their second innings on 234 for seven on day four of the first Test against New Zealand to set the tourists a victory target of 284 in Kanpur. Iyer scored 65 , while Saha was unbeaten on 61 as they resurrected the Indian innings from a precarious 51 for five. At stumps New Zealand were on four for one after losing Will Young shortly before the close of play. Earlier, India had reached 84 for five at lunch after Kyle Jamieson ( three for 40) and Tim Southee ( three for 75) ran through the top order in the morning. Cheteshwar Pujara (22) gloved one down the leg side off Jamieson, Southee had Mayank Agarwal (17) caught at slip and then had Ravindra Jadeja lbw for a duck. Azaj Patel (one for 60) trapped Ajinkya Rahane (4) leg before to reduce India to 51 for five after starting from an overnight 14 for one. Then Iyer put on 52 for the sixth wicket with Ravichandran Ashwin (32) either side of lunch and rescued the Indian innings to set up the evening declaration. AP Judo Reid and Powell take GB medal haul to seven GB Judo clinched a record seven medals at the Abu Dhabi Grand Slam after winning gold and a bronze on the final day. Both medals yesterday came in the under-78kg category as Emma Reid won her first grand slam medal, while Natalie Powell took bronze. “To make the final was amazing, but to then go and win gold!” Reid said. The GB team finished the tournament second in the medal table. Guardian sport Golf Solheim Cup star Ciganda claims victory Spain’s Carlota Ciganda delighted the home crowd as she cruised to victory in the Andalucia Costa del Sol Open de España. Ciganda took a three-shot lead into the final round at Los Naranjos Golf Club and was never in danger of getting caught after she followed a birdie on the second with an eagle on the par-five fifth. Further birdies on the eighth and 18th gave the Solheim Cup star a closing 67 and winning total of 15 under par, four shots ahead of Sweden’s Maja Stark, who returned a 66. PA Media Greg Wood’s racing tips Kempton Park 12.15 Noble Order 12.50 Raajihah 1.25 Dubai Immo 1.55 Just A Tad 2.25 Uzincso (nb) 3.00 First Charge 3.35 I’m Mable 4.10 Scarborough Castle Ayr 12.30 Lebowski 1.05 Ardera Cross 1.40 Famous Bridge 2.10 Operation Overlord (nap) 2.45 Grand Morning 3.20 Golden De Coeur Wolverhampton 4.00 Aljaryaal 4.30 Pretty Sweet 5.00 Night On Earth 5.30 Fitwood Star 6.00 Serenading 6.30 Wonder Elmossman 7.00 Beryl The Peril 7.30 Bomb Squad

50 Sport Tennis • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Chess World Championship Carlsen and Nepo play out third successive draw in Dubai Bryan Armen Graham Magnus Carlsen and Ian Nepomniachtchi played to a third successive draw in the third game of their world championship showdown in Dubai as the Russian challenger weathered another atypical position before negotiating a bloodless result after 41 moves in 2hr 42min . Nepomniachtchi, playing as white, opened with 1 e4 and the action quickly followed the same anti- Marshall branch of the Ruy Lopez opening from Friday’s first encounter . Carlsen broke from familiar territory with the rare 10 … Re8, bypassing four more popular choices from the position, marking the third time in as many games that he was first to mix things up with an unusual move. “Re8 is a really, really dumb move because usually you would try to go Re8 without d6,” Carlsen said afterwards. “But it turns out even here he was well prepared and he didn’t give me even slight chances to play.” The tension continued to build until Nepomniachtchi made a thematic central pawn break with 18 d4. After a quick fire exchange of pawns, then knights (18 … exd4 19 Nxd4 Nxd4 20. Qxd4), Carlsen pondered the position for a minute and a half before electing for 20 … Be6. Nepomniachtchi then took nearly half an hour before settling on a modest pawn push (21 h3). Resolution came before very long, after the exchange of knights and queens prompted a rapid simplification. By the time the rooks came off the board after 30 Rxb8 Rxb8 31 Rb1 Rxb1+ 32 Bxb1 Ke5, Carlsen’s advanced king had all but snuffed out Nepomniachtchi’s winning chances. The overall score in their €2m showdown at the Dubai Exhibition Centre remains level at 1 .5-1 .5 ahead of today ’s rest day. The proceedings will resume tomorrow – Carlsen’s 31st birthday – with the Norwegian controlling the white pieces against the world No 5 . “It’s three games in,” Carlsen said. “There’s a lot of time to go and, as you saw [on Saturday], it could have easily been a decisive result. Obviously, for each game the most likely result is a draw. Saying otherwise would be quite disingenuous. But any game could explode. Not today.” Women’s chess battle Page 3 → ▲ Magnus Carlsen (right) is deep in thought against Ian Nepomniachtchi Tennis Raducanu thanks Hamilton for advice US Open champion reveals talks with Formula One star after homecoming victory Tumaini Carayol Royal Albert Hall Emma Raducanu has spoken in glowing terms about the support and positive advice she has received from Lewis Hamilton since her US Open victory as she looks to move on and continue her growth as an athlete. “He’s just been really cool in helping me,” Raducanu said. “He said: ‘Be patient, you’ve just got to ride the wave. It’s all good. Don’t worry.’ Good Tennis Davis Cup Great Britain battle past Czechs to reach quarter-finals Tumaini Carayol The depth of Great Britain’s Davis Cup team was tested yesterday afternoon when they stood a set away from defeat against a young and fearless Czech Republic team punching far above its weight. However , under the burden of Davis Cup finals pressure, they found a way with a 2-1 win to finish top of their group and reach the quarter-finals . After Dan Evans was brushed aside by the 21-year-old Tomas Machac, who secured a career-best 6-2, 7-5 victory , Cameron Norrie survived three turbulent sets to beat the 20-year-old reassurance. He’s a really cool guy.” Having competed in motor sports throughout her youth, Raducanu is a big Formula One fan and she says she is cheering on Hamilton. She remains unconvinced by suggestions she could beat him to win BBC’s Sports Personality of the Year: “I just don’t even think about it,” she said. “For me, it’s something that’s so far out of the realms of possibility that I just don’t even understand how it could be a possibility.” Raducanu was speaking after she defeated Elena-Gabriela Ruse 6-3, 7-6 (3) in an exhibition match at the Champions Tennis event at the Royal Albert Hall. The match marked the first time Raducanu has played in Jiri Lehecka 6-1, 2-6, 6-1 and push the tie into a doubles rubber to decide the winner of their group. In their first deciding Davis Cup rubber together Joe Salisbury and Neal Skupski produced a dominant doubles performance to steer Great Britain through with a 6-4, 6-2 win against Jiri Vesely and Machac. “Damn good, real good,” the captain, Leon Smith, said of his team’s performance. “ I’m really proud of them. Doesn’t matter who wins or loses rubbers, everyone is in it together . I thought Machac, who played Evo , played out of his skin. Then Cam plays another guy who played out of his skin.“ As Radek Stepanek and Tomas Berdych, the stars of a Czech team that won the event in 2012 and 2013, have spent their past few days entertaining the Royal Albert Hall’s crowds at the Champions Tennis event, this week in Innsbruck has underlined that successors are coming through. Machac, the world No 143, had already defeated Richard Gasquet of France and against Evans he served extremely well, moved confidently to the net and complemented his sweet Emma Raducanu US Open champion ◀ Emma Raducanu in action against Elena-Gabriela Ruse at the Royal Albert Hall in London ZAC GOODWIN/PA WIRE ‘I am just going about my business. I shouldn’t change’ backhand with flashes of showmanship, slam-dunk ing jumping forehand drive volley winners. Despite showing fight, Evans was poor. His backhand slice was impotent in crosscourt exchanges against the Czech’s supreme two-hander and he sprayed forehand errors throughout. “It’s far from ideal,” Evans said . Even in a less popular format and in front of no fans lower-ranked players continue to elevate themselves in this unique competition. Lehecka has risen quickly up the rankings this year and against Norrie he demonstrated the potential of his vast weaponry, taking the second set 6-2 in a blaze of forehand winners. However, Norrie played with discipline in the third ▲ Cameron Norrie shows intensity on the way to beating Jiri Lehecka front of a home crowd since becoming US Open champion in September. An exhibition match in front of a full, supportive crowd that only came to see Raducanu was another of the many new experiences for her since her US Open title. Ruse is one of Raducanu’s good friends on the tour and as the older, more extroverted personality, she took the lead by joking with the crowd and conversing with the ballkids throughout. Afterwards, Raducanu said that it was one of the first times she has picked up a ra cket since her season ended at the beginning of the month. After recently returning from a break in the Caribbean, her first holiday in seven years, Raducanu has now shifted to pre-season training where she is currently enduring five hour fitness blocks each day with no tennis as she looks to address her goal of closing the physical gap between herself and the grown, supreme athletes on tour. “You can ask my trainer, I feel like I start the day on a high and then by the fourth hour I’m really feeling it,” she said, laughing after being asked how much she is enjoying her work. “I know that gives me confidence that I’m putting the work in and I feel like I take that as a mentor you know, like your strength and advantage.” From next week, Raducanu will join up with her new coach, Torben Beltz, the experienced former coach of Angelique Kerber, as she returns to full training on the court. Her next competition will be another exhibition at the Mubadala World Tennis Championships in Abu Dhabi on 16 December and then she will complete her off-season in the Middle East before heading to Australia to begin her season in January. “For me, my expectations of myself are to keep improving, I want to look back at the end of the year and see that I made gains in different areas. I know it will take a lot of patience to get to where I want to be and smooth out that consistency. It’s all about building robustness physically,” she said. Another glimpse into Raducanu’s popularity came right after the match as she remained on-court for an interview and she encouraged Ruse to join her in front of the mic. However, the interviewer harshly made it clear that he was only interested in speaking with Raducanu. Asked once again about how she is handling such attention, she responded immediately. “For me, I am just going about my business. I’m taking the train in [to training] sometimes and doing the same journeys I used to. I feel like I am the exact same person and I’m just going to go about everything I used to do, I don’t see why I should change things that got me that title. I am still enjoying it.” set, cutting out unforced errors and imposing his intensity on Lehecka . “It was obviously a big match, a must-win match ,” Norrie said. “I think it’s all very new for all of us but we’ve all had great years. We all prepared as well as we could for this event. All the preparation, all the hard work paid off.” As the contest came down to the deciding doubles rubber, Salisbury and Skupski, ranked No 3 and No 20 respectively, left their mark on the tournament . Salisbury snatched the first break at 4-4 with a n assured backhand volley and, as they took control of the match, they soared. “We were confident we would come back stronger ,” said Salisbury, referring to their doubles loss in Saturday’s dead rubber against France. “Obviously going into it, knowing that we had to get the win, I think we kind of embraced that situation. I think it brought the best out of us.” Great Britain will face the winner of Group F in Innsbruck tomorrow , with Germany or Serbia their likely opponents. Germany, playing Austria last night, would clinch a spot in the quarter-finals with a win.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 51 Netball Roses shake off sluggish start to beat Jamaica Eboni Usoro-Brown’s switch to goalkeeper proves pivotal in 55-45 first-Test victory Chloe Merrell Copper Box Arena The challenge of international netball is having the combinations to counter whatever the rest of the world has to throw at you. England’s Roses opened their three-Test series against Jamaica with a 55-45 victory after a storming comeback. Jess Thirlby’s side trailed 26-25 before the introduction of Eleanor Cardwell tipped the game in their favour after a slow start. The urgency to produce something for fans who had not seen their side since January 2020 was painted across the faces of the Roses but at every step, pivot and turn there had been a link missing in a usually reliable lineup. England’s attacking backbone featuring the famed ‘H-cubed’ combination of Jo Harten, Helen Housby and Natalie Haythornthwaite – members of the 2018 Commonwealth Games gold-winning squad – lacked their usual fluidity against Jamaica’s lethal defensive combination of Super Netball’s Kadie Ann-Dehaney, Shamera Sterling and Latanya Wilson. At the other end the Roses’ defence began their 60-minute-long gruelling task of blunting Jamaica’s attack fronted by their greatest weapon, the 1.96m tall Jhaniele Fowler. Solving a problem like Fowler is not achieved by glory intercepts but through work done off the ball, at phase zero. It is unglamorous but twice the Roses were rewarded as long feeds aimed at Fowler went over the backline. After they started the second quarter trailing by a point, it took only a few minutes before Thirlby made the call for change. On for the uncertain Housby came Cardwell, a homegrown player who shone in England’s most recent series win in New Zealand. The Manchester Thunder ▲ Jo Harten passes the ball during England’s clash with Jamaica player’s physical presence and ability to draw the defence gave the Sunshine Girls something new to chew, but with such a late injection she did little to affect the scoreboard immediately, allowing Jamaica to hold the lead at the break. What a coach says to players at half-time will always be one of the sport’s great mysteries . “It took us too long to adapt,” Thirlby said afterwards. But the Roses who took to court were a class apart from those that started. Sterling’s waning influence over Cardwell along with Eboni Usoro-Brown’s switch to goalkeeper helped the Roses to rid themselves of their earlier rustiness. With England’s cap centurion Usoro-Brown anchoring the defensive end, Layla Guscoth and Beth Cobden were given freedom to roam, and the intercepts soon flooded down, duly swinging momentum in the hosts’ favour. A run of goals flipped the score, putting England firmly in the driving seat at 41-35 heading into the final quarter. With the wind well and truly in their sails, England soared. Like a master puppeteer, Usoro-Brown continued to pull the strings of the Guscoth-Cobden axis, who disrupted any attempts by the Jamaicans to mount a comeback. The hooter sounded, signalling that England had survived a first Test . Game two will see the teams relocate to Nottingham, and on the agenda for Thirlby will be starting stronger: “We’re way off what I know we’re capable of,” she said. “But to be in the position where you know you haven’t reached anywhere near the potential of this group and still beat a team like Jamaica by 10, it’s a great place to be.” Rugby union Vunipola shines to help Sarries sink Sale Saracens 25 Sale 14 Adam Hathaway StoneX Stadium Billy Vunipola marked his return from injury by helping Saracens to make Alex Sanderson’s return to north London an unhappy one as the hosts climbed back to second . The No 8, sidelined since limping off at Harlequins on 31 October, turned in a man-of-the-match performance that mixed power with a deft touch . He was involved in the gamebreaking try when Sale were down to 14 men, and behind by 13 points, thanks to some bone- headedness from Byron McGuigan that led to him being shown the red card . McGuigan was at boiling point when held up by Sean Maitland and denied a try, which the winger let him know about. He was even more wound up when Nick Tompkins denied AJ MacGinty a try shortly afterwards and a brawl broke out . McGuigan grabbed Tompkins and threw him to the ground before going back for more and being sent off. That paved the way for Vunipola’s big moment. He stepped inside the Sale defence close to their 22 after showing a classy dummy, then fired a 15-metre pass off his left hand to Maitland – who scored on the wing recently vacated by McGuigan. Sanderson, the Sale director of rugby, said: “Byron trains at UFC on his time off, so maybe he just had a flashback of some sort of ultimate fighting session he’s done. I haven’t spoken to him. He’s a great lad, one of the hardest workers. The emotion, the occasion, the fact we hadn’t scored – I was feeling that too – probably got the better of him.” Vunipola was out of favour with England and Eddie Jones before he got injured but more performances like this one may force a rethink. “He was really good again and it is a series of games he has put together for the club all season,” said Mark McCall . “He has been inspirational for us all the way through. ” With McGuigan off the pitch Sale actually grew into the game. They had lost their captain, Jono Ross, when he failed a head injury assessment in the first half but had Tom Curry, back from England duty, to come off the bench for him. Manu Tuilagi, who did not play at all, was a bigger loss whil e Saracens had Owen Farrell and Jamie George sidelined after picking up injuries while with England. Sanderson was at Saracens for 17 years as a player and coach before heading back to Sale – where he began his playing career – in January. He stayed at the home of his former Saracens colleague Kevin Sorrell on Friday night and the Sale squad were planning to go to a Wandsworth pub on Sunday night before a trip to Winter Wonderland in Hyde Park. But they headed into the snow frustrated after second-half tries from Ben Curry and Raffi Quirke, re-enacting his support -line try for England against South Africa last weekend , gave them a taste of what might have been. In between those two scores Saracens conjured a wonderful team effort finished off by Max Malins, for his eighth try in three league games, after a visionary turn and pass from Alex Goode. While Sale have a bye week to look forward to, Saracens know they need to offer more at Exeter next weekend. “I thought physically we were very good in the first half and in every match we have played we have been patchy,” said McCall. “That is not the type of team we want to be.” Saracens Malins; Maitland (Lewington 69), Lozowski, Tompkins, Segun (Morris 73); Goode (co-capt.), Davies (Van Zyl 57); Mako Vunipola (Barrington 73), Lewis (Pifeleti 50), Koch (Clarey 66), Itoje, Swinson (Earl 50), Isiekwe, Wray (cocapt.), Billy Vunipola Tries Koch, Maitland, Malins Cons Losowski 2 Pens Losowski 2 Referee Tom Foley (RFU) Sale Hammersley (Robert du Preez 53); McGuigan•, James, Van Rensburg, Roebuck; MacGinty, Quirke; Rodd (Harrison 53), Van der Merwe (Ashman 56) , Schonert (Oosthuizen 47), Jean-Luc du Preez, De Jager (JP du Preez 68), Ross (capt., Tom Curry 21), Ben Curry, Dan du Preez Tries Ben Curry, Quirke Cons MacGinty 2 Springbok Koch puts Saracens in control South Africa prop Vincent Koch powers over and dots down for the first try of the match in the victory against Sale STEVEN PASTON/ PA WIRE Cricket Giles suggests Vaughan should be given ‘second chance’ Continued from back page their employees. But I think tolerance is really important. “We all do make mistakes and we will again. But we have to be able to tolerate, educate and rehabilitate. Otherwise people aren’t going to open up and share their experiences and learn. “Does zero tolerance mean we shouldn’t accept discrimination and racism? Absolutely. But not giving people second chances, I’m not sure that’s a healthy way forward . “We all know that this can be a bit of a minefield. Even the language we use around this area almost changes by the month. So for me we’ve got to educate more, we’ve got to call it out in the dressing room more effectively if we see it because perhaps all of us in the past – and I’m not just talking about cricket – have let things go. So I think it’s a collective responsibility for all of us to do something .” Giles also gave his backing for the England captain, Joe Root, to stop any Ashes Test where he felt his players were being abused by the crowd on the basis of their race or nationality. “We know crowds can be lively here ,” Giles said. “But I’d certainly trust Joe Root to do what is right on the field. If he chose to bring the team into the middle of the field and stop the game while that was investigated, then absolutely. I don’t think any of our players should be subject to any abuse actually but discrimination and racism particularly.” Giles also confirmed he is talking to his Australian counterparts over how the new Omicron Covid variant may affect England’s Ashes tour. Several Australian states tightened their border restrictions over the ‘We all do make mistakes and we will again’ Ashley Giles England men’s director weekend and there is a concern some players’ families might be forced to quarantine on arrival if the situation deteriorates. “It’s very early days but I’ve actually got a call after this to start discussing that situation,” Giles said. “We’re obviously hoping it won’t affect anything. There are going to be changes to those border controls and we clearly hope that’s not going to affect us. But we are in the hands of national and local governments. “We always knew things could change. We will do everything we can to make sure the families are accommodated and of course that the players are happy.”

52 Sport Formula One Singular and single-minded, Williams was the embodiment of racing’s spirit • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 ‘Truly special’ World champion Lewis Hamilton leads the tributes to a giant of F1 News, Page 20 → ◀ Sir Frank Williams made himself a muchloved figure over the course of a storied Formula One career MARK THOMPSON/ GETTY IMAGES F1 mourns an irreplaceable figure who battled against huge odds to take his place among the sport’s true greats Giles Richards F ormula One will endure but it will surely never see the like of Sir Frank Williams again. Williams forged a racing legend, a team like no other, and did so against the odds. Single-minded, determined and on occasion ruthless, Williams bent F1 – and life – to his will, overcoming the greatest challenges, enjoying huge success and tragic loss, professional and personal. His death is marked by great sadness across the sport because for so many Williams embodied the very spirit of racing. The tributes paid after Williams’s death yesterday , aged 79, recognised with fondness and respect one of the most successful figures in F1 and one of the most remarkable. The team he built from a warehouse in Didcot went on to win nine constructors’ and seven drivers’ titles. Only Ferrari have won more constructors’ titles and only Ferrari and McLaren have entered more races. Williams’s warehouse garagistas fashioned a place in the pantheon of the sport. Williams’s exceptional achievement was to build this mighty outfit from such inauspicious beginnings and take it to extraordinary heights . In 2017, long after the team’s heyday in the 1980s and 90s, 35,000 fans came to Silverstone just to see Williams’s cars put in some laps on the 40th anniversary of the team’s formation . At the track that day the former driver Damon Hill, who won the title with Williams in 1996, summed up why the man was so admired. “He has given his entire life to creating a team that every year tries to produce the best racing car,” said Hill. “That is his love and his passion and in that sense he is the closest we have to an Enzo Ferrari. Enzo was about the passion and the cars and Frank is absolutely as passionate.” That passion was palpable ; it drove him. He was an astute businessman but that was only to serve the end of going racing. After seven years of struggle with his What he created went beyond mere machinery and money. As a leader he inspired people first team, Frank Williams Racing Cars, he started from scratch with Williams Grand Prix Engineering in 1977. The stories of the team’s hand-to-mouth existence in its early days are made more romantic by the contrast to the corporate behemoths of modern F1. Williams confirmed later that he did conduct business from a public phone box after being cut off and his daughter Claire, who went on to take over the day-to-day running of the team in 2013, remembered how, sent out for fish and chips, Williams returned instead with spark plugs. Ken Tyrrell, who enjoyed huge success with the team in the 1970s, recognised something special. “There’s no one in this paddock who wants to succeed more than he does,” he said in 1974. “And if he ever gets himself financially organised, watch out …” With the engineer Patrick Head on board as co-founder and a formidable designer, Williams proved him right. Alan Jones won their first title in 1980, followed by further constructors’ ▶ Williams with Jacques Villeneuve during final preparations for a race in 1999 GIANNI GIANSANTI GAMMA RAPHO/GETTY ◀ Williams with Nigel Mansell before the Hungarian Grand Prix in 1987 WOLFGANG RATTAY/ REUTERS championships in 1982 and 1986. Having defied the odds, Williams would then do so again with much more at stake. In 1986, after the car accident in France that left him paralysed from the neck down, the doctors requested permission to switch off his life support machine. His wife Ginny refused, believing in her husband’s will to go on, and indeed he was far from finished. Undaunted, he never allowed his disability to prevent him from racing with the same fierce competitive drive. Six weeks after the accident he was with his team, in a wheelchair, at the British Grand Prix at Brands Hatch . The crowd gave him a standing ovation. Nigel Mansell was driving for them at the time and would go on to win the title for Williams in 1992. He recognised that what Williams had created went beyond mere machinery and money . Here were people inspired by their leader and he credited that with the team managing to continue to compete after the accident. In those days the team struck a chord with a generation of F1 fans. They may not have been able to identify many team principals but they all knew Williams. They also knew how uncompromising he was in pursuit of victory, not least with his drivers. Hill’s fondness remains despite being dropped by Williams after winning the title. “They’re only employees, after all,” Williams said of his drivers. “All I care about is Williams Grand Prix Engineering and the points we earn. I don’t care who scores them.” His daughter later said that Williams remained in constant pain after the accident. He also suffered great emotional tragedy through the death of his close friend, the driver Piers Courage, in an accident in 1970. Later the death of Ayrton Senna in a Williams in 1994 was a burden Claire believes he carried for the rest of his life. Yet he endured, fought on and raced on. The family sold the team in 2020 but Williams’ legacy will live long. He was impossible not to admire. Even as age and coping with his disability weathered him, Williams was often still in the paddock. His sharp eyes would be scanning timing screens and data still searching for the edge with which he and his team had not only defined an era of F1 but in a fashion that will always be singularly Williams.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian Sport Football • ‘I saw English football and I had to experience it. The atmosphere is unique’ Diego Martínez Former Granada coach has immersed himself in the game in this country since leaving the Spanish club Sid Lowe ‘ T here were almost tears in my eyes, bloody hell,” Diego Martínez says. “Friday night, the first game I’d been at with fans for 18 months. Brentford-Arsenal, back in the top division after 70-something years. Everyone singing Hey Jude, a cappella. Just the walk to the ground, the tube. The people. That’s where it started. Tottenham – Totnúm, no? – Chelsea, West Ham, Watford. Fulham, taking photos of it all. Those wooden seats, by the river. Wonderful. Everton, Liverpool, Man City, United …” Four months earlier, Martínez had taken Granada to Old Trafford to face Manchester United, leading them from the second division to a first appearance in Europe and reaching the quarter-finals of the Europa League. But this time was different: this time the stadium was full and, having decided to take a step back in the summer, now he sat in the stands not on the bench. What does a manager actually do when he’s not working? A question starts a conversation but doesn’t necessarily end it, and if there’s something that emerges it is not just him, it is us. And, the Spaniard insists, there is still something about English football. So, to the question that starts it all. It’s not wait by the phone and if there is no money there are more matches to watch than ever. The coaching staff are a team, drawn together and dependent upon him. Between them they distribute games to analyse and report on. There are players to watch, teams too, partly focused on a potential next phase, but Martínez says it’s more about “research, study: the chance to see the direction the game is going, to learn.” For Martínez, whose coaching career came via university and began at 25, that meant England. Not because he will work in the country necessarily, but because that is where trends emerge, somewhere to seek an education, to develop. “A level above the rest,” he says. Somewhere with a pull, too. “When I was a kid, I would go to my cousin’s to watch the Premier League because he had Canal Plus. I saw [David] Beckham from the halfway line at Wimbledon there. You think: ‘This is different, I have to experience it.’” So he did, travelling with his wife and five-year-old daughter, heading to England for “three months that were like a five-year Master’s degree”, first near London and then in Manchester to see how clubs and coaches work, how the game is played and lived. How it is expressed too, jotted down in a little notebook he carried everywhere. The choice of words says something about how a coach conceptualises the game and is a cultural manifestation, too. “They cheer ‘yes’, not ‘goal’,” – “tackle” is an English word, and among the phrases that stick in his mind is: “Don’t over-play!” There is a reason some vocabulary doesn’t translate and it’s not purely linguistic. A discussion revolves around a question: when is attraction commitment? Most coaches attract opponents, drawing them in; at Manchester City, they commit, he notes. “Little details.” The generosity he outlines from others is striking, unexpectedly open: a willingness to share knowledge, something almost collegiate in it. The first lessons ‘Intelligence lies in adapting. Success doesn’t mean winning … it means leaving a mark’ ▲ Granada celebrate with Martínez after Europa League qualification ▼ Diego Martínez talks tactics from the touchline during his time as coach of Granada DAVID S BUSTAMANTE/SOCCRATES/GETTY IMAGES in language and culture came at Biggleswade at the ninth level of the pyramid, football in a pure form. Others came across the country, including at Watford – “they were very good with me and, madre mía, they have incredible resources; not just financial but the people, the ideas, the structure” – at Everton with Rafael Benítez, at City with Pep Guardiola and assistant coach Juanma Lillo. “Juanma is a phenomenon,” Martínez says. “He sees things differently, and can communicate it. Pep said of him: ‘Others see three, he sees 33 and it’s true.’ With Pep people already know but maybe don’t appreciate him fully yet. In 15, 20 years, people will look at him like we look at Johan Cruyff now. Geniuses are different but intelligence lies in adapting. Success doesn’t mean winning necessarily; it means leaving a mark. Pep had a huge impact on coaches in Germany, in Spain, now in England. Rafa Benítez, Arsène Wenger, José Mourinho: they opened a path for the rest. You inspire to leave a mark. But you don’t go to preach, you go to be preached to. To educate yourself. “It’s the context. [Jürgen] Klopp is perfect for Liverpool: there’s an alignment between his values and those of the club. The transition, the speed, the energy. City are so different. I loved watching their organised attack, their positional game. I told Pep: it’s like nothing I’ve seen, genuinely different. The quality of the passing, receiving 53 on the far foot, the intelligence. I was at Liverpool-City and we forget that they’re humans: to be able to do what City did, to exercise that control in an environment like that, with all that pressure, is even more impressive. And then to see Liverpool able to turn that on its head, to see that vertigo. Pfff. “Chelsea are a great team on TV but live they’re incredible. You see those situations: a throw-in, a restart, and even with big teams you don’t see the relentlessness they have,” Martínez adds, thumping his fist on the table. “Bam, bam, bam. Every. Single. Move. They can do everything. You want to take possession, they can do that. They need to be more direct, they’re direct. Run the counter? They can run the counter. Dead balls. Everything. That speaks to how well worked they are.” But it is the fans that captured the imagination more than the football, the emotion. They say that memory is not about recalling what happened but how it made you feel. And for Martínez, who tells stories of a childhood collecting football stickers and being a ballboy at Celta, that’s certainly the case, constantly comes back to the atmosphere. From Spurs: “One of the best three stadiums in Europe ”; to Watford- Wolves: “Even in the warm-up they’re going mad.” Martínez says: “The atmosphere there’s unique. I was fascinated by it. In the Premier League, the Championship. The guy from Middlesbrough whose club is everything. Owners come from foreign capital, sure, but have to adapt to that culture. That respect, the tradition, really left an impact . “ West Ham-Leicester on a Monday night : I was coming back by train. It was half past midnight, Bedford, and I was nearly home. There were loads of their fans at the station, still two hours from home. Loads of them. And they had lost 4-1 . You let that soak in, immerse yourself in it. It’s so important a manager understands that. “I went into this ‘church’ in Liverpool and asked for a half pint … well, I did, but you can’t ask for a half,” he continues, laughing. “I took photos of the murals on the houses. There’s a magic, a chemistry . These three women, 90 years old, who could barely get up the stairs going into the ground. The Hillsborough memorial. In Spain, those flowers would be wilting. At Everton, the centre-back wins a header and it’s ‘Aaargh!’, so loud. At [Manchester] United they whistled a VAR check: just get on with the game, even if it means a goal for the other team. It’s a different feeling, the whole thing. “What I most like is that the fans compete, they live the game, participate . I was talking to Pep about the atmosphere. There’s a mystique, a charisma, a personality that we don’t really have elsewhere. You can’t explain it, can’t measure it, there is no data, but that’s what seduces you. It’s still there in England, and that needs to be protected.”

54 Sport Football Premier League • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Top-flight clubs set for Africa Cup of Nations player exits Only four Premier League teams are in line to be unaffected by tournament in Cameroon from 9 January Ed Aarons ‘ I love Klopp is not the only the fact that we have so many African players … until the Africa Cup of Nations starts. Then it’s: ‘Oh my God!’” Jürgen Premier League manager who will have Afcon on his mind over the coming weeks. With the delayed 33rd edition of the continental showpiece due to begin in Cameroon on 9 January, planning for the absence of up to 40 players from Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang to Wilfried Zaha during one of the most intense periods of the domestic season will present a major headache for several. Leeds, Norwich, Newcastle and Tottenham are the only Premier League clubs who will not be affected, with the rest potentially without key players for up to six Premier League matches and two in the FA Cup. With Liverpool in line to be missing Mohamed Salah, Sadio Mané and Naby Keïta for a run of fixtures that includes trips to Chelsea and Arsenal, no wonder Klopp was so opposed to the switch. Fifa regulations stipulate players must be released by their clubs on 27 December – 13 days before the tournament’s first match. That means Salah, Mané and Keïta could play in Liverpool’s Premier League game against Leeds on Boxing Day but would not be available for the trip to Leicester two days later. But there is a possibility some could be given dispensation to join their national squads at a later date depending on what can be agreed with their clubs. Discussions are believed to be ongoing, with Chelsea wanting Édouard Mendy and Hakim Ziyech to face Liverpool at Stamford Bridge on 2 January before joining up with Senegal and Morocco respectively. Klopp will hope he can persuade the Egyptian FA to allow Salah to arrive as late as possible. “In the past because the Afcon Liverpool could be without Salah, Mané and Keïta for up to six Premier League matches ▲ Arsenal might lose Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang for eight matches was in the winter it was really a reason not to sign an African player because you would lose him for four weeks in the middle of the season,” he said in June 2019 in an interview for my book Made in Africa: The History of African Players in English Football. The return to a mid-season competition could be reflected in the fact the number of African players in the Premier League (46) this season has fallen since the peak of 59 in 2007-08. The vast majority are expected to be in Cameroon . Brighton and Leicester may be grateful for Zambia’s failure to qualify , leaving the summer signings Enock Mwepu and Patson Daka at their disposal – although those clubs will be planning for the absence of the key midfielders in Yves Bissouma and Wilfred Ndidi respectively. Ndidi and his clubmate Kelechi Iheanacho are among seven Nigerians – more than any other nation – who could be called up from English clubs by the long-serving German manager Gernot Rohr , who is seeking to build on third place last time. Crystal Palace fans’ hop es that Zaha’s request not to be selected for Ivory Coast’s World Cup qualifiers this month could mean he is available to Patrick Vieira in January were dashed when the 29-year-old clarified his intentions to take part in Afcon, although his country’s defeat by Cameroon in his absence means the Elephants will not be in Qatar next year. Vieira is also likely to be without Cheikhou Kouyaté, Jeffrey Schlupp and Jordan Ayew, and his Arsenal counterpart Mikel Arteta will not be able to call on Aubameyang, Thomas Partey, Mohamed Elneny or Nicolas Pépé. Riyad Mahrez’s departure to play for Algeria may not be keenly felt by Manchester City given he has started only twice in the Premier League . Mahrez led Algeria to victory at the last tournament in Egypt and was a key component of the City team that won the title last season . In this campaign he has been a regular in the Champions League . With th at tournament’s knockout stages due to begin on 15 February, nine days after the Afcon final , at least he and West Ham’s Saïd Benrahma will definitely be back to what could by then be a very different-looking Premier League table . Vardy cuts through Ranieri emotion Leicester City 4 Maddison 16, Vardy 34 42, Lookman 68 Watford 2 King 30pen, Dennis 61 Peter Lansley King Power Stadium Claudio Ranieri appreciated the heartwarming welcome he received on his first managerial return to Leicester City but Jamie Vardy, unabashed by Watford’s apparent wish to have the game abandoned as the pitch became covered in snow, showed why he has never been allowed to go away as his two goals proved the difference between the sides. The whole home crowd had taken to their feet just before kick-off to chant Ranieri’s name and applaud the manager who led their team to the Premier League title five years ago. It was an edifyingly emotional moment and clearly moved the Italian, but as the snow reportedly prompted the goalkeeper Daniel Bachmann to ask for the game to be called off, Vardy was intent on not making this too hospitable a return. “He got the reception the fans wanted to give him,” Vardy said of his former manager. “We knew it was down to business on the pitch, though, and we wanted the win. “It is different [the weather]. You see with the ref having to stop it [to clear the snow off the lines in the second half]. These are things you have to deal with. You have to stay professional and we did that. At one point their keeper was trying to get it called off with the ref. But pitches have the undersoil heating and we weren’t worried.” There were pre-match handshakes from his former staff for the Watford manager but one of his most important old players had a more ambiguous gesture after giving Leicester the lead again in the 34th minute. Claudio Ranieri enjoyed a warm reception on his return to Leicester City Vardy had revealed in his autobiography that his former manager nicknamed him “Radio Wanker” because of his incessant dressing-room chatter and he made a beeline towards the visitors’ dugout after making it 2-1 with a delicately dinked shot over Bachmann following James Maddison’s exquisite lofted pass. Vardy raced up the touchline to the benches and then pointed towards Mike Stowell, a surviving member of Leicester’s coaching staff, who was stationed behind Ranieri. Leicester’s leading goalscorer then made his point in rather more traditional fashion eight minutes later, heading on Maddison’s corner into the far corner of the net to make it 3-1 at half-time. In the 16th minute, Jonny Evans, passed fit to start after a thigh injury, had played the free-kick that led to Maddison giving Leicester the lead. Bizarrely, William Troost-Ekong opted – or received a shout – to duck under the long pass . That simply allowed Maddison to run in on the blindside and swivel to shoot in with his right foot. Following his goal and performance on Thursday, these are signs Maddison is gradually returning towards his best. “We know when Madders [James Maddison] gets on the ball he has that creativity,” Vardy said. “It is about making the runs for him. It was a massive win.” However swashbuckling Leicester can look going forwards, they are still defensively vulnerable on the transition. Kasper Schmeichel was counting his blessings when Cucho Hernández’s shot deflected heavily off Caglar Soyuncu and hit the inside of the post. Then Emmanuel Dennis was tripped by Wilfr ed Ndidi – who also gave a penalty away on Thursday – and Josh King converted to equalise. It was no more than Watford, buoyed by their 4-1 demolition of Manchester United eight days earlier, deserved at that stage. Then came Vardy’s two goals before the snow came hammering down during the half-time interval, clearly having an impact on the players’ ability to keep their footing. Timothy Castagne, in particular, did not look comfortable. If only Mo Salah has scored more than Vardy’s nine Premier League goals, then only the Liverpool striker has more goal involvements, assists included, than Dennis after the Watford striker made it 3-2 on the hour mark with his sixth goal since signing from Club Brugge for around £4.5m in the summer. He also has four assists to his name. The Nigerian had just wasted one clear chance that he had earned by dispossessing Castagne but then squaring to King instead of shooting when he repeated the trick, nicking the ball off the Leicester rightback again before this time running through and dinking a cute shot over Schmeichel. Play was held up for a couple of minutes at this point so that the Leicester groundstaff could sweep the lines of snow. As cries of “Ranieri” rang hospitably around the stadium, Leicester made the game safe when Harvey Barnes got in down the lefthand corner of the penalty area and squared the ball for Ademola Lookman to tap home for 4-2. Leicester 4-2-3-1 Schmeichel; Castagne, Evans, Söyüncü, Thomas; Soumaré, Ndidi; Lookman (Albrighton 75), Maddison (Dewsbury- Hall 88), Barnes; Vardy Subs not used Ward, Iheanacho, Daka, Pérez, Amartey, Vestergard, Choudhury Referee Andy Madley Attendance 34,310 Watford 4-1-4-1 Bachmann; Femenía, Cathcart, Troost-Ekong, Masina; Louza (João Pedro h-t); Hernández, Cleverley (Tufan h-t), Sissoko, King; Dennis (Fletcher 71) Subs not used Ngakia, Rose, Gosling, Kabasele, Elliot,Morris Vardy chips in with his first goal Jamie Vardy dinks the ball over Daniel Bachmann to make it 2-1 to Leicester PLUMB IMAGES/ LEICESTER CITY FC VIA GETTY IMAGES

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian Ice-cool Ivan turns up the heat Ivan Toney steps up to convert his side’s first-half penalty and consign Everton to a fifth defeat in six games JOHN WALTON/PA • Premier League Saturday’s talking points Arsenal 2 Saka 56, Martinelli 66 Newcastle 0 Referee Stuart Attwell Att 59,886 Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang has a habit of offering effective ripostes to his doubters, so perhaps Manchester United should feel concerned before Arsenal’s visit on Thursday. But the Gunners’ form cannot hide a problem that needs resolving : their captain’s strike rate has slowed drastically . On Saturday the striker produced one of the misses of the season and he remains stuck on four league goals. Aubameyang turns 33 next June and Arsenal need a succession plan: it was timely, then, for Gabriel Martinelli to provide a long-awaited reminder of his gifts. Nick Ames 55 Brighton 0 Leeds 0 Referee Craig Pawson Att 31,166 Marcelo Bielsa had never previously spent more than two seasons at any club. This is his fourth at Leeds, which means we’re in virgin territory. Threatened by relegation and with growing fan disgruntlement, Bielsa now has to breathe new life into his project. Summer signings are yet to make an impact. Injuries and Covid have hit his team harder than most. The return of Patrick Bamford and Luke Ayling should help, and Bielsa will certainly not compromise on his approach, but still you wonder: does the old master have any new tricks up his sleeve? Jonathan Liew Toney hits the spot to pile more pressure on Everton and Benítez Brentford 1 Toney 24pen Everton 0 Sachin Nakrani Brentford Community Stadium For Brentford the final whistle provided a reason to celebrate and boy did they take it. A first victory in six league games ended with players and manager embracing on the pitch, supporters cheering wildly and the breaking-out of a light show accompanied by blaring music that was more akin to a rave than a football match. All of which provided stark contrast to what was happening at the far corner of the ground. Everton’s players had wandered over to salute the travelling fans, who greeted the gesture with clear displeasure. There were howls of fury and frustration as well as a fair few V-signs, and it was hard not to sympathise with those who had made the journey from Merseyside to west London on a bitterly cold day. For Everton, winter is well and truly here. It is now seven games without victory and a third without scoring for the visitors, and while they showed far more intent and character than at Manchester City a week ago , they were still incredibly poor . Everton showed no clear plan and creat ed little of note either side of the goal that undid them – Ivan Toney’s typically cool penalty . Quite simply Everton look lost and things only look set to get worse for them given that their next game is against Liverpool at home on Wednesday night. It could be the most horrendous of reunions for Rafael Ben ítez, who insisted prior to this game that he maintains the full backing of the club’s majority shareholder, Farhad Moshiri. But the Spaniard could see that change if his former side run riot against his current one and turn Goodison Park into a hotbed of toxicity. The natives are restless, in person and on social media, with # Rafa Out trending on Twitter not long after this game had concluded. “The connection between the fans and players last season wasn’t great but you could see it was better at the start of this season,” said Benítez. “To bring back this connection, the fans expect the players to give everything and they can’t complain today as the players gave everything . You could see how they were fighting to the last minute. They tried their best but they need to be more precise in the final third.” That was undeniably the case, with Salom ón Rond ón once again delivering a blunt display , failing to convert a close-range effort after Brentford had taken the lead and doing increasingly less thereafter, a late glancing header the best of his efforts. The Venezuelan was playing because Dominic Calvert-Lewin remains sidelined with a thigh injury and Richarlison was suspended, and with Yerry Mina also out injured there is little doubt that Ben ítez’s attempts to turn Everton’s fortunes around are being hampered by the absence of key players. Yet here he was able to call on the fit again Abdoulaye Doucour é, arguably Everton’s best performer this campaign, and put out a side that should have fared better against opponents also missing crucial personnel. Those in blue had 60% possession but most of that was wasted via aimless , clueless passes and it wasn’t until Demarai Gray came on as a 70th-minute substitute that Everton seriously threatened , the winger delivering a couple of excellent crosses that Calvert-Lewin may well have converted had he been playing. But he wasn’t – Rond ón was. The hosts survived those scares and in the end deserved the win, their first here since the opening-day triumph over Arsenal and one that takes them above Everton and into 12th. They show ed great togetherness throughout and, crucially, seiz ed the moment that led to the only goal of the game. It started with a Sergi Can ós corner that Jordan Pickford scrambled clear to the edge of the area, where Andros Townsend looked to hook fully clear; instead, however, he kicked Frank Onyeka’s jaw as the Nigerian aimed to meet the ball with his head. The connection was accidental but firm, leaving On yeka stricken on the turf. Play continued amid jeers from the home fans before the referee, Darren England, took the advice of his VAR, Jonathan Moss, and decided to review the incident on the pitchside monitor. A penalty was rightly awarded and Toney converted it, giving Pickford the eyes before sending the England goalkeeper the wrong way for his fifth goal of the season. “I already said that he is the world’s best penalty taker and he proved that today,” said Thomas Frank . “I am very pleased with the result. Do not forget, we are a newly promoted club playing against an Everton side that has spent a lot of money in recent years. This is a massive win for us.” Brentford 3-5-2 Fernández; Goode, Jansson•, Pinnock; Canós• (Wissa 87), Onyeka•, Norgaard (Baptiste 70), Janelt, Henry (Roerslev 77); Mbeumo•, Toney Subs not used Cox, Thompson, Jensen, Forss, Ghoddos, Bech Referee Darren England Everton 4-4-1-1 Pickford; Coleman, Godfrey•, Keane, Digne; Townsend• (Gray 70), Doucouré, Allan, Gordon; Iwobi; Rondón• Subs not used Begovic, Kenny, Delph, Tosun, Gbamin, Branthwaite, Simms, Dobbin Man of the match Bukayo Saka Arsenal Crystal Palace 1 Guéhi 90 Aston Villa 2 Targett 15, McGinn 86 Referee Michael Salisbury Att 25,203 Patrick Vieira believes Eberechi Eze could take a couple of months to rediscover his best form after returning from injury . The 23-yearold damaged his achilles in May and had been due to link up with Gareth Southgate’s England squad before Euro 2020, only to be ruled out. Vieira was delighted with the reception for Eze on Saturday, but the manager said: “ W hen a player has seven months out of competition it will take time for him to get to his best. Every week he is making progress but we are not expecting very much for the first couple of months.” Ed Aarons Man of the match John McGinn Aston Villa Liverpool 4 Jota 2 32, Thiago 37, Van Dijk 52 Southampton 0 With Liverpool again recognisable to the side that swept to the title in 2020 there is a temptation to leave the injury torment of last season locked behind closed doors. To Jürgen Klopp and his players, however, it is a valuable motivation. “My job is to make the lineup, organise training sessions, and help create an atmosphere within the team,” Klopp said. “But on the pitch the players have to do it themselves. The things that happened to this team in the last few years were special and massively because of their outstanding mindset. They push each other.” Andy Hunter Man of the match Diogo Jota Liverpool Man of the match Illan Meslier Leeds Norwich 0 Wolves 0 Referee Andre Marriner Att 53,040 Referee Simon Hooper Att 26,911 Wolves have made a decent start to life under Bruno Lage but are still struggling to score, with 12 goals in 13 games , and at Norwich they drew their sixth blank of the season. To be so impotent with so much talent is bizarre. In midfield, João Moutinho and Rúben Neves have touch and vision, while in front of them Raúl Jiménez, Adama Traoré, Hwang Hee-chan and Francisco Trincão offer pace, power and trickery and nous. Do any of these players have the charisma to impose themselves on games? If they cannot find it or develop it , Lage will soon be looking for players who can. Daniel Harris Man of the match Billy Gilmour Norwich

56 Sport Football Premier League • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 City need Fernandinho to make domination count Manchester City 2 Gündogan 33, Fernandinho 90 West Ham 1 Lanzini 90 Possession Man City West Ham 69% 31% Shots on target 8 3 Total attempts 19 5 Jamie Jackson Etihad Stadium Manchester City kept West Ham on a long lead in a strangely muted affair and twice pounced expertly via Ilkay Gündogan and Fernandinho to claim full points. The strikes were flashes of high quality from the champions whose control, once they settled, will please Pep Guardiola and, though Manuel Lanzini scored in the 95th minute, the result never felt in doubt. Gündogan’s finish came just after the half-hour and from this juncture City were hardly troubled by David Moyes’s men until the very end. As the congested winter schedule begins, there was also an economy of effort that should be welcomed by a manager whose squad was depleted for a 13th Premier League game of the campaign that ended with his team in second place. Injury ruled out Phil Foden and Jack Grealish, a nd Guardiola named only eight replacements for a meeting with the side three points and one position behind them and which was decorated by a light dusting of snow at kick-off. If the opening half would end close to a white-out due to the conditions, City’s feather-like defence was first exposed by Michail Antonio, who shrugged a tentative R úben Dí as aside and moved into the area along the left but no teammate could finish from his cross. In response Kyle Walker decided direct action at the other end might wake his team up but his shot, having beaten Lukasz Fabianski, did not beat not the goalkeeper’s right post. Next was a sequence of pinpoint precision that involved Walker, Gündogan and Gabriel Jesus before the radar of Jesus proved awry when trying to return the ball to Gündogan near goal. By now snow was falling constantly and, when Antonio next received the ball, it was along the right and this time Aymeric Laporte, preferred to John Stones , was bullied by the No 9 and City were grateful to escape. Both rearguards needed to tighten. At City’s first corner Laporte was allowed to rise highest and head marginally over by a sleepy defence. Moments later Riyad Mahrez skipped in and drilled home, but the effort was ruled offside. The pace of the contest had hardly nudged above a trot and was pocked by heavy touches and a clogged midfield. Saïd Benrahma and Gündogan each took aim from 20 yards out with no success before Raheem Sterling’s curler concerned Fabianski, who was happy to see the ball sail wide. The Hammers’ forward forays were more sporadic than their hosts’ yet seemed, at this point, to threaten more. Aaron Cresswell’s attempt to beat Ederson directly from a free-kick was deflected out for a corner . Cresswell and Declan Rice worked the set piece beforethe flag went up when the ball was crossed. City, who had been in a slumber , finally jolted into life. Mahrez fielded a long ball on the right, cut inside and fed a lurking Gündogan who could hardly miss from inches out. Ben Johnson, exposed here by Mahrez, then saved his side when City next attacked, blocking Jesus’s shot off the line with Fabianski beaten. As the interval approached the pitch markings were becoming tricky to see. Mahrez, too, might have had his vision blighted when smacking a shot off the left post but as the second half commenced the snow had abated and the pitch cleared, following an extended break. This benefited City, who were A winter’s tale with Jesus in the snow Gabriel Jesus takes on the West Ham defence unperturbed by the difficult conditions at the Etihad ALEX LIVESEY/ GETTY

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 57 coasting, and was underlined by an early corner that pinned their visitors back. The Hammers, as the second half went on, continued to be pummelled by percussive passing. Better from them was a move that had Johnson hitting in a cross that Laporte steered out for a corner. It remained, though, a canter for City. Antonio broke but ceded possession – West Ham did this too much – and suddenly Sterling was skating clear, clipping the ball over for Jesus who should have doubled the lead. The team from east London, who lost last week at Wolves, were being toyed with in a manner which informed them of their status. Rice, though, did keep Ederson honest with a 30-yard piledriver which the Brazilian punched away before Gündogan, at the other end, had Fabianski sliding on the turf to keep the deficit to one. The keeper could do nothing, though, about Fernandinho’s late second. On as a substitute, the midfielder sealed the win with a slide-rule finish, while Lanzini’s classy response Ilkay Gündogan (second left), who scored 17 goals for City last season, celebrates his first-half strike ALEX LIVESEY/ GETTY IMAGES Gündogan opens the scoring for City to the top corner – was too little too late. Rodri, composed throughout, said afterwards: “It was a very difficult day because of the weather conditions but it is always difficult against this team. We were lucky to get this first goal because in the first half we couldn’t play much. In the second we dominated and could have scored more.” He was correct and with this victory City made it five in a row in all competitions for the first time this season. In the corresponding week of last season they began a 28-game unbeaten sequence, 21 of which were victories, that ran until March. For their rivals this win may be ominous. Manchester City 4-1-1-3-1 Ederson; Walker, Días, Laporte•, Cancelo•; Rodri ; Gündogan; Jesus, Silva, Sterling (Fernandinho 87); Mahrez Subs not used Steffen, Carson, Stones, Aké, Zinchenko, Palmer, McAtee Referee Michael Oliver West Ham 4-2-3-1 Fabianski; Johnson, Dawson, Zouma, Cresswell (Coufal 61); Soucek, Rice; Masuaku (Bowen 74), Benrahma (Lanzini 59), Fornals; Antonio Subs not used Areola, Yarmolenko, Vlasic, Noble, Diop, Kral ▼ Fernandinho, on the pitch for only three minutes, picked his spot to beat Lukasz Fabianski MATT MCNULTY/MANCHESTER CITY FC/GETTY IMAGES ‘Fantasy’ Long unbeaten run unlikely, says Guardiola Jamie Jackson Etihad Stadium Pep Guardiola described as “fantasy” that Manchester City can launch another long unbeaten run to match last season’s 28-match sequence following their 2-1 win against West Ham at the Etihad Stadium yesterday . City’s fifth consecutive win came almost 12 months after a 2-0 defeat at Tottenham on 21 November last season proved to be City’s last defeat until losing 2-0 against Manchester United on 7 March. Guardiola was asked if he senses his players are in the same groove as this time last year. “I don’t know what is going to happen,” the manager said. “What we have done in the past is the past. We have to celebrate now and then we go to Birmingham to play Aston Villa [on Wednesday]. The rest is fantasy . To make wrong thoughts in your mind creates problems in the team.” The win takes City to 29 points and back up to second on an afternoon in which club staff had to work hard to clear the pitch from heavy snowfall. Guardiola praised them and his team. “I think the guys who took care of the pitch were the man of the match . They did an incredible job to make sure we played the game today. The chances we created – it could have been three or four. We cannot forget which opponent we played. They have everything. We came from a tough game in midweek against PSG [ winning 2-1 in the Champions League ] and we know exactly which team we faced today. And the amount of chances we created in the conditions that we played, it’s a huge victory for us – for the effort, for the players, the performance in general. “We didn’t concede much [many chances], we defended set pieces really well and the counter attacks we controlled them. Maybe we could make another speed, another rhythm but the weather didn’t allow us to do it . But a good performance from all of us. In these conditions you have to adapt. Don’t take risks .” David Moyes rued West Ham’s lack of quality in front of goal. “That’s the difference at the very top level,” he said . West Ham have now lost twice in a row since beating Liverpool before the international break. ‘In the conditions that we played, it’s a huge victory’ Pep Guardiola Manchester City manager Burnley match called off after heavy snow covers pitch Ian Parker Turf Moor The Premier League match between Burnley and Tottenham was called off a little under an hour before kickoff due to heavy snow at Turf Moor yesterday . After snow began to fall in late morning, attempts to clear the pitch began around 90 minutes before the scheduled 2pm kick-off but proved in vain, with snow coming down as quickly as it could be removed. Turf Moor’s undersoil heating had been on overnight but was unable to cope. There were also concerns about areas around the ground as supporters began to arrive. The announcement was made shortly after both clubs had named their teams for the match. There has been no information as to when the match might now be played. Spurs, who had stayed overnight in Manchester, had been late to arrive at Turf Moor, and were seen entering the stadium just before 1pm. Officials, led by the referee, Peter Bankes, waited until both managers were present and had been consulted before making the call. Spurs had made the trip north with their manager, Antonio Conte, demanding a response from Thursday’s humiliation away to NS Mura in the Europa Conference League. Instead it turned out to be a long trip for nothing as the postponement came less than 15 minutes after they were seen getting off the team bus. “It is a big disappointment because we were ready to play and we prepared for the game, and all the travel,” said Conte. “But at same time I think the Premier League made the right decision to save the situation for the players and the fans. For everybody. It’s disappointing but the decision was right.” PA Media ▲ Snow at Turf Moor settled on the pitch as quickly as it could be removed CHRIS BRUNSKILL/FANTASISTA/GETTY IMAGES Football In brief Championship Sharp Blades impress Heckingbottom The new Sheffield United manager Paul Heckingbottom was pleased with his side’s performance after goals from Rhian Brewster and Billy Sharp gave them a 2-0 victory over Bristol City in the Sheffield snow. Heckingbottom said: “I was pleased with lots of things in the game. I thought the approach was good and the players responding to the messages was very good. I think it was important we got that goal before half-time.” PA Media Scottish Premiership McGregor’s luck keeps Celtic in touch at the top Scott Brown went off injured on his return to Parkhead after his successor as Celtic captain, Callum McGregor, scored a fortuitous winner against Aberdeen. McGregor had his back to goal as he diverted a clearance from former team-mate Jonny Hayes into the Dons goal on the hour mark to earn Celtic a 2-1 victory. Jota had opened the scoring for the hosts but Lewis Ferguson levelled from the spot. Rangers, 3-1 winners at Livingston, remain four points clear. PA Media Ligue 1 Messi inspires fightback but Neymar is injured Lionel Messi delivered a hat-trick of assists as Paris Saint-Germain came from behind to beat 10-man Saint- Étienne 3-1. Denis Bouanga gave the visitors the lead before PSG hit back through Marquinhos (2) and Ángel Di María. In the closing minutes, Neymar was taken off on a stretcher with what looked like an ankle problem. PA Media ▲ Lionel Messi warmed the PSG supporters despite the cold weather

58 Sport Football Premier League • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Jorginho makes amends but off-colour Blues rue errors Chelsea 1 Jorginho 69pen Manchester United 1 Sancho 50 Possession Chelsea Man Utd 65% 35% Shots on target 5 2 Total attempts 23 3 David Hytner Stamford Bridge It was a day when Manchester United defended in numbers, when they sacrificed all attacking ambition in pursuit of something – anything – to stop a rot that had claimed the former manager, Ole Gunnar Solskj ær, and sent their Premier League season into meltdown. It was a long way from pretty but, watched from afar by Ralf Rangnick – the manager who is set to step in until the end of the season – the team got what they wanted. Michael Carrick, the interim to the interim, had started with Scott McTominay, Nemanja Matic and Fred in front of the back four and, with United entrenched in the deepest of blocks, it felt like a trick of the mind when Jadon Sancho suddenly streaked clear to put them in front at the start of the second half. The goal followed a terrible piece of control by Jorginho on halfway after Bruno Fernandes had punted clear and, briefly, an outlandish thought formed. It had looked as if United simply wanted to avoid another humiliation after those against Liverpool and Manchester City that had in But the Chelsea manager was on his knees in the final seconds when Antonio R üdiger blew the chance to win it. Ronaldo had failed to follow the run of Christian Pulisic, another substitute, and when he crossed R üdiger was free just outside the sixyard box. He blazed high over the bar. And so Chelsea, who had entered with nine wins and a draw in 10 matches , felt the stab of regret. Their lead is down to one point and they have to hope that the two dropped here do not return to haunt them. The pattern of the game was consistent from start to finish, Chelsea on the front foot , United defending desperately and trying to get something going on the counter. Chelsea bossed the shot count 24-3 and David de Gea, the United goalkeeper, said he felt “danger for nearly the whole game ”. It was easy to wonder whether Rangnick had influenced the selection, which saw Carrick double down in midfield, using three screening players. Perhaps it was a reaction to being without three of the firstchoice back four – Harry Maguire, Rapha ël Varane and Luke Shaw – and it was always going to invite pressure. Chelsea started brightly, with Hakim Ziyech shooting at De Gea after being allowed to turn too easeffect done for Solskj ær. Could they steal victory? Jorginho would disabuse them of the notion, atoning in part when he converted from the penalty spot after Aaron Wan-Bissaka’s silly foul on Thiago Silva, and his goal was the prompt for a grandstand finish. Chelsea appeared addicted to living dangerously and they almost threw it away in the 88th minute when Édouard Mendy played a pass straight to Fred. The midfielder was entitled to go for the chip but he got it all wrong and Mendy collected. Thomas Tuchel had felt the frustration build, mainly because of his team’s profligacy, with Callum Hudson-Odoi and Timo Werner most culpable. He lost his cool when Cristiano Ronaldo, involved only as a substitute, wrongly avoided an offside flag to win a last-gasp corner. Tuchel was booked for his complaints. ily inside the box and a big chance followed shortly afterwards. When Marcos Alonso headed back a high ball, Wan-Bissaka got himself into a tangle and Hudson-Odoi moved inside Victor Lindel öf. De Gea turned the winger’s shot past the far post. Where would United be this season without him? Chelsea were aggressive with their press , despite being without N’Golo Kant é, but they were unable to create much more of note in the first half. A blast from R üdiger on 31 minutes that rattled the crossbar stood out; it was unclear whether De Gea had brushed the ball with his fingertips. Carrick had insisted Ronaldo’s reaction to being named among the substitutes was “great ” and that it was simply a cold-headed selection decision which did not “need any more drama than that ”. All the best with that, Michael. He recalled Fernandes and played him as a false nine, demanding that the Portuguese led the press with intensity . Fernandes was more visible in deeper areas and it was not his day. On 36 minutes he popped up at left-back and tried to ping a crossfield pass only to send it straight to Hudson-Odoi, who was five yards outside the area.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • 59 Hudson-Odoi advanced but he could not muster power in the shot. United offered precious little as an attacking force before the interval , musing that maybe they could nick something on the counter. Then then they did. Jorginho had been the last man back and he did not bother to chase Sancho after his aberration. He knew what was coming. Sancho used Marcus Rashford to his left as a decoy, shook his hips and rolled past Mendy. United flickered on the break and Chelsea’s anxiety rose, particularly as Werner shot wildly when in space after a corner. Chelsea needed a break and they got one when Wan-Bissaka went through Silva as he attempted to clear another corner. Werner, Ziyech and Ruben Loftus-Cheek would have half-chances and, after Fred failed to beat Mendy, R üdiger’s sights were awry at the very last. Chelsea 3-4-2-1 Mendy; Chalobah, Silva, Rudiger; James•, Loftus-Cheek, Jorginho•, Alonso (Mount 78); Ziyech, Hudson-Odoi (Pulisic 78); Werner (Lukaku 82) Subs not used Kepa, Christensen, Saúl, Barkley, Azpilicueta, Havertz Sancho fires United into lead Jadon Sancho (left) beats Chelsea’s Édouard Mendy and puts Manchester United ahead MATTHEW CHILDS/ ACTION IMAGES/ REUTERS 17 In November so far United have had the fewest shots of any Premier League side (17) and have faced more attempts than any team (60). 3 United had just one further effort after taking the lead – with their total of three shots their lowest in a league game since 2017’s three against Man City. Manchester United 4-3-3 De Gea; Wan-Bissaka, Lindelof, Bailly•, Telles; McTominay•, Matic, Fred; Sancho (Ronaldo• 64), Fernandes• (Van de Beek 89), Rashford• (Lingard 77) Subs not used Henderson, Jones, Mata, Martial, Greenwood, Dalot, Referee Anthony Taylor Attendance 40,041 Analysis Barney Ronay Stamford Bridge Ronaldo feels the remote hand of Rangnick as players begin their auditions for Dr Gegenpress A s Cristiano Ronaldo prepared to enter the pitch with an hour gone at Stamford Bridge, having performed a dutiful kind of warm-up, meandering along the touchline like a venerable old don taking a stroll on the college lawn, a large book of laminated diagrams was waved in front of his nose. Ronaldo, to his credit, made a show of having a look. Two decades into one of the great elite-level careers, CR7 is not too proud for your diagrams. But there might have been a temptation to grab that folder and scour the handwritten notes, to look for a sign, a prognosis of his own future in this peculiar, mid-season evolution. The appointment of Ralf Rangnick as Manchester United interim manager is of course a mouth-watering plot twist. From a certain angle it even makes sense. Here is a team that doesn’t run enough. Here is a set-up that lacks a pattern, a unity of purpose, an intellectual validity. History isn’t culture. Memories aren’t a plan. Bring on the iron fist, the countdown clock, the footballer-as-machine-for-winning aesthetic of Dr Gegenpress. Something has to go around here. And on this occasion it was Ronaldo, who was dropped, not rested, for the first time since his return. It is hard not to see the hand of Ralf in that decision, whether directly or by osmosis through a coaching team eager to please the new man. Rangnick, we hear, loves youth, energy, selflessness and constant running. “The idea is a team without individuals,” he has said. The death of the ego, the notion of pure selfless team-play. Hmm. About that. What all this means for United’s biggest star is open to question. Ronaldo knows how to play that game, knows how to press, and will run for the team. But he is 36 years old. He has pared his own role back to a razor edge over the last six years. Is there a player the new man would have been less likely to want to sign? There are so many fascinating angles to his arrival, it might seem a bit of a shame to spend his first remote working day dwelling on the absent superstar. But Ronaldo’s role is utterly central to what happens to this team now, not just in terms of patterns of play, but the spirit of this enterprise, how seriously United are about allowing themselves to be bent to the will of their 63-year-old troubleshooter. Rangnick, we hear, hates complacency above all, a ref usal to change, the feeling of being stuck. Welcome, Ralf, to Alex Fergus on’s gaff, a club and a team still haunted by a manager who was appointed in 1986. If it is to work this does have to be a brutal kind of consultancy. It would also be foolish to draw any firm conclusion f rom a single game against a sub-par Chelsea. But this was a gristly, wholly committed, all-for-one United performance. A 1-1 draw seemed fair enough by the end. Chelsea had 21 shots to United’s two. But this was also a poor afternoon for Thomas Tuchel, whose team were blunt. Picking Timo Werner as a starting attacker against a team sitting this deep is one thing. Keeping him on the pitch after a performance of jittery, panicked, hit and miss: this seemed pretty weird. As did the decision to leave Romelu Lukaku on the bench as cross after cross wanged its way across the United penalty area. And something had changed as United kicked off at the Bridge, with a sense of new terms, fresh ‘The idea is a team without individuals,’ he has said. What all this means for United’s biggest star is open to question semesters, a little starchiness in the air. Stand straight. Fold your hands. The professor is in town. At times there was a comedy to this whole set-up. Every lungbusting run, every press felt like an audition, a message to the giant robot brain watching on his private monitor. But United didn’t really press here. They sat deep and tried to break. This was in effect the Oleball team of last year, the phase when United would sit back and break quickly against better teams, a tactic th at worked well at times. Michael Carrick picked a threeman midfield bolt of Fred-Scott McTominay-Nemanja Matic. And it worked too, on its own terms. For long periods they simply sat there, taking the elbows, staying upright, absorbing pressure that was consistent but diffuse. Early on Callum Hudson-Odoi walked through Aaron Wan-Bissaka like a man easing his way through a particularly limp beaded curtain, and hit David de Gea from 10 yards when he should have scored. In the middle Werner would ▼ Cristiano Ronaldo is given tactical instructions before being brought on TOM JENKINS/THE GUARDIAN have had an open goal. But, well. OK. Ronaldo’s absence had made space for Jadon Sancho and Marcus Rashford, players United will be hoping experience some kind of Rangnick defibrillation over the next few months. Those who know say that Sancho’s success at Borussia Dortmund was based around some very clear tactical instructions, a willingness to fulfil a brief. Sancho scored an extraordinary goal to break the deadlock, seizing on Jorginho’s terrible touch and haring off with nothing in front of him except open green space. Stepping to his right, he rolled the ball past Édouard Mendy. Chelsea levelled from the spot. It takes chutzpah to take a penalty like Jorginho at the best of times. And these were not the best of times, but he jinked up, stopped and rolled it into the corner. And that was pretty much that for this game. The new world starts here. And already the ground has begun to shift just a little bit. ◀ Jorginho’s mistake led directly to Manchester United’s goal although the midfielder atoned for his error soon after TOM JENKINS/ THE GUARDIAN

Frank Williams F1 supremo who embodied the spirit of racing dies, aged 79 • Snow stopper Fernandinho strike seals fifth fth straight victory for purring City The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Page 52 → Page 56 → Giles suggests Vaughan should be given ‘second chance’ Chris Stocks Report and analysis David Hytner Page 58 → Barney Ronay Page 59 → Chelsea Manchester United 1 1 Jorginho 69pen Sancho 50 Jacob Steinberg Stamford Bridge Wind of change Chelsea charge halted after Ronaldo benched sea. The caretaker had opted for a counterpunching approach against the league leaders and he was quick to play down Gary Neville’s suggestion that the idea to leave Ronaldo out came from United’s incoming manager. “That’s not the case, no,” Carrick said. “We came here with a plan. I kind of knew how Chelsea would play and we wanted to stop the passes through to Jorginho and Ruben Loftus-Cheek. There were a few changes to freshen it up and it’s what we decided to go with today. We almost pulled it off.” Carrick, who stepped in as care- Michael Carrick said after Man chester United held Chelsea to a 1-1 draw at Stamford Bridge that Ralf Rangnick had no influence on his decision to name Cristiano Ronaldo on the bench . Rangnick is set to take over at Old Trafford on an interim basis this week, with a consultancy role to follow from June 2022, but Carrick insisted that the German had no say in his team selection against Cheltaker after Ole Gunnar Solskjær was sacked last week, is unsure whether Rangnick will be in charge when United host Arsenal on Thursday. “I haven’t got any more news for you,” he said. “I was focused on the game. I’m sure I’ll be updated and we’ll see what happens .” United produced a disciplined display after a difficult week. Carrick was pleased with their effort and he was happy with Jadon Sancho, who gave the visitors the lead after Jorginho failed to deal with a long punt from Bruno Fernandes. Chelsea rallied when Aaron Wan-Bissaka gave away ▲ Jadon Sancho celebrates his goal before (inset) Jorginho equalises MATTHEW PETERS/ MANCHESTER UNITED VIA GETTY IMAGES a penalty with a foul on Thiago Silva – Carrick questioned whether the referee, Anthony Taylor, was right to point to the spot – and Thomas Tuchel praised Jorginho for making up for his mistake by scoring from 12 yards. “It’s very unusual, a mistake like this, and for us in general to concede a goal like this,” Chelsea’s manager said. “Especially with Jorgi. He misjudged the situation and was heavily disturbed from the lights . It takes a lot of courage and personality not to be affected in the match and to have the courage to take the penalty for the equaliser.” Ashley Giles, managing director of the England men’s team, has indicated he believes Michael Vaughan should be given a chance to be rehabilitated and resume his media career after the allegations of racism made against him by Azeem Rafiq. Giles admitted there was no place for racism in cricket but, when asked specifically about Vaughan, his former England captain with whom he won the 2005 Ashes, he said that refusing to give people a second chance and an opportunity to be educated was “not a healthy way forward” for the sport. Vaughan has been fighting for his media career and reputation ever since Rafiq alleged that before a match against Nottinghamshire at Trent Bridge in 2009 he told him and three other Yorkshire players of Asian descent: “Too many of you lot, we need to do something about it.” He has strenuously denied ever saying those words, while two other players – Rana Nav ed -ul-Hasan and the England spinner Adil Rashid – have backed up Rafiq’s account . Vaughan denied the allegation again during an interview with the BBC’s Dan Walker on Saturday, although he did apologise to Rafiq for “the hurt” he had gone through at Yorkshire. The 47-year-old, who has been dropped from the BBC’s coverage of the upcoming Ashes series in Australia, was also forced during that BBC interview to apologise for a series of historic xenophobic tweets, including one posted in the aftermath of the Manchester Arena bombing in 2017 that suggested England ’s Moeen Ali should ask fellow Muslims he did not know if they were terrorists. Asked specifically about Vaughan’s situation, Giles, who is in Brisbane with England’s Ashes squad, said: “I can’t comment on what the BBC should do with one of 51 ▲ Michael Vaughan has been dropped from the BBC’s Ashes coverage

“ I know Brando loved me. When I realised that, I was so happy! Rita Moreno at 90 on success, stamina and West Side Story Monday 29/11/21 The taste test of Christmas Is turkey pizza actually any good? page 4 The great culture gift guide From Shakespeare socks to a Lil Nas X candle page 8 •

2 • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Rhik Samadder tries … pottery ‘It feels like sorcery, as much meditation as craft’ … Samadder at the wheel ‘My plate is so hideous it can’t even pass as an ashtray’ It’s an awkward start to my pottery journey. I’ve arrived at the Kiln Rooms in Peckham, southeast London, dressed as Demi Moore, star of the movie Ghost, and the most famous pottery scene ever filmed. “Should I have worn a tank top?” asks my tutor David McGuire. Tank top? I realise with horror that he has never seen the film . “When you say you’re a potter, people always mention Ghost!” he winces, almost in physical pain. I have no idea why he thinks Patrick Swayze wears a tank top in it. Then again, when I check the film, I realise I am dressed nothing like Demi Moore either. You should watch it, I insist, it’s classic Whoopi Goldberg. “Shall we make a start?” he says. The lesson begins with physical heft, pushing and turning the clay in an arduous technique known as ram’s head wedging . Wedging removes air pockets from the clay, lest they cause the finished product to bloat or explode in the oven. It’s like kneading dough, I remark, always thinking about pizza. It’s the opposite, says McGuire, apologetically, as kneading introduces air to dough. He has a lovely Donegal accent, which makes corrections easy to hear. Also, I’m thinking about putting a quattro formaggi in my oven tonight, which will certainly lead to bloating, possibly an explosion. Time for us to throw down. McGuire sits at a parallel wheel, like a driving instructor. I throw wedged clay on to the centre of the electric wheel, depress the foot pedal, and we’re rolling. McGuire talks me through coning and doming, pulling the clay up into a small tower, then pushing it down into a sourdough shape. It feels like sorcery, shaping clay by merely positioning one’s hand at its edge, letting the wheel do the work. It is muscular and finely controlled at once . It is hard, too, judging angle, pressure, speed. Keeping the clay from drying with a wet sponge, stopping it getting too wet. I’m trying to make a bowl, but if it’s hideous, we’ll call it an ashtray. Anything can be an ashtray. I’d expected a comic buckaroo, floppy clay flying everywhere. Instead, the endless revolution of round clay, within concentric circles of the spinning wheel, feels like gazing into infinity. Throwing is a portal to mindfulness, as once the wheel is in motion, the options are tune in, or spin out. “Look at your hand, not at the clay,” advises McGuire, like the Jungle Book’s Bagheera warning Mowgli not to look into the eyes of Kaa. I could watch this revolving earth for ever. The notion that humans were first made from clay, with life breathed into it, appears in the cosmologies of the Qur’an , the Bible and the Yoruba religion. Any divine pretensions I have are punctured, however, when McGuire mentions that inhaling clay dust causes silicosis . I later do a quick, horrific search for the condition online, in which inhaled silica, too fine to be seen in normal light, causes blue skin and lung failure. “Single exposure is fine, but when

• A new start after 60 The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 3 Potters spend a lifetime refining their craft – it’d be insulting for me to toss out a Ming vase Marilyn Bersey ‘I lost weight – and myself. Then I became a burlesque dancer’ COVER: INVISION/AP PHOTOGRAPHS: JILL MEAD/THE GUARDIAN students are blowing on their glaze, I do think: ‘You’re killing me,’” McGuire muses, in his lovely lilt. Pleased with my bowl, I have a go at making a plate. This time we use a mould, curved like an upside down turtle’s shell, pressing the clay into shape. It feels lumpen, after the elegance of throwing. Every student is drawn to different aspects of pottery, McGuire says. This technique suits anyone with a talent for decoration. Maybe that’s me! I rake striations into the clay with a decorative comb, then attempt a marbling effect, washing green and blue glaze over it. McGuire isn’t sure the combination will be vivid; colours are complicated. Earthenware pottery takes reds and oranges readily, while firing stoneware renders pinks less vibrant. Electric versus gas flames makes a difference, too. How does one ever know enough to make anything good? Time, he answers gently. Coil work, throwing, glazing: all pathways you could spend years exploring. Once pottery is in your life, it starts to shape you. The annealing process – a slow cooling, after kiln firing – means it is weeks before I see my finished kitchenware. Time goes by slowly; but time can do so much. When I return, I am met with the most beautiful small bowl. Even, smooth, boasting a deep blue glaze . My plate is something else. It’s irredeemably ugly, thick and monstrously heavy. The colours are insipid and formless. It can’t even pass as an ashtray. Potters spend a lifetime refining their craft. It would be insulting for me to turn up on a Tuesday and toss out a Ming vase. I’ve walked through Morrisons dressed nearly like Demi Moore (Semi Moore?) for nothing. But I think I should try again. Pottery is as much meditation as craft ; elemental yet peaceful, earth and water and fire calling one to slow down. It’s ancient, and it’s what we need now. If I’m too lazy to Swayze, I’m in love all the same. Point, break Appreciate the making, McGuire urges, not the final products. Get comfortable with letting them go. “Does this need to exist?” is the question he asks himself before firing anything. Maybe pottery was Buddhism all along? Smugness points Moore practice required. 3/5 Want to suggest an activity for Rhik to try? Tell us about it at theguardian.com/next-for-rhik PHOTOGRAPH: PETER FLUDE/THE GUARDIAN When Marilyn Bersey, 74, stands on stage and removes her last piece of clothing to reveal her nipple tassels, she triggers the pyrotechnics. From the audience there is “the admiration, the affirmation, the claps, the whoops, the cheers”. Well, she explains : “When I retired, I promised myself I wouldn’t be one of those pensioners who sit and knit.” Becoming a burlesque performer may seem an extreme form of resistance to this stereotyp e, but Bersey, who lives in wardenassisted accommodation on the Isle of Wight, had finally stabilised a huge weight loss. At the same time, she was adjusting to life without her second husband, whom she had cared for through Parkinson’s disease. She was searching for a form of exercise and selfexpression to fit the new shape of her life. Bersey was 70 when she saw the advert for a local burlesque group. “I thought : ‘That sounds a bit risque. I wonder if I could do it?’” She phoned the instructor, who said: “It’s for any age, any body size. ” Bersey “just loved it from the word go. Routines, getting your leg over the back of chairs. I thought : ‘What’s this feeling ?’ I felt really glamorous and sexy.” Bersey has always loved to perform , but burlesque felt different. In her amateur dramatic group and then at drama school, she had never auditioned for a leading role. “ I was always the fool. I think the accolade I got from an audience was the love that I never got at home … But I always wanted to be the leading lady. I’ve always felt glamorous inside .” Even if others didn’t see her that way. “Picture a fat kid with glasses,” she says of herself as a child. Her weight rose with her age – 15st at 15, 18st at 18. One day at school in Lancashire, she was bullied by a girl who poured salt from her crisps into Bersey’s hair. Bersey’s mother took her to the doctor, who prescrib ed slimming tablets. Her weight crash ed by 5st. But after a withdrawal period, it rose again, and she yo-yo ed all the way through her first marriage, two children, into her early 40s. “My childhood was not a good time. I’d hide behind comedy. I’d make a fool of myself so it didn’t hurt as much when people bullied me,” she realises now. Bersey’s late mother had yearned for a son. But after Bersey was born, she needed a hysterectomy . The sense of loss heavily tinged Bersey’s childhood. “She always said : ‘Oh, you’ll never amount to much. If you’d have been a boy you’d have done this. If you’d have been a boy …’ Chip, chip, chip. ” Having previously worked as a cook and swimming instructor, Bersey later trained in therapeutic arts and psychodrama, perhaps hoping to understand her mother. “Now I can see where it’s come from.” In her mid- 40s, shortly before she met her second husband, something changed for Bersey. She lost weight gradually through Slimming World until, in 2013, at the age of 66, her loss reached 6st 7lb and she “called target ”. But when her second husband died the following year after a long illness, Bersey realised : “I had lost myself. I was no longer anyone’s mother – I was, but not needed . I was nobody’s wife. I was nobody’s daughter. Who’s Marilyn?” Burlesque has given her an answer. “I know exactly who Marilyn is now,” she says. “ She’ s Foxy La Mer.” Bersey’s bedroom “looks like a boudoir”: wigs, feather boa, Hollywood mirror. She doesn’t wonder what her mother would think. Her son, an electrician, does her pyrotechnics; her daughter has seen her perform. Her “burlesque granny ” and Ghostbusterthemed routines rely on comedy. Is she still hiding, behind those tassels? “Probably,” she says, then adds: “I don’t feel I am hiding.” Regardless, she feels sexier than she has ever felt. “And I’ve got the confidence to accept that’s how I’m feeling … Who’s there to tell me that I can’t feel like that in old age?” Paula Cocozza Tell us: has your life taken a new direction after the age of 60? Fill in the online form at theguardian.com/new-start-after-60

4 • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Festive feast ... Heritage gets in the mood Christmas dinner – in a pasty! The world has gone mad for foods flavoured like turkey with all the trimmings. Are any of them good? Stuart Heritage takes a deep breath, dons a novelty jumper and dives in Something has gone badly, wildly wrong in the world of Christmas cuisine. Where Christmas dinner used to be a oncea-year extravagance, the concept has become nebulous and allencompassing. “Christmas dinner” is no longer a meal – it is a flavour, spread indiscriminately across every foodstuff imaginable in a desperate bid to seize upon good cheer. There have long been Christmas dinner sandwiches, but now we also have Christmas dinner crisps, Christmas dinner pizza, Christmas dinner pasties, Christmas dinner soup. And, while the thought of someone sullenly microwaving a bowl of Christmas soup barefoot in their kitchen between Zoom calls on a Thursday in November is genuinely the most dispiriting thing you could think of, it is possible that some of these products are actually good. There’s only one thing for it: time to put on a novelty jumper and try them all immediately. Starbucks ’Tis the Season turkey sandwich (£3.79) There is a lot to be disappointed about here. First, nobody has ever travelled to Starbucks specifically to eat a sandwich, and this is because no sandwich made by Starbucks has ever been palatable. Second, in a world that has long since diversified beyond the Christmas sandwich, this just seems old hat. Third, this sandwich tastes exactly like every pre-packed chicken-and-stuffing sandwich you have ever bought from a petrol station . Please try harder, Starbucks. How nice is it? 2/5 Christmas dinner rating 3/5 Sainsbury’s Rudolph’s Christmas Feast sandwich (£2.50) Although the name of this sandwich might suggest that Sainsbury’s has completely lost the plot and started selling venison sarnies at Christmas, the happier truth is that this is a vegan festive sandwich. Served in a Christmassy starshaped bun, it comes filled with a root-vegetable patty, along with carrot strips and carrot chutney. Not that you would know, of course, because the bread-to-filling ratio here is so catastrophically out of whack you don’t so much eat it as get suffocated by it. How nice is it? 3/5 Christmas dinner rating 2/5 Tesco Free From turkey and stuffing tortilla chips (£1) While everyone was distracted by sandwiches, the humble Christmas crisp quietly reached its apex. These tortilla chips are everything you could possibly ask for. Are they crunchy? Yes. Are they moreish? Yes. Does their gluten-free nature represent the dawning of a more inclusive snacking landscape? Yes. Are they shaped like little Christmas trees? Probably at first, but they will be smashed into unrecognisable smithereens by the time you open a packet. Do they taste like turkey and stuffing? Well, no, not really. But, hey, you can’t win them all. How nice is it? 4/5 Christmas dinner rating 2/5

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 5 PHOTOGRAPHS: ALICIA CANTER/THE GUARDIAN; GETTY Eating this made me so miserable that my soul gave up and left my body Tesco Finest crinkle-cut pigs in blankets crisps (90p) Here’s a question: do you like smoky bacon flavoured crisps? If you do, you should buy some of these. If you don’t like smoky bacon flavoured crisps, you shouldn’t buy these, because they are basically smoky bacon flavoured crisps. They are crisps that someone has chucked a load of pork-flavoured powder on, and tha t doesn’t seem particularly Christmassy to me . But does everything you eat have to be relentlessly festive? Can’t you just be happy eating some crisps for once? Honestly, you people. How nice is it? 3/5 Christmas dinner rating 2/5 Greggs festive bake (£1.60) This won’t surprise anybody who has ever seen me, but I love Greggs. A warm Greggs pastry slice in your hands on a cold winter’s morning is one of life’s great joys. As such, my expectations for its festive bake – chicken, stuffing and bacon in a sage-and-cranberry sauce – were through the roof. But those expectations were firmly dashed when I ate one. All the ingredients had been reduced to an unidentifiable mush inside the slice, and the sauce carried the faint taste of wax. Only buy this in an emergency. How nice is it? 2/5 Christmas dinner rating 3/5 Cornwall Hamper Store Christmas Cornish pasty (£18.99 for four) This, on the other hand, was an unexpected treat. It arrives at your house frozen, to be heated in your oven for 45 minutes, so you can eat it freshly baked. I’m a little worried about the filling, though. The pasty contains ham, turkey and stuffing, which is nothing like a traditional Cornish pasty. Nothing makes Cornish people angrier than a devil-may-care attitude towards Cornish pasty tradition . Anyway, it’s quite peppery. How nice is it? 3/5 Christmas dinner rating 3/5 Domino’s The Festive One pizza ( £18.99) One of the big benefits of Domino’s pizza is that, no matter what you order, it all tastes the same. You could blindfold yourself and jab wildly at the Domino’s app , and you can reliably assume that whatever turns up at your home will taste just like every other Domino’s pizza you have ever ordered. As such, despite being topped with bacon, sausage and something called “turkey sage and onion”, the Festive One is just a generic pizza. You wouldn’t buy it to celebrate Christmas. You wouldn’t buy it to avoid Christmas. It just exists, like dust or clouds . How nice is it? 2/5 Christmas dinner rating 2/5 Costa pigs in blankets mac and cheese (£4) Costa sells mac and cheese boxes all year round, and they generally taste like something that gets slid underneath prison doors during budget cuts. But now that it is Christmas, Costa has unveiled its pigs in blankets mac and cheese, which is – brace yourself – regular mac and cheese, but with some cocktail sausages balanced on top. First, this isn’t remotely Christmassy. It’s the sort of thing that restaurants put on children’s menus for kids who don’t yet know how to chew . Second, eating it made me so miserable that my soul gave up and left my body. Thanks a lot, Costa. How nice is it? 1/5 Christmas dinner rating 1/5 Itsu Christmas gyoza (£3, ocado.com) We should hate Itsu for making these. They are gyoza filled with bacon, turkey, cranberry and sage, and therefore constitute several hundred simultaneous cultural appropriations. There is nothing remotely Japanese about these gyoza. I’m sure nobody in Japan celebrates Christmas by ramming measly little teaspoons of pureed turkey into dumplings. However, to my utter astonishment, these were a hit . They’re unbelievably Christmassy to eat, and I think I’ve figured out why. As a society, we have become obsessed with padding out our Christmas dinner ingredients with bread, pastry and who knows what else. Here, though, only the thinnest sliver of dough separates you from your turkey. The filling just explodes in your mouth. Delightful. How nice is it? 5/5 Christmas dinner rating 4/5 Heinz Christmas dinner Big Soup (£1.50) This, meanwhile, is a travesty. It’s a tinned soup that contains turkey, stuffing balls, potatoes, brussel sprouts and pigs in blankets, and , not to be indelicate, it looks like fresh sewage. It smells bad. I can’t accurately describe the mouthfeel because I have never had to swallow contraband human organs to sell on the black market. It tastes like punishment. Heinz, you invented the precise opposite of Christmas. It is genuinely impossible to eat this nightmare with even a trace of festivity in your body. Merry Christmas to nobody. How nice is it? -50/5 Christmas dinner rating 0/5 The seven essential rules for secondhand gifts Buying preloved presents, from vintage designer clothes to charity-shop finds, is the way to go for an eco Christmas – but choose with care. By Karen Dacre I t’s not a pair of boxfresh Bottega Veneta boots, or cashmere spun from the wool of a rare-breed yak, that will ensure you strike gifting gold with fashion fans this Christmas : it’s the revelation that you bought their present secondhand. Once a dirty word , secondhand is an increasingly valued quality (the global “ preloved” fashion market alone is worth $130bn ). A survey conducted by the online secondhand marketplace Vinted found that one in six of us are committed to giving preloved only this Christmas , and buying secondhand can also help to combat the £42m worth of unwanted Christmas gifts sent to landfill each year . If a “vintage” gift was once considered cheap or twee , it’s now a signal that the person giving it has a finger firmly on the pulse. With this in mind, here are the etiquette guidelines for secondhand gift-giving this Christmas. Tell the truth Avoid any awkward moments by shouting about the origins of your secondhand present. Lucy Mackay , founder of east London-based vintage children’s clothing site And They Wear , suggests putting a note in a card to hammer home the point. “I think a bit of explanation helps confirm that it’s a thoughtful choice ,” she advises. “Just about everyone thinks vintage is cool these days . It should go down well.” Stay on message A terrible Christmas present is usually y one that says “I have no idea who you are or what you’re into” , so giving it some thought is essential. “A handpicked vintage gift is a treasure. It’s a considered piece that’s going to add real character to a home,” says Chloe McDonald , who sells vintage homeware from her Instagram account @scenebychloe and says zigzag candle holders and onyx and alabaster bookends are coveted gifts this December. Anna O’Brien, a seller on Depop and carbooter from Frome, suggests ho ming in on pieces that increase with value as they age, such as first editions of novels . For guaranteed sentimental value, she suggests getting personal. “Think about the year they were born or their favourite colour .” Do it for the kids Pre loved childrenswear is increasingly big business – but a pair of secondhand PJs makes for a bit of a dull gift. For guaranteed success , seek out independent sellers who stock cult brands. Mackay says OshKosh dungarees and Levi’s denim jackets are among her customers’ favourite s to buy as presents. Pastel knitwear also does well. “I change the buttons to smiley faces. Customers love that because then they’re getting a one-off,” she says. Make sure your gift looks the part All secondhand presents should be subject to a strict vetting process. With books, check for missing pages; with toys, replace any batteries ; if it’s clothing, sniff with vigour and take to an ecofriendly dry cleaner before passing on – O’Brien also Vintage shoes from Ell Richie studio recommends a spritz of vodka mixed with water to remove the musty secondhand smell. Those without time to do the legwork themselves should look to curated vintage sites and sellers . Aside from her own business, McDonald recommends Finna Vintage , The Attic , Foxberry Vintage and The Antik Store . “They have already gone through the trouble of sourcing of-the-moment and interesting pieces.” If you’re buying luxury clothes secondhand, sites such as Vestiaire Collective have a rigorous authenticity process , which will dramatically reduce the chances of you passing on a fake. It’s all about the ‘add-ons’ Influencer April Salsbury (@ knackered_cow) believes that finding the perfect pairing for a pre loved gift is key . She suggests teaming a bestselling novel with a Vintage clothing from And They Wear cashmere jumper from a charity shop, or a vintage wine decanter with a bottle of red. Regifting is frowned upon … But there are exceptions. While it’s not yet socially acceptable to wrap up a pair of boots you no longer want and pass them on , treasured pieces make lovely gifts. Jewellery is excellent for this, as is art. “It really is the thought that counts,” says Elle Richie, who runs Depop shop Studio Ell Richie . “Look at what you have and consider the items no longer serving you .” Think about presentation You’ve sourced your best friend an almost-impossibleto-track-down dress from a Stella McCartney collection of old. Now, don’t go ruining it with cheap foil wrapping paper and sticky tape. McDonald purchases vintage wrapping paper to make her gifts sing. Or keep things simple. “I add velvet ribbon, cuts of foliage from the garden and a few drops of essential oil to brown paper,” says Salsbury. McDonald recommends shopping from the direct-toconsumer Instagram sellers who post goods in packaging pretty enough to go straight under the Christmas tree. “Most offer gift messaging , too,” she says .

6 • The G2 interview The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 ‘I’m cute and mischievous and funny as hell!’ Rita Moreno won an Oscar playing Anita in West Side Story – then gave up on movies. She tells Simon Hattenstone about Hollywood abuse, success at 90 and dating Elvis to make Brando jealous R ita Moreno pops up on my computer screen in a bright red hat, huge pendant necklace and tortoise shell glasses. “Well, here I am in my full glory,” she says from her home in Berkeley, California. And glorious she sure is. Moreno is a couple of weeks short of her 90th birthday, but look at her and you would knock off 20 years. Listen to her and you would knock off another 50. Can I wish you an advance happy birthday, I ask. “Yes, you can. Isn’t it exciting?” Moreno is one of the acting greats. But she could have been so much greater. She is one of only six women to have bagged the Egot (Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony awards), alongside Helen Hayes, Audrey Hepburn, Barbra Streisand, Whoopi Goldberg and Liza Minnelli . Yet she has spent much of her career battling typecasting or simply not being cast at all. Still, her 80s have been golden years. She has been working regularly in TV – notably as the fabulously flirtatious grandmother in the Netflix sitcom One Day at a Time . December marks two huge events (apart from the big day). Rita Moreno: Just a Girl Who Decided to Go for It, a brilliant warts-and-all documentary about her, is released in the UK on 6 December. It is a testament to her remarkable life and arresting honesty – and the inglorious history of sexual abuse and racism in the film industry. A few days later, she features in one of the cinema events of the year – Steven Spielberg’s remake of the Bernstein/Sondheim classic West Side Story , released 60 years after Moreno mesmerised audiences as Anita , the girlfriend of the gang leader Bernardo. This time, she plays a character specially created for her by the film’s scriptwriter, Tony Kushner – Valentina is the widow of Doc, who ran the sweet shop in the original. Moreno was born in Puerto Rico to a seamstress and a farmer . When she was four, her mother took her to the US in search of a better life , leaving behind Rita’s father (whom she saw again only once) and brother. They settled in Manhattan. From her earliest days, she remembers being called a “spic”. Dancing was her salvation . At six, she made her professional debut at Greenwich theatre. She dropped out of school at 15 and by 16 was the family’s breadwinner. In 1950, at 18, she signed to MGM ; a year later, she moved to 20th Century Fox. Moreno had a brutal introduction to showbusiness. As a teenager, she was raped by her agent. The shameful thing, she says, is that she kept him on because she thought he was the only person in the industry looking out for her. Moreno came across him recently for the first time in 70 years. “When I saw who it was, I went white. I froze. He said : ‘My wife would like to meet you; would you have lunch with us?’” For some reason, she said yes. “I was examining every inch of his face and his soul and, when his wife went to the bathroom, he came back to the day he raped me and said: ‘You know, I always wished I had made you pregnant.’ I was so horrified that all I was able to say was: ‘You’re a piece of work,’ and I got up and left.” Soon after being raped, she was introduced to the notorious sexual predator Harry Cohn, the co-founder of Columbia Pictures, at a party. “I had just met the man and he said, with his wife in the room by the way: ‘You better watch out – I’d like to fuck you.’ That may have been the third time I’d heard that word in my life, and I stood there and giggled. I didn’t know what to say. But I was horrified.” If Cohn was alive today, does she think he would be in jail for sex offences? “Yes, I think Harvey Weinstein would have had company. He had a dreadful reputation.” Then there was Buddy Adler, who ran 20th Century Fox. “He Moreno in the 2021 remake of West Side Story, and in the 1961 version found my phone number and started to call me all the time. It turned into a stalking situation.” Did she realise beforehand what went on in Hollywood? “I had no idea.” Nor did she have any idea about the roles she would end up playing. “Illiterate, immoral characters – men’s little island girls,” Moreno says. Her skin would be darkened ; she would be told to speak lines such as: “Why you no love me no more? Why you like white girl?” in an “exotic” accent. She found it humiliating. In 1952, she got a cameo in Singin’ in the Rain as the silent movie star Zelda Zanders . Moreno hoped this would be her escape, but she was soon back playing dusky maidens. In 1953, at 22, Moreno began a tumultuous on-off eight-year relationship with Marlon Brando, regarded by many at the time as the most desirable man in the world. She was obsessed with him and has compared him to cocaine. “He had a gorgeous intelligence. He was the funniest person I’ve ever met in my life. He was not only famous, he was the king of sexy actors.” Was he a good lover? “Oh yes! That part of it was incredible. That’s all I’ll say. ” Her best lover ever? “Ever!” But he was also monstrous. Moreno thought he couldn’t love anybody else because he loved himself so much. When she became pregnant , he made her have an abortion. During the course of their relationship, he had numerous affairs and married twice. He seduced everyone he met, she says – even his psychiatrist. She tried to get her revenge by dating 25-year-old Elvis Presley. “I was still seeing Marlon. I was trying to make him jealous after I found some lingerie in his house.” Was Elvis as sexy as Brando? “Not in a million years. He was very sweet, but no.” She says he was shy and bumbling. Their evenings would conclude with a clumsy fumble on the floor, as a fully trousered Presley gyrated against her while Moreno waited for more. She gave up on him. Brando was unchanged. Her self-belief, already low, reached a nadir. Shortly after filming West Side Story in 1961, Moreno tried to kill herself at Brando’s home. She would have succeeded if Brando’s assistant hadn’t found her and rushed her to hospital. “ I was told I was crying all the time I was unconscious ,” she says. Did she really want to die? “It wasn’t done for drama, that’s for sure. What I really wanted to do was kill the bad Rita who was always getting me in trouble, but it turned out if you’re going to kill the bad Rita, you’re also going to kill the good one.” She chose life and dumped Brando. West Side Story was huge and Moreno was phenomenal as Anita. Here was a woman ahead of her time in the macho ganglands of New York – sexy and sexual, proud and principled, complex and compromised. It is impossible not to fall in love with her. Moreno says she fell in love with Anita, too. “I thought: ‘Wow – she’s what I’ve always wanted to be!’” I assumed you were like her, I say. She laughs and insists she was weak and subservient and couldn’t have been more different . But I have seen chatshows from then in which she seems so sure of herself. “You are perceiving that Rita Moreno I presented to the world. I am now that person, but it took me a very, very long time to become her.” She won an Oscar for West Side Story and was convinced she had finally cracked the film industry – then she didn’t ma ke another movie for seven years. That is unbelievable, I say ; was it her choice? “It was my choice, because I was being offered such crappy stuff. I was only offered gang movies on a way lesser scale and it was like the same fucking battle again. I couldn’t believe it. And it broke my heart. It. Absolutely. Broke. My. Heart. I thought: ‘I’ll wait for something better,’ and something better kept not coming. It was horrific.” So she more or less gave up on the movies. Instead, she focused on theatre, TV, one-woman shows and activism on behalf of minorities . The breadth and piecemeal nature of her career are reflected in the other awards that make up her Egot – a Tony for playing the talentless singer Googie Gomez in The Ritz , two Emmys for The Muppet Show and The Rockford Files and a Grammy for the children’s TV show The Electric Company. In 1965, she married Leonard Marlon was the funniest person I’ve ever met in my life. He was the king of sexy actors

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 7 Rita Moreno today; with Marlon Brando in The Night of the Following Day, 1969 I was offered such crappy roles. I couldn’t believe it. It absolutely broke my heart PHOTOGRAPHS: CHRIS PIZZELLO/INVISION/AP; CORBIS/GETTY IMAGES Gordon, a cardiologist. They had one daughter, the actor Fernanda Gordon, and stayed together until he died in 2010 . The most moving, and shocking, part of the documentary is when Moreno talks about what a wonderful man Gordon was – then says she should have left him long before he died, because he was so controlling. “I was with him to the very last, including a month in hospital where I slept on a cot and was with him 24/7,” she says now. “It’s what you do when you love and respect somebody.” But she admits that, as soon as he died, she felt liberated. “I got up, cut a lock of his hair, which I still have – beautiful silver hair – and as I left I stopped at the door and I looked at him . He was so small and slender and white, and I thought: ‘How is it that little wizened person made me so unhappy? Where did he get that power?’ It was a mystery to me.” When she got home, she asked her assistant, Judy, to pour her a big glass of wine. “I sat on the patio, took in the sun and there was this enormous sense of relief. ” What had she been missing out on? “He didn’t like the raucous side of me and I love that side of me. I think I’m funny as hell and I think I’m cute and I think I’m mischievous. I know I’m mischievous. And that’s the kind of thing he discouraged, and that makes me very sad, because he was missing out on something pretty wonderful about me.” It’s great to hear her talk about herrself, like this, I say. “You know, I think I owe an enormous debt to psychotherapy. Without that, I wouldn’t be the Rita you know and love.” She giggles. It took her years of therapy to start liking herself, she says. “If you have been traumatised from the time you were a child to believe you were a ‘spic’, that you were a garlicmouth, that you are not worthy, it takes a long time to get rid of that . I went into therapy wanting to get better, knowing that in some way I had a sickness. And the sickness was Rita hates Rita.” Those days are long gone. Nowadays, she can accept how special she is and how much she has meant to so many people. After her relationship with Brando ended, they rebuilt their friendship and remained in touch throughout his life (much to her husband’s chagrin). “There was always this attachment between us till he died. Every now and then, he’d call me and he would say to me: ‘You were the only woman in my life who was able to make that right turn.’” What did he mean? “That I didn’t need him any more. That I found a sense of dignity about myself.” She stops talking, looks a little distant for a moment, then smiles contentedly. “Oh boy!” she says. “I know now that he did actually love me. And when I realised that, I was so happy. It meant so much to me.” When did she realise? “Oh, way after it was over. Then, if I needed proof, it was in the newspapers that there was only one picture of a woman in his bedroom and that was me.” She is almost right. The New York Post reported that the only piece of movie memorabilia found in Brando’s home after his death was a picture of him in the 1969 film The Night of the Following Day, locked in a passionate embrace with a naked Moreno. Since her husband’s death, she has done just as she fancies and is getting to be more herself by the day. In the documentary, her daughter mentions the time they were at a fundraiser and no money had been raised, so Moreno offered to cook for four people and flash her breasts for $10,000. She got the $10,000. When asked in 2017 to play the grandmother in One Day at a Time , she agreed on the proviso that they made the character sexual. Why was that so important to her? “Being sexy? Because nobody my age is ever thought of as somebody who has ovaries. You can’t have a baby, but you can still play for sexy.” She has lived by herself for a decade . It amazes her how many people assume she is lonely. “I love being by myself,” she says. “It’s not hard to be alone. In fact, it’s great, if you like the person you live with.” Rita Moreno: Just a Girl Who Decided to Go for It is available on digital download from 6 December. West Side Story is in UK cinemas from 10 December . Samaritans can be contacted on 116 123 or by emailing jo@ samaritans.org or jo@samaritans.ie

8 • Arts The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 8 11 5 1 6 9 3 12 10 13 2 4 7 On the first day of Christmas, my art friend gave to me ... Three Squid Game marbles, two Shakespeare socks and a scarf stolen by Jake G! We present to you … The bumper arts festive gift guide 1 It’s a S i n T- sh i r t Russell T Davies’s drama about the effects of the 80s HIV/Aids epidemic on a bright-eyed group of friends was a must-see. It inspired a glut of brands to create T-shirts, artwork and more in support of the Terrence Higgins Trust. £25, philipnormal.shop 2Valerie Solan as beach towel Want to rage at the patriarchy and enjoy a day at the seaside? Now you can do both at once with this towel created by multimedia artist Seth Bogart . It commemorates the radical feminist manifesto written by Valerie Solanas, which was published in 1967. $59.99, wackywacko.com 3 Bo Burnham’s White Woman’s I n s t a g r a m m u g Bo Burnham’s musical bulletin from the underbelly of lockdown, Inside, is a Covid-era comedy masterpiece. This White Woman’s Instagram mug, celebrating one of the show’s less twisted lyrics, is a must-buy. £12.76, etsy.com 4 Pablo Bronstein tea towels Christmas sherry glasses are begging to be polished by a tea towel printed with Pablo Bronstein’s Patisseries and Confections , a witty work in his current exhibition at Sir John Soane’s Museum in London. Delicious and slightly sinister, like Christmas itself. £12, shop.soane.org 5 Virgin of the Rocks deckchair The National Gallery has an irres istible gift for Leonardo fans to sunbathe on, decorated with the most beautiful figure from its altarpiece by him. Rest your bum on an angel, or adapt it into a flying machine. £140, nationalgallery.co.uk 6Squid Game marbles Netflix’s South Korean smash saw 456 downtrodden and desperate people compete in violent approximations of children’s games for a cash prize. So far, so festive. Our hero Gi- hun also had his morals tested during a game of marbles, lovingly recreated here alongside that menacing business card, for at-home contests without the gore. £4.45, etsy.com 7Sopranos cookbook Become the capo of your kitchen and celebrate the culinary history of mobster cuisine with The Sopranos Family Cookbook: As Compiled by Artie Bucco. “What, no fuckin ’ ziti?” Wrong. There’s plenty of ziti (even Janice has chipped in with a vegetarian recipe). Carmela’s sausage rigatoni is a particular triumph. £14.95, infusions4chefs.co.uk M åneskin tie 8 They’re the swaggering rock band who made Eurovision cool again, and added another trophy to Italy’s 2021 bounty (see also: the Euros, Bake Off). Channel your inner Måneskin with this skinny necktie, best paired with leather, glitter – and as low a neckline as is acceptable. €20, merch.maneskin.it 9Keith Haring kids’ chair Encourage your budding artist to follow Haring in defying convention, fighting injustice and questioning authority – while also encouraging them to sit down and be quiet . £85, flexxlex.co.uk Shakespeare socks 10 To buy or not to buy: that is the question when it comes to giving boring old socks. But this natty collection from the London Sock Exchange and Shakespeare’s Globe features characters from the Bard’s yarns in striking designs and colours: Caesar in imperial purple, a blood-red Romeo and Juliet, and forest green for the Bottom in your life. £60, thelondonsockexchange.net Lil Nas X prayer candle 11 Between appearing on tabloid talkshow Maury finding out whether his ex was married (a parody) and giving Satan a lapdance in the Montero video, there hasn’t been a dull moment for Lil Nas X this year. Say a little prayer to pop’s leading provocateur with this fetching candle. $50, lilnasxstore.com/store Women for Peace: banners 12 from Greenham Common Forty years since women marched from Cardiff to protest against US nuclear missiles being stored at the Berkshire airbase, a book collects the amazing banners they and others like them made. £14, donlonbooks.com Postmodern architecture 13 merch For the Pomo-partial pal in your life, what better than cosying up with an MI6 building cushion while sipping tea from a No 1 Poultry mug? Adam Nathaniel Furman has d esigned a dazzling range of bags, T-shirts, cushions, mugs and prints emblazoned with architectural icons. Cushion £32; mug £16, adamnathanielfurman.com

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 9 17 22 25 26 14 19 20 23 15 18 27 24 16 21 28 Harry Styles nail polish 14 Harry Styles was the 8,025th celebrity to release a beauty brand this year, with Halsey, Naomi Osaka and, er, Ellen DeGeneres among the famous names flogging everything from eyeshadow to face wash. Pleasing is a delicate yet flamboyant collection which includes these glossy, eye-catching nail colours and decorative decals. £50, pleasing.com Derek Jarman cottage model kit 15 Set on the windswept shore of Dungeness, Derek Jarman’s Prospect Cottage has attracted thousands of visitors since the film-maker ’s death in 1994. If you don’t fancy braving the chilly Kent coast, this flatpack kit contains wood, card and instructions on how to build a model at home. £17, foundland.com Taylor Swift’s scarf (allegedly) 16 stolen by Jake Gyllenhaal The epic song All Too Well memorialises how Jake Gyllenhaal not only broke Swift’s heart, but also stole her scarf. Alongside a victorious new re-recording (restored to its full 10-minute glory) comes a replica of the most potent artefact in Swiftian lore. It’s so long and cosy, you can see why he hung on to it. £35, storeuk.taylorswift.com Diana T-shirt 17 From Diana: The Musical to The Crown and Kristen Stewart biopic Spencer, the pop cultural potency of Diana, Princess of Wales is stronger than ever. Celebrate Lady Di with this Y2K-inspired T-shirt, which pays homage to her royal poise … and her muchdocumented love of cycling shorts. £17.50, thefreshstuff.co.uk Postpunk ruler 18 Graphic design company Dorothy makes great gifts that prod the pleasure centres of music nerds. Their 12-inch ruler measures out the 12 years between punk and grunge in a series of classic albums, etched so it feels like a vinyl record. £18, roughtrade.com Record your own single 19 Jack White, of White Stripes and analogue fetishism fame, has opened a London outpost of his label and record store Third Man Records. It’s a great day trip present for a music lover, especially if you use the in-house recording booth to cut a performance of your favourite song direct to vinyl. £15, thirdmanrecords.com Grayson’s Art Club jigsaw 20 Reignite all your favourite lockdown hobbies with Grayson Perry’s Art Club jigsaw. Perry unites the familiar slogans of “stay alert” and “stay at home” with cosy scenes of winedrinking, bread-making and bulk-buying toilet roll. £15, shop. manchesterartgallery.org No Time to Die Scalextric 21 You like Bond movies, right? And you love Scalextric, I bet, like the Alan Partridge-esque man child you are? The marketing machine that is 007 has pulled off another masterpiece of cross-branding: a No Time to Die Scalextric set featuring the Aston Martin DB5 and Jaguar XF. Let battle commence. £59.99, uk.scalextric.com Sun Ra diorama 22 Free jazzing space alien Sun Ra, as you know, was born on Saturn (not, as Wikipedia absurdly claims, Birmingham, Alabama). There is literally no better way to celebrate his mind-expanding afrofuturistic, post-bop, black prog oeuvre than this playset featuring Mr Ra with his long time collaborators. Some assembly required. £12.50, etsy.com Jeff Koons hoodie 23 Pay homage to the king of pop art kitsch with a range of clothes made in collaboration with Uniqlo, all of which are a hell of a lot more affordable than his works. This balloon animal hoodie is the pick of the bunch. £24.90, uniqlo.com Vintage Wagner throw 24 Want to snuggle up with Wagner? If tickets to Bayreuth are beyond your budget, this throw adorned with the German composer’s austere figure means that the Wagner-obsessive in your life can wear their heart on their sleeve, or at least their fanaticism on their futon. £50.21, redbubble.com Camus T-shirt 25 Do you see what they did there? They culturally appropriated a cigarette ad to make a philosophical point. Camus instead of Camel. And right in the middle, the hunky philosopher of the absurd, inhaling death with every breath. $13, teepublic.com 26 Back to the Future ure mask Stop the spread of coronavirus and prevent your neighbour from hearing you belt out Johnny B Goode with these face masks designed for the Back to the Future stage musical and celebrating the reopening of the UK’s beleaguered theatres. A pretty (Mc)fly present. £12, backtothefuturemusical.tmstor.es 27 John Cage New Ideas T-shirt His silence changed the world, but when he opened his mouth he also had plenty of interesting stuff to say. £16.38, redbubble.com 28 Ennui-sur-Blasé baseball cap What screams France more than a baseball cap emblazoned with the name of a made-up town that sounds like a Gallic shrug followed by an exhaled cloud of Gitane smoke? A beret obviously. But you’re missing the point. Ennui-sur-Blasé was the ville where Wes Anderson’s 2021 masterpiece The French D ispatch was set. £20.36, redbubble.com

10 • TV and radio The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Succession 9pm, Sky Atlantic Sad-eyed … Jeff Daniels as Dan Harris Review American Rust, Sky Atlantic Can the troubled cop clear up a blue-collar town so full of cliches? ★★★☆☆ Stuart Jeffries ‘ F olks say that as we get on, life is a series of indignities,” muses a judge to a police chief in a small American town. “I’m not sure I see it that way . Because once you don’t give a shit how you look or what people think, then nothing seems like an indignity.” He Irishes up his coffee with whisk ey . “If my man boobs are blocking the view of my shoes, so what?” It’s a good question, the kind of lugubrious, codphilosophical rhetoric that bejewels the dramatic wasteland of American Rust . But there is a problem. Between page and shot, the man boobs have gone walkies , and it’s the judge’s beer belly that is obscuring his shoes. Is nobody paying attention to continuity? For many years now, adding “American” to a title has not only burned my British biscuits, but served as a guarantor of suckery. American Beauty? Sucked. American Gothic? Sucked. An American Werewolf in London? Sucked, and was historically inaccurate. American Sniper? Don’t even. American Psycho? A rare exception. Could American Rust buck the trend ? Not according to the US reviews that come trailing the show like a cloud of stink. Indeed, the opening episode lurches from cliche to cliche. A depressed police chief in unbecoming plaid (played by Jeff Daniels with all the pep of previous roles removed) unsurprised at human folly and venality? Check. Another cop – an Iraq war veteran – wondering if the antidepressants are neutralising the amphetamines, or vice versa? Check. A lantern-jawed twentysomething doomed to be stuck in a small town after not taking up a football scholarship ? Check. A fireball with grim blue-collar job and a horrible ex? Check. Hundred per cent cloud cover and a palette of bleached-out browns and greys? Check. Predictably, the police chief, Del Harris, is navigating a doomed romance with the fireball, Grace Poe (played by Maura Tierney, best known as Abby in ER). There are also after-hours brawls in car parks, and more duelling banjos on the soundtrack than John Boorman programmed in Deliverance. Meanwhile, we also have the sense that the leading cultural activity is – as in The Deer Hunter – exterminating local wildlife, and there’s a conspiracy over a body found in the old mill. And yet, for all of its boilerplate qualities, American Rust doesn’t stink as much as forecast. Partly this is because of the script, which – thanks to some good, understated dialogue – bucks the general mood , ie that this show was not so much written as collaged from odds and ends of other police procedurals . It’s also because Daniels and Tierney remind me so much of David Harbour and W inona Ryder in Stranger Things . Even so, it isn’t great. The first episode opens with Harris in front of a pestle, mortar, scales and knife, measuring out his meds very, very slowly. No doubt, this scene is intended to simulate the opioid fog that has enervated this Pennsylvania valley, but that surely is an aesthetic mistake: viewers are supposed to sense others’ enervation, rather than losing the will to live themselves just four minutes in to the show. Worse yet, the ritual is recycled repeatedly, as though Harris is locked in some opioid Groundhog Day. It’s as if Mare of Easttown never existed. Once again, we are in a washed-out burg with a sad-eyed cop who’s unlucky in love, slow in locomotion, but with their heart in the right place and the safety off their gun just in case things turn nasty. If you’re a superfan who started vaping and wearing unbuttoned flannel shirts to emulate Mare Sheehan (Kate Winslet) – the antistyle icon of Mare of Easttown – then American Rust might be what you need to get you to the end of 2021. But it probably isn’t. This is all surprising given that John Dahl – director of 90s stylish neo-noir movies Red Rock West and The Last Seduction – helmed this opening episode (and four of the other eight). If you are going to tell another story about the underclass struggling on the fuzzy end of the economic lollipop (we learn that there is 12% unemployment in this fictional town and personal income here is 25% lower than the rest of Pennsylvania; no doubt we will find out that many of the downtrodden workers gave Trump an electoral bump), at least make drama that doesn’t look and feel as though we have been here too many times already. But perhaps what the judge said is right. After a while, dignity becomes expendable. And another thing I caught John Cleese on The One Show, a programme which seems to be a noteperfect homage to This Time with Alan Partridge. Give everyone involved a Bafta. “Shit is about to pop off …” It’s Kendall Roy’s 40th birthday and, boy, is he out to celebrate, throwing a party where hundreds of guests he doesn’t know are invited to be “born” into his world for the evening – *pause for shudder*. Shiv and Roman arrive to try to do business with tech mogul Lukas Matsson – but all he wants for the night is “privacy, pussy, pasta”. Meanwhile, Greg tries to work up the guts to ask out a longtime crush with the help – or hindrance – of Tom. It might just be the standout episode patient fans have been waiting for this season. Hollie Richardson The Outlaws 9pm, BBC One What started as a deceptively low-stakes comedy now concludes with a high-drama finale – and a number of emotionally complex realisations. As we learn more about Christian’s history, the gang come together to try to save him. Will wannabe police officer Diane help them? And look out for the Banksy cameo that made headlines. HR Royal Bastards: Rise of the Tudors 9pm, Sky History The innovation in this documentary series – in lieu of a voiceover, actors of the calibre of Sophie Rundle, Sheila Atim and Philip Glenister deliver the narration to camera – succeeds in bringing the dramatic reconstructions to life. This week, as the Earl of Warwick schemes on behalf of Henry VI, Margaret Beaufort plots to reclaim her son. Jack Seale Frankie Boyle’s New World Order 10pm, BBC Two With its mix of discomfiting monologues, hot-button topic debates and trenchant media analysis, this show has evolved into perhaps the perfect vehicle for Boyle’s scorched-earth outlook. The penultimate episode in this run sees the ireand-brimstone Scot welcome more guests into his Govan Batcave. Graeme Virtue Along for the Ride With David O’Doherty 10pm, Channel 4 As the comedian David O’Doherty cycles around the UK with celebrities, this episode is for anyone who has ever tried to ride off a skin-crawling hangover (respect to you). Tonight, mountain biker Grayson Perry gets in the saddle and embarks on a two-day trip with a night of booze. HR Dexter: New Blood 10.05pm, Sky Atlantic The return of Dexter seemed more warranted than most TV reboots, if only because the original farewell was so unsatisfactory. Dexter appears more fallible now . Tonight, the father of his latest victim has a shock announcement and Angela makes progress in the missing persons case. Phil Harrison

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 11 BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 BBC Four 6.0 Breakfast (T) 9.15 Morning Live (T) 10.0 Claimed and Shamed (T) 10.45 Frontline Fightback (T) 11.15 Homes Under the Hammer (T) (R) 12.15 Bargain Hunt (T) 1.0 News and Weather (T) 1.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 1.45 Doctors (T) 2.15 The Tournament (T) 3.0 Escape to the Country (T) 3.45 Virtually Home (T) 4.30 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 5.15 Pointless (T) (R) 6.0 News and Weather (T) 6.30 Regional News and Weather (T) 7.0 The One Show (T) 7.35 MasterChef: The Professionals (T) 6.30 Clean It, Fix It (T) (R) 7.15 The Repair Shop (T) (R) 8.0 Sign Zone: Mary Berry – Love to Cook (T) (R) 8.30 Between the Covers (T) (R) 9.0 News (T) 11.30 Politics Live Conference 2021 (T) 1.0 Live Snooker: UK Championship (T) 5.15 Flog It! 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Farmer Amanda Owen crosses hills and fields through Wensleydale and Raydale. 8.05 EastEnders (T) Sharon takes a step in the right direction. 8.30 MasterChef: The Professionals (T) The chefs cook their own two-course signature dishes. 9.0 The Outlaws (T) Christian’s nemesis closes in, and Frank edges towards a reconciliation with Margaret. Last in the series. 8.0 Only Connect (T) The Apollos take on the Animal Lovers in the first quarter-final. 8.30 University Challenge (T) Second-round matches. 9.0 The Princes and the Press (T) Amol Rajan examines the period from 2018 to 2021, looking at the decision of the Sussexes to step down from their senior royal roles. 8.0 Gino’s Italian Family Adventure (T) Gino and his son travel to Calabria. 8.30 Coronation Street (T) Ryan informs Alya of Zeedan’s criminal arrangement with Hashim. 9.0 I’m a Celebrity Get Me Out of Here! (T) The famous faces continue to deal with the cold and hunger. 8.0 Food Unwrapped (T) Jimmy Doherty finds out why pasta comes in so many shapes. 8.30 Dispatches: The Truth About Your Chicken (T) Investigation into industrial chicken production. 9.0 Guy’s Garage (T) Guy explores an Italian racing scene based around the three-wheeled Piaggio Ape. 8.0 Traffic Cops (T) PC Karl Jackson is called to an accident in which two people have died. 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12 Friday’s solutions • Puzzles Quick crossword no 16,088 The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 1 2 3 4 5 TODAY’S PET CORNER ANSWER BRUISER Wordsearch Sudoku no 5,454 Across 1 Engrossing thriller of a book (4-6) 7 Cattle thief who makes a noise? (7) 8 Rough — brusque (5) 10 Extensive (4) 11 Place for a quick bite (5,3) 13 Do something with abandon (3,3) 15 Stick (to) (6) 17 Partridge or pheasant? (4,4) 18 Flat circular shape (4) 21 Rot (5) 22 One of nine in an alley (7) 23 Keen fan (10) Down 1 Strikes an attitude (5) 2 Substantial gap (4) 3 Crowd (6) 4 Oliver Cromwell, for instance (8) 5 Calm (7) 6 Advantages enjoyed by certain groups (10) 9 Rather unlikely (3-7) 12 Definitely not on the side of the angels (8) 14 Leisure (4,3) 16 The Sistine Chapel has many such paintings (6) 19 Song opening (5) 20 Permission to enter another country (4) 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Suguru Stuck? For help call 0906 200 83 83. Calls cost £1.10 per minute, plus your phone company’s access charge. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0330 333 6946 for customer service (charged at standard rate). To buy puzzle books, visit guardianbookshop.com or call 0330 333 6846. Sudoku no 5,458 Suguru Wordsearch Word wheel METEORITE Easy. Fill the grid so that each row, column and 3x3 box contains the numbers 1-9. Printable version at theguardian.com/sudoku Fill the grid so that each square in an outlined block contains a digit. A block of 2 squares contains the digits 1 and 2, a block of three squares contains the digits 1, 2 and 3, and so on. No same digit appears in neighbouring squares, not even diagonally. Can you find 15 words associated with gardens in the grid? Words can run forwards, backwards, vertically or diagonally, but always in a straight, unbroken line. Saturday’s Quick crossword Solution no 16,087 P I L G R I M A G E R E I E E S R E D F A C E D N U L L S T K I R I S L O T S C R E E C H F T I E T O F F E E N O S E D A A E A V I O L A T E I T C H L U O C C O GOON WRATHFUL R G E R E N W E L L H E E L E D Word wheel Pet corner Find as many words as possible using the letters in the wheel. Each must use the central letter and at least two others. Letters may be used only once. You may not use plurals, foreign words or proper nouns. There is at least one nine-letter word to be found. TARGET: Excellent-34. Good-29. Average-21. What is the name of Reese Witherspoon’s pet chihuahua in Legally Blond? a. Bruiser b. Bouncer c. Bounder d. Boomer Answer top right

• Nobody should have to ‘earn’ their place in Britain Nesrine Malik, page 3 How bad will the Omicron variant be? Devi Sridhar, page 4 Stephen Sondheim, lyricist and composer Obituaries, page 6 G2 Daily pullout life & arts section Inside The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Opinion and ideas Poverty in post-Covid Britain will feel like the 19th century John Harris In December 2019, Boris Johnson was electioneering in Salisbury , where he visited a butcher’s shop and a military veterans’ centre. The city is also the home of the Trussell Trust, which runs the UK’s largest network of food banks – and Johnson was asked whether anything in the Conservative party’s manifesto might reduce the need for the kind of help it provides. He answered in the affirmative , claiming that helping people with living costs was a personal “crusade”, paying tribute to “everybody who gets involved with running food banks”, but also insisting that “ it is wrong that people should be dependent on them ”. He then mentioned “cutting national insurance for everyone”, before his punchline: “It is imperative in my view that the next government, if I’m lucky enough to be leading it, tackles the cost of living for everybody in this country. That’s what we’re going to do.” Then as now, words just tumbled out of his mouth. We all know what happened to the national insurance promise , and if Johnson and his ministers had any credible intention of reducing living costs, any such hope has now been quashed. Instead we’ve had soaring energy bills, higher inflation and the cruel end of the £20-a-week universal credit “uplift” – partially mitigated via changes in the budget aimed at people in employment, but still a grim reality for the 3.4 million people on that benefit who are not in work . But as worry spreads about the so-called Omicron variant of Covid , what millions of people face this winter is also part of another story. Three months after Johnson’s visit to Salisbury, the first lockdown saw an inspirational explosion of “mutual aid” and all those tributes to low-paid key workers – both of which, from an optimistic perspective, suggested public attitudes towards poverty and insecurity somewhat different from the mixture of indifference and old-fashioned moralism that we are often told form the views of a majority (“silent” or otherwise). For the briefest of moments, it felt as if the dawning realisation that being poor made people much more likely to suffer Covid-19’s worst effects might prompt at least the first stirrings of a political watershed . The footballer Marcus Rashford began campaigning on so-called “holiday hunger” in the summer of 2020, and not only forced two government U-turns , but also breached the walls of daytime TV and the right wing press. But now normal service seems to have been resumed. Whatever fantasies are still being entertained about “building back better”, we are facing the latest stage of the Covid crisis in an even worse social state than when the whole thing began. Last Wednesday, the Trussell Trust

2 Poverty in post-Covid Britain will feel like the 19th century John Harris ← Continued from front released figures showing that although its provision of food parcels had come down from its peak in 2020, the latest figure is 11% higher than it was at the same point in 2019. Over the ensuing two years, the number of food parcels it supplies for children has increased at double the rate for adults . In the six months to the end of September, its staff and volunteers provided around 5,000 parcels each day, and the trust expects that figure to rise to 7,000 by Christmas . “Food banks in our network continue to see more and more people facing destitution,” said its chief executive, Emma Revie . A few days ago, I spoke to people in charge of a handful of food banks, advice services and community organisations. The cut to universal credit, they told me, was causing gradually rising hunger, and there was a deep sense of foreboding about rising fuel prices. Moreover, things were much more difficult because grants from central government to food banks ceased in April, and the kind of ad hoc help symbolised by the £500m household support fund (hastily created by the government when anger about the universal credit cut was peaking, and somewhat optimistically intended as a one-off source of help “during the final stages of economic recovery”) was simply insufficient. “It looks like a lot of money on paper, but it’s going to go in an instant,” one chief executive of a food charity told me. The Bonny Downs Community Association does its work in the East Ham area of the London borough of Newham. Its chair, David Mann , told me that the end of the benefits “uplift” had pushed many of the people it helps into borrowing money, “but that’s unsustainable, and our team are bracing themselves for a crisis period after Christmas, when people will run out of stopgaps”. Because of the rise in fuel costs, he said, “landlords are now demanding an increase of about £100 a month, which most people can’t pay”. One woman his people were helping, he went on, was currently living in a converted shed owned by a rogue landlord, with a monthly rent of £850, which left her with about £15 a month to cover basic expenses such as food and clothes. “With the cut in universal credit,” Mann said, “she won’t be able to cover her rent, and she’ll have no money for food, let alone clothing or transport fares.” He also talked about people victimised by the asylum and immigration system who had no access to any help from the state at all , and many services the association provide d that were now completely overstretched: “Our debt advice centre is at capacity and we’ve had to stop taking bookings for the rest of this year.” Five years after the 2016 referendum, there is a common view of Britain and its ruling politicians being stuck in the past. We tend to think of that condition in terms of Brexity nostalgia and fauximperial arrogance, but the most appalling example of that failure to leave history behind is surely the return of a kind of poverty that often feels like some awful echo of the 19th century. Amid all the news about food banks, one recent story made that point with a vividness worthy of a Dickens novel. Last Monday, only 13 or so miles from East Ham, Johnson entertained donors at the Conservatives’ fundraising winter party , held in the grimly appropriate setting of the Victoria and Albert Museum. Partygoers had paid more than £1,000 for their tickets, and were treated to an auction, at which £22,000 was successfully bid for a “karaoke session” with Liz Truss, and a game of cricket with Rishi Sunak came in at £35,000 . Here, in a different universe from the one in which people go hungry, lies one reason why Johnson’s idea of “everybody in this country” is nothing of the kind, and why poverty and everything that comes with it are being not just tolerated, but actively increased – even after all the horrors we have been through. • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Founded 1821 Independently owned by the Scott Trust № 54,515 ‘Comment is free… but facts are sacred’ CP Scott Foreign policy Joe Biden is right to argue that the world should be safer for democracy Joe Biden’s foreign policy doctrine views the future relationship between democracies and authoritarian regimes as a competitive one, accompanied by a battle of narratives. Nondemocratic regimes have become brazen in their repression and many democratic governments have regressed by adopting their tactics of restricting free speech and weakening the rule of law. The US, under Donald Trump, was not immune to such trends. One European thinktank warned last week that there remains a risk that the US could slip into authoritarianism. The Biden administration has announced the first of two virtual “ summits for democracy ” next month to bring together government, civil society and business leaders from more than 100 nations. This might seem a bit rich, given America’s history of befriending dictators and overthrowing elected leaders it did not like. Invitations have gone out to a group so broad it includes liberal democracies, weak democracies and states with authoritarian characteristics. Mr Biden deserves a cheer for seeking a renewal of democracy, asking attendees to reflect on their record of upholding human rights and fighting corruption. The world faces a return to great-power politics, where global rules take a backseat to historical spheres of influence. Russia’s menacing of Ukraine is a case in point. No one would choose this situation, but democracies have to face it. As the EU has noted , the high seas, space and the internet are increasingly contested domains. Mr Biden is a realist. He is prepared to cooperate with countries from Poland to the Philippines, where democracy has been going backward, to deter Moscow and Beijing. The world is also not black and white. India, a troubled democracy, watered down this month’s final Culture Josephine Baker is a timely addition to the French pantheon Above the portico columns of the Panthéon in Paris, which was completed the year after the storming of the Bastille, a solemn inscription reads, “To Great Men From a Grateful Nation”. Well over 200 years later, the famous mausoleum remains overwhelmingly the resting place of male heroes of the French nation, from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Jean Moulin. But tomorrow they will be joined by a black female dancer, singer and civil rights activist from Missouri, who spent her life breaking down barriers of exclusion. Emmanuel Macron’s timely decision to grant entry to Josephine Baker carries a potent symbolism, as currents of xenophobia course through the French body politic ahead of next spring’s presidential election. After enjoying an early rise in the polls, Éric Zemmour , the far-right television pundit and author, is expected to officially declare his candidacy next month. Mr Zemmour’s odious promotion of racial exclusivism has influenced the mainstream French right and is shaping the election campaign to a disturbing degree. The Élysée’s recognition of Baker – who fled segregated America for France in the 1920s – gestures towards a more generous, inclusive country. The admission of the first black woman into the Panthéon also offers an opportunity to reflect on one of the most remarkable figures of the 20th century. Having made her name as a vaudeville dancer in Cop26 communique, backed by autocratic China. Beijing is the ghost at the US democracy-fest, a fact underlined by Mr Biden’s invite to Taiwan . Sino-US relations can be competitive, but not so fevered that neither can work together. Vaccine nationalism was a warning about how soft power could be weaponised. It’d be wrong to rationalise US actions by demonising its rivals. China’s alternative economic and political system does not make conflict inevitable, though Beijing’s sabre rattling and US defence spending makes it harder to dodge. This month’s videocall between US and Chinese presidents suggested their nations were lorries speeding along the highway of international relations and in need of a crash barrier. New rules of the road are essential in trade where Mr Biden has continued Mr Trump’s tariff hikes on Chinese exports. The US has seen a backlash to the economic upheaval induced by trade openness that should have been dealt with by redistributive policies. In their absence, the result was runaway US inequality and a richer, unequal China. Mr Biden argues he is making the economy work for ordinary Americans , and so helping recover their belief in democracy. Yet, without reform of global trade rules the benefits of higher US wages will flow largely to nations like China that suppress household income. In response, Mr Biden seeks coalitions with democratic allies to replace the current model of liberalisation. The Chinese historian Qin Hui contends that on the left globalisation is as popular in China as it is unpopular in the west. Prof Qin suggests that Chinese concern over growing inequality should be allayed by political reform so workers can strengthen their bargaining position. This seems a remote possibility. China has grown wealthy without becoming more democratic. Prof Qin’s views may resonate in Washington, but they strike the wrong note in Beijing, which has previously banned his work, and prefers instead slogans signalling a crackdown on high incomes. Mr Biden sees, both at home and abroad, democratic values under attack. The US president has identified the challenge. The hard part is to meet it. New York, Baker’s charisma and personality made her a sensation in Paris. At a time when French colonialism was generating a fascination with black art and culture, Baker made the most of freedoms not available in the United States. Within two years of arriving in France in 1925 , she was reportedly the highest paid and most photographed woman in the world. Her unique rise was achieved mostly on her own terms: she subverted racial and sexual stereotypes on stage at the Folies Bergère , converted Parisians to jazz and never concealed her bisexuality. After becoming a French citizen in 1937 , Baker risked her life working for the resistance during the second world war, smuggling documents between music sheets and using her fame to open doors and access information. After the war, she was the only woman to speak on the podium alongside Martin Luther King, during the March on Washington. Back in France, she devoted her energies to raising a “rainbow” family of 12 adopted orphans from different ethnic origins . Their lives would demonstrate, she hoped, that “racial hatred is not natural. It’s an invention of man.” The Élysée statement announcing Baker’s entry to the Panthéon noted that as a “resistance fighter and indefatigable anti-racist, she was in all the struggles which joined together people of goodwill in France and throughout the world”. Mr Macron has not always hit the right note when discussing multiculturalism and diversity. But as he seeks to galvanise liberal sentiment during a time when rightwing presidential candidates are calling for a moratorium on non-EU immigration, this is astute politics . It is also an appropriate way to honour a courageous and inspiring French citizen who was arguably as significant a figure in the history of black empowerment as Muhammad Ali.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Opinion 3 Two lies dominate: borders must be strictly enforced , and we are the sole architects of our own prosperity Nobody should have to ‘earn’ themselves a place in Britain Nesrine Malik H ow much are you worth? I don’t mean what is the sum of your financial assets. I mean, as a human, if you had to come up with some formula to determine what your value is, how would you go about it? If that is too difficult, let me rephrase the question to make it more specific. Who values you? Who knows, loves and cares for you? Who seeks your company, who would miss it, whose lives would be poorer for your absence? The answer is probably everyone whose relationship to you is not transactional, whose affection for you is unconditional, for whom you are unique and irreplaceable. All other roles we have, as employees, consumers, tax payers, are impersonal. We don’t think of ourselves as units whose value is derived from making a measurable contribution to the economy. We do not wake up in the morning and congratulate ourselves for contributing to our country’s GDP. Similarly, if we fall on hard times, we do not personally berate ourselves for being a net drag on the economy. Our sense of self is shaped not by calculations of what we put in and what we take out from some common pot of goods and services, but by other people, and the rich and enriching relationships we form with them. Our entire immigration system and approach towards outsiders is based on reversing this definition of worth . People who are trying to enter the UK are not valued for this sort of humanity, like us, but instead regarded as dud units of economic drag. Their entry to this country becomes a matter of what they will take out and consume, what resources they will take away from the rest of us and even how their cultural influences will dilute and compromise our own. When they drown trying to make it to our shores, we don’t blame their deaths on the fact that we have not set up safe routes, forcing them to carry their children in toy inflatables across the Channel. We instead enforce the cruel logic of borders and entitlement . There has to be a system, you see. Those who are coming here merely to exercise needs, no matter how urgent those needs are, rather than contribute Asylum seekers at a camp in Dunkirk, France PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE/ THE GUARDIAN something, should be kept out. A place in the UK and the high value of life apportioned within this country has to be earned, rather than given away like alms to whoever asks. Here I ask you another question. Have you earned that place? Did you, at any point, have to go through a series of obstacles, near-death experiences, homelessness and loyalty tests to win your place at the top of the human food chain? Did you, when you conducted that exercise to figure out your worth in the market of lives, believe that you have worked hard to win the affection and dedication of those to whom you are important, or that you are simply owed it because that’s what people do – love and take care of each other? The truth is nobody wins their place in the UK; for most people it is the result of luck and circumstance, and they have no more right to ownership of it than the people risking their lives to get here. If anything, those people are working hard for that place, rather than simply being born into it. Borders aren’t accidents – but being born within them is an accident. Your entire life is an accident, a random luck of the draw. You do not deserve to be here, any more than anyone else deserves not to be here. These are obvious, almost banal observations. But many will resist them. Even if they acknowledge their truth, many will feel an urge to argue against them. That is because two large political constructions have dominated our way of thinking for so long, presented as facts and not choices – these accidental borders must be enforced as strictly as possible, and we, as individuals in free-market societies, are the sole architects of our own prosperity. These two lies allow wealth to accrue in private hands and ensure that as little of it is shared as possible, whether through higher taxes, more open borders or increased public spending. If you become convinced that you have won your place on this earth through hard graft, then you are more likely to support policies and economic ideologies that facilitate the hoarding of resources. It is harder to part with what you have when you believe that those who are in need of it had the same shot as you but simply didn’t pull their weight. In the UK, we have perfected a framing whereby the helpless are portrayed as feckless. Britain has made a national sport of condemning immigrants, single mothers, people on benefits – an entire cast of characters who dared to be born in need. They support a national delusion of perfect meritocracy, of deserves and deserve -nots, which in turn sustains our closed borders, purses and hearts. This is why people shrug and move on when others die in the cold waters of the Channel. This is why nothing changes. This is why we fail to understand how our entire history as a species has been shaped by the inevitability and necessity of the movement of people . The only thing that is not an accident is that if you go far back enough, everyone is born where they are because someone in their lineage, at some point, deliberately moved to find a safer place for their progeny. They gave their descendants better odds. The only decent thing to do is spread those winnings around.

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 4 Opinion How bad will the Omicron variant be? Devi Sridhar O m icron , the name of the new Covid-19 variant that is sending worrying signals from southern Africa, sounds like something from Transformers. It has caused panic across the world, among governments, the public and the stock markets. After adding a number of southern African countries to the red list, the UK government has reimposed mandatory masks in England from Tuesday , and will require anyone travelling to the country to take a PCR test . Om icron is probably the first variant to have scientists worried since Delta became the predominant strain in every country last summer. But how bad it is? What does it mean for future lockdowns – and future deaths? Scientists are waiting on three pieces of data before they will be able to tell what effect this new variant will have over the next six to 12 months. The first is how infectious Omicron is. Can it outcompete Delta? Earlier this year we saw another worrying variant, Beta, that luckily faded away as a result of a selective advantage in Delta that allowed it to transmit faster between people. Limited data from South Africa shows that Omicron is very infectious, but whether it will become the predominant strain remains to be seen. The second thing scientists are waiting for is data showing the impact of this new variant on health outcomes – in terms of both hospitalisations and deaths. The reason governments impose lockdown measures is because hospitals fill up; limiting social mixing helps to slow the spread of the virus and reduce the impact on health services. In an optimistic scenario, Omicron may cause less severe disease and become more like the common cold. In a more realistic scenario, it could cause the same disease levels that we’ve seen with Alpha, Beta and Delta. The third and most concerning piece of data is the potential for Om icron to erode the immunity afforded by vaccines. Crucially, this wouldn’t necessarily mean that our current vaccines would stop working against Om icron. It would mean they would be less effective at stopping transmission – and, most worryingly, at stopping people from going into hospital and dying. This is based on a virological analysis of the sequencing of Om icron’s genome , and we don’t yet know the implications it will have in the real world. Companies such as BioNTech , which developed the Pfizer vaccine, are already trying to gauge the impact their vaccine will have on this variant. So what does this mean for each of us? Right now, we need to continue to do all the things we should already be doing to get through the harsh winter Prof Devi Sridhar is chair of global public health at the University of Edinburgh months : getting vaccinated, and boosted, to protect ourselves; using the free home-testing kits to ensure we’re not infecting others, whether in friends’ homes or in pubs and restaurants ; wearing masks in crowded places such as public transport and shops ; and being attentive to how many close contacts we have. For governments, it means having to plan for several scenarios. The first (and best) would be that Omicron can’t outcompete Delta, or results in milder forms of the disease, or vaccine effectiveness remains high. The worst would be that an updated vaccine is urgently required (scientists could theoretically deliver one in a matter of weeks), followed by a massive vaccination campaign to get this variantspecific booster out to populations as quickly as possible. Governments have learned that it’s better to move earlier with precautionary measures rather than waiting and watching a crisis unfold. Scientists are increasingly cast in the role of “bad guys”; we’re the ones who convey difficult messages and uncertainty to the public, and are transparent on what we know and don’t know. Right now, everyone just wants Covid to be over and normal life to resume. Yet “when will this end?” is the wrong question to be asking – a more appropriate one is: “ How do we manage this infectious disease in a more effective way so we get back more of our normal life?” Last winter was particularly bad. This winter will be bad, but not to the same degree. The hope is that by the spring, and definitely by next winter, we will be in a strong position to manage this disease through testing, vaccines and antiviral therapies. But, if nothing else, Omicron has show n that all humans on this planet are in the same boat (albeit in different cabins with differential access to vaccines), and the pandemic will only be over when it’s over in all parts of the world. Not just in Britain.

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • Letters guardian.letters@theguardian.com @guardianletters 5 Established 1906 Country diary Coventina’s Well, Northumberland The Roman fort of Brocolitia , once a busy garrison of 500 soldiers, is visible only as turf-covered earthworks close to Hadrian’s Wall. We walk round the perimeter of its playing-card shape, the rain clearing to leave letterbox flares of light along the horizon. There’s the harsh “yark ” of a solitary crow. A farmer on a quad bike gathers sheep with his dog, the flock rippling over the slope of a far field. Beyond the fort is the Mithraeum , an excavated temple dedicated to Mithras , the Roman god of light, which is preserved in a fenced-off enclosure. Nothing, though, marks Coventina’s Well, the spring of a water goddess important enough for the high-status title of Augusta, yet unknown before the well’s discovery in 1876. An excavation was led by the antiquarian and landowner John Clayton of nearby Chesters after dressed stones were uncovered in marshy ground. The source of a spring was found and encased in a large stone basin within further walls of a temple. Over two metres deep, it had been packed with objects: votive offerings deposited over time and added to by a hurried filling of the well around 388, perhaps due to anti-pagan edicts by the Christian emperor Theodosius I . Gifts to the goddess included a brooch of a running deer, glass beads, rings of gold, silver and jet, a bronze mask and 13,487 coins. There were altars inscribed with her name, drinking vessels, a glass bottle, two thuribles – clay incense burners – and, puzzlingly, half a skull and a bronze age axe hammer. A stele carved with an image of Coventina is in Chesters Museum. She lies on a water-lapped river bank, bare-breasted, her hair flowing, one arm on a pitcher from which flows life-giving water, the other holding up a frond. It was dedicated to her by a prefect of the first cohort of Batavians, Germanic people from the Rhineland. Coventina’s Well lies underwater now. A small stream flows out of the surrounding bog. In its clear water, brooklime trails blue flowers in summer. The Romans left offerings of coins and jewellery; I place something more fleeting – a marigold from my garden. Susie White We do not publish letters where only an email address is supplied; please include a full postal address, a reference to the article and a daytime phone number. We may edit letters. Submission and publication of letters is subject to our terms and conditions: see theguardian.com/letters-terms Decisive early action key to suppressing Omicron With regard to tackling the Omicron variant (Alarm as new Covid variant spread to Europe, 27 November) , closing our borders buys us a little time, nothing more. So what are we going to do with it? Dithering with the current laissez-faire, herd immunity, business-as-usual policies w ill swiftly turn into a disaster. The government needs to introduce stringent infection-suppression measures now, not wait until it is too late as usual. As a bare minimum we need green passes for all potential mass spreader events, mandatory mask wearing in all enclosed public spaces, and mandatory vaccination for all health, care, education and public-facing workers. The government should reintroduce working from home wherever possible, and we must ensure there is adequate ventilation and mask wearing in all schools and colleges. None of these measures should significantly impede economic or everyday life. Doing nothing will surely have a much greater impact. Des Senior Exeter Sentences must be decided by judges Zoe Williams is right about “Harper’s law” (We all want to protect key workers but this law is flawed, Journal, 25 November) . Like many former practitioners, I am for placing our trust in the experience and informed discretion of our judges to fashion the appropriate sentence, given all the circumstances of individual cases. It follows that I am against hobbling the court’s discretion by striving to ram square pegs into round holes – this is what happens when we pretend to identify categories of offending, where on a wiser appraisal there are always differences to be found. Indeed, once such a category of “public An injection of hope I was delighted to read that some pregnant women may now be helped by progesterone injections (Drug to help women at risk of miscarriage, 25 November) . Almost exactly 50 years ago, in 1972, after I’d endured the heartbreak of four miscarriages, my empathetic consultant prescribed weekly progesterone injections. Aided by those injections, I went • Kit Yates’s article (The new variant is worrying – but it doesn’t change how we tackle Covid, theguardian.com, 26 November) is good, but only highlights individual and domestic responsibilities. Where is the coordinated world response to the Omicron variant? We’ve had almost two years of experience in dealing with this virus , and while the world has advanced in leaps and bounds scientifically, it seems it has stood still politically. Surely by this time, the world should have had a playbook for an event like this. It’s not as if we didn’t know that new variants were going to emerge. We set up the process to look for and identify them quickly – after that, nothing. The global community can get together for a coordinated effort to tackle the climate crisis, but hasn’t seemed to have even considered the more immediate problem. Instead, we still have individual countries running about doing their own thing, if not totally then almost totally, like headless chickens. Duncan McCallum Houston, Renfrewshire servant” were to be established, where would it end? The jury, understandably, faced with Andrew Harper’s violent death , found the defendants guilty of a dangerous and unlawful act resulting in a public servant’s death – of manslaughter rather than murder, with its mandatory life sentence. To deprive the judge of the exercise of assessing the just sentences to impose would distort the entire sentencing philosophy. The sentences imposed were significant despite the relative youth of the offenders and in keeping with sound sentencing practice. Tinkering with intricate sentencing frameworks on the basis of cases such as this one is decidedly counterproductive. Malcolm Fowler Former chair, criminal law committee, the Law Society on to give birth to two healthy daughters. In 1978, after moving to Cambridge, I was pregnant again and, following minor bleeding, my GP willingly prescribed hormone injections. I was, however, roundly criticised by the hospital consultant on my first antenatal visit, because such injections supposedly hindered, rather than helped. I was told, starkly, that my baby was dead. That baby is now a healthy 6ft man. Molly Warrington Cambridge Wealthy countries cannot wash their hands of refugees The ugly truth behind the Channel deaths (Tragedy’s deep roots, 26 November) is a system of global governance that gives a few countries unequal power over international rules of trade, finance and security. Western governments prioritise their electorates, while the world’s majority are ignored. While our media spotlight desperate people on our shores, they ignore millions of refugees languishing in countries much poorer than ours. Until we address the structural issues of minority rule to create an inclusive and equitable system of global governance, western electorates will demand higher fences and more draconian measures to protect their borders. But the crisis will only deepen, as global heating drives more people from their homes. We need to focus on the structures that perpetuate global inequality. Kwame Anthony Appiah (The two pandemics, Journal, 23 November) makes the case for building an international community with “supple and inclusive global institutions”. Until we do, the tragedies will get worse. Titus Alexander Author, Unravelling Global Apartheid Role models and why youth turn to crime In my 25 years of working with young offenders and young people at risk, I have seldom heard anything so crass as blaming female Doctor Whos for the increase in youth crime (Casting Bond as a woman risks turning boys to crime, MP suggests, 26 November) . The causes of this are far more to do with austerity and the drastic cuts in youth and play provision, the reduction in community policing and the cut s in children’s services. Yes, the lack of positive role models has had something to do with this, but the critical role models used to be youth and play workers, who could engage with young men, providing real alternatives to gang culture. Don Macdonald London • I found Nick Fletcher’s comments intriguing. Clearly we would be in a bad place if the consequence of casting of women in traditionally male roles left only criminals as cultural role models, so who better for young males to look up to than a womanising, vodka-swilling maverick with a licence to kill? Tom Challenor Ealing, London Corrections and clarifications • An article about the tactics of climate action opponents said a Pfizer plant in Sandwich closed in 2011. While the pharmaceutical company scaled back its operations, it did not close the plant ( The rise of the ‘inactivists’ , 11 November, Journal, page 5). • The constituency name is Old Bexley and Sidcup, not Bexley and Old Sidcup as an article said ( Ministers defend PM as No 10 downplays rift with Treasury , 25 November, page 17). Editorial complaints and corrections can be sent to guardian.readers@theguardian.com or The readers’ editor, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU. You can also leave a voicemail on 020 3353 4736 Heavenly comfort of truffle crisps I too am disappointed that Grace Dent’s guests were not wooed by her comfort eats (Feast, 27 November) . These two items will knock their epicurean socks off: toast spread with crunchy peanut butter and a thin layer of tomato ketchup; and Rubio truffle-flavoured crisps, made in Spain, or is it heaven? Jonathan Hauxwell Crosshills, North Yorkshire • The great sex guide takes up two pages in print (Saturday magazine, 27 November) , whereas Feast warrants more than 30 pages . Does this reflect readers’ priorities, or do we just need more help with cooking than sex? Toby Wood Peterborough, Cambridgeshire • I have to disagree with Rabbi Margaret Jacobi (Letters, 27 November) . Ralph McTell recorded Streets of London about homelessness in 1969. I slept rough for two nights in 1966. Perhaps it wasn’t so visible then. Alan Short Colchester, Essex • Re the logbooks of the Aurora and the Terra Nova (Report, 26 November) , they were unlikely to have been written with quill pens. Fountain pens were invented in the 1 9th century and were in common use at the time that Ernest Shackleton and Robert Falcon Scott were exploring the Antarctic. Madeline Weston Norwich • Despite the grandeur of homes with statement staircases (Fantasy house hunt, Money, 27 November) , my wife and I, both in our mid-70s, would appreciate a feature on homes with lifts . David and Anthea Collins Kidderminster, Worcestershire

• The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 6 Obituaries Born in New York , Stephen was the only child of a comfortably middle-class family. His mother, Janet (nee Fox, and known as Foxy), a dress designer, and father, Herbert, a clothing manufacturer, were partners in a New York fashion business. They divorced when Stephen was 10, and he ended up disliking his mother so much that in 1992 he did not go to her funeral . Foxy was friends with Hammerstein’s wife, Dorothy, and after the divorce she and Stephen moved to live near the Hammersteins, on a farm in Pennsylvania. During his adolescence, Sondheim would look to Hammerstein as a substitute father. Sondheim had started playing the piano by ear from the age of four, before studying the piano and organ sporadically at school. Ravel was one of his early musical discoveries, which he eagerly shared with Hammerstein, giving him a recording of the Piano Trio as a birthday present. In 1990 Sondheim told an audience at the National Theatre: “Most popular music and most show music owes its origins to Ravel.” Stephen Sondheim Lyricist and composer best known for West Side Story, Gypsy and Send in the Clowns Stephen Sondheim, who has died aged 91, was a leading light of musical theatre over the course of more than six decades, from the moment in 1957 when he achieved renown as Leonard Bernstein ’s lyricist for West Side Story. He went on to establish a place for himself with intelligent, unconventional works such as Company (1970), Sweeney Todd (1979) and Into the Woods (1987), which brought him a following appreciative of the new departures he made, even if his chosen path was not obvious or easy. Sondheim saw himself as heir to Oscar Hammerstein II, who had written the lyrics for Oklahoma! (1943) and South Pacific (1949) . Many expected him to revive the floundering American musical, supplying new perceptiveness, relevance and verve. Yet, although the half-century following Hammerstein’s death in 1960 was a golden age full of long-running musicals in the West End and Broadway , and despite his considerable gifts with words and music, Sondheim never scored a true hit show . Nonetheless, new productions and film versions continued for the rest of his life and beyond, and his best work Sondheim in Hollywood in 2007. He saw himself as heir to Oscar Hammerstein II, who had written the lyrics for Oklahoma! FRED PROUSER/ REUTERS may well last longer than the more profitable musicals of his time. The old firms – Rodgers and Hart, Rodgers and Hammerstein , and Lerner and Loewe – comprised fruitful collaborations between composers and wordsmiths. Sondheim, on the other hand, wrote both music and lyrics himself. He took after Cole Porter in supplying both text and tune for a number of adorable hit songs . The most famous, recorded more than 500 times – notably by Frank Sinatra – was Send in the Clowns, from A Little Night Music (1973), a nostalgic almost-operetta developed from Ingmar Bergman’s 1955 film Smiles of a Summer Night. Barbra Streisand took up I’m Still Here from Follies (1971), and The Ladies Who Lunch from Company. Who’s That Woman? , The Little Things You Do Together , Liaisons , Someone in a Tree , and Anyone Can Whistle were all good vehicles for singers . But these numbers are better as out-takes than in their original dramatic contexts. However grown up his themes and coherent his dramas, Sondheim’s ambition to carry through the revolution that Hammerstein had achieved with Oklahoma!, the first musical where songs moved the plot forward and belonged to the character singing them, may have been unrealistic . Most popular music and most show music owes its origins to Ravel Right from an early age, he showed his skill at mind games and crosswords, submitting a puzzle to the New York Times at the age of 14. (Later he subscribed to the Observer and entered its fiendish Ximenes puzzle contests . He did not win, though he was once highly commended.) At Williams college, Massachusetts, he planned at 16 to major in maths, but a freshman music course inspired him to study that subject instead. He wrote a musical called By George, and showed it to Hammerstein, who said it was terrible but talented, and told him where he had gone wrong. This process turned into the unofficial yet fundamental course on which Sondheim learned to write musicals, adapting various plays, working on non-dramatic narrative and creating an original story. At 18, Sondheim witnessed the staging of his first student work, All That Glitters – with his own book, music and lyrics. On graduation he won a $3,000 prize, paid annually for two years, went on to take private composition lessons in New York with the avant-garde composer Milton Babbitt and also found work as a TV scriptwriter. Lemuel Ayers asked him to write a show that would become Saturday Night (unperformed until the end of the century, as Ayers died unexpectedly). The resulting material was good enough to convince Arthur Laurents , who was doing the book for West Side Story, that Sondheim should write the lyrics. And that marked his entry into the hall of fame. He became and remained a self-conscious intellectual

Monday 29 November 2021 The Guardian • obituaries@theguardian.com @guardianobits 7 artist who knew precisely what he wanted to achieve. In the first of two books about his lyrics, Finishing the Hat (2010), he touche d on the mysteries of his taste and its narrow range, key to his successes as well as his failures . Sondheim musicals are best appreciated through original cast recordings. The songs give the essence of what motivated their creation. In 1977, Sondheim explained that hit tunes were irrelevant. Melody was merely a reflection of familiarity – as if all tunes were equal until dinned into a listener’s memory. His music was recognisable, whether or not it chimed with popular taste. Some thought it too influenced by his rhythmic facility and the fast syllabic flow of his clever lyrics . West Side Story, based on Romeo and Juliet, was not the first Shakespeare adaptation to hit Broadway: it had been preceded in 1948 by Porter’s hugely successful collaboration with Sam and Bella Spewack, Kiss Me Kate, based on The Taming of the Shrew. But Bernstein’s music, the tough inner-city New York location and Jerome Robbins’ choreography struck a new note – and Sondheim’s song texts were a significant part of that novelty. Two years later, Sondheim collaborated again as lyricist – this time with Jule Styne on Gypsy , based on the life of the stripper and burlesque star Gypsy Rose Lee. In 1962, he displayed his talent as composer as well as lyricist with his Broadway breakthrough, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum . Based on a classic Plautus farce, it enjoyed a two-year run . In Broadway terms, A Funny Thing was unusually economical, with no changes of costume or set . Having Zero Mostel in New York and Frankie Howerd in London as the slave Pseudolus added real value . Anyone Can Whistle (1964), with Lee Remick and Angela Lansbury, proved to be a flop, as did Sondheim’s collaboration with Richard Rodgers, Do I Hear a Waltz? (1965) . But the cast recording of Anyone Can Whistle fared better, and Sondheim began to attract a cult following, enhanced by the modest but genuine artistic success of Company . He came to be hailed as the most significant innovator in musical theatre of his day. Generally he fared best with London’s theatre critics, which perhaps compensated for his critical reception in the US. A footnote in Finishing the Hat claims : “Musicals are the only public art form reviewed mostly by ignoramuses. Plays, at least in [the US ], are reviewed by people whose knowledge is comprised of what they read in Variety and gossip columns, and who know nothing, of course, about music. ” However, fans promoted and protected him. It also helped that he was backed by Cameron Mackintosh, a theatrical entrepreneur with deep pockets. Sondheim, British critics maintained, had created “the intelligent musical”. But was there something missing from his work ? He liked to adopt elaborate dramatic structures and concepts. His shows tended to go limp at the interval, most notably Sunday in the Park With George (1984), contrasting the French painter George Seurat with how art was made a century later. He liked complex storylines laden with significance. However, aside from A Funny Thing, perhaps they lacked humanity and affection . That may have stemmed in part from the competition that Sondheim met after 1975, when A Chorus Line (created by Michael Bennett, with music by Marvin Ham lisch ) and Evita (with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber) swept in. Though A Chorus Line, the perfect backstage musical, was sentimental, it picked up a theme that Sondheim’s Follies (for which Bennett in 1971 created memorable choreography) had fluffed; while its initial run of more than 500 performances From top: the 1961 film of West Side Story, for which Sondheim wrote the lyrics; a scene from A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum at the National Theatre, London, in 2005; and Johnny Depp in the 2007 film Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street SILVER SCREEN/ GETTY IMAGES; TRISTRAM KENTON/ THE GUARDIAN; EVERETT/REX/ SHUTTERSTOCK brought seven Tonys and it has been much revived since, it did not recoup its investment. And Lloyd Webber’s works were conceptually provocative in just the way Sondheim seemed to w ant to be. “The point about Andrew,” he said, “is that people just happen to like what he likes.” Sondheim’s reputation as an innovator grew, but Lloyd Webber’s brash, bold vehicles underlined just how out of joint with popular taste Sondheim was. He had an explanation: “What makes smash-hit musicals are stories that audiences want to hear. And it’s always the same story, how everything turns out terrific in the end and the audience goes out thinking, ‘That’s what life is all about.’ Unfortunately that’s seldom the kind of material that attracts me.” Musicals had traditionally been the voice of hope, perhaps naive, perhaps foolish. Sondheim’s were about understanding. Among Sondheim’s close collaborators was the stage director Hal Prince , whom he had met at the premiere of South Pacific . Together they scored many prize winning successes , from Company to Sweeney Todd, but also some later flops , including Merrily We Roll Along (1981) and Bounce (2003). After Prince , Sondheim collaborated with James Lapine, who helped devise, wr ite the dialogue and direct the first productions of Sunday in the Park With George, Into the Woods, jumbling up and analysing an assortment of fairy stories, and Passion (1994), set in the Italy of the Risorgimento. He worked with the librettist John Weidman on Pacific Overtures (1976), about the 19th-century westernisation of Japan, and Assassins (1990), about those aspiring to kill US presidents. He also collaborated with George Furth, Hugh Wheeler, James Goldman and Jerry Zaks. For brilliant orchestrations, starting in 1970 with Company, he turned to Jonathan Tunick. Sondheim continued to find it easier to get his work staged in London than on Broadway . A portmanteau revue of his songs , Side By Side By Sondheim , was a big West End hit in 1976. Pacific Overtures and Sweeney Todd were programmed by English National Opera and Covent Garden in, respectively, 198 7 and 2003. Thanks to Mackintosh , Sondheim had a London theatre renamed after him in 2020, following that on Broadway to mark his 80th birthday in 2010. Sondheim was, too, the first holder of the post of Cameron Mackintosh visiting professor of drama at Oxford University, in 1990. Sondheim’s nihilistic paean on social injustices, Sweeney Todd , was often revived, and in 2007 was adapted for the cinema by Tim Burton , with Johnny Depp in the title role and Helena Bonham Carter. The show’s relish for cruelty and grand guignol originated in the It’s always the same story, how everything turns out terrific in the end … that’s seldom the kind of material that attracts me Christopher Bond play on which it was based . It had real comic energy, as David McVicar showed in his Opera North revival, staged in 2002. A decade later it returned to the London stage in Jonathan Kent’s production starring Michael Ball and Imelda Staunton. Smaller London venues, the Menier Chocolate Factory and the Donmar Warehouse, gave Sondheim revivals with success. Film versions included Rob Marshall’s Into the Woods (2014) and, about to be seen in cinemas, Steven Spielberg’s West Side Story . In 2009 Lin-Manuel Miranda rendered that work’s lyrics into Spanish, and in 2020 it was reimagined, for Broadway, and this year has seen New York stagings of Assassins and Company. When the latter opened, Sondheim was 40 . It tells the story of a bachelor and his friends, and how he can never quite get married or genuinely involved with a woman. Sondheim had not had a long-term relationship of any sort when writing his musical comedy , and recall ed that he asked a married female friend to explain what relationships were all about. He came out as gay in the 1970s, but did not live with a partner until the 90s. “ It was difficult ,” he said in 2010. “I went through what everybody goes through in their first serious relationship, which most people do in their late teens and which I didn’t until I was 60. So it was difficult for me to learn; but it was also joyful.” In 2017 he married Jeffrey Romley, who survives him, as does his half-brother Walter. Tom Sutcliffe Stephen Joshua Sondheim, composer and lyricist, born 22 March 1930; died 26 November 2021 Birthdays Simon Amstell, comedian and television presenter, 42; Dame Kate Barker, economist, 64 ; Dame Yve Buckland, chair, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, 65 ; Don Cheadle, actor, 57; Lauren Child, author and illustrator, 56; Joel Coen, film-maker, 67 ; Rahm Emanuel, former mayor of Chicago and former White House chief of staff, 62 ; Lady (Natalie) Evans of Bowes Park, leader of the House of Lords and lord privy seal, 56; Yvonne Fovargue, Labour MP, 65; Sir Malcolm Grant, former chair, NHS England, 74 ; Dusty Hare, rugby player, 69 ; John Mayall, musician, 88; Sir Alan Moses, former chair, Independent Press Standards Organisation, 76; Dame Shirley Porter, former leader, Westminster council, 91; Prof David Rhind, geographer, 78 ; David Rintoul, actor, 73; Dame Janet Smith, former lady justice of appeal, 81 ; Marc Vaux, artist, 89 ; Louise Winter, mezzo-soprano, 62.

8 • The Guardian Monday 29 November 2021 Puzzles Saturday’s solutions Sandwich sudoku Killer sudoku Easy The normal rules of sudoku apply: fill each row, column and 3x3 box with all the numbers from 1 to 9. In addition, the digits in each inner shape (marked by dots) must add up to the number in the top corner of that box. No digit can be repeated within an inner shape. Codeword Each letter of the alphabet makes at least one appearance in the grid, and is represented by the same number wherever it appears. The letters decoded should help you to identify other letters and words in the grid. Killer sudoku 790 Medium Cryptic crossword Solution No. 28,608 T W C I B A SHI I TAKE MURMUR E T R X P A P UTAH ECONOMI CAL R E D R N I LUMB A R UNTOWAR D T A S E A H ARDU P D R IVER R P U E E A S SASS IN M U S CAT K C U D I L DICKENSIAN S T I R R I D E N I S GU I NEA S KINDEEP N G Y E E D Guardian cryptic crossword No 28,615 set by Pan Stuck? For help call 0906 200 83 83. Calls cost £1.10 per minute, plus your phone company’s access charge. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0330 333 6946 for customer service (charged at standard rate). Want more? Get access to more than 4,000 puzzles at theguardian.com/ crossword. To buy puzzle books, visit guardianbookshop.com or call 0330 333 6846. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Across 1 Tasty paste from West Asia used all round Britain (6) 4 Penny finished with favourite doll (6) 9,26 Juliet with nausea spewed over bag for writer (4,6) 10 Winter vehicle currently parking in Berkshire town (10) 11 Pitch declared first-class for part of match (6) 12 Gas put a tiny bit of taste into negroni cocktail (8) 13 Syrup mixed in drink in garden awfully popular at the end of June (9) 15 Sailor leaving American navy joint (4) 16 Find out about American saints (4) 17 When sister gets to beat backside of current helper? (9) 21 Vicar with ale brewed for royalist supporter (8) 22 Ukip leader entering vehicle getting a shock (6) 24 Cantankerous old person who’s against burying muck in drive (10) 25 Lad clutching top of designer group (4) 26 See 9 27 Rotten secretary hiding introduction to promissory note (6) Down 1 Helium in water changing climate (7) 2 Small vegetable is shiny (5) 3 Bird damaged on a road (7) 5 Increased shame is difficult to control (6) 6 Champion rugby player working at hospital department (9) 7 Label meat cooked for partners in the ring (3,4) 8 Depressed setter with gin drunk in No 10? (7,6) 14 Gymnasts upset about source of unusual eye movements (9) 16 Bone with small top joined to bone with no name (7) 18 Eager trainee losing end of decider on points (7) 19 Mounted police meeting a member about going from place to place (7) 20 Go round base of col in rocky ridge (6) 23 Graduate set up software program for religious leader (5)

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