Ask a COVID-19 Question
Last updated November 20, 2020 at 2:12pm EDT.
- Canada has confirmed cases of COVID-19 within its borders. Services in the country remain generally available. Large gatherings are restricted in some provinces, and some schools and universities operate virtually or on hybrid models, combining remote instruction with limited in-class time. Religious services must comply with public health directives and provincial gathering size restrictions.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
- Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? No, except for essential travel.
- United States and Canada have a mutual agreement to restrict non-essential travel across our shared border. The current agreement runs through December 21, 2020. For more information, see our fact sheet.
- “Non-essential” travel includes travel that is considered tourism or recreational in nature. “Essential travel”, which is still permitted, includes: work and study, critical infrastructure support, economic services and supply chains, health, immediate medical care, and safety and security.
- U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, and individuals with valid travel documents will be exempted from restrictions on entering the United States.
- Trade and business travel will continue to operate across our borders, ensuring workers and goods are not impeded.
- Land borders are operating at reduced capacity and with limited hours. Visit CBP and CBSA for details on land border crossings.
- Immediate family members of Canadian citizens and permanent residents may be allowed to travel to Canada under specific conditions. As announced on October 2, 2020, new processes are in place that allow certain extended family members of Canadian citizens and permanent residents Canada, as well as individuals wishing to enter Canada for compassionate reasons, to apply for permission to enter Canada. In addition, amended travel restrictions will take effect on October 20, 2020, allowing international students to enter Canada if their designated learning (DLI) has an approved COVID-19 readiness plan in place.
- Similar restrictions apply to U.S. citizens traveling to Canada via air or from other countries. Arriving passengers must submit contact and other information prior to flying, as detailed here. For more information on entry restrictions, see Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) website here.
- As of July 31, 2020, at 12:01am PDT stricter rules and additional entry conditions will be imposed on travelers transiting through Canada to or from Alaska for a non-discretionary purpose. Full information is available in the CBSA News release.
- Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? No
- Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
- All passengers on flights departing or arriving at Canadian airports are now required to wear a non-medical mask or face covering that covers their mouth and nose. Please check the Canadian Government’s COVID-19 travel restrictions and exemptions page for additional information.
- Note: Canadian authorities continue to ask the public to reserve medical masks for healthcare workers and first responders.
- If you want to extend your stay in Canada as a visitor (stay in Canada longer), you need to apply for a visitor record. A visitor record is a document that gives you status as a visitor in Canada, allows you to stay longer and includes a new expiration date. You must apply for a visitor record before your current status expires.
- If you have a work permit that is about to expire or you need to make changes to it, you should apply to extend your work permit or change the conditions on it. You need to apply at least 30 days before your current work permit expires. You cannot extend your work permit beyond the expiration date of your passport.
- If you have a pending Canadian immigration application and your U.S. passport has expired, please see the Government of Canada’s webpage on the impact of COVID-19 on immigration, refugee, citizenship, and passport operations. You may be eligible for an extension on your application if it is not documentarily complete due to COVID-19.
- Is a curfew in place? No
- Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? Yes
- In addition to restrictions on non-essential travel between the United States and Canada, a number of provinces and territories have put in place specific restrictions for travel across their borders, including for domestic travelers. Please see our latest Message to U.S. Citizens on Domestic Travel Restrictions within Canada for more information.
- Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
- Travelers entering Canada must present a credible 14-day quarantine plan. Information on what constitutes a credible quarantine plan is available on the Public Health Agency of Canada’s website here.
COVID-19 Testing Information:
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes
- Is public transportation operating? Yes
- Most localities require passengers wear masks on public transport, including taxis, trains, and buses
Fines for Non-Compliance:
- Violations of rules regarding social distancing, movement restrictions, and mask mandates can result in fines and/or imprisonment. In particular, failure to comply with the current border restrictions is an offence under the Quarantine Act and could lead to up to $750,000 in fines, and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Embassy and Consulate Contact Information:
U.S. Consulate General Montreal
1134 Rue Ste- Catherine West
Montréal, Quebec H3B 1H4
Telephone: +1 (514) 398-9695
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (416) 645-9124
Fax: +1 (514) 398-9748
U.S. Consulate General Toronto
360 University Ave
Toronto, Ontario M5G 1S4
Telephone: +1 (416) 595-1700
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (416) 595-6506
Fax: +1 (416) 595-5466
U.S. Consulate General Vancouver
1075 West Pender Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
Telephone: +1 (604) 685-4311
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (604) 685-4311
Fax: +1 (604) 685-7175
U.S. Consulate General Halifax
Purdy’s Wharf Tower II
1969 Upper Water Street, Suite 904
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 3R7
Telephone: +1 (902) 429-2480
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (902) 429-2480, Press 1
Fax: +1 (902) 423-6861
U.S. Consulate Winnipeg
201 Portage Avenue, Suite 860
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 3K6
Telephone: +1 (204) 940-1800
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (403) 266-8962 and press “0” for assistance (Consulate General Calgary)
Fax: +1 (204) 940-1809
U.S. Consulate General Quebec
2, rue de la Terrasse Dufferin
(Vieux Quebec, behind Chateau Frontenac)
Quebec, Quebec G1R 4T9
Telephone: +1 (418) 692-2095
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +1 (418) 692-2096
Fax: +1 (418) 692-4640